Download  Print this page

GE L60 Instruction Manual

Line phase comparison system, ur series.
Hide thumbs
   
1
2
Table of Contents
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722

Advertisement

GE
Digital Energy
GE Digital Energy
650 Markland Street
Markham, Ontario
Canada L6C 0M1
Tel: +1 905 927 7070 Fax: +1 905 927 5098
Internet:
http://www.GEDigitalEnergy.com
*1601-0082-X3*
L60 Line Phase Comparison
UR Series Instruction Manual
Manual P/N: 1601-0082-X3 (GEK-113623A)
E83849
LISTED
IND.CONT. EQ.
System
L60 Revision: 6.0x
831775A2.CDR
52TL
GE Multilin's Quality Management
System is registered to ISO
9001:2008
QMI # 005094
UL # A3775

Advertisement

Table of Contents

   Also See for GE L60

   Related Manuals for GE L60

   Summary of Contents for GE L60

  • Page 1 Digital Energy L60 Line Phase Comparison System UR Series Instruction Manual L60 Revision: 6.0x Manual P/N: 1601-0082-X3 (GEK-113623A) 831775A2.CDR E83849 GE Digital Energy LISTED 650 Markland Street IND.CONT. EQ. 52TL Markham, Ontario GE Multilin's Quality Management Canada L6C 0M1 System is registered to ISO...
  • Page 2 The contents of this manual are the property of GE Multilin Inc. This documentation is furnished on license and may not be reproduced in whole or in part without the permission of GE Multilin. The content of this manual is for informational use only and is subject to change without notice.
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    1.3 ENERVISTA UR SETUP SOFTWARE 1.3.1 PC REQUIREMENTS ..................1-6 1.3.2 INSTALLATION....................1-6 1.3.3 CONFIGURING THE L60 FOR SOFTWARE ACCESS........1-7 1.3.4 USING THE QUICK CONNECT FEATURE............. 1-10 1.3.5 CONNECTING TO THE L60 RELAY ............... 1-16 1.4 UR HARDWARE 1.4.1 MOUNTING AND WIRING................
  • Page 4 MANAGED SWITCH LED INDICATORS ............3-47 3.4.4 INITIAL SETUP OF THE ETHERNET SWITCH MODULE.......3-47 3.4.5 CONFIGURING THE MANAGED ETHERNET SWITCH MODULE ....3-51 3.4.6 UPLOADING L60 SWITCH MODULE FIRMWARE..........3-54 3.4.7 ETHERNET SWITCH SELF-TEST ERRORS...........3-56 4. HUMAN INTERFACES 4.1 ENERVISTA UR SETUP SOFTWARE INTERFACE 4.1.1 INTRODUCTION ....................4-1...
  • Page 5 DIRECT INPUTS AND OUTPUTS ..............5-278 5.7.11 TELEPROTECTION INPUTS AND OUTPUTS..........5-281 5.7.12 IEC 61850 GOOSE ANALOGS..............5-283 5.7.13 IEC 61850 GOOSE INTEGERS..............5-284 5.8 TRANSDUCER INPUTS AND OUTPUTS 5.8.1 DCMA INPUTS ....................5-285 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 6 COMMANDS MENU ...................7-1 7.1.2 VIRTUAL INPUTS ....................7-1 7.1.3 CLEAR RECORDS .....................7-2 7.1.4 SET DATE AND TIME ..................7-2 7.1.5 RELAY MAINTENANCE ..................7-3 7.2 TARGETS 7.2.1 TARGETS MENU ....................7-4 7.2.2 TARGET MESSAGES ..................7-4 7.2.3 RELAY SELF-TESTS ..................7-4 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 7 SINGLE VS. DUAL PHASE COMPARISON............ 9-18 9.1.7 REFINEMENTS TO BASIC SCHEMES ............9-20 9.1.8 MULTI-TERMINAL LINES................9-23 9.1.9 CHARGING CURRENT COMPENSATION ............. 9-23 9.1.10 L60 SIGNAL PROCESSING ................9-25 9.2 SINGLE-POLE TRIPPING 9.2.1 OVERVIEW...................... 9-33 9.2.2 PHASE SELECTION..................9-36 9.3 FAULT LOCATOR 9.3.1 FAULT TYPE DETERMINATION..............
  • Page 8 GGIO4: GENERIC ANALOG MEASURED VALUES......... C-3 C.2.6 MMXU: ANALOG MEASURED VALUES ............C-4 C.2.7 PROTECTION AND OTHER LOGICAL NODES..........C-4 C.3 SERVER FEATURES AND CONFIGURATION C.3.1 BUFFERED/UNBUFFERED REPORTING............C-6 C.3.2 FILE TRANSFER ....................C-6 viii L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 9 COUNTERS .....................E-10 E.2.4 ANALOG INPUTS ....................E-11 F. MISCELLANEOUS F.1 CHANGE NOTES F.1.1 REVISION HISTORY ..................F-1 F.1.2 CHANGES TO THE L60 MANUAL ..............F-2 F.2 ABBREVIATIONS F.2.1 STANDARD ABBREVIATIONS ................. F-5 F.3 WARRANTY F.3.1 GE MULTILIN WARRANTY ................F-7 INDEX...
  • Page 10 TABLE OF CONTENTS L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 11: Getting Started

    1.1 IMPORTANT PROCEDURES 1 GETTING STARTED 1.1IMPORTANT PROCEDURES Please read this chapter to help guide you through the initial setup of your new L60 Line Phase Comparison System. 1.1.1 CAUTIONS AND WARNINGS Before attempting to install or use the device, review all safety indicators in this document to help prevent injury, equipment damage, or downtime.
  • Page 12: Inspection Procedure

    For product information, instruction manual updates, and the latest software updates, please visit the GE Digital Energy website at http://www.gedigitalenergy.com. If there is any noticeable physical damage, or any of the contents listed are missing, please contact GE Digital Energy immediately.
  • Page 13: Ur Overview

    This new generation of equipment must also be easily incorporated into automation systems, at both the station and enterprise levels. The GE Multilin Universal Relay (UR) has been developed to meet these goals. GE Multilin...
  • Page 14: Hardware Architecture

    (dual) ring configuration. This feature is optimized for speed and intended for pilot- aided schemes, distributed logic applications, or the extension of the input/output capabilities of a single relay chassis. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 15: Software Architecture

    Employing OOD/OOP in the software architecture of the L60 achieves the same features as the hardware architecture: modularity, scalability, and flexibility. The application software for any UR-series device (for example, feeder protection, transformer protection, distance protection) is constructed by combining objects from the various functionality classes.
  • Page 16: Enervista Ur Setup Software

    Video capable of displaying 800 x 600 or higher in high-color mode (16-bit color) • RS232 and/or Ethernet port for communications to the relay The following qualified modems have been tested to be compliant with the L60 and the EnerVista UR Setup software. • US Robotics external 56K FaxModem 5686 •...
  • Page 17: Configuring The L60 For Software Access

    OVERVIEW The user can connect remotely to the L60 through the rear RS485 port or the rear Ethernet port with a PC running the EnerVista UR Setup software. The L60 can also be accessed locally with a computer through the front panel RS232 port or the rear Ethernet port using the Quick Connect feature.
  • Page 18 RS232 port. A computer with an RS232 port and a serial cable is required. To use the RS485 port at the back of the relay, a GE Multilin F485 converter (or compatible RS232-to-RS485 converter) is required. See the F485 instruction manual for details.
  • Page 19 11. Click the Read Order Code button to connect to the L60 device and upload the order code. If a communications error occurs, ensure that the EnerVista UR Setup serial communications values entered in the previous step correspond to the relay setting values.
  • Page 20: Using The Quick Connect Feature

    MODBUS PROTOCOL 11. Click the Read Order Code button to connect to the L60 device and upload the order code. If an communications error occurs, ensure that the three EnerVista UR Setup values entered in the previous steps correspond to the relay setting values.
  • Page 21 L60. This ensures that configuration of the EnerVista UR Setup software matches the L60 model number. b) USING QUICK CONNECT VIA THE REAR ETHERNET PORTS To use the Quick Connect feature to access the L60 from a computer through Ethernet, first assign an IP address to the relay from the front panel keyboard.
  • Page 22 Right-click the Local Area Connection icon and select Properties. Select the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) item from the list provided and click the Properties button. Click on the “Use the following IP address” box. 1-12 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 23 1 GETTING STARTED 1.3 ENERVISTA UR SETUP SOFTWARE Enter an IP address with the first three numbers the same as the IP address of the L60 relay and the last number dif- ferent (in this example, 1.1.1.2). Enter a subnet mask equal to the one set in the L60 (in this example, 255.0.0.0).
  • Page 24 If this computer is used to connect to the Internet, re-enable any proxy server settings after the laptop has been discon- nected from the L60 relay. Verify that the latest version of the EnerVista UR Setup software is installed (available from the GE enerVista CD or online from http://www.gedigitalenergy.com/multilin). See the Software Installation section for installation details.
  • Page 25 Each time the EnerVista UR Setup software is initialized, click the Quick Connect button to establish direct communica- tions to the L60. This ensures that configuration of the EnerVista UR Setup software matches the L60 model number. When direct communications with the L60 via Ethernet is complete, make the following changes: From the Windows desktop, right-click the My Network Places icon and select Properties to open the network con- nections window.
  • Page 26: Connecting To The L60 Relay

    The EnerVista UR Setup software has several new quick action buttons that provide users with instant access to several functions that are often performed when using L60 relays. From the online window, users can select which relay to interro- gate from a pull-down window, then click on the button for the action they wish to perform. The following quick action func- tions are available: •...
  • Page 27: Ur Hardware

    Figure 1–7: RELAY COMMUNICATIONS OPTIONS To communicate through the L60 rear RS485 port from a PC RS232 port, the GE Multilin RS232/RS485 converter box is required. This device (catalog number F485) connects to the computer using a “straight-through” serial cable. A shielded twisted-pair (20, 22, or 24 AWG) connects the F485 converter to the L60 rear communications port.
  • Page 28: Using The Relay

    LED off. The relay in the “Not Programmed” state will block signaling of any output relay. These conditions will remain until the relay is explicitly put in the “Programmed” state. Select the menu message    SETTINGS PRODUCT SETUP INSTALLATION RELAY SETTINGS RELAY SETTINGS: Not Programmed 1-18 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 29: Relay Passwords

    Refer to the Changing Settings section in Chapter 4 for complete instructions on setting up security level pass- words. NOTE 1.5.6 FLEXLOGIC™ CUSTOMIZATION FlexLogic™ equation editing is required for setting up user-defined logic for customizing the relay operations. See the Flex- Logic™ section in Chapter 5 for additional details. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 1-19...
  • Page 30: Commissioning

    1.5.7 COMMISSIONING The L60 requires a minimum amount of maintenance when it is commissioned into service. Since the L60 is a microproces- sor-based relay, its characteristics do not change over time. As such, no further functional tests are required. Expected ser- vice life is 20 years for UR devices manufactured June 2014 or later when applied in a controlled indoors environment and electrical conditions within specification.
  • Page 31: Product Description

    Another option provides two 10Base-F fiber optic ports for redundancy. The Ethernet port supports IEC 61850, Modbus TCP, and TFTP protocols, and allows access to the relay via any standard web browser (L60 web pages). The IEC 60870- 5-104 protocol is supported on the Ethernet port. DNP 3.0 and IEC 60870-5-104 cannot be enabled at the same time.
  • Page 32 TYPICAL 3-TERMINAL APPLICATION 831788A1.CDR Figure 2–1: 87PC COMMUNICATIONS The L60 IEDs use flash memory technology that allows field upgrading as new features are added. The following single line diagram illustrates the relay functionality using ANSI (American National Standards Institute) device numbers.
  • Page 33 Open Breaker Echo CT Failure Detector Open Pole Detector Data Logger Oscillography Digital Counters (8) Pilot Scheme (POTT) Digital Elements (48) Setting Groups (6) Direct Inputs and Outputs (32) Time Synchronization over SNTP GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 34: Ordering

    2.1.2 ORDERING The L60 is available as a 19-inch rack horizontal mount unit or a reduced size (¾) vertical mount unit, and consists of the following modules: CPU, faceplate, power supply, CPU, CTs and VTs, digital input and outputs, transducer inputs and out- puts, and inter-relay communications.
  • Page 35 G.703, 2 Channels RS422, 1 Channel RS422, 2 Channels The order codes for the reduced size vertical mount units are shown below. Table 2–4: L60 ORDER CODES (REDUCED SIZE VERTICAL UNITS) * - F Reduced Size Vertical Mount BASE UNIT...
  • Page 36: Replacement Modules

    Replacement modules can be ordered separately as shown below. When ordering a replacement CPU module or face- plate, please provide the serial number of your existing unit. Not all replacement modules may be applicable to the L60 relay. Only the modules specified in the order codes are available as replacement modules.
  • Page 37 4 DCmA inputs, 4 DCmA outputs (only one 5A module is allowed) 8 RTD inputs INPUTS/OUTPUTS 4 RTD inputs, 4 DCmA outputs (only one 5D module is allowed) 4 DCmA inputs, 4 RTD inputs 8 DCmA inputs GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 38 4 DCmA inputs, 4 DCmA outputs (only one 5A module is allowed) 8 RTD inputs INPUTS/OUTPUTS 4 RTD inputs, 4 DCmA outputs (only one 5D module is allowed) 4 DCmA inputs, 4 RTD inputs 8 DCmA inputs L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 39: Specifications

    0.001 Voltage supervision pickup (series compensation applications): 0 to 5.000 pu in steps of 0.001 Operation time: 1 to 1.5 cycles (typical) Reset time: 1 power cycle (typical) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 40 <20 ms at 3 × pickup at 60 Hz Operation time: 1 to 1.5 cycles (typical) (Neutral IOC) Reset time: 1 power cycle (typical) Timing accuracy: Operate at 1.5 × pickup ±3% or ±4 ms (whichever is greater) 2-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 41 0.01 to 2.00 s in steps of 0.01 12 ms, typically Time accuracy: ±3% or ±20 ms, whichever is greater Blocking (forward load, reverse fault):< Operate time: <30 ms at 60 Hz 8 ms, typically GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 2-11...
  • Page 42 Evolving fault timer: 0.000 to 65.535 s in steps of 0.001 < 30 ms at 1.10 × pickup at 60 Hz Operate time: Timing accuracy: ±3% or 4 ms, whichever is greater 2-12 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 43: User-programmable Elements

    Number: up to 256 logical variables grouped tual input under 16 Modbus addresses Reset mode: self-reset or latched Programmability: any logical variable, contact, or virtual input GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 2-13...
  • Page 44: Monitoring

    Relay accuracy: ±1.5% (V > 10 V, I > 0.1 pu) Worst-case accuracy: user data %error user data %error user data Line%error METHOD see chapter 8 %error RELAY ACCURACY + (1.5%) %error 2-14 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 45: Metering

    Contacts per common return: 4 DC shift: Recognition time: < 1 ms Input impedance: 22 kΩ Debounce time: 0.0 to 16.0 ms in steps of 0.5 Isolation: 2 kV Continuous current draw:4 mA (when energized) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 2-15...
  • Page 46: Power Supply

    250 V 0.2 A Operate time: < 4 ms Operate time: < 4 ms Contact material: silver alloy Contact material: silver alloy Control: separate operate and reset inputs Control mode: operate-dominant or reset-dominant 2-16 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 47 L/R = 10 ms (0 to 250 V 1.6 A 10 A 10 A L/R = 20 ms L/R = 40 ms L/R = 40 ms 0.8 A L/R = 40 ms GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 2-17...
  • Page 48: Communication Protocols

    10Base-T (CAT 3, 4, 5 UTP): 100 m (328 ft.) 100Base-TX (CAT 5 UTP):100 m (328 ft.) Shielded twisted pair: 150 m (492 ft.) OTHER TFTP, HTTP, IEC 60870-5-104, Ethernet Global Data (EGD) 2-18 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 49: Inter-relay Communications

    – Overvoltage category: 20°C Ingress protection: IP20 front, IP10 back HUMIDITY Noise 0 dB Humidity: operating up to 95% (non-condensing) at 55°C (as per IEC60068-2-30 variant 1, 6days). GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 2-19...
  • Page 50: Type Tests

    Safety UL508 e83849 NKCR Safety UL C22.2-14 e83849 NKCR7 Safety UL1053 e83849 NKCR 2.2.12 PRODUCTION TESTS THERMAL Products go through an environmental test based upon an Accepted Quality Level (AQL) sampling process. 2-20 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 51: Approvals

    Units that are stored in a de-energized state should be powered up once per year, for one hour continuously, to avoid deterioration of electrolytic capacitors. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 2-21...
  • Page 52 2.2 SPECIFICATIONS 2 PRODUCT DESCRIPTION 2-22 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 53: Hardware

    HORIZONTAL UNITS The L60 Line Phase Comparison System is available as a 19-inch rack horizontal mount unit with a removable faceplate. The faceplate can be specified as either standard or enhanced at the time of ordering. The enhanced faceplate contains additional user-programmable pushbuttons and LED indicators.
  • Page 54 VERTICAL UNITS The L60 Line Phase Comparison System is available as a reduced size (¾) vertical mount unit, with a removable faceplate. The faceplate can be specified as either standard or enhanced at the time of ordering. The enhanced faceplate contains additional user-programmable pushbuttons and LED indicators.
  • Page 55 3 HARDWARE 3.1 DESCRIPTION Figure 3–4: L60 VERTICAL DIMENSIONS (ENHANCED PANEL) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 56 3.1 DESCRIPTION 3 HARDWARE Figure 3–5: L60 VERTICAL MOUNTING AND DIMENSIONS (STANDARD PANEL) For side mounting L60 devices with the enhanced front panel, see the following documents available on the UR DVD and the GE Digital Energy website: • GEK-113180: UR-Series UR-V Side-Mounting Front Panel Assembly Instructions •...
  • Page 57 3 HARDWARE 3.1 DESCRIPTION Figure 3–6: L60 VERTICAL SIDE MOUNTING INSTALLATION (STANDARD PANEL) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 58 3.1 DESCRIPTION 3 HARDWARE Figure 3–7: L60 VERTICAL SIDE MOUNTING REAR DIMENSIONS (STANDARD PANEL) L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 59: Rear Terminal Layout

    (nearest to CPU module) which is indicated by an arrow marker on the terminal block. See the following figure for an example of rear terminal assignments. Figure 3–9: EXAMPLE OF MODULES IN F AND H SLOTS GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 60: Wiring

    3.2 WIRING 3 HARDWARE 3.2WIRING 3.2.1 TYPICAL WIRING Figure 3–10: TYPICAL WIRING DIAGRAM L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 61: Dielectric Strength

    (see the Self-test errors section in chapter 7) or control power is lost, the relay will de-energize. For high reliability systems, the L60 has a redundant option in which two L60 power supplies are placed in parallel on the bus.
  • Page 62: Ct And Vt Modules

    The L60 uses a special CT/VT module not available on other UR-series relays. This type 8P module has four current inputs and special communications inputs/outputs for interfacing with PLCs. The communications interface requires an external DC source (station battery) to drive inputs/outputs as shown in the L60 channel communications section in this chapter.
  • Page 63: Contact Inputs And Outputs

    The terminal configuration for contact inputs is different for the two applications. The contact inputs are grouped with a common return. The L60 has two versions of grouping: four inputs per common return and two inputs per common return. When a contact input/output module is ordered, four inputs per common is used.
  • Page 64 Logic™ operand driving the contact output should be given a reset delay of 10 ms to prevent damage of the output contact (in situations when the element initiating the contact output is bouncing, at val- ues in the region of the pickup value). 3-12 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 65 ~7a, ~7c 2 Inputs ~7a, ~7c 2 Inputs ~7a, ~7c 2 Inputs ~7a, ~7c 2 Inputs ~8a, ~8c 2 Inputs ~8a, ~8c 2 Inputs ~8a, ~8c 2 Inputs ~8a, ~8c 2 Inputs GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-13...
  • Page 66 ~5a, ~5c 2 Inputs 2 Outputs Solid-State Solid-State ~6a, ~6c 2 Inputs 2 Outputs Not Used Not Used ~7a, ~7c 2 Inputs 2 Outputs Solid-State Solid-State ~8a, ~8c 2 Inputs Not Used 3-14 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 67 3 HARDWARE 3.2 WIRING Figure 3–14: CONTACT INPUT AND OUTPUT MODULE WIRING (1 of 2) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-15...
  • Page 68 3.2 WIRING 3 HARDWARE Figure 3–15: CONTACT INPUT AND OUTPUT MODULE WIRING (2 of 2) For proper functionality, observe the polarity shown in the figures for all contact input and output con- nections. 3-16 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 69 Wherever a tilde “~” symbol appears, substitute with the slot position of the module. NOTE There is no provision in the relay to detect a DC ground fault on 48 V DC control power external output. We recommend using an external DC supply. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-17...
  • Page 70 CONTACT INPUT 2 AUTO-BURNISH = ON 842751A1.CDR Figure 3–18: AUTO-BURNISH DIP SWITCHES The auto-burnish circuitry has an internal fuse for safety purposes. During regular maintenance, the auto-burnish functionality can be checked using an oscilloscope. NOTE 3-18 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 71: Transducer Inputs And Outputs

    (5A, 5C, 5D, 5E, and 5F) and channel arrangements that may be ordered for the relay. Wherever a tilde “~” symbol appears, substitute with the slot position of the module. NOTE Figure 3–19: TRANSDUCER INPUT/OUTPUT MODULE WIRING The following figure show how to connect RTDs. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-19...
  • Page 72 3.2 WIRING 3 HARDWARE Figure 3–20: RTD CONNECTIONS 3-20 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 73: Rs232 Faceplate Port

    3.2.7 RS232 FACEPLATE PORT A 9-pin RS232C serial port is located on the L60 faceplate for programming with a personal computer. All that is required to use this interface is a personal computer running the EnerVista UR Setup software provided with the relay. Cabling for the RS232 port is shown in the following figure for both 9-pin and 25-pin connectors.
  • Page 74 For instance, the relays must be connected with all RS485 “+” terminals connected together, and all RS485 “–” terminals connected together. Though data is transmitted over a two-wire twisted pair, all RS485 devices require a shared 3-22 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 75 This common voltage is implied to be a power supply common. Some systems allow the shield (drain wire) to be used as common wire and to connect directly to the L60 COM terminal (#3); others function cor- rectly only if the common wire is connected to the L60 COM terminal, but insulated from the shield.
  • Page 76: Irig-b

    IRIG-B is a standard time code format that allows stamping of events to be synchronized among connected devices. The IRIG-B code allows time accuracies of up to 100 ns. Using the IRIG-B input, the L60 operates an internal oscillator with 1 µs resolution and accuracy.
  • Page 77 UR-series relays can be synchronized. The IRIG-B repeater has a bypass function to maintain the time signal even when a relay in the series is powered down. Figure 3–25: IRIG-B REPEATER Using an amplitude modulated receiver will cause errors up to 1 ms in event time-stamping. NOTE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-25...
  • Page 78: L60 Channel Communications

    The customer can upgrade or change the scheme at any time. The L60 channel interface requires an external battery to drive inputs and outputs. The module can be used with any bat- tery voltage. However, the battery voltage must be reflected in the ...
  • Page 79 • Input voltage range: 0 to 300 V DC • Input impedance: 25 kohms • Input current: 10 mA at 250 V, 5 mA at 125 V, 2 mA at 48 V GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-27...
  • Page 80: Direct Input And Output Communications

    3.3.1 DESCRIPTION The L60 direct inputs and outputs feature makes use of the type 7 series of communications modules. These modules are also used by the L90 Line Differential Relay for inter-relay communications. The direct input and output feature uses the communications channels provided by these modules to exchange digital state information between relays.
  • Page 81 These modules are listed in the following table. All fiber modules use ST type connectors. Not all the direct input and output communications modules outlined in the table are applicable to the L60. Use your order code with the tables in chapter 2 to determine applicable options.
  • Page 82: Fiber: Led And Eled Transmitters

    The following figure shows the configuration for the 7A, 7B, 7C, 7H, 7I, and 7J fiber-only modules. Figure 3–30: LED AND ELED FIBER MODULES 3.3.3 FIBER-LASER TRANSMITTERS The following figure shows the configuration for the 72, 73, 7D, and 7K fiber-laser module. Figure 3–31: LASER FIBER MODULES 3-30 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 83 Observing any fiber transmitter output can injure the eye. When using a laser Interface, attenuators may be necessary to ensure that you do not exceed the maximum optical input power to the receiver. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-31...
  • Page 84: Interface

    Remove the top cover by sliding it towards the rear and then lift it upwards. Set the timing selection switches (channel 1, channel 2) to the desired timing modes. Replace the top cover and the cover screw. 3-32 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 85 For connection to a higher order system (UR- to-multiplexer, factory defaults), set to octet timing (S1 = ON) and set timing mode to loop timing (S5 = OFF and S6 = OFF). GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-33...
  • Page 86 G.703 line side of the interface while the other lies on the differential Manchester side of the interface. DMR = Differential Manchester Receiver DMX = Differential Manchester Transmitter G7X = G.703 Transmitter G7R = G.703 Receiver 842775A1.CDR Figure 3–36: G.703 DUAL LOOPBACK MODE 3-34 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 87: Rs422 Interface

