HP 4800G 48-Port Manuals

Manuals and User Guides for HP 4800G 48-Port. We have 1 HP 4800G 48-Port manual available for free PDF download: Configuration Manual

HP 4800G 48-Port Configuration Manual

HP 4800G 48-Port Configuration Manual (1969 pages)

3Com Switch  
Brand: HP | Category: Switch | Size: 21.82 MB
Table of contents
Configuration Guide1................................................................................................................................................................
About This Manual3................................................................................................................................................................
Related Documentation5................................................................................................................................................................
Obtaining Documentation5................................................................................................................................................................
Table Of Contents6................................................................................................................................................................
Product Features7................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Product7................................................................................................................................................................
Feature Lists7................................................................................................................................................................
Access Volume9................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Services Volume11................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Routing Volume12................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Volume14................................................................................................................................................................
Qos Volume16................................................................................................................................................................
Security Volume16................................................................................................................................................................
High Availability Volume18................................................................................................................................................................
System Volume19................................................................................................................................................................
Manual Version35................................................................................................................................................................
Ethernet Interface Configuration39................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Auto-negotiation Transmission Rate40................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Flow Control On An Ethernet Interface41................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Port Group43................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Storm Suppression43................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Interval For Collecting Ethernet Interface Statistics44................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Forwarding Of Jumbo Frames45................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Loopback Detection On An Ethernet Interface45................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Mdi Mode For An Ethernet Interface46................................................................................................................................................................
Testing The Cable On An Ethernet Interface47................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Storm Constrain Function On An Ethernet Interface47................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining An Ethernet Interface49................................................................................................................................................................
Link Aggregation Configuration52................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Concepts Of Link Aggregation52................................................................................................................................................................
Link Aggregation Modes54................................................................................................................................................................
Load Sharing Mode Of An Aggregation Group56................................................................................................................................................................
Link Aggregation Configuration Task List56................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Aggregation Group57................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Aggregation Group57................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Dynamic Aggregation Group58................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Aggregate Interface59................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Load Sharing Mode For Load-sharing Link Aggregation Groups60................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Link Aggregation61................................................................................................................................................................
Link Aggregation Configuration Examples62................................................................................................................................................................
Layer 2 Static Aggregation Configuration Example62................................................................................................................................................................
Layer 2 Dynamic Aggregation Configuration Example63................................................................................................................................................................
Port Isolation Configuration66................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Port Isolation66................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Isolation Group66................................................................................................................................................................
Port Isolation Configuration Example67................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Isolation Groups67................................................................................................................................................................
Service Loopback Group Configuration70................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Service Loopback Group71................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Service Loopback Groups72................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration Example72................................................................................................................................................................
Mstp Configuration74................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Stp74................................................................................................................................................................
Why Stp74................................................................................................................................................................
Protocol Packets Of Stp74................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Concepts In Stp75................................................................................................................................................................
How Stp Works76................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Rstp82................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Mstp83................................................................................................................................................................
Why Mstp83................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Concepts In Mstp84................................................................................................................................................................
How Mstp Works87................................................................................................................................................................
Implementation Of Mstp On Devices88................................................................................................................................................................
Mstp Configuration Task List88................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mstp90................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Mst Region90................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Root Bridge Or A Secondary Root Bridge91................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Work Mode Of An Mstp Device92................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Priority Of A Device92................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Maximum Hops Of An Mst Region93................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Network Diameter Of A Switched Network93................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Timers Of Mstp94................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Timeout Factor95................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Maximum Port Rate96................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ports As Edge Ports96................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Path Costs Of Ports97................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Port Priority99................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Link Type Of Ports100................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Mode A Port Uses To Recognize/send Mstp Packets100................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Output Of Port State Transition Information101................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Mstp Feature102................................................................................................................................................................
Performing Mcheck102................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Digest Snooping103................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring No Agreement Check105................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Protection Functions107................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Mstp110................................................................................................................................................................
Mstp Configuration Example111................................................................................................................................................................
Lldp Configuration116................................................................................................................................................................
Operating Modes Of Lldp120................................................................................................................................................................
Lldp Configuration Task List121................................................................................................................................................................
How Lldp Works121................................................................................................................................................................
Performing Basic Lldp Configuration122................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Lldp122................................................................................................................................................................
Setting Lldp Operating Mode122................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Lldp Re-initialization Delay123................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Lldp Polling123................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Tlvs To Be Advertised123................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Management Address And Its Encoding Format124................................................................................................................................................................
Setting Other Lldp Parameters124................................................................................................................................................................
Setting An Encapsulation Format For Lldpdus125................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Cdp Compatibility126................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Lldp Trapping127................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Lldp128................................................................................................................................................................
Lldp Configuration Examples128................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Lldp Configuration Example128................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration Procedure129................................................................................................................................................................
Cdp-compatible Lldp Configuration Example131................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Configuration134................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Vlan134................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Overview134................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Fundamentals135................................................................................................................................................................
Types Of Vlan136................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Basic Vlan Settings136................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Basic Settings Of A Vlan Interface137................................................................................................................................................................
Port-based Vlan Configuration138................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Port-based Vlan138................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning An Access Port To A Vlan139................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning A Trunk Port To A Vlan141................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning A Hybrid Port To A Vlan142................................................................................................................................................................
Mac-based Vlan Configuration143................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Mac-based Vlan143................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Mac Address-based Vlan144................................................................................................................................................................
Protocol-based Vlan Configuration145................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Protocol-based Vlan145................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Protocol-based Vlan145................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Subnet-based Vlan Configuration147................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ip Subnet-based Vlan147................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Vlan148................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Configuration Example149................................................................................................................................................................
Isolate-user-vlan Configuration152................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Isolate-user-vlan152................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Isolate-user-vlan154................................................................................................................................................................
Isolate-user-vlan Configuration Example154................................................................................................................................................................
Voice Vlan Configuration157................................................................................................................................................................
Oui Addresses157................................................................................................................................................................
Voice Vlan Assignment Modes158................................................................................................................................................................
Security Mode And Normal Mode Of Voice Vlans159................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Voice Vlan160................................................................................................................................................................
Setting A Port To Operate In Automatic Voice Vlan Assignment Mode160................................................................................................................................................................
Setting A Port To Operate In Manual Voice Vlan Assignment Mode161................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Voice Vlan162................................................................................................................................................................
Voice Vlan Configuration Examples162................................................................................................................................................................
Automatic Voice Vlan Mode Configuration Example162................................................................................................................................................................
Manual Voice Vlan Assignment Mode Configuration Example164................................................................................................................................................................
Gvrp Configuration168................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Gvrp168................................................................................................................................................................
Gvrp Configuration Task List171................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Gvrp Functions171................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Garp Timers172................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Gvrp173................................................................................................................................................................
Gvrp Configuration Examples174................................................................................................................................................................
Gvrp Configuration Example I174................................................................................................................................................................
Gvrp Configuration Example Ii175................................................................................................................................................................
Gvrp Configuration Example Iii176................................................................................................................................................................
Qinq Configuration179................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Qinq179................................................................................................................................................................
Qinq Mechanism And Benefits179................................................................................................................................................................
Qinq Frame Structure180................................................................................................................................................................
Implementations Of Qinq181................................................................................................................................................................
Modifying The Tpid In A Vlan Tag181................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Basic Qinq183................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Selective Qinq183................................................................................................................................................................
Qinq Configuration Task List183................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Basic Qinq183................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Selective Qinq Based On Ports184................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Selective Qinq Through Qos Policies184................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Tpid Value In Vlan Tags185................................................................................................................................................................
Qinq Configuration Examples186................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Qinq Configuration Example186................................................................................................................................................................
Selective Qinq Configuration Example (port-based Configuration)188................................................................................................................................................................
Selective Qinq Configuration Example (qos Policy-based Configuration)191................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Bpdu Tunneling196................................................................................................................................................................
Bpdu Tunneling Configuration196................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bpdu Transparent Transmission198................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Destination Multicast Mac Address For Bpdu Tunnel Frames198................................................................................................................................................................
Bpdu Tunneling Configuration Example198................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Mapping Configuration202................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Mapping Overview202................................................................................................................................................................
One-to-one Vlan Mapping And Many-to-one Vlan Mapping203................................................................................................................................................................
Two-to-two Vlan Mapping204................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Concepts Of Vlan Mapping204................................................................................................................................................................
How Vlan Mapping Is Implemented205................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Mapping Configuration Task List206................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Two-to-two Vlan Mapping211................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Mapping Configuration Examples214................................................................................................................................................................
One-to-one/many-to-one Vlan Mapping Configuration Example214................................................................................................................................................................
Enable Dhcp Snooping220................................................................................................................................................................
Two-to-two Vlan Mapping Configuration Example222................................................................................................................................................................
Port Mirroring Configuration227................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Port Mirroring227................................................................................................................................................................
Classification Of Port Mirroring227................................................................................................................................................................
Implementing Port Mirroring227................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Local Port Mirroring229................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Remote Port Mirroring230................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Remote Source Mirroring Group (on The Source Device)230................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Remote Destination Mirroring Group (on The Destination Device)232................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Port Mirroring233................................................................................................................................................................
Port Mirroring Configuration Examples233................................................................................................................................................................
Local Port Mirroring Configuration Example233................................................................................................................................................................
Remote Port Mirroring Configuration Example234................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Addressing Overview240................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Addressing Configuration240................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Address Classes240................................................................................................................................................................
Special Ip Addresses241................................................................................................................................................................
Subnetting And Masking241................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ip Addresses242................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning An Ip Address To An Interface242................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Addressing Configuration Example243................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ip Addressing244................................................................................................................................................................
Arp Configuration246................................................................................................................................................................
Arp Overview246................................................................................................................................................................
Arp Function246................................................................................................................................................................
Arp Message Format246................................................................................................................................................................
Arp Address Resolution Process247................................................................................................................................................................
Arp Table248................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Arp249................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Arp Entry249................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Maximum Number Of Arp Entries For An Interface249................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Aging Time For Dynamic Arp Entries249................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Arp Entry Check250................................................................................................................................................................
Arp Configuration Example250................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Gratuitous Arp251................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Arp251................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Gratuitous Arp251................................................................................................................................................................
Proxy Arp Configuration253................................................................................................................................................................
Proxy Arp Overview253................................................................................................................................................................
Proxy Arp253................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Proxy Arp254................................................................................................................................................................
Local Proxy Arp254................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Proxy Arp255................................................................................................................................................................
Proxy Arp Configuration Examples255................................................................................................................................................................
Proxy Arp Configuration Example255................................................................................................................................................................
Local Proxy Arp Configuration Example In Case Of Port Isolation256................................................................................................................................................................
