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Nokia M11
T66220
USER'S MANUAL

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   Summary of Contents for Nokia M11 T66220

  • Page 1

    Nokia M11 ADSL Router T66220 USER'S MANUAL...

  • Page 2: Adsl Router

    Nokia M11 ADSL ROUTER User’s Manual C33833.20 A0 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 3

    Please submit your comments to the nearest Nokia sales representative. NOKIA is a registered trademark of Nokia Corporation. Any other trademarks mentioned in the documents are the property of their respective owners.

  • Page 4: Document History

    Document History Document Date Comment C33533001SE_00 30.12.1999 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 5

    Nokia M11 User’s Manual E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    ......Front panel indicator lights ..... . . E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    ....4-26 Is the PPP connection working? ....4-27 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 8: Table Of Contents

    ....5-44 Validating your configuration ..... 5-45 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    ......5-92 Chapter 6 How your Nokia M11 works ....ADSL .

  • Page 10: Table Of Contents

    ........Glossary E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 11

    Nokia M11 User’s Manual E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 12

    M11 enables high-speed connections for residential users, small offices and telecommuters. Figure 1-1 Nokia M11 Nokia M11 is a modem with an ADSL router and bridge. This allows a PC equipped with a 10Base-T Ethernet interface to be connected to a E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 13

    1 Mbit/s upstream (to the network). M11 can adjust its speed to the line conditions in steps of 32 kbit/s, maximising the data throughput over the given distance. Nokia M11 is compatible with the existing and emerging ADSL standards: ANSI T1.413 Issue 2 (ANSI ADSL), ITU-T G.992.1 (ITU-T ADSL), ITU-T G.992.2 (ITU-T...

  • Page 14: Chapter 2 Applications And Features, Applications, Internet Access Using M11 As A Napt Router

    IP addresses which are not visible to outside and that M11 has only one external IP address received from the ISP. The external Internet services are E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 15

    IP addresses, and in-built simple firewall functionality. DSLAM 10Base-T network Home network Home network Home ISP Router Internet network Nokia M11 Figure 2-1 Internet access using M10 as a NAPT router E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 16: Remote Work

    RIP version 1 and RIP version 2 routing protocols. Remote worker DSLAM 10Base-T network Nokia M11 Remote Company worker router Remote Corporate worker network Figure 2-2 Remote work using M11 as a standard router E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 17: Lan Interconnection Using M11 As A Bridge, Features

    M11 can operate as an OSI layer 3 Internet Protocol (IP) router between the Ethernet interface and the virtual channels of ADSL/ATM interface. M11 supports both dynamic and static routing. It can also operate as a self-learning bridge supporting up to 256 MAC addresses. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 18: Routing, Bridging, Network Address Port Translation

    The Network Address Port Translation principle is presented in Figure 2-4. Home network (LAN) Internet (WAN) src:192.168.1.112:1228 src:195.112.12.161:1234 dst:194.112.11.111:80 dst:194.112.11.111:80 NAPT router src:194.112.11.111:80 src:194.112.11.111:80 dst:192.168.1.112:1228 dst:195.112.12.161:1234 Figure 2-4 Principle of Network Address Port Translation E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 19: Dynamic Host Configuration, Atm And Adsl

    ADSL connection is done at the access multiplexer in the operator’s premises. The network operator can set the data rates as a part of the network management functionality provided by Nokia D DSLAM. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy...

  • Page 20: Payload Encapsulations, Transmit Priority Selection, Igmp Proxy Function

    M11 can be used as an IGMP proxy which means that M11 can send IGMP queries and have IP hosts report their IP multicast host group memberships. See Chapter 6 for more information about IP multicast. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 21: Management, Dedicated Management Channel

    ATM channels. Figure 2-5 shows the principle of the dedicated management channel. In Figure 2-5 VCC1 is used for customers data transmission. Administration through this channel has been disabled. The operator or the service provider uses the VCC2 for management purposes only. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 22

    Applications and features VCC1/Data (Restrictions: Internet admin disabled) 10Base-T Home network Nokia M11 VCC2/Management (Restrictions: admin only) ISP’s NMS Net- work manage- ment system Figure 2-5 Dedicated management channel E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 23

    Nokia M11 User’s Manual E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 2-10 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 24: Chapter 3 Interfaces And Indicator Lights, Base-t Ethernet Interface

    The ADSL line interface is based on ANSI ITU-T G.992.1. 10Base-T Ethernet interface The Ethernet interface is a standard 10 Mbit/s half-duplex 10Base-T interface. The mechanical connector is an 8-pin RJ-45 connector. Figure 3-1 Ethernet connector location E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 25: Adsl Line Interface

    <– Receive data – ADSL line interface The ADSL line interface is based on ITU-T G.992.1. The mechanical connector is a 6-pin RJ-11 connector. LINE Figure 3-2 ADSL line connector location Signal DSL1 DSL2 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 26: Front Panel Indicator Lights, Sta Indicator (m11 Status), Dsl Indicator (adsl Line Status), Lan Indicators

