Download Print this page

Siemens SINUMERIK 828D Operating Manual

Computerized numerical controller for machine tools
Hide thumbs

Advertisement

Turning
SINUMERIK
SINUMERIK 840D sl/828D
Turning
Operating Manual
Valid for:
Controllers
SINUMERIK 840D sl / 840DE sl / 828D
Software version
Software CNC system for 840D sl/ 840DE sl V4.7 SP1
SINUMERIK Operate for PCU/PC
01/2015
6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2
___________________
Preface
___________________
Fundamental safety
instructions
___________________
Introduction
___________________
Setting up the machine
___________________
Working in manual mode
___________________
Machining the workpiece
___________________
Simulating machining
___________________
Creating a G code program
___________________
Creating a ShopTurn
program
___________________
Programming technology
functions (cycles)
___________________
Multi-channel machining
___________________
Collision avoidance
(only 840D sl)
___________________
Tool management
___________________
Managing programs
___________________
Alarm, error and system
messages
___________________
V4.7 SP1
Working with Manual
Machine
Continued on next page
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Advertisement

loading

  Summary of Contents for Siemens SINUMERIK 828D

  • Page 1 ___________________ Turning Preface ___________________ Fundamental safety instructions ___________________ Introduction SINUMERIK ___________________ Setting up the machine SINUMERIK 840D sl/828D Turning ___________________ Working in manual mode ___________________ Machining the workpiece Operating Manual ___________________ Simulating machining ___________________ Creating a G code program ___________________ Creating a ShopTurn program ___________________...
  • Page 2 Siemens AG Order number: 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2 Copyright © Siemens AG 2008 - 2015. Division Digital Factory Ⓟ 02/2015 Subject to change All rights reserved Postfach 48 48 90026 NÜRNBERG GERMANY...
  • Page 3 Continuation Working with a B axis (only 840D sl) Working with two tool carriers Teaching in a program SINUMERIK 840D sl/828D Turning HT 8 Ctrl-Energy Operating Manual Easy Message (828D only) Easy Extend (828D only) Service Planner (828D only) Edit PLC user program (828D only) Appendix...
  • Page 4 Note the following: WARNING Siemens products may only be used for the applications described in the catalog and in the relevant technical documentation. If products and components from other manufacturers are used, these must be recommended or approved by Siemens. Proper transport, storage, installation, assembly, commissioning, operation and maintenance are required to ensure that the products operate safely and without any problems.
  • Page 5: Preface

    Training For information about the range of training courses, refer under: ● www.siemens.com/sitrain SITRAIN - Siemens training for products, systems and solutions in automation technology ● www.siemens.com/sinutrain SinuTrain - training software for SINUMERIK FAQs You can find Frequently Asked Questions in the Service&Support pages under Product Support.
  • Page 6 Preface SINUMERIK You can find information on SINUMERIK under the following link: www.siemens.com/sinumerik Target group This documentation is intended for users of turning machines running the SINUMERIK Operate software. Benefits The operating manual helps users familiarize themselves with the control elements and commands.
  • Page 7 Preface Technical Support You will find telephone numbers for other countries for technical support in the Internet under http://www.siemens.com/automation/service&support Turning Operating Manual, 01/2015, 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2...
  • Page 8 Preface Turning Operating Manual, 01/2015, 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2...
  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents Preface ..............................5 Fundamental safety instructions ......................23 General safety instructions ..................... 23 Industrial security ........................24 Introduction ............................25 Product overview ........................25 Operator panel fronts ......................26 2.2.1 Overview ..........................26 2.2.2 Keys of the operator panel ...................... 27 Machine control panels ......................
  • Page 10 Table of contents Settings for the machine ......................74 3.4.1 Switching over the coordinate system (MCS/WCS) .............. 74 3.4.2 Switching the unit of measurement ..................75 3.4.3 Setting the zero offset ......................76 Measuring the tool ......................... 78 3.5.1 Measuring a tool manually ..................... 78 3.5.2 Measuring a tool with a tool probe ..................
  • Page 11 Table of contents Simple stock removal of workpiece ..................118 Thread synchronizing......................120 Default settings for manual mode ..................122 Machining the workpiece ........................123 Starting and stopping machining ..................123 Selecting a program ......................124 Executing a trail program run ....................125 Displaying the current program block ...................
  • Page 12 Table of contents 5.12.4 Auxiliary functions ........................ 168 5.13 Mold making view......................... 170 5.13.1 Overview ..........................170 5.13.2 Starting the mold making view ..................... 173 5.13.3 Specifically jump to the program block ................174 5.13.4 Searching for program blocks ....................174 5.13.5 Changing the view .......................
  • Page 13 Table of contents 6.9.1 Enlarging or reducing the graphical representation .............. 210 6.9.2 Panning a graphical representation ..................211 6.9.3 Rotating the graphical representation ................... 211 6.9.4 Modifying the viewport ......................212 6.9.5 Defining cutting planes......................213 6.10 Displaying simulation alarms ....................214 Creating a G code program .........................
  • Page 14 Table of contents Call work offsets ........................256 8.10 Repeating program blocks ....................257 8.11 Entering the number of workpieces ..................258 8.12 Changing program blocks ....................259 8.13 Changing program settings ....................260 8.14 Selection of the cycles via softkey ..................262 8.15 Calling technology functions ....................
  • Page 15 Table of contents 9.2.8 Cut-off (CYCLE92) ........................ 388 Contour turning ........................390 9.3.1 General information ......................390 9.3.2 Representation of the contour ....................391 9.3.3 Creating a new contour ......................392 9.3.4 Creating contour elements ....................394 9.3.5 Entering the master dimension ..................... 400 9.3.6 Changing the contour......................
  • Page 16 Table of contents Additional cycles and functions in ShopTurn ............... 574 9.7.1 Drilling centric ........................574 9.7.2 Thread centered ........................578 9.7.3 Transformations ........................581 9.7.4 Translation ........................... 583 9.7.5 Rotation ..........................584 9.7.6 Scaling ..........................585 9.7.7 Mirroring ..........................586 9.7.8 Rotation C ..........................
  • Page 17 Table of contents 10.2.12.1 Running-in a program ......................651 10.2.12.2 Block search and program control ..................652 10.2.13 Stock removal with 2 synchronized channels ............... 654 10.2.13.1 Job list ........................... 656 10.2.13.2 Stock removal ........................658 10.2.14 Synchronizing a counterspindle .................... 659 Collision avoidance (only 840D sl) .......................
  • Page 18 Table of contents 12.15.1 Tool list for multitool ......................721 12.15.2 Create multitool ........................722 12.15.3 Equipping multitool with tools ....................724 12.15.4 Removing a tool from multitool .................... 725 12.15.5 Delete multitool ........................725 12.15.6 Loading and unloading multitool ..................726 12.15.7 Reactivating the multitool .....................
  • Page 19 Table of contents 13.17 Setup data ..........................776 13.17.1 Backing up setup data ......................776 13.17.2 Reading-in set-up data......................779 13.18 RS-232-C ..........................781 13.18.1 Reading-in and reading-out archives via a serial interface........... 781 13.18.2 Setting V24 in the program manager ..................783 Alarm, error and system messages .....................
  • Page 20 Table of contents Working with a B axis (only 840D sl) ....................821 16.1 Lathes with B axis ........................ 821 16.2 Tool alignment for turning ....................824 16.3 Milling with a B axis ......................825 16.4 Swiveling ..........................826 16.5 Approach/retraction ......................
  • Page 21 Table of contents 20.4 Long-term measurement of the energy consumption ............862 20.5 Displaying measured curves ....................863 20.6 Using the energy-saving profile .................... 864 Easy Message (828D only) ......................... 867 21.1 Overview ..........................867 21.2 Activating Easy Message ...................... 869 21.3 Creating/editing a user profile ....................
  • Page 22 Table of contents 24.16 Searching for operands ......................904 24.17 Inserting/deleting a symbol table ..................905 24.18 Displaying the network symbol information table ..............906 24.19 Displaying and editing PLC signals ..................907 24.20 Displaying cross references ....................908 Appendix ............................. 911 840D sl documentation overview ..................
  • Page 23: Fundamental Safety Instructions

    Fundamental safety instructions General safety instructions WARNING Risk of death if the safety instructions and remaining risks are not carefully observed If the safety instructions and residual risks are not observed in the associated hardware documentation, accidents involving severe injuries or death can occur. •...
  • Page 24: Industrial Security

    Siemens recommends strongly that you regularly check for product updates. For the secure operation of Siemens products and solutions, it is necessary to take suitable preventive action (e.g. cell protection concept) and integrate each component into a holistic, state-of-the-art industrial security concept.
  • Page 25: Introduction

    Introduction Product overview The SINUMERIK controller is a CNC (Computerized Numerical Controller) for machine tools. You can use the CNC to implement the following basic functions in conjunction with a machine tool: ● Creation and adaptation of part programs ● Execution of part programs ●...
  • Page 26: Operator Panel Fronts

    Introduction 2.2 Operator panel fronts Operator panel fronts 2.2.1 Overview Introduction The display (screen) and operation (e.g. hardkeys and softkeys) of the SINUMERIK Operate user interface use the operator panel front. In this example, the OP 010 operator panel front is used to illustrate the components that are available for operating the controller and machine tool.
  • Page 27: Keys Of The Operator Panel

    Introduction 2.2 Operator panel fronts USB interface Menu select key Menu forward button Machine area button Menu back key Softkeys Figure 2-1 View of OP 010 operator panel front References A more precise description as well as a view of the other operator panel fronts that can be used may be found in the following reference: Manual operator components and networking;...
  • Page 28 Introduction 2.2 Operator panel fronts <NEXT WINDOW> • Toggles between the windows. • For a multi-channel view or for a multi-channel functionality, switches within a channel gap between the upper and lower window. • Selects the first entry in selection lists and in selection fields. •...
  • Page 29 Introduction 2.2 Operator panel fronts <PAGE DOWN> Scrolls downwards by one page in a window. <PAGE DOWN> + <SHIFT> In the program manager and in the program editor, from the cursor position, selects directories or program blocks up to the end of the window.
  • Page 30 Introduction 2.2 Operator panel fronts <Cursor up> • Editing box Moves the cursor into the next upper field. • Navigation – Moves the cursor in a table to the next cell upwards. – Moves the cursor upwards in a menu screen. <Cursor up>...
  • Page 31 Introduction 2.2 Operator panel fronts <SELECT> + <SHIFT> Selects in selection lists and in selection boxes the previous entry or the last entry. <END> Moves the cursor to the last entry field in a window, to the end of a table or a program block. Selects the last entry in selection lists and in selection boxes.
  • Page 32 Introduction 2.2 Operator panel fronts <TAB> + <SHIFT> • In the program editor, indents the cursor by one character. • In the program manager, moves the cursor to the next entry to the left. <TAB> + <CTRL> • In the program editor, indents the cursor by one character. •...
  • Page 33 Introduction 2.2 Operator panel fronts <CTRL> + <P> Generates a screenshot from the actual user interface and saves it as file. <CTRL> + <S> Switches the single block in or out in the simulation. <CTRL> + <V> • Pastes text from the clipboard at the actual cursor position. •...
  • Page 34 Introduction 2.2 Operator panel fronts <SHIFT> + <ALT> + <D> Backs up the log files on the USB-FlashDrive. If a USB- FlashDrive is not inserted, then the files are backed-up in the manufacturer's area of the CF card. <SHIFT> + <ALT> + <T> Starts "HMI Trace".
  • Page 35 Introduction 2.2 Operator panel fronts <Minus> • Closes a directory which contains the element. • Reduces the size of the graphic view for simulation and traces. <Equals> Opens the calculator in the entry fields. <Asterisk> Opens a directory with all of the subdirectories. <Tilde>...
  • Page 36 Introduction 2.2 Operator panel fronts <PROGRAM> - only OP 010 and OP 010C Calls the "Program Manager" operating area. <OFFSET> - only OP 010 and OP 010C Calls the "Parameter" operating area. <PROGRAM MANAGER> - only OP 010 and OP 010C Calls the "Program Manager"...
  • Page 37: Machine Control Panels

    2.3.1 Overview The machine tool can be equipped with a machine control panel by Siemens or with a specific machine control panel from the machine manufacturer. You use the machine control panel to initiate actions on the machine tool such as traversing an axis or starting the machining of a workpiece.
  • Page 38 Introduction 2.3 Machine control panels Operator controls Emergency Off button Press the button in situations where: • life is at risk. • there is the danger of a machine or workpiece being damaged. All drives will be stopped with the greatest possible braking torque. Machine manufacturer For additional responses to pressing the Emergency Stop button, please refer to the machine manufacturer's instructions.
  • Page 39 Introduction 2.3 Machine control panels Operating modes, machine functions <JOG> Select "JOG" mode. <TEACH IN> Select "Teach In" submode. <MDI> Select "MDI" mode. <AUTO> Select "AUTO" mode. <REPOS> Repositions, re-approaches the contour. <REF POINT> Approach reference point. Inc <VAR>(Incremental Feed Variable) Incremental mode with variable increment size.
  • Page 40 Introduction 2.3 Machine control panels Traversing axes with rapid traverse override and coordinate switchover Axis keys Selects an axis. Direction keys Select the traversing direction. <RAPID> Traverse axis in rapid traverse while pressing the direction key. <WCS MCS> Switches between the workpiece coordinate system (WCS) and machine coordinate system (MCS).
  • Page 41: User Interface

    Introduction 2.4 User interface User interface 2.4.1 Screen layout Overview Active operating area and mode Alarm/message line Program name Channel state and program control Channel operational messages Axis position display in actual value window Turning Operating Manual, 01/2015, 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2...
  • Page 42: Status Display

    Introduction 2.4 User interface Display for active tool T • current feedrate F • active spindle with current status (S) • Spindle utilization rate in percent • Operating window with program block display Display of active G functions, all G functions, H functions and input window for different functions (for example, skip blocks, program control) Dialog line to provide additional user notes Horizontal softkey bar...
  • Page 43 Introduction 2.4 User interface Active operating area Display Description "Machine" operating area With touch operation, you can change the operating area here. "Parameter" operating area "Program" operating area "Program manager" operating area "Diagnosis" operating area "Start-up" operating area Active mode or submode Display Description "Jog"...
  • Page 44 Introduction 2.4 User interface Alarms and messages Display Description Alarm display The alarm numbers are displayed in white lettering on a red background. The associated alarm text is shown in red letter- ing. An arrow indicates that several alarms are active. An acknowledgment symbol indicates that the alarm can be acknowledged or canceled.
  • Page 45: Actual Value Window

    Introduction 2.4 User interface Display Description Display of active program controls: PRT: no axis motion DRY: Dry run feedrate RG0: reduced rapid traverse M01: programmed stop 1 M101: programmed stop 2 (name varies) SB1: Single block, coarse (program stops only after blocks which perform a machine function) SB2: Data block (program stops after each block) SB3: Single block, fine (program also only stops after blocks...
  • Page 46 Introduction 2.4 User interface Maximize display Press the ">>" and "Zoom act. val." softkeys. Display overview Display Meaning Header columns Work/Machine Display of axes in selected coordinate system. Position Position of displayed axes. Display of distance-to-go The distance-to-go for the current NC block is displayed while the program is running.
  • Page 47: T,F,S Window

    Introduction 2.4 User interface 2.4.4 T,F,S window The most important data concerning the current tool, the feedrate (path feed or axis feed in JOG) and the spindle is displayed in the T, F, S window. In addition to the "T, F, S" window name, the following information is also displayed: Display Meaning BC (example)
  • Page 48 Introduction 2.4 User interface Feed data Display Meaning Feed disable Actual feed value If several axes traverse, is displayed for: "JOG" mode: Axis feed for the traversing axis • "MDA" and "AUTO" mode: Programmed axis feed • Rapid traverse G0 is active 0.000 No feed is active Override...
  • Page 49: Current Block Display

    Introduction 2.4 User interface 2.4.5 Current block display The window of the current block display shows you the program blocks currently being executed. Display of current program The following information is displayed in the running program: ● The workpiece name or program name is entered in the title row. ●...
  • Page 50 Introduction 2.4 User interface You can call the "Machine" operating area directly using the key on the operator panel. Press the <MACHINE> key to select the "machine" operating area. Changing the operating mode You can select a mode or submode directly using the keys on the machine control panel or using the vertical softkeys in the main menu.
  • Page 51: Entering Or Selecting Parameters

    Introduction 2.4 User interface 2.4.7 Entering or selecting parameters When setting up the machine and during programming, you must enter various parameter values in the entry fields. The background color of the fields provides information on the status of the entry field. Orange background The input field is selected Light orange background...
  • Page 52 Introduction 2.4 User interface Changing or calculating parameters If you only want to change individual characters in an input field rather than overwriting the entire entry, switch to insertion mode. In this mode, you can also enter simple calculation expressions, without having to explicitly call the calculator.
  • Page 53: Pocket Calculator

    Introduction 2.4 User interface Close the value entry using the <INPUT> key and the result is trans- ferred into the field. Accepting parameters When you have correctly entered all necessary parameters, you can close the window and save your settings. You cannot accept the parameters if they are incomplete or obviously erroneous.
  • Page 54: Context Menu

    Introduction 2.4 User interface Note Input order for functions When using the square root or squaring functions, make sure to press the "R" or "S" function keys, respectively, before entering a number. 2.4.9 Context menu When you right-click, the context menu opens and provides the following functions: ●...
  • Page 55: Changing The User Interface Language

    Introduction 2.4 User interface 2.4.11 Changing the user interface language Procedure Select the "Start-up" operating area. Press the "Change language" softkey. The "Language selection" window opens. The language set last is se- lected. Position the cursor on the desired language. Press the "OK"...
  • Page 56 Introduction 2.4 User interface Input types Input type Description Pinyin input Latin letters are combined phonetically to denote the sound of the character. The editor lists all of the characters from the dictionary that can be selected. Zhuyin input Non-Latin letters are combined phonetically to denote the sound of the character. (only traditional Chinese) The editor lists all of the characters from the dictionary that can be selected.
  • Page 57: Entering Asian Characters

    Introduction 2.4 User interface Dictionaries The simplified Chinese and traditional Chinese dictionaries that are supplied can be expanded: ● If you enter new phonetic notations, the editor creates a new line. The entered phonetic notation is broken down into known phonetic notations. Select the associated character for each component.
  • Page 58: Editing The Dictionary

    Introduction 2.4 User interface Editing characters using the Zhuyin method (only traditional Chinese) Open the screen form and position the cursor on the input field. Press the <Alt +S> keys. The editor is displayed. Enter the desired phonetic notation using the numerical block. Each number is assigned a certain number of letters that can be select- ed by pressing the numeric key one or several times.
  • Page 59 Introduction 2.4 User interface Press the <TAB> key to toggle between the compiled phonetic notation field and the phonetic notation input. Compiled characters are deleted using the <BACKSPACE> key. Press the <input> key to transfer the compiled phonetic notation into the dictionary and the input field.
  • Page 60: Entering Korean Characters

