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Hitachi H8/3008 Hardware Manual

16-bit microcomputer.
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Hitachi 16-Bit Microcomputer
H8/3008
Hardware Manual
ADE-602-221
Rev. 1.0
9/14/00
Hitachi, Ltd.

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   Summary of Contents for Hitachi H8/3008

  • Page 1

    Hitachi 16-Bit Microcomputer H8/3008 Hardware Manual ADE-602-221 Rev. 1.0 9/14/00 Hitachi, Ltd.

  • Page 2

    Cautions 1. Hitachi neither warrants nor grants licenses of any rights of Hitachi’s or any third party’s patent, copyright, trademark, or other intellectual property rights for information contained in this document. Hitachi bears no responsibility for problems that may arise with third party’s rights, including intellectual property rights, in connection with use of the information contained in this document.

  • Page 3

    MCU operating modes (modes 1 to 4) are provided, offering a choice of initial data bus width and address space size. With these features, the H8/3008 enables easy implementation of compact, high-performance systems. This manual describes the H8/3008 hardware. For details of the instruction set, refer to the H8/300H Series Programming Manual.

  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Contents Section 1 Overview ......................Overview ..........................Block Diagram........................Pin Description ........................1.3.1 Pin Arrangement ....................1.3.2 Pin Functions......................1.3.3 Pin Assignments in Each Mode ................13 Section 2 CPU ........................17 Overview ..........................17 2.1.1 Features ......................... 17 2.1.2 Differences from H8/300 CPU................

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    Basic Operational Timing ....................51 2.9.1 Overview ....................... 51 2.9.2 On-Chip Memory Access Timing ................. 51 2.9.3 On-Chip Supporting Module Access Timing............52 2.9.4 Access to External Address Space ................ 53 Section 3 MCU Operating Modes ..................55 Overview ..........................55 3.1.1 Operating Mode Selection ..................

  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    5.2.1 System Control Register (SYSCR) ............... 75 5.2.2 Interrupt Priority Registers A and B (IPRA, IPRB)..........76 5.2.3 IRQ Status Register (ISR) ..................81 5.2.4 IRQ Enable Register (IER) ................... 82 5.2.5 IRQ Sense Control Register (ISCR)..............83 Interrupt Sources ........................ 84 5.3.1 External Interrupts....................

  • Page 8: Table Of Contents

    6.4.5 Basic Bus Control Signal Timing................122 6.4.6 Wait Control......................129 Idle Cycle..........................131 6.5.1 Operation ....................... 131 6.5.2 Pin States in Idle Cycle ..................133 Bus Arbiter ......................... 133 6.6.1 Operation ....................... 134 Register and Pin Input Timing ................... 136 6.7.1 Register Write Timing ..................

  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    8.2.2 Timer Synchro Register (TSNC) ................179 8.2.3 Timer Mode Register (TMDR) ................180 8.2.4 Timer Interrupt Status Register A (TISRA)............183 8.2.5 Timer Interrupt Status Register B (TISRB) ............186 8.2.6 Timer Interrupt Status Register C (TISRC) ............189 8.2.7 Timer Counters (16TCNT)..................

  • Page 10: Table Of Contents

    9.4.3 Input Capture Signal Timing................. 255 9.4.4 Timing of Status Flag Setting................256 9.4.5 Operation with Cascaded Connection ..............257 9.4.6 Input Capture Setting .................... 260 Interrupt ..........................261 9.5.1 Interrupt Sources ....................261 9.5.2 A/D Converter Activation ..................262 8-Bit Timer Application Example..................

  • Page 11: Table Of Contents

    10.4 Usage Notes........................296 10.4.1 Operation of TPC Output Pins ................296 10.4.2 Note on Non-Overlapping Output................. 296 Section 11 Watchdog Timer ....................299 11.1 Overview ..........................299 11.1.1 Features ......................... 299 11.1.2 Block Diagram ...................... 300 11.1.3 Pin Configuration ....................300 11.1.4 Register Configuration ..................

  • Page 12: Table Of Contents

    12.4 SCI Interrupts ........................365 12.5 Usage Notes........................366 12.5.1 Notes on Use of SCI....................366 Section 13 Smart Card Interface ..................371 13.1 Overview ..........................371 13.1.1 Features ......................... 371 13.1.2 Block Diagram ...................... 372 13.1.3 Pin Configuration ....................372 13.1.4 Register Configuration ..................

  • Page 13: Table Of Contents

    Section 15 D/A Converter ....................417 15.1 Overview ..........................417 15.1.1 Features ......................... 417 15.1.2 Block Diagram ...................... 418 15.1.3 Pin Configuration ....................419 15.1.4 Register Configuration ..................419 15.2 Register Descriptions......................420 15.2.1 D/A Data Registers 0 and 1 (DADR0, DADR1) ..........420 15.2.2 D/A Control Register (DACR)................

  • Page 14: Table Of Contents

    18.4.1 Transition to Software Standby Mode ..............444 18.4.2 Exit from Software Standby Mode................ 445 18.4.3 Selection of Waiting Time for Exit from Software Standby Mode ...... 445 18.4.4 Sample Application of Software Standby Mode........... 447 18.4.5 Note ........................447 18.5 Hardware Standby Mode....................

  • Page 15: Table Of Contents

    Appendix G Package Dimensions ..................619 Appendix H Comparison of H8/300H Series Product Specifications ....622 Differences between H8/3067 and H8/3062 Series, H8/3048 Series, H8/3006 and H8/3007, and H8/3008.................. 622 Comparison of Pin Functions of 100-Pin Package Products (FP-100B, TFP-100B)..625...

  • Page 16: Section 1 Overview

    Section 1 Overview Overview The H8/3008 is a microcontroller (MCU) that integrates system supporting functions together with an H8/300H CPU core having an original Hitachi architecture. The H8/300H CPU has a 32-bit internal architecture with sixteen 16-bit general registers, and a concise, optimized instruction set designed for speed.

  • Page 18

    Signed and unsigned divide instructions (16 bits ÷ 8 bits, 32 bits ÷ 16 bits) • Bit accumulator function Bit manipulation instructions with register-indirect specification of bit positions Memory H8/3008 • RAM: 4 kbytes • Interrupt Seven external interrupt pins: NMI, IRQ...

  • Page 19

    Feature Description • 16-bit timer, Three 16-bit timer channels, capable of processing up to six pulse outputs or 3 channels six pulse inputs • 16-bit timer counter (channels 0 to 2) • Two multiplexed output compare/input capture pins (channels 0 to 2) •...

  • Page 20

    Programmable system clock frequency division • Other features On-chip clock pulse generator Product lineup Package Product Type Model (Hitachi Package Code) H8/3008 5 V operation HD6413008F 100-pin QFP (FP-100B) HD6413008TE 100-pin TQFP (TFP-100B) HD6413008FP 100-pin QFP (FP-100A) 3 V operation HD6413008VF...

  • Page 21: Block Diagram

    Block Diagram Figure 1.1 shows an internal block diagram. Port 3 Port 4 Address bus Data bus (upper) Data bus (lower) EXTAL XTAL STBY H8/300H CPU RESO φ/P6 Interrupt controller BACK/P6 BREQ/P6 WAIT/P6 Watchdog timer ADTRG/CS (WDT) /IRQ /IRQ 16-bit timer unit /IRQ Serial communication interface...

  • Page 22: Pin Description

    1.3.1 Pin Arrangement The pin arrangement of the H8/3008 is shown in figures 1.2 and 1.3. Differences in the H8/3008 pin arrangements are shown in table 1.2. Except for the differences shown in table 1.2, the pin arrangements are the same.

  • Page 23

    Note: * V pin in 5 V operation models, V pin in 3 V operation models. 0.1 µF An external capacitor must be connected to the V pin. Figure 1.2 Pin Arrangement of H8/3008 (FP-100B or TFP-100B Package, Top View)

  • Page 24

    /TIOCA /TIOCB 0.1 µF Note: * V pin in 5 V operation models, V pin in 3 V operation models. An external capacitor must be connected to the V pin. Figure 1.3 Pin Arrangement of H8/3008 (FP-100A Package, Top View)

  • Page 25: Pin Functions

    1.3.2 Pin Functions Table 1.3 summarizes the pin functions. The 5 V operation models have a V pin, and require the connection of an external capacitor. Table 1.3 Pin Functions Pin No. FP-100B Type Symbol TFP-100B FP-100A I/O Name and Function Power 1, 35, 3, 37,...

  • Page 26

    Pin No. FP-100B Type Symbol TFP-100B FP-100A I/O Name and Function System Input Reset input: When driven low, this pin resets control the chip. This pin must be driven low at power- RESO Output Reset output: Outputs the reset signal generated by the watchdog timer to external devices STBY...

  • Page 27

    Pin No. FP-100B Type Symbol TFP-100B FP-100A I/O Name and Function 16-bit TCLKD to 96 to 93 98 to95 Input Clock input D to A: External clock inputs timer TCLKA TIOCA 99, 97, 95 1, 99, 97 Input/ Input capture/output compare A2 to A0: TIOCA output GRA2 to GRA0 output compare or input...

  • Page 28

    Pin No. FP-100B Type Symbol TFP-100B FP-100A I/O Name and Function Analog Input Ground pin for the A/D and D/A converters. power Connect to system ground (0 V). supply Input Reference voltage input pin for the A/D and D/A converters. Connect to the system power supply when not using the A/D and D/A converters.

  • Page 29: Pin Assignments In Each Mode

    1.3.3 Pin Assignments in Each Mode Table 1.4 lists the pin assignments in each mode. Table 1.4 Pin Assignments in Each Mode (FP-100B, TFP-100B, or FP-100A) Pin No. Pin Name FP-100B TFP-100B FP-100A Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 TMIO TMIO TMIO...

  • Page 30

    Pin No. Pin Name FP-100B TFP-100B FP-100A Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 /WAIT /WAIT /WAIT /WAIT...

  • Page 31

    Pin No. Pin Name FP-100B TFP-100B FP-100A Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 /BREQ /BREQ /BREQ /BREQ /BACK /BACK /BACK /BACK φ φ φ φ STBY STBY STBY STBY EXTAL EXTAL EXTAL EXTAL XTAL XTAL XTAL XTAL /IRQ /IRQ /IRQ /IRQ...

  • Page 32

    Pin No. Pin Name FP-100B TFP-100B FP-100A Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 /IRQ /IRQ /IRQ /IRQ /ADTRG /ADTRG /ADTRG /ADTRG TCLKA TCLKA TCLKA TCLKA TCLKB TCLKB /TCLKB TCLKB TIOCA TIOCA TIOCA TIOCA TCLKC TCLKC TCLKC TCLKC TIOCB TIOCB TIOCB TIOCB...

  • Page 33: Section 2 Cpu

    Section 2 CPU Overview The H8/300H CPU is a high-speed central processing unit with an internal 32-bit architecture that is upward-compatible with the H8/300 CPU. The H8/300H CPU has sixteen 16-bit general registers, can address a 16-Mbyte linear address space, and is ideal for realtime control. 2.1.1 Features The H8/300H CPU has the following features.

  • Page 34: Differences From H8/300 Cpu

    • Two CPU operating modes  Normal mode  Advanced mode • Low-power mode Transition to power-down state by SLEEP instruction 2.1.2 Differences from H8/300 CPU In comparison to the H8/300 CPU, the H8/300H has the following enhancements. • More general registers Eight 16-bit registers have been added.

  • Page 35: Address Space

    Address Space Figure 2.2 shows a simple memory map for the H8/3008. The H8/300H CPU can address a linear address space with a maximum size of 64 kbytes in normal mode, and 16 Mbytes in advanced mode. For further details see section 3.6, Memory Map in Each Operating Mode.

  • Page 36: Register Configuration

    Register Configuration 2.4.1 Overview The H8/300H CPU has the internal registers shown in figure 2.3. There are two types of registers: general registers and control registers. General Registers (ERn) (SP) Control Registers (CR) 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 I UI H U N Z V C Legend: Stack pointer...

  • Page 37: General Registers

    2.4.2 General Registers The H8/300H CPU has eight 32-bit general registers. These general registers are all functionally alike and can be used without distinction between data registers and address registers. When a general register is used as a data register, it can be accessed as a 32-bit, 16-bit, or 8-bit register. When the general registers are used as 32-bit registers or as address registers, they are designated by the letters ER (ER0 to ER7).

  • Page 38: Control Registers

    Free area SP (ER7) Stack area Figure 2.5 Stack 2.4.3 Control Registers The control registers are the 24-bit program counter (PC) and the 8-bit condition code register (CCR). Program Counter (PC): This 24-bit counter indicates the address of the next instruction the CPU will execute.

  • Page 39: Initial Cpu Register Values

    Bit 1—Overflow Flag (V): Set to 1 when an arithmetic overflow occurs, and cleared to 0 at other times. Bit 0—Carry Flag (C): Set to 1 when a carry is generated by execution of an operation, and cleared to 0 otherwise. Used by: •...

  • Page 40: Data Formats

    Data Formats The H8/300H CPU can process 1-bit, 4-bit (BCD), 8-bit (byte), 16-bit (word), and 32-bit (longword) data. Bit-manipulation instructions operate on 1-bit data by accessing bit n (n = 0, 1, 2, …, 7) of byte operand data. The DAA and DAS decimal-adjust instructions treat byte data as two digits of 4-bit BCD data.

  • Page 41: Memory Data Formats

    General Data Type Register Data Format Word data Word data Longword data Legend: ERn: General register General register E General register R MSB: Most significant bit LSB: Least significant bit Figure 2.7 General Register Data Formats 2.5.2 Memory Data Formats Figure 2.8 shows the data formats on memory.

  • Page 42

    Data Type Address Data Format 1-bit data Address L Byte data Address L Word data Address 2M Address 2M + 1 Address 2N Longword data Address 2N + 1 Address 2N + 2 Address 2N + 3 Figure 2.8 Memory Data Formats When ER7 (SP) is used as an address register to access the stack, the operand size should be word size or longword size.

  • Page 43: Instruction Set

    Notes: 1. POP.W Rn is identical to MOV.W @SP+, Rn. PUSH.W Rn is identical to MOV.W Rn, @–SP. POP.L ERn is identical to MOV.L @SP+, Rn. PUSH.L ERn is identical to MOV.L Rn, @–SP. 2. Not available in the H8/3008. 3. Bcc is a generic branching instruction.

  • Page 44: Instructions And Addressing Modes

    2.6.2 Instructions and Addressing Modes Table 2.2 indicates the instructions available in the H8/300H CPU. Table 2.2 Instructions and Addressing Modes Addressing Modes (d:16, (d:24, @ERn+/ (d:8, (d:16, Function Instruction @ERn ERn) ERn) @–ERn aa:8 aa:16 aa:24 aa:8 — Data —...

  • Page 45: Tables Of Instructions Classified By Function

    2.6.3 Tables of Instructions Classified by Function Tables 2.3 to 2.10 summarize the instructions in each functional category. The operation notation used in these tables is defined next. Operation Notation General register (destination)* General register (source)* General register* General register (32-bit register or address register)* (EAd) Destination operand (EAs)

  • Page 46

    Moves data between two general registers or between a general register and memory, or moves immediate data to a general register. (EAs) → Rd MOVFPE Cannot be used in the H8/3008. Rs → (EAs) MOVTPE Cannot be used in the H8/3008.

  • Page 47

    Table 2.4 Arithmetic Operation Instructions Instruction Size* Function Rd ± Rs → Rd, Rd ± #IMM → Rd ADD,SUB B/W/L Performs addition or subtraction on data in two general registers, or on immediate data and data in a general register. (Immediate byte data cannot be subtracted from data in a general register.

  • Page 48

    Instruction Size* Function Rd ÷ Rs → Rd DIVXU Performs unsigned division on data in two general registers: either 16 bits ÷ 8 bits → 8-bit quotient and 8-bit remainder or 32 bits ÷ 16 bits → 16-bit quotient and 16-bit remainder Rd ÷...

  • Page 49

    Table 2.5 Logic Operation Instructions Instruction Size* Function Rd ∧ Rs → Rd, Rd ∧ #IMM → Rd B/W/L Performs a logical AND operation on a general register and another general register or immediate data. Rd ∨ Rs → Rd, Rd ∨ #IMM → Rd B/W/L Performs a logical OR operation on a general register and another general register or immediate data.

  • Page 50

    Table 2.7 Bit Manipulation Instructions Instruction Size* Function 1 → (<bit-No.> of <EAd>) BSET Sets a specified bit in a general register or memory operand to 1. The bit number is specified by 3-bit immediate data or the lower 3 bits of a general register.

  • Page 51

    Instruction Size* Function C ∨ (<bit-No.> of <EAd>) → C ORs the carry flag with a specified bit in a general register or memory operand and stores the result in the carry flag. The bit number is specified by 3-bit immediate data. C ∨...

  • Page 52

    Table 2.8 Branching Instructions Instruction Size Function — Branches to a specified address if address specified condition is met. The branching conditions are listed below. Mnemonic Description Condition BRA (BT) Always (true) Always BRN (BF) Never (false) Never C ∨ Z = 0 High C ∨...

  • Page 53

    Table 2.9 System Control Instructions Instruction Size* Function TRAPA — Starts trap-instruction exception handling — Returns from an exception-handling routine SLEEP — Causes a transition to the power-down state (EAs) → CCR Moves the source operand contents to the condition code register. The condition code register size is one byte, but in transfer from memory, data is read by word access.

  • Page 54: Basic Instruction Formats

    Table 2.10 Block Transfer Instruction Instruction Size Function if R4L ≠ 0 then EEPMOV.B — @ER5+ → @ER6+, R4L – 1 → R4L repeat until R4L = 0 else next; if R4 ≠ 0 then EEPMOV.W — @ER5+ → @ER6+, R4 – 1 → R4 repeat until R4 = 0...

  • Page 55: Notes On Use Of Bit Manipulation Instructions

    Operation field only NOP, RTS, etc. Operation field and register fields ADD.B Rn, Rm, etc. Operation field, register fields, and effective address extension MOV.B @(d:16, Rn), Rm EA (disp) Operation field, effective address extension, and condition field EA (disp) BRA d:8 Figure 2.9 Instruction Formats 2.6.5 Notes on Use of Bit Manipulation Instructions...

  • Page 56

    Before Execution of BCLR Instruction Input/output Input Input Output Output Output Output Output Output Execution of BCLR Instruction BCLR #0, P4DDR Execute BCLR instruction on DDR After Execution of BCLR Instruction Input/output Output Output Output Output Output Output Output Input Explanation: To execute the BCLR instruction, the CPU begins by reading P4DDR.

  • Page 57: Addressing Modes And Effective Address Calculation

    Addressing Modes and Effective Address Calculation 2.7.1 Addressing Modes The H8/300H CPU supports the eight addressing modes listed in table 2.11. Each instruction uses a subset of these addressing modes. Arithmetic and logic instructions can use the register direct and immediate modes. Data transfer instructions can use all addressing modes except program- counter relative and memory indirect.

  • Page 58

    4 Register Indirect with Post-Increment or Pre-Decrement—@ERn+ or @–ERn: • Register indirect with post-increment—@ERn+ The register field of the instruction code specifies an address register (ERn) the lower 24 bits of which contain the address of a memory operand. After the operand is accessed, 1, 2, or 4 is added to the address register contents (32 bits) and the sum is stored in the address register.

  • Page 59: Effective Address Calculation

    extended to 24 bits and added to the 24-bit PC contents to generate a 24-bit branch address. The PC value to which the displacement is added is the address of the first byte of the next instruction, so the possible branching range is –126 to +128 bytes (–63 to +64 words) or –32766 to +32768 bytes (–16383 to +16384 words) from the branch instruction.

  • Page 60

    Table 2.13 Effective Address Calculation...

  • Page 63: Processing States

    Processing States 2.8.1 Overview The H8/300H CPU has five processing states: the program execution state, exception-handling state, power-down state, reset state, and bus-released state. The power-down state includes sleep mode, software standby mode, and hardware standby mode. Figure 2.11 classifies the processing states.

  • Page 64: Exception-handling State

    2.8.3 Exception-Handling State The exception-handling state is a transient state that occurs when the CPU alters the normal program flow due to a reset, interrupt, or trap instruction. The CPU fetches a starting address from the exception vector table and branches to that address. In interrupt and trap exception handling the CPU references the stack pointer (ER7) and saves the program counter and condition code register.

  • Page 65: Exception Handling Operation

    Bus request End of bus release Program execution state End of bus SLEEP release instruction with SSBY = 0 request Exception handling source Bus-released state Sleep mode End of SLEEP instruction Interrupt source exception with SSBY = 1 handling NMI, IRQ , IRQ , or IRQ interrupt Exception-handling state Software standby mode...

  • Page 66: Bus-released State

    Figure 2.14 shows the stack after the exception-handling sequence. SP–4 SP (ER7) SP–3 SP+1 SP–2 SP+2 SP–1 SP+3 Stack area SP (ER7) SP+4 Even address Before exception After exception Pushed on stack handling starts handling ends Legend: CCR: Condition code register Stack pointer Notes: 1.

  • Page 67: Power-down State

    Figure 2.15 shows the on-chip memory access cycle. Figure 2.16 indicates the pin states. The H8/3008 has a function for changing the method of outputting addresses from the address pins. For details see section 6.3.5, Address Output Method.

  • Page 68: On-chip Supporting Module Access Timing

    Bus cycle T state T state φ Internal address bus Address Internal read signal Internal data bus Read data (read access) Internal write signal Internal data bus Write data (write access) Figure 2.15 On-Chip Memory Access Cycle φ Address bus Address RD HWR LWR High...

  • Page 69: Access To External Address Space

    Bus cycle T state T state T state φ Address Address bus Internal read signal Read access Internal data bus Read data Internal write signal Write access Internal data bus Write data Figure 2.17 Access Cycle for On-Chip Supporting Modules φ...

  • Page 71: Section 3 Mcu Operating Modes

    Operating Mode Selection The H8/3008 has four operating modes (modes 1 to 4) that are selected by the mode pins (MD ) as indicated in table 3.1. The input at these pins determines the size of the address space and the initial bus mode.

  • Page 72

    1 Mbyte. Modes 3 and 4 support a maximum address space of 16 Mbytes. The H8/3008 can be used only in modes 1 to 4. The inputs at the mode pins must select one of these four modes. The inputs at the mode pins must not be changed during operation. Set the reset state before changing the inputs at these pins.

  • Page 73: System Control Register (syscr)

    MDS0 are read-only bits. The mode pin (MD to MD ) levels are latched into these bits when MDCR is read. System Control Register (SYSCR) SYSCR is an 8-bit register that controls the operation of the H8/3008. SSBY STS2 STS1 STS0...

  • Page 74

    Bits 6 to 4—Standby Timer Select 2 to 0 (STS2 to STS0): These bits select the length of time the CPU and on-chip supporting modules wait for the internal clock oscillator to settle when software standby mode is exited by an external interrupt. When using a crystal oscillator, set these bits so that the waiting time will be at least 7 ms at the system clock rate.

  • Page 75: Operating Mode Descriptions

    Bit 1—Software Standby Output Port Enable (SSOE): Specifies whether the address bus and to CS , AS, RD, HWR , LWR ) are kept as outputs or fixed high, or bus control signals (CS placed in the high-impedance state in software standby mode. Bit 1 SSOE Description...

  • Page 76: Mode 4

    3.4.5 Modes 5 to 7 These modes cannot be used in the H8/3008. Pin settings must not be made for these modes. Pin Functions in Each Operating Mode The pin functions of ports 1 to 5 and port A vary depending on the operating mode. Table 3.3 indicates their functions in each operating mode.

  • Page 77: Memory Map In Each Operating Mode

    Memory Map in Each Operating Mode Figures 3.1 and 3.2 show memory maps of the H8/3008. In the expanded modes, the address space is divided into eight areas. The initial bus mode differs between modes 1 and 2, and also between modes 3 and 4.

  • Page 78

    H'FFFFF H'FF8000 H'FFEF1F H'FFEF20 On-chip RAM* H'FFFF00 H'FFFF1F H'FFFF20 Internal I/O registers (2) H'FFFFE9 H'FFFFEA External address space H'FFFFFF Note: * External addresses can be accessed by disabling on-chip RAM. Figure 3.1 Memory Map of H8/3008 in Each Operating Mode...

  • Page 79: Section 4 Exception Handling

    Section 4 Exception Handling Overview 4.1.1 Exception Handling Types and Priority As table 4.1 indicates, exception handling may be caused by a reset, interrupt, or trap instruction. Exception handling is prioritized as shown in table 4.1. If two or more exceptions occur simultaneously, they are accepted and processed in priority order.

  • Page 80: Exception Vector Table

    4.1.3 Exception Vector Table The exception sources are classified as shown in figure 4.1. Different vectors are assigned to different exception sources. Table 4.2 lists the exception sources and their vector addresses. • Reset External interrupts: NMI, IRQ to IRQ Exception •...

  • Page 81

    Table 4.2 Exception Vector Table Vector Address* Exception Source Vector Number Advanced Mode Normal Mode Reset H'0000 to H'0003 H'0000 to H'0001 Reserved for system use H'0004 to H'0007 H'0002 to H'0003 H'0008 to H'000B H'0004 to H'0005 H'000C to H'000F H'0006 to H'0007 H'0010 to H'0013 H'0008 to H'0009...

  • Page 82: Reset

    Reset 4.2.1 Overview A reset is the highest-priority exception. When the RES pin goes low, all processing halts and the chip enters the reset state. A reset initializes the internal state of the CPU and the registers of the on-chip supporting modules. Reset exception handling begins when the RES pin changes from low to high.

  • Page 83

    Figure 4.2 Reset Sequence (Modes 1 and 3)

  • Page 84: Interrupts After Reset

    Internal Vector fetch processing Prefetch of first program instruction φ Address bus High to D (1), (3) Address of reset exception handling vector: (1) = H'000000, (3) = H'000002 (2), (4) Start address (contents of reset exception handling vector address) Start address First instruction of program Note: After a reset, the wait-state controller inserts three wait states in every bus cycle.

  • Page 85: Interrupts

    Interrupts Interrupt exception handling can be requested by seven external sources (NMI, IRQ to IRQ ), and 27 internal sources in the on-chip supporting modules. Figure 4.4 classifies the interrupt sources and indicates the number of interrupts of each type. The on-chip supporting modules that can request interrupts are the watchdog timer (WDT), 16-bit timer, 8-bit timer, serial communication interface (SCI), and A/D converter.