    COL (red): Blinking light indicates collisions on the Ethernet. LNK (green): Lit if the Ethernet connection is OK. RX (green): Blinking light indicates that M11 is receiving Ethernet packets. TX (green): Blinking light indicates that M11 is transmitting Ethernet packets. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 27

    Nokia M11 User’s Manual E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 28: Installing M11, Internet Access (napt Router)

    Before starting the installation, unpack the unit and check that it is physically undamaged. Internet access (NAPT router) This application is based on the default configuration of the Nokia M11. By default, Nokia M11 is an Internet access device that uses E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 29

    Customer premises Nokia uses M11/NAPT ADSL DHCP Private addresses low-pass filter Telephone cable ADSL Operator premises Telephone network Filter network DSLAM Single ATM Internet channel to the ISP ISP router Figure 4-1 Internet access application E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 30: Step 1a: Connect Cables (data Services Only), Step 1b: Connect Cables (data And Telephone Services)

    Step 1a: Connect cables (data services only) Connect the following cables: Connect the mains power cord first to Nokia M11 and then to a power outlet. Connect the Ethernet cross cable to the Nokia M11 ETH connector and the other end to your PC’s Ethernet port.

  • Page 31: Step 3: Switch On Pc

    Green DSL light indicates that the unit has a connection to the central office. Step 3: Switch on PC The LAN/LNK indicator lights up in the Nokia M11 front panel. Note that you must activate the DHCP functionality in your PC to make it retrieve an IP address from M11.

  • Page 32: Step 5a: Configure M11 (m11 Password Disabled)

    Internet through your Internet Service Provider: Connection from M11 to ISP uses PPP over AAL5 protocol. ISP provides network address information to your M11 automatically. Default connection channel (VPI and VCI values) of M11 is correct. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 33: Step 5b: Configure M11 (m11 Password Enabled), Step 6: Surf, Remote Work (basic Router)

    Web browser normally. Remote work (Basic router) In the remote work application example, Nokia M11 routes you to your company’s LAN through an ATM network. In this example we assume E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy...

  • Page 34

    Installing M11 that your PC belongs to your company’s IP network and has a fixed IP address. It is also assumed that static IP routing is used. An example is shown in Figure 4-5. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 35

    IP/ATM 192.168.1.180 255.255.255.0 Operator premises ADSL DSLAM network Customer premises Company LAN VCI/VPI connected Your server from DSLAM 192.168.3.3 company router Company router 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0 Gateway/firewall 192.168.3.4 255.255.255.0 Internet Figure 4-5 Remote work application E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 36: Step 1: Connect Cables, Step 2: Switch On Your Pc And Start Its Terminal Software

    Installing M11 In this example the configuration is done using the command line interface (CLI) through the console port of Nokia M11. A special cable is needed, Product code E64320.01. Step 1: Connect cables Connect the mains power cord to your M11 and the other end to the power outlet.

  • Page 37: Step 3: Configure M11

    M11 version T66220.01. The Nokia M11 command line interface includes a step mode to automate the process of entering configuration settings. When you use the Config step mode, the CLI prompts you for all required and optional information.

  • Page 38

    (off): <Enter> vcc 4 option (off): <Enter> vcc 5 option (off): <Enter> vcc 6 option (off): <Enter> vcc 7 option (off): <Enter> vcc 8 option (off): <Enter> bncp option (off) [on|off]: <Enter> E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 4-11 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 39

    <Enter> static-arp IP Static ARP list ip-address (0.0.0.0) [enter a listed or new static route address]: <Enter> location Location names: <Enter> name (””) [enter a listed or new location E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 4-12 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 40

    Authentication User List peer-name (””) [enter a listed or new user name]: <Enter> pinhole Pinhole Table name (“”) [enter a listed or new pinhole map entry]: servers web-http (80) [0 – 32767]: <Enter> E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 4-13 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 41: Step 4: Connect Your M11 To The Network

    Connect the ADSL cable between a telephone socket and the LINE connector of the M11. Then connect the Ethernet cross cable between the Ethernet interface of your PC and the ETH connector of the M11. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 4-14 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 42: Step 5: Check That The Connection Works

    The green DSL light indicates that the unit has a connection to the central office. Step 5: Check that the connection works Ping the company server or the gateway to check that the connection works. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 4-15 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 43: Lan Interconnection (basic Ethernet Bridge), Step 1: Connect Cables

    M11. Connect the other end of the cable to the serial port of your PC/terminal. A special cable is needed, product code E64320.01. Switch on your Nokia M11. The green status (STA) indicator and the red DSL indicator light up. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy...

  • Page 44: Step 2: Switch On Your Pc And Start The Terminal Software

    The Nokia M11 command line interface includes a step mode to automate the process of entering configuration settings. When you use the Config step mode, the CLI prompts you for all required and optional information.

  • Page 45

    (100) [0 – 65535]: <Enter> encap (ppp-vcmux) ppp-vcmux PPP over ATM, VC-muxed ppp-llc PPP over ATM, LLC-SNAP ether-vcmux : RFC-1483, bridged Ethernet, VC-muxed ether-llc RFC-1483, bridged Ethernet, LLC-SNAP ip-vcmux RFC-1483, routed IP, E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 4-18 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 46

    IP Static Route List destination-network (0.0.0.0) [enter a listed or new static route address]: <Enter> static-arp IP Static ARP list ip-address (0.0.0.0) [enter a listed or new static route address]: <Enter> location E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 4-19 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 47

    IP Trap List ip-traps (0.0.0.0) [enter a listed or new IP address]: <Enter> sysgroup contact (””): <Enter> location (””): <Enter> peer-database Authentication User List peer-name (””) [enter a listed or new user name]: <Enter> pinhole E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 4-20 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 48

    Stepping mode ended. M11 (top)>> save WARNING: ’dns domain-name’ is null, indicating no domain name is available. WARNING: ’dns primary-address [0.0.0.0]’ ’dns secondary-address [0.0.0.0]’ indicates no nameserver is available. Configuration data saved. M11 (ip)>> exit E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 4-21 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 49: Default Settings, Step 4: Connect Your M11 To The Network

    Default settings The table 4-1 indicates the default settings for Nokia M11. By default, Nokia M11 works as a plug and play unit in the Internet access application. In the table, the terms “Node” and “Subnode” refer to Config command hierarchy nodes (see Chapter 5).

  • Page 50

    Tx-priority HIGH (VCC1) TX–max–kbps 0 (no limit) BNCP Option PPP Option PPP Maxi- 1500 mum Receive Unit LCP Magic Number Ne- gotiation Protocol Com- pression Address Com- pression LCP Echo Re- quests Failures-max E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 4-23 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 51

    Peer Host <empty> PAP Pass- words IP Option IP Gateway Option IP Gateway ppp (VCC1) Interface IP Gateway IP <empty> Address IP Ethernet Option IP Ethernet 192.168.1.254 Address IP Ethernet 192.168.1.255 Broadcast Ad- dress E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 4-24 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 52

    Name Primary DNS 0.0.0.0 (The address Server Ad- will be retrieved from dress through the PPP link) Secondary 0.0.0.0 (The address DNS Server will be retrieved Address through the PPP link) Bridge Option E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 4-25 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 53: Troubleshooting, Is The Adsl Connection To The Remote Network Working?, Is The Ethernet Connection Working?

    If you connect your M11 to a hub, you should use a direct cable. Is the ATM connection working? You can check if the ATM connection is working by giving the show CLI command. The ADSL connection must be working before the E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 4-26 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 54: Is The Ppp Connection Working?

    PPP link are correct. You can also try to restart the M11 (power-off and power-on) and check if the connection is established. If these do not work, contact your service provider for help. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 4-27 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 55

    Nokia M11 User’s Manual E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 4-28 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 56: Browser Management, Management

    V.24/V.28 character-based interface with 9600 bit/s, 8 bits, no parity, 1 stop bit and no flow control. A special cable for connecting PC’s serial port to this interface is available from Nokia, product code E64320.01. The CLI contains an in-built step procedure which helps you to configure your M11 through the CLI.

  • Page 57: Opening A Connection

    QuickConfig page appears. Figure 5-1 M11 home page 4. Use the links on the Nokia M11 home page to issue a command or open a page. “QuickConfig” link opens the QuickConfig page which lets you enter basic Internet access application settings for your Nokia M11.

  • Page 58: Quickconfig Page

    5.1.2 QuickConfig page The QuickConfig page lets you enter basic configuration information for your Nokia M11. To display the QuickConfig page, click QuickConfig on the M11 homepage. The QuickConfig page also opens when you connect to your M11 for the first time.

  • Page 59: Quickstart Page

    5. Save the configuration and restart M11. Note You must save the new configuration and restart your M11 for your changes to take effect. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 60: Pap And Chap Setup Page, Ppp Connection Manager Pages

    Click “Get values” to modify username and password of the connection. Click “Reload” to restart the PPP connection of the selected channel. The PPP connection will be restarted and new CHAP or PAP settings will be used. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 61

    Nokia M11 User’s Manual Figure 5-5 PPP Connection Manager pages E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 62: Router Page

    Management 5.1.3 Router page The Router page is used to configure global parameters of the IP routing functionality for M11 and IP parameters for the Ethernet interface. Figure 5-6 Router page E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 63: Filling In Router Settings

    If you want to use a space character in the system name, you must use quotes, for example “Nokia M11”. The name can be later used to access the M11 through a telnet connection or a Web page from the Ethernet interface.