    Introduction 2.4 User interface 2.4.13 Entering Korean characters You can enter Korean characters in the input fields using the input editor IME (Input Method Editor). Note You require a special keyboard to enter Korean characters. If this is not available, then you can enter the characters using a matrix.
  • Page 61 Introduction 2.4 User interface Procedure Editing characters using the keyboard Open the screen form and position the cursor on the input field. Press the <Alt +S> keys. The editor is displayed. Switch to the "Keyboard - Matrix" selection box. Select the keyboard. Switch to the function selection box.
  • Page 62: Protection Levels

    Introduction 2.4 User interface Enter the number of the line in which the required character is located. The line is highlighted in color. Enter the number of the column in which the required character is lo- cated. The character will be briefly highlighted in color and then transferred to the Character field.
  • Page 63 Introduction 2.4 User interface Softkeys Machine operating area Protection level End user (protection level 3) Parameters operating area Protection level Tool management lists Keyswitch 3 (protection level 4) Diagnostics operating area Protection level Keyswitch 3 (protection level 4) User (protection level 3) User (protection level 3) Manufacturer...
  • Page 64: Online Help In Sinumerik Operate

    Introduction 2.4 User interface Start-up operating area Protection levels Keyswitch 3 (protection level 4) End user (protection level 3) End user (protection level 3) End user (protection level 3) 2.4.15 Online help in SINUMERIK Operate A comprehensive context-sensitive online help is stored in the control system. ●...
  • Page 65 Introduction 2.4 User interface If further helps are offered for the function or associated topics, position the cursor on the desired link and press the "Follow reference" softkey. The selected help page is displayed. Press the "Back to reference" softkey to jump back to the previous help. Calling a topic in the table of contents Press the "Table of contents"...
  • Page 66 Introduction 2.4 User interface Press the "Keyword index" softkey if you only want to display the index of the operating and programming manual. Displaying alarm descriptions and machine data If messages or alarms are pending in the "Alarms", "Messages" or "Alarm Log"...
  • Page 67: Setting Up The Machine

    Setting up the machine Switching on and switching off Start-up When the control starts up, the main screen opens according to the operating mode specified by the machine manufacturer. In general, this is the main screen for the "REF POINT" submode. Machine manufacturer Please also refer to the machine manufacturer's instructions.
  • Page 68: Approaching A Reference Point

    Setting up the machine 3.2 Approaching a reference point Approaching a reference point 3.2.1 Referencing axes Your machine tool can be equipped with an absolute or incremental path measuring system. An axis with incremental path measuring system must be referenced after the controller has been switched on –...
  • Page 69: User Agreement

    Setting up the machine 3.2 Approaching a reference point Press the <-> or <+> key. The selected axis moves to the reference point. If you have pressed the wrong direction key, the action is not accepted and the axes do not move. A symbol is shown next to the axis if it has been referenced.
  • Page 70: Modes And Mode Groups

    Setting up the machine 3.3 Modes and mode groups Press the <-> or <+> key. The selected axis moves to the reference point and stops. The coor- dinate of the reference point is displayed. The axis is marked with Press the "User enable" softkey. The "User Agreement"...
  • Page 71 Setting up the machine 3.3 Modes and mode groups "REF POINT" operating mode The "REF POINT" operating mode is used to synchronize the control and the machine. For this purpose, you approach the reference point in "JOG" mode. Selecting "REF POINT" Press the <REF POINT>...
  • Page 72: Modes Groups And Channels

    Setting up the machine 3.3 Modes and mode groups "TEACH IN" operating mode "TEACH IN" is available in the "AUTO" and "MDI" operating modes. There you may create, edit and execute part programs (main programs or subroutines) for motional sequences or simple workpieces by approaching and saving positions. Selecting "Teach In"...
  • Page 73: Channel Switchover

    Setting up the machine 3.3 Modes and mode groups 3.3.3 Channel switchover It is possible to switch between channels when several are in use. Since individual channels may be assigned to different mode groups, a channel switchover command is also an implicit mode switchover command.
  • Page 74: Settings For The Machine

    Setting up the machine 3.4 Settings for the machine Settings for the machine 3.4.1 Switching over the coordinate system (MCS/WCS) The coordinates in the actual value display are relative to either the machine coordinate system or the workpiece coordinate system. By default, the workpiece coordinate system is set as a reference for the actual value display.
  • Page 75: Switching The Unit Of Measurement

    Setting up the machine 3.4 Settings for the machine 3.4.2 Switching the unit of measurement You can set millimeters or inches as the unit of measurement. Switching the unit of measurement always applies to the entire machine. All required information is automatically converted to the new unit of measurement, for example: ●...
  • Page 76: Setting The Zero Offset

    Setting up the machine 3.4 Settings for the machine 3.4.3 Setting the zero offset You can enter a new position value in the actual value display for individual axes when a settable zero offset is active. The difference between the position value in the machine coordinate system MCS and the new position value in the workpiece coordinate system WCS is saved permanently in the currently active zero offset (e.g.
  • Page 77 Setting up the machine 3.4 Settings for the machine Procedure Select the "JOG" mode in the "Machine" operating area. Press the "Set WO" softkey. - OR - Press the ">>", "REL act. vals" and "Set REL" softkeys to set position values in the relative coordinate system.
  • Page 78: Measuring The Tool

    Setting up the machine 3.5 Measuring the tool Measuring the tool The geometries of the machining tool must be taken into consideration when executing a part program. These are stored as tool offset data in the tool list. Each time the tool is called, the control considers the tool offset data.
  • Page 79 Setting up the machine 3.5 Measuring the tool You specify the position of the workpiece edge during the measurement. Note Lathes with B axis For lathes with a B axis, execute the tool change and alignment in the T, S, M window before performing the measurement.
  • Page 80: Measuring A Tool With A Tool Probe

    Setting up the machine 3.5 Measuring the tool Enter the position of the workpiece edge in X0 or Z0. If no value is entered for X0 or Z0, the value is taken from the actual value display. Press the "Set length" softkey. The tool length is calculated automatically and entered in the tool list.
  • Page 81 Setting up the machine 3.5 Measuring the tool References For further information about lathes with B axis, please refer to the following reference: Commissioning Manual SINUMERIK Operate / SINUMERIK 840D sl Preconditions ● If you wish to measure your tools with a tool probe, the machine manufacturer must parameterize special measuring functions for that purpose.
  • Page 82: Calibrating The Tool Probe

    Setting up the machine 3.5 Measuring the tool Press the <CYCLE START> key. The automatic measuring process is started, i.e. the tool is traversed at the measurement feedrate to the probe and back again. The tool length is calculated and entered in the tool list. Whereby the cutting edge position and tool radius or diameter are automatically taken into consideration as well.
  • Page 83: Measuring A Tool With A Magnifying Glass

    Setting up the machine 3.5 Measuring the tool Select the direction (+ or -), in which you would like to approach the tool probe. Position the calibrating tool in the vicinity of the tool probe in such a way that any collisions can be avoided when the first point of the tool probe is being approached.
  • Page 84: Logging Tool Measurement Results

    Setting up the machine 3.5 Measuring the tool Traverse the tool towards the magnifying glass and align the tool tip P with the magnifying glass cross-hairs. Press the "Set length" softkey. 3.5.5 Logging tool measurement results After measuring a tool, you have the option to output the measured values to a log. The following data are determined and logged: ●...
  • Page 85: Measuring The Workpiece Zero

    Setting up the machine 3.6 Measuring the workpiece zero Measuring the workpiece zero 3.6.1 Measuring the workpiece zero The reference point for programming a workpiece is always the workpiece zero. To determine this zero point, measure the length of the workpiece and save the position of the cylinder's face surface in the direction Z in a zero offset.
  • Page 86 Setting up the machine 3.6 Measuring the workpiece zero Procedure Select "JOG" mode in the "Machine" operating area. Press the "Workpiece zero" softkey. The "Set Edge" window opens. Select "Measuring only" if you only want to display the measured val- ues.
  • Page 87: Logging Measurement Results For The Workpiece Zero

    Setting up the machine 3.6 Measuring the workpiece zero 3.6.2 Logging measurement results for the workpiece zero When measuring the workpiece zero, you have the option to output the values that have been determined to a log. The following data are determined and logged: ●...
  • Page 88: Settings For The Measurement Result Log

    Setting up the machine 3.7 Settings for the measurement result log Settings for the measurement result log Make the following settings in the "Settings for measurement log" window: ● Log format – Text format The log in the text format is based on the display of the measurement results on the screen.
  • Page 89 Setting up the machine 3.7 Settings for the measurement result log Position the cursor to the log data field and select the required entry. Position the cursor to the log archive field and press the softkey "Select directory". Navigate to the desired directory for the log archive. Press the "OK"...
  • Page 90: Zero Offsets

    Setting up the machine 3.8 Zero offsets Zero offsets Following reference point approach, the actual value display for the axis coordinates is based on the machine zero (M) of the machine coordinate system (Machine). The program for machining the workpiece, however, is based on the workpiece zero (W) of the workpiece coordinate system (Work).
  • Page 91: Display Active Zero Offset

    Setting up the machine 3.8 Zero offsets Note Deselect fine offset (only 840D sl) You have the option of deselecting the fine offset using machine data MD18600 $MN_MM_FRAME_FINE_TRANS See also Actual value window (Page 45) 3.8.1 Display active zero offset The following zero offsets are displayed in the "Zero Offset - Active"...
  • Page 92: Displaying The Zero Offset "Overview

    Setting up the machine 3.8 Zero offsets 3.8.2 Displaying the zero offset "overview" The active offsets or system offsets are displayed for all axes that have been set up in the "Work offset - overview" window. In addition to the offset (course and fine), the rotation, scaling and mirroring defined using this are also displayed.
  • Page 93: Displaying And Editing Base Zero Offset

    Setting up the machine 3.8 Zero offsets 3.8.3 Displaying and editing base zero offset The defined channel-specific and global base offsets, divided into coarse and fine offsets, are displayed for all set-up axes in the "Zero offset - Base" window. Machine manufacturer Please refer to the machine manufacturer's specifications.
  • Page 94: Displaying And Editing Settable Zero Offset

    Setting up the machine 3.8 Zero offsets 3.8.4 Displaying and editing settable zero offset All settable offsets, divided into coarse and fine offsets, are displayed in the "Zero Offset - G54..G599" window. Rotation, scaling and mirroring are displayed. Procedure Select the "Parameter" operating area. Press the "Zero offset"...
  • Page 95: Displaying And Editing Details Of The Zero Offsets

    Setting up the machine 3.8 Zero offsets 3.8.5 Displaying and editing details of the zero offsets For each zero offset, you can display and edit all data for all axes. You can also delete zero offsets. For every axis, values for the following data will be displayed: ●...
  • Page 96 Setting up the machine 3.8 Zero offsets Procedure Select the "Parameter" operating area. Press the "Zero offset" softkey. Press the "Active", "Base" or "G54…G599" softkey. The corresponding window opens. Place the cursor on the desired zero offset to view its details. Press the "Details"...
  • Page 97: Deleting A Zero Offset

    Setting up the machine 3.8 Zero offsets 3.8.6 Deleting a zero offset You have the option of deleting work offsets. This resets the entered values. Procedure Select the "Parameter" operating area. Press the "Work offset" softkey. Press the "Overview", "Basis" or "G54…G599" softkey. Press the "Details"...
  • Page 98: Monitoring Axis And Spindle Data

    Setting up the machine 3.9 Monitoring axis and spindle data You change to the "Set Edge" window in the "JOG" mode. Traverse the tool in the Z direction and scratch it. Enter the position setpoint of the workpiece edge Z0 and press the "Set ZO"...
  • Page 99: Editing Spindle Data

    Setting up the machine 3.9 Monitoring axis and spindle data Note You will find all of the setting data in the "Start-up" operating area under "Machine data" via the menu forward key. 3.9.2 Editing spindle data The speed limits set for the spindles that must not be under- or overshot are displayed in the "Spindles"...
  • Page 100: Spindle Chuck Data

    Setting up the machine 3.9 Monitoring axis and spindle data 3.9.3 Spindle chuck data You store the chuck dimensions of the spindles at your machine in the "Spindle Chuck Data" window. Manually measuring a tool If you want to use the chuck of the main or counter-spindle as a reference point during manual measuring, specify the chuck dimension ZC.
  • Page 101 Setting up the machine 3.9 Monitoring axis and spindle data Tailstock Dimensioning the main spindle tailstock Dimensioning the counter-spindle tailstock Procedure Select the "Parameter" operating area. Press the "Setting data" and "Spindle chuck data" softkeys. The "Spindle Chuck Data" window opens. Enter the desired parameter.
  • Page 102: Displaying Setting Data Lists

    Setting up the machine 3.10 Displaying setting data lists Parameter Description Unit Counter-spindle Dimensions of the forward edge or stop edge Jaw type 1 • Jaw type 2 • Chuck dimension, counter-spindle (inc) - only for a counter-spindle that has been set-up Stop dimension, counter-spindle (inc) - only for a counter-spindle that has been set-up Jaw dimension, counter-spindle (inc) - only for a counter-spindle that has been set-up and "Jaw type 2"...
  • Page 103: Handwheel Assignment

    Setting up the machine 3.11 Handwheel assignment 3.11 Handwheel assignment You can traverse the axes in the machine coordinate system (Machine) or in the workpiece coordinate system (Work) via the handwheel. Software option You require the "Extended operator functions" option for the handwheel offset (only for 828D).
  • Page 104 Setting up the machine 3.11 Handwheel assignment - OR Open the "Axis" selection box using the <INSERT> key, navigate to the desired axis, and press the <INPUT> key. Selecting an axis also activates the handwheel (e.g., "X" is assigned to handwheel no.
  • Page 105: Mda

    Setting up the machine 3.12 MDA 3.12 In "MDI" mode (Manual Data Input mode), you can enter G-code commands or standard cycles block-by-block and immediately execute them for setting up the machine. You have the option of loading an MDI program or a standard program with the standard cycles directly into the MDI buffer from the program manager;...
  • Page 106: Saving An Mda Program

    Setting up the machine 3.12 MDA 3.12.2 Saving an MDA program Procedure Select the "Machine" operating area. Press the <MDI> key. The MDI editor opens. Create the MDI program by entering the G-code commands using the operator's keyboard. Press the "Store MDI" softkey. The "Save from MDI: Select storage location"...
  • Page 107: Editing/Executing A Mdi Program

    Setting up the machine 3.12 MDA 3.12.3 Editing/executing a MDI program Procedure Select the "Machine" operating area. Press the <MDI> key. The MDI editor opens. Enter the desired G-code commands using the operator’s keyboard. - OR - Enter a standard cycle, e.g. CYCLE62 (). Editing G-code commands/program blocks Edit G-code commands directly in the "MDI"...
  • Page 108: Deleting An Mda Program

    Setting up the machine 3.12 MDA 3.12.4 Deleting an MDA program Precondition The MDA editor contains a program that you created in the MDI window or loaded from the program manager. Procedure Press the "Delete blocks" softkey. The program blocks displayed in the program window are deleted. Turning Operating Manual, 01/2015, 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2...
  • Page 109: Working In Manual Mode

    Working in manual mode General Always use "JOG" mode when you want to set up the machine for the execution of a program or to carry out simple traversing movements on the machine: ● Synchronize the measuring system of the controller with the machine (reference point approach) ●...
  • Page 110 Working in manual mode 4.2 Selecting a tool and spindle Parameter Meaning Unit Input of the tool (name or location number) You can select a tool from the tool list using the "Select tool" softkey. Cutting edge number of the tool (1 - 9) Sister tool (1 - 99 for replacement tool strategy) Spindle Spindle selection, identification with spindle number...
  • Page 111: Selecting A Tool

    Working in manual mode 4.2 Selecting a tool and spindle 4.2.2 Selecting a tool Procedure Select the "JOG" operating mode. Press the "T, S, M" softkey. Select as to whether you wish that the tool is identified using a name or the location number.
  • Page 112: Starting And Stopping The Spindle Manually

    Working in manual mode 4.2 Selecting a tool and spindle 4.2.3 Starting and stopping the spindle manually Procedure Select the "T,S,M" softkey in the "JOG" mode. Select the desired spindle (e.g. S1) and enter the desired spindle speed or cutting speed in the right-hand entry field. If the machine has a gearbox for the spindle, set the gearing step.
  • Page 113: Positioning The Spindle

    Working in manual mode 4.2 Selecting a tool and spindle 4.2.4 Positioning the spindle Procedure Select the "T,S,M" softkey in the "JOG" mode. Select the "Stop Pos." setting in the "Spindle M function" field. The "Stop Pos." entry field appears. Enter the desired spindle stop position.
  • Page 114: Traversing Axes

    Working in manual mode 4.3 Traversing axes Traversing axes You can traverse the axes in manual mode via the Increment or Axis keys or handwheels. During a traverse initiated from the keyboard, the selected axis moves at the programmed setup feedrate. During an incremental traverse, the selected axis traverses a specified increment.
  • Page 115: Traversing Axes By A Variable Increment

    Working in manual mode 4.3 Traversing axes Note When the controller is switched on, the axes can be traversed right up to the limits of the machine as the reference points have not yet been approached and the axes referenced. Emergency limit switches might be triggered as a result.
  • Page 116: Positioning Axes

    Working in manual mode 4.4 Positioning axes Positioning axes In order to implement simple machining sequences, you can traverse the axes to certain positions in manual mode. The feedrate / rapid traverse override is active during traversing. Procedure If required, select a tool. Select the "JOG"...
  • Page 117: Manual Retraction

    Working in manual mode 4.5 Manual retraction Manual retraction After an interruption of a tapping operation (G33/G331/G332) or a general drilling operation (tools 200 to 299) due to power loss or a RESET at the machine control panel, you have the possibility to retract the tool in the JOG mode in the tool direction without damaging the tool or the workpiece.
  • Page 118: Simple Stock Removal Of Workpiece

    Working in manual mode 4.6 Simple stock removal of workpiece Simple stock removal of workpiece Some blanks have a smooth or even surface. For example, you can use the stock removal cycle to turn the face surface of the workpiece before machining actually takes place. If you want to bore out a collet using the stock removal cycle, you can program an undercut (XF2) in the corner.
  • Page 119 Working in manual mode 4.6 Simple stock removal of workpiece Procedure Press the "Machine" operating area key Press the <JOG> key. Press the "Stock removal" softkey. Enter desired values for the parameters. Press the "OK" softkey. The parameter screen is closed. Press the <CYCLE START>...
  • Page 120: Thread Synchronizing

    Working in manual mode 4.7 Thread synchronizing Parameter Description Unit Machining Face • direction Longitudinal • Reference point ∅ (abs) Reference point (abs) End point X ∅ (abs) or end point X in relation to X0 (inc) End point Z (abs) or end point Z in relation to X0 (inc) FS1...FS3 or R1...R3 Chamfer width (FS1...FS3) or rounding radius (R1...R3) Undercut (alternative to FS2 or R2)
  • Page 121 Working in manual mode 4.7 Thread synchronizing Procedure Select the "JOG" operating mode. Press the menu forward key and the "Thread synchr." softkey. Thread the thread cutting tool into the thread turn as shown in the help screen. Press the "Teach-in main spindle" softkey if you are working at the main spindle.
  • Page 122: Default Settings For Manual Mode

