HP 7000dl Series Manuals

Manuals and User Guides for HP 7000dl Series. We have 3 HP 7000dl Series manuals available for free PDF download: Basic Management And Configuration Manual, Quickspecs

HP 7000dl Series Basic Management And Configuration Manual

HP 7000dl Series Basic Management And Configuration Manual (910 pages)

Secure Router  
Brand: HP | Category: Network Router | Size: 8.46 MB
Table of contents
Procurve Secure Router3................................................................................................................................................................
Table Of Contents5................................................................................................................................................................
Commands Available In The Basic, Enable, Or Global6................................................................................................................................................................
Create A Named List To Track New Connections Or10................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying Which Snmp Server Receives The Router's11................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ethernet Interface As An Unnumbered12................................................................................................................................................................
Adsl Wan Connections17................................................................................................................................................................
Domain Name System (dns) Services25................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Dynamic Dns Client On A Procurve Secure26................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Local Router To Authenticate Itself To29................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning An Isdn Group Or Bri Interface To The30................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Spanning Tree Settings For Individual30................................................................................................................................................................
Contents33................................................................................................................................................................
Using This Guide37................................................................................................................................................................
Understanding Command Syntax Statements37................................................................................................................................................................
Cli Prompt38................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Address Notation Convention39................................................................................................................................................................
Quick Start Sections39................................................................................................................................................................
Obtaining Additional Information39................................................................................................................................................................
Downloading Software Updates40................................................................................................................................................................
Interface Management Options42................................................................................................................................................................
Web Browser Interface42................................................................................................................................................................
Accessing The Web Browser Interface43................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Procurve Web Browser Interface44................................................................................................................................................................
Hardware Overview46................................................................................................................................................................
Procurve Secure Router Front Panel46................................................................................................................................................................
Console Port46................................................................................................................................................................
Ethernet Ports47................................................................................................................................................................
Slots47................................................................................................................................................................
E1 And T1 Modules48................................................................................................................................................................
Isdn Module51................................................................................................................................................................
Backup Modules51................................................................................................................................................................
Wide-slot Option Modules52................................................................................................................................................................
Interface Numbering Conventions54................................................................................................................................................................
Status Leds55................................................................................................................................................................
Power Led55................................................................................................................................................................
Fault Led55................................................................................................................................................................
Leds For Slots 1 And56................................................................................................................................................................
Backup Leds57................................................................................................................................................................
Tx And Rx Leds57................................................................................................................................................................
Slot 3 Leds57................................................................................................................................................................
Status Led58................................................................................................................................................................
Activity Led58................................................................................................................................................................
Test Led58................................................................................................................................................................
Ethernet And Activity Leds58................................................................................................................................................................
Activity Leds59................................................................................................................................................................
Link Leds59................................................................................................................................................................
Rear Panel59................................................................................................................................................................
Optional Ipsec Vpn Module59................................................................................................................................................................
Compact Flash Card60................................................................................................................................................................
Redundant Power Source61................................................................................................................................................................
Memory61................................................................................................................................................................
Software Overview62................................................................................................................................................................
Bootup Process62................................................................................................................................................................
Advantages Of Booting From Compact Flash64................................................................................................................................................................
Boot The Router65................................................................................................................................................................
Saving Configuration Changes65................................................................................................................................................................
Autosynch™ Technology66................................................................................................................................................................
Secure Router Os Hierarchy66................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Mode68................................................................................................................................................................
Enable Mode68................................................................................................................................................................
Global Configuration Mode69................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration Mode Contexts71................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Mode Commands71................................................................................................................................................................
Clear71................................................................................................................................................................
Enable71................................................................................................................................................................
Logout72................................................................................................................................................................
Ping72................................................................................................................................................................
Show73................................................................................................................................................................
Telnet74................................................................................................................................................................
Traceroute74................................................................................................................................................................
Terminal75................................................................................................................................................................
Wall75................................................................................................................................................................
Enable Mode Commands75................................................................................................................................................................
Clock77................................................................................................................................................................
Configure78................................................................................................................................................................
Copy78................................................................................................................................................................
Debug81................................................................................................................................................................
Disable82................................................................................................................................................................
Erase82................................................................................................................................................................
Events83................................................................................................................................................................
Reload83................................................................................................................................................................
Undebug89................................................................................................................................................................
Write89................................................................................................................................................................
Show Tech90................................................................................................................................................................
Updating The Boot Code92................................................................................................................................................................
Global Configuration Mode Commands93................................................................................................................................................................
Hostname Command93................................................................................................................................................................
Autosynch Command93................................................................................................................................................................
Safemode94................................................................................................................................................................
Help Tools97................................................................................................................................................................
Cli Help Commands97................................................................................................................................................................
Editing Commands97................................................................................................................................................................
Exit99................................................................................................................................................................
Bootstrap Mode Context99................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting103................................................................................................................................................................
Compact Flash103................................................................................................................................................................
Autosynch™ Error Messages103................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Reload In Command105................................................................................................................................................................
Managing Configuration Files Using A Text Editor107................................................................................................................................................................
Creating And Transferring Configuration Files109................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration File Transfer Using The Console Port110................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration File Transfer Using A Tftp Server112................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration File Transfer Using A Compact Flash Card115................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Ftp Server On The Procurve Secure Router117................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Ftp Server117................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Sntp Server On The Procurve Secure Router118................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Procurve Secure Router As An Sntp Client118................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Source Address For The Sntp Server119................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Sntp Settings120................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Sntp120................................................................................................................................................................
Quick Start121................................................................................................................................................................
Accessing The Secure Router Os121................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Ftp Server122................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Sntp On The Procurve Secure Router122................................................................................................................................................................
Restricting Access To The Enable Mode Context128................................................................................................................................................................
Securing Management Access To The Procurve Secure Router128................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Password For Console Access129................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Remote Access To The Procurve Secure Router131................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ethernet Interface131................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Telnet Access132................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Local User Lists135................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Access To The Web Browser Interface135................................................................................................................................................................
Managing Ssh Communications136................................................................................................................................................................
Using Ftp To Access The Router137................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Local User List For Console Or Telnet Access137................................................................................................................................................................
Encrypting All The Passwords Configured On The Router137................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Secure Copy Server138................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Information About Users138................................................................................................................................................................
Advantages Of Using The Aaa Subsystem139................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Aaa Subsystem To Control Management Access139................................................................................................................................................................
Criteria For Failure Of Authentication Methods140................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Aaa Subsystem141................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Aaa For Authentication141................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Named List For The Enable Mode Authentication142................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Named List For User Authentication143................................................................................................................................................................
Assign The Named List145................................................................................................................................................................
Messages, And Prompts146................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Authorization148................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Named List To Allow Authorized Users To Access The Basic Mode Context Or The Enable Mode Context148................................................................................................................................................................
Create A Named List That Allows Authorized Users To Immediately Enter Into The Enable Mode Context149................................................................................................................................................................
Enable Authorization Commands For Console Line151................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Aaa Accounting151................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Or Enable Mode Context152................................................................................................................................................................
Outbound Telnet Connections153................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Update Settings155................................................................................................................................................................