  • Page 64

    ISP. If a secondary name server address is configured, M11 relays the name service request to that server whenever the primary name server is unavailable. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 65

    You must change M11 internal telnet server port number default value 23 if the same number is used for pinhole functionality. 15. Click Go to NAT Setup to configure the pinhole functionality if needed. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-10 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 66

    You must save the new configuration. Save command takes you to the M11 home page. 18. Restart your M11. You must restart your M11 by clicking Restart M11 for your changes to take effect. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-11 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 67: Bridge Page, Filling In Bridge Settings

    4. Enable/disable bridging between ATM VCCs. This option can be used when multiple M11s are connected together using bridged connection. Disabling the bridging between the VCCs eliminates the loops from the bridged network. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-12 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 68: Atm Page, Filling In Atm Settings

    ATM channel, you can configure the channel in more detail through the ATM-channel-specific Config buttons. Figure 5-8 ATM page Filling in ATM settings 1. Enable a channel by selecting the encapsulation from the list. Up to eight ATM channels can be used. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-13 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 69: Configuring Atm Channels, Ppp Over Atm (vc-muxed)

    1. Set the virtual path and virtual channel identifications. 2. Enable/disable Transmit priority function and set the maximum transmit rate. Transmit priority function allows you to set priorities to the upstream direction of ATM channels. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-14 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 70

    Ask your service provider which authentication to use. 6. Add static routes to the routing table of the interface. Enter destination address, net mask and gateway and click Add. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-15 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 71: Other Encapsulations

    You must restart your M11 by clicking Restart M11 for your changes to take effect. Other encapsulations Figure 5-10 ATM channel configuration page (other encaps.) 1. Set the virtual path and virtual channel identifications. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-16 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 72

    You must save the new configuration. Save command takes you to the M11 home page. 6. Restart your M11. You must restart your M11 by clicking Restart M11 for your changes to take effect. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-17 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 73: Nat Pinhole Page

    Internal Port number (server port number in LAN). The Internal Port number is the start of the internal port range. 2. Click Add. 3. Repeat until each server’s information is filled. 4. To remove an entry, click delete. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-18 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 74: Pinhole Configuration Example

    Web HTTP Port field or else the TCP traffic to this port is directed to the M11 Web server instead of the Web server on your LAN. Figure 5-12 Pinhole configuration example E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-19 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 75: Snmp Page, Filling In Snmp Settings

    Enter the name of the new user community into the field. 4. Enter trap destination addresses. Enter the IP addresses of the hosts to which the traps are sent. Enter also the community string related to this address. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-20 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 76: Monitor Page

    Diagnostic log window back to the first message. Reset displays status information of the active interfaces. Interfaces displays the routing table. Routes displays the ARP cache table. displays the bridge table Table Figure 5-14 Monitor page E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-21 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 77: Command Line Interface, Starting And Ending A Cli Session, Connecting With Telnet

    You can open a command line interface session by opening a telnet connection from a workstation on your network to an M11 Ethernet or ADSL port or by connecting a terminal to the console port on Nokia M11. Connecting with telnet...

  • Page 78: Logging In

    Logging in The command line interface login process emulates the login process for a Unix host. If your Nokia M11 has been assigned a system password, you must enter a username (up to 64 characters) and your administrator, user-administrator or user password.

  • Page 79: Issuing Cli Commands

    For example, set ip ip-ppp address 192.31.222.57 The optional arguments are marked with braces {argument} and the mandatory arguments with square brackets [argument]. Table 5-1 provides guidelines for formatting CLI commands. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-24 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 80: Ending A Cli Session, Using The Cli Help Facility

    Type IP addresses in dotted decimal notation (nnn.nnn.nnn.nnn, where nnn = 0 to 255). Table 5-1 CLI syntax If a command is ambiguous or miskeyed, Nokia CLI prompts you to enter additional information. Ending a CLI session You end a command line interface session by typing...

  • Page 81: Saving Settings, Root Command Hierarchy, Root Prompt, Root Command Shortcuts, Root Commands

    You can save the changes you have made for a specific function or for all functions in your Nokia M11. The Nokia M11 automatically validates its settings when you save and displays a warning message if the configuration is not correct.

  • Page 82

    IP address to an Ethernet hardware address. Syntax arp [nnn.nnn.nnn.nnn] Arguments The argument is an IP string which consists of four decimal numbers with values between 0 and 255 sep- arated by dots. Example M11> arp 192.221.11.11 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-27 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 83

    Downloads a new version of the Nokia M11 operating software from a TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol) server, validates the software image, and programs the image into the Nokia M11 memory. After you install new operating software, you must restart Nokia M11. Syntax...

  • Page 84

    Define log level Description Displays or modifies the types of log messages you want Nokia M11 to record. You can enter the loglevel command with the level argument to specify the types of diagnostic messages you want to record. All messages with a level number equal to or greater than the level you specify are recorded.

  • Page 85

    Command Ping Description Causes the Nokia M11 to send a series of ICMP Echo requests for the device with the specified IP address. You can use the ping command to determine whether an IP address is already in use on your network. You cannot use the ping command to ping the Nokia M11’s...

  • Page 86

    M11> reset dhcp client lease Command Retrieve DHCP client configuration Description Retrieves the DHCP client configuration for the WAN port. Syntax reset dhcp client retrieve Arguments None Example M11> reset dhcp client retrieve E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-31 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 87

    Resets and restarts the PPP connection of the speci- fied ATM logical channel. When you issue the reset ppp command, Nokia M11 closes the PPP session on the specified ATM channel and restarts the connection. You can use also start ppp command to reset and restart PPP connection.

