Nokia M10 User Manual

Nokia adsl router user's manual m10, t66160.
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   Summary of Contents for Nokia M10

  • Page 2

    Nokia M10 ADSL ROUTER User’s Manual C33539.20 B0 DRAFT NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy...

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    Please submit your comments to the nearest Nokia sales representative. NOKIA is a registered trademark of Nokia Corporation. Any other trademarks mentioned in the documents are the property of their respective owners.

  • Page 4: Document History

    Document History Document Date C33539002SE_00 17 Dec 1998 C33539002SE_A0 NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy DRAFT Comment First approved version...

  • Page 5

    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy NTC C33539002SE_A0...

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    ........2.1.3 LAN interconnection using M10 as a bridge Functionality .

  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    Step 2: Switch power on Step 3: Turn on your PC Step 4a: Connect to M10 with a Web browser (password disabled) ........

  • Page 8: Table Of Contents

    ........Entering commands in Nokia M10 CLI...

  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    Software download Chapter 6 How your Nokia M10 works ADSL ......... .

  • Page 10

    Glossary NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy ........

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    Figure 1-1 Nokia M10 Nokia M10 is a modem with an ADSL router and bridge. This allows a PC equipped with a 10Base-T Ethernet interface to be connected to a remote IP network via a Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer...

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    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual (DSLAM) and an ATM access network. M10 can also act as a bridge between the Ethernet LAN and ADSL/ATM network interfaces. The ADSL transmission is based on a DMT line code and it provides speeds up to 8 Mbit/s downstream (from the network) and 1 Mbit/s upstream (to the network).

  • Page 13: Chapter 2 Applications And Features, Applications

    Internet access Remote work LAN interconnection In these application examples M10 can act as a router, bridge or NAPT router. The selected mode for every single application depends on the access and service provider network architectures. Table 2-1 presents the different application examples and the respective modes of M10.

  • Page 14: Internet Access Using Napt Router

    However, in many cases it is more practical that the home network is an independent network utilising private IP addresses which are not visible to outside and that M10 has only one external IP address received from the ISP. The external Internet services are accessed through this single IP address.

  • Page 15: Remote Work

    2.1.2 Remote work In a typical remote work application M10 is used as an IP router to provide access to corporate Intranet services. Using routing functionality between the home and the corporate networks prevents unnecessary broadcast traffic as well as non-IP protocol traffic from loading the access connection still providing sufficient transparency for Intranet applications.

  • Page 16: Lan Interconnection Using M10 As A Bridge, Functionality

    Figure 2-3 Internet access and LAN interconnection Functionality M10 can operate as an OSI layer 3 Internet Protocol (IP) router between the Ethernet interface and the virtual channels of ADSL/ATM interface. M10 supports both dynamic and static routing. Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy...

  • Page 17: Routing, Bridging, Network Address Port Translation

    Bridging Bridging is supported if full protocol transparency is required. Bridging can be used simultaneously with IP routing. M10 works as a self-learning bridge supporting up to 256 MAC addresses. Bridging is done between the Ethernet 10Base-T interface and each ATM VCC interface.

  • Page 18: Dynamic Host Configuration, Atm And Adsl, Payload Encapsulations

    Dynamic Host Configuration M10 can act as a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server for the PCs in the end-user LAN. In this mode M10 can assign up to 253 IP addresses to the PCs in the home network. ATM and ADSL M10 supports up to 8 simultaneous VCCs and supports UBR (Unspecified bit rate) traffic shaping on all VCCs.

  • Page 19: Management

    Routed IP packets can also be encapsulated using LLC/SNAP or VC-multiplexed Ethernet (bridged) encapsulations. See Chapter 6 for more information on the payload encapsulations. Management There are four management methods in M10: Command line interface (CLI) over console serial port CLI via telnet SNMP...

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    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy NTC C33539002SE_A0...

  • Page 21: Chapter 3 Interfaces And Indicator Lights, Base-t Ethernet Interface

    Chapter 3 Interfaces and indicator lights M10 provides one Ethernet 10Base-T interface and one ADSL line interface. The ADSL line interface is ANSI T1.413 Issue 2 compatible. 10Base-T Ethernet interface The Ethernet interface is a standard 10 Mbit/s half-duplex 10Base-T interface.

  • Page 22: Adsl Line Interface

    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual ADSL line interface The ADSL line interface is ANSI T1.413 Issue 2 compatible. The mechanical connector is a 6-pin RJ-11 connector. LINE Figure 3-2 ADSL line connector location Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy Signal Direction M10-Ethernet –>...

  • Page 23: Front Panel Indicator Lights, Sta Indicator, Dsl Indicator (adsl Line Status), Lan Indicators

    LAN indicators COL (red): Blinking light indicates collisions on the Ethernet. LNK (green): Lit if the Ethernet connection is OK. Rx (green): Blinking light indicates that M10 is receiving Ethernet packets. Tx (green): Blinking light indicates that M10 is transmitting Ethernet packets.

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    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy NTC C33539002SE_A0...

  • Page 25: Installation, Internet Access (napt Router)

    These installation procedures are examples to guide you through some of the typical use cases. The installation examples assume that you have a new M10 with a factory default configuration. The complete default configuration is presented in the end of this chapter. The default settings are, briefly:...

  • Page 26

    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual Network Address Port Translation between the private home network and the public Internet. Customer premises Nokia uses M10/NAPT DHCP Private addresses Operator premises Telephone network network single ATM channel to the ISP ISP router Figure 4-1...