    1 as shown below. If the terminal timing feature is not available or this type of connection is not desired, the G.703 interface is a viable option that does not impose timing restrictions. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-35...
  • Page 88 Figure 3–39: TIMING CONFIGURATION FOR RS422 TWO-CHANNEL, 3-TERMINAL APPLICATION Data module 1 provides timing to the L60 RS422 interface via the ST(A) and ST(B) outputs. Data module 1 also provides timing to data module 2 TT(A) and TT(B) inputs via the ST(A) and AT(B) outputs. The data module pin numbers have been omitted in the figure above since they may vary depending on the manufacturer.
  • Page 89: Rs422 And Fiber Interface

    G.703 and fiber interfaces. When using a laser Interface, attenuators may be necessary to ensure that you do not exceed the maximum optical input power to the receiver. Figure 3–42: G.703 AND FIBER INTERFACE CONNECTION GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-37...
  • Page 90: Ieee C37.94 Interface

    5.60. For customers using firmware release 5.60 and higher, the module can be identified with "Rev D" printed on the module and is to be used on all ends of L60 communi- cation for two and three terminal applications.
  • Page 91 Once the clips have cleared the raised edge of the chassis, engage the clips simultaneously. When the clips have locked into position, the module will be fully inserted. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-39...
  • Page 92 3.3 DIRECT INPUT AND OUTPUT COMMUNICATIONS 3 HARDWARE Figure 3–43: IEEE C37.94 TIMING SELECTION SWITCH SETTING 3-40 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 93 Solid yellow — FPGA is receiving a "yellow bit" and remains yellow for each "yellow bit" • Solid red — FPGA is not receiving a valid packet or the packet received is invalid GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-41...
  • Page 94: C37.94sm Interface

    5.60. For customers using firmware release 5.60 and higher, the module can be identified with "Rev D" printed on the module and is to be used on all ends of L60 communi- cation for two and three terminal applications.
  • Page 95 Once the clips have cleared the raised edge of the chassis, engage the clips simultaneously. When the clips have locked into position, the module will be fully inserted. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-43...
  • Page 96 Modules shipped from January 2012 have status LEDs that indicate the status of the DIP switches, as shown in the follow- ing figure. Figure 3–46: STATUS LEDS The clock configuration LED status is as follows: • Flashing green — loop timing mode while receiving a valid data packet 3-44 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 97 Solid yellow — FPGA is receiving a "yellow bit" and remains yellow for each "yellow bit" • Solid red — FPGA is not receiving a valid packet or the packet received is invalid GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-45...
  • Page 98: Managed Ethernet Switch Modules

    The type 2S and 2T embedded managed switch modules are supported by UR-series relays containing type 9S CPU mod- ules with revisions 5.5x and higher. The modules communicate to the L60 through an internal Ethernet port (referred to as the UR port or port 7) and provide an additional six external Ethernet ports: two 10/100Base-T ports and four multimode ST 100Base-FX ports.
  • Page 99: Managed Switch Led Indicators

    DESCRIPTION Upon initial power up of a L60 device with an installed Ethernet switch, the front panel trouble LED will be illuminated and error message will be displayed. It will be necessary to configure the Ethernet switch and then ENET MODULE OFFLINE place it online.
  • Page 100 The following procedure describes how to initially configure the Ethernet switch to work on your LAN. Initiate communications from a PC to the L60 through a front panel serial connection (refer to the Configuring serial communications section in chapter 1 for details), or if you are familiar with the UR keypad you can use it to set up the network IP address and check the Modbus slave address and Modbus TCP port.
  • Page 101 After few seconds you should see your local area connection attempting to connect to the switch. Once connected, check your IP address by going to bottom of your screen and right-clicking the Local Area Connection icon as shown below. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-49...
  • Page 102 This procedure describes how to configure the L60 switch module through EnerVista UR Setup. Before starting this proce- dure, ensure that the local PC is properly configured on the same network as the L60 device as shown in the previous sec- tion.
  • Page 103: Configuring The Managed Ethernet Switch Module

    Click the Save button. It will take few seconds to save the settings to the Ethernet switch module and the following message displayed. Verify that the target message is cleared and that the L60 displays the MAC address of the Ethernet switch in the Actual Values > Status > Ethernet Switch window.
  • Page 104 SAVING THE ETHERNET SWITCH SETTINGS TO A SETTINGS FILE The L60 allows the settings information for the Ethernet switch module to be saved locally as a settings file. This file con- tains the advanced configuration details for the switch not contained within the standard L60 settings file.
  • Page 105 Navigate to the folder containing the Ethernet switch settings file, select the file, then click Open. The settings file will be transferred to the Ethernet switch and the settings uploaded to the device. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-53...
  • Page 106: Uploading L60 Switch Module Firmware

    NOTE b) SELECTING THE PROPER SWITCH FIRMWARE VERSION The latest switch module firmware is available as a download from the GE Multilin web site. Use the following procedure to determine the version of firmware currently installed on your switch Log into the switch using the EnerVista web interface.
  • Page 107 Select the firmware file to be loaded on to the Switch, and select the Open option. The following window will pop up, indicating that the firmware file transfer is in progress. If the firmware load was successful, the following window will appear: Note GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 3-55...
  • Page 108: Ethernet Switch Self-test Errors

    No setting required; the L60 EQUIPMENT The L60 has not detected the The L60 failed to see the switch module will read the state of a general MISMATCH: Card XXX presence of the Ethernet on power-up, because switch won’t...
  • Page 109: Human Interfaces

    To start using the EnerVista UR Setup software, a site definition and device definition must first be created. See the EnerV- ista UR Setup Help File or refer to the Connecting EnerVista UR Setup with the L60 section in Chapter 1 for details.
  • Page 110 Site List window will automatically be sent to the on-line communicating device. g) FIRMWARE UPGRADES The firmware of a L60 device can be upgraded, locally or remotely, via the EnerVista UR Setup software. The correspond- ing instructions are provided by the EnerVista UR Setup Help file under the topic “Upgrading Firmware”.
  • Page 111: Enervista Ur Setup Main Window

    Settings list control bar window. Device data view windows, with common tool bar. Settings file data view windows, with common tool bar. Workspace area with data view tabs. Status bar. 10. Quick action hot links. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 112 4.1 ENERVISTA UR SETUP SOFTWARE INTERFACE 4 HUMAN INTERFACES 842786A2.CDR Figure 4–1: ENERVISTA UR SETUP SOFTWARE MAIN WINDOW L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 113: Extended Enervista Ur Setup Features

    (settings file templates) and online devices (online settings templates). The func- tionality is identical for both purposes. The settings template feature requires that both the EnerVista UR Setup software and the L60 firmware are at ver- sions 5.40 or higher.
  • Page 114 The following procedure describes how to add password protection to a settings file template. Select a settings file from the offline window on the left of the EnerVista UR Setup main screen. Selecting the Template Mode > Password Protect Template option. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 115 Template Mode > View In Template Mode command. The template specifies that only the Pickup Curve Phase time overcurrent settings window without template applied. settings be available. 842858A1.CDR Figure 4–4: APPLYING TEMPLATES VIA THE VIEW IN TEMPLATE MODE COMMAND GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 116 Select an installed device or settings file from the tree menu on the left of the EnerVista UR Setup main screen. Select the Template Mode > Remove Settings Template option. Enter the template password and click OK to continue. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 117: Securing And Locking Flexlogic™ Equations

    Click on Save to save and apply changes to the settings template. Select the Template Mode > View In Template Mode option to view the template. Apply a password to the template then click OK to secure the FlexLogic™ equation. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 118 FlexLogic™ entries in a settings file have been secured, use the following procedure to lock the settings file to a specific serial number. Select the settings file in the offline window. Right-click on the file and select the Edit Settings File Properties item. 4-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 119: Settings File Traceability

    When a settings file is transferred to a L60 device, the date, time, and serial number of the L60 are sent back to EnerVista UR Setup and added to the settings file on the local PC. This infor- mation can be compared with the L60 actual values at any later date to determine if security has been compromised.
  • Page 120 4 HUMAN INTERFACES The transfer date of a setting file written to a L60 is logged in the relay and can be viewed via EnerVista UR Setup or the front panel display. Likewise, the transfer date of a setting file saved to a local PC is logged in EnerVista UR Setup.
  • Page 121 ONLINE DEVICE TRACEABILITY INFORMATION The L60 serial number and file transfer date are available for an online device through the actual values. Select the Actual Values > Product Info > Model Information menu item within the EnerVista UR Setup online window as shown in the example below.
  • Page 122: Faceplate Interface

    The faceplate is hinged to allow easy access to the removable modules. There is also a removable dust cover that fits over the faceplate which must be removed in order to access the keypad panel. The following figure shows the horizontal arrangement of the faceplate panels. Figure 4–16: UR-SERIES STANDARD HORIZONTAL FACEPLATE PANELS 4-14 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 123: Led Indicators

    The status indicators in the first column are described below. • IN SERVICE: This LED indicates that control power is applied, all monitored inputs, outputs, and internal systems are OK, and that the device has been programmed. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 4-15...
  • Page 124 Support for applying a customized label beside every LED is provided. Default labels are shipped in the label pack- age of every L60, together with custom templates. The default labels can be replaced by user-printed labels. User customization of LED operation is of maximum benefit in installations where languages other than English are used to communicate with operators.
  • Page 125 User customization of LED operation is of maximum benefit in installations where languages other than English are used to communicate with operators. Refer to the User-programmable LEDs section in chapter 5 for the settings used to program the operation of the LEDs on these panels. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 4-17...
  • Page 126: Custom Labeling Of Leds

    4.3.3 CUSTOM LABELING OF LEDS a) ENHANCED FACEPLATE The following procedure requires the pre-requisites listed below. • EnerVista UR Setup software is installed and operational. • The L60 settings have been saved to a settings file. 4-18 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 127 Enter the text to appear next to each LED and above each user-programmable pushbuttons in the fields provided. Feed the L60 front panel label cutout sheet into a printer and press the Print button in the front panel report window.
  • Page 128 Bend the tabs at the left end of the tool upwards as shown below. Bend the tab at the center of the tool tail as shown below. The following procedure describes how to remove the LED labels from the L60 enhanced front panel and insert the custom labels.
  • Page 129 Slide the new LED label inside the pocket until the text is properly aligned with the LEDs, as shown below. The following procedure describes how to remove the user-programmable pushbutton labels from the L60 enhanced front panel and insert the custom labels.
  • Page 130 Slide the label tool under the user-programmable pushbutton label until the tabs snap out as shown below. This will attach the label tool to the user-programmable pushbutton label. Remove the tool and attached user-programmable pushbutton label as shown below. 4-22 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 131: Display

    4.3.6 BREAKER CONTROL a) INTRODUCTION The L60 can interface with associated circuit breakers. In many cases the application monitors the state of the breaker, which can be presented on faceplate LEDs, along with a breaker trouble indication. Breaker operations can be manually initiated from faceplate keypad or automatically initiated from a FlexLogic™...
  • Page 132: Menus

    “Enabled” for each breaker. 1(2) PUSH BUTTON CONTROL The L60 has features required for single-pole operation. Inputs that trip individual breaker poles and cause a breaker reclose are passed directly to this element. c) FACEPLATE (USER KEY) CONTROL After the 30 minute interval during which command functions are permitted after a correct command password, the user cannot open or close a breaker via the keypad.
  • Page 133 Pressing the MESSAGE DOWN key will display the second setting sub-header asso-  PROPERTIES ciated with the Product Setup header.  Press the MESSAGE RIGHT key once more and this will display the first setting for FLASH MESSAGE Display Properties. TIME: 1.0 s GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 4-25...
  • Page 134: Changing Settings

    Text settings have data values which are fixed in length, but user-defined in character. They may be comprised of upper case letters, lower case letters, numerals, and a selection of special characters. 4-26 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 135: Settings

    When the "NEW SETTING HAS BEEN STORED" message appears, the relay will be in "Programmed" state and the In Service LED will turn on. e) ENTERING INITIAL PASSWORDS The L60 supports password entry from a local or remote connection. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 136 By default, when an incorrect Command or Setting password has been entered via the faceplate interface three times within three minutes, the FlexLogic™ operand is set to “On” and the L60 does not allow settings or LOCAL ACCESS DENIED command level access via the faceplate interface for the next five minutes.
  • Page 137 4.3 FACEPLATE INTERFACE By default, when an incorrect Command or Setting password has been entered via any external communications interface three times within three minutes, the FlexLogic™ operand is set to and the L60 does not REMOTE ACCESS DENIED “ ”...
  • Page 138 4.3 FACEPLATE INTERFACE 4 HUMAN INTERFACES 4-30 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 139: Overview

    See page 5-60.   TELEPROTECTION See page 5-67.   INSTALLATION See page 5-68.   SETTINGS  AC INPUTS See page 5-69.  SYSTEM SETUP   POWER SYSTEM See page 5-71.  GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 140  SYNCHROCHECK See page 5-226.   DIGITAL ELEMENTS See page 5-230.   DIGITAL COUNTERS See page 5-233.   MONITORING See page 5-235.  ELEMENTS  PILOT SCHEMES See page 5-253.  L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 141  TRANSDUCER I/O   RTD INPUTS See page 5-286.   DCMA OUTPUTS See page 5-288.   SETTINGS TEST MODE See page 5-292.  TESTING FUNCTION: Disabled TEST MODE FORCING: See page 5-292. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 142: Introduction To Elements

    FUNCTION setting: This setting programs the element to be operational when selected as “Enabled”. The factory default is “Disabled”. Once programmed to “Enabled”, any element associated with the function becomes active and all options become available. • NAME setting: This setting is used to uniquely identify the element. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 143: Introduction To Ac Sources

    BACKGROUND The L60 is ordered with two CT/VT modules. If two breakers are involved in an application, the current must be summed externally. With two CT/VT modules, the L60 allows the connection of two breaker CTs directly to the relay, processing the currents individually for some functions and summing them for other functions by employing the sources mechanism.
  • Page 144 5 SETTINGS Sources, in the context of L60 series relays, refer to the logical grouping of current and voltage signals such that one source contains all the signals required to measure the load or fault in a particular power apparatus. A given source may contain all or some of the following signals: three-phase currents, single-phase ground current, three-phase voltages and an auxiliary voltages from a single-phase VT for checking for synchronism.
  • Page 145 Upon startup, the CPU configures the settings required to characterize the current and voltage inputs, and will display them in the appropriate section in the sequence of the banks (as described above) as follows for a maximum configuration: F1, F5, L1, L5, S1, and S5. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 146: Product Setup

    When entering a settings or command password via EnerVista or any serial interface, the user must enter the correspond- ing connection password. If the connection is to the back of the L60, the remote password must be used. If the connection is to the RS232 port of the faceplate, the local password must be used.
  • Page 147 ENCRYPTED PASSWORD If the setting and command passwords are identical, then this one password allows access to both commands and settings. NOTE If a remote connection is established, local passcodes are not visible. NOTE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 148  SUPERVISION  TIMEOUTS Range: 2 to 5 in steps of 1 INVALID ATTEMPTS MESSAGE BEFORE LOCKOUT: 3 Range: 5 to 60 minutes in steps of 1 PASSWORD LOCKOUT MESSAGE DURATION: 5 min 5-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 149 INVALID ATTEMPTS BEFORE LOCKOUT The L60 provides a means to raise an alarm upon failed password entry. Should password verification fail while accessing a password-protected level of the relay (either settings or commands), the FlexLogic operand is UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS asserted.
  • Page 150 If access is permitted and an off-to-on transition of the FlexLogic operand is detected, the timeout is restarted. The status of this timer is updated every 5 seconds. 5-12 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 151: Display Properties

    Some customers prefer very low currents to display as zero, while others prefer the current be displayed even when the value reflects noise rather than the actual signal. The L60 applies a cut- off value to the magnitudes and angles of the measured currents.
  • Page 152: Clear Relay Records

    CLEAR EVENT RECORDS: MESSAGE Range: FlexLogic™ operand CLEAR OSCILLOGRAPHY? MESSAGE Range: FlexLogic™ operand CLEAR DATA LOGGER: MESSAGE Range: FlexLogic™ operand CLEAR ARC AMPS 1: MESSAGE Range: FlexLogic™ operand CLEAR ARC AMPS 2: MESSAGE 5-14 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 153: Communications

    Selected records can be cleared from user-programmable conditions with FlexLogic™ operands. Assigning user-program- mable pushbuttons to clear specific records are typical applications for these commands. Since the L60 responds to rising edges of the configured FlexLogic™ operands, they must be asserted for at least 50 ms to take effect.
  • Page 154 0 ms The L60 is equipped with up to three independent serial communication ports. The faceplate RS232 port is intended for local use and is fixed at 19200 baud and no parity. The rear COM1 port type is selected when ordering: either an Ethernet or RS485 port.
  • Page 155 This allows the EnerVista UR Setup software to be used on the port. The UR operates as a Modbus slave device only. When using Modbus protocol on the RS232 port, the L60 responds regardless of the pro- MODBUS SLAVE ADDRESS grammed.
  • Page 156 DNP OBJECT 23 MESSAGE DEFAULT VARIATION: 2 Range: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 DNP OBJECT 30 MESSAGE DEFAULT VARIATION: 1 Range: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7 DNP OBJECT 32 MESSAGE DEFAULT VARIATION: 1 5-18 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 157 TIMEOUT: 120 s The L60 supports the Distributed Network Protocol (DNP) version 3.0. The L60 can be used as a DNP slave device con- nected to multiple DNP masters (usually an RTU or a SCADA master station). Since the L60 maintains two sets of DNP data change buffers and connection information, two DNP masters can actively communicate with the L60 at one time.
  • Page 158 DNP analog input points that are voltages will be returned with values 1000 times smaller (for example, a value of 72000 V on the L60 will be returned as 72). These settings are useful when analog input values must be adjusted to fit within cer- tain ranges in DNP masters.
  • Page 159 60870-5-104 point lists must be in one continuous block, any points assigned after the first “Off” point are ignored. NOTE Changes to the DNP / IEC 60870-5-104 point lists will not take effect until the L60 is restarted. NOTE GE Multilin...
  • Page 160 The L60 supports the Manufacturing Message Specification (MMS) protocol as specified by IEC 61850. MMS is supported over two protocol stacks: TCP/IP over ethernet and TP4/CLNP (OSI) over ethernet. The L60 operates as an IEC 61850 server. The Remote inputs and outputs section in this chapter describe the peer-to-peer GSSE/GOOSE message scheme.
  • Page 161 IEC 61850 GSSE application ID name string sent as part of each GSSE message. This GSSE ID string identifies the GSSE message to the receiving device. In L60 releases previous to 5.0x, this name string was repre- sented by the setting.
  • Page 162 DESTINATION MAC address; the least significant bit of the first byte must be set. In L60 releases previous to 5.0x, the destination Ethernet MAC address was determined automatically by taking the sending MAC address (that is, the unique, local MAC address of the L60) and setting the multicast bit.
  • Page 163 The L60 has the ability of detecting if a data item in one of the GOOSE datasets is erroneously oscillating. This can be caused by events such as errors in logic programming, inputs improperly being asserted and de-asserted, or failed station components.
  • Page 164 Configure the transmission dataset. Configure the GOOSE service settings. Configure the data. The general steps required for reception configuration are: Configure the reception dataset. Configure the GOOSE service settings. Configure the data. 5-26 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 165 MMXU1 HZ DEADBAND change greater than 45 mHz, from the previous MMXU1.MX.mag.f value, in the source frequency. The L60 must be rebooted (control power removed and re-applied) before these settings take effect. The following procedure illustrates the reception configuration. Configure the reception dataset by making the following changes in the ...
  • Page 166 IEC61850 GOOSE ANALOG INPUT 1 UNITS The GOOSE analog input 1 can now be used as a FlexAnalog™ value in a FlexElement™ or in other settings. The L60 must be rebooted (control power removed and re-applied) before these settings take effect.
  • Page 167 DNA and UserSt bit pairs that are included in GSSE messages. To set up a L60 to receive a configurable GOOSE dataset that contains two IEC 61850 single point status indications, the following dataset items can be selected (for example, for configurable GOOSE dataset 1): “GGIO3.ST.Ind1.stVal” and “GGIO3.ST.Ind2.stVal”.
  • Page 168 CPU resources. When server scanning is disabled, there will be not updated to the IEC 61850 logical node sta- tus values in the L60. Clients will still be able to connect to the server (L60 relay), but most data values will not be updated.
  • Page 169 The GGIO2 control configuration settings are used to set the control model for each input. The available choices are “0” (status only), “1” (direct control), and “2” (SBO with normal security). The GGIO2 control points are used to control the L60 virtual inputs.
  • Page 170 GGIO4. When this value is NUMBER OF ANALOG POINTS changed, the L60 must be rebooted in order to allow the GGIO4 logical node to be re-instantiated and contain the newly configured number of analog points.
  • Page 171 ITEM 64 attributes supported by the L60. Changes to the dataset will only take effect when the L60 is restarted. It is recommended to use reporting service from logical node LLN0 if a user needs some (but not all) data from already existing GGIO1, GGIO4, and MMXU4 points and their quantity is not greater than 64 minus the number items in this dataset.
  • Page 172 XCBR operating counter status attribute (OpCnt) increments with every operation. Frequent breaker operation may result in very large OpCnt values over time. This setting allows the OpCnt to be reset to “0” for XCBR1. 5-34 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 173 Internet Explorer or Mozilla Firefox. This feature is available only if the L60 has the ethernet option installed. The web pages are organized as a series of menus that can be accessed starting at the L60 “Main Menu”. Web pages are available showing DNP and IEC 60870-5-104 points lists, Modbus registers, event records, fault reports, etc.
  • Page 174 NUMBER: The Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) can be used to transfer files from the L60 over a network. The L60 operates as a TFTP server. TFTP client software is available from various sources, including Microsoft Windows NT. The dir.txt file obtained from the L60 contains a list and description of all available files (event records, oscillography, etc.).
  • Page 175 L60 clock is closely synchronized with the SNTP/NTP server. It may take up to two minutes for the L60 to signal an SNTP self-test error if the server is offline.
  • Page 176: Modbus User Map

    MESSAGE Disabled These settings appear only if the L60 is ordered with an Ethernet switch module (type 2S or 2T). The IP address and Modbus TCP port number for the Ethernet switch module are specified in this menu. These settings are used in advanced network configurations.
  • Page 177: Real Time Clock

    SNTP, the offset is used to determine the local time for the L60 clock, since SNTP provides UTC time. The daylight savings time (DST) settings can be used to allow the L60 clock can follow the DST rules of the local time zone.
  • Page 178: Fault Reports

    MESSAGE Z0 ANGLE: 75° The L60 relay supports one fault report and an associated fault locator. The signal source and trigger condition, as well as the characteristics of the line or feeder, are entered in this menu. The fault report stores data, in non-volatile memory, pertinent to an event when triggered. The captured data contained in the FaultReport.txt file includes:...
  • Page 179 It should be kept in mind that grounding points in vicinity of the installation impact the system zero-sequence impedance (grounded loads, reactors, zig-zag transformers, shunt capacitor banks, etc.). GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-41...
  • Page 180: Oscillography

    Reducing the sampling rate allows longer records to be stored. This setting has no effect on the internal sampling rate of the relay which is always 64 samples per cycle; that is, it has no effect on the fundamental calculations of the device. 5-42 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 181 IB signal on terminal 2 of the CT/VT module in slot F. If there are no CT/VT modules and analog input modules, no analog traces will appear in the file; only the digital traces will appear. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-43...
  • Page 182: Data Logger

    436380 s 254460 s 3600000 ms 2727.5 235645200 s 340.9 29455200 s 26182800 s Changing any setting affecting data logger operation will clear any data that is currently in the log. NOTE 5-44 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 183: User-programmable Leds

    The control operand is configured under the setting. The test covers all LEDs, LED TEST CONTROL including the LEDs of the optional user-programmable pushbuttons. The test consists of three stages. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-45...
  • Page 184 Assume one needs to check if any of the LEDs is “burned” through user-programmable pushbutton 1. The following set- tings should be applied. Configure user-programmable pushbutton 1 by making the following entries in the  SETTINGS   menu: PRODUCT SETUP USER-PROGRAMMABLE PUSHBUTTONS USER PUSHBUTTON 1 5-46 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 185 “Latched”, the LED, once lit, remains so until reset by the faceplate RESET button, from a remote device via a com- munications channel, or from any programmed operand, even if the LED operand state de-asserts. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-47...
  • Page 186: User-programmable Self Tests

    Refer to the Relay self-tests section in chapter 7 for additional information on major and minor self-test alarms. To enable the Ethernet switch failure function, ensure that the is “Enabled” in this ETHERNET SWITCH FAIL FUNCTION menu. NOTE 5-48 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 187: Control Pushbuttons