Do Not Send Records For Null Users155................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Radius Server For Authentication155................................................................................................................................................................
Define The Radius Server155................................................................................................................................................................
Define A Group Of Radius Servers157................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Global Settings For Radius Servers158................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Tacacs+ Server159................................................................................................................................................................
Define The Tacacs+ Server159................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Tacacs+ Group161................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Global Settings For Tacacs+ Servers162................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Aaa163................................................................................................................................................................
Debug Aaa Command163................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Radius Server164................................................................................................................................................................
Debug Radius Command165................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Tacacs+ Server165................................................................................................................................................................
Using Snmp To Manage The Procurve Secure Router168................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp Architecture168................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp Versions169................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp Support In The Procurve Secure Router171................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Snmp Agent On The Procurve Secure Router171................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Snmp Identity Information172................................................................................................................................................................
Change The Default Setting For The Router's Chassis Id172................................................................................................................................................................
Specify The Router's Location172................................................................................................................................................................
Specify The Snmp Server Contact Information173................................................................................................................................................................
Specify The Snmp Server Management Url Information174................................................................................................................................................................
Change The Engine Id For A Local Machine175................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Engine Id For A Remote Server176................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Snmp Views176................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Snmp Communities178................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Snmp Groups And Users180................................................................................................................................................................
Create An Snmp Group180................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Snmp Users182................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Snmp Traps And Informs184................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Snmp Traps184................................................................................................................................................................
Notifications185................................................................................................................................................................
Specify The Response Retry Attempts And Wait Time186................................................................................................................................................................
Specify The Source Interface For Snmp187................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Snmp Information188................................................................................................................................................................
The Procurve Secure Router As An 802.1x Supplicant189................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Supplicant Functionality189................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Supplicant Functionality190................................................................................................................................................................
Configure The Enable Mode Password191................................................................................................................................................................
Configure A Password For The Console Access191................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Remote Access To The Procurve Secure Router192................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Password For Telnet Access193................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Aaa195................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Authentication With Aaa195................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Authorization With Aaa196................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Accounting With Aaa198................................................................................................................................................................
Defining A Radius Server200................................................................................................................................................................
Defining A Tacacs+ Server200................................................................................................................................................................
Using Snmp To Monitor Network Devices200................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling 802.1x Supplicant Status202................................................................................................................................................................
Ethernet Interfaces204................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ethernet Interface205................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Ethernet Interface206................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ip Address207................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning A Static Ip Address207................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ethernet Interface As A Dhcp Client207................................................................................................................................................................
Interface212................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Speed And The Duplex Settings213................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Line For Half-duplex Or Full-duplex214................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Mtu214................................................................................................................................................................
Adding A Description215................................................................................................................................................................
Summary Of Ethernet Configuration Settings216................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Vlan Support218................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Vlan Support220................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning An Ip Address222................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status Of Ethernet Interfaces Or Subinterfaces222................................................................................................................................................................
Show Interfaces Command222................................................................................................................................................................
Show Running-config Commands224................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Configurations That Have Been Entered225................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing All The Configuration Settings Including Defaults225................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting An Ethernet Interface227................................................................................................................................................................
Show Event-history Command228................................................................................................................................................................
Debug Interface Ethernet Command228................................................................................................................................................................
Overview Of E1 And T1 Wan Connections233................................................................................................................................................................
Elements Of An E1- Or T1-carrier Line233................................................................................................................................................................
Connecting Your Premises To The Public Carrier: The Local Loop234................................................................................................................................................................
External Or Built-in Csu/dsu236................................................................................................................................................................
Procurve Secure Router Modules238................................................................................................................................................................
E1 Modules With A Built-in Dsu238................................................................................................................................................................
Supported Standards238................................................................................................................................................................
T1 Modules With A Built-in Csu/dsu239................................................................................................................................................................
E1 Or T1 Interfaces: Configuring The Physical Layer240................................................................................................................................................................
E1 Or T1 Interface Configuration Mode Context241................................................................................................................................................................
Interface Range Command242................................................................................................................................................................
Channels243................................................................................................................................................................
Line Coding245................................................................................................................................................................
Frame Format246................................................................................................................................................................
Clock Source, Or Timing, For The E1- Or T1-carrier Line248................................................................................................................................................................
Transmit Signal Level (t1 Interfaces Only)249................................................................................................................................................................
Set The Fdl (t1 Interfaces Only)250................................................................................................................................................................
Activate The E1 Or T1 Interface251................................................................................................................................................................
Threshold Commands252................................................................................................................................................................
Types Of Line Errors253................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Information About E1 And T1 Interfaces257................................................................................................................................................................
Show Running-config Command259................................................................................................................................................................
Show Running-config Verbose Command260................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting E1 And T1 Wan Connections261................................................................................................................................................................
No Light263................................................................................................................................................................
Red Light263................................................................................................................................................................
Yellow Light265................................................................................................................................................................
Green Light266................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Performance Statistics266................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An E1 Or T1 Interface269................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Serial Module For E1- Or T1-carrier Lines275................................................................................................................................................................
The Local Loop276................................................................................................................................................................
Connecting Your Premises To The Public Carrier's Central276................................................................................................................................................................
Office: The Local Loop276................................................................................................................................................................
Serial Module For The Procurve Secure Router279................................................................................................................................................................
Standards Supported By The Serial Module279................................................................................................................................................................
Serial Interface: Configuring The Physical Layer280................................................................................................................................................................
Making The Physical Connection280................................................................................................................................................................
Serial Interface Configuration Mode Context284................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Interface For The Appropriate Cable284................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Clock Source285................................................................................................................................................................
Inverting Et-clock285................................................................................................................................................................
Inverting Txclock Or Rxclock285................................................................................................................................................................
Activating The Serial Interface286................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Data Link Layer Protocol286................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Information About The Serial Interface287................................................................................................................................................................
Show Interfaces Serial Command287................................................................................................................................................................
Show Running-config Interface Command288................................................................................................................................................................
View All The Wan Connections Configured On The Router289................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting A Serial Connection290................................................................................................................................................................
Checking The Led For The Serial Module290................................................................................................................................................................
And The Csu/dsu Keeps Going Down293................................................................................................................................................................
Configure A Serial Interface295................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Logical Interface299................................................................................................................................................................
Ppp Overview300................................................................................................................................................................
Establishing A Ppp Connection300................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Ppp Interface On The Procurve Secure Router302................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ip Address For The Wan Connection304................................................................................................................................................................
Activating The Ppp Interface306................................................................................................................................................................
Binding The Physical Interface To The Logical Interface306................................................................................................................................................................
Ppp Authentication307................................................................................................................................................................
Additional Settings312................................................................................................................................................................
Settings Explained In Other Chapters314................................................................................................................................................................
Frame Relay Overview315................................................................................................................................................................
Packet-switching Network316................................................................................................................................................................
Components Of A Frame Relay Network317................................................................................................................................................................
Dlci318................................................................................................................................................................
Create The Frame Relay Interface319................................................................................................................................................................
Activate The Frame Relay Interface321................................................................................................................................................................
Define The Signaling Role321................................................................................................................................................................
Define The Frame Relay Signaling Type322................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Frame-relay Counters322................................................................................................................................................................
Create The Frame Relay Subinterface324................................................................................................................................................................
Assign A Dlci To The Frame Relay Subinterface324................................................................................................................................................................
Configure The Ip Address For The Wan Connection325................................................................................................................................................................
Bind The Physical Interface To The Logical Interface332................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Hdlc As The Data Link Layer Protocol336................................................................................................................................................................
Create The Hdlc Interface336................................................................................................................................................................
Activate The Hdlc Interface338................................................................................................................................................................
Configure An Ip Address For The Wan Connection338................................................................................................................................................................
Example Networks344................................................................................................................................................................
Checking The Status Of Logical Interfaces350................................................................................................................................................................
View The Status Of Interfaces350................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status Of Ppp Interfaces350................................................................................................................................................................
Queuing Method351................................................................................................................................................................
Subinterfaces352................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status Of Hdlc Interfaces354................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Configuration Information354................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Logical Interfaces355................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Ppp Interface355................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Ppp Authentication359................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Frame Relay Interface362................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Hdlc366................................................................................................................................................................
Requiring The Peer To Authenticate Itself369................................................................................................................................................................
Authenticating To A Peer369................................................................................................................................................................
Frame Relay370................................................................................................................................................................
Hdlc372................................................................................................................................................................
Adsl Overview378................................................................................................................................................................
Adsl Technologies379................................................................................................................................................................
Adsl2 And Adsl2+: Enhancing Transmission Speeds379................................................................................................................................................................
Readsl: Supporting Greater Distances380................................................................................................................................................................
Elements Of An Adsl Connection380................................................................................................................................................................
Adsl Infrastructure381................................................................................................................................................................
Or Isdn Voice Traffic382................................................................................................................................................................
Adsl Splitters383................................................................................................................................................................
Adsl Without Splitters384................................................................................................................................................................
Adsl Modules For The Procurve Secure Router385................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Adsl Interface: The Physical Layer386................................................................................................................................................................
Accessing The Adsl Interface Configuration Mode Context386................................................................................................................................................................
Activating The Adsl Interface387................................................................................................................................................................
Defining The Training Mode387................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Snr-margin389................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring The Snr-margin390................................................................................................................................................................
Manually Forcing Retraining390................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Data Link Layer For The Adsl Connection391................................................................................................................................................................
Creating The Atm Interface391................................................................................................................................................................
Activating The Atm Interface391................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Subinterface For Each Pvc392................................................................................................................................................................
Creating The Subinterface392................................................................................................................................................................
Activating The Atm Subinterface393................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Vpi/vci393................................................................................................................................................................
Defining The Atm Encapsulation394................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning The Atm Subinterface An Ip Address394................................................................................................................................................................
Oam Settings401................................................................................................................................................................
Bind The Adsl Interface To The Atm Interface402................................................................................................................................................................
Pppoe Overview403................................................................................................................................................................
Two Phases For Establishing A Pppoe Session404................................................................................................................................................................
Discovery Phase404................................................................................................................................................................
Ppp Session406................................................................................................................................................................
Creating The Ppp Interface407................................................................................................................................................................
Binding The Atm Subinterface To The Ppp Interface408................................................................................................................................................................
Identifying The Access Concentrator409................................................................................................................................................................
Identifying Pppoe Services410................................................................................................................................................................
Pppoa Overview410................................................................................................................................................................
Routed Bridged Encapsulation414................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status And Configuration Of Interfaces416................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status Of The Adsl Interface416................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status Of The Atm Interface And Subinterface419................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Adsl Connection421................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Adsl Interface421................................................................................................................................................................
Identifying The Problem421................................................................................................................................................................
Debug Interface Adsl Events Command422................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Atm Interface423................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Atm Subinterface424................................................................................................................................................................
Debug Atm Oam Command424................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Pppoe425................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Pppoe Discovery Process425................................................................................................................................................................
Show Pppoe Command426................................................................................................................................................................
Clear A Pppoe Connection427................................................................................................................................................................
Debug Pppoe Client Command427................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Ppp Link Establishment Process427................................................................................................................................................................
Configure The Physical Layer: The Adsl Interface429................................................................................................................................................................
Configure The Data Link Layer: The Atm Interface And Subinterface431................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Atm Only431................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Rbe433................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Pppoe434................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Pppoa436................................................................................................................................................................
Overview Of Isdn Connections442................................................................................................................................................................
Elements Of An Isdn Connection443................................................................................................................................................................
Isdn Interfaces: Connecting Equipment To The Isdn Network446................................................................................................................................................................
Line Coding For Isdn Bri Connections447................................................................................................................................................................
Isdn Data Link Layer Protocols447................................................................................................................................................................
Lapd448................................................................................................................................................................
Q.931449................................................................................................................................................................
Call Process449................................................................................................................................................................
Procurve Secure Router Isdn Modules451................................................................................................................................................................
Primary Isdn Modules453................................................................................................................................................................
Using Demand Routing For Isdn Connections454................................................................................................................................................................
Define The Traffic That Triggers The Connection456................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Protocol457................................................................................................................................................................
Defining The Source And Destination Addresses458................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Demand Interface460................................................................................................................................................................
Creating The Demand Interface461................................................................................................................................................................
Matching The Interesting Traffic464................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Connect-mode Option467................................................................................................................................................................
Associating A Resource Pool With The Demand Interface468................................................................................................................................................................
Defining The Connect Sequence468................................................................................................................................................................
Specify The Order In Which Connect Sequences Are Used470................................................................................................................................................................
Configure The Number Of Connect Sequence Attempts471................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Settings For The Recovery State471................................................................................................................................................................
Commands Work473................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Idle-timeout Option475................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Fast-idle Option476................................................................................................................................................................
Defining The Caller-number Option476................................................................................................................................................................
Defining The Called-number Option477................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Hold Queue477................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Bri Interface478................................................................................................................................................................
Accessing The Bri Interface478................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Isdn Signaling (switch) Type479................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Spid And Ldn For Isdn Bri U Modules480................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ldn For Bri S/t Modules481................................................................................................................................................................
Activating The Interface481................................................................................................................................................................
Caller Id Options481................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Isdn Group482................................................................................................................................................................
Creating An Isdn Group482................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning Bri Interfaces To The Isdn Group482................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning The Isdn Group To A Resource Pool483................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Incoming-accept-number483................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Route For The Demand Interface484................................................................................................................................................................
Example Of A Successful Demand Interface Call486................................................................................................................................................................
Mlppp: Increasing Bandwidth488................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mlppp For Incoming Calls488................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mlppp For Demand Interfaces489................................................................................................................................................................
Example Of Mlppp With Demand Routing490................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ppp Authentication For An Isdn Connection491................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ppp Authentication For All Demand Interfaces492................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Pap Authentication For A Demand Interface492................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Chap Authentication For A Demand Interface492................................................................................................................................................................
Expects To Receive493................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Peer Ip Address493................................................................................................................................................................
Example Of Demand Routing With Pap Authentication493................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Mtu For Demand Interfaces495................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Isdn Template495................................................................................................................................................................
Using Call Types And Patterns497................................................................................................................................................................
Default Isdn Template498................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Information About Demand Routing499................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status Of The Demand Interface499................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing A Summary Of Information About The Demand Interface501................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Settings Configured For The Isdn Group502................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status Of The Bri Interface503................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Demand Sessions505................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Resource Pool506................................................................................................................................................................
Show The Running-config For The Demand Interface506................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Demand Routing508................................................................................................................................................................
Checking The Demand Interface508................................................................................................................................................................
Checking The Bri Interface509................................................................................................................................................................
Checking The Acl That Defines The Interesting Traffic511................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Isdn Connection511................................................................................................................................................................
Test Calls513................................................................................................................................................................
Line Maintenance515................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting With Loopbacks515................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Ppp For The Isdn Connection515................................................................................................................................................................
Drop-and-insert Modules527................................................................................................................................................................
Standards Supported By The Drop-and-insert Modules527................................................................................................................................................................
Using An E1- Or T1-carrier Line For Data And Voice527................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The E1 + G.703 Module528................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The E1 Interface For Data Communications529................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning Channels To The E1 Interface529................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Clock Source531................................................................................................................................................................
Accessing The G.703 Interface531................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Line Coding531................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Frame Format532................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ts533................................................................................................................................................................
Checking The Status Of The G.703 Interface534................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The G.703 Interface536................................................................................................................................................................
Alarms Or Errors That Will Not Clear536................................................................................................................................................................
Yellow Alarm537................................................................................................................................................................
Interface Is Accruing Errored Seconds And Clock Slips537................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The T1 Interface For Data Communications538................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning Channels538................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The T1 + Dsx-1 Module538................................................................................................................................................................
Accessing The T1 Interface For The Dsx-1 Port541................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Line Length543................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Signaling Mode543................................................................................................................................................................
Activating The Dsx-1 Interface544................................................................................................................................................................
Checking The Status Of The Dsx-1 Interface544................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Dsx-1 Interface545................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The E1 Interface547................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The G.703 Interface548................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning The Channels To The T1 Interface549................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Dsx-1 Interface550................................................................................................................................................................
Bridging—transmitting Non-ip Traffic Or Merging Two Networks553................................................................................................................................................................
Overview555................................................................................................................................................................
Transmitting Non-ip Traffic556................................................................................................................................................................
Merging Two Remote Networks556................................................................................................................................................................
Spanning Tree Protocol556................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bridging557................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Bridge Group558................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning An Interface To The Bridge558................................................................................................................................................................
Disabling Ip Routing559................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Bridge Table560................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Bridging562................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Spanning Tree563................................................................................................................................................................
Stp Bpdus564................................................................................................................................................................
Stp States565................................................................................................................................................................
Rstp Improvements566................................................................................................................................................................
Rstp And Stp Compatibility569................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rstp569................................................................................................................................................................
Priority570................................................................................................................................................................
Determining Which Links Are Chosen: Setting Link Cost570................................................................................................................................................................
Setting Interface Roles571................................................................................................................................................................
Altering Timers574................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Stp575................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Bpdu Filter To Disable Stp Or Rstp575................................................................................................................................................................
Testing Spanning Tree577................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Spanning Tree577................................................................................................................................................................
Addressing Common Spanning Tree Problems578................................................................................................................................................................
Slow Convergence580................................................................................................................................................................
Incorrect Path Selection581................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Addressing587................................................................................................................................................................
Networks588................................................................................................................................................................
Network Addresses And Subnet Masks588................................................................................................................................................................
Classful Networks589................................................................................................................................................................
Cidr590................................................................................................................................................................
Routing Table591................................................................................................................................................................
Destination Network Address And Subnet Mask591................................................................................................................................................................
Next-hop Address And Forwarding Interface592................................................................................................................................................................
Administrative Distance And Metric592................................................................................................................................................................
Other Information Stored In A Route593................................................................................................................................................................
Static Routing593................................................................................................................................................................
Dynamic Routing Protocols594................................................................................................................................................................
Static Routing Versus Dynamic Routing594................................................................................................................................................................
Load Sharing595................................................................................................................................................................
Fast Caching596................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Static Routes597................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Route598................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Floating Static Route600................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Default Route601................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Route Through The Null Interface602................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Load Sharing604................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Fast Caching606................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Static Routing608................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring The Routing Table608................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Routing Table To Troubleshoot Static Routing610................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring Routes611................................................................................................................................................................
Clearing Routes612................................................................................................................................................................
Connecting Simple Remote Sites615................................................................................................................................................................
Routing Traffic To An Isp616................................................................................................................................................................
Host And Domain Names619................................................................................................................................................................
Host Tables619................................................................................................................................................................
Authoritative And Caching Name Servers620................................................................................................................................................................
Dns Queries620................................................................................................................................................................
Procurve Secure Router Dns Support621................................................................................................................................................................
Dynamic Dns622................................................................................................................................................................
Static Dns623................................................................................................................................................................
Custom Dns623................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dns624................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Dns624................................................................................................................................................................
Adding An Entry To The Router's Host Table625................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying Dns Server Addresses626................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Router To Act As A Name Server626................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Dns627................................................................................................................................................................
Process627................................................................................................................................................................
Debugging Dns Server Activity627................................................................................................................................................................
Debugging Dns Client Activity630................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dynamic Dns631................................................................................................................................................................
Opening An Account With Dyndns632................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Interface's Ip Address632................................................................................................................................................................
Setting A Dynamic Address632................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Static Address633................................................................................................................................................................
Activating The Dynamic Dns Client633................................................................................................................................................................
Special Considerations For Configuring Custom Dns634................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Procurve Secure Router As A Dns Client635................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Procurve Secure Router As A Name Server636................................................................................................................................................................
Router Interface636................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Request Process641................................................................................................................................................................
The Procurve Secure Router As A Dhcp Server642................................................................................................................................................................
The Procurve Secure Router As A Dhcp Client643................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Relay644................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Dhcp Server644................................................................................................................................................................
Excluding Static Addresses645................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Dhcp Pool645................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Network Address And Subnet Mask646................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Default Gateway647................................................................................................................................................................
Changing A Pool's Lease Time648................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying Dns, Wins, And Other Servers649................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Domain Name For The Subnet650................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Bootfile650................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Parent And Child Pools651................................................................................................................................................................
Example Dhcp Pool Configuration652................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning A Fixed Address To A Host Through A Dhcp Server652................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dhcp Scopes653................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Dhcp Server's Ping Settings655................................................................................................................................................................
Managing And Troubleshooting The Dhcp Server657................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Dhcp Client Bindings657................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring The Dhcp Process658................................................................................................................................................................
Clients Unable To Receive A Dhcp Address659................................................................................................................................................................
Client Receiving The Wrong Fixed Dhcp Address659................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Router Interface As A Dhcp Client660................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Dynamic Address661................................................................................................................................................................
Setting An Interface's Client Id662................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Interface's Hostname663................................................................................................................................................................
Preventing The Interface From Taking Other Configurations663................................................................................................................................................................
Default Route664................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Interface's Administrative Distance665................................................................................................................................................................
Dynamic Address665................................................................................................................................................................
Managing And Troubleshooting The Dhcp Client666................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Interface's Lease666................................................................................................................................................................
Releasing And Renewing Dynamic Addresses667................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring Dhcp Client Activity668................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dhcp Relay670................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Dhcp Server For A Network673................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning A Fixed Dhcp Address To A Single Host675................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Access To The Web Browser Interface683................................................................................................................................................................
The Web Browser Interface Navigation Bar684................................................................................................................................................................
Function685................................................................................................................................................................
The Autosynch™ Feature686................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration687................................................................................................................................................................
Firmware690................................................................................................................................................................
Reboot Unit698................................................................................................................................................................
Telnet To Unit698................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ip Services On The Router700................................................................................................................................................................
Web Access Configuration702................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Passwords To Control Management Access To The Router704................................................................................................................................................................
Encrypting All The Passwords704................................................................................................................................................................
Ftp Access705................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Enable Mode Password706................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Password For Ssh Access710................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Password For Http Access711................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Password For Ftp Access712................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Authentication Using A Radius Server714................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Authentication Using A Tacacs+ Server716................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ethernet Interfaces718................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp Settings720................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Snmp Server And Snmp Traps720................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Snmp Trap Settings723................................................................................................................................................................
View Snmp Statistics725................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Settings725................................................................................................................................................................
Secondary Ip Settings726................................................................................................................................................................
Ethernet Interface Statistics726................................................................................................................................................................
Releasing/renewing A Dchp Ip Address727................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Pppoe For The Ethernet Interface728................................................................................................................................................................
View Statistics For The Ppp Interface730................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring E1 And T1 Interfaces732................................................................................................................................................................
Status Information735................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Serial Interface For An E1- Or T1-carrier Line737................................................................................................................................................................
Interfaces740................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Ppp As The Data Link Layer Protocol740................................................................................................................................................................
Requiring A Peer To Authenticate Itself To The Local Router744................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Frame Relay As The Data Link Layer Protocol746................................................................................................................................................................
Configure A Permanent Virtual Circuit (pvc)748................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Ip Settings749................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Dynamic Dns750................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Hdlc As The Data Link Layer Protocol752................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Adsl Interfaces756................................................................................................................................................................
Configure An Atm Interface758................................................................................................................................................................
Configure The Atm Subinterface758................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Atm Only761................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Pppoe Or Pppoa For The Adsl Connection763................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Demand Routing For A Primary Or Backup Connection766................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Acl To Define Interesting Traffic766................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Bri Interface770................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Isdn Group771................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ppp For The Demand Interface776................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ip Settings For The Demand Interface777................................................................................................................................................................
Resource Pool778................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Connect Sequences779................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Route Or A Floating Static Route781................................................................................................................................................................
E1 + G.703 And T1 + Dsx-1 Modules783................................................................................................................................................................
Bridging786................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Spanning Tree Protocol790................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing A Spanning Tree790................................................................................................................................................................
Setting Global Spanning Tree Parameters791................................................................................................................................................................
Routing795................................................................................................................................................................
Dns Services799................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dns Support799................................................................................................................................................................
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol804................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Dhcp Pool For A Subnet805................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning A Single Host A Fixed Address808................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Interface As A Dhcp Client809................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Udp Relay810................................................................................................................................................................
Updating The Boot Process813................................................................................................................................................................

Advertisement

HP 7000dl Series Basic Management And Configuration Manual

HP 7000dl Series Basic Management And Configuration Manual (817 pages)

Brand: HP | Category: Network Router | Size: 7.82 MB
Table of contents
Procurve Secure Router1................................................................................................................................................................
Table Of Contents3................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing All The Configuration Settings9................................................................................................................................................................
Connecting Your Premises To The Public Carrier's10................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Chap Authentication For17................................................................................................................................................................
Determining Which Device Becomes Root20................................................................................................................................................................
Using This Guide31................................................................................................................................................................
Understanding Command Syntax Statements31................................................................................................................................................................
Cli Prompt32................................................................................................................................................................
Quick Starts33................................................................................................................................................................
Obtaining Additional Information33................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Address Notation Convention33................................................................................................................................................................
Downloading Software Updates34................................................................................................................................................................
Interface Management Options36................................................................................................................................................................
Web Browser Interface36................................................................................................................................................................
Accessing The Web Browser Interface37................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Procurve Web Browser Interface38................................................................................................................................................................
Hardware Overview39................................................................................................................................................................
Procurve Secure Router Front Panel39................................................................................................................................................................
Console Port39................................................................................................................................................................
Ethernet Ports40................................................................................................................................................................
E1 And T1 Modules42................................................................................................................................................................
Isdn Module44................................................................................................................................................................
Backup Modules45................................................................................................................................................................
Wide-slot Option Modules46................................................................................................................................................................
Interface Numbering Conventions48................................................................................................................................................................
Status Leds49................................................................................................................................................................
Power Led49................................................................................................................................................................
Fault Led49................................................................................................................................................................
Leds For Slots 1 And50................................................................................................................................................................
Backup Leds51................................................................................................................................................................
Tx And Rx Leds51................................................................................................................................................................
Slot 3 Leds51................................................................................................................................................................
Status Led52................................................................................................................................................................
Activity Led52................................................................................................................................................................
Test Led52................................................................................................................................................................
Ethernet And Activity Leds52................................................................................................................................................................
Activity Leds53................................................................................................................................................................
Link Leds53................................................................................................................................................................
Rear Panel53................................................................................................................................................................
Optional Ipsec Vpn Module53................................................................................................................................................................
Compact Flash Card54................................................................................................................................................................
Redundant Power Source55................................................................................................................................................................
Software Overview56................................................................................................................................................................
Bootup Process56................................................................................................................................................................
Advantages Of Booting From Compact Flash58................................................................................................................................................................
Saving Configuration Changes59................................................................................................................................................................
Secure Router Os Hierarchy60................................................................................................................................................................
Autosynch™ Technology60................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Mode61................................................................................................................................................................
Global Configuration Mode63................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Mode Commands65................................................................................................................................................................
Enable Mode Commands69................................................................................................................................................................
Show Tech83................................................................................................................................................................
Updating The Boot Code85................................................................................................................................................................
Global Configuration Mode Commands86................................................................................................................................................................
Hostname Command86................................................................................................................................................................
Autosynch Command86................................................................................................................................................................
Support For Snmp87................................................................................................................................................................
Help Tools90................................................................................................................................................................
Cli Help Commands90................................................................................................................................................................
Editing Commands90................................................................................................................................................................
Bootstrap Mode Context92................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting96................................................................................................................................................................
Compact Flash96................................................................................................................................................................
Autosynch™ Error Messages96................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Reload In Command98................................................................................................................................................................
Managing Configuration Files Using A Text Editor99................................................................................................................................................................
Creating And Transferring Configuration Files101................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration File Transfer Using The Console Port102................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration File Transfer Using A Tftp Server104................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration File Transfer Using A Compact Flash Card107................................................................................................................................................................
Quick Start109................................................................................................................................................................
Accessing The Secure Router Os109................................................................................................................................................................
Securing Management Access To The Procurve Secure Router114................................................................................................................................................................
