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Test Equipment Depot 990DSL User Manual

Copperpro loop tester
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990DSL
CopperPro Loop Tester
Users Guide
99 Washington Street
Melrose, MA 02176
Fax 781-665-0780
TestEquipmentDepot.com
Visit us at www.TestEquipmentDepot.com

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  • Page 1 99 Washington Street Melrose, MA 02176 Fax 781-665-0780 TestEquipmentDepot.com Visit us at www.TestEquipmentDepot.com 990DSL CopperPro Loop Tester Users Guide...
  • Page 2: Table Of Contents

    Table of Contents Chapter Title Page Introduction................1-1 Using This Guide.................. 1-1 Introduction ..................1-2 Design Highlights and Features of the CopperPro......1-3 Physical Features ................1-3 User Interface Features ..............1-3 Testing Features................1-4 Safety Information ................1-5 Care and Maintenance ..............1-8 Service and Adjustment ..............
  • Page 3 990DSL Users Manual Introduction..................3-1 Turning the CopperPro On and Off............3-2 The Menus ................... 3-3 Displaying the Main Menu............... 3-3 Displaying the Previous Menu or Screen ......... 3-4 Displaying a Setup Menu ..............3-4 Auto-Test Setup Menu ..............3-5 Toolbox Test Setup Menu ............
  • Page 4 (continued) Contents Splits Test ..................4-19 Resistance Fault Location (RFL) Test ..........4-22 Setting Up an RFL Test ..............4-22 Running an RFL Test..............4-23 RFL Test “Distance to Strap” Entry ..........4-29 Short or Double-Sided Fault Location (3 Wire) Test Results ..4-30 RFL Test: K-Test Option..............
  • Page 5 990DSL Users Manual Smart-Pro Tests................4-61 SASS Tests................... 4-64 DATU Tests ................. 4-65 Terminated VF Tests................4-67 Setting Up a Terminated VF Test............. 4-67 Running a Terminated VF Test ............4-68 Saving Terminator VF Auto-Test Results........4-70 Using the CopperPro as a Terminator ..........4-71 Manually Controlling a Far-End Terminator........
  • Page 6 (continued) Contents Saving Terminated WB Test Results ..........5-31 Impulse Noise Test ................5-32 Setting Up an Impulse Noise Test ..........5-32 Running an Impulse Noise Test............ 5-32 Impulse Noise Test Results............5-33 TDR Testing and Fault Location..........6-1 Introduction ..................6-1 Comparing Parametric Tests to the TDR Test ........
  • Page 7 990DSL Users Manual Uploading Test Results to a PC............7-12 Updating the CopperPro with New Software ......8-1 Introduction..................8-1 Before You Begin ................8-2 Step One: Connect the Tester to a PC ..........8-2 Step Two: Put the Tester in Download Mode ........8-2 Step Three: Updating the Tester’s Software ........
  • Page 8 List of Tables Table Title Page 1-1. International Electrical Symbols ............1-7 2-1. Functions of the CopperPro Keys ............2-3 3-1. Generic Setup Parameters ..............3-7 3-2. Operating the Tester in Edit Mode ............. 3-9 4-1. User Selectable Tests for the POTS Auto-Test ........4-4 4-2.
  • Page 9 List of Figures Figure Title Page 1-1. Standard Accessories ................. 1-10 2-1. Top, Front, and Side Panels ............... 2-2 2-2. Back Panel ..................2-7 3-1. CopperPro Startup Screen ..............3-2 3-2. Main Menu..................3-3 3-3. Typical Setup Menu ................3-6 3-4.
  • Page 10 990DSL Users Manual 4-29. Send VF Tone Screen ................ 4-49 4-30. Dial-Up Tests Selection Screen ............4-56 4-31. Smart-Pro N-Tone Slope Test Results..........4-63 4-32. Terminator VF Auto-Test Selection Screen........4-68 4-33. Terminator VF Auto-Test Summary Results ........4-69 4-34. Terminator VF Auto-Test Results: SmartTone Loss st...... 4-70 5-1.
  • Page 11: Introduction

    Chapter 1 Introduction Using This Guide This 990DSL CopperPro Loop Tester Users Guide shows you how to operate the 990DSL CopperPro Loop Tester (hereafter referred to as the “CopperPro” or “tester”). It provides instructions for configuring the CopperPro and using it to precisely locate common faults on a loop and to verify the ability of a copper loop to transport various classes of high-speed data services.
  • Page 12: Introduction

    990DSL Users Guide Introduction The 990DSL CopperPro Loop Tester is a portable, battery-operated handheld tester that is used for cable installation testing, fault location, and digital service qualification of outside plant (OSP) paired copper cables. As a cable installation test tool, you can use the CopperPro with an external...
  • Page 13: Design Highlights And Features Of The Copperpro

    Introduction Introduction Design Highlights and Features of the CopperPro The CopperPro’s design and performance features are highlighted below. Physical Features • Rugged, wide-temperature design that is specifically made for the harsh OSP environment • Lightweight and compact in size (4 lbs.) •...
  • Page 14: Testing Features

    990DSL Users Guide • Continuous test result mode with large numerals and a relative-change scale for marking and recording peak signal excursions • Remote control operation and program download capability through a serial port • Test result storage and printout •...
  • Page 15: Safety Information

    Introduction Introduction • Automated dial-up testing that is compatible with a variety of central office (C.O.) tone equipment • Full TDR capability with Auto-Test waveform interpretation software* • Tracing Tone, Monitor, and a fully integrated Dial Set operation • Caller ID and automatic number ID (ANI) tests •...
  • Page 16 990DSL Users Guide WWarnings • Should the LCD become damaged, the liquid crystal material can leak. Avoid all contact with this material, especially swallowing. Use soap and water to thoroughly wash all skin and clothing contaminated with the liquid crystal material.
  • Page 17: International Electrical Symbols

    Introduction Introduction Table 1-1 describes the international electrical symbols that are found on the CopperPro and used in this guide. Table 1-1. International Electrical Symbols Symbol Meaning Warning: Risk of electric shock. Important Information. See specific explanations where this symbol is displayed in this guide. Equipment is protected by double insulation or reinforced insulation to protect the user against electric shock.
  • Page 18: Care And Maintenance

    To clean the tester, use a soft, slightly damp cloth. To remove any stains, use a mild soap. Never use detergents, solvents, or abrasive cleaners on the tester. Test Equipment Depot - 800.517.8431 - 99 Washington Street Melrose, MA 02176 FAX 781.665.0780 - TestEquipmentDepot.com...
  • Page 19: Checking The Shipping Container

    Match each item with those shown in Figure 1-1. If any item is missing or damaged, contact your place of purchase. • 990DSL CopperPro Loop Tester • NiMH Rechargeable Battery Pack (installed; PN 665083) •...
  • Page 20: Standard Accessories

    990DSL Users Guide 990DSL Copper Pro Loop Tester and Holster 12V Vehicle Test lead bag battery/charger adapter Power supply INTL RFL Strapping NiMH rechargeable Cord battery pack (installed) Carrying Strap RS-232 cable Line cord acy75f.eps Figure 1-1. Standard Accessories 1-10...
  • Page 21: Controls And Connections

    Chapter 2 Controls and Connections Introduction This chapter describes the physical layout of the CopperPro. The chapter begins with an overview of the tester’s front, side, and back panels so that you know where the various controls and connectors are located and so that you can familiarize yourself with the functions of the keys and indicators.
  • Page 22: The Copperpro Loop Tester: At A Glance

    990DSL Users Guide The CopperPro Loop Tester: at a Glance This section acquaints you with the physical layout of the CopperPro. Front Panel Figure 2-1 identifies the elements on the tester’s front, top, and side panels. Following the figure are descriptions of the numbered items in the illustration.
  • Page 23: Lcd

    Controls and Connections The CopperPro Loop Tester: at a Glance The LCD is a shock-mounted, sunlight-readable, ¼-VGA (320 x 240 pixel) graphic Liquid Crystal Display. A low-power Electro-luminescent (EL) module provides backlighting to the LCD. The LCD has two areas: •...
  • Page 24 990DSL Users Guide Table 2.1. Functions of the CopperPro Keys (continued) Function < Turns the LCD’s backlight on or off. Turns the CopperPro on or off. > Shift key (yellow). Some keys have two functions (for example, the BACK key). When you press and release the Yellow Shift key, then press a key that has two functions, the alternate function of the key is activated.
  • Page 25 Controls and Connections The CopperPro Loop Tester: at a Glance Table 2-1. Functions of the CopperPro Keys (continued) Function Has two functions: HOME • Press to return to the previously displayed screen. • > Press then to display the Main menu (see Figure 3-2).
  • Page 26: Top Connector Panel