    Working in manual mode 4.8 Default settings for manual mode Default settings for manual mode Specify the configurations for manual mode in the "Settings for manual operation" window. Presettings Settings Description Type of feedrate Here, you select the type of feedrate. G94: Axis feedrate/linear feedrate •...
  • Page 123: Machining The Workpiece

    Machining the workpiece Starting and stopping machining During execution of a program, the workpiece is machined in accordance with the programming on the machine. After the program is started in automatic mode, workpiece machining is performed automatically. Preconditions The following requirements must be met before executing a program: ●...
  • Page 124: Selecting A Program

    Machining the workpiece 5.2 Selecting a program Stopping machining Press the <CYCLE STOP> key. Machining stops immediately. Individual program blocks are not executed to the end. On the next start, machining is resumed from the point where it left off. Canceling machining Press the <RESET>...
  • Page 125: Executing A Trail Program Run

    Machining the workpiece 5.3 Executing a trail program run Executing a trail program run When testing a program, the system can interrupt the machining of the workpiece after each program block, which triggers a movement or auxiliary function on the machine. In this way, you can control the machining result block-by-block during the initial execution of a program on the machine.
  • Page 126: Displaying The Current Program Block

    Machining the workpiece 5.4 Displaying the current program block Displaying the current program block 5.4.1 Current block display The window of the current block display shows you the program blocks currently being executed. Display of current program The following information is displayed in the running program: ●...
  • Page 127 Machining the workpiece 5.4 Displaying the current program block Machine manufacturer Please refer to the machine manufacturer's specifications. Procedure A program is selected for execution and has been opened in the "Ma- chine" operating area. Press the "Basic blocks" softkey. The "Basic Blocks"...
  • Page 128: Display Program Level

    Machining the workpiece 5.4 Displaying the current program block 5.4.3 Display program level You can display the current program level during the execution of a large program with several subprograms. Several program run throughs If you have programmed several program run throughs, i.e. subprograms are run through several times one after the other by specifying the additional parameter P, then during processing, the program runs still to be executed are displayed in the "Program Levels"...
  • Page 129: Correcting A Program

    Machining the workpiece 5.5 Correcting a program Correcting a program As soon as a syntax error in the part program is detected by the controller, program execution is interrupted and the syntax error is displayed in the alarm line. Correction possibilities Depending on the state of the control system, you can make the following corrections using the Program editing function.
  • Page 130: Repositioning Axes

    Machining the workpiece 5.6 Repositioning axes Repositioning axes After a program interruption in automatic mode (e.g. after a tool breaks) you can move the tool away from the contour in manual mode. The coordinates of the interrupt position will be saved. The distances traversed in manual mode are displayed in the actual value window.
  • Page 131: Starting Machining At A Specific Point

    Machining the workpiece 5.7 Starting machining at a specific point Starting machining at a specific point 5.7.1 Use block search If you would only like to perform a certain section of a program on the machine, then you need not start the program from the beginning. You can also start the program from a specified program block.
  • Page 132 Machining the workpiece 5.7 Starting machining at a specific point Cascaded search You can start another search from the "Search target found" state. The cascading can be continued any number of times after every search target found. Note Another cascaded block search can be started from the stopped program execution only if the search target has been found.
  • Page 133: Continuing Program From Search Target

    Machining the workpiece 5.7 Starting machining at a specific point 5.7.2 Continuing program from search target To continue the program at the desired position, press the <CYCLE START> key twice. ● The first CYCLE START outputs the auxiliary functions collected during the search. The program is then in the Stop state.
  • Page 134: Defining An Interruption Point As Search Target

    Machining the workpiece 5.7 Starting machining at a specific point 5.7.4 Defining an interruption point as search target Requirement A program was selected in "AUTO" mode and interrupted during execution through CYCLE STOP or RESET. Software option You require the "Extended operator functions" option (only for 828D). Procedure Press the "Block search"...
  • Page 135: Entering The Search Target Via Search Pointer

    Machining the workpiece 5.7 Starting machining at a specific point 5.7.5 Entering the search target via search pointer Enter the program point which you would like to proceed to in the "Search Pointer" window. Software option You require the "Extended operator functions" option for the "Search pointer" function (only for 828D).
  • Page 136: Parameters For Block Search In The Search Pointer

    Machining the workpiece 5.7 Starting machining at a specific point Note Interruption point You can load the interruption point in search pointer mode. 5.7.6 Parameters for block search in the search pointer Parameter Meaning Number of program level Program: The name of the main program is automatically entered Ext: File extension Pass counter...
  • Page 137: Block Search Mode

    Machining the workpiece 5.7 Starting machining at a specific point 5.7.7 Block search mode Set the desired search variant in the "Search Mode" window. The set mode is retained when the control is shut down. When you activate the "Search" function after restarting the control, the current search mode is displayed in the title row.
  • Page 138 Machining the workpiece 5.7 Starting machining at a specific point Note Search mode for ShopTurn programs • The search variant for the ShopTurn machining step programs can be specified via MD 51024. This applies only to the ShopTurn single-channel view. Machine manufacturer Please refer to the machine manufacturer's specifications.
  • Page 139: Controlling The Program Run

    Machining the workpiece 5.8 Controlling the program run Controlling the program run 5.8.1 Program control You can change the program sequence in the "AUTO" and "MDI" modes. Abbreviation/program con- Mode of operation trol The program is started and executed with auxiliary function outputs and dwell times. In this mode, the axes are not traversed.
  • Page 140: Skip Blocks

    Machining the workpiece 5.8 Controlling the program run Activating program control You can control the program sequence however you wish by selecting and clearing the relevant checkboxes. Display / response of active program controls If a program control is activated, the abbreviation of the corresponding function appears in the status display as response.
  • Page 141 Machining the workpiece 5.9 Overstore Skip levels, activate Select the corresponding checkbox to activate the desired skip level. Note The "Program Control - Skip Blocks" window is only available when more than one skip level is set up. Procedure Select the "Machine" operating area. Press the <AUTO>...
  • Page 142: Overstore

    Machining the workpiece 5.9 Overstore Overstore With overstore, you have the option of executing technological parameters (for example, auxiliary functions, axis feed, spindle speed, programmable instructions, etc.) before the program is actually started. The program instructions act as if they are located in a normal part program.
  • Page 143 Machining the workpiece 5.9 Overstore Note Block-by-block execution The <SINGLE BLOCK> key is also active in the overstore mode. If several blocks are entered in the overstore buffer, then these are executed block-by-block after each NC start Deleting blocks Press the "Delete blocks" softkey to delete program blocks you have entered.
  • Page 144: Editing A Program

    Machining the workpiece 5.10 Editing a program 5.10 Editing a program With the editor, you are able to render, supplement, or change part programs. Note Maximum block length The maximum block length is 512 characters. Calling the editor ● The editor is started via the "Program correction" softkey in the "Machine" operating area. You can directly change the program by pressing the <INSERT>...
  • Page 145: Searching In Programs

    Machining the workpiece 5.10 Editing a program 5.10.1 Searching in programs You can use the search function to quickly arrive at points where you would like to make changes, e.g. in very large programs. Various search options are available that enable selective searching. Search options ●...
  • Page 146: Replacing Program Text

    Machining the workpiece 5.10 Editing a program Press the "OK" softkey to start the search. If the text you are searching for is found, the corresponding line is high- lighted. Press the "Continue search" softkey if the text located during the search does not correspond to the point you are looking for.
  • Page 147 Machining the workpiece 5.10 Editing a program Press the "OK" softkey to start the search. If the text you are searching for is found, the corresponding line is high- lighted. Press the "Replace" softkey to replace the text. - OR - Press the "Replace all"...
  • Page 148: Copying/Pasting/Deleting A Program Block

    Machining the workpiece 5.10 Editing a program 5.10.3 Copying/pasting/deleting a program block Precondition The program is opened in the editor. Procedure Press the "Mark" softkey. - OR - Press the <SELECT> key. Select the desired program blocks with the cursor or mouse. Press the "Copy"...
  • Page 149: Renumbering A Program

    Machining the workpiece 5.10 Editing a program Note The buffer memory contents are retained even after the editor is closed, enabling you to paste the contents in another program. Note Copy/cut current line To copy and cut the current line where the cursor is positioned, it is not necessary to mark or select it.
  • Page 150: Creating A Program Block

    Machining the workpiece 5.10 Editing a program 5.10.5 Creating a program block In order to structure programs to achieve a higher degree of transparency, you have the option of combining several blocks (G-code and/or ShopTurn machining steps) to form program blocks. Program blocks can be created in two stages.
  • Page 151 Machining the workpiece 5.10 Editing a program Procedure Select the "Program manager" operating area. Select the storage location and create a program or open a program. The program editor opens. Select the required program blocks that you wish to combine to form a block.
  • Page 152: Opening Additional Programs

    Machining the workpiece 5.10 Editing a program 5.10.6 Opening additional programs You have the option of viewing and editing several programs simultaneously in the editor. For instance, you can copy program blocks or machining steps of a program and paste them into another program.
  • Page 153: Editor Settings

    Machining the workpiece 5.10 Editing a program 5.10.7 Editor settings Enter the default settings in the "Settings" window that are to take effect automatically when the editor is opened. Defaults Setting Meaning Number automatical- Yes: A new block number will automatically be assigned after every line •...
  • Page 154 Machining the workpiece 5.10 Editing a program Setting Meaning Automatic save (only Yes: The changes are saved automatically when you change to another • local and external operating area. drives) No: You are prompted to save when changing to another operating area. •...
  • Page 155 Machining the workpiece 5.10 Editing a program Procedure Select the "Program" operating area. Press the "Edit" softkey. Press the ">>" and "Settings" softkeys. The "Settings" window opens. Make the desired changes here and press the "OK" softkey to confirm your settings. See also Replacing program text (Page 146) Turning...
  • Page 156: Display And Edit User Variables

    Machining the workpiece 5.11 Display and edit user variables 5.11 Display and edit user variables 5.11.1 Overview The defined user data may be displayed in lists. The following variables can be defined: ● Data parameters (R parameters) ● Global user data (GUD) is valid in all programs ●...
  • Page 157: R Parameters

    Machining the workpiece 5.11 Display and edit user variables 5.11.2 R parameters R parameters (arithmetic parameters) are channel-specific variables that you can use within a G code program. G code programs can read and write R parameters. These values are retained after the controller is switched off. Number of channel-specific R parameters The number of channel-specific R parameters is defined in a machine data element.
  • Page 158: Displaying Global User Data (Gud)

    Machining the workpiece 5.11 Display and edit user variables 5.11.3 Displaying global user data (GUD) Global user variables Global GUDs are NC global user data (Global User Data) that remains available after switching the machine off. GUDs apply in all programs. Definition A GUD variable is defined with the following: ●...
  • Page 159: Displaying Channel Guds

    Machining the workpiece 5.11 Display and edit user variables Press the "GUD selection" softkey and the "SGUD" to "GUD6" softkeys if you wish to display SGUD, MGUD, UGUD as well as GUD4 to GUD 6 of the global user variables. - OR - Press the "GUD selection"...
  • Page 160: Displaying Local User Data (Lud)

    Machining the workpiece 5.11 Display and edit user variables Procedure Select the "Parameter" operating area. Press the "User variable" softkey. Press the "Channel GUD" and "GUD selection" softkeys. A new vertical softkey bar appears. Press the "SGUD" ... "GUD6" softkeys if you want to display the SGUD, MGUD, UGUD as well as GUD4 to GUD 6 of the channel-specific user variables.
  • Page 161: Displaying Program User Data (Pud)

    Machining the workpiece 5.11 Display and edit user variables Procedure Select the "Parameter" operating area. Press the "User variable" softkey. Press the "Local LUD" softkey. 5.11.6 Displaying program user data (PUD) Program-global user variables PUDs are global part program variables (Program User Data). PUDs are valid in all main programs and subprograms, where they can also be written and read.
  • Page 162: Searching For User Variables

    Machining the workpiece 5.11 Display and edit user variables 5.11.7 Searching for user variables You can search for R parameters and user variables. Procedure Select the "Parameter" operating area. Press the "R parameters", "Global GUD", "Channel GUD", "Local GUD" or "Program PUD" softkeys to select the list in which you would like to search for user variables.
  • Page 163 Machining the workpiece 5.11 Display and edit user variables Procedure Select the "Start-up" operating area. Press the "System data" softkey. In the data tree, select the "NC data" folder and then open the "Defini- tions" folder. Select the file you want to edit. Double-click the file.
  • Page 164: Displaying G Functions And Auxiliary Functions

    Machining the workpiece 5.12 Displaying G functions and auxiliary functions 5.12 Displaying G functions and auxiliary functions 5.12.1 Selected G functions 16 selected G groups are displayed in the "G Function" window. Within a G group, the G function currently active in the controller is displayed. Some G codes (e.g.
  • Page 165 Machining the workpiece 5.12 Displaying G functions and auxiliary functions G groups displayed by default (ISO code) Group Meaning G group 1 Modally active motion commands (e.g. G0, G1, G2, G3) G group 2 Non-modally active motion commands, dwell time (e.g. G4, G74, G75) G group 3 Programmable offsets, working area limitations and pole programming (e.g.
  • Page 166: All G Functions

    Machining the workpiece 5.12 Displaying G functions and auxiliary functions References For more information about configuring the displayed G groups, refer to the following document: SINUMERIK Operate (IM9) / SINUMERIK 840D sl Commissioning Manual 5.12.2 All G functions All G groups and their group numbers are listed in the "G Functions" window. Within a G group, only the G function currently active in the controller is displayed.
  • Page 167 Machining the workpiece 5.12 Displaying G functions and auxiliary functions High-speed cutting information In addition to the information that is provided in the "All G functions" window, the following programmed values of the following specific information is also displayed: ● CTOL ●...
  • Page 168: Auxiliary Functions

    Machining the workpiece 5.12 Displaying G functions and auxiliary functions 5.12.4 Auxiliary functions Auxiliary functions include M and H functions preprogrammed by the machine manufacturer, which transfer parameters to the PLC to trigger reactions defined by the manufacturer. Displayed auxiliary functions Up to five current M functions and three H functions are displayed in the "Auxiliary Functions"...
  • Page 169 Machining the workpiece 5.12 Displaying G functions and auxiliary functions Non-modal synchronized actions can only be identified by their status display. They are only displayed during execution. Synchronization types Synchronization types Meaning ID=n Modal synchronized actions in the automatic mode up to the end of pro- gram, local to program;...
  • Page 170: Mold Making View

    Machining the workpiece 5.13 Mold making view - AND / OR - Press the "Blockwise" softkey if you wish to hide the non-modal syn- chronized actions in the automatic mode. Press the "ID", "IDS" or "Blockwise" softkeys to re-display the corre- sponding synchronized actions.
  • Page 171 Machining the workpiece 5.13 Mold making view NC blocks that can be interpreted The following NC blocks are supported for the mold making view: ● Types – Lines G0, G1 with X Y Z – Circles G2, G3 with center point I, J, K or radius CR, depending on the working plane G17, G18, G19, CIP with circular point I1, J1, K1 or radius CR –...
  • Page 172 Machining the workpiece 5.13 Mold making view ● Orientation – Rotary axis programming with ORIAXES or ORIVECT using ABC for G0, G1, G2, G3, CIP, POLY – Rotary axis programming with ORIAXES or ORIVECT using PO[A] POS[b] PO[C] for POLY –...
  • Page 173: Starting The Mold Making View

    Machining the workpiece 5.13 Mold making view 5.13.2 Starting the mold making view Procedure Select the "Program manager" operating area. Select the desired storage location and position the cursor on the pro- gram that you would like to display in the mold making view. Press the "Open"...
  • Page 174: Specifically Jump To The Program Block

    Machining the workpiece 5.13 Mold making view 5.13.3 Specifically jump to the program block If you notice anything peculiar in the graphic or identify an error, then from this location, you can directly jump to the program block involved to possibly edit the program. Requirements ●...
  • Page 175: Changing The View

    Machining the workpiece 5.13 Mold making view 5.13.5 Changing the view 5.13.5.1 Enlarging or reducing the graphical representation Precondition ● The mold making view has been started. ● The "Graphic" softkey is active. Procedure Press the <+> and <-> keys if you wish to enlarge or reduce the graphic display.
  • Page 176: Modifying The Viewport

    Machining the workpiece 5.13 Mold making view 5.13.5.2 Modifying the viewport Use the magnifying glass if you would like to move, increase or reduce the size of the section of the mold making view, e.g. to view details or display the complete workpiece. Using the magnifying glass, you can define your own segment and then increase or decrease its size.
  • Page 177: Displaying The Program Runtime And Counting Workpieces

    Machining the workpiece 5.14 Displaying the program runtime and counting workpieces 5.14 Displaying the program runtime and counting workpieces To gain an overview of the program runtime and the number of machined workpieces, open the "Times, Counter" window. Machine manufacturer Please refer to the machine manufacturer's specifications.
  • Page 178 Machining the workpiece 5.14 Displaying the program runtime and counting workpieces Procedure Select the "Machine" operating area. Press the <AUTO> key. Press the "Times, Counter" softkey. The "Times, Counter" window opens. Select "Yes" under "Count workpieces" if you want to count completed workpieces.
  • Page 179: Setting For Automatic Mode

    Machining the workpiece 5.15 Setting for automatic mode 5.15 Setting for automatic mode Before machining a workpiece, you can test the program in order to identify programming errors early on. Use the dry run feedrate for this purpose. In addition, you have the option of additionally limiting the traversing speed for rapid traverse so that when running-in a new program with rapid traverse, no undesirable high traversing speeds occur.
  • Page 180 Machining the workpiece 5.15 Setting for automatic mode Saving machining times Here, you specify how the machining times determined are processed. ● Yes A subdirectory with the name "GEN_DATA.WPD" is created in the directory of the part program. There, the machine times determined are saved in an ini file together with the name of the program.
  • Page 181: Working With Dxf Files

    Machining the workpiece 5.16 Working with DXF files 5.16 Working with DXF files 5.16.1 Overview The "DXF-Reader" function can be used to open files created in the SINUMERIK Operate editor directly in a CAD system as well as contours and drilling positions to be transferred and stored directly in G code and ShopTurn programs.
  • Page 182: Cleaning A Dxf File

    Machining the workpiece 5.16 Working with DXF files 5.16.2.2 Cleaning a DXF file All contained layers are shown when a DXF file is opened. Layers that do not contain any contour- or position-relevant data can be shown or hidden. Procedure The DXF file is opened in the Program Manager or in the editor.
  • Page 183: Enlarging Or Reducing The Cad Drawing

