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GE L60 Instruction Manual Page 333

Line phase comparison system, ur series.
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5 SETTINGS
MESSAGE
MESSAGE
MESSAGE
MESSAGE
MESSAGE
MESSAGE
MESSAGE
MESSAGE
MESSAGE
MESSAGE
MESSAGE
MESSAGE
In general, a breaker failure scheme determines that a breaker signaled to trip has not cleared a fault within a definite time,
so further tripping action must be performed. Tripping from the breaker failure scheme should trip all breakers, both local
and remote, that can supply current to the faulted zone. Usually operation of a breaker failure element will cause clearing of
a larger section of the power system than the initial trip. Because breaker failure can result in tripping a large number of
breakers and this affects system safety and stability, a very high level of security is required.
Two schemes are provided: one for three-pole tripping only (identified by the name "3BF") and one for three pole plus sin-
gle-pole operation (identified by the name "1BF"). The philosophy used in these schemes is identical. The operation of a
breaker failure element includes three stages: initiation, determination of a breaker failure condition, and output.
INITIATION STAGE:
A FlexLogic™ operand representing the protection trip signal initially sent to the breaker must be selected to initiate the
scheme. The initiating signal should be sealed-in if primary fault detection can reset before the breaker failure timers have
finished timing. The seal-in is supervised by current level, so it is reset when the fault is cleared. If desired, an incomplete
sequence seal-in reset can be implemented by using the initiating operand to also initiate a FlexLogic™ timer, set longer
than any breaker failure timer, whose output operand is selected to block the breaker failure scheme.
For the L60 relay, the protection trip signal initially sent to the breaker is already programmed as a trip output. The
protection trip signal does not include other breaker commands that are not indicative of a fault in the protected
zone.
NOTE
Schemes can be initiated either directly or with current level supervision. It is particularly important in any application to
decide if a current-supervised initiate is to be used. The use of a current-supervised initiate results in the breaker failure ele-
ment not being initiated for a breaker that has very little or no current flowing through it, which may be the case for trans-
former faults. For those situations where it is required to maintain breaker fail coverage for fault levels below the
or the
AMP SUPV PICKUP
BF1 N AMP SUPV PICKUP
should be utilized for those situations where coordinating margins may be reduced when high speed reclosing is used.
Thus, if this choice is made, fault levels must always be above the supervision pickup levels for dependable operation of
GE Multilin
BF1 N AMP LOSET
PICKUP: 1.050 pu
BF1 LOSET TIME
DELAY:
0.000 s
BF1 TRIP DROPOUT
DELAY:
0.000 s
BF1 TARGET
Self-Reset
BF1 EVENTS
Disabled
BF1 PH A INITIATE:
Off
BF1 PH B INITIATE:
Off
BF1 PH C INITIATE:
Off
BF1 BKR POS1 φB
Off
BF1 BKR POS1 φC
Off
BF1 BKR POS2 φB
Off
BF1 BKR POS2 φC
Off
setting, a current supervised initiate should not be used. This feature
L60 Line Phase Comparison System
5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS
Range: 0.001 to 30.000 pu in steps of 0.001
Range: 0.000 to 65.535 s in steps of 0.001
Range: 0.000 to 65.535 s in steps of 0.001
Range: Self-reset, Latched, Disabled
Range: Disabled, Enabled
Range: FlexLogic™ operand
Valid only for 1-Pole breaker failure schemes.
Range: FlexLogic™ operand
Valid only for 1-Pole breaker failure schemes.
Range: FlexLogic™ operand
Valid only for 1-Pole breaker failure schemes.
Range: FlexLogic™ operand
Valid only for 1-Pole breaker failure schemes.
Range: FlexLogic™ operand
Valid only for 1-Pole breaker failure schemes.
Range: FlexLogic™ operand
Valid only for 1-Pole breaker failure schemes.
Range: FlexLogic™ operand
Valid only for 1-Pole breaker failure schemes.
5
BF1 PH
5-195

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