    990DSL Users Guide Top Connector Panel The top connector panel has five 2 mm test lead connectors. These connectors are color-coded for easy identification. The test lead connectors are identified in Figure 2-1 as follows: A Tip test lead (black)
  • Page 27: Back Panel

    Controls and Connections The CopperPro Loop Tester: at a Glance • Charging status LED (C) A bicolor (red and green) LED that indicates the charging status of the internal battery pack (see “Charging the Battery” for details). Back Panel The tester’s back panel is shown in Figure 2-2. This panel contains a speaker (item A) and a microphone (item B).
  • Page 28: Connecting The Copperpro

    990DSL Users Guide Connecting the CopperPro This section shows you how to connect the CopperPro to AC power, an automobile battery, a printer, and a PC. Connecting to AC Power When the tester is connected to AC power, you can use the power supply as a continuous power source.
  • Page 29: Connecting To A Printer

    Controls and Connections Connecting the CopperPro Connect the DC barrel plug on the Vehicle Power Cord into the DC connector. This connector is located on the tester’s side panel (see Figure 2-1). Do one of the following: • Turn off the tester to begin charging. •...
  • Page 30: The Battery

    990DSL Users Guide The Battery The CopperPro operates on a replaceable NiMH battery pack. The battery typically provides between 16 to 24 hours of operating time. This section shows you how to check and recharge the battery. Checking the Remaining Battery Capacity...
  • Page 31: Responding To Low Battery Warnings

    Controls and Connections The Battery In the upper right corner of the screen, the tester displays two icons, which indicate the following: • External power source in use (either AC power or not AC power) • Battery capacity. Responding to Low Battery Warnings When the NiMH battery pack has about 30 minutes of operating time remaining, the tester issues a tone and displays a low-battery warning on the LCD.
  • Page 32 990DSL Users Guide During operation from either external power source, the battery receives a “trickle” charge that allows you to operate the tester for extended periods of time without discharging the internal battery pack. When the CopperPro is connected to an external power source but turned off, the battery automatically undergoes a fast-charging cycle.
  • Page 33: Discharging Battery

    Controls and Connections The Battery Discharging Battery To properly discharge the battery, you can leave the tester on until the battery drains or you can use the discharge facility. To use the discharge facility, complete the following: Press > then O to display the menu.
  • Page 34: Setting Up And Operating The Copperpro

    Chapter 3 Setting Up and Operating the CopperPro Introduction This chapter shows you how to set up the CopperPro so that it suits your particular testing needs and operating preferences. The chapter begins with an introduction to the menu system and shows you how to locate desired tests, operational functions, and setup parameters.
  • Page 35: Turning The Copperpro On And Off

    Should the tester fail to respond to the “OFF” key function for any reason, force the unit to power down by holding the key down for 5 to 6 seconds. Test Equipment Depot - 800.517.8431 - 99 Washington Street Melrose, MA 02176 FAX 781.665.0780 - TestEquipmentDepot.com...
  • Page 36: The Menus

    Setting Up and Operating the CopperPro The Menus The Menus The CopperPro’s test selections, setup configurations, and results are accessed through a menu system. This section shows you how to display the Main menu. You will then learn how to display the test and setup menus. Displaying the Main Menu menu is the top-level menu.
  • Page 37: Displaying The Previous Menu Or Screen

    990DSL Users Guide From the menu, you can access the following: Main • Auto-Tests The menu lists the three automatic tests or Auto-Tests: POTS, DSL, and TDR, plus the ADSL Verify Test. Each Auto-Test is comprised of a series of individual diagnostic tests that run automatically and in sequence with the press of a single key.
  • Page 38: Auto-Test Setup Menu

    Setting Up and Operating the CopperPro The Menus Auto-Test Setup Menu To display the setup menu for an Auto-Test, do the following: From the menu (Figure 3-1), press H to select the desired Auto- Main Test. Press D ( Setups menu for the Auto-Test you selected is displayed.
  • Page 39: Typical Setup Menu

    990DSL Users Guide Setups - VF Noise Facility Cable No. NPG5804 Pair / Terminal No. - 1001 CopperPro Pair No. - 1 Term. Impedance - 600 Ohms Measurement Filter - C-Message - ≤ 20 dBrn Nm Pass Thresh. - ≤ 80 dBrn PI Pass Thresh.
  • Page 40: Editing The Setup For A Test

    Setting Up and Operating the CopperPro The Menus Table 3-1. Generic Setup Parameters Parameter Description Facility Cable No. This number identifies the cable name of the pair on which the test is being conducted. In the highlighted field, supply the alphanumeric cable name (16 characters maximum).
  • Page 41 990DSL Users Guide To change the value of a test-specific parameter, complete the following: a) Press F or H to select the value you want to change. Press A( Edit The tester is now in Edit mode. Note Consult Table 3-2, which provides some helpful tips for operating the tester in Edit mode.
  • Page 42: Operating The Tester In Edit Mode

    Setting Up and Operating the CopperPro The Menus Table 3-2. Operating the Tester in Edit Mode If you want to Do this Press A(Edit). Put the tester in Edit mode Enter numbers, asterisk (*) or Type the values directly from the keypad by pound sign (#) pressing the number keys, asterisk (*), or pound sign (#).
  • Page 43: Configuring The Tester

    990DSL Users Guide Configuring the Tester This section shows you how to configure the CopperPro so that it functions appropriately for your particular work environment and testing situations. The menu (Figure 3-4) lists the options available for configuring USER OPTIONS the tester and customizing it to your needs.
  • Page 44: Setting The Date And Time

    Setting Up and Operating the CopperPro Configuring the Tester Setting the Date and Time To set the date and time, follow these steps: Press >, then O to display the menu (Figure 3-4). USER OPTIONS Select . Press L. Date/Time menu is displayed.
  • Page 45: Setting A Timer To Conserve Power

    990DSL Users Guide Press H to move the cursor to the field and set the date. To Current Date do this, complete the following: d) Press A( ). In the first field, type the number for the current Edit month (or day, if you selected DD.MM.YYYY as the display mode).
  • Page 46: Selecting A Language And Associated Units Of Measure

    Setting Up and Operating the CopperPro Configuring the Tester To set a timer, follow these steps: Press >, then O to display the menu (Figure 3-4). USER OPTIONS Select . Press L. Power-Save Timers To change a timer’s setting, position the cursor on the timer. Then, press Edit Supply the desired period of inactivity.
  • Page 47: Creating A Phone List

    990DSL Users Guide To change the language and associated units of measure, complete the following: Press > then O to display the menu (Figure 3-4). USER OPTIONS Select . Press L. Language & Units The cursor is positioned on the field.
  • Page 48 Setting Up and Operating the CopperPro Configuring the Tester To delete a phone number: Select the number that you want to delete. Press Delete Line The selected number (and associated information in the “Remarks” column) is removed from the phone list. To edit a phone number or notes in the Remarks field: Press the I or G key to select the field.
  • Page 49: Storing The Serial Number And Property Information

    990DSL Users Guide Storing the Serial Number and Property Information If desired, you can store the serial number and owner information for your CopperPro in the tester’s memory. To store property information for the tester, follow these steps: Press > then O to display the menu (Figure 3-4).
  • Page 50: Configuring The Serial Port

    Setting Up and Operating the CopperPro Configuring the Tester Configuring the Serial Port If you want to print, download and upload files, or operate the CopperPro remotely, you need to enable communications between the tester and an external PC or printer. To configure the tester’s serial port for communications with a PC application or serial printer, complete the following: Press >...
  • Page 51: System Setups Screen

    990DSL Users Guide Press D( ). Press L. System Setups screen (Figure 3-5) is displayed. This screen has four System Setups parameters. The cursor is positioned on Operator Name Note The information you supply for each parameter on this screen can be up to 30 alphanumeric characters long.
  • Page 52 Setting Up and Operating the CopperPro Configuring the Tester Press H to move the cursor to . Press A( ) and supply the Wire Center Edit desired information. When you finish, press L. Note defines the primary work location, such as a Central Wire Center Office Exchange, Cross-Connect Box, or Inside Terminal name.
  • Page 53: Performing Basic Operations