  • Page 27: Step 1a: Connect Cables (data Services Only), Step 1b: Connect Cables (data And Telephone Services)

    Step 1a: Connect cables (data services only) Connect the following cables: Connect the mains power cord first to the Nokia M10 and to a power outlet. Connect the Ethernet cross cable to the Nokia M10 ETH connector and the other end to your PC’s Ethernet port.

  • Page 28: Step 4b: Connect To M10 With A Web Browser (password Enabled)

    Step 4a: Connect to M10 with a Web browser (password disabled) Start the Web browser in your PC, write the IP address (192.168.1.254) or the name (”M10”) of the M10 to the HTTP address field and press Enter. The M10 QuickConfig page is displayed. Note that the QuickConfig page is displayed first only when M10 has its factory default settings active.

  • Page 29: Step 5b: Configure M10 (password Enabled)

    M10 automatically, and the default connection channel (VPI and VCI values) of M10 is correct. This means that you only have to enable the needed authentication method (CHAP or PAP) by clicking the relevant radio button and to type in your username and password related to the authentication method.

  • Page 30: Step 6: Surf, Remote Work (basic Router)

    Web browser normally. Remote work (Basic router) In the remote work application example the Nokia M10 routes you to your company’s LAN through an ATM network. It is assumed that your PC belongs to your company’s IP network and has a fixed IP address.

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    M10 IP address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0 PC’s IP address: 192.168.1.180 255.255.255.0 network VCI/VPI connected from DSLAM company router Company router 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0 Figure 4-2 Remote work application NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy 192.168.2.2 255.255.255.0 Nokia M10 RFC 1483 IP/ATM ADSL...

  • Page 32: Step 1: Connect Cables, Step 2: Turn On Your Pc And Start The Terminal Software

    Nokia M10. A special cable is needed, type designation E64320.01. Step 1: Connect cables Connect the mains power cord to your M10 and the other end to the power outlet. Connect the M10 console cable to the console port behind the hatch in the front panel of your M10.

  • Page 33

    The Nokia M10 command line interface includes a step mode to automate the process of entering configuration settings. When you use the Config step mode, the CLI prompts you for all required and optional information. You can enter the configuration values appropriate for your site without having to enter complete CLI commands.

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    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual encap (CELL) [HDLC|PPP|CELL]: <Enter> downRate (1536.0) [1536.0|3072.0|4608.0| 6144.0] CO Only: <Enter> upRate (64.0) [64.0|160.0|384.0|576.0|640.0] CO Only: <Enter> margin (3) [–3 – 9] CO Only: <Enter> option (on) [on|off]: <Enter> vcc 1 option (on): <Enter> vpi (0) [0 – 255]: <Enter>...

  • Page 35

    () [ip-address]: ip-address default (0.0.0.0): 192.168.2.1 interwan-routing (on) [on|off]: <Enter> static routes IP Static Route List destination-network (0.0.0.0) [enter a listed or new static route address]: <Enter> location Location names: <Enter> NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy DRAFT Installation 4-11...

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    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual name (””) [enter a listed or new location name]: <Enter> dhcp option (on) [on|off]: off domain-name (””): <Enter> primary-address (0.0.0.0): <Enter> secondary-address (0.0.0.0): <Enter> bridge option (off) [on|off]: <Enter> interwan-bridging (on) [on|off]: <Enter> snmp Community Name List “public”...

  • Page 37

    Alternatively vc-mux encapsulation could be used. See Chapter 6 for more information on the payload encapsulations. IP address was assigned to the Ethernet port of your M10. IP and broadcast addresses were assigned to the ATM/ADSL interface of your M10.

  • Page 38: Step 4: Connect Your M10 To The Network, Step 5: Check That The Connection Works

    Step 5: Check that the connection works Ping the company server or the gateway to check that the connection works. LAN interconnection (Basic Ethernet bridge) In this application example Nokia M10 connects transparently to a remote office or company headquarters. Nokia M10/bridge...

  • Page 39: Step 2: Turn On Your Pc And Start The Terminal Software, Step 1: Connect Cables

    Step 1: Connect cables Connect the mains power cord to your M10 and the other end to the power outlet. Connect the M10 console cable to the console port behind the hatch in the front panel of your M10. Connect the other end of the cable to the serial port of your PC/terminal.

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    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual appropriate for your site without having to enter complete CLI commands. When you are in step mode, the CLI prompts you to enter required and optional settings. If a setting has a default value or a current setting, the command line interface displays the default value for the command in parentheses.

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    (0x00000001) [0x0 – 0xffffffff]: <Enter> epayload (0x6a6a6a6a) [0x0 – 0xffffffff]: <Enter> hec_coset (on): <Enter> payload_scrambling (on): <Enter> bncp option (off) [on|off]: <Enter> NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy ppp-vcmux PPP over ATM, VC-muxed ether-vcmux : RFC-1483, briged Ethernet, VC-muxed ether-llc RFC-1483, bridged...

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    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual option (on) [on|off]: <Enter> ethernet option (on) [on|off]: off dsl vcc1 option (off) [on|off]: <Enter> gateway option (on) [on|off]: off interwan-routing (on) [on|off]: off<Enter> static routes IP Static Route List destination-network (0.0.0.0) [enter a listed or new static route address]: <Enter>...