Local Proxy Arp Configuration Example In Isolate-user-vlan257................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Overview261................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Dhcp261................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Address Allocation262................................................................................................................................................................
Allocation Mechanisms262................................................................................................................................................................
Dynamic Ip Address Allocation Process262................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Message Format263................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Address Lease Extension263................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Options264................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Options Overview264................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Dhcp Options264................................................................................................................................................................
Self-defined Options265................................................................................................................................................................
Protocols And Standards268................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Server Configuration269................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Dhcp Server269................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Server Configuration Task List271................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Address Allocation Sequence271................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Address Pool For The Dhcp Server272................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Address Allocation Mode For A Common Address Pool273................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dynamic Address Allocation For An Extended Address Pool275................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Domain Name Suffix For The Client276................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dns Servers For The Client276................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Wins Servers And Netbios Node Type For The Client276................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Bims Server Information For The Client277................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Gateways For The Client277................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Option 184 Parameters For The Client With Voice Service278................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Tftp Server And Bootfile Name For The Client278................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Self-defined Dhcp Options279................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Dhcp280................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Dhcp Server On An Interface280................................................................................................................................................................
Applying An Extended Address Pool On An Interface281................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Dhcp Server Security Functions282................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Unauthorized Dhcp Server Detection282................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ip Address Conflict Detection282................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Handling Mode For Option 82283................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Handling Mode For Option283................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining The Dhcp Server284................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Server Configuration Examples284................................................................................................................................................................
Static Ip Address Assignment Configuration Example285................................................................................................................................................................
Dynamic Ip Address Assignment Configuration Example285................................................................................................................................................................
Self-defined Option Configuration Example287................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Dhcp Server Configuration288................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Relay Agent Configuration289................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Dhcp Relay Agent289................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Relay Agent Support For Option290................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Relay Agent Configuration Task List291................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Dhcp Relay Agent291................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Dhcp Relay Agent On An Interface292................................................................................................................................................................
Correlating A Dhcp Server Group With A Relay Agent Interface292................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Dhcp Relay Agent Security Functions293................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Dhcp Relay Agent To Send A Dhcp-release Request295................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Dhcp Relay Agent To Support Option295................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Dhcp Relay Agent Configuration297................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Relay Agent Configuration Examples297................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Relay Agent Configuration Example297................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Relay Agent Option 82 Support Configuration Example298................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Dhcp Relay Agent Configuration299................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Client Configuration301................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Dhcp Client301................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Dhcp Client On An Interface301................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining The Dhcp Client302................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Client Configuration Example302................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Snooping Configuration303................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Snooping Overview303................................................................................................................................................................
Application Environment Of Trusted Ports304................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Snooping Support For Option 82305................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Snooping Support For Option305................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dhcp Snooping Basic Functions306................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dhcp Snooping To Support Option 82307................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Dhcp Snooping309................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Snooping Configuration Examples309................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Snooping Configuration Example309................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Snooping Option 82 Support Configuration Example310................................................................................................................................................................
Bootp Client Configuration311................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Bootp Client311................................................................................................................................................................
Bootp Application311................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Interface To Dynamically Obtain An Ip Address Through Bootp312................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Bootp Client Configuration313................................................................................................................................................................
Bootp Client Configuration Example313................................................................................................................................................................
Dns Configuration315................................................................................................................................................................
Dns Overview315................................................................................................................................................................
Static Domain Name Resolution315................................................................................................................................................................
Dynamic Domain Name Resolution315................................................................................................................................................................
Dns Proxy317................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Dns Client318................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Static Domain Name Resolution318................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dynamic Domain Name Resolution318................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Dns Proxy319................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Dns319................................................................................................................................................................
Dns Configuration Examples319................................................................................................................................................................
Static Domain Name Resolution Configuration Example319................................................................................................................................................................
Dynamic Domain Name Resolution Configuration Example320................................................................................................................................................................
Dns Proxy Configuration Example323................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Dns Configuration324................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Performance Overview326................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Reception And Forwarding Of Directed Broadcasts To A Directly Connected Network326................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Performance Optimization Configuration326................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Forwarding Of Directed Broadcasts To A Directly Connected Network327................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Tcp Optional Parameters328................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Icmp To Send Error Packets329................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ip Performance Optimization331................................................................................................................................................................
Udp Helper Configuration333................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Udp Helper333................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Udp Helper333................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Udp Helper334................................................................................................................................................................
Udp Helper Configuration Examples334................................................................................................................................................................
Udp Helper Configuration Example334................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Overview337................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Basics Configuration337................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Features337................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Ipv6 Address339................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Ipv6 Neighbor Discovery Protocol341................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Pmtu Discovery344................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Basics Configuration Task List345................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Ipv6 Dns345................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Basic Ipv6 Functions346................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ipv346................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ipv6 Unicast Address346................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Ndp347................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Neighbor Entry347................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Maximum Number Of Neighbors Dynamically Learned348................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Parameters Related To Ra Messages348................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Pmtu Discovery351................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Maximum Number Of Attempts To Send An Ns Message For Dad351................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Pmtu For A Specified Ipv6 Address351................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Aging Time For Dynamic Pmtus351................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Tcp Properties352................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Icmpv6 Packet Sending352................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Maximum Icmpv6 Error Packets Sent In An Interval352................................................................................................................................................................
Enable Sending Of Multicast Echo Replies353................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Sending Of Icmpv6 Time Exceeded Packets353................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Dns Client354................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Static Ipv6 Domain Name Resolution354................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dynamic Ipv6 Domain Name Resolution354................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ipv6 Basics Configuration355................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Configuration Example356................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Ipv6 Basics Configuration361................................................................................................................................................................
Dual Stack Overview363................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dual Stack363................................................................................................................................................................
Dual Stack Configuration363................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Tunneling366................................................................................................................................................................
Tunneling Configuration366................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Over Ipv4 Tunnel367................................................................................................................................................................
Tunneling Configuration Task List370................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Manual Tunnel370................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring 6to4 Tunnel375................................................................................................................................................................
To4 Tunnel Configuration Example376................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Isatap Tunnel379................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Tunneling Configuration383................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Tunneling Configuration383................................................................................................................................................................
Sflow Configuration385................................................................................................................................................................
Sflow Overview385................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Sflow386................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Sflow386................................................................................................................................................................
Sflow Configuration Example387................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Sflow Configuration388................................................................................................................................................................
The Remote Sflow Collector Cannot Receive Sflow Packets388................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Routing Overview393................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Routing And Routing Table393................................................................................................................................................................
Routing Table393................................................................................................................................................................
Routing Protocol Overview395................................................................................................................................................................
Static Routing And Dynamic Routing395................................................................................................................................................................
Classification Of Dynamic Routing Protocols395................................................................................................................................................................
Routing Protocols And Routing Priority396................................................................................................................................................................
Load Balancing And Route Backup396................................................................................................................................................................
Route Recursion397................................................................................................................................................................
Sharing Of Routing Information397................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Router Id397................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining A Routing Table398................................................................................................................................................................
Static Routing Configuration400................................................................................................................................................................
Static Route400................................................................................................................................................................
Default Route400................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Route401................................................................................................................................................................
Application Environment Of Static Routing401................................................................................................................................................................
Detecting Reachability Of The Static Route's Nexthop402................................................................................................................................................................
Detecting Nexthop Reachability Through Bfd402................................................................................................................................................................
Detecting Nexthop Reachability Through Track403................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Static Routes404................................................................................................................................................................
Static Route Configuration Example405................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Static Route Configuration Example405................................................................................................................................................................
Rip Configuration409................................................................................................................................................................
Rip Overview409................................................................................................................................................................
Operation Of Rip409................................................................................................................................................................
Rip Version410................................................................................................................................................................
Rip Message Format411................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rip Basic Functions413................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rip Route Control415................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ripv2 Route Summarization416................................................................................................................................................................
Disabling Host Route Reception417................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Inbound/outbound Route Filtering418................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rip Network Optimization419................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Priority For Rip419................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rip Timers420................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Maximum Number Of Load Balanced Routes421................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Zero Field Check On Incoming Ripv1 Messages421................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Source Ip Address Check On Incoming Rip Updates421................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ripv2 Message Authentication422................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Rip Neighbor422................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rip-to-mib Binding423................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Rip Packet Sending Rate423................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Rip424................................................................................................................................................................
Rip Configuration Examples424................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rip Version424................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Additional Metric For A Rip Interface428................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rip To Advertise A Summary Route430................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Rip433................................................................................................................................................................
No Rip Updates Received433................................................................................................................................................................
Route Oscillation Occurred433................................................................................................................................................................
Ospf Configuration436................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Ospf436................................................................................................................................................................
Ospf Area Partition438................................................................................................................................................................
Classification Of Routers441................................................................................................................................................................
Classification Of Ospf Networks443................................................................................................................................................................
Dr And Bdr443................................................................................................................................................................
Ospf Packet Formats444................................................................................................................................................................
Supported Ospf Features453................................................................................................................................................................
Ospf Configuration Task List454................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ospf456................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf Areas457................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Stub Area457................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Nssa Area458................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf Network Types459................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Virtual Link459................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ospf Network Type For An Interface As Broadcast460................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ospf Network Type For An Interface As Nbma460................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf Route Control461................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ospf Network Type For An Interface As P2mp461................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ospf Network Type For An Interface As P2p461................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf Route Summarization462................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf Inbound Route Filtering463................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Abr Type-3 Lsa Filtering463................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ospf Cost For An Interface464................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Maximum Number Of Ospf Routes464................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Maximum Number Of Load-balanced Routes465................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Priority For Ospf465................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf Network Optimization467................................................................................................................................................................
Advertising A Host Route467................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf Packet Timers468................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying An Lsa Transmission Delay469................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying Spf Calculation Interval469................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Lsa Minimum Repeat Arrival Interval470................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Lsa Generation Interval470................................................................................................................................................................
Disabling Interfaces From Sending Ospf Packets471................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Stub Routers471................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf Authentication472................................................................................................................................................................
Adding The Interface Mtu Into Dd Packets473................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Maximum Number Of External Lsas In Lsdb473................................................................................................................................................................
Making External Route Selection Rules Defined In Rfc1583 Compatible473................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf Sham Link476................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Sham Link477................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf Graceful Restart478................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ospf Gr Helper479................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ospf480................................................................................................................................................................
Triggering Ospf Graceful Restart480................................................................................................................................................................
Ospf Configuration Examples481................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf Basic Functions481................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf Route Redistribution484................................................................................................................................................................