    990DSL Users Guide Performing Basic Operations This section shows you how to perform basic CopperPro operations so that you can quickly get started using the tester. Read this section before you run any tests. Calibrating the CopperPro To ensure maximum accuracy of test results, you should calibrate the CopperPro at the start of the day, whenever a significant temperature change occurs, or before you make extremely critical measurements.
  • Page 54: Turning The Backlight On And Off

    Setting Up and Operating the CopperPro Performing Basic Operations Turning the Backlight On and Off When you use the tester in low light conditions, you can turn on the backlight for better viewing. To turn the backlight on and off, press <. This key is located halfway down the keypad on the left side of the front panel (see Figure 2-1).
  • Page 55: Adjusting The Volume Of The Speaker

    System Version tester: • Software version loaded • Top assembly hardware revision • Installed options (if any). Test Equipment Depot - 800.517.8431 - 99 Washington Street Melrose, MA 02176 3-22 FAX 781.665.0780 - TestEquipmentDepot.com...
  • Page 56: Operating The Tester As A Dial Set

    Setting Up and Operating the CopperPro Performing Basic Operations Operating the Tester as a Dial Set To operate the CopperPro as a dial set, do the following: Turn on the CopperPro. Connect the T (Tip) and R (Ring) test leads to a working POTS line. If the line is a ground-start line (as opposed to loop-start), connect the G (Ground) test lead to the cable sheath or C.O.
  • Page 57: Running A Self-Test

    990DSL Users Guide Running a Self-Test The self-test is a rigorous test of the internal CopperPro hardware. It is a good idea to periodically run a self-test to verify that your tester is operating properly. If the self-test fails, a diagnostic message is displayed.
  • Page 58: Transferring A Screen Image To A Pc

    Setting Up and Operating the CopperPro Performing Basic Operations Transferring a Screen Image to a PC To transfer any screen image to a PC in the in the “.BMP” file format (for viewing or printing to a non-supported printer): Connect the supplied serial cable to the CopperPro’s serial port and a PC COM port.
  • Page 59: Pots Testing And Fault Location

    Chapter 4 POTS Testing and Fault Location Introduction This chapter shows you how to use the CopperPro to identify and locate common physical problems on OSP copper pairs, and how to qualify lines for POTS service. The chapter begins by showing you how to set up and run a POTS Auto-Test.
  • Page 60: Pots Auto-Test

    990DSL Users Guide POTS Auto-Test The POTS Auto-Test is a sequence of user-selectable single-ended parametric and transmission tests. The test can be run on either spare or working POTS pairs, with the appropriate selected tests automatically performed. It is an ideal tool to qualify POTS pairs, as well as providing an overview for fault analysis.
  • Page 61 POTS Testing and Fault Location POTS Auto-Test Two groups of setup parameters are listed on this screen. The first group consists of the generic setup parameters, and the second group lists the tests that you can run under the POTS Auto-Test (refer to Table 4-1). If desired, supply a value for each generic setup parameter.
  • Page 62: User Selectable Tests For The Pots Auto-Test

    990DSL Users Guide Table 4-1. User Selectable Tests for the POTS Auto-Test Test Description Settings (default in bold) Voltage Measures AC and DC No choice, always run. voltages on all legs of spare or working pairs. Shorts & Grounds Measures resistance No choice, always run.
  • Page 63 POTS Testing and Fault Location POTS Auto-Test Table 4-1. User Selectable Test for POTS Auto Test (continued) Test Description Settings (default in bold) VF Noise Measures Metallic Noise Select Y to enable the test and Power Influence on Select N to disable the test. spare or working pairs.
  • Page 64: Starting And Stopping A Pots Auto-Test

    990DSL Users Guide Starting and Stopping a POTS Auto-Test You can start a POTS Auto-Test in one of two ways: • From the menu (Figure 3-2), select . Then, Main POTS Auto-Test press K. • From the screen, press K.
  • Page 65: Saving Pots Auto-Test Results

    POTS Testing and Fault Location POTS Auto-Test Note “N/A” in the Results column indicates that the test was selected but not run because of excessive voltage or resistance on the pair. “N/S” indicates the test was not selected in Auto-Test Setups. If one or more tests fail, the cursor is positioned on the first failed test.
  • Page 66: The Pots Toolbox

    990DSL Users Guide The POTS Toolbox The POTS Toolbox includes the same tests that are available in the Auto-Test (see Table 4-1) as well as other fault location tests. This section introduces the POTS toolbox tests, shows you how to run them, and describes their results.
  • Page 67: Setting Up A Voltage Test

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox Setting Up a Voltage Test To set up a Voltage test, follow the instructions under “Displaying a Setup Menu” in Chapter 3. Refer to Table 4-2 for Voltage test setup parameters. Table 4-2. Voltage Test Setup Parameters Parameter Settings (default in bold) ≥50 VAC...
  • Page 68: Voltage Test Results

    990DSL Users Guide Voltage Test Results To run a Voltage test, follow the instructions under “Starting and Stopping a Test in the POTS Toolbox”, earlier in this chapter. When completed, voltage results for all legs are displayed as shown in Figure 4-4: acy15s.eps...
  • Page 69: Continuous Voltage Test Result Screen

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox Running a Continuous Voltage Test To continuously monitor DC voltage on a pair, do the following: Press A( Contin. DCV screen (Figure 4-5) is displayed. Continuous DCV acy16s.eps Figure 4-5. Continuous Voltage Test Result Screen Figure 4-5 shows a continuous DCV value for the T-R leg.
  • Page 70: Shorts & Grounds Test

    990DSL Users Guide Shorts & Grounds Test The Shorts & Grounds test provides a “snapshot” measurement of the resistances between each leg (TR, TG, and RG) of a pair. Setting Up a Shorts & Grounds Test To set up a Shorts & Grounds test, follow the instructions under “Displaying a Setup Menu”...
  • Page 71 POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox acy17s.eps Figure 4-6. Shorts & Grounds Test Results: Short To run additional tests directly from this screen, do the following: • Press A( ) to obtain a continuous resistance reading. Contin. Resistance •...
  • Page 72 990DSL Users Guide Converting Fault Resistance Values to Distance Values Often the fault resistances displayed are “hard” shorts or grounds, meaning that the fault is at zero Ohms, and the resistance shown is only the conductor resistance itself to that fault. In these situations, the CopperPro can convert the resistances to distances...
  • Page 73: Opens Test

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox Opens Test The Opens test performs a true three-terminal test on a pair. To run the test, you need to choose the appropriate Cable Type (see Table 4-4). Note You do not need to provide the”D” Factor (or TG /TR Capacitance Ratio) or have to ground a percentage of spares in the cable to get an accurate distance reading, as you do with conventional 2-terminal meters.
  • Page 74: Opens Test Results

    Contin. Opens • Press C( ) if the pair is known to be a split pair (see “Splits Test” Splits later in this chapter). Test Equipment Depot - 800.517.8431 - 99 Washington Street Melrose, MA 02176 4-16 FAX 781.665.0780 - TestEquipmentDepot.com...
  • Page 75: Adjusted Opens Test Screen

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox Adjusted Opens Test A cable manufacturer’s data can vary by as much as 7% among cables. Therefore, for greater accuracy, it is strongly recommended that you first perform an Opens test on a known good pair in the cable. This data can then be saved as a Custom Cable Type for further use on faulted pairs in the same cable.
  • Page 76 990DSL Users Guide If the value is not correct: Cable Length • Press A( ), then enter a known good value for Adjust Cable Length (five digits maximum, no commas), and / or a value Cap. Reference if known to be non-standard.
  • Page 77: Splits Test

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox Splits Test The Splits test should be run if an Opens Test result shows a “Possible Split or Water” condition. However, a split condition may exist that is not detected by the Opens Test, due to the length of the split being fairly short. In this case, when the pair is known to be split but shows to be good and balanced, you should run the Splits Test.
  • Page 78: Splits Test: Connection Diagram

    990DSL Users Guide Notes The “Possible Split or Water” result is generated whenever the 3T Capacitance Ratio (TG to TR) of a balanced pair is greater than the average ratio for the selected Cable Type. This may be due to either a split pair condition, enough water in the cable to alter its 3T Cap.
  • Page 79: Splits Test Result Screen

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox Verify that the pair is actually split with another pair, and then locate the second split pair with a tracing tone probe or other standard method. As prompted, connect the CopperPro Pair 1 and 2 test leads to the two split pairs exactly as shown in the connection diagram (Figure 4-10).
  • Page 80: Resistance Fault Location (Rfl) Test