  • Page 43

    (80) [0 – 32767]: <Enter> telnet-tcp (23) [0 – 32767]: <Enter> Stepping mode ended. M10 (top)>> ip M10 (ip)>> set Stepping set mode (press Control-X <Return/Enter> to exit)... option (on) [on|off]: off interwan-routing (off) [on|off]: <Enter>...

  • Page 44

    Bridge was enabled. Warnings related to 0.0.0.0 settings of DNS servers are irrelevant in this configuration because the M10 is now a transparent bridge. Warnings are not fatal. If an error message occurs the configuration has not been validated successfully and M10 does not save the configuration.

  • Page 45: Step 5: Check That The Connection Works, Default Settings

    Default settings The table below indicates the default settings for Nokia M10. By default, Nokia M10 works as a plug and play unit for Internet access application. Node and Subnode refer to Config command hierarchy nodes (see Chapter 5).

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    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual Node Subnode Chap Option PAP Option Chap Peer Option PAP Peer Op- tion IP Option 4-22 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy Parameter M10 default PPP Maxi- 1500 mum Receive Unit LCP Magic Number Ne- gotiation Protocol Com-...

  • Page 47

    Option IP WAN Op- tion IP DSL Option IP-ppp Option Static Routes DHCP Option DHCP Start IP address NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy Installation Parameter M10 default IP Gateway ppp (VCC1) Interface IP Gateway IP “empty” Address IP Ethernet 192.168.1.254...

  • Page 48: Troubleshooting, Is The Adsl Connection To The Remote Network Working?

    In case the ADSL link is show dsl not functioning, check that the cables connecting the unit to the telephone line/splitter are properly attached and then turn on the M10 again. If the ADSL link still does not work contact your service provider.

  • Page 49: Is The Ethernet Connection Working?, Is The Atm Connection Working?, Is The Ppp Connection Working?

    Check also that you are using a right kind of Ethernet cable. If you connect your M10 directly to a PC, you should use a cross-connect cable. If you connect your M10 to a HUB, you should use a direct cable.

  • Page 50: Chapter 5 Management, Browser Management

    The command line interface can also be accessed through the Ethernet port of M10 or through the ADSL/ATM channels of M10 on top of the telnet protocol. In order to use the CLI through telnet, IP functionality must be activated and IP address must be given to the interface.

  • Page 51: Opening A Connection

    QuickConfig page appears. Figure 5-1 M10 home page 4. Use the links on the Nokia M10 home page to issue a command or open a window. QuickConfig link opens the QuickConfig window which lets you enter basic Internet access application settings for your Nokia M10.

  • Page 52: Quickconfig Page

    If you have configured multiple PPP channels into use, you can manage them through the PPP Connection Manager. If a password has been assigned to you M10 the PAP and CHAP Setup page will be displayed instead of the QuickConfig page.

  • Page 53: Quickstart Settings

    4. Enter Domain Name Server addresses if required. Normally these are assigned automatically and the user should not fill these fields. 5. Save the configuration and restart M10. You must save the new configuration and restart your M10 for your changes to take effect. Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy...

  • Page 54: Pap And Chap Setup Settings, Ppp Connection Manager Settings

    DRAFT Management PAP and CHAP Setup settings If a password has been assigned to your M10 PAP and CHAP Setup page will appear when you enter your M10 username and password and click OK. On this page you can enable/disable PAP/CHAP and enter the corresponding usernames and passwords.

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    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual Figure 5-5 PPP Connection manager pages Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy NTC C33539002SE_A0...

  • Page 56: Router Page

    DRAFT Management 5.1.3 Router page Router page is used to configure ’global’ parameters of the IP routing functionality of M10, as well as IP parameters of the Ethernet interface. Figure 5-6 Router page NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy...

  • Page 57: Entering Router Settings

    The default name is M10. A device name can be 1-16 characters long and cannot include spaces or special characters. The name can be later used to access the M10 through a telnet connection or a Web page from the Ethernet interface.

  • Page 58

    As a Dynamic Host Control Protocol (DHCP) server your M10 can assign IP addresses to other devices on your LAN. If you want your M10 to assign IP addresses, enter the first number of the IP address range in the Start Address field and the last number of the IP address range to the End Address field.

  • Page 59

    16. Save the configuration. You must save the new configuration. Save command takes you to the M10 home page. 17. Restart your M10. You must restart your M10 by clicking Restart M10 for your changes to take effect. 5-10 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy...

  • Page 60: Bridge Page, Entering Bridge Settings

    2. Click ATM to configure ATM channels, if needed (see Section 5.1.5). 3. Select the interfaces you want to use for bridging. Ethernet indicates the Ethernet interface of M10. DSL VCC [N] radio buttons indicate ATM channels using ’ether-llc’ or ’ether-vcmux’ encapsulation. WAN VCC [N] radio buttons indicate ATM channels using ’ppp-vcmux’...

  • Page 61: Atm Page, Entering Atm Settings

    You must save the new configuration. Save command takes you to the M10 home page. 6. Restart your M10. You must restart your M10 by clicking Restart M10 for your changes to take effect. 5.1.5 ATM page ATM page is used to enable/disable ATM channels and select the payload encapsulation method for the particular channel.