  • Page 88

    Restarts M11. You must enter the the complete restart command to initiate a restart. Syntax restart {seconds} Arguments If you include the optional seconds arguments, your Nokia M11 will restart when the specified number of seconds has elapsed. Example M11> restart 5 Command Show crash information Description Displays the most recent crash information.

  • Page 89

    Optional argument all displays more detailed informa- tion. Example M11> show enet Ethernet driver statistics, device 0: Packets out: 16578 Packets in: Xmit errors: Recv errors: CRC errors: Frame errors: No buffers: No handler: No message: M11> E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-34 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 90

    963 Kbps Noise Margin 11.5 db 12.0 dB Attenuation 0.0 db 3.0 dB Out Power 10.0 dB 12.0 dB Near FEC Counts Fast 0 CRC Counts Fast 0 HEC Counts Fast 0 M11> E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-35 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 91

    VCC# Tx Priority Tx Rate Limit –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– High None M11> Command Show ARP table Description Displays the Ethernet address resolution table stored in M11. Syntax show ip arp Arguments None. Example M11> show ip arp E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-36 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 92

    0. Default Gateway –> PPP (vcc1), D 2, T 0, (configured) UP DEFAULT IP route cache Net 192.168.1.1, gateway 192.168.1.1, metric 0, timeout 0, via ENET (lan) Net 192.168.1.255, broadcast, via ENET (lan) M11> E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-37 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 93

    Nokia M11 User’s Manual Command Show diagnostic log Description Displays blocks of information from the Nokia M11 diag- nostic log. Syntax show log {all} Arguments To see the entire log, you can repeat the show log com- mand or you can use the argument all and scroll through the complete log.

  • Page 94

    Command Show M11 information Description Displays current status of a Nokia M11, the device’s hardware and software revision levels, a summary of errors encountered, and the length of time the Nokia M11 has been running since it was last restarted.

  • Page 95

    If invoked as upload with no arguments, you will be prompted for information. If the optional confirm key- word is added, the transfer will proceed without further questions. Example M11> upload 1.12.123.123 config2.cfg con- firm E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-40 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 96: Config Command Hierarchy

    E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-41 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 97: Config Prompt, Navigating The Config Hierarchy

    For example, only the Config node starts with a, you could enter one letter (a) to move to the atm node. M11 (top)>> a M11 (atm)>> E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-42 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 98

    Moving from any subnode to any other subnode You can move from any subnode to any other subnode by entering a partial path that starts with a top-level Config command. M11 (ip ip-ppp)>> ip gateway M11 (ip gateway)>> E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-43 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 99: Displaying Current Settings, Stepping Through M11 Configuration

    Stepping through M11 configuration The Nokia M11 command line interface includes a step mode to automate the process of entering configuration settings. When you use the Config step mode, the CLI prompts you for all required and optional information.

  • Page 100: Validating Your Configuration, Config Command Reference

    DHCP options DNS options bridge Bridge options snmp SNMP options PPP options pinhole NAT/NAPT server configuration servers Local integrated server configuration The sections below explain the commands under each top level configuration node. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-45 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 101: System Settings

    Nokia M11 User’s Manual System settings You can configure system settings to assign a name to your Nokia M11 and to specify what types of messages you want the diagnostic log to record. Command Set system name Description Specifies the name of your Nokia M11. Each Nokia M11 is assigned a name as a part of its factory initialisation.

  • Page 102

    For example, if you assign a password of “NokiA” to an M11, you could not enter “NOKIA”, “nokia”, “Nokia”, or “Nokia “ (with a trailing space) as an acceptable password. Syntax...

  • Page 103: Cli Preferences

    If you enter 0 as the lines argument, the CLI displays information as an uninterrupted stream (which is useful for capturing in- formation to a text file). Example M11> set preference more 20 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-48 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 104: Atm Settings

    [1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8] vci [0–65535] Arguments The first argument 1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8 specifies the channel and the second argument sets the virtual chan- nel identifier. Example M11> set atm vcc 2 vci 1221 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-49 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 105

    The tx-priority argument sets the priority of the VCC to high or low. The tx-max-kbps argument de- fines the maximum transmit rate of the VCC. Example m11> set atm vcc 1 tx-priority high tx- max-kbps 400 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-50 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 106: Dmt (adsl) Setting

    ADSL mode according to T1.413 issue II multi argument sets the ADSL mode according to the equipment in the other end of the line. Example m11> set dmt type dmt m11> E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-51 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 107: Tcp/ip Settings

    Nokia M11 User’s Manual TCP/IP settings You can use the Nokia command line interface to specify whether TCP/IP is enabled, identify a default gateway, and to enter TCP/IP settings for the Nokia M11 Ethernet port and all active ATM/ADSL channels.