    Machining the workpiece 5.16 Working with DXF files 5.16.2.3 Enlarging or reducing the CAD drawing Precondition The DXF file is opened in the Program Manager. Procedure Press the "Details" and "Zoom +" softkeys if you wish to enlarge the size of the segment.
  • Page 184: Rotating The View

    Machining the workpiece 5.16 Working with DXF files Procedure Press the "Details" and "Magnifying glass" softkeys. A magnifying glass in the shape of a rectangular frame appears. Press the <+> key to enlarge the frame. - OR - Press the <-> key to reduce the frame. - OR - Press a cursor key to move the frame up, down, left or right.
  • Page 185: Displaying/Editing Information For The Geometric Data

    Machining the workpiece 5.16 Working with DXF files 5.16.2.6 Displaying/editing information for the geometric data Precondition The DXF file is opened in the Program Manager or in the editor. Procedure Press the "Details" and "Geometry info" softkeys. The cursor takes the form of a question mark. Position the cursor on the element for which you want to display its geometric data and press the "Element info"...
  • Page 186: Importing And Editing A Dxf File In The Editor

    Machining the workpiece 5.16 Working with DXF files 5.16.3 Importing and editing a DXF file in the editor 5.16.3.1 General procedure ● Create/open a G code or ShopTurn program ● Call the "Turn contour" cycles and create a "New contour" - OR - ●...
  • Page 187: Setting The Tolerance

    Machining the workpiece 5.16 Working with DXF files Press the "Arc center" softkey to place the zero point at the center of an arc. - OR - Press the "Cursor" softkey to define the zero point at any cursor posi- tion.
  • Page 188: Transferring The Drilling Positions

    Machining the workpiece 5.16 Working with DXF files 5.16.3.4 Transferring the drilling positions Calling the cycles The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been cre- ated and you are in the editor. Press the "Drilling" softkey. Press the "Positions" softkey. Press the "Arbitary positions"...
  • Page 189 Machining the workpiece 5.16 Working with DXF files Procedure Open a DXF file Press the "Import from DXF" softkey. Select the storage location and place the cursor on the relevant DXF file. You can use the search function to directly search comprehensive fold- ers and directories, e.g.
  • Page 190 Machining the workpiece 5.16 Working with DXF files Size (for position pattern "Row", "Frame", "Grid") Once the reference point and clearances have been specified, press the "Select element" softkey repeatedly. All expansions of the frame or the grid are displayed. Press the "Accept element"...
  • Page 191: Accepting Contours

    Machining the workpiece 5.16 Working with DXF files 5.16.3.5 Accepting contours Calling the cycles The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been cre- ated and you are in the editor. Press the "Contour turning" softkey. Press the "New contour" softkey. Selecting contours The start and end point are specified for the contour line.
  • Page 192 Machining the workpiece 5.16 Working with DXF files Procedure Opening a DXF file Enter the desired name in the "New Contour" window. Press the "From DXF file" and "Accept" softkeys. The "Open DXF File" window opens. Select a storage location and place the cursor on the relevant DXF file. You can, for example, use the search function to search directly for a DXF file in comprehensive folders and directories.
  • Page 193 Machining the workpiece 5.16 Working with DXF files Press the "Cursor" softkey to define the start of the element with the cur- sor at any position. Press the "OK" softkey to confirm your selection. 10. Press the "Accept element" softkey to accept the offered elements. The softkey can be operated while elements are still available to be ac- cepted.
  • Page 194 Machining the workpiece 5.16 Working with DXF files Turning Operating Manual, 01/2015, 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2...
  • Page 195: Simulating Machining

    Simulating machining Overview During simulation, the current program is calculated in its entirety and the result displayed in graphic form. The result of programming is verified without traversing the machine axes. Incorrectly programmed machining steps are detected at an early stage and incorrect machining on the workpiece prevented.
  • Page 196 Simulating machining 6.1 Overview Machine references The simulation is implemented as workpiece simulation. This means that it is not assumed that the zero offset has already been precisely scratched or is known. In spite of this, unavoidable Machine references are in the programming, such as for example, the tool change point in the Machine, the park position for the counterspindle in the Machine or the position of the counterspindle slide.
  • Page 197 Simulating machining 6.1 Overview Note Tool display in the simulation and for simultaneous recording In order that workpiece simulation is also possible for tools that have either not been measured or have been incompletely entered, certain assumptions are made regarding the tool geometry.
  • Page 198 Simulating machining 6.1 Overview Status display The current axis coordinates, the override, the current tool with cutting edge, the current program block, the feedrate and the machining time are displayed. In all views, a clock is displayed during graphical processing. The machining time is displayed in hours, minutes and seconds.
  • Page 199 Simulating machining 6.1 Overview Supplementary conditions ● All of the existing data records (toolcarrier / TRAORI, TRANSMIT, TRACYL) are evaluated and must be correctly commissioned for correct simulation. ● Transformations with swiveled linear axis (TRAORI 64 - 69) as well as OEM transformations (TRAORI 4096 - 4098) are not supported.
  • Page 200: Simulation Before Machining Of The Workpiece

    Simulating machining 6.2 Simulation before machining of the workpiece Simulation before machining of the workpiece Before machining the workpiece on the machine, you have the option of performing a quick run-through in order to graphically display how the program will be executed. This provides a simple way of checking the result of the programming.
  • Page 201: Simultaneous Recording Before Machining Of The Workpiece

    Simulating machining 6.3 Simultaneous recording before machining of the workpiece Note Operating area switchover The simulation is exited if you switch into another operating area. If you restart the simulation, then this starts again at the beginning of the program. Software option You require the option "3D simulation of the finished part"...
  • Page 202: Simultaneous Recording During Machining Of The Workpiece

    Simulating machining 6.4 Simultaneous recording during machining of the workpiece Simultaneous recording during machining of the workpiece If the view of the work space is blocked by coolant, for example, while the workpiece is being machined, you can also track the program execution on the screen. Software option You require the option "Simultaneous recording (real-time simulation)"...
  • Page 203: Different Views Of The Workpiece

    Simulating machining 6.5 Different views of the workpiece Different views of the workpiece In the graphical display, you can choose between different views so that you constantly have the best view of the current workpiece machining, or in order to display details or the overall view of the finished workpiece.
  • Page 204: Face View

    Simulating machining 6.5 Different views of the workpiece 6.5.3 Face view Start the simulation. Press the "Other views" and "Face view" softkeys. The side view shows the workpiece in the X-Y plane. Changing the display You can increase or decrease the size of the simulation graphic and move it, as well as change the segment.
  • Page 205: 2-Window

    Simulating machining 6.6 Graphical display 6.5.5 2-window Start the simulation. Press the "Additional views" and "2-window view" softkeys. The 2-window view contains a side view (left-hand window) and a front view (right-hand window) of the workpiece. The viewing direction is al- ways from the front to the cutting surface even if machining is to be per- formed from behind or from the back side.
  • Page 206: Editing The Simulation Display

    Simulating machining 6.7 Editing the simulation display Editing the simulation display 6.7.1 Blank display You have the option of replacing the blank defined in the program or to define a blank for programs in which a blank definition cannot be inserted. Note The unmachined part can only be entered if simulation or simultaneous recording is in the reset state.
  • Page 207 Simulating machining 6.7 Editing the simulation display Parameter Description Unit Counterspindle Mirroring Z • Mirroring is used when machining on the Z axis • Mirroring is not used when machining on the Z axis Blank Selecting the blank Centered cuboid •...
  • Page 208: Showing And Hiding The Tool Path

    Simulating machining 6.8 Program control during the simulation 6.7.2 Showing and hiding the tool path The path display follows the programmed tool path of the selected program. The path is continuously updated as a function of the tool movement. The tool paths can be shown or hidden as required.
  • Page 209: Simulating The Program Block By Block

    Simulating machining 6.8 Program control during the simulation Toggling between "Override +" and "Override -" Press the <CTRL> and <Cursor down> or <Cursor up> keys to toggle between the "Override +" and "Override -" softkeys. Selecting the maximum feedrate Press the <CTRL> and <M> keys to select the maximum feedrate of 120%.
  • Page 210: Editing And Adapting A Simulation Graphic

    Simulating machining 6.9 Editing and adapting a simulation graphic Press the <CTRL> and <S> keys simultaneously to enable and disable the single block mode. Editing and adapting a simulation graphic 6.9.1 Enlarging or reducing the graphical representation Precondition The simulation or the simultaneous recording is started. Procedure Press the <+>...
  • Page 211: Panning A Graphical Representation

    Simulating machining 6.9 Editing and adapting a simulation graphic Note Selected section The selected sections and size changes are kept as long as the program is selected. 6.9.2 Panning a graphical representation Precondition The simulation or the simultaneous recording is started. Procedure Press a cursor key if you wish to move the graphic up, down, left, or right.
  • Page 212: Modifying The Viewport

    Simulating machining 6.9 Editing and adapting a simulation graphic Keep the <Shift> key pressed and then turn the workpiece in the desired direction using the appropriate cursor keys. 6.9.4 Modifying the viewport If you would like to move, enlarge or decrease the size of the segment of the graphical display, e.g.
  • Page 213: Defining Cutting Planes

    Simulating machining 6.9 Editing and adapting a simulation graphic 6.9.5 Defining cutting planes In the 3D view, you have the option of "cutting" the workpiece and therefore displaying certain views in order to show hidden contours. Precondition The simulation or the simultaneous recording is started. Procedure Press the "Details"...
  • Page 214: Displaying Simulation Alarms

    Simulating machining 6.10 Displaying simulation alarms 6.10 Displaying simulation alarms Alarms might occur during simulation. If an alarm occurs during a simulation run, a window opens in the operating window to display it. The alarm overview contains the following information: ●...
  • Page 215: Creating A G Code Program

    Creating a G code program Graphical programming Functions The following functionality is available: ● Technology-oriented program step selection (cycles) using softkeys ● Input windows for parameter assignment with animated help screens ● Context-sensitive online help for every input window ● Support with contour input (geometry processor) Call and return conditions ●...
  • Page 216 Creating a G code program 7.2 Program views Program view The program view in the editor provides an overview of the individual machining steps of a program. Figure 7-1 Program view of a G code program Note In the program editor settings you define as to whether cycle calls are to be displayed as plain text or in NC syntax.
  • Page 217 Creating a G code program 7.2 Program views Parameter screen with help display Press the <Cursor right> key to open a selected program block or cycle in the program view. The associated parameter screen with help display is then displayed. Note Switching between the help screen and the graphic view The key combination <CTRL>...
  • Page 218: Program Structure

    Creating a G code program 7.3 Program structure Parameter screen with graphic view Press the "Graphic view" softkey to toggle between the help screen and the graphic view in the screen. Figure 7-3 Parameter screen with a graphical view of a G code program block Program structure G_code programs can always be freely programmed.
  • Page 219: Fundamentals

    Creating a G code program 7.4 Fundamentals See also Blank input (Page 222) Fundamentals 7.4.1 Machining planes A plane is defined by means of two coordinate axes. The third coordinate axis (tool axis) is perpendicular to this plane and determines the infeed direction of the tool (e.g. for 2½-D machining).
  • Page 220: Programming A Tool (T)

    Creating a G code program 7.4 Fundamentals There are parameters in the cycle screens whose names depend on this plane setting. These are usually parameters that refer to positions of the axes, such as reference point of a position pattern in the plane or depth specification when drilling in the tool axis. For G17, reference points in the plane are called X0 Y0, for G18 they are called Z0 X0 - and for G19, they are called Y0 Z0.
  • Page 221: Generating A G Code Program

    Creating a G code program 7.5 Generating a G code program Generating a G code program Create a separate program for each new workpiece that you would like to produce. The program contains the individual machining steps that must be performed to produce the workpiece.
  • Page 222: Blank Input

    Creating a G code program 7.6 Blank input Blank input Function The blank is used for the simulation and the simultaneous recording. A useful simulation can only be achieved with a blank that is as close as possible to the real blank. Create a separate program for each new workpiece that you would like to produce.
  • Page 223 Creating a G code program 7.6 Blank input Parameter Description Unit Data for Selection of the spindle for the blank Main spindle • Counterspindle • Note: If the machine does not have a counterspindle, then the entry field "Data for" is not appli- cable.
  • Page 224 Creating a G code program 7.6 Blank input Chuck dimension of the counterspindle - (only for spindle chuck data "yes" and for a counterspindle that has been set up) Stop dimension of the counterspindle - (only for spindle chuck data "yes" and for a coun- terspindle that has been set up) Jaw dimension of the counterspindle with jaw type 2 - (only for spindle chuck data "yes"...
  • Page 225: Machining Plane, Milling Direction, Retraction Plane, Safe Clearance And Feedrate (Pl, Rp, Sc, F)

    Creating a G code program 7.7 Machining plane, milling direction, retraction plane, safe clearance and feedrate (PL, RP, SC, F) Machining plane, milling direction, retraction plane, safe clearance and feedrate (PL, RP, SC, F) In the program header, cycle input screens have general parameters that always repeat. You will find the following parameters in every input screen for a cycle in a G code program.
  • Page 226: Selection Of The Cycles Via Softkey

    Creating a G code program 7.8 Selection of the cycles via softkey Selection of the cycles via softkey Overview of the machining steps The following machining steps are available. All of the cycles/functions available in the control are shown in this display. However, at a specific system, only the steps possible corresponding to the selected technology can be selected.
  • Page 227 Creating a G code program 7.8 Selection of the cycles via softkey ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ Turning Operating Manual, 01/2015, 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2...
  • Page 228 Creating a G code program 7.8 Selection of the cycles via softkey ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ Turning Operating Manual, 01/2015, 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2...
  • Page 229 Creating a G code program 7.8 Selection of the cycles via softkey ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ Turning Operating Manual, 01/2015, 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2...
  • Page 230 Creating a G code program 7.8 Selection of the cycles via softkey ⇒ ⇒ A menu tree with all of the available measuring versions of the measuring cycle function "Measure workpiece" can be found in the following refer- ence: Programming Manual Measuring cycles / SINUMERIK 840D sl/828D ⇒...
  • Page 231: Calling Technology Cycles

    Creating a G code program 7.9 Calling technology cycles Calling technology cycles 7.9.1 Hiding cycle parameters The documentation describes all the possible input parameters for each cycle. Depending on the settings of the machine manufacturer, certain parameters can be hidden in the screens, i.e.
  • Page 232: Checking Cycle Parameters

    Creating a G code program 7.9 Calling technology cycles 7.9.3 Checking cycle parameters The entered parameters are already checked during the program creation in order to avoid faulty entries. If a parameter is assigned an illegal value, this is indicated in the input screen and is designated as follows: ●...
  • Page 233: Changing A Cycle Call

    Creating a G code program 7.9 Calling technology cycles 7.9.5 Changing a cycle call You have called the desired cycle via softkey in the program editor, entered the parameters and confirmed with "Accept". Procedure Select the desired cycle call and press the <Cursor right> key. The associated input screen of the selected cycle call is opened.
  • Page 234: Additional Functions In The Input Screens

    Creating a G code program 7.10 Measuring cycle support 7.9.7 Additional functions in the input screens Selection of units If, for example, the unit can be switched in a field, this is highlighted as soon as the cursor is positioned on the element. In this way, the operator recognizes the depend- ency.
  • Page 235: Creating A Shopturn Program

    Creating a ShopTurn program Graphic program control, ShopTurn programs The program editor offers graphic programming to generate machining step programs that you can directly generate at the machine. Software option You require the "ShopMill/ShopTurn" option to generate ShopTurn machining step programs. Functions The following functionality is available: ●...
  • Page 236 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.2 Program views Work plan The work plan in the editor provides an overview of the individual machining steps of a program. Figure 8-1 Machining schedule of a ShopTurn program You can move between the program blocks in the work plan by pressing the <Cursor up>...
  • Page 237 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.2 Program views Graphic view The graphic view shows the contour of the workpiece as a dynamic graphic with broken lines. The program block selected in the work plan is highlighted in color in the graphic view. Figure 8-2 Graphic view of a ShopTurn program Parameter screen with help display and graphic view...
  • Page 238 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.2 Program views Figure 8-3 Parameter screen with dynamic help display The animated help displays are always displayed with the correct orientation to the selected coordinate system. The parameters are dynamically displayed in the graphic. The selected parameter is displayed highlighted in the graphic.
  • Page 239 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.2 Program views Figure 8-4 Parameter screen with graphic view Turning Operating Manual, 01/2015, 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2...
  • Page 240: Program Structure

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.3 Program structure Program structure A machining step program is divided into three sub-areas: ● Program header ● Program blocks ● End of program These sub-areas form a process plan. Program header The program header contains parameters that affect the entire program, such as blank dimensions or retraction planes.
  • Page 241: Fundamentals

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.4 Fundamentals Fundamentals 8.4.1 Machining planes A workpiece can be machined on different planes. Two coordinate axes define a machining plane. On lathes with X, Z, and C axes, three planes are available: ● Turning ● Face ●...
  • Page 242 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.4 Fundamentals Turning The turning machining plane corresponds to the X/Z plane (G18). Face/Face C The Face/Face C machining plane corresponds to the X/Y plane (G17). For machines without a Y axis, however, the tools can only move in the X/Z plane. The X/Y coordinates that have been entered are automatically transformed into a movement in the X and C axis.
  • Page 243: Machining Cycle, Approach/Retraction

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.4 Fundamentals 8.4.2 Machining cycle, approach/retraction Approaching and retracting during the machining cycle always follows the same pattern if you have not defined a special approach/retraction cycle. If your machine has a tailstock, you can also take this into consideration when traversing. The retraction for a cycle ends at the safety clearance.
  • Page 244 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.4 Fundamentals Taking into account the tailstock Figure 8-6 Approach/retraction taking into account the tailstock ● The tool traverses in rapid traverse from the tool change point along the shortest path to the retraction plane XRR from the tailstock. ●...
  • Page 245: Absolute And Incremental Dimensions

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.4 Fundamentals 8.4.3 Absolute and incremental dimensions When generating a machining step program, you can input positions in absolute or incremental dimensions, depending on how the workpiece drawing is dimensioned. You can also use a combination of absolute and incremental dimensions, i.e. one coordinate as an absolute dimension and the other as an incremental dimension.
  • Page 246: Polar Coordinates

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.4 Fundamentals Incremental dimensions (INC) With incremental dimensions (also referred to as sequential dimensions) a position specification refers to the previously programmed point, i.e. the input value corresponds to the path to be traversed. As a rule, the plus/minus sign does not matter when entering the incremental value, only the absolute value of the increment is evaluated.
  • Page 247: Clamping The Spindle

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.4 Fundamentals Figure 8-9 Polar coordinates The position specifications for the pole and points P1 to P3 in polar coordinates are: Pole: X30 Z30 (relative to the zero point) P1: L30 α30° (relative to the pole) P2: L30 α60°...
  • Page 248: Creating A Shopturn Program