  • Page 62: Configuring Atm Channels, Ppp Over Atm (vc-muxed)

    Click Config button for the channel you want to configure. Configuring ATM channels PPP over ATM (VC-muxed) Figure 5-9 ATM channel configuration page (VC–muxed) 1. Set the virtual path and virtual channel identifications. 5-13 NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy...

  • Page 63

    Local address and peer address specify the basic IP address parameters of the ATM channel interface (PPP over ATM). If you enter 0.0.0.0 to these fields the M10 will try to get them from the network either using IPCP protocol (ATM channel using PPP) or DHCP (ATM channel not using PPP).

  • Page 64: Other Encapsulations

    Local address, netmask and broadcast address specify the basic IP address parameters of the ATM channel interface (IP over RFC1483). If you enter 0.0.0.0 to these fields the M10 will try to get them from the network either using IPCP protocol (ATM channel using PPP) or DHCP (ATM channel not using PPP).

  • Page 65

    Enable/disable dynamic routing for the active IP interface on the ATM channel by selecting the corresponding radio buttons. If RIP-send is selected the M10 sends RIP messages (version 1, 2 or both) to the network. If RIP-receive is selected the M10 listens to RIP messages from the network.

  • Page 66: Nat Pinhole Page, Pinhole Configuration Example

    WAN to a Web server in LAN. The example configuration relays the traffic coming to the M10 WAN TCP port 80 to the LAN IP address 192.168.1.1 port 80. Port 80 is a standard TCP port for HTTP.

  • Page 67

    80 by default. You must change the Server Port Setup through the Router page or else the TCP traffic to this port is directed to the M10 Web server instead of the Web server in LAN.

  • Page 68: Snmp Page, Entering Snmp Settings

    5.1.7 SNMP page SNMP page is used to configure the SNMP-related parameters of M10. In M10, the SNMP can be used only for writing/reading system contact information and trap addresses. Trap address is an address to which a trap is sent in case of an authentication violation.

  • Page 69: Monitor Page

    You must restart your M10 by clicking Restart M10 for your changes to take effect. 5.1.8 Monitor page You can get information about the status and statistics of the M10 through the Monitor page. The following links are available on the Monitor page.

  • Page 70: Command Line Interface, Starting And Ending A Cli Session, Connecting From Telnet

    Command line interface The Nokia M10 operating software includes a command line interface (CLI) that lets you monitor and configure your M10 over a telnet or a local serial console connection. You can use the CLI to enter and update a Nokia M10’s configuration settings, monitor its performance, and restart it.

  • Page 71: Logging In, Entering Commands In Nokia M10 Cli

    Logging in The command line interface login process emulates the login process for a Unix host. If your Nokia M10 has been assigned an administrator password, you must enter a username (up to 32 characters) and your administrator or user password.

  • Page 72

    Argument text Numbers IP addresses Table 5-1 CLI syntax If a command is ambiguous or miskeyed, the Nokia CLI prompts you to enter additional information. NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy consists of three keywords ( ) and one argument (...

  • Page 73: Ending A Cli Session, Using The Cli Help Facility, Saving Settings, The Root Command Hierarchy

    Root prompt When you are in Root mode, the CLI prompt is the name of the M10 followed by a right angle bracket (>). For example, if you open a command line interface to the M10 named “Kilo” you would see as your CLI prompt.

  • Page 74: Root Commands

    The following tables present the Root commands, their detailed descriptions, syntax and usage examples. NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy command to repeat the last command you entered. to get help to configure unit’s options to send ICMP Echo request...

  • Page 75

    Clear configuration settings Description Clears the configuration settings of your M10. Issuing the restart command after the clear command re- stores the default configuration. clear command alone clears the configuration and brings M10 into an unde- fined state. Syntax clear {yes} Arguments If you do not use the optional yes argument CLI prompts you to confirm the clear command.

  • Page 76

    Downloads a new version of the Nokia M10 operating software from a TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol) server, validates the software image, and programs the image into the Nokia M10 memory. After you install new operating software, you must restart the Nokia M10. Syntax...

  • Page 77

    Define log level Description Displays or modifies the types of log messages you want the Nokia M10 to record. You can enter the logle- vel command with the level argument to specify the types of diagnostic messages you want to record. All messages with a level number equal to or greater than the level you specify are recorded.

  • Page 78

    Arguments None Example M10> reset atm Command Clear crash information Description Clears crash-dump information which identifies the con- tents of M10 registers at the point of system malfunc- tion. Syntax reset crash Arguments None. Example M10> reset crash NTC C33539002SE_A0...

  • Page 79

    Description Resets DHCP client lease of the WAN port. Syntax reset dhcp client lease Arguments None Example M10> reset dhcp client lease Command Retrieve DHCP client configuration Description Retrieves the DHCP client configuration for the WAN port. Syntax reset dhcp client retrieve...

  • Page 80

    Reset PPP connection Description Resets and restarts the PPP connection of the speci- fied ATM logical channel. When you issue the reset ppp command the Nokia M10 closes the PPP session on the specified ATM channel and restarts the connec- tion. Syntax...

  • Page 81

    Displays the DHCP leases stored in RAM. Syntax show dhcp server leases Arguments None. Example M10> show dhcp server leases Command Show DHCP server leases in NVRAM Description Displays the DHCP leases stored in NVRAM Syntax show dhcp server store Arguments None.

  • Page 82

    Command Show Ethernet statistics Description Displays the Ethernet statistics of your M10. Syntax show enet {all} Arguments Optional argument all displays more detailed informa- tion. Example M10> show enet Ethernet driver statistics, device 0: Packets out: Packets in: Xmit errors:...