Network Requirements484................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf To Advertise A Summary Route486................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ospf Stub Area488................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ospf Nssa Area491................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf Dr Election493................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf Virtual Links498................................................................................................................................................................
Ospf Graceful Restart Configuration Example500................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Route Filtering502................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Ospf Configuration504................................................................................................................................................................
Is-is Configuration508................................................................................................................................................................
Is-is Overview508................................................................................................................................................................
Is-is Area510................................................................................................................................................................
Is-is Network Type512................................................................................................................................................................
Is-is Pdu Format513................................................................................................................................................................
Supported Is-is Features519................................................................................................................................................................
Is-is Configuration Task List522................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Is-is Basic Functions523................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Is-is523................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Is Level And Circuit Level523................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Network Type Of An Interface As P2p524................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Is-is Routing Information Control524................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Is-is Link Cost525................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Priority For Is-is526................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Maximum Number Of Equal Cost Routes526................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Is-is Route Summarization527................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Is-is Route Leaking529................................................................................................................................................................
Tuning And Optimizing Is-is Networks530................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying Intervals For Sending Is-is Hello And Csnp Packets530................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Is-is Hello Multiplier530................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Dis Priority For An Interface531................................................................................................................................................................
Disabling An Interface From Sending/receiving Is-is Packets531................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling An Interface To Send Small Hello Packets531................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Lsp Parameters532................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Spf Parameters535................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Lsdb Overload Bit536................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Is-is Authentication536................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Neighbor Relationship Authentication536................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Area Authentication537................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Routing Domain Authentication537................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring System Id To Host Name Mappings538................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static System Id To Host Name Mapping538................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dynamic System Id To Host Name Mapping538................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Is-is Gr539................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Logging Of Neighbor State Changes540................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Is-is Snmp Trap540................................................................................................................................................................
Binding An Is-is Process With Mibs540................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Is-is541................................................................................................................................................................
Is-is Configuration Example542................................................................................................................................................................
Is-is Basic Configuration542................................................................................................................................................................
Dis Election Configuration546................................................................................................................................................................
Is-is-based Graceful Restart Configuration Example554................................................................................................................................................................
Is-is Authentication Configuration Example556................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Configuration561................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Overview561................................................................................................................................................................
Formats Of Bgp Messages562................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Path Attributes564................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Route Selection568................................................................................................................................................................
Ibgp And Igp Synchronization570................................................................................................................................................................
Settlements For Problems In Large Scale Bgp Networks571................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Gr574................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Configuration Task List576................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bgp Basic Functions577................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Bgp Connection578................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Source Interface For Tcp Connections578................................................................................................................................................................
Allowing Establishment Of Ebgp Connection To A Non Directly Connected Peer/peer Group579................................................................................................................................................................
Controlling Route Generation579................................................................................................................................................................
Injecting A Local Network580................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bgp Route Redistribution580................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Default Route Redistribution Into Bgp580................................................................................................................................................................
Controlling Route Distribution And Reception581................................................................................................................................................................
Advertising A Default Route To A Peer Or Peer Group582................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bgp Route Distribution/reception Filtering Policies582................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Bgp And Igp Route Synchronization584................................................................................................................................................................
Limiting Prefixes Received From A Peer/peer Group584................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bgp Route Dampening584................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bgp Route Attributes585................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Shortcut Route585................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Preferred Value For Routes Received585................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Preferences For Bgp Routes585................................................................................................................................................................
Configure The Default Local Preference586................................................................................................................................................................
Tuning And Optimizing Bgp Networks591................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bgp Keepalive Interval And Holdtime592................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Interval For Sending The Same Update592................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bgp Soft-reset592................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Quick Ebgp Session Reestablishment593................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Md5 Authentication For Tcp Connections594................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bgp Load Balancing594................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Large Scale Bgp Network595................................................................................................................................................................
Forbiding Session Establishment With A Peer Or Peer Group595................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bgp Peer Groups595................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bgp Community597................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Bgp Route Reflector598................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Bgp Confederation598................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bgp Gr599................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Logging Of Peer State Changes600................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Bgp602................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Configuration Examples603................................................................................................................................................................
Resetting Bgp Connections603................................................................................................................................................................
Clearing Bgp Information603................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Basic Configuration603................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp And Igp Synchronization Configuration607................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Load Balancing Configuration609................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Community Configuration611................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Route Reflector Configuration613................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Confederation Configuration615................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Path Selection Configuration618................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Bgp622................................................................................................................................................................
No Bgp Peer Relationship Established622................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Static Routing Configuration624................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Ipv6 Static Routing624................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ipv6 Static Route624................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ipv6 Static Routes625................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Static Routing Configuration Example625................................................................................................................................................................
Ripng Configuration629................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Ripng629................................................................................................................................................................
Ripng Working Mechanism629................................................................................................................................................................
Ripng Packet Format630................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ripng Basic Functions631................................................................................................................................................................
Ripng Packet Processing Procedure631................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ripng Route Control632................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ripng Route Summarization633................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Ripng Route Filtering Policy634................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Priority For Ripng634................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ripng Route Redistribution634................................................................................................................................................................
Tuning And Optimizing The Ripng Network635................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Zero Field Check On Ripng Packets636................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ripng637................................................................................................................................................................
Ripng Configuration Example637................................................................................................................................................................
Ospfv3 Configuration643................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Ospfv3643................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Ospfv643................................................................................................................................................................
Ospfv3 Overview643................................................................................................................................................................
Ospfv3 Packets643................................................................................................................................................................
Ospfv3 Lsa Types644................................................................................................................................................................
Timers Of Ospfv644................................................................................................................................................................
Ospfv3 Features Supported645................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Ospfv3 Configuration Task List646................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ospfv3646................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospfv3 Area Parameters647................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ospfv3 Stub Area647................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ospfv3 Virtual Link648................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospfv3 Network Types648................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospfv3 Routing Information Control649................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Maximum Number Of Ospfv3 Load-balanced Routes651................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Priority For Ospfv651................................................................................................................................................................
Tuning And Optimizing Ospfv3 Networks652................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospfv3 Timers653................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Dr Priority For An Interface654................................................................................................................................................................
Ignoring Mtu Check For Dd Packets654................................................................................................................................................................
Disable Interfaces From Sending Ospfv3 Packets655................................................................................................................................................................
Enable The Logging Of Neighbor State Changes655................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Gr Restarter656................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Gr Helper656................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ospfv3657................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ospfv657................................................................................................................................................................
Ospfv3 Configuration Examples658................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospfv3 Areas658................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospfv3 Dr Election661................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Ospfv3 Configuration666................................................................................................................................................................
No Ospfv3 Neighbor Relationship Established666................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Bgp Overview676................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Bgp Configuration676................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration Task List677................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Bgp Basic Functions678................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Source Interface For Establishing Tcp Connections679................................................................................................................................................................
Allowing The Establishment Of A Non-direct Ebgp Connection680................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Description For An Ipv6 Peer/peer Group680................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Outbound Route Filtering683................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Inbound Route Filtering684................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Bgp And Igp Route Synchronization684................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Bgp Route Attributes685................................................................................................................................................................
Tuning And Optimizing Ipv6 Bgp Networks687................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Bgp Timers688................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Large Scale Ipv6 Bgp Network690................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Bgp Peer Group690................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ipv6 Bgp694................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Bgp Configuration Examples695................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Bgp Route Reflector Configuration697................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Ipv6 Bgp Configuration699................................................................................................................................................................
No Ipv6 Bgp Peer Relationship Established699................................................................................................................................................................
Route Policy Configuration701................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Route Policy701................................................................................................................................................................
Route Policy701................................................................................................................................................................
Route Policy Application702................................................................................................................................................................
Route Policy Configuration Task List702................................................................................................................................................................
Defining Filters703................................................................................................................................................................
Defining An Ip-prefix List703................................................................................................................................................................
Defining An As Path List704................................................................................................................................................................
Defining A Community List704................................................................................................................................................................
Defining An Extended Community List705................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Route Policy705................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Route Policy706................................................................................................................................................................
Defining If-match Clauses706................................................................................................................................................................
Defining Apply Clauses707................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining The Route Policy709................................................................................................................................................................
Route Policy Configuration Example709................................................................................................................................................................
Applying A Route Policy To Ipv6 Route Redistribution712................................................................................................................................................................
Applying A Route Policy To Filter Received Bgp Routes714................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Route Policy Configuration716................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv4 Routing Information Filtering Failure716................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Routing Information Filtering Failure717................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp/mpls Vpn Concepts720................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Mce722................................................................................................................................................................
How Mce Works723................................................................................................................................................................
Routing Information Exchange For Mce723................................................................................................................................................................
Route Exchange Between A Ce And The Private Network723................................................................................................................................................................
Route Exchange Between Ce And Pe725................................................................................................................................................................
Mce Configuration727................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Vpn Instance727................................................................................................................................................................
Vpn Instance Configuration Task List727................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Vpn Instance727................................................................................................................................................................
Associating An Vpn Instance With An Interface728................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Route-related Attributes For A Vpn Instance728................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring To Use Rip Between A Mce And A Site730................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring To Use Ospf Between A Mce And A Site730................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring To Use Is-is Between A Mce And A Site731................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring To Use Ebgp Between A Mce And A Site732................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring To Use Rip Between A Mce And A Pe735................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring To Use Ospf Between A Mce And A Pe735................................................................................................................................................................
Configure To Use Is-is Between A Mce And A Pe736................................................................................................................................................................
Configure To Use Ebgp Between A Mce And A Pe737................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Mce737................................................................................................................................................................
Mce Configuration Example739................................................................................................................................................................
Mce Configuration Example (a)739................................................................................................................................................................
Mce Configuration Example (b)743................................................................................................................................................................
Network Diagram744................................................................................................................................................................
Policy Routing Configuration749................................................................................................................................................................
Policy Routing Overview749................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Qos Policies751................................................................................................................................................................
Policy Routing Configuration Examples751................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Policy Routing Configuration Example752................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Overview757................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Multicast757................................................................................................................................................................
Features Of Multicast760................................................................................................................................................................
Common Notations In Multicast761................................................................................................................................................................
Advantages And Applications Of Multicast761................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Models762................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Architecture762................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Addresses763................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Protocols767................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Packet Forwarding Mechanism769................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Routing And Forwarding Overview771................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Routing And Forwarding Configuration771................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Multicast Routing And Forwarding771................................................................................................................................................................
Rpf Check Mechanism771................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Static Routes774................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Traceroute775................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ip Multicast Routing776................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Multicast Routing And Forwarding777................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Multicast Static Routes777................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Multicast Routing Policy778................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Multicast Forwarding Range778................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Multicast Forwarding Table Size779................................................................................................................................................................
