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Steering Symptom Diagnosis - Suzuki SX4 Service Manual

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6A-1 Steering General Diagnosis:
Steering General Diagnosis
Steering
Precautions for Steering Diagnosis
Since the problems in steering involve several systems, they must all be considered when diagnosing a complaint. To
avoid using the wrong symptom, always road test the vehicle first. Proceed with the following preliminary inspection
and correct any defects which are found.
1) Inspect tires for proper pressure and uneven wear.
2) Raise vehicle on a hoist and inspect steering system for loose or damaged parts.
3) Spin front wheels. Inspect for out-of-round tires, out-of-balance tires, bent rims, loosen and/or rough wheel
bearings.

Steering Symptom Diagnosis

Condition
Hard steering
Too much play in steering Wheel bearings worn
Poor return ability
Rack and pinion noise
(Rattle or chuckle)
Wander or poor steering
stability
Precautions
Diagnostic Information and Procedures
Possible cause
Tire not adequately inflated
Malfunction of power steering system
Bind in tie-rod end ball studs or lower
ball joints
Disturbed front wheel alignment
Bind in steering column
Rack and pinion adjustment
Loose steering gear case bolts
Faulty steering gear case assembly
Worn steering shaft joints
Worn tie-rod ends or tie-rod inside ball
joints
Worn lower ball joints
Rack and pinion adjustment
Bind in tie-rod end ball studs
Bind in ball joints
Bind in steering column
Disturbed front end alignment
Faulty steering gear case assembly
Tires not adequately inflated
Rack and pinion adjustment
Loose steering gear case bolts
Rack and pinion adjustment
Faulty steering gear case assembly
Broken or otherwise damaged wheel
bearing(s)
Mismatched or uneven tires
Loosen ball joints and tie-rod ends
Faulty struts or mountings
Loose stabilizer bar
Broken or sagging coil springs
Rack and pinion adjustment
Disturbed front wheel alignment
Faulty steering gear case assembly
Correction / Reference Item
Inflate tires to proper pressure.
Check and correct. Refer to "P/S System
Symptom Diagnosis in Section 6C".
Replace tie-rod end or front suspension control
arm.
Check and adjust front wheel alignment.
Repair or replace steering column assembly.
Check and adjustment rack and pinion torque.
Replace wheel bearing.
Tighten gear case bolts.
Replace steering gear case assembly.
Replace steering lower shaft assembly.
Replace tie-rod end or tie-rod.
Replace front suspension control arm.
Check and adjustment rack and pinion torque.
Replace tie-rod end.
Replace front suspension control arm.
Replace steering column assembly.
Check and adjust front end alignment.
Replace steering gear case assembly.
Adjust tire pressure.
Check and adjustment rack and pinion torque.
Tighten steering gear case bolts.
Check and adjustment rack and pinion torque.
Replace steering gear case assembly.
Replace wheel bearing(s).
Replace or inflate tires to proper pressure.
Replace suspension control arm or tie-rod end.
Replace strut or repair mounting.
Tighten or replace stabilizer bar or bush.
Replace coil spring.
Check and adjustment rack and pinion torque.
Check and adjust front wheel alignment.
Replace steering gear case assembly.
S7RW0A6100001
S7RW0A6104001

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