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GE L60 Instruction Manual Page 392

Line phase comparison system, ur series.
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5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS
TRANS BLOCK PICKUP DELAY: This setting defines a transient blocking mechanism embedded in the POTT
scheme for coping with the exposure of a ground directional overcurrent function (if used) to current reversal condi-
tions. The transient blocking mechanism applies to the ground overcurrent path only as the reach settings for the zone
2 distance functions is not expected to be long for two-terminal applications, and the security of the distance functions
is not endangered by the current reversal conditions. Upon receiving the
anism allows the
defined as
TRANS BLOCK PICKUP DELAY
period of time specified as
The
TRANS BLOCK PICKUP DELAY
time to operate, but not longer than the fastest possible operation time of the protection system that can create current
reversal conditions within the reach of the selected ground directional overcurrent function. This setting should take
into account the
POTT RX PICKUP DELAY
tion as follows: the original
after the pickup of the original
DELAY
TRANS BLOCK RESET DELAY: This setting defines a transient blocking mechanism embedded in the POTT scheme
for coping with the exposure of a ground directional overcurrent function (if used) to current reversal conditions (see
also the
TRANS BLOCK PICKUP DELAY
including not only current reversals but also spurious negative and zero-sequence currents occurring during breaker
operations. The breaker failure time of the surrounding protection systems within the reach of the ground directional
function used by the POTT scheme may be considered to make sure that the ground directional function is not jeopar-
dized during delayed breaker operations.
ECHO DURATION: This setting defines the guaranteed and exact duration of the echo pulse. The duration does not
depend on the duration and shape of the received
lock-up of the transmit/receive loop.
5
ECHO LOCKOUT: This setting defines the lockout period for the echo logic after sending the echo pulse.
LINE END OPEN PICKUP DELAY: This setting defines the pickup setting for validation of the line end open conditions
as detected by the Line Pickup logic through the
open condition is a requirement for the POTT scheme to return a received echo signal (if the echo feature is enabled).
The value of this setting should take into account the principle of operation and settings of the line pickup element.
POTT SEAL-IN DELAY: The output FlexLogic™ operand (
A seal-in time delay is applied to this operand for coping with noisy communication channels. This setting specifies a
minimum guaranteed duration of the
GND DIR O/C FWD: This setting selectes the FlexLogic™ operand (if any) of a protection element used in addition to
zone 2 for identifying faults on the protected line, and thus, for keying the communication channel and initiating opera-
tion of the scheme. Good directional integrity is the key requirement for an over-reaching forward-looking protection
element used as
GND DIR O/C FWD
the user to combine responses of various protection elements, or to apply extra conditions through FlexLogic™ equa-
tions, this extra signal is primarily meant to be the output operand from either the negative-sequence directional over-
current or neutral directional overcurrent elements. Both of these elements have separate forward and reverse output
operands. The forward indication should be used (
and to overcome spurious directional element operation during transients, adding at least 0.5 cycles of pickup delay to
the forward directional element is recommended.
POTT RX: This setting enables the user to select the FlexLogic™ operand that represents the receive signal (
the scheme. Typically an input contact interfacing with a signaling system is used. Other choices include remote inputs
and FlexLogic™ equations. The POTT transmit signal (
tem by assigning the output FlexLogic™ operand (
another choice.
The output operand from the scheme (
tacts in particular, in order to make the scheme fully operational. Typically, the output operand should be programmed
to initiate a trip, breaker fail, and autoreclose, and drive a user-programmable LED as per user application.
5-254
signal to be passed and aligned with the
RX
. After that the ground directional overcurrent path will be virtually disabled for a
TRANS BLOCK RESET DELAY
should be long enough to give the selected ground directional overcurrent function
. The
POTT RX
signal is delayed by the
RX
signal, and eventually, locked-out for
POTT TX
). This delay should be selected long enough to cope with transient conditions
pulse.
POTT OP
. Even though any FlexLogic™ operand could be used as
POTT OP
L60 Line Phase Comparison System
POTT RX
GND DIR O/C FWD
.
signal is shaped for aligning with the ground directional indica-
POTT RX PICKUP DELAY
signal. This setting enables the relay to avoid a permanent
POTT RX
FlexLogic™ operand. The validated line end
LINE PICKUP LEO PKP
) is produced according to the POTT scheme logic.
POTT OP
or
NEG SEQ DIR OC1 FWD
NEUTRAL DIR OC1 FWD
) should be appropriately interfaced with the signaling sys-
TX
) to an output contact. The remote output mechanism is
POTT TX
) must be configured to interface with other relay functions, output con-
5 SETTINGS
signal, the transient blocking mech-
indication only for a period of time
, then terminated at
TRANS BLOCK PICKUP
TRANS BLOCK RESET DELAY
GND DIR O/C FWD
). For greater security
.
allowing
) for
RX
GE Multilin

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