# Use Of Ct And Transducer - Mitsubishi Electric FR-F820-00046 Instruction Manual

Fr-f800 series.

Since the inverter input current tends to be unbalanced, measurement of three phases is recommended. The correct value
cannot be obtained by measuring only one or two phases. On the other hand, the unbalanced ratio of each phase of the output
current should be within 10%.
When a clamp ammeter is used, always use an effective value detection type. A mean value detection type produces a large
error and may indicate an extremely smaller value than the actual value. The value monitored on the operation panel is
accurate if the output frequency varies, and it is recommended to monitor values (provide analog output) using the operation
panel.
Examples of measured value differences produced by different measuring meters are as follows:
[Measurement conditions]
The value indicated on the moving-iron type ammeter is
100%.
%
Clip AC
120
power meter
Moving-iron
type
100
80
60
Clamp-on wattmeter
Clamp meter
current measurement
0
20
40
Example of measuring the inverter input current
7.2.4

## Use of CT and transducer

A CT may be used both on the inverter's input and output sides. Use the one with the largest possible VA ability because an
error will increase if the frequency gets lower.
When using a transducer, use the effective value calculation type which is immune to harmonics.
7.2.5
Measurement of inverter input power factor
Calculate the factor from the effective power and the apparent power. A power-factor meter cannot indicate an exact value.
Total power factor of the inverter =
7.2.6
Measurement of converter output voltage (between
terminals P and N)
The output voltage of the converter can be measured with a moving-coil type meter (tester) between terminals P and N. The
voltage varies according to the power supply voltage. Approximately 270 to 300 VDC (540 to 600 VDC for the 400 V class) is
output when no load is connected. The voltage decreases when a load is applied.
When energy is regenerated from the motor during deceleration, for example, the converter output voltage rises to nearly 400
to 450 VDC (800 to 900 VDC for the 400 V class) maximum.
7.2.7
Measurement of inverter output frequency
In the initial setting of the FM type inverter, a pulse train proportional to the output frequency is output across the pulse train
output terminals FM and SD on the inverter. This pulse train output can be counted by a frequency counter, or a meter (moving-
coil type voltmeter) can be used to read the mean value of the pulse train output voltage. When a meter is used to measure
the output frequency, approximately 5 VDC is indicated at the maximum frequency.
For detailed specifications of the pulse train output terminal FM, refer to
60 Hz
Effective power
Apparent power
Three-phase input power found by the 3-wattmeter method
=
3×V (power supply voltage) × I (input current effective value)
[Measurement conditions]
The value indicated on the moving-iron type ammeter is
100%.
%
120
Clip AC
power meter
Moving-iron type
100
80
Clamp meter
Clamp-on wattmeter
current measurement
60
0
20
40
Example of measuring the inverter output current
page
302.
7. PRECAUTIONS FOR MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION
7.2 Measurement of main circuit voltages, currents, and powers
60 Hz
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