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GE L60 Instruction Manual

Line phase comparison system ur series.
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GE
Digital Energy
GE Digital Energy
650 Markland Street
Markham, Ontario
Canada L6C 0M1
Tel: +1 905 927 7070 Fax: +1 905 927 5098
Internet:
http://www.GEDigitalEnergy.com
*1601-0082-Z3*
L60 Line Phase Comparison
UR Series Instruction Manual
Manual P/N: 1601-0082-Z3 (GEK-119521B)
IND.CONT. EQ.
System
L60 Revision: 7.1x
831775A2.CDR
E83849
LISTED
52TL
GE Multilin's Quality Management
System is registered to ISO
9001:2008
QMI # 005094
UL # A3775

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   Summary of Contents for GE L60

  • Page 1 Digital Energy L60 Line Phase Comparison System UR Series Instruction Manual L60 Revision: 7.1x Manual P/N: 1601-0082-Z3 (GEK-119521B) 831775A2.CDR E83849 GE Digital Energy LISTED 650 Markland Street IND.CONT. EQ. 52TL Markham, Ontario GE Multilin's Quality Management Canada L6C 0M1 System is registered to ISO...
  • Page 2 The contents of this manual are the property of GE Multilin Inc. This documentation is furnished on license and may not be reproduced in whole or in part without the permission of GE Multilin. The content of this manual is for informational use only and is subject to change without notice.
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    1.3 ENERVISTA UR SETUP SOFTWARE 1.3.1 PC REQUIREMENTS ..................1-6 1.3.2 INSTALLATION....................1-6 1.3.3 CONFIGURING THE L60 FOR SOFTWARE ACCESS........1-7 1.3.4 USING THE QUICK CONNECT FEATURE............. 1-10 1.3.5 CONNECTING TO THE L60 RELAY ............... 1-15 1.3.6 SETTING UP CYBERSENTRY AND CHANGING DEFAULT PASSWORD ... 1-16 1.4 UR HARDWARE...
  • Page 4 USER-PROGRAMMABLE LEDS ..............5-68 5.2.11 USER-PROGRAMMABLE SELF TESTS ............5-71 5.2.12 CONTROL PUSHBUTTONS ................5-71 5.2.13 USER-PROGRAMMABLE PUSHBUTTONS............5-73 5.2.14 FLEX STATE PARAMETERS ................5-79 5.2.15 USER-DEFINABLE DISPLAYS ................5-79 5.2.16 DIRECT INPUTS/OUTPUTS ................5-82 5.2.17 TELEPROTECTION ..................5-89 5.2.18 INSTALLATION ....................5-90 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 5 IEC 61850 GOOSE INTEGERS..............5-309 5.8 TRANSDUCER INPUTS AND OUTPUTS 5.8.1 DCMA INPUTS ....................5-310 5.8.2 RTD INPUTS....................5-311 5.8.3 DCMA OUTPUTS ..................5-313 5.9 TESTING 5.9.1 TEST MODE ....................5-316 5.9.2 FORCE CONTACT INPUTS ................5-317 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 6 VIRTUAL INPUTS ....................7-1 7.1.3 CLEAR RECORDS .....................7-2 7.1.4 SET DATE AND TIME ..................7-2 7.1.5 RELAY MAINTENANCE ..................7-3 7.1.6 SECURITY......................7-4 7.2 TARGETS 7.2.1 TARGETS MENU ....................7-5 7.2.2 TARGET MESSAGES ..................7-5 7.2.3 RELAY SELF-TESTS ..................7-5 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 7 SINGLE VS. DUAL PHASE COMPARISON............ 8-18 8.1.7 REFINEMENTS TO BASIC SCHEMES ............8-20 8.1.8 MULTI-TERMINAL LINES................8-23 8.1.9 CHARGING CURRENT COMPENSATION ............. 8-23 8.1.10 L60 SIGNAL PROCESSING ................8-25 8.2 SINGLE-POLE TRIPPING 8.2.1 OVERVIEW...................... 8-33 8.2.2 PHASE SELECTION..................8-36 8.3 FAULT LOCATOR 8.3.1 FAULT TYPE DETERMINATION..............
  • Page 8 C.5 IEC 61850 IMPLEMENTATION VIA ENERVISTA UR SETUP C.5.1 OVERVIEW ..................... C-12 C.5.2 CONFIGURING IEC 61850 SETTINGS ............C-13 C.5.3 ABOUT ICD FILES ..................C-14 C.5.4 CREATING AN ICD FILE WITH ENERVISTA UR SETUP......C-18 viii L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 9 F.1 RADIUS SERVER CONFIGURATION F.1.1 RADIUS SERVER CONFIGURATION............... F-1 G. MISCELLANEOUS G.1 CHANGE NOTES G.1.1 REVISION HISTORY ..................G-1 G.1.2 CHANGES TO THE L60 MANUAL ..............G-2 G.2 ABBREVIATIONS G.2.1 STANDARD ABBREVIATIONS ................ G-5 G.3 WARRANTY G.3.1 GE MULTILIN WARRANTY ................G-7 INDEX...
  • Page 10 TABLE OF CONTENTS L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 11: Getting Started

    1.1 IMPORTANT PROCEDURES 1 GETTING STARTED 1.1IMPORTANT PROCEDURES Use this chapter for initial setup of your new L60 Line Phase Comparison System. 1.1.1 CAUTIONS AND WARNINGS Before attempting to install or use the device, review all safety indicators in this document to help prevent injury, equipment damage, or downtime.
  • Page 12: Inspection Procedure

    • GE EnerVista™ CD (includes the EnerVista UR Setup software and manuals in PDF format) • Mounting screws If there is any noticeable physical damage, or any of the contents listed are missing, please contact GE Digital Energy immediately as follows.
  • Page 13: Ur Overview

    1.2UR OVERVIEW 1.2.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE UR The GE Universal Relay (UR) series is a new generation of digital, modular, and multifunction equipment that is easily incorporated into automation systems, at both the station and enterprise levels. 1.2.2 HARDWARE ARCHITECTURE...
  • Page 14 The UR-series devices operate in a cyclic scan fashion. The device reads the inputs into an input status table, solves the logic program (FlexLogic equation), and then sets each output to the appropriate state in an output status table. Any result- ing task execution is priority interrupt-driven. Figure 1–3: UR-SERIES SCAN OPERATION L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 15: Software Architecture

    Employing OOD/OOP in the software architecture of the L60 achieves the same features as the hardware architecture: modularity, scalability, and flexibility. The application software for any UR-series device (for example, feeder protection, transformer protection, distance protection) is constructed by combining objects from the various functional classes.
  • Page 16: Enervista Ur Setup Software

    Ethernet port of the same type as one of the UR CPU ports or a LAN connection to the UR • Internet access or a DVD drive The following qualified modems have been tested to be compliant with the L60 and the EnerVista UR Setup software: • US Robotics external 56K FaxModem 5686 •...
  • Page 17: Configuring The L60 For Software Access

    To configure the L60 for remote access via the rear Ethernet port, see the Configuring Ethernet Communications sec- tion. • To configure the L60 for local access with a computer through either the front RS232 port or rear Ethernet port, see the Using the Quick Connect Feature section. GE Multilin...
  • Page 18 CONFIGURING SERIAL COMMUNICATIONS A computer with an RS232 port and a serial cable is required. To use the RS485 port at the back of the relay, a GE Multilin F485 converter (or compatible RS232-to-RS485 converter) is required. See the F485 instruction manual for details.
  • Page 19 MODBUS PROTOCOL 21. Click the Read Order Code button to connect to the L60 device and upload the order code. If an communications error occurs, ensure that the three EnerVista UR Setup values entered in the previous steps correspond to the relay setting values.
  • Page 20: Using The Quick Connect Feature

    USING QUICK CONNECT VIA THE REAR ETHERNET PORTS To use the Quick Connect feature to access the L60 from a computer through Ethernet, first assign an IP address to the relay from the front panel keyboard. Press the MENU key until the SETTINGS menu displays.
  • Page 21 Right-click the Local Area Connection icon and select Properties. Select the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) item from the list, and click the Properties button. Click the “Use the following IP address” box. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 1-11...
  • Page 22 1.3 ENERVISTA UR SETUP SOFTWARE 1 GETTING STARTED Enter an IP address with the first three numbers the same as the IP address of the L60 relay and the last number dif- ferent (in this example, 1.1.1.2). Enter a subnet mask equal to the one set in the L60 (in this example, 255.0.0.0).
  • Page 23 Ensure that the “Use a proxy server for your LAN” box is not checked. If this computer is used to connect to the Internet, re-enable any proxy server settings after the computer has been discon- nected from the L60 relay. Start the Internet Explorer software.
  • Page 24 Click the Quick Connect button to open the Quick Connect dialog box. Select the Ethernet interface and enter the IP address assigned to the L60, then click the Connect button. The EnerV- ista UR Setup software creates a site named “Quick Connect” with a corresponding device also named “Quick Con- nect”...
  • Page 25: Connecting To The L60 Relay

    The EnerVista UR Setup software has several quick action buttons to provide instant access to several functions that are often performed when using L60 relays. From the online window, users can select the relay to interrogate from a pull-down window, then click the button for the action they want to perform. The following quick action functions are available: •...
  • Page 26: Setting Up Cybersentry And Changing Default Password

    . Be sure to disable this bypass setting after SETTINGS > PRODUCT SETUP > SECURITY > SUPERVISORY commissioning the device. You can change the password for any role either from the front panel or through EnerVista. 1-16 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 27 It is strongly recommended that the password for the Administrator be changed from the default. Changing the passwords for the other three roles is optional. Figure 1–11: CHANGING THE DEFAULT PASSWORD GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 1-17...
  • Page 28: Ur Hardware

    This device (catalog number F485) connects to the computer using a straight-through serial cable. A shielded twisted-pair (20, 22, or 24 AWG) connects the F485 converter to the L60 rear communications port. The converter terminals (+, –, GND) are connected to the L60 communication module (+, –, COM) terminals. See the CPU communica- tions ports section in chapter 3 for details.
  • Page 29: Using The Relay

    To put the relay in the “Programmed” state, press either of the VALUE keys once and then press ENTER. The face- plate Trouble LED turns off and the In Service LED turns on. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 1-19...
  • Page 30: Relay Passwords

    For more information, see the CyberSentry content in the Security section of the next chapter. 1.5.6 FLEXLOGIC CUSTOMIZATION FlexLogic equation editing is required for setting user-defined logic for customizing the relay operations. See the FlexLogic section in Chapter 5. 1-20 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 31: Commissioning

    The L60 performs a number of continual self-tests and takes the necessary action in case of any major errors (see the Relay Self-tests section in chapter 7). However, it is recommended that L60 maintenance be scheduled with other system maintenance.
  • Page 32 1.5 USING THE RELAY 1 GETTING STARTED 1-22 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 33: Product Description

    TFTP protocols, PTP (according to IEEE Std. 1588-2008 or IEC 61588), and allows access to the relay via any stan- dard web browser (L60 web pages). The IEC 60870-5-104 protocol is supported on the Ethernet port. DNP 3.0 and IEC 60870-5-104 cannot be enabled at the same time.
  • Page 34 TYPICAL 3-TERMINAL APPLICATION 831788A1.CDR Figure 2–1: 87PC COMMUNICATIONS The L60 IEDs use flash memory technology that allows field upgrading as new features are added. The following single line diagram illustrates the relay functionality using ANSI (American National Standards Institute) device numbers.
  • Page 35 Negative-sequence directional overcurrent Neutral instantaneous overcurrent Power swing blocking Phase instantaneous overcurrent Out-of-step tripping 50_2 Negative-sequence instantaneous overcurrent Automatic recloser Ground time overcurrent 87PC Phase comparison Neutral time overcurrent Figure 2–2: SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 36: Security

    Password security is a basic security feature present in the default offering of the product. Two levels of password security are provided: command and setting. The following operations are under command password supervision: • Operating the breakers via faceplate keypad L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 37 When entering a settings or command password via EnerVista or any serial interface, the user must enter the correspond- ing connection password. If the connection is to the back of the L60, the remote password must be used. If the connection is to the RS232 port of the faceplate, the local password applies.
  • Page 38 Complete access Complete access Command Authorizes Default role except for menu writing CyberSentry Security Device Definition Settings |------------ Product Setup |--------------- Security (CyberSentry) |--------------- Supervisory see table notes see table notes |--------------- Display Properties L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 39 Remote Output user |--------------- Bit Pair |--------------- Resetting |--------------- Direct Inputs |--------------- Direct Outputs |--------------- Teleprotection |--------------- Direct Analogs |--------------- Direct Integers IEC61850 GOOSE |--------------- Analogs IEC61850 GOOSE |--------------- Integers |------------ Transducer I/O |------------ Testing GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 40 RADIUS server when one is provided. If a RADIUS server is provided, but is unreachable over the network, server authentication requests are denied. In this situ- ation, use local UR accounts to gain access to the UR system. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 41: Ordering

    2.1.3 ORDERING The L60 is available as a 19-inch rack horizontal mount unit or a reduced size (¾) vertical mount unit, and consists of the following modules: CPU, faceplate, power supply, CPU, CTs and VTs, digital input and outputs, transducer inputs and out- puts, and inter-relay communications.
  • Page 42 G.703, 2 Channels RS422, 1 Channel RS422, 2 Channels The order codes for the reduced size vertical mount units are shown below. Table 2–5: L60 ORDER CODES (REDUCED SIZE VERTICAL UNITS) * - F Reduced Size Vertical Mount BASE UNIT...
  • Page 43: Replacement Modules

    Replacement modules can be ordered separately. When ordering a replacement CPU module or faceplate, provide the serial number of your existing unit. Not all replacement modules may be applicable to the L60 relay. Only the modules specified in the order codes are available as replacement modules.
  • Page 44 4 DCmA inputs, 4 DCmA outputs (only one 5A module is allowed) 8 RTD inputs INPUTS/OUTPUTS 4 RTD inputs, 4 DCmA outputs (only one 5D module is allowed) 4 DCmA inputs, 4 RTD inputs 8 DCmA inputs 2-12 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 45: Protection Elements

    Voltage supervision pickup (series compensation applications): 0 to 5.000 pu in steps of 0.001 Operation time: 1 to 1.5 cycles (typical) Reset time: 1 power cycle (typical) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 2-13...
  • Page 46 <20 ms at 3 × pickup at 60 Hz Operation time: 1 to 1.5 cycles (typical) (Neutral IOC) Reset time: 1 power cycle (typical) Timer accuracy: ±3% of operate time or ±1/4 cycle (whichever is greater) 2-14 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 47 ±3.5% of operate time or ±1 cycle 12 ms, typically (whichever is greater) from pickup to Blocking (forward load, reverse fault):< operate 8 ms, typically Operate time: <30 ms at 60 Hz GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 2-15...
  • Page 48 DV2, DV1 xor DV2, DV1 & DV2 Timer accuracy: ±3% of operate time or ±1/4 cycle (L = Live, D = Dead) (whichever is greater) <30 ms at 1.10 × pickup at 60 Hz Operate time: 2-16 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 49: User-programmable Elements

    Number of timers: Pickup delay: 0 to 60000 (ms, sec., min.) in steps of 1 Dropout delay: 0 to 60000 (ms, sec., min.) in steps of 1 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 2-17...
  • Page 50: Monitoring

    01 channel for NN days 16 channels for NN days Triggers: any element pickup, dropout, or operate; contact input change of state; contact output change of state; self-test events Data storage: in non-volatile memory 2-18 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 51: Metering

    Current withstand: 20 ms at 250 times rated 1 sec. at 100 times rated continuous 4xInom Short circuit rating:150000 RMS sym- metrical amperes, 250 V maximum (pri- mary current to external CT) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 2-19...
  • Page 52 64 or 128 kbps CRC: 32-bit RTD INPUTS Types (3-wire): 100 Ω Platinum, 100 & 120 Ω Nickel, 10 Ω Copper Sensing current: 5 mA Range: –50 to +250°C Accuracy: ±2°C Isolation: 36 V pk-pk 2-20 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 53: Power Supply

    Operate time: < 0.6 ms FORM-A VOLTAGE MONITOR Internal Limiting Resistor: 100 Ω, 2 W Applicable voltage: approx. 15 to 250 V DC Trickle current: approx. 1 to 2.5 mA GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 2-21...
  • Page 54: Communication Protocols

    Typical distance 2 km Duplex full/half Redundancy ETHERNET (10/100 MB TWISTED PAIR) Modes: 10 MB, 10/100 MB (auto-detect) Connector: RJ45 SIMPLE NETWORK TIME PROTOCOL (SNTP) clock synchronization error: <10 ms (typical) 2-22 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 55: Inter-relay Communications

    – Overvoltage category: 20°C Ingress protection: IP20 front, IP10 back HUMIDITY Noise: 0 dB Humidity: operating up to 95% (non-condensing) at 55°C (as per IEC60068-2-30 variant 1, 6 days). GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 2-23...
  • Page 56: Type Tests

    Safety IEC 60255-27 Insulation: class 1, Pollution degree: 2, Over voltage cat II 2.2.12 PRODUCTION TESTS THERMAL Products go through an environmental test based upon an Accepted Quality Level (AQL) sampling process. 2-24 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 57: Approvals

    To avoid deterioration of electrolytic capacitors, power up units that are stored in a de-energized state once per year, for one hour continuously. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 2-25...
  • Page 58 2.2 SPECIFICATIONS 2 PRODUCT DESCRIPTION 2-26 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 59: Hardware

    HORIZONTAL UNITS The L60 Line Phase Comparison System is available as a 19-inch rack horizontal mount unit with a removable faceplate. The faceplate can be specified as either standard or enhanced at the time of ordering. The enhanced faceplate contains additional user-programmable pushbuttons and LED indicators.
  • Page 60 VERTICAL UNITS The L60 Line Phase Comparison System is available as a reduced size (¾) vertical mount unit, with a removable faceplate. The faceplate can be specified as either standard or enhanced at the time of ordering. The enhanced faceplate contains additional user-programmable pushbuttons and LED indicators.
  • Page 61 3 HARDWARE 3.1 DESCRIPTION Figure 3–4: L60 VERTICAL DIMENSIONS (ENHANCED PANEL) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 62 3.1 DESCRIPTION 3 HARDWARE Figure 3–5: L60 VERTICAL MOUNTING AND DIMENSIONS (STANDARD PANEL) For side mounting L60 devices with the enhanced front panel, see the following documents available on the UR DVD and the GE Digital Energy website: • GEK-113180: UR-Series UR-V Side-Mounting Front Panel Assembly Instructions •...
  • Page 63 3 HARDWARE 3.1 DESCRIPTION Figure 3–6: L60 VERTICAL SIDE MOUNTING INSTALLATION (STANDARD PANEL) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 64 3.1 DESCRIPTION 3 HARDWARE Figure 3–7: L60 VERTICAL SIDE MOUNTING REAR DIMENSIONS (STANDARD PANEL) L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 65: Rear Terminal Layout

    (nearest to CPU module) which is indicated by an arrow marker on the terminal block. See the following figure for an example of rear terminal assignments. Figure 3–9: EXAMPLE OF MODULES IN F AND H SLOTS GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 66: Wiring

    3.2 WIRING 3 HARDWARE 3.2WIRING 3.2.1 TYPICAL WIRING Figure 3–10: TYPICAL WIRING DIAGRAM (T MODULE SHOWN FOR CPU) L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 67: Dielectric Strength

    (see the Self-test errors section in chapter 7) or control power is lost, the relay is de-energize. For high reliability systems, the L60 has a redundant option in which two L60 power supplies are placed in parallel on the bus.
  • Page 68: Ct And Vt Modules

    The L60 uses a special CT/VT module not available on other UR-series relays. This type 8P module has four current inputs and special communications inputs/outputs for interfacing with PLCs. The communications interface requires an external DC source (station battery) to drive inputs/outputs as shown in the L60 channel communications section in this chapter.
  • Page 69: Contact Inputs And Outputs

    The terminal configuration for contact inputs is different for the two applications. The contact inputs are grouped with a common return. The L60 has two versions of grouping: four inputs per common return and two inputs per common return. When a contact input/output module is ordered, four inputs per common is used.
  • Page 70: L60 Line Phase Comparison System

    Logic operand driving the contact output should be given a reset delay of 10 ms to prevent damage of the output contact (in situations when the element initiating the contact output is bouncing, at val- ues in the region of the pickup value). 3-12 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 71 ~7a, ~7c 2 Inputs ~7a, ~7c 2 Inputs ~7a, ~7c 2 Inputs ~7a, ~7c 2 Inputs ~8a, ~8c 2 Inputs ~8a, ~8c 2 Inputs ~8a, ~8c 2 Inputs ~8a, ~8c 2 Inputs GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-13...
  • Page 72 ~5a, ~5c 2 Inputs 2 Outputs Solid-State Solid-State ~6a, ~6c 2 Inputs 2 Outputs Not Used Not Used ~7a, ~7c 2 Inputs 2 Outputs Solid-State Solid-State ~8a, ~8c 2 Inputs Not Used 3-14 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 73 3 HARDWARE 3.2 WIRING Figure 3–14: CONTACT INPUT AND OUTPUT MODULE WIRING (1 of 2) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-15...
  • Page 74 3.2 WIRING 3 HARDWARE Figure 3–15: CONTACT INPUT AND OUTPUT MODULE WIRING (2 of 2) For proper functionality, observe the polarity shown in the figures for all contact input and output con- nections. 3-16 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 75 Wherever a tilde “~” symbol appears, substitute with the slot position of the module. NOTE There is no provision in the relay to detect a DC ground fault on 48 V DC control power external output. We recommend using an external DC supply. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-17...
  • Page 76 = OFF CONTACT INPUT 1 AUTO-BURNISH = OFF CONTACT INPUT 2 AUTO-BURNISH = ON CONTACT INPUT 1 AUTO-BURNISH = ON CONTACT INPUT 2 AUTO-BURNISH = ON 842751A1.CDR Figure 3–18: AUTO-BURNISH DIP SWITCHES 3-18 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 77: Transducer Inputs And Outputs

    (5A, 5C, 5D, 5E, and 5F) and channel arrangements that can be ordered for the relay. Wherever a tilde “~” symbol appears, substitute with the slot position of the module. NOTE Figure 3–19: TRANSDUCER INPUT/OUTPUT MODULE WIRING The following figure show how to connect RTDs. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-19...
  • Page 78 3.2 WIRING 3 HARDWARE Figure 3–20: RTD CONNECTIONS 3-20 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 79: Rs232 Faceplate Port

    3.2.7 RS232 FACEPLATE PORT A 9-pin RS232C serial port is located on the L60 faceplate for programming with a computer. All that is required to use this interface is a computer running the EnerVista UR Setup software provided with the relay. Cabling for the RS232 port is shown in the following figure for both 9-pin and 25-pin connectors.
  • Page 80 This common voltage is implied to be a power supply common. Some systems allow the shield (drain wire) to be used as common wire and to connect directly to the L60 COM terminal (#3); others function cor- rectly only if the common wire is connected to the L60 COM terminal, but insulated from the shield.
  • Page 81 The fiber optic communication ports allow for fast and efficient communications between relays at 100 Mbps. Optical fiber can be connected to the relay supporting a wavelength of 1310 nm in multi-mode. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-23...
  • Page 82: Irig-b

    IRIG-B is a standard time code format that allows stamping of events to be synchronized among connected devices. The IRIG-B code allows time accuracies of up to 100 ns. Using the IRIG-B input, the L60 operates an internal oscillator with 1 µs resolution and accuracy.
  • Page 83: L60 Channel Communications

    The customer can upgrade or change the scheme at any time. The L60 channel interface requires an external battery to drive inputs and outputs. The module can be used with any bat- tery voltage. However, the battery voltage must be reflected in the ...
  • Page 84 • Input voltage range: 0 to 300 V DC • Input impedance: 25 kohms • Input current: 10 mA at 250 V, 5 mA at 125 V, 2 mA at 48 V 3-26 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 85: Direct Input And Output Communications

    1 to channel 2 on UR2, the setting should be “Enabled” on UR2. This DIRECT I/O CHANNEL CROSSOVER forces UR2 to forward messages received on Rx1 out Tx2, and messages received on Rx2 out Tx1. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-27...
  • Page 86 These modules are listed in the following table. All fiber modules use ST type connectors. Not all the direct input and output communications modules outlined in the table are applicable to the L60. Use your order code with the tables in chapter 2 to determine applicable options.
  • Page 87: Fiber: Led And Eled Transmitters

    3.3.3 FIBER-LASER TRANSMITTERS The following figure shows the configuration for the 72, 73, 7D, and 7K fiber-laser module. Figure 3–30: LASER FIBER MODULES Observing any fiber transmitter output can injure the eye. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-29...
  • Page 88: Interface