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.5 Creating a ShopTurn program Creating a ShopTurn program Create a separate program for each new workpiece that you would like to produce. The program contains the individual machining steps that must be performed to produce the workpiece.
  • Page 249 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.5 Creating a ShopTurn program The retraction for a cycle ends at the safety clearance. Only the subsequent cycle moves to the retraction plane. This enables a special approach/retraction cycle to be used. Changes to the retraction plane therefore take effect when retracting from the previous machining operation.
  • Page 250: Program Header

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.6 Program header Program header In the program header, set the following parameters, which are effective for the complete program. Parameter Description Unit Measurement unit The setting of the measurement unit in the program header only refers to the posi- tion data in the actual program.
  • Page 251 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.6 Program header Parameter Description Unit - only for "pipe" blank Retraction plane X internal ∅ (abs) or retraction plane X referred to XI (inc) Retraction plane Z front (abs) or retraction plane Z referred to ZA (inc) extended - not for a "pipe"...
  • Page 252 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.6 Program header Parameter Description Unit Spindle chuck data Only chuck • You enter spindle chuck data in the program. Complete • You enter tailstock data in the program. Note: Please observe the machine manufacturer’s instructions. Jaw type Selecting the jaw type of the counterspindle.
  • Page 253: Generating Program Blocks

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.7 Generating program blocks Generating program blocks After a new program is created and the program header is filled out, define the individual machining steps in program blocks that are necessary to machine the workpiece. You can only create the program blocks between the program header and the program end. Procedure Selecting a technological function Position the cursor in the work plan on the line behind which a new...
  • Page 254: Tool, Offset Value, Feedrate And Spindle Speed (T, D, F, S, V)

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.8 Tool, offset value, feedrate and spindle speed (T, D, F, S, V) Tool, offset value, feedrate and spindle speed (T, D, F, S, V) The following parameters should be entered for every program block. Tool (T) Each time a workpiece is machined, you must program a tool.
  • Page 255 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.8 Tool, offset value, feedrate and spindle speed (T, D, F, S, V) Feedrate (F) The feedrate F (also referred to as the machining feedrate) specifies the speed at which the axes move when machining the workpiece. The machining feedrate is entered in mm/min, mm/rev or in mm/tooth.
  • Page 256: Call Work Offsets

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.9 Call work offsets Converting the spindle speed (S) / cutting rate (V) when milling As an alternative to the cutting rate, you can also program the spindle speed. For the milling cycles, the cutting rate (m/min) that is entered is automatically converted into the spindle speed (rpm) using the tool diameter - and vice versa.
  • Page 257: Repeating Program Blocks

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.10 Repeating program blocks 8.10 Repeating program blocks If certain steps when machining a workpiece have to be executed more than once, it is only necessary to program these steps once. You have the option of repeating program blocks. Note Machining several workpieces The program repeat function is not suitable to program repeat machining of parts.
  • Page 258: Entering The Number Of Workpieces

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.11 Entering the number of workpieces Continue programming up to the point where you want to repeat the program blocks. Press the "Various" and "Repeat progr." softkeys. Enter the names of the start and end markers and the number of times the blocks are to be repeated.
  • Page 259: Changing Program Blocks

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.12 Changing program blocks Procedure Open the "Program end" program block, if you want to machine more than one workpiece. In the "Repeat" field, enter "Yes". Press the "Accept" softkey. If you start the program later, program execution is repeated. Depending on the settings in the "Times, counters"...
  • Page 260: Changing Program Settings

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.13 Changing program settings 8.13 Changing program settings Function All parameters specified in the program header with the exception of the blank shape and the unit of measurement can be changed at any point in the program. It is also possible to change the basic setting for the direction of rotation of machining in the case of milling.
  • Page 261 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.13 Changing program settings Parameters Parameter Description Unit Retraction Lift mode simple • Extended • • Retraction plane X external ∅ (abs) or retraction plane X referred to XA (inc) Retraction plane X internal ∅ (abs) or retraction plane X referred to XI (inc) - (only for retraction "extended"...
  • Page 262: Selection Of The Cycles Via Softkey

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.14 Selection of the cycles via softkey 8.14 Selection of the cycles via softkey Overview of the machining steps The following machining steps are available. All of the cycles/functions available in the control are shown in this display. However, at a specific system, only the steps possible corresponding to the selected technology can be selected.
  • Page 263 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.14 Selection of the cycles via softkey ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ Turning Operating Manual, 01/2015, 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2...
  • Page 264 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.14 Selection of the cycles via softkey ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ Turning Operating Manual, 01/2015, 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2...
  • Page 265 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.14 Selection of the cycles via softkey ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ Turning Operating Manual, 01/2015, 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2...
  • Page 266 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.14 Selection of the cycles via softkey ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ A menu tree with all of the available measuring versions of the measuring cycle function "Measure workpiece" can be found in the following refer- ence: Programming Manual Measuring cycles / SINUMERIK 840D sl/828D ⇒...
  • Page 267: Calling Technology Functions

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.15 Calling technology functions 8.15 Calling technology functions 8.15.1 Additional functions in the input screens Selection of units If, for example, the unit can be switched in a field, this is highlighted as soon as the cursor is positioned on the element.
  • Page 268: Programming Variables

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.15 Calling technology functions 8.15.3 Programming variables In principle, variables or expressions can also be used in the input fields of the screen forms instead of specific numeric values. In this way, programs can be created very flexibly. Input of variables Please note the following points when using variables: ●...
  • Page 269: Changing A Cycle Call

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.15 Calling technology functions 8.15.5 Changing a cycle call You have called the desired cycle via softkey in the program editor, entered the parameters and confirmed with "Accept". Procedure Select the desired cycle call and press the <Cursor right> key. The associated input screen of the selected cycle call is opened.
  • Page 270: Programming The Approach/Retraction Cycle

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.16 Programming the approach/retraction cycle 8.16 Programming the approach/retraction cycle If you wish to shorten the approach/retraction for a machining cycle or solve a complex geometrical situation when approaching/retracting, you can generate a special cycle. In this case, the approach/retraction strategy normally used is not taken into account.
  • Page 271 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.16 Programming the approach/retraction cycle Table 8- 1 Parameters Description Unit Feedrate to approach the first position mm/min Alternatively, rapid traverse 1. position ∅ (abs) or 1st position (inc) mm (in) 1. position (abs or inc) Feedrate for approach to the second position mm/min Alternatively, rapid traverse...
  • Page 272: Measuring Cycle Support

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.17 Measuring cycle support 8.17 Measuring cycle support Measuring cycles are general subroutines designed to solve specific measurement tasks. They can be adapted to specific problems via parameter settings. Software option You require the "Measuring cycles" option to use "Measuring cycles". References You will find a more detailed description on how to use measuring cycles in: Programming Manual Measuring cycles / SINUMERIK 840D sl/828D...
  • Page 273: Workpiece Drawing

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining 8.18.1 Workpiece drawing Turning Operating Manual, 01/2015, 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2...
  • Page 274: Programming

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining 8.18.2 Programming 1. Program header Specify the blank. Measurement unit mm Blank Cylinder 90 abs +1.0 abs -120 abs -100 abs Retraction simple 2 inc 5 inc Tool change point Machine 160 abs 409 abs 4000 rev/min Machining direction...
  • Page 275 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining -1.6 abs 0 abs 2 inc 0 inc 0.1 inc Press the "Accept" softkey. 3. Input of blank contour with contour computer Press the "Cont. turn." and "New contour" softkeys. The "New Contour" input window opens. Enter the contour name (in this case: Cont_1).
  • Page 276 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining 0 abs 60 abs 0 abs Press the "Accept" softkey. It is only necessary to enter the blank contour when using a pre- machined blank. Blank contour 4. Input of finished part with contour computer Press the "Cont.
  • Page 277 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining Enter the following contour elements and acknowledge using the "Ac- cept" softkey. 48 abs α2 90° Direction of rotation 23 abs 60 abs -35 abs Afterwards, entry fields are inactive. Using the "Dialog selection" softkey, select a required contour element and confirm using the "Dialog accept"...
  • Page 278 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining 5. Stock removal (roughing) Press the "Cont. turn." and "Stock removal" softkeys. The "Stock Removal" input window opens. Enter the following technology parameters: T Roughing tool 80 D1 F 0.350 mm/rev V 400 m/min Enter the following parameters: Machining Roughing (∇)
  • Page 279 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining Stock removal contour 6. Solid machine residual material Press the "Cont. turn." and "St. remov. resid." softkeys. The "Stock removal residual material" input window opens. Enter the following technology parameters: T Roughing tool_55 D1 F 0.35 mm/rev V 400 m/min Enter the following parameters:...
  • Page 280 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining 7. Stock removal (finishing) Press the "Cont. turn." and "Stock removal" softkeys. The "Stock Removal" input window opens. Enter the following technology parameters: T Finishing tool_D1 F 0.1 mm/rev V 450 m/min Enter the following parameters: Machining Finishing (∇∇∇)
  • Page 281 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining α1 15 degrees α2 15 degrees 2 inc 0.4 inc 0.2 inc Press the "Accept" softkey. Contour, groove Turning Operating Manual, 01/2015, 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2...
  • Page 282 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining 9. Groove (finishing) Press the "Turning", "Groove" and "Groove with inclines" softkeys. The "Groove 2" entry field opens. Enter the following technology parameters: T Grooving tool F 0.1 mm/rev V 220 m/min Enter the following parameters: Machining Finishing (∇∇∇)
  • Page 283 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining 10. Longitudinal threads M48 x2 
 ( roughing) Press the "Turning", "Thread" and "Thread longitudinal" softkeys. The "Longitudinal thread" entry field opens. Enter the following parameters: Threading tool_2 Table without 2 mm/rev 995 rev/min Machining type Roughing (∇)
  • Page 284 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining 11. Longitudinal threads M48 x 2 
 ( finishing) Press the "Turning", "Thread" and "Thread longitudinal" softkeys. The "Longitudinal thread" entry field opens. Enter the following parameters: Threading tool_2 Table without 2 mm/rev 995 rev/min Machining type Finishing (∇∇∇)
  • Page 285 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining 12. Drilling Press the "Drilling", "Drilling reaming" and "Drilling" softkeys. The "Drilling" input window opens. Enter the following technology parameters: T Drill_D5 F 0.1 mm/rev V 50 m/min Enter the following parameters: Machined surface Face C Drilling depth...
  • Page 286 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining 14. Milling the rectangular pocket Press the "Milling", "Pocket" and "Rectangular pocket" softkeys. The "Rectangular Pocket" input window opens. Enter the following technology parameters: T Miller_D8 F 0.030 mm/tooth V 200 m/min Enter the following parameters: Machined surface Face C...
  • Page 287: Results/Simulation Test

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining 8.18.3 Results/simulation test Figure 8-10 Programming graphics Figure 8-11 Process plan Program test by means of simulation During simulation, the current program is calculated in its entirety and the result displayed in graphic form.
  • Page 288 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining Figure 8-12 3D view Turning Operating Manual, 01/2015, 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2...
  • Page 289: G Code Machining Program

    Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining 8.18.4 G code machining program N1 G54 N2 WORKPIECE(,,"","CYLINDER",192,2,-120,-100,90) N3 G0 X200 Z200 Y0 ;***************************************** N4 T="ROUGHING TOOL_80" D1 N5 M06 N6 G96 S350 M04 N7 CYCLE951(90,2,-1.6,0,-1.6,0,1,2,0,0.1,12,0,0,0,1,0.3,0,2,1110000) N8 G96 S400 N9 CYCLE62(,2,"E_LAB_A_CONT_2","E_LAB_E_CONT_2") N10 CYCLE952("STOCK REMOVAL_1",,"BLANK_1",2301311,0.35,0.15,0,4,0.1,0.1,0.4,0.2,0.1,0,1,0,0,,,,,2,2,,,0,1,,0,12,1110110) N11 G0 X200 Z200...
  • Page 290 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining ;***************************************** N34 T="DRILL_D5" D1 N35 M06 N36 SPOS=0 N37 SETMS(2) N38 M24 ; couple-in driven tool, machine-specific N39 G97 S3183 M3 N40 G94 F318 N41 TRANSMIT N42 MCALL CYCLE82(1,0,1,,10,0,0,1,11) N43 HOLES2(0,0,16,0,30,4,1010,0,,,1) N44 MCALL N45 M25 ;...
  • Page 291 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining X30 ;*GP* ;CON,2,0.0000,1,1,MST:0,0,AX:Z,X,K,I;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;S,EX:0,EY:30;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;LL,EX:-40;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;LA,EX:-45,EY:40;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;LL,EX:-65;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;LA,EX:-70,EY:45;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;LL,EX:-95;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;LD,EY:0;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;LR,EX:0;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;LA,EX:0,EY:30;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;#End contour definition end - Don't change!;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* E_LAB_E_CONT_1: N65 E_LAB_A_CONT_2: ;#SM Z:4 ;#7__DlgK contour definition begin - Don't change!;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* G18 G90 DIAMOF;*GP* G0 Z0 X0 ;*GP* G1 X24 CHR=3 ;*GP* Z-18.477 ;*GP*...
  • Page 292 Creating a ShopTurn program 8.18 Example: Standard machining Turning Operating Manual, 01/2015, 6FC5398-8CP40-5BA2...
  • Page 293: Programming Technology Functions (Cycles)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) Drilling 9.1.1 General General geometry parameters ● Retraction plane RP and reference point Z0 Normally, reference point Z0 and retraction plane RP have different values. The cycle assumes that the retraction plane is in front of the reference point. Note If the values for reference point and retraction planes are identical, a relative depth specification is not permitted.
  • Page 294: Centering (Cycle81)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling The hole centers should therefore be programmed before or after the cycle call as follows (see also Section, Cycles on single position or position pattern (MCALL)): ● A single position should be programmed before the cycle call ●...
  • Page 295 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been cre- ated and you are in the editor. Press the "Drilling" softkey. Press the "Centering" softkey. The "Centering" input window opens. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane Tool name...
  • Page 296: Drilling (Cycle82)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Centering Diameter (centered with reference to the diameter) • The angle for the center drill entered in the tool list is applied. Tip (centered with reference to the depth) • The drill is inserted into the workpiece until the programmed insertion depth is reached. ∅...
  • Page 297 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling See also Clamping the spindle (Page 247) Approach/retraction 1. The tool moves with G0 to safety clearance of the reference point. 2. The tool is inserted into the workpiece with G1 and the programmed feedrate F until it reaches the programmed final depth Z1.
  • Page 298 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Machining posi- Single position • tion (only for G Drill hole at programmed position code) Position pattern • Position with MCALL Z0 (only for G Reference point Z code) Machining Face C •...
  • Page 299 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Through drilling • Through drilling with feedrate FD • ZD - (only for Depth for feedrate reduction (abs) or depth for feedrate reduction in relation to Z1 (inc) through drilling "yes") FD - (only for Reduced feedrate for through drilling referred to drilling feedrate F through drilling...
  • Page 300 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Position At the front (face) • At the rear (face) • Outside (peripheral surface) • (only for ShopTurn) Inside (peripheral surface) • Clamp/release spindle The function must be set up by the machine manufacturer. (only for ShopTurn) Drilling depth Shank (drilling depth in relation to the shank)
  • Page 301: Reaming (Cycle85)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling 9.1.4 Reaming (CYCLE85) Function With the "Reaming" cycle, the tool is inserted in the workpiece with the programmed spindle speed and the feedrate programmed at F. If Z1 has been reached and the dwell time expired, the reamer is retracted at the programmed retraction feedrate to the retraction plane.
  • Page 302 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane Tool name Retraction plane Cutting edge number Safety clearance Feedrate mm/min mm/rev Feedrate S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min Parameter Description Unit Machining posi-...
  • Page 303: Boring (Cycle86)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling 9.1.5 Boring (CYCLE86) Function With the "Boring" cycle, the tool approaches the programmed position in rapid traverse, allowing for the retraction plane and safety clearance. It is then inserted into the workpiece at the feedrate programmed under F until it reaches the programmed depth (Z1). There is an oriented spindle stop with the SPOS command.
  • Page 304 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Approach/retraction 1. The tool moves with G0 to safety clearance of the reference point. 2. Travel to the final drilling depth with G1 and the speed and feedrate programmed before the cycle call. 3. Dwell time at final drilling depth. 4.
  • Page 305 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Machining Single position • position Drill hole at programmed position. Position pattern • (only for G code) Position with MCALL Direction of rotation • • (only for G code) Z0 (only for G Reference point Z code) Machining...
  • Page 306: Deep-Hole Drilling 1 (Cycle83)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling 9.1.6 Deep-hole drilling 1 (CYCLE83) Function With the "Deep-hole drilling 1" cycle, the tool is inserted in the workpiece with the programmed spindle speed and feedrate in several infeed steps until the depth Z1 is reached.
  • Page 307 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Approach/retraction during chip breaking 1. The tool moves with G0 to safety clearance of the reference point. 2. The tool drills with the programmed spindle speed and feedrate F = F · FD1 [%] up to the first infeed depth.
  • Page 308 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameters in the "Input complete" mode G code program parameters ShopTurn program parameters Input Complete • Machining plane Tool name Retraction plane Cutting edge number Safety clearance Feedrate mm/min mm/rev S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min Parameter...
  • Page 309 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Drilling depth Shank (drilling depth in relation to the shank) • The drill is inserted into the workpiece until the drill shank reaches the value pro- grammed for Z1. The angle entered in the tool list is taken into account. Tip (drilling depth in relation to the tip) •...
  • Page 310 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit DTB (only for G Dwell time at drilling depth in seconds • code) Dwell time at drilling depth in revolutions • Note: DT > 0: The programmed value is effective DT = 0: The same value is effective as programmed under DTB (DT = DTB) Dwell time at final drilling depth in seconds •...
  • Page 311 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Position (only for At the front (face) • ShopTurn) At the rear (face) • Outside (peripheral surface) • Inside (peripheral surface) • Clamp/release spindle The function must be set up by the machine manufacturer. Drilling depth (abs) or drilling depth in relation to Z0 (inc) It is inserted into the workpiece until it reaches Z1.
  • Page 312: Deep-Hole Drilling 2 (Cycle830)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling 9.1.7 Deep-hole drilling 2 (CYCLE830) Function The cycle "Deep-hole drilling 2" covers the complete functionality of "Deep-hole drilling 1". in addition, the cycle provides the following functions: ● Predrilling with reduced feedrate ● Taking into account a pilot hole ●...
  • Page 313 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Approach/retraction during stock removal 1. The tool moves with G0 to safety clearance of the reference point. 2. The tool drills with the programmed spindle speed and feedrate F = F · FD1 [%] up to the 1st infeed depth.
  • Page 314 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Direction of spindle rotation The direction of rotation of the spindle, with which the tool enters and withdraws from the pilot hole can be programmed as follows: ● with stationary spindle ● with clockwise rotating spindle ●...
  • Page 315 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Retraction Retraction can be realized at the pilot hole depth or the retraction plane. ● Retraction to the retraction plane is realized with G0 or feedrate, programmable speed as well as direction of rotation respectively stationary spindle. ●...
  • Page 316 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameters in the "Input complete" mode G code program parameters ShopTurn program parameters Input Complete • Machining plane Retraction plane Tool name Safety clearance Cutting edge number Feedrate mm/min mm/rev S / V S / V Spindle speed or constant cutting rate m/min...
  • Page 317 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Technology at Selecting the drilling feedrate the entrance to Without predrilling • the hole Drilling with feedrate F With predrilling • Drilling with feedrate FA With pilot hole • Insertion in the pilot hole with feedrate FP. ZP - (only for Depth of the pilot hole as a factor of the bore diameter * Ø...
  • Page 318 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Percentage for the feedrate at the first infeed. Infeed: Degression amount by which each additional infeed is reduced. • Percentage for each additional infeed. • DF = 100%: Infeed increment remains constant. DF <...
  • Page 319 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit ZD - (only for Depth for feedrate reduction (abs) or depth for feedrate reduction in relation to Z1 through drilling (inc). "yes") FD - (only for Feedrate for through drilling referred to drilling feedrate F. through drilling Feedrate for through drilling (ShopTurn).
  • Page 320 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Machining Single position • position Drill hole at programmed position (only G code) Position pattern with MCALL • Z0 (only G Reference point Z code) Machining Face • surface Face B •...
  • Page 321 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling G code program parameters ShopTurn program parameters through drilling Feedrate for through drilling (ShopTurn) mm/min or mm/rev "yes") Feedrate for through drilling (G code) distance/min or distance/rev Coolant off - M function to switch off the coolant (only G code) Hidden parameters The following parameters are hidden.
  • Page 322: Tapping (Cycle84, 840)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Value Can be set in SD DT - (only for Dwell time at final depth in seconds 0.6 s through drilling "no") Retraction Retraction to pilot hole depth or retraction plane Pilot hole depth Retraction in rapid traverse Direction of spindle...
  • Page 323 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Clamping the spindle For ShopTurn, the "Clamp spindle" function can be set up by the machine manufacturer. Machine manufacturer Please refer to the machine manufacturer's specifications. Input simple (only for G code) For simple machining operations, you have the option to reduce the wide variety of parameters to the most important parameters using the "Input"...
  • Page 324 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Approach/retraction CYCLE84 - without compensating chuck in the "swarf removal" mode 1. The tool drills at the programmed spindle speed S (dependent on %S) as far as the 1st infeed depth (maximum infeed depth D). 2.
  • Page 325 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameters in the "Input complete" mode G code program parameters ShopTurn program parameters Input (only for G code) Complete • Machining plane Tool name Retraction plane Cutting edge number Safety clearance S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min...
  • Page 326 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Position At the front (face) • (only for Shop- At the rear (face) • Turn) Outside (peripheral surface) • Inside (peripheral surface) • Clamp/release spindle The function must be set up by the machine manufacturer. (only for Shop- Turn) End point of the thread (abs) or thread length (inc) - only for G code and ShopTurn...
  • Page 327 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Pitch ... - (selection MODULUS in MODULUS: MODULUS = Pitch/π • only possible for Turns/" in turns per inch: Used with pipe threads, for example. • table selection "without") When entered per inch, enter the integer number in front of the decimal point in the first parameter field and the figures after the decimal point as a fraction in the sec- mm/rev ond and third field.
  • Page 328 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Direction of rotation after end of cycle: (only for G code) • • • Technology Adapting the technology: • – Exact stop – Precontrol – Acceleration – Spindle • Note: The technology fields are only displayed if their display has been enabled. Please observe the information provided by your machine manufacturer.
  • Page 329 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameters in the mode "Input simple" (only for G code program) G code program parameters Input simple • Retraction plane Parameter Description Compensating with compensating chuck • chuck mode Without compensating chuck • Machining Single position •...
  • Page 330 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Machining (not The following machining operations can be selected: for "with compen- 1 cut • sating chuck") The thread is drilled in one cut without interruption. Chipbreaking • The drill is retracted by the retraction amount V2 for chipbreaking. Swarf removal •...
  • Page 331: Drill And Thread Milling (Cycle78)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling 9.1.9 Drill and thread milling (CYCLE78) Function You can use a drill and thread milling cutter to manufacture an internal thread with a specific depth and pitch in one operation. This means that you can use the same tool for drilling and thread milling, a change of tool is superfluous.
  • Page 332 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been cre- ated and you are in the editor. Press the "Drilling" softkey. Press the "Thread" and "Cut thread" softkeys. The "Drilling and thread milling" input window opens. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane...
  • Page 333 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameters Description Unit Clamp/release spindle (only for end face Y/peripheral surface Y) The function must be set up by the machine manufacturer. (only for Shop- Turn) Thread length (inc) or end point of the thread (abs) Maximum depth infeed Percentage for each additional infeed •...
  • Page 334 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameters Description Unit Feedrate for thread milling mm/min mm/tooth Table Thread table selection: without • ISO metric • Whitworth BSW • Whitworth BSP • • Selection - (not Selection, table value: e.g. for table "With- M3;...
  • Page 335: Positions And Position Patterns