    The location of the control pushbuttons are shown in the following figures. Control pushbuttons 842813A1.CDR Figure 5–4: CONTROL PUSHBUTTONS (ENHANCED FACEPLATE) An additional four control pushbuttons are included on the standard faceplate when the L60 is ordered with the twelve user- programmable pushbutton option. STATUS EVENT CAUSE...
  • Page 188 SYSTEM SETUP/ BREAKERS/BREAKER 1/ BREAKER 1 PUSHBUTTON CONTROL Enabled=1 TIMER FLEXLOGIC OPERAND SYSTEM SETUP/ BREAKERS/BREAKER 2/ CONTROL PUSHBTN 1 ON 100 msec BREAKER 2 PUSHBUTTON CONTROL 842010A2.CDR Enabled=1 Figure 5–6: CONTROL PUSHBUTTON LOGIC 5-50 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 189 FlexLogic™ equations, protection elements, and control elements. Typical applications include breaker control, autorecloser blocking, and setting groups changes. The user-programmable pushbuttons are under the control level of password protection. The user-configurable pushbuttons for the enhanced faceplate are shown below. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-51...
  • Page 190 BTN 1 SET The pushbutton is reset (deactivated) in self-reset mode when the dropout delay specified in the PUSHBTN 1 DROP-OUT setting expires. TIME 5-52 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 191 PUSHBTN 1 AUTORST DELAY: This setting specifies the time delay for automatic reset of the pushbutton when in the latched mode. • PUSHBTN 1 REMOTE: This setting assigns the FlexLogic™ operand serving to inhibit pushbutton operation from the operand assigned to the settings. PUSHBTN 1 SET PUSHBTN 1 RESET GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-53...
  • Page 192 “Normal” if the setting is “High Priority” or “Normal”. PUSHBTN 1 MESSAGE • PUSHBUTTON 1 EVENTS: If this setting is enabled, each pushbutton state change will be logged as an event into event recorder. 5-54 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 193 Off = 0 SETTING SETTING Autoreset Delay Autoreset Function = Enabled = Disabled SETTING Drop-Out Timer TIMER FLEXLOGIC OPERAND 200 ms PUSHBUTTON 1 ON 842021A3.CDR Figure 5–9: USER-PROGRAMMABLE PUSHBUTTON LOGIC (Sheet 1 of 2) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-55...
  • Page 194 User-programmable pushbuttons require a type HP or HQ faceplate. If an HP or HQ type faceplate was ordered separately, the relay order code must be changed to indicate the correct faceplate option. This can be done via EnerVista UR Setup with the Maintenance > Enable Pushbutton command. NOTE 5-56 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 195: Flex State Parameters

    USER-PROGRAMMABLE CONTROL INPUT: The user-definable displays also respond to the INVOKE AND SCROLL setting. Any FlexLogic™ operand (in particular, the user-programmable pushbutton operands), can be used to navi- gate the programmed displays. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-57...
  • Page 196 (setting, actual value, or command) which has a Modbus address, to view the hexadecimal form of the Modbus address, then manually convert it to decimal form before entering it (EnerVista UR Setup usage conveniently facilitates this conversion). 5-58 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 197 If the parameters for the top line and the bottom line items have the same units, then the unit is displayed on the bottom line only. The units are only displayed on both lines if the units specified both the top and bottom line items are different. NOTE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-59...
  • Page 198 “Yes”), all direct output messages should be received back. If not, the direct input/output ring CH2 RING CONFIGURATION break self-test is triggered. The self-test error is signaled by the FlexLogic™ operand. DIRECT RING BREAK 5-60 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 199 The following application examples illustrate the basic concepts for direct input and output configuration. Please refer to the Inputs and outputs section in this chapter for information on configuring FlexLogic™ operands (flags, bits) to be exchanged. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-61...
  • Page 200 UR IED 1 BLOCK UR IED 4 UR IED 2 UR IED 3 842712A1.CDR Figure 5–12: SAMPLE INTERLOCKING BUSBAR PROTECTION SCHEME For increased reliability, a dual-ring configuration (shown below) is recommended for this application. 5-62 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 201 The complete application requires addressing a number of issues such as failure of both the communications rings, failure or out-of-service conditions of one of the relays, etc. Self-monitoring flags of the direct inputs and outputs feature would be primarily used to address these concerns. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-63...
  • Page 202 Inputs and outputs section. A blocking pilot-aided scheme should be implemented with more security and, ideally, faster message delivery time. This could be accomplished using a dual-ring configuration as shown below. 5-64 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 203 EVENTS: Disabled The L60 checks integrity of the incoming direct input and output messages using a 32-bit CRC. The CRC alarm function is available for monitoring the communication medium noise by tracking the rate of messages failing the CRC check. The monitoring function counts all incoming messages, including messages that failed the CRC check.
  • Page 204 MESSAGE EVENTS: Disabled The L60 checks integrity of the direct input and output communication ring by counting unreturned messages. In the ring configuration, all messages originating at a given device should return within a pre-defined period of time. The unreturned messages alarm function is available for monitoring the integrity of the communication ring by tracking the rate of unre- turned messages.
  • Page 205 On two- terminals two-channel systems, the same is transmitted over LOCAL RELAY ID NUMBER both channels; as such, only the has to be programmed on the receiving end. TERMINAL 1 ID NUMBER GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-67...
  • Page 206 "Programmed" state. UNIT NOT PROGRAMMED setting allows the user to uniquely identify a relay. This name will appear on generated reports. RELAY NAME 5-68 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 207 1 pu will operate on 1000 A primary. The same rule applies for current sums from CTs with different secondary taps (5 A and 1 A). GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-69...
  • Page 208 = 66.4. On a 14.4 kV system with a delta connection and a VT primary to secondary turns ratio of 14400:120, the voltage value entered would be 120; that is, 14400 / 120. 5-70 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 209: Power System

    FREQUENCY TRACKING cial variable-frequency applications. NOTE The frequency tracking feature will function only when the L60 is in the “Programmed” mode. If the L60 is “Not Pro- grammed”, then metering values will be available but may exhibit significant errors. NOTE When voltage is supplied to the relay through a VT, it is advisable to assign a source configured with a phase VT voltage (source 3 or 4) to track system frequency from voltage.
  • Page 210: Signal Sources

    In elements where the parameter may be either fundamental or RMS magnitude, such as phase time overcurrent, two settings are provided. One setting specifies the source, the second setting selects between fundamental phasor and RMS. 5-72 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 211 This configuration could be used on a two-winding transformer, with one winding connected into a breaker-and-a-half sys- tem. The following figure shows the arrangement of sources used to provide the functions required in this application, and the CT/VT inputs that are used to provide the data. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-73...
  • Page 212 Figure 5–18: EXAMPLE USE OF SOURCES Y LV D HV SRC 1 SRC 2 SRC 3 Phase CT F1+F5 None Ground CT None None Phase VT None None Aux VT None None 5-74 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 213: Breakers

    Range: 0.000 to 65.535 s in steps of 0.001 MANUAL CLOSE RECAL1 MESSAGE TIME: 0.000 s Range: FlexLogic™ operand BREAKER 1 OUT OF SV: MESSAGE Range: Disabled, Enabled BREAKER 1 EVENTS: MESSAGE Disabled GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-75...
  • Page 214 1. The number of breaker control elements is dependent on the number of CT/VT modules specified with the L60. The follow- ing settings are available for each breaker control element.
  • Page 215 5 SETTINGS 5.3 SYSTEM SETUP Figure 5–19: DUAL BREAKER CONTROL SCHEME LOGIC (Sheet 1 of 2) IEC 61850 functionality is permitted when the L60 is in “Programmed” mode and not in the local control mode. NOTE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 216 5.3 SYSTEM SETUP 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–20: DUAL BREAKER CONTROL SCHEME LOGIC (Sheet 2 of 2) 5-78 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 217: Disconnect Switches

    For greater security in determination of the switch pole position, both the 89/a and 89/b auxiliary contacts are used with reporting of the discrepancy between them. The number of available disconnect switches depends on the number of the CT/VT modules ordered with the L60. •...
  • Page 218 SWITCH 1 ALARM DELAY: This setting specifies the delay interval during which a disagreement of status among the three-pole position tracking operands will not declare a pole disagreement. This allows for non-simultaneous operation of the poles. IEC 61850 functionality is permitted when the L60 is in “Programmed” mode and not in the local control mode. NOTE 5-80...
  • Page 219 5 SETTINGS 5.3 SYSTEM SETUP Figure 5–21: DISCONNECT SWITCH SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-81...
  • Page 220: Flexcurves

    1.03 pu. It is recommended to set the two times to a similar value; otherwise, the linear approximation may NOTE result in undesired behavior for the operating quantity that is close to 1.00 pu. 5-82 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 221 The multiplier and adder settings only affect the curve portion of the characteristic and not the MRT and HCT set- tings. The HCT settings override the MRT settings for multiples of pickup greater than the HCT ratio. NOTE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-83...
  • Page 222 EnerVista UR Setup software generates an error message and discards the proposed changes. NOTE e) STANDARD RECLOSER CURVES The standard recloser curves available for the L60 are displayed in the following graphs. 5-84 L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 223 842723A1.CDR Figure 5–25: RECLOSER CURVES GE101 TO GE106 GE142 GE138 GE120 GE113 0.05 7 8 9 10 12 CURRENT (multiple of pickup) 842725A1.CDR Figure 5–26: RECLOSER CURVES GE113, GE120, GE138 AND GE142 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-85...
  • Page 224 Figure 5–27: RECLOSER CURVES GE134, GE137, GE140, GE151 AND GE201 GE152 GE141 GE131 GE200 7 8 9 10 12 CURRENT (multiple of pickup) 842728A1.CDR Figure 5–28: RECLOSER CURVES GE131, GE141, GE152, AND GE200 5-86 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 225 Figure 5–29: RECLOSER CURVES GE133, GE161, GE162, GE163, GE164 AND GE165 GE132 GE139 GE136 GE116 0.05 GE117 GE118 0.02 0.01 7 8 9 10 12 CURRENT (multiple of pickup) 842726A1.CDR Figure 5–30: RECLOSER CURVES GE116, GE117, GE118, GE132, GE136, AND GE139 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-87...
  • Page 226 Figure 5–31: RECLOSER CURVES GE107, GE111, GE112, GE114, GE115, GE121, AND GE122 GE202 GE135 GE119 7 8 9 10 12 CURRENT (multiple of pickup) 842727A1.CDR Figure 5–32: RECLOSER CURVES GE119, GE135, AND GE202 5-88 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 227: Flexlogic

    Figure 5–33: UR ARCHITECTURE OVERVIEW The states of all digital signals used in the L60 are represented by flags (or FlexLogic™ operands, which are described later in this section). A digital “1” is represented by a 'set' flag. Any external contact change-of-state can be used to block an element from operating, as an input to a control feature in a FlexLogic™...
  • Page 228 Some types of operands are present in the relay in multiple instances; e.g. contact and remote inputs. These types of oper- ands are grouped together (for presentation purposes only) on the faceplate display. The characteristics of the different types of operands are listed in the table below. Table 5–9: L60 FLEXLOGIC™ OPERAND TYPES OPERAND TYPE STATE...
  • Page 229 5 SETTINGS 5.4 FLEXLOGIC™ The operands available for this relay are listed alphabetically by types in the following table. Table 5–10: L60 FLEXLOGIC™ OPERANDS (Sheet 1 of 9) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION CONTROL CONTROL PUSHBTN 1 ON Control pushbutton 1 is being pressed...
  • Page 230 5.4 FLEXLOGIC™ 5 SETTINGS Table 5–10: L60 FLEXLOGIC™ OPERANDS (Sheet 2 of 9) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION ELEMENT: AUX UV1 PKP Auxiliary undervoltage element has picked up Auxiliary AUX UV1 DPO Auxiliary undervoltage element has dropped out undervoltage...
  • Page 231 5 SETTINGS 5.4 FLEXLOGIC™ Table 5–10: L60 FLEXLOGIC™ OPERANDS (Sheet 3 of 9) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION ELEMENT: Dig Element 1 PKP Digital Element 1 is picked up Digital elements Dig Element 1 OP Digital Element 1 is operated...
  • Page 232 5.4 FLEXLOGIC™ 5 SETTINGS Table 5–10: L60 FLEXLOGIC™ OPERANDS (Sheet 4 of 9) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION ELEMENT: NEUTRAL IOC1 PKP Neutral instantaneous overcurrent 1 has picked up Neutral NEUTRAL IOC1 OP Neutral instantaneous overcurrent 1 has operated...
  • Page 233 5 SETTINGS 5.4 FLEXLOGIC™ Table 5–10: L60 FLEXLOGIC™ OPERANDS (Sheet 5 of 9) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION ELEMENT: PHASE IOC1 PKP At least one phase of phase instantaneous overcurrent 1 has picked up Phase PHASE IOC1 OP At least one phase of phase instantaneous overcurrent 1 has operated...
  • Page 234 5.4 FLEXLOGIC™ 5 SETTINGS Table 5–10: L60 FLEXLOGIC™ OPERANDS (Sheet 6 of 9) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION ELEMENT: POWER SWING OUTER Positive-sequence impedance in outer characteristic Power swing detect POWER SWING MIDDLE Positive-sequence impedance in middle characteristic POWER SWING INNER...
  • Page 235 5 SETTINGS 5.4 FLEXLOGIC™ Table 5–10: L60 FLEXLOGIC™ OPERANDS (Sheet 7 of 9) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION ELEMENT: SYNC 1 DEAD S OP Synchrocheck 1 dead source has operated Synchrocheck SYNC 1 DEAD S DPO Synchrocheck 1 dead source has dropped out...
  • Page 236 5.4 FLEXLOGIC™ 5 SETTINGS Table 5–10: L60 FLEXLOGIC™ OPERANDS (Sheet 8 of 9) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION INPUTS/OUTPUTS DIRECT INPUT 1 On Flag is set, logic=1 ↓ ↓ Direct inputs DIRECT INPUT 32 On Flag is set, logic=1...
  • Page 237 5 SETTINGS 5.4 FLEXLOGIC™ Table 5–10: L60 FLEXLOGIC™ OPERANDS (Sheet 9 of 9) OPERAND TYPE OPERAND SYNTAX OPERAND DESCRIPTION SELF- ANY MAJOR ERROR Any of the major self-test errors generated (major error) DIAGNOSTICS ANY MINOR ERROR Any of the minor self-test errors generated (minor error)
  • Page 238: Flexlogic™ Rules

    When making changes to FlexLogic entries in the settings, all FlexLogic equations are re-compiled whenever any new FlexLogic entry value is entered, and as a result of the re-compile all latches are reset automatically. 5-100 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 239: Flexlogic™ Example

    Dropout State=Pickup (200 ms) DIGITAL ELEMENT 2 Timer 1 State=Operated Time Delay on Pickup (800 ms) CONTACT INPUT H1c State=Closed VIRTUAL OUTPUT 3 827026A2.VSD Figure 5–35: LOGIC EXAMPLE WITH VIRTUAL OUTPUTS GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-101...
  • Page 240 Following the procedure outlined, start with parameter 99, as follows: 99: The final output of the equation is virtual output 3, which is created by the operator "= Virt Op n". This parameter is therefore "= Virt Op 3." 5-102 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 241 87: The input just below the upper input to OR #1 is operand “Virt Op 2 On". 86: The upper input to OR #1 is operand “Virt Op 1 On". 85: The last parameter is used to set the latch, and is operand “Virt Op 4 On". GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-103...
  • Page 242 In the following equation, virtual output 3 is used as an input to both latch 1 and timer 1 as arranged in the order shown below: DIG ELEM 2 OP Cont Ip H1c On AND(2) 5-104 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 243: Flexlogic Equation Editor

    TIMER 1 TYPE: This setting is used to select the time measuring unit. • TIMER 1 PICKUP DELAY: Sets the time delay to pickup. If a pickup delay is not required, set this function to "0". GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-105...
  • Page 244: Flexelements

    The element can be programmed to respond either to a signal level or to a rate-of-change (delta) over a pre-defined period of time. The output operand is asserted when the operating signal is higher than a threshold or lower than a threshold as per user's choice. 5-106 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 245 The FLEXELEMENT 1 DIRECTION following figure explains the application of the FLEXELEMENT 1 DIRECTION FLEXELEMENT 1 PICKUP FLEXELEMENT 1 HYS- settings. TERESIS GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-107...
  • Page 246 Figure 5–42: FLEXELEMENT™ DIRECTION, PICKUP, AND HYSTERESIS In conjunction with the setting the element could be programmed to provide two extra charac- FLEXELEMENT 1 INPUT MODE teristics as shown in the figure below. 5-108 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 247 BASE = Line Length as specified in Fault Report FREQUENCY = 1 Hz BASE PHASE ANGLE ϕ = 360 degrees (see the UR angle referencing convention) BASE POWER FACTOR = 1.00 BASE RTDs BASE = 100°C GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-109...
  • Page 248 “Delta”. FLEXELEMENT 1 COMP MODE This setting specifies the pickup delay of the element. The setting FLEXELEMENT 1 PKP DELAY FLEXELEMENT 1 RST DELAY specifies the reset delay of the element. 5-110 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 249: Non-volatile Latches

    LATCH N LATCH N LATCH N TYPE RESET Reset Dominant Previous Previous State State Dominant Previous Previous State State Figure 5–44: NON-VOLATILE LATCH OPERATION TABLE (N = 1 to 16) AND LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-111...
  • Page 250: Grouped Elements

    Each of the six setting group menus is identical. Setting group 1 (the default active group) automatically becomes active if no other group is active (see the Control elements section for additional details). 5-112 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 251 0.0 ms Range: –5.0 to 5.0 ms in steps of 0.1 87PC CH2 ASYMMETRY: MESSAGE 0.0 ms Range: 0.0 to 30.0 ms in steps of 0.1 87PC CH1 DELAY: MESSAGE 0.0 ms GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-113...
  • Page 252 2TL-UB-DPC-2FC: two-terminal line, unblocking, dual phase comparison, two frequency channel (FSK PLC only); scheme cannot be used for breaker-and-a-half applications. – 2TL-TR-DPC-3FC:two-terminal line, permissive tripping, dual phase comparison, three frequency channel. – 2TL-BL-DPC-3FC: three-terminal line, blocking scheme, dual phase comparison, three frequency channel. 5-114 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 253 87PC SIGNAL SOURCE: Selects whether current is supplied from one current source (either single-breaker CT appli- cation or dual-breakers with CTs summed externally) or from two separate sources (breaker-and-a-half or ring configu- rations), where currents from both CTs are fed into the L60 individually. •...
  • Page 254 In part b), tripping occurs at the second coincidence if at the first coincidence integrator exceeded the stability angle setting but did not reach the enhanced stability angle setting. 5-116 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 255 87PC function to the contact output. These setting are used for breaker 1 and 2 (if used) trip coil connections. Phase comparison signals are important for the analysis of 87PC operation. As such, they are recorded in oscillography. A list of the 87PC channels recorded in oscillography is shown below. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-117...
  • Page 256 Tx Pos Transmit signal per 87PC logic Tx Neg Transmit signal per 87PC logic FDH Aligned Refer to the Application of settings chapter for the calculation examples for the phase comparison element. 5-118 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 257 All phase comparison signals are captured and available in oscillography for commis- 87PC CH2 ASYMMETRY sioning, troubleshooting, and analysis purposes. The L60 features excellent stability during channel noise due to the high sampling rate of the received signal, and the unique integrator makes the digital phase-comparison relay fully equivalent to analogue phase-comparison relays.
  • Page 258 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–46: OVERALL PHASE COMPARISON LOGIC 5-120 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 259 NEG SEQ VOL FDL MESSAGE PICKUP: 0.010 pu Range: 0.005 to 3.000 pu in steps of 0.001 NEG SEQ VOL FDH MESSAGE PICKUP: 0.050 pu Range: any FlexLogic™ operand NEG SEQ VOL FD BLK: MESSAGE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-121...
  • Page 260 87PC V2 FDL OP Σ Neg-seq voltage, V_2 (summed 87PC function > FDH PICKUP 87PC V2 FDH OP current) L1 PHASE CT BANK: Neg-seq current, I_2 831799A2.CDR Figure 5–47: NEGATIVE-SEQUENCE VOLTAGE FAULT DETECTOR LOGIC 5-122 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 261 Select a FlexLogic™ operand that, if asserted, should block this fault detector. • NEG SEQ di/dt FD TARGET: This setting controls targets of the function. These targets operate independently from the 87PC targets. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-123...
  • Page 262 Note that all fault detectors operate in parallel toward the 87PC function. If not required, a given fault detec- tor shall be disabled. To effectively disable the overcurrent fault detectors under the main 87PC menu, set their thresh- old very high. 5-124 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 263 > FDH PICKUP current) Pos-seq current, I_1 FDH SEAL-IN: SETTINGS (*) value delayed POS SEQ FDH by 0.5 cycle SUPV: Off = 0 831801A2.CDR Figure 5–49: POSITIVE-SEQUENCE CURRENT RATE OF CHANGE FAULT DETECTOR LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-125...
  • Page 264 87PC I_2 FDH OP Negative-sequence > (FDL PICKUP) / 4 current I_2 > (FDH PICKUP) / 4 > FDL PICKUP Σ > FDH PICKUP 831030A1.CDR Figure 5–50: NEGATIVE-SEQUENCE OVERCURRENT ADVANCED FAULT DETECTOR LOGIC 5-126 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 265 87PC I_1 FDH OP Positive-sequence > (FDL PICKUP) / 4 current I_1 > (FDH PICKUP) / 4 > FDL PICKUP Σ > FDH PICKUP 831031A2.CDR Figure 5–51: POSITIVE-SEQUENCE OVERCURRENT ADVANCED FAULT DETECTOR LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-127...
  • Page 266 ZERO SEQ CAPACITIVE REACTANCE No shunt reactors on the line or reactor current is subtracted from the line current, forcing the L60 to measure the uncompensated by shunt reactors load/fault current plus the full charging current.
  • Page 267 The calculated charging current per line terminal is recorded in oscillography per each phase. NOTE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-129...
  • Page 268 If no element is required, the default value “Off” should be used. • OPEN BREAKER KEYING PKP DELAY: Delays the operation of open breaker keying to override disagreement between main and auxiliary contacts of the breaker or any other operating conditions. 5-130 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 269 BRK 2 CONTACT SUPV: Off=0 SETTING SETTING WEAK-INFEED WEEK-INFEED KEYING: PICKUP DELAY: Off=0 WEEK-INFEED RESET DELAY: SETTING RST =35ms WEAK - INFEED SUPV: Off=0 827075A9.CDR Figure 5–53: OPEN BREAKER ECHO SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-131...
  • Page 270 2 or excessive phase current within eight power cycles after the autorecloser issues a close command results in the FlexLogic™ operand. For security, the overcurrent trip is supervised LINE PICKUP RCL TRIP 5-132 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 271 1 extension functionality if external autoreclosure is employed. Another zone 1 extension approach is to permanently apply an overreaching zone, and reduce the reach when reclosing. This philosophy can be programmed via the autore- close scheme. Figure 5–54: LINE PICKUP SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-133...
  • Page 272: Distance

    (logic 1), the distance functions become memory-polarized regardless of the positive-sequence voltage magni- tude at this time. When the selected operand is de-asserted (logic 0), the distance functions follow other conditions of the memory voltage logic. 5-134 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 273 NOTE The distance zones of the L60 are identical to that of the UR-series D60 Line Distance Relay. For additional infor- mation on the L60 distance functions, see the Theory of Operation chapter of the D60 manual, available on the GE EnerVista CD or free on the GE Digital Energy web page.
  • Page 274 PHS DIST Z1 DIR: All phase distance zones are reversible. The forward direction is defined by the PHS DIST Z1 RCA setting, whereas the reverse direction is shifted 180° from that angle. The non-directional zone spans between the for- 5-136 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 275 COMP LIMIT DIR COMP LIMIT DIR COMP LIMIT DIR RCA 837720A1.CDR Figure 5–56: DIRECTIONAL MHO DISTANCE CHARACTERISTIC COMP LIMIT REV REACH 837802A1.CDR Figure 5–57: NON-DIRECTIONAL MHO DISTANCE CHARACTERISTIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-137...
  • Page 276 Figure 5–58: DIRECTIONAL QUADRILATERAL PHASE DISTANCE CHARACTERISTIC COMP LIMIT COMP LIMIT LFT BLD RCA RGT BLD RCA -LFT BLD RGT BLD REV REACH COMP LIMIT COMP LIMIT 837803A1.CDR Figure 5–59: NON-DIRECTIONAL QUADRILATERAL PHASE DISTANCE CHARACTERISTIC 5-138 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 277 DIR COMP LIMIT = 60 RGT BLD RCA = 90 RGT BLD RCA = 80 LFT BLD RCA = 90 LFT BLD RCA = 80 837723A1.CDR Figure 5–61: QUADRILATERAL DISTANCE CHARACTERISTIC SAMPLE SHAPES GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-139...
  • Page 278 Therefore, in order to calculate the SIR value properly and to maintain the optimal operating speed of the distance ele- ments, you need to set zone 1 reach with a regular 80 to 85% of the line impedance reach setting, even when zone 1 is disabled. 5-140 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 279 PHS DIST Z1 DELAY: This setting allows the user to delay operation of the distance elements and implement stepped distance protection. The distance element timers for zones 2 and higher apply a short dropout delay to cope with faults GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-141...
  • Page 280 PH DIST Z1 SUPN IBC PH DIST Z1 SUPN ICA OPEN POLE OP ** ** D60, L60, and L90 only. Other UR-series models apply regular current seal-in for zone 1. 837017A8.CDR Figure 5–63: PHASE DISTANCE ZONE 1 OP SCHEME Figure 5–64: PHASE DISTANCE ZONE 2 OP SCHEME...
  • Page 281 5 SETTINGS 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS Figure 5–65: PHASE DISTANCE ZONES 3 AND HIGHER OP SCHEME D60, L60, and L90 only FLEXLOGIC OPERANDS OPEN POLE BLK AB OPEN POLE BLK BC OPEN POLE BLK CA SETTINGS PH DIST Z1 DIR PH DIST Z1 SHAPE...
  • Page 282 Range: 60 to 90° in steps of 1 GND DIST Z1 QUAD MESSAGE LFT BLD RCA: 85° Range: 0.050 to 30.000 pu in steps of 0.001 GND DIST Z1 MESSAGE SUPV: 0.200 pu 5-144 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 283 The directional and non-directional quadrilateral ground distance characteristics are shown below. The directional and non-directional mho ground distance characteristics are the same as those shown for the phase distance element in the previous sub-section. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-145...
  • Page 284 Note that internally the mutual coupling com- pensation is applied only if 3I_0>1.22*IG to ensure that no mutual coupling compensation is applied when the fault is 5-146 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 285 In conjunction with the quadrilateral shape selection, this setting defines the only directional function built into the ground distance element. The directional function uses memory voltage for polar- ization. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-147...
  • Page 286 GND DIST Z1 PKP C FLEXLOGIC OPERANDS GND DIST Z1 SUPN IN OPEN POLE OP ** ** D60, L60, and L90 only. Other UR-series models apply regular current seal-in for zone 1. 837018A7.CDR Figure 5–69: GROUND DISTANCE ZONE 1 OP SCHEME 5-148...
  • Page 287 3 or 4 to zone 2. The desired zones should be assigned in the trip output element to accomplish this NOTE functionality. Figure 5–71: GROUND DISTANCE ZONES 3 AND HIGHER OP SCHEME GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-149...
  • Page 288 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–72: GROUND DISTANCE ZONE 1 SCHEME LOGIC 5-150 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 289 Otherwise, the reverse fault condition that generates concern will have high polarizing levels so that a cor- rect reverse fault decision can be reliably made. The supervision for zones 2 and 3 is removed during open pole conditions. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-151...
  • Page 290: Power Swing Detect