    990DSL Users Guide Resistance Fault Location (RFL) Test The RFL test provides a highly accurate method of locating resistance faults (shorts, grounds, or crosses), including those that are too large for the TDR test to locate. It does this by using cable gauge and temperature values in a “nulling bridge”...
  • Page 81: Running An Rfl Test

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox Running an RFL Test To run an RFL test, do one of the following: • Select in the POTS Toolbox (Figure 4-3), then press K. • From the menu, press K. Setups - R.F.L. The CopperPro locates the leg positions and values of all fault resistances, and then displays a screen that prompts you to connect a far-end strap (dotted line).
  • Page 82: Rfl Test Results: Double-Sided Fault Or Short

    990DSL Users Guide If the fault is a short or if both conductors are faulted, or a shorting strap has already been placed at the far end for a single-sided fault, the tester displays a screen like Figure 4-13: acy25s.eps Figure 4-13.
  • Page 83: Two-Wire Rfl Test Results: Tip Ground

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox Single-Sided Fault Location Test Results To locate a single-sided fault, do the following: Connect the strap as shown in Figure 4-12, then press K. If the tester was turned off during the strap connection process: •...
  • Page 84: Two-Wire Rfl Test Results: Distance To Fault

    990DSL Users Guide If you supplied the correct gauge and temperature information in RFL Setups prior to running the test, press A( Distance to Fault If the correct gauge and temperature were not entered into Setups prior to the test, you can enter them now. Press either D(...
  • Page 85: Rfl Multiple Wire Gauge Entry Screen

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox Entering Multiple Wire Gauge Information For pair counts composed of multiple wire gauge sections, or sections containing load coils, use this procedure to store multiple gauge information. The CopperPro lets you store up to 20 “sections” of data. A section is defined as a length of cable having a gauge that is different from the preceding length, or a length of cable containing a load coil at the end.
  • Page 86 990DSL Users Guide Enter the length of the first section (five digits maximum, with no commas), using the same units of measure (feet or meters) selected for the Language configuration, then press L. PressG to move the cursor to the Section 1 field.
  • Page 87: Rfl Test "Distance To Strap" Entry

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox RFL Test “Distance to Strap” Entry If the distance to the strap was known and entered into Section 1 of the above Multiple Gauge entry screen (along with in the field), all other Strap Dist.
  • Page 88: Short Or Double-Sided Fault Location (3 Wire) Test Results

    990DSL Users Guide Short or Double-Sided Fault Location (3 Wire) Test Results To view test results for a short or double-sided fault, select the desired strapping option to complete the bridge (as prompted in Figure 4-13). Note If the fault is a short or if both conductors are faulted, you must use either a good conductor or pair to complete one leg of the bridge.
  • Page 89 POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox When the test finishes, resistance values are displayed. b) Press A ( ), and distances to the fault and strap are Distance to Fault then displayed, as shown in Figure 4-18: acy30s.eps Figure 4-18.
  • Page 90: Three-Wire Rfl Test: Good Pair Strap

    990DSL Users Guide acy26s.eps Figure 4-19. Three-Wire RFL Test: Good Pair Strap This diagram shows the T1 and R1 test leads connected to the good pair and a far-end strap (in dotted lines). To complete the test, do the following: a) Connect the Pair 2 test leads (T1 and R1) to the good strapping pair and connect the far-end straps, then press K.
  • Page 91: Rfl Test: K-Test Option

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox acy27s.eps Figure 4-20. Three-Wire RFL Test Result: Distances RFL Test: K-Test Option The “K-Test” is a variation of RFL that can be used whenever a double-sided fault is present, and there are no good conductors in the cable to use for either the “Good Wire”...
  • Page 92: Running The K-Test

    990DSL Users Guide Running the K-Test After performing an initial RFL test on a pair having a double-sided fault, and whose values meet the K-Test requirements (as in Fig. 4-13), do the following: Press C( K-Test-2W). The tester then runs the first part of the test, performing a nulling bridge operation on the pair with the far end open.
  • Page 93: Load Coils Test

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox Load Coils Test The Load Coils test performs a frequency sweep of the pair (either spare or working POTS) to determine the number of load coils present, and the approximate distance to the first coil. Setting Up a Load Coils Test The Load Coils test requires that the predominant wire-gauge to the first load coil be entered in Setups, for the most accurate distance-to-first-load results.
  • Page 94: Load Coil Graph: 6 Loads

    The farthest load is represented on the extreme right side of the waveform, and will always have a relatively smaller dip and peak. Test Equipment Depot - 800.517.8431 - 99 Washington Street Melrose, MA 02176 FAX 781.665.0780 - TestEquipmentDepot.com 4-36...
  • Page 95: Loop Devices Test

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox Note At times, small dips or peaks may be missed by the counter, yet be visually seen in the graph. Also, the presence of an abnormally high amount of metallic battery noise on working POTS lines may cause the counter to register a high false number of loads, but the actual number may be visually determined by looking at the graph.
  • Page 96: Loop Devices Test Results

    990DSL Users Guide Loop Devices Test Results To run this test, follow the instructions under “Starting and Stopping a Test in the POTS Toolbox”, earlier in this chapter. Upon completion of the test, the CopperPro displays a result screen that lists each loop device and indicates whether or not it was detected on the test pair.
  • Page 97: Leakage Stress Test Results

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox Leakage Stress Test Results To run this test, follow the instructions under “Starting and Stopping a Test in the POTS Toolbox”, earlier in this chapter. Figure 4-23 shows results from a Leakage Stress test that was conducted on a faulty pair: acy35s.eps Figure 4-23.
  • Page 98: Tracing Tone Test

    990DSL Users Guide Tracing Tone Test The Tracing Tone test places a warbled, high-level ID tone on a test pair. You can choose to apply the following types of tones: • : Tone applied equally on T & R with respect to G (non-...
  • Page 99: Vf Noise Test

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox VF Noise Test This test performs a “snapshot” measurement of the voice frequency Metallic Noise (Nm) and Power Influence (PI) on the pair. Setting Up a VF Noise Test To set up a VF Noise test, follow the instructions under “Displaying a Setup Menu”...
  • Page 100: Vf Noise Test Results

    990DSL Users Guide acy36s.eps Figure 4-24. VF Noise Test Results a) Press A( to run a continuous Metallic Noise test. Contin. Nm) b) Press B( to run a continuous Power Influence test. Contin. P.I.) c) Press C( ) to see the individual harmonic...
  • Page 101: Power Harmonics Test

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox Power Harmonics Test The Power Harmonics test, available as a softkey test option on the VF Noise test result screen, shows values of both odd and even power frequency harmonics in the voice frequency band. After running the VF Noise test, press ) to obtain a snapshot graph of all power frequency Power Harmonics harmonics on the line.
  • Page 102: Vf Loss Test

    990DSL Users Guide Metallic coupling due to power line crosses will exhibit a high fundamental content, but will have little or no harmonic frequency content. Coupling due to AC current in the cable sheath, caused primarily by large earth return currents from unbalanced 3-phase power lines, will exhibit high fundamental content as well as both odd and even harmonics.
  • Page 103: Running A Vf Loss Test

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox Running a VF Loss Test To run a VF Loss test, complete the following: Select from the POTS Toolbox, then press L. VF Loss A connection diagram is displayed, as shown in Figure 4-26: acy108s.eps Figure 4-26.
  • Page 104: Vf Loss Test Results

    990DSL Users Guide VF Loss Test Results VF Loss test measures the insertion loss of the pair at the Single Tone detected frequency, and displays the result in the upper right corner of the screen as shown in Figure 4-27.
  • Page 105: Vf Longitudinal Balance Test

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox VF Longitudinal Balance Test This test applies a locally-generated common-mode disturbing tone to the pair, and simultaneously measures the metallic noise caused by this tone. Longitudinal balance is the difference in dB between the two signals. Setting Up a VF Longitudinal Balance Test Enter setup parameters as instructed in Chapter 3, referring to Table 4-9.
  • Page 106: Send Vf Tone Test

    990DSL Users Guide acy98s.eps Figure 4-28. Longitudinal Balance Test Results: Good Pair Send VF Tone Test In this function, the CopperPro generates a variety of precision single tones, swept tone sets, or a composite VF tone set. Setting Up a Send VF Tone Test To set up a VF Tone, follow the instructions under “Displaying a Setup Menu”...
  • Page 107: Running A Send Vf Tone Test