  • Page 86: Stack Status After Exception Handling

    Stack Status after Exception Handling Figure 4.5 shows the stack after completion of trap instruction exception handling and interrupt exception handling. → SP–4 SP (ER7) SP–3 SP+1 SP–2 SP+2 SP–1 SP+3 SP (ER7) → Stack area SP+4 Even address Before exception handling After exception handling Pushed on stack a.

  • Page 87: Notes On Stack Usage

    Notes on Stack Usage When accessing word data or longword data, the H8/3008 regards the lowest address bit as 0. The stack should always be accessed by word access or longword access, and the value of the stack pointer (SP:ER7) should always be kept even.

  • Page 88

    H'FFFEFA H'FFFEFB H'FFFEFC H'FFFEFD H'FFFEFE H'FFFEFF TRAPA instruction executed MOV. B R1L, @-ER7 SP set to H'FFFEFF Data saved above SP CCR contents lost Legend CCR: Condition code register Program counter R1L: General register R1L Stack pointer Note: The diagram illustrates modes 3 and 4. Figure 4.6 Operation when SP Value is Odd...

  • Page 89: Section 5 Interrupt Controller

    Section 5 Interrupt Controller Overview 5.1.1 Features The interrupt controller has the following features: • Interrupt priority registers (IPRs) for setting interrupt priorities Interrupts other than NMI can be assigned to two priority levels on a module-by-module basis in interrupt priority registers A and B (IPRA and IPRB). •...

  • Page 90

    5.1.2 Block Diagram Figure 5.1 shows a block diagram of the interrupt controller. ISCR IPRA, IPRB input IRQ input IRQ input section ISR Interrupt request Priority decision logic Vector number TEIE Interrupt controller SYSCR Legend: ISCR: IRQ sense control register IER: IRQ enable register ISR:...

  • Page 91: Pin Configuration

    5.1.3 Pin Configuration Table 5.1 lists the interrupt pins. Table 5.1 Interrupt Pins Name Abbreviation I/O Function Nonmaskable interrupt Input Nonmaskable interrupt, rising edge or falling edge selectable to IRQ External interrupt request 5 to 0 Input Maskable interrupts, falling edge or level sensing selectable 5.1.4 Register Configuration...

  • Page 92: Interrupt Priority Registers A And B (ipra, Iprb)

    SYSCR is initialized to H'09 by a reset and in hardware standby mode. It is not initialized in software standby mode. SSBY STS2 STS1 STS0 NMIEG SSOE RAME Initial value Read/Write RAM enable Software standby output port enable NMI edge select Standby timer Selects the NMI input edge select 2 to 0...

  • Page 93

    Interrupt Priority Register A (IPRA): IPRA is an 8-bit readable/writable register in which interrupt priority levels can be set. IPRA7 IPRA6 IPRA5 IPRA4 IPRA3 IPRA2 IPRA1 IPRA0 Initial value Read/Write Priority level A0 Selects the priority level of 16-bit timer channel 2 interrupt requests...

  • Page 94

    Bit 7—Priority Level A7 (IPRA7): Selects the priority level of IRQ interrupt requests. Bit 7 IPRA7 Description interrupt requests have priority level 0 (low priority) (Initial value) interrupt requests have priority level 1 (high priority) Bit 6—Priority Level A6 (IPRA6): Selects the priority level of IRQ interrupt requests.

  • Page 95

    Bit 2—Priority Level A2 (IPRA2): Selects the priority level of 16-bit timer channel 0 interrupt requests. Bit 2 IPRA2 Description 16-bit timer channel 0 interrupt requests have priority level 0 (low priority) (Initial value) 16-bit timer channel 0 interrupt requests have priority level 1 (high priority) Bit 1—Priority Level A1 (IPRA1): Selects the priority level of 16-bit timer channel 1 interrupt requests.

  • Page 96

    Interrupt Priority Register B (IPRB): IPRB is an 8-bit readable/writable register in which interrupt priority levels can be set. IPRB7 IPRB6 — — IPRB3 IPRB2 — — Initial value Read/Write Reserved bit Priority level B2 Selects the priority level of SCI channel 1 interrupt requests Priority level B3 Selects the priority level of SCI...

  • Page 97: Irq Status Register (isr)

    Bit 6—Priority Level B6 (IPRB6): Selects the priority level of 8-bit timer channel 2, 3 interrupt requests. Bit 6 IPRB6 Description 8-bit timer channel 2 and 3 interrupt requests have priority level 0 (low priority) (Initial value) 8-bit timer channel 2 and 3 interrupt requests have priority level 1 (high priority) Bits 5 and 4—Reserved: These bits can be written and read, but they do not affect interrupt priority.

  • Page 98: Irq Enable Register (ier)

    — — IRQ5F IRQ4F IRQ3F IRQ2F IRQ1F IRQ0F Initial value Read/Write — — R/(W) * R/(W) * R/(W) * R/(W) * R/(W) * R/(W) * Reserved bits IRQ to IRQ flags These bits indicate IRQ to IRQ flag interrupt request status Note: Only 0 can be written, to clear flags.

  • Page 99: Irq Sense Control Register (iscr)

    Bits 7 and 6—Reserved: These bits can be written and read, but they do not enable or disable interrupts. Bits 5 to 0—IRQ to IRQ Enable (IRQ5E to IRQ0E): These bits enable or disable to IRQ interrupts. Bits 5 to 0 IRQ5E to IRQ0E Description to IRQ interrupts are disabled...

  • Page 100: Interrupt Sources

    Interrupt Sources The interrupt sources include external interrupts (NMI, IRQ to IRQ ) and 27 internal interrupts. 5.3.1 External Interrupts There are seven external interrupts: NMI, and IRQ to IRQ . Of these, NMI, IRQ , IRQ , and can be used to exit software standby mode. NMI: NMI is the highest-priority interrupt and is always accepted, regardless of the states of the I and UI bits in CCR.

  • Page 101: Internal Interrupts

    Figure 5.3 shows the timing of the setting of the interrupt flags (IRQnF). φ IRQn input pin IRQnF Note: n = 5 to 0 Figure 5.3 Timing of Setting of IRQnF Interrupts IRQ to IRQ have vector numbers 12 to 17. These interrupts are detected regardless of whether the corresponding pin is set for input or output.

  • Page 102

    Table 5.3 Interrupt Sources, Vector Addresses, and Priority Vector Address* Vector Interrupt Source Origin Number Advanced Mode Normal Mode Priority External H'001C to H'001F H'000E to H'000F — High pins H'0030 to H'0033 H'0018 to H'0019 IPRA7 H'0034 to H0037 H'001A to H'001B IPRA6 H'0038 to H'003B H'001C to H'001D...

  • Page 103

    Vector Address* Vector Interrupt Source Origin Number Advanced Mode Normal Mode Priority IMIA2 16-bit timer H'0080 to H'0083 H'0040 to H'0041 IPRA0 High (compare match/ channel 2 input capture A2) IMIB2 H'0084 to H'0087 H'0042 to H'0043 (compare match/ input capture B2) OVI2 (overflow 2) H'0088 to H'008B H'0044 to H'0045...

  • Page 104

    Vector Address* Vector Interrupt Source Origin Number Advanced Mode Normal Mode Priority ERI0 H'00D0 to H'00D3 H'0068 to H'0069 IPRB3 High (receive error 0) channel 0 RXI0 (receive H'00D4 to H'00D7 H'006A to H'006B data full 0) TXI0 (transmit H'00D8 to H'00DB H'006C to H'006D data empty 0) TEI0...

  • Page 105: Interrupt Operation

    Interrupt Handling Process The H8/3008 handles interrupts differently depending on the setting of the UE bit. When UE = 1, interrupts are controlled by the I bit. When UE = 0, interrupts are controlled by the I and UI bits.

  • Page 106

    Program execution state Interrupt requested? Pending Priority level 1? TEI1 TEI1 I = 0 Save PC and CCR ← Read vector address Branch to interrupt service routine Figure 5.4 Process Up to Interrupt Acceptance when UE = 1...

  • Page 107

    • If an interrupt condition occurs and the corresponding interrupt enable bit is set to 1, an interrupt request is sent to the interrupt controller. • When the interrupt controller receives one or more interrupt requests, it selects the highest- priority request, following the IPR interrupt priority settings, and holds other requests pending.

  • Page 108

    ← All interrupts are Only NMI, IRQ , and ← ← 1, UI unmasked IRQ are unmasked Exception handling, ← ← or I 1, UI ← ← Exception handling, ← or UI All interrupts are masked except NMI Figure 5.5 Interrupt Masking State Transitions (Example) Figure 5.6 is a flowchart showing how interrupts are accepted when UE = 0.

  • Page 109

    Program execution state Interrupt requested? Pending Priority level 1? TEI1 TEI1 I = 0 I = 0 UI = 0 Save PC and CCR ← ← 1, UI Read vector address Branch to interrupt service routine Figure 5.6 Process Up to Interrupt Acceptance when UE = 0...

  • Page 110: Interrupt Exception Handling Sequence

    5.4.2 Interrupt Exception Handling Sequence Figure 5.7 shows the interrupt exception handling sequence in mode 2 when the program code and stack are in an external memory area accessed in two states via a 16-bit bus. Figure 5.7 Interrupt Exception Handling Sequence...

  • Page 111: Interrupt Response Time

    5.4.3 Interrupt Response Time Table 5.5 indicates the interrupt response time from the occurrence of an interrupt request until the first instruction of the interrupt service routine is executed. Table 5.5 Interrupt Response Time External Memory 8-Bit Bus 16-Bit Bus On-Chip Item Memory...

  • Page 112: Usage Notes

    Usage Notes 5.5.1 Contention between Interrupt and Interrupt-Disabling Instruction When an instruction clears an interrupt enable bit to 0 to disable the interrupt, the interrupt is not disabled until after execution of the instruction is completed. If an interrupt occurs while a BCLR, MOV, or other instruction is being executed to clear its interrupt enable bit to 0, at the instant when execution of the instruction ends the interrupt is still enabled, so its interrupt exception handling is carried out.

  • Page 113: Instructions That Inhibit Interrupts

    5.5.2 Instructions that Inhibit Interrupts The LDC, ANDC, ORC, and XORC instructions inhibit interrupts. When an interrupt occurs, after determining the interrupt priority, the interrupt controller requests a CPU interrupt. If the CPU is currently executing one of these interrupt-inhibiting instructions, however, when the instruction is completed the CPU always continues by executing the next instruction.

  • Page 115: Section 6 Bus Controller

    Section 6 Bus Controller Overview The H8/3008 has an on-chip bus controller (BSC) that manages the external address space divided into eight areas. The bus specifications, such as bus width and number of access states, can be set independently for each area, enabling multiple memories to be connected easily.

  • Page 116

    6.1.2 Block Diagram Figure 6.1 shows a block diagram of the bus controller. to CS ABWCR ASTCR Area Internal address bus Internal signals CSCR decoder Chip select ADRCR Bus mode control signal control signals Bus size control signal Access state control signal Bus control Wait request signal circuit...

  • Page 117

    6.1.3 Pin Configuration Table 6.1 summarizes the input/output pins of the bus controller. Table 6.1 Bus Controller Pins Name Abbreviation Function to CS Chip select 0 to 7 Output Strobe signals selecting areas 0 to 7 Address strobe Output Strobe signal indicating valid address output on the address bus Read Output...

  • Page 118

    6.1.4 Register Configuration Table 6.2 summarizes the bus controller’s registers. Table 6.2 Bus Controller Registers Address* Name Abbreviation Initial Value H'EE020 Bus width control register ABWCR H'FF* H'EE021 Access state control register ASTCR H'FF H'EE022 Wait control register H WCRH H'FF H'EE023 Wait control register L...

  • Page 119: Access State Control Register (astcr)

    Bits 7 to 0—Area 7 to 0 Bus Width Control (ABW7 to ABW0): These bits select 8-bit access or 16-bit access for the corresponding areas. Bits 7 to 0 ABW7 to ABW0 Description Areas 7 to 0 are 16-bit access areas Areas 7 to 0 are 8-bit access areas ABWCR specifies the data bus width of external memory areas.

  • Page 120: Wait Control Registers H And L (wcrh, Wcrl)

    6.2.3 Wait Control Registers H and L (WCRH, WCRL) WCRH and WCRL are 8-bit readable/writable registers that select the number of program wait states for each area. On-chip memory and registers are accessed in a fixed number of states that does not depend on WCRH/WCRL settings.

  • Page 121

    Bits 5 and 4—Area 6 Wait Control 1 and 0 (W61, W60): These bits select the number of program wait states when area 6 in external space is accessed while the AST6 bit in ASTCR is set to 1. Bit 5 Bit 4 Description Program wait not inserted when external space area 6 is accessed...

  • Page 122

    WCRL Initial value Read/Write Bits 7 and 6—Area 3 Wait Control 1 and 0 (W31, W30): These bits select the number of program wait states when area 3 in external space is accessed while the AST3 bit in ASTCR is set to 1.

  • Page 123

    Bits 3 and 2—Area 1 Wait Control 1 and 0 (W11, W10): These bits select the number of program wait states when area 1 in external space is accessed while the AST1 bit in ASTCR is set to 1. Bit 3 Bit 2 Description Program wait not inserted when external space area 1 is accessed...

  • Page 124: Bus Release Control Register (brcr)

    6.2.4 Bus Release Control Register (BRCR) BRCR is an 8-bit readable/writable register that enables address output on bus lines A to A enables or disables release of the bus to an external device. A23E A22E A21E A20E — — — BRLE Initial value Modes...

  • Page 125: Bus Control Register (bcr)

    Bit 5—Address 21 Enable (A21E): Enables PA to be used as the A address output pin. Writing 0 in this bit enables A output from PA . In modes other than 3 and 4, this bit cannot be modified and PA has its ordinary port functions.

  • Page 126

    BCR is initialized to H'C6 by a reset and in hardware standby mode. It is not initialized in software standby mode. Bit 7—Idle Cycle Insertion 1 (ICIS1): Selects whether one idle cycle state is to be inserted between bus cycles in case of consecutive external read cycles for different areas. Bit 7 ICIS1 Description...

  • Page 127: Chip Select Control Register (cscr)

    Bit 0—WAIT Pin Enable (WAITE): Enables or disables wait insertion by means of the WAIT pin. Bit 0 WAITE Description WAIT pin wait input is disabled, and the WAIT pin can be used as an input/output port (Initial value) WAIT pin wait input is enabled 6.2.6 Chip Select Control Register (CSCR) CSCR is an 8-bit readable/writable register that enables or disables output of chip select signals...

  • Page 128: Address Control Register (adrcr)

    6.2.7 Address Control Register (ADRCR) ADRCR is an 8-bit readable/writable register that selects either address update mode 1 or address update mode 2 as the address output method. — — — — — — — ADRCTL Initial value Read/Write — —...

  • Page 129: Area Division

    Operation 6.3.1 Area Division The external address space is divided into areas 0 to 7. Each area has a size of 128 kbytes in the 1- Mbyte modes, or 2 Mbytes in the 16-Mbyte modes. Figure 6.2 shows a general view of the memory map.

  • Page 130

    H'000000 Area 0 Area 0 2 Mbytes 2 Mbytes H'1FFFFF H'200000 Area 1 Area 1 2 Mbytes 2 Mbytes H'3FFFFF H'400000 Area 2 2 Mbytes Area 2 H'5FFFFF 8 Mbytes H'600000 Area 3 2 Mbytes H'7FFFFF H'800000 Area 4 2 Mbytes H'9FFFFF H'A00000 Area 5...

  • Page 131: Bus Specifications

    6.3.2 Bus Specifications The external space bus specifications consist of three elements: bus width, number of access states, and number of program wait states. The bus width and number of access states for on-chip memory and internal I/O registers are fixed, and are not affected by the bus controller.

  • Page 132: Memory Interfaces

    6.3.3 Memory Interfaces As its memory interface, the H8/3008 has only a basic bus interface that allows direct connection of ROM, SRAM, and so on. It is not possible to select a DRAM interface that allows direct connection of DRAM, or a burst ROM interface that allows direct connection of burst ROM.

  • Page 133: Address Output Method

    6.3.5 Address Output Method The H8/3008 provides a choice of two address update methods: either the same method as in the previous H8/300H Series (address update mode 1), or a method in which address updating is restricted to external space accesses (address update mode 2).

  • Page 134

    • ADRCR is allocated to address H'FEE01E. In the H8/3062F-ZTAT, the corresponding address is empty space, but it is necessary to confirm that no accesses are made to H'FEE01E in the program. • When address update mode 2 is selected, the address in an internal space (on-chip memory or internal I/O) access cycle is not output externally.

  • Page 135: Basic Bus Interface

    Basic Bus Interface 6.4.1 Overview The basic bus interface enables direct connection of ROM, SRAM, and so on. The bus specifications can be selected with ABWCR, ASTCR, WCRH, and WCRL (see table 6.4). 6.4.2 Data Size and Data Alignment Data sizes for the CPU and other internal bus masters are byte, word, and longword. The bus controller has a data alignment function, and when accessing external space, controls whether the upper data bus (D to D...

  • Page 136: Valid Strobes

    In byte access, whether the upper or lower data bus is used is determined by whether the address is even or odd. The upper data bus is used for an even address, and the lower data bus for an odd address.

  • Page 137: Memory Areas

    The initial state of each area is basic bus interface, three-state access space. The initial bus width is selected according to the operating mode. Areas 0 to 6: In the H8/3008, the entire space of areas 0 to 6 is external space. When area 0 to 6 external space is accessed, the CS to CS pin signals respectively can be output.

  • Page 138: Basic Bus Control Signal Timing

    6.4.5 Basic Bus Control Signal Timing 8-Bit, Three-State-Access Areas: Figure 6.9 shows the timing of bus control signals for an 8-bit, three-state-access area. The upper data bus (D to D ) is used in accesses to these areas. The LWR pin is always high. Wait states can be inserted. Bus cycle φ...

  • Page 139

    8-Bit, Two-State-Access Areas: Figure 6.10 shows the timing of bus control signals for an 8-bit, ) is used in accesses to these areas. The LWR two-state-access area. The upper data bus (D to D pin is always high. Wait states cannot be inserted. Bus cycle φ...

  • Page 140

    16-Bit, Three-State-Access Areas: Figures 6.11 to 6.13 show the timing of bus control signals for a 16-bit, three-state-access area. In these areas, the upper data bus (D to D ) is used in accesses to even addresses and the lower data bus (D to D ) in accesses to odd addresses.

  • Page 141

    Bus cycle φ Address bus Odd external address in area n to D Invalid Read access to D Valid High Write access to D Undetermined data to D Valid Note: n = 7 to 0 Figure 6.12 Bus Control Signal Timing for 16-Bit, Three-State-Access Area (2) (Byte Access to Odd Address)

  • Page 142

    Bus cycle φ Address bus External address in area n Valid to D Read access to D Valid Write access Valid to D to D Valid Note: n = 7 to 0 Figure 6.13 Bus Control Signal Timing for 16-Bit, Three-State-Access Area (3) (Word Access)

  • Page 143

    16-Bit, Two-State-Access Areas: Figures 6.14 to 6.16 show the timing of bus control signals for a 16-bit, two-state-access area. In these areas, the upper data bus (D to D ) is used in accesses to even addresses and the lower data bus (D to D ) in accesses to odd addresses.

  • Page 144

    Bus cycle φ Address bus Odd external address in area n to D Read access Invalid to D Valid High Write access to D Undetermined data to D Valid Note: n = 7 to 0 Figure 6.15 Bus Control Signal Timing for 16-Bit, Two-State-Access Area (2) (Byte Access to Odd Address)

  • Page 145: Wait Control

    (Word Access) 6.4.6 Wait Control When accessing external space, the H8/3008 can extend the bus cycle by inserting wait states (T There are two ways of inserting wait states: program wait insertion and pin wait insertion using the WAIT pin.

  • Page 146

    Pin Wait Insertion: Setting the WAITE bit in BCR to 1 enables wait insertion by means of the WAIT pin. When external space is accessed in this state, a program wait is first inserted. If the WAIT pin is low at the falling edge of φ in the last T or T state, another T state is inserted.

  • Page 147: Idle Cycle

    Idle Cycle 6.5.1 Operation When the H8/3008 chip accesses external space, it can insert a 1-state idle cycle (T ) between bus cycles in the following cases: when read accesses between different areas occur consecutively, and when a write cycle occurs immediately after a read cycle. By inserting an idle cycle it is possible, for example, to avoid data collisions between ROM, which has a long output floating time, and high-speed memory, I/O interfaces, and so on.

  • Page 148

    Bus cycle A Bus cycle B Bus cycle A Bus cycle B φ φ Address bus Address bus Data bus Data bus Data collision Long buffer-off time (a) Idle cycle not inserted (b) Idle cycle inserted Figure 6.19 Example of Idle Cycle Operation (ICIS0 = 1) Usage Note: When non-insertion of an idle cycle is specified, the rise (negation) of RD and fall (assertion) of CS may occur simultaneously.

  • Page 149: Pin States In Idle Cycle

    6.5.2 Pin States in Idle Cycle Table 6.5 shows the pin states in an idle cycle. Table 6.5 Pin States in Idle Cycle Pins Pin State to A Next cycle address value to D High impedance High High High High High Bus Arbiter The bus controller has a built-in bus arbiter that arbitrates between different bus masters.

  • Page 150: Operation

    BREQ signal goes high. While the bus is released to an external bus master, the H8/3008 chip holds the address bus, data bus, bus control signals (AS, RD, HWR, and LWR), and chip select signals (CSn: n = 7 to 0) in the high-impedance state, and holds the BACK pin in the low output state.

  • Page 151

    CPU cycles External bus released CPU cycles φ High-impedance Address Address bus High-impedance Data bus High-impedance High-impedance High High-impedance HWR, LWR BREQ BACK Minimum 3 cycles Figure 6.21 Example of External Bus Master Operation When making a transition to software standby mode, if there is contention with a bus request from an external bus master, the BACK and strobe states may be indefinite when the transition is made.

  • Page 152: Register And Pin Input Timing

    Register and Pin Input Timing 6.7.1 Register Write Timing ABWCR, ASTCR, WCRH, and WCRL Write Timing: Data written to ABWCR, ASTCR, WCRH, and WCRL takes effect starting from the next bus cycle. Figure 6.22 shows the timing when an instruction fetched from area 0 changes area 0 from three-state access to two-state access. φ...

  • Page 153: Breq Pin Input Timing

    φ Address bus BRCR address to PA to A High-impedance Figure 6.24 BRCR Write Timing BREQ Pin Input Timing 6.7.2 After driving the BREQ pin low, hold it low until BACK goes low. If BREQ returns to the high level before BACK goes lows, the bus arbiter may operate incorrectly. To terminate the external-bus-released state, hold the BREQ signal high for at least three states.

  • Page 155: Section 7 I/o Ports

    Section 7 I/O Ports Overview The H8/3008 has six input/output ports (ports 4, 6, 8, 9, A, and B) and one input-only port (port 7). Table 7.1 summarizes the port functions. The pins in each port are multiplexed as shown in table 7.1.

  • Page 156

    Expanded Modes Port Description Pins Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Port 8 • 5-bit I/O port DDR = 0: generic input DDR = 1 (reset value): CS output • P8 input, CS to P8 have /IRQ output, external trigger input (ADTRG) to A/D ADTRG schmitt inputs converter, and generic input...

  • Page 157

    Expanded Modes Port Description Pins Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Port B • 8-bit I/O port TPC output (TP to TP ) and generic input/output /TMIO TPC output (TP to TP ), 8-bit timer input and output (TMIO ), CS to CS , TMIO...

  • Page 158: Port

    7.1. The pin functions differ depending on the operating mode. In the H8/3008, when the bus width control register (ABWCR) designates areas 0 to 7 all as 8-bit- access areas, the chip operates in 8-bit bus mode and port 4 is a generic input/output port. When at least one of areas 0 to 7 is designated as a 16-bit-access area, the chip operates in 16-bit bus mode and port 4 becomes part of the data bus.

  • Page 159: Register Descriptions

    7.2.2 Register Descriptions Table 7.2 summarizes the registers of port 4. Table 7.2 Port 4 Registers Address* Name Abbreviation Initial Value H'EE003 Port 4 data direction register P4DDR H'00 H'FFFD3 Port 4 data register P4DR H'00 H'EE03E Port 4 input pull-up MOS control P4PCR H'00 register...

  • Page 160

    in P4DDR is set to 1, if port 4 is read the value of the corresponding P4DR bit is returned. When a bit in P4DDR is cleared to 0, if port 4 is read the corresponding pin logic level is read. Initial value Read/Write Port 4 data 7 to 0...

  • Page 161

    Port 6 7.3.1 Overview Port 6 is an 8-bit input/output port that is also used for input and output of bus control signals (LWR, HWR, RD, AS, BACK, BREQ, WAIT) and for clock (φ) output. The port 6 pin configuration is shown in figure 7.2. See table 7.4 for the selection of the pin functions.

  • Page 162

    Bit 7 is reserved. It is fixed at 1, and cannot be modified. — P6 DDR P6 DDR P6 DDR P6 DDR P6 DDR P6 DDR P6 DDR Initial value Read/Write — Reserved bit Port 6 data direction 6 to 0 These bits select input or output for port 6 pins •...

  • Page 163

    Table 7.5 Port 6 Pin Functions in Modes 1 to 4 Pin Functions and Selection Method /φ Bit PSTOP in MSTCRH selects the pin function. PSTOP φ output Pin function input Functions as LWR regardless of the setting of bit P6 LWR output Pin function Functions as HWR regardless of the setting of bit P6...

  • Page 164

    Port 7 7.4.1 Overview Port 7 is an 8-bit input port that is also used for analog input to the A/D converter and analog output from the D/A converter. The pin functions are the same in all operating modes. Figure 7.3 shows the pin configuration of port 7.

  • Page 165

    CS output, IRQ to IRQ input, and A/D converter ADTRG input. Figure 7.4 shows the pin configuration of port 8. In the H8/3008, port 8 can provide CS to CS output, IRQ to IRQ input, and ADTRG input. See table 7.8 for the selection of pin functions in expanded modes.

  • Page 166

    CS output, while CS to CS In the H8/3008, following a reset P8 are input ports. P8DDR is a write-only register. Its value cannot be read. All bits return 1 when read. P8DDR is initialized to H'F0 by a reset and in hardware standby mode. In software standby mode P8DDR retains its previous setting.

  • Page 167

    Bits 7 to 5 are reserved. They are fixed at 1, and cannot be modified. — — — Initial value Read/Write — — — Reserved bits Port 8 data 4 to 0 These bits store data for port 8 pins P8DR is initialized to H'E0 by a reset and in hardware standby mode.