    LIMIT ANGLE: 120° Range: 40 to 140° in steps of 1 POWER SWING MIDDLE MESSAGE LIMIT ANGLE: 90° Range: 40 to 140° in steps of 1 POWER SWING INNER MESSAGE LIMIT ANGLE: 60° 5-152 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 291 Different protection elements respond differently to power swings. If tripping is required for faults during power swing condi- tions, some elements may be blocked permanently (using the operand), and others may be blocked POWER SWING BLOCK and dynamically unblocked upon fault detection (using the operand). POWER SWING UN/BLOCK GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-153...
  • Page 292 The element can be set to use either lens (mho) or rectangular (quadrilateral) characteristics as illustrated below. When set to “Mho”, the element applies the right and left blinders as well. If the blinders are not required, their settings should be set high enough to effectively disable the blinders. 5-154 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 293 5 SETTINGS 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS Figure 5–75: POWER SWING DETECT MHO OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS Figure 5–76: EFFECTS OF BLINDERS ON THE MHO CHARACTERISTICS GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-155...
  • Page 294 POWER SWING SHAPE: This setting selects the shapes (either “Mho” or “Quad”) of the outer, middle and, inner char- acteristics of the power swing detect element. The operating principle is not affected. The “Mho” characteristics use the left and right blinders. 5-156 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 295 (the actual trip may be delayed as per the setting). Therefore, this angle must be selected in consider- TRIP MODE ation to the power swing angle beyond which the system becomes unstable and cannot recover. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-157...
  • Page 296 The power swing blocking function is operational all the time as long as the element is enabled. The blocking signal resets the output operand but does not stop the out-of-step tripping sequence. POWER SWING TRIP 5-158 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 297 K_0, K_2 - three times the average change over last power cycle 842008A1.CDR K_1 - four times the average change over last power cycle Figure 5–79: POWER SWING DETECT SCHEME LOGIC (2 of 3) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-159...
  • Page 298 L1 AND L4 LATCHES ARE SET DOMINANT L2, L3 AND L5 LATCHES ARE RESET DOMINANT Off=0 FLEXLOGIC OPERAND POWER SWING OUTGOING 827841A4.CDR Figure 5–80: POWER SWING DETECT SCHEME LOGIC (3 of 3) 5-160 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 299: Load Encroachment

    The element operates if the positive-sequence voltage is above a settable level and asserts its output signal that can be used to block selected protection elements such as distance or phase overcurrent. The following figure shows an effect of the load encroachment characteristics used to block the quadrilateral distance element. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-161...
  • Page 300 If the voltage is below this threshold a blocking signal will not be asserted by the element. When selecting this setting one must remember that the L60 measures the phase-to-ground sequence voltages regardless of the VT connection.
  • Page 301: Phase Current

     DIRECTIONAL 2 b) INVERSE TIME OVERCURRENT CURVE CHARACTERISTICS The inverse time overcurrent curves used by the time overcurrent elements are the IEEE, IEC, GE Type IAC, and I t stan- dard curve shapes. This allows for simplified coordination with downstream devices.
  • Page 302 4.827 38.634 22.819 14.593 11.675 10.130 9.153 8.470 7.960 7.562 7.241 51.512 30.426 19.458 15.567 13.507 12.204 11.294 10.614 10.083 9.654 10.0 64.390 38.032 24.322 19.458 16.883 15.255 14.117 13.267 12.604 12.068 5-164 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 303 1.835 1.067 0.668 0.526 0.451 0.404 0.371 0.346 0.327 0.311 0.80 2.446 1.423 0.890 0.702 0.602 0.538 0.494 0.461 0.435 0.415 1.00 3.058 1.778 1.113 0.877 0.752 0.673 0.618 0.576 0.544 0.518 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-165...
  • Page 304 = characteristic constant, and T = reset time in seconds (assuming energy capacity is 100% RESET is “Timed”) RESET Table 5–20: GE TYPE IAC INVERSE TIME CURVE CONSTANTS IAC CURVE SHAPE IAC Extreme Inverse 0.0040 0.6379 0.6200 1.7872 0.2461...
  • Page 305 = Reset Time in seconds (assuming energy capacity is 100% and RESET: Timed) RESET RECLOSER CURVES: The L60 uses the FlexCurve™ feature to facilitate programming of 41 recloser curves. Please refer to the FlexCurve™ sec- tion in this chapter for additional details. GE Multilin...
  • Page 306 ‘Mvr’ times the setting. If the voltage restraint feature PHASE TOC1 PICKUP is disabled, the pickup level always remains at the setting value. 5-168 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 307 PHASE TOC1 C DPO Multiplier-Phase C PHASE TOC1 C OP SETTING PHASE TOC1 PKP PHASE TOC1 VOLT RESTRAINT: PHASE TOC1 OP Enabled PHASE TOC1 DPO 827072A4.CDR Figure 5–85: PHASE TIME OVERCURRENT 1 SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-169...
  • Page 308 The input current is the fundamental phasor magnitude. For timing curves, see the publication Instan- taneous Overcurrent Element Response to Saturated Waveforms in UR-Series Relays (GET-8400A). Figure 5–86: PHASE INSTANTANEOUS OVERCURRENT 1 SCHEME LOGIC 5-170 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 309 CTs and the line-line voltage from the VTs, based on the 90° or quadrature connection. If there is a requirement to supervise overcurrent elements for flows in opposite directions, such as can happen through a bus-tie breaker, two phase directional elements should be programmed with opposite element characteristic angle (ECA) settings. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-171...
  • Page 310 10 ms must be added to all the instantaneous protection elements under the supervi- sion of the phase directional element. If current reversal is of a concern, a longer delay – in the order of 20 ms – may be needed. 5-172 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 311: Neutral Current

    MESSAGE See page 5–175.  ↓  NEUTRAL IOC4 MESSAGE See page 5–175.   NEUTRAL MESSAGE See page 5–176.  DIRECTIONAL 1  NEUTRAL MESSAGE See page 5–176.  DIRECTIONAL 2 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-173...
  • Page 312 NEUTRAL TOC1 PKP RESET: NEUTRAL TOC1 IN ≥ PICKUP NEUTRAL TOC1 DPO SOURCE: NEUTRAL TOC1 OP SETTING NEUTRAL TOC1 BLOCK: Off = 0 827034A3.VSD Figure 5–89: NEUTRAL TIME OVERCURRENT 1 SCHEME LOGIC 5-174 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 313 RESET DELAY : SETTING NEUTRAL IOC1 DPO NEUTRAL IOC1 OP 3( _0 - K _1 ) PICKUP NEUTRAL IOC1 BLOCK: Off=0 SETTING NEUTRAL IOC1 SOURCE: 827035A4.CDR Figure 5–90: NEUTRAL IOC1 SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-175...
  • Page 314 × × (EQ 5.19) – The positive-sequence restraint allows for more sensitive settings by counterbalancing spurious zero-sequence currents resulting from: • System unbalances under heavy load conditions. 5-176 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 315 1.5 of a power system cycle. The element is designed to emu- late an electromechanical directional device. Larger operating and polarizing signals will result in faster directional discrimi- nation bringing more security to the element operation. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-177...
  • Page 316 The low-side system impedance should be assumed minimal when checking for this condition. A similar sit- uation arises for a wye/delta/wye transformer, where current in one transformer winding neutral may reverse when faults on both sides of the transformer are considered. 5-178 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 317 NEUTRAL DIR OC1 REV PICKUP: This setting defines the pickup level for the overcurrent unit of the element in the reverse direction. When selecting this setting it must be kept in mind that the design uses a positive-sequence restraint technique for the “Calculated 3I0” mode of operation. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-179...
  • Page 318 3) POSITIVE SEQUENCE RESTRAINT IS NOT APPLIED WHEN _1 IS BELOW 0.8pu NEUTRAL DIR OC1 POS- SEQ RESTRAINT: 3( _0 - K _1 ) PICKUP 827077AB.CDR PICKUP Figure 5–92: NEUTRAL DIRECTIONAL OVERCURRENT LOGIC 5-180 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 319: Wattmetric Ground Fault

    VT connected to the auxiliary channel bank of the relay). When the latter selection is made, the auxiliary channel must be identified by the user as a neutral voltage under the VT bank settings. This element will operate only if the aux- iliary voltage is configured as neutral. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-181...
  • Page 320   --------- - FlexCurve (EQ 5.22)   Again, the FlexCurve timer starts after the definite time timer expires. 5-182 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 321 Figure 5–93: WATTMETRIC CHARACTERISTIC ANGLE RESPONSE • WATTMETRIC GND FLT 1 MULTIPLIER: This setting is applicable if above is selected WATTMETRIC GND FLT 1 CURVE to Inverse and defines the multiplier factor for the inverse time delay. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-183...
  • Page 322 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–94: WATTMETRIC ZERO-SEQUENCE DIRECTIONAL LOGIC 5-184 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 323: Ground Current

    GROUND TOC 1 SETTING GROUND TOC1 PKP RESET: GROUND TOC1 IG ≥ PICKUP GROUND TOC1 DPO SOURCE: GROUND TOC1 OP SETTING GROUND TOC1 BLOCK: 827036A3.VSD Off = 0 Figure 5–95: GROUND TOC1 SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-185...
  • Page 324 Enabled = 1 SETTING DELAY: GROUND IOC1 GROUND IOC1 RESET SETTING PICKUP: DELAY: GROUND IOC1 SOURCE: IG ≥ PICKUP SETTING GROUND IOC1 BLOCK: 827037A4.VSD Off = 0 Figure 5–96: GROUND IOC1 SCHEME LOGIC 5-186 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 325: Negative Sequence Current

    MESSAGE See page 5–190.  The L60 Line Phase Comparison System has two (2) Negative Sequence Time Overcurrent, two (2) Negative Sequence Instantaneous Overcurrent, and two (2) Negative Sequence Directional Overcurrent elements. These are described in the following sub-sections. GE Multilin...
  • Page 326 < NEG SEQ PICKUP NEG SEQ TOC1 DPO NEG SEQ TOC1 BLOCK: NEG SEQ TOC1 OP Off=0 SETTING NEG SEQ TOC1 SOURCE: Neg Seq 827057A4.CDR Figure 5–97: NEGATIVE SEQUENCE TOC1 SCHEME LOGIC 5-188 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 327 SETTING NEG SEQ IOC1 DPO NEG SEQ IOC1 OP _2 - K _1 PICKUP NEG SEQ IOC1 BLOCK: Off=0 SETTING NEG SEQ IOC1 SOURCE: 827058A5.CDR Figure 5–98: NEGATIVE SEQUENCE IOC1 SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-189...
  • Page 328 The positive-sequence restraint allows for more sensitive settings by counterbalancing spurious negative-sequence and zero-sequence currents resulting from: • System unbalances under heavy load conditions. • Transformation errors of current transformers (CTs). • Fault inception and switch-off transients. 5-190 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 329 CT errors, since the current is low. The operating quantity depends on the way the test currents are injected into the L60. For single phase injection: = ⅓ × (1 – K) × I •...
  • Page 330 The element characteristic angle in the reverse direction is the angle set for the forward direction shifted by 180°. • NEG SEQ DIR OC1 FWD LIMIT ANGLE: This setting defines a symmetrical (in both directions from the ECA) limit angle for the forward direction. 5-192 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 331 When NEG SEQ DIR OC1 TYPE selecting this setting it must be kept in mind that the design uses a positive-sequence restraint technique. Figure 5–100: NEGATIVE SEQUENCE DIRECTIONAL OC1 SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-193...
  • Page 332: Breaker Failure

    Range: 0.001 to 30.000 pu in steps of 0.001 BF1 N AMP HISET MESSAGE PICKUP: 1.050 pu Range: 0.001 to 30.000 pu in steps of 0.001 BF1 PH AMP LOSET MESSAGE PICKUP: 1.050 pu 5-194 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 333 For the L60 relay, the protection trip signal initially sent to the breaker is already programmed as a trip output. The protection trip signal does not include other breaker commands that are not indicative of a fault in the protected zone.
  • Page 334 BREAKER FAILURE TIMER No. 2 (±1/8 cycle) INITIATE (1/8 cycle) BREAKER FAILURE CURRENT DETECTOR PICKUP (1/8 cycle) BREAKER FAILURE OUTPUT RELAY PICKUP (1/4 cycle) FAULT cycles OCCURS 827083A6.CDR Figure 5–101: BREAKER FAILURE MAIN PATH SEQUENCE 5-196 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 335 In microprocessor relays this time is not significant. In L60 relays, which use a Fourier transform, the calculated current magnitude will ramp-down to zero one power frequency cycle after the current is interrupted, and this lag should be included in the overall margin duration, as it occurs after current interruption.
  • Page 336 Upon operation of the breaker failure element for a single pole trip command, a three-pole trip command should be given via output operand BKR FAIL 1 TRIP OP 5-198 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 337 5 SETTINGS 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS Figure 5–103: SINGLE-POLE BREAKER FAILURE, INITIATE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-199...
  • Page 338 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–104: SINGLE-POLE BREAKER FAILURE, TIMERS 5-200 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 339 5 SETTINGS 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS Figure 5–105: THREE-POLE BREAKER FAILURE, INITIATE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-201...
  • Page 340 5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–106: THREE-POLE BREAKER FAILURE, TIMERS 5-202 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 341 The time delay is adjustable from 0 to 600.00 seconds in steps of 0.01. The undervoltage elements can also be programmed to have an inverse time delay char- acteristic. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-203...
  • Page 342 V = secondary voltage applied to the relay = pickup level pickup % of voltage pickup 842788A1.CDR Figure 5–107: INVERSE TIME UNDERVOLTAGE CURVES At 0% of pickup, the operating time equals the UNDERVOLTAGE DELAY setting. NOTE 5-204 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 343 FLEXLOGIC OPERAND SETTING PHASE UV1 PKP PHASE UV1 MODE: FLEXLOGIC OPERAND Phase to Ground Phase to Phase PHASE UV1 OP FLEXLOGIC OPERAND PHASE UV1 DPO 827039AB.CDR Figure 5–108: PHASE UNDERVOLTAGE1 SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-205...
  • Page 344 FLEXLOGIC OPERAND PHASE OV1 PKP 827066A7.CDR Figure 5–109: PHASE OVERVOLTAGE SCHEME LOGIC > × If the source VT is wye-connected, then the phase overvoltage pickup condition is Pickup for V and V NOTE 5-206 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 345 “Definite time”. The source assigned to this element must be configured for a phase VT. NEUTRAL OV1 CURVE VT errors and normal voltage unbalance must be considered when setting this element. This function requires the VTs to be wye-connected. Figure 5–110: NEUTRAL OVERVOLTAGE1 SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-207...
  • Page 346 The negative-sequence overvoltage element may be used to detect loss of one or two phases of the source, a reversed phase sequence of voltage, or a non-symmetrical system voltage condition. Figure 5–111: NEGATIVE-SEQUENCE OVERVOLTAGE SCHEME LOGIC 5-208 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 347: Voltage Elements

    AUX UV1 EVENTS: MESSAGE Disabled The L60 contains one auxiliary undervoltage element for each VT bank. This element is intended for monitoring undervolt- age conditions of the auxiliary voltage. The selects the voltage level at which the time undervoltage ele- AUX UV1 PICKUP ment starts timing.
  • Page 348 AUX OV1 EVENTS: MESSAGE Disabled The L60 contains one auxiliary overvoltage element for each VT bank. This element is intended for monitoring overvoltage conditions of the auxiliary voltage. The nominal secondary voltage of the auxiliary voltage channel entered under SYSTEM ...
  • Page 349: Control Elements

    If more than one operate-type operand is required, it may be assigned directly from the trip bus menu. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-211...
  • Page 350 TRIP BUS 1 PKP = Enabled TRIP BUS 1 BLOCK = Off SETTINGS TRIP BUS 1 LATCHING = Enabled TRIP BUS 1 RESET = Off FLEXLOGIC OPERAND RESET OP 842023A1.CDR Figure 5–115: TRIP BUS LOGIC 5-212 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 351: Setting Groups

    The assigned operand is used to control the “On” state of a particular settings group. VIRTUAL OUTPUT 1 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-213...
  • Page 352: Selector Switch

    SELECTOR 1 3BIT ACK: MESSAGE Range: Restore, Synchronize, Sync/Restore SELECTOR 1 POWER-UP MESSAGE MODE: Restore Range: Self-reset, Latched, Disabled SELECTOR 1 TARGETS: MESSAGE Self-reset Range: Disabled, Enabled SELECTOR 1 EVENTS: MESSAGE Disabled 5-214 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 353 SELECTOR 1 3BIT A0, A1, and A2: These settings specify a three-bit control input of the selector. The three-bit con- trol word pre-selects the position using the following encoding convention: POSITION rest GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-215...
  • Page 354 The selector position pre-selected via the stepping up control input has not been confirmed before the time out. SELECTOR 1 BIT ALARM The selector position pre-selected via the three-bit control input has not been confirmed before the time out. 5-216 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 355 3BIT A2 POS 1 POS 2 POS 3 POS 4 POS 5 POS 6 POS 7 BIT 0 BIT 1 BIT 2 STP ALARM BIT ALARM ALARM 842737A1.CDR Figure 5–117: TIME-OUT MODE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-217...
  • Page 356 Make the following changes to selector switch element in the    SETTINGS CONTROL ELEMENTS SELECTOR SWITCH menu to assign control to user programmable pushbutton 1 and contact inputs 1 through 3: SELECTOR SWITCH 1 5-218 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 357: User-programmable Pushbuttons

    SELECTOR 1 BIT ALARM 3-bit position out SELECTOR 1 ALARM SELECTOR 1 PWR ALARM SELECTOR 1 BIT 0 SELECTOR 1 BIT 1 SELECTOR 1 BIT 2 842012A2.CDR Figure 5–119: SELECTOR SWITCH LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-219...
  • Page 358: Trip Output

    START TMR Z2GR Inp2: MESSAGE Range: FlexLogic™ operand TRIP FORCE 3-POLE: MESSAGE Range: 0 to 65.535 s in steps of 0.001 TRIP PILOT PRIORITY: MESSAGE 0.000 s Range: FlexLogic™ operand REVERSE FAULT: MESSAGE 5-220 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 359 Assign a higher priority to pilot aided scheme outputs than to exclusively local inputs. The trip output element works in association with other L60 elements (refer to the Theory of operation chapter for a com- plete description of single-pole operations) that must be programmed and in-service for successful operation. The neces- sary elements are: recloser, breaker control, open pole detector, and phase selector.
  • Page 360 This may potentially result in a spurious three-pole operation on a single-line-to-ground internal fault. Delaying tripping on internal faults that follow detection of reverse faults solves the problem. 5-222 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 361 BKR ΦA OPEN, BKR ΦB OPEN, and BKR ΦC OPEN: This settings are used to select an operand to indicates that phase A, B, or C of the breaker is open, respectively. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-223...
  • Page 362 5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–120: TRIP OUTPUT SCHEME LOGIC (Sheet 1 of 2) 5-224 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 363 5 SETTINGS 5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS Figure 5–121: TRIP OUTPUT SCHEME LOGIC (Sheet 2 of 2) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-225...
  • Page 364: Synchrocheck

    ΔF. This time can be calculated by: ------------------------------- - (EQ 5.26) 360° ----------------- - × ΔF 2 ΔΦ × where: ΔΦ = phase angle difference in degrees; ΔF = frequency difference in Hz. 5-226 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 365 COMBINATION SOURCE Y SOURCE Z Phase VTs and Phase VTs and Phase Phase Auxiliary VT Auxiliary VT Phase VTs and Phase VT Phase Phase Auxiliary VT Phase VT Phase VT Phase Phase GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-227...
  • Page 366 The relay will use the phase channel of a three-phase set of voltages if pro- grammed as part of that source. The relay will use the auxiliary voltage channel only if that channel is programmed as part of the Source and a three-phase set is not. 5-228 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 367 5 SETTINGS 5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS Figure 5–122: SYNCHROCHECK SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-229...
  • Page 368: Digital Elements

    DIGITAL ELEMENT 1 RESET DELAY: Sets the time delay to reset. If a reset delay is not required, set to “0”. • DIGITAL ELEMENT 1 PICKUP LED: This setting enables or disabled the digital element pickup LED. When set to “Disabled”, the operation of the pickup LED is blocked. 5-230 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 369 In most breaker control circuits, the trip coil is connected in series with a breaker auxiliary contact which is open when the breaker is open (see diagram below). To prevent unwanted alarms in this situation, the trip circuit monitoring logic must include the breaker position. Figure 5–124: TRIP CIRCUIT EXAMPLE 1 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-231...
  • Page 370 In this case, it is not required to supervise the monitoring circuit with the breaker position – the setting is BLOCK selected to “Off”. In this case, the settings are as follows (EnerVista UR Setup example shown). Figure 5–125: TRIP CIRCUIT EXAMPLE 2 5-232 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 371: Digital Counters

    –2,147,483,648 counts, the counter will rollover to +2,147,483,647. • COUNTER 1 BLOCK: Selects the FlexLogic™ operand for blocking the counting operation. All counter operands are blocked. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-233...
  • Page 372 COUNTER 1 FROZEN: Off = 0 STORE DATE & TIME Date & Time SETTING COUNT1 FREEZE/RESET: Off = 0 827065A1.VSD SETTING COUNT1 FREEZE/COUNT: Off = 0 Figure 5–126: DIGITAL COUNTER SCHEME LOGIC 5-234 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 373 MESSAGE See page 5–244.   VT FUSE FAILURE 4 MESSAGE See page 5–244.   OPEN POLE MESSAGE See page 5–246.   THERMAL OVERLOAD MESSAGE See page 5–249.  PROTECTION GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-235...
  • Page 374: Monitoring Elements