Tracing A Multicast Path779................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Multicast Routing And Forwarding780................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration Examples780................................................................................................................................................................
Changing An Rpf Route780................................................................................................................................................................
Creating An Rpf Route783................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Multicast Routing And Forwarding785................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Static Route Failure785................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Data Fails To Reach Receivers785................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Configuration788................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Overview788................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Versions788................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Igmpv788................................................................................................................................................................
Enhancements In Igmpv790................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Ssm Mapping792................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Proxying793................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Configuration Task List794................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Basic Functions Of Igmp795................................................................................................................................................................
Adjusting Igmp Performance798................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Maximum Number Of Multicast Groups On An Interface798................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Igmp Message Options799................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Igmp Query And Response Parameters800................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Igmp Fast Leave Processing802................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Igmp Ssm Mapping802................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ssm Mapping803................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ssm Mappings803................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Igmp Proxying804................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Igmp Proxying804................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Multicast Forwarding On A Downstream Interface804................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Igmp805................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Configuration Examples806................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Igmp Functions Configuration Example806................................................................................................................................................................
Ssm Mapping Configuration Example808................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Proxying Configuration Example811................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Igmp813................................................................................................................................................................
No Membership Information On The Receiver-side Router813................................................................................................................................................................
Pim Overview817................................................................................................................................................................
Pim Configuration817................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Pim-dm818................................................................................................................................................................
How Pim-dm Works818................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Pim-sm820................................................................................................................................................................
How Pim-sm Works821................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Administrative Scoping In Pim-sm827................................................................................................................................................................
Ssm Model Implementation In Pim829................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Pim-dm830................................................................................................................................................................
Pim-dm Configuration Task List830................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Pim-dm831................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring State-refresh Parameters832................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Pim-dm Graft Retry Period832................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Pim-sm833................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Administrative Scoping840................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Multicast Source Registration842................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Pim-ssm844................................................................................................................................................................
Pim-ssm Configuration Task List844................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ssm Group Range845................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Pim Common Features846................................................................................................................................................................
Pim Common Feature Configuration Task List846................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Multicast Data Filter847................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Pim Hello Options848................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Pim Common Timers850................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Pim851................................................................................................................................................................
Pim Configuration Examples852................................................................................................................................................................
Pim-dm Configuration Example852................................................................................................................................................................
Pim-sm Non-scoped Zone Configuration Example856................................................................................................................................................................
Pim-sm Admin-scope Zone Configuration Example861................................................................................................................................................................
Pim-ssm Configuration Example867................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Pim Configuration870................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Data Abnormally Terminated On An Intermediate Router871................................................................................................................................................................
Rps Unable To Join Spt In Pim-sm871................................................................................................................................................................
Rpt Establishment Failure Or Source Registration Failure In Pim-sm872................................................................................................................................................................
Msdp Configuration874................................................................................................................................................................
Msdp Overview874................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Msdp874................................................................................................................................................................
How Msdp Works875................................................................................................................................................................
Msdp Configuration Task List880................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Basic Functions Of Msdp881................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Msdp Peer Connection882................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Rpf Peer882................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Msdp Peer Description883................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Msdp Mesh Group883................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Sa Messages Related Parameters884................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Msdp Peer Connection Control884................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Sa Message Content884................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Sa Request Messages885................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Sa Message Filtering Rules886................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Sa Cache Mechanism886................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Msdp887................................................................................................................................................................
Msdp Configuration Examples887................................................................................................................................................................
Inter-as Multicast Configuration Leveraging Bgp Routes887................................................................................................................................................................
Inter-as Multicast Configuration Leveraging Static Rpf Peers893................................................................................................................................................................
Anycast Rp Configuration896................................................................................................................................................................
Sa Message Filtering Configuration900................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Msdp903................................................................................................................................................................
Msdp Peers Stay In Down State903................................................................................................................................................................
No Sa Entries In The Router's Sa Cache904................................................................................................................................................................
Inter-rp Communication Faults In Anycast Rp Application904................................................................................................................................................................
Mbgp Configuration906................................................................................................................................................................
Mbgp Overview906................................................................................................................................................................
Mbgp Configuration Task List907................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mbgp Basic Functions907................................................................................................................................................................
Controlling Route Advertisement And Reception908................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Default Route Redistribution Into Mbgp909................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mbgp Route Summarization909................................................................................................................................................................
Advertising A Default Route To An Ipv4 Mbgp Peer Or Peer Group910................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Outbound Mbgp Route Filtering910................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Inbound Mbgp Route Filtering911................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mbgp Route Dampening912................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mbgp Route Attributes912................................................................................................................................................................
Tuning And Optimizing Mbgp Networks915................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mbgp Soft Reset915................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Maximum Number Of Mbgp Routes For Load Balancing916................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Large Scale Mbgp Network917................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv4 Mbgp Peer Groups917................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mbgp Community917................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Mbgp Route Reflector918................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Mbgp919................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying Mbgp919................................................................................................................................................................
Resetting Mbgp Connections920................................................................................................................................................................
Clearing Mbgp Information920................................................................................................................................................................
Mbgp Configuration Example920................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Snooping Configuration925................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Snooping Overview925................................................................................................................................................................
Principle Of Igmp Snooping925................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Concepts In Igmp Snooping926................................................................................................................................................................
How Igmp Snooping Works927................................................................................................................................................................
Processing Of Multicast Protocol Messages929................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Snooping Configuration Task List930................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Basic Functions Of Igmp Snooping931................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Igmp Snooping Port Functions932................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Igmp Snooping Querier936................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Igmp Snooping Querier936................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Igmp Queries And Responses936................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Igmp Snooping Policy938................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Source Ip Address Of Igmp Queries938................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Multicast Source Port Filtering939................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Function Of Dropping Unknown Multicast Data940................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Igmp Report Suppression940................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Igmp Snooping942................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Snooping Configuration Examples943................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Group Policy And Simulated Joining943................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Snooping Querier Configuration949................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Igmp Snooping Configuration951................................................................................................................................................................
Configured Multicast Group Policy Fails To Take Effect952................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Vlan Configuration954................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Multicast Vlan954................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Vlan Configuration Task List956................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Sub-vlan-based Multicast Vlan956................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Port-based Multicast Vlan957................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Multicast Vlan Ports958................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Multicast Vlan959................................................................................................................................................................
Multicast Vlan Configuration Examples959................................................................................................................................................................
Sub-vlan-based Multicast Vlan Configuration959................................................................................................................................................................
Port-based Multicast Vlan Configuration962................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Multicast Routing And Forwarding Overview967................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ipv6 Multicast Routing970................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Multicast Routing And Forwarding970................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ipv6 Multicast Routing Policy970................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ipv6 Multicast Forwarding Range971................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ipv6 Multicast Forwarding Table Size971................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ipv6 Multicast Routing And Forwarding972................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Ipv6 Multicast Policy Configuration973................................................................................................................................................................
Abnormal Termination Of Ipv6 Multicast Data973................................................................................................................................................................
Mld Configuration976................................................................................................................................................................
Mld Overview976................................................................................................................................................................
Mld Versions976................................................................................................................................................................
How Mldv1 Works977................................................................................................................................................................
How Mldv2 Works978................................................................................................................................................................
Mld Message Types979................................................................................................................................................................
Mld Ssm Mapping982................................................................................................................................................................
Mld Proxying983................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Basic Functions Of Mld985................................................................................................................................................................
Adjusting Mld Performance988................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mld Query And Response Parameters989................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mld Fast Leave Processing992................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mld Ssm Mapping992................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Mld Ssm Mapping992................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mld Proxying993................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Mld Configuration994................................................................................................................................................................
Mld Configuration Examples996................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Mld Functions Configuration Example996................................................................................................................................................................
Mld Ssm Mapping Configuration Example998................................................................................................................................................................
Mld Proxying Configuration Example1001................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Mld1002................................................................................................................................................................
No Member Information On The Receiver-side Router1002................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Pim Configuration1006................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Pim Overview1006................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Ipv6 Pim-dm1007................................................................................................................................................................
How Ipv6 Pim-dm Works1007................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Ipv6 Pim-sm1010................................................................................................................................................................
How Ipv6 Pim-sm Works1010................................................................................................................................................................
Ssm Model Implementation In Ipv6 Pim1017................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Pim-dm1019................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Pim-dm Configuration Task List1019................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ipv6 Pim-dm1019................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring State Refresh Parameters1020................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Pim-dm Graft Retry Period1021................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Pim-sm1021................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Pim-sm Configuration Task List1021................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Multicast Source Registration1028................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Pim-ssm1030................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Pim-ssm Configuration Task List1030................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ipv6 Ssm Group Range1031................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Pim Common Features1032................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Pim Common Feature Configuration Task List1032................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ipv6 Multicast Data Filter1033................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Pim Hello Options1034................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Pim Common Timers1036................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ipv6 Pim1038................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Pim Configuration Examples1038................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Pim-dm Configuration Example1038................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Pim-sm Configuration Example1042................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Pim-ssm Configuration Example1047................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Ipv6 Pim Configuration1050................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Multicast Data Abnormally Terminated On An Intermediate Router1051................................................................................................................................................................
Rps Unable To Join Spt In Ipv6 Pim-sm1051................................................................................................................................................................
Rpt Establishment Failure Or Source Registration Failure In Ipv6 Pim-sm1052................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Mbgp Configuration1054................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Mbgp Overview1054................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Mbgp Configuration Task List1054................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Mbgp Basic Functions1055................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ipv6 Mbgp Peer1055................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Preferred Value For Routes From A Peer/peer Group1056................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Inbound Ipv6 Mbgp Route Filtering1059................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Mbgp Route Dampening1060................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Mbgp Route Attributes1060................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Next_hop Attribute1062................................................................................................................................................................
Tuning And Optimizing Ipv6 Mbgp Networks1063................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Mbgp Soft Reset1063................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Maximum Number Of Equal-cost Routes For Load-balancing1064................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Large Scale Ipv6 Mbgp Network1065................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ipv6 Mbgp Peer Group1065................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Mbgp Community1065................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ipv6 Mbgp Route Reflector1066................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ipv6 Mbgp1067................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying Ipv6 Mbgp1067................................................................................................................................................................
Resetting Ipv6 Mbgp Connections1068................................................................................................................................................................
Clearing Ipv6 Mbgp Information1068................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Mbgp Configuration Example1069................................................................................................................................................................
Mld Snooping Configuration1073................................................................................................................................................................
Mld Snooping Overview1073................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Mld Snooping1073................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Concepts In Mld Snooping1074................................................................................................................................................................
How Mld Snooping Works1075................................................................................................................................................................
