# Measurement Of Powers - Mitsubishi Electric FR-F820-00046 Instruction Manual

Fr-f800 series.

*4
A digital power meter (designed for inverter) can also be used to measure.
7.2.1

## Measurement of powers

Use digital power meters (for inverter) both on the inverter's input and output sides. Alternatively, use electrodynamic type
single-phase wattmeters both on the inverter's input and output sides in the two-wattmeter or three-wattmeter method. As the
current is liable to be imbalanced especially on the input side, it is recommended to use the three-wattmeter method.
Examples of measured value differences produced by different measuring meters are shown in the following figure.
An error will be produced by difference between measuring instruments, e.g. power calculation type and two- or three-
wattmeter type three-phase wattmeter. When a CT is used in the current measuring side or when the meter contains a PT on
the voltage measurement side, an error will also be produced due to the frequency characteristics of the CT and PT.
[Measurement conditions]
Constant output of 60 Hz or more frequency with a constant-
torque (100%). The value obtained by the 3-wattmeter
method with a 4-pole 3.7 kW induction motor is assumed to
be 100%.
%
120
100
3-wattmeter method (Electro-dynamometer type)
80
2-wattmeter method (Electro-dynamometer type)
Clip AC power meter
60
Clamp-on wattmeter
(Hall device power arithmetic type)
0
20
40
60
Example of measuring inverter input power
7.2.2
Measurement of voltages and use of PT
 Inverter input side
As the input voltage has a sine wave and it is extremely small in distortion, accurate measurement can be made with an
ordinary AC meter.
 Inverter output side
Since the output voltage has a PWM-controlled rectangular wave, always use a rectifier type voltmeter. A needle type tester
cannot be used to measure the output voltage as it indicates a value much greater than the actual value. A moving-iron type
meter indicates an effective value which includes harmonics and therefore the value is larger than that of the fundamental
wave. The value monitored on the operation panel is the inverter-controlled voltage itself. Hence, that value is accurate and it
is recommended to monitor values (analog output) using the operation panel.
 PT
No PT can be used on the output side of the inverter. Use a direct-reading meter. (A PT can be used on the input side of the
inverter.)
7.2.3
Measurement of currents
Use moving-iron type meters both on the inverter's input and output sides. However, if the carrier frequency exceeds 5 kHz,
do not use that meter since an overcurrent losses produced in the internal metal parts of the meter will increase and the meter
may burn out. In this case, use an approximate-effective value type.
608
7. PRECAUTIONS FOR MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION
7.2 Measurement of main circuit voltages, currents, and powers
80 100 120 Hz
[Measurement conditions]
Constant output of 60 Hz or more frequency with a constant-
torque (100%). The value obtained by the 3-wattmeter
method with a 4-pole 3.7 kW induction motor is assumed to
be 100%.
%
120
100
3-wattmeter method (Electro-dynamometer type)
80
2-wattmeter method (Electro-dynamometer type)
Clip AC power meter
60
Clamp-on wattmeter
(Hall device power arithmetic type)
0
20
40
60
80 100 120 Hz
Example of measuring inverter output power  