    • BKR 1 ARC AMP LIMIT: Selects the threshold value above which the output operand is set. 5-236 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 375 BKR 1 ARCING AMP C Φ 827071A3.CDR BKR 1 OPERATING TIME A Φ BKR 1 OPERATING TIME B Φ BKR 1 OPERATING TIME C Φ BKR 1 OPERATING TIME Figure 5–128: BREAKER ARCING CURRENT SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-237...
  • Page 376 Breaker open, Voltage difference drop, and Measured flashover current through the breaker. Furthermore, the scheme is applicable for cases where either one or two sets of three-phase voltages are available across the breaker. 5-238 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 377 This application does not require detection of breaker status via a 52a contact, as it uses a voltage difference larger than setting. However, monitoring the breaker contact will ensure scheme stability. BRK 1 FLSHOVR DIFF V PKP GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-239...
  • Page 378 Depending on the flashover protection application, the flashover current can vary from levels of the charging current when the line is de-energized (all line breakers open), to well above the maximum line (feeder) load (line/feeder con- nected to load). 5-240 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 379 BRK 1 FLSHOVR DIFF V SRC: PKP: SRC 1 SRC 2 SRC 6 , … , , none ΔVA > PKP Δ VA = VA - Va 842018A2.CDR Figure 5–129: BREAKER FLASHOVER SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-241...
  • Page 380 CT FAIL 3I0 INPUT 2 PICKUP: This setting selects the 3I_0 pickup value for input 2 (different CT input) of the relay. • CT FAIL 3V0 INPUT: This setting selects the voltage source. 5-242 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 381 CT FAIL 3IO INPUT2: CT FAIL 3IO INPUT2 PKP: SRC2 3IO > PICKUP SETTING SETTING CT FAIL 3VO INPUT: CT FAIL 3VO INPUT: SRC1 3VO > PICKUP 827048A6.CDR Figure 5–130: CT FAILURE DETECTOR SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-243...
  • Page 382 An additional condition is introduced to inhibit a fuse failure declaration when the monitored circuit is de-energized; positive- sequence voltage and current are both below threshold levels. The function setting enables and disables the fuse failure feature for each source. 5-244 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 383 SRC1 VT FUSE FAIL DPO FLEXLOGIC OPERA DS SRC1 50DD OP OPEN POLE OP The OPEN POLE OP operand is applicable to the D60, L60, and L90 onl . RESET Reset-dominant FLEXLOGIC OPERA D SRC1 VT FUSE FAIL VOL LOSS...
  • Page 384 This setting is relevant if open pole condition at the remote end of the line is to be sensed and utilized by the relay ( FlexLogic™ operand). OPEN POLE REM OP 5-246 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 385 When used in configuration with only one breaker, the should be BREAKER 2 FUNCTION “Enabled” and the setting should be “On” (refer to the Breaker Control section earlier in this chapter BREAKER 2 OUT OF SV for additional details). GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-247...
  • Page 386 5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–132: OPEN POLE DETECTOR LOGIC (Sheet 1 of 2) 5-248 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 387 THERM PROT 1 RESET: MESSAGE Range: FlexLogic™ operand THERM PROT 1 BLOCK: MESSAGE Range: Self-reset, Latched, Disabled THERMAL PROTECTION 1 MESSAGE TARGET: Self-reset Range: Disabled, Enabled THERMAL PROTECTION 1 MESSAGE EVENTS: Disabled GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-249...
  • Page 388   τ × ---------------------------- -   (EQ 5.29)   – In the above equation, • τ = thermal protection trip time constant. • is a minimum reset time setting 5-250 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 389 IEC255-8 cold curve or hot curve equations. op(In) • is the reset time calculated at index n as per the reset time equation. rst(In) • is the measured overload RMS current at index n. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-251...
  • Page 390 30 minutes Busbar 60 minutes 20 minutes Underground cable 20 to 60 minutes 60 minutes The logic for the thermal overload protection element is shown below. Figure 5–135: THERMAL OVERLOAD PROTECTION SCHEME LOGIC 5-252 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 391: Pilot Schemes

    POTT RX PICKUP DELAY: This setting enables the relay to cope with spurious receive signals. The delay should be set longer than the longest spurious signal that can occur simultaneously with the zone 2 pickup. The selected delay will increase the response time of the scheme. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-253...
  • Page 392 Typically, the output operand should be programmed to initiate a trip, breaker fail, and autoreclose, and drive a user-programmable LED as per user application. 5-254 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 393 DELAY: FLEXLOGIC OPERAND ECHO DURATION: LINE PICKUP LEO PKP ECHO LOCKOUT: SETTING Echo duration and lockout logic POTT PERMISSIVE ECHO: Disabled = 0 Enabled = 1 837014A9.CDR Figure 5–136: POTT SCHEME LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-255...
  • Page 394 Range: FlexLogic™ operand AR EXTEND DEAD T 1: MESSAGE Range: 0.00 to 655.35 s in steps of 0.01 AR DEAD TIME 1 MESSAGE EXTENSION: 0.50 s Range: FlexLogic™ operand AR RESET: MESSAGE 5-256 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 395 The signal used to initiate the autoreclose scheme is the trip output from protection. This signal can be single pole tripping for single phase faults and three phase tripping for multi-phase faults. The autoreclose scheme has five operating states. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-257...
  • Page 396 These operands are AR CLOSE BKR 1 AR CLOSE BKR 2 latched until the breaker closes or the scheme goes to Reset or Lockout. 5-258 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 397 (both breakers closed and there is no initiating signal) the reset timer will time out, return- ing the scheme to the reset state with the shot counter set to 0. The scheme will be ready for a new reclose cycle. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-259...
  • Page 398 The reclosing scheme contains logic that is used to signal trip logic that three-pole tripping is required for certain conditions. This signal is activated by any of the following: • Autoreclose scheme is paused after it was initiated. • Autoreclose scheme is in the lockout state. 5-260 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 399 Instead, the priority is given to the operand. AR 3P INIT • AR MULTI-P FAULT: This setting selects a FlexLogic™ operand that indicates a multi-phase fault. The operand value should be zero for single-phase to ground faults. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-261...
  • Page 400: Autoreclose

    AR TRANSFER 1 TO 2: This setting establishes how the scheme performs when the breaker closing sequence is 1-2 and breaker 1 is blocked. When set to “Yes” the closing command will be transferred direct to breaker 2 without waiting 5-262 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 401 AR BUS FLT INIT: This setting is used in breaker-and-a-half applications to allow the autoreclose control function to perform reclosing with only one breaker previously opened by bus protection. For line faults, both breakers must open for the autoreclose reclosing cycles to take effect. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-263...
  • Page 402 5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS 5 SETTINGS Figure 5–137: SINGLE-POLE AUTORECLOSE LOGIC (Sheet 1 of 3) 5-264 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 403 5 SETTINGS 5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS Figure 5–138: SINGLE-POLE AUTORECLOSE LOGIC (Sheet 2 of 3) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-265...
  • Page 404 OFF = 0 FLEXLOGIC OPERAND BREAKER 1 ONE P OPEN FLEXLOGIC OPERAND BREAKER 2 ONE P OPEN BKR ONE POLE OPEN (To sheet 1) 827833AA.CDR Figure 5–139: SINGLE-POLE AUTORECLOSE LOGIC (Sheet 3 of 3) 5-266 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 405 5 SETTINGS 5.6 CONTROL ELEMENTS Figure 5–140: EXAMPLE RECLOSING SEQUENCE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-267...
  • Page 406: Inputs/outputs

    The DC input voltage is compared to a user-settable threshold. A new contact input state must be maintained for a user- settable debounce time in order for the L60 to validate the new contact state. In the figure below, the debounce time is set at 2.5 ms;...
  • Page 407 Event Records menu, make the following settings changes: "Breaker Closed (52b)" CONTACT INPUT H5A ID: "Enabled" CONTACT INPUT H5A EVENTS: Note that the 52b contact is closed when the breaker is open and open when the breaker is closed. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-269...
  • Page 408: Virtual Inputs

    “Virtual Input 1 to OFF = 0” VIRTUAL INPUT 1 ID: (Flexlogic Operand) SETTING Virt Ip 1 VIRTUAL INPUT 1 TYPE: Latched Self - Reset 827080A2.CDR Figure 5–142: VIRTUAL INPUTS SCHEME LOGIC 5-270 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 409: Contact Outputs

    The most dependable protection of the initiating contact is provided by directly measuring current in the tripping circuit, and using this parameter to control resetting of the initiating relay. This scheme is often called trip seal-in. This can be realized in the L60 using the FlexLogic™ operand to seal-in the contact output as follows: CONT OP 1 ION “Cont Op 1"...
  • Page 410 5 SETTINGS The L60 latching output contacts are mechanically bi-stable and controlled by two separate (open and close) coils. As such they retain their position even if the relay is not powered up. The relay recognizes all latching output contact cards and pop- ulates the setting menu accordingly.
  • Page 411: Virtual Outputs

    FlexLogic™ equations. Any change of state of a virtual output can be logged as an event if programmed to do so. For example, if Virtual Output 1 is the trip signal from FlexLogic™ and the trip relay is used to signal events, the settings would be programmed as follows: GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-273...
  • Page 412: Remote Devices

    The remote input/output facility provides for 32 remote inputs and 64 remote outputs. b) LOCAL DEVICES: DEVICE ID FOR TRANSMITTING GSSE MESSAGES In a L60 relay, the device ID that represents the IEC 61850 GOOSE application ID (GoID) name string sent as part of each GOOSE message is programmed in the ...
  • Page 413: Remote Inputs

    This setting identifies the Ethernet application identification in the GOOSE message. It should match the corre- sponding settings on the sending device. setting provides for the choice of the L60 fixed (DNA/UserSt) dataset (that is, containing REMOTE DEVICE 1 DATASET DNA and UserSt bit pairs), or one of the configurable datasets.
  • Page 414: Remote Double-point Status Inputs

    REMOTE OUTPUTS DNA BIT PAIRS REMOTE OUTPUTS DNA- 1(32) BIT PAIR Range: FlexLogic™ operand  REMOTE OUTPUTS DNA- 1 OPERAND:  DNA- 1 BIT PAIR Range: Disabled, Enabled DNA- 1 EVENTS: MESSAGE Disabled 5-276 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 415: Resetting

    RESET OP to identify the source of the command. The setting RESET OP (PUSHBUTTON) RESET OP (COMMS) RESET OP (OPERAND) shown above selects the operand that will create the operand. RESET OP (OPERAND) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-277...
  • Page 416: Direct Inputs And Outputs

    APPLICATION EXAMPLES The examples introduced in the earlier Direct inputs and outputs section (part of the Product Setup section) are continued below to illustrate usage of the direct inputs and outputs. 5-278 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 417 5 SETTINGS 5.7 INPUTS/OUTPUTS EXAMPLE 1: EXTENDING INPUT/OUTPUT CAPABILITIES OF A L60 RELAY Consider an application that requires additional quantities of digital inputs or output contacts or lines of programmable logic that exceed the capabilities of a single UR-series chassis. The problem is solved by adding an extra UR-series IED, such as the C30, to satisfy the additional inputs/outputs and programmable logic requirements.
  • Page 418 DIRECT INPUT 6 BIT NUMBER: UR IED 2: "1" DIRECT INPUT 5 DEVICE ID: "2" DIRECT INPUT 5 BIT NUMBER: "3" DIRECT INPUT 6 DEVICE ID: "2" DIRECT INPUT 6 BIT NUMBER: 5-280 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 419: Teleprotection Inputs And Outputs

    Range: Off, On, Latest/Off, Latest/On TELEPROT INPUT 2-1 MESSAGE DEFAULT: Off Range: Off, On, Latest/Off, Latest/On TELEPROT INPUT 2-2 MESSAGE DEFAULT: Off ↓ Range: Off, On, Latest/Off, Latest/On TELEPROT INPUT 2-16 MESSAGE DEFAULT: Off GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-281...
  • Page 420 (teleprotection outputs at the sending end or corresponding teleprotection inputs at the receiving end). On three-terminal two-channel systems, redundancy is achieved by programming signal re-transmittal in the case of channel failure between any pair of relays. 5-282 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 421: Iec 61850 Goose Analogs

    GOOSE analog input value. GOOSE Analogs are floating-point values, with no units. The GOOSE UNIT and PU base settings allow the user to configure GOOSE Analog, so that it can be used in a FlexElement. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-283...
  • Page 422: Iec 61850 Goose Integers

    GOOSE ANALOG 1 PU: This setting specifies the per-unit base factor when using the GOOSE analog input FlexAna- log™ values in other L60 features, such as FlexElements™. The base factor is applied to the GOOSE analog input FlexAnalog quantity to normalize it to a per-unit quantity. The base units are described in the following table.
  • Page 423 –20 to +180 MW; in this case the value would be “–20” and the DCMA INPUT H1 MIN VALUE DCMA INPUT H1 MAX value “180”. Intermediate values between the min and max values are scaled linearly. VALUE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-285...
  • Page 424: Transducer Inputs And Outputs

    1.5 pu. FlexElement™ operands are available to FlexLogic™ for further interlocking or to operate an output contact directly. Refer to the following table for reference temperature values for each RTD type. 5-286 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 425 168.47 280.77 233.97 16.00 172.46 291.96 243.30 16.39 175.84 303.46 252.88 16.78 179.51 315.31 262.76 17.17 183.17 327.54 272.94 17.56 186.82 340.14 283.45 17.95 190.45 353.14 294.28 18.34 194.08 366.53 305.44 18.73 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-287...
  • Page 426: Dcma Outputs

    The feature is intentionally inhibited if the settings are entered incorrectly, e.g. when – MAX VAL MIN VAL MAX VAL < 0.1 pu. The resulting characteristic is illustrated in the following figure. 5-288 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 427 The minimum and maximum power values to be monitored (in pu) are: 20.65 MW 20.65 MW – ------------------------------ -------------------------- - minimum power 1.247 pu, maximum power 1.247 pu (EQ 5.37) – 16.56 MW 16.56 MW The following settings should be entered: GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-289...
  • Page 428 The minimum and maximum voltage values to be monitored (in pu) are: 161.66 kV 254.03 kV -------------------------- - -------------------------- - minimum voltage 0.404 pu, maximum voltage 0.635 pu (EQ 5.43) 400 kV 400 kV The following settings should be entered: 5-290 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 429 1.27 kV – • ±0.5% of reading For example, under nominal conditions, the positive-sequence reads 230.94 kV and the worst-case error is 0.005 x 230.94 kV + 1.27 kV = 2.42 kV. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-291...
  • Page 430: Test Mode

    TEST MODE FORCING: MESSAGE The L60 provides a test facility to verify the functionality of contact inputs and outputs, some communication channels and the phasor measurement unit (where applicable), using simulated conditions. The test mode is indicated on the relay face- plate by a Test Mode LED indicator.
  • Page 431: Force Contact Inputs

    Following a restart, power up, settings TEST MODE FUNCTION upload, or firmware upgrade, the test mode will remain at the last programmed value. This allows a L60 that has been placed in isolated mode to remain isolated during testing and maintenance activities. On restart, the TEST MODE FORCING setting and the force contact input and force contact output settings all revert to their default states.
  • Page 432: Force Contact Outputs

    PUSHBUTTON 1 FUNCTION input 1 to initiate the Test mode, make the following changes in the   menu: SETTINGS TESTING TEST MODE “Enabled” and “ ” TEST MODE FUNCTION: TEST MODE INITIATE: 5-294 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 433 5 SETTINGS 5.9 TESTING GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 5-295...
  • Page 434 5.9 TESTING 5 SETTINGS 5-296 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 435: Actual Values

     TELEPROT CH TESTS See page 6-8.   ETHERNET SWITCH See page 6-9.   ACTUAL VALUES  SOURCE SRC 1 See page 6-13.  METERING   SOURCE SRC 2  GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 436  DATA LOGGER See page 6-21.   MAINTENANCE See page 6-22.   ACTUAL VALUES  MODEL INFORMATION See page 6-23.  PRODUCT INFO   FIRMWARE REVISIONS See page 6-23.  L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 437 The state displayed will be that of the remote point unless the remote device has been established to be “Offline” in which case the value shown is the programmed default state for the remote input. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 438: Remote Double-point Status Inputs

    The present state of the contact outputs is shown here. The first line of a message display indicates the ID of the contact output. For example, ‘Cont Op 1’ refers to the contact output in terms of the default name-array index. The second line of the display indicates the logic state of the contact output. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 439: Virtual Outputs

    The present state of the programmed remote devices is shown here. The message indicates ALL REMOTE DEVICES ONLINE whether or not all programmed remote devices are online. If the corresponding state is "No", then at least one required remote device is not online. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 440: Digital Counters

      PATH: ACTUAL VALUES STATUS FLEX STATES Range: Off, On  FLEX STATES PARAM 1: Off  Range: Off, On PARAM 2: Off MESSAGE ↓ Range: Off, On PARAM 256: Off MESSAGE L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 441: Ethernet

    The UNRETURNED MSG COUNT CRC FAIL values can be cleared using the command. COUNT CLEAR DIRECT I/O COUNTERS values represent the state of each direct input. DIRECT INPUT 1 DIRECT INPUT (32) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 442: Direct Devices Status

    “Default Value”, then the value of the GOOSE uinteger input is defined by the setting. UINTEGER 1 DEFAULT The GOOSE integer input FlexInteger™ values are available for use in other L60 functions that use FlexInteger™ values. 6.2.17 TELEPROTECTION CHANNEL TESTS ...
  • Page 443: Ethernet Switch

    SWITCH MAC ADDRESS: MESSAGE 00A0F40138FA These actual values appear only if the L60 is ordered with an Ethernet switch module (type 2S or 2T). The status informa- tion for the Ethernet switch is shown in this menu. • SWITCH 1 PORT STATUS to SWITCH 6 PORT STATUS: These values represents the receiver status of each port on the Ethernet switch.
  • Page 444: Metering Conventions

    WATTS = Negative VARS = Positive PF = Lead PF = Lag PF = Lead Current UR RELAY 827239AC.CDR S=VI Generator Figure 6–1: FLOW DIRECTION OF SIGNED VALUES FOR WATTS AND VARS 6-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 445 ABC phase rotation: • ACB phase rotation: -- - V -- - V -- - V -- - V -- - V -- - V The above equations apply to currents as well. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 6-11...
  • Page 446 The power system voltages are phase-referenced – for simplicity – to VAG and VAB, respectively. This, however, is a relative matter. It is important to remember that the L60 displays are always referenced as specified under SETTINGS ...
  • Page 447: Sources

    0.000 0.0° SRC 1 PHASOR Ic: MESSAGE 0.000 0.0° SRC 1 PHASOR In: MESSAGE 0.000 0.0° SRC 1 ZERO SEQ I0: MESSAGE 0.000 0.0° SRC 1 POS SEQ I1: MESSAGE 0.000 0.0° GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 6-13...
  • Page 448 RMS Vca: MESSAGE 0.00 SRC 1 PHASOR Vab: MESSAGE 0.000 0.0° SRC 1 PHASOR Vbc: MESSAGE 0.000 0.0° SRC 1 PHASOR Vca: MESSAGE 0.000 0.0° SRC 1 ZERO SEQ V0: MESSAGE 0.000 0.0° 6-14 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 449 APPARENT PWR MESSAGE 3φ: 0.000 SRC 1 APPARENT PWR MESSAGE φa: 0.000 SRC 1 APPARENT PWR MESSAGE φb: 0.000 SRC 1 APPARENT PWR MESSAGE φc: 0.000 SRC 1 POWER FACTOR MESSAGE 3φ: 1.000 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 6-15...
  • Page 450: Synchrocheck

    S = V x Î x Î x Î (EQ 6.1) When VTs are configured in delta, the L60 does not calculate power in each phase and three-phase power is measured as S = V x Î x Î (EQ 6.2)
  • Page 451: Tracking Frequency

     PATH: ACTUAL VALUES METERING IEC 61850 GOOSE ANALOGS  IEC 61850 ANALOG INPUT  GOOSE ANALOGS 0.000 ANALOG INPUT MESSAGE 0.000 ANALOG INPUT MESSAGE 0.000 ↓ ANALOG INPUT 32 MESSAGE 0.000 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 6-17...
  • Page 452: Wattmetric Ground Fault

    6.3 METERING 6 ACTUAL VALUES The L60 Line Phase Comparison System is provided with optional IEC 61850 communications capability. This feature is specified as a software option at the time of ordering. Refer to the Ordering section of chap- ter 2 for additional details. The IEC 61850 protocol features are not available if CPU type E is ordered.
  • Page 453: Transducer Inputs/outputs

    RTD INPUT xx  -50 °C Actual values for each RTD input channel that is enabled are displayed with the top line as the programmed channel ID and the bottom line as the value. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 6-19...
  • Page 454: Records

    COMMANDS CLEAR RECORDS Only major output operands generate events, not every operand. Elements that assert output per phase, for example, log operating phase output only without asserting the common three-phase operand event. 6-20 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 455: Oscillography

    It counts up at the defined sampling rate. If the data logger channels are defined, then both values are static. Refer to the  menu for clearing data logger records. COMMANDS CLEAR RECORDS GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 6-21...
  • Page 456: Breaker Maintenance

    BKR 1 ARCING AMP  menu for clearing breaker arcing current records. The COMMANDS CLEAR RECORDS BREAKER OPERATING TIME defined as the slowest operating time of breaker poles that were initiated to open. 6-22 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 457: Product Information

    6.5PRODUCT INFORMATION 6.5.1 MODEL INFORMATION   PATH: ACTUAL VALUES PRODUCT INFO MODEL INFORMATION Range: standard GE Multilin order code format;  MODEL INFORMATION ORDER CODE LINE 1: example order code shown  L60-E00-HCH-F8P-H6A Range: standard GE Multilin order code format...
  • Page 458 6.5 PRODUCT INFORMATION 6 ACTUAL VALUES 6-24 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 459: Commands And

    The states of up to 64 virtual inputs are changed here. The first line of the display indicates the ID of the virtual input. The second line indicates the current or selected status of the virtual input. This status will be a state off (logic 0) or on (logic 1). GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 460: Clear Records

    24-hour clock. The complete date, as a minimum, must be entered to allow execution of this com- mand. The new time will take effect at the moment the ENTER key is clicked. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 461: Relay Maintenance

    Various self-checking diagnostics are performed in the background while the L60 is running, and diagnostic information is stored on the non-volatile memory from time to time based on the self-checking result. Although the diagnostic information is cleared before the L60 is shipped from the factory, the user may want to clear the diagnostic information for themselves under certain circumstances.
  • Page 462: Targets Menu

     MESSAGE Each L60 element with a TARGET setting has a target message that when activated by its element is displayed in sequence with any other currently active target messages in the menu. In the example shown, the Phase TOC4 TARGETS and Digital Element 48 target settings are active and so have their targets displayed.
  • Page 463 Contact Factory (xxx) • Latched target message: Yes. • Description of problem: One or more installed hardware modules is not compatible with the L60 order code. • How often the test is performed: Module dependent. • What to do: Contact the factory and supply the failure code noted in the display. The “xxx” text identifies the failed mod- ule (for example, F8L).
  • Page 464 • What to do: Verify that all the items in the GOOSE data set are supported by the L60. The EnerVista UR Setup soft- ware will list the valid items. An IEC61850 client will also show which nodes are available for the L60.
  • Page 465 How often the test is performed: Upon initiation of a contact output state change. • What to do: Verify the state of the output contact and contact the factory if the problem persists. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 466 Description of problem: The ambient temperature is greater than the maximum operating temperature (+80°C). • How often the test is performed: Every hour. • What to do: Remove the L60 from service and install in a location that meets operating temperature standards. UNEXPECTED RESTART: Press “RESET” key •...
  • Page 467: Security

    When entering a settings or command password via EnerVista or any serial interface, the user must enter the correspond- ing connection password. If the connection is to the back of the L60, the remote password must be used. If the connection is to the RS232 port of the faceplate, the local password must be used.
  • Page 468: Password Security Menu

    If an entered password is lost (or forgotten), consult the factory with the corresponding ENCRYPTED PASSWORD If the setting and command passwords are identical, then this one password allows access to both commands and settings. NOTE L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 469: Remote Passwords

    If a command or setting password is lost (or forgotten), consult the factory with the corresponding Encrypted Password value. If you establish a local connection to the relay (serial), you cannot view remote passcodes. NOTE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 470: Access Supervision

    INVALID ATTEMPTS BEFORE LOCKOUT The L60 provides a means to raise an alarm upon failed password entry. Should password verification fail while accessing a password-protected level of the relay (either settings or commands), the FlexLogic operand is UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS asserted.
  • Page 471 If access is permitted and an off-to-on transition of the FlexLogic operand is detected, the timeout is restarted. The status of this timer is updated every 5 seconds. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 472: Enervista Security Management System

    Select the Security > User Management menu item to open the user management configuration window. Enter a username in the User field. The username must be between 4 and 20 characters in length. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 473: Modifying User Privileges

    The EnerVista security management system must be enabled. The following procedure describes how to modify user privileges. Select the Security > User Management menu item to open the user management configuration window. Locate the username in the User field. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 474 When this box is checked, the user will become an EnerVista URPlus Setup administrator, therefore receiving all of the administrative rights. Exercise caution when granting administrator rights. Click OK to save the changes to user to the security management system. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 475: Theory Of Operation

    Conversely, the current at terminal B may be compared with the signal received from terminal A. Figure 9–1: PHASE ANGLE COMPARISON GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 476 Phase angle differences between the currents entering both ends of the line as a result of phase angle differences in the driving system voltages. Load and charging currents of the line. Transit time of the communication signal. Unsymmetrical build-up and tail-off times of the receiver. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 477 Figure 9–2C illustrates a tripping scheme while Figure 9–2D a blocking scheme. Here again, the integrator is, in practice, actually set for 3 to 4 ms. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 478 Figure 9–5. This is a somewhat more fully developed version of Figure 9–2D, and the same logic is present at both ends of a two-terminal line. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 479 Thus, when a fault occurs, FDH picks up, and if the receiver output is not present for 3 milliseconds during the positive half cycle of current out of the mixing network, a trip output will be obtained. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 480: Variations In Phase Comparison Schemes

    A. The transfer functions of these three networks are given by the fol- lowing equations. -- - I ∠ 120° ∠ 120° – -- - I ∠ ° ∠ 120° (EQ 9.1) – -- - I L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 481 All this combines to make pure negative sequence ideal for phase comparison except that it will not operate for balanced three phase faults. Similar comments may GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 482 On this basis, only excitation by I_2 – (0.20) × I_1 would prove satisfactory for the two cases studied in Figures 9–7 and 9–8. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 483 This is true mainly because the current distribution in the GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 484: Blocking Vs. Tripping Schemes