    Simultaneously pull the ejector/inserter clips located at the top and at the bottom of each module in order to release the module for removal. Remove the module cover screw. 3-30 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 89 Internal Timing Mode: The system clock is generated internally. Therefore, the G.703 timing selection should be in the internal timing mode for back-to-back (UR-to-UR) connections. For back-to-back connections, set for octet timing (S1 = OFF) and timing mode to internal timing (S5 = ON and S6 = OFF). GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-31...
  • Page 90 G.703 line side of the interface while the other lies on the differential Manchester side of the interface. DMR = Differential Manchester Receiver DMX = Differential Manchester Transmitter G7X = G.703 Transmitter G7R = G.703 Receiver 842775A1.CDR Figure 3–35: G.703 DUAL LOOPBACK MODE 3-32 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 91: Rs422 Interface

    UR–RS422 channels is synchronized via the send timing leads on data module 1 as shown below. If the terminal timing feature is not available or this type of connection is not desired, the G.703 interface is a viable option that does not impose timing restrictions. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-33...
  • Page 92 Figure 3–38: TIMING CONFIGURATION FOR RS422 TWO-CHANNEL, THREE-TERMINAL APPLICATION Data module 1 provides timing to the L60 RS422 interface via the ST(A) and ST(B) outputs. Data module 1 also provides timing to data module 2 TT(A) and TT(B) inputs via the ST(A) and AT(B) outputs. The data module pin numbers have been omitted in the figure above since they vary by manufacturer.
  • Page 93: Rs422 And Fiber Interface

    G.703 and fiber interfaces. When using a laser Interface, attenuators can be necessary to ensure that you do not exceed the maximum optical input power to the receiver. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-35...
  • Page 94: Ieee C37.94 Interface

    Connection: as per all fiber optic connections, a Tx to Rx connection is required The UR-series C37.94 communication module can be connected directly to any compliant digital multiplexer that supports the IEEE C37.94 standard as shown below. 3-36 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 95 5.60. For customers using firmware release 5.60 and higher, the module can be identified with "Rev D" printed on the module and is to be used on all ends of L60 communi- cation for two and three terminal applications.
  • Page 96 3.3 DIRECT INPUT AND OUTPUT COMMUNICATIONS 3 HARDWARE Figure 3–42: IEEE C37.94 TIMING SELECTION SWITCH SETTING 3-38 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 97 Solid yellow — FPGA is receiving a "yellow bit" and remains yellow for each "yellow bit" • Solid red — FPGA is not receiving a valid packet or the packet received is invalid GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-39...
  • Page 98: C37.94sm Interface

    5.60. For customers using firmware release 5.60 and higher, the module can be identified with "Rev D" printed on the module and is to be used on all ends of L60 communi- cation for two and three terminal applications.
  • Page 99 Once the clips have cleared the raised edge of the chassis, engage the clips simultaneously. When the clips have locked into position, the module is fully inserted. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-41...
  • Page 100 Modules shipped since January 2012 have status LEDs that indicate the status of the DIP switches, as shown in the follow- ing figure. Figure 3–45: STATUS LEDS The clock configuration LED status is as follows: • Flashing green — loop timing mode while receiving a valid data packet 3-42 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 101 Solid yellow — FPGA is receiving a "yellow bit" and remains yellow for each "yellow bit" • Solid red — FPGA is not receiving a valid packet or the packet received is invalid GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-43...
  • Page 102 3.3 DIRECT INPUT AND OUTPUT COMMUNICATIONS 3 HARDWARE 3-44 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 103: Human Interfaces

    In online mode, you can communicate with the device in real-time. The EnerVista UR Setup software is provided with every L60 relay and runs on Microsoft Windows XP, 7, and Server 2008. This chapter provides a summary of the basic EnerVista UR Setup software interface features. The EnerVista UR Setup Help File provides details for getting started and using the EnerVista UR Setup software interface.
  • Page 104 Site List window are automatically sent to the online communicating device. g) FIRMWARE UPGRADES The firmware of a L60 device can be upgraded, locally or remotely, via the EnerVista UR Setup software. The correspond- ing instructions are provided by the EnerVista UR Setup Help file under the topic “Upgrading Firmware”.
  • Page 105: Enervista Ur Setup Main Window

    Device data view windows, with common tool bar Settings file data view windows, with common tool bar Workspace area with data view tabs Status bar 10. Quick action hot links 842786A2.CDR Figure 4–1: ENERVISTA UR SETUP SOFTWARE MAIN WINDOW GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 106: Extended Enervista Ur Setup Features

    Select the Template Mode > Edit Template option to place the device in template editing mode. Enter the template password then click OK. Open the relevant settings windows that contain settings to be specified as viewable. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 107 The following procedure describes how to add password protection to a settings file template. Select a settings file from the offline window on the left of the EnerVista UR Setup main screen. Selecting the Template Mode > Password Protect Template option. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 108 Template Mode > View In Template Mode command. The template specifies that only the Pickup Curve Phase time overcurrent settings window without template applied. settings be available. 842858A1.CDR Figure 4–4: APPLYING TEMPLATES VIA THE VIEW IN TEMPLATE MODE COMMAND L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 109 Select an installed device or settings file from the tree menu on the left of the EnerVista UR Setup main screen. Select the Template Mode > Remove Settings Template option. Enter the template password and click OK to continue. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 110: Securing And Locking Flexlogic Equations

    Click on Save to save and apply changes to the settings template. Select the Template Mode > View In Template Mode option to view the template. Apply a password to the template then click OK to secure the FlexLogic equation. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 111 FlexLogic entries in a settings file have been secured, use the following procedure to lock the settings file to a specific serial number. Select the settings file in the offline window. Right-click on the file and select the Edit Settings File Properties item. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 112: Settings File Traceability

    When a settings file is transferred to a L60 device, the date, time, and serial number of the L60 are sent back to EnerVista UR Setup and added to the settings file on the local PC. This infor- mation can be compared with the L60 actual values at any later date to determine if security has been compromised.
  • Page 113 4.2 EXTENDED ENERVISTA UR SETUP FEATURES The transfer date of a setting file written to a L60 is logged in the relay and can be viewed via EnerVista UR Setup or the front panel display. Likewise, the transfer date of a setting file saved to a local PC is logged in EnerVista UR Setup.
  • Page 114 ONLINE DEVICE TRACEABILITY INFORMATION The L60 serial number and file transfer date are available for an online device through the actual values. Select the Actual Values > Product Info > Model Information menu item within the EnerVista UR Setup online window as shown in the example below.
  • Page 115: Faceplate Interface

    The following figure shows the horizontal arrange- ment of the faceplate panels. Figure 4–16: UR-SERIES STANDARD HORIZONTAL FACEPLATE PANELS GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 4-13...
  • Page 116: Led Indicators

    The status indicators in the first column are described below. • IN SERVICE: This LED indicates that control power is applied, all monitored inputs, outputs, and internal systems are OK, and that the device has been programmed. 4-14 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 117 Support for applying a customized label beside every LED is provided. Default labels are shipped in the label pack- age of every L60, together with custom templates. The default labels can be replaced by user-printed labels. User customization of LED operation is of maximum benefit in installations where languages other than English are used to communicate with operators.
  • Page 118 User customization of LED operation is of maximum benefit in installations where languages other than English are used to communicate with operators. Refer to the User-programmable LEDs section in chapter 5 for the settings used to program the operation of the LEDs on these panels. 4-16 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 119: Custom Labeling Of Leds

    4.3.3 CUSTOM LABELING OF LEDS a) ENHANCED FACEPLATE The following procedure requires these pre-requisites: • EnerVista UR Setup software is installed and operational • The L60 settings have been saved to a settings file GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 4-17...
  • Page 120 Enter the text to appear next to each LED and above each user-programmable pushbuttons in the fields provided. Feed the L60 front panel label cutout sheet into a printer and press the Print button in the front panel report window.
  • Page 121 Bend the tabs at the left end of the tool upwards as shown below. Bend the tab at the center of the tool tail as shown below. The following procedure describes how to remove the LED labels from the L60 enhanced front panel and insert the custom labels.
  • Page 122 Slide the new LED label inside the pocket until the text is properly aligned with the LEDs, as shown below. The following procedure describes how to remove the user-programmable pushbutton labels from the L60 enhanced front panel and insert the custom labels.
  • Page 123 Slide the label tool under the user-programmable pushbutton label until the tabs snap out as shown below. This attaches the label tool to the user-programmable pushbutton label. Remove the tool and attached user-programmable pushbutton label as shown below. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 4-21...
  • Page 124: Display

    INTRODUCTION The L60 can interface with associated circuit breakers. In many cases the application monitors the state of the breaker, that can be presented on faceplate LEDs, along with a breaker trouble indication. Breaker operations can be manually initiated from faceplate keypad or automatically initiated from a FlexLogic operand.
  • Page 125: Menus

    “Enabled” for each breaker. 1(2) PUSH BUTTON CONTROL The L60 has features required for single-pole operation. Inputs that trip individual breaker poles and cause a breaker reclose are passed directly to this element. c) FACEPLATE (USER KEY) CONTROL After the 30 minute interval during which command functions are permitted after a correct command password, the user cannot open or close a breaker via the keypad.
  • Page 126 MESSAGE LEFT key from a setting value or actual value display returns to the header display. HIGHEST LEVEL LOWEST LEVEL (SETTING VALUE)  SETTINGS  SECURITY ACCESS LEVEL:  PRODUCT SETUP  Restricted  SETTINGS  SYSTEM SETUP 4-24 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 127 Pressing the MESSAGE DOWN key displays the second setting sub-header associ-  PROPERTIES ated with the Product Setup header.  Press the MESSAGE RIGHT key once more to display the first setting for Display FLASH MESSAGE Properties. TIME: 1.0 s GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 4-25...
  • Page 128: Changing Settings

    ENTERING ALPHANUMERIC TEXT Text settings have data values which are fixed in length, but user-defined in character. They can be upper case letters, lower case letters, numerals, and a selection of special characters. 4-26 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 129: Settings

    The information in this section refers to password security. For information on how to set or change CyberSentry pass- words, see the Settings > Product Setup > Security > CyberSentry section in the next chapter. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 4-27...
  • Page 130 By default, when an incorrect Command or Setting password has been entered via the faceplate interface three times within three minutes, the FlexLogic™ operand is set to “On” and the L60 does not allow settings or LOCAL ACCESS DENIED command level access via the faceplate interface for the next five minutes.
  • Page 131 4.3 FACEPLATE INTERFACE By default, when an incorrect Command or Setting password has been entered via any external communications interface three times within three minutes, the FlexLogic™ operand is set to and the L60 does not REMOTE ACCESS DENIED “ ”...
  • Page 132 4.3 FACEPLATE INTERFACE 4 HUMAN INTERFACES 4-30 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 133: Overview

    See page 5-82.   TELEPROTECTION See page 5-89.   INSTALLATION See page 5-90.   SETTINGS  AC INPUTS See page 5-91.  SYSTEM SETUP   POWER SYSTEM See page 5-93.  GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 134  SYNCHROCHECK See page 5-249.   DIGITAL ELEMENTS See page 5-253.   DIGITAL COUNTERS See page 5-256.   MONITORING See page 5-258.  ELEMENTS  PILOT SCHEMES See page 5-277.  L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 135  TRANSDUCER I/O   RTD INPUTS See page 5-311.   DCMA OUTPUTS See page 5-313.   SETTINGS TEST MODE See page 5-316.  TESTING FUNCTION: Disabled TEST MODE FORCING: See page 5-316. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 136: Introduction To Elements

    FUNCTION setting: This setting programs the element to be operational when selected as “Enabled”. The factory default is “Disabled”. Once programmed to “Enabled”, any element associated with the function becomes active and all options become available. • NAME setting: This setting is used to uniquely identify the element. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 137: Introduction To Ac Sources

    BACKGROUND The L60 is ordered with two CT/VT modules. If two breakers are involved in an application, the current must be summed externally. With two CT/VT modules, the L60 allows the connection of two breaker CTs directly to the relay, processing the currents individually for some functions and summing them for other functions by employing the sources mechanism.
  • Page 138 5 SETTINGS Sources, in the context of L60 series relays, refer to the logical grouping of current and voltage signals such that one source contains all the signals required to measure the load or fault in a particular power apparatus. A given source may contain all or some of the following signals: three-phase currents, single-phase ground current, three-phase voltages and an auxiliary voltages from a single-phase VT for checking for synchronism.
  • Page 139 Upon startup, the CPU configures the settings required to characterize the current and voltage inputs, and will display them in the appropriate section in the sequence of the banks (as described above) as follows for a maximum configuration: F1, F5, L1, L5, S1, and S5. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 140: Product Setup

    To reset the unit after a lost password: Email GE customer service at multilin.tech@ge.com with the serial number and using a recognizable corporate email account. Customer service provides a code to reset the relay to the factory defaults.
  • Page 141 When entering a settings or command password via EnerVista or any serial interface, the user must enter the correspond- ing connection password. If the connection is to the back of the L60, the remote password must be used. If the connection is to the RS232 port of the faceplate, the local password must be used.
  • Page 142 When lockout occurs, the LOCAL ACCESS DENIED FlexLogic operands are set to “On”. These operands are returned to the “Off” state upon REMOTE ACCESS DENIED expiration of the lockout. 5-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 143 INVALID ATTEMPTS BEFORE LOCKOUT The L60 provides a means to raise an alarm upon failed password entry. Should password verification fail while accessing a password-protected level of the relay (either settings or commands), the FlexLogic operand is UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS asserted.
  • Page 144 It is disabled by default to allow the administrator direct access to the EnerVista software immediately after installation. When security is disabled, all users have administrator access. GE recommends enabling the EnerVista security before placing the device in service.
  • Page 145 Enter a username in the User field. The username must be 4 to 20 characters in length. Select the user access rights by enabling the check box of one or more of the fields. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-13...
  • Page 146 Deletes the user account when exiting the user management window Actual Values Allows the user to read actual values Settings Allows the user to read setting values Commands Allows the user to execute commands 5-14 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 147  screen. SETTINGS PRODUCT SETUP SECURITY SUPERVISORY Note that other protocols (DNP, 101, 103, 104, EGD) are not encrypted, and they are good communications options for SCADA systems when CyberSentry is enabled. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-15...
  • Page 148 5.2 PRODUCT SETUP 5 SETTINGS CYBERSENTRY SETTINGS THROUGH ENERVISTA CyberSentry security settings are configured under Device > Settings > Product Setup > Security. Figure 5–2: CYBERSENTRY SECURITY PANEL 5-16 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 149 Authentication method used by RADIUS EAP-TTLS EAP-TTLS EAP-TTLS Administrator Authentication server. Currently fixed to EAP-TTLS. Method Timeout Timeout in seconds between re- 9999 Administrator transmission requests Retries Number of retries before giving up 9999 Administrator GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-17...
  • Page 150 Change Text The specified role password-protected. All RADIUS users are following following Me1# and Administrator, password-protected. password password except for section for section for Supervisor, where requirements requireme it is only itself 5-18 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 151 This role can also be disabled, but only through a Supervisor authentication. When this role is disabled its permissions are assigned to the Administrator role. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-19...
  • Page 152 LOAD FACTORY DEFAULTS: This setting is used to reset all the settings, communication and security passwords. An Administrator role is used to change this setting and a Supervisor role (if not disabled) approves it. 5-20 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 153 Administrator if the Supervisor role is disabled. The Supervisor role enables this setting for the relay to start accepting setting changes or command changes or firmware upgrade. After all the setting changes are applied or com- mands executed, the Supervisor disables to lock setting changes. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-21...
  • Page 154 RADIUS server. Once both the RADIUS server and the parameters for connecting UR to the server have been configured, you can choose server authentication on the login screen of EnerVista. 5-22 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 155 Username — 255 chars maximum, but in the security log it is truncated to 20 characters IP address — Device IP address Role — 16 bit unsigned, of type format F617 ENUMERATION ROLE None Administrator Supervisor Engineer Operator Factory GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-23...
  • Page 156: Display Properties

    DEFAULT MESSAGE TIMEOUT: If the keypad is inactive for a period of time, the relay automatically reverts to a default message. The inactivity time is modified via this setting to ensure messages remain on the screen long enough during programming or reading of actual values. 5-24 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 157 Some customers prefer very low currents to display as zero, while others prefer the current be displayed even when the value reflects noise rather than the actual signal. The L60 applies a cut- off value to the magnitudes and angles of the measured currents.
  • Page 158: Clear Relay Records

    Selected records can be cleared from user-programmable conditions with FlexLogic operands. Assigning user-programma- ble pushbuttons to clear specific records are typical applications for these commands. Since the L60 responds to rising edges of the configured FlexLogic operands, they must be asserted for at least 50 ms to take effect.
  • Page 159: Communications

    ETHERNET NETWORK TOPOLOGY The L60 has three Ethernet ports. Each Ethernet port must belong to a different network or subnetwork. Configure the IP address and subnet to ensure that each port meets this requirement. Two subnets are different when the bitwise AND oper- ation performed between their respective IP address and mask produces a different result.
  • Page 160 EnerVista, and access to the public network shared on the same LAN. No redundancy is provided. Figure 5–4: NETWORK CONFIGURATION FOR SINGLE LAN Public Network SCADA EnerVista Software LAN1 ML3000 IP1/ MAC1 859708A2.vsd 5-28 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 161 LAN3, to which port 3 (P3) is connected. There is no redundancy. Figure 5–6: MULTIPLE LANS, NO REDUNDANCY Public Network SCADA EnerVista Software LAN1 LAN2 LAN3 ML3000 ML3000 ML3000 IP1/ IP2/ IP3/ MAC2 MAC3 MAC1 859710A2.vsd GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-29...
  • Page 162 Port 3 is in standby mode and does not actively communicate on the Ethernet network but monitors its link to the Mul- tilink switch. If port 2 detects a problem with the link, communications is switched to Port 3. Port 3 is, in effect, acting as 5-30 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 163 Under normal circumstances both frames reach the destination and one of them is sent up the OSI stack to the destination application, while the second one is discarded. If an error occurs in one of the networks and GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-31...
  • Page 164 The default route is used as the last choice when no other route towards a given destination is found. Range: Standard IPV4 unicast address format  IPV4 DEFAULT ROUTE GATEWAY ADDRESS  127.0.0.1 5-32 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 165 (RtGwy & Prt1Mask) == (Prt1IP & Prt1Mask) || (RtGwy & Prt2Mask) == (Prt2IP & Prt2Mask) || (RtGwy & Prt3Mask) == (Prt3IP & Prt3Mask) where & is the bitwise-AND operator == is the equality operator || is the logical OR operator GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-33...
  • Page 166 PRT2 SUBNET IP MASK = 255.255.255.0 IPV4 DEFAULT ROUTE: GATEWAY ADDRESS = 10.1.1.1 STATIC NETWORK ROUTE 1: RT1 DESTINATION = 10.1.3.0/24; RT1 NET MASK = 255.255.255.0; and RT1 GATE- WAY = 10.1.2.1 5-34 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 167 This allows the EnerVista UR Setup software to be used on the port. The UR operates as a Modbus slave device only. When using Modbus protocol on the RS232 port, the L60 responds regardless of the pro- MODBUS SLAVE ADDRESS grammed.
  • Page 168 DNP POWER DEFAULT MESSAGE DEADBAND: 30000 Range: 0 to 100000000 in steps of 1 DNP ENERGY DEFAULT MESSAGE DEADBAND: 30000 Range: 0 to 100000000 in steps of 1 DNP PF DEFAULT MESSAGE DEADBAND: 30000 5-36 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 169 TIMEOUT: 120 s The L60 supports the Distributed Network Protocol (DNP) version 3.0. The L60 can be used as a DNP slave device con- nected to multiple DNP masters (usually an RTU or a SCADA master station). Since the L60 maintains two sets of DNP data change buffers and connection information, two DNP masters can actively communicate with the L60 at one time.
  • Page 170 DNP analog input points that are voltages will be returned with values 1000 times smaller (for example, a value of 72000 V on the L60 will be returned as 72). These settings are useful when analog input values must be adjusted to fit within cer- tain ranges in DNP masters.
  • Page 171 (for circuit breakers) or raise/lower (for tap changers) using a single control point. That is, the DNP master can operate a single point for both trip and close, or raise and lower, operations. The L60 can be configured to sup- port paired control points, with each paired control point operating two virtual inputs.
  • Page 172 60870-5-104 point lists must be in one continuous block, any points assigned after the first “Off” point are ignored. NOTE Changes to the DNP / IEC 60870-5-104 point lists will not take effect until the L60 is restarted. NOTE k) IEC 61850 PROTOCOL ...
  • Page 173 The L60 supports the Manufacturing Message Specification (MMS) protocol as specified by IEC 61850. MMS is supported over two protocol stacks: TCP/IP over Ethernet. The L60 operates as an IEC 61850 server. The Remote inputs and outputs section in this chapter describe the peer-to-peer GSSE/GOOSE message scheme.
  • Page 174 DESTINATION MAC address; the least significant bit of the first byte must be set. In L60 releases previous to 5.0x, the destination Ethernet MAC address was determined automatically by taking the sending MAC address (that is, the unique, local MAC address of the L60) and setting the multicast bit.
  • Page 175 The L60 has the ability of detecting if a data item in one of the GOOSE datasets is erroneously oscillating. This can be caused by events such as errors in logic programming, inputs improperly being asserted and de-asserted, or failed station components.
  • Page 176 Configure the transmission dataset. Configure the GOOSE service settings. Configure the data. The general steps required for reception configuration are: Configure the reception dataset. Configure the GOOSE service settings. Configure the data. 5-44 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 177 MMXU1 HZ DEADBAND change greater than 45 mHz, from the previous MMXU1.MX.mag.f value, in the source frequency. The L60 must be rebooted (control power removed and re-applied) before these settings take effect. The following procedure illustrates the reception configuration. Configure the reception dataset by making the following changes in the ...
  • Page 178 IEC61850 GOOSE ANALOG INPUT 1 UNITS The GOOSE analog input 1 can now be used as a FlexAnalog value in a FlexElement or in other settings. The L60 must be rebooted (control power removed and re-applied) before these settings take effect.
  • Page 179 DNA and UserSt bit pairs that are included in GSSE messages. To set up a L60 to receive a configurable GOOSE dataset that contains two IEC 61850 single point status indications, the following dataset items can be selected (for example, for configurable GOOSE dataset 1): “GGIO3.ST.Ind1.stVal” and “GGIO3.ST.Ind2.stVal”.
  • Page 180 CPU resources. When server scanning is disabled, there is no updating of the IEC 61850 logical node status values in the L60. Clients are still able to connect to the server (L60 relay), but most data values are not updated. This set- ting does not affect GOOSE/GSSE operation.
  • Page 181 (_) character, and the first character in the prefix must be a letter. This conforms to the IEC 61850 standard. Changes to the logical node prefixes will not take effect until the L60 is restarted. The main menu for the IEC 61850 MMXU deadbands is shown below.
  • Page 182 The GGIO2 control configuration settings are used to set the control model for each input. The available choices are “0” (status only), “1” (direct control), and “2” (SBO with normal security). The GGIO2 control points are used to control the L60 virtual inputs.
  • Page 183 GGIO1 (binary status values). The settings allow the selection of FlexInteger values for each GGIO5 integer value point. It is intended that clients use GGIO5 to access generic integer values from the L60. Additional settings are provided to allow the selection of the number of integer values available in GGIO5 (1 to 16), and to assign FlexInteger values to the GGIO5 integer inputs.
  • Page 184 ITEM 64 attributes supported by the L60. Changes to the dataset will only take effect when the L60 is restarted. It is recommended to use reporting service from logical node LLN0 if a user needs some (but not all) data from already existing GGIO1, GGIO4, and MMXU4 points and their quantity is not greater than 64 minus the number items in this dataset.
  • Page 185 XCBR operating counter status attribute (OpCnt) increments with every operation. Frequent breaker operation can result in very large OpCnt values over time. This setting allows the OpCnt to be reset to “0” for XCBR1. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-53...
  • Page 186 Since GSSE/GOOSE messages are multicast Ethernet by specification, they are not usually be forwarded by net- work routers. However, GOOSE messages may be forwarded by routers if the router has been configured for VLAN functionality. NOTE 5-54 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 187 Menu”. Web pages are available showing DNP and IEC 60870-5-104 points lists, Modbus registers, event records, fault reports, and so on. First connect the UR and a computer to an Ethernet network, then enter the IP address of the L60 into the “Address”...
  • Page 188 ENABLED: No The L60 supports the IEC 60870-5-104 protocol. The L60 can be used as an IEC 60870-5-104 slave device connected to a maximum of two masters (usually either an RTU or a SCADA master station). Since the L60 maintains two sets of IEC 60870-5-104 data change buffers, no more than two masters should actively communicate with the L60 at one time.
  • Page 189: Modbus User Map

    “1”. An address value of “0” in the initial register means “none” and values of “0” display for all registers. Different values can be entered as required in any of the register positions. ADDRESS GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-57...
  • Page 190: Real Time Clock

     PROTOCOL (1588) Disabled Range: 0 to 255 PTP DOMAIN NUMBER MESSAGE Range: 0 to 7 PTP VLAN PRIORITY MESSAGE Range: 0 to 4095 PTP VLAN ID  PTP PORT 1 MESSAGE  5-58 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 191 • This setting applies to all of the relay’s PTP capable ports. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-59...
  • Page 192 Ethernet switch it is connected to is 9 000 ns and the that the delay from the switch to the relay is 11 000 ns, then the mean delay is 10 000 ns, and the path delay asymmetry is 11000 - 10000 = +1000 ns. 5-60 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 193 L60 clock is closely synchronized with the SNTP/NTP server. It takes up to two minutes for the L60 to signal an SNTP self-test error if the server is offline.
  • Page 194: Fault Reports

    MESSAGE Z0 ANGLE: 75° The L60 relay supports one fault report and an associated fault locator. The signal source and trigger condition, as well as the characteristics of the line or feeder, are entered in this menu. The fault report stores data, in non-volatile memory, pertinent to an event when triggered. The captured data contained in the FaultReport.txt file includes:...
  • Page 195 V0 = –Z0 × I0. In order to enable this mode of operation, the FAULT setting shall be set to “I0”. REPORT 1 VT SUBSTITUTION GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-63...
  • Page 196: Oscillography

    Table 5–7: OSCILLOGRAPHY CYCLES/RECORD EXAMPLE RECORDS CT/VTS SAMPLE DIGITALS ANALOGS CYCLES/ RATE RECORD 14663 6945 3472 2868 1691 1221 A new record may automatically overwrite an older record if is set to “Automatic Overwrite”. TRIGGER MODE 5-64 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 197 - entering this number via the relay keypad will cause the corresponding parameter to be displayed. All eight CT/VT module channels are stored in the oscillography file. The CT/VT module channels are named as follows: GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-65...
  • Page 198: Data Logger

    The relay automatically partitions the available memory between the channels in use. Exam- ple storage capacities for a system frequency of 60 Hz are shown in the following table. 5-66 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 199 – entering this number via the relay keypad will cause the corresponding parameter to be displayed. • DATA LOGGER CONFIG: This display presents the total amount of time the Data Logger can record the channels not selected to “Off” without over-writing old data. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-67...
  • Page 200: User-programmable Leds

    The test responds to the position and rising edges of the control input defined by the set- LED TEST CONTROL ting. The control pulses must last at least 250 ms to take effect. The following diagram explains how the test is executed. 5-68 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 201 2. Once stage 2 has started, the pushbutton can be released. When stage 2 is completed, stage 3 will automatically start. The test may be aborted at any time by pressing the pushbutton. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-69...
  • Page 202 AR ENABLED LED 10 operand BREAKER 1 CLOSED LED 22 operand AR DISABLED LED 11 operand BREAKER 1 TROUBLE LED 23 operand AR RIP LED 12 operand LED 24 operand AR LO 5-70 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 203: User-programmable Self Tests

    There are three standard control pushbuttons, labeled USER 1, USER 2, and USER 3, on the standard and enhanced front panels. These are user-programmable and can be used for various applications such as performing an LED test, switching setting groups, and invoking and scrolling though user-programmable displays. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-71...
  • Page 204 The location of the control pushbuttons are shown in the following figures. Control pushbuttons 842813A1.CDR Figure 5–10: CONTROL PUSHBUTTONS (ENHANCED FACEPLATE) An additional four control pushbuttons are included on the standard faceplate when the L60 is ordered with the twelve user- programmable pushbutton option. STATUS EVENT CAUSE...
  • Page 205: User-programmable Pushbuttons

    PUSHBTN 1 DROP-OUT MESSAGE TIME: 0.00 s Range: FlexLogic operand PUSHBTN 1 LED CTL: MESSAGE Range: Disabled, Normal, High Priority PUSHBTN 1 MESSAGE: MESSAGE Disabled Range: Disabled, Enabled PUSHBUTTON 1 MESSAGE EVENTS: Disabled GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-73...
  • Page 206 The pushbutton is reset (deactivated) in latched mode by asserting the operand assigned to the set- PUSHBTN 1 RESET ting or by directly pressing the associated active front panel pushbutton. 5-74 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 207 This timer is reset upon release of the pushbutton. Note that any pushbutton operation will require the pushbutton to be pressed a minimum of 50 ms. This minimum time is required prior to activating the pushbutton hold timer. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-75...
  • Page 208 “Normal” if the setting is “High Priority” or “Normal”. PUSHBTN 1 MESSAGE • PUSHBUTTON 1 EVENTS: If this setting is enabled, each pushbutton state change will be logged as an event into event recorder. 5-76 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 209 Off = 0 SETTING SETTING Autoreset Delay Autoreset Function = Enabled = Disabled SETTING Drop-Out Timer TIMER FLEXLOGIC OPERAND 200 ms PUSHBUTTON 1 ON 842021A3.CDR Figure 5–15: USER-PROGRAMMABLE PUSHBUTTON LOGIC (Sheet 1 of 2) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-77...
  • Page 210 User-programmable pushbuttons require a type HP or HQ faceplate. If an HP or HQ type faceplate was ordered separately, the relay order code must be changed to indicate the correct faceplate option. This can be done via EnerVista UR Setup with the Maintenance > Enable Pushbutton command. NOTE 5-78 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 211: Flex State Parameters

    • USER-PROGRAMMABLE CONTROL INPUT: The user-definable displays also respond to the INVOKE AND SCROLL setting. Any FlexLogic operand (in particular, the user-programmable pushbutton operands), can be used to navigate the programmed displays. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-79...
  • Page 212 (setting, actual value, or command) which has a Modbus address, to view the hexadecimal form of the Modbus address, then manually convert it to decimal form before entering it (EnerVista UR Setup usage conveniently facilitates this conversion). 5-80 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 213 If the parameters for the top line and the bottom line items have the same units, then the unit is displayed on the bottom line only. The units are only displayed on both lines if the units specified both the top and bottom line items are different. NOTE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-81...
  • Page 214: Direct Inputs/outputs

    “Yes”), all direct output messages should be received back. If not, the direct input/output ring CH2 RING CONFIGURATION break self-test is triggered. The self-test error is signaled by the FlexLogic operand. DIRECT RING BREAK 5-82 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 215 The following application examples illustrate the basic concepts for direct input and output configuration. Please refer to the Inputs and outputs section in this chapter for information on configuring FlexLogic operands (flags, bits) to be exchanged. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-83...
  • Page 216 UR IED 1 BLOCK UR IED 4 UR IED 2 UR IED 3 842712A1.CDR Figure 5–18: SAMPLE INTERLOCKING BUSBAR PROTECTION SCHEME For increased reliability, a dual-ring configuration (shown below) is recommended for this application. 5-84 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 217 The complete application requires addressing a number of issues such as failure of both the communications rings, failure or out-of-service conditions of one of the relays, etc. Self-monitoring flags of the direct inputs and outputs feature would be primarily used to address these concerns. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-85...
  • Page 218 Inputs and outputs section. A blocking pilot-aided scheme should be implemented with more security and, ideally, faster message delivery time. This could be accomplished using a dual-ring configuration as shown below. 5-86 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 219 EVENTS: Disabled The L60 checks integrity of the incoming direct input and output messages using a 32-bit CRC. The CRC alarm function is available for monitoring the communication medium noise by tracking the rate of messages failing the CRC check. The monitoring function counts all incoming messages, including messages that failed the CRC check.
  • Page 220 MESSAGE EVENTS: Disabled The L60 checks integrity of the direct input and output communication ring by counting unreturned messages. In the ring configuration, all messages originating at a given device should return within a pre-defined period of time. The unreturned messages alarm function is available for monitoring the integrity of the communication ring by tracking the rate of unre- turned messages.
  • Page 221: Teleprotection

    On two- terminals two-channel systems, the same is transmitted over LOCAL RELAY ID NUMBER both channels; as such, only the has to be programmed on the receiving end. TERMINAL 1 ID NUMBER GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-89...
  • Page 222: Installation

    "Programmed" state. UNIT NOT PROGRAMMED setting allows the user to uniquely identify a relay. This name will appear on generated reports. RELAY NAME 5-90 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 223 1 pu will operate on 1000 A primary. The same rule applies for current sums from CTs with different secondary taps (5 A and 1 A). GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-91...
  • Page 224: Ac Inputs

    = 66.4. On a 14.4 kV system with a delta connection and a VT primary to secondary turns ratio of 14400:120, the voltage value entered would be 120; that is, 14400 / 120. 5-92 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 225: Power System

    FREQUENCY TRACKING frequency applications. NOTE The frequency tracking feature functions only when the L60 is in the “Programmed” mode. If the L60 is “Not Pro- grammed”, then metering values are available but can exhibit significant errors. NOTE When voltage is supplied to the relay through a VT, it is advisable to assign a source configured with a phase VT voltage (source 3 or 4) to track system frequency from voltage.
  • Page 226: Signal Sources

    In elements where the parameter may be either fundamental or RMS magnitude, such as phase time overcurrent, two settings are provided. One setting specifies the source, the second setting selects between fundamental phasor and RMS. 5-94 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 227 This configuration could be used on a two-winding transformer, with one winding connected into a breaker-and-a-half sys- tem. The following figure shows the arrangement of sources used to provide the functions required in this application, and the CT/VT inputs that are used to provide the data. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-95...
  • Page 228 Figure 5–24: EXAMPLE USE OF SOURCES Y LV D HV SRC 1 SRC 2 SRC 3 Phase CT F1+F5 None Ground CT None None Phase VT None None Aux VT None None 5-96 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 229: Breakers

    Range: 0.000 to 65.535 s in steps of 0.001 MANUAL CLOSE RECAL1 MESSAGE TIME: 0.000 s Range: FlexLogic operand BREAKER 1 OUT OF SV: MESSAGE Range: Disabled, Enabled BREAKER 1 EVENTS: MESSAGE Disabled GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-97...
  • Page 230 1. The number of breaker control elements is dependent on the number of CT/VT modules specified with the L60. The follow- ing settings are available for each breaker control element.
  • Page 231 5 SETTINGS 5.3 SYSTEM SETUP Figure 5–25: DUAL BREAKER CONTROL SCHEME LOGIC (Sheet 1 of 2) IEC 61850 functionality is permitted when the L60 is in “Programmed” mode and not in the local control mode. NOTE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 232 Note that IEC 61850 commands are event-driven and dwell time for these is one protection pass only. If you want to main- tain the close/open command for a certain time, do so either on the contact outputs using the "Seal-in" setting or in Flex- Logic. 5-100 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 233: Disconnect Switches

    For greater security in determination of the switch pole position, both the 89/a and 89/b auxiliary contacts are used with reporting of the discrepancy between them. The number of available disconnect switches depends on the number of the CT/VT modules ordered with the L60. •...
  • Page 234 SWITCH 1 ALARM DELAY: This setting specifies the delay interval during which a disagreement of status among the three-pole position tracking operands will not declare a pole disagreement. This allows for non-simultaneous operation of the poles. IEC 61850 functionality is permitted when the L60 is in “Programmed” mode and not in the local control mode. NOTE 5-102...
  • Page 235 5 SETTINGS 5.3 SYSTEM SETUP Figure 5–27: DISCONNECT SWITCH SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-103...
  • Page 236: Flexcurves

    15.0 0.48 0.88 15.5 0.50 0.90 16.0 0.52 0.91 16.5 0.54 0.92 17.0 0.56 0.93 17.5 0.58 0.94 18.0 0.60 0.95 18.5 0.62 0.96 19.0 0.64 0.97 19.5 0.66 0.98 10.0 20.0 5-104 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 237 The multiplier and adder settings only affect the curve portion of the characteristic and not the MRT and HCT set- tings. The HCT settings override the MRT settings for multiples of pickup greater than the HCT ratio. NOTE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-105...
  • Page 238 EnerVista UR Setup software generates an error message and discards the proposed changes. NOTE e) STANDARD RECLOSER CURVES The standard recloser curves available for the L60 are displayed in the following graphs. 5-106 L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 239 842723A1.CDR Figure 5–31: RECLOSER CURVES GE101 TO GE106 GE142 GE138 GE120 GE113 0.05 7 8 9 10 12 CURRENT (multiple of pickup) 842725A1.CDR Figure 5–32: RECLOSER CURVES GE113, GE120, GE138 AND GE142 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-107...
  • Page 240 Figure 5–33: RECLOSER CURVES GE134, GE137, GE140, GE151 AND GE201 GE152 GE141 GE131 GE200 7 8 9 10 12 CURRENT (multiple of pickup) 842728A1.CDR Figure 5–34: RECLOSER CURVES GE131, GE141, GE152, AND GE200 5-108 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 241 Figure 5–35: RECLOSER CURVES GE133, GE161, GE162, GE163, GE164 AND GE165 GE132 GE139 GE136 GE116 0.05 GE117 GE118 0.02 0.01 7 8 9 10 12 CURRENT (multiple of pickup) 842726A1.CDR Figure 5–36: RECLOSER CURVES GE116, GE117, GE118, GE132, GE136, AND GE139 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-109...
  • Page 242 Figure 5–37: RECLOSER CURVES GE107, GE111, GE112, GE114, GE115, GE121, AND GE122 GE202 GE135 GE119 7 8 9 10 12 CURRENT (multiple of pickup) 842727A1.CDR Figure 5–38: RECLOSER CURVES GE119, GE135, AND GE202 5-110 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 243: Flexlogic

    Figure 5–39: UR ARCHITECTURE OVERVIEW The states of all digital signals used in the L60 are represented by flags (or FlexLogic operands, which are described later in this section). A digital “1” is represented by a 'set' flag. Any external contact change-of-state can be used to block an ele- ment from operating, as an input to a control feature in a FlexLogic equation, or to operate a contact output.
  • Page 244 Some types of operands are present in the relay in multiple instances; e.g. contact and remote inputs. These types of oper- ands are grouped together (for presentation purposes only) on the faceplate display. The characteristics of the different types of operands are listed in the table below. Table 5–13: L60 FLEXLOGIC OPERAND TYPES OPERAND TYPE STATE...
  • Page 245 5 SETTINGS 5.4 FLEXLOGIC The operands available for this relay are listed alphabetically by types in the following table. Table 5–14: L60 FLEXLOGIC OPERANDS (Sheet 1 of 10) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION CONTROL CONTROL PUSHBTN 1 ON Control pushbutton 1 is being pressed...
  • Page 246 5.4 FLEXLOGIC 5 SETTINGS Table 5–14: L60 FLEXLOGIC OPERANDS (Sheet 2 of 10) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION ELEMENT: AR ENABLED Autoreclosure is enabled and ready to perform Autoreclose AR DISABLED Autoreclosure is disabled (1P/3P) AR RIP Autoreclosure is in “reclose-in-progress” state...
  • Page 247 5 SETTINGS 5.4 FLEXLOGIC Table 5–14: L60 FLEXLOGIC OPERANDS (Sheet 3 of 10) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION ELEMENT: BREAKER 1 OFF CMD Breaker 1 open command initiated Breaker control BREAKER 1 ON CMD Breaker 1 close command initiated BREAKER 1 ΦA BAD ST...
  • Page 248 5.4 FLEXLOGIC 5 SETTINGS Table 5–14: L60 FLEXLOGIC OPERANDS (Sheet 4 of 10) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION ELEMENT: GROUND TOC1 PKP Ground time overcurrent 1 has picked up Ground time GROUND TOC1 OP Ground time overcurrent 1 has operated...
  • Page 249 5 SETTINGS 5.4 FLEXLOGIC Table 5–14: L60 FLEXLOGIC OPERANDS (Sheet 5 of 10) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION ELEMENT: OPEN POLE OP ФA Open pole condition is detected in phase A Open pole detector OPEN POLE OP ФB Open pole condition is detected in phase B OPEN POLE OP ФC...
  • Page 250 5.4 FLEXLOGIC 5 SETTINGS Table 5–14: L60 FLEXLOGIC OPERANDS (Sheet 6 of 10) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION ELEMENT PHASE SELECT AG Phase A to ground fault is detected Phase select PHASE SELECT BG Phase B to ground fault is detected...
  • Page 251 5 SETTINGS 5.4 FLEXLOGIC Table 5–14: L60 FLEXLOGIC OPERANDS (Sheet 7 of 10) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION ELEMENT: SETTING GROUP ACT 1 Setting group 1 is active Setting group SETTING GROUP ACT 2 Setting group 2 is active...
  • Page 252 5.4 FLEXLOGIC 5 SETTINGS Table 5–14: L60 FLEXLOGIC OPERANDS (Sheet 8 of 10) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION ELEMENT: THERMAL PROT 1 PKP Thermal overload protection 1 picked up Thermal overload THERMAL PROT 1 OP Thermal overload protection 1 operated...
  • Page 253 5 SETTINGS 5.4 FLEXLOGIC Table 5–14: L60 FLEXLOGIC OPERANDS (Sheet 9 of 10) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION LED INDICATORS: LED IN SERVICE Asserted when the front panel IN SERVICE LED is on Fixed front panel LED TROUBLE Asserted when the front panel TROUBLE LED is on...
  • Page 254 5.4 FLEXLOGIC 5 SETTINGS Table 5–14: L60 FLEXLOGIC OPERANDS (Sheet 10 of 10) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION USER- PUSHBUTTON 1 ON Pushbutton number 1 is in the “On” position PROGRAMMABLE PUSHBUTTON 1 OFF Pushbutton number 1 is in the “Off” position...
  • Page 255: Flexlogic Rules

    When making changes to FlexLogic entries in the settings, all FlexLogic equations are re-compiled whenever any new FlexLogic entry value is entered, and as a result of the re-compile all latches are reset automatically. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-123...
  • Page 256: Flexlogic Example

    Dropout State=Pickup (200 ms) DIGITAL ELEMENT 2 Timer 1 State=Operated Time Delay on Pickup (800 ms) CONTACT INPUT H1c State=Closed VIRTUAL OUTPUT 3 827026A2.VSD Figure 5–41: LOGIC EXAMPLE WITH VIRTUAL OUTPUTS 5-124 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 257 Following the procedure outlined, start with parameter 99, as follows: 99: The final output of the equation is virtual output 3, which is created by the operator "= Virt Op n". This parameter is therefore "= Virt Op 3." GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-125...
  • Page 258 87: The input just below the upper input to OR #1 is operand “Virt Op 2 On". 86: The upper input to OR #1 is operand “Virt Op 1 On". 85: The last parameter is used to set the latch, and is operand “Virt Op 4 On". 5-126 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 259 In the following equation, virtual output 3 is used as an input to both latch 1 and timer 1 as arranged in the order shown below: DIG ELEM 2 OP Cont Ip H1c On AND(2) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-127...
  • Page 260: Flexlogic Equation Editor

    TIMER 1 TYPE: This setting is used to select the time measuring unit. • TIMER 1 PICKUP DELAY: Sets the time delay to pickup. If a pickup delay is not required, set this function to "0". 5-128 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 261: Flexelements

    The element can be programmed to respond either to a signal level or to a rate-of-change (delta) over a pre-defined period of time. The output operand is asserted when the operating signal is higher than a threshold or lower than a threshold as per user's choice. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-129...
  • Page 262 The FLEXELEMENT 1 DIRECTION following figure explains the application of the FLEXELEMENT 1 DIRECTION FLEXELEMENT 1 PICKUP FLEXELEMENT 1 HYS- settings. TERESIS 5-130 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 263 DIRECTION = Under; FLEXELEMENT INPUT MODE = Signed; FlexElement 1 OpSig FLEXELEMENT 1 PKP FLEXELEMENT DIRECTION = Under; FLEXELEMENT INPUT MODE = Absolute; FlexElement 1 OpSig 842706A2.CDR Figure 5–49: FLEXELEMENT INPUT MODE SETTING GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-131...
  • Page 264 “Delta”. FLEXELEMENT 1 COMP MODE This setting specifies the pickup delay of the element. The setting FLEXELEMENT 1 PKP DELAY FLEXELEMENT 1 RST DELAY specifies the reset delay of the element. 5-132 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 265: Non-volatile Latches

    LATCH N LATCH N LATCH N TYPE RESET Reset Dominant Previous Previous State State Dominant Previous Previous State State Figure 5–50: NON-VOLATILE LATCH OPERATION TABLE (N = 1 to 16) AND LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-133...
  • Page 266: Grouped Elements

    Each of the six setting group menus is identical. Setting group 1 (the default active group) automatically becomes active if no other group is active (see the Control elements section for additional details). 5-134 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 267 0.0 ms Range: –5.0 to 5.0 ms in steps of 0.1 87PC CH2 ASYMMETRY: MESSAGE 0.0 ms Range: 0.0 to 30.0 ms in steps of 0.1 87PC CH1 DELAY: MESSAGE 0.0 ms GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-135...
  • Page 268 2TL-UB-DPC-2FC: two-terminal line, unblocking, dual phase comparison, two frequency channel (FSK PLC only); scheme cannot be used for breaker-and-a-half applications. – 2TL-TR-DPC-3FC:two-terminal line, permissive tripping, dual phase comparison, three frequency channel. – 2TL-BL-DPC-3FC: three-terminal line, blocking scheme, dual phase comparison, three frequency channel. 5-136 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 269 87PC SIGNAL SOURCE: Selects whether current is supplied from one current source (either single-breaker CT appli- cation or dual-breakers with CTs summed externally) or from two separate sources (breaker-and-a-half or ring configu- rations), where currents from both CTs are fed into the L60 individually. •...
  • Page 270 In part b), tripping occurs at the second coincidence if at the first coincidence integrator exceeded the stability angle setting but did not reach the enhanced stability angle setting. 5-138 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 271 87PC function to the contact output. These setting are used for breaker 1 and 2 (if used) trip coil connections. Phase comparison signals are important for the analysis of 87PC operation. As such, they are recorded in oscillography. A list of the 87PC channels recorded in oscillography is shown below. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-139...
  • Page 272 Tx Pos Transmit signal per 87PC logic Tx Neg Transmit signal per 87PC logic FDH Aligned Refer to the Application of settings chapter for the calculation examples for the phase comparison element. 5-140 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 273 All phase comparison signals are captured and available in oscillography for commis- 87PC CH2 ASYMMETRY sioning, troubleshooting, and analysis purposes. The L60 features excellent stability during channel noise due to the high sampling rate of the received signal, and the unique integrator makes the digital phase-comparison relay fully equivalent to analogue phase-comparison relays.
  • Page 274 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–52: OVERALL PHASE COMPARISON LOGIC 5-142 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 275 NEG SEQ VOL FDL MESSAGE PICKUP: 0.010 pu Range: 0.005 to 3.000 pu in steps of 0.001 NEG SEQ VOL FDH MESSAGE PICKUP: 0.050 pu Range: any FlexLogic operand NEG SEQ VOL FD BLK: MESSAGE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-143...
  • Page 276 87PC V2 FDL OP Σ Neg-seq voltage, V_2 (summed 87PC function > FDH PICKUP 87PC V2 FDH OP current) L1 PHASE CT BANK: Neg-seq current, I_2 831799A2.CDR Figure 5–53: NEGATIVE-SEQUENCE VOLTAGE FAULT DETECTOR LOGIC 5-144 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 277 Select a FlexLogic operand that, if asserted, should block this fault detector. • NEG SEQ di/dt FD TARGET: This setting controls targets of the function. These targets operate independently from the 87PC targets. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-145...
  • Page 278 Note that all fault detectors operate in parallel toward the 87PC function. If not required, a given fault detec- tor shall be disabled. To effectively disable the overcurrent fault detectors under the main 87PC menu, set their thresh- old very high. 5-146 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 279 > FDH PICKUP current) Pos-seq current, I_1 FDH SEAL-IN: SETTINGS (*) value delayed POS SEQ FDH by 0.5 cycle SUPV: Off = 0 831801A2.CDR Figure 5–55: POSITIVE-SEQUENCE CURRENT RATE OF CHANGE FAULT DETECTOR LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-147...
  • Page 280 NEG SEQ I_2 FD EVENTS: This setting controls event recording of the negative-sequence overcurrent advanced fault detector function. These events are logged independently from the 87PC events. Figure 5–56: NEGATIVE-SEQUENCE OVERCURRENT ADVANCED FAULT DETECTOR LOGIC 5-148 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 281 POS SEQ I_1 FD EVENTS: This setting controls event recording of the positive-sequence overcurrent advanced fault detector function. These events are logged independently from the 87PC events. Figure 5–57: POSITIVE-SEQUENCE OVERCURRENT ADVANCED FAULT DETECTOR LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-149...
  • Page 282 ZERO SEQ CAPACITIVE REACTANCE No shunt reactors on the line or reactor current is subtracted from the line current, forcing the L60 to measure the uncompensated by shunt reactors load/fault current plus the full charging current.
  • Page 283 The calculated charging current per line terminal is recorded in oscillography per each phase. NOTE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-151...
  • Page 284 If no element is required, the default value “Off” should be used. • OPEN BREAKER KEYING PKP DELAY: Delays the operation of open breaker keying to override disagreement between main and auxiliary contacts of the breaker or any other operating conditions. 5-152 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 285 FDH trip-level fault detector at the remote terminal during fault clearing. The default reset time can be changed according to local conditions. Figure 5–59: OPEN BREAKER ECHO SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-153...
  • Page 286 2 or excessive phase current within eight power cycles after the autorecloser issues a close command results in the FlexLogic operand. For security, the overcurrent trip is supervised by LINE PICKUP RCL TRIP 5-154 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 287 1 extension functionality if external autoreclosure is employed. Another zone 1 extension approach is to permanently apply an overreaching zone, and reduce the reach when reclosing. This philosophy can be programmed via the autore- close scheme. Figure 5–60: LINE PICKUP SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-155...
  • Page 288: Distance

    (logic 1), the distance functions become memory-polarized regardless of the positive-sequence voltage magnitude at this time. When the selected operand is de-asserted (logic 0), the distance functions follow other conditions of the memory volt- age logic. 5-156 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 289 NOTE The distance zones of the L60 are identical to that of the UR-series D60 Line Distance Relay. For additional infor- mation on the L60 distance functions, see the Theory of Operation chapter of the D60 manual, available on the GE EnerVista CD or free on the GE Digital Energy web page.
  • Page 290 PHS DIST Z1 DIR: All phase distance zones are reversible. The forward direction is defined by the PHS DIST Z1 RCA setting, whereas the reverse direction is shifted 180° from that angle. The non-directional zone spans between the for- 5-158 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 291 COMP LIMIT DIR COMP LIMIT DIR COMP LIMIT DIR RCA 837720A1.CDR Figure 5–62: DIRECTIONAL MHO DISTANCE CHARACTERISTIC COMP LIMIT REV REACH 837802A1.CDR Figure 5–63: NON-DIRECTIONAL MHO DISTANCE CHARACTERISTIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-159...
  • Page 292 Figure 5–64: DIRECTIONAL QUADRILATERAL PHASE DISTANCE CHARACTERISTIC COMP LIMIT COMP LIMIT LFT BLD RCA RGT BLD RCA -LFT BLD RGT BLD REV REACH COMP LIMIT COMP LIMIT 837803A1.CDR Figure 5–65: NON-DIRECTIONAL QUADRILATERAL PHASE DISTANCE CHARACTERISTIC 5-160 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 293 DIR COMP LIMIT = 60 RGT BLD RCA = 90 RGT BLD RCA = 80 LFT BLD RCA = 90 LFT BLD RCA = 80 837723A1.CDR Figure 5–67: QUADRILATERAL DISTANCE CHARACTERISTIC SAMPLE SHAPES GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-161...
  • Page 294 Therefore, in order to calculate the SIR value properly and to maintain the optimal operating speed of the distance ele- ments, you need to set zone 1 reach with a regular 80 to 85% of the line impedance reach setting, even when zone 1 is disabled. 5-162 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 295 PHS DIST Z1 DELAY: This setting allows the user to delay operation of the distance elements and implement stepped distance protection. The distance element timers for zones 2 and higher apply a short dropout delay to cope with faults GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-163...
  • Page 296 PH DIST Z1 SUPN IBC PH DIST Z1 SUPN ICA OPEN POLE OP ** ** D60, L60, and L90 only. Other UR-series models apply regular current seal-in for zone 1. 837017A8.CDR Figure 5–69: PHASE DISTANCE ZONE 1 OP SCHEME Figure 5–70: PHASE DISTANCE ZONE 2 OP SCHEME...
  • Page 297 5 SETTINGS 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS Figure 5–71: PHASE DISTANCE ZONES 3 AND HIGHER OP SCHEME Figure 5–72: PHASE DISTANCE SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-165...
  • Page 298 Range: 60 to 90° in steps of 1 GND DIST Z1 QUAD MESSAGE LFT BLD RCA: 85° Range: 0.050 to 30.000 pu in steps of 0.001 GND DIST Z1 MESSAGE SUPV: 0.200 pu 5-166 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 299 The directional and non-directional quadrilateral ground distance characteristics are shown below. The directional and non-directional mho ground distance characteristics are the same as those shown for the phase distance element in the previous sub-section. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-167...
  • Page 300 Note that internally the mutual coupling com- pensation is applied only if 3I_0>1.22*IG to ensure that no mutual coupling compensation is applied when the fault is 5-168 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 301 In conjunction with the quadrilateral shape selection, this setting defines the only directional function built into the ground distance element. The directional function uses memory voltage for polar- ization. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-169...
  • Page 302 GND DIST Z1 PKP C FLEXLOGIC OPERANDS GND DIST Z1 SUPN IN OPEN POLE OP ** ** D60, L60, and L90 only. Other UR-series models apply regular current seal-in for zone 1. 837018A7.CDR Figure 5–75: GROUND DISTANCE ZONE 1 OP SCHEME 5-170...
  • Page 303 3 or 4 to zone 2. The desired zones should be assigned in the trip output element to accomplish this NOTE functionality. Figure 5–77: GROUND DISTANCE ZONES 3 AND HIGHER OP SCHEME GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-171...
  • Page 304 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–78: GROUND DISTANCE ZONE 1 SCHEME LOGIC 5-172 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 305 Otherwise, the reverse fault condition that generates concern will have high polarizing levels so that a cor- rect reverse fault decision can be reliably made. The supervision for zones 2 and 3 is removed during open pole conditions. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-173...
  • Page 306 LIMIT ANGLE: 120° Range: 40 to 140° in steps of 1 POWER SWING MIDDLE MESSAGE LIMIT ANGLE: 90° Range: 40 to 140° in steps of 1 POWER SWING INNER MESSAGE LIMIT ANGLE: 60° 5-174 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 307 Different protection elements respond differently to power swings. If tripping is required for faults during power swing condi- tions, some elements may be blocked permanently (using the operand), and others may be blocked POWER SWING BLOCK and dynamically unblocked upon fault detection (using the operand). POWER SWING UN/BLOCK GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-175...
  • Page 308: Power Swing Detect

    The element can be set to use either lens (mho) or rectangular (quadrilateral) characteristics as illustrated below. When set to “Mho”, the element applies the right and left blinders as well. If the blinders are not required, their settings should be set high enough to effectively disable the blinders. 5-176 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 309 5 SETTINGS 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS Figure 5–81: POWER SWING DETECT MHO OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS Figure 5–82: EFFECTS OF BLINDERS ON THE MHO CHARACTERISTICS GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-177...
  • Page 310 POWER SWING SHAPE: This setting selects the shapes (either “Mho” or “Quad”) of the outer, middle and, inner char- acteristics of the power swing detect element. The operating principle is not affected. The “Mho” characteristics use the left and right blinders. 5-178 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 311 (the actual trip may be delayed as per the setting). Therefore, this angle must be selected in consider- TRIP MODE ation to the power swing angle beyond which the system becomes unstable and cannot recover. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-179...
  • Page 312 The blocking signal resets the output operand but does not stop the out-of-step tripping sequence. POWER SWING TRIP 5-180 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 313 5 SETTINGS 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS Figure 5–84: POWER SWING DETECT SCHEME LOGIC (1 of 3) Figure 5–85: POWER SWING DETECT SCHEME LOGIC (2 of 3) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-181...
  • Page 314 L1 AND L4 LATCHES ARE SET DOMINANT L2, L3 AND L5 LATCHES ARE RESET DOMINANT Off=0 FLEXLOGIC OPERAND POWER SWING OUTGOING 827841A4.CDR Figure 5–86: POWER SWING DETECT SCHEME LOGIC (3 of 3) 5-182 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 315: Load Encroachment

    The element operates if the positive-sequence voltage is above a settable level and asserts its output signal that can be used to block selected protection elements such as distance or phase overcurrent. The following figure shows an effect of the load encroachment characteristics used to block the quadrilateral distance element. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-183...
  • Page 316 If the voltage is below this threshold a blocking signal will not be asserted by the element. When selecting this setting one must remember that the L60 measures the phase-to-ground sequence voltages regardless of the VT connection.
  • Page 317: Phase Current

     DIRECTIONAL 2 b) INVERSE TIME OVERCURRENT CURVE CHARACTERISTICS The inverse time overcurrent curves used by the time overcurrent elements are the IEEE, IEC, GE Type IAC, and I t stan- dard curve shapes. This allows for simplified coordination with downstream devices.
  • Page 318 4.827 38.634 22.819 14.593 11.675 10.130 9.153 8.470 7.960 7.562 7.241 51.512 30.426 19.458 15.567 13.507 12.204 11.294 10.614 10.083 9.654 10.0 64.390 38.032 24.322 19.458 16.883 15.255 14.117 13.267 12.604 12.068 5-186 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 319 1.835 1.067 0.668 0.526 0.451 0.404 0.371 0.346 0.327 0.311 0.80 2.446 1.423 0.890 0.702 0.602 0.538 0.494 0.461 0.435 0.415 1.00 3.058 1.778 1.113 0.877 0.752 0.673 0.618 0.576 0.544 0.518 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-187...
  • Page 320 = characteristic constant, and T = reset time in seconds (assuming energy capacity is 100% RESET is “Timed”) RESET Table 5–24: GE TYPE IAC INVERSE TIME CURVE CONSTANTS IAC CURVE SHAPE IAC Extreme Inverse 0.0040 0.6379 0.6200 1.7872 0.2461...
  • Page 321 = Reset Time in seconds (assuming energy capacity is 100% and RESET: Timed) RESET RECLOSER CURVES: The L60 uses the FlexCurve feature to facilitate programming of 41 recloser curves. Please refer to the FlexCurve section in this chapter for additional details. GE Multilin...
  • Page 322 (see the figure below); the pickup level is calculated as ‘Mvr’ times the setting. If the voltage restraint PHASE TOC1 PICKUP feature is disabled, the pickup level always remains at the setting value. 5-190 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 323 5 SETTINGS 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS Phase-Phase Voltage ÷ VT Nominal Phase-phase Voltage 818784A4.CDR Figure 5–90: PHASE TIME OVERCURRENT VOLTAGE RESTRAINT CHARACTERISTIC Figure 5–91: PHASE TIME OVERCURRENT 1 SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-191...
  • Page 324 The input current is the fundamental phasor magnitude. For timing curves, see the publication Instan- taneous Overcurrent Element Response to Saturated Waveforms in UR-Series Relays (GET-8400A). Figure 5–92: PHASE INSTANTANEOUS OVERCURRENT 1 SCHEME LOGIC 5-192 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 325 CTs and the line-line voltage from the VTs, based on the 90° or quadrature connection. If there is a requirement to supervise overcurrent elements for flows in opposite directions, such as can happen through a bus-tie breaker, two phase directional elements should be programmed with opposite element characteristic angle (ECA) settings. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-193...
  • Page 326 10 ms must be added to all the instantaneous protection elements under the supervi- sion of the phase directional element. If current reversal is of a concern, a longer delay – in the order of 20 ms – may be needed. 5-194 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 327: Neutral Current

     NEUTRAL TOC3 MESSAGE See page 5–196.   NEUTRAL TOC4 MESSAGE See page 5–196.   NEUTRAL IOC1 MESSAGE See page 5–197.  ↓  NEUTRAL IOC4 MESSAGE See page 5–197.  GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-195...
  • Page 328 The neutral current input value is a quantity calculated as 3Io from the phase currents and may be programmed as fundamental phasor magnitude or total waveform RMS magnitude as required by the application. 5-196 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 329 The positive-sequence restraint allows for more sensitive settings by counterbalancing spurious zero-sequence currents resulting from: • System unbalances under heavy load conditions • Transformation errors of current transformers (CTs) during double-line and three-phase faults. • Switch-off transients during double-line and three-phase faults. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-197...
  • Page 330 NEUTRAL DIR OC1 REV MESSAGE LIMIT ANGLE: 90° Range: 0.006 to 30.000 pu in steps of 0.001 NEUTRAL DIR OC1 REV MESSAGE PICKUP: 0.050 pu Range: FlexLogic operand NEUTRAL DIR OC1 BLK: MESSAGE 5-198 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 331 –V_0 + Z_offset × I_0 I_0 × 1∠ECA = 3 × (|I_0|) if |I | ≤ 0.8 pu Forward Dual, Dual-V, Dual-I –V_0 + Z_offset × I_0 –I_0 × 1∠ECA Reverse –I_0 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-199...
  • Page 332 (reference) REV Operating FWD Operating Region Region 3I_0 line ECA line –ECA line –3I_0 line FWD LA REV LA line 3V_0 line line 827805A1.CDR Figure 5–97: NEUTRAL DIRECTIONAL VOLTAGE-POLARIZED CHARACTERISTICS 5-200 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 333 180°. • NEUTRAL DIR OC1 FWD LIMIT ANGLE: This setting defines a symmetrical (in both directions from the ECA) limit angle for the forward direction. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-201...
  • Page 334 When selecting this setting it must be kept in mind that the design uses a positive-sequence restraint technique for the “Calculated 3I0” mode of operation. Figure 5–98: NEUTRAL DIRECTIONAL OVERCURRENT LOGIC 5-202 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 335: Wattmetric Ground Fault

    VT connected to the auxiliary channel bank of the relay). When the latter selection is made, the auxiliary channel must be identified by the user as a neutral voltage under the VT bank settings. This element operates when the auxil- iary voltage is configured as neutral. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-203...
  • Page 336   FlexCurve --------- - (EQ 5.22)   Again, the FlexCurve timer starts after the definite time timer expires. 5-204 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 337 Figure 5–99: WATTMETRIC CHARACTERISTIC ANGLE RESPONSE • WATTMETRIC GND FLT 1 MULTIPLIER: This setting is applicable if above is selected WATTMETRIC GND FLT 1 CURVE to Inverse and defines the multiplier factor for the inverse time delay. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-205...
  • Page 338 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–100: WATTMETRIC ZERO-SEQUENCE DIRECTIONAL LOGIC 5-206 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 339: Ground Current

    GROUND TOC 1 SETTING RESET: GROUND TOC1 PKP GROUND TOC1 GROUND TOC1 DPO PICKUP SOURCE: GROUND TOC1 OP SETTING GROUND TOC1 BLOCK: 827036A4.VSD Off = 0 Figure 5–101: GROUND TOC1 SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-207...
  • Page 340 GROUND IOC1 PICKUP Enabled = 1 SETTING DELAY: GROUND IOC1 GROUND IOC1 RESET SETTING PICKUP: DELAY: GROUND IOC1 SOURCE: PICKUP SETTING GROUND IOC1 BLOCK: 827037A5.VSD Off = 0 Figure 5–102: GROUND IOC1 SCHEME LOGIC 5-208 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 341: Negative Sequence Current

    MESSAGE See page 5–212.  The L60 Line Phase Comparison System has two (2) Negative Sequence Time Overcurrent, two (2) Negative Sequence Instantaneous Overcurrent, and two (2) Negative Sequence Directional Overcurrent elements. These are described in the following sub-sections. GE Multilin...
  • Page 342 For example, if the element reset characteristic is set to “Instantaneous” and the element is blocked, the time accumulator is cleared immediately. Figure 5–103: NEGATIVE SEQUENCE TOC1 SCHEME LOGIC 5-210 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 343 The operating quantity depends on the way the test currents are injected into the relay (single-phase injection: ⋅ 0.2917 I ; three-phase injection, opposite rotation: injected injected Figure 5–104: NEGATIVE SEQUENCE IOC1 SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-211...
  • Page 344 The positive-sequence restraint allows for more sensitive settings by counterbalancing spurious negative-sequence and zero-sequence currents resulting from: • System unbalances under heavy load conditions. • Transformation errors of current transformers (CTs). • Fault inception and switch-off transients. 5-212 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 345 CT errors, since the current is low. The operating quantity depends on the way the test currents are injected into the L60. For single phase injection: = ⅓ × (1 – K) × I •...
  • Page 346 The element characteristic angle in the reverse direction is the angle set for the forward direction shifted by 180°. • NEG SEQ DIR OC1 FWD LIMIT ANGLE: This setting defines a symmetrical (in both directions from the ECA) limit angle for the forward direction. 5-214 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 347 When NEG SEQ DIR OC1 TYPE selecting this setting it must be kept in mind that the design uses a positive-sequence restraint technique. Figure 5–106: NEGATIVE SEQUENCE DIRECTIONAL OC1 SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-215...
  • Page 348: Breaker Failure

    Range: 0.001 to 30.000 pu in steps of 0.001 BF1 N AMP HISET MESSAGE PICKUP: 1.050 pu Range: 0.001 to 30.000 pu in steps of 0.001 BF1 PH AMP LOSET MESSAGE PICKUP: 1.050 pu 5-216 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 349 For the L60 relay, the protection trip signal initially sent to the breaker is already programmed as a trip output. The protection trip signal does not include other breaker commands that are not indicative of a fault in the protected zone.
  • Page 350 BREAKER FAILURE TIMER No. 2 (±1/8 cycle) INITIATE (1/8 cycle) BREAKER FAILURE CURRENT DETECTOR PICKUP (1/8 cycle) BREAKER FAILURE OUTPUT RELAY PICKUP (1/4 cycle) FAULT cycles OCCURS 827083A6.CDR Figure 5–107: BREAKER FAILURE MAIN PATH SEQUENCE 5-218 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 351 In microprocessor relays this time is not significant. In L60 relays, which use a Fourier transform, the calculated current magnitude will ramp-down to zero one power frequency cycle after the current is interrupted, and this lag should be included in the overall margin duration, as it occurs after current interruption.
  • Page 352 Upon operation of the breaker failure element for a single pole trip command, a three-pole trip command should be given via output operand BKR FAIL 1 TRIP OP 5-220 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 353 5 SETTINGS 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS Figure 5–109: SINGLE-POLE BREAKER FAILURE, INITIATE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-221...
  • Page 354 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–110: SINGLE-POLE BREAKER FAILURE, TIMERS 5-222 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 355 5 SETTINGS 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS Figure 5–111: THREE-POLE BREAKER FAILURE, INITIATE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-223...
  • Page 356 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–112: THREE-POLE BREAKER FAILURE, TIMERS 5-224 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 357: Voltage Elements

    The time delay is adjustable from 0 to 600.00 seconds in steps of 0.01. The undervoltage elements can also be programmed to have an inverse time delay char- acteristic. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-225...
  • Page 358 V = secondary voltage applied to the relay = pickup level pickup % of voltage pickup 842788A1.CDR Figure 5–113: INVERSE TIME UNDERVOLTAGE CURVES At 0% of pickup, the operating time equals the UNDERVOLTAGE DELAY setting. NOTE 5-226 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 359 The minimum voltage setting selects the operating voltage below which the element is blocked (a setting of “0” will allow a dead source to be considered a fault condition). Figure 5–114: PHASE UNDERVOLTAGE1 SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-227...
  • Page 360 FLEXLOGIC OPERAND PHASE OV1 PKP 827066A7.CDR Figure 5–115: PHASE OVERVOLTAGE SCHEME LOGIC > × If the source VT is wye-connected, then the phase overvoltage pickup condition is Pickup for V and V NOTE 5-228 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 361 “Definite time”. The source assigned to this element must be configured for a phase VT. NEUTRAL OV1 CURVE VT errors and normal voltage unbalance must be considered when setting this element. This function requires the VTs to be wye-connected. Figure 5–116: NEUTRAL OVERVOLTAGE1 SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-229...
  • Page 362 The negative-sequence overvoltage element may be used to detect loss of one or two phases of the source, a reversed phase sequence of voltage, or a non-symmetrical system voltage condition. Figure 5–117: NEGATIVE-SEQUENCE OVERVOLTAGE SCHEME LOGIC 5-230 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 363 AUX UV1 EVENTS: MESSAGE Disabled The L60 contains one auxiliary undervoltage element for each VT bank. This element is intended for monitoring undervolt- age conditions of the auxiliary voltage. The selects the voltage level at which the time undervoltage ele- AUX UV1 PICKUP ment starts timing.
  • Page 364 AUX OV1 EVENTS: MESSAGE Disabled The L60 contains one auxiliary overvoltage element for each VT bank. This element is intended for monitoring overvoltage conditions of the auxiliary voltage. The nominal secondary voltage of the auxiliary voltage channel entered under SYSTEM ...
  • Page 365: Control Elements

    If more than one operate-type operand is required, it may be assigned directly from the trip bus menu. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-233...
  • Page 366 TRIP BUS 1 PKP = Enabled TRIP BUS 1 BLOCK = Off SETTINGS TRIP BUS 1 LATCHING = Enabled TRIP BUS 1 RESET = Off FLEXLOGIC OPERAND RESET OP 842023A1.CDR Figure 5–121: TRIP BUS LOGIC 5-234 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 367: Setting Groups

    The setting groups menu controls the activation and deactivation of up to six possible groups of settings in the GROUPED settings menu. The faceplate Settings In Use LEDs indicate which active group (with a non-flashing energized ELEMENTS LED) is in service. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-235...
  • Page 368 OR (2) AND (3) = VIRT OP 1 (VO1) PHASE TOC1 PKP PHASE TOC2 PKP AND (3) = VIRT OP 1 (VO1) 842789A1.CDR Figure 5–122: EXAMPLE FLEXLOGIC CONTROL OF A SETTINGS GROUP 5-236 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 369: Selector Switch

    1 to the . If the control word is outside the range, an alarm is established SELECTOR FULL RANGE by setting the FlexLogic operand for 3 seconds. SELECTOR ALARM GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-237...
  • Page 370 SELECTOR 1 3BIT ACK: This setting specifies an acknowledging input for the three-bit control input. The pre- selected position is applied on the rising edge of the assigned FlexLogic operand. This setting is active only under the 5-238 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 371 The selector position pre-selected via the stepping up control input has not been confirmed before the time out. SELECTOR 1 BIT ALARM The selector position pre-selected via the three-bit control input has not been confirmed before the time out. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-239...
  • Page 372 3BIT A2 POS 1 POS 2 POS 3 POS 4 POS 5 POS 6 POS 7 BIT 0 BIT 1 BIT 2 STP ALARM BIT ALARM ALARM 842737A1.CDR Figure 5–123: TIME-OUT MODE 5-240 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 373 Make the following changes to selector switch element in the    SETTINGS CONTROL ELEMENTS SELECTOR SWITCH menu to assign control to user programmable pushbutton 1 and contact inputs 1 through 3: SELECTOR SWITCH 1 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-241...
  • Page 374 SELECTOR 1 BIT ALARM 3-bit position out SELECTOR 1 ALARM SELECTOR 1 PWR ALARM SELECTOR 1 BIT 0 SELECTOR 1 BIT 1 SELECTOR 1 BIT 2 842012A2.CDR Figure 5–125: SELECTOR SWITCH LOGIC 5-242 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 375: Trip Output

    START TMR Z2GR Inp2: MESSAGE Range: FlexLogic operand TRIP FORCE 3-POLE: MESSAGE Range: 0 to 65.535 s in steps of 0.001 TRIP PILOT PRIORITY: MESSAGE 0.000 s Range: FlexLogic operand REVERSE FAULT: MESSAGE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-243...
  • Page 376 Assign a higher priority to pilot aided scheme outputs than to exclusively local inputs. The trip output element works in association with other L60 elements (refer to the Theory of operation chapter for a com- plete description of single-pole operations) that must be programmed and in-service for successful operation. The neces- sary elements are: recloser, breaker control, open pole detector, and phase selector.
  • Page 377 This can potentially result in a spurious three-pole operation on a single-line-to-ground internal fault. Delaying tripping on internal faults that follow detection of reverse faults solves the problem. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-245...
  • Page 378 BKR ΦA OPEN, BKR ΦB OPEN, and BKR ΦC OPEN: This settings are used to select an operand to indicates that phase A, B, or C of the breaker is open, respectively. 5-246 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 379 5 SETTINGS 5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS Figure 5–126: TRIP OUTPUT SCHEME LOGIC (Sheet 1 of 2) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-247...
  • Page 380 5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–127: TRIP OUTPUT SCHEME LOGIC (Sheet 2 of 2) 5-248 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 381: Synchrocheck

