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Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and
Operations Guide
Product and Documentation Release 3.1
November 2001
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Cisco Systems, Inc.
170 West Tasman Drive
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  • Page 1

    Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide Product and Documentation Release 3.1 November 2001 Corporate Headquarters Cisco Systems, Inc. 170 West Tasman Drive San Jose, CA 95134-1706 http://www.cisco.com Tel: 408 526-4000 800 553-NETS (6387) Fax: 408 526-4100 Customer Order Number: DOC-7813453=...

  • Page 2

    You can determine whether your equipment is causing interference by turning it off. If the interference stops, it was probably caused by the Cisco equipment or one of its peripheral devices. If the equipment causes interference to radio or television reception, try to correct the interference by using one or more of the following measures: •...

  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Obtaining Technical Assistance xxxvii Cisco.com xxxvii Technical Assistance Center xxxvii Procedure: Contacting TAC by Using the Cisco TAC Website xxxvii Procedure: Contacting TAC by Telephone xxxviii Hardware Installation C H A P T E R 1.1 Installation Overview 1.2 Installation Equipment 1.2.1 Included Materials...

  • Page 4

    Procedure: Install Coaxial Cable with SMB Connectors 1-38 1.11 DS-1 Cable Installation 1-39 1.11.1 Twisted Pair Wire-Wrap Installation 1-39 Procedure: Install DS-1 Cables Using Electrical Interface Adapters (Balun) 1-40 1.11.2 AMP Champ Connector Installation 1-41 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 5

    1.16.6 External LAN Interface 1-65 1.16.7 TL1 Craft Interface 1-66 1.16.8 Modem Interface 1-66 1.16.9 Alarm Interface 1-66 1.16.10 EIA Interface 1-66 1.16.11 Nonvolatile Memory 1-66 1.16.12 BITS Interface 1-66 1.16.13 System Timing 1-66 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 6

    2.6.1.3 Node View Tabs 2-15 2.6.2 Network View 2-15 2.6.2.1 CTC Node Colors 2-16 2.6.2.2 Network View Tasks 2-16 2.6.2.3 Creating Domains 2-17 2.6.2.4 Changing the Network View Background Color 2-19 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 7

    Procedure: Set Up Internal Timing 3-17 3.7 Viewing ONS 15454 Inventory 3-18 3.8 Viewing CTC Software Versions 3-19 IP Networking C H A P T E R 4.1 IP Networking Overview Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 8

    Procedure: Install the UPSR Trunk Cards 5-30 Procedure: Configure the UPSR DCC Terminations 5-31 Procedure: Enable the UPSR Ports 5-32 5.3.3 Adding and Removing UPSR Nodes 5-32 Procedure: Switch UPSR Traffic 5-32 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide viii November 2001...

  • Page 9

    Card Provisioning C H A P T E R 7.1 Performance Monitoring Thresholds 7.2 Provisioning Electrical Cards 7.2.1 DS-1 Card Parameters Procedure: Modify Line and Threshold Settings for the DS-1 Card Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 10

    Procedure: Select Near End PMs on the Performance Monitoring Screen Procedure: Select Far End PMs on the Performance Monitoring Screen 8.1.4 Using the Signal-Type Menu Procedure: Select Signal-Type Menus on the Performance Monitoring Screen Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 11

    Procedure: Provision a Hub and Spoke Ethernet Circuit 9-14 9.3.4 Ethernet Manual Cross-Connects 9-16 Procedure: Provision a Single-card EtherSwitch Manual Cross-Connect 9-17 Procedure: Provision a Multicard EtherSwitch Manual Cross-Connect 9-19 9.4 VLAN Support 9-21 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 12

    10.3 Alarm Profiles 10-8 10.3.1 Creating and Modifying Alarm Profiles 10-9 Procedure: Create an Alarm Profile 10-9 10.3.1.1 Alarm Profile Menus 10-10 10.3.1.2 Alarm Profile Editing 10-10 10.3.1.3 Alarm Severity Option 10-11 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 13

    Regulatory and Compliance Requirements A P P E N D I X Regulatory Compliance Japan Approvals Label Information Class A Notice Installation Warnings DC Power Disconnection Warning DC Power Connection Warning Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide xiii November 2001...

