Transmission / Transaxle
Clutch (Hydraulic Type) Construction
The clutch is a diaphragm spring clutch of a dry single disc type. The diaphragm spring is of a tapering-finger type,
which is a solid ring in the outer diameter part, with a series of tapered fingers pointing inward.
The disc, carrying four torsional coil springs, is positioned on the transaxle input shaft with an involute spline fit.
The clutch cover is secured to the flywheel, and carries the diaphragm spring in such a way that the peripheral edge
part of the spring pushes on the pressure plate against the flywheel (with the disc in between), when the clutch release
bearing (incorporated in clutch operating cylinder) is held back. This is the engaged condition of the clutch.
Depressing the clutch pedal causes the release bearing (incorporated in clutch operating cylinder) to advance and
pushes on the tips of the tapered fingers of the diaphragm spring. When this happens, the diaphragm spring pulls the
pressure plate away from the flywheel, thereby interrupting the flow of drive from flywheel through clutch disc to
transaxle input shaft. Clutch fluid is supplied from brake fluid reservoir. Clutch fluid level can be checked by brake fluid
level of brake fluid reservoir.
3. Clutch disc
4. Pressure plate
5. Clutch cover
6. Diaphragm spring
7. Operating cylinder assembly
8. Input shaft bearing
9. Input shaft