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox Running a Send VF Tone Test To send a VF Tone, do the following: Select in the POTS Toolbox, then press L. Send VF Tone screen is displayed as shown in Figure 4-29. Send VF Tone Press the softkey for the desired tone (see Table 4-11 for descriptions).
  • Page 108: Types Of Vf Tones

    990DSL Users Guide Table 4-11. Types of VF Tones Tone Description • Continuously transmitted single tone Single Tone • Settable level from +3 to -20 dBm • Settable frequency from 24 Hz to 20 kHz • Sequence of 3 tones, each lasting four seconds 3-Tone Sweep •...
  • Page 109: Loop Current & Ground Ohms Test

    POTS Testing and Fault Location The POTS Toolbox Loop Current & Ground Ohms Test In the Loop Current and Ground Ohms test, the CopperPro measures and displays the following parameters on a working POTS line: • (into 430Ω) Loop Current •...
  • Page 110: Running A Loop Current & Ground Ohms Test

    990DSL Users Guide Running a Loop Current & Ground Ohms Test Loop Cur. & Gnd Ω From the POTS Toolbox, select , and press K. • If the T-R DC Voltage measured was not Idle POTS as specified in DCV Setups, the CopperPro displays a message asking you whether or not to proceed, to avoid disruption of a possible non- POTS service.
  • Page 111: Dial-Up Test Group

    POTS Testing and Fault Location Dial-Up Test Group Dial-Up Test Group The Dial-Up Test group consists of terminated VF transmission tests that are conducted on idle working POTS lines. These tests operate by dialing various C.O. equipment, with the exception of the DID / DOD tests (*), which are used to test analog PBX trunk facilities.
  • Page 112: Setting Up A Dial-Up Test

    990DSL Users Guide Setting Up a Dial-Up Test To set up a Dial-Up test, do the following: Enter the setup parameters for all associated subtests shown in Table 4-13: Table 4-13. Dial-Up Tests and Associated Subtests Dial-Up Test Associated Subtests...
  • Page 113: Running A Dial-Up Test

    POTS Testing and Fault Location Dial-Up Test Group Select the desired test in the Dial-Up Test Toolbox shown in Figure 4-30, screen is displayed. and press L. The Select Dialing Mode Press D( ) to display the screen. Setups Setups – Dial-up Tests Select the desired Dialing parameters, listed in Table 4-14.
  • Page 114 CopperPro keypad, then press L. In both the above cases, after dialing, the selected test is performed. acy40s.eps Figure 4-30. Dial-Up Test Toolbox Test Equipment Depot - 800.517.8431 - 99 Washington Street Melrose, MA 02176 4-56 FAX 781.665.0780 - TestEquipmentDepot.com...
  • Page 115: Running A Milliwatt Vf Loss Test

    POTS Testing and Fault Location Dial-Up Test Group Running a Milliwatt VF Loss Test After you have selected the Milliwatt function and either automatically or manually dialed a C.O. Milliwatt phone number as described earlier, the CopperPro waits for a fixed post-dialing interval, then automatically measures the Milliwatt frequency and VF line loss of the applied signal.
  • Page 116: Running A Vf Longitudinal Balance Test

    990DSL Users Guide Running a VF Longitudinal Balance Test After you have selected the VF Long. Balance function and either automatically or manually dialed a C.O. Quiet Termination phone number as described earlier, the CopperPro waits for a fixed post-dialing interval, then automatically measures the VF Longitudinal Balance of the line.
  • Page 117: Running An On-Hook Caller Id Test

    POTS Testing and Fault Location Dial-Up Test Group Running an On-Hook Caller ID Test The On-Hook Caller ID test enables the CopperPro to receive a call on the test line from another line, then capture and display Caller ID calling party information.
  • Page 118: Running A Call Waiting Caller Id Test

    990DSL Users Guide Running a Call Waiting Caller ID Test The Call Waiting Caller ID test enables the CopperPro to place a call on the test line to a Quiet Termination, wait to be called from another line, then capture and display Caller ID information sent on the line by the C.O. switch.
  • Page 119: Smart-Pro Tests

    POTS Testing and Fault Location Dial-Up Test Group Smart-Pro Tests The tests in this group enable the CopperPro to dial a C.O.-based Smart-Pro unit and run various VF tests over a working POTS line. The following procedure shows you how to dial a Smart-Pro and run a 10- Tone Slope test.
  • Page 120: Smart-Pro Test Key Commands

    990DSL Users Guide Press A( N-Tone Slope screen is displayed. Select Dialing Mode Select a method of dialing. Do one of the following: • - If you want the CopperPro to automatically dial the Auto-Dial number of the C.O Smart-Pro, press A( ).
  • Page 121: Smart-Pro N-Tone Slope Test Results

    POTS Testing and Fault Location Dial-Up Test Group To start a 10-Tone Slope test, press (for the 10-Tone Sweep), then L. The CopperPro measures the frequency, loss, and slope of each tone it receives and displays results in real time, as shown in Figure 4-31: acy43s.eps Figure 4-31.
  • Page 122: Sass Tests

    990DSL Users Guide SASS Tests The SASS (Single Access Service System) tests enable the CopperPro to dial a C.O.-based Harris SASS unit for similar VF tests over a working POTS line. To run tests in this group, follow the above procedure for “Smart-Pro Tests”.
  • Page 123: Datu Tests

    POTS Testing and Fault Location Dial-Up Test Group DATU Tests The DATU (Direct Access Test Unit) tests enable the CopperPro to dial a C.O.-based Harris DATU over a working POTS line. The DATU can then be instructed to access the line under test (through the switch Test Trunk), split off the battery feed circuit, and apply selectable terminations for an entered time period.
  • Page 124: Datu Manual Termination Codes

    990DSL Users Guide During the test, supply the following as prompted by the DATU: • Password (if required) • Phone number of the line under test • Termination code (see table below) • Number of minutes ( ) to apply the termination.
  • Page 125: Terminated Vf Tests

    POTS Testing and Fault Location Terminated VF Tests Terminated VF Tests Terminated VF Tests are a group of double-ended, voice frequency Auto- Tests that require a far-end terminating device such as the TN2x00 “ Terminator” or “SmartStrap”; 3M "FED" or “FEDII”; or CMC “My Helper”. The CopperPro automatically controls the Terminator, FED and Helper over the same pair, thus not requiring a separate control pair.
  • Page 126: Running A Terminated Vf Test

    990DSL Users Guide a) From the POTS Toolbox, select and press L. Terminated VF Tests b) From the screen, press D( Select Terminated Test Type Setups c) Enter a setting for Loop Resistance, Ground Resistance, and Unbalance Resistance Pass Thresholds.
  • Page 127: Terminator Vf Auto-Test Summary Results

    POTS Testing and Fault Location Terminated VF Tests Connect the CopperPro and Terminator (Far End Device) as shown in the connection diagram, connecting both units to either one or two test pairs. Select either A( ) or B( ), then press K. Pair 1 Test Pair 2 Test The CopperPro displays the test it is currently running, and when...
  • Page 128: Saving Terminator Vf Auto-Test Results

    990DSL Users Guide acy103s.eps Figure 4-34. Terminator VF Auto-Test Results: SmartTone Loss Press B( ) to view the VF Loss results in terms of Slope. Slope Graph Press L to return to the Summary Results screen. Saving Terminator VF Auto-Test Results As indicated earlier in the chapter, Auto-Test results are not automatically saved.
  • Page 129: Using The Copperpro As A Terminator

    POTS Testing and Fault Location Terminated VF Tests Using the CopperPro as a Terminator In the absence of a TN2000 or TN2100 Terminator, you can use another CopperPro as a substitute by placing it in the “Terminator Emulator” mode. To do this, perform the following: From the Terminator VF Auto-Test Selection screen (Figure 4-32), press Terminator Emulator...
  • Page 130: Manually Controlling A Far-End Terminator

    990DSL Users Guide Manually Controlling a Far-End Terminator It may often be necessary to manually control a Terminator (or Terminator Emulator) from the testing CopperPro to run individual tests on the pair, rather than an Auto-Test, for more detailed fault analysis.
  • Page 131 POTS Testing and Fault Location Terminated VF Tests Table 4-19. Manual Terminator Commands To apply this termination: Select this Function: Short Ring–Tip Short Ring Ground Ring Ground Tip Ground Tip Ground Short & Ground Tip & Ring Ground VF Quiet Termination Quiet Term.
  • Page 132: Xdsl Testing And Loop Qualification