  • Page 14

    Unterminated Fiber Warning B-13 Laser Activation Warning B-15 Acronyms A P P E N D I X Glossary A P P E N D I X I N D E X Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 15

    A backplane with SMB EIA for DS-1 cables 1-41 Figure 1-29 Installing cards in the ONS 15454 1-45 Figure 1-30 Installing a GBIC on an E1000-2 card 1-51 Figure 1-31 Installing fiber-optic cables 1-53 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 16

    Selecting the IP address option Figure 3-3 Changing the IP address Figure 3-4 Selecting the Save Configuration option Figure 3-5 Saving and rebooting the TCC+ Figure 3-6 Creating a 1+1 protection group 3-10 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 17

    A four-node BLSR after the trunk cards are switched at one node 5-24 Figure 5-19 Deleting circuits from a BLSR trunk card 5-25 Figure 5-20 A basic four-node UPSR 5-27 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide xvii November 2001...

  • Page 18

    Example #4: Two VT1.5 circuits in UPSR or 1+1 protection scheme 6-18 Figure 6-13 A VT1.5 tunnel 6-19 Figure 6-14 A six-node ring with two VT1.5 tunnels 6-20 Figure 6-15 A DCC tunnel 6-22 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide xviii November 2001...

  • Page 19

    8-37 Figure 8-23 PM read points on the OC-12, OC-48, and OC-192 cards 8-38 Figure 9-1 A gigabit interface converter Figure 9-2 Provisioning Ethernet ports Figure 9-3 A Multicard EtherSwitch configuration Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 20

    The suppress alarms checkbox 10-14 Figure 11-1 A basic network managed by SNMP 11-2 Figure 11-2 An SNMP agent gathering data from an MIB and sending traps to the manager 11-2 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 21

    Figure A-3 Alternate paths for virtual UPSR segments Figure A-4 Mixing 1+1 or BLSR protected links with a UPSR Figure A-5 Ethernet shared packet ring routing Figure A-6 Ethernet and UPSR Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 22

    Figures Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide xxii November 2001...

  • Page 23

    SSM Generation 1 Message Set 3-14 Table 3-5 SSM Generation 2 Message Set 3-14 Table 4-1 General ONS 15454 IP Networking Checklist Table 4-2 Sample Routing Table Entries 4-16 Table 5-1 ONS 15454 Rings Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide xxiii November 2001...

  • Page 24

    Near-End DS3 Line PMs for the DS3-12E and DS3N-12E Cards 8-26 Table 8-17 Near-End DS3 Path PMs for the DS3-12E and DS3N-12E Cards 8-26 Table 8-18 Near-End CP-bit Path PMs for the DS3-12E and DS3N-12E Cards 8-26 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide xxiv November 2001...

  • Page 25

    Ethernet Parameters 9-29 Table 9-10 Ethernet Threshold Variables (MIBs) 9-31 Table 10-1 Alarms Column Descriptions 10-2 Table 10-2 Color Codes for Alarms, Conditions, and Events 10-3 Table 10-3 Alarm Display 10-3 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 26

    Bidirectional STS/VT/Regular Multicard EtherSwitch/Point-to-Point (straight) Ethernet Circuits Table A-2 Unidirectional STS/VT Circuit Table A-3 Multicard Group Ethernet Shared Packet Ring Circuit Table A-4 Bidirectional VT Tunnels Table B-1 Standards Table B-2 Card Approvals Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide xxvi November 2001...

  • Page 27: Hardware Installation

    Install Gigabit Interface Converters 1-50 Remove a Gigabit Interface Converter 1-52 Install Fiber-Optic Cables on OC-N Cards 1-53 Install the Fiber Boot 1-53 Route Fiber-Optic Cables in the Shelf Assembly 1-56 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide xxvii November 2001...

  • Page 28

    Change IP Address, Default Router, and Network Mask Using the LCD Create New Users Edit a User Delete a User Create Protection Groups Enable Ports 3-10 Edit Protection Groups 3-11 Delete Protection Groups 3-11 Set up ONS 15454 Timing 3-14 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide xxviii November 2001...

  • Page 29

    Create a Manually Routed Circuit Create a Unidirectional Circuit with Multiple Drops Create a Monitor Circuit Search for ONS 15454 Circuits 6-10 Edit a UPSR Circuit 6-11 Create a J1 Path Trace 6-13 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide xxix November 2001...