  • Page 83

    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual Command Show ADSL information Description Displays the current status and some statistics about the ADSL connection, e.g. upstream and downstream data rates. Syntax show dsl Arguments None. Example M10> show dsl DSL Statistics: Type: ADI DMT...

  • Page 84

    M10> Command Show ARP table Description Displays the Ethernet address resolution table stored in M10. Syntax show ip arp Arguments None. Example M10> show ip arp NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy PPP over ATM (VC- muxed) DRAFT Management 5-35...

  • Page 85

    00.40.43.08.ff.ff mtu 1500 PPP (vcc1): (up point-to-point rip-send v2 rip-receive v2) M10> Command Show IP routes Description Displays the IP routes stored in your M10. Syntax show ip routes Arguments None. Example M10> show ip routes IP gateway (route) table: 0.

  • Page 86

    Command Show diagnostic log Description Displays blocks of information from the Nokia M10 diagnostic log. Syntax show log {all} Arguments to see the entire log you can repeat the show log com- mand or you can use the argument all and scroll through the complete log.

  • Page 87

    Command Show M10 information Description Displays current status of a Nokia M10, the device’s hardware and software revision levels, a summary of errors encountered, and the length of time the Nokia M10 has been running since it was last restarted.

  • Page 88

    If invoked as upload with no arguments, you will be prompted for information. If the optional confirm key- word is added, the transfer will proceed without further questions. Example M10> upload 1.12.123.123 config2.cfg con- firm NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy server: 1.12.123.123 file: config1.cfg...

  • Page 89: Config Command Hierarchy

    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual 5.2.3 Config command hierarchy The Config mode lets you configure the parameters of your M10. The command hierarchy consists of nodes and subnodes. Each node contains the configurable parameters of that particular function. system bncp...

  • Page 90: Config Prompt, Navigating The Config Hierarchy

    You reach the configuration mode of the M10 CLI by typing the Root prompt. When you are in Config mode, the CLI prompt consists of the name of your M10 followed by your current node in the hierarchy and two angle brackets (>>). For example, when you enter...

  • Page 91

    Moving from one subnode to another You can move from one subnode to another by entering a partial path that identifies how far back to climb. M10 (ip ip-ppp)>> ppp module M10 (ppp module)>> Moving from any subnode to any other subnode You can move from any subnode to any other subnode by entering a partial path that starts with a top-level Config command.

  • Page 92: Displaying Current Settings, Stepping Through M10 Configuration

    Config settings. If you enter the at the top level of the Config hierarchy, the command line interface displays the settings for all enabled functions in the M10. If you enter command at an intermediate node, you see all settings for that show node and its subnodes.

  • Page 93: Validating Your Configuration, Config Command Reference

    See Chapter 4 for step mode installation examples. Validating your configuration You can use the configuration settings have been entered correctly. If you use the command M10 verifies that all required settings are present validate and that the settings are consistent. M10 (top)>> validate...

  • Page 94: System Settings

    System settings You can configure system settings to assign a name to your Nokia M10 and to specify what types of messages you want the diagnostic log to record. Command Set system name Description Specifies the name of your Nokia M10. Each Nokia M10 is assigned a name as a part of its factory initia- lisation.

  • Page 95

    ***** Note An administrator or user password goes into effect immediately. You do not have to restart the M10 for the password to take effect. Assigning an administrator or user password to M10 does not affect communications through the device.

  • Page 96: Cli Preferences

    Syntax set preference verbose [on | off] Arguments The argument enables/disables verbose mode. Example m10> set preference verbose off Command Set display length Description Specifies how many lines of information you want the CLI to display at one time.

  • Page 97: Atm Settings

    (ADSL) settings on page 5-78. Command Enable/disable ATM Description Enables/disables the use of ATM on the ADSL link. Dis- abling ATM forces M10 to work in a frame mode on the ADSL link. Syntax set atm option [on | off] Arguments The argument enables/disables ATM.

  • Page 98

    Description Enables/disables the specific logical ATM virtual chan- nels. M10 supports up to eight ATM virtual channels. Syntax set atm vcc [1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8] option [on | off]...

  • Page 99

    Set virtual path identifier for ATM channel Description Sets the virtual path identifier for the specific logical ATM channel. M10 is delivered to you with a default vir- tual circuit identifier so usually you do not have to change this setting.

  • Page 100

    In ppp-vcmux encapsulation both bridged and routed protocols are first encapsulated to point-to-point protocol (PPP) which is, in turn, encapsulated to ATM according to RFC 1483 vc-multiplexing. Example m10> set atm vcc 2 encap ip-llc NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy DRAFT Management...

  • Page 101: Tcp/ip Settings

    You can use the Nokia command line interface to specify whether TCP/IP is enabled, identify a default gateway, and to enter TCP/IP settings for the Nokia M10 Ethernet port and all active ATM/ADSL channels. Depending on the ATM channel encapsulation the IP settings are configured in different nodes (dsl, wan or ip-ppp) of the Config hierarchy as shown in Figure 5-15.

  • Page 102

    Enables/disables TCP/IP services in the Nokia M10. You must enable TCP/IP services before you can enter other TCP/IP settings for the M10. If you turn off TCP/ IP services and save the new configuration, the M10 clears its TCP/IP settings.

