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Electronic Control Unit (Ecu); Operation Overview; Ecu Service; Ecu Replacement - Polaris RZR XP 1000 Service Manual

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FUEL SYSTEM

ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT (ECU)

Operation Overview

The ECU
is the brain or central processing computer
1
of the entire EFI fuel/ignition management system.
During operation, sensors continuously gather data
which is relayed through the wiring harness to input
circuits within the ECU. Signals to the ECU include:
ignition power (on/off), intake air temperature, manifold
absolute pressure (load), engine coolant temperature,
crankshaft position and engine speed (RPM), throttle
position and battery voltage. The ECU compares the
input signals to the programmed maps in its memory and
determines
the
appropriate
requirements for the immediate operating conditions.
The ECU then sends output signals to set injector
duration and ignition timing.
During operation, the ECU continually performs a
diagnostic check of itself, each of the sensors, and
system performance. If a fault is detected, the ECU turns
on the "Check Engine" light on the instrument cluster and
stores the fault code in its fault memory. Depending on
the significance or severity of the fault, normal operation
may continue, or "Fail-Safe" operation (slowed speed,
richer running) may be initiated. A technician can
determine the cause of the "Check Engine" light by
referencing the "Instrument Cluster Trouble Code
Display" and "Diagnostic Trouble Code Table" or by using
Digital Wrench®. The ECU requires a minimum of 7.0
volts to operate. The memory in the ECU is operational
the moment the battery cables are connected.
To prevent engine over-speed and possible failure, an
RPM limiting feature is programmed into the ECU. If the
maximum RPM limit is exceeded, the ECU suppresses
the injection signals, cutting off the fuel flow and retards
the ignition timing. This process repeats it self in rapid
succession, limiting operation to the preset maximum.
RPM Limit: 8300
4.18
fuel
and
ignition
9925724 R01 - 2014-2015 RZR XP 1000 / RZR XP4 1000 Service Manual
© Copyright 2014 Polaris Industries Inc.

ECU Service

Never attempt to disassemble the ECU. It is sealed to
prevent damage to internal components. Warranty is
void if the case is opened or tampered with in any way.
All operating and control functions within the ECU are
pre-set. No internal servicing or readjustment may be
performed. If a problem is encountered, and you
determine the ECU to be faulty, contact the Polaris
Service Department for specific handling instructions. Do
not replace the ECU without factory authorization.
For the purpose of troubleshooting, a known-good ECU
from another Polaris RZR XP 1000 of the same model
may be used without system or engine component
damage.

ECU Replacement

Although the need for ECU replacement is unlikely, a
specific replacement procedure is required to ensure that
all essential data contained within the original ECU is
transferred to the replacement ECU.
NOTE: Refer to this procedure and carefully follow
all instructions provided in Digital Wrench®.
1. Carefully follow the ECU replacement instructions
provided in Digital Wrench® to ensure that all
essential data contained within the original ECU is
transferred to the replacement ECU.
2. Remove the black plastic cover by lifting up on the
tab. Remove the retaining screw that attaches the
ECU to the left rear fender well.

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