    Some transmitters may require a positive signal while others a reference or negative signal to key them off of their quiescent states. 9-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 485 (biased) to the MARK or SPACE side. For example, if it is biased toward MARK and the input signal is symmetrical (half cycle MARK and half cycle SPACE), the output will be more than a half cycle MARK and less than a half cycle SPACE. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 9-11...
  • Page 486 Faults external to the protected line have no affect on the signal attenuation since transmission lines that incorporate power line carrier channels are trapped at each end (See Figure 9-9). Figure 9–9: TYPICAL POWER LINE CARRIER ARRANGEMENT 9-12 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 487 For this reason, such schemes are not generally applied. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 9-13...
  • Page 488 Since one of the two frequencies is always being transmitted, it is possible to monitor the signal at each receiver continuously and incapacitate the protective scheme and/or provide indication at that terminal if the signal is lost. 9-14 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 489 9 THEORY OF OPERATION 9.1 OVERVIEW Figure 9–11: SINGLE-PHASE COMPARISON TRIPPING SCHEME Figure 9–12: SINGLE-PHASE COMPARISON BLOCKING SCHEME GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 9-15...
  • Page 490 The ability to trip is then automatically reinstated when normality returns. With such an arrange- 9-16 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 491 Many different combinations are possi- ble, but of these, only a selected few will meet any given set of requirements. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 9-17...
  • Page 492: Single Vs. Dual Phase Comparison

    AND3 is included to make it impossible to key both frequencies simultaneously. It also gives preference to the low-shift which is sent continuously when FDL is dropped out. Thus, on single-end feed tripping can take place only on the neg- ative half cycle. Figure 9–13: DUAL PHASE COMPARISON TRIPPING SCHEME 9-18 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 493 The overall performance of the scheme will be dependent on the characteristics of the channel selected. While dual phase-comparison will reduce the maximum tripping time, it does so at the expense of simplicity and possibly some secu- rity depending on how it is accomplished. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 9-19...
  • Page 494: Refinements To Basic Schemes

    Then, while this is taking place, the time delay pickup or dropout of the symmetry logic is adjusted so that the receiver yields a symmetrical output. Figure 9–15: BLOCKING SCHEME WITH SYMMETRY AND PHASE DELAY ADJUSTMENTS 9-20 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 495 Figure 9-16 is a representation of Figure 9-15 except with the tran- sient blocking logic added. This consists of AND3, AND4 and the (15-99)/(15-99) transient blocking timer. Figure 9–16: BLOCKING SCHEME WITH TRANSIENT BLOCKING LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 9-21...
  • Page 496 FDH picks up. Benefits of this scheme are that operating time is faster compared with single phase comparison with enough security built into the scheme. 9-22 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 497: Multi-terminal Lines

    For short transmission lines the charging current is a small factor and can therefore be treated as an unknown error. In this application the L60 can be deployed without voltage sensors and the line charging current is included as a constant term in the total variance, increas- ing the differential restraint current.
  • Page 498 Since the zero-sequence volt- age is not available, the L60 cannot compensate for the zero sequence current. The compensation scheme continues to work with the breakers open, provided the voltages are measured on the line side of the breakers.
  • Page 499: L60 Signal Processing

    The L60 samples currents and voltage inputs at a rate of 64 samples per cycle. Current samples are pre-filtered using band-pass Finite Response Filters (FIR), with a weighted average of signal samples in a selected data window, to remove the decaying DC component and low-frequency distortions.
  • Page 500 The raw pulses are calculated as follows. For tripping schemes: > 0.005 × × 1P_RAW 1_MIX (EQ 9.7) < × × 0.005 2 CT – 1N_RAW 1_MIX 9-26 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 501 The ‘pulse’ combination logic ensures security and dependability. With this respect, a distinction must be made between tripping and blocking schemes. The following figure illustrates the dual breaker logic for permissive (section a) and blocking (section b) transmit schemes. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 9-27...
  • Page 502 7) FDL transmits for both breaker pickups. TX POS 8) Transmitted pulses are very short (almost TX NEG perfectly erased); no 87PC operation. 87PC OP 831805A1.CDR Figure 9–24: PERMISSIVE DUAL-COMPARISON SCHEME LOGIC THROUGH FAULT CONDITION 9-28 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 503 This problem shows the advan- tage of modern DSP technology. Assuming that the signal may be impaired by short lasting noise, it is very difficult to perform this correction accurately in the analog world. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 9-29...
  • Page 504 Being communication-dependent, a phase comparison relay should treat information delivered from the remote terminals with the same criticality as the local AC currents. This includes monitoring for troubleshooting purposes, accountability, and continuous improvement capability for products and installations. Modern microprocessor-based phase comparison relays 9-30 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 505 The coincidence condition is driving an explicitly implemented integrator (summator). In the L60, the integrator counts up by 10 units if the coincidence input is logic 1, counts down by 5 counts if the coincidence input is momentarily logic 0, and counts down by 20 if the input is in logic 0 for extended periods of time.
  • Page 506 Treating channel receiver inputs as analog signals and sampling the waveform at high speed enables processing of the receiver outputs that overcomes misbehaviors of the channel that fooled earlier phase comparison implementa- tions, as explained above. 9-32 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 507: Single-pole Tripping

    Initiate breaker failure protection for phases A, B and C, either individually or as a group. • Notify the open pole detector when a single pole operation is imminent. • Initiate either single or three pole reclosing. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 9-33...
  • Page 508 Instruct the phase selector to de-assert all outputs, as an open pole invalidates calculations. The operation of the scheme in a single breaker arrangement will be described. The line is protected by a L60 using the 87PC, line pickup, and zone 1 phase and ground distance elements. 87PC and/or zone 1 is configured to issue a single- pole trip when appropriate ( “...
  • Page 509 The response of the system from this point is as described above for the second trip, except the recloser will go to lockout upon the next initiation (depending on the number of shots programmed). GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 9-35...
  • Page 510: Phase Selection

    9 THEORY OF OPERATION 9.2.2 PHASE SELECTION The L60 uses phase relations between current symmetrical components for phase selection. First, the algorithm validates if there is enough zero-sequence, positive-sequence, and negative-sequence currents for reliable analysis. The comparison is adaptive; that is, the magnitudes of the three symmetrical components used mutually as restraints confirm if a given com- ponent is large enough to be used for phase selection.
  • Page 511 PHASE SELECT CA PHASE SELECT ABG SETTING PHASE SELECT BCG DISTANCE SOURCE: PHASE SELECT CAG PHASE SELECT 3P PHASE SELECT SLG PHASE SELECT MULTI-P PHASE SELECT VOID 837027A5.CDR Figure 9–30: PHASE SELECTOR LOGIC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 9-37...
  • Page 512 Depending on the fault type, appropriate voltage and current signals are selected from the phase quantities before applying the two equations above (the superscripts denote phases, the subscripts denote stations). For AG faults: ⋅ (EQ 9.15) 9-38 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 513 -- - V (EQ 9.22) – – SYS0 -- - V – – SYS0 where Z is the equivalent zero-sequence impedance behind the relay as entered under the fault report setting menu. SYS0 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 9-39...
  • Page 514: Fault Locator

    FAULT FAULT LOCATION 3I_0 LOCATOR 1 FAULT# RECLOSE SHOT VA or VAB VB or VBC VC or VCA Vn or V_0 SHOT # FROM 827094A5.CDR AUTO RECLOSURE Figure 9–32: FAULT LOCATOR SCHEME 9-40 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 515: Application Of Settings

    10 APPLICATION OF SETTINGS 10.1PHASE COMPARISON ELEMENT 87PC 10.1.1 DESCRIPTION The L60 Phase Comparison relay is designed to provide high-speed protection of transmission lines against all phase and ground faults when operated in the “mixed-excitation” mode. The term “mixed-excitation”, when applied to phase compari- son, describes a scheme that first mixes different sequence quantities in a given proportion and phase angle, then performs a phase-comparison based on this mix.
  • Page 516 Different methods can be used. The L60 allows the customer to check and set phase delay without using an oscilloscope and by means of FlexLogic™ operands and applying the corresponding current to both relays. Oscillography shows the time difference (including PLC delay and line propagation time) between local and remote signals.
  • Page 517: Settings Example

    In FD INPUT this example, the minimum internal three-phase fault is much more than twice the maximum line load current, so no distance element is assigned to the setting. FD INPUT GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 10-3...
  • Page 518: Distance Backup/supervision

    LV fault. For this system configuration, a 3-ter- minal L60 should be utilized; the third terminal is then fed from CT on the high side of the tapped transformer.
  • Page 519: Lines With Tapped Transformers

    10.2.3 TRANSFORMER LOAD CURRENTS The L60 can be applied on the line with a tapped transformer. Since the tapped line may be energized from one terminal only, or there may be a low current flowing through the line, the phase-comparison element must set to provide stability.
  • Page 520: Tractional Load

    10.2 DISTANCE BACKUP/SUPERVISION 10 APPLICATION OF SETTINGS The L60 measures total harmonic distortion (THD) in all three phase currents and neutral current. These measurements are available for protection purposes though FlexElements™ (universal comparators). The FlexElement™ output can be used to block sensitive neutral instantaneous overcurrent or phase comparison on transformer energization.
  • Page 521: Sensitivity Issues

    FDL and FDH, additional elements have to be assigned to 87PC FDL AUX and 87PC FDH AUX settings. These elements include distance, negative-sequence overvoltage, zero-sequence overvoltage, posi- tive-sequence undervoltage. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 10-7...
  • Page 522: Single-pole Tripping Applications

    10.2.8 SINGLE-POLE TRIPPING APPLICATIONS The L60 provides functionality for single-pole tripping from 87PC, distance functions, or instantaneous overcurrent ele- ments via the trip output element. 87PC can detect internal faults on the line but not faulted phases, since the phase cur- rents are combined in one quantity.
  • Page 523: Phase Distance

    The current supervision alone would not prevent maloperation in such circumstances. It must be kept in mind that the fuse failure element provided on the L60 needs some time to detect fuse fail conditions. This may create a race between the instantaneous zone 1 and the fuse failure element. Therefore, for maximum security, it is recommended to both set the current supervision above the maximum load current and use the fuse failure function.
  • Page 524: Ground Distance

    Similar to the phase fault case, a zone 3 element must be time coordinated with timed clearances on the next section. 10-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 525: Pott Signaling Scheme

    This situation is encountered when it is desired to account for the zero sequence inter-circuit mutual cou- pling. This is not a problem for the ground distance elements in the L60 which do have a current reversal logic built into their design as part of the technique used to improve ground fault directionality.
  • Page 526: Series Compensated Lines

    It is strongly rec- ommended to use a power system simulator to verify the reach settings or to use an adaptive L60 feature for dynamic reach control.
  • Page 527: Understanding L60 Oscillography

    L60 relay incorporates standard analog phase comparison principles. The L60 oscillography allows customer to observe not only AC waveforms and 87PC operate signals, but all details of compos- ite signal forming, fault detector operation, input and output processing, squares forming, coincidence detection, and inte- gration of the signal.
  • Page 528: Two Breaker Configuration

    10.5.2 TWO BREAKER CONFIGURATION The L60 has extra security when 2 CTs are brought into the relay individually and summed internally. Two currents are pro- cessed separately to derive the operating signal for each breaker, which is then used for fault detectors and the forming of positive and negative squares.
  • Page 529: Maintenance

    The enhanced faceplate can be opened to the left, once the thumb screw has been removed, as shown below. This allows for easy accessibility of the modules for withdrawal. The new wide-angle hinge assembly in the enhanced front panel opens completely and allows easy access to all modules in the L60. 842812A1.CDR Figure 11–1: UR MODULE WITHDRAWAL AND INSERTION (ENHANCED FACEPLATE)
  • Page 530 NOTE NOTE The 4.0x release of the L60 relay includes new hardware modules.The new CPU modules are specified with codes 9E and higher. The new CT/VT modules are specified with the codes 8F and higher. NOTE The new CT/VT modules can only be used with new CPUs; similarly, old CT/VT modules can only be used with old CPUs.
  • Page 531: Batteries

    10. Reinstall the battery clip and the metal cover, and reinsert the power supply module into the unit. 11. Power on the unit. 12. Dispose of the old battery as outlined in the next section. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 11-3...
  • Page 532: Dispose Of Battery

    La batterie est marqué de ce symbole, qui comprennent les indications cadmium (Cd), plomb (Pb), ou mercure (Hg). Pour le recyclage, retourner la batterie à votre fournisseur ou à un point de collecte. Pour plus d'informations, voir: www.recyclethis.info. 11-4 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 533 Baterija je označena s tem simbolom, ki lahko vključuje napise, ki označujejo kadmij (Cd), svinec (Pb) ali živo srebro (Hg). Za ustrezno recikliranje baterijo vrnite dobavitelju ali jo odstranite na določenem zbirališču. Za več informacij obiščite spletno stran: www.recyclethis.info. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 11-5...
  • Page 534 North America 905-294-6222 Latin America +55 11 3614 1700 Europe, Middle East, Africa +(34) 94 485 88 00 Asia +86-21-2401-3208 India +91 80 41314617 From GE Part Number 1604-0021-A1, GE Publication Number GEK-113574 11-6 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 535: Uninstall And Clear Files And Data

    Other files can be in standard formats, such as COMTRADE or .csv. You cannot erase directly the flash memory, but all records and settings in that memory can be deleted. Do this using the   command. SETTINGS PRODUCT SETUP CLEAR RELAY RECORDS GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 11-7...
  • Page 536: Repairs

    Customers are responsible for shipping costs to the factory, regardless of whether the unit is under warranty. • Fax a copy of the shipping information to the GE Digital Energy service department in Canada at +1 905 927 5098. Use the detailed return procedure outlined at https://www.gedigitalenergy.com/multilin/support/ret_proc.htm...
  • Page 537: Storage

    Store the unit indoors in a cool, dry place. If possible, store in the original packaging. Follow the storage temperature range outlined in the Specifications. To avoid deterioration of electrolytic capacitors, power up units that are stored in a de-energized state once per year, for one hour continuously. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System 11-9...
  • Page 538: Disposal

    European Union, dispose of the battery as outlined earlier. To prevent non-intended use of the unit, remove the modules as outlined earlier, dismantle the unit, and recycle the metal when possible. 11-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 539: Parameter Lists

    6233 SRC 2 I_0 Mag Amps Source 2 zero-sequence current magnitude 6235 SRC 2 I_0 Angle Degrees Source 2 zero-sequence current angle 6236 SRC 2 I_1 Mag Amps Source 2 positive-sequence current magnitude GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 540 6363 SRC 4 I_0 Angle Degrees Source 4 zero-sequence current angle 6364 SRC 4 I_1 Mag Amps Source 4 positive-sequence current magnitude 6366 SRC 4 I_1 Angle Degrees Source 4 positive-sequence current angle L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 541 SRC 2 Vbc Mag Volts Source 2 phase BC voltage magnitude 6746 SRC 2 Vbc Angle Degrees Source 2 phase BC voltage angle 6747 SRC 2 Vca Mag Volts Source 2 phase CA voltage magnitude GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 542 SRC 4 Vcg Mag Volts Source 4 phase CG voltage magnitude 6862 SRC 4 Vcg Angle Degrees Source 4 phase CG voltage angle 6863 SRC 4 Vab RMS Volts Source 4 phase AB voltage RMS L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 543 Source 2 phase B apparent power 7222 SRC 2 Sc Source 2 phase C apparent power 7224 SRC 2 PF Source 2 three-phase power factor 7225 SRC 2 Phase A PF Source 2 phase A power factor GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 544 Source 2 phase C total harmonic distortion (THD) 8871 SRC 1 Neutral THD Source 2 neutral total harmonic distortion (THD) 8872 SRC 1 Phase A THD Source 3 phase A total harmonic distortion (THD) L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 545 RTD input 6 actual value 13558 RTD Inputs 7 Value RTD input 7 actual value 13559 RTD Inputs 8 Value RTD input 8 actual value 13560 RTD Inputs 9 Value RTD input 9 actual value GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 546 FlexElement™ 2 actual value 39429 FlexElement 3 Value FlexElement™ 3 actual value 39431 FlexElement 4 Value FlexElement™ 4 actual value 39433 FlexElement 5 Value FlexElement™ 5 actual value 39435 FlexElement 6 Value FlexElement™ 6 actual value L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 547: Flexinteger Items

    IEC61850 GOOSE UInteger input 13 9994 GOOSE UInt Input 14 IEC61850 GOOSE UInteger input 14 9996 GOOSE UInt Input 15 IEC61850 GOOSE UInteger input 15 9998 GOOSE UInt Input 16 IEC61850 GOOSE UInteger input 16 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 548 A.1 PARAMETER LISTS APPENDIX A A-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 549: Modbus Communications

    See the Supported Function Codes section for complete details. An exception response from the slave is indi- cated by setting the high order bit of the function code in the response packet. See the Exception Responses section for further details. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 550: Modbus Rtu Crc-16 Algorithm

    This algorithm requires the characteristic polynomial to be reverse bit ordered. The most significant bit of the characteristic polynomial is dropped, since it does not affect the value of the remainder. A C programming language implementation of the CRC algorithm will be provided upon request. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 551 No: go to 8; Yes: G (+) A --> A and continue. Is j = 8? No: go to 5; Yes: continue i + 1 --> i Is i = N? No: go to 3; Yes: continue A --> CRC GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 552: Modbus Function Codes

    NUMBER OF REGISTERS - low DATA #2 - high CRC - low DATA #2 - low CRC - high DATA #3 - high DATA #3 - low CRC - low CRC - high L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 553: Execute Operation (function Code 05h

    DATA STARTING ADDRESS - low DATA STARTING ADDRESS - low DATA - high DATA - high DATA - low DATA - low CRC - low CRC - low CRC - high CRC - high GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 554: Store Multiple Settings (function Code 10h

    PACKET FORMAT EXAMPLE (HEX) SLAVE ADDRESS SLAVE ADDRESS FUNCTION CODE FUNCTION CODE CRC - low order byte ERROR CODE CRC - high order byte CRC - low order byte CRC - high order byte L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 555: B.3.1 Obtaining Relay Files Via Modbus

    Cleared Date to the present date and time. To read binary COMTRADE oscillography files, read the following filenames: OSCnnnn.CFG and OSCnnn.DAT Replace “nnn” with the desired oscillography trigger number. For ASCII format, use the following file names OSCAnnnn.CFG and OSCAnnn.DAT GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 556: File Transfers

    “Number of Fault Reports' register. If the value changes, then the master reads all the new files. The contents of the file is in standard HTML notation and can be viewed via any commercial browser. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 557: Memory Mapping