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling 9.1.10 Positions and position patterns Function ● Arbitrary positions ● Position on a line, on a grid or frame ● Position on a full or pitch circle Programming a position pattern in ShopTurn Several position patterns can be programmed in succession (up to 20 technologies and position patterns in total).
  • Page 336: Arbitrary Positions (Cycle802)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling If an A or B axis is set up on your machine, this is supported during drilling (any position pattern, full circle, and pitch circle). You set as to which rotary axis is listed as selection in position patterns. Machine manufacturer Please refer to the machine manufacturer's specifications.
  • Page 337 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Figure 9-1 Holes pointing toward the center Figure 9-2 Y axis is not centered above the cylinder YZCA plane You program in YZC if the Y axis should also move during machining. A value can be specified for each position.
  • Page 338 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Figure 9-3 Y axis is traversed (Y0, Y1) See also Positions and position patterns (Page 335) Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been cre- ated and you are in the editor. Press the "Drilling"...
  • Page 339 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Repeat jump label for position (only for G code) Machining plane (only for G code) Axes Selection of the participating axes (only for G code) XY (1st and 2nd axis of the plane) •...
  • Page 340 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Axes YZC (for G19) Y coordinate of 1st position (abs) Z coordinate of 1st position (abs) C coordinate of 1st position Degrees ... Y5 Y coordinates of additional positions (abs or inc) ...
  • Page 341: Row Position Pattern (Holes1)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Peripheral surface Y: Reference point in X direction (abs) Positioning angle for machining surface Degrees Y coordinate of 1st position (abs) Z coordinate of 1st position (abs) ...Y7 Y coordinate for additional positions (abs or inc) Incremental dimension: The sign is also evaluated ...Z7 (only for ShopTurn...
  • Page 342 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Position At the front (face) • (only for Shop- At the rear (face) • Turn) Outside (peripheral surface) • Inside (peripheral surface) • X coordinate of the reference point X (abs) This position must be programmed absolutely in the 1st call.
  • Page 343: Grid Or Frame Position Pattern (Cycle801)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling 9.1.13 Grid or frame position pattern (CYCLE801) Function ● You can use the "Grid position pattern" function (CYCLE801) to program any number of positions that are spaced at an equal distance along one or several parallel lines. If you want to program a rhombus-shaped grid, enter angle αX or αY.
  • Page 344 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Position At the front (face) • (only for ShopTurn) At the rear (face) • Outside (peripheral surface) • Inside (peripheral surface) • X coordinate of the reference point X (abs) This position must be programmed absolutely in the 1st call. Y coordinate of the reference point Y (abs) This position must be programmed absolutely in the 1st call.
  • Page 345 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit αX Shear angle X Degrees αY Shear angle Y Degrees Distance between columns Distance between rows Number of columns Number of rows Parameter Description Unit Repeat jump label for position (only for G code) Machining plane (only for G code) Machining...
  • Page 346 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Peripheral surface C: Cylinder diameter ∅ (abs) Y coordinate of the reference point – first position (abs) Z coordinate of the reference point – first position (abs) α0 Angle of rotation of line with reference to Y axis Degrees (only for ShopTurn) Positive angle: Line is rotated counter-clockwise.
  • Page 347: Circle Or Pitch Circle Position Pattern (Holes2)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling 9.1.14 Circle or pitch circle position pattern (HOLES2) Function You can program holes on a full circle or a pitch circle of a defined radius with the "Circle position pattern" and "Pitch circle position pattern" functions. The basic angle of rotation (α0) for the 1st position is relative to the X axis.
  • Page 348 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Axes XY (at right angles) X coordinate of the reference point (abs) Y coordinate of the reference point (abs) α0 Starting angle for first position referred to the X axis. Degrees Positive angle: Circle is rotated counter-clockwise.
  • Page 349 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Face Y: center/ Position circle center on the face surface off-center Position circle off-center on the face surface Z coordinate of the reference point (abs) Positioning angle for machining area Degrees X0 or L0 X coordinate of the reference point (abs) or reference point length, polar –...
  • Page 350 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameters - "Pitch circle" position pattern Parameter Description Unit Repeat jump label for position (only for G code) Machining plane (only for G code) Axes Selection of the participating axes: XY (1st and 2nd axis of the plane) •...
  • Page 351 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Face C: center/ Position circle center on the face surface off-center Position circle off-center on the face surface Z coordinate of the reference point (abs) X coordinate of the reference point (abs) – (only for off-center) Y coordinate of the reference point (abs) –...
  • Page 352: Displaying And Hiding Positions

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Peripheral surface Y: X coordinate of the reference point (abs) Positioning angle for machining surface Degrees Y coordinate of the reference point (abs) Z coordinate of the reference point (abs) α0 Starting angle for first position referred to the Y axis.
  • Page 353 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling Procedure: The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been cre- ated and you are in the editor. Press the "Drilling" and "Positions" softkeys. Press the "Line/Grid/Frame" or "Full/Pitch Circle" softkeys. Press the "Hide position" softkey. The "Hide position"...
  • Page 354: Repeating Positions

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.1 Drilling 9.1.16 Repeating positions Function If you want to approach positions that you have already programmed again, you can do this quickly with the function "Repeat position". You must specify the number of the position pattern. The cycle automatically assigns this number (for ShopTurn).
  • Page 355: Rotate

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Rotate 9.2.1 General In all turning cycles apart from contour turning (CYCLE95), in the combined roughing and finishing mode, when finishing it is possible to reduce the feedrate as a percentage. Machine manufacturer Please also refer to the machine manufacturer's specifications. 9.2.2 Stock removal (CYCLE951) Function...
  • Page 356 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Machine manufacturer Please also refer to the machine manufacturer's instructions. If the tool does not round the corner at the end of the cut, it is raised by the safety distance or a value specified in the machine data at rapid traverse. The cycle always observes the lower value;...
  • Page 357 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Straight stock removal cycle with radii or chamfers. The "Stock removal 2" input window opens. - OR Stock removal cycle with oblique lines, radii, or chamfers. The "Stock Removal 3" input window opens. G code program parameters ShopTurn program parameters Machining plane Tool name...
  • Page 358: Groove (Cycle930)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Finishing allowance in X – (not for finishing) Finishing allowance in Z – (not for finishing) FS1...FS3 or R1...R3 Chamfer width (FS1...FS3) or rounding radius (R1...R3) - (not for stock removal 1) Parameter selection of intermediate point The intermediate point can be determined through position specification or angle.
  • Page 359 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Approach/retraction during roughing Infeed depth D > 0 1. The tool first moves to the starting point calculated internally in the cycle at rapid traverse. 2. The tool cuts a groove in the center of infeed depth D. 3.
  • Page 360 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane Tool name Safety clearance Cutting edge number Feedrate Feedrate mm/rev S / V Spindle speed or constant cutting rate m/min Parameter Description Unit Machining ∇ (roughing) •...
  • Page 361: Undercut Form E And F (Cycle940)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate 9.2.4 Undercut form E and F (CYCLE940) Function You can use the "Undercut form E" or "Undercut form F" cycle to turn form E or F undercuts in accordance with DIN 509. Approach/retraction 1. The tool first moves to the starting point calculated internally in the cycle at rapid traverse. 2.
  • Page 362 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameters Description Unit Position Form E machining position: Undercut size according to DIN table: E.g.: E1.0 x 0.4 (undercut form E) Reference point X ∅ Reference point Z Allowance in X ∅ (abs) or allowance in X (inc) Cross feed ∅...
  • Page 363: Thread Undercuts (Cycle940)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameters Description Unit Allowance in X ∅ (abs) or allowance in X (inc) Allowance in Z (abs) or allowance in Z (inc) – (for undercut form F only) Cross feed ∅ (abs) or cross feed (inc) * Unit of feedrate as programmed before the cycle call 9.2.5 Thread undercuts (CYCLE940)
  • Page 364 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program (undercut, thread DIN) (undercut, thread DIN) Machining plane Tool name Safety clearance Cutting edge number Feedrate Feedrate mm/rev S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min Parameters Description...
  • Page 365 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameters, G code program (undercut, thread) Parameters, ShopTurn program (undercut, thread) Machining plane Tool name Safety clearance Cutting edge number Feedrate Feedrate mm/rev S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min Parameters Description Unit...
  • Page 366: Thread Turning (Cycle99)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate 9.2.6 Thread turning (CYCLE99) Function The "Longitudinal thread", "Tapered thread" or "Face thread" cycle is used to turn external or internal threads with a constant or variable pitch. There may be single or multiple threads. For metric threads (thread pitch P in mm/rev), the cycle assigns a value (calculated on the basis of the thread pitch) to the thread depth H1 parameter.
  • Page 367 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Approach/retraction 1. The tool moves to the starting point calculated internally in the cycle at rapid traverse. 2. Thread with advance: The tool moves at rapid traverse to the first starting position displaced by the thread advance LW.
  • Page 368 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter "Longitudinal thread" in the "Input complete" mode G-code program parameters Parameters, ShopTurn program Input Complete • Machining plane Tool name Cutting edge number S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min Parameter Description...
  • Page 369 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Machining ∇ (roughing) • ∇∇∇ (finishing) • ∇ + ∇∇∇ (roughing and finishing) • Infeed (only for ∇ and Linear: • ∇ + ∇∇∇) Infeed with constant cutting depth Degressive: • Infeed with constant cutting cross-section Thread Internal thread...
  • Page 370 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Infeed slope as angle – (alternative to infeed slope as flank) Degrees αP α > 0: Infeed along the rear flank α < 0: Infeed along the front flank α = 0: Infeed at right angle to cutting direction If you wish to infeed along the flanks, the maximum absolute value of this parame- ter may be half the flank angle of the tool.
  • Page 371 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter "Longitudinal thread" in the "Input simple" mode G code program parameters ShopTurn program parameters Input simple • Tool name Cutting edge number S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min Parameter Description Unit...
  • Page 372 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Thread run-out (inc) The thread run-out can be used if you wish to retract the tool obliquely at the end of the thread (e.g. lubrication groove on a shaft). Thread depth from thread table (inc) Infeed slope as flank (inc) –...
  • Page 373 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Machine manufacturer Please refer to the machine manufacturer's specifications. Parameter "Tapered thread" in the "Input complete" mode G-code program parameters Parameters, ShopTurn program Input Complete • Machining plane Tool name Cutting edge number S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min...
  • Page 374 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Thread Internal thread • External thread • Reference point X ∅ (abs, always diameter) Reference point Z (abs) X1 or End point X ∅ (abs) or end point in relation to X0 (inc) or mm or X1α...
  • Page 375 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Initial plunge depth – (only for ∇ and ∇ + ∇∇∇ under "Manual Machine") If you want to rework some threads, input the initial plunge depth D0 (inc.). This is the depth that was reached during a previous machining. By inputting the plunge depth, you avoid unnecessary idle cuts when reworking the threads.
  • Page 376 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Select the thread pitch / turns for table "without" or specify the thread pitch/turns mm/rev corresponding to the selection in the thread table: in/rev turns/" Thread pitch in mm/revolution • MODULUS Thread pitch in inch/revolution •...
  • Page 377 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Infeed slope as angle – (alternative to infeed slope as flank) Degrees αP α > 0: Infeed along the rear flank α < 0: Infeed along the front flank α = 0: Infeed at right angle to cutting direction If you wish to infeed along the flanks, the maximum absolute value of this parame- ter may be half the flank angle of the tool.
  • Page 378 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter "Face thread" in the "Input complete" mode G-code program parameters Parameters, ShopTurn program Input Complete • Machining plane Tool name Cutting edge number S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min Parameter Description...
  • Page 379 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit End point of the thread ∅ (abs) or thread length (inc) Incremental dimensions: The sign is also evaluated. Thread advance (inc) The starting point for the thread is the reference point (X0, Z0) brought forward by the thread advance W.
  • Page 380 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Number of thread turns The thread turns are distributed evenly across the periphery of the turned part; the 1st thread turn is always located at 0°. Thread changeover depth (inc) First machine all thread turns sequentially to thread changeover depth DA, then machine all thread turns sequentially to depth 2 ·...
  • Page 381 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Thread Internal thread • External thread • Reference point X ∅ (abs, always diameter) Reference point Z (abs) End point of the thread (abs) or thread length (inc) Incremental dimensions: The sign is also evaluated. Thread advance (inc) The starting point for the thread is the reference point (X0, Z0) brought forward by the thread advance W.
  • Page 382: Thread Chain (Cycle98)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Hidden parameters The following parameters are hidden. They are pre-assigned fixed values or values that can be adjusted using setting data. Parameter Description Value Can be set in SD Machining plane Defined in MD 52005 Change in thread pitch per revolution –...
  • Page 383 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Interruption of thread cutting You have the option to interrupt thread cutting (for example if the cutting tool is broken). 1. Press the <CYCLE STOP> key. The tool is retracted from the thread and the spindle is stopped. 2.
  • Page 384 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameters in the "Input complete" mode G code program parameters ShopTurn program parameters Input Complete • Machining plane Tool name Safety clearance Cutting edge number S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min Parameter Description...
  • Page 385 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Thread pitch 3 (unit as parameterized for P0) mm/rev in/rev turns/" MODULUS End point X ∅ (abs) or • End point 3 in relation to X2 (inc) or • Degrees Thread taper 3 •...
  • Page 386 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Machining ∇ (roughing) • ∇∇∇ (finishing) • ∇ + ∇∇∇ (roughing and finishing) • Infeed (only for ∇ and ∇ Linear: • + ∇∇∇) Infeed with constant cutting depth Degressive: • Infeed with constant cutting cross-section Thread Internal thread...
  • Page 387 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Thread run-out (inc) Thread depth (inc) DP or αP Infeed slope (flank) or infeed slope (angle) mm or degrees Infeed along the flank Infeed with alternating flanks D1 or ND First infeed depth or number of roughing cuts (only for ∇ and ∇ + ∇∇∇) Finishing allowance in X and Z –...
  • Page 388: Cut-Off (Cycle92)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate 9.2.8 Cut-off (CYCLE92) Function The "Cut-off" cycle is used when you want to cut off dynamically balanced parts (e.g. screws, bolts, or pipes). You can program a chamfer or rounding on the edge of the machined part. You can machine at a constant cutting rate V or speed S up to a depth X1, from which point the workpiece is machined at a constant speed.
  • Page 389 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.2 Rotate Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane Tool name Safety clearance Cutting edge number Feedrate Feedrate mm/rev S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min Parameter Description Unit Direction of spindle rotation (only for G code) Spindle speed rev/min...
  • Page 390: Contour Turning