Processing Of Ipv6 Multicast Protocol Messages1077................................................................................................................................................................
Mld Snooping Configuration Task List1078................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Basic Functions Of Mld Snooping1079................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Mld Snooping1079................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mld Snooping Port Functions1080................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Version Of Mld Snooping1080................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mld Snooping Querier1084................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Mld Snooping Querier1084................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mld Queries And Responses1085................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Mld Snooping Policy1086................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Multicast Source Port Filtering1087................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dropping Unknown Ipv6 Multicast Data1088................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mld Report Suppression1089................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Multicast Group Replacement1090................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Mld Snooping1091................................................................................................................................................................
Mld Snooping Configuration Examples1092................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Group Policy And Simulated Joining1092................................................................................................................................................................
Mld Snooping Querier Configuration1098................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Mld Snooping1099................................................................................................................................................................
Configured Ipv6 Multicast Group Policy Fails To Take Effect1100................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Ipv6 Multicast Vlan1102................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Multicast Vlan Configuration1102................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Multicast Vlan Configuration Task List1104................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Sub-vlan-based Ipv6 Multicast Vlan1104................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Port-based Ipv6 Multicast Vlan1105................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ipv6 Multicast Vlan Ports1106................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ipv6 Multicast Vlan1107................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Multicast Vlan Configuration Examples1107................................................................................................................................................................
Port-based Multicast Vlan Configuration Example1110................................................................................................................................................................
Qos Overview1118................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Qos1118................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Qos Service Models1118................................................................................................................................................................
Best-effort Service Model1118................................................................................................................................................................
Intserv Service Model1118................................................................................................................................................................
Diffserv Service Model1119................................................................................................................................................................
Qos Techniques Overview1119................................................................................................................................................................
Positions Of The Qos Techniques In A Network1119................................................................................................................................................................
Qos Configuration Approaches1121................................................................................................................................................................
Qos Configuration Approach Overview1121................................................................................................................................................................
Non Policy-based Configuration1121................................................................................................................................................................
Policy-based Configuration1121................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Qos Policy1122................................................................................................................................................................
Defining A Class1122................................................................................................................................................................
Defining A Traffic Behavior1124................................................................................................................................................................
Defining A Policy1125................................................................................................................................................................
Priority Mapping Overview1130................................................................................................................................................................
Priority Mapping Configuration1130................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Priority Mapping1130................................................................................................................................................................
Priority Mapping Tables1130................................................................................................................................................................
Priority Trust Mode On A Port1131................................................................................................................................................................
Priority Mapping Procedure1131................................................................................................................................................................
Priority Mapping Configuration Tasks1132................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Priority Mapping1133................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Priority Mapping1134................................................................................................................................................................
Priority Mapping Configuration Examples1134................................................................................................................................................................
Traffic Policing, Traffic Shaping, And Line Rate Overview1138................................................................................................................................................................
Traffic Evaluation And Token Buckets1138................................................................................................................................................................
Traffic Policing1139................................................................................................................................................................
Traffic Shaping1140................................................................................................................................................................
Line Rate1141................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Traffic Policing1142................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Gts1143................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Line Rate1144................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Traffic Policing, Gts, And Line Rate1145................................................................................................................................................................
Congestion Management Configuration1146................................................................................................................................................................
Congestion Management Overview1146................................................................................................................................................................
Congestion Management Configuration Approaches1149................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Congestion Management1150................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Sp Queuing1150................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Wrr Queuing1150................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Wfq Queuing1151................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Sp+wrr Queues1152................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Congestion Management1154................................................................................................................................................................
Congestion Avoidance1155................................................................................................................................................................
Congestion Avoidance Overview1155................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Wred1156................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Wred1157................................................................................................................................................................
Traffic Filtering Configuration1158................................................................................................................................................................
Traffic Filtering Overview1158................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Traffic Filtering1158................................................................................................................................................................
Traffic Filtering Configuration Example1159................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Priority Marking1161................................................................................................................................................................
Priority Marking Configuration1161................................................................................................................................................................
Priority Marking Overview1161................................................................................................................................................................
Priority Marking Configuration Example1162................................................................................................................................................................
Traffic Redirecting Configuration1165................................................................................................................................................................
Traffic Redirecting Overview1165................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Traffic Mirroring1167................................................................................................................................................................
Traffic Mirroring Configuration1167................................................................................................................................................................
Traffic Mirroring Overview1167................................................................................................................................................................
Mirroring Traffic To The Cpu1168................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Traffic Mirroring1169................................................................................................................................................................
Traffic Mirroring Configuration Examples1169................................................................................................................................................................
Class-based Accounting Configuration1171................................................................................................................................................................
Class-based Accounting Overview1171................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Class-based Accounting1171................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Traffic Accounting1172................................................................................................................................................................
Appendix A Acronym1174................................................................................................................................................................
Appendix B Default Priority Mapping Tables1175................................................................................................................................................................
Appendix C Introduction To Packet Precedences1176................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Precedence And Dscp Values1176................................................................................................................................................................
P Priority1178................................................................................................................................................................
User Profile Configuration1180................................................................................................................................................................
User Profile Overview1180................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A User Profile1181................................................................................................................................................................
Applying A Qos Policy To User Profile1181................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling A User Profile1182................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining User Profile1182................................................................................................................................................................
Aaa Configuration1188................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Aaa1188................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Radius1189................................................................................................................................................................
Client/server Model1189................................................................................................................................................................
Security And Authentication Mechanisms1190................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Message Exchange Process Of Radius1190................................................................................................................................................................
Radius Packet Format1191................................................................................................................................................................
Extended Radius Attributes1194................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Hwtacacs1194................................................................................................................................................................
Differences Between Hwtacacs And Radius1195................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Message Exchange Process Of Hwtacacs1195................................................................................................................................................................
Aaa Configuration Task List1197................................................................................................................................................................
Radius Configuration Task List1198................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Aaa1199................................................................................................................................................................
Hwtacacs Configuration Task List1199................................................................................................................................................................
Creating An Isp Domain1199................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Isp Domain Attributes1200................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Aaa Authentication Methods For An Isp Domain1201................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Aaa Authorization Methods For An Isp Domain1202................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Aaa Accounting Methods For An Isp Domain1204................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Local User Attributes1206................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring User Group Attributes1207................................................................................................................................................................
Tearing Down User Connections Forcibly1208................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Aaa1208................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Radius1209................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Radius Scheme1209................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Shared Key For Radius Packets1211................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Upper Limit Of Radius Request Retransmission Attempts1212................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Supported Radius Server Type1212................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Status Of Radius Servers1213................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Attributes Related To Data To Be Sent To The Radius Server1214................................................................................................................................................................
Setting Timers Regarding Radius Servers1215................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Security Policy Server1216................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Hwtacacs1217................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Hwtacacs Scheme1218................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Hwtacacs Authentication Servers1218................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Hwtacacs Authorization Servers1219................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Hwtacacs Accounting Servers1219................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Shared Key For Hwtacacs Packets1220................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Attributes Related To The Data Sent To Hwtacacs Server1220................................................................................................................................................................
Setting Timers Regarding Hwtacacs Servers1221................................................................................................................................................................
Aaa Configuration Examples1222................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Hwtacacs1222................................................................................................................................................................
Aaa For Telnet Users By A Hwtacacs Server1222................................................................................................................................................................
Aaa For Telnet Users By Separate Servers1224................................................................................................................................................................
Aaa For Ssh Users By A Radius Server1225................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Aaa1229................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Radius1229................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Hwtacacs1230................................................................................................................................................................
X Configuration1232................................................................................................................................................................
X Overview1232................................................................................................................................................................
Architecture Of 802.1x1233................................................................................................................................................................
Authentication Modes Of 802.1x1233................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Concepts Of 802.1x1233................................................................................................................................................................
Eap Over Lans1234................................................................................................................................................................
Eap Over Radius1236................................................................................................................................................................
X Authentication Triggering1236................................................................................................................................................................
Authentication Process Of 802.1x1237................................................................................................................................................................
X Timers1240................................................................................................................................................................
Extensions To 802.1x1241................................................................................................................................................................
Features Working Together With 802.1x1241................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring 802.1x1243................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring 802.1x Globally1243................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring 802.1x For A Port1244................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An 802.1x Port-based Guest Vlan1245................................................................................................................................................................
X Configuration Example1246................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining 802.1x1246................................................................................................................................................................
Guest Vlan And Vlan Assignment Configuration Example1249................................................................................................................................................................
Acl Assignment Configuration Example1251................................................................................................................................................................
X-based Ead Fast Deployment Configuration1254................................................................................................................................................................
Ead Fast Deployment Overview1254................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ead Fast Deployment1255................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ead Fast Deployment1256................................................................................................................................................................
Ead Fast Deployment Configuration Example1257................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Ead Fast Deployment1258................................................................................................................................................................
Users Cannot Be Redirected Correctly1258................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Habp1260................................................................................................................................................................
Habp Configuration1260................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Habp1261................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Habp Server1261................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Habp1262................................................................................................................................................................
Habp Configuration Example1262................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Habp Client1262................................................................................................................................................................
Mac Authentication Configuration1265................................................................................................................................................................
Mac Authentication Overview1265................................................................................................................................................................
Related Concepts1266................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mac Authentication1266................................................................................................................................................................
Mac Authentication Timers1266................................................................................................................................................................
Quiet Mac Address1266................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Assigning1266................................................................................................................................................................
Acl Assigning1266................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Mac Authentication1268................................................................................................................................................................
Mac Authentication Configuration Examples1268................................................................................................................................................................
Local Mac Authentication Configuration Example1268................................................................................................................................................................
Radius-based Mac Authentication Configuration Example1270................................................................................................................................................................
Portal Overview1275................................................................................................................................................................
Portal Configuration1275................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Portal1275................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Extended Portal Functions1275................................................................................................................................................................
Portal System Components1276................................................................................................................................................................
Portal Authentication Modes1277................................................................................................................................................................
Portal Authentication Process1278................................................................................................................................................................
Portal Configuration Task List1280................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Portal Configuration1281................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Portal-free Rule1282................................................................................................................................................................
Logging Out Users1283................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Authentication Subnet1283................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Mandatory Authentication Domain1284................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Portal1284................................................................................................................................................................
Portal Configuration Examples1285................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Direct Portal Authentication1285................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Re-dhcp Portal Authentication1289................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Layer 3 Portal Authentication1291................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Direct Portal Authentication With Extended Functions1293................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Re-dhcp Portal Authentication With Extended Functions1296................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Layer 3 Portal Authentication With Extended Functions1298................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Portal1301................................................................................................................................................................