  • Page 30

    Provision an EtherSwitch Point-to-Point Circuit (Multicard or Single-Card) Provision a Shared Packet Ring 9-10 Provision a Hub and Spoke Ethernet Circuit 9-14 Provision a Single-card EtherSwitch Manual Cross-Connect 9-17 Provision a Multicard EtherSwitch Manual Cross-Connect 9-19 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 31

    Create an Alarm Profile 10-9 Apply an Alarm Profile at the Card View 10-13 Apply an Alarm Profile at the Node View 10-13 Suppressing Alarms 10-14 SNMP Set Up SNMP Support 11-3 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide xxxi November 2001...

  • Page 32

    Procedures Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide xxxii November 2001...

  • Page 33: About This Manual

    About This Manual This section explains who should read the Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide, how the document is organized, related documentation, document conventions, how to order print and CD-ROM documentation, and how to obtain technical assistance. Audience This guide is for Cisco ONS 15454 administrators who are responsible for hardware installation, software installation, node setup, and node and network configuration.

  • Page 34: Related Documentation

    Release Notes for the Cisco ONS 15454, Release 3.1 Cisco Warranty Services for ONG Products Cisco ONS 15454 Quick Configuration Guide Cisco ONS 15454 Quick Installation Guide Cisco ONS 15454 Quick Reference for TL1 Commands, Release 3.1 Related products: Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide xxxiv...

  • Page 35: Obtaining Documentation

    “click the Maintenance>Protection>Ring tabs” Procedure: Precedes all procedures; a horizontal line indicates the end of each procedure Obtaining Documentation The following sections provide sources for obtaining documentation from Cisco Systems. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide xxxv November 2001...

  • Page 36: World Wide Web

    About This Manual Obtaining Documentation World Wide Web You can access the most current Cisco documentation on the World Wide Web at the following sites: • http://www.cisco.com • http://www-china.cisco.com • http://www-europe.cisco.com Optical Networking Product Documentation CD-ROM Optical networking-related documentation, including Release 3.1 of the Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide, Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Reference Guide, and the Cisco ONS 15454 TL1 Command Guide, is available in a CD-ROM package that ships with your product.

  • Page 37: Obtaining Technical Assistance

    P4—You need information or assistance on Cisco product capabilities, product installation, or basic product configuration. In each of the above cases, use the Cisco TAC website to quickly find answers to your questions. To register for Cisco.com, go to the following website: http://www.cisco.com/register/...

  • Page 38

    P1—Your production network is down, causing a critical impact to business operations if service is • not restored quickly. No workaround is available. • P2—Your production network is severely degraded, affecting significant aspects of your business operations. No workaround is available. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide xxxviii November 2001...

  • Page 39: Hardware Installation

    C H A P T E R Hardware Installation This chapter provides procedures for installing the Cisco ONS 15454. Chapter topics include: Installation equipment • • Rack installation Front door access • • Backplane covers Fan-tray assembly • • Power and ground installation Backplane pin connections (alarms, timing, LAN, and craft interface) •...

  • Page 40: Installation Overview

    The ONS 15454 is suitable for mounting on concrete or other non-combustible surfaces only. Caution Unused card slots should be filled with a blank faceplate (Cisco P/N 15454-BLANK). The blank faceplate ensures proper airflow when operating the ONS 15454 without the front door attached, although Cisco recommends that the front door remain attached.

  • Page 41: Table 1-1 Installation Tasks

    Warning Warning Dispose of this product according to all national laws and regulations. 1.2 Installation Equipment You will need the following tools and equipment to install and test the ONS 15454. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 42: Included Materials

    Listed pressure terminal connectors such as ring and fork types; connectors must be suitable for 10AWG copper conductors 1.2.2.1 Tools Needed • #2 phillips screw driver • Medium slot head screw driver • Small slot head screw driver • Wire wrapper • Wire cutters Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 43: Test Equipment

    17 inches wide with no mounting ears attached. With the mounting ears attached, the shelf assembly is 19 inches wide. Ring runs are not provided by Cisco and may hinder side-by-side installation of shelves where space is limited.