    ΔF. This time can be calculated by: ------------------------------- - (EQ 5.26) 360° ----------------- - × ΔF 2 ΔΦ × where: ΔΦ = phase angle difference in degrees; ΔF = frequency difference in Hz. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-249...
  • Page 382 COMBINATION SOURCE Y SOURCE Z Phase VTs and Phase VTs and Phase Phase Auxiliary VT Auxiliary VT Phase VTs and Phase VT Phase Phase Auxiliary VT Phase VT Phase VT Phase Phase 5-250 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 383 The relay will use the phase channel of a three-phase set of voltages if pro- grammed as part of that source. The relay will use the auxiliary voltage channel only if that channel is programmed as part of the Source and a three-phase set is not. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-251...
  • Page 384 5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–128: SYNCHROCHECK SCHEME LOGIC 5-252 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 385: Digital Elements

    DIGITAL ELEMENT 1 RESET DELAY: Sets the time delay to reset. If a reset delay is not required, set to “0”. • DIGITAL ELEMENT 1 PICKUP LED: This setting enables or disabled the digital element pickup LED. When set to “Disabled”, the operation of the pickup LED is blocked. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-253...
  • Page 386 In most breaker control circuits, the trip coil is connected in series with a breaker auxiliary contact which is open when the breaker is open (see diagram below). To prevent unwanted alarms in this situation, the trip circuit monitoring logic must include the breaker position. Figure 5–130: TRIP CIRCUIT EXAMPLE 1 5-254 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 387 In this case, it is not required to supervise the monitoring circuit with the breaker position – the setting is BLOCK selected to “Off”. In this case, the settings are as follows (EnerVista UR Setup example shown). Figure 5–131: TRIP CIRCUIT EXAMPLE 2 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-255...
  • Page 388: Digital Counters

    –2,147,483,648 counts, the counter will rollover to +2,147,483,647. • COUNTER 1 BLOCK: Selects the FlexLogic operand for blocking the counting operation. All counter operands are blocked. 5-256 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 389 COUNTER 1 FROZEN: Off = 0 STORE DATE & TIME Date & Time SETTING COUNT1 FREEZE/RESET: Off = 0 827065A1.VSD SETTING COUNT1 FREEZE/COUNT: Off = 0 Figure 5–132: DIGITAL COUNTER SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-257...
  • Page 390: Monitoring Elements

    MESSAGE See page 5–268.   VT FUSE FAILURE 4 MESSAGE See page 5–268.   OPEN POLE MESSAGE See page 5–270.   THERMAL OVERLOAD MESSAGE See page 5–273.  PROTECTION 5-258 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 391 • BKR 1 ARC AMP LIMIT: Selects the threshold value above which the output operand is set. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-259...
  • Page 392 5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Breaker Contacts Initiate Extinguished Part Total Area = Breaker Arcing Current (kA·cycle) Programmable 100 ms Start Delay Start Stop Integration Integration Figure 5–133: ARCING CURRENT MEASUREMENT 5-260 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 393 5 SETTINGS 5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS Figure 5–134: BREAKER ARCING CURRENT SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-261...
  • Page 394 Breaker open, Voltage difference drop, and Measured flashover current through the breaker. Furthermore, the scheme is applicable for cases where either one or two sets of three-phase voltages are available across the breaker. 5-262 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 395 This application does not require detection of breaker status via a 52a contact, as it uses a voltage difference larger than setting. However, monitoring the breaker contact will ensure scheme stability. BRK 1 FLSHOVR DIFF V PKP GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-263...
  • Page 396 Depending on the flashover protection application, the flashover current can vary from levels of the charging current when the line is de-energized (all line breakers open), to well above the maximum line (feeder) load (line/feeder con- nected to load). 5-264 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 397 BRK 1 FLSHOVR DIFF V SRC: PKP: SRC 1 SRC 2 SRC 6 , … , , none ΔVA > PKP Δ VA = VA - Va 842018A2.CDR Figure 5–135: BREAKER FLASHOVER SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-265...
  • Page 398 CT FAIL 3I0 INPUT 2 PICKUP: This setting selects the 3I_0 pickup value for input 2 (different CT input) of the relay. • CT FAIL 3V0 INPUT: This setting selects the voltage source. 5-266 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 399 CT FAIL 3V0 INPUT PICKUP: This setting specifies the pickup value for the 3V_0 source. • CT FAIL PICKUP DELAY: This setting specifies the pickup delay of the CT failure element. Figure 5–136: CT FAILURE DETECTOR SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-267...
  • Page 400 VT is connected in Delta, do not enabled this function because there is no neutral wire for Delta connected VT. setting specifies the pickup level of 3rd harmonic of 3V0 signal for the VT NEU VT NEU WIRE OPEN 1 3 HRAM PKP WIRE OPEN detection logic to pick up. 5-268 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 401 20 cycles SRC1 VT FUSE FAIL DPO FLEXLOGIC OPERANDS SRC1 50DD OP OPEN POLE OP The OPEN POLE OP operand applies to the D60, L60, and L90 TIMER 30 cycles RESET Reset-dominant FLEXLOGIC OPERAND SRC1 VT FUSE FAIL VOL LOSS...
  • Page 402 This setting is relevant if open pole condition at the remote end of the line is to be sensed and utilized by the relay ( FlexLogic operand). OPEN POLE REM OP 5-270 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 403 When used in configuration with only one breaker, the should be BREAKER 2 FUNCTION “Enabled” and the setting should be “On” (refer to the Breaker Control section earlier in this chapter BREAKER 2 OUT OF SV for additional details). GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-271...
  • Page 404 5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–138: OPEN POLE DETECTOR LOGIC (Sheet 1 of 2) 5-272 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 405 THERM PROT 1 RESET: MESSAGE Range: FlexLogic operand THERM PROT 1 BLOCK: MESSAGE Range: Self-reset, Latched, Disabled THERMAL PROTECTION 1 MESSAGE TARGET: Self-reset Range: Disabled, Enabled THERMAL PROTECTION 1 MESSAGE EVENTS: Disabled GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-273...
  • Page 406   τ ×  ---------------------------- -  (EQ 5.29)   – In the above equation, • τ = thermal protection trip time constant. • is a minimum reset time setting 5-274 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 407 IEC255-8 cold curve or hot curve equations. op(In) • is the reset time calculated at index n as per the reset time equation. rst(In) • is the measured overload RMS current at index n. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-275...
  • Page 408 30 minutes Busbar 60 minutes 20 minutes Underground cable 20 to 60 minutes 60 minutes The logic for the thermal overload protection element is shown below. Figure 5–141: THERMAL OVERLOAD PROTECTION SCHEME LOGIC 5-276 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 409: Pilot Schemes

    POTT RX PICKUP DELAY: This setting enables the relay to cope with spurious receive signals. The delay should be set longer than the longest spurious signal that can occur simultaneously with the zone 2 pickup. The selected delay will increase the response time of the scheme. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-277...
  • Page 410 Typically, the output operand should be programmed to initiate a trip, breaker fail, and autoreclose, and drive a user-programmable LED as per user application. 5-278 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 411 5 SETTINGS 5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS Figure 5–142: POTT SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-279...
  • Page 412 Range: 0.00 to 655.35 s in steps of 0.01 AR 3-P DEAD TIME 2: MESSAGE 1.20 s Range: 0.00 to 655.35 s in steps of 0.01 AR 3-P DEAD TIME 3: MESSAGE 2.00 s 5-280 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 413 Each of the four programs can be set to trigger up to four reclosing attempts. The second, third, and fourth attempts always perform three-pole reclosing and have independent dead time delays. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-281...
  • Page 414 If two or more shots AR 3P TD INIT AR 3-P DEAD TIME 2 are enabled, the second, third, and fourth shots are always three-phase and start the timers. AR 3-P DEAD TIME 2(4) 5-282 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 415 The Initiate signal will stop the transfer timer. After the 3-P dead time times out the Close Breaker 1 signal will close first breaker again GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-283...
  • Page 416 Breaker 1 if is set to “Yes”. If set to “No” the scheme will be sent to AR TRANSFER 2 TO 1 Lockout by the incomplete sequence timer. 5-284 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 417 This delay must be longer than the slowest expected trip from any protection not blocked after GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-285...
  • Page 418: Autoreclose

    If all con- CLOSE BKR1 CLOSE BKR2 ditions allowing a breaker closure are not satisfied when this time expires, the scheme goes to “Lockout”. The mini- 5-286 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 419 AR BUS FLT INIT: This setting is used in breaker-and-a-half applications to allow the autoreclose control function to perform reclosing with only one breaker previously opened by bus protection. For line faults, both breakers must open for the autoreclose reclosing cycles to take effect. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-287...
  • Page 420 However, a FlexLogic operand, AR MODE SWITCH FAIL, is asserted if either simultaneous multiple activa- tions are initiated, or a single activation is initiated but recloser is already in progress. 5-288 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 421 In addition, the current AR mode is available as FlexLogic Operands because AR Mode equals to 1, 2, 3, and 4 respec- tively so that it can be monitored and logged. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-289...
  • Page 422 5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–145: SINGLE-POLE AUTORECLOSE LOGIC (Sheet 2 of 3) 5-290 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 423 OFF = 0 FLEXLOGIC OPERAND BREAKER 1 ONE P OPEN FLEXLOGIC OPERAND BREAKER 2 ONE P OPEN BKR ONE POLE OPEN (To sheet 1) 827833AA.CDR Figure 5–146: SINGLE-POLE AUTORECLOSE LOGIC (Sheet 3 of 3) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-291...
  • Page 424 5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–147: EXAMPLE RECLOSING SEQUENCE 5-292 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 425: Inputs/outputs

    The DC input voltage is compared to a user-settable threshold. A new contact input state must be maintained for a user- settable debounce time in order for the L60 to validate the new contact state. In the figure below, the debounce time is set at 2.5 ms;...
  • Page 426 Event Records menu, make the following settings changes: "Breaker Closed (52b)" CONTACT INPUT H5A ID: "Enabled" CONTACT INPUT H5A EVENTS: Note that the 52b contact is closed when the breaker is open and open when the breaker is closed. 5-294 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 427: Virtual Inputs

    FlexLogic equation, it will likely have to be lengthened NOTE in time. A FlexLogic timer with a delayed reset can perform this function. Figure 5–149: VIRTUAL INPUTS SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-295...
  • Page 428: Contact Outputs

    The most dependable protection of the initiating contact is provided by directly measuring current in the tripping circuit, and using this parameter to control resetting of the initiating relay. This scheme is often called trip seal-in. This can be realized in the L60 using the FlexLogic operand to seal-in the contact output as follows: CONT OP 1 ION “Cont Op 1"...
  • Page 429 5.7 INPUTS/OUTPUTS The L60 latching output contacts are mechanically bi-stable and controlled by two separate (open and close) coils. As such they retain their position even if the relay is not powered up. The relay recognizes all latching output contact cards and pop- ulates the setting menu accordingly.
  • Page 430: Virtual Outputs

    Logic equations. Any change of state of a virtual output can be logged as an event if programmed to do so. For example, if Virtual Output 1 is the trip signal from FlexLogic and the trip relay is used to signal events, the settings would be programmed as follows: 5-298 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 431: Remote Devices

    The remote input/output facility provides for 32 remote inputs and 64 remote outputs. b) LOCAL DEVICES: DEVICE ID FOR TRANSMITTING GSSE MESSAGES In a L60 relay, the device ID that represents the IEC 61850 GOOSE application ID (GoID) name string sent as part of each GOOSE message is programmed in the ...
  • Page 432: Remote Inputs

    This setting identifies the Ethernet application identification in the GOOSE message. It should match the corre- sponding settings on the sending device. setting provides for the choice of the L60 fixed (DNA/UserSt) dataset (that is, containing REMOTE DEVICE 1 DATASET DNA and UserSt bit pairs), or one of the configurable datasets.
  • Page 433: Remote Double-point Status Inputs

    REMOTE OUTPUTS DNA BIT PAIRS REMOTE OUTPUTS DNA- 1(32) BIT PAIR Range: FlexLogic operand  REMOTE OUTPUTS DNA- 1 OPERAND:  DNA- 1 BIT PAIR Range: Disabled, Enabled DNA- 1 EVENTS: MESSAGE Disabled GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-301...
  • Page 434: Remote Outputs

    RESET OP to identify the source of the command. The setting RESET OP (PUSHBUTTON) RESET OP (COMMS) RESET OP (OPERAND) shown above selects the operand that will create the operand. RESET OP (OPERAND) 5-302 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 435: Direct Inputs And Outputs

    APPLICATION EXAMPLES The examples introduced in the earlier Direct inputs and outputs section (part of the Product Setup section) are continued below to illustrate usage of the direct inputs and outputs. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-303...
  • Page 436 5.7 INPUTS/OUTPUTS 5 SETTINGS EXAMPLE 1: EXTENDING INPUT/OUTPUT CAPABILITIES OF A L60 RELAY Consider an application that requires additional quantities of contact inputs or output contacts or lines of programmable logic that exceed the capabilities of a single UR-series chassis. The problem is solved by adding an extra UR-series IED, such as the C30, to satisfy the additional inputs/outputs and programmable logic requirements.
  • Page 437 DIRECT INPUT 6 BIT NUMBER: UR IED 2: "1" DIRECT INPUT 5 DEVICE ID: "2" DIRECT INPUT 5 BIT NUMBER: "3" DIRECT INPUT 6 DEVICE ID: "2" DIRECT INPUT 6 BIT NUMBER: GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-305...
  • Page 438: Teleprotection Inputs And Outputs

    Range: Off, On, Latest/Off, Latest/On TELEPROT INPUT 2-1 MESSAGE DEFAULT: Off Range: Off, On, Latest/Off, Latest/On TELEPROT INPUT 2-2 MESSAGE DEFAULT: Off ↓ Range: Off, On, Latest/Off, Latest/On TELEPROT INPUT 2-16 MESSAGE DEFAULT: Off 5-306 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 439 (teleprotection outputs at the sending end or corresponding teleprotection inputs at the receiving end). On three-terminal two-channel systems, redundancy is achieved by programming signal re-transmittal in the case of channel failure between any pair of relays. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-307...
  • Page 440: Iec 61850 Goose Analogs

    GOOSE analog input value. GOOSE Analogs are floating-point values, with no units. The GOOSE UNIT and PU base settings allow the user to configure GOOSE Analog, so that it can be used in a FlexElement. 5-308 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 441: Iec 61850 Goose Integers

    GOOSE ANALOG 1 PU: This setting specifies the per-unit base factor when using the GOOSE analog input FlexAna- log values in other L60 features, such as FlexElements. The base factor is applied to the GOOSE analog input FlexAn- alog quantity to normalize it to a per-unit quantity. The base units are described in the following table.
  • Page 442: Dcma Inputs

    –20 to +180 MW; in this case the value would be “–20” and the DCMA INPUT H1 MIN VALUE DCMA INPUT H1 MAX value “180”. Intermediate values between the min and max values are scaled linearly. VALUE 5-310 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 443: Rtd Inputs

    1.5 pu. FlexElement operands are available to FlexLogic for further interlocking or to operate an output contact directly. Refer to the following table for reference temperature values for each RTD type. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-311...
  • Page 444 168.47 280.77 233.97 16.00 172.46 291.96 243.30 16.39 175.84 303.46 252.88 16.78 179.51 315.31 262.76 17.17 183.17 327.54 272.94 17.56 186.82 340.14 283.45 17.95 190.45 353.14 294.28 18.34 194.08 366.53 305.44 18.73 5-312 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 445: Dcma Outputs

    – MAX VAL MIN VAL MAX VAL < 0.1 pu. The resulting characteristic is illustrated in the following figure. DRIVING SIGNAL MIN VAL MAX VAL 842739A1.CDR Figure 5–156: DCMA OUTPUT CHARACTERISTIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-313...
  • Page 446 The CT ratio is 5000:5 and the maximum load current is 4200 A. The current should be monitored from 0 A upwards, allow- ing for 50% overload. The phase current with the 50% overload margin is: 5-314 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 447 1.27 kV – • ±0.5% of reading For example, under nominal conditions, the positive-sequence reads 230.94 kV and the worst-case error is 0.005 x 230.94 kV + 1.27 kV = 2.42 kV. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-315...
  • Page 448: Test Mode

    TEST MODE FORCING: MESSAGE The L60 provides a test facility to verify the functionality of contact inputs and outputs, some communication channels and the phasor measurement unit (where applicable), using simulated conditions. The test mode is indicated on the relay face- plate by a Test Mode LED indicator.
  • Page 449: Force Contact Inputs

    Following a restart, power up, settings TEST MODE FUNCTION upload, or firmware upgrade, the test mode will remain at the last programmed value. This allows a L60 that has been placed in isolated mode to remain isolated during testing and maintenance activities. On restart, the TEST MODE FORCING setting and the force contact input and force contact output settings all revert to their default states.
  • Page 450: Force Contact Outputs

    PUSHBUTTON 1 FUNCTION input 1 to initiate the Test mode, make the following changes in the menu:   SETTINGS TESTING TEST MODE “Enabled” and “ ” TEST MODE FUNCTION: TEST MODE INITIATE: 5-318 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 451: Actual Values

     STATUS  IEC 61850 See page 6-9.  GOOSE UINTEGERS  TELEPROT CH TESTS See page 6-9.   COMM STATUS See page 6-10.  REMAINING CONNECT  PRP See page 6-10.  GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 452  DATA LOGGER See page 6-23.   MAINTENANCE See page 6-24.   ACTUAL VALUES  MODEL INFORMATION See page 6-25.  PRODUCT INFO   FIRMWARE REVISIONS See page 6-25.  L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 453: Contact Inputs

    The state displayed will be that of the remote point unless the remote device has been established to be “Offline” in which case the value shown is the programmed default state for the remote input. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 454: Remote Double-point Status Inputs

    The present state of the contact outputs is shown here. The first line of a message display indicates the ID of the contact output. For example, ‘Cont Op 1’ refers to the contact output in terms of the default name-array index. The second line of the display indicates the logic state of the contact output. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 455: Virtual Outputs

    The present state of the programmed remote devices is shown here. The message indicates ALL REMOTE DEVICES ONLINE whether or not all programmed remote devices are online. If the corresponding state is "No", then at least one required remote device is not online. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 456: Digital Counters

    Range: Current Position / 7 SELECTOR SWITCH 2 MESSAGE POSITION: 0/7 The display shows both the current position and the full range. The current position only (an integer from 0 through 7) is the actual value. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 457: Flex States

    PTP grandmaster, this actual value is zero. The grandmasterIdentity code is specified by PTP to be globally unique, so one can always know which clock is grandmaster in a system with multiple grandmaster-capable clocks. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 458: Direct Inputs

    The UNRETURNED MSG COUNT CRC FAIL values can be cleared using the command. COUNT CLEAR DIRECT I/O COUNTERS values represent the state of each direct input. DIRECT INPUT 1 DIRECT INPUT (32) L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 459: Direct Devices Status

    “Default Value”, then the value of the GOOSE uinteger input is defined by the setting. UINTEGER 1 DEFAULT The GOOSE integer input FlexInteger values are available for use in other L60 functions that use FlexInteger values. 6.2.18 TELEPROTECTION CHANNEL TESTS ...
  • Page 460: Remaining Connection Status

    (either from DANPs or from SANs) on Port A. TOTAL RECEIVED PORT A is a counter for total messages received (either from DANPs or from SANs) on Port B. TOTAL RECEIVED PORT B 6-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 461 LAN ID in the frame do not match). is a counter for total messages received with an error on Port B (PRP frame, but port received through MISMATCHES PORT B and LAN ID in the frame do not match). GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 6-11...
  • Page 462: Metering Conventions

    WATTS = Negative VARS = Positive PF = Lead PF = Lag PF = Lead Current UR RELAY 827239AC.CDR S=VI Generator Figure 6–1: FLOW DIRECTION OF SIGNED VALUES FOR WATTS AND VARS 6-12 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 463 ABC phase rotation: • ACB phase rotation: -- - V -- - V -- - V -- - V -- - V -- - V The above equations apply to currents as well. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 6-13...
  • Page 464 The power system voltages are phase-referenced – for simplicity – to VAG and VAB, respectively. This, however, is a relative matter. It is important to remember that the L60 displays are always referenced as specified under SETTINGS ...
  • Page 465: Sources

    0.000 0.0° SRC 1 PHASOR Ic: MESSAGE 0.000 0.0° SRC 1 PHASOR In: MESSAGE 0.000 0.0° SRC 1 ZERO SEQ I0: MESSAGE 0.000 0.0° SRC 1 POS SEQ I1: MESSAGE 0.000 0.0° GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 6-15...
  • Page 466 RMS Vca: MESSAGE 0.00 SRC 1 PHASOR Vab: MESSAGE 0.000 0.0° SRC 1 PHASOR Vbc: MESSAGE 0.000 0.0° SRC 1 PHASOR Vca: MESSAGE 0.000 0.0° SRC 1 ZERO SEQ V0: MESSAGE 0.000 0.0° 6-16 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 467 APPARENT PWR MESSAGE 3φ: 0.000 SRC 1 APPARENT PWR MESSAGE φa: 0.000 SRC 1 APPARENT PWR MESSAGE φb: 0.000 SRC 1 APPARENT PWR MESSAGE φc: 0.000 SRC 1 POWER FACTOR MESSAGE 3φ: 1.000 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 6-17...
  • Page 468: Synchrocheck

    S = V x Î x Î x Î (EQ 6.1) When VTs are configured in delta, the L60 does not calculate power in each phase and three-phase power is measured as S = V x Î x Î (EQ 6.2)
  • Page 469: Tracking Frequency

     PATH: ACTUAL VALUES METERING IEC 61850 GOOSE ANALOGS  IEC 61850 ANALOG INPUT  GOOSE ANALOGS 0.000 ANALOG INPUT MESSAGE 0.000 ANALOG INPUT MESSAGE 0.000 ↓ ANALOG INPUT 32 MESSAGE 0.000 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 6-19...
  • Page 470: Wattmetric Ground Fault

    6.3 METERING 6 ACTUAL VALUES The L60 Line Phase Comparison System is provided with optional IEC 61850 communications capability. This feature is specified as a software option at the time of ordering. Refer to the Ordering section of chap- ter 2 for additional details.
  • Page 471: Transducer Inputs/outputs

    RTD INPUT xx  -50 °C Actual values for each RTD input channel that is enabled are displayed with the top line as the programmed channel ID and the bottom line as the value. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 6-21...
  • Page 472: Records

    COMMANDS CLEAR RECORDS Only major output operands generate events, not every operand. Elements that assert output per phase, for example, log operating phase output only without asserting the common three-phase operand event. 6-22 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 473: Oscillography

    It counts up at the defined sampling rate. If the data logger channels are defined, then both values are static. Refer to the  menu for clearing data logger records. COMMANDS CLEAR RECORDS GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 6-23...
  • Page 474: Breaker Maintenance

    BKR 1 ARCING AMP  menu for clearing breaker arcing current records. The COMMANDS CLEAR RECORDS BREAKER OPERATING TIME defined as the slowest operating time of breaker poles that were initiated to open. 6-24 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 475: Product Information

    6.5PRODUCT INFORMATION 6.5.1 MODEL INFORMATION   PATH: ACTUAL VALUES PRODUCT INFO MODEL INFORMATION Range: standard GE Multilin order code format;  MODEL INFORMATION ORDER CODE LINE 1: example order code shown  L60-E00-HCH-F8P-H6A Range: standard GE Multilin order code format...
  • Page 476 6.5 PRODUCT INFORMATION 6 ACTUAL VALUES 6-26 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 477: Commands And

    The states of up to 64 virtual inputs are changed here. The first line of the display indicates the ID of the virtual input. The second line indicates the current or selected status of the virtual input. This status will be a state off (logic 0) or on (logic 1). GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 478: Clear Records

    The complete date, as a minimum, must be entered to allow execution of this command. The new time (if entered) and date will take effect at the moment the ENTER key is clicked. The timescale of the entered time should be local time, including daylight time where and when applicable. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 479: Relay Maintenance

    Various self-checking diagnostics are performed in the background while the L60 is running, and diagnostic information is stored on the non-volatile memory from time to time based on the self-checking result. Although the diagnostic information is cleared before the L60 is shipped from the factory, the user may want to clear the diagnostic information for themselves under certain circumstances.
  • Page 480: Security

    Operator Logoff: Selecting ‘Yes’ allows the Supervisor to forcefully logoff an operator session. • Clear Security Data: Selecting ‘Yes’ allows the Supervisor to forcefully clear all the security logs and clears all the operands associated with the self-tests. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 481: Targets Menu