Inconsistent Keys On The Access Device And The Portal Server1301................................................................................................................................................................
Incorrect Server Port Number On The Access Device1301................................................................................................................................................................
Port Security Configuration1303................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Port Security1303................................................................................................................................................................
Port Security Features1304................................................................................................................................................................
Port Security Modes1304................................................................................................................................................................
Port Security Configuration Task List1306................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Port Security1307................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Maximum Number Of Secure Mac Addresses1307................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Port Security Mode1308................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Port Security Features1309................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Intrusion Protection1310................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Secure Mac Addresses1311................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Trapping1311................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Port Security1312................................................................................................................................................................
Ignoring Authorization Information From The Server1312................................................................................................................................................................
Port Security Configuration Examples1313................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Autolearn Mode1313................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Userloginwithoui Mode1315................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Macaddresselseuserloginsecure Mode1319................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration Information1320................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Port Security1321................................................................................................................................................................
Cannot Change Port Security Mode When A User Is Online1322................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Source Guard Configuration1324................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Source Guard Overview1324................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Binding Entry1324................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dynamic Binding Function1325................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Source Guard Configuration Examples1326................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ip Source Guard1326................................................................................................................................................................
Static Binding Entry Configuration Example1326................................................................................................................................................................
Dynamic Binding Function Configuration Example1327................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Ip Source Guard1329................................................................................................................................................................
Failed To Configure Static Binding Entries And Dynamic Binding Function1329................................................................................................................................................................
Ssh2.0 Configuration1331................................................................................................................................................................
Ssh2.0 Overview1331................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Ssh1331................................................................................................................................................................
Operation Of Ssh1331................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Device As An Ssh Server1334................................................................................................................................................................
Ssh Server Configuration Task List1334................................................................................................................................................................
Generating A Dsa Or Rsa Key Pair1334................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ssh Server1335................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The User Interfaces For Ssh Clients1335................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Client Public Key1336................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ssh User1337................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Device As An Ssh Client1339................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Ssh Management Parameters1339................................................................................................................................................................
Ssh Client Configuration Task List1339................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Source Ip Address/interface For The Ssh Client1340................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Whether First-time Authentication Is Supported1340................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ssh1341................................................................................................................................................................
Establishing A Connection Between The Ssh Client And The Server1341................................................................................................................................................................
Ssh Server Configuration Examples1342................................................................................................................................................................
When Switch Acts As Server For Password Authentication1342................................................................................................................................................................
When Switch Acts As Server For Publickey Authentication1344................................................................................................................................................................
Ssh Client Configuration Examples1349................................................................................................................................................................
When Switch Acts As Client For Password Authentication1349................................................................................................................................................................
When Switch Acts As Client For Publickey Authentication1352................................................................................................................................................................
Sftp Service1354................................................................................................................................................................
Sftp Overview1354................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Sftp Server1354................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Sftp Server1354................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Sftp Client1355................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Sftp Connection Idle Timeout Period1355................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Source Ip Address Or Interface For The Sftp Client1355................................................................................................................................................................
Establishing A Connection To The Sftp Server1355................................................................................................................................................................
Working With The Sftp Directories1356................................................................................................................................................................
Working With Sftp Files1357................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying Help Information1357................................................................................................................................................................
Terminating The Connection To The Remote Sftp Server1358................................................................................................................................................................
Sftp Client Configuration Example1358................................................................................................................................................................
Sftp Server Configuration Example1361................................................................................................................................................................
Pki Configuration1365................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Pki1365................................................................................................................................................................
Pki Overview1365................................................................................................................................................................
Pki Terms1365................................................................................................................................................................
Architecture Of Pki1366................................................................................................................................................................
Applications Of Pki1367................................................................................................................................................................
Operation Of Pki1367................................................................................................................................................................
Pki Configuration Task List1368................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Entity Dn1368................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Pki Domain1370................................................................................................................................................................
Submitting A Pki Certificate Request1371................................................................................................................................................................
Submitting A Certificate Request In Auto Mode1371................................................................................................................................................................
Submitting A Certificate Request In Manual Mode1372................................................................................................................................................................
Retrieving A Certificate Manually1373................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Pki Certificate Verification1374................................................................................................................................................................
Destroying A Local Rsa Key Pair1375................................................................................................................................................................
Deleting A Certificate1375................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Access Control Policy1376................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Pki1376................................................................................................................................................................
Pki Configuration Examples1377................................................................................................................................................................
Requesting A Certificate From A Ca Running Rsa Keon1377................................................................................................................................................................
Requesting A Certificate From A Ca Running Windows 2003 Server1380................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Certificate Attribute-based Access Control Policy1384................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Pki1385................................................................................................................................................................
Failed To Retrieve A Ca Certificate1385................................................................................................................................................................
Failed To Request A Local Certificate1386................................................................................................................................................................
Failed To Retrieve Crls1386................................................................................................................................................................
Ssl Configuration1389................................................................................................................................................................
Ssl Overview1389................................................................................................................................................................
Ssl Security Mechanism1389................................................................................................................................................................
Ssl Configuration Task List1390................................................................................................................................................................
Ssl Protocol Stack1390................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ssl Server Policy1391................................................................................................................................................................
Ssl Server Policy Configuration Example1392................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ssl Client Policy1394................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ssl1394................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Ssl1395................................................................................................................................................................
Ssl Handshake Failure1395................................................................................................................................................................
Public Key Configuration1397................................................................................................................................................................
Asymmetric Key Algorithm Overview1397................................................................................................................................................................
Key Algorithm Types1397................................................................................................................................................................
Asymmetric Key Algorithm Applications1397................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Local Asymmetric Key Pair1398................................................................................................................................................................
Creating An Asymmetric Key Pair1398................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying Or Exporting The Local Rsa Or Dsa Host Public Key1399................................................................................................................................................................
Destroying An Asymmetric Key Pair1399................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Public Key Of A Peer1399................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Public Keys1400................................................................................................................................................................
Public Key Configuration Examples1401................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Public Key Of A Peer Manually1401................................................................................................................................................................
Importing The Public Key Of A Peer From A Public Key File1402................................................................................................................................................................
Acl Overview1408................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Acl1408................................................................................................................................................................
Application Of Acls On The Switch1408................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Ipv4 Acl1409................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv4 Acl Classification1409................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv4 Acl Naming1409................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv4 Acl Match Order1410................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv4 Acl Step1411................................................................................................................................................................
Effective Period Of An Ipv4 Acl1411................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Fragments Filtering With Ipv4 Acl1411................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Ipv6 Acl1412................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Acl Classification1412................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Acl Naming1412................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Acl Match Order1412................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Acl Step1413................................................................................................................................................................
Effective Period Of An Ipv6 Acl1413................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv4 Acl Configuration1414................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Basic Ipv4 Acl1415................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Advanced Ipv4 Acl1417................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ethernet Frame Header Acl1419................................................................................................................................................................
Copying An Ipv4 Acl1420................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ipv4 Acls1421................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv4 Acl Configuration Example1421................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Acl Configuration1424................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Basic Ipv6 Acl1424................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Advanced Ipv6 Acl1425................................................................................................................................................................
Copying An Ipv6 Acl1427................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ipv6 Acls1428................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Acl Configuration Example1428................................................................................................................................................................
Arp Attack Protection Configuration1431................................................................................................................................................................
Arp Attack Protection Overview1431................................................................................................................................................................
Arp Attack Protection Configuration Task List1431................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Arp Defense Against Ip Packet Attacks1432................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Arp Source Suppression1432................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Arp Packet Rate Limit1433................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Source Mac Address Based Arp Attack Detection1433................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Arp Packet Source Mac Address Consistency Check1434................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Source Mac Address Based Arp Attack Detection1434................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Arp Active Acknowledgement1435................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Arp Detection1435................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Arp Active Acknowledgement Function1435................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Arp Detection1436................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Arp Detection Based On Specified Objects1438................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Arp Detection1439................................................................................................................................................................
Arp Detection Configuration Example I1439................................................................................................................................................................
Arp Detection Configuration Example Ii1441................................................................................................................................................................
Urpf Configuration1444................................................................................................................................................................
Urpf Overview1444................................................................................................................................................................
What Is Urpf1444................................................................................................................................................................
How Urpf Works1444................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Urpf1445................................................................................................................................................................
Vrrp Configuration1449................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Vrrp1449................................................................................................................................................................
Vrrp Overview1449................................................................................................................................................................
Vrrp Group Overview1450................................................................................................................................................................
Vrrp Timers1452................................................................................................................................................................
Format Of Vrrp Packets1452................................................................................................................................................................
Principles Of Vrrp1454................................................................................................................................................................
Vrrp Tracking1454................................................................................................................................................................
Vrrp Application (taking Ipv4-based Vrrp For Example)1455................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Vrrp For Ipv41456................................................................................................................................................................
Creating Vrrp Group And Configuring Virtual Ip Address1457................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Router Priority, Preemptive Mode And Tracking Function1458................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Trap Function Of Vrrp1460................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Vrrp For Ipv61461................................................................................................................................................................
Creating Vrrp Group And Configuring Virtual Ipv6 Address1462................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Router Priority, Preemptive Mode And Interface Tracking1463................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv4-based Vrrp Configuration Examples1465................................................................................................................................................................
Vrrp Interface Tracking Configuration Example1467................................................................................................................................................................
Multiple Vrrp Group Configuration Example1470................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Vlan1472................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6-based Vrrp Configuration Examples1473................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Vrrp1483................................................................................................................................................................
Smart Link Overview1485................................................................................................................................................................
Smart Link Configuration1485................................................................................................................................................................
How Smart Link Works1487................................................................................................................................................................
Smart Link Configuration Task List1488................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Smart Link Device1488................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Protected Vlans For A Smart Link Group1489................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Member Ports For A Smart Link Group1489................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Role Preemption For A Smart Link Group1490................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Sending Of Flush Messages1490................................................................................................................................................................
Smart Link Device Configuration Example1491................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Associated Device1491................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Receiving Of Flush Messages1491................................................................................................................................................................
Associated Device Configuration Example1492................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Smart Link1492................................................................................................................................................................
Smart Link Configuration Examples1493................................................................................................................................................................
Single Smart Link Group Configuration Example1493................................................................................................................................................................
Multiple Smart Link Groups Load Sharing Configuration Example1497................................................................................................................................................................
Monitor Link Configuration1502................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Monitor Link1503................................................................................................................................................................
Monitor Link Configuration Example1504................................................................................................................................................................
Rrpp Overview1508................................................................................................................................................................
Rrpp Configuration1508................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Concepts In Rrpp1509................................................................................................................................................................
Rrpp Timers1512................................................................................................................................................................