  • Page 108

    Ethernet port must be unique on your network. Syntax set ip ethernet address [ip_address] Arguments The ip_address argument is the IP address, in dotted decimal notation Example M11> set ip ethernet address 191.212.11.11 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-53 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 109

    Arguments Both RIP version 1 and RIP version 2 functionalities can be simultaneously activated. v1-compat argument enables the sending of RIPv2 packets using IP broad- cast. Example M11> set ip ethernet rip_send off E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-54 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 110

    Syntax set ip gateway option [on|off] Arguments The argument enables/disables the default gateway op- tion. Example M11> set ip gateway option on E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-55 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 111

    Syntax set ip interwan-routing [on|off] Arguments The argument enables/disables interwan routing. Example M11> set ip interwan-routing on Use the following commands to configure settings for routing IP over PPP link. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-56 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 112

    If you specify an IP address other than 0.0.0.0, your Nokia M11 will not negotiate its IP address with the remote peer. If the remote peer does not ac- cept the IP address specified in the ip_address argu- ment as valid, the link will not come up.

  • Page 113

    If you specify an IP address other than 0.0.0.0, your Nokia M11 will not negotiate the remote peer’s IP address. If the remote peer does not accept the address in the ip_address argument as its IP ad- dress (typically because it has been configured with another IP address), the link will not come up.

  • Page 114

    Both RIP version 1 and RIP version 2 func- tionalities can be simultaneously activated. v1-compat argument enables the receiving of both RIPv1 and RIPv2 packets. Example M11> set ip ip-ppp vccx rip-receive off E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-59 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 115

    IP routing. If there is only one ATM channel using one of these encapsula- tions, you can leave the argument vccx out. Example M11> set ip dsl vcc2 option off E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-60 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 116

    If you enter 0.0.0.0 as the IP broadcast address, M11 will retrieve the IP address through the remote peer using Dynamic Host Configuration Proto- col. Example M11> set ip dsl vcc2 broadcast 0.0.0.0 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-61 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 117

    = 1 ... 8). The second argument enables/disables ad- dress mapping on that channel. If there is only one ATM channel using one of these encapsulations, you can leave the argument vccx out. Example M11> set ip dsl vcc2 addr-mapping off E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-62 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 118

    RIPv2 packets using IP broadcast. RIP cannot be activated if address map- ping is ON. Example M11> set ip dsl {vccx} rip-send off E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-63 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 119

    Enabled flush routes function deletes the learned routes from the routing table when the PPP connection is disconnected. Address mapping must be off. Syntax flush-routes [on|off] Arguments The argument enables/disables the flush routes func- tion. Example M11> flush-routes on E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-64 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 120

    Enable/disable the management through channels using IP over ATM or bridged encapsulations Description Enables/disables the management of Nokia M11 through the specified ATM link using ip-llc, ip-vcmux, ether-llc, or ether-vcmux encapsulation. This command can be also used to configure a dedicated management channel.

  • Page 121

    If you enter 0.0.0.0 as the broadcast address, M11 will retrieve the IP address through the remote peer using Dynamic Host Configur- ation Protocol. Example M11> set ip wan vcc2 broadcast 0.0.0.0 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-66 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 122

    = 1 ... 8). If there is only one ATM channel using ppp- vcmux encapsulation, you can leave the argument vccx out. The second argument is enables/disables address mapping. Example M11> set ip wan vcc2 addr-mapping off E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-67 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 123

    RIP version 2 functionalities can be simultaneously acti- vated. v1-compat argument enables the sending of RIPv2 packets using IP broadcast. RIP cannot be acti- vated if address mapping is ON. Example M11> set ip wan vcc2 rip-send off E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-68 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 124: Static Route Settings

    Unlike dynamic routes, which are acquired and confirmed periodically from other routers, static routes do not time out. Consequently, static routes are useful when working with PPP, since an intermittent PPP link may make maintenance of dynamic routes problematic. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-69 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 125

    Nokia M11 User’s Manual You can configure as many as 16 static IP routes for a Nokia M11. Use the following commands to maintain static routes to the Nokia M11 routing table: Command Add a static route Description Adds a static route to the routing table.

  • Page 126

    PPP link or a non-PPP link. ppp-vccx, where x= 1 ... 8, identifies the ATM channel using PPP. Example M11> set ip static-routes destination- network 192.111.122.0 interface ppp-vcc1 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-71 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 127

    Description Deletes a static route. Syntax delete ip static-routes destination-network [net_ad- dress] Arguments net_address is the destination network address of the static route. Example M11> delete ip static-routes destination- network 192.111.122.0 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-72 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 128: Bncp Setting

    (BNCP) option can be used on ATM channels using ppp-vcmux encapsulation. See set ip wan com- mands above. Syntax set bncp option [on|off] Arguments The argument enables/disables BNCP option. Example M11> set bncp option on E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-73 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 129: Dhcp Settings

    Note If you use M11 as a DHCP server, make sure that the devices on your network are not configured to use IP addresses in Nokia M11’s DHCP address range. Network conflicts can result when a device on your network uses an IP address that M11 has already assigned to another device.

  • Page 130

    Set DHCP lease time Description Sets the time how often the PC has to renew the DHCP lease. Syntax set dhcp lease-time [time] Arguments time argument sets the lease time. Example M11> set dhcp lease-time 00:01:00:00 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-75 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 131: Domain Name System Settings

    [domain_name] Arguments domain_name is the default domain name for your sys- tem. Example M11> set dns domain-name nokia.com Command Set IP address of primary name server Description Specifies the IP address of the primary DNS name server.