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Contour turning 9.3.1 General information Function You can machine simple or complex contours with the "Contour turning" cycle. A contour comprises separate contour elements, whereby at least two and up to 250 elements result in a defined contour.
  • Page 391: Representation Of The Contour

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning 5. Remove residual material (roughing) When removing stock along the contour, ShopTurn automatically detects residual material that has been left. For G code programming, when removing stock, it must first be decided whether to machine with residual material detection - or not. A suitable tool will allow you to remove this without having to machine the contour again.
  • Page 392: Creating A New Contour

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning The different colors of the symbols indicate their status: Foreground Background Meaning Black Blue Cursor on active element Black Orange Cursor on current element Black White Normal element White Element not currently evaluated (element will only be evaluated when it is selected with the cursor)
  • Page 393 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Press the "Accept" softkey. The input window for the starting point of the contour appears. Enter the individual contour elements (see Section "Creating contour elements"). Parameter Description Unit Starting point Z (abs) Starting point X ∅ (abs) Transition to con- Type of transition tour start...
  • Page 394: Creating Contour Elements

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning 9.3.4 Creating contour elements Creating contour elements After you have created a new contour and specified the starting point, you can define the individual elements that make up the contour. The following contour elements are available for the definition of a contour: ●...
  • Page 395 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Additional functions The following additional functions are available for programming a contour: ● Tangent to preceding element You can program the transition to the preceding element as tangent. ● Selecting a dialog box 
...
  • Page 396 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning The input screen to enter the contour opens, in which you initially enter a starting point for the contour. This is marked in the lefthand navigation bar using the "+" symbol. Press the "Accept" softkey. Enter the individual contour elements of the machining direction.
  • Page 397 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Contour element "Straight line e.g. Z" Parameters Description Unit End point Z (abs or inc) α1 Starting angle to Z axis Degrees α2 Angle to the preceding element Degrees Transition to next ele- Type of transition ment Radius...
  • Page 398 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Parameters Description Unit Form F Undercut size e.g. F0.6x0.3 DIN thread Thread pitch mm/rev α Insertion angle Degrees Thread Length Z1 Length Z2 Radius R1 Radius R2 Insertion depth Chamfer Transition to following element - chamfer Grinding allowance Grinding allowance to right of contour •...
  • Page 399 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Contour element "Circle" Parameters Description Unit Direction of rotation Clockwise direction of rotation • Counterclockwise direction of rotation • End point Z (abs or inc) End point X ∅ (abs) or end point X (inc) Circle center point K (abs or inc) Circle center point I ∅...
  • Page 400: Entering The Master Dimension

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning 9.3.5 Entering the master dimension If you would like to finish your workpiece to an exact fit, you can input the master dimension directly into the parameter screen form during programming. Specify the master dimension as follows: F<Diameter/Length>...
  • Page 401 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Press the "Calculate" softkey. - OR - Press the <INPUT> key. The new value is calculated and displayed in the entry field of the calcu- lator. Press the "Accept" softkey. The calculated value is accepted and displayed in the entry field of the window.
  • Page 402: Changing The Contour

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning 9.3.6 Changing the contour Function You can change a previously created contour later. Individual contour elements can be ● added, ● changed, ● inserted or ● deleted. Procedure for changing a contour element Open the part program or ShopTurn program to be executed.
  • Page 403: Contour Call (Cycle62) - Only For G Code Program

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning 9.3.7 Contour call (CYCLE62) - only for G code program Function The input creates a reference to the selected contour. There are four ways to call the contour: 1. Contour name The contour is in the calling main program. 2.
  • Page 404: Stock Removal (Cycle952)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning 9.3.8 Stock removal (CYCLE952) Function For stock removal, the cycle takes into account a blank that can comprise a cylinder, an allowance on the finished-part contour or any blank contour. You must define a blank contour as a separate closed contour in advance of the finished-part contour.
  • Page 405 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Alternating cutting depth Instead of working with constant cutting depth D, you can use an alternating cutting depth to vary the load on the tool edge. As a consequence you can increase the tool life. The percentage for the alternating cutting depth is saved in a machine data element.
  • Page 406 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning For single-channel systems, cycles do not extend the name for the programs to be generated. Note G code programs For G code programs, the programs to be generated, which do not include any path data, are saved in the directory in which the main program is located.
  • Page 407 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning G code program parameters ShopTurn program parameters Input Complete • Name of the program to be generated Tool name Machining plane Cutting edge number Retraction plane – (only for Feedrate mm/rev machining direction, longi- tudinal, inner) Safety clearance S / V...
  • Page 408 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit Maximum depth infeed - (only for ∇) Maximum depth infeed - (only for parallel to the contour, as an alternative to D). Always round on the contour Never round on the contour Only round to the previous intersection.
  • Page 409 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit - (only for ∇ machining) - (only for blank description, cylinder and allowance) For blank description, cylinder • – Version, absolute: Cylinder dimension (abs) – Version incremental: Allowance (inc) to maximum values of the CYCLE62 finished part contour For blank description, allowance •...
  • Page 410 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Parameters in the "Input simple" mode G code program parameters ShopTurn program parameters Input simple • Name of the program to be generated Tool name Cutting edge number Retraction plane – (only for Feedrate mm/rev machining direction, longi-...
  • Page 411 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit - (only for ∇ machining) - (only for blank description, cylinder and allowance) For blank description, cylinder • – Version, absolute: Cylinder dimension ∅ (abs) – Version incremental: Allowance (inc) to maximum values of the CYCLE62 finished part contour For blank description, allowance •...
  • Page 412: Stock Removal Rest (Cycle952)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Hidden parameters Parameter Description Value Can be set in SD PL (only for G Machining plane Defined in MD code) 52005 Residual material With subsequent residual material removal SC (only for G Safety clearance code) Selection Always round on the contour...
  • Page 413 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been cre- ated and you are in the editor. Press the "Contour turning" softkey. Press the "Stock removal residual material" softkey. The "Stock removal residual material" input window opens. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Name of the program to be generated...
  • Page 414 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Parameters Description Unit Position front • back • internal • external • Maximum depth infeed - (only for ∇) 1. Grooving limit tool (abs) – (only for face machining direction) 2. Grooving limit tool (abs) – (only for face machining direction) Maximum depth infeed - (only for parallel to the contour, as an alternative to D) Do not round contour at end of cut.
  • Page 415: Plunge-Cutting (Cycle952)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning 9.3.10 Plunge-cutting (CYCLE952) Function The "Grooving" function is used to machine grooves of any shape. Before you program the groove, you must define the groove contour. If a groove is wider than the active tool, it is machined in several cuts. The tool is moved by a maximum of 80% of the tool width for each groove.
  • Page 416 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Input simple For simple machining operations, you have the option to reduce the wide variety of parameters to the most important parameters using the "Input" selection field. In this "Input simple" mode, the hidden parameters are allocated a fixed value that cannot be adjusted. Machine manufacturer Various defined values can be pre-assigned using setting data.
  • Page 417 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit Machining ∇ (roughing) • ∇∇∇ (finishing) • ∇+∇∇∇ (complete machining) • Machining Face • direction Longitudinal • Position front • back • Inside • outside • Maximum depth infeed - (only for ∇) 1.
  • Page 418 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning G code program parameters ShopTurn program parameters Allowance Allowance for pre-finishing - (only for ∇∇∇) • U1 contour allowance • Compensation allowance in X and Z direction (inc) – (only for allowance) Positive value: Compensation allowance is kept •...
  • Page 419 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit Machining ∇ (roughing) • ∇∇∇ (finishing) • ∇+∇∇∇ (complete machining) • Machining Face • direction Longitudinal • Position front • back • inside • outside • Maximum depth infeed - (only for ∇) 1.
  • Page 420: Plunge-Cutting Rest (Cycle952)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit Allowance Allowance for pre-finishing - (only for ∇∇∇) • U1 contour allowance • Compensation allowance in X and Z direction (inc) – (only for allowance) Positive value: Compensation allowance is kept •...
  • Page 421 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been cre- ated and you are in the editor. Press the "Contour turning" softkey. Press the "Grooving residual material" softkey. The "Grooving residual material" input window is opened. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Name of the program to be generated...
  • Page 422 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning parameters Description Unit Machining ∇ (roughing) • ∇∇∇ (finishing) • Machining Face • direction Longitudinal • Position front • back • internal • external • Maximum depth infeed - (only for ∇) 1. Grooving limit tool (abs) – (only for face machining direction) 2.
  • Page 423: Plunge-Turning (Cycle952)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning 9.3.12 Plunge-turning (CYCLE952) Function Using the "Plunge turning" function, you can machine any shape of groove. Contrary to grooving, the plunge turning function removes material on the sides after the groove has been machined in order to reduce machining time. Contrary to stock removal, the plunge turning function allows you to machine contours that the tool must enter vertically.
  • Page 424 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Input simple For simple machining operations, you have the option to reduce the wide variety of parameters to the most important parameters using the "Input" selection field. In this "Input simple" mode, the hidden parameters are allocated a fixed value that cannot be adjusted. Machine manufacturer Various defined values can be pre-assigned using setting data.
  • Page 425 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit FX (only ShopTurn) Feedrate in X direction mm/rev FZ (only ShopTurn) Feedrate in Z direction mm/rev FX (only G Code) Feedrate in X direction FZ (only for G code) Feedrate in Z direction Machining ∇...
  • Page 426 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit - (only for ∇ machining) - (only for blank description, cylinder and allowance) For blank description, cylinder • – Version, absolute: Cylinder dimension (abs) – Version incremental: Allowance (inc) to maximum values of the CYCLE62 finished part contour For blank description, allowance •...
  • Page 427 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit FX (only ShopTurn) mm/rev Feedrate in X direction • FZ (only ShopTurn) mm/rev Feedrate in Z direction • FX (only G Code) Feedrate in X direction • FZ (only for G code) Feedrate in Z direction •...
  • Page 428 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit - (only for ∇ machining) - (only for blank description, cylinder and allowance) For blank description, cylinder • – Version, absolute: Cylinder dimension (abs) – Version incremental: Allowance (inc) to maximum values of the CYCLE62 finished part contour For blank description, allowance •...
  • Page 429: Plunge-Turning Rest (Cycle952)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning 9.3.13 Plunge-turning rest (CYCLE952) Function The "Plunge turning residual material" function is used when you want to machine the material that remained after plunge turning. For plunge turning ShopTurn, the cycle automatically detects any residual material and generates an updated blank contour.
  • Page 430 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.3 Contour turning parameters Description Unit FX (only ShopTurn) Feedrate in X direction mm/rev FZ (only ShopTurn) Feedrate in Z direction mm/rev FX (only G Code) Feedrate in X direction FZ (only for G code) Feedrate in Z direction Machining ∇...
  • Page 431: Milling