    0412 Virtual Input 19 State 0 to 1 F108 0 (Off) 0413 Virtual Input 20 State 0 to 1 F108 0 (Off) 0414 Virtual Input 21 State 0 to 1 F108 0 (Off) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 558 0 to 4294967295 F003 part of time stamp) 0808 ...Repeated for Digital Counter 2 0810 ...Repeated for Digital Counter 3 0818 ...Repeated for Digital Counter 4 0820 ...Repeated for Digital Counter 5 B-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 559 F001 1619 Time of Oldest Available Samples 0 to 4294967295 seconds F050 161B Time of Newest Available Samples 0 to 4294967295 seconds F050 161D Data Logger Duration 0 to 999.9 days F001 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-11...
  • Page 560 Table B–10: MODBUS MEMORY MAP (Sheet 4 of 57) ADDR REGISTER NAME RANGE UNITS STEP FORMAT DEFAULT L60 Test Mode (Read Only) 1640 L60 Test Mode 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) L60 Test Mode (Read/Write Settings) 1641 L60 Trip Control Status...
  • Page 561 Breaker Flashover 1 Status Closed A 0 to 65535 F300 21AA Breaker Flashover 1 Status Closed B 0 to 65535 F300 21AB Breaker Flashover 1 Status Closed C 0 to 65535 F300 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-13...
  • Page 562 Fault 1 Phase B Current Magnitude 0 to 999999.999 0.001 F060 2357 Fault 1 Phase B Current Angle -359.9 to 0 degrees F002 2358 Fault 1 Phase C Current Magnitude 0 to 999999.999 0.001 F060 B-14 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 563 0 to 4294967295 F003 26F6 IEC 61850 Received uinteger 4 0 to 4294967295 F003 26F8 IEC 61850 Received uinteger 5 0 to 4294967295 F003 26FA IEC 61850 Received uinteger 6 0 to 4294967295 F003 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-15...
  • Page 564 Character position of current block within file 0 to 4294967295 F003 3202 Size of currently-available data block 0 to 65535 F001 3203 Block of data from requested file (122 items) 0 to 65535 F001 B-16 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 565 Event Recorder (Read Only) 3400 Events Since Last Clear 0 to 4294967295 F003 3402 Number of Available Events 0 to 4294967295 F003 3404 Event Recorder Last Cleared Date 0 to 4294967295 F050 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-17...
  • Page 566 °C F002 3507 RTD Input 24 Value -32768 to 32767 °C F002 3508 RTD Input 25 Value -32768 to 32767 °C F002 3509 RTD Input 26 Value -32768 to 32767 °C F002 B-18 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 567 Remote Setting Authorization 0 to 65535 F300 4019 Access Authorization Timeout 5 to 480 minutes F001 User Display Invoke (Read/Write Setting) 4040 Invoke and Scroll Through User Display Menu Operand 0 to 65535 F300 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-19...
  • Page 568 DNP Power Factor Default Deadband 0 to 100000000 F003 30000 40BE DNP Other Default Deadband 0 to 100000000 F003 30000 40C0 DNP IIN Time Synchronization Bit Period 1 to 10080 F001 1440 B-20 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 569 0 to 4294967295 F003 416B Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) UDP Port Number 1 to 65535 F001 Data Logger Commands (Read/Write Command) 4170 Data Logger Clear 0 to 1 F126 0 (No) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-21...
  • Page 570 ...Repeated for User-Programmable LED 12 4298 ...Repeated for User-Programmable LED 13 429A ...Repeated for User-Programmable LED 14 429C ...Repeated for User-Programmable LED 15 429E ...Repeated for User-Programmable LED 16 42A0 ...Repeated for User-Programmable LED 17 B-22 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 571 Ground CT 1 Secondary 0 to 1 F123 0 (1 A) 4484 ...Repeated for CT Bank 2 4488 ...Repeated for CT Bank 3 448C ...Repeated for CT Bank 4 4490 ...Repeated for CT Bank 5 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-23...
  • Page 572 0 to 65535 F001 4719 ...Repeated for Breaker 2 4732 ...Repeated for Breaker 3 474B ...Repeated for Breaker 4 Synchrocheck (Read/Write Setting) (2 modules) 47A0 Synchrocheck 1 Function 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) B-24 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 573 ...Repeated for RTD Input 4 544C ...Repeated for RTD Input 5 545F ...Repeated for RTD Input 6 5472 ...Repeated for RTD Input 7 5485 ...Repeated for RTD Input 8 5498 ...Repeated for RTD Input 9 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-25...
  • Page 574 ...Repeated for FlexLogic™ Timer 6 5830 ...Repeated for FlexLogic™ Timer 7 5838 ...Repeated for FlexLogic™ Timer 8 5840 ...Repeated for FlexLogic™ Timer 9 5848 ...Repeated for FlexLogic™ Timer 10 5850 ...Repeated for FlexLogic™ Timer 11 B-26 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 575 ...Repeated for Phase Instantaneous Overcurrent 3 5A30 ...Repeated for Phase Instantaneous Overcurrent 4 Neutral Time Overcurrent (Read/Write Grouped Setting) (4 modules) 5B00 Neutral Time Overcurrent 1 Function 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-27...
  • Page 576 5E20 ...Repeated for Ground Instantaneous Overcurrent 3 5E30 ...Repeated for Ground Instantaneous Overcurrent 4 Setting Groups (Read/Write Setting) 5F80 Setting Group for Modbus Comms (0 means group 1) 0 to 5 F001 B-28 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 577 Negative-Sequence Current Fault Detector Block 0 to 65535 F300 60A4 Negative-Sequence Current Fault Detector Target 0 to 2 F109 0 (Self-reset) 60A5 Negative-Sequence Current Fault Detector Events 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-29...
  • Page 578 87PC FDH Supervision 0 to 65535 F300 611F 87PC Pickup Delay 0 to 50 F001 6120 87PC Stop Tx 0 to 65535 F300 6121 87PC Tx Reset Delay 0 to 1000 F001 B-30 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 579 Power Swing Detect Reverse Reach 0.1 to 500 ohms 0.01 F001 5000 65C7 Power Swing Detect Reverse RCA 40 to 90 degrees F001 65C8 Power Swing Detect Outer Limit Angle 40 to 140 degrees F001 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-31...
  • Page 580 67EE Trip Reclose Input2 0 to 65535 F300 67EF Trip Reclose Input3 0 to 65535 F300 67F0 Trip Reclose Input4 0 to 65535 F300 67F1 Trip Reclose Input5 0 to 65535 F300 B-32 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 581 68A3 Autoreclose Breaker Closed 0 to 65535 F300 68A4 Autoreclose Block 0 to 65535 F300 68A5 Autoreclose Pause 0 to 65535 F300 68A6 Autoreclose Incomplete Sequence Time 0 to 655.35 0.01 F001 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-33...
  • Page 582 Phase Distance Zone 1 Block 0 to 65535 F300 7077 Phase Distance Zone 1 Target 0 to 2 F109 0 (Self-reset) 7078 Phase Distance Zone 1 Events 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) B-34 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 583 71F3 Line Pickup UV Pickup 0 to 3 0.001 F001 71F4 Line End Open Pickup Delay 0 to 65.535 0.001 F001 71F5 Line End Open Reset Delay 0 to 65.535 0.001 F001 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-35...
  • Page 584 Negative Sequence Directional Overcurrent 1 Offset 0 to 250 ohms 0.01 F001 72AC Neg Seq Directional Overcurrent 1 Pos Seq Restraint 0 to 0.5 0.001 F001 72AD Reserved (3 items) 0 to 1 F001 B-36 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 585 7547 Disconnect Switch 1 Close 0 to 65535 F300 7548 Disconnect Switch 1 Block Close 0 to 65535 F300 7549 Disconnect Switch 1 Phase A / Three-Pole Closed 0 to 65535 F300 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-37...
  • Page 586 User Programmable Pushbutton 1 LED Operand 0 to 65535 F300 7B83 User Programmable Pushbutton 1 Autoreset Delay 0.2 to 600 F001 7B84 User Programmable Pushbutton 1 Autoreset Function 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) B-38 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 587 7F64 Auxiliary Undervoltage 1 Curve 0 to 1 F111 0 (Definite Time) 7F65 Auxiliary Undervoltage 1 Minimum Voltage 0 to 3 0.001 F001 7F66 Auxiliary Undervoltage 1 Block 0 to 65535 F300 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-39...
  • Page 588 0 to 65535 F300 8620 Breaker Failure 1 Breaker Status 2 Phase C 0 to 65535 F300 8621 ...Repeated for Breaker Failure 2 FlexState Settings (Read/Write Setting) 8800 FlexState Parameters (256 items) F300 B-40 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 589 ...Repeated for Digital Element 39 8D0C ...Repeated for Digital Element 40 8D20 ...Repeated for Digital Element 41 8D34 ...Repeated for Digital Element 42 8D48 ...Repeated for Digital Element 43 8D5C ...Repeated for Digital Element 44 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-41...
  • Page 590 0 to 65535 F300 9012 FlexElement™ 1 Target 0 to 2 F109 0 (Self-reset) 9013 FlexElement™ 1 Events 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) 9014 ...Repeated for FlexElement™ 2 9028 ...Repeated for FlexElement™ 3 B-42 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 591 ...Repeated for Direct Input/Output 3 9424 ...Repeated for Direct Input/Output 4 9430 ...Repeated for Direct Input/Output 5 943C ...Repeated for Direct Input/Output 6 9448 ...Repeated for Direct Input/Output 7 9454 ...Repeated for Direct Input/Output 8 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-43...
  • Page 592 F004 9A0F FlexElement™ 8 Actual -2147483.647 to 2147483.647 0.001 F004 Teleprotection Inputs/Outputs (Read/Write Settings) 9B00 Teleprotection Function 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) 9B01 Teleprotection Number of Terminals 2 to 3 F001 B-44 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 593 0 to 999999.999 0.001 F060 A0AE ...Repeated for module number 2 A0B0 ...Repeated for module number 3 A0B2 ...Repeated for module number 4 A0C0 Summator 1 Function 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-45...
  • Page 594 Digital Counter 1 Function 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) A801 Digital Counter 1 Name F205 “Counter 1" A807 Digital Counter 1 Units F206 (none) A80A Digital Counter 1 Block 0 to 65535 F300 B-46 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 595 ...Repeated for IEC 61850 GOOSE Analog Input 29 AACB ...Repeated for IEC 61850 GOOSE Analog Input 30 AAD2 ...Repeated for IEC 61850 GOOSE Analog Input 31 AAD9 ...Repeated for IEC 61850 GOOSE Analog Input 32 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-47...
  • Page 596 Repeated for IEC 61850 XSWI14 AEEB Repeated for IEC 61850 XSWI15 AEED Repeated for IEC 61850 XSWI16 AEEF Repeated for IEC 61850 XSWI17 AEF1 Repeated for IEC 61850 XSWI18 AEF3 Repeated for IEC 61850 XSWI19 B-48 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 597 F209 “GOOSEOut” B064 IEC 61850 Standard GOOSE Destination MAC Address F072 B067 IEC 61850 GOOSE VLAN Transmit Priority 0 to 7 F001 B068 IEC 61850 GOOSE VLAN ID 0 to 4095 F001 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-49...
  • Page 598 ...Repeated for Received Analog 4 B218 ...Repeated for Received Analog 5 B21A ...Repeated for Received Analog 6 B21C ...Repeated for Received Analog 7 B21E ...Repeated for Received Analog 8 B220 ...Repeated for Received Analog 9 B-50 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 599 F300 items) IEC 61850 Configurable GOOSE Transmission (Read/Write Setting) (8 modules) B5A0 IEC 61850 Configurable GOOSE Function (GoEna) 0 to 1 F102 1 (Enabled) B5A1 IEC 61850 Configurable GOOSE ID F209 “GOOSEOut_x_” GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-51...
  • Page 600 ...Repeated for Contact Input 13 BB68 ...Repeated for Contact Input 14 BB70 ...Repeated for Contact Input 15 BB78 ...Repeated for Contact Input 16 BB80 ...Repeated for Contact Input 17 BB88 ...Repeated for Contact Input 18 B-52 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 601 ...Repeated for Contact Input 67 BD18 ...Repeated for Contact Input 68 BD20 ...Repeated for Contact Input 69 BD28 ...Repeated for Contact Input 70 BD30 ...Repeated for Contact Input 71 BD38 ...Repeated for Contact Input 72 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-53...
  • Page 602 ...Repeated for Virtual Input 18 BF08 ...Repeated for Virtual Input 19 BF14 ...Repeated for Virtual Input 20 BF20 ...Repeated for Virtual Input 21 BF2C ...Repeated for Virtual Input 22 BF38 ...Repeated for Virtual Input 23 B-54 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 603 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 5 C158 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 6 C160 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 7 C168 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 8 C170 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 9 C178 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 10 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-55...
  • Page 604 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 59 C308 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 60 C310 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 61 C318 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 62 C320 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 63 C328 ...Repeated for Virtual Output 64 B-56 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 605 0 to 1 F090 0 (Operate-dominant) C44B Reserved F001 C44C ...Repeated for Contact Output 2 C458 ...Repeated for Contact Output 3 C464 ...Repeated for Contact Output 4 C470 ...Repeated for Contact Output 5 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-57...
  • Page 606 ...Repeated for Contact Output 54 C6C8 ...Repeated for Contact Output 55 C6D4 ...Repeated for Contact Output 56 C6E0 ...Repeated for Contact Output 57 C6EC ...Repeated for Contact Output 58 C6F8 ...Repeated for Contact Output 59 B-58 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 607 ...Repeated for Direct Input 8 C8B0 ...Repeated for Direct Input 9 C8B4 ...Repeated for Direct Input 10 C8B8 ...Repeated for Direct Input 11 C8BC ...Repeated for Direct Input 12 C8C0 ...Repeated for Direct Input 13 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-59...
  • Page 608 ...Repeated for Direct Output 27 CA46 ...Repeated for Direct Output 28 CA48 ...Repeated for Direct Output 29 CA4A ...Repeated for Direct Output 30 CA4C ...Repeated for Direct Output 31 CA4E ...Repeated for Direct Output 32 B-60 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 609 F086 0 (Off) CFA3 Remote Input 1 Events 0 to 1 F102 0 (Disabled) CFA4 Remote Input 1 Name 1 to 64 F205 “Rem Ip 1” CFAA ...Repeated for Remote Input 2 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-61...
  • Page 610 ...Repeated for Remote Output 16 D260 ...Repeated for Remote Output 17 D264 ...Repeated for Remote Output 18 D268 ...Repeated for Remote Output 19 D26C ...Repeated for Remote Output 20 D270 ...Repeated for Remote Output 21 B-62 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 611 IEC 61850 GGIO2.CF.SPCSO4.ctlModel Value 0 to 2 F001 D324 IEC 61850 GGIO2.CF.SPCSO5.ctlModel Value 0 to 2 F001 D325 IEC 61850 GGIO2.CF.SPCSO6.ctlModel Value 0 to 2 F001 D326 IEC 61850 GGIO2.CF.SPCSO7.ctlModel Value 0 to 2 F001 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-63...
  • Page 612 IEC 61850 GGIO2.CF.SPCSO58.ctlModel Value 0 to 2 F001 D35A IEC 61850 GGIO2.CF.SPCSO59.ctlModel Value 0 to 2 F001 D35B IEC 61850 GGIO2.CF.SPCSO60.ctlModel Value 0 to 2 F001 D35C IEC 61850 GGIO2.CF.SPCSO61.ctlModel Value 0 to 2 F001 B-64 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 613 Reserved (6 items) F205 (none) Setting File Template (Read Only Non-Volatile) ED07 Last Settings Change Date 0 to 4294967295 F050 Settings File Template (Read/Write Setting) ED09 Template Bitmask (750 items) 0 to 65535 F001 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-65...
  • Page 614: Data Formats

    0 = Off, 1 = On, 2= Latest/Off, 3 = Latest/On F052 UR_UINT32 TIME in SR format (alternate format for F050) First 16 bits are Hours/Minutes (HH:MM:xx.xxx). Hours: 0=12am, 1=1am,...,12=12pm,...23=11pm. Minutes: 0 to 59 in steps of 1. B-66 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 615 IEC Curve B FlexCurve™ A IEC Curve C FlexCurve™ B F118 IEC Short Inv FlexCurve™ C ENUMERATION: OSCILLOGRAPHY MODE IAC Ext Inv FlexCurve™ D 0 = Automatic Overwrite, 1 = Protected IAC Very Inv GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-67...
  • Page 616 Auxiliary Overvoltage 2 ENUMERATION: CT SECONDARY Auxiliary Overvoltage 3 0 = 1 A, 1 = 5 A Phase Overvoltage 1 Neutral Overvoltage 1 Neutral Overvoltage 2 Neutral Overvoltage 3 Phase Distance Zone 1 B-68 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 617 Digital Element 22 FlexElement™ 2 Digital Element 23 FlexElement™ 3 Digital Element 24 FlexElement™ 4 Digital Element 25 FlexElement™ 5 Digital Element 26 FlexElement™ 6 Digital Element 27 FlexElement™ 7 Digital Element 28 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-69...
  • Page 618 Disconnect switch 11 RTD Input 23 Disconnect switch 12 RTD Input 24 Disconnect switch 13 RTD Input 25 Disconnect switch 14 RTD Input 26 Disconnect switch 15 RTD Input 27 Disconnect switch 16 B-70 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 619 ENUMERATION: USER-PROGRAMMABLE PUSHBUTTON Module Failure 06 FUNCTION Module Failure 07 0 = Disabled, 1 = Self-Reset, 2 = Latched Module Failure 08 Module Failure 09 Incompatible Hardware Module Failure 10 Module Failure 11 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-71...
  • Page 620 0 = Forward, 1 = Reverse, 2 = Non-Directional Test Mode Disabled Temperature Warning On Temperature Warning Off F155 Unauthorized Access ENUMERATION: REMOTE DEVICE STATE System Integrity Recovery 0 = Offline, 1 = Online B-72 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 621 0 = Vn, 1 = Vag, 2 = Vbg, 3 = Vcg, 4 = Vab, 5 = Vbc, 6 = Vca F179 ENUMERATION: NEGATIVE SEQUENCE DIRECTIONAL OVERCURRENT TYPE 0 = Neg Sequence, 1 = Zero Sequence GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-73...
  • Page 622 0 = Disabled, 1 = 3 Pole Only, 2 = 3 Pole & 1 Pole F196 ENUMERATION: NEUTRAL DIRECTIONAL OVERCURRENT OPERATING CURRENT 0 = Calculated 3I0, 1 = Measured IG F200 TEXT40: 40-CHARACTER ASCII TEXT 20 registers, 16 Bits: 1st Char MSB, 2nd Char LSB B-74 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 623 MMXU1.MX.VAr.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.VA.phsA.cVal.mag.f 0 = Voltage, 1 = Current, 2 = Dual MMXU1.MX.VA.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.VA.phsC.cVal.mag.f F231 MMXU1.MX.PF.phsA.cVal.mag.f ENUMERATION: POLARIZING VOLTAGE MMXU1.MX.PF.phsB.cVal.mag.f 0 = Calculated V0, 1 = Measured VX MMXU1.MX.PF.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.TotW.mag.f MMXU2.MX.TotVAr.mag.f MMXU2.MX.TotVA.mag.f MMXU2.MX.TotPF.mag.f GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-75...
  • Page 624 MMXU3.MX.Hz.mag.f MMXU4.MX.A.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU3.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.A.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.A.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU3.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.A.neut.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.A.neut.cVal.ang.f MMXU3.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.W.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.W.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.W.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.VAr.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.VAr.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.VAr.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.VA.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.VA.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.A.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.VA.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.A.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.PF.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.A.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PF.phsB.cVal.mag.f B-76 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 625 MMXU5.MX.PF.phsC.cVal.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn16.mag.f MMXU6.MX.TotW.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn17.mag.f MMXU6.MX.TotVAr.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn18.mag.f MMXU6.MX.TotVA.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn19.mag.f MMXU6.MX.TotPF.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn20.mag.f MMXU6.MX.Hz.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn21.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn22.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.ang.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn23.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn24.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.ang.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn25.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn26.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.ang.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn27.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn28.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.ang.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn29.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn30.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.ang.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn31.mag.f GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-77...
  • Page 626 IEC 61850 GOOSE Rx dataset item GGIO3.ST.UIntIn4.q None GGIO3.ST.UIntIn4.stVal GGIO3.ST.Ind1.q GGIO3.ST.UIntIn5.q GGIO3.ST.Ind1.stVal GGIO3.ST.UIntIn5.stVal GGIO3.ST.Ind2.q GGIO3.ST.UIntIn6.q GGIO3.ST.Ind2.stVal GGIO3.ST.UIntIn6.stVal ↓ ↓ GGIO3.ST.UIntIn7.q GGIO1.ST.Ind64q GGIO3.ST.UIntIn7.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind64.stVal GGIO3.ST.UIntIn8.q GGIO3.MX.AnIn1.mag.f GGIO3.ST.UIntIn8.stVal GGIO3.MX.AnIn2.mag.f GGIO3.ST.UIntIn9.q GGIO3.MX.AnIn3.mag.f GGIO3.ST.UIntIn9.stVal GGIO3.MX.AnIn4.mag.f GGIO3.ST.UIntIn10.q GGIO3.MX.AnIn5.mag.f GGIO3.ST.UIntIn10.stVal B-78 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 627 ENUMERATION: REAL TIME CLOCK MONTH (FOR EXAMPLE, ENUMERATION: DATA LOGGER MODE DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME) 0 = Continuous, 1 = Trigger Value Month January F270 February ENUMERATION: FAULT REPORT VT SUBSTITUTION March April Value Description None June July GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-79...
  • Page 628 [128 to 255] ELEMENT STATES (see the Element States section X is bit [X mod 16] in register [X/16]. in the Modbus memory map) F513 ENUMERATION: POWER SWING MODE 0 = Two Step, 1 = Three Step B-80 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 629 Default variation F531 ENUMERATION: LANGUAGE 0 = English, 1 = French, 2 = Chinese, 3 = Russian, 4 = Turkish F534 ENUMERATION: 87PC TRIP SECURITY 0 = First Coincidence, 1 = Enhanced GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-81...
  • Page 630 PDIF3.ST.Op.general PDIF4.ST.Str.general PDIF4.ST.Op.general F608 PDIS1.ST.Str.general ENUMERATION: OPEN POLE DETECTION FUNCTION PDIS1.ST.Op.general Enumeration Open pole detection PDIS2.ST.Str.general I AND V AND CBaux PDIS2.ST.Op.general I AND V only PDIS3.ST.Str.general PDIS3.ST.Op.general PDIS4.ST.Str.general PDIS4.ST.Op.general PDIS5.ST.Str.general PDIS5.ST.Op.general B-82 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 631 PIOC14.ST.Op.general PIOC41.ST.Str.general PIOC15.ST.Str.general PIOC41.ST.Op.general PIOC15.ST.Op.general PIOC42.ST.Str.general PIOC16.ST.Str.general PIOC42.ST.Op.general PIOC16.ST.Op.general PIOC43.ST.Str.general PIOC17.ST.Str.general PIOC43.ST.Op.general PIOC17.ST.Op.general PIOC44.ST.Str.general PIOC18.ST.Str.general PIOC44.ST.Op.general PIOC18.ST.Op.general PIOC45.ST.Str.general PIOC19.ST.Str.general PIOC45.ST.Op.general PIOC19.ST.Op.general PIOC46.ST.Str.general PIOC20.ST.Str.general PIOC46.ST.Op.general PIOC20.ST.Op.general PIOC47.ST.Str.general PIOC21.ST.Str.general PIOC47.ST.Op.general PIOC21.ST.Op.general PIOC48.ST.Str.general PIOC22.ST.Str.general PIOC48.ST.Op.general GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-83...
  • Page 632 PIOC67.ST.Op.general PTOC22.ST.Str.general PIOC68.ST.Str.general PTOC22.ST.Op.general PIOC68.ST.Op.general PTOC23.ST.Str.general PIOC69.ST.Str.general PTOC23.ST.Op.general PIOC69.ST.Op.general PTOC24.ST.Str.general PIOC70.ST.Str.general PTOC24.ST.Op.general PIOC70.ST.Op.general PTOV1.ST.Str.general PIOC71.ST.Str.general PTOV1.ST.Op.general PIOC71.ST.Op.general PTOV2.ST.Str.general PIOC72.ST.Str.general PTOV2.ST.Op.general PIOC72.ST.Op.general PTOV3.ST.Str.general PTOC1.ST.Str.general PTOV3.ST.Op.general PTOC1.ST.Op.general PTOV4.ST.Str.general PTOC2.ST.Str.general PTOV4.ST.Op.general PTOC2.ST.Op.general PTOV5.ST.Str.general PTOC3.ST.Str.general PTOV5.ST.Op.general B-84 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 633 PTRC6.ST.Op.general PTUV1.ST.Str.general PTUV1.ST.Op.general PTUV2.ST.Str.general PTUV2.ST.Op.general PTUV3.ST.Str.general PTUV3.ST.Op.general PTUV4.ST.Str.general PTUV4.ST.Op.general PTUV5.ST.Str.general PTUV5.ST.Op.general PTUV6.ST.Str.general PTUV6.ST.Op.general PTUV7.ST.Str.general PTUV7.ST.Op.general PTUV8.ST.Str.general PTUV8.ST.Op.general PTUV9.ST.Str.general PTUV9.ST.Op.general PTUV10.ST.Str.general PTUV10.ST.Op.general PTUV11.ST.Str.general PTUV11.ST.Op.general PTUV12.ST.Str.general PTUV12.ST.Op.general PTUV13.ST.Str.general PTUV13.ST.Op.general RBRF1.ST.OpEx.general RBRF1.ST.OpIn.general RBRF2.ST.OpEx.general RBRF2.ST.OpIn.general RBRF3.ST.OpEx.general GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-85...
  • Page 634 RBRF22.ST.OpEx.general CSWI14.ST.Pos.stVal RBRF22.ST.OpIn.general CSWI15.ST.Loc.stVal RBRF23.ST.OpEx.general CSWI15.ST.Pos.stVal RBRF23.ST.OpIn.general CSWI16.ST.Loc.stVal RBRF24.ST.OpEx.general CSWI16.ST.Pos.stVal RBRF24.ST.OpIn.general CSWI17.ST.Loc.stVal RFLO1.MX.FltDiskm.mag.f CSWI17.ST.Pos.stVal RFLO2.MX.FltDiskm.mag.f CSWI18.ST.Loc.stVal RFLO3.MX.FltDiskm.mag.f CSWI18.ST.Pos.stVal RFLO4.MX.FltDiskm.mag.f CSWI19.ST.Loc.stVal RFLO5.MX.FltDiskm.mag.f CSWI19.ST.Pos.stVal RPSB1.ST.Str.general CSWI20.ST.Loc.stVal RPSB1.ST.Op.general CSWI20.ST.Pos.stVal RPSB1.ST.BlkZn.stVal CSWI21.ST.Loc.stVal RREC1.ST.Op.general CSWI21.ST.Pos.stVal RREC1.ST.AutoRecSt.stVal CSWI22.ST.Loc.stVal B-86 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 635 GGIO1.ST.Ind5.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind6.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind7.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind8.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind9.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind10.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind11.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind12.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind13.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind14.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind15.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind16.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind17.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind18.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind19.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind20.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind21.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind22.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind23.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind24.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind25.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind26.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind27.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind28.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind29.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind30.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind31.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind32.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind33.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind34.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind35.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind36.stVal GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-87...
  • Page 636 GGIO1.ST.Ind74.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind127.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind75.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind128.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind76.stVal MMXU1.MX.TotW.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind77.stVal MMXU1.MX.TotVAr.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind78.stVal MMXU1.MX.TotVA.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind79.stVal MMXU1.MX.TotPF.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind80.stVal MMXU1.MX.Hz.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind81.stVal MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind82.stVal MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.ang.f GGIO1.ST.Ind83.stVal MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind84.stVal MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.ang.f GGIO1.ST.Ind85.stVal MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind86.stVal MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.ang.f GGIO1.ST.Ind87.stVal MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.mag.f GGIO1.ST.Ind88.stVal MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.ang.f GGIO1.ST.Ind89.stVal MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.mag.f B-88 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 637 MMXU1.MX.PF.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.PF.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.TotW.mag.f MMXU2.MX.TotVAr.mag.f MMXU2.MX.TotVA.mag.f MMXU2.MX.TotPF.mag.f MMXU2.MX.Hz.mag.f MMXU2.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.A.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.A.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.A.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.A.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.A.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.A.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.A.neut.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.A.neut.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.W.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.W.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.W.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.VAr.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.VAr.phsB.cVal.mag.f GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-89...
  • Page 638 MMXU3.MX.VAr.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.VA.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.ang.f MMXU3.MX.VA.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.VA.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU3.MX.PF.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU3.MX.PF.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU3.MX.PF.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.TotW.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.TotVAr.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.TotVA.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.TotPF.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.Hz.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.ang.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.neut.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.ang.f MMXU5.MX.A.neut.cVal.ang.f B-90 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 639 MMXU6.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.ang.f MMXU6.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU6.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU6.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU6.MX.A.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.A.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU6.MX.A.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.A.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU6.MX.A.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.A.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU6.MX.A.neut.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.A.neut.cVal.ang.f MMXU6.MX.W.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.W.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.W.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.VAr.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.VAr.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.VAr.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.VA.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.VA.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.VA.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PF.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PF.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU6.MX.PF.phsC.cVal.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn1.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn2.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn3.mag.f GGIO4.MX.AnIn4.mag.f GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-91...
  • Page 640 XSWI6.ST.Loc.stVal Enumeration GOOSE dataset items XSWI6.ST.Pos.stVal None XSWI7.ST.Loc.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind1.q XSWI7.ST.Pos.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind1.stVal XSWI8.ST.Loc.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind2.q XSWI8.ST.Pos.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind2.stVal XSWI9.ST.Loc.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind3.q XSWI9.ST.Pos.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind3.stVal XSWI10.ST.Loc.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind4.q XSWI10.ST.Pos.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind4.stVal XSWI11.ST.Loc.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind5.q XSWI11.ST.Pos.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind5.stVal XSWI12.ST.Loc.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind6.q XSWI12.ST.Pos.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind6.stVal XSWI13.ST.Loc.stVal B-92 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 641 GGIO1.ST.Ind17.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind18.q GGIO1.ST.Ind18.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind19.q GGIO1.ST.Ind19.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind20.q GGIO1.ST.Ind20.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind21.q GGIO1.ST.Ind21.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind22.q GGIO1.ST.Ind22.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind23.q GGIO1.ST.Ind23.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind24.q GGIO1.ST.Ind24.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind25.q GGIO1.ST.Ind25.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind26.q GGIO1.ST.Ind26.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind27.q GGIO1.ST.Ind27.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind28.q GGIO1.ST.Ind28.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind29.q GGIO1.ST.Ind29.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind30.q GGIO1.ST.Ind30.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind31.q GGIO1.ST.Ind31.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind32.q GGIO1.ST.Ind32.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind33.q GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-93...
  • Page 642 GGIO1.ST.Ind52.q GGIO1.ST.Ind78.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind52.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind79.q GGIO1.ST.Ind53.q GGIO1.ST.Ind79.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind53.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind80.q GGIO1.ST.Ind54.q GGIO1.ST.Ind80.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind54.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind81.q GGIO1.ST.Ind55.q GGIO1.ST.Ind81.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind55.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind82.q GGIO1.ST.Ind56.q GGIO1.ST.Ind82.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind56.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind83.q GGIO1.ST.Ind57.q GGIO1.ST.Ind83.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind57.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind84.q GGIO1.ST.Ind58.q GGIO1.ST.Ind84.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind58.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind85.q GGIO1.ST.Ind59.q GGIO1.ST.Ind85.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind59.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind86.q B-94 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 643 GGIO1.ST.Ind97.q GGIO1.ST.Ind97.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind98.q GGIO1.ST.Ind98.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind99.q GGIO1.ST.Ind99.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind100.q GGIO1.ST.Ind100.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind101.q GGIO1.ST.Ind101.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind102.q GGIO1.ST.Ind102.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind103.q GGIO1.ST.Ind103.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind104.q GGIO1.ST.Ind104.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind105.q GGIO1.ST.Ind105.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind106.q GGIO1.ST.Ind106.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind107.q GGIO1.ST.Ind107.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind108.q GGIO1.ST.Ind108.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind109.q GGIO1.ST.Ind109.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind110.q GGIO1.ST.Ind110.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind111.q GGIO1.ST.Ind111.stVal GGIO1.ST.Ind112.q GGIO1.ST.Ind112.stVal GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-95...
  • Page 644 MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.A.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.A.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.A.neut.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.A.neut.cVal.ang.f MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.W.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.W.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.W.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.VAr.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.VAr.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.VAr.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.VA.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.VA.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.A.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.VA.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.A.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.PF.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.A.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU2.MX.PF.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU1.MX.A.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU2.MX.PF.phsC.cVal.mag.f B-96 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 645 MMXU4.MX.TotW.mag.f MMXU5.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.TotVAr.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.TotVA.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.TotPF.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.Hz.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsAB.cVal.ang.f MMXU5.MX.A.phsC.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.A.neut.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsBC.cVal.ang.f MMXU5.MX.A.neut.cVal.ang.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.W.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PPV.phsCA.cVal.ang.f MMXU5.MX.W.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.W.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PhV.phsA.cVal.ang.f MMXU5.MX.VAr.phsA.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.VAr.phsB.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PhV.phsB.cVal.ang.f MMXU5.MX.VAr.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU4.MX.PhV.phsC.cVal.mag.f MMXU5.MX.VA.phsA.cVal.mag.f GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-97...
  • Page 646 MMXU6.MX.VA.phsB.cVal.mag.f GGIO5.ST.UIntIn9.q MMXU6.MX.VA.phsC.cVal.mag.f GGIO5.ST.UIntIn9.stVal MMXU6.MX.PF.phsA.cVal.mag.f GGIO5.ST.UIntIn10.q MMXU6.MX.PF.phsB.cVal.mag.f GGIO5.ST.UIntIn10.stVal MMXU6.MX.PF.phsC.cVal.mag.f GGIO5.ST.UIntIn11.q GGIO4.MX.AnIn1.mag.f GGIO5.ST.UIntIn11.stVal GGIO4.MX.AnIn2.mag.f GGIO5.ST.UIntIn12.q GGIO4.MX.AnIn3.mag.f GGIO5.ST.UIntIn12.stVal GGIO4.MX.AnIn4.mag.f GGIO5.ST.UIntIn13.q GGIO4.MX.AnIn5.mag.f GGIO5.ST.UIntIn13.stVal GGIO4.MX.AnIn6.mag.f GGIO5.ST.UIntIn14.q GGIO4.MX.AnIn7.mag.f GGIO5.ST.UIntIn14.stVal GGIO4.MX.AnIn8.mag.f GGIO5.ST.UIntIn15.q GGIO4.MX.AnIn9.mag.f GGIO5.ST.UIntIn15.stVal GGIO4.MX.AnIn10.mag.f GGIO5.ST.UIntIn16.q GGIO4.MX.AnIn11.mag.f GGIO5.ST.UIntIn16.stVal B-98 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 647 PIOC5.ST.Op.general PIOC32.ST.Str.general PIOC6.ST.Str.general PIOC32.ST.Op.general PIOC6.ST.Op.general PIOC33.ST.Str.general PIOC7.ST.Str.general PIOC33.ST.Op.general PIOC7.ST.Op.general PIOC34.ST.Str.general PIOC8.ST.Str.general PIOC34.ST.Op.general PIOC8.ST.Op.general PIOC35.ST.Str.general PIOC9.ST.Str.general PIOC35.ST.Op.general PIOC9.ST.Op.general PIOC36.ST.Str.general PIOC10.ST.Str.general PIOC36.ST.Op.general PIOC10.ST.Op.general PIOC37.ST.Str.general PIOC11.ST.Str.general PIOC37.ST.Op.general PIOC11.ST.Op.general PIOC38.ST.Str.general PIOC12.ST.Str.general PIOC38.ST.Op.general PIOC12.ST.Op.general PIOC39.ST.Str.general PIOC13.ST.Str.general PIOC39.ST.Op.general GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-99...
  • Page 648 PIOC58.ST.Op.general PTOC13.ST.Str.general PIOC59.ST.Str.general PTOC13.ST.Op.general PIOC59.ST.Op.general PTOC14.ST.Str.general PIOC60.ST.Str.general PTOC14.ST.Op.general PIOC60.ST.Op.general PTOC15.ST.Str.general PIOC61.ST.Str.general PTOC15.ST.Op.general PIOC61.ST.Op.general PTOC16.ST.Str.general PIOC62.ST.Str.general PTOC16.ST.Op.general PIOC62.ST.Op.general PTOC17.ST.Str.general PIOC63.ST.Str.general PTOC17.ST.Op.general PIOC63.ST.Op.general PTOC18.ST.Str.general PIOC64.ST.Str.general PTOC18.ST.Op.general PIOC64.ST.Op.general PTOC19.ST.Str.general PIOC65.ST.Str.general PTOC19.ST.Op.general PIOC65.ST.Op.general PTOC20.ST.Str.general PIOC66.ST.Str.general PTOC20.ST.Op.general B-100 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 649 PTRC5.ST.Op.general RBRF13.ST.OpEx.general PTRC6.ST.Tr.general RBRF13.ST.OpIn.general PTRC6.ST.Op.general RBRF14.ST.OpEx.general PTUV1.ST.Str.general RBRF14.ST.OpIn.general PTUV1.ST.Op.general RBRF15.ST.OpEx.general PTUV2.ST.Str.general RBRF15.ST.OpIn.general PTUV2.ST.Op.general RBRF16.ST.OpEx.general PTUV3.ST.Str.general RBRF16.ST.OpIn.general PTUV3.ST.Op.general RBRF17.ST.OpEx.general PTUV4.ST.Str.general RBRF17.ST.OpIn.general PTUV4.ST.Op.general RBRF18.ST.OpEx.general PTUV5.ST.Str.general RBRF18.ST.OpIn.general PTUV5.ST.Op.general RBRF19.ST.OpEx.general PTUV6.ST.Str.general RBRF19.ST.OpIn.general PTUV6.ST.Op.general RBRF20.ST.OpEx.general PTUV7.ST.Str.general RBRF20.ST.OpIn.general GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-101...
  • Page 650 CSWI5.ST.Pos.stVal XSWI2.ST.Loc.stVal CSWI6.ST.Loc.stVal XSWI2.ST.Pos.stVal CSWI6.ST.Pos.stVal XSWI3.ST.Loc.stVal CSWI7.ST.Loc.stVal XSWI3.ST.Pos.stVal CSWI7.ST.Pos.stVal XSWI4.ST.Loc.stVal CSWI8.ST.Loc.stVal XSWI4.ST.Pos.stVal CSWI8.ST.Pos.stVal XSWI5.ST.Loc.stVal CSWI9.ST.Loc.stVal XSWI5.ST.Pos.stVal CSWI9.ST.Pos.stVal XSWI6.ST.Loc.stVal CSWI10.ST.Loc.stVal XSWI6.ST.Pos.stVal CSWI10.ST.Pos.stVal XSWI7.ST.Loc.stVal CSWI11.ST.Loc.stVal XSWI7.ST.Pos.stVal CSWI11.ST.Pos.stVal XSWI8.ST.Loc.stVal CSWI12.ST.Loc.stVal XSWI8.ST.Pos.stVal CSWI12.ST.Pos.stVal XSWI9.ST.Loc.stVal CSWI13.ST.Loc.stVal XSWI9.ST.Pos.stVal B-102 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 651 Has been activated, whether the password has been set. XSWI20.ST.Loc.stVal 1 = Bit#0, Administrator password was set. The list is continued for XSWI20.ST.Pos.stVal all other roles (Engineer = bit#2, Operator = bit#3, Observer = XSWI21.ST.Loc.stVal bit#3). XSWI21.ST.Pos.stVal XSWI22.ST.Loc.stVal XSWI22.ST.Pos.stVal GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System B-103...
  • Page 652 B.4 MEMORY MAPPING APPENDIX B B-104 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 653: Iec 61850 Communications