  • Page 168

    Table 7.8 Port 8 Pin Functions in Modes 1 to 4 Pin Functions and Selection Method Bit P8 DDR selects the pin function as follows. Pin function input output /IRQ Bit P8 DDR selects the pin function as follows ADTRG Pin function input output...

  • Page 169

    Port 9 7.6.1 Overview Port 9 is a 6-bit input/output port that is also used for input and output (TxD , TxD , RxD , RxD ) by serial communication interface channels 0 and 1 (SCI0 and SCI1), and for IRQ , SCK and IRQ input.

  • Page 170

    Port 9 Data Direction Register (P9DDR): P9DDR is an 8-bit write-only register that can select input or output for each pin in port 9. Bits 7 and 6 are reserved. They are fixed at 1, and cannot be modified. — —...

  • Page 171

    Table 7.10 Port 9 Pin Functions Pin Functions and Selection Method /SCK /IRQ Bit C/A in SMR of SCI1, bits CKE0 and CKE1 in SCR, and bit P9 select the pin function as follows. CKE1 — CKE0 — — — —...

  • Page 172: Overview

    Pin Functions and Selection Method /TxD Bit TE in SCR of SCI1, bit SMIF in SCMR, and bit P9 DDR select the pin function as follows. SMIF — — — Pin function input output output TxD output* Note: * Functions as the TxD output pin, but there are two states: one in which the pin is driven, and another in which the pin is at high- impedance.

  • Page 173

    Port A pins Pin functions in modes 1 and 2 PA (input/output)/TP (output)/TIOCB (input/output) PA /TP /TIOCB /A PA /TP /TIOCA /A PA (input/output)/TP (output)/TIOCA (input/output) PA (input/output)/TP (output)/TIOCB (input/output) PA /TP /TIOCB /A PA /TP /TIOCA /A PA (input/output)/TP (output)/TIOCA (input/output) Port A PA /TP /TIOCB /TCLKD PA (input/output)/TP (output)/TIOCB (input/output)/TCLKD (input)

  • Page 174

    PA DDR PA DDR PA DDR PA DDR PA DDR PA DDR PA DDR PA DDR Initial value Modes 3 and 4 Read/Write — Modes Initial value 1 and 2 Read/Write Port A data direction 7 to 0 These bits select input or output for port A pins The pin functions that can be selected for pins PA to PA differ between modes 1 and 2, and...

  • Page 175

    Table 7.12 Port A Pin Functions (Modes 1 and 2) Pin Functions and Selection Method Bit PWM2 in TMDR, bits IOB2 to IOB0 in TIOR2, bit NDER7 in NDERA, and bit TIOCB PA 7 DDR select the pin function as follows. 16-bit timer channel 2 settings (1) in table below...

  • Page 176

    Pin Functions and Selection Method Bit PWM1 in TMDR, bits IOB2 to IOB0 in TIOR1, bit NDER5 in NDERA, and bit TIOCB DDR select the pin function as follows. 16-bit timer channel 1 settings (1) in table below (2) in table below —...

  • Page 177

    Table 7.13 Port A Pin Functions (Modes 3 and 4) Pin Functions and Selection Method Always used as A output. Pin function output Bit PWM2 in TMDR, bits IOA2 to IOA0 in TIOR2, bit NDER6 in NDERA, bit A21E in TIOCA BRCR, and bit PA DDR select the pin function as follows.

  • Page 178

    Pin Functions and Selection Method Bit PWM1 in TMDR, bits IOB2 to IOB0 in TIOR1, bit NDER5 in NDERA, bit A22E in TIOCB BRCR, and bit PA DDR select the pin function as follows. A22E 16-bit timer channel 1 settings (1) in table below (2) in table below —...

  • Page 179

    Table 7.14 Port A Pin Functions (Modes 1 to 4) Pin Functions and Selection Method Bit PWM0 in TMDR, bits IOB2 to IOB0 in TIOR0, bits TPSC2 to TPSC0 in 16TCR2 to TIOCB 16TCR0 of the 16-bit timer, bits CKS2 to CKS0 in 8TCR2 of the 8-bit timer, bit TCLKD NDER3 in NDERA, and bit PA DDR select the pin function as follows.

  • Page 180

    Pin Functions and Selection Method Bit PWM0 in TMDR, bits IOA2 to IOA0 in TIOR0, bits TPSC2 to TPSC0 in 16TCR2 to TIOCA 16TCR0 of the 16-bit timer, bits CKS2 to CKS0 in 8TCR0 of the 8-bit timer, bit TCLKC NDER2 in NDERA, and bit PA DDR select the pin function as follows.

  • Page 181

    Pin Functions and Selection Method Bit MDF in TMDR, bits TPSC2 to TPSC0 in 16TCR2 to 16TCR0 of the 16-bit timer, TCLKB bits CKS2 to CKS0 in 8TCR3 of the 8-bit timer, bit NDER1 in NDERA, and bit DDR select the pin function as follows. NDER1 —...

  • Page 182

    Port B 7.8.1 Overview Port B is an 8-bit input/output port that is also used for output (TP to TP ) from the programmable timing pattern controller (TPC), input/output (TMIO , TMO , TMIO , TMO ) by the 8-bit timer, and CS to CS output.

  • Page 183

    7.8.2 Register Descriptions Table 7.15 summarizes the registers of port B. Table 7.15 Port B Registers Address* Name Abbreviation Initial Value H'EE00A Port B data direction register PBDDR H'00 H'FFFDA Port B data register PBDR H'00 Note: * Lower 20 bits of the address in advanced mode. Port B Data Direction Register (PBDDR): PBDDR is an 8-bit write-only register that can select input or output for each pin in port B.

  • Page 184

    Port B Data Register (PBDR): PBDR is an 8-bit readable/writable register that stores output data for pins port B. When port B functions as an output port, the value of this register is output. When a bit in PBDDR is set to 1, if port B is read the value of the corresponding PBDR bit is returned. When a bit in PBDDR is cleared to 0, if port B is read the corresponding pin logic level is read.

  • Page 185

    Table 7.16 Port B Pin Functions (Modes 1 to 4) Pin Functions and Selection Method Bit NDER15 in NDERB and bit PB DDR select the pin function as follows. NDER15 — Pin function input output output Bit NDER14 in NDERB and bit PB DDR select the pin function as follows.

  • Page 186

    Pin Functions and Selection Method Bits OIS3/2 and OS1/0 in 8TCSR2, bit CS5E in CSCR, bit NDER10 in NDERB, and bit PB DDR select the pin function as follows. OIS3/2 and All 0 Not all 0 OS1/0 CS5E — — —...

  • Page 187: Section 8 16-bit Timer

    Section 8 16-Bit Timer Overview The H8/3008 has built-in 16-bit timer module with three 16-bit counter channels. 8.1.1 Features 16-bit timer features are listed below. • Capability to process up to 6 pulse outputs or 6 pulse inputs • Six general registers (GRs, two per channel) with independently-assignable output compare or input capture functions •...

  • Page 188

    • Output triggering of programmable timing pattern controller (TPC) Compare match/input capture signals from channels 0 to 2 can be used as TPC output triggers. Table 8.1 summarizes the 16-bit timer functions. Table 8.1 16-bit timer Functions Item Channel 0 Channel 1 Channel 2 Internal clocks: φ, φ/2, φ/4, φ/8...

  • Page 189: Block Diagrams

    8.1.2 Block Diagrams 16-bit timer Block Diagram (Overall): Figure 8.1 is a block diagram of the 16-bit timer. IMIA0 to IMIA2 TCLKA to TCLKD Clock selector IMIB0 to IMIB2 φ, φ/2, φ/4, φ/8 OVI0 to OVI2 Control logic TIOCA to TIOCA TIOCB to TIOCB TSTR...

  • Page 190

    Block Diagram of Channels 0 and 1: 16-bit timer channels 0 and 1 are functionally identical. Both have the structure shown in figure 8.2. TCLKA to TCLKD TIOCA Clock selector TIOCB φ, φ/2, φ/4, φ/8 Control logic IMIA0 Comparator IMIB0 OVI0 Module data bus Legend:...

  • Page 191

    Block Diagram of Channel 2: Figure 8.3 is a block diagram of channel 2 TCLKA to TCLKD TIOCA Clock selector TIOCB φ, φ/2, φ/4, φ/8 Control logic IMIA2 Comparator IMIB2 OVI2 Module data bus Legend: 16TCNT2: Timer counter 2 (16 bits) GRA2, GRB2: General registers A2 and B2 (input capture/output compare registers) (16 bits ×...

  • Page 192

    8.1.3 Pin Configuration Table 8.2 summarizes the 16-bit timer pins. Table 8.2 16-bit timer Pins Abbre- Input/ Channel Name viation Output Function Common Clock input A TCLKA Input External clock A input pin (phase-A input pin in phase counting mode) Clock input B TCLKB Input...

  • Page 193

    8.1.4 Register Configuration Table 8.3 summarizes the 16-bit timer registers. Table 8.3 16-bit timer Registers Abbre- Initial Channel Address* Name viation Value Common H'FFF60 Timer start register TSTR H'F8 H'FFF61 Timer synchro register TSNC H'F8 H'FFF62 Timer mode register TMDR H'98 H'FFF63 Timer output level setting register...

  • Page 194

    Abbre- Initial Channel Address* Name viation Value H'FFF78 Timer control register 2 16TCR2 H'80 H'FFF79 Timer I/O control register 2 TIOR2 H'88 H'FFF7A Timer counter 2H 16TCNT2H R/W H'00 H'FFF7B Timer counter 2L 16TCNT2L R/W H'00 H'FFF7C General register A2H GRA2H H'FF H'FFF7D...

  • Page 195: Timer Synchro Register (tsnc)

    Bit 1—Counter Start 1 (STR1): Starts and stops timer counter 1 (16TCNT1). Bit 1 STR1 Description 16TCNT1 is halted (Initial value) 16TCNT1 is counting Bit 0—Counter Start 0 (STR0): Starts and stops timer counter 0 (16TCNT0). Bit 0 STR0 Description 16TCNT0 is halted (Initial value) 16TCNT0 is counting...

  • Page 196: Timer Mode Register (tmdr)

    Bit 1—Timer Sync 1 (SYNC1): Selects whether channel 1 operates independently or synchronously. Bit 1 SYNC1 Description Channel 1’s timer counter (16TCNT1) operates independently (Initial value) 16TCNT1 is preset and cleared independently of other channels Channel 1 operates synchronously 16TCNT1 can be synchronously preset and cleared Bit 0—Timer Sync 0 (SYNC0): Selects whether channel 0 operates independently or synchronously.

  • Page 197

    Bit 7—Reserved: This bit cannot be modified and is always read as 1. Bit 6—Phase Counting Mode Flag (MDF): Selects whether channel 2 operates normally or in phase counting mode. Bit 6 Description Channel 2 operates normally (Initial value) Channel 2 operates in phase counting mode When MDF is set to 1 to select phase counting mode, 16TCNT2 operates as an up/down-counter and pins TCLKA and TCLKB become counter clock input pins.

  • Page 198

    Bit 2—PWM Mode 2 (PWM2): Selects whether channel 2 operates normally or in PWM mode. Bit 2 PWM2 Description Channel 2 operates normally (Initial value) Channel 2 operates in PWM mode When bit PWM2 is set to 1 to select PWM mode, pin TIOCA becomes a PWM output pin.

  • Page 199: Timer Interrupt Status Register A (tisra)

    8.2.4 Timer Interrupt Status Register A (TISRA) TISRA is an 8-bit readable/writable register that indicates GRA compare match or input capture and enables or disables GRA compare match and input capture interrupt requests. — IMIEA2 IMIEA1 IMIEA0 — IMFA2 IMFA1 IMFA0 Initial value Read/Write...

  • Page 200

    Bit 5—Input Capture/Compare Match Interrupt Enable A1 (IMIEA1): Enables or disables the interrupt requested by the IMFA1 flag when IMFA1 is set to 1. Bit 5 IMIEA1 Description IMIA1 interrupt requested by IMFA1 flag is disabled (Initial value) IMIA1 interrupt requested by IMFA1 flag is enabled Bit 4—Input Capture/Compare Match Interrupt Enable A0 (IMIEA0): Enables or disables the interrupt requested by the IMFA0 flag when IMFA0 is set to 1.

  • Page 201

    Bit 1—Input Capture/Compare Match Flag A1 (IMFA1): This status flag indicates GRA1 compare match or input capture events. Bit 1 IMFA1 Description [Clearing condition] (Initial value) Read IMFA1 flag when IMFA1 =1, then write 0 in IMFA1 flag [Setting conditions] •...

  • Page 202: Timer Interrupt Status Register B (tisrb)

    8.2.5 Timer Interrupt Status Register B (TISRB) TISRB is an 8-bit readable/writable register that indicates GRB compare match or input capture and enables or disables GRB compare match and input capture interrupt requests. — IMIEB2 IMIEB1 IMIEB0 — IMFB2 IMFB1 IMFB0 Initial value Read/Write...

  • Page 203

    Bit 5—Input Capture/Compare Match Interrupt Enable B1 (IMIEB1): Enables or disables the interrupt requested by the IMFB1 when IMFB1 flag is set to 1. Bit 5 IMIEB1 Description IMIB1 interrupt requested by IMFB1 flag is disabled (Initial value) IMIB1 interrupt requested by IMFB1 flag is enabled Bit 4—Input Capture/Compare Match Interrupt Enable B0 (IMIEB0): Enables or disables the interrupt requested by the IMFB0 when IMFB0 flag is set to 1.

  • Page 204

    Bit 1—Input Capture/Compare Match Flag B1 (IMFB1): This status flag indicates GRB1 compare match or input capture events. Bit 1 IMFB1 Description [Clearing condition] (Initial value) Read IMFB1 flag when IMFB1 =1, then write 0 in IMFB1 flag [Setting conditions] •...

  • Page 205: Timer Interrupt Status Register C (tisrc)

    8.2.6 Timer Interrupt Status Register C (TISRC) TISRC is an 8-bit readable/writable register that indicates 16TCNT overflow or underflow and enables or disables overflow interrupt requests. — OVIE2 OVIE1 OVIE0 — OVF2 OVF1 OVF0 Initial value Read/Write — — R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* Overflow flags 2 to 0...

  • Page 206

    Bit 4—Overflow Interrupt Enable 0 (OVIE0): Enables or disables the interrupt requested by the OVF0 when OVF0 flag is set to 1. Bit 4 OVIE0 Description OVI0 interrupt requested by OVF0 flag is disabled (Initial value) OVI0 interrupt requested by OVF0 flag is enabled Bit 3—Reserved: This bit cannot be modified and is always read as 1.

  • Page 207: Timer Counters (16tcnt)

    8.2.7 Timer Counters (16TCNT) 16TCNT is a 16-bit counter. The 16-bit timer has three 16TCNTs, one for each channel. Channel Abbreviation Function 16TCNT0 Up-counter 16TCNT1 16TCNT2 Phase counting mode: up/down-counter Other modes: up-counter Initial value Read/Write Each 16TCNT is a 16-bit readable/writable register that counts pulse inputs from a clock source. The clock source is selected by bits TPSC2 to TPSC0 in 16TCR.

  • Page 208: General Registers (gra, Grb)

    8.2.8 General Registers (GRA, GRB) The general registers are 16-bit registers. The 16-bit timer has 6 general registers, two in each channel. Channel Abbreviation Function GRA0, GRB0 Output compare/input capture register GRA1, GRB1 GRA2, GRB2 Initial value Read/Write A general register is a 16-bit readable/writable register that can function as either an output compare register or an input capture register.

  • Page 209: Timer Control Registers (16tcr)

    8.2.9 Timer Control Registers (16TCR) 16TCR is an 8-bit register. The 16-bit timer has three 16TCRs, one in each channel. Channel Abbreviation Function 16TCR0 16TCR controls the timer counter. The 16TCRs in all channels are functionally identical. When phase counting 16TCR1 mode is selected in channel 2, the settings of bits CKEG1 and CKEG0 and TPSC2 to TPSC0 in 16TCR2 are ignored.

  • Page 210

    Bits 6 and 5—Counter Clear 1 and 0 (CCLR1, CCLR0): These bits select how 16TCNT is cleared. Bit 6 Bit 5 CCLR1 CCLR0 Description 16TCNT is not cleared (Initial value) 16TCNT is cleared by GRA compare match or input capture* 16TCNT is cleared by GRB compare match or input capture* Synchronous clear: 16TCNT is cleared in synchronization with other synchronized timers*...

  • Page 211: Timer I/o Control Register (tior)

    When bit TPSC2 is cleared to 0 an internal clock source is selected, and the timer counts only falling edges. When bit TPSC2 is set to 1 an external clock source is selected, and the timer counts the edges selected by bits CKEG1 and CKEG0. When channel 2 is set to phase counting mode (MDF = 1 in TMDR), the settings of bits TPSC2 to TPSC0 in 16TCR2 are ignored.

  • Page 212

    Bits 6 to 4—I/O Control B2 to B0 (IOB2 to IOB0): These bits select the GRB function. Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 IOB2 IOB1 IOB0 Function GRB is an output No output at compare match (Initial value) compare register 0 output at GRB compare match* 1 output at GRB compare match* Output toggles at GRB compare match...

  • Page 213: Timer Output Level Setting Register C (tolr)

    8.2.11 Timer Output Level Setting Register C (TOLR) TOLR is an 8-bit write-only register that selects the timer output level for channels 0 to 2. — — TOB2 TOA2 TOB1 TOA1 TOB0 TOA0 Initial value Read/Write — — Output level setting A2 to A0, B2 to B0 These bits set the levels of the timer outputs (TIOCA to TIOCA...

  • Page 214

    Bit 3—Output Level Setting B1 (TOB1): Sets the value of timer output TIOCB Bit 3 TOB1 Description TIOCB is 0 (Initial value) TIOCB is 1 Bit 2—Output Level Setting A1 (TOA1): Sets the value of timer output TIOCA Bit 2 TOA1 Description TIOCA...

  • Page 215: Cpu Interface

    CPU Interface 8.3.1 16-Bit Accessible Registers The timer counters (16TCNTs), general registers A and B (GRAs and GRBs) are 16-bit registers, and are linked to the CPU by an internal 16-bit data bus. These registers can be written or read a word at a time, or a byte at a time.

  • Page 216

    On-chip data bus Module Bus interface data bus 16TCNTH 16TCNTL Figure 8.6 Access to Timer Counter H (CPU Writes to 16TCNTH, Upper Byte) On-chip data bus Module Bus interface data bus 16TCNTH 16TCNTL Figure 8.7 Access to Timer Counter L (CPU Writes to 16TCNTL, Lower Byte) On-chip data bus Module Bus interface...

  • Page 217: Bit Accessible Registers

    On-chip data bus Module Bus interface data bus 16TCNTH 16TCNTL Figure 8.9 Access to Timer Counter L (CPU Reads 16TCNTL, Lower Byte) 8.3.2 8-Bit Accessible Registers The registers other than the timer counters and general registers are 8-bit registers. These registers are linked to the CPU by an internal 8-bit data bus.

  • Page 218

    Operation 8.4.1 Overview A summary of operations in the various modes is given below. Normal Operation: Each channel has a timer counter and general registers. The timer counter counts up, and can operate as a free-running counter, periodic counter, or external event counter. GRA and GRB can be used for input capture or output compare.

  • Page 219

    Counter setup Select counter clock Count operation Free-running counting Periodic counting Select counter clear source Select output compare register function Set period Start counter Start counter Periodic counter Free-running counter Figure 8.12 Counter Setup Procedure (Example) 1. Set bits TPSC2 to TPSC0 in 16TCR to select the counter clock source. If an external clock source is selected, set bits CKEG1 and CKEG0 in 16TCR to select the desired edge(s) of the external clock signal.

  • Page 220

    • Free-running and periodic counter operation A reset leaves the counters (16TCNTs) in 16-bit timer channels 0 to 2 all set as free-running counters. A free-running counter starts counting up when the corresponding bit in TSTR is set to 1. When the count overflows from H'FFFF to H'0000, the OVF flag is set to 1 in TISRC. After the overflow, the counter continues counting up from H'0000.

  • Page 221

    • 16TCNT count timing  Internal clock source Bits TPSC2 to TPSC0 in 16TCR select the system clock (φ) or one of three internal clock sources obtained by prescaling the system clock (φ/2, φ/4, φ/8). Figure 8.15 shows the timing. φ...

  • Page 222

    Waveform Output by Compare Match: In 16-bit timer channels 0, 1 compare match A or B can cause the output at the TIOCA or TIOCB pin to go to 0, go to 1, or toggle. In channel 2 the output can only go to 0 or go to 1.

  • Page 223

    • Examples of waveform output Figure 8.18 shows examples of 0 and 1 output. 16TCNT operates as a free-running counter, 0 output is selected for compare match A, and 1 output is selected for compare match B. When the pin is already at the selected output level, the pin level does not change. 16TCNT value H'FFFF H'0000...

  • Page 224

    • Output compare output timing The compare match signal is generated in the last state in which 16TCNT and the general register match (when 16TCNT changes from the matching value to the next value). When the compare match signal is generated, the output value selected in TIOR is output at the output compare pin (TIOCA or TIOCB).

  • Page 225

    • Sample setup procedure for input capture Figure 8.21 shows a sample procedure for setting up input capture. Input selection Set TIOR to select the input capture function of a general register and the rising edge, falling edge, or both edges of the input capture signal. Clear the DDR bit to 0 before making these TIOR settings.

  • Page 226: Synchronization

    • Input capture signal timing Input capture on the rising edge, falling edge, or both edges can be selected by settings in TIOR. Figure 8.23 shows the timing when the rising edge is selected. The pulse width of the input capture signal must be at least 1.5 system clocks for single-edge capture, and 2.5 system clocks for capture of both edges.

  • Page 227

    Setup for synchronization Select synchronization Synchronous preset Synchronous clear Clearing synchronized to this channel? Write to 16TCNT Select counter clear source Select counter clear source Start counter Start counter Synchronous preset Counter clear Synchronous clear Set the SYNC bits to 1 in TSNC for the channels to be synchronized. When a value is written in 16TCNT in one of the synchronized channels, the same value is simultaneously written in 16TCNT in the other channels.

  • Page 228: Pwm Mode

    Value of 16TCNT0 to 16TCNT2 Cleared by compare match with GRB0 GRB0 GRB1 GRA0 GRB2 GRA1 GRA2 H'0000 TIOCA TIOCA TIOCA Figure 8.25 Synchronization (Example) 8.4.4 PWM Mode In PWM mode GRA and GRB are paired and a PWM waveform is output from the TIOCA pin. GRA specifies the time at which the PWM output changes to 1.

  • Page 229

    Sample Setup Procedure for PWM Mode: Figure 8.26 shows a sample procedure for setting up PWM mode. PWM mode Set bits TPSC2 to TPSC0 in 16TCR to select the counter clock source. If an external clock source is selected, set bits CKEG1 and CKEG0 in 16TCR to select the desired edge(s) of the Select counter clock...

  • Page 230

    Examples of PWM Mode: Figure 8.27 shows examples of operation in PWM mode. In PWM mode TIOCA becomes an output pin. The output goes to 1 at compare match with GRA, and to 0 at compare match with GRB. In the examples shown, 16TCNT is cleared by compare match with GRA or GRB. Synchronized operation and free-running counting are also possible.

  • Page 231

    Figure 8.28 shows examples of the output of PWM waveforms with duty cycles of 0% and 100%. If the counter is cleared by compare match with GRB, and GRA is set to a higher value than GRB, the duty cycle is 0%. If the counter is cleared by compare match with GRA, and GRB is set to a higher value than GRA, the duty cycle is 100%.

  • Page 232: Phase Counting Mode

    8.4.5 Phase Counting Mode In phase counting mode the phase difference between two external clock inputs (at the TCLKA and TCLKB pins) is detected, and 16TCNT2 counts up or down accordingly. In phase counting mode, the TCLKA and TCLKB pins automatically function as external clock input pins and 16TCNT2 becomes an up/down-counter, regardless of the settings of bits TPSC2 to TPSC0, CKEG1, and CKEG0 in 16TCR2.

  • Page 233

    Example of Phase Counting Mode: Figure 8.30 shows an example of operations in phase counting mode. Table 8.5 lists the up-counting and down-counting conditions for 16TCNT2. In phase counting mode both the rising and falling edges of TCLKA and TCLKB are counted. The phase difference between TCLKA and TCLKB must be at least 1.5 states, the phase overlap must also be at least 1.5 states, and the pulse width must be at least 2.5 states.

  • Page 234: Bit Timer Output Timing

    8.4.6 16-Bit Timer Output Timing The initial value of 16-bit timer output when a timer count operation begins can be specified arbitrarily by making a setting in TOLR. Figure 8.32 shows the timing for setting the initial value with TOLR. Only write to TOLR when the corresponding bit in TSTR is cleared to 0.

  • Page 235

    Interrupts The 16-bit timer has two types of interrupts: input capture/compare match interrupts, and overflow interrupts. 8.5.1 Setting of Status Flags Timing of Setting of IMFA and IMFB at Compare Match: IMFA and IMFB are set to 1 by a compare match signal generated when 16TCNT matches a general register (GR).

  • Page 236

    Timing of Setting of IMFA and IMFB by Input Capture: IMFA and IMFB are set to 1 by an input capture signal. The 16TCNT contents are simultaneously transferred to the corresponding general register. Figure 8.34 shows the timing. φ Input capture signal 16TCNT Figure 8.34 Timing of Setting of IMFA and IMFB by Input Capture...

  • Page 237: Timing Of Clearing Of Status Flags

    Timing of Setting of Overflow Flag (OVF): OVF is set to 1 when 16TCNT overflows from H'FFFF to H'0000 or underflows from H'0000 to H'FFFF. Figure 8.35 shows the timing. φ 16TCNT Overflow signal Figure 8.35 Timing of Setting of OVF 8.5.2 Timing of Clearing of Status Flags If the CPU reads a status flag while it is set to 1, then writes 0 in the status flag, the status flag is...

  • Page 238

    8.5.3 Interrupt Sources Each 16-bit timer channel can generate a compare match/input capture A interrupt, a compare match/input capture B interrupt, and an overflow interrupt. In total there are nine interrupt sources of three kinds, all independently vectored. An interrupt is requested when the interrupt request flag are set to 1.