  • Page 44: Figure 1-1 Cisco Ons 15454 Dimensions

    The shelf assembly comes preset for installation in a 23-inch rack, but you can reverse the mounting bracket to fit the smaller, 19-inch rack. The following steps describe how to reverse the shelf assembly mounting bracket to fit a 19-inch rack. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 45: Figure 1-2 Reversing The Mounting Brackets (23-inch Position To 19-inch Position)

    To ensure the mounting is secure, use two to four #12-24 mounting screws for each side of the shelf assembly. Figure 1-3 shows the rack mounting position for the ONS 15454. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 46: Figure 1-3 Mounting An Ons 15454 In A Rack

    When the shelf assembly is secured to the rack, install the remaining mounting screws. Note Use at least one set of the horizontal screw slots on the ONS 15454 to prevent future slippage. Step 7 Remove the temporary set screws. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 47: Procedure: Mount The Shelf Assembly In A Rack (two People)

    ONS 15454 can support. For example, if you need to drop more than 112 DS-1s or 96 DS-3s (the maximum that can be aggregated in a single node), you can link the nodes Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 48: Figure 1-4 A Four-shelf Node Configuration

    ONS 15454 1.3.3.2 ONS 15454 Bay Assembly The Cisco ONS 15454 Bay Assembly simplifies ordering and installing the ONS 15454 because it allows you to order shelf assemblies pre-installed in a seven-foot rack. The Bay Assembly is available in a three- or four-shelf configuration.

  • Page 49: Figure 1-5 A Four-shelf Ons 15454 Bay Assembly

    1-6) is pasted on the inside of the front door. You can use the label to record slot assignments, port assignments, card types, node ID, rack ID, and serial number for the ONS 15454. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-11 November 2001...

  • Page 50: Procedure: Open The Front Cabinet Compartment (door)

    The ONS 15454 comes with a pinned hex key for locking and unlocking the front door. Turn the key counterclockwise to unlock the door and clockwise to lock it. Step 2 Press the door button to release the latch. Swing the door open. Step 3 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-12 November 2001...

  • Page 51: Procedure: Remove The Front Door

    Viewholes for Critical, Major and Minor alarm LEDs Procedure: Remove the Front Door Open the door. Step 1 Lift the door from its hinges at the top left-hand corner of the door (Figure 1-9). Step 2 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-13 November 2001...

  • Page 52: Backplane Access

    To access the ONS 15454 backplane, remove the two standard sheet metal covers on each side of the backplane (Figure 1-10). Each sheet metal cover is held in place with nine 6-32 x 3/8 inch phillips screws. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-14 November 2001...

  • Page 53: Procedure: Remove The Backplane Sheet Metal Covers

    The lower section of the ONS 15454 backplane is covered by a clear plastic protector, which is held in place by five 6-32 x 1/2 inch screws. Remove the lower backplane cover to access the alarm interface panel (AIP), alarm pin field, frame ground, and power terminals. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-15 November 2001...

  • Page 54: Procedure: Remove The Lower Backplane Cover

    MAC address to store the node database. If the AIP fails, a MAC Fail alarm displays on the CTC Alarms menu and/or the LCD display on the fan tray will go blank. Note A blown fuse on the AIP board can cause the LCD display to go blank. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-16 November 2001...

  • Page 55: Eia Installation

    6-32 x 1/2 inch phillips screw holes so you can screw down the cover and the board using standoffs on the EIA board. This section describes each EIA and provides installation procedures. For EIA replacement procedures, refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide. For information about attaching ferrites to EIA connectors, see the “Ferrite Installation”...

  • Page 56: High-density Bnc Eia

    (King or ITT are also compatible). You can use High-Density BNC EIAs for DS-3 (including the DS3XM-6) or EC-1 cards. Figure 1-13 shows the ONS 15454 with pre-installed High-Density BNC EIAs. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-18 November 2001...

  • Page 57: Smb Eia

    ONS 15454 with pre-installed SMB EIAs and the sheet metal cover and screw locations for the EIA. To install SMB connectors, see the “SMB Connector Installation” section on page 1-38. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-19 November 2001...

  • Page 58: Amp Champ Eia

    The ONS 15454 AMP Champ EIA supports 64-pin (32 pair) AMP Champ connectors for each slot on both sides of the shelf assembly where the EIA is installed. Cisco AMP Champ connectors are female AMP # 552246-1 with AMP # 552562-2 bail locks. Each AMP Champ connector supports 14 DS-1 ports.