Restricting Access To The Enable Mode Context114................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Password For Console Access115................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Remote Access To The Procurve Secure Router116................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ethernet Interface117................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Telnet Access118................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Local User Lists120................................................................................................................................................................
Encrypting All The Passwords Configured On The Router121................................................................................................................................................................
Managing Ssh Communications122................................................................................................................................................................
Using Ftp To Access The Router123................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Local User List For Console Or Telnet Access123................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Secure Copy Server123................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Information About Users124................................................................................................................................................................
Advantages Of Using The Aaa Subsystem125................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Aaa Subsystem125................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Aaa For Authentication126................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Named List For The Enable Mode Authentication126................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Named List For User Authentication128................................................................................................................................................................
Criteria For Failure Of Authentication Methods129................................................................................................................................................................
Assign The Named List130................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Authorization133................................................................................................................................................................
Define A Named List For Authorization133................................................................................................................................................................
Enable Authorization Commands For Console Line134................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Named List For Accounting135................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Update Settings136................................................................................................................................................................
Do Not Send Records For Null Users137................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Radius Server For Authentication137................................................................................................................................................................
Define The Radius Server137................................................................................................................................................................
Define A Group Of Radius Servers139................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Global Settings For Radius Servers140................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Tacacs+ Server141................................................................................................................................................................
Define The Tacacs+ Server141................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Tacacs+ Group143................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Global Settings For Tacacs+ Servers144................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Aaa145................................................................................................................................................................
Debug Aaa Command145................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Radius Server146................................................................................................................................................................
Debug Radius Command147................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Tacacs+ Server147................................................................................................................................................................
Port Authentication150................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Supplicant Functionality150................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Supplicant Functionality151................................................................................................................................................................
Configure The Enable Mode Password152................................................................................................................................................................
Configure A Password For The Console Access152................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Remote Access To The Procurve Secure Router153................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Password For Telnet Access154................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Aaa155................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Authentication With Aaa156................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Authorization With Aaa156................................................................................................................................................................
Defining A Radius Server158................................................................................................................................................................
Defining A Tacacs+ Server158................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling 802.1x Supplicant Status158................................................................................................................................................................
Ethernet Interfaces160................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ethernet Interface161................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Ethernet Interface162................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ip Address163................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning A Static Ip Address163................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Ethernet Interface As A Dhcp Client163................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Speed And The Duplex Settings168................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Mtu169................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Line For Half-duplex Or Full-duplex169................................................................................................................................................................
Adding A Description170................................................................................................................................................................
Summary Of Ethernet Configuration Settings171................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Vlan Support173................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Vlan Support175................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status Of Ethernet Interfaces Or Subinterfaces177................................................................................................................................................................
Show Running-config Commands179................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Configurations That Have Been Entered180................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing All The Configuration Settings Including Defaults180................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting An Ethernet Interface182................................................................................................................................................................
Debug Interface Ethernet Command183................................................................................................................................................................
Show Event-history Command183................................................................................................................................................................
Overview Of E1 And T1 Wan Connections189................................................................................................................................................................
Connecting Your Premises To The Public Carrier: The Local Loop190................................................................................................................................................................
Procurve Secure Router Modules194................................................................................................................................................................
E1 Modules With A Built-in Dsu194................................................................................................................................................................
T1 Modules With A Built-in Csu/dsu195................................................................................................................................................................
E1 Or T1 Interfaces: Configuring The Physical Layer196................................................................................................................................................................
E1 Or T1 Interface Configuration Mode Context197................................................................................................................................................................
Line Coding200................................................................................................................................................................
Frame Format201................................................................................................................................................................
Clock Source, Or Timing, For The E1- Or T1-carrier Line203................................................................................................................................................................
Transmit Signal Level (t1 Interfaces Only)204................................................................................................................................................................
Set The Fdl (t1 Interfaces Only)205................................................................................................................................................................
Activate The E1 Or T1 Interface206................................................................................................................................................................
Threshold Commands207................................................................................................................................................................
Types Of Line Errors208................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Information About E1 And T1 Interfaces212................................................................................................................................................................
Show Interfaces Command213................................................................................................................................................................
Show Running-config Command214................................................................................................................................................................
Show Running-config Verbose Command215................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting E1 And T1 Wan Connections216................................................................................................................................................................
Red Light218................................................................................................................................................................
Yellow Light220................................................................................................................................................................
Green Light221................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Performance Statistics221................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An E1 Or T1 Interface224................................................................................................................................................................
Solving A Specific Problem: The Line Between The Serial Module230................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Serial Module For E1- Or T1-carrier Lines231................................................................................................................................................................
Serial Module For The Procurve Secure Router235................................................................................................................................................................
Standards Supported By The Serial Module235................................................................................................................................................................
Serial Interface: Configuring The Physical Layer236................................................................................................................................................................
Serial Interface Configuration Mode Context240................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Interface For The Appropriate Cable240................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Clock Source241................................................................................................................................................................
Inverting Txclock Or Rxclock241................................................................................................................................................................
Inverting Et-clock241................................................................................................................................................................
Activating The Serial Interface242................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Data Link Layer Protocol242................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Information About The Serial Interface243................................................................................................................................................................
Show Interfaces Serial Command243................................................................................................................................................................
Show Running-config Interface Command244................................................................................................................................................................
View All The Wan Connections Configured On The Router245................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting A Serial Connection245................................................................................................................................................................
Checking The Led For The Serial Module246................................................................................................................................................................
Configure A Serial Interface250................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status Of Frame Relay Interfaces254................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Logical Interface255................................................................................................................................................................
Ppp Overview256................................................................................................................................................................
Establishing A Ppp Connection256................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ip Address For The Wan Connection260................................................................................................................................................................
Activating The Ppp Interface262................................................................................................................................................................
Binding The Physical Interface To The Logical Interface262................................................................................................................................................................
Ppp Authentication263................................................................................................................................................................
Additional Settings268................................................................................................................................................................
Frame Relay Overview271................................................................................................................................................................
Packet-switching Network272................................................................................................................................................................
Components Of A Frame Relay Network273................................................................................................................................................................
Activate The Frame Relay Interface277................................................................................................................................................................
Define The Signaling Role277................................................................................................................................................................
Define The Frame Relay Signaling Type278................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Frame-relay Counters278................................................................................................................................................................
Create The Frame Relay Subinterface280................................................................................................................................................................
Assign A Dlci To The Frame Relay Subinterface280................................................................................................................................................................
Configure The Ip Address For The Wan Connection281................................................................................................................................................................
Settings Explained In Other Chapters290................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Hdlc As The Data Link Layer Protocol291................................................................................................................................................................
Create The Hdlc Interface291................................................................................................................................................................
Activate The Hdlc Interface293................................................................................................................................................................
Configure An Ip Address For The Wan Connection293................................................................................................................................................................
Example Networks298................................................................................................................................................................
Checking The Status Of Logical Interfaces305................................................................................................................................................................
View The Status Of Interfaces305................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status Of Ppp Interfaces305................................................................................................................................................................
Queuing Method306................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status Of Hdlc Interfaces309................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Logical Interfaces310................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Ppp Interface310................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Ppp Authentication314................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Frame Relay Interface317................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Hdlc321................................................................................................................................................................