  • Page 239

    Usage Notes This section describes contention and other matters requiring special attention during 16-bit timer operations. Contention between 16TCNT Write and Clear: If a counter clear signal occurs in the T state of a 16TCNT write cycle, clearing of the counter takes priority and the write is not performed. See figure 8.37.

  • Page 240

    Contention between 16TCNT Word Write and Increment: If an increment pulse occurs in the state of a 16TCNT word write cycle, writing takes priority and 16TCNT is not incremented. Figure 8.38 shows the timing in this case. 16TCNT word write cycle φ...

  • Page 241

    Contention between 16TCNT Byte Write and Increment: If an increment pulse occurs in the or T state of a 16TCNT byte write cycle, writing takes priority and 16TCNT is not incremented. The byte data for which a write was not performed is not incremented, and retains its pre-write value.

  • Page 242

    Contention between General Register Write and Compare Match: If a compare match occurs in the T state of a general register write cycle, writing takes priority and the compare match signal is inhibited. See figure 8.40. General register write cycle φ...

  • Page 243

    Contention between 16TCNT Write and Overflow or Underflow: If an overflow occurs in the state of a 16TCNT write cycle, writing takes priority and the counter is not incremented. OVF set to 1.The same holds for underflow. See figure 8.41. 16TCNT write cycle φ...

  • Page 244

    Contention between General Register Read and Input Capture: If an input capture signal occurs during the T state of a general register read cycle, the value before input capture is read. See figure 8.42. General register read cycle φ Address bus GR address Internal read signal Input capture signal...

  • Page 245

    Contention between Counter Clearing by Input Capture and Counter Increment: If an input capture signal and counter increment signal occur simultaneously, the counter is cleared according to the input capture signal. The counter is not incremented by the increment signal. The value before the counter is cleared is transferred to the general register.

  • Page 246

    Contention between General Register Write and Input Capture: If an input capture signal occurs in the T state of a general register write cycle, input capture takes priority and the write to the general register is not performed. See figure 8.44. General register write cycle φ...

  • Page 247

    Note on Waveform Period Setting: When a counter is cleared by compare match, the counter is cleared in the last state at which the 16TCNT value matches the general register value, at the time when this value would normally be updated to the next count. The actual counter frequency is therefore given by the following formula: φ...

  • Page 248

    16-bit timer Operating Modes Table 8.7 (a) 16-bit timer Operating Modes (Channel 0) Register Settings TSNC TMDR TIOR0 16TCR0 Synchro- Clear Clock Operating Mode nization FDIR PWM Select Select Synchronous preset SYNC0 = 1 — — PWM mode — — PWM0 = 1 —...

  • Page 249

    Table 8.7 (b) 16-bit timer Operating Modes (Channel 1) Register Settings TSNC TMDR TIOR1 16TCR1 Synchro- Clear Clock Operating Mode nization FDIR PWM Select Select Synchronous preset SYNC1 = 1 — — PWM mode — — PWM1 = 1 — Output compare A —...

  • Page 250

    Table 8.7 (c) 16-bit timer Operating Modes (Channel 2) Register Settings TSNC TMDR TIOR2 16TCR2 Synchro- Clear Clock Operating Mode nization FDIR PWM Select Select Synchronous preset SYNC2 = 1 — PWM mode — PWM2 = 1 — Output compare A —...

  • Page 251: Section 9 8-bit Timers

    Section 9 8-Bit Timers Overview The H8/3008 has a built-in 8-bit timer module with four channels (TMR0, TMR1, TMR2, and TMR3), based on 8-bit counters. Each channel has an 8-bit timer counter (8TCNT) and two 8-bit time constant registers (TCORA and TCORB) that are constantly compared with the 8TCNT value to detect compare match events.

  • Page 252

    • Twelve interrupt sources There are twelve interrupt sources: four compare match sources, four compare match/input capture sources, four overflow sources. Two of the compare match sources and two of the combined compare match/input capture sources each have an independent interrupt vector. The remaining compare match interrupts, combined compare match/input capture interrupts, and overflow interrupts have one interrupt vector for two sources.

  • Page 253

    9.1.2 Block Diagram The 8-bit timers are divided into two groups of two channels each: group 0 comprising channels 0 and 1, and group 1 comprising channels 2 and 3. Figure 9.1 shows a block diagram of 8-bit timer group 0. External clock Internal clock sources...

  • Page 254

    9.1.3 Pin Configuration Table 9.1 summarizes the input/output pins of the 8-bit timer module. Table 9.1 8-Bit Timer Pins Group Channel Name Abbreviation I/O Function Timer output Output Compare match output Timer clock input TCLKC Input Counter external clock input Timer input/output TMIO Compare match output/input capture input...

  • Page 255

    9.1.4 Register Configuration Table 9.2 summarizes the registers of the 8-bit timer module. Table 9.2 8-Bit Timer Registers Channel Address* Name Abbreviation R/W Initial value H'FFF80 Timer control register 0 8TCR0 H'00 H'FFF82 Timer control/status register 0 8TCSR0 R/(W)* H'00 H'FFF84 Time constant register A0 TCORA0...

  • Page 256

    Register Descriptions 9.2.1 Timer Counters (8TCNT) 8TCNT0 8TCNT1 Initial value Read/Write 8TCNT2 8TCNT3 Initial value Read/Write The timer counters (8TCNT) are 8-bit readable/writable up-counters that increment on pulses generated from an internal or external clock source. The clock source is selected by clock select bits 2 to 0 (CKS2 to CKS0) in the timer control register (8TCR).

  • Page 257: Time Constant Registers A (tcora)

    9.2.2 Time Constant Registers A (TCORA) TCORA0 to TCORA3 are 8-bit readable/writable registers. TCORA0 TCORA1 Initial value Read/Write TCORA2 TCORA3 Initial value Read/Write The TCORA0 and TCORA1 pair, and the TCORA2 and TCORA3 pair, can each be accessed as a 16-bit register by word access.

  • Page 258: Time Constant Registers B (tcorb)

    9.2.3 Time Constant Registers B (TCORB) TCORB0 TCORB1 Initial value Read/Write TCORB2 TCORB3 Initial value Read/Write TCORB0 to TCORB3 are 8-bit readable/writable registers. The TCORB0 and TCORB1 pair, and the TCORB2 and TCORB3 pair, can each be accessed as a 16-bit register by word access. The TCORB value is constantly compared with the 8TCNT value.

  • Page 259: Timer Control Register (8tcr)

    9.2.4 Timer Control Register (8TCR) CMIEB CMIEA OVIE CCLR1 CCLR0 CKS2 CKS1 CKS0 Initial value Read/Write 8TCR is an 8-bit readable/writable register that selects the 8TCNT input clock, gives the 8TCNT clearing specification, and enables interrupt requests. 8TCR is initialized to H'00 by a reset and in standby mode. For the timing, see section 9.4, Operation.

  • Page 260

    Bits 4 and 3—Counter Clear 1 and 0 (CCLR1, CCLR0): These bits specify the 8TCNT clearing source. Compare match A or B, or input capture B, can be selected as the clearing source. Bit 4 Bit 3 CCLR1 CCLR0 Description Clearing is disabled (Initial value) Cleared by compare match A...

  • Page 261

    Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 CSK2 CSK1 CSK0 Description Clock input disabled (Initial value) Internal clock, counted on falling edge of φ/8 Internal clock, counted on falling edge of φ/64 Internal clock, counted on falling edge of φ/8192 Channel 0 (16-bit count mode): Count on 8TCNT1 overflow signal* Channel 1 (compare match count mode): Count on 8TCNT0 compare match A*...

  • Page 262: Timer Control/status Registers (8tcsr)

    9.2.5 Timer Control/Status Registers (8TCSR) 8TCSR0 CMFB CMFA OIS3 OIS2 ADTE Initial value Read/Write R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* 8TCSR2 CMFB CMFA — OIS3 OIS2 Initial value Read/Write R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* — 8TCSR1, 8TCSR3 CMFB CMFA OIS3 OIS2 Initial value Read/Write R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* Note: * Only 0 can be written to bits 7 to 5, to clear these flags.

  • Page 263

    Bit 7—Compare Match/Input Capture Flag B (CMFB): Status flag that indicates the occurrence of a TCORB compare match or input capture. Bit 7 CMFB Description [Clearing condition] (Initial value) Read CMFB when CMFB = 1, then write 0 in CMFB [Setting conditions] •...

  • Page 264

    Bit 4—A/D Trigger Enable (ADTE) (In 8TCSR0): In combination with TRGE in the A/D control register (ADCR), enables or disables A/D converter start requests by compare match A or an external trigger. Bit 4 TRGE* ADTE Description A/D converter start requests by compare match A or external trigger pin (ADTRG) input are disabled (Initial value) A/D converter start requests by compare match A or external trigger pin...

  • Page 265

    Table 9.3 Operation of Channels 0 and 1 when Bit ICE is Set to 1 in 8TCSR1 Register Register Timer Output Register Function Status Flag Change Capture Input Interrupt Request TCORA0 Compare match CMFA changed from 0 output CMIA0 interrupt request operation to 1 in 8TCSR0 by controllable...

  • Page 266

    Bits 3 and 2—Output/Input Capture Edge Select B3 and B2 (OIS3, OIS2): In combination with the ICE bit in 8TCSR1 (8TCSR3), these bits select the compare match B output level or the input capture input detected edge. The function of TCORB1 (TCORB3) depends on the setting of bit 4 of 8TCSR1 (8TCSR3). ICE Bit in 8TCSR1 Bit 3...

  • Page 267

    CPU Interface 9.3.1 8-Bit Registers 8TCNT, TCORA, TCORB, 8TCR, and 8TCSR are 8-bit registers. These registers are connected to the CPU by an internal 16-bit data bus and can be read and written a word at a time or a byte at a time.

  • Page 268

    Internal data bus Module data bus interface 8TCNTH0 8TCNTL1 Figure 9.5 8TCNT1 Access Operation (CPU Writes to 8TCNT1, Lower Byte) Internal data bus Module data bus interface 8TCNT0 8TCNT1 Figure 9.6 8TCNT0 Access Operation (CPU Reads 8TCNT0, Upper Byte) Internal data bus Module data bus interface 8TCNT0 8TCNT1...

  • Page 269

    Operation 9.4.1 8TCNT Count Timing 8TCNT is incremented by input clock pulses (either internal or external). Internal Clock: Three different internal clock signals (φ/8, φ/64, or φ/8192) divided from the system clock (φ) can be selected, by setting bits CKS2 to CKS0 in 8TCR. Figure 9.8 shows the count timing.

  • Page 270: Compare Match Timing

    φ External clock input 8TCNT input clock N–1 8TCNT Figure 9.9 Count Timing for External Clock Input (Both-Edge Detection) 9.4.2 Compare Match Timing Timer Output Timing: When compare match A or B occurs, the timer output is as specified by the OIS3, OIS2, OS1, and OS0 bits in 8TCSR (unchanged, 0 output, 1 output, or toggle output).

  • Page 271: Input Capture Signal Timing

    Clear by Compare Match: Depending on the setting of the CCLR1 and CCLR0 bits in 8TCR, 8TCNT can be cleared when compare match A or B occurs, Figure 9.11 shows the timing of this operation. φ Compare match signal 8TCNT H'00 Figure 9.11 Timing of Clear by Compare Match Clear by Input Capture: Depending on the setting of the CCLR1 and CCLR0 bits in 8TCR,...

  • Page 272: Timing Of Status Flag Setting

    φ Input capture input Input capture signal 8TCNT TCORB Figure 9.13 Timing of Input Capture Input Signal 9.4.4 Timing of Status Flag Setting Timing of CMFA/CMFB Flag Setting when Compare Match Occurs: The CMFA and CMFB flags in 8TCSR are set to 1 by the compare match signal output when the TCORA or TCORB and 8TCNT values match.

  • Page 273: Operation With Cascaded Connection

    φ 8TCNT TCORB Input capture signal CMFB Figure 9.15 CMFB Flag Setting Timing when Input Capture Occurs Timing of Overflow Flag (OVF) Setting: The OVF flag in 8TCSR is set to 1 by the overflow signal generated when 8TCNT overflows (from H'FF to H'00). Figure 9.16 shows the timing in this case.

  • Page 274

    16-Bit Count Mode • Channels 0 and 1: When bits CKS2 to CKS0 are set to (100) in 8TCR0, the timer functions as a single 16-bit timer with channel 0 occupying the upper 8 bits and channel 1 occupying the lower 8 bits. ...

  • Page 275

     Setting when Input Capture Occurs • The CMFB flag is set to 1 in 8TCSR2 and 8TCSR3 when the ICE bit is 1 in TCSR3 and input capture occurs. • TMIO pin input capture input signal edge detection is selected by bits OIS3 and OIS2 in 8TCSR2.

  • Page 276: Input Capture Setting

    9.4.6 Input Capture Setting The 8TCNT value can be transferred to TCORB on detection of an input edge on the input capture/output compare pin (TMIO or TMIO ). Rising edge, falling edge, or both edge detection can be selected. In 16-bit count mode, 16-bit input capture can be used. Setting Input Capture Operation in 8-Bit Timer Mode (Normal Operation) •...

  • Page 277: Interrupt

    Interrupt 9.5.1 Interrupt Sources The 8-bit timer unit can generate three types of interrupt: compare match A and B (CMIA and CMIB) and overflow (TOVI). Table 9.5 shows the interrupt sources and their priority order. Each interrupt source is enabled or disabled by the corresponding interrupt enable bit in 8TCR. A separate interrupt request signal is sent to the interrupt controller by each interrupt source.

  • Page 278: A/d Converter Activation

    9.5.2 A/D Converter Activation The A/D converter can only be activated by channel 0 compare match A. If the ADTE bit setting is 1 when the CMFA flag in 8TCSR0 is set to 1 by generation of channel 0 compare match A, an A/D conversion start request will be issued to the A/D converter. If the TRGE bit in ADCR is 1 at this time, the A/D converter will be started.

  • Page 279

    Usage Notes Note that the following kinds of contention can occur in 8-bit timer operation. 9.7.1 Contention between 8TCNT Write and Clear If a timer counter clear signal occurs in the T state of a 8TCNT write cycle, clearing of the counter takes priority and the write is not performed.

  • Page 280: Contention Between 8tcnt Write And Increment

    9.7.2 Contention between 8TCNT Write and Increment If an increment pulse occurs in the T state of a 8TCNT write cycle, writing takes priority and 8TCNT is not incremented. Figure 9.19 shows the timing in this case. 8TCNT write cycle φ...

  • Page 281: Contention Between Tcor Write And Compare Match

    9.7.3 Contention between TCOR Write and Compare Match If a compare match occurs in the T state of a TCOR write cycle, writing takes priority and the compare match signal is inhibited. Figure 9.20 shows the timing in this case. TCOR write cycle φ...

  • Page 282: Contention Between Tcor Read And Input Capture

    9.7.4 Contention between TCOR Read and Input Capture If an input capture signal occurs in the T state of a TCOR read cycle, the value before input capture is read. Figure 9.21 shows the timing in this case. TCORB read cycle φ...

  • Page 283: Contention Between Counter Clearing By Input Capture And Counter Increment

    9.7.5 Contention between Counter Clearing by Input Capture and Counter Increment If an input capture signal and counter increment signal occur simultaneously, counter clearing by the input capture signal takes priority and the counter is not incremented. The value before the counter is cleared is transferred to TCORB.

  • Page 284: Contention Between Tcor Write And Input Capture

    9.7.6 Contention between TCOR Write and Input Capture If an input capture signal occurs in the T state of a TCOR write cycle, input capture takes priority and the write to TCOR is not performed. Figure 9.23 shows the timing in this case. TCOR write cycle φ...

  • Page 285

    9.7.7 Contention between 8TCNT Byte Write and Increment in 16-Bit Count Mode (Cascaded Connection) If an increment pulse occurs in the T state of an 8TCNT byte write cycle in 16-bit count mode, the counter write takes priority and the byte data for which the write was performed is not incremented.

  • Page 286: Contention Between Compare Matches A And B

    9.7.8 Contention between Compare Matches A and B If compare matches A and B occur at the same time, the 8-bit timer operates according to the relative priority of the output states set for compare match A and compare match B, as shown in Table 9.7.

  • Page 287

    Table 9.8 Internal Clock Switchover and 8TCNT Operation CKS1 and CKS0 Write Timing 8TCNT Operation High → high switchover* Old clock source New clock source 8TCNT clock 8TCNT CKS bits rewritten High → low switchover* Old clock source New clock source 8TCNT clock 8TCNT...

  • Page 288

    CKS1 and CKS0 Write Timing 8TCNT Operation Low → low switchover* Old clock source New clock source 8TCNT clock 8TCNT CKS bits rewritten Notes: 1. Including switchovers from the high level to the halted state, and from the halted state to the high level.

  • Page 289: Section 10 Programmable Timing Pattern Controller (tpc)

    10.1 Overview The H8/3008 has a built-in programmable timing pattern controller (TPC) that provides pulse outputs by using the 16-bit timer as a time base. The TPC pulse outputs are divided into 4-bit groups (group 3 to group 0) that can operate simultaneously and independently.

  • Page 290

    10.1.2 Block Diagram Figure 10.1 shows a block diagram of the TPC. 16-bit timer compare match signals PADDR PBDDR NDERA NDERB Control logic TPMR TPCR Internal data bus Pulse output pins, group 3 PBDR NDRB Pulse output pins, group 2 Pulse output pins, group 1 PADR...

  • Page 291

    10.1.3 Pin Configuration Table 10.1 summarizes the TPC output pins. Table 10.1 TPC Pins Name Symbol Function TPC output 0 Output Group 0 pulse output TPC output 1 Output TPC output 2 Output TPC output 3 Output TPC output 4 Output Group 1 pulse output TPC output 5...

  • Page 292

    10.1.4 Register Configuration Table 10.2 summarizes the TPC registers. Table 10.2 TPC Registers Address* Name Abbreviation Initial Value H'EE009 Port A data direction register PADDR H'00 H'FFFD9 Port A data register PADR R/(W)* H'00 H'EE00A Port B data direction register PBDDR H'00 H'FFFDA...

  • Page 293

    10.2 Register Descriptions 10.2.1 Port A Data Direction Register (PADDR) PADDR is an 8-bit write-only register that selects input or output for each pin in port A. PA DDR PA DDR PA DDR PA DDR PA DDR PA DDR PA DDR PA DDR Initial value Read/Write...

  • Page 294: Port B Data Direction Register (pbddr)

    10.2.3 Port B Data Direction Register (PBDDR) PBDDR is an 8-bit write-only register that selects input or output for each pin in port B. PB DDR PB DDR PB DDR PB DDR PB DDR PB DDR PB DDR PB DDR Initial value Read/Write Port B data direction 7 to 0...

  • Page 295: Next Data Register A (ndra)

    10.2.5 Next Data Register A (NDRA) NDRA is an 8-bit readable/writable register that stores the next output data for TPC output groups 1 and 0 (pins TP to TP ). During TPC output, when an 16-bit timer compare match event specified in TPCR occurs, NDRA contents are transferred to the corresponding bits in PADR.

  • Page 296

    Different Triggers for TPC Output Groups 0 and 1: If TPC output groups 0 and 1 are triggered by different compare match events, the address of the upper 4 bits of NDRA (group 1) is H'FFFA5 and the address of the lower 4 bits (group 0) is H'FFFA7. Bits 3 to 0 of address H'FFFA5 and bits 7 to 4 of address H'FFFA7 are reserved bits that cannot be modified and always read 1.

  • Page 297: Next Data Register B (ndrb)

    10.2.6 Next Data Register B (NDRB) NDRB is an 8-bit readable/writable register that stores the next output data for TPC output groups 3 and 2 (pins TP to TP ). During TPC output, when an 16-bit timer compare match event specified in TPCR occurs, NDRB contents are transferred to the corresponding bits in PBDR.

  • Page 298

    Different Triggers for TPC Output Groups 2 and 3: If TPC output groups 2 and 3 are triggered by different compare match events, the address of the upper 4 bits of NDRB (group 3) is H'FFFA4 and the address of the lower 4 bits (group 2) is H'FFFA6. Bits 3 to 0 of address H'FFFA4 and bits 7 to 4 of address H'FFFA6 are reserved bits that cannot be modified and always read 1.

  • Page 299: Next Data Enable Register A (ndera)

    10.2.7 Next Data Enable Register A (NDERA) NDERA is an 8-bit readable/writable register that enables or disables TPC output groups 1 and 0 to TP ) on a bit-by-bit basis. NDER7 NDER6 NDER5 NDER4 NDER3 NDER2 NDER1 NDER0 Initial value Read/Write Next data enable 7 to 0 These bits enable or disable...

  • Page 300: Next Data Enable Register B (nderb)

    10.2.8 Next Data Enable Register B (NDERB) NDERB is an 8-bit readable/writable register that enables or disables TPC output groups 3 and 2 to TP ) on a bit-by-bit basis. NDER15 NDER14 NDER13 NDER12 NDER11 NDER10 NDER9 NDER8 Initial value Read/Write Next data enable 15 to 8 These bits enable or disable...

  • Page 301: Tpc Output Control Register (tpcr)

    10.2.9 TPC Output Control Register (TPCR) TPCR is an 8-bit readable/writable register that selects output trigger signals for TPC outputs on a group-by-group basis. G3CMS1 G3CMS0 G2CMS1 G2CMS0 G1CMS1 G1CMS0 G0CMS1 G0CMS0 Initial value Read/Write Group 3 compare match select 1 and 0 These bits select the compare match Group 2 compare...

  • Page 302

    Bits 5 and 4—Group 2 Compare Match Select 1 and 0 (G2CMS1, G2CMS0): These bits select the compare match event that triggers TPC output group 2 (TP to TP Bit 5 Bit 4 G2CMS1 G2CMS0 Description TPC output group 2 (TP to TP ) is triggered by compare match in 16-bit timer channel 0...

  • Page 303: Tpc Output Mode Register (tpmr)

    10.2.10 TPC Output Mode Register (TPMR) TPMR is an 8-bit readable/writable register that selects normal or non-overlapping TPC output for each group. — — — — G3NOV G2NOV G1NOV G0NOV Initial value Read/Write — — — — Reserved bits Group 3 non-overlap Selects non-overlapping TPC output for group 3 (TP to TP )

  • Page 304

    Bit 3—Group 3 Non-Overlap (G3NOV): Selects normal or non-overlapping TPC output for group 3 (TP to TP Bit 3 G3NOV Description Normal TPC output in group 3 (output values change at (Initial value) compare match A in the selected 16-bit timer channel) Non-overlapping TPC output in group 3 (independent 1 and 0 output at compare match A and B in the selected 16-bit timer channel) Bit 2—Group 2 Non-Overlap (G2NOV): Selects normal or non-overlapping TPC output for...

  • Page 305

    10.3 Operation 10.3.1 Overview When corresponding bits in PADDR or PBDDR and NDERA or NDERB are set to 1, TPC output is enabled. The TPC output initially consists of the corresponding PADR or PBDR contents. When a compare-match event selected in TPCR occurs, the corresponding NDRA or NDRB bit contents are transferred to PADR or PBDR to update the output values.

  • Page 306: Output Timing

    10.3.2 Output Timing If TPC output is enabled, NDRA/NDRB contents are transferred to PADR/PBDR and output when the selected compare match event occurs. Figure 10.3 shows the timing of these operations for the case of normal output in groups 2 and 3, triggered by compare match A. φ...

  • Page 307: Normal Tpc Output

    10.3.3 Normal TPC Output Sample Setup Procedure for Normal TPC Output: Figure 10.4 shows a sample procedure for setting up normal TPC output. Normal TPC output Set TIOR to make GRA an output compare Select GR functions register (with output inhibited). Set GRA value Set the TPC output trigger period.

  • Page 308

    Example of Normal TPC Output (Example of Five-Phase Pulse Output): Figure 10.5 shows an example in which the TPC is used for cyclic five-phase pulse output. TCNT value Compare match TCNT H'0000 Time NDRB PBDR The 16-bit timer channel to be used as the output trigger channel is set up so that GRA is an output compare register and the counter will be cleared by compare match A.

  • Page 309: Non-overlapping Tpc Output

    10.3.4 Non-Overlapping TPC Output Sample Setup Procedure for Non-Overlapping TPC Output: Figure 10.6 shows a sample procedure for setting up non-overlapping TPC output. Non-overlapping TPC output Select GR functions Set TIOR to make GRA and GRB output compare registers (with output inhibited). Set GR values Set the TPC output trigger period in GRB 16-bit timer...

  • Page 310

    Example of Non-Overlapping TPC Output (Example of Four-Phase Complementary Non- Overlapping Output): Figure 10.7 shows an example of the use of TPC output for four-phase complementary non-overlapping pulse output. TCNT value TCNT H'0000 Time NDRB PBDR Non-overlap margin The 16-bit timer channel to be used as the output trigger channel is set up so that GRA and GRB are output compare registers and the counter will be cleared by compare match B.

  • Page 311: Tpc Output Triggering By Input Capture

    10.3.5 TPC Output Triggering by Input Capture TPC output can be triggered by 16-bit timer input capture as well as by compare match. If GRA functions as an input capture register in the 16-bit timer channel selected in TPCR, TPC output will be triggered by the input capture signal.

  • Page 312

    10.4 Usage Notes 10.4.1 Operation of TPC Output Pins to TP are multiplexed with 16-bit timer, address bus, and other pin functions. When 16-bit timer, or address bus output is enabled, the corresponding pins cannot be used for TPC output. The data transfer from NDR bits to DR bits takes place, however, regardless of the usage of the pin.

  • Page 313

    Therefore, 0 data can be transferred ahead of 1 data by making compare match B occur before compare match A. NDR contents should not be altered during the interval from compare match B to compare match A (the non-overlap margin). This can be accomplished by having the IMFA interrupt service routine write the next data in NDR.

  • Page 315: Section 11 Watchdog Timer

    As a watchdog timer, it generates a reset signal for the H8/3008 chip if a system crash allows the timer counter (TCNT) to overflow before being rewritten. In interval timer operation, an interval timer interrupt is requested at each TCNT overflow.

  • Page 316

    11.1.2 Block Diagram Figure 11.1 shows a block diagram of the WDT. Overflow Internal TCNT data bus Read/ Interrupt Interrupt signal write control (interval timer) control TCSR Internal clock sources φ/2 RSTCSR φ/32 φ/64 Reset Reset control Clock φ/128 (internal, external) Clock φ/256 selector...