     MESSAGE Each L60 element with a TARGET setting has a target message that when activated by its element is displayed in sequence with any other currently active target messages in the menu. In the example shown, the Phase TOC4 TARGETS and Digital Element 48 target settings are active and so have their targets displayed.
  • Page 482 Contact Factory (xxx) • Latched target message: Yes. • Description of problem: One or more installed hardware modules is not compatible with the L60 order code. • How often the test is performed: Module dependent. • What to do: Contact the factory and supply the failure code noted in the display. The “xxx” text identifies the failed mod- ule (for example, F8L).
  • Page 483 • What to do: Verify that all the items in the GOOSE data set are supported by the L60. The EnerVista UR Setup soft- ware will list the valid items. An IEC61850 client will also show which nodes are available for the L60.
  • Page 484 How often the test is performed: Upon initiation of a contact output state change. • What to do: Verify the state of the output contact and contact the factory if the problem persists. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 485 Description of problem: The ambient temperature is greater than the maximum operating temperature (+80°C). • How often the test is performed: Every hour. • What to do: Remove the L60 from service and install in a location that meets operating temperature standards. UNEXPECTED RESTART: Press “RESET” key •...
  • Page 486 TION" setting enables/disables this self test. The target for this self test is priority-based, with the third one being the high- est priority. For example, if all three SFP modules fail, then the third SFP target is activated. If the third SFP module failure resolves, then the second SFP target is activated. 7-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 487: Theory Of Operation

    Conversely, the current at terminal B may be compared with the signal received from terminal A. Figure 8–1: PHASE ANGLE COMPARISON GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 488 Phase angle differences between the currents entering both ends of the line as a result of phase angle differences in the driving system voltages. Load and charging currents of the line. Transit time of the communication signal. Unsymmetrical build-up and tail-off times of the receiver. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 489 Figure 8–2C illustrates a tripping scheme while Figure 8–2D a blocking scheme. Here again, the integrator is, in practice, actually set for 3 to 4 ms. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 490 Figure 8–5. This is a somewhat more fully developed version of Figure 8–2D, and the same logic is present at both ends of a two-terminal line. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 491 Thus, when a fault occurs, FDH picks up, and if the receiver output is not present for 3 milliseconds during the positive half cycle of current out of the mixing network, a trip output will be obtained. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 492: Variations In Phase Comparison Schemes

    A. The transfer functions of these three networks are given by the fol- lowing equations. -- - I ∠ 120° ∠ 120° – -- - I ∠ ° ∠ 120° (EQ 8.1) – -- - I L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 493 All this combines to make pure negative sequence ideal for phase comparison except that it will not operate for balanced three phase faults. Similar comments may GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 494 On this basis, only excitation by I_2 – (0.20) × I_1 would prove satisfactory for the two cases studied in Figures 8–7 and 8–8. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 495 This is true mainly because the current distribution in the GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 496: Blocking Vs. Tripping Schemes

    Some transmitters may require a positive signal while others a reference or negative signal to key them off of their quiescent states. 8-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 497 (biased) to the MARK or SPACE side. For example, if it is biased toward MARK and the input signal is symmetrical (half cycle MARK and half cycle SPACE), the output will be more than a half cycle MARK and less than a half cycle SPACE. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 8-11...
  • Page 498 Faults external to the protected line have no affect on the signal attenuation since transmission lines that incorporate power line carrier channels are trapped at each end (See Figure 8-9). Figure 8–9: TYPICAL POWER LINE CARRIER ARRANGEMENT 8-12 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 499 For this reason, such schemes are not generally applied. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 8-13...
  • Page 500 Since one of the two frequencies is always being transmitted, it is possible to monitor the signal at each receiver continuously and incapacitate the protective scheme and/or provide indication at that terminal if the signal is lost. 8-14 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 501 8 THEORY OF OPERATION 8.1 OVERVIEW Figure 8–11: SINGLE-PHASE COMPARISON TRIPPING SCHEME Figure 8–12: SINGLE-PHASE COMPARISON BLOCKING SCHEME GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 8-15...
  • Page 502 The ability to trip is then automatically reinstated when normality returns. With such an arrange- 8-16 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 503 Many different combinations are possi- ble, but of these, only a selected few will meet any given set of requirements. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 8-17...
  • Page 504: Single Vs. Dual Phase Comparison

    AND3 is included to make it impossible to key both frequencies simultaneously. It also gives preference to the low-shift which is sent continuously when FDL is dropped out. Thus, on single-end feed tripping can take place only on the neg- ative half cycle. Figure 8–13: DUAL PHASE COMPARISON TRIPPING SCHEME 8-18 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 505 The overall performance of the scheme will be dependent on the characteristics of the channel selected. While dual phase-comparison will reduce the maximum tripping time, it does so at the expense of simplicity and possibly some secu- rity depending on how it is accomplished. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 8-19...
  • Page 506: Refinements To Basic Schemes

    Then, while this is taking place, the time delay pickup or dropout of the symmetry logic is adjusted so that the receiver yields a symmetrical output. Figure 8–15: BLOCKING SCHEME WITH SYMMETRY AND PHASE DELAY ADJUSTMENTS 8-20 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 507 Figure 8-16 is a representation of Figure 8-15 except with the tran- sient blocking logic added. This consists of AND3, AND4 and the (15-99)/(15-99) transient blocking timer. Figure 8–16: BLOCKING SCHEME WITH TRANSIENT BLOCKING LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 8-21...
  • Page 508 FDH picks up. Benefits of this scheme are that operating time is faster compared with single phase comparison with enough security built into the scheme. 8-22 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 509: Multi-terminal Lines

    For short transmission lines the charging current is a small factor and can therefore be treated as an unknown error. In this application the L60 can be deployed without voltage sensors and the line charging current is included as a constant term in the total variance, increas- ing the differential restraint current.
  • Page 510 Since the zero-sequence volt- age is not available, the L60 cannot compensate for the zero sequence current. The compensation scheme continues to work with the breakers open, provided the voltages are measured on the line side of the breakers.
  • Page 511: L60 Signal Processing

    The L60 samples currents and voltage inputs at a rate of 64 samples per cycle. Current samples are pre-filtered using band-pass Finite Response Filters (FIR), with a weighted average of signal samples in a selected data window, to remove the decaying DC component and low-frequency distortions.
  • Page 512 The raw pulses are calculated as follows. For tripping schemes: > 0.005 × × 1P_RAW 1_MIX (EQ 8.7) < × × 0.005 2 CT – 1N_RAW 1_MIX 8-26 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 513 The ‘pulse’ combination logic ensures security and dependability. With this respect, a distinction must be made between tripping and blocking schemes. The following figure illustrates the dual breaker logic for permissive (section a) and blocking (section b) transmit schemes. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 8-27...
  • Page 514 7) FDL transmits for both breaker pickups. TX POS 8) Transmitted pulses are very short (almost TX NEG perfectly erased); no 87PC operation. 87PC OP 831805A1.CDR Figure 8–24: PERMISSIVE DUAL-COMPARISON SCHEME LOGIC THROUGH FAULT CONDITION 8-28 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 515 This problem shows the advan- tage of modern DSP technology. Assuming that the signal may be impaired by short lasting noise, it is very difficult to perform this correction accurately in the analog world. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 8-29...
  • Page 516 Being communication-dependent, a phase comparison relay should treat information delivered from the remote terminals with the same criticality as the local AC currents. This includes monitoring for troubleshooting purposes, accountability, and continuous improvement capability for products and installations. Modern microprocessor-based phase comparison relays 8-30 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 517 The coincidence condition is driving an explicitly implemented integrator (summator). In the L60, the integrator counts up by 10 units if the coincidence input is logic 1, counts down by 5 counts if the coincidence input is momentarily logic 0, and counts down by 20 if the input is in logic 0 for extended periods of time.
  • Page 518 Treating channel receiver inputs as analog signals and sampling the waveform at high speed enables processing of the receiver outputs that overcomes misbehaviors of the channel that fooled earlier phase comparison implementa- tions, as explained above. 8-32 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 519: Single-pole Tripping

    Initiate breaker failure protection for phases A, B and C, either individually or as a group. • Notify the open pole detector when a single pole operation is imminent. • Initiate either single or three pole reclosing. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 8-33...
  • Page 520 Instruct the phase selector to de-assert all outputs, as an open pole invalidates calculations. The operation of the scheme in a single breaker arrangement will be described. The line is protected by a L60 using the 87PC, line pickup, and zone 1 phase and ground distance elements. 87PC and/or zone 1 is configured to issue a single- pole trip when appropriate ( “...
  • Page 521 The response of the system from this point is as described above for the second trip, except the recloser will go to lockout upon the next initiation (depending on the number of shots programmed). GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 8-35...
  • Page 522: Phase Selection

    8 THEORY OF OPERATION 8.2.2 PHASE SELECTION The L60 uses phase relations between current symmetrical components for phase selection. First, the algorithm validates if there is enough zero-sequence, positive-sequence, and negative-sequence currents for reliable analysis. The comparison is adaptive; that is, the magnitudes of the three symmetrical components used mutually as restraints confirm if a given com- ponent is large enough to be used for phase selection.
  • Page 523 PHASE SELECT CA PHASE SELECT ABG SETTING PHASE SELECT BCG DISTANCE SOURCE: PHASE SELECT CAG PHASE SELECT 3P PHASE SELECT SLG PHASE SELECT MULTI-P PHASE SELECT VOID 837027A5.CDR Figure 8–30: PHASE SELECTOR LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 8-37...
  • Page 524: Fault Type Determination

    Depending on the fault type, appropriate voltage and current signals are selected from the phase quantities before applying the two equations above (the superscripts denote phases, the subscripts denote stations). For AG faults: ⋅ (EQ 8.15) 8-38 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 525 -- - V (EQ 8.22) – – SYS0 -- - V – – SYS0 where Z is the equivalent zero-sequence impedance behind the relay as entered under the fault report setting menu. SYS0 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 8-39...
  • Page 526: Fault Locator

    FAULT FAULT LOCATION 3I_0 LOCATOR 1 FAULT# RECLOSE SHOT VA or VAB VB or VBC VC or VCA Vn or V_0 SHOT # FROM 827094A5.CDR AUTO RECLOSURE Figure 8–32: FAULT LOCATOR SCHEME 8-40 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 527: Application Of

    9 APPLICATION OF SETTINGS 9.1PHASE COMPARISON ELEMENT 87PC 9.1.1 DESCRIPTION The L60 Phase Comparison relay is designed to provide high-speed protection of transmission lines against all phase and ground faults when operated in the “mixed-excitation” mode. The term “mixed-excitation”, when applied to phase compari- son, describes a scheme that first mixes different sequence quantities in a given proportion and phase angle, then performs a phase-comparison based on this mix.
  • Page 528 Different methods can be used. The L60 allows the customer to check and set phase delay without using an oscilloscope and by means of FlexLogic™ operands and applying the corresponding current to both relays. Oscillography shows the time difference (including PLC delay and line propagation time) between local and remote signals.
  • Page 529: Settings Example

    In FD INPUT this example, the minimum internal three-phase fault is much more than twice the maximum line load current, so no distance element is assigned to the setting. FD INPUT GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 530: Distance Backup/supervision

    LV fault. For this system configuration, a 3-ter- minal L60 should be utilized; the third terminal is then fed from CT on the high side of the tapped transformer.
  • Page 531: Lines With Tapped Transformers

    9.2.3 TRANSFORMER LOAD CURRENTS The L60 can be applied on the line with a tapped transformer. Since the tapped line may be energized from one terminal only, or there may be a low current flowing through the line, the phase-comparison element must set to provide stability.
  • Page 532: Tractional Load

    9.2 DISTANCE BACKUP/SUPERVISION 9 APPLICATION OF SETTINGS The L60 measures total harmonic distortion (THD) in all three phase currents and neutral current. These measurements are available for protection purposes though FlexElements™ (universal comparators). The FlexElement™ output can be used to block sensitive neutral instantaneous overcurrent or phase comparison on transformer energization.
  • Page 533: Sensitivity Issues

    FDL and FDH, additional elements have to be assigned to 87PC FDL AUX and 87PC FDH AUX settings. These elements include distance, negative-sequence overvoltage, zero-sequence overvoltage, posi- tive-sequence undervoltage. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 534: Single-pole Tripping Applications

    9.2.8 SINGLE-POLE TRIPPING APPLICATIONS The L60 provides functionality for single-pole tripping from 87PC, distance functions, or instantaneous overcurrent ele- ments via the trip output element. 87PC can detect internal faults on the line but not faulted phases, since the phase cur- rents are combined in one quantity.
  • Page 535: Phase Distance

    The current supervision alone would not prevent maloperation in such circumstances. It must be kept in mind that the fuse failure element provided on the L60 needs some time to detect fuse fail conditions. This may create a race between the instantaneous zone 1 and the fuse failure element. Therefore, for maximum security, it is recommended to both set the current supervision above the maximum load current and use the fuse failure function.
  • Page 536: Ground Distance

    Similar to the phase fault case, a zone 3 element must be time coordinated with timed clearances on the next section. 9-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 537: Pott Signaling Scheme

    This situation is encountered when it is desired to account for the zero sequence inter-circuit mutual cou- pling. This is not a problem for the ground distance elements in the L60 which do have a current reversal logic built into their design as part of the technique used to improve ground fault directionality.
  • Page 538: Series Compensated Lines

    It is strongly rec- ommended to use a power system simulator to verify the reach settings or to use an adaptive L60 feature for dynamic reach control.
  • Page 539: Understanding L60 Oscillography

    L60 relay incorporates standard analog phase comparison principles. The L60 oscillography allows customer to observe not only AC waveforms and 87PC operate signals, but all details of compos- ite signal forming, fault detector operation, input and output processing, squares forming, coincidence detection, and inte- gration of the signal.
  • Page 540: Two Breaker Configuration

    9.5.2 TWO BREAKER CONFIGURATION The L60 has extra security when 2 CTs are brought into the relay individually and summed internally. Two currents are pro- cessed separately to derive the operating signal for each breaker, which is then used for fault detectors and the forming of positive and negative squares.
  • Page 541: Maintenance

    The enhanced faceplate can be opened to the left, once the thumb screw has been removed, as shown below. This allows for easy accessibility of the modules for withdrawal. The new wide-angle hinge assembly in the enhanced front panel opens completely and allows easy access to all modules in the L60. 842812A1.CDR Figure 10–1: UR MODULE WITHDRAWAL AND INSERTION (ENHANCED FACEPLATE)
  • Page 542 The new CT/VT modules can only be used with new CPUs; similarly, old CT/VT modules can only be used with old CPUs. In the event that there is a mismatch between the CPU and CT/VT module, the relay does not function and error displays. NOTE DSP ERROR HARDWARE MISMATCH 10-2 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 543: Batteries

    10. Reinstall the battery clip and the metal cover, and reinsert the power supply module into the unit. 11. Power on the unit. 12. Dispose of the old battery as outlined in the next section. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 10-3...
  • Page 544: Dispose Of Battery

    La batterie est marqué de ce symbole, qui comprennent les indications cadmium (Cd), plomb (Pb), ou mercure (Hg). Pour le recyclage, retourner la batterie à votre fournisseur ou à un point de collecte. Pour plus d'informations, voir: www.recyclethis.info. 10-4 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 545 Baterija je označena s tem simbolom, ki lahko vključuje napise, ki označujejo kadmij (Cd), svinec (Pb) ali živo srebro (Hg). Za ustrezno recikliranje baterijo vrnite dobavitelju ali jo odstranite na določenem zbirališču. Za več informacij obiščite spletno stran: www.recyclethis.info. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 10-5...
  • Page 546 North America 905-294-6222 Latin America +55 11 3614 1700 Europe, Middle East, Africa +(34) 94 485 88 00 Asia +86-21-2401-3208 India +91 80 41314617 From GE Part Number 1604-0021-A1, GE Publication Number GEK-113574 10-6 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 547: Uninstall And Clear Files And Data

    Other files can be in standard formats, such as COMTRADE or .csv. You cannot erase directly the flash memory, but all records and settings in that memory can be deleted. Do this using the   command. SETTINGS PRODUCT SETUP CLEAR RELAY RECORDS GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 10-7...
  • Page 548: Repairs

    Customers are responsible for shipping costs to the factory, regardless of whether the unit is under warranty. • Fax a copy of the shipping information to the GE Digital Energy service department in Canada at +1 905 927 5098. Use the detailed return procedure outlined at https://www.gedigitalenergy.com/multilin/support/ret_proc.htm...
  • Page 549: Storage

    Store the unit indoors in a cool, dry place. If possible, store in the original packaging. Follow the storage temperature range outlined in the Specifications. To avoid deterioration of electrolytic capacitors, power up units that are stored in a de-energized state once per year, for one hour continuously. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 10-9...
  • Page 550: Disposal

    European Union, dispose of the battery as outlined earlier. To prevent non-intended use of the unit, remove the modules as outlined earlier, dismantle the unit, and recycle the metal when possible. 10-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 551: Parameter Lists

    6233 SRC 2 I_0 Mag Amps Source 2 zero-sequence current magnitude 6235 SRC 2 I_0 Angle Degrees Source 2 zero-sequence current angle 6236 SRC 2 I_1 Mag Amps Source 2 positive-sequence current magnitude GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 552 6363 SRC 4 I_0 Angle Degrees Source 4 zero-sequence current angle 6364 SRC 4 I_1 Mag Amps Source 4 positive-sequence current magnitude 6366 SRC 4 I_1 Angle Degrees Source 4 positive-sequence current angle L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 553 SRC 2 Vbc Mag Volts Source 2 phase BC voltage magnitude 6746 SRC 2 Vbc Angle Degrees Source 2 phase BC voltage angle 6747 SRC 2 Vca Mag Volts Source 2 phase CA voltage magnitude GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 554 SRC 4 Vcg Mag Volts Source 4 phase CG voltage magnitude 6862 SRC 4 Vcg Angle Degrees Source 4 phase CG voltage angle 6863 SRC 4 Vab RMS Volts Source 4 phase AB voltage RMS L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 555 Source 2 phase B apparent power 7222 SRC 2 Sc Source 2 phase C apparent power 7224 SRC 2 PF Source 2 three-phase power factor 7225 SRC 2 Phase A PF Source 2 phase A power factor GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 556 Source 2 phase C total harmonic distortion (THD) 8871 SRC 1 Neutral THD Source 2 neutral total harmonic distortion (THD) 8872 SRC 1 Phase A THD Source 3 phase A total harmonic distortion (THD) L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 557 DCmA input 24 actual value 13552 RTD Inputs 1 Value RTD input 1 actual value 13553 RTD Inputs 2 Value RTD input 2 actual value 13554 RTD Inputs 3 Value RTD input 3 actual value GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 558 RTD input 47 actual value 13599 RTD Inputs 48 Value RTD input 48 actual value 13600 Ohm Inputs 1 Value Ohms Ohm inputs 1 value 13601 Ohm Inputs 2 Value Ohms Ohm inputs 2 value L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 559: Flexinteger Items

    IEC61850 GOOSE UInteger input 5 9978 GOOSE UInt Input 6 IEC61850 GOOSE UInteger input 6 9980 GOOSE UInt Input 7 IEC61850 GOOSE UInteger input 7 9982 GOOSE UInt Input 8 IEC61850 GOOSE UInteger input 8 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 560 IEC61850 GOOSE UInteger input 13 9994 GOOSE UInt Input 14 IEC61850 GOOSE UInteger input 14 9996 GOOSE UInt Input 15 IEC61850 GOOSE UInteger input 15 9998 GOOSE UInt Input 16 IEC61850 GOOSE UInteger input 16 A-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 561: Overview

    See the Supported Function Codes section for details. An exception response from the slave is indicated by set- ting the high order bit of the function code in the response packet. See the Exception Responses section for further details. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 562: Modbus Rtu Crc-16 Algorithm

    This algorithm requires the characteristic polynomial to be reverse bit ordered. The most significant bit of the characteristic polynomial is dropped, since it does not affect the value of the remainder. A C programming language implementation of the CRC algorithm will be provided upon request. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 563 No: go to 8; Yes: G (+) A --> A and continue. Is j = 8? No: go to 5; Yes: continue i + 1 --> i Is i = N? No: go to 3; Yes: continue A --> CRC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 564: Modbus Function Codes

    NUMBER OF REGISTERS - low DATA #2 - high CRC - low DATA #2 - low CRC - high DATA #3 - high DATA #3 - low CRC - low CRC - high L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 565: Execute Operation (function Code 05h

    DATA STARTING ADDRESS - low DATA STARTING ADDRESS - low DATA - high DATA - high DATA - low DATA - low CRC - low CRC - low CRC - high CRC - high GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 566: Store Multiple Settings (function Code 10h

    PACKET FORMAT EXAMPLE (HEX) SLAVE ADDRESS SLAVE ADDRESS FUNCTION CODE FUNCTION CODE CRC - low order byte ERROR CODE CRC - high order byte CRC - low order byte CRC - high order byte L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 567: B.3.1 Obtaining Relay Files Via Modbus

    Cleared Date to the present date and time. To read binary COMTRADE oscillography files, read the following filenames: OSCnnnn.CFG and OSCnnn.DAT Replace “nnn” with the desired oscillography trigger number. For ASCII format, use the following file names OSCAnnnn.CFG and OSCAnnn.DAT GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 568: File Transfers

    “Number of Fault Reports' register. If the value changes, then the master reads all the new files. The contents of the file is in standard HTML notation and can be viewed via any commercial browser. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 569: Memory Mapping