  • Page 59: Figure 1-15 An Amp Eia Champ Backplane

    Always use an electrostatic discharge (ESD) wristband when working with a powered ONS 15454. Caution Plug the wristband cable into the ESD jack located on the lower-right outside edge of the shelf assembly. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-21 November 2001...

  • Page 60: Procedure: Install A Bnc, High-density Bnc, Or Smb Eia

    (P/N 15454-WW-14=). Figure 1-16 shows a BNC EIA installation. Figure 1-17 shows High-Density BNC EIA installation. Figure 1-18 shows an SMB EIA installation. Figure 1-16 Installing the BNC EIA Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-22 November 2001...

  • Page 61: Figure 1-17 Installing The High-density Bnc Eia

    Chapter 1 Hardware Installation EIA Installation Figure 1-17 Installing the High-Density BNC EIA Figure 1-18 Installing the SMB EIA (use a balun for DS-1 connections) Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-23 November 2001...

  • Page 62: Procedure: Install The Amp Champ Eia

    Place the AMP Champ fastening plate along the bottom of the cover panel, and hand tighten the two Step 5 thumbscrews. Figure 1-19 shows an AMP Champ EIA installation. Figure 1-19 Installing the AMP CHAMP EIA Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-24 November 2001...

  • Page 63: Fan-tray Assembly Installation

    The fan-tray assembly features an air filter at the bottom of the tray that you can install and remove by hand. Remove and visually inspect this filter every 30 days and keep spare filters in stock. See the Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide for information about cleaning and maintaining the fan-tray air filter.

  • Page 64: Procedure: Install The Bottom Brackets And Air Filter

    Attach the brackets to the bottom of the shelf assembly before installing the rack. Although the filter will work if it is installed with either side facing up, Cisco recommends that you install it with the metal bracing facing up to preserve the surface of the filter.

  • Page 65: Procedure: Install The Fan-tray Assembly

    To verify that the tray has plugged into the backplane, check that the LCD on the front of the fan tray is activated. Figure 1-21 shows the location of the fan tray. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-27 November 2001...

  • Page 66: Power And Ground Installation

    Do not mix conductors of dissimilar metals in a terminal or splicing connector where physical contact occurs (such as copper and aluminum, or copper and copper-clad aluminum), unless the device is suited for the purpose and conditions of use. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-28 November 2001...

  • Page 67: Figure 1-22 Ground Posts On The Ons 15454 Backplane

    The existing ground post is a #10-32 bolt. The nut provided for a field connection is also a #10, with an integral lock washer. The lug must be a dual-hole type and rated to accept the #6 AWG cable. Two posts are provided on the Cisco ONS 15454 to accommodate the dual-hole lug. Figure 1-22 shows the location of the ground posts.

  • Page 68: Procedure: Install Redundant Power Feeds

    “Setting Up Basic Node Information” section on page 3-2. If you encounter problems with the power supply, refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Note Maintenance Guide for possible causes. Do not apply power to the ONS 15454 until you complete all installation steps and check the Warning continuity of the -48V DC and return.

  • Page 69

    15454. Terminate the negative 2 lead to the negative BAT2 terminal on the ONS 15454. Use oxidation-preventative grease to keep connections non-corrosive. Route the cables out below the power terminals using the plastic cable clamp. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-31 November 2001...

  • Page 70: Alarm, Timing, Lan, And Craft Pin Connections

    Alarm output pair number 2: Critical (Visual) visual alarm. Alarm input pair number 4: Reports closure on connected wires. Alarm output pair number 3: Major visual alarm. Alarm output pair number 4: Minor visual alarm. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-32 November 2001...

  • Page 71: Alarm Installation

    BITS pins, rows 1 and 2, perform the identical functions for the second external timing device. Table 1-2 lists the pin assignments for the BITS timing pin fields. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-33 November 2001...

  • Page 72: Procedure: Install Timing Wires On The Backplane

    Before you can connect an ONS 15454 to other ONS 15454s or to a LAN, you must change the default IP address that is shipped with each ONS 15454 (192.1.0.2). See the “Change IP Address, Default Router, and Network Mask Using the LCD” procedure on page 3-4. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-34 November 2001...

  • Page 73: Procedure: Install Lan Wires On The Backplane

    You cannot use the craft backplane pins and the RS-232 port on the TCC+ card simultaneously. Table 1-4 Craft Interface Pin Assignments Pin Field Contact Function Craft Receive Transmit Ground Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-35 November 2001...