  • Page 317

    11.1.4 Register Configuration Table 11.2 summarizes the WDT registers. Table 11.2 WDT Registers Address* Write* Read Name Abbreviation Initial Value H'FFF8C H'FFF8C Timer control/status register TCSR R/(W)* H'18 H'FFF8D Timer counter TCNT H'00 H'FFF8E H'FFF8F Reset control/status register RSTCSR R/(W)* H'3F Notes: 1.

  • Page 318: Timer Control/status Register (tcsr)

    11.2.2 Timer Control/Status Register (TCSR) TCSR is an 8-bit readable and writable register. Its functions include selecting the timer mode and clock source. WT/IT — — CKS2 CKS1 CKS0 Initial value Read/Write R/(W) — — Clock select These bits select the TCNT clock source Reserved bits Timer enable...

  • Page 319

    Bit 6—Timer Mode Select (WT/IT): Selects whether to use the WDT as a watchdog timer or interval timer. If used as an interval timer, the WDT generates an interval timer interrupt request when TCNT overflows. If used as a watchdog timer, the WDT generates a reset signal when TCNT overflows.

  • Page 320: Reset Control/status Register (rstcsr)

    Bit 7—Watchdog Timer Reset (WRST): During watchdog timer operation, this bit indicates that TCNT has overflowed and generated a reset signal. This reset signal resets the entire H8/3008 chip internally. If bit RSTOE is set to 1, this reset signal is also output (low) at the RESO pin to initialize external system devices.

  • Page 321: Notes On Register Access

    Bit 6—Reset Output Enable (RSTOE): Enables or disables external output at the RESO pin of the reset signal generated if TCNT overflows during watchdog timer operation. Note that there is no RESO pin in the versions with on-chip flash memory. Bit 6 RSTOE Description Reset signal is not output externally...

  • Page 322

    Writing to RSTCSR: RSTCSR must be written by a word transfer instruction. It cannot be written by byte transfer instructions. Figure 11.3 shows the format of data written to RSTCSR. To write 0 in the WRST bit, the write data must have H'A5 in the upper byte and H'00 in the lower byte.

  • Page 323

    TCNT value (normally by writing H'00) before overflow occurs. If TCNT fails to be rewritten and overflows due to a system crash etc., the H8/3008 is internally reset for a duration of 518 states. The watchdog reset signal can be externally output from the RESO pin to reset external system devices.

  • Page 324: Interval Timer Operation

    11.3.2 Interval Timer Operation Figure 11.5 illustrates interval timer operation. To use the WDT as an interval timer, clear bit WT/IT to 0 and set bit TME to 1 in TCSR. An interval timer interrupt request is generated at each TCNT overflow.

  • Page 325: Timing Of Setting Of Watchdog Timer Reset Bit (wrst)

    1 when TCNT overflows and OVF is set to 1. At the same time an internal reset signal is generated for the entire H8/3008 chip. This internal reset signal clears OVF to 0, but the WRST bit remains set to 1. The reset routine must therefore clear the WRST bit.

  • Page 326

    11.4 Interrupts During interval timer operation, an overflow generates an interval timer interrupt (WOVI). The interval timer interrupt is requested whenever the OVF flag is set to 1 in TCSR. 11.5 Usage Notes Contention between TCNT Write and Increment: If a timer counter clock pulse is generated during the T state of a write cycle to TCNT, the write takes priority and the timer count is not incremented.

  • Page 327: Section 12 Serial Communication Interface

    12.1 Overview The H8/3008 has a serial communication interface (SCI) with two independent channels. The two channels have identical functions. The SCI can communicate in both asynchronous and synchronous mode. It also has a multiprocessor communication function for serial communication among two or more processors.

  • Page 328

    • Full-duplex communication The transmitting and receiving sections are independent, so the SCI can transmit and receive simultaneously. The transmitting and receiving sections are both double-buffered, so serial data can be transmitted and received continuously. • The following settings can be made for the serial data to be transferred: ...

  • Page 329

    12.1.2 Block Diagram Figure 12.1 shows a block diagram of the SCI. Module data bus Internal data bus φ Baud rate φ/ 4 SCMR generator φ/16 Transmit/receive φ/64 control Parity generate Clock Parity check External clock T E I T X I R X I E R I Legend:...

  • Page 330

    12.1.3 Pin Configuration The SCI has serial pins for each channel as listed in table 12.1. Table 12.1 SCI Pins Channel Name Abbreviation Function Serial clock pin Input/output clock input/output Receive data pin Input receive data input Transmit data pin Output transmit data output Serial clock pin...

  • Page 331

    12.1.4 Register Configuration The SCI has internal registers as listed in table 12.2. These registers select asynchronous or synchronous mode, specify the data format and bit rate, control the transmitter and receiver sections, and specify switching between the serial communication interface and smart card interface.

  • Page 332

    12.2 Register Descriptions 12.2.1 Receive Shift Register (RSR) RSR is the register that receives serial data. — — — — — — — — Read/Write The SCI loads serial data input at the RxD pin into RSR in the order received, LSB (bit 0) first, thereby converting the data to parallel data.

  • Page 333: Transmit Shift Register (tsr)

    12.2.3 Transmit Shift Register (TSR) TSR is the register that transmits serial data. — — — — — Read/Write — — — The SCI loads transmit data from TDR to TSR, then transmits the data serially from the TxD pin, LSB (bit 0) first.

  • Page 334: Serial Mode Register (smr)

    12.2.5 Serial Mode Register (SMR) SMR is an 8-bit register that specifies the SCI's serial communication format and selects the clock source for the baud rate generator. STOP CKS1 CKS0 Initial value Read/Write Clock select 1/0 These bits select the baud rate generator's clock source Multiprocessor mode...

  • Page 335

    Bit 7 Description Asynchronous mode (Initial value) Synchronous mode For Smart Card Interface (SMIF Bit in SCMR Set to 1): Selects GSM mode for the smart card interface. Bit 7 Description The TEND flag is set 12.5 etu after the start bit (Initial value) The TEND flag is set 11.0 etu after the start bit Note: etu: Elementary time unit (time required to transmit one bit)

  • Page 336

    Bit 4 Description Even parity* (Initial value) Odd parity* Notes: 1. When even parity is selected, the parity bit added to transmit data makes an even number of 1s in the transmitted character and parity bit combined. Receive data must have an even number of 1s in the received character and parity bit combined.

  • Page 337: Serial Control Register (scr)

    For the relationship between the clock source, bit rate register setting, and baud rate, see section 12.2.8, Bit Rate Register (BRR). Bit 1 Bit 0 CKS1 CKS0 Description φ (Initial value) φ/4 φ/16 φ/64 12.2.6 Serial Control Register (SCR) SCR register enables or disables the SCI transmitter and receiver, enables or disables serial clock output in asynchronous mode, enables or disables interrupts, and selects the transmit/receive clock source.

  • Page 338

    The CPU can always read and write SCR. SCR is initialized to H'00 by a reset and in standby mode. Bit 7—Transmit Interrupt Enable (TIE): Enables or disables the transmit-data-empty interrupt (TXI) requested when the TDRE flag in SSR is set to 1 due to transfer of serial transmit data from TDR to TSR.

  • Page 339

    Bit 4 Description Receiving disabled* (Initial value) Receiving enabled* Notes: 1. Clearing the RE bit to 0 does not affect the RDRF, FER, PER, and ORER flags. These flags retain their previous values. 2. In the enabled state, serial receiving starts when a start bit is detected in asynchronous mode, or serial clock input is detected in synchronous mode.

  • Page 340

    For serial communication interface (SMIF bit in SCMR cleared to 0): These bits select the SCI clock source and enable or disable clock output from the SCK pin. Depending on the settings of CKE1 and CKE0, the SCK pin can be used for generic input/output, serial clock output, or serial clock input.

  • Page 341: Serial Status Register (ssr)

    12.2.7 Serial Status Register (SSR) SSR is an 8-bit register containing multiprocessor bit values, and status flags that indicate the operating status of the SCI. TDRE RDRF ORER FER/ERS TEND MPBT Initial value R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* Read/Write Multiprocessor bit transfer Value of multiprocessor bit to be transmitted Multiprocessor bit...

  • Page 342

    The CPU can always read and write SSR, but cannot write 1 in the TDRE, RDRF, ORER, PER, and FER flags. These flags can be cleared to 0 only if they have first been read while set to 1. The TEND and MPB flags are read-only bits that cannot be written. SSR is initialized to H'84 by a reset and in standby mode.

  • Page 343

    Bit 5—Overrun Error (ORER): Indicates that data reception ended abnormally due to an overrun error. Bit 5 ORER Description Receiving is in progress or has ended normally* (Initial value) [Clearing conditions] • The chip is reset or enters standby mode •...

  • Page 344

    For Smart Card Interface (SMIF Bit in SCMR Set to 1): Indicates the status of the error signal sent back from the receiving side during transmission. Framing errors are not detected in smart card interface mode. Bit 4 Description Normal reception, no error signal* (Initial value) [Clearing conditions] •...

  • Page 345

    Bit 2 TEND Description Transmission is in progress [Clearing condition] Read TDRE when TDRE = 1, then write 0 in TDRE End of transmission (Initial value) [Setting conditions] • The chip is reset or enters standby mode • The TE bit in SCR is cleared to 0 •...

  • Page 346: Bit Rate Register (brr)

    Bit 0—Multiprocessor Bit Transfer (MPBT): Stores the value of the multiprocessor bit added to transmit data when a multiprocessor format in selected for transmitting in asynchronous mode. The MPBT bit setting is ignored in synchronous mode, when a multiprocessor format is not selected, or when the SCI cannot transmit.

  • Page 347

    Table 12.3 Examples of Bit Rates and BRR Settings in Asynchronous Mode φ (MHz) 2.097152 2.4576 Bit Rate (bit/s) Error (%) n Error (%) n Error (%) n Error (%) 141 0.03 148 -0.04 174 -0.26 212 0.03 103 0.16 108 0.21 127 0.00 155 0.16...

  • Page 348

    φ (MHz) 6.144 7.3728 Bit Rate (bit/s) Error (%) n Error (%) n Error (%) n Error (%) 106 -0.44 108 0.08 130 -0.07 141 0.03 0.16 0.00 0.00 103 0.16 155 0.16 159 0.00 191 0.00 207 0.16 0.16 0.00 0.00 103 0.16...

  • Page 349

    φ (MHz) 14.7456 Bit Rate (bit/s) Error (%) n Error (%) n Error (%) n Error (%) 230 -0.08 248 -0.17 0.70 0.03 168 0.16 181 0.16 191 0.00 207 0.16 -0.43 0.16 0.00 103 0.16 168 0.16 181 0.16 191 0.00 207 0.16 1200...

  • Page 350

    Table 12.4 Examples of Bit Rates and BRR Settings in Synchronous Mode φ (MHz) Rate (bit/s) n — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 124 2 249 3 124 — — 202 3 249 —...

  • Page 351

    The BRR setting is calculated as follows: Asynchronous mode: φ × 10 – 1 64 × 2 × B 2n–1 Synchronous mode: φ × 10 – 1 8 × 2 × B 2n–1 B: Bit rate (bit/s) N: BRR setting for baud rate generator (0 ≤ N ≤ 255) φ: System clock frequency (MHz) n: Baud rate generator input clock (n = 0, 1, 2, 3) (For the clock sources and values of n, see the following table.)

  • Page 352

    Table 12.5 shows the maximum bit rates in asynchronous mode for various system clock frequencies. Tables 12.6 and 12.7 show the maximum bit rates with external clock input. Table 12.5 Maximum Bit Rates for Various Frequencies (Asynchronous Mode) Settings φ (MHz) Maximum Bit Rate (bit/s) 62500 2.097152...

  • Page 353

    Table 12.6 Maximum Bit Rates with External Clock Input (Asynchronous Mode) φ (MHz) External Input Clock (MHz) Maximum Bit Rate (bit/s) 0.5000 31250 2.097152 0.5243 32768 2.4576 0.6144 38400 0.7500 46875 3.6864 0.9216 57600 1.0000 62500 4.9152 1.2288 76800 1.2500 78125 1.5000 93750...

  • Page 354

    Table 12.7 Maximum Bit Rates with External Clock Input (Synchronous Mode) φ (MHz) External Input Clock (MHz) Maximum Bit Rate (bit/s) 0.3333 333333.3 0.6667 666666.7 1.0000 1000000.0 1.3333 1333333.3 1.6667 1666666.7 2.0000 2000000.0 2.3333 2333333.3 2.6667 2666666.7 3.0000 3000000.0 3.3333 3333333.3 4.1667 4166666.7...

  • Page 355

    Asynchronous Mode • Data length is selectable: 7 or 8 bits • Parity and multiprocessor bits are selectable, and so is the stop bit length (1 or 2 bits). These selections determine the communication format and character length. • In receiving, it is possible to detect framing errors, parity errors, overrun errors, and the break state.

  • Page 356

    Table 12.8 SMR Settings and Serial Communication Formats SMR Settings SCI Communication Format Multi- pro- Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 2 Bit 5 Bit 3 Data cessor Parity Stop Bit STOP Mode Length Length Asyn- 8-bit data Absent Absent 1 bit chronous 2 bits mode...

  • Page 357: Operation In Asynchronous Mode

    12.3.2 Operation in Asynchronous Mode In asynchronous mode, each transmitted or received character begins with a start bit and ends with one or two stop bits. Serial communication is synchronized one character at a time. The transmitting and receiving sections of the SCI are independent, so full-duplex communication is possible.

  • Page 358

    Table 12.10 Serial Communication Formats (Asynchronous Mode) SMR Settings Serial Communication Format and Frame Length STOP 8-bit data STOP 8-bit data STOP STOP 8-bit data STOP 8-bit data STOP STOP 7-bit data STOP 7-bit data STOP STOP 7-bit data STOP 7-bit data STOP STOP...

  • Page 359

    Clock: An internal clock generated by the on-chip baud rate generator or an external clock input from the SCK pin can be selected as the SCI transmit/receive clock. The clock source is selected by the C/A bit in SMR and bits CKE1 and CKE0 in SCR. For details of SCI clock source selection, see table 12.9.

  • Page 360

    Figure 12.4 shows a sample flowchart for initializing the SCI. Start of initialization Set the clock source in SCR. Clear the Clear TE and RE bits RIE, TIE, TEIE, MPIE, TE, and RE bits to to 0 in SCR 0. If clock output is selected in asynchronous mode, clock output starts Set CKE1 and CKE0 bits in SCR immediately after the setting is made in...

  • Page 361

    • Transmitting Serial Data (Asynchronous Mode): Figure 12.5 shows a sample flowchart for transmitting serial data and indicates the procedure to follow. Initialize SCI initialization: the transmit data output function of the TxD pin is selected automatically. Start transmitting After the TE bit is set to 1, one frame of 1s is output, then transmission is possible.

  • Page 362

    In transmitting serial data, the SCI operates as follows: • The SCI monitors the TDRE flag in SSR. When the TDRE flag is cleared to 0, the SCI recognizes that TDR contains new data, and loads this data from TDR into TSR. •...

  • Page 363

    • Receiving Serial Data (Asynchronous Mode): Figure 12.7 shows a sample flowchart for receiving serial data and indicates the procedure to follow. Initialize SCI initialization: the receive data input function of the RxD pin is selected automatically. Start receiving (2)(3) Receive error handling and break detection: if a receive error occurs, read the ORER, Read ORER, PER, and FER...

  • Page 364

    Error handling ORER= 1 Overrun error handling FER= 1 Break? Framing error handling Clear RE bit to 0 in SCR PER= 1 Parity error handling Clear ORER, PER, and FER flags to 0 in SSR <End> Figure 12.7 Sample Flowchart for Receiving Serial Data (cont)

  • Page 365

    In receiving, the SCI operates as follows: • The SCI monitors the communication line. When it detects a start bit (0 bit), the SCI synchronizes internally and starts receiving. • Receive data is stored in RSR in order from LSB to MSB. •...

  • Page 366: Multiprocessor Communication

    Figure 12.8 shows an example of SCI receive operation in asynchronous mode. Start Parity Stop Start Parity Stop Data Data Idle (mark) state RDRF RXI interrupt RXI interrupt handler request Framing error, reads data in RDR and ERI interrupt clears RDRF flag to 0 1 frame request Figure 12.8 Example of SCI Receive Operation...

  • Page 367

    Communication Formats: Four formats are available. Parity bit settings are ignored when a multiprocessor format is selected. For details see table 12.10. Clock: See the description of asynchronous mode. Transmitting processor Serial communication line Receiving Receiving Receiving Receiving processor A processor B processor C processor D...

  • Page 368

    Initialize SCI initialization: the transmit data output function of the TxD pin is selected automatically. Start transmitting SCI status check and transmit data write: Read TDRE flag in SSR read SSR, check that the TDRE flag is 1, then write transmit data in TDR. Also set the MPBT flag to 0 or 1 in SSR.

  • Page 369

    In transmitting serial data, the SCI operates as follows: • The SCI monitors the TDRE flag in SSR. When the TDRE flag is cleared to 0, the SCI recognizes that TDR contains new data, and loads this data from TDR into TSR. •...

  • Page 370

    SCI initialization: Initialize the receive data input function of the RxD pin is selected automatically. Start receiving ID receive cycle: set the MPIE bit to 1 in SCR. Set MPIE bit to 1 in SCR SCI status check and ID check: Read ORER and FER flags read SSR, check that the RDRF flag in SSR...

  • Page 371

    Error handling ORER= 1 Overrun error handling FER= 1 Break? Clear RE bit to 0 in SCR Framing error handling Clear ORER, PER, and FER flags to 0 in SSR <End> Figure 12.12 Sample Flowchart for Receiving Multiprocessor Serial Data (cont)

  • Page 372

    Figure 12.13 shows an example of SCI receive operation using a multiprocessor format. Start Stop Start Stop Data (ID1) Data (data1) Idle (mark) state MPIE RDRF RDR value RXI interrupt request RXI interrupt handler reads Not own ID, so MPIE No RXI interrupt MPB detection (multiprocessor interrupt)

  • Page 373: Synchronous Operation

    12.3.4 Synchronous Operation In synchronous mode, the SCI transmits and receives data in synchronization with clock pulses. This mode is suitable for high-speed serial communication. The SCI transmitter and receiver share the same clock but are otherwise independent, so full- duplex communication is possible.

  • Page 374

    Transmitting and Receiving Data: • SCI Initialization (Synchronous Mode): Before transmitting or receiving data, clear the TE and RE bits to 0 in SCR, then initialize the SCI as follows. When changing the communication mode or format, always clear the TE and RE bits to 0 before following the procedure given below.

  • Page 375

    • Transmitting Serial Data (Synchronous Mode): Figure 12.16 shows a sample flowchart for transmitting serial data and indicates the procedure to follow. Initialize SCI initialization: the transmit data output function of the TxD pin is selected automatically. Start transmitting SCI status check and transmit data write: read SSR, check that the TDRE Read TDRE flag in SSR flag is 1, then write transmit data in...

  • Page 376

    In transmitting serial data, the SCI operates as follows. • The SCI monitors the TDRE flag in SSR. When the TDRE flag is cleared to 0, the SCI recognizes that TDR contains new data, and loads this data from TDR into TSR. •...

  • Page 377

    Initialize SCI initialization: the receive data input function of the RxD pin is selected automatically. Start receiving Receive error handling: if a receive (2)(3) error occurs, read the ORER flag in Read ORER flag in SSR SSR, then after executing the necessary error handling, clear the ORER flag to 0.

  • Page 378

    Error handling Overrun error handling Clear ORER flag to 0 in SSR <End> Figure 12.18 Sample Flowchart for Serial Receiving (cont) In receiving, the SCI operates as follows: • The SCI synchronizes with serial clock input or output and synchronizes internally. •...

  • Page 379

    Figure 12.19 shows an example of SCI receive operation. Serial clock Serial data Bit 7 Bit 0 Bit 7 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 6 Bit 7 RDRF ORER RXI interrupt RXI interrupt handler RXI interrupt Overrun error, request reads data in RDR and request ERI interrupt clears RDRF flag to 0...

  • Page 380

    • Transmitting and Receiving Data Simultaneously (Synchronous Mode): Figure 12.20 shows a sample flowchart for transmitting and receiving serial data simultaneously and indicates the procedure to follow. Initialize SCI initialization: the transmit data output function of the TxD pin and the read data input function of the TxD pin are selected, enabling simultaneous Start of transmitting and receiving transmitting and receiving.

  • Page 381: Sci Interrupts

    12.4 SCI Interrupts The SCI has four interrupt request sources: transmit-end interrupt (TEI), receive-error (ERI), receive-data-full (RXI), and transmit-data-empty interrupt (TXI). Table 12.12 lists the interrupt sources and indicates their priority. These interrupts can be enabled or disabled by the TIE, RIE, and TEIE bits in SCR.

  • Page 382

    12.5 Usage Notes 12.5.1 Notes on Use of SCI Note the following points when using the SCI. TDR Write and TDRE Flag: The TDRE flag in SSR is a status flag indicating the loading of transmit data from TDR to TSR. The SCI sets the TDRE flag to 1 when it transfers data from TDR to TSR.

  • Page 383

    Break Detection and Processing: Break signals can be detected by reading the RxD pin directly when a framing error (FER) is detected. In the break state the input from the RxD pin consists of all 0s, so the FER flag is set and the parity error flag (PER) may also be set. In the break state the SCI receiver continues to operate, so if the FER flag is cleared to 0 it will be set to 1 again.

  • Page 384

    The receive margin in asynchronous mode can therefore be expressed as shown in equation (1). D – 0.5 (1 + F) × 100% M = (0.5 – ) – (L – 0.5) F – ..(1) Receive margin (%) Ratio of clock frequency to bit rate (N = 16) Clock duty cycle (D = 0 to 1.0)

  • Page 385

    Switching from SCK Pin Function to Port Pin Function: • Problem in Operation: When switching the SCK pin function to the output port function (high- level output) by making the following settings while DDR = 1, DR = 1, C/A = 1, CKE1 = 0, CKE0 = 0, and TE = 1 (synchronous mode), low-level output occurs for one half-cycle.

  • Page 386

    • Sample Procedure for Avoiding Low-Level Output: As this sample procedure temporarily places the SCK pin in the input state, the SCK/port pin should be pulled up beforehand with an external circuit. With DDR = 1, DR = 1, C/A = 1, CKE1 = 0, CKE0 = 0, and TE = 1, make the following settings in the order shown.

  • Page 387: Section 13 Smart Card Interface

    Switchover between the normal serial communication interface and the smart card interface is controlled by a register setting. 13.1.1 Features Features of the smart card interface supported by the H8/3008 are listed below. • Asynchronous communication  Data length: 8 bits  Parity bit generation and checking ...

  • Page 388

    13.1.2 Block Diagram Figure 13.1 shows a block diagram of the smart card interface. Internal Module data bus data bus SCMR φ φ/4 Baud rate generator φ/16 Transmission/ φ/64 reception control Parity generation Clock Parity check External clock Legend SCMR: Smart card mode register RSR: Receive shift register RDR:...

  • Page 389

    13.1.4 Register Configuration The smart card interface has the internal registers listed in table 13.2. The BRR, TDR, and RDR registers have their normal serial communication interface functions, as described in section 12, Serial Communication Interface. Table 13.2 Smart Card Interface Registers Channel Address* Name...

  • Page 390

    13.2 Register Descriptions This section describes the new or modified registers and bit functions in the smart card interface. 13.2.1 Smart Card Mode Register (SCMR) SCMR is an 8-bit readable/writable register that selects smart card interface functions. — — — —...

  • Page 391

    Bit 2—Smart Card Data Invert (SINV): Specifies inversion of the data logic level. This function is used in combination with the SDIR bit to communicate with inverse-convention cards.* The SINV bit does not affect the logic level of the parity bit. For parity settings, see section 13.3.4, Register Settings.

  • Page 392

    13.2.2 Serial Status Register (SSR) The function of SSR bit 4 is modified in smart card interface mode. This change also causes a modification to the setting conditions for bit 2 (TEND). TDRE RDRF ORER TEND MPBT Initial value Read/Write R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)*...

  • Page 393

    Bits 3 to 0: These bits operate as in normal serial communication. For details see section 12.2.7, Serial Status Register (SSR). The setting conditions for transmit end (TEND), however, are modified as follows. Bit 2 TEND Description Transmission is in progress [Clearing condition] Software reads TDRE while it is set to 1, then writes 0 in the TDRE flag.

  • Page 394

    Bit 7 Description Normal smart card interface mode operation • The TEND flag is set 12.5 etu after the beginning of the start bit. • Clock output on/off control only. (Initial value) GSM mode smart card interface mode operation • The TEND flag is set 11.0 etu after the beginning of the start bit.

  • Page 395

    CLK pin of the smart card. If the smart card uses an internal clock, this connection is unnecessary. The reset signal should be output from one of the H8/3008’s generic ports. In addition to these pin connections. power and ground connections will normally also be...

  • Page 396: Data Format

    Data line Clock line H8/3008 Px (port) chip Reset line Smart card Card-processing device Figure 13.2 Smart Card Interface Connection Diagram Note: Setting both TE and RE to 1 without connecting a smart card enables closed transmission/reception, allowing self-diagnosis to be carried out.

  • Page 397

    No parity error Output from transmitting device Parity error Output from transmitting device Output from receiving Legend device Start bit D0 to D7: Data bits Parity bit Error signal Figure 13.3 Smart Card Interface Data Format The operating sequence is as follows. 1.

  • Page 398: Register Settings

    13.3.4 Register Settings Table 13.3 shows a bit map of the registers used in the smart card interface. Bits indicated as 0 or 1 must be set to the value shown. The setting of other bits is described in this section. Table 13.3 Smart Card Interface Register Settings Register Address Bit 7...

  • Page 399

    In the H8/3008, inversion specified by the SINV bit applies only to the data bits, D7 to D0. For parity bit inversion, the O/E bit in SMR must be set to odd parity mode. This applies to both...

  • Page 400: Clock

    13.3.5 Clock Only an internal clock generated by the on-chip baud rate generator can be used as the transmit/receive clock for the smart card interface. The bit rate is set with the bit rate register (BRR) and the CKS1 and CKS0 bits in the serial mode register (SMR). The equation for calculating the bit rate is shown below.

  • Page 401

    The following equation calculates the bit rate register (BRR) setting from the operating frequency and bit rate. N is an integer from 0 to 255, specifying the value with the smaller error. φ × 10 – 1 1488 × 2 ×...

  • Page 402: Transmitting And Receiving Data

    13.3.6 Transmitting and Receiving Data Initialization: Before transmitting or receiving data, the smart card interface must be initialized as described below. Initialization is also necessary when switching from transmit mode to receive mode, or vice versa. 1. Clear the TE and RE bits to 0 in the serial control register (SCR). 2.

  • Page 403

    For details, see Interrupt Operations in this section. Serial data Guard time (1) GM = 0 TEND 12.5 etu (2) GM = 1 TEND 11.0 etu Figure 13.4 Timing of TEND Flag Setting...

  • Page 404

    Start Initialization Start transmitting FER/ERS = 0? Error handling TEND = 1? Write transmit data in TDR, and clear TDRE flag to 0 in SSR All data transmitted? FER/ERS = 0? Error handling TEND = 1? Clear TE bit to 0 Figure 13.5 Sample Transmission Processing Flowchart...

  • Page 405

    (shift register) 1. Data write Data 1 2. Transfer from TDR to TSR Data 1 Data 1 Data remains in TDR Data 1 I/O signal 3. Serial data output Data 1 output In case of normal transmission: TEND flag is set In case of transmit error: ERS flag is set Steps 2 and 3 above are repeated until the...

  • Page 406

    Start Initialization Start receiving ORER = 0 and PER = 0? Error handling RDRF = 1? Read RDR and clear RDRF flag to 0 in SSR All data received? Clear RE bit to 0 Figure 13.8 Sample Reception Processing Flowchart The above procedure may include interrupt handling.

  • Page 407

    When switching from transmit mode to receive mode, first confirm that the transmit operation has been completed, then start from initialization, clearing TE to 0 and setting RE to 1. The TEND flag can be used to check that the transmit operation has been completed. Fixing Clock Output: When the GM bit is set to 1 in SMR, clock output can be fixed by means of the CKE1 and CKE0 bits in SCR.

  • Page 408

    Examples of Operation in GSM Mode: When switching between smart card interface mode and software standby mode, use the following procedures to maintain the clock duty cycle. • Switching from smart card interface mode to software standby mode 1. Set the P9 data register (DR) and data direction register (DDR) to the values for the fixed output state in software standby mode.

  • Page 409

    13.4 Usage Notes The following points should be noted when using the SCI as a smart card interface. Receive Data Sampling Timing and Receive Margin in Smart Card Interface Mode: In smart card interface mode, the SCI operates on a base clock with a frequency of 372 times the transfer rate.

  • Page 410

    The receive margin can therefore be expressed as follows. Receive margin in smart card interface mode: D – 0.5 (1 + F) × 100% M = (0.5 – ) – (L – 0.5) F – M: Receive margin (%) N: Ratio of clock frequency to bit rate (N = 372) D: Clock duty cycle (L = 0 to 1.0) L: Frame length (L =10) F: Absolute deviation of clock frequency...

  • Page 411

    TEND Figure 13.13 Retransmission in SCI Transmit Mode Note on Block Transfer Mode Support: The smart card interface installed in the H8/3008 supports an IC card (smart card) interface with provision for ISO/IEC7816-3 T=0 (character transmission). Therefore, block transfer operations are not supported (error signal transmission,...

  • Page 413: Section 14 A/d Converter

    Section 14 A/D Converter 14.1 Overview The H8/3008 includes a 10-bit successive-approximations A/D converter with a selection of up to eight analog input channels. When the A/D converter is not used, it can be halted independently to conserve power. For details see section 18.6, Module Standby Function.

  • Page 414

    14.1.2 Block Diagram Figure 14.1 shows a block diagram of the A/D converter. Internal Module data bus data bus 10-bit D/A – ø/4 Comparator Analog Control circuit multi- plexer Sample-and- ø/8 hold circuit ADTRG interrupt signal Compare match A0 ADTE 8-bit timer 8TCSR0 Legend:...

  • Page 415

    14.1.3 Pin Configuration Table 14.1 summarizes the A/D converter’s input pins. The eight analog input pins are divided into two groups: group 0 (AN to AN ), and group 1 (AN to AN ). AV and AV are the power supply for the analog circuits in the A/D converter.

  • Page 416

    14.1.4 Register Configuration Table 14.2 summarizes the A/D converter’s registers. Table 14.2 A/D Converter Registers Address* Name Abbreviation Initial Value H'FFFE0 A/D data register A H ADDRAH H'00 H'FFFE1 A/D data register A L ADDRAL H'00 H'FFFE2 A/D data register B H ADDRBH H'00 H'FFFE3...

  • Page 417: A/d Control/status Register (adcsr)

    data register are reserved bits that are always read as 0. Table 14.3 indicates the pairings of analog input channels and A/D data registers. The CPU can always read and write the A/D data registers. The upper byte can be read directly, but the lower byte is read through a temporary register (TEMP).

  • Page 418

    ADCSR is an 8-bit readable/writable register that selects the mode and controls the A/D converter. ADCSR is initialized to H'00 by a reset and in standby mode. Bit 7—A/D End Flag (ADF): Indicates the end of A/D conversion. Bit 7 Description [Clearing condition] (Initial value)

  • Page 419: A/d Control Register (adcr)

    Bit 3—Clock Select (CKS): Selects the A/D conversion time. Clear the ADST bit to 0 before switching the conversion time. Bit 3 Description Conversion time = 134 states (maximum) (Initial value) Conversion time = 70 states (maximum) Bits 2 to 0—Channel Select 2 to 0 (CH2 to CH0): These bits and the SCAN bit select the analog input channels.

  • Page 420

    Bit 7—Trigger Enable (TRGE): Enables or disables starting of A/D conversion by an external trigger or 8-bit timer compare match. Bit 7 TRGE Description Starting of A/D conversion by an external trigger or 8-bit timer (Initial value) compare match is disabled A/D conversion is started at the falling edge of the external trigger signal (ADTRG) or by an 8-bit timer compare match External trigger pin and 8-bit timer selection is performed by the 8-bit timer.

  • Page 421

    Upper-byte read Module data bus Bus interface (H'AA) TEMP (H'40) ADDRnH ADDRnL (H'AA) (H'40) (n = A to D) Lower-byte read Module data bus Bus interface (H'40) TEMP (H'40) ADDRnH ADDRnL (H'AA) (H'40) (n = A to D) Figure 14.2 A/D Data Register Access Operation (Reading H'AA40)

  • Page 422

    14.4 Operation The A/D converter operates by successive approximations with 10-bit resolution. It has two operating modes: single mode and scan mode. 14.4.1 Single Mode (SCAN = 0) Single mode should be selected when only one A/D conversion on one channel is required. A/D conversion starts when the ADST bit is set to 1 by software, or by external trigger input.

  • Page 423

    Figure 14.3 Example of A/D Converter Operation (Single Mode, Channel 1 Selected)

  • Page 424: Scan Mode (scan = 1)

    14.4.2 Scan Mode (SCAN = 1) Scan mode is useful for monitoring analog inputs in a group of one or more channels. When the ADST bit is set to 1 by software or external trigger input, A/D conversion starts on the first channel in the group (AN when CH2 = 0, AN when CH2 = 1).

  • Page 425

    Figure 14.4 Example of A/D Converter Operation (Scan Mode, Channels AN to AN Selected)

  • Page 426: Input Sampling And A/d Conversion Time

    14.4.3 Input Sampling and A/D Conversion Time The A/D converter has a built-in sample-and-hold circuit. The A/D converter samples the analog input at a time t after the ADST bit is set to 1, then starts conversion. Figure 14.5 shows the A/D conversion timing.

  • Page 427: External Trigger Input Timing

    Table 14.4 A/D Conversion Time (Single Mode) CKS = 0 CKS = 1 Symbol Synchronization delay — — Input sampling time — — — — A/D conversion time — — CONV Note: Values in the table are numbers of states. 14.4.4 External Trigger Input Timing A/D conversion can be externally triggered When the TRGE bit is set to 1 in ADCR and the 8-bit...

  • Page 428

    14.5 Interrupts The A/D converter generates an interrupt (ADI) at the end of A/D conversion. The ADI interrupt request can be enabled or disabled by the ADIE bit in ADCSR. 14.6 Usage Notes When using the A/D converter, note the following points: 1.

  • Page 429

    100 Ω to AN 0.1 µF Notes: 1. 10 µF 0.01 µF 2. Rin: input impedance Figure 14.7 Example of Analog Input Protection Circuit Table 14.5 Analog Input Pin Ratings Item Unit Analog input capacitance — Allowable signal-source impedance — kΩ...

  • Page 430

    6. A/D Conversion Accuracy Definitions A/D conversion accuracy in the H8/3008 is defined as follows: • Resolution Digital output code length of A/D converter • Offset error Deviation from ideal A/D conversion characteristic of analog input voltage required to raise digital output from minimum voltage value 0000000000 to 0000000001 (figure 14.10)

  • Page 431

    Figure 14.10 A/D Converter Accuracy Definitions (2) 7. Allowable Signal-Source Impedance The analog inputs of the H8/3008 are designed to assure accurate conversion of input signals with a signal-source impedance not exceeding 10 kΩ. The reason for this rating is that it enables the input capacitor in the sample-and-hold circuit in the A/D converter to charge within the sampling time.

  • Page 432

    H8/3008 Equivalent circuit of A/D converter Sensor output impedance 10 kΩ Up to 10 kΩ Sensor input Cin = Low-pass 20 pF 15 pF filter C up to 0.1 µF Figure 14.11 Analog Input Circuit (Example)

  • Page 433: Section 15 D/a Converter

    Section 15 D/A Converter 15.1 Overview The H8/3008 includes a D/A converter with two channels. 15.1.1 Features D/A converter features are listed below. • Eight-bit resolution • Two output channels • Conversion time: maximum 10 µs (with 20-pF capacitive load) •...

  • Page 434

    15.1.2 Block Diagram Figure 15.1 shows a block diagram of the D/A converter. Internal Module data bus data bus 8-bit D/A Control circuit Legend: DACR: D/A control register DADR0: D/A data register 0 DADR1: D/A data register 1 DASTCR: D/A standby control register Figure 15.1 D/A Converter Block Diagram...

  • Page 435

    15.1.3 Pin Configuration Table 15.1 summarizes the D/A converter's input and output pins. Table 15.1 D/A Converter Pins Pin Name Abbreviation I/O Function Analog power supply pin Input Analog power supply and reference voltage Analog ground pin Input Analog ground and reference voltage Analog output pin 0 Output Analog output, channel 0...

  • Page 436

    15.2 Register Descriptions 15.2.1 D/A Data Registers 0 and 1 (DADR0, DADR1) Initial value Read/Write The D/A data registers (DADR0 and DADR1) are 8-bit readable/writable registers that store the data to be converted. When analog output is enabled, the D/A data register values are constantly converted and output at the analog output pins.

  • Page 437

    Bit 7—D/A Output Enable 1 (DAOE1): Controls D/A conversion and analog output. Bit 7 DAOE1 Description analog output is disabled Channel-1 D/A conversion and DA analog output are enabled Bit 6—D/A Output Enable 0 (DAOE0): Controls D/A conversion and analog output. Bit 6 DAOE0 Description...

  • Page 438: D/a Standby Control Register (dastcr)

    15.2.3 D/A Standby Control Register (DASTCR) DASTCR is an 8-bit readable/writable register that enables or disables D/A output in software standby mode. — — — — — — — DASTE Initial value Read/Write — — — — — — — Reserved bits D/A standby enable Enables or disables D/A output...

  • Page 439

    An example of D/A conversion on channel 0 is given next. Timing is indicated in figure 15.2. 1. Data to be converted is written in DADR0. 2. Bit DAOE0 is set to 1 in DACR. D/A conversion starts and DA becomes an output pin.

  • Page 440: D/a Output Control

    15.4 D/A Output Control In the H8/3008, D/A converter output can be enabled or disabled in software standby mode. When the DASTE bit is set to 1 in DASTCR, D/A converter output is enabled in software standby mode. The D/A converter registers retain the values they held prior to the transition to software standby mode.

  • Page 441: Section 16 Ram

    16.1 Overview The H8/3008 has high-speed static RAM on-chip. The RAM is connected to the CPU by a 16-bit data bus. The CPU accesses both byte data and word data in two states, making the RAM useful for rapid data transfer.

  • Page 442

    16.1.1 Block Diagram Figure 16.1 shows a block diagram of the on-chip RAM. Internal data bus (upper 8 bits) Internal data bus (lower 8 bits) Bus interface SYSCR H'FEF20* H'FEF21* H'FEF22* H'FEF23* On-chip RAM H'FFF1E* H'FFF1F* Even addresses Odd addresses Legend: SYSCR: System control register Note: * The lower 20 bits of the address are shown.

  • Page 443

    16.2 System Control Register (SYSCR) SSBY STS2 STS1 STS0 NMIEG SSOE RAME Initial value Read/Write RAM enable bit Enables or disables on-chip RAM Software standby output port enable NMI edge select User bit enable Standby timer select 2 to 0 Software standby One function of SYSCR is to enable or disable access to the on-chip RAM.

  • Page 444

    16.3 Operation When the RAME bit is set to 1, the on-chip RAM is enabled. Accesses to the addresses shown in table 16.1 are directed to the on-chip RAM. In modes 1 to 4 (expanded modes), when the RAME bit is cleared to 0, the off-chip address space is accessed. Since the on-chip RAM is connected to the CPU by an internal 16-bit data bus, it can be written and read by word access.

  • Page 445: Section 17 Clock Pulse Generator

    17.1 Overview The H8/3008 has a built-in clock pulse generator (CPG) that generates the system clock (φ) and other internal clock signals (φ/2 to φ/4096). After duty adjustment, a frequency divider divides the clock frequency to generate the system clock (φ). The system clock is output at the φ pin* furnished as a master clock to prescalers that supply clock signals to the on-chip supporting modules.

  • Page 446: Oscillator Circuit

    17.2 Oscillator Circuit Clock pulses can be supplied by connecting a crystal resonator, or by input of an external clock signal. 17.2.1 Connecting a Crystal Resonator Circuit Configuration: A crystal resonator can be connected as in the example in figure 17.2. Damping resistance Rd should be selected according to table 17.1 (1), and external capacitances and C according to table 17.1 (2).

  • Page 447

    When the board is designed, the crystal resonator and its load capacitors should be placed as close as possible to the XTAL and EXTAL pins. Avoid Signal A Signal B H8/3008 XTAL EXTAL Figure 17.4 Oscillator Circuit Block Board Design Precautions...

  • Page 448: External Clock Input

    17.2.2 External Clock Input Circuit Configuration: An external clock signal can be input as shown in the examples in figure 17.5. If the XTAL pin is left open, the stray capacitance should not exceed 10 pF. If the stray capacitance at the XTAL pin exceeds 10 pF in configuration a, use the connection shown in configuration b instead, and hold the external clock high in standby mode.

  • Page 449

    Table 17.3 Clock Timing (Preliminary) = 3.0 V = 5.0 V to 5.5 V ± 10% Item Symbol Min Unit Test Conditions External clock input low — — Figure 17.6 pulse width External clock input high — — pulse width External clock rise time —...

  • Page 450: Duty Adjustment Circuit

    STBY EXTAL φ (internal or external) DEXT Figure 17.7 External Clock Output Settling Delay Timing 17.3 Duty Adjustment Circuit When the oscillator frequency is 5 MHz or higher, the duty adjustment circuit adjusts the duty cycle of the clock signal from the oscillator to generate φ. 17.4 Prescalers The prescalers divide the system clock (φ) to generate internal clocks (φ/2 to φ/4096).

  • Page 451

    17.5.1 Register Configuration Table 17.4 summarizes the frequency division register. Table 17.4 Frequency Division Register Address* Name Abbreviation Initial Value H'EE01B Division control register DIVCR H'FC Note: * Lower 20 bits of the address in advanced mode. 17.5.2 Division Control Register (DIVCR) DIVCR is an 8-bit readable/writable register that selects the division ratio of the frequency divider.

  • Page 452

    17.5.3 Usage Notes The DIVCR setting changes the φ frequency, so note the following points. • Select a frequency division ratio that stays within the assured operation range specified for the clock cycle time t in the AC electrical characteristics. Note that ø = lower limit of the operating frequency range.

  • Page 453: Section 18 Power-down State

    Section 18 Power-Down State 18.1 Overview The H8/3008 has a power-down state that greatly reduces power consumption by halting the CPU, and a module standby function that reduces power consumption by selectively halting on-chip modules. The power-down state includes the following three modes: •...

  • Page 454

    Table 18.1 Power-Down State and Module Standby Function...

  • Page 455

    18.2 Register Configuration The H8/3008 has a system control register (SYSCR) that controls the power-down state, and module standby control registers H (MSTCRH) and L (MSTCRL) that control the module standby function. Table 18.2 summarizes these registers. Table 18.2 Control Register...

  • Page 456

    Bit 7—Software Standby (SSBY): Enables transition to software standby mode. When software standby mode is exited by an external interrupt, this bit remains set to 1 after the return to normal operation. To clear this bit, write 0. Bit 7 SSBY Description SLEEP instruction causes transition to sleep mode...

  • Page 457: Module Standby Control Register H (mstcrh)

    18.2.2 Module Standby Control Register H (MSTCRH) MSTCRH is an 8-bit readable/writable register that controls output of the system clock (φ). It also controls the module standby function, which places individual on-chip supporting modules in the standby state. Module standby can be designated for the SCI0, SCI1. PSTOP —...

  • Page 458: Module Standby Control Register L (mstcrl)

    Bit 0—Module Standby H0 (MSTPH0): Selects whether to place the SCI0 in standby. Bit 0 MSTPH0 Description SCI0 operates normally (Initial value) SCI0 is in standby state 18.2.3 Module Standby Control Register L (MSTCRL) MSTCRL is an 8-bit readable/writable register that controls the module standby function, which places individual on-chip supporting modules in the standby state.

  • Page 459

    Bit 3—Module Standby L3 (MSTPL3): Selects whether to place 8-bit timer channels 0 and 1 in standby. Bit 3 MSTPL3 Description 8-bit timer channels 0 and 1 operate normally (Initial value) 8-bit timer channels 0 and 1 are in standby state Bit 2—Module Standby L2 (MSTPL2): Selects whether to place 8-bit timer channels 2 and 3 in standby.

  • Page 460: Sleep Mode

    18.3 Sleep Mode 18.3.1 Transition to Sleep Mode When the SSBY bit is cleared to 0 in SYSCR, execution of the SLEEP instruction causes a transition from the program execution state to sleep mode. Immediately after executing the SLEEP instruction the CPU halts, but the contents of its internal registers are retained. On-chip supporting modules do not halt in sleep mode.

  • Page 461: Exit From Software Standby Mode

    18.4.2 Exit from Software Standby Mode Software standby mode can be exited by input of an external interrupt at the NMI, IRQ , IRQ , or pin, or by input at the RES or STBY pin. Exit by Interrupt: When an NMI, IRQ , IRQ , or IRQ interrupt request signal is received, the...

  • Page 462

    Table 18.3 Clock Frequency and Waiting Time for Clock to Settle DIV1 DIV0 STS2 STS1 STS0 Waiting Time 25 MHz 20 MHz 18 MHz 16 MHz 12 MHz 10 MHz 8 MHz 6 MHz 4 MHz 2 MHz 1MHz Unit 8.2* 8192 states 0.46...

  • Page 463: Sample Application Of Software Standby Mode

    18.4.4 Sample Application of Software Standby Mode Figure 18.1 shows an example in which software standby mode is entered at the fall of NMI and exited at the rise of NMI. With the NMI edge select bit (NMIEG) cleared to 0 in SYSCR (selecting the falling edge), an NMI interrupt occurs.

  • Page 464: Hardware Standby Mode

    18.5 Hardware Standby Mode 18.5.1 Transition to Hardware Standby Mode Regardless of its current state, the chip enters hardware standby mode whenever the STBY pin goes low. Hardware standby mode reduces power consumption drastically by halting all functions of the CPU, and on-chip supporting modules. All modules are reset except the on-chip RAM. As long as the specified voltage is supplied, on-chip RAM data is retained.

  • Page 465: Module Standby Function

    18.6 Module Standby Function 18.6.1 Module Standby Timing The module standby function can halt several of the on-chip supporting modules (SCI1, SCI0, 16- bit timer, 8-bit timer, and A/D converter) independently in the power-down state. This standby function is controlled by bits MSTPH2 to MSTPH0 in MSTCRH and bits MSTPL7 to MSTPL0 in MSTCRL.

  • Page 466: System Clock Output Disabling Function

    18.7 System Clock Output Disabling Function Output of the system clock (φ) can be controlled by the PSTOP bit in MSTCRH. When the PSTOP bit is set to 1, output of the system clock halts and the φ pin is placed in the high- impedance state.

  • Page 467: Absolute Maximum Ratings

    Section 19 Electrical Characteristics — Preliminary — 19.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings Table 19.1 lists the absolute maximum ratings. Table 19.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings Item Symbol Value Unit Power supply voltage –0.3 to +7.0 Input voltage (except for port 7) –0.3 to V +0.3 Input voltage (port 7) –0.3 to AV...

  • Page 468: Dc Characteristics

    19.2 DC Characteristics Table 19.2 lists the DC characteristics. Table 19.3 lists the permissible output currents. Table 19.2 DC Characteristics (1) Conditions: V = 5.0 V ± 10%, AV = 5.0 V ± 10%, V = 4.5 V to AV = AV = 0 V* = –20°C to +75°C (regular specifications),...

  • Page 469

    Item Symbol Unit Test Conditions Three-state Ports 4 to 6, — — µA = 0.5 V to leakage to A – 0.5 V current Ports 8 to B RESO — — 10.0 µA = 0 V Input pull-up Ports 4 and 5 –I —...

  • Page 470

    2. Given current consumption values are when all the output pins are made to unloaded state and, furthermore, when the on-chip pull-up MOS is turned off under conditions that V min = V – 0.5 V and V max = 0.5 V. ×...

  • Page 471

    Table 19.2 DC Characteristics (2) Conditions: V = 2.7 to 5.5 V, AV = 2.7 to 5.5 V, V = 2.7 V to AV = AV = 0 V* = –20°C to +75°C (regular specifications), = –40°C to +85°C (wide-range specifications) Item Symbol Unit...

  • Page 472

    Item Symbol Unit Test Conditions Three-state Ports 4 to 6, — — µA = 0.5 V to leakage to A – 0.5 V current Ports 8 to B RESO — — 10.0 µA = 0 V Input pull-up Ports 4 and 5 –I —...

  • Page 473

    max. (under normal operations) = 1.0 (mA) + 0.90 (mA/(MHz × V)) × V × f 3. I = 1.0 (mA) + 0.65 (mA/(MHz × V)) × V × f max. (when using the sleeve) max. (when the sleeve + module are standing by) = 1.0 (mA) + 0.45 (mA/(MHz ×...

  • Page 474

    Table 19.2 DC Characteristics (3) Conditions: V = 3.0 to 5.5 V, AV = 3.0 to 5.5 V, V = 3.0 V to AV = AV = 0 V* = –20°C to +75°C (regular specifications), = –40°C to +85°C (wide-range specifications) Item Symbol Unit...

  • Page 475

    Item Symbol Unit Test Conditions Three-state Ports 4 to 6, — — µA = 0.5 V to leakage to A – 0.5 V current Ports 8 to B RESO — — 10.0 µA = 0 V Input pull-up Ports 4 and 5 –I —...

  • Page 476

    max. (under normal operations) = 1.0 (mA) + 0.90 (mA/(MHz × V)) × V × f 3. I = 1.0 (mA) + 0.65 (mA/(MHz × V)) × V max. (when using the sleeve) max. (when the sleeve + module are standing by) = 1.0 (mA) + 0.45 (mA/(MHz ×...

  • Page 477

    Notes: 1. To protect chip reliability, do not exceed the output current values in table 19.3. 2. When directly driving a darlington pair or LED, always insert a current-limiting resistor in the output line, as shown in figure 19.1. H8/3008 2 kΩ Port Darlington pair Figure 19.1 Darlington Pair Drive Circuit (Example)

  • Page 478: Ac Characteristics

    19.3 AC Characteristics Clock timing parameters are listed in table 19.4, control signal timing parameters in table 19.5, and bus timing parameters in table 19.6. Timing parameters of the on-chip supporting modules are listed in table 19.7. Table 19.4 Clock Timing Condition: = –20°C to +75°C (regular specifications), T = –40°C to +85°C (wide-range...

  • Page 479

    Table 19.5 Control Signal Timing Condition: = –20°C to +75°C (regular specifications), T = –40°C to +85°C (wide-range specifications) Condition A: V = 2.7 to 5.5 V, AV = 2.7 to 5.5 V, V = 2.7 to AV = AV = 0 V Condition B: V = 3.0 to 5.5 V, AV...

  • Page 480

    Table 19.6 Bus Timing Condition: = –20°C to +75°C (regular specifications), T = –40°C to +85°C (wide-range specifications) Condition A: V = 2.7 to 5.5 V, AV = 2.7 to 5.5 V, V = 2.7 to AV = AV = 0 V Condition B: V = 3.0 to 5.5 V, AV = 3.0 to 5.5 V, V...

  • Page 481

    Condition Test Item Symbol Unit Conditions Write data delay — — — Figure 19.9, time figure 19.10 Write data setup 1.0 t — 1.0 t — 1.0 t — WDS1 time 1 – 50 – 40 – 30 Write data setup 2.0 t —...

  • Page 482

    Table 19.7 Timing of On-Chip Supporting Modules Condition: = –20°C to +75°C (regular specifications), T = –40°C to +85°C (wide-range specifications) Condition A: V = 2.7 to 5.5 V, AV = 2.7 to 5.5 V, V = 2.7 to AV = AV = 0 V Condition B: V...

  • Page 483

    Condition Test Module Item Symbol Min Unit Conditions Input Asyn- — — — Figure 19.14 Scyc clock chronous cycle Syn- — — — chronous Input clock rise — — — SCKr time Input clock fall — — — SCKf time Input clock SCKW Scyc...

  • Page 484: A/d Conversion Characteristics

    19.4 A/D Conversion Characteristics Table 19.8 lists the A/D conversion characteristics. Table 19.8 A/D Conversion Characteristics Condition: = –20°C to +75°C (regular specifications), T = –40°C to +85°C (wide-range specifications) Condition A: V = 2.7 to 5.5 V, AV = 2.7 to 5.5 V, V = 2.7 to AV = AV = 0 V,...

  • Page 485

    Condition Item Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Unit Conver- Resolution bits sion time: Conversion time (single — — — — — — 70 states mode) Analog input capacitance — — — — — — φ ≤ 13 MHz Permissible —...