Requiring The Peer To Authenticate Itself324................................................................................................................................................................
Authenticating To A Peer324................................................................................................................................................................
Frame Relay325................................................................................................................................................................
Adsl Overview332................................................................................................................................................................
Adsl Technologies333................................................................................................................................................................
Adsl2 And Adsl2+: Enhancing Transmission Speeds333................................................................................................................................................................
Elements Of An Adsl Connection334................................................................................................................................................................
Readsl: Supporting Greater Distances334................................................................................................................................................................
Adsl Infrastructure335................................................................................................................................................................
Adsl Splitters337................................................................................................................................................................
Adsl Without Splitters338................................................................................................................................................................
Adsl Modules For The Procurve Secure Router339................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Adsl Interface: The Physical Layer340................................................................................................................................................................
Activating The Adsl Interface341................................................................................................................................................................
Defining The Training Mode341................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Snr-margin343................................................................................................................................................................
Manually Forcing Retraining344................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring The Snr-margin344................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Data Link Layer For The Adsl Connection345................................................................................................................................................................
Activating The Atm Interface345................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Subinterface For Each Pvc346................................................................................................................................................................
Activating The Atm Subinterface347................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Vpi/vci347................................................................................................................................................................
Defining The Atm Encapsulation348................................................................................................................................................................
Oam Settings354................................................................................................................................................................
Bind The Adsl Interface To The Atm Interface355................................................................................................................................................................
Pppoe Overview356................................................................................................................................................................
Two Phases For Establishing A Pppoe Session357................................................................................................................................................................
Discovery Phase357................................................................................................................................................................
Creating The Ppp Interface360................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning An Ip Address361................................................................................................................................................................
Binding The Atm Subinterface To The Ppp Interface361................................................................................................................................................................
Identifying The Access Concentrator362................................................................................................................................................................
Identifying Pppoe Services363................................................................................................................................................................
Pppoa Overview363................................................................................................................................................................
Routed Bridged Encapsulation367................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status And Configuration Of Interfaces369................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status Of The Adsl Interface369................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status Of The Atm Interface And Subinterface372................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Adsl Connection374................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Adsl Interface374................................................................................................................................................................
Identifying The Problem374................................................................................................................................................................
Debug Interface Adsl Events Command375................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Atm Interface376................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Atm Subinterface377................................................................................................................................................................
Debug Atm Oam Command377................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Pppoe378................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Pppoe Discovery Process378................................................................................................................................................................
Show Pppoe Command379................................................................................................................................................................
Clear A Pppoe Connection380................................................................................................................................................................
Debug Pppoe Client Command380................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Ppp Link Establishment Process380................................................................................................................................................................
Configure The Physical Layer: The Adsl Interface382................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Atm Only384................................................................................................................................................................
Configure The Data Link Layer: The Atm Interface And Subinterface384................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Rbe386................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Pppoe387................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Pppoa389................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing A Summary Of Information About395................................................................................................................................................................
Overview Of Isdn Connections396................................................................................................................................................................
Elements Of An Isdn Connection397................................................................................................................................................................
The Local Loop397................................................................................................................................................................
Isdn Interfaces: Connecting Equipment To The Isdn Network400................................................................................................................................................................
Line Coding For Isdn Bri Connections401................................................................................................................................................................
Isdn Data Link Layer Protocols401................................................................................................................................................................
Call Process403................................................................................................................................................................
Procurve Secure Router Isdn Modules405................................................................................................................................................................
Primary Isdn Modules407................................................................................................................................................................
Using Demand Routing For Isdn Connections408................................................................................................................................................................
Define The Traffic That Triggers The Connection410................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Protocol411................................................................................................................................................................
Defining The Source And Destination Addresses412................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Demand Interface414................................................................................................................................................................
Creating The Demand Interface415................................................................................................................................................................
Matching The Interesting Traffic418................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Connect-mode Option421................................................................................................................................................................
Associating A Resource Pool With The Demand Interface422................................................................................................................................................................
Defining The Connect Sequence422................................................................................................................................................................
Specify The Order In Which Connect Sequences Are Used424................................................................................................................................................................
Configure The Number Of Connect Sequence Attempts425................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Settings For The Recovery State425................................................................................................................................................................
Understanding How The Connect-sequence Commands Work427................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Idle-timeout Option429................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Fast-idle Option430................................................................................................................................................................
Defining The Caller-number Option430................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Hold Queue431................................................................................................................................................................
Defining The Called-number Option431................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Bri Interface432................................................................................................................................................................
Accessing The Bri Interface432................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Isdn Signaling (switch) Type433................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Spid And Ldn For Isdn Bri U Modules434................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Ldn For Bri S/t Modules435................................................................................................................................................................
Caller Id Options435................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Isdn Group436................................................................................................................................................................
Creating An Isdn Group436................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning Bri Interfaces To The Isdn Group436................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning The Isdn Group To A Resource Pool437................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Incoming-accept-number437................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Route For The Demand Interface438................................................................................................................................................................
Example Of A Successful Demand Interface Call440................................................................................................................................................................
Mlppp: Increasing Bandwidth442................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mlppp For Incoming Calls442................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mlppp For Demand Interfaces443................................................................................................................................................................
Example Of Mlppp With Demand Routing444................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ppp Authentication For An Isdn Connection445................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ppp Authentication For All Demand Interfaces446................................................................................................................................................................
Example Of Demand Routing With Pap Authentication447................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Peer Ip Address447................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Mtu For Demand Interfaces448................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Isdn Template449................................................................................................................................................................
Using Call Types And Patterns451................................................................................................................................................................
Default Isdn Template452................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Information About Demand Routing453................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status Of The Demand Interface453................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing A Summary Of Information About The Demand Interface455................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Status Of The Bri Interface456................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Demand Sessions458................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Resource Pool459................................................................................................................................................................
Show The Running-config For The Demand Interface459................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Demand Routing460................................................................................................................................................................
Checking The Demand Interface460................................................................................................................................................................
Checking The Bri Interface461................................................................................................................................................................
Checking The Acl That Defines The Interesting Traffic463................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Isdn Connection464................................................................................................................................................................
Test Calls465................................................................................................................................................................
Line Maintenance467................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting With Loopbacks467................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Ppp For The Isdn Connection467................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The E1 + G.703 And T1 + Dsx-1 Modules475................................................................................................................................................................
Interface Is Accruing Errored Seconds476................................................................................................................................................................
Using An E1- Or T1-carrier Line For Data And Voice477................................................................................................................................................................
Drop-and-insert Modules477................................................................................................................................................................
Standards Supported By The Drop-and-insert Modules477................................................................................................................................................................
Making The Physical Connection478................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The E1 Interface For Data Communications479................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning Channels To The E1 Interface479................................................................................................................................................................
Accessing The G.703 Interface481................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Frame Format482................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ts483................................................................................................................................................................
Checking The Status Of The G.703 Interface484................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Configuration Information485................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The G.703 Interface486................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The T1 Interface For Data Communications488................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning Channels488................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Clock Source489................................................................................................................................................................
