Download  Print this page

Introduction To Ac Sources - GE L60 Instruction Manual

Line phase comparison system, ur series.
Hide thumbs
   
1
2
Table of Contents
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722

Advertisement

5 SETTINGS
SOURCE setting: This setting is used to select the AC source to be monitored. See the Introduction to AC Sources
section later.
PICKUP setting: For simple elements, this setting is used to program the level of the measured parameter above or
below which the pickup state is established. In more complex elements, a set of settings may be provided to define the
range of the measured parameters which will cause the element to pickup.
PICKUP DELAY setting: This setting sets a time-delay-on-pickup, or on-delay, for the duration between the pickup
and operate output states.
RESET DELAY setting: This setting is used to set a time-delay-on-dropout, or off-delay, for the duration between the
Operate output state and the return to logic 0 after the input transits outside the defined pickup range.
BLOCK setting: The default output operand state of all comparators is a logic 0 or "flag not set". The comparator
remains in this default state until a logic 1 is asserted at the RUN input, allowing the test to be performed. If the RUN
input changes to logic 0 at any time, the comparator returns to the default state. The RUN input is used to supervise
the comparator. The BLOCK input is used as one of the inputs to RUN control.
TARGET setting: This setting is used to define the operation of an element target message. When set to "Disabled",
no target message or illumination of a faceplate LED indicator is issued upon operation of the element. When set to
"Self-Reset", the target message and LED indication follow the operate state of the element, and self-resets once the
operate element condition clears. When set to "Latched", the target message and LED indication will remain visible
after the element output returns to logic 0 until a RESET command is received by the relay.
EVENTS setting: This setting is used to control whether the pickup, dropout or operate states are recorded by the
event recorder. When set to "Disabled", element pickup, dropout or operate are not recorded as events. When set to
"Enabled", events are created for:
(Element) PKP (pickup)
(Element) DPO (dropout)
(Element) OP (operate)
The DPO event is created when the measure and decide comparator output transits from the pickup state (logic 1) to
the dropout state (logic 0). This could happen when the element is in the operate state if the reset delay time is not 0.
Not every operand of a given element in a UR relay generates events, only the major output operands. Elements,
asserting output per phase, log operating phase output only, without asserting the common three-phase operand
event.
a) BACKGROUND
The L60 is ordered with two CT/VT modules. If two breakers are involved in an application, the current must be summed
externally. With two CT/VT modules, the L60 allows the connection of two breaker CTs directly to the relay, processing the
currents individually for some functions and summing them for other functions by employing the sources mechanism. Two
CT/VT modules are generally required on systems with breaker-and-a-half or ring bus configurations.
In these applications, each of the two three-phase sets of individual phase currents (one associated with each breaker) can
be used as an input to a breaker failure element. The sum of both breaker phase currents and 3I_0 residual currents may
be required for the circuit relaying and metering functions. Two separate synchrocheck elements can be programmed to
check synchronization between two different buses VT and the line VT. These requirements can be satisfied with a single
L60, equipped with sufficient CT and VT input channels, by selecting proper parameter to measure. A mechanism is pro-
vided to specify the AC parameter (or group of parameters) used as the input to protection/control comparators and some
metering elements. Selection of the measured parameters is partially performed by the design of a measuring element or
protection/control comparator by identifying the measured parameter type (fundamental frequency phasor, harmonic pha-
sor, symmetrical component, total waveform RMS magnitude, phase-phase or phase-ground voltage, etc.). The user com-
pletes the process by selecting the instrument transformer input channels to use and some parameters calculated from
these channels. The input parameters available include the summation of currents from multiple input channels. For the
summed currents of phase, 3I_0, and ground current, current from CTs with different ratios are adjusted to a single ratio
before summation. A mechanism called a source configures the routing of CT and VT input channels to measurement sub-
systems.
GE Multilin
L60 Line Phase Comparison System
5.1 OVERVIEW

5.1.3 INTRODUCTION TO AC SOURCES

5
5-5

Advertisement

Table of Contents

   Also See for GE L60

   Related Manuals for GE L60

Comments to this Manuals

Symbols: 0
Latest comments: