# GE L60 Instruction Manual Page 513

Line phase comparison system, ur series.

9 THEORY OF OPERATION
For BG faults:
For CG faults:
For AB and ABG faults:
For BC and BCG faults:
For CA and CAG faults:
where K
is the zero sequence compensation factor (for the first six equations above)
0
For ABC faults, all three AB, BC, and CA loops are analyzed and the final result is selected based upon consistency of the
results
The element calculates the distance to the fault (with m in miles or kilometers) and the phases involved in the fault.
The relay allows locating faults from delta-connected VTs. If the
and the VTs are connected in wye, the fault location is performed based on the actual phase to ground voltages. If the VTs
are connected in delta, fault location is suspended.
If the
FAULT REPORT 1 VT SUBSTITUTION
location is performed based on the actual phase to ground voltages. If the VTs are connected in a delta configuration, fault
location is performed based on the delta voltages and externally supplied neutral voltage:
If the
FAULT REPORT 1 VT SUBSTITUTION
tion is performed based on the actual phase to ground voltages. If the VTs are connected in a delta configuration, fault loca-
tion is performed based on the delta voltages and zero-sequence voltage approximated based on the zero-sequence
current:
where Z
is the equivalent zero-sequence impedance behind the relay as entered under the fault report setting menu.
SYS0
GE Multilin
B
B
V
V
,
I
I
K
I
=
=
+
A
A
A
A
0
C
BC
V
V
,
I
I
K
=
=
+
A
A
A
A
0
A
B
A
V
V
V
,
I
I
=
=
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
B
V
V
V
,
I
I
=
=
A
A
A
A
A
C
A
C
V
V
V
,
I
I
=
=
A
A
A
A
A
FAULT REPORT 1 VT SUBSTITUTION
setting value is "V0" and the VTs are connected in a wye configuration, the fault
1
-- - V
(
V
V
V
=
+
A
N
AB
CA
3
1
-- - V
(
V
V
V
=
+
B
N
BC
AB
3
1
-- - V
(
V
V
V
=
+
B
N
CA
BC
3
setting value is "I0" and the VTs are connected in a wye configuration, the fault loca-
1
V
-- - V
(
V
) Z
=
A
AB
CA
SYS0
3
1
V
-- - V
(
V
) Z
=
B
BC
AB
SYS0
3
1
V
-- - V
(
V
) Z
=
B
CA
BC
SYS0
3
L60 Line Phase Comparison System
9.3 FAULT LOCATOR
0A
I
0A
B
I
A
C
I
A
A
I
A
)
)
)
I
0
I
0
I
0
(EQ 9.16)
(EQ 9.17)
(EQ 9.18)
(EQ 9.19)
(EQ 9.20)
setting is set to "None",
(EQ 9.21)
(EQ 9.22)
9
9-39  