  • Page 132: Bridging Settings

    M11> set dns secondary-address 0.0.0.0 Bridging settings Bridging lets Nokia M11 learn host addresses to minimise traffic. When bridging is enabled M11 maintains a table of up to 256 MAC addresses. Entries that are not used within 10 minutes are dropped. If the bridging table fills up, the oldest table entries are dropped to make room for new entries.

  • Page 133

    Nokia M11 User’s Manual Command Enable bridging on channels using PPP over ATM encapsulation Description Enables/disables bridging services for the Nokia M11 ATM channel using ppp-vcmux encapsulation. Syntax set bridge wan {vccx} option [on|off] Arguments The first argument identifies the ATM channel (vccx, x = 1 ...

  • Page 134: Ppp Settings

    M11, you must enable CHAP and specify the same name and secret in the local M11 before a link can be established. You can also specify that your Nokia M11 will use CHAP, PAP or both to authenticate a remote peer when a PPP link is being established.

  • Page 135

    Arguments The first argument identifies the ATM channel (vccx, x = 1 ... 8). The integer argument can be any number between 1 and 10. Example M11> set ppp module vcc2 configure-max 10 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-80 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 136

    {vccx} port-authentication chap-option [on|off] Arguments The first argument identifies the ATM channel (vccx, x = 1 ... 8). The second argument enables/disables CHAP port authentication. Example M11> set ppp module vcc2 port-authentica- tion chap-option on E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-81 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 137

    1 – 32 alphanumeric characters. The information you enter must match the CHAP secret used by the PPP peer. Your service provider will give you the CHAP password. Example M11> set ppp module vcc2 port-authentica- tion chap-secret mypassword E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-82 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 138

    PAP username configured in the re- mote PPP peer’s authentication database. Your service provider will give you the PAP user name. Example M11> set ppp module vcc2 port-authentica- tion pap-name myname E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-83 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 139

    {vccx} peer-authentication pap-option [on|off] Arguments The first argument identifies the ATM channel (vccx, x = 1 ... 8). The second argument enables/disables PAP peer authentication. Example M11> set ppp module vcc2 peer-authentica- tion pap-option on E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-84 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 140: Snmp Settings

    The network administrator typically runs an SNMP management station program on a local host to obtain information from SNMP agent such as M11. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-85 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 141

    SNMP console. The optional com- munity community_name identifies the name of Nokia M11’s community, which is included in the trap message the device sends to the management con- sole. This name, which is not used for authentication, does not have to match a predefined community name.

  • Page 142

    Arguments You can enter up to 256 characters for the contact- info argument. You must put the contact-info argument in double-quotes if it contains embedded spaces. Example M11> set snmp sysgroup contact 51166777 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-87 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 143: Pinhole Settings

    LAN and the internal-port argument its port. Valid values for port_number are 0 – 65535. Example m11> set pinhole name web-server proto- col-select tcp external-port-start 80 ex- ternal-port-end 80 internal-ip 192.168.1.180 internal-port 80 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-88 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 144

    [name] internal-ip [ip_address] Arguments The name argument defines the unique pinhole entry name. The ip_address argument is the IP address of the server on your LAN. Example M11> set pinhole name web-server inter- nal-ip 192.168.1.80 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-89 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 145: Integrated Server Settings

    Changes the port number of the integrated telnet server in M11. Syntax set servers telnet-tcp [0 – 32767] Arguments The argument defines the new port number for the inte- grated telnet server. Example M11> set servers telnet-tcp 90 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 5-90 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 146: Snmp

    Management SNMP The SNMP functionality in Nokia M11 is used only for setting and accessing the system contact information for the unit. Community strings for changing and accessing this information can be set. M11 can be activated to send SNMP traps in case somebody tries to access the unit with a wrong community string.

  • Page 147: Software Download

    Software download New software can be downloaded to M11 through the 10Base-T Ethernet interface or through one of the active ATM channels. Nokia M11 uses Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) to download the software from a TFTP server located on the Ethernet LAN. The...

  • Page 148: Chapter 6 How Your Nokia M11 Works, Adsl, Atm Over Adsl

    ATM over ADSL Nokia M11 can carry ATM cells on the ADSL line. It is possible to have up to eight (8) simultaneous connections to different networks from a single M11. The operator can also establish one dedicated management channel to M11.

  • Page 149: Routing And Bridging, Tcp/ip Routing, Static And Dynamic Routes, Bridging

    Nokia M11 User’s Manual Routing and bridging Nokia M11 functions as a brouter, which means that it acts as a network router for TCP/IP traffic and as a network bridge for non-routable traffic. 6.3.1 TCP/IP routing As a router, Nokia M11 keeps track of the networks that are accessible through each network interface.

  • Page 150: Network Address Port Translation (napt)

    How your Nokia M11 works addresses. The table entries are also automatically deleted in case a specific address is not detected behind the interface during 10 minutes. In bridge-only mode, a single IP address can be allocated to M11 if a remote management of M11 is required.