How Rrpp Works1512................................................................................................................................................................
Typical Rrpp Networking1513................................................................................................................................................................
Rrpp Configuration Task List1516................................................................................................................................................................
Creating An Rrpp Domain1517................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Control Vlans1518................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Protected Vlans1518................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rrpp Rings1519................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rrpp Ports1519................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rrpp Nodes1520................................................................................................................................................................
Activating An Rrpp Domain1522................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rrpp Timers1522................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Rrpp Ring Group1523................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Rrpp1524................................................................................................................................................................
Rrpp Configuration Examples1524................................................................................................................................................................
Intersecting Ring Configuration Example1526................................................................................................................................................................
Intersecting-ring Load Balancing Configuration Example1531................................................................................................................................................................
Received Packets1539................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting1541................................................................................................................................................................
Dldp Configuration1543................................................................................................................................................................
How Dldp Works1544................................................................................................................................................................
Dldp Configuration Task List1550................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Dldp1550................................................................................................................................................................
Setting Dldp Mode1551................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Interval For Sending Advertisement Packets1551................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Delaydown Timer1552................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Port Shutdown Mode1552................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dldp Authentication1553................................................................................................................................................................
Resetting Dldp State1553................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Dldp1554................................................................................................................................................................
Resetting Dldp State In System View1554................................................................................................................................................................
Resetting Dldp State In Port View/port Group View1554................................................................................................................................................................
Dldp Configuration Example1555................................................................................................................................................................
Ethernet Oam Configuration1559................................................................................................................................................................
Ethernet Oam Overview1559................................................................................................................................................................
Major Functions Of Ethernet Oam1559................................................................................................................................................................
Ethernet Oampdus1559................................................................................................................................................................
How Ethernet Oam Works1561................................................................................................................................................................
Standards And Protocols1563................................................................................................................................................................
Ethernet Oam Configuration Task List1563................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Link Monitoring1564................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Basic Ethernet Oam Functions1564................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Errored Symbol Event Detection1565................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Errored Frame Event Detection1565................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Errored Frame Period Event Detection1565................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Errored Frame Seconds Event Detection1565................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Oam Remote Loopback1566................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ethernet Oam Configuration1567................................................................................................................................................................
Ethernet Oam Configuration Example1567................................................................................................................................................................
Connectivity Fault Detection Configuration1571................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Concepts In Cfd1571................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Functions Of Cfd1574................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Configuration Tasks1575................................................................................................................................................................
Cfd Configuration Task List1575................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mip Generation Rules1577................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Cc On Meps1577................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Lb On Meps1578................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Lt On Meps1579................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Cfd1580................................................................................................................................................................
Cfd Configuration Examples1580................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mep And Enabling Cc On It1581................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Rules For Generating Mips1583................................................................................................................................................................
Bfd Configuration1586................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Bfd1586................................................................................................................................................................
How Bfd Works1586................................................................................................................................................................
Bfd Packet Format1589................................................................................................................................................................
Bfd Configuration Task List1590................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bfd Basic Functions1590................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Protocol-based Bfd1591................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bfd For Vrrp1594................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bfd For Static Routes1595................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Bfd1597................................................................................................................................................................
Bfd Configuration Examples1597................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bfd For Rip (single-hop Detection In Bfd Echo Packet Mode)1602................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bfd For Rip (bidirectional Detection In Bfd Control Packet Mode)1606................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bfd For Bgp1610................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bfd For The Vrrp Backup To Monitor The Master1612................................................................................................................................................................
Backup Router1614................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bfd For The Vrrp Master To Monitor The Uplinks1615................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bfd Echo Packet Mode For Static Routing1618................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bfd Control Packet Mode For Static Routing1620................................................................................................................................................................
Track Overview1624................................................................................................................................................................
Track Configuration1624................................................................................................................................................................
Collaboration Between The Track Module And The Detection Modules1624................................................................................................................................................................
Track Configuration Task List1625................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Collaboration Between The Track Module And The Detection Modules1625................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Collaboration Between The Track Module And The Application Modules1626................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Track-static Routing Collaboration1627................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Track Object(s)1628................................................................................................................................................................
Track Configuration Examples1628................................................................................................................................................................
Vrrp-track-nqa Collaboration Configuration Example1628................................................................................................................................................................
Static Routing-track-nqa Collaboration Configuration Example1632................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Graceful Restart1636................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Concepts In Graceful Restart1636................................................................................................................................................................
Gr Overview1636................................................................................................................................................................
Graceful Restart Communication Procedure1637................................................................................................................................................................
Graceful Restart Mechanism For Several Commonly Used Protocols1639................................................................................................................................................................
Logging In To An Ethernet Switch1646................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To User Interface1646................................................................................................................................................................
Users And User Interfaces1647................................................................................................................................................................
User Interface Number1647................................................................................................................................................................
Common User Interface Configuration1647................................................................................................................................................................
Logging In Through The Console Port1649................................................................................................................................................................
Setting Up The Connection To The Console Port1649................................................................................................................................................................
Console Port Login Configuration1651................................................................................................................................................................
Console Port Login Configurations For Different Authentication Modes1652................................................................................................................................................................
Console Port Login Configuration With Authentication Mode Being None1653................................................................................................................................................................
Console Port Login Configuration With Authentication Mode Being Password1655................................................................................................................................................................
Console Port Login Configuration With Authentication Mode Being Scheme1657................................................................................................................................................................
Logging In Through Telnet1660................................................................................................................................................................
Logging In Through Telnet/ssh1660................................................................................................................................................................
Telnet Connection Establishment1660................................................................................................................................................................
Common Configuration1662................................................................................................................................................................
Telnet Login Configuration Task List1663................................................................................................................................................................
Telnet Login Configuration With Authentication Mode Being None1664................................................................................................................................................................
Telnet Login Configuration With Authentication Mode Being Password1665................................................................................................................................................................
Telnet Login Configuration With Authentication Mode Being Scheme1667................................................................................................................................................................
Logging In Through Ssh1669................................................................................................................................................................
Web Server Configuration1670................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying Web Users1671................................................................................................................................................................
Connection Establishment Using Nms1673................................................................................................................................................................
Logging In Through Nms1673................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying Source For Telnet Packets1674................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying Source Ip Address/interface For Telnet Packets1674................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying The Source Ip Address/interface Specified For Telnet Packets1675................................................................................................................................................................
Controlling Telnet Users1676................................................................................................................................................................
Controlling Login Users1676................................................................................................................................................................
Controlling Telnet Users By Source Mac Addresses1678................................................................................................................................................................
Controlling Network Management Users By Source Ip Addresses1679................................................................................................................................................................
Controlling Web Users By Source Ip Addresses1681................................................................................................................................................................
Forcing Online Web Users Offline1681................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Configurations1684................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration Display1684................................................................................................................................................................
Entering/exiting System View1685................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Device Name1685................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The System Clock1685................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling/disabling The Display Of Copyright Information1688................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Banner1689................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Cli Hotkeys1690................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring User Privilege Levels And Command Levels1691................................................................................................................................................................
Cli Features1697................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Basic Configurations1697................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Cli1698................................................................................................................................................................
Online Help With Command Lines1698................................................................................................................................................................
Synchronous Information Output1699................................................................................................................................................................
Undo Form Of A Command1699................................................................................................................................................................
Editing Features1700................................................................................................................................................................
Cli Display1700................................................................................................................................................................
Saving History Commands1703................................................................................................................................................................
Command Line Error Information1704................................................................................................................................................................
Device Management1706................................................................................................................................................................
Device Management Overview1706................................................................................................................................................................
Device Management Configuration Task List1706................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Exception Handling Method1706................................................................................................................................................................
Rebooting A Device1707................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Scheduled Automatic Execution Function1708................................................................................................................................................................
Upgrading Device Software1709................................................................................................................................................................
Device Software Overview1709................................................................................................................................................................
Upgrading The Boot Rom Program Through Command Lines1710................................................................................................................................................................
Upgrading The Boot File Through Command Lines1710................................................................................................................................................................
Disabling Boot Rom Access1711................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Detection Interval1711................................................................................................................................................................
Clearing The 16-bit Interface Indexes Not Used In The Current System1712................................................................................................................................................................
Identifying And Diagnosing Pluggable Transceivers1712................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Pluggable Transceivers1712................................................................................................................................................................
Identifying Pluggable Transceivers1713................................................................................................................................................................
Diagnosing Pluggable Transceivers1713................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Device Management Configuration1714................................................................................................................................................................
Device Management Configuration Examples1715................................................................................................................................................................
Remote Scheduled Automatic Upgrade Configuration Example (centralized Device)1715................................................................................................................................................................
Remote Scheduled Automatic Upgrade Configuration Example (centralized Irf Device)1716................................................................................................................................................................
File System Management1721................................................................................................................................................................
File System Management Configuration1721................................................................................................................................................................
File System Overview1721................................................................................................................................................................
Filename Formats1721................................................................................................................................................................
Directory Operations1722................................................................................................................................................................
File Operations1723................................................................................................................................................................
Batch Operations1725................................................................................................................................................................
Storage Medium Operations1726................................................................................................................................................................
Setting File System Prompt Modes1726................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration File Management1727................................................................................................................................................................
File System Operations Example1727................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration File Overview1728................................................................................................................................................................
Saving The Current Configuration1729................................................................................................................................................................
Setting Configuration Rollback1731................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Startup Configuration File For The Next System Startup1735................................................................................................................................................................
Backing Up The Startup Configuration File1735................................................................................................................................................................
Deleting The Startup Configuration File For The Next Startup1736................................................................................................................................................................
Restoring The Startup Configuration File1736................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Device Configuration1737................................................................................................................................................................
Ftp Configuration1738................................................................................................................................................................
Ftp Overview1738................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Ftp1738................................................................................................................................................................
Operation Of Ftp1738................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ftp Client1740................................................................................................................................................................
Establishing An Ftp Connection1740................................................................................................................................................................
Ftp Client Configuration Example1743................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ftp Server1746................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ftp Server Operating Parameters1746................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Authentication And Authorization On The Ftp Server1747................................................................................................................................................................
Ftp Server Configuration Example1748................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ftp1752................................................................................................................................................................
Tftp Configuration1753................................................................................................................................................................
Tftp Overview1753................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Tftp1753................................................................................................................................................................
Operation Of Tftp1753................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Tftp Client1754................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining The Tftp Client1755................................................................................................................................................................
Tftp Client Configuration Example1756................................................................................................................................................................
Http Configuration1760................................................................................................................................................................
Http Overview1760................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Http Service1760................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Port Number Of The Http Service1761................................................................................................................................................................