  • Page 74: Procedure: Install Craft Interface Wires On The Backplane

    BNC EIA using a right-angle BNC cable connector. Position the cable connector so that the slot in the connector is over the corresponding notch at the Step 2 backplane connection point. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-36 November 2001...

  • Page 75: High-density Bnc Connector Installation

    “High-Density BNC EIA” section on page 1-18. Although not required, Cisco strongly recommends using the BNC insertion tool to connect cables to the EIA. Refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide for more information about the insertion tool.

  • Page 76: Procedure: Install Coaxial Cable With High-density Bnc Connectors

    Right-angle mating connectors for the connecting cable are AMP 415484-2 (75 Ohm) connectors. Use RG-179/U cable to connect to the ONS 15454 EIA. Cisco recommends these cables for connection to a patch panel; they are not designed for long runs (over 50 feet). Range does not affect loopback testing.

  • Page 77: Cable Installation

    Installing twisted-pair, wire-wrap DS-1 cables requires separate pairs of grounded twisted-pair cables for receive (in) and transmit (out). Prepare four cables, two for receive and two for transmit, for each DS-1 facility to be installed. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-39 November 2001...

  • Page 78: Procedure: Install Ds-1 Cables Using Electrical Interface Adapters (balun)

    Using a wire-wrap tool, connect the receive cables to the receive adapter pins on the backplane connector for the desired port. Connect the transmit cables to the transmit adapter pins on the backplane connector for the desired port. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-40 November 2001...

  • Page 79: Amp Champ Connector Installation

    Tx Tip 1 Tx Ring 1 Rx Tip 1 Rx Ring 1 white/blue blue/white yellow/orange orange/yellow Tx Tip 2 Tx Ring 2 Rx Tip 2 Rx Ring 2 white/orange orange/white yellow/green green/yellow Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-41 November 2001...

  • Page 80: Table 1-6 Pin Assignments For Amp Champ Connectors (shielded Ds1 Cable)

    Tx Tip 3 Tx Ring 3 Rx Tip 3 Rx Ring 3 white/green green/white white/green green/white Tx Tip 4 Tx Ring 4 Rx Tip 4 Rx Ring 4 white/brown brown/white white/brown brown/white Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-42 November 2001...

  • Page 81: Procedure: Install Ds-1 Amp Champ Cables On The Amp Champ Eia

    ONS 15454 AMP Champ connector pin assignments. Connect the male AMP Champ connector on the cable to the female AMP Champ connector on the ONS Step 2 15454 backplane. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-43 November 2001...

  • Page 82: Card Installation

    ESD jack located on the lower-right outside edge of the shelf assembly. Class I (21 CFR 1040.10 and 1040.11) and Class 1M (IEC 60825-1 2001-01) laser products. Warning Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-44 November 2001...

  • Page 83: Slot Requirements

    ONS 15454 card, including the OC48IR 1310, OC48LR 1550, OC48ELR 1550, and OC192LR 1550 cards. You can install the OC48 IR/STM16 SH AS 1310 and the OC48 LR/STM16 LH AS 1550 cards in any multispeed or high-speed card slot. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-45 November 2001...

  • Page 84

    1.544 Mbps SMB w/wire wrap — adapter, AMP Champ Connector* DS3-12 44.736 Mbps SMB or BNC* Backplane DS3N-12 44.736 Mbps SMB or BNC* — DS3-12E 44.736 Mbps SMB or BNC* Backplane Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-46 November 2001...

  • Page 85: Procedure: Install The Tcc+ And Xc/xcvt/xc10g Cards

    This is not the procedure to use when upgrading from XC to XCVT cards or from XCVT to XC10G cards. If you are performing an XC to XCVT upgrade, an XCVT to a XC10G upgrade, or a TCC to TCC+ upgrade, refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide. Open the card ejectors.

  • Page 86: Procedure: Install Optical, Electrical, And Ethernet Cards

    Before installing an OC-192 card, make sure the safety key on the faceplate is in off position Warning (labeled 0). When in the on position (labeled 1), the laser is activated. Open the card ejectors. Step 1 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-48 November 2001...

  • Page 87: Procedure: Install The Aic Card

    Verify that the red FAIL LED blinks for 1 to 5 seconds. Step 6 Verify that after 1 to 5 seconds, all LEDs blink once and turn off. Step 7 Verify that the ACT LED is on. Step 8 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-49 November 2001...