    Chapter 5 XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification Introduction The tests described in this chapter can help you determine a cable pair’s ability to carry modern high-speed digital services. The chapter begins by showing you how to set up and run a DSL Auto-Test. Like the POTS Auto-Test, the DSL Auto-Test contains a series of individual tests.
  • Page 133: Dsl Auto-Test

    • Resistive Unbalance • Wideband Noise / Level • Nyquist Single-Frequency Loss, or Composite-Tone Loss* • Wideband Longitudinal Balance* * Requires TN2100 Enhanced Terminator. Test Equipment Depot - 800.517.8431 - 99 Washington Street Melrose, MA 02176 FAX 781.665.0780 - TestEquipmentDepot.com...
  • Page 134 XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification DSL Auto-Test Setting Up a DSL Auto-Test In this test, pairs are qualified based on Pass Thresholds that are automatically selected for the Service Type chosen. To choose a Service Type, do the following: From the menu, select then, press L.
  • Page 135 990DSL Users Guide acy54s.eps Figure 5-2. DSL Auto-Test Setups: Screen 1 Press A( ) and use H or F to select the desired Service Type to be Edit qualified, then press L. Refer to Table 5-1 for supported Service Types and their Qualification Criteria.
  • Page 136 XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification DSL Auto-Test Table 5-1. Service Types for Qualification (continued) Service Type Qualification Criteria • ADSL (DMT) Param. results vs. ADSL Pass Thresholds • Up. & Downstream Estimated Data Rates • 138 kHz WB Long. Balance •...
  • Page 137 990DSL Users Guide From Setup Screen 1, select the field. Loss Pass / Fail Thresholds Choose one of the following options: Thresholds (default) – These Pass / Fail thresholds are Predefined factory-predefined for the Service Type chosen, with unique values for each test.
  • Page 138: Running A Dsl Auto-Test

    XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification DSL Auto-Test Running a DSL Auto-Test After selecting the desired Setup options, do the following: Connect the CopperPro and Terminator or Terminator Emulator ( Far End ) as shown in Figure 5-1. (See Chapter 4, “Using the CopperPro as Device a Terminator”).
  • Page 139: Dsl Auto-Test Loss Results: Hdsl2 Loop Attenuation

    990DSL Users Guide Note that the pair failed the test, with a descriptive message in the WB Loss upper right corner of the screen ( Failed Loop Atten Select the desired test and press A( ) to view detailed test results.
  • Page 140: Dsl Auto-Test Results: Adsl Service Type

    XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification DSL Auto-Test To superimpose a transmitted Power Spectral Density (PSD) mask on the ), then press G or I to Loop Attenuation graph, press B( PSD Atten Mask overlay either the Upstream or Downstream mask on the graph. Figure 5-4 shows the Loop Attenuation graph with the superimposed Downstream PSD mask.
  • Page 141: Dsl Auto-Test Loss Results: Adsl Snr Graph

    990DSL Users Guide acy57s.eps Figure 5-5. DSL Auto-Test Loss Results: ADSL SNR Graph From the SNR values, the CopperPro generates a graph Bits / Tone (Figure 5-6), showing the number of data bits able to be encoded at each bin. Estimated Upstream and Downstream data rates (shown in the upper right corner of Figures 5-5 and 5-6) are generated from the aggregate of encoded data bits across both of the bands.
  • Page 142: Disturber Mask Overlays

    XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification DSL Auto-Test acy58s.eps Figure 5-6. DSL Auto-Test Loss Results: ADSL Bits / Tone Graph Disturber Mask Overlays From any one of the ADSL , or graph screens, press B Loss Bits / Tone (Disturber Mask), then press G or I to superimpose any of a group of typical disturber masks on the graphs.
  • Page 143: Dsl Auto-Test Results: All Service Types

    990DSL Users Guide DSL Auto-Test Results: ALL Service Types To run a rapid qualification summary of all Service Types (listed in Table 5-1) in a single pass, select for the in the Setup screen in Qualified Service Figure 5-2. Figure 5-7 shows the detailed Loss results for a typical pair.
  • Page 144: Saving Dsl Auto-Test Results

    XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification DSL Auto-Test acy60s.eps Figure 5-8. DSL Auto-Test Loss Results: Qualified Service List Saving DSL Auto-Test Results Auto-Test results are not automatically saved. To save them, do the following: From the Summary Result screen, press C( Save Results Enter the following Test Identification information: •...
  • Page 145: Adsl Verify Test

    990DSL Users Guide ADSL Verify Test The ADSL Verify Test is a single-ended test of an active ADSL line to determine the presence of both the C.O. DSLAM and customer modem, and to determine the approximate bit-rate capability of the line. It is comprised of a test looking toward the C.O.
  • Page 146: Atu-C Test

    XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification ADSL Verify Test ATU-C Test To test the line and DSLAM for performance, do the following: At the customer’s location, disconnect the outside line from the ADSL modem. Connect the tester pair 1 test leads to the Tip, Ring, and Ground terminals of the outside line.
  • Page 147: Atu-R Test

    990DSL Users Guide • DSLAM Not Detected This indicates that the DSLAM has not yet been connected at the frame, the DSLAM modem is not operational, or the outside line will not support ADSL operation. This could be due to the presence of one or more load coils;...
  • Page 148: The Xdsl Toolbox

    XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification The XDSL Toolbox The XDSL Toolbox The XDSL toolbox (shown in Figure 5-9) is like the POTS Toolbox in that it contains both parametric and transmission tests. The parametric tests are exactly the same as in the POTS Toolbox, and are available for ease of use. •...
  • Page 149: Starting And Stopping A Test In The Xdsl Toolbox

    990DSL Users Guide acy61s.eps Figure 5-9.XDSL Toolbox Starting and Stopping a Test in the XDSL Toolbox Unless otherwise noted in the section for a particular test, use one of the following procedures to run a test in the XDSL toolbox: •...
  • Page 150: Wb Noise/Level Test

    XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification The XDSL Toolbox WB Noise/Level Test The WB Noise / Level test measures metallic noise or signal level present on a pair. The test provides a snapshot wideband measurement on either spare pairs (in the Terminated mode) or on active pairs (in the Bridged mode). The test employs DSP techniques to perform measurements at multiple frequencies at the same time.
  • Page 151: Wb Noise/Level Test Results For A Spare Pair

    990DSL Users Guide WB Noise/Level Test Results for a Spare Pair To run a WB Noise / Level test on a spare pair, select on the WB Noise / Level XDSL Toolbox, and press K. The graph in Figure 5-10 shows the results of a WB Noise / Level test that was run on a spare pair having crosstalk from an adjacent ISDN Basic Rate circuit.
  • Page 152: Wb Noise/Level Test Results For A Working Adsl Pair

    XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification The XDSL Toolbox You can select any of eight Disturber Masks to overlay the noise graph, shown as dotted lines above the noise waveform. By comparing the disturber mask and the noise waveform, you can more easily identify the type of crosstalk interference.
  • Page 153: Wb Loss Test

    If the sending device is a CopperPro or Terminator, it automatically rounds off the entered frequency to the nearest bin frequency to ensure accurate results. Test Equipment Depot - 800.517.8431 - 99 Washington Street Melrose, MA 02176 FAX 781.665.0780 - TestEquipmentDepot.com 5-22...
  • Page 154: Setting Up A Wb Loss Test

    XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification The XDSL Toolbox Unlike the DSL Auto-Test, the WB Loss test is manually controlled. There is no communication between the two units. Setting Up a WB Loss Test The WB Loss test has no test-specific setups. Running a WB Loss Test To run a WB Loss test, do the following: From the XDSL toolbox, select...
  • Page 155: Wb Longitudinal Balance Test

    990DSL Users Guide In the above test, the transmitted signal was 772 kHz (theT1 Nyquist frequency) in order to qualify the test pair for T1 service. The result at the top of the screen indicates the pair’s insertion loss at the displayed frequency.
  • Page 156: Running A Wb Longitudinal Balance Test

    XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification The XDSL Toolbox Running a WB Longitudinal Balance Test To run a WB Longitudinal Balance test, do the following: From the XDSL Toolbox, select and press L. WB Long. Balance The WB Long. Balance connection diagram is displayed. Follow the on-screen instructions to connect the (another Sending Unit...
  • Page 157: Send Wb Tone Function