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Milling 9.4.1 Face milling (CYCLE61) Function You can face mill any workpiece with the "Face milling" cycle. A rectangular surface is always machined. The rectangle is obtained from corner points 1 and 2 - which for a ShopTurn program - are pre-assigned with the values of the blank part dimensions from the program header.
  • Page 432 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Depth infeed always takes place outside the workpiece. For a workpiece with edge breaking, select the rectangular spigot cycle. In face milling, the effective tool diameter for a tool of type "Milling cutter" is stored in a machine data item.
  • Page 433 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane Tool name Retraction plane Feedrate mm/min mm/tooth Safety clearance S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min Feedrate parameters Description Unit Machining surface Face Y •...
  • Page 434 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling parameters Description Unit (only ShopTurn) Face Y: The positions refer to the reference point: Positioning angle for machining area - only for face Y Degrees Corner point 1 in X Corner point 1 in Y Height of blank Corner point 2 in X (abs) or corner point 2X in relation to X0 (inc) Corner point 2 in Y (abs) or corner point 2Y in relation to Y0 (inc)
  • Page 435: Rectangular Pocket (Pocket3)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling 9.4.2 Rectangular pocket (POCKET3) Function You can use the "Mill rectangular pocket" cycle to mill any rectangular pockets on the face or peripheral surface. The following machining variants are available: ● Mill rectangular pocket from solid material. ●...
  • Page 436 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Machine manufacturer Various defined values can be pre-assigned using setting data. Please refer to the machine manufacturer's specifications. If the workpiece programming requires it, you can display and change all of the parameters using "Input complete". Approach/retraction 1.
  • Page 437 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Figure 9-4 Geometries when chamfering inside contours Note The following error messages can occur when chamfering inside contours: • Safety clearance in the program header too large This error message appears when chamfering would, in principle, be possible with the parameters entered for FS and ZFS, but the safety clearance then could not be maintained.
  • Page 438 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameters in the "Input complete" mode G code program parameters ShopTurn program parameters Input Complete • Machining plane Tool name Milling direction Cutting edge number Retraction plane Feedrate mm/min mm/tooth Safety clearance S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min...
  • Page 439 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Machining The following machining operations can be selected: ∇ (roughing) • ∇∇∇ (finishing) • ∇∇∇ edge (edge finishing) • Chamfering • Machining Single position • position Mill rectangular pocket at the programmed position (X0, Y0, Z0). Position pattern •...
  • Page 440 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Corner radius α0 Angle of rotation Degrees Pocket depth (abs) or depth relative to Z0 (inc) – (only for ∇, ∇∇∇ or ∇∇∇ edge) Maximum plane infeed • Maximum plane infeed as a percentage of the milling cutter diameter •...
  • Page 441 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Radius of helix – (for helical insertion only) The radius cannot be any larger than the milling cutter radius; otherwise, material will remain. Maximum insertion angle – (for insertion with oscillation only) Degrees Solid machining Complete machining...
  • Page 442 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Position (only for At the front (face) • ShopTurn) At the rear (face) • Outside (peripheral surface) • Inside (peripheral surface) • Clamp/release spindle (only for end face Y/peripheral surface Y) The function must be set up by the machine manufacturer. (only for ShopTurn) The positions refer to the reference point: Reference point X...
  • Page 443 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Maximum plane infeed • Maximum plane infeed as a percentage of the milling cutter diameter • - (only for ∇ and ∇∇∇) Maximum depth infeed – (only for ∇, ∇∇∇ or ∇∇∇ edge) Plane finishing allowance –...
  • Page 444: Circular Pocket (Pocket4)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Hidden parameters The following parameters are hidden. They are pre-assigned fixed values or values that can be adjusted using setting data. Parameter Description Value Can be set in SD PL (only for G Machining plane Defined in MD code) 52005...
  • Page 445 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Input simple For simple machining operations, you have the option to reduce the wide variety of parameters to the most important parameters using the "Input" selection field. In this "Input simple" mode, the hidden parameters are allocated a fixed value that cannot be adjusted. Machine manufacturer Various defined values can be pre-assigned using setting data.
  • Page 446 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Machining type: Plane by plane When milling circular pockets, you can select these methods for the following machining types: ● Roughing Roughing involves machining the individual planes of the circular pocket one after the other from the center out, until depth Z1 or X1 is reached.
  • Page 447 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Chamfering machining Chamfering involves edge breaking at the upper edge of the circular pocket. Figure 9-5 Geometries when chamfering inside contours Note The following error messages can occur when chamfering inside contours: • Safety clearance in the program header too large This error message appears when chamfering would, in principle, be possible with the parameters entered for FS and ZFS, but the safety clearance then could not be maintained.
  • Page 448 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been cre- ated and you are in the editor. Press the "Milling" softkey. Press the "Pocket" and "Circular pocket" softkeys. The "Circular Pocket" input window opens. Parameters in the "Input complete"...
  • Page 449 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Machining ∇ (roughing, plane-by-plane or helical) • ∇∇∇ (finishing, plane-by-plane or helical) • ∇∇∇ edge (edge finishing, plane-by-plane or helical) • Chamfering • Machining type Plane by plane • Solid machine circular pocket plane-by-plane Helical •...
  • Page 450 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Peripheral surface Y: The positions refer to the reference point: Positioning angle for machining surface – (only for single position) Degrees Reference point Y – (only for single position) Reference point Z – (only for single position) Reference point X –...
  • Page 451 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Radius of helix - (only for helical insertion)
 The radius must not be larger than the milling cutter radius, otherwise material will remain. Also make sure the circular pocket is not violated. Solid machining Complete machining •...
  • Page 452 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Clamp/release spindle (only for end face Y/peripheral surface Y) The function must be set up by the machine manufacturer. (only for ShopTurn) Machining ∇ (roughing) • ∇∇∇ (finishing) • ∇∇∇ edge (edge finishing, plane-by-plane or helical) •...
  • Page 453 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description ∅ Diameter of pocket Depth referred to Z0/X0 (inc) or pocket depth (abs) - (only for ∇, ∇∇∇ or ∇∇∇ edge) Maximum plane infeed • Maximum plane infeed as a percentage of the milling cutter diameter •...
  • Page 454: Rectangular Spigot (Cycle76)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Hidden parameters The following parameters are hidden. They are pre-assigned fixed values or values that can be adjusted using setting data. Parameter Description Value Can be set in SD PL (only for G Machining plane Defined in MD code) 52005...
  • Page 455 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Input simple For simple machining operations, you have the option to reduce the wide variety of parameters to the most important parameters using the "Input" selection field. In this "Input simple" mode, the hidden parameters are allocated a fixed value that cannot be adjusted. Machine manufacturer Various defined values can be pre-assigned using setting data.
  • Page 456 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Approach/retraction 1. The tool approaches the starting point at rapid traverse at the height of the retraction plane and adjusts to the safety distance. The starting point is on the positive X axis rotated through α0. 2.
  • Page 457 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameters in the "Input complete" mode G code program parameters ShopTurn program parameters Input Complete • Machining plane Tool name Milling direction Cutting edge number Retraction plane Feedrate mm/min mm/tooth Safety clearance S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min...
  • Page 458 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Machining position Single position • Mill rectangular pocket at the programmed position (X0, Y0, Z0). Position pattern • Position with MCALL The positions refer to the reference point: Reference point X – (only for single position) Reference point Y –...
  • Page 459 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Depth finishing allowance (tool axis) - (only for ∇ and ∇∇∇) Width of blank spigot (important for determining approach position) - (only for ∇ and ∇∇∇) Length of blank spigot (important for determining approach position) - (only for ∇ and ∇∇∇) Chamfer width for chamfering - (for chamfering only) Insertion depth of tool tip (abs or inc) - (for chamfering only)
  • Page 460 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description The positions refer to the reference point: Reference point X Reference point Y Reference point Z (only for G code) Face C: The positions refer to the reference point: X0 or L0 Reference point X or reference point length polar Y0 or C0 Reference point Y or reference point angle polar...
  • Page 461: Circular Spigot (Cycle77)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Hidden parameters The following parameters are hidden. They are pre-assigned fixed values or values that can be adjusted using setting data. Parameter Description Value Can be set in SD PL (only for G Machining plane Defined in MD code) 52005...
  • Page 462 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Input simple For simple machining operations, you have the option to reduce the wide variety of parameters to the most important parameters using the "Input" selection field. In this "Input simple" mode, the hidden parameters are allocated a fixed value that cannot be adjusted. Machine manufacturer Various defined values can be pre-assigned using setting data.
  • Page 463 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been cre- ated and you are in the editor. Press the "Milling" softkey. Press the "Multi-edge spigot" and "Circular spigot" softkeys. The "Circular Spigot" input window opens. Parameters in the "Input complete"...
  • Page 464 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Clamp/release spindle (only for end face Y/peripheral surface Y) The function must be set up by the machine manufacturer. (only for Shop- Turn) Machining The following machining operations can be selected: ∇...
  • Page 465 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Peripheral surface Y: The positions refer to the reference point: Positioning angle for machining surface – (only for single position) Degrees Reference point Y – (only for single position) Reference point Z – (only for single position) Reference point X –...
  • Page 466 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description FZ (only for G Depth infeed rate code) Machining Face C • surface (only for Face Y • ShopTurn) Peripheral surface C • Peripheral surface Y • Position (only for At the front (face) •...
  • Page 467 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Peripheral surface C: The positions refer to the reference point: Y0 or C0 Reference point Y or reference point angle polar mm or de- grees Reference point Z X0(only for Shop- Cylinder diameter ∅ Turn) Peripheral surface Y: The positions refer to the reference point: Positioning angle for machining surface...
  • Page 468: Multi-Edge (Cycle79)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling 9.4.6 Multi-edge (CYCLE79) Function You can mill a multi-edge with any number of edges with the "Multi-edge" cycle. You can select from the following shapes with or without a corner radius or chamfer: Clamping the spindle For ShopTurn, the "Clamp spindle"...
  • Page 469 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Note A multi-edge with more than two edges is traversed helically; with a single or double edge, each edge is machined separately. Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been cre- ated and you are in the editor.
  • Page 470 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Machining Face C • surface Face Y • (only for Shop- Turn) Position Front • back • (only for Shop- Turn) Clamp/release spindle (only for face Y) The function must be set up by the machine manufacturer. (only for Shop- Turn) Machining...
  • Page 471 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Chamfer width for chamfering - (for chamfering only) Insertion depth of tool tip (abs or inc) - (for chamfering only) * Unit of feedrate as programmed before the cycle call Parameters in the "Input simple" mode G code program parameters ShopTurn program parameters Input...
  • Page 472 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description R1 and FS1 Rounding radius or chamfer width Multi-edge depth (abs) or depth in relation to Z0 (inc) - (only for ∇, ∇∇∇ and ∇∇∇ edge) Maximum plane infeed • Maximum plane infeed as a percentage of the milling cutter diameter •...
  • Page 473: Longitudinal Groove (Slot1)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling 9.4.7 Longitudinal groove (SLOT1) Function You can use the "Longitudinal groove" function to mill any longitudinal groove. The following machining methods are available: ● Mill longitudinal groove from solid material. Depending on the dimensions of the longitudinal slot in the workpiece drawing, you can select a corresponding reference point for the longitudinal slot.
  • Page 474 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Input simple For simple machining operations, you have the option to reduce the wide variety of parameters to the most important parameters using the "Input" selection field. In this "Input simple" mode, the hidden parameters are allocated a fixed value that cannot be adjusted. Machine manufacturer Various defined values can be pre-assigned using setting data.
  • Page 475 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Figure 9-6 Geometries when chamfering inside contours Note The following error messages can occur when chamfering inside contours: • Safety clearance in the program header too large This error message appears when chamfering would, in principle, be possible with the parameters entered for FS and ZFS, but the safety clearance then could not be maintained.
  • Page 476 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameters in the "Input complete" mode G-code program parameters Parameters, ShopTurn program Input Complete • Machining plane Tool name Milling direction Cutting edge number Retraction plane Feedrate mm/min mm/tooth Safety clearance S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min...
  • Page 477 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Machining Single position • position Mill rectangular pocket at the programmed position (X0, Y0, Z0). Position pattern • Position with MCALL The positions refer to the reference point: Reference point X – (only for single position) Reference point Y –...
  • Page 478 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Plane finishing allowance for the length (L) and width (W) of the slot. - (only for ∇ and ∇∇∇) Depth finishing allowance (tool axis) - (only for ∇ and ∇∇∇) Insertion The following insertion modes can be selected –...
  • Page 479 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Chamfer width for chamfering - (for chamfering only) Insertion depth of tool tip (abs or inc) - (for chamfering only) * Unit of feedrate as programmed before the cycle call Parameters in the "Input simple" mode G code program parameters ShopTurn program parameters Input...
  • Page 480 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description The positions refer to the reference point: Reference point X Reference point Y Reference point Z (only for G code) Face C: The positions refer to the reference point: X0 or L0 Reference point X or reference point length polar Y0 or C0 Reference point Y or reference point angle polar...
  • Page 481 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Insertion The following insertion modes can be selected – (only for ∇, ∇∇∇ or ∇∇∇ edge): Predrilled (only for G code) • Approach reference point shifted by the amount of the safety clearance with Vertical •...
  • Page 482: Circumferential Groove (Slot2)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Hidden parameters The following parameters are hidden. They are pre-assigned fixed values or values that can be adjusted using setting data. Parameter Description Value Can be set in SD PL (only for G code) Machining plane Defined in MD 52005...
  • Page 483 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Input simple For simple machining operations, you have the option to reduce the wide variety of parameters to the most important parameters using the "Input" selection field. In this "Input simple" mode, the hidden parameters are allocated a fixed value that cannot be adjusted. Machine manufacturer Various defined values can be pre-assigned using setting data.
  • Page 484 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Figure 9-7 Geometries when chamfering inside contours Note The following error messages can occur when chamfering inside contours: • Safety clearance in the program header too large This error message appears when chamfering would, in principle, be possible with the parameters entered for FS and ZFS, but the safety clearance then could not be maintained.
  • Page 485 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameters in the "Input complete" mode Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Input Complete • Machining plane Tool name Milling direction Cutting edge number Retraction plane Feedrate mm/min mm/tooth Safety clearance S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min...
  • Page 486 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit The positions refer to the reference point: Reference point X – (only for single position) Reference point Y – (only for single position) Reference point Z – (only for single position) (only for G code) Face C: The positions refer to the reference point: X0 or L0...
  • Page 487 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Positioning Positioning motion between the slots: Straight line: • Next position is approached linearly in rapid traverse. Circular: • Next position is approached along a circular path at the feedrate defined in a machine data code. Chamfer width for chamfering (inc) - (for chamfering only) Insertion depth of tool tip (abs or inc) - (for chamfering only) * Unit of feedrate as programmed before the cycle call...
  • Page 488 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Machining ∇ (roughing) • ∇∇∇ (finishing) • ∇∇∇ edge (edge finishing) • Chamfering • FZ (only for G code) Depth infeed rate Circular pattern Full circle • The circumferential slots are positioned around a full circle. The distance from one circumferential slot to the next circumferential slot is always the same and is calculated by the control.
  • Page 489 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Number of slots Radius of circumferential slot Degrees α1 Opening angle of the slot Degrees α2 Advance angle - (for pitch circle only) Degrees Slot width Slot depth (abs) or depth referred to Z0 or X0 (inc) - (only for ∇ and ∇∇∇) Maximum depth infeed –...
  • Page 490: Open Groove (Cycle899)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling 9.4.9 Open groove (CYCLE899) Function Use the "Open slot" function if you want to machine open slots. For roughing, you can choose between the following machining strategies, depending on your workpiece and machine properties. ●...
  • Page 491 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling If the workpiece programming requires it, you can display and change all of the parameters using "Input complete". Approach/retraction for vortex milling 1. The tool approaches the starting point in front of the slot in rapid traverse and maintains the safety clearance.
  • Page 492 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Supplementary conditions for vortex milling ● Roughing 1/2 slot width W – finishing allowance UXY ≤ milling cutter diameter ● Slot width minimum 1.15 x milling cutter diameter + finishing allowance maximum, 2 x milling cutter diameter + 2 x finishing allowance ●...
  • Page 493 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Supplementary conditions for plunge cutting ● Roughing 1/2 slot width W - finishing allowance UXY ≤ milling cutter diameter ● Maximum radial infeed The maximum infeed depends on the cutting edge width of the milling cutter. ●...
  • Page 494 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Machining type, finishing: When finishing walls, the milling cutter travels along the slot walls, whereby just like for roughing, it is again fed in the Z direction, increment by increment. During this process, the milling cutter travels through the safety clearance beyond the beginning and end of the slot, so that an even slot wall surface can be guaranteed across the entire length of the slot.
  • Page 495 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Note The following error messages can occur when chamfering inside contours: • Safety clearance in the program header too large This error message appears when chamfering would, in principle, be possible with the parameters entered for FS and ZFS, but the safety clearance then could not be maintained.
  • Page 496 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameters in the "Input complete" mode G code program parameters ShopTurn program parameters Input Complete • Machining plane Tool name Retraction plane Cutting edge number Safety clearance Feedrate mm/min mm/tooth Feedrate S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min...
  • Page 497 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Technology Vortex milling • The milling cutter performs circular motions along the length of the slot and back again. Plunge cutting • Sequential drilling motion along the tool axis. Milling direction: - (except plunge cutting) Climbing •...
  • Page 498 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit α0 Angle of rotation of slot Degrees Slot depth (abs) or depth relative to Z0 (abs) – (only for ∇, ∇∇∇, ∇∇∇ base and (only for G code) ∇∇) Z1 or X1 Slot depth (abs) or depth relative to Z0 or X0 (abs) –...
  • Page 499 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Machining ∇ (roughing) • ∇∇∇ (pre-finishing) • ∇∇∇ (finishing) • ∇∇∇ base (base finishing) • ∇∇∇ edge (edge finishing) • Chamfering • Technology Vortex milling • The milling cutter performs circular motions along the length of the slot and back again.
  • Page 500 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Peripheral surface Y: The positions refer to the reference point: Positioning angle for machining surface Degrees Reference point Y Reference point Z Reference point X (only for ShopTurn) Slot width Slot length Slot depth (abs) or depth relative to Z0 (abs) –...
  • Page 501: Long Hole (Longhole) - Only For G Code Program

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling 9.4.10 Long hole (LONGHOLE) - only for G code program Function In contrast to the groove, the width of the elongated hole is determined by the tool diameter. Internally in the cycle, an optimum traversing path of the tool is determined, ruling out unnecessary idle passes.
  • Page 502 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Machining plane Retraction plane (abs) Safety clearance (inc) Feedrate Machining type Plane-by-plane • The tool is inserted to infeed depth in the pocket center. Note: This setting can be used only if the cutter can cut across center. Oscillating •...
  • Page 503: Thread Milling (Cycle70)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling 9.4.11 Thread milling (CYCLE70) Function Using a thread cutter, internal or external threads can be machined with the same pitch. Threads can be machined as right-hand or left-hand threads and from top to bottom or vice versa.
  • Page 504 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Approach/retraction when milling external threads 1. Positioning on retraction plane with rapid traverse. 2. Approach of starting point of the approach circle in the current plane with rapid traverse. 3. Infeed to a starting point in the tool axis calculated internally in the controller with rapid traverse.
  • Page 505 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Table 9- 1 Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane Tool name Milling direction Cutting edge number Retraction plane Feedrate mm/min mm/rev Safety clearance S / V Spindle speed or constant cut- ting rate m/min Feedrate...
  • Page 506 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Position of the thread: Internal thread • An internal thread is cut. External thread • An external thread is cut. Number of teeth per cutting edge Single or multiple toothed milling inserts can be used. The motions required are executed by the cycle internally, so that the tip of the bottom tooth on the milling tool cutting edge corresponds to the programmed end position when the thread end position is reached.
  • Page 507: Engraving (Cycle60)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Pitch ... - (selection MODULUS In MODULUS: For example, generally used for worm gears that mesh with a • option only for table Turns/" gear wheel. selection "without") Per inch: Used with pipe threads, for example. •...
  • Page 508 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been cre- ated and you are in the editor. Press the "Milling" softkey. Press the "Engraving" softkey. The "Engraving" input window opens. Entering the engraving text Press the "Special characters"...
  • Page 509 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling • Press the "Variable" and "Workpiece count 000123" softkeys to engrave a workpiece count with a fixed number of digits and leading zeroes. The format text <######,_$AC_ACTUAL_PARTS> is inserted and you return to the engraving field with the softkey bar. •...
  • Page 510 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling <#,_VAR_NUM> 4 places before decimal point, leading blanks, no places after the decimal point <#.,_VAR_NUM> 12.35 Places before and after the deci- mal point not formatted. <#.#,_VAR_NUM> 12.4 Places before decimal point un- formatted, 1 place after the decimal point (rounded) <#.##,_VAR_NUM>...
  • Page 511 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Variable texts There are various ways of defining variable text: ● Date and time For example, you can engrave the time and date of manufacture on a workpiece. The values for date and time are read from the NCK. ●...
  • Page 512 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Depth infeed rate (only for G code) Depth infeed rate mm/min (only for ShopTurn) mm/tooth Machining Face C • surface Face Y • Peripheral surface C • (only for ShopTurn) Peripheral surface Y •...
  • Page 513 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Face C: The positions refer to the reference point: X0 or L0 Reference point X or reference point length polar Y0 or C0 Reference point Y or reference point angle polar mm or de- grees Reference point Z...
  • Page 514: Contour Milling

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling Contour milling 9.5.1 General information Function You can mill simple or complex contours with the "Contour milling" cycle. You can define open contours or closed contours (pockets, islands, spigots). A contour comprises separate contour elements, whereby at least two and up to 250 elements result in a defined contour.
  • Page 515 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling Contour element Symbol Meaning Straight line in any direction Straight line with any gradient Arc right Circle Arc left Circle Pole Straight diagonal or circle in polar coordinates Finish contour End of contour definition The different colors of the symbols indicate their status: Foreground Background...
  • Page 516: Creating A New Contour

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling 9.5.3 Creating a new contour Function For each contour that you want to mill, you must create a new contour. The contours are stored at the end of the program. Note When programming in the G code, it must be ensured that the contours are located after the end of program identifier! The first step in creating a contour is to specify a starting point.
  • Page 517 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling Cartesian starting point Enter the starting point for the contour. Enter any additional commands in G code format, as required. Press the "Accept" softkey. Enter the individual contour elements. Polar starting point Press the "Pole" softkey. Enter the pole position in Cartesian coordinates.
  • Page 518 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling parameters Description Unit Machining Face C • surface Face Y • Face B • (only for ShopTurn) Peripheral surface C • Peripheral surface Y • Machining plane (only for G code) G17 (XY) •...
  • Page 519: Creating Contour Elements

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling 9.5.4 Creating contour elements After you have created a new contour and specified the starting point, you can define the individual elements that make up the contour. The following contour elements are available for the definition of a contour: ●...
  • Page 520 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling Contour transition elements As a transition between two contour elements, you can choose a radius or a chamfer. The transition element is always attached at the end of a contour element. The contour transition element is selected in the parameter screen of the respective contour element.
  • Page 521 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling The "Circle" input window opens. - OR The "Pole Input" input window opens. Enter all the data available from the workpiece drawing in the input screen (e.g. length of straight line, target position, transition to next element, angle of lead, etc.).
  • Page 522 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling Contour element "straight line, e.g. Y" Parameters Description Unit Machining Face C • surface Face Y • Face B • (only for ShopTurn) Peripheral surface C • Peripheral surface Y • End point Y (abs or inc) α1 Starting angle to X axis Degrees...
  • Page 523 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling Contour element "Circle" Parameters Description Unit Machining Face C • surface Face Y • Face B • (only for ShopTurn) Peripheral surface C • Peripheral surface Y • Direction of rotation Clockwise direction of rotation •...
  • Page 524: Changing The Contour

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling Contour element "End" The data for the transition at the contour end of the previous contour element is displayed in the "End" parameter screen. The values cannot be edited. 9.5.5 Changing the contour Function You can change a previously created contour later.
  • Page 525: Contour Call (Cycle62) - Only For G Code Program

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling 9.5.6 Contour call (CYCLE62) - only for G code program Function The input creates a reference to the selected contour. There are four ways to call the contour: 1. Contour name The contour is in the calling main program. 2.
  • Page 526: Path Milling (Cycle72)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling Parameter Description Unit Contour selection Contour name • Labels • Subprogram • Labels in the subprogram • Contour name CON: Contour name Labels LAB1: Label 1 • LAB2: Label 2 • Subprogram PRG: Subprogram Labels in the subpro- PRG: Subprogram •...
  • Page 527 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling Programming of arbitrary contours The machining of arbitrary open or closed contours is generally programmed as follows: 1. Enter contour You build up the contour gradually from a series of different contour elements. Define the contour in a subprogram or in the machining program, e.g.
  • Page 528 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling Approach/retraction strategy You can choose between planar approach/retraction and spatial approach/retraction: ● Planar approach: Approach is first at depth and then in the machining plane. ● Spatial approach: Approach is at depth and in machining plane simultaneously. ●...
  • Page 529 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been cre- ated and you are in the editor. Press the "Milling" softkey. Press the "Contour milling" and "Path milling" softkeys. The "Path Milling" input window opens. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane...
  • Page 530 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling Parameter Description Unit Machining direction Machining in the programmed contour direction Forward: • Machining is performed in the programmed contour direction Backward: • Machining is performed in the opposite direction to the programmed con- tour Radius compensation Left (machining to the left of the contour)
  • Page 531 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling Parameter Description Unit Approach strategy axis-by-axis - (only for "quadrant, semi-circle or straight line" approach) • spatial - (only for "quadrant, semi-circle or straight line" approach) • Approach radius - (only for "quadrant or semi-circle" approach) Approach distance - (only for "straight line"...
  • Page 532: Contour Pocket/Contour Spigot (Cycle63/64)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling 9.5.8 Contour pocket/contour spigot (CYCLE63/64) Contours for pockets or islands Contours for pockets or islands must be closed, i.e. the starting point and end point of the contour are identical. You can also mill pockets that contain one or more islands. The islands can also be located partially outside the pocket or overlap each other.
  • Page 533 Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling Note The following error messages can occur when chamfering inside contours: Safety clearance in the program header too large This error message appears when chamfering would, in principle, be possible with the parameters entered for FS and ZFS, but the safety clearance then could not be maintained.
  • Page 534: Predrilling Contour Pocket (Cycle64)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 9.5 Contour milling 9.5.9 Predrilling contour pocket (CYCLE64) Function In addition to predrilling, the cycle can be used for centering. The centering or predrilling program generated by the