  • Page 486: D/a Conversion Characteristics

    19.5 D/A Conversion Characteristics Table 19.9 lists the D/A conversion characteristics. Table 19.9 D/A Conversion Characteristics Condition: = –20°C to +75°C (regular specifications), T = –40°C to +85°C (wide-range specifications) Condition A: V = 2.7 to 5.5 V, AV = 2.7 to 5.5 V, V = 2.7 to AV = AV = 0 V,...

  • Page 487: Operational Timing

    19.6 Operational Timing This section shows timing diagrams. 19.6.1 Clock Timing Clock timing is shown as follows: • Oscillator settling timing Figure 19.3 shows the oscillator settling timing. φ STBY OSC1 OSC1 Figure 19.3 Oscillator Settling Timing...

  • Page 488: Control Signal Timing

    19.6.2 Control Signal Timing Control signal timing is shown as follows: • Reset input timing Figure 19.4 shows the reset input timing. • Reset output timing Figure 19.5 shows the reset output timing. • Interrupt input timing Figure 19.6 shows the interrupt input timing for NMI and IRQ to IRQ φ...

  • Page 489

    φ NMIS NMIH NMIS NMIH NMIS IRQ : Edge-sensitive IRQ : Level-sensitive IRQ (i = 0 to 5) NMIW (j = 0 to 5) Figure 19.6 Interrupt Input Timing...

  • Page 490: Bus Timing

    19.6.3 Bus Timing Bus timing is shown as follows: • Basic bus cycle: two-state access Figure 19.7 shows the timing of the external two-state access cycle. • Basic bus cycle: three-state access Figure 19.8 shows the timing of the external three-state access cycle. •...

  • Page 491

    φ to A PCH1 ACC3 ACC3 PCH2 (read) ACC1 to D (read) PCH1 HWR, LWR (write) WSW1 WDS1 to D (write) , CS , and RD. Note: Specification from the earliest negation timing of A to A Figure 19.7 Basic Bus Cycle: Two-State Access...

  • Page 492

    φ to A ACC4 ACC4 (read) ACC2 to D (read) WSW2 HWR, LWR (write) WDS2 to D (write) Figure 19.8 Basic Bus Cycle: Three-State Access...

  • Page 493

    φ to A RD (read) to D (read) HWR, LWR (write) to D (write) WAIT Figure 19.9 Basic Bus Cycle: Three-State Access with One Wait State φ BRQS BRQS BREQ BACD2 BACD1 BACK to A AS, RD, HWR, LWR Figure 19.10 Bus-Release Mode Timing...

  • Page 494: Tpc And I/o Port Timing

    19.6.4 TPC and I/O Port Timing Figure 19.11 shows the TPC and I/O port input/output timing. φ Port 4 to B (read) Port 4, 6, 8 to B (write) Figure 19.11 TPC and I/O Port Input/Output Timing 19.6.5 Timer Input/Output Timing 16-bit timer and 8-bit timer timing is shown below.

  • Page 495: Sci Input/output Timing

    TCKS φ TCKS TCLKA to TCLKD TCKWL TCKWH Figure 19.13 Timer External Clock Input Timing 19.6.6 SCI Input/Output Timing SCI timing is shown as follows: • SCI input clock timing Figure 19.14 shows the SCI input clock timing. • SCI input/output timing (synchronous mode) Figure 19.15 shows the SCI input/output timing in synchronous mode.

  • Page 497: Appendix A Instruction Set

    Appendix A Instruction Set Instruction List Operand Notation Symbol Description General destination register General source register General register General destination register (address register or 32-bit register) General source register (address register or 32-bit register) General register (32-bit register) (EAd) Destination operand (EAs) Source operand Program counter...

  • Page 498

    Condition Code Notation Symbol Description Changed according to execution result Undetermined (no guaranteed value) Cleared to 0 Set to 1 — Not affected by execution of the instruction ∆ Varies depending on conditions, described in notes...

  • Page 499: Data Transfer Instructions

    Table A.1 Instruction Set 1. Data transfer instructions Addressing Mode and No. of Instruction Length (bytes) States* Condition Code Mnemonic Operation H N Z #xx:8 → Rd8 MOV.B #xx:8, Rd — — 0 — Rs8 → Rd8 MOV.B Rs, Rd —...

  • Page 500

    Addressing Mode and No. of Instruction Length (bytes) States* Condition Code Mnemonic Operation H N Z @aa:24 → Rd16 MOV.W @aa:24, Rd — — 0 — Rs16 → @ERd MOV.W Rs, @ERd — — 0 — Rs16 → @(d:16, ERd) MOV.W Rs, @(d:16, —...

  • Page 501: Arithmetic Instructions

    PUSH.L ERn — — 0 — ERn32 → @SP MOVFPE @aa:16, Cannot be used in the Cannot be used in the H8/3008 H8/3008 MOVTPE Rs, Cannot be used in the Cannot be used in the @aa:16 H8/3008 H8/3008 2. Arithmetic instructions Addressing Mode and No.

  • Page 502

    Addressing Mode and No. of Instruction Length (bytes) States* Condition Code Mnemonic Operation H N Z ERd32+1 → ERd32 INC.L #1, ERd — — — ERd32+2 → ERd32 INC.L #2, ERd — — — DAA Rd Rd8 decimal adjust — * * —...

  • Page 503

    Addressing Mode and No. of Instruction Length (bytes) States* Condition Code Mnemonic Operation H N Z ERd32 ÷ Rs16 → ERd32 — — (6) (7) — — DIVXU. W Rs, ERd (Ed: remainder, Rd: quotient) (unsigned division) Rd16 ÷ Rs8 → Rd16 —...

  • Page 504

    3. Logic instructions Addressing Mode and No. of Instruction Length (bytes) States* Condition Code Mnemonic Operation H N Z Rd8∧#xx:8 → Rd8 AND.B #xx:8, Rd — — 0 — Rd8∧Rs8 → Rd8 AND.B Rs, Rd — — 0 — Rd16∧#xx:16 → Rd16 AND.W #xx:16, Rd —...

  • Page 505

    4. Shift instructions Addressing Mode and No. of Instruction Length (bytes) States* Condition Code Mnemonic Operation H N Z SHAL.B Rd — — SHAL.W Rd — — SHAL.L ERd — — SHAR.B Rd — — SHAR.W Rd — — SHAR.L ERd —...

  • Page 506: Bit Manipulation Instructions

    5. Bit manipulation instructions Addressing Mode and No. of Instruction Length (bytes) States* Condition Code Mnemonic Operation H N Z (#xx:3 of Rd8) ← 1 BSET #xx:3, Rd — — — — — — (#xx:3 of @ERd) ← 1 BSET #xx:3, @ERd —...

  • Page 507

    Addressing Mode and No. of Instruction Length (bytes) States* Condition Code Mnemonic Operation H N Z (#xx:3 of @ERd) → C BLD #xx:3, @ERd — — — — — (#xx:3 of @aa:8) → C BLD #xx:3, @aa:8 — — — — — ¬(#xx:3 of Rd8) →...

  • Page 508

    6. Branching instructions Addressing Mode and No. of Instruction Length (bytes) States* Condition Code Branch Mnemonic Operation Condition H N Z BRA d:8 (BT d:8) — If condition Always — — — — — — is true then BRA d:16 (BT d:16) —...

  • Page 509

    Addressing Mode and No. of Instruction Length (bytes) States* Condition Code Branch Mnemonic Operation Operation Condition H N Z Z ∨ (N⊕V) = 1 BLE d:8 — If condition — — — — — — is true then BLE d:16 —...

  • Page 510

    7. System control instructions Addressing Mode and No. of Instruction Length (bytes) States* Condition Code Mnemonic Operation H N Z PC → @–SP TRAPA #x:2 — 1 — — — — — 14 16 CCR → @–SP <vector> → PC CCR ←...

  • Page 511

    8. Block transfer instructions Addressing Mode and No. of Instruction Length (bytes) States* Condition Code Mnemonic Operation H N Z if R4L ≠ 0 EEPMOV. B — — — — — — — 8+4n* repeat @R5 → @R6 R5+1 → R5 R6+1 →...

  • Page 512: A.2 Operation Code Maps

    Operation Code Maps Table A.2 Operation Code Map (1)

  • Page 513

    Table A.2 Operation Code Map (2)

  • Page 514

    Table A.2 Operation Code Map (3)

  • Page 515: A.3 Number Of States Required For Execution

    Number of States Required for Execution The tables in this section can be used to calculate the number of states required for instruction execution by the H8/300H CPU. Table A.4 indicates the number of instruction fetch, data read/write, and other cycles occurring in each instruction. Table A.3 indicates the number of states required per cycle according to the bus size.

  • Page 516

    Table A.3 Number of States per Cycle Access Conditions External Device On-Chip Sup- porting Module 8-Bit Bus 16-Bit Bus On-Chip 8-Bit 16-Bit 2-State 3-State 2-State 3-State Cycle Memory Access Access Access Access Instruction fetch 6 + 2m 3 + m Branch address read S Stack operation Byte data access...

  • Page 517

    Table A.4 Number of Cycles per Instruction Instruction Branch Stack Byte Data Word Data Internal Fetch Addr. Read Operation Access Access Operation Instruction Mnemonic ADD.B #xx:8, Rd ADD.B Rs, Rd ADD.W #xx:16, Rd ADD.W Rs, Rd ADD.L #xx:32, ERd ADD.L ERs, ERd ADDS ADDS #1/2/4, ERd ADDX...

  • Page 518

    Instruction Branch Stack Byte Data Word Data Internal Fetch Addr. Read Operation Access Access Operation Instruction Mnemonic BRA d:16 (BT d:16) BRN d:16 (BF d:16) BHI d:16 BLS d:16 BCC d:16 (BHS d:16) BCS d:16 (BLO d:16) BNE d:16 BEQ d:16 BVC d:16 BVS d:16 BPL d:16...

  • Page 519

    Instruction Branch Stack Byte Data Word Data Internal Fetch Addr. Read Operation Access Access Operation Instruction Mnemonic BNOT BNOT #xx:3, Rd BNOT #xx:3, @ERd BNOT #xx:3, @aa:8 BNOT Rn, Rd BNOT Rn, @ERd BNOT Rn, @aa:8 BOR #xx:3, Rd BOR #xx:3, @ERd BOR #xx:3, @aa:8 BSET BSET #xx:3, Rd...

  • Page 520

    Instruction Branch Stack Byte Data Word Data Internal Fetch Addr. Read Operation Access Access Operation Instruction Mnemonic DEC.B Rd DEC.W #1/2, Rd DEC.L #1/2, ERd DIVXS DIVXS.B Rs, Rd DIVXS.W Rs, ERd DIVXU DIVXU.B Rs, Rd DIVXU.W Rs, ERd EEPMOV EEPMOV.B 2n + 2* EEPMOV.W...

  • Page 521

    Instruction Branch Stack Byte Data Word Data Internal Fetch Addr. Read Operation Access Access Operation Instruction Mnemonic MOV.B #xx:8, Rd MOV.B Rs, Rd MOV.B @ERs, Rd MOV.B @(d:16, ERs), Rd MOV.B @(d:24, ERs), Rd MOV.B @ERs+, Rd MOV.B @aa:8, Rd MOV.B @aa:16, Rd MOV.B @aa:24, Rd MOV.B Rs, @ERd...

  • Page 522

    Instruction Branch Stack Byte Data Word Data Internal Fetch Addr. Read Operation Access Access Operation Instruction Mnemonic MOVFPE MOVFPE @aa:16, Rd* MOVTPE MOVTPE Rs, @aa:16* MULXS MULXS.B Rs, Rd MULXS.W Rs, ERd MULXU MULXU.B Rs, Rd MULXU.W Rs, ERd NEG.B Rd NEG.W Rd NEG.L ERd NOT.B Rd...

  • Page 523

    XOR.W Rs, Rd XOR.L #xx:32, ERd XOR.L ERs, ERd XORC XORC #xx:8, CCR Notes: 1. n is the value set in register R4L or R4. The source and destination are accessed n + 1 times each. 2. Not available in the H8/3008.

  • Page 524: Appendix B Internal I/o Registers

    Appendix B Internal I/O Registers Address List Bit Names Data Address Register (Low) Name Width Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Module Name H'EE000 — — — — — — —...

  • Page 525

    Bit Names Data Address Register (Low) Name Width Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Module Name H'EE020 ABWCR ABW7 ABW6 ABW5 ABW4 ABW3 ABW2 ABW1 ABW0 Bus controller H'EE021 ASTCR AST7 AST6 AST5...

  • Page 526

    Bit Names Data Address Register (Low) Name Width Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Module Name H'EE040 Reserved area (access prohibited) H'EE041 H'EE042 H'EE043 H'EE044 H'EE045 H'EE046 H'EE047 H'EE048 H'EE049 H'EE04A H'EE04B H'EE04C...

  • Page 527

    Bit Names Data Address Register (Low) Name Width Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Module Name H'EE060 Reserved area (access prohibited) H'EE061 H'EE062 H'EE063 H'EE064 H'EE065 H'EE066 H'EE067 H'EE068 H'EE069 H'EE06A H'EE06B H'EE06C...

  • Page 528

    Bit Names Data Address Register (Low) Name Width Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Module Name H'EE080 Reserved area (access prohibited) H'EE081 H'EE082 H'EE083 H'EE084 H'EE085 H'EE086 H'EE087 H'EE088 H'EE089 H'EE08A H'EE08B H'EE08C...

  • Page 529

    Bit Names Data Address Register (Low) Name Width Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Module Name H'EE0A0 Reserved area (access prohibited) H'EE0A1 H'EE0A2 H'EE0A3 H'EE0A4 H'EE0A5 H'EE0A6 H'EE0A7 H'EE0A8 H'EE0A9 H'EE0AA H'EE0AB H'EE0AC...

  • Page 530

    Bit Names Data Address Register (Low) Name Width Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Module Name H'EE0C0 Reserved area (access prohibited) H'EE0C1 H'EE0C2 H'EE0C3 H'EE0C4 H'EE0C5 H'EE0C6 H'EE0C7 H'EE0C8 H'EE0C9 H'EE0CA H'EE0CB H'EE0CC...

  • Page 531

    Bit Names Data Address Register (Low) Name Width Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Module Name H'EE0E0 Reserved area (access prohibited) H'EE0E1 H'EE0E2 H'EE0E3 H'EE0E4 H'EE0E5 H'EE0E6 H'EE0E7 H'EE0E8 H'EE0E9 H'EE0EA H'EE0EB H'EE0EC...

  • Page 532

    Bit Names Data Address Register (Low) Name Width Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Module Name H'FFF20 Reserved area (access prohibited) H'FFF21 H'FFF22 H'FFF23 H'FFF24 H'FFF25 H'FFF26 H'FFF27 H'FFF28 H'FFF29 H'FFF2A H'FFF2B H'FFF2C...

  • Page 533

    Bit Names Data Address Register (Low) Name Width Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Module Name H'FFF40 — — — — — — — — — H'FFF41 — — — —...

  • Page 534

    Bit Names Data Address Register (Low) Name Width Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Module Name H'FFF60 TSTR — — — — — STR2 STR1 STR0 16-bit timer, (all channels) H'FFF61 TSNC —...

  • Page 535

    Bit Names Data Address Register (Low) Name Width Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Module Name H'FFF80 8TCR0 CMIEB CMIEA OVIE CCLR1 CCLR0 CKS2 CKS1 CKS0 8-bit timer channels 0 and 1 H'FFF81 8TCR1 CMIEB CMIEA...

  • Page 536

    Bit Names Data Address Register (Low) Name Width Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Module Name H'FFFA0 TPMR — — — — G3NOV G2NOV G1NOV G0NOV TPC H'FFFA1 TPCR G3CMS1 G3CMS0 G2CMS1 G2CMS0 G1CMS1 G1CMS0 G0CMS1 G0CMS0 H'FFFA2 NDERB NDER15 NDER14 NDER13 NDER12 NDER11 NDER10 NDER9 NDER8 H'FFFA3 NDERA...

  • Page 537

    Bit Names Data Address Register (Low) Name Width Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Module Name H'FFFC0 Reserved area (access prohibited) H'FFFC1 H'FFFC2 H'FFFC3 H'FFFC4 H'FFFC5 H'FFFC6 H'FFFC7 H'FFFC8 H'FFFC9 H'FFFCA H'FFFCB H'FFFCC...

  • Page 538

    Bit Names Data Address Register (Low) Name Width Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Module Name H'FFFE0 ADDRAH A/D converter H'FFFE1 ADDRAL — — — — — — H'FFFE2 ADDRBH H'FFFE3 ADDRBL —...

  • Page 539: B.2 Functions

    Functions Register abbreviation Register name Address to which register Name of on-chip supporting module is mapped TIER—Timer Interrupt Enable Register H' 90 Bit numbers ICIAE ICIBE ICICE OCIDE OCIAE OCIBE OVIE Initial bit values Names of the bits. Initial value Dashes (—) indicate R/W: reserved bits.

  • Page 540

    P4DDR—Port 4 Data Direction Register H'EE003 Port 4 Initial value Read/Write Port 4 input/output select Generic input Generic output P6DDR—Port 6 Data Direction Register H'EE005 Port 6 Initial value Read/Write Port 6 input/output select Generic input Generic output...

  • Page 541

    P8DDR—Port 8 Data Direction Register H'EE007 Port 8 Initial value Modes 1 to 4 Read/Write Initial value Modes 5 to 7 Read/Write Port 8 input/output select Generic input Generic output P9DDR—Port 9 Data Direction Register H'EE008 Port 9 Initial value Read/Write Port 9 input/output select Generic input...

  • Page 542

    PADDR—Port A Data Direction Register H'EE009 Port A Initial value Modes Read/Write 3 and 4 Initial value Modes 1 and 2 Read/Write Port A input/output select Generic input Generic output PBDDR—Port B Data Direction Register H'EE00A Port B Initial value Read/Write Port B input/output select Generic input...

  • Page 543

    MDCR—Mode Control Register H'EE011 System control MDS2 MDS1 MDS0 Initial value Read/Write Mode select 2 to 0 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Operating Mode Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 Mode 7 Note: * Determined by the state of the mode pins (MD to MD...

  • Page 544

    SYSCR—System Control Register H'EE012 System control SSBY STS2 STS1 STS0 NMIEG SSOE RAME Initial value Read/Write RAM enable On-chip RAM is disabled On-chip RAM is enabled Software standby output port enable In software standby mode, all address bus and bus control signals are high- impedance In software standby mode,...

  • Page 545

    BRCR—Bus Release Control Register H'EE013 Bus controller A23E A22E A21E A20E BRLE Modes Initial value 1 and 2 Read/Write Modes Initial value 3 and 4 Read/Write Bus release enable Address 23 to 20 enable The bus cannot be Address output released to an Other input/output external device...

  • Page 546

    IER—IRQ Enable Register H'EE015 Interrupt Controller IRQ5E IRQ4E IRQ3E IRQ2E IRQ1E IRQ0E Initial value Read/Write to IRQ enable to IRQ interrupts are disabled to IRQ interrupts are enabled ISR—IRQ Status Register H'EE016 Interrupt Controller IRQ5F IRQ4F IRQ3F IRQ2F IRQ1F IRQ0F Initial value Read/Write R/(W)*...

  • Page 547

    IPRA—Interrupt Priority Register A H'EE018 Interrupt Controller IPRA7 IPRA6 IPRA5 IPRA4 IPRA3 IPRA2 IPRA1 IPRA0 Initial value Read/Write Priority level A7 to A0 Priority level 0 (low priority) Priority level 1 (high priority) • Interrupt sources controlled by each bit Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5...

  • Page 548

    DASTCR—D/A Standby Control Register H'EE01A DASTE Initial value Read/Write D/A standby enable D/A output is disabled in software standby mode (Initial value) D/A output is enabled in software standby mode...

  • Page 549

    DIVCR—Division Control Register H'EE01B System control DIV1 DIV0 Initial value Read/Write Division ratio bits 1 and 0 Bit 1 Bit 0 Frequency Division Ratio DIV1 DIV0 (Initial value)

  • Page 550

    MSTCRH—Module Standby Control Register H H'EE01C System control PSTOP MSTPH1 MSTPH0 Initial value Read/Write Module standby H1 to H0 Selection bits for placing modules in standby state. Reserved bits φ clock stop Enables or disables ø clock output. MSTCRL—Module Standby Control Register L H'EE01D System control MSTPL4...

  • Page 551

    ADRCR—Address Control Register H'EE01E Bus controller — — — — — — — ADRCTL Initial value Read/Write — — — — — — — Reserved bits Address control Selects address update mode 1 or address update mode 2. Description ADRCTL Address update mode 2 is selected Address update mode 1 is selected (Initial value) CSCR—Chip Select Control Register...

  • Page 552

    ABWCR—Bus Width Control Register H'EE020 Bus controller ABW7 ABW6 ABW5 ABW4 ABW3 ABW2 ABW1 ABW0 Modes Initial value 1 and 3 Modes Initial value 2 and 4 Read/Write Area 7 to 0 bus width control Bits 7 to 0 Bus Width of Access Area ABW7 to ABW0 Areas 7 to 0 are 16-bit access areas...

  • Page 553

    WCRH—Wait Control Register H H'EE022 Bus controller Initial value Read/Write Area 4 wait control 1 and 0 No program wait is inserted 1 program wait state is inserted 2 program wait states are inserted 3 program wait states are inserted Area 5 wait control 1 and 0 No program wait is inserted 1 program wait state is inserted...

  • Page 554

    WCRL—Wait Control Register L H'EE023 Bus controller Initial value Read/Write Area 0 wait control 1 and 0 No program wait is inserted 1 program wait state is inserted 2 program wait states are inserted 3 program wait states are inserted Area 1 wait control 1 and 0 No program wait is inserted 1 program wait state is inserted...

  • Page 555

    BCR—Bus Control Register H'EE024 Bus controller ICIS1 ICIS0 — — — — RDEA WAITE Initial value Read/Write — — — — Wait pin enable WAIT pin wait input is disabled WAIT pin wait input is enabled Area division unit select Area divisions are as follows: Area 0: 2 Mbytes Area 4: 1.93 Mbytes...

  • Page 556

    P4PCR—Port 4 Input Pull-Up Control Register H'EE03E Port 4 Initial value Read/Write Port 4 input pull-up control 7 to 0 Input pull-up transistor is off Input pull-up transistor is on Note: Valid when the corresponding P4DDR bit is cleared to 0 (designating generic input).

  • Page 557

    TSTR—Timer Start Register H'FFF60 16-bit timer (all channels) — — — — — STR2 STR1 STR0 Initial value Read/Write — — — — — Reserved bits Counter start 0 16TCNT0 is halted (Initial value) 16TCNT0 is counting Counter start 1 16TCNT1 is halted (Initial value) 16TCNT1 is counting...

  • Page 558

    TSNC—Timer Synchro Register H'FFF61 16-bit timer (all channels) — — — — — SYNC2 SYNC1 SYNC0 Initial value Read/Write — — — — — Reserved bits Timer sync 0 Channel 0 timer counter (16TCNT0) operates independently (16TCNT0 presetting/clearing is independent of other channels) (Initial value) Channel 0 operates synchronously Synchronous presetting/synchronous clearing...

  • Page 559

    TMDR—Timer Mode Register H'FFF62 16-bit timer (all channels) — FDIR — — PWM2 PWM1 PWM0 Initial value Read/Write — — — PWM mode 0 Channel 0 operates normally (Initial value) Channel 0 operates in PWM mode PWM mode 1 Channel 1 operates normally (Initial value) Channel 1 operates in PWM mode PWM mode 2...

  • Page 560

    TOLR—Timer Output Level Setting Register H'FFF63 16-bit timer (all channels) — — TOB2 TOA2 TOB1 TOA1 TOB0 TOA0 Initial value Read/Write — — Output level setting A0 TIOCA is 0 (Initial value) TIOCA is 1 Output level setting B0 TIOCB is 0 (Initial value) TIOCB...

  • Page 561

    TISRA—Timer Interrupt Status Register A H'FFF64 16-bit timer (all channels) Bit: — IMIEA2 IMIEA1 IMIEA0 — IMFA2 IMFA1 IMFA0 Initial value: Read/Write: — — R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* Input capture/compare match flag A0 [Clearing conditions] (Initial value) Read IMFA0 when IMFA0=1, then write 0 in IMFA0 [Setting conditions] •...

  • Page 562

    TISRB—Timer Interrupt Status Register B H'FFF65 16-bit timer (all channels) Bit: — IMIEB2 IMIEB1 IMIEB0 — IMFB2 IMFB1 IMFB0 Initial value: Read/Write: — — R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* Input capture/compare match flag B0 [Clearing condition] (Initial value) Read IMFB0 when IMFB0=1, then write 0 in IMFB0. [Setting conditions] 16TCNT0=GRB0 when GRB0 functions as an output compare register.

  • Page 563

    TISRC—Timer Interrupt Status Register C H'FFF66 16-bit timer (all channels) Bit: — OVIE2 OVIE1 OVIE0 — OVF2 OVF1 OVF0 Initial value: Read/Write: — — R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* Overflow flag 0 [Clearing condition] (Initial value) Read OVF0 when OVF0 = 1, then write 0 in OVF0. [Setting condition] 16TCNT0 overflowed from H'FFFF to H'0000.

  • Page 564

    16TCR0—Timer Control Register 0 H'FFF68 16-bit timer channel 0 — CCLR1 CCLR0 CKEG1 CKEG0 TPSC2 TPSC1 TPSC0 Initial value Read/Write — Timer prescaler 2 to 0 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Description TPSC2 TPSC1 TPSC0 (Initial value) Internal clock : ø Internal clock : ø...

  • Page 565

    TIOR0—Timer I/O Control Register 0 H'FFF69 16-bit timer channel 0 Bit: — IOB2 IOB1 IOB0 — IOA2 IOA1 IOA0 Initial value: Read/Write: — — I / O control A2 to A0 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Description IOA2 IOA1 IOA0 GRA is an output No output at compare match...

  • Page 566

    16TCNT0 H/L—Timer Counter 0 H/L H'FFF6A, H'FFF6B 16-bit timer channel 0 Initial value Read/Write Up-counter GRA0 H/L—General Register A0 H/L H'FFF6C, H'FFF6D 16-bit timer channel 0 Initial value Read/Write Output compare or input capture register GRB0 H/L—General Register B0 H/L H'FFF6E, H'FFF6F 16-bit timer channel 0 Initial value...

  • Page 567

    16TCR1 Timer Control Register 1 H'FFF70 16-bit timer channel 1 — CCLR1 CCLR0 CKEG1 CKEG0 TPSC2 TPSC1 TPSC0 Initial value Read/Write — Note: Bit functions are the same as for 16-bit timer channel 0. TIOR1—Timer I/O Control Register 1 H'FFF71 16-bit timer channel 1 —...