  • Page 103

    255.255.255.0 Command Enable/disable RIP send function Description Specifies whether the M10 should use Routing informa- tion protocol (RIP) broadcasts to advertise its routing tables to other routers on your network. RIP cannot be activated if address mapping is ON.

  • Page 104

    If you specify a PPP on ATM chan- nel, the M10 uses the default gateway being used by the remote PPP peer behind that ATM channel. Accept- able values for ’x’...

  • Page 105

    The on/off argument enables/disables routing. Example m10> set ip ip-ppp vcc1 option off Note You must enable IP routing before you can enter other IP routing settings for the serial port. If you turn off IP routing and save the new configuration, the Nokia M10 clears IP routing settings.

  • Page 106

    WAN port will use the IP address assigned to it by the remote peer. Note that the remote peer must be configured to supply an IP address to your Nokia M10 if you enter 0.0.0.0 for the ip_address argument.

  • Page 107

    Enable/disable address mapping on ATM link using PPP-vcmux encapsulation Description Specifies whether you want Nokia M10 to use NAPT on the specified ATM link using ppp-vcmux encapsulation when communicating with remote routers. Address mapping lets you conceal details of your network from remote routers, which is useful when connecting to an Internet Service Provider.

  • Page 108

    Command Enable/disable RIP receive function on PPP link Description Specifies whether the Nokia M10 should use Routing information protocol (RIP) broadcasts to update its rout- ing tables with information received from other routers on the other side of the specified ATM link using ppp- vcmux encapsulation.

  • Page 109

    If there is only one ATM channel using one of these encapsulations you can leave the argument vccx out. If you enter 0.0.0.0 as the IP address Nokia M10 will retrieve the IP address through the remote peer using Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol.

  • Page 110

    If there is only one ATM channel using one of these encapsulations you can leave the argument vccx out. If you enter 0.0.0.0 as the network mask Nokia M10 will retrieve the IP ad- dress through the remote peer using Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol.

  • Page 111

    IP over ATM or bridged encapsula- tions Description Specifies whether you want the Nokia M10 to act as a proxy address resolution server for your LAN for the IP addresses behind the specified ATM link using ip-llc, ip-vcmux, ether-llc, or ether-vcmux encapsulation.

  • Page 112

    Enable/disable RIP send function on channels using IP over ATM or bridged encapsulations Description Specifies whether the Nokia M10 should use Routing information protocol (RIP) broadcasts to advertise its routing tables to router on the other side of the speci- fied ATM link using ip-llc, ip-vcmux, ether-llc, or ether- vcmux encapsulation.

  • Page 113

    The second argument disables/enables man- agement through the PPP link. Example m10> set ip dsl vcc2 admin-disable off Command Enable/disable IP routing on ATM channel Description Enables/disables IP routing on the specified ATM chan- nel using PPP over ATM encapsulation in bridged mode (BNCP option on).

  • Page 114

    The second argument is the IP address to be as- signed to that channel. If you enter 0.0.0.0 as the net- work mask Nokia M10 will retrieve the IP address through the remote peer using Dynamic Host Configur- ation Protocol.

  • Page 115

    PPP over ATM encapsulation in bridged mode Description Specifies whether you want the Nokia M10 to use NAPT on the specified ATM link using PPP over ATM encapsulation in bridged mode (BNCP option on) when communicating with remote routers. Address mapping lets you hide details of your network from remote routers.

  • Page 116

    Enable proxy ARP function on channels using PPP over ATM encapsulation in bridged mode Description Specifies whether you want the Nokia M10 to act as a proxy address resolution server for your PC for the IP addresses behind the specified ATM link using PPP over ATM encapsulation in bridged mode.

  • Page 117: Static Route Settings

    PPP over ATM encapsulation in bridged mode Description Specifies whether the Nokia M10 should use Routing information protocol (RIP) broadcasts to update its rout- ing tables with information received from other routers on the other side of the specified ATM link using PPP over ATM encapsulation in bridged mode.

  • Page 118

    You can configure as many as 16 static IP routes for a Nokia M10. Use the following commands to maintain static routes to the Nokia M10 routing table: Command Add a static route Description Adds a static route to the routing table.

  • Page 119

    Arguments Enter a network address in the net_address argu- ment in dotted decimal notation. The net_address argument cannot be 0.0.0.0. Example m10> set ip static-routes destination- network 192.111.122.0 Command Modify netmask of a static route Description Specifies the subnet mask for the IP network at the other end of the static route.

  • Page 120

    [gate_address] Arguments The net_address argument identifies the static route and gate_address sets the IP address of the default gateway. Example m10> set ip static-routes destination- network 192.111.122.0 gateway-address 192.111.1.1 Command Modify metric for the static route Description Specifies the metric for the static route.

  • Page 121: Bncp Setting

    (BNCP) option can be used on ATM channels using ppp-vcmux encapsulation. See set ip wan com- mands above. Syntax set bncp option [on|off] Arguments The argument enables/disables BNCP option. Example m10> set bncp option on 5-72 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy NTC C33539002SE_A0...

  • Page 122: Dhcp Settings

    30 minutes (called the DHCP lease). Note If you use the Nokia M10 as a DHCP server, make sure that the devices on your network are not configured to use IP addresses in the Nokia M10’s DHCP address range.