  • Page 151: Pinhole, Ip Address Management

    The IP address of the Ethernet interface and the subnet must be set statically. However, the built-in DHCP server functionality can be used to allocate an IP address, subnet mask, default gateway and DNS address to host. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 152: Ip Multicast, Payload Encapsulation

    How your Nokia M11 works When M11 operates in normal routing mode, the DHCP request can be relayed to the desired BOOTP/DHCP server. This functionality can be used if DHCP server is located outside M11. IP multicast IP multicast is is a technique which is used to conserve bandwidth when data is being sent to multiple receivers.

  • Page 153: Point-to-point Protocol (ppp)

    Protocol (LCP) which provides link configuration, peer authentication and link quality monitoring. Finally, PPP includes several Network Control Protocols (NCP) which specify how datagrams for a specific higher-level protocol using PPP as a datalink should be encapsulated. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 154: Authentication

    Link up During the link establishment, M11 synchronises its ADSL and ATM transmission to open a physical layer connection between Nokia M11 and the remote peer router through the ATM access network. When the physical connection has been established, the PPP protocol can actually begin its work.

  • Page 155: Network Configuration, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (dhcp)

    DHCP server each time it is restarted. The DHCP server responds to the request by sending the client an IP address and information about the network, such as the network’s subnet mask, broadcast address, name service information, authentication information, and routing information. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 156: Domain Name Service (dns) Relay, Dhcp For Lan Clients, Dhcp For Wan Port Configuration

    DHCP server. 6.9.2 DHCP for WAN port configuration It is possible to configure Nokia M11 in such a way that it operates as a DHCP client. It can retrieve IP addresses for the ADSL/ATM channels from the network. However, the following requirements must be met: ADSL/ATM channels use VC multiplexed or LLC/SNAP RFC 1483 encapsulations for IP or Ethernet packets.

  • Page 157

    Nokia M11 User’s Manual forwards to a primary or secondary Domain Name Server whose address has been configured to Nokia M11 either dynamically or statically. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy 6-10 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 158: Technical Specifications, A.1 Features

    UBR, limited CBR ADSL interface Physical layer ANSI T1.413 Issue 2 (ANSI ADSL), ITU-T G.992.1 (ITU-T ADSL), ITU-T G.992.2 (ITU-T ADSL Lite), and ITU-T G.996.1 (Handshake) compatible ADSL line connector RJ-11 Cabling Standard telephone wiring E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 159: A.2 Mechanical Construction And Power Supply

    M11 has an in-built power supply. The characteristics of the mains connection are presented in Table A-1. Mains connection Voltage 100 ... 240 V Frequency 45 ... 65 Hz Power consumption Table A-1 Mains connection E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 160: A.3 Ambient Conditions, Emc And Safety, Ambient Conditions, Safety

    EN55022 class B Emission EN50082-1: 1992 Immunity ITU-T K21 Overvoltage protection M11 does not require the use of shielded cables. Safety M11 complies with the following specification: EN 60950 E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 161

    Nokia M11 User’s Manual E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 162

    Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol Command Line Interface Collision Cyclic Redundancy Check DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Discrete Multitone Domain Name Service Digital Subscriber Line DSLAM Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy Glossary-1 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 163

    NLPID Network Layer Protocol Identification NVRAM Non-volatile RAM Open System Interconnection Password Authentication Protocol Personal Computer POTS Plain Old Telephone System Point-to-Point Protocol PPTP Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol Permanent Virtual Circuit Random Access Memory E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy Glossary-2 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 164

    10Base-T is a part of the IEEE 802.3 specification. Appletalk Series of communications protocols by Apple Computer. ATM access network An access network where traffic from the subscribers is multiplexed and forwarded using ATM technology. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy Glossary-3 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 165

    A network element which multiplexes the traffic coming from the high-speed subscriber lines and forwards this traffic to the ATM network. domain name service Domain name service (DNS) is used for translating names of network nodes into addresses. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy Glossary-4 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 166: Dynamic Routing, Default Gateway

    Communication between terminals one direction at a time. host Computer system on a network. Internet Group Management Protocol IGMP is used by multicast router to learn the existence of host group members on their subnet. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy Glossary-5 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 167: Mac Address

    POTS filter A device used for separating the telephone signal from data signals in the digital subscriber line. proxy A mechanism whereby one system “fronts“ for another system in responding to protocol requests. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy Glossary-6 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 168: Root Command Hierarchy, Routing Table, Static Routing, Subnet Mask

    A bit mask used to select bits from an Internet address for subnet addressing. The mask is 32 bits long and selects the network portion of the Internet address and one or more bits of the local portion. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy Glossary-7 C33833001SE_00...

  • Page 169: Web Browser

    A means of unidirectional transport of ATM cells between the point where the Virtual channel identifier value is assigned and the point where that value is translated or removed. Web browser A software that is used to browse the World Wide Web. E Copyright Nokia Networks Oy Glossary-8 C33833001SE_00...

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