    990DSL Users Guide acy102s.eps Figure 5-13. WB Longitudinal Balance Test Results Send WB Tone Function The Send WB Tone test continuously transmits a single precision tone at a level of 0 dBm. Setting Up a Send WB Tone Test To set up the Send WB Tone test, follow the instructions under “Displaying a Setup Menu”...
  • Page 158: Running A Send Wb Tone Test

    XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification The XDSL Toolbox Running a Send WB Tone Test To run a Send WB Tone Test, do the following: From the XDSL toolbox, select and press L. Send WB Tone screen is displayed. Send WB Tone Press A( ).
  • Page 159: Running An Adsl Auto-Test

    990DSL Users Guide Table 5-5. ADSL Auto-Test Setup Parameters Parameter Setting (default in bold) ADSL Standard ANSI (Full) or G.Lite Noise Measurement Filter G (ADSL) or None, E (ISDN BR), F (HDSL) Change the Setup parameters, if desired. • ANSI: Runs a frequency sweep of the full ADSL spectrum (8 kHz to 1104 kHz), with a data encoding limit of 15 Bits / Tone.
  • Page 160: Adsl Auto-Test Results

    XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification The XDSL Toolbox ADSL Auto-Test Results During the ADSL Auto-Test, the “Receiving Unit” commands the “Sending Unit” to transmit composite groups of frequencies at preset levels, and then measures them. At the completion of the test, The “Receiving Unit” displays a wideband Loss graph, as shown in Figure 5-14.
  • Page 161: Terminated Wb Tests

    990DSL Users Guide Terminated WB Tests Terminated WB Tests are similar to the Terminated VF Tests described in Chapter 4, but employ wideband rather than voiceband tests, in order to qualify pairs for high-speed digital services. These tests require a far-end terminating device such as the TN2100 “Terminator”...
  • Page 162: Saving Terminated Wb Test Results

    XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification The XDSL Toolbox c) C ( ) – This function is similar to the Terminator FED WB Auto-Test WB Auto-Test, but employs either a FED or FEDII as the far-end device. The CMC “My Helper” operates the same as the FED units. Note All the above Auto-Tests are similar in operation.
  • Page 163: Impulse Noise Test

    990DSL Users Guide Impulse Noise Test The Impulse Noise test is a single-ended test that enables wideband noise transients of specified amplitude to be counted and recorded over a user- specified time. The results of this test can be particularly helpful for tracking intermittent noise problems.
  • Page 164: Impulse Noise Test Results

    XDSL Testing and Loop Qualification The XDSL Toolbox The test automatically stops when the displayed value Elapsed Time reaches the entered in Setups. The displayed Test Time Setting Impulse value is highlighted in flashing, reverse-video when it exceeds the Count entered in Setups.
  • Page 165: Tdr Testing And Fault Location

    Chapter 6 TDR Testing and Fault Location Introduction This chapter describes the CopperPro’s TDR (Time Domain Reflectometer) test. The TDR testing function is a separately packaged and purchased software option that can often help you locate loop faults with greater precision than the parametric fault location tests that are described Chapter 4.
  • Page 166: Comparing Parametric Tests To The Tdr Test

    990DSL Users Guide Comparing Parametric Tests to the TDR Test Table 6-1 provides an overall assessment of the accuracy of the TDR test and three parametric tests (Opens, Load Coils, and RFL) at locating six common cable faults. The table highlights both the versatility of the TDR test as well as the complementary nature of all of the tests and their relative strengths and weaknesses.
  • Page 167: What Happens During A Tdr Test: An Overview

    TDR Testing and Fault Location What Happens During a TDR Test: An Overview What Happens During a TDR Test: An Overview You can use the TDR test to determine the length of a cable and to precisely locate faults along the cable. When making a TDR measurement, the CopperPro applies a balanced, high-frequency drive pulse to the test pair.
  • Page 168: Reflections

    990DSL Users Guide Reflections Reflections are caused by discontinuities in a cable’s characteristic impedance, such as gauge changes, splices, faults, the cable’s end, or series network elements. Positive (in-phase) reflections result from sudden increases in cable impedance, such as those due to opens, load coils, or resistive splices.
  • Page 169: Setting Up A Tdr Auto-Test

    TDR Testing and Fault Location TDR Auto-Test Even though the individual TDR tests (described later in this chapter) can be performed on working pairs with voltage, the TDR Auto-Test should be run on non-working pairs only. This is because several of its integrated parametric tests (for example, Opens and Shorts &...
  • Page 170: Starting And Stopping A Tdr Auto-Test

    990DSL Users Guide Table 6-2. TDR Auto-Test Setup Parameters Parameter Setting (default in bold) Pulse Width (Range) Auto, 20 ns (500 ft), 100 ns (2000 ft), 500 ns (4000 ft), 1000 ns (6000 ft), 2500 ns (12,000 ft), 5000 ns (>12,000 ft)
  • Page 171: Tdr Auto-Test Results

    TDR Testing and Fault Location TDR Auto-Test TDR Auto-Test Results When the TDR Auto-Test ends, the CopperPro displays the TDR Auto-Test result screen (Figure 6-1): acy71s.eps Figure 6-1. TDR Auto-Test Results: Open...
  • Page 172 : Trace smoothing filter (in Figure 6-1, the user turned it off). ♦ : Velocity of propagation factor that is specified in the setup. Test Equipment Depot - 800.517.8431 - 99 Washington Street Melrose, MA 02176 FAX 781.665.0780 - TestEquipmentDepot.com...
  • Page 173: Tdr Auto-Test Softkeys

    TDR Testing and Fault Location TDR Auto-Test • : alternate action softkeys that activate the functions TDR softkeys described in Table 6-3. The softkey is highlighted when the function is activated. To deactivate a function, press its softkey again. The TDR Auto-Test is a snapshot function. After the test ends, you can press any of the softkeys that are listed in Table 6-3 except Range Fltr...
  • Page 174 990DSL Users Guide Table 6-3. TDR Auto-Test Softkeys (continued) Press this key first Then press The For H key to respectively V.Pos’n. move the entire waveform up or H.Pos’n. down in the display window. The I or G key to respectively move the entire waveform left or right in the display window.
  • Page 175: The Tdr Toolbox

    TDR Testing and Fault Location The TDR Toolbox Saving TDR Auto-Test Results The TDR Auto-Test waveform is a snapshot result that you can save in a file. To save a result, press L, then follow the prompts for naming and saving the file.
  • Page 176: Starting And Stopping A Test In The Tdr Toolbox

    990DSL Users Guide Starting and Stopping a Test in the TDR Toolbox Unless otherwise instructed, use the following procedure to start a test in the TDR toolbox. From the menu, press C( ) to display the TDR toolbox Main (Figure 6-2).
  • Page 177: Pair 1 And 2 Compare Test

    TDR Testing and Fault Location The TDR Toolbox After determining the best set of parameters for the specific type of reflections that it detects, the CopperPro displays a continuous image of the waveform on the screen. If you want to see the effect of a different pulse width or filter, you can do so at any time, with the continuous test automatically displaying the resulting waveform.
  • Page 178: Pair 1 - 2 Difference Test

    990DSL Users Guide acy73s.eps Figure 6-3. Pair 1 and 2 Compare Test Result Screen Pair 1is always depicted as the lower trace and shown as a solid line. Pair 2 is the upper trace, which is shown as a dotted line. In Figure 6-3, note that the trace for Pair 2 has a minor reflection (it is marked by the reflection cursor) that indicates a gauge change at a splice point.
  • Page 179: Pair 1 Monitor

    TDR Testing and Fault Location The TDR Toolbox Pair 1 waveform data is used as the reference, and Pair 2 data is subtracted from it to obtain the “difference” waveform. If both pairs are identical (have exactly the same waveforms), the result is a straight line with no reflections. The TDR softkeys operate in the same manner as those on the Pair 1 test result screen (see “Pair 1 Test”...
  • Page 180: Pair 2 To 1 Crosstalk Test

    990DSL Users Guide The TDR function keys operate in the same manner as they do on the Pair 1 test result screen (see “Pair 1 Test” and Table 6-3 for descriptions). You can change the cursor positions at any time without affecting the displayed waveform.
  • Page 181: Displaying And Deleting Saved Traces

    TDR Testing and Fault Location The TDR Toolbox Displaying and Deleting Saved Traces To display or delete a saved trace, complete the following: From the TDR toolbox (Figure 6-2), select Recall Trace Press L. A list of stored TDR trace files is displayed. Press F or H to select the trace file.
  • Page 182: Tdr Test Operating Tips