  • Page 123

    Enables/disables DHCP services in the Nokia M10. You must enable DHCP services before you can enter other DHCP settings for the Nokia M10. If you turn off DHCP services and save the new configuration, the Nokia M10 clears its DHCP settings. M10 can also relay...

  • Page 124: Domain Name System Settings

    Command Set M10 as DHCP relay agent Description Configures M10 as DHCP relay agent which relays the DHCP requests to an external DHCP server Syntax set dhcp option relay-agent server-address [ip_ad- dress] Arguments server-address argument specifies the IP address of the external DHCP server.

  • Page 125: Bridging Settings

    0.0.0.0 Bridging settings Bridging lets Nokia M10 learn host addresses as a means of minimizing traffic. When bridging is enabled Nokia M10 maintains a table of up to 256 MAC addresses. Entries that are not used within 10 minutes are dropped.

  • Page 126

    Command Enable bridging on channels using PPP over ATM encapsulation Description Enables/disables bridging services for the Nokia M10 ATM channel using ppp-vcmux encapsulation. Syntax set bridge wan {vccx} option [on|off] Arguments The first argument identifies the ATM channel (vccx, x = 1 ...

  • Page 127: Dmt (adsl) Setting

    This setting is used to define the lowest level format in which the data is transmitted through the ADSL line. As default the data is transmitted in ATM cells to interoperate with the Nokia Eksos B DSLAM. Normally you do not have to change this value.

  • Page 128: Ppp Settings

    Nokia M10 you must enable CHAP and specify the same name and secret in the local M10 before a link can be established. You can also specify that your Nokia M10 will use CHAP, PAP or both to authenticate a remote peer as a PPP link is being established.

  • Page 129

    The first argument identifies the ATM channel (vccx, x = 1 ... 8). The second argument enables/disables LCP echoing. You must turn off LCP echoing if you do not want the M10 to drop a PPP link to a nonresponsive peer. Example m10>...

  • Page 130

    Command Set unacknowledged termination request maximum Description Specifies the maximum number of unacknowledged termination requests that your Nokia M10 will send be- fore terminating the PPP link on the specified ATM channel. Syntax set ppp module {vccx} terminate-max [integer] Arguments The first argument identifies the ATM channel (vccx, x = 1 ...

  • Page 131

    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual Command Set CHAP name Description Defines the name Nokia M10 sends in the CHAP re- sponse packet on the specified ATM channel. Syntax set ppp module {vccx} port-authentication chap-name [chap_name] Arguments The first argument identifies the ATM channel (vccx, x = 1 ...

  • Page 132

    Command Set PAP name Description Defines the name Nokia M10 sends in a PAP response packet on the specified ATM channel. Syntax set ppp module {vccx} port-authentication pap-name [pap_name] Arguments The first argument identifies the ATM channel (vccx, x = 1 ...

  • Page 133

    The first argument identifies the ATM channel (vccx, x = 1 ... 8). The second argument enables/disables PAP peer authentication. Example m10> set ppp module vcc2 peer-authentica- tion pap-option on Command Set host name for an authorised PPP peer Description Specifies the host name for an authorised PPP peer.

  • Page 134: Snmp Settings

    The network administrator typically runs an SNMP management station program on a local host to obtain information from an SNMP agent such as the Nokia M10. Command Add community...

  • Page 135

    SNMP console. The optional com- munity community_name identifies the name of the Nokia M10’s community, which is included in the trap message the device sends to the management con- sole. This name, which is not used for authentication, does not have to match a predefined community name.

  • Page 136: Pinhole Settings

    The settings affect the whole system. Note If you have a Web server in LAN make sure that it has a different port number than M10’s integral Web server. You can change the M10’s Web server port through the integral server settings. Command Configure pinhole Description Configures pinhole.

  • Page 137

    The sequential values starting from 0 are accepted. The protocol argument defines the protocol. Protocols are TCP, UDP, ICMP, PPTP. Example m10> set pinhole item 1 protocol tcp Command Set server IP address in LAN Description Configures the server IP address where the protocol defined by the external port number is mapped in LAN port.

  • Page 138: Integrated Server Settings

    HTTP and telnet servers must be changed if there is, e.g. a Web server in the LAN and it must be accessed from the WAN. In this case the port number of the integrated Web server in M10 must be changed into something other than the default port number 80.

  • Page 139: Snmp

    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual SNMP The SNMP functionality in Nokia M10 is used only for setting and accessing the system contact information for the unit. Community strings for changing and accessing this information can be set. M10 can be activated to send SNMP traps in case somebody tries to access the unit with a wrong community string.

  • Page 140: Software Download

    Software download New software can be downloaded to the Nokia M10 via the 10Base-T Ethernet interface. Nokia M10 uses Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) to download the software from a TFTP server located in the Ethernet LAN. The downloading is activated from the console port using the CLI.

  • Page 141: Chapter 6 How Your Nokia M10 Works, Adsl, Atm And Frames Over Adsl

    M10 can adapt to different telephone lines. ATM and frames over ADSL Nokia M10 can carry ATM cells or HDLC frames on the ADSL line. The use of cells or frames depends on the application. When M10 uses ATM, it is possible to have up to eight (8) simultaneous connections to different networks from a single M10.

  • Page 142: Routing And Bridging, Tcp/ip Routing, Static And Dynamic Routes, Bridging

    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual Routing and bridging Nokia M10 functions as a brouter, which means that it acts as a network router for TCP/IP traffic and as a network bridge for non-routable traffic. 6.3.1 TCP/IP routing As a router, Nokia M10 keeps track of the networks that are accessible through each network interface.