    040E Virtual Input 15 State 0 to 1 F108 0 (Off) 040F Virtual Input 16 State 0 to 1 F108 0 (Off) 0410 Virtual Input 17 State 0 to 1 F108 0 (Off) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 570 -2147483647 to F004 2147483647 0804 Digital Counter 1 Frozen Time Stamp 0 to 4294967295 F050 0806 Digital Counter 1 Frozen Time Stamp us (microsecond part 0 to 4294967295 F003 of time stamp) B-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 571 Ethernet Primary Fibre Channel Status 0 to 2 F134 0 (Fail) 1611 Ethernet Secondary Fibre Channel Status 0 to 2 F134 0 (Fail) 1612 Ethernet Tertiary Fibre Channel Status 0 to 2 F134 0 (Fail) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-11...
  • Page 572 Time of Newest Available Samples 0 to 4294967295 seconds F050 161D Data Logger Duration 0 to 999.9 days F001 L60 Test Mode (Read/Write Setting) 1640 L60 Test Mode 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) L60 Test Mode (Read Only) 1641 L60 Trip Control Status...
  • Page 573 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) 2197 Breaker Flashover 1 Side 1 Source 0 to 5 F167 0 (SRC 1) 2198 Breaker Flashover 1 Side 2 Source 0 to 6 F211 0 (None) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-13...
  • Page 574 Fault 1 Prefault Phase B Current Magnitude 0 to 999999.999 0.001 F060 2345 Fault 1 Prefault Phase B Current Angle -359.9 to 0 degrees F002 2346 Fault 1 Prefault Phase C Current Magnitude 0 to 999999.999 0.001 F060 B-14 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 575 IEC 61850 GGIO5 uinteger Input 6 Operand F612 26B6 IEC 61850 GGIO5 uinteger Input 7 Operand F612 26B7 IEC 61850 GGIO5 uinteger Input 8 Operand F612 26B8 IEC 61850 GGIO5 uinteger Input 9 Operand F612 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-15...
  • Page 576 Fault Report 5 Time 0 to 4294967295 F050 303A Fault Report 6 Time 0 to 4294967295 F050 303C Fault Report 7 Time 0 to 4294967295 F050 303E Fault Report 8 Time 0 to 4294967295 F050 B-16 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 577 332C Syslog Server IP Address 0 to 4294967295 F003 332E Syslog Server Port Number 1 to 65535 F001 Security Supervisory (Read/Write Setting) 3331 Device Authentication Enable 0 to 1 F126 1 (Yes) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-17...
  • Page 578 RTD Input Values (Read Only) (48 modules) 34F0 RTD Input 1 Value -32768 to 32767 °C F002 34F1 RTD Input 2 Value -32768 to 32767 °C F002 34F2 RTD Input 3 Value -32768 to 32767 °C F002 B-18 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 579 3570 Direct Input States, one per register (96 items) 0 to 1 F108 0 (Off) RADIUS Configuration (Read/Write Setting) 3735 Undefined 0 to 4294967295 F003 3737 Undefined 1 to 65535 F001 1812 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-19...
  • Page 580 F001 402D Password Lockout Duration 5 to 60 F001 Passwords (Read/Write) 402E Password Access Events 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) Passwords (Read/Write Setting) 402F Local Setting Auth 1 to 4294967295 F300 B-20 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 581 40B2 DNP Power Scale Factor 0 to 8 F194 2 (1) 40B3 DNP Other Scale Factor 0 to 8 F194 2 (1) 40B4 DNP Current Default Deadband 0 to 100000000 F003 30000 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-21...
  • Page 582 Ethernet Switch IP Address 0 to 4294967295 F003 3232235778 414A Ethernet Switch Modbus IP Port Number 1 to 65535 F001 414B Ethernet Switch Port 1 Events 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) B-22 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 583 0 to 23 F001 Fault Report Commands (Read/Write Command) 41B2 Fault Reports Clear Data Command 0 to 1 F126 0 (No) Oscillography (Read/Write Setting) 41C0 Oscillography Number of Records 3 to 64 F001 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-23...
  • Page 584 ...Repeated for User-Programmable LED 37 432F ...Repeated for User-Programmable LED 38 4332 ...Repeated for User-Programmable LED 39 4335 ...Repeated for User-Programmable LED 40 4338 ...Repeated for User-Programmable LED 41 433B ...Repeated for User-Programmable LED 42 B-24 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 585 F100 0 (Wye) 4501 Phase VT 1 Secondary 25 to 240 F001 4502 Phase VT 1 Ratio 1 to 24000 F060 4504 Auxiliary VT 1 Connection 0 to 6 F166 1 (Vag) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-25...
  • Page 586 Modbus Address Settings for User Map (256 items) 0 to 65535 F001 User Displays Settings (Read/Write Setting) (16 modules) 4C00 User-Definable Display 1 Top Line Text F202 “ “ 4C0A User-Definable Display 1 Bottom Line Text F202 “ “ B-26 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 587 ...Repeated for RTD Input 26 5608 ...Repeated for RTD Input 27 561C ...Repeated for RTD Input 28 5630 ...Repeated for RTD Input 29 5644 ...Repeated for RTD Input 30 5658 ...Repeated for RTD Input 31 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-27...
  • Page 588 ...Repeated for FlexLogic Timer 27 58D8 ...Repeated for FlexLogic Timer 28 58E0 ...Repeated for FlexLogic Timer 29 58E8 ...Repeated for FlexLogic Timer 30 58F0 ...Repeated for FlexLogic Timer 31 58F8 ...Repeated for FlexLogic Timer 32 B-28 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 589 5C07 Neutral Instantaneous Overcurrent 1 Target 0 to 2 F109 0 (Self-reset) 5C08 Neutral Instantaneous Overcurrent 1 Events 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) 5C09 Reserved (8 items) 0 to 1 F001 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-29...
  • Page 590 FlexLogic Operands to Activate Groups 2 through 6 (5 0 to 4294967295 F300 items) 5F7D Setting Group Function 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) 5F7E Setting Group Events 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) B-30 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 591 Positive-Sequence Current Fault Detector Function 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) 60A9 Positive-Sequence Current Fault Detector Low Pickup 0.2 to 5 0.01 F001 60AA Positive-Sequence Current Fault Detector High Pickup 0.5 to 15 0.01 F001 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-31...
  • Page 592 F300 611A 87PC Tx Reset Delay 0 to 1000 F001 Negative Sequence Time Overcurrent (Read/Write Grouped Setting) (2 modules) 6300 Negative Sequence Time Overcurrent 1 Function 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) B-32 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 593 0 (Delayed) 65D2 Power Swing Detect Block 0 to 4294967295 F300 65D4 Power Swing Detect Target 0 to 2 F109 0 (Self-reset) 65D5 Power Swing Detect Event 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-33...
  • Page 594 6791 Trip Delay On Evolving Faults 0 to 65.535 0.001 F001 6792 Trip Seal-In Delay 0 to 65.535 0.001 F001 6793 Trip Reset 0 to 2 F609 0 (Pole Curr OR Custom) B-34 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 595 3 (1 - 2) 688D Autoreclose Transfer Time 0 to 655.35 0.01 F001 688E Autoreclose Event 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) 688F Autoreclose 3P Dead Time 3 0 to 655.35 0.01 F001 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-35...
  • Page 596 Phase Distance Zone 1 RCA 30 to 90 degrees F001 707C Phase Distance Zone 1 DIR RCA 30 to 90 degrees F001 707D Phase Distance Zone 1 DIR Comp Limit 30 to 90 degrees F001 B-36 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 597 0 to 65.535 0.001 F001 71E8 Autoreclose Coordination Reset Delay 0 to 65.535 0.001 F001 71E9 Autoreclose Coordination Bypass 0 to 1 F102 1 (Enabled) 71EA Line Pickup Block 0 to 4294967295 F300 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-37...
  • Page 598 Breaker Arcing Current Settings (Read/Write Setting) (2 modules) 7290 Breaker 1 Arcing Current Function 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) 7291 Breaker 1 Arcing Current Source 0 to 5 F167 0 (SRC 1) B-38 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 599 Thermal Protection 1 Block 0 to 4294967295 F300 7793 Thermal Protection 1 Target 0 to 2 F109 0 (Self-reset) 7794 Thermal Protection 1 Events 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) 7795 Reserved (2 items) F001 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-39...
  • Page 600 ...Repeated for Neutral Overvoltage 3 Auxiliary Undervoltage (Read/Write Grouped Setting) (3 modules) 7F60 Auxiliary Undervoltage 1 Function 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) 7F61 Auxiliary Undervoltage 1 Signal Source 0 to 5 F167 0 (SRC 1) B-40 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 601 Breaker Failure 1 Breaker Status 2 Phase A/3P 0 to 4294967295 F300 8615 Breaker Failure 1 Breaker Test On 0 to 4294967295 F300 8617 Breaker Failure 1 Phase Amp Hiset Pickup 0.001 to 30 0.001 F001 1050 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-41...
  • Page 602 ...Repeated for Digital Element 22 8BE4 ...Repeated for Digital Element 23 8BFA ...Repeated for Digital Element 24 8C10 ...Repeated for Digital Element 25 8C26 ...Repeated for Digital Element 26 8C3C ...Repeated for Digital Element 27 B-42 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 603 0 to 65.535 0.001 F001 9011 FlexElement 1 Block 0 to 4294967295 F300 9013 FlexElement 1 Target 0 to 2 F109 0 (Self-reset) 9014 FlexElement 1 Events 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-43...
  • Page 604 Direct Output 1 Name 1 to 96 F205 “Dir Out 1” 940C ...Repeated for Direct Input/Output 2 9418 ...Repeated for Direct Input/Output 3 9424 ...Repeated for Direct Input/Output 4 9430 ...Repeated for Direct Input/Output 5 B-44 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 605 -2147483.647 to 2147483.647 0.001 F004 9908 FlexElement 5 Actual 0.001 F004 -2147483.647 to 2147483.647 990A FlexElement 6 Actual 0.001 F004 -2147483.647 to 2147483.647 990C FlexElement 7 Actual -2147483.647 to 2147483.647 0.001 F004 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-45...
  • Page 606 ...Repeated for module number 4 VT Fuse Failure Actuals (Read Only) (4 modules) A0AC VT Fuse Failure 1 V0 3rd Harmonic 0 to 999999.999 0.001 F060 A0AE ...Repeated for module number 2 B-46 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 607 0 (Reset Dominant) A702 Non-Volatile Latch 1 Set 0 to 4294967295 F300 A704 Non-Volatile Latch 1 Reset 0 to 4294967295 F300 A706 Non-Volatile Latch 1 Target 0 to 2 F109 0 (Self-reset) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-47...
  • Page 608 ...Repeated for IEC 61850 GOOSE Analog Input 29 AACB ...Repeated for IEC 61850 GOOSE Analog Input 30 AAD2 ...Repeated for IEC 61850 GOOSE Analog Input 31 AAD9 ...Repeated for IEC 61850 GOOSE Analog Input 32 B-48 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 609 ...Repeated for IEC 61850 GGIO4 Analog Input 11 AF5D ...Repeated for IEC 61850 GGIO4 Analog Input 12 AF64 ...Repeated for IEC 61850 GGIO4 Analog Input 13 AF6B ...Repeated for IEC 61850 GGIO4 Analog Input 14 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-49...
  • Page 610 0.001 to 100 0.001 F003 10000 B0D4 IEC 61850 MMXU PhV.phsC Deadband 1 0.001 to 100 0.001 F003 10000 B0D6 IEC 61850 MMXU A.phsA Deadband 1 0.001 to 100 0.001 F003 10000 B-50 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 611 ...Repeated for Received Analog 27 B246 ...Repeated for Received Analog 28 B248 ...Repeated for Received Analog 29 B24A ...Repeated for Received Analog 30 B24C ...Repeated for Received Analog 31 B24E ...Repeated for Received Analog 32 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-51...
  • Page 612 B372 Command to Clear XSWI OpCnt (Operation Counter) 0 to 1 F126 0 (No) IEC 61850 GGIO1 Configuration Settings (Read/Write Setting) B400 Number of Status Indications in GGIO1 8 to 128 F001 B-52 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 613 ...Repeated for Contact Input 8 BB40 ...Repeated for Contact Input 9 BB48 ...Repeated for Contact Input 10 BB50 ...Repeated for Contact Input 11 BB58 ...Repeated for Contact Input 12 BB60 ...Repeated for Contact Input 13 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-53...
  • Page 614 ...Repeated for Contact Input 62 BCF0 ...Repeated for Contact Input 63 BCF8 ...Repeated for Contact Input 64 BD00 ...Repeated for Contact Input 65 BD08 ...Repeated for Contact Input 66 BD10 ...Repeated for Contact Input 67 B-54 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 615 ...Repeated for Virtual Input 13 BECC ...Repeated for Virtual Input 14 BED8 ...Repeated for Virtual Input 15 BEE4 ...Repeated for Virtual Input 16 BEF0 ...Repeated for Virtual Input 17 BEFC ...Repeated for Virtual Input 18 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-55...
  • Page 616 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) C137 Reserved F001 C138 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 2 C140 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 3 C148 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 4 C150 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 5 B-56 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 617 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 54 C2E0 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 55 C2E8 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 56 C2F0 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 57 C2F8 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 58 C300 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 59 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-57...
  • Page 618 Clear Fault Reports Operand 0 to 4294967295 F300 C454 Clear Event Records Operand 0 to 4294967295 F300 C456 Clear Oscillography Operand 0 to 4294967295 F300 C458 Clear Data Logger Operand 0 to 4294967295 F300 B-58 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 619 Force Contact Inputs/Outputs (Read/Write Settings) C7A0 Force Contact Input x State (96 items) 0 to 2 F144 0 (Disabled) C800 Force Contact Output x State (64 items) 0 to 3 F131 0 (Disabled) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-59...
  • Page 620 Direct Input/Output Channel 2 CRC Alarm Message Count 100 to 10000 F001 CADA Direct Input/Output Channel 2 CRC Alarm Threshold 1 to 1000 F001 CADB Direct Input/Output Channel 2 CRC Alarm Events 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) B-60 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 621 ...Repeated for Remote Input 6 CFDC ...Repeated for Remote Input 7 CFE6 ...Repeated for Remote Input 8 CFF0 ...Repeated for Remote Input 9 CFFA ...Repeated for Remote Input 10 D004 ...Repeated for Remote Input 11 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-61...
  • Page 622 ...Repeated for Remote Output 25 D284 ...Repeated for Remote Output 26 D288 ...Repeated for Remote Output 27 D28C ...Repeated for Remote Output 28 D290 ...Repeated for Remote Output 29 D294 ...Repeated for Remote Output 30 B-62 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 623 IEC 61850 GGIO2.CF.SPCSO13.ctlModel Value 0 to 2 F001 D32D IEC 61850 GGIO2.CF.SPCSO14.ctlModel Value 0 to 2 F001 D32E IEC 61850 GGIO2.CF.SPCSO15.ctlModel Value 0 to 2 F001 D32F IEC 61850 GGIO2.CF.SPCSO16.ctlModel Value 0 to 2 F001 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-63...
  • Page 624 Remote Device 1 StNum 0 to 4294967295 F003 D382 Remote Device 1 SqNum 0 to 4294967295 F003 D384 ...Repeated for Remote Device 2 D388 ...Repeated for Remote Device 3 D38C ...Repeated for Remote Device 4 B-64 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 625 ...Repeated for Contact Output 29 DE43 ...Repeated for Contact Output 30 DE52 ...Repeated for Contact Output 31 DE61 ...Repeated for Contact Output 32 DE70 ...Repeated for Contact Output 33 DE7F ...Repeated for Contact Output 34 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-65...
  • Page 626 ...Repeated for DCmA Inputs 12 E134 ...Repeated for DCmA Inputs 13 E147 ...Repeated for DCmA Inputs 14 E15A ...Repeated for DCmA Inputs 15 E16D ...Repeated for DCmA Inputs 16 E180 ...Repeated for DCmA Inputs 17 B-66 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 627 Reserved F205 (none) Setting File Template (Read Only Non-Volatile) ED07 Last Settings Change Date 0 to 4294967295 F050 Settings File Template (Read/Write Setting) ED09 Template Bitmask (750 items) 0 to 65535 F001 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-67...
  • Page 628: Data Formats

    Last 16 bits are Year (xx/xx/YYYY): 1970 to 2106 in steps of 1. 0 = Mho Shape, 1 = Quad Shape F086 ENUMERATION: CONTACT INPUT DEFAULT STATE 0 = Off, 1 = On, 2= Latest/Off, 3 = Latest/On B-68 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 629 IEC Curve B FlexCurve A IEC Curve C FlexCurve B F118 IEC Short Inv FlexCurve C ENUMERATION: OSCILLOGRAPHY MODE IAC Ext Inv FlexCurve D 0 = Automatic Overwrite, 1 = Protected IAC Very Inv GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-69...
  • Page 630 Auxiliary Overvoltage 2 ENUMERATION: CT SECONDARY Auxiliary Overvoltage 3 0 = 1 A, 1 = 5 A Phase Overvoltage 1 Neutral Overvoltage 1 Neutral Overvoltage 2 Neutral Overvoltage 3 Phase Distance Zone 1 B-70 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 631 Digital Element 14 Control pushbutton 1 Digital Element 15 Control pushbutton 2 Digital Element 16 Control pushbutton 3 Digital Element 17 Control pushbutton 4 Digital Element 18 Control pushbutton 5 Digital Element 19 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-71...
  • Page 632 Disconnect switch 2 RTD Input 14 Disconnect switch 3 RTD Input 15 Disconnect switch 4 RTD Input 16 Disconnect switch 5 RTD Input 17 Disconnect switch 6 RTD Input 18 Disconnect switch 7 B-72 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 633 0 = Not Programmed, 1 = Programmed Aggregator Error Unit Not Calibrated F134 Settings Save Error ENUMERATION: PASS/FAIL SRAM Data Error Program Memory 0 = Fail, 1 = OK, 2 = n/a Watchdog Error Low On Memory GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-73...
  • Page 634 0 = Disabled, 1 = Open, 2 = Closed Unauthorized Access System Integrity Recovery System Integrity Recovery 06 System Integrity Recovery 07 F147 ENUMERATION: LINE LENGTH UNITS 0 = km, 1 = miles B-74 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 635 0 = Vn, 1 = Vag, 2 = Vbg, 3 = Vcg, 4 = Vab, 5 = Vbc, 6 = Vca F167 ENUMERATION: SIGNAL SOURCE 0 = SRC 1, 1 = SRC 2, 2 = SRC 3, 3 = SRC 4, 4 = SRC 5, 5 = SRC 6 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-75...
  • Page 636 0 = None, 1 = COM1-RS485 (not applicable to UR firmware 7.00), 0 = Phase to Ground, 1 = Phase to Phase 2 = COM2-RS485, 3 = Front Panel-RS232, 4 = Network - TCP, 5 = Network - UDP B-76 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 637 0 = Calculated 3I0, 1 = Measured IG ENUMERATION: POLARIZING VOLTAGE 0 = Calculated V0, 1 = Measured VX F200 TEXT40: 40-CHARACTER ASCII TEXT 20 registers, 16 Bits: 1st Char MSB, 2nd Char LSB GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-77...
  • Page 638 MMXU1.MX.W.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.Hz.mag.f MMXU1.MX.W.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.W.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.ang.f MMXU1.MX.VAr.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.VAr.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.ang.f MMXU1.MX.VAr.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.VA.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.ang.f MMXU1.MX.VA.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.VA.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU1.MX.PF.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.PF.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU1.MX.PF.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.TotW.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.TotVAr.mag.f MMXU3.MX.A.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.TotVA.mag.f MMXU3.MX.A.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.TotPF.mag.f MMXU3.MX.A.phsB.cVal.mag.f B-78 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 639 MMXU4.MX.A.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU5.MX.PF.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.A.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.TotW.mag.f MMXU4.MX.A.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU6.MX.TotVAr.mag.f MMXU4.MX.A.neut.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.TotVA.mag.f MMXU4.MX.A.neut.cVal.ang.f MMXU6.MX.TotPF.mag.f MMXU4.MX.W.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.Hz.mag.f MMXU4.MX.W.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.W.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.VAr.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.VAr.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.VAr.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.VA.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.VA.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.VA.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.PF.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PF.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.ang.f GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-79...
  • Page 640 IEC 61850 GOOSE Rx dataset GGIO4.MX.AnIn17.mag.f item GGIO4.MX.AnIn18.mag.f None GGIO4.MX.AnIn19.mag.f GGIO3.ST.Ind1.q GGIO4.MX.AnIn20.mag.f GGIO3.ST.Ind1.stVal GGIO4.MX.AnIn21.mag.f GGIO3.ST.Ind2.q GGIO4.MX.AnIn22.mag.f GGIO3.ST.Ind2.stVal GGIO4.MX.AnIn23.mag.f ↓ ↓ GGIO4.MX.AnIn24.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind64q GGIO4.MX.AnIn25.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind64.stVal GGIO4.MX.AnIn26.mag.f GGIO3.MX.AnIn1.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn27.mag.f GGIO3.MX.AnIn2.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn28.mag.f GGIO3.MX.AnIn3.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn29.mag.f GGIO3.MX.AnIn4.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn30.mag.f GGIO3.MX.AnIn5.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn31.mag.f B-80 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 641 ENUMERATION: REAL TIME CLOCK MONTH (FOR EXAMPLE, GGIO3.ST.UIntIn5.q DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME) GGIO3.ST.UIntIn5.stVal GGIO3.ST.UIntIn6.q Value Month GGIO3.ST.UIntIn6.stVal January GGIO3.ST.UIntIn7.q February GGIO3.ST.UIntIn7.stVal March GGIO3.ST.UIntIn8.q April GGIO3.ST.UIntIn8.stVal GGIO3.ST.UIntIn9.q June GGIO3.ST.UIntIn9.stVal July GGIO3.ST.UIntIn10.q August GGIO3.ST.UIntIn10.stVal September GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-81...
  • Page 642 [64] PDC NETWORK CONTROL Value Description [66] PMU RECORDERE OUT OF MEMORY [68] PMU RECORDER STOPPED None [128 to 255] ELEMENT STATES (see the Element States section in the Modbus memory map) B-82 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 643 IDs. The operate bit for element ID X is bit [X mod 16] in register [X/16]. F513 ENUMERATION: POWER SWING MODE 0 = Two Step, 1 = Three Step GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-83...
  • Page 644 0 = English, 1 = French, 2 = Chinese, 3 = Russian, 4 = Turkish F608 ENUMERATION: OPEN POLE DETECTION FUNCTION F534 Enumeration Open Pole Detection ENUMERATION: 87PC TRIP SECURITY I AND V AND CBaux I AND V only 0 = First Coincidence, 1 = Enhanced B-84 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 645 PDIF1.ST.Op.general PIOC14.ST.Str.general PDIF2.ST.Str.general PIOC14.ST.Op.general PDIF2.ST.Op.general PIOC15.ST.Str.general PDIF3.ST.Str.general PIOC15.ST.Op.general PDIF3.ST.Op.general PIOC16.ST.Str.general PDIF4.ST.Str.general PIOC16.ST.Op.general PDIF4.ST.Op.general PIOC17.ST.Str.general PDIS1.ST.Str.general PIOC17.ST.Op.general PDIS1.ST.Op.general PIOC18.ST.Str.general PDIS2.ST.Str.general PIOC18.ST.Op.general PDIS2.ST.Op.general PIOC19.ST.Str.general PDIS3.ST.Str.general PIOC19.ST.Op.general PDIS3.ST.Op.general PIOC20.ST.Str.general PDIS4.ST.Str.general PIOC20.ST.Op.general PDIS4.ST.Op.general PIOC21.ST.Str.general PDIS5.ST.Str.general PIOC21.ST.Op.general GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-85...
  • Page 646 PIOC40.ST.Op.general PIOC67.ST.Str.general PIOC41.ST.Str.general PIOC67.ST.Op.general PIOC41.ST.Op.general PIOC68.ST.Str.general PIOC42.ST.Str.general PIOC68.ST.Op.general PIOC42.ST.Op.general PIOC69.ST.Str.general PIOC43.ST.Str.general PIOC69.ST.Op.general PIOC43.ST.Op.general PIOC70.ST.Str.general PIOC44.ST.Str.general PIOC70.ST.Op.general PIOC44.ST.Op.general PIOC71.ST.Str.general PIOC45.ST.Str.general PIOC71.ST.Op.general PIOC45.ST.Op.general PIOC72.ST.Str.general PIOC46.ST.Str.general PIOC72.ST.Op.general PIOC46.ST.Op.general PTOC1.ST.Str.general PIOC47.ST.Str.general PTOC1.ST.Op.general PIOC47.ST.Op.general PTOC2.ST.Str.general PIOC48.ST.Str.general PTOC2.ST.Op.general B-86 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 647 PTOC21.ST.Op.general PTUV8.ST.Str.general PTOC22.ST.Str.general PTUV8.ST.Op.general PTOC22.ST.Op.general PTUV9.ST.Str.general PTOC23.ST.Str.general PTUV9.ST.Op.general PTOC23.ST.Op.general PTUV10.ST.Str.general PTOC24.ST.Str.general PTUV10.ST.Op.general PTOC24.ST.Op.general PTUV11.ST.Str.general PTOV1.ST.Str.general PTUV11.ST.Op.general PTOV1.ST.Op.general PTUV12.ST.Str.general PTOV2.ST.Str.general PTUV12.ST.Op.general PTOV2.ST.Op.general PTUV13.ST.Str.general PTOV3.ST.Str.general PTUV13.ST.Op.general PTOV3.ST.Op.general RBRF1.ST.OpEx.general PTOV4.ST.Str.general RBRF1.ST.OpIn.general PTOV4.ST.Op.general RBRF2.ST.OpEx.general PTOV5.ST.Str.general RBRF2.ST.OpIn.general GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-87...
  • Page 648 RBRF21.ST.OpIn.general CSWI14.ST.Loc.stVal RBRF22.ST.OpEx.general CSWI14.ST.Pos.stVal RBRF22.ST.OpIn.general CSWI15.ST.Loc.stVal RBRF23.ST.OpEx.general CSWI15.ST.Pos.stVal RBRF23.ST.OpIn.general CSWI16.ST.Loc.stVal RBRF24.ST.OpEx.general CSWI16.ST.Pos.stVal RBRF24.ST.OpIn.general CSWI17.ST.Loc.stVal RFLO1.MX.FltDiskm.mag.f CSWI17.ST.Pos.stVal RFLO2.MX.FltDiskm.mag.f CSWI18.ST.Loc.stVal RFLO3.MX.FltDiskm.mag.f CSWI18.ST.Pos.stVal RFLO4.MX.FltDiskm.mag.f CSWI19.ST.Loc.stVal RFLO5.MX.FltDiskm.mag.f CSWI19.ST.Pos.stVal RPSB1.ST.Str.general CSWI20.ST.Loc.stVal RPSB1.ST.Op.general CSWI20.ST.Pos.stVal RPSB1.ST.BlkZn.stVal CSWI21.ST.Loc.stVal RREC1.ST.Op.general CSWI21.ST.Pos.stVal B-88 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 649 GGIO1.ST.Ind20.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind73.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind21.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind74.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind22.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind75.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind23.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind76.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind24.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind77.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind25.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind78.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind26.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind79.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind27.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind80.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind28.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind81.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind29.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind82.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind30.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind83.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind31.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind84.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind32.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind85.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind33.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind86.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind34.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind87.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind35.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind88.stVal GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-89...
  • Page 650 GGIO1.ST.Ind126.stVal MMXU2.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind127.stVal MMXU2.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.ang.f GGIO1.ST.Ind128.stVal MMXU2.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.TotW.mag.f MMXU2.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU1.MX.TotVAr.mag.f MMXU2.MX.A.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.TotVA.mag.f MMXU2.MX.A.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU1.MX.TotPF.mag.f MMXU2.MX.A.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.Hz.mag.f MMXU2.MX.A.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.A.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.A.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.A.neut.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.A.neut.cVal.ang.f MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.W.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.W.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.W.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.VAr.phsA.cVal.mag.f B-90 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 651 MMXU3.MX.VAr.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.ang.f MMXU3.MX.VAr.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.VA.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.ang.f MMXU3.MX.VA.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.VA.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU3.MX.PF.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PF.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU3.MX.PF.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.TotW.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.TotVAr.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.TotVA.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.TotPF.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.Hz.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.ang.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.neut.cVal.mag.f GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-91...
  • Page 652 MMXU6.MX.A.neut.cVal.ang.f XSWI5.ST.Loc.stVal MMXU6.MX.W.phsA.cVal.mag.f XSWI5.ST.Pos.stVal MMXU6.MX.W.phsB.cVal.mag.f XSWI6.ST.Loc.stVal MMXU6.MX.W.phsC.cVal.mag.f XSWI6.ST.Pos.stVal MMXU6.MX.VAr.phsA.cVal.mag.f XSWI7.ST.Loc.stVal MMXU6.MX.VAr.phsB.cVal.mag.f XSWI7.ST.Pos.stVal MMXU6.MX.VAr.phsC.cVal.mag.f XSWI8.ST.Loc.stVal MMXU6.MX.VA.phsA.cVal.mag.f XSWI8.ST.Pos.stVal MMXU6.MX.VA.phsB.cVal.mag.f XSWI9.ST.Loc.stVal MMXU6.MX.VA.phsC.cVal.mag.f XSWI9.ST.Pos.stVal MMXU6.MX.PF.phsA.cVal.mag.f XSWI10.ST.Loc.stVal MMXU6.MX.PF.phsB.cVal.mag.f XSWI10.ST.Pos.stVal MMXU6.MX.PF.phsC.cVal.mag.f XSWI11.ST.Loc.stVal GGIO4.MX.AnIn1.mag.f XSWI11.ST.Pos.stVal GGIO4.MX.AnIn2.mag.f XSWI12.ST.Loc.stVal GGIO4.MX.AnIn3.mag.f XSWI12.ST.Pos.stVal B-92 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 653 ENUMERATION: IEC 61850 GOOSE DATASET ITEMS GGIO1.ST.Ind26.q Enumeration GOOSE dataset items GGIO1.ST.Ind26.stVal None GGIO1.ST.Ind27.q GGIO1.ST.Ind1.q GGIO1.ST.Ind27.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind1.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind28.q GGIO1.ST.Ind2.q GGIO1.ST.Ind28.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind2.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind29.q GGIO1.ST.Ind3.q GGIO1.ST.Ind29.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind3.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind30.q GGIO1.ST.Ind4.q GGIO1.ST.Ind30.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind4.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind31.q GGIO1.ST.Ind5.q GGIO1.ST.Ind31.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind5.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind32.q GGIO1.ST.Ind6.q GGIO1.ST.Ind32.stVal GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-93...
  • Page 654 GGIO1.ST.Ind51.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind78.q GGIO1.ST.Ind52.q GGIO1.ST.Ind78.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind52.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind79.q GGIO1.ST.Ind53.q GGIO1.ST.Ind79.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind53.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind80.q GGIO1.ST.Ind54.q GGIO1.ST.Ind80.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind54.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind81.q GGIO1.ST.Ind55.q GGIO1.ST.Ind81.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind55.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind82.q GGIO1.ST.Ind56.q GGIO1.ST.Ind82.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind56.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind83.q GGIO1.ST.Ind57.q GGIO1.ST.Ind83.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind57.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind84.q GGIO1.ST.Ind58.q GGIO1.ST.Ind84.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind58.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind85.q GGIO1.ST.Ind59.q GGIO1.ST.Ind85.stVal B-94 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 655 GGIO1.ST.Ind104.stVal MMXU1.MX.Hz.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind105.q MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind105.stVal MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.ang.f GGIO1.ST.Ind106.q MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind106.stVal MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.ang.f GGIO1.ST.Ind107.q MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind107.stVal MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.ang.f GGIO1.ST.Ind108.q MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind108.stVal MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.ang.f GGIO1.ST.Ind109.q MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind109.stVal MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.ang.f GGIO1.ST.Ind110.q MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind110.stVal MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.ang.f GGIO1.ST.Ind111.q MMXU1.MX.A.phsA.cVal.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind111.stVal MMXU1.MX.A.phsA.cVal.ang.f GGIO1.ST.Ind112.q MMXU1.MX.A.phsB.cVal.mag.f GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-95...
  • Page 656 MMXU2.MX.A.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU3.MX.PF.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.A.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.TotW.mag.f MMXU2.MX.A.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.TotVAr.mag.f MMXU2.MX.A.neut.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.TotVA.mag.f MMXU2.MX.A.neut.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.TotPF.mag.f MMXU2.MX.W.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.Hz.mag.f MMXU2.MX.W.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.W.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.VAr.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.VAr.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.VAr.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.VA.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.VA.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.VA.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.PF.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.PF.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.ang.f B-96 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 657 MMXU5.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.VA.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU6.MX.VA.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.VA.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU6.MX.PF.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PF.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU6.MX.PF.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsC.cVal.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn1.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsC.cVal.ang.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn2.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.neut.cVal.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn3.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.neut.cVal.ang.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn4.mag.f MMXU5.MX.W.phsA.cVal.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn5.mag.f MMXU5.MX.W.phsB.cVal.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn6.mag.f MMXU5.MX.W.phsC.cVal.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn7.mag.f MMXU5.MX.VAr.phsA.cVal.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn8.mag.f MMXU5.MX.VAr.phsB.cVal.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn9.mag.f MMXU5.MX.VAr.phsC.cVal.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn10.mag.f GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-97...
  • Page 658 GGIO5.ST.UIntIn8.stVal PIOC5.ST.Str.general GGIO5.ST.UIntIn9.q PIOC5.ST.Op.general GGIO5.ST.UIntIn9.stVal PIOC6.ST.Str.general GGIO5.ST.UIntIn10.q PIOC6.ST.Op.general GGIO5.ST.UIntIn10.stVal PIOC7.ST.Str.general GGIO5.ST.UIntIn11.q PIOC7.ST.Op.general GGIO5.ST.UIntIn11.stVal PIOC8.ST.Str.general GGIO5.ST.UIntIn12.q PIOC8.ST.Op.general GGIO5.ST.UIntIn12.stVal PIOC9.ST.Str.general GGIO5.ST.UIntIn13.q PIOC9.ST.Op.general GGIO5.ST.UIntIn13.stVal PIOC10.ST.Str.general GGIO5.ST.UIntIn14.q PIOC10.ST.Op.general GGIO5.ST.UIntIn14.stVal PIOC11.ST.Str.general GGIO5.ST.UIntIn15.q PIOC11.ST.Op.general GGIO5.ST.UIntIn15.stVal PIOC12.ST.Str.general GGIO5.ST.UIntIn16.q PIOC12.ST.Op.general B-98 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 659 PIOC31.ST.Op.general PIOC58.ST.Str.general PIOC32.ST.Str.general PIOC58.ST.Op.general PIOC32.ST.Op.general PIOC59.ST.Str.general PIOC33.ST.Str.general PIOC59.ST.Op.general PIOC33.ST.Op.general PIOC60.ST.Str.general PIOC34.ST.Str.general PIOC60.ST.Op.general PIOC34.ST.Op.general PIOC61.ST.Str.general PIOC35.ST.Str.general PIOC61.ST.Op.general PIOC35.ST.Op.general PIOC62.ST.Str.general PIOC36.ST.Str.general PIOC62.ST.Op.general PIOC36.ST.Op.general PIOC63.ST.Str.general PIOC37.ST.Str.general PIOC63.ST.Op.general PIOC37.ST.Op.general PIOC64.ST.Str.general PIOC38.ST.Str.general PIOC64.ST.Op.general PIOC38.ST.Op.general PIOC65.ST.Str.general PIOC39.ST.Str.general PIOC65.ST.Op.general GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-99...
  • Page 660 PTOC12.ST.Op.general PTRC5.ST.Tr.general PTOC13.ST.Str.general PTRC5.ST.Op.general PTOC13.ST.Op.general PTRC6.ST.Tr.general PTOC14.ST.Str.general PTRC6.ST.Op.general PTOC14.ST.Op.general PTUV1.ST.Str.general PTOC15.ST.Str.general PTUV1.ST.Op.general PTOC15.ST.Op.general PTUV2.ST.Str.general PTOC16.ST.Str.general PTUV2.ST.Op.general PTOC16.ST.Op.general PTUV3.ST.Str.general PTOC17.ST.Str.general PTUV3.ST.Op.general PTOC17.ST.Op.general PTUV4.ST.Str.general PTOC18.ST.Str.general PTUV4.ST.Op.general PTOC18.ST.Op.general PTUV5.ST.Str.general PTOC19.ST.Str.general PTUV5.ST.Op.general PTOC19.ST.Op.general PTUV6.ST.Str.general PTOC20.ST.Str.general PTUV6.ST.Op.general B-100 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 661 RBRF12.ST.OpIn.general CSWI5.ST.Loc.stVal RBRF13.ST.OpEx.general CSWI5.ST.Pos.stVal RBRF13.ST.OpIn.general CSWI6.ST.Loc.stVal RBRF14.ST.OpEx.general CSWI6.ST.Pos.stVal RBRF14.ST.OpIn.general CSWI7.ST.Loc.stVal RBRF15.ST.OpEx.general CSWI7.ST.Pos.stVal RBRF15.ST.OpIn.general CSWI8.ST.Loc.stVal RBRF16.ST.OpEx.general CSWI8.ST.Pos.stVal RBRF16.ST.OpIn.general CSWI9.ST.Loc.stVal RBRF17.ST.OpEx.general CSWI9.ST.Pos.stVal RBRF17.ST.OpIn.general CSWI10.ST.Loc.stVal RBRF18.ST.OpEx.general CSWI10.ST.Pos.stVal RBRF18.ST.OpIn.general CSWI11.ST.Loc.stVal RBRF19.ST.OpEx.general CSWI11.ST.Pos.stVal RBRF19.ST.OpIn.general CSWI12.ST.Loc.stVal RBRF20.ST.OpEx.general CSWI12.ST.Pos.stVal GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-101...
  • Page 662 1005 XCBR5.ST.Loc.stVal XSWI3.ST.Loc.stVal 1006 XCBR5.ST.Pos.stVal XSWI3.ST.Pos.stVal 1007 XCBR6.ST.Loc.stVal XSWI4.ST.Loc.stVal 1008 XCBR6.ST.Pos.stVal XSWI4.ST.Pos.stVal XSWI5.ST.Loc.stVal F617 XSWI5.ST.Pos.stVal ENUMERATION: LOGIN ROLES XSWI6.ST.Loc.stVal Enumeration Role XSWI6.ST.Pos.stVal None XSWI7.ST.Loc.stVal Administrator XSWI7.ST.Pos.stVal Supervisor XSWI8.ST.Loc.stVal Engineer XSWI8.ST.Pos.stVal Operator XSWI9.ST.Loc.stVal B-102 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 663 Mode 3 (3 Pole - A) Mode 4 (3 Pole - B) Enumeration Item Disabled Local and Remote F623 Local ENUMERATION: REAL-TIME CLOCK SYNCHRONIZING Remote SOURCE CONFIGURATION Enumeration Item None PP/IRIG-B/PTP/SNTP IRIG-B/PP/PTP/SNTP PP/PTP/IRIG-B/SNTP GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-103...
  • Page 664 B.4 MEMORY MAPPING APPENDIX B B-104 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 665: Iec 61850