Associating The Http Service With An Acl1761................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Http1761................................................................................................................................................................
Https Configuration1762................................................................................................................................................................
Https Overview1762................................................................................................................................................................
Https Configuration Task List1762................................................................................................................................................................
Associating The Https Service With An Ssl Server Policy1763................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Https Service1763................................................................................................................................................................
Associating The Https Service With A Certificate Attribute Access Control Policy1764................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Port Number Of The Https Service1764................................................................................................................................................................
Associating The Https Service With An Acl1765................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Https1765................................................................................................................................................................
Https Configuration Example1765................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp Configuration1769................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp Overview1769................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp Protocol Version1770................................................................................................................................................................
Mib Overview1770................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Snmp Logging1773................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Snmp Logging1773................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Snmp Logging1773................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp Trap Configuration1774................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Trap Function1774................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Trap Parameters1775................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Snmp1776................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp Configuration Example1777................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp Logging Configuration Example1778................................................................................................................................................................
Mib Style Configuration1780................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Mib Style1780................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Mib1780................................................................................................................................................................
Rmon Configuration1782................................................................................................................................................................
Rmon Overview1782................................................................................................................................................................
Working Mechanism1782................................................................................................................................................................
Rmon Groups1783................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rmon1784................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Rmon1786................................................................................................................................................................
Rmon Configuration Example1786................................................................................................................................................................
Mac Address Table Management Configuration1789................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Mac Address Table1789................................................................................................................................................................
Types Of Mac Address Table Entries1790................................................................................................................................................................
Mac Address Table-based Frame Forwarding1790................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mac Address Table Management1791................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Aging Timer For Dynamic Mac Address Entries1792................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Mac Learning Limit1792................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Mac Address Table Management1793................................................................................................................................................................
Mac Address Table Management Configuration Example1793................................................................................................................................................................
Mac Information Configuration1795................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mac Information1795................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Mac Information On An Interface1796................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mac Information Mode1796................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Interval For Sending Syslog Or Trap Messages1796................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Mac Information Queue Length1796................................................................................................................................................................
System Maintenance And Debugging1800................................................................................................................................................................
Ping Configuration Example1801................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Tracert1803................................................................................................................................................................
System Debugging1804................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To System Debugging1804................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring System Debugging1805................................................................................................................................................................
Ping And Tracert Configuration Example1805................................................................................................................................................................
Information Center Configuration1808................................................................................................................................................................
Information Center Overview1808................................................................................................................................................................
System Information Format1811................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Information Center1813................................................................................................................................................................
Information Center Configuration Task List1813................................................................................................................................................................
Outputting System Information To The Console1813................................................................................................................................................................
Outputting System Information To A Monitor Terminal1814................................................................................................................................................................
Outputting System Information To A Log Host1815................................................................................................................................................................
Outputting System Information To The Trap Buffer1816................................................................................................................................................................
Outputting System Information To The Log Buffer1817................................................................................................................................................................
Outputting System Information To The Snmp Module1818................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Synchronous Information Output1818................................................................................................................................................................
Disabling A Port From Generating Link Up/down Logging Information1819................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Information Center1820................................................................................................................................................................
Information Center Configuration Examples1820................................................................................................................................................................
Outputting Log Information To A Unix Log Host1820................................................................................................................................................................
Outputting Log Information To A Linux Log Host1822................................................................................................................................................................
Outputting Log Information To The Console1824................................................................................................................................................................
Poe Configuration1827................................................................................................................................................................
Poe Overview1827................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Poe1827................................................................................................................................................................
Poe Configuration Task List1828................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Poe Interface1828................................................................................................................................................................
Protocol Specification1828................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Poe Interface Through The Command Line1829................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Poe Interfaces Through A Poe Configuration File1829................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Poe Power Management1830................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Pd Power Management1830................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Poe Monitoring Function1831................................................................................................................................................................
Upgrading Pse Processing Software Online1832................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Pd Disconnection Detection Mode1832................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Pse To Detect Nonstandard Pds1833................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Poe1833................................................................................................................................................................
Poe Configuration Example1834................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Poe1835................................................................................................................................................................
Hotfix Configuration1837................................................................................................................................................................
Hotfix Overview1837................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Concepts In Hotfix1837................................................................................................................................................................
Patch Status1837................................................................................................................................................................
Hotfix Configuration Task List1840................................................................................................................................................................
One-step Patch Installation1841................................................................................................................................................................
Step-by-step Patch Installation1842................................................................................................................................................................
Activating Patches1843................................................................................................................................................................
Confirm Running Patches1843................................................................................................................................................................
One-step Patch Uninstallation1844................................................................................................................................................................
Step-by-step Patch Uninstallation1844................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Hotfix1845................................................................................................................................................................
Hotfix Configuration Examples1845................................................................................................................................................................
Hotfix Configuration Example (single Device)1845................................................................................................................................................................
Hotfix Configuration Example (irf Device)1846................................................................................................................................................................
Nqa Configuration1849................................................................................................................................................................
Nqa Overview1849................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Nqa1849................................................................................................................................................................
Features Of Nqa1849................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Concepts Of Nqa1851................................................................................................................................................................
Nqa Configuration Task List1852................................................................................................................................................................
Nqa Test Operation1852................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Nqa Server1853................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Nqa Client1853................................................................................................................................................................
Creating An Nqa Test Group1853................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Nqa Test Group1854................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Icmp Echo Test1854................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Dhcp Test1855................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ftp Test1856................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Http Test1857................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Udp Jitter Test1858................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Snmp Test1860................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Tcp Test1861................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Udp Echo Test1862................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Voice Test1863................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Dlsw Test1865................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Collaboration Function1866................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Trap Delivery1867................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Optional Parameters Common To An Nqa Test Group1868................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Nqa Statistics Function1868................................................................................................................................................................
Scheduling An Nqa Test Group1870................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Nqa1871................................................................................................................................................................
Nqa Configuration Examples1871................................................................................................................................................................
Icmp Echo Test Configuration Example1871................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Test Configuration Example1872................................................................................................................................................................
Ftp Test Configuration Example1873................................................................................................................................................................
Http Test Configuration Example1874................................................................................................................................................................
Udp Jitter Test Configuration Example1876................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp Test Configuration Example1878................................................................................................................................................................
Tcp Test Configuration Example1879................................................................................................................................................................
Udp Echo Test Configuration Example1881................................................................................................................................................................
Voice Test Configuration Example1882................................................................................................................................................................
Dlsw Test Configuration Example1885................................................................................................................................................................
Nqa Collaboration Configuration Example1886................................................................................................................................................................
Ntp Configuration1890................................................................................................................................................................
Ntp Overview1890................................................................................................................................................................
Applications Of Ntp1890................................................................................................................................................................
Advantages Of Ntp1890................................................................................................................................................................
How Ntp Works1891................................................................................................................................................................
Ntp Message Format1892................................................................................................................................................................
Operation Modes Of Ntp1893................................................................................................................................................................
Ntp Configuration Task List1895................................................................................................................................................................
Multiple Instances Of Ntp1895................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Operation Modes Of Ntp1896................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ntp Symmetric Peers Mode1897................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Optional Parameters Of Ntp1899................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Source Interface For Ntp Messages1899................................................................................................................................................................
Disabling An Interface From Receiving Ntp Messages1900................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Maximum Number Of Dynamic Sessions Allowed1900................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Access-control Rights1900................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ntp Authentication1901................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ntp1903................................................................................................................................................................
Ntp Configuration Examples1904................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ntp Symmetric Mode1905................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ntp Broadcast Mode1906................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ntp Client/server Mode With Authentication1910................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ntp Broadcast Mode With Authentication1911................................................................................................................................................................
Cluster Management Configuration1915................................................................................................................................................................
Cluster Management Overview1915................................................................................................................................................................
Cluster Management Definition1915................................................................................................................................................................
Roles In A Cluster1915................................................................................................................................................................
How A Cluster Works1916................................................................................................................................................................
Cluster Configuration Task List1919................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Management Device1921................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ndp Globally And For Specific Ports1921................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ndp Parameters1922................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ntdp Globally And For Specific Ports1922................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ntdp Parameters1922................................................................................................................................................................
Manually Collecting Topology Information1923................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Cluster Function1924................................................................................................................................................................
Establishing A Cluster1924................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Management Vlan Auto-negotiation1925................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Cluster Management Protocol Packets1925................................................................................................................................................................
Cluster Member Management1926................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Member Devices1927................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Access Between The Management Device And Its Member Devices1927................................................................................................................................................................
Adding A Candidate Device To A Cluster1928................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Advanced Cluster Functions1929................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Topology Management1929................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Interaction For A Cluster1930................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp Configuration Synchronization Function1931................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Web User Accounts In Batches1932................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Cluster Management1933................................................................................................................................................................
Cluster Management Configuration Example1933................................................................................................................................................................
Irf Configuration1938................................................................................................................................................................
Irf Overview1938................................................................................................................................................................
Irf Working Process1939................................................................................................................................................................
Irf Connections1939................................................................................................................................................................
Topology Collection1944................................................................................................................................................................
Role Election1944................................................................................................................................................................
Irf Management1945................................................................................................................................................................
Irf Configuration Task List1949................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Irf Ports1949................................................................................................................................................................
Setting A Member Id For A Device1950................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Priority For An Irf Member1951................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Preservation Time Of Irf Bridge Mac Address1951................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Auto Upgrade Of Boot Files1953................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Delay Time For The Link Layer To Report A Link-down Event1953................................................................................................................................................................
Logging In To An Irf1954................................................................................................................................................................
Logging In To The Master1954................................................................................................................................................................
Logging In To A Slave1954................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Irf1955................................................................................................................................................................
Irf Configuration Examples1955................................................................................................................................................................
Irf Connection Configuration Example1955................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Switch1956................................................................................................................................................................
Ipc Configuration1958................................................................................................................................................................
Ipc Overview1958................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Ipc1958................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ipc Performance Statistics1959................................................................................................................................................................
Displaying And Maintaining Ipc1960................................................................................................................................................................
Automatic Configuration1962................................................................................................................................................................
Introduction To Automatic Configuration1962................................................................................................................................................................
Typical Networking Of Automatic Configuration1962................................................................................................................................................................
How Automatic Configuration Works1963................................................................................................................................................................
Work Flow Of Automatic Configuration1963................................................................................................................................................................
Obtaining An Ip Address1964................................................................................................................................................................
Obtaining The Ip Address Of An Interface And Related Information Through Dhcp1964................................................................................................................................................................
Obtaining The Configuration File From The Tftp Server1966................................................................................................................................................................
Executing The Configuration File1968................................................................................................................................................................

Advertising

Share and save

Advertising