  • Page 143: Network Address Port Translation (napt)

    The table entries are also automatically deleted in case the specific address is not detected behind the interface during 10 minutes. In bridge-only mode a single IP address can be allocated to M10 if a remote management of the M10 is required. The LAN IP address acts as a host IP address in this case.

  • Page 144: Pinhole, Ip Address Management

    LAN because the private addresses cannot be seen outside the router. In order to support access from the global Internet to a server in a private subnet the static NAPT mapping is used. In M10 this functionality is called pinhole.

  • Page 145: Payload Encapsulation

    When M10 operates in normal routing mode the DHCP request can be relayed to the desired BOOTP/DHCP server. This functionality can be used if DHCP server is located outside M10. Payload encapsulation Both routed and bridged protocols are encapsulated to the ATM uplink using either LLC/SNAP encapsulation (ether-llc or ip-llc) or VC multiplexing (ether-vcmux or ip-vcmux) according to RFC 1483.

  • Page 146: Point-to-point Protocol (ppp)

    During the link establishment the Nokia M10 synchronises its ADSL and ATM transmission to open a physical layer connection between Nokia M10 and the remote peer router through the ATM access network. When the physical connection has been established the PPP protocol can actually begin its work.

  • Page 147: Authentication, Network Configuration

    M10 supports IPCP and BNCP network control protocols. IPCP network control protocol is used to exchange the IP configuration parameters. Typically IP addresses are exchanged. M10 is also able to retrieve the IP addresses from the far end or allocate an IP address to the far end.

  • Page 148: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (dhcp), Dhcp For Lan Clients, Dhcp For Wan Port Configuration

    IP addresses. 6.8.2 DHCP for WAN port configuration It is possible to configure Nokia M10 so that it operates as a DHCP client. It can retrieve IP addresses for the ADSL/ATM channels from the network. However, the following requirements must be met: ADSL/ATM channels use VC multiplexed or LLC/SNAP RFC 1483 encapsulations for IP or Ethernet packets.

  • Page 149: Domain Name Service (dns) Relay

    Domain Name Service (DNS) relay Nokia M10 can act as a Domain Name Service relay for the LAN clients. M10 LAN IP address acts as a DNS server address for all hosts connected to the LAN. M10 recognises its own name and responses to name queries with its own name.

  • Page 150

    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual 6-10 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy NTC C33539002SE_A0...

  • Page 151: Appendix A Technical Specifications, A.1 Features

    ADSL line connector Cabling Data interface Ethernet 10Base-T NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy Technical specifications Self-learning bridge with 256 MAC addresses Static routes, RIP and RIPv2 RFC 1483 IP and Ethernet over ATM PVCs Point-to-point Protocol over ATM AAL5 PVCs...

  • Page 152: A.2 Mechanical Construction And Power Supply

    Hardware features Data connector Local management interface LMI connector Indicator lights A.2 Mechanical construction and power supply The M10 ADSL router is a stand-alone device which can also be wall-mounted using a wall-mount kit. Mechanical construction Width Height Depth Weight M10 has an in-built power supply.

  • Page 153

    EN55022 class B EN50082-1: 1992 ITU-T K21 The Nokia M10 does not require the use of shielded cables. Safety The Nokia M10 complies with the following specification: EN 60950 NTC C33539002SE_A0...

  • Page 154

    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy NTC C33539002SE_A0...

  • Page 155

    Dynamic host configuration protocol Discrete multitone Domain name service Digital subscriber line DSLAM Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer HTTP Hypertext transfer protocol Inactive Internet protocol Internetwork packet exchange Internet service provider Local area network NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy DRAFT Glossary Glossary-1...

  • Page 156

    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual Link control protocol Logical link control Link Media access control Maximum Receive Unit NAPT Network address port translation Network address translation Network control protocol NVRAM Non-volatile RAM Open System Interconnection Password authentication Protocol Personal computer...

  • Page 157

    Config command hierarchy A hierarchy of nodes which contain the configurable parameters of M10. It is used to configure M10 through the command line interface. See Root command hierarchy. NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy...

  • Page 158: Dynamic Routing, Default Gateway

    A system or a group of systems that enforce access control between two networks. default gateway A default gateway is the router to which M10 will send a packet if it does not know how to reach the packet’s destination host. half-duplex Communication between terminals one direction at a time.

  • Page 159: Mac Address

    A device used for separating the telephone signal from data signals in the digital subscriber line. proxy A mechanism whereby on system ’fronts’ for another system in responding to protocol requests. NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy DRAFT Glossary Glossary-5...

  • Page 160: Routing Table, Static Routing, Subnet Mask

    (number of hops) to those routers. serial console connection Serial connection behind the hatch in the front panel of M10. It is used for configuring M10 locally. socket In TCP applications socket specifies the TCP service access point defined by the source and destination ports.

  • Page 161: Web Browser

    Virtual channel identifier value is assigned and the point where that value is translated or removed. Web browser A software that is used to browse the World Wide Web. NTC C33539002SE_A0 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy DRAFT Glossary Glossary-7...

  • Page 162

    DRAFT Nokia M10 User’s Manual Glossary-8 Copyright Nokia Telecommunications Oy NTC C33539002SE_A0...

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