    LAN environment. Actual MMS protocol services are mapped to IEC 61850 abstract ser- vices in IEC 61850-8-1. The L60 relay supports IEC 61850 server services over TCP/IP. The TCP/IP profile requires the L60 to have an IP address to establish communications. These addresses are located in the ...
  • Page 666: File Transfer By Iec 61850

    APPENDIX C C.1.3 FILE TRANSFER BY IEC 61850 The L60 supports file transfer by IEC 61850. The approach is as follows, using the SISCO AX-S4 61850 client software as an example. In the AX-S4 61850 Explorer window, click the Tools menu and access the SISCO File Transfer Utility.
  • Page 667: Server Data Organization

    C.2.2 GGIO1: DIGITAL STATUS VALUES The GGIO1 logical node is available in the L60 to provide access to as many 128 digital status points and associated time- stamps and quality flags. The data content must be configured before the data can be used. GGIO1 provides digital status points for access by clients.
  • Page 668: Mmxu: Analog Measured Values

    A limited number of measured analog values are available through the MMXU logical nodes. Each MMXU logical node provides data from a L60 current and voltage source. There is one MMXU available for each con- figurable source (programmed in the ...
  • Page 669 The protection elements listed above contain start (pickup) and operate flags. For example, the start flag for PIOC1 is PIOC1.ST.Str.general. The operate flag for PIOC1 is PIOC1.ST.Op.general. For the L60 protection elements, these flags take their values from the pickup and operate FlexLogic operands for the corresponding element.
  • Page 670: Server Features And Configuration

    C.3.4 LOGICAL DEVICE NAME The logical device name is used to identify the IEC 61850 logical device that exists within the L60. This name is composed of two parts: the IED name setting and the logical device instance. The complete logical device name is the combination of the two character strings programmed in the settings.
  • Page 671: Logical Node Name Prefixes

    A built-in TCP/IP connection timeout of two minutes is employed by the L60 to detect ‘dead’ connections. If there is no data traffic on a TCP connection for greater than two minutes, the connection will be aborted by the L60. This frees up the con- nection to be used by other clients.
  • Page 672: Generic Substation Event Services: Gsse And Goose

    MAC address for GSSE messages. If GSSE DESTINATION MAC ADDRESS a valid multicast Ethernet MAC address is not entered (for example, 00 00 00 00 00 00), the L60 will use the source Ether- net MAC address as the destination, with the multicast bit set.
  • Page 673 The L60 has the ability of detecting if a data item in one of the GOOSE datasets is erroneously oscillating. This can be caused by events such as errors in logic programming, inputs improperly being asserted and de-asserted, or failed station components.
  • Page 674 REMOTE IN 1 ITEM item to remote input 1. Remote input 1 can now be used in FlexLogic equations or other settings. The L60 must be rebooted (control power removed and re-applied) before these settings take effect. The value of remote input 1 (Boolean on or off) in the receiving device will be determined by the GGIO1.ST.Ind1.stVal value in the sending device.
  • Page 675: Ethernet Mac Address For Gsse/goose

    GSSE and GOOSE messages must have multicast destination MAC addresses. By default, the L60 is configured to use an automated multicast MAC scheme. If the L60 destination MAC address setting is not a valid multicast address (that is, the least significant bit of the first byte is not set), the address used as the destina- tion MAC will be the same as the local MAC address, but with the multicast bit set.
  • Page 676: Iec 61850 Implementation Via Enervista Ur Setup

    An ICD file is generated for the L60 by the EnerVista UR Setup software that describe the capabilities of the IED. The ICD file is then imported into a system configurator along with other ICD files for other IEDs (from GE or other ven- dors) for system configuration.
  • Page 677: Configuring Iec 61850 Settings

    Transmission GOOSE dataset may be added or deleted, or prefixes of some logical nodes may be changed. While all new configurations will be mapped to the L60 settings file when importing an SCD file, all unchanged settings will preserve the same values in the new settings file.
  • Page 678: About Icd Files

    Although configurable transmission GOOSE can also be created and altered by some third-party system con- figurators, we recommend configuring transmission GOOSE for GE Multilin IEDs before creating the ICD, and strictly within EnerVista UR Setup software or the front panel display (access through the Settings > Product Setup > Com- munications >...
  • Page 679 Furthermore, it defines the capabilities of an IED in terms of communication services offered and, together with its LNType, instantiated data (DO) and its default or configuration values. There should be only one IED section in an ICD since it only describes one IED. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System C-15...
  • Page 680 Other ReportControl elements DOI (name) SDI (name) DAI (name) Text Other DOI elements SDI (name) DAI (name) Text Other LN elements Other LDevice elements 842797A1.CDR Figure C–4: ICD FILE STRUCTURE, IED NODE C-16 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 681 BDA (name, bType, type) Other BDA elements Other BDA elements Other DAType elements Other DAType elements EnumType (id) Text EnumVal (ord) Other EnumVal elements Other EnumType elements 842798A1.CDR Figure C–5: ICD FILE STRUCTURE, DATATYPETEMPLATES NODE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System C-17...
  • Page 682: Creating An Icd File With Enervista Ur Setup

    The EnerVista UR Setup will prompt to save the file. Select the file path and enter the name for the ICD file, then click OK to generate the file. The time to create an ICD file from the offline L60 settings file is typically much quicker than create an ICD file directly from the relay.
  • Page 683 Like ICD files, the Header node identifies the SCD file and its version, and specifies options for the mapping of names to signals. The Substation node describes the substation parameters: Substation PowerSystemResource EquipmentContainer Power Transformer GeneralEquipment EquipmentContainer VoltageLevel Voltage PowerSystemResource Function SubFunction GeneralEquipment 842792A1.CDR Figure C–7: SCD FILE STRUCTURE, SUBSTATION NODE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System C-19...
  • Page 684 IdInst is the instance identification of the logical device within the IED on which the control block is located, and cbName is the name of the control block. C-20 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 685: Importing An Scd File With Enervista Ur Setup

    Figure C–9: SCD FILE STRUCTURE, IED NODE C.5.6 IMPORTING AN SCD FILE WITH ENERVISTA UR SETUP The following procedure describes how to update the L60 with the new configuration from an SCD file with the EnerVista UR Setup software. Right-click anywhere in the files panel and select the Import Contents From SCD File item.
  • Page 686 The software will open the SCD file and then prompt the user to save a UR-series settings file. Select a location and name for the URS (UR-series relay settings) file. If there is more than one GE Multilin IED defined in the SCD file, the software prompt the user to save a UR-series set- tings file for each IED.
  • Page 687: Acsi Conformance

    REPORTING Buffered report control M7-1 sequence-number M7-2 report-time-stamp M7-3 reason-for-inclusion M7-4 data-set-name M7-5 data-reference M7-6 buffer-overflow M7-7 entryID M7-8 BufTm M7-9 IntgPd M7-10 Unbuffered report control M8-1 sequence-number M8-2 report-time-stamp M8-3 reason-for-inclusion GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System C-23...
  • Page 688: Acsi Services Conformance Statement

    UR FAMILY PUBLISHER SERVER (CLAUSE 7) ServerDirectory APPLICATION ASSOCIATION (CLAUSE 8) Associate Abort Release LOGICAL DEVICE (CLAUSE 9) LogicalDeviceDirectory LOGICAL NODE (CLAUSE 10) LogicalNodeDirectory GetAllDataValues DATA (CLAUSE 11) GetDataValues SetDataValues GetDataDirectory GetDataDefinition C-24 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 689 LOG CONTROL BLOCK GetLCBValues SetLCBValues QueryLogByTime QueryLogByEntry GetLogStatusValues GENERIC SUBSTATION EVENT MODEL (GSE) (CLAUSE 18, ANNEX C) GOOSE-CONTROL-BLOCK (CLAUSE 18) SendGOOSEMessage GetReference GetGOOSEElementNumber GetGoCBValues SetGoCBValues GSSE-CONTROL-BLOCK (ANNEX C) SendGSSEMessage GetReference GetGSSEElementNumber GetGsCBValues GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System C-25...
  • Page 690 (SendGOOSEMessage or SendGSSEMessage) NOTE c9: shall declare support if TP association is available c10: shall declare support for at least one (SendMSVMessage or SendUSVMessage) C-26 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 691: C.7.1 Logical Nodes Table

    GGIO: Generic process I/O GLOG: Generic log GSAL: Generic security application I: LOGICAL NODES FOR INTERFACING AND ARCHIVING IARC: Archiving IHMI: Human machine interface ISAF: Safety alarm function ITCI: Telecontrol interface ITMI: Telemonitoring interface GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System C-27...
  • Page 692: Logical Nodes

    PSCH: Protection scheme PSDE: Sensitive directional earth fault PTEF: Transient earth fault PTOC: Time overcurrent PTOF: Overfrequency PTOV: Overvoltage PTRC: Protection trip conditioning PTTR: Thermal overload PTUC: Undercurrent PTUF: Underfrequency PTUV: Undervoltage C-28 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 693 T: LOGICAL NODES FOR INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS TANG: Angle TAXD: Axial displacement TCTR: Current transformer TDST: Distance TFLW: Liquid flow TFRQ: Frequency TGSN: Generic sensor THUM: Humidity TLVL: Media level TMGF: Magnetic field TMVM: Movement sensor GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System C-29...
  • Page 694 ZLIN: Power overhead line ZMOT: Motor ZREA: Reactor ZRES: Resistor ZRRC: Rotating reactive component ZSAR: Surge arrestor ZSCR: Semi-conductor controlled rectifier ZSMC: Synchronous machine ZTCF: Thyristor controlled frequency converter ZTRC: Thyristor controlled reactive component C-30 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 695: Iec 60870-5-104

    Balanced Transmission Not Present (Balanced Transmission Only)   Unbalanced Transmission One Octet  Two Octets  Structured  Unstructured Frame Length (maximum length, number of octets): Not selectable in companion IEC 60870-5-104 standard GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 696  <18> := Packed start events of protection equipment with time tag M_EP_TB_1  <19> := Packed output circuit information of protection equipment with time tag M_EP_TC_1  <20> := Packed single-point information with status change detection M_SP_NA_1 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 697  <103> := Clock synchronization command (see Clause 7.6 in standard) C_CS_NA_1  <104> := Test command C_TS_NA_1  <105> := Reset process command C_RP_NA_1  <106> := Delay acquisition command C_CD_NA_1  <107> := Test command with time tag CP56Time2a C_TS_TA_1 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 698 •Blank boxes indicate functions or ASDU not used. •‘X’ if only used in the standard direction TYPE IDENTIFICATION CAUSE OF TRANSMISSION MNEMONIC <1> M_SP_NA_1 <2> M_SP_TA_1 <3> M_DP_NA_1 <4> M_DP_TA_1 <5> M_ST_NA_1 <6> M_ST_TA_1 <7> M_BO_NA_1 <8> M_BO_TA_1 <9> M_ME_NA_1 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 699 M_ME_TD_1 <35> M_ME_TE_1 <36> M_ME_TF_1 <37> M_IT_TB_1 <38> M_EP_TD_1 <39> M_EP_TE_1 <40> M_EP_TF_1 <45> C_SC_NA_1 <46> C_DC_NA_1 <47> C_RC_NA_1 <48> C_SE_NA_1 <49> C_SE_NB_1 <50> C_SE_NC_1 <51> C_BO_NA_1 <58> C_SC_TA_1 <59> C_DC_TA_1 <60> C_RC_TA_1 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 700 F_FR_NA_1 <121> F_SR_NA_1 <122> F_SC_NA_1 <123> F_LS_NA_1 <124> F_AF_NA_1 <125> F_SG_NA_1 <126> F_DR_TA_1*) BASIC APPLICATION FUNCTIONS Station Initialization:  Remote initialization Cyclic Data Transmission:  Cyclic data transmission Read Procedure:  Read procedure L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 701  Mode B: Local freeze with counter interrogation  Mode C: Freeze and transmit by counter-interrogation commands  Mode D: Freeze by counter-interrogation command, frozen values reported simultaneously  Counter read  Counter freeze without reset GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 702 Maximum number of outstanding I-format APDUs k and latest acknowledge APDUs (w): PARAMETER DEFAULT REMARKS SELECTED VALUE VALUE 12 APDUs Maximum difference receive sequence number to send state variable 12 APDUs 8 APDUs 8 APDUs Latest acknowledge after receiving I-format APDUs L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 703: Point List

    The IEC 60870-5-104 data points are configured through the    SETTINGS PRODUCT SETUP COMMUNICATIONS DNP / menu. Refer to the Communications section of Chapter 5 for additional details. IEC104 POINT LISTS GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 704 D.1 PROTOCOL APPENDIX D D-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 705: Device Profile Document

    Maximum Data Link Re-tries: Maximum Application Layer Re-tries:  None  None  Fixed at 3  Configurable  Configurable Requires Data Link Layer Confirmation:  Never  Always  Sometimes  Configurable GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 706 FlexLogic. The On/Off times and Count value are ignored. “Pulse Off” and “Latch Off” operations put the appropriate Virtual Input into the “Off” state. “Trip” and “Close” operations both put the appropriate Virtual Input into the “On” state. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...