  • Page 568

    GRA1 H/L—General Register A1 H/L H'FFF74, H'FFF75 16-bit timer channel 1 Initial value Read/Write Note: Bit functions are the same as for 16-bit timer channel 0. GRB1 H/L—General Register B1 H/L H'FFF76, H'FFF77 16-bit timer channel 1 Initial value Read/Write Note: Bit functions are the same as for 16-bit timer channel 0.

  • Page 569

    TIOR2—Timer I/O Control Register 2 H'FFF79 16-bit timer channel 2 — IOB2 IOB1 IOB0 — IOA2 IOA1 IOA0 Initial value Read/Write — — Note: Bit functions are the same as for 16-bit timer channel 0. 16TCNT2 H/L—Timer Counter 2 H/L H'FFF7A, H'FFF7B 16-bit timer channel 2 Initial value...

  • Page 570

    GRB2 H/L—General Register B2 H/L H'FFF7E, H'FFF7F 16-bit timer channel 2 Initial value Read/Write Note: Bit functions are the same as for 16-bit timer channel 0.

  • Page 571

    8TCR0—Timer Control Register 0 H'FFF80 8-bit timer channel 0 8TCR1—Timer Control Register 1 H'FFF81 8-bit timer channel 1 CMIEB CMIEA OVIE CCLR1 CCLR0 CKS2 CKS1 CKS0 Initial value Read/Write Clock select 2 to 0 Clock input is disabled Internal clock: counted on rising edge of φ/8 Internal clock: counted on rising edge of φ/64...

  • Page 572

    8TCSR0—Timer Control/Status Register 0 H'FFF82 8-bit timer channel 0 CMFB CMFA ADTE OIS3 OIS2 Initial value Read/Write R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* Output select A1 and A0 Bit 1 Bit 0 Description No change at compare match A 0 output at compare match A 1 output at compare match A Output toggles at compare match A...

  • Page 573

    8TCSR1—Timer Control/Status Register 1 H'FFF83 8-bit timer channel 1 CMFB CMFA OIS3 OIS2 Initial value Read/Write R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* Output select A1 and A0 Bit 1 Bit 0 Description No change at compare match A 0 output at compare match A 1 output at compare match A Output toggles at compare match A...

  • Page 574

    TCORA0—Time Constant Register A0 H'FFF84 8-bit timer channel 0 TCORA1—Time Constant Register A1 H'FFF85 8-bit timer channel 1 TCORA0 TCORA1 Initial value Read/Write TCORB0—Time Constant Register B0 H'FFF86 8-bit timer channel 0 TCORB1—Time Constant Register B1 H'FFF87 8-bit timer channel 1 TCORB0 TCORB1 Initial value...

  • Page 575

    TCSR—Timer Control/Status Register H'FFF8C WT/IT CKS2 CKS1 CKS0 Initial value Read/Write R/(W)* Clock select 2 to 0 CKS2 CKS1 CKS0 Description φ/2 φ/32 φ/64 φ/128 φ/256 φ/512 φ/2048 φ/4096 Timer enable Timer disabled: TCNT is initialized to H'00 and halted Timer enabled: TCNT starts counting up Timer mode select...

  • Page 576

    TCNT—Timer Counter H'FFF8D (read), H'FFF8C (write) Initial value Read/Write Count value RSTCSR—Reset Control/Status Register H'FFF8F (read), H'FFF8E (write) WRST RSTOE Initial value Read/Write R/(W)* Reset output enable External output of reset signal is disabled External output of reset signal is enabled Watchdog timer reset [Clearing conditions] •...

  • Page 577

    8TCR2—Timer Control Register 2 H'FFF90 8-bit timer channel 2 8TCR3—Timer Control Register 3 H'FFF91 8-bit timer channel 3 CMIEB CMIEA OVIE CCLR1 CCLR0 CKS2 CKS1 CKS0 Initial value Read/Write Clock select 2 to 0 CSK2 CSK1 CSK0 Description Clock input is disabled Internal clock: counted on rising edge of φ/8 Internal clock: counted on rising edge...

  • Page 578

    8TCSR2—Timer Control/Status Register 2 H'FFF92 8-bit timer channel 2 8TCSR3—Timer Control/Status Register 3 H'FFF93 8-bit timer channel 3 8TCSR2 CMFB CMFA OIS3 OIS2 Initial value Read/Write R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* — 8TCSR3 CMFB CMFA OIS3 OIS2 Initial value Read/Write R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* Output select A1 and A0 Bit 1...

  • Page 579

    TCORA2—Time Constant Register A2 H'FFF94 8-bit timer channel 2 TCORA3—Time Constant Register A3 H'FFF95 8-bit timer channel 3 TCORA2 TCORA3 Initial value Read/Write TCORB2—Time Constant Register B2 H'FFF96 8-bit timer channel 2 TCORB3—Time Constant Register B3 H'FFF97 8-bit timer channel 3 TCORB2 TCORB3 Initial value...

  • Page 580

    DADR0—D/A Data Register 0 H'FFF9C Initial value Read/Write D/A conversion data DADR1—D/A Data Register 1 H'FFF9D Initial value Read/Write D/A conversion data...

  • Page 581

    DACR—D/A Control Register H'FFF9E DAOE1 DAOE0 Initial value Read/Write D/A enable Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Description DAOE1 DAOE0 D/A conversion is disabled in channels 0 and 1 D/A conversion is enabled in channel 0 D/A conversion is disabled in channel 1 D/A conversion is enabled in channels 0 and 1...

  • Page 582

    TPMR—TPC Output Mode Register H'FFFA0 G3NOV G2NOV G1NOV G0NOV Initial value Read/Write Group 0 non-overlap Normal TPC output in group 0. Output values change at compare match A in the selected 16-bit timer channel Non-overlapping TPC output in group 0, controlled by compare match A and B in the selected 16-bit timer channel Group 1 non-overlap...

  • Page 583

    TPCR—TPC Output Control Register H'FFFA1 G3CMS1 G3CMS0 G2CMS1 G2CMS0 G1CMS1 G1CMS0 G0CMS1 G0CMS0 Initial value Read/Write Group 0 compare match select 1 and 0 Bit 1 Bit 0 16-Bit Timer Channel Selected as Output Trigger G0CMS1 G0CMS0 TPC output group 0 (TP to TP ) is triggered by compare match in 16-bit timer channel 0...

  • Page 584

    NDERB—Next Data Enable Register B H'FFFA2 NDER15 NDER14 NDER13 NDER12 NDER11 NDER10 NDER9 NDER8 Initial value Read/Write Next data enable 15 to 8 Bits 7 to 0 Description NDER15 to NDER8 TPC outputs TP to TP are disabled (NDR15 to NDR8 are not transferred to PB to PB TPC outputs TP to TP...

  • Page 585

    NDRB—Next Data Register B H'FFFA4/H'FFFA6 • Same trigger for TPC output groups 2 and 3  Address H'FFFA4 NDR15 NDR14 NDR13 NDR12 NDR11 NDR10 NDR9 NDR8 Initial value Read/Write Store the next output data for TPC output group 3 Store the next output data for TPC output group 2 ...

  • Page 586

    NDRA—Next Data Register A H'FFFA5/H'FFFA7 • Same trigger for TPC output groups 0 and 1  Address H'FFFA5 NDR7 NDR6 NDR5 NDR4 NDR3 NDR2 NDR1 NDR0 Initial value Read/Write Store the next output data for TPC output group 1 Store the next output data for TPC output group 0 ...

  • Page 587

    SMR—Serial Mode Register H'FFFB0 SCI0 STOP CKS1 CKS0 Initial value Read/Write Clock select 1 and 0 Bit 1 Bit 0 Clock Source CKS1 CKS0 φ clock φ/4 clock φ/16 clock φ/64 clock Multiprocessor mode Multiprocessor function disabled Multiprocessor format selected Stop bit length One stop bit Two stop bits...

  • Page 588

    BRR—Bit Rate Register H'FFFB1 SCI0 Initial value Read/Write Serial communication bit rate setting...

  • Page 589

    SCR—Serial Control Register H'FFFB2 SCI0 MPIE TEIE CKE1 CKE0 Initial value Read/Write Clock enable 1 and 0 Receive enable (for serial communication interface) Receiving is Bit 1 Bit 0 Description disabled CKE1 CKE0 Receiving is Internal clock: SCK pin Asynchronous mode enabled available for generic I/O Internal clock: SCK pin...

  • Page 590

    TDR—Transmit Data Register H'FFFB3 SCI0 Initial value Read/Write Serial transmit data...

  • Page 591

    SSR—Serial Status Register H'FFFB4 SCI0 TDRE RDRF ORER FER/ERS TEND MPBT Initial value Read/Write R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* Multiprocessor bit transfer Multiprocessor bit value in transmit data is 0 Multiprocessor bit value in transmit data is 1 Multiprocessor bit Multiprocessor bit value in receive data is 0 Multiprocessor bit value in receive data is 1 Transmit end (for serial communication interface)

  • Page 592

    RDR—Receive Data Register H'FFFB5 SCI0 Initial value Read/Write Serial receive data...

  • Page 593

    SCMR—Smart Card Mode Register H'FFFB6 SCI0 SDIR SINV SMIF Initial value Read/Write Smart card interface mode select Smart card interface function is disabled (Initial value) Smart card interface function is enabled Smart card data invert Unmodified TDR contents are transmitted (Initial value) Receive data is stored unmodified in RDR Inverted 1/0 logic levels of TDR contents are transmitted...

  • Page 594

    SMR—Serial Mode Register H'FFFB8 SCI1 STOP CKS1 CKS0 Initial value Read/Write Note: Bit functions are the same as for SCI0. BRR—Bit Rate Register H'FFFB9 SCI1 Initial value Read/Write Note: Bit functions are the same as for SCI0. SCR—Serial Control Register H'FFFBA SCI1 MPIE...

  • Page 595

    TDR—Transmit Data Register H'FFFBB SCI1 Initial value Read/Write Note: Bit functions are the same as for SCI0. SSR—Serial Status Register H'FFFBC SCI1 TDRE RDRF ORER FER/ERS TEND MPBT Initial value Read/Write R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* R/(W)* Notes: Bit functions are the same as for SCI0. * Only 0 can be written to clear the flag.

  • Page 596

    SCMR—Smart Card Mode Register H'FFFBE SCI1 SDIR SINV SMIF Initial value Read/Write Note: Bit functions are the same as for SCI0.

  • Page 597

    P4DR—Port 4 Data Register H'FFFD3 Port 4 Initial value Read/Write Data for port 4 pins P6DR—Port 6 Data Register H'FFFD5 Port 6 Initial value Read/Write Data for port 6 pins...

  • Page 598

    P7DR—Port 7 Data Register H'FFFD6 Port 7 Initial value Read/Write Data for port 7 pins Note: * Determined by pins P7 to P7 P8DR—Port 8 Data Register H'FFFD7 Port 8 Initial value Read/Write Data for port 8 pins...

  • Page 599

    P9DR—Port 9 Data Register H'FFFD8 Port 9 Initial value Read/Write Data for port 9 pins PADR—Port A Data Register H'FFFD9 Port A Initial value Read/Write Data for port A pins PBDR—Port B Data Register H'FFFDA Port B Initial value Read/Write Data for port B pins...

  • Page 600

    ADDRA H/L—A/D Data Register A H/L H'FFFE0, H'FFFE1 Initial value Read/Write ADDRAH ADDRAL A/D conversion data 10-bit data giving an A/D conversion result ADDRB H/L—A/D Data Register B H/L H'FFFE2, H'FFFE3 Initial value Read/Write ADDRBH ADDRBL A/D conversion data 10-bit data giving an A/D conversion result...

  • Page 601

    ADDRC H/L—A/D Data Register C H/L H'FFFE4, H'FFFE5 Initial value Read/Write ADDRCH ADDRCL A/D conversion data 10-bit data giving an A/D conversion result ADDRD H/L—A/D Data Register D H/L H'FFFE6, H'FFFE7 Initial value Read/Write ADDRDH ADDRDL A/D conversion data 10-bit data giving an A/D conversion result ADCR—A/D Control Register H'FFFE9 TRGE...

  • Page 602

    ADCSR—A/D Control/Status Register H'FFFE8 ADIE ADST SCAN Initial value Read/Write R/(W)* Channel select 2 to 0 Clock select Conversion time = Description Group Selection Channel Selection 134 states (maximum) CH1 CH0 Single Mode Scan Mode Conversion time = 70 states (maximum) to AN to AN Scan mode...

  • Page 603: Appendix C I/o Port Block Diagrams

    Appendix C I/O Port Block Diagrams Port 4 Block Diagram 8-bit bus 16-bit bus mode mode Reset P4 PCR RP4P WP4P Hardware Reset standby Write to external address P4 DDR External bus released WP4D Reset P4 DR Read external address WP4P: Write to P4PCR RP4P:...

  • Page 604: C.2 Port 6 Block Diagrams

    Port 6 Block Diagrams Reset Hardware Standby P6 DDR Bus controller WP6D WAIT input Reset enable P6 DR Bus controller WAIT WP6D: Write to P6DDR input WP6: Write to port 6 RP6: Read port 6 Figure C.2 (a) Port 6 Block Diagram (Pin P6...

  • Page 605

    Reset controller Hardware Standby P6 DDR WP6D Bus release enable Reset P6 DR BREQ input WP6D: Write to P6DDR WP6: Write to port 6 RP6: Read port 6 Figure C.2 (b) Port 6 Block Diagram (Pin P6...

  • Page 606

    Reset Hardware standby P6 DDR WP6D Reset P6 DR Bus controller Bus release enable BACK output WP6D: Write to P6DDR WP6: Write to port 6 RP6: Read port 6 Figure C.2 (c) Port 6 Block Diagram (Pin P6...

  • Page 607

    Hardware standby φ output enable φ output RP6: Read port 6 Figure C.2 (d) Port 6 Block Diagram (Pin P6...

  • Page 608: C.3 Port 7 Block Diagrams

    Port 7 Block Diagrams A/D converter Analog input Input enable RP7: Read port 7 Channel select signal n = 0 to 5 Figure C.3 (a) Port 7 Block Diagram (Pins P7 to P7 A/D converter Analog input Input enable Channel select signal D/A converter Output enable Analog output...

  • Page 609: C.4 Port 8 Block Diagrams

    Port 8 Block Diagrams Reset P8 DDR WP8D Reset P8 DR Interrupt controller WP8D: Write to P8DDR WP8: Write to port 8 input RP8: Read port 8 Figure C.4 (a) Port 8 Block Diagram (Pin P8...

  • Page 610

    SSOE Software standby External bus released Reset Hardware standby Bus controller P8 DDR WP8D Reset output P8 DR Interrupt controller input WP8D: Write to P8DDR WP8: Write to port 8 RP8: Read port 8 SSOE: Software standby output port enable n = 1, 2 Figure C.4 (b) Port 8 Block Diagram (Pins P8 and P8...

  • Page 611

    Software standby SSOE External bus released Reset Hardware standby Bus controller WP8D output Reset Interrupt controller input A/D converter ADTRG input WP8D: Write to P8DDR WP8: Write to port 8 RP8: Read port 8 SSOE: Software standby output port enable Figure C.4 (c) Port 8 Block Diagram (Pin P8...

  • Page 612

    Software standby SSOE External bus released Reset Bus controller P8 DDR Hardware standby WP8D output Reset P8 DR WP8D: Write to P8DDR WP8: Write to port 8 RP8: Read port 8 SSOE: Software standby output port enable Figure C.4 (d) Port 8 Block Diagram (Pin P8...

  • Page 613: C.5 Port 9 Block Diagrams

    Port 9 Block Diagrams Reset Hardware standby P9 DDR WP9D Reset P9 DR Output enable Serial transmit data Guard time WP9D: Write to P9DDR WP9: Write to port 9 RP9: Read port 9 Figure C.5 (a) Port 9 Block Diagram (Pin P9...

  • Page 614

    Reset Hardware standby P9 DDR WP9D Reset P9 DR Output enable Serial transmit data Guard time WP9D: Write to P9DDR WP9: Write to port 9 RP9: Read port 9 Figure C.5 (b) Port 9 Block Diagram (Pin P9...

  • Page 615

    Reset Hardware standby P9 DDR WP9D Input enable Reset P9 DR Serial receive data WP9D: Write to P9DDR WP9: Write to port 9 RP9: Read port 9 Figure C.5 (c) Port 9 Block Diagram (Pin P9...

  • Page 616

    Reset Hardware standby WP9D Input enable Reset Serial receive data WP9D: Write to P9DDR WP9: Write to port 9 RP9: Read port 9 Figure C.5 (d) Port 9 Block Diagram (Pin P9...

  • Page 617

    Reset Hardware standby P9 DDR WP9D Clock input Reset enable P9 DR Clock output enable Clock output Clock input WP9D: Write to P9DDR Interrupt WP9: Write to port 9 controller RP9: Read port 9 input Figure C.5 (e) Port 9 Block Diagram (Pin P9...

  • Page 618

    Reset Hardware standby WP9D Clock input enable Reset Clock output enable Clock output Clock input Interrupt controller input WP9D : Write to P9DDR : Write to port 9 : Read port 9 Figure C.5 (f) Port 9 Block Diagram (Pin P9...

  • Page 619: C.6 Port A Block Diagrams

    Port A Block Diagrams Reset Hardware standby PA DDR WPAD Reset output enable PA DR Next data Output trigger 16-bit timer Counter clock input WPAD: Write to PADDR WPA: Write to port A 8-bit timer RPA: Read port A n = 0, 1 Counter clock input Figure C.6 (a) Port A Block Diagram (Pins PA...

  • Page 620

    Reset Hardware standby PA DDR WPAD Reset output enable PA DR Next data Output trigger 16-bit timer Output enable Compare match output Input capture Counter clock WPAD: Write to PADDR input WPA: Write to port A RPA: Read port A n = 2, 3 8-bit timer Counter...

  • Page 621

    Software standby SSOE Bus released Address output enable Modes 3 and 4 Reset Hardware standby WPAD Reset TPC output enable Next data Output trigger 16-bit timer Output enable Compare match output Input capture WPAD: Write to PADDR WPA: Write to port A RPA: Read port A SSOE:...

  • Page 622: C.7 Port B Block Diagrams

    Port B Block Diagrams Software standby SSOE Hardware standby Reset PB DDR Bus controller WPBD CS5 output Bus released CS output enable Reset Mode TPC output 1 to 5 enable PB DR Next data Output trigger 8-bit timer Output enable Compare match output WPBD:...

  • Page 623

    Software standby SSOE Hardware standby Reset Bus controller WPBD CS4 output Bus released CS output enable Reset Mode 1 to 5 TPC output enable Next data Output trigger 8-bit timer Output enable Compare match output TMO2 TMO3 input WPBD: Write to PBDDR WPB: Write to port B RPB:...

  • Page 624

    Reset Hardware standby PB DDR WPBD Reset TPC output enable PB DR Next data Output trigger WPBD: Write to PBDDR WPB: Write to port B RPB: Read port B Figure C.7 (c) Port B Block Diagram (Pin PB...

  • Page 625

    Reset Hardware standby WPBD Reset TPC output enable Next data Output trigger WPBD: Write to PBDDR WPB: Write to port B RPB: Read port B Figure C.7 (d) Port B Block Diagram (Pin PB...

  • Page 626

    Reset PB DDR Hardware standby WPBD Reset output enable PB DR Next data Output trigger WPBD: Write to PBDDR WPB: Write to port B RPB: Read port B Figure C.7 (e) Port B Block Diagram (Pin PB...

  • Page 627

    Reset Hardware standby PB DDR WPBD Reset output enable PB DR Next data Output trigger WPBD: Write to PBDDR WPB: Write to port B RPB: Read port B Figure C.7 (f) Port B Block Diagram (Pin PB...

  • Page 628: Appendix D Pin States

    Appendix D Pin States Port States in Each Mode Table D.1 Port States Hardware Standby Software Bus- Program Name Mode Reset Mode Standby Mode Released Mode Execution Mode to A — (SSOE = 0) to A (SSOE = 1) Keep to A —...

  • Page 629

    Hardware Standby Software Bus- Program Name Mode Reset Mode Standby Mode Released Mode Execution Mode to P7 — Input port — Keep — I/O port — (DDR=0) (DDR=0) (DDR=0) Keep Input port (DDR=1, SSOE=0) (DDR=1) (DDR=1) (DDR=1, SSOE=1) — (DDR=0) (DDR=0) (DDR=0) Keep...

  • Page 630

    Hardware Standby Software Bus- Program Name Mode Reset Mode Standby Mode Released Mode Execution Mode Keep 1, 2 Keep I/O port (SSOE = 0) 3, 4 (SSOE = 1) Keep (CS output)* to PB — (CS output)* (CS output)* (SSOE = 0) to CS (Otherwise)* (Otherwise)*...

  • Page 631: D.2 Pin States At Reset

    Pin States at Reset Modes 1 and 2: Figure D.1 is a timing diagram for the case in which RES goes low during an external memory access in mode 1 or 2. As soon as RES goes low, all ports are initialized to the input state.

  • Page 632

    Modes 3 and 4: Figure D.2 is a timing diagram for the case in which RES goes low during an external memory access in mode 3 or 4. As soon as RES goes low, all ports are initialized to the input state.

  • Page 633

    Appendix E Timing of Transition to and Recovery from Hardware Standby Mode Timing of Transition to Hardware Standby Mode 1. To retain RAM contents with the RAME bit set to 1 in SYSCR, drive the RES signal low 10 system clock cycles before the STBY signal goes low, as shown below. RES must remain low until STBY goes low (minimum delay from STBY low to RES high: 0 ns).

  • Page 634: Appendix F Product Code Lineup

    Appendix F Product Code Lineup Table F.1 H8/3008 Product Code Lineup Package Product Type Product Code Mark Code (Hitachi Package Code) H8/3008 ROMless HD6413008F HD6413008F 100-pin QFP (FP-100B) HD6413008TE HD6413008TE 100-pin TQFP (TFP-100B) HD6413008FP HD6413008FP 100-pin QFP (FP-100A) HD6413008VF HD6413008VF...

  • Page 635: Appendix G Package Dimensions

    Appendix G Package Dimensions Figure G.1 shows the FP-100B package dimensions of the H8/3008. Figure G.2 shows the TFP- 100B package dimensions. Figure G.3 shows the FP-100A package dimensions. Unit: mm 16.0 ± 0.3 *0.22 ± 0.05 0.08 M 0.20 ± 0.04 0°...

  • Page 636

    Unit: mm 16.0 ± 0.2 *0.22 ± 0.05 0.08 0.20 ± 0.04 0° – 8° 0.5 ± 0.1 0.10 Hitachi Code TFP-100B JEDEC — EIAJ Conforms *Dimension including the plating thickness Weight (reference value) 0.5 g Base material dimension Figure G.2 Package Dimensions (TFP-100B)

  • Page 637

    24.8 ± 0.4 Unit: mm *0.32 ± 0.08 0.13 0.30 ± 0.06 0.58 0.83 0° – 10° 1.2 ± 0.2 0.15 Hitachi Code FP-100A JEDEC — EIAJ — *Dimension including the plating thickness Weight (reference value) 1.7 g Base material dimension...

  • Page 638: H.1 Differences Between H8/3067 And H8/3062 Series, H8/3048 Series H8/3006 And H8/3007, And H8/3008

    Appendix H Comparison of H8/300H Series Product Specifications Differences between H8/3067 and H8/3062 Series, H8/3048 Series, H8/3006 and H8/3007, and H8/3008 H8/3067, H8/3062 H8/3048 Item Series Series H8/3006, H8/3007 H8/3008 1 Operating Mode 5 16 Mbyte ROM 1 Mbyte mode...

  • Page 639

    H8/3067, H8/3062 H8/3048 Item Series Series H8/3006, H8/3007 H8/3008 5 Timer functions 16-bit 8-bit 16-bit 8-bit 16-bit 8-bit timers timers timers timers timers timers 16 bits × 3 8 bits × 4 16 bits × 5 16 bits × 3 8 bits × 4 16 bits ×...

  • Page 640

    H8/3067, H8/3062 H8/3048 Item Series Series H8/3006, H8/3007 H8/3008 8 SCI Number of 3 channels (H8/3067) 2 channels 3 channels 2 channels channels 2 channels (H8/3062 Series) Smart card Supported on all Supported Supported on all Supported on all interface...

  • Page 641: H.2 Comparison Of Pin Functions Of 100-pin Package Products (fp-100b, Tfp-100b)

    Comparison of Pin Functions of 100-Pin Package Products (FP-100B, TFP-100B) Table H.1 Pin Arrangement of Each Product (FP-100B, TFP-100B) On-chip-ROM Products ROMless Products H8/3006, H8/3067 Series H8/3062 Series H8/3048 Series H8/3042 Series H8/3007 H8/3008 /TMO /TMO /TMO /TMO TIOCA TIOCA /TMIO /TMIO...

  • Page 642

    On-chip-ROM Products ROMless Products H8/3006, H8/3067 Series H8/3062 Series H8/3048 Series H8/3042 Series H8/3007 H8/3008 /WAIT /WAIT /WAIT /WAIT /WAIT /WAIT...

  • Page 643

    On-chip-ROM Products ROMless Products H8/3006, H8/3067 Series H8/3062 Series H8/3048 Series H8/3042 Series H8/3007 H8/3008 /BREQ /BREQ /BREQ /BREQ /BREQ /BREQ /BACK /BACK /BACK /BACK /BACK /BACK φ φ /φ /φ /φ /φ STBY STBY STBY STBY STBY STBY EXTAL...

  • Page 644

    On-chip-ROM Products ROMless Products H8/3006, H8/3067 Series H8/3062 Series H8/3048 Series H8/3042 Series H8/3007 H8/3008 /TCLKA PA TEND TEND TEND TEND /TCLKA /TCLKA /TCLKA /TCLKA TCLKA /TCLKB PA TEND TEND TEND TEND /TCLKB /TCLKB /TCLKB /TCLKB TCLKB TIOCA /TCLKC TIOCA...

  • Page 645

    Publication Date: 1st Edition, September 2000 Published by: Electronic Devices Sales & Marketing Group Semiconductor & Integrated Circuits Hitachi, Ltd. Edited by: Technical Documentation Group Hitachi Kodaira Semiconductor Co., Ltd. Copyright © Hitachi, Ltd., 2000. All rights reserved. Printed in Japan.

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