    The L60 relay supports IEC 61850 server services over both TCP/IP and TP4/CLNP (OSI) communication protocol stacks. The TP4/CLNP profile requires the L60 to have a network address or Network Service Access Point (NSAP) to establish a communication link. The TCP/IP profile requires the L60 to have an IP address to establish communications. These addresses are located in the ...
  • Page 654: File Transfer By Iec 61850

    APPENDIX C C.1.3 FILE TRANSFER BY IEC 61850 The L60 supports file transfer by IEC 61850. The approach is as follows, using the SISCO AX-S4 61850 client software as an example. In the AX-S4 61850 Explorer window, click the Tools menu and access the SISCO File Transfer Utility.
  • Page 655: Server Data Organization

    C.2.2 GGIO1: DIGITAL STATUS VALUES The GGIO1 logical node is available in the L60 to provide access to as many 128 digital status points and associated time- stamps and quality flags. The data content must be configured before the data can be used. GGIO1 provides digital status points for access by clients.
  • Page 656: Mmxu: Analog Measured Values

    A limited number of measured analog values are available through the MMXU logical nodes. Each MMXU logical node provides data from a L60 current and voltage source. There is one MMXU available for each con- figurable source (programmed in the ...
  • Page 657 The protection elements listed above contain start (pickup) and operate flags. For example, the start flag for PIOC1 is PIOC1.ST.Str.general. The operate flag for PIOC1 is PIOC1.ST.Op.general. For the L60 protection elements, these flags take their values from the pickup and operate FlexLogic™ operands for the corresponding element.
  • Page 658: Server Features And Configuration

    C.3.4 LOGICAL DEVICE NAME The logical device name is used to identify the IEC 61850 logical device that exists within the L60. This name is composed of two parts: the IED name setting and the logical device instance. The complete logical device name is the combination of the two character strings programmed in the settings.
  • Page 659: Logical Node Name Prefixes

    A built-in TCP/IP connection timeout of two minutes is employed by the L60 to detect ‘dead’ connections. If there is no data traffic on a TCP connection for greater than two minutes, the connection will be aborted by the L60. This frees up the con- nection to be used by other clients.
  • Page 660: Generic Substation Event Services: Gsse And Goose

    MAC address for GSSE messages. If GSSE DESTINATION MAC ADDRESS a valid multicast Ethernet MAC address is not entered (for example, 00 00 00 00 00 00), the L60 will use the source Ether- net MAC address as the destination, with the multicast bit set.
  • Page 661 The L60 has the ability of detecting if a data item in one of the GOOSE datasets is erroneously oscillating. This can be caused by events such as errors in logic programming, inputs improperly being asserted and de-asserted, or failed station components.
  • Page 662: Ethernet Mac Address For Gsse/goose

    REMOTE IN 1 ITEM item to remote input 1. Remote input 1 can now be used in FlexLogic™ equations or other settings. The L60 must be rebooted (control power removed and re-applied) before these settings take effect. The value of remote input 1 (Boolean on or off) in the receiving device will be determined by the GGIO1.ST.Ind1.stVal value in the sending device.
  • Page 663: Gsse Id And Goose Id Settings

    GSSE and GOOSE messages must have multicast destination MAC addresses. By default, the L60 is configured to use an automated multicast MAC scheme. If the L60 destination MAC address setting is not a valid multicast address (that is, the least significant bit of the first byte is not set), the address used as the destina- tion MAC will be the same as the local MAC address, but with the multicast bit set.
  • Page 664: Iec 61850 Implementation Via Enervista Ur Setup

    An ICD file is generated for the L60 by the EnerVista UR Setup software that describe the capabilities of the IED. The ICD file is then imported into a system configurator along with other ICD files for other IEDs (from GE or other ven- dors) for system configuration.
  • Page 665: Configuring Iec 61850 Settings

    Transmission GOOSE dataset may be added or deleted, or prefixes of some logical nodes may be changed. While all new configurations will be mapped to the L60 settings file when importing an SCD file, all unchanged settings will preserve the same values in the new settings file.
  • Page 666: About Icd Files

    Although configurable transmission GOOSE can also be created and altered by some third-party system con- figurators, we recommend configuring transmission GOOSE for GE Multilin IEDs before creating the ICD, and strictly within EnerVista UR Setup software or the front panel display (access through the Settings > Product Setup > Com- munications >...
  • Page 667 Furthermore, it defines the capabilities of an IED in terms of communication services offered and, together with its LNType, instantiated data (DO) and its default or configuration values. There should be only one IED section in an ICD since it only describes one IED. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System C-15...
  • Page 668 Other ReportControl elements DOI (name) SDI (name) DAI (name) Text Other DOI elements SDI (name) DAI (name) Text Other LN elements Other LDevice elements 842797A1.CDR Figure C–4: ICD FILE STRUCTURE, IED NODE C-16 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 669 BDA (name, bType, type) Other BDA elements Other BDA elements Other DAType elements Other DAType elements EnumType (id) Text EnumVal (ord) Other EnumVal elements Other EnumType elements 842798A1.CDR Figure C–5: ICD FILE STRUCTURE, DATATYPETEMPLATES NODE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System C-17...
  • Page 670: Creating An Icd File With Enervista Ur Setup

    The EnerVista UR Setup will prompt to save the file. Select the file path and enter the name for the ICD file, then click OK to generate the file. The time to create an ICD file from the offline L60 settings file is typically much quicker than create an ICD file directly from the relay.
  • Page 671 Like ICD files, the Header node identifies the SCD file and its version, and specifies options for the mapping of names to signals. The Substation node describes the substation parameters: Substation PowerSystemResource EquipmentContainer Power Transformer GeneralEquipment EquipmentContainer VoltageLevel Voltage PowerSystemResource Function SubFunction GeneralEquipment 842792A1.CDR Figure C–7: SCD FILE STRUCTURE, SUBSTATION NODE GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System C-19...
  • Page 672 IdInst is the instance identification of the logical device within the IED on which the control block is located, and cbName is the name of the control block. C-20 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 673: Importing An Scd File With Enervista Ur Setup

    Figure C–9: SCD FILE STRUCTURE, IED NODE C.5.6 IMPORTING AN SCD FILE WITH ENERVISTA UR SETUP The following procedure describes how to update the L60 with the new configuration from an SCD file with the EnerVista UR Setup software. Right-click anywhere in the files panel and select the Import Contents From SCD File item.
  • Page 674 The software will open the SCD file and then prompt the user to save a UR-series settings file. Select a location and name for the URS (UR-series relay settings) file. If there is more than one GE Multilin IED defined in the SCD file, the software prompt the user to save a UR-series set- tings file for each IED.
  • Page 675: Acsi Conformance

    REPORTING Buffered report control M7-1 sequence-number M7-2 report-time-stamp M7-3 reason-for-inclusion M7-4 data-set-name M7-5 data-reference M7-6 buffer-overflow M7-7 entryID M7-8 BufTm M7-9 IntgPd M7-10 Unbuffered report control M8-1 sequence-number M8-2 report-time-stamp M8-3 reason-for-inclusion GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System C-23...
  • Page 676: Acsi Services Conformance Statement

    UR FAMILY PUBLISHER SERVER (CLAUSE 6) ServerDirectory APPLICATION ASSOCIATION (CLAUSE 7) Associate Abort Release LOGICAL DEVICE (CLAUSE 8) LogicalDeviceDirectory LOGICAL NODE (CLAUSE 9) LogicalNodeDirectory GetAllDataValues DATA (CLAUSE 10) GetDataValues SetDataValues GetDataDirectory GetDataDefinition C-24 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 677 S27-3 data-update (dupd) GetURCBValues SetURCBValues LOGGING (CLAUSE 14) LOG CONTROL BLOCK GetLCBValues SetLCBValues QueryLogByTime QueryLogByEntry GetLogStatusValues GENERIC SUBSTATION EVENT MODEL (GSE) (CLAUSE 14.3.5.3.4) GOOSE-CONTROL-BLOCK SendGOOSEMessage GetReference GetGOOSEElementNumber GetGoCBValues SetGoCBValues GSSE-CONTROL-BLOCK SendGSSEMessage GetReference GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System C-25...
  • Page 678 (SendGOOSEMessage or SendGSSEMessage) NOTE c9: shall declare support if TP association is available c10: shall declare support for at least one (SendMSVMessage or SendUSVMessage) C-26 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 679: Logical Nodes Table

    RDRE: Disturbance recorder function RADR: Disturbance recorder channel analogue RBDR: Disturbance recorder channel binary RDRS: Disturbance record handling RBRF: Breaker failure RDIR: Directional element RFLO: Fault locator RPSB: Power swing detection/blocking RREC: Autoreclosing GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System C-27...
  • Page 680 T: LOGICAL NODES FOR INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS TCTR: Current transformer TVTR: Voltage transformer Y: LOGICAL NODES FOR POWER TRANSFORMERS YEFN: Earth fault neutralizer (Peterson coil) YLTC: Tap changer YPSH: Power shunt YPTR: Power transformer C-28 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 681 ZCON: Converter ZGEN: Generator ZGIL: Gas insulated line ZLIN: Power overhead line ZMOT: Motor ZREA: Reactor ZRRC: Rotating reactive component ZSAR: Surge arrestor ZTCF: Thyristor controlled frequency converter ZTRC: Thyristor controlled reactive component GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System C-29...
  • Page 682 C.7 LOGICAL NODES APPENDIX C C-30 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 683: Iec 60870-5-104

    Balanced Transmission Not Present (Balanced Transmission Only)   Unbalanced Transmission One Octet  Two Octets  Structured  Unstructured Frame Length (maximum length, number of octets): Not selectable in companion IEC 60870-5-104 standard GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 684  <18> := Packed start events of protection equipment with time tag M_EP_TB_1  <19> := Packed output circuit information of protection equipment with time tag M_EP_TC_1  <20> := Packed single-point information with status change detection M_SP_NA_1 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 685  <103> := Clock synchronization command (see Clause 7.6 in standard) C_CS_NA_1  <104> := Test command C_TS_NA_1  <105> := Reset process command C_RP_NA_1  <106> := Delay acquisition command C_CD_NA_1  <107> := Test command with time tag CP56Time2a C_TS_TA_1 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 686 •Blank boxes indicate functions or ASDU not used. •‘X’ if only used in the standard direction TYPE IDENTIFICATION CAUSE OF TRANSMISSION MNEMONIC <1> M_SP_NA_1 <2> M_SP_TA_1 <3> M_DP_NA_1 <4> M_DP_TA_1 <5> M_ST_NA_1 <6> M_ST_TA_1 <7> M_BO_NA_1 <8> M_BO_TA_1 <9> M_ME_NA_1 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 687 M_ME_TD_1 <35> M_ME_TE_1 <36> M_ME_TF_1 <37> M_IT_TB_1 <38> M_EP_TD_1 <39> M_EP_TE_1 <40> M_EP_TF_1 <45> C_SC_NA_1 <46> C_DC_NA_1 <47> C_RC_NA_1 <48> C_SE_NA_1 <49> C_SE_NB_1 <50> C_SE_NC_1 <51> C_BO_NA_1 <58> C_SC_TA_1 <59> C_DC_TA_1 <60> C_RC_TA_1 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 688 F_FR_NA_1 <121> F_SR_NA_1 <122> F_SC_NA_1 <123> F_LS_NA_1 <124> F_AF_NA_1 <125> F_SG_NA_1 <126> F_DR_TA_1*) BASIC APPLICATION FUNCTIONS Station Initialization:  Remote initialization Cyclic Data Transmission:  Cyclic data transmission Read Procedure:  Read procedure L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 689  Mode B: Local freeze with counter interrogation  Mode C: Freeze and transmit by counter-interrogation commands  Mode D: Freeze by counter-interrogation command, frozen values reported simultaneously  Counter read  Counter freeze without reset GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 690 Maximum number of outstanding I-format APDUs k and latest acknowledge APDUs (w): PARAMETER DEFAULT REMARKS SELECTED VALUE VALUE 12 APDUs Maximum difference receive sequence number to send state variable 12 APDUs 8 APDUs 8 APDUs Latest acknowledge after receiving I-format APDUs L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 691: Point List

    The IEC 60870-5-104 data points are configured through the    SETTINGS PRODUCT SETUP COMMUNICATIONS DNP / menu. Refer to the Communications section of Chapter 5 for additional details. IEC104 POINT LISTS GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 692 D.1 PROTOCOL APPENDIX D D-10 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 693: Dnp Communications

    Maximum Data Link Re-tries: Maximum Application Layer Re-tries:  None  None  Fixed at 3  Configurable  Configurable Requires Data Link Layer Confirmation:  Never  Always  Sometimes  Configurable GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 694 FlexLogic™. The On/Off times and Count value are ignored. “Pulse Off” and “Latch Off” operations put the appropriate Virtual Input into the “Off” state. “Trip” and “Close” operations both put the appropriate Virtual Input into the “On” state. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 695  16 Bits (Counter 8) Default Variation: 1  32 Bits (Counters 0 to 7, 9)  Point-by-point list attached  Other Value: _____  Point-by-point list attached Sends Multi-Fragment Responses:  Yes  No GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 696: E.1.2 Implementation Table

    Otherwise, static object requests sent with qualifiers 00, 01, 06, 07, or 08, will be responded with qualifiers 00 or 01 (for change- event objects, qualifiers 17 or 28 are always responded.) Note 3: Cold restarts are implemented the same as warm restarts – the L60 is not restarted, but the DNP process is restarted. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 697 Otherwise, static object requests sent with qualifiers 00, 01, 06, 07, or 08, will be responded with qualifiers 00 or 01 (for change- event objects, qualifiers 17 or 28 are always responded.) Note 3: Cold restarts are implemented the same as warm restarts – the L60 is not restarted, but the DNP process is restarted. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 698 Otherwise, static object requests sent with qualifiers 00, 01, 06, 07, or 08, will be responded with qualifiers 00 or 01 (for change- event objects, qualifiers 17 or 28 are always responded.) Note 3: Cold restarts are implemented the same as warm restarts – the L60 is not restarted, but the DNP process is restarted. L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 699 Otherwise, static object requests sent with qualifiers 00, 01, 06, 07, or 08, will be responded with qualifiers 00 or 01 (for change- event objects, qualifiers 17 or 28 are always responded.) Note 3: Cold restarts are implemented the same as warm restarts – the L60 is not restarted, but the DNP process is restarted. GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 700: Dnp Point Lists

    Change Event Variation reported when variation 0 requested: 2 (Binary Input Change with Time), Configurable Change Event Scan Rate: 8 times per power system cycle Change Event Buffer Size: 500 Default Class for All Points: 1 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 701: Binary And Control Relay Output

    Virtual Input 59 Virtual Input 28 Virtual Input 60 Virtual Input 29 Virtual Input 61 Virtual Input 30 Virtual Input 62 Virtual Input 31 Virtual Input 63 Virtual Input 32 Virtual Input 64 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 702: Counters

    Events Since Last Clear A counter freeze command has no meaning for counters 8 and 9. L60 Digital Counter values are represented as 32-bit inte- gers. The DNP 3.0 protocol defines counters to be unsigned integers. Care should be taken when interpreting negative counter values.
  • Page 703: E.2.4 Analog Inputs

    Change Event Variation reported when variation 0 requested: 1 (Analog Change Event without Time) Change Event Scan Rate: defaults to 500 ms Change Event Buffer Size: 256 Default Class for all Points: 2 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System E-11...
  • Page 704 E.2 DNP POINT LISTS APPENDIX E E-12 L60 Line Phase Comparison System GE Multilin...
  • Page 705: Change Notes

    29 May 2010 09-1457 1601-0082-V2 5.8x 04 January 2011 11-2237 1601-0082-W1 5.9x 12 January 2011 11-2227 1601-0082-X1 6.0x 21 December 2011 11-2840 1601-0082-X2 6.0x 5 April 2012 12-3254 1601-0082-X3 6.0x 31 August 2015 12-0025 GE Multilin L60 Line Phase Comparison System...
  • Page 706: Changes To The L60 Manual

    Updated Modbus memory map and F codes Update Updated IEEE PC37.111 reference in COMTRADE section B.3.1c Update Updated product warranty from 24 months to 10 years Table F–3: MAJOR UPDATES FOR L60 MANUAL REVISION X2 (Sheet 1 of 2) PAGE PAGE CHANGE DESCRIPTION...
  • Page 707 Updated Figure 3-26 IRIG-B Repeater to version A2 3-26 3-26 Updated Updated Figure 3-27 L60 to PLC Connections for a Two-Terminal Line to version A2 3-27 3-27 Update Updated Figure 3-28 Direct Input and Output Single Channel Connection to version A2...
  • Page 708 F.1 CHANGE NOTES APPENDIX F Table F–5: MAJOR UPDATES FOR L60 MANUAL REVISION W1 PAGE PAGE CHANGE DESCRIPTION (V2) (W1) Ti