    990DSL Users Guide TDR Test Operating Tips The operating tips in this section are provided to help you in the “real world” of TDR testing. Determining the VOP When you select a in the setup for the test, the Cable Type Gauge CopperPro automatically uses a standard median VOP value.
  • Page 183: Double-Ended Testing

    TDR Testing and Fault Location TDR Test Operating Tips Run the TDR Pair 1 test on the known good pair. Align the reflection cursor on the exact leading edge of the pair’s positive “open” reflection. Adjust the VOP until the “Delta C” (∆ distance equals the known length.
  • Page 184: Testing For Faults Close To The Copperpro

    990DSL Users Guide Multiply each of the two distances by the CF to get the corrected distance (CD) to the fault from both ends: CD1= CF x D1 and CD2 = CF x D2 Example: Known section length L =1200 feet...
  • Page 185: Saved Test Results

    Chapter 7 Saved Test Results Introduction This chapter shows you how to save test results in the CopperPro’s memory. You will also learn how to view and print saved test results and how to upload them to a PC. Saving Test Results The CopperPro saves results in two types of files: •...
  • Page 186: Result File Header

    990DSL Users Manual so the tester can store more files of this type. Table 7-1 gives you an indication of the tester’s storage limitations for text-based files and the two types of graphical files. Table 7-1. Storage Limitations of Saved Result Files...
  • Page 187 Saved Test Results Saving Test Results If you do not supply the information in the aforementioned list, the header contains a Date/Time stamp only. Operator Name, Location, and Job Number can optionally be added to the header. If a group of results shares the same header information (that is, Wire Center name, Facility Cable Number, and Pair/Terminal Number), one header appears immediately before the first saved result in the group and is not repeated for each subsequent result.
  • Page 188: Storing Test Results Automatically

    990DSL Users Manual Storing Test Results Automatically The CopperPro features an automatic test storage option that saves the text- based results of all non-continuous tests except Auto-Tests. All relevant test data is saved and any failures (those results that exceed a preset Pass/Fail threshold) are highlighted in reverse video.
  • Page 189: Saving A Displayed Waveform Or Frequency Graph

    Saved Test Results Saving Test Results Press A (Edit) then For H to change the automatic test storage setting to Disabled. The tester no longer automatically stores test results. Saving a Displayed Waveform or Frequency Graph To save a TDR waveform or frequency sweep graph, do the following: Make sure that the TDR waveform or frequency sweep graph that you want to save is displayed on the tester’s LCD.
  • Page 190: Viewing Stored Test Results

    990DSL Users Manual Viewing Stored Test Results To view test results that are stored in the tester’s memory, press N. screen is displayed (see Figure 7-1). From this screen, you Saved Results can view the following saved results: • Text-based results •...
  • Page 191: Viewing All Results

    Saved Test Results Viewing Stored Test Results In Figure 7-2, you can select the following options: • View all results • View results for a particular Wire Center • View results for a certain time period • Erase all results. These options are described in the following sections.
  • Page 192: Viewing Results For A Particular Wire Center

    Saved Results View by Time Stamp When prompted, type both a starting date and time and ending date and time in the space provided. Test Equipment Depot - 800.517.8431 - 99 Washington Street Melrose, MA 02176 FAX 781.665.0780 - TestEquipmentDepot.com...
  • Page 193: Erasing All Results

    Saved Test Results Viewing Stored Test Results Press B( View Test results for the time period you specified are displayed. The results are listed in chronological order, beginning with the starting date and time that you provided. Erasing All Results To erase all saved text results from the tester’s memory, do the following: Display the screen (Figure 7-2).
  • Page 194: Deleting A Saved Waveform

    990DSL Users Manual To view a waveform, press F or H to select it. Then, press B( View If you want to edit the notes you made about the waveform, select the waveform, then press A( ). In the space provided, type the Edit Remarks desired information.
  • Page 195: Deleting A Saved Frequency Graph

    Saved Test Results Printing Test Results Press F or H to select the graph. Then, press B(View). If you want to edit the notes you made about the graph, select the graph, then press A( ). In the space provided type the desired Edit Remarks information.
  • Page 196: A Features And Specifications

    Appendices Appendix Title Page Features and Specifications............A-1 Replacement Parts and Accessories ..........B-1...
  • Page 197 Appendix A Features and Specifications Introduction Appendix A describes the physical and operational characteristics of your 990DSL CopperPro Loop Tester...
  • Page 198 990DSL Users Guide Physical Size: (H x W x D): approximately 25 cm x 13.5 cm x 8.1 cm (9.8” x 5.3” x 3.2”) Weight: 1.8 kg (4.0 lbs.) Display: 320 x 240 pixel graphic LCD with backlight and adjustable...
  • Page 199: Regulatory Compliance

    Regulatory Compliance Safety: CSA C22.2 No 1010.1 • EN 61326 Emissions and Immunity CLASS A. • EN 61010-1 + 2 amendment Operational Specifications: Basic 990DSL Function Range Accuracy AC Voltage 0 V to 250 V 1 % ±0.5 V 0 V to 150 V DC Voltage 1 % ±0.5 V...
  • Page 200 990DSL Users Guide Operational Specifications: Basic 990DSL (continued) Function Range Accuracy Fault Resistance (Rf) 0 MΩ to 30 MΩ 0 Ω to 4000 Ω Loop resistance 0 Ω to 100 Ω ±0.10 Ω Resistance to Fault 0.1 % RTS 100 Ω to 4 kΩ...
  • Page 201 Appendices Features and Specifications Operational Specifications: Basic 990DSL (continued) Function Range Accuracy VF Long. Balance 0 dB to 70 dB ±2 dB Disturbing Frequency 200 Hz to 2500 Hz 0.1 % 600 Ω Impedance Send VF Tone Frequency 100 Hz to 20 kHz 0.1 %...
  • Page 202 990DSL Users Guide Operational Specifications: Wideband Option (continued) Function Range Accuracy WB Long. Balance 0 dB to 70 dB ±5 dB Disturbing Frequency 20 kHz to 1104 kHz 0.1 % 100 Ω, 135 Ω Impedance Filters E, F, G, None...
  • Page 203 Appendices Features and Specifications Operational Specifications: 990DSL TDR Option Function Range Accuracy Launch Pulse 100 Ω Impedance Pulse-width 20 ns, 100 ns, 10 % ±5 ns 500 ns, 1000 ns, 2500 ns, 5000 ns VOP Selection 0.300 to 0.999 Range 30,000 ft (VOP = 0.64, 19 Ga.)
  • Page 204 Appendices Replacement Parts and Accessories acy76f.eps Figure B-1. Replacement Parts...
  • Page 205: B-2. Optional Accessories For The Copperpro Loop Tester

    Test Lead Set, No Spike + Bed of 990TL-B Nails Contacts Test Lead Set, No Spike + No Bed of 990TL-N Nails Contacts Test Lead Set (International) (TBD) 12V Vehicle Battery Charger/Adapter BE720 990DSL Serial Graphics Printer 990-PRINTER Shown 990 Serial Printer Cable PN 943738 Shown...
  • Page 206: B-2. Optional Accessories

    Appendices Replacement Parts and Accessories R/BLK YEL/BLU acy77f.eps Figure B-2. Optional Accessories...
  • Page 207 Index features, A-2 —A— front panel, 2-2 AC power, connecting to, 2-8 individual tests, 3-4 Adjusted Opens test, 4-17 keys, 2-3 automobile battery, connecting to, 2-8 language of displays, changing, 3-13 Auto-Tests, 3-4 LCD, 2-3 Main menu, 3-3 —B— measurement units, changing, 3-13 backlight, turning on and off, 3-21 menus, 3-3 battery, 2-10...
  • Page 208 990DSL Users Manual Opens test, 4-15 —F— —P— Facility Cable No., 3-7 factory default values, restoring, 4-3 Pair 1 Monitor test, 6-15 fault resistances, converting to distance, Pair 1 test, 6-12 4-14 Pair 1 to 2 Crosstalk test, 6-16 features of CopperPro, A-2...
  • Page 209 Zero Leads utility, 3-20 Terminated VF tests, 4-67 tests, individual, 3-4 Time Domain Reflectometer. See TDR testing timers, 3-12 tip test lead, 2-6 toolbox tests, 3-4 traces Test Equipment Depot - 800.517.8431 - 99 Washington Street Melrose, MA 02176 FAX 781.665.0780 - TestEquipmentDepot.com...