Accessing The T1 Interface For The Dsx-1 Port490................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Line Length492................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Signaling Mode492................................................................................................................................................................
Activating The Dsx-1 Interface493................................................................................................................................................................
Checking The Status Of The Dsx-1 Interface493................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting The Dsx-1 Interface494................................................................................................................................................................
Yellow Alarm495................................................................................................................................................................
Interface Is Accruing Errored Seconds And Clock Slips495................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The E1 Interface496................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The G.703 Interface497................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning The Channels To The T1 Interface498................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Dsx-1 Interface499................................................................................................................................................................
Merging Two Remote Networks504................................................................................................................................................................
Spanning Tree Protocol504................................................................................................................................................................
Transmitting Non-ip Traffic504................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Bridging505................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Bridge Group506................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning An Interface To The Bridge506................................................................................................................................................................
Disabling Ip Routing507................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Bridge Table508................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Bridging510................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Spanning Tree511................................................................................................................................................................
Rstp Improvements514................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Rstp517................................................................................................................................................................
Rstp And Stp Compatibility517................................................................................................................................................................
Altering Timers522................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Stp523................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Bpdu Filter To Disable Stp Or Rstp523................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Spanning Tree524................................................................................................................................................................
Testing Spanning Tree524................................................................................................................................................................
Addressing Common Spanning Tree Problems525................................................................................................................................................................
Slow Convergence527................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Addressing533................................................................................................................................................................
Network Addresses And Subnet Masks534................................................................................................................................................................
Classful Networks535................................................................................................................................................................
Routing Table537................................................................................................................................................................
Destination Network Address And Subnet Mask537................................................................................................................................................................
Administrative Distance And Metric538................................................................................................................................................................
Static Routing539................................................................................................................................................................
Dynamic Routing Protocols540................................................................................................................................................................
Static Routing Versus Dynamic Routing540................................................................................................................................................................
Load Sharing541................................................................................................................................................................
Fast Caching542................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Static Routes543................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Route544................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Floating Static Route546................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Default Route547................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Route Through The Null Interface548................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Load Sharing550................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Fast Caching552................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Static Routing553................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring The Routing Table553................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring Routes556................................................................................................................................................................
Clearing Routes557................................................................................................................................................................
Connecting Simple Remote Sites560................................................................................................................................................................
Routing Traffic To An Isp561................................................................................................................................................................
Host And Domain Names565................................................................................................................................................................
Host Tables565................................................................................................................................................................
Authoritative And Caching Name Servers566................................................................................................................................................................
Dns Queries566................................................................................................................................................................
Procurve Secure Router Dns Support567................................................................................................................................................................
Dynamic Dns568................................................................................................................................................................
Custom Dns569................................................................................................................................................................
Static Dns569................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dns570................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Dns570................................................................................................................................................................
Adding An Entry To The Router's Host Table571................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying Dns Server Addresses572................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Router To Act As A Name Server572................................................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Dns573................................................................................................................................................................
Debugging Dns Server Activity573................................................................................................................................................................
Debugging Dns Client Activity576................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dynamic Dns577................................................................................................................................................................
Opening An Account With Dyndns578................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Interface's Ip Address578................................................................................................................................................................
Setting A Dynamic Address578................................................................................................................................................................
Activating The Dynamic Dns Client579................................................................................................................................................................
Special Considerations For Configuring Custom Dns580................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Procurve Secure Router As A Dns Client581................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Procurve Secure Router As A Name Server582................................................................................................................................................................
Router Interface582................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Hostname For An Interface586................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Request Process587................................................................................................................................................................
The Procurve Secure Router As A Dhcp Server588................................................................................................................................................................
The Procurve Secure Router As A Dhcp Client589................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Relay590................................................................................................................................................................
Excluding Static Addresses591................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A Dhcp Pool591................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Network Address And Subnet Mask592................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying The Default Gateway593................................................................................................................................................................
Changing A Pool's Lease Time594................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying Dns, Wins, And Other Servers595................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Domain Name For The Subnet596................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Bootfile596................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Parent And Child Pools597................................................................................................................................................................
Example Dhcp Pool Configuration598................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning A Fixed Address To A Host Through A Dhcp Server598................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dhcp Scopes599................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Dhcp Server's Ping Settings601................................................................................................................................................................
Managing And Troubleshooting The Dhcp Server602................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Dhcp Client Bindings603................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring The Dhcp Process603................................................................................................................................................................
Clients Unable To Receive A Dhcp Address604................................................................................................................................................................
Client Receiving The Wrong Fixed Dhcp Address605................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Dynamic Address606................................................................................................................................................................
Setting An Interface's Client Id607................................................................................................................................................................
Preventing The Interface From Taking Other Configurations608................................................................................................................................................................
Managing And Troubleshooting The Dhcp Client610................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Interface's Lease610................................................................................................................................................................
Releasing And Renewing Dynamic Addresses611................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring Dhcp Client Activity611................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dhcp Relay614................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Dhcp Server For A Network617................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning A Fixed Dhcp Address To A Single Host618................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Router Interface As A Dhcp Client620................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Local Router To Authenticate624................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Access To The Web Browser Interface626................................................................................................................................................................
The Autosynch™ Feature627................................................................................................................................................................
Reboot Unit635................................................................................................................................................................
Telnet To Unit636................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ip Services On The Router637................................................................................................................................................................
Web Access Configuration639................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Passwords To Control Management Access To The Router640................................................................................................................................................................
Encrypting All The Passwords640................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Enable Mode Password643................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Password For Ssh Access646................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Password For Http Access647................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Password For Ftp Access648................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Aaa Subsystem To Control Management Access649................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Authentication Using A Radius Server650................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Authentication Using A Tacacs+ Server651................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ethernet Interfaces653................................................................................................................................................................
Secondary Ip Settings656................................................................................................................................................................
Ethernet Interface Statistics656................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Pppoe For The Ethernet Interface657................................................................................................................................................................
View Statistics For The Ppp Interface660................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring E1 And T1 Interfaces661................................................................................................................................................................
Status Information664................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Serial Interface For An E1- Or T1-carrier Line666................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Ppp As The Data Link Layer Protocol669................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Frame Relay As The Data Link Layer Protocol674................................................................................................................................................................
Configure A Permanent Virtual Circuit (pvc)676................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Ip Settings678................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Dynamic Dns678................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Hdlc As The Data Link Layer Protocol680................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Adsl Interfaces683................................................................................................................................................................
Configure An Atm Interface685................................................................................................................................................................
Configure The Atm Subinterface685................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Atm Only688................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Pppoe Or Pppoa For The Adsl Connection690................................................................................................................................................................
Isdn Modules693................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Spanning Tree Protocol702................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing A Spanning Tree703................................................................................................................................................................
Setting Global Spanning Tree Parameters704................................................................................................................................................................
Dns Services711................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dns Support711................................................................................................................................................................
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol716................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Dhcp Pool For A Subnet717................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning A Single Host A Fixed Address719................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring An Interface As A Dhcp Client720................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Udp Relay722................................................................................................................................................................
Updating The Boot Process725................................................................................................................................................................

Advertisement

Share and save

Advertisement