  • Page 88: Gigabit Interface Converter

    GBICs are hot-swappable input/output devices that plug into a Gigabit Ethernet (E1000-2 or E1000-2-G) card to link the card with the fiber-optic network. Cisco provides two GBIC models: one for short reach applications (part number 15454-GBIC-SX) and one for long-reach applications (15454-GBIC-LX).

  • Page 89: Figure 1-30 Installing A Gbic On An E1000-2 Card

    When you are ready to attach the network interface fiber-optic cable, remove the plug from the GBIC and save the plug for future use. Step 6 Install and route the cable. See the “Optical Cable Management” section on page 1-55 for routing instructions. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-51 November 2001...

  • Page 90: Procedure: Remove A Gigabit Interface Converter

    15454 cards. On ONS 15454 optical card ports, the top connector is transmit and the bottom connector is receive. Cisco recommends that the transmit and receive and the working and protection fibers be labeled at each end of the fiber span to avoid confusion with cables that are similar in appearance.

  • Page 91: Procedure: Install Fiber-optic Cables On Oc-n Cards

    Step 3 Procedure: Install the Fiber Boot Cisco provides clear plastic fiber boots for the OC-3, OC-12, and OC-48 (except OC48 AS) cards. The boots prevent hanging fibers from bending too sharply, which may degrade performance. The boots also prevent the front door from interfering with hanging fibers. The fiber boots are not necessary for the OC-192 and the OC-48 AS cards because of the angled SC connector.

  • Page 92: Cable Routing And Management

    Reversible jumper routing fins that enable you to route cables out either side by positioning the fins as desired • Jumper slack storage reels (2) on each side panel that reduce the amount of slack in cables that are connected to other devices Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-54 November 2001...

  • Page 93: Optical Cable Management

    A hinged panel on the front of the shelf assembly folds down to provide access to the cable-management tray. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-55 November 2001...

  • Page 94: Procedure: Route Fiber-optic Cables In The Shelf Assembly

    Close the fold-down front door when all cables in the front compartment are properly routed. Figure 1-35 shows the fold-down front door of the shelf assembly open to display the cable routing channel. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-56 November 2001...

  • Page 95: Coaxial Cable Management

    6.3 db/100 feet. Use a figure of 5.0 for total cable loss when making calculations. Figure 1-36 shows one side of the ONS 15454 backplane with SMB EIAs and the coaxial cables properly routed. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-57 November 2001...

  • Page 96: Twisted-pair Cable Management

    Use wire-wrap posts on the DS-1 electrical interface adapters to connect the terminated incoming cables. Tie-wrap or lace the twisted-pair cables according to local site practice and route the cables into the side Step 3 cutouts on either side of the ONS 15454. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-58 November 2001...

  • Page 97: Amp Champ Cable Management

    Repeat Steps 2 and 3 for the second mounting bracket. Step 5 Attach the cover by hanging it from the mounting screws on the back of the mounting brackets and pulling it down until it fits snugly into place. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-59 November 2001...

  • Page 98: Figure 1-38 Backplane Attachment For Bic Cover

    Chapter 1 Hardware Installation Cable Routing and Management Figure 1-38 Backplane attachment for BIC cover Screw locations for attaching BIC rear cover Figure 1-39 Installing the BIC rear cover with spacers Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-60 November 2001...

  • Page 99: Ferrite Installation

    Figure 1-40 Attaching ferrites to power cabling Power terminals Figure 1-41 shows the suggested method for attaching the ferrites to AMP Champ connectors. Use a block ferrite Fair Rite 0443164151 for each cable. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-61 November 2001...

  • Page 100: Figure 1-41 Attaching Ferrites To Amp Champ Connectors

    SMB/BNC connectors. Use an oval ferrite TDK ZCAT1730-0730 for each cable and place the ferrite as close to the connector as possible. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-62 November 2001...

  • Page 101: Procedure: Attach Ferrites To Wire-wrap Pin Fields

    Place the oval ferrite as close to the wire-wrap pin field as possible and between the ONS 15454 and the Step 2 block ferrite as shown. The block ferrite should be within 5 to 6 inches of the wire-wrap pin field. Figure 1-44 Attaching ferrites to wire-wrap pin fields Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-63 November 2001...

  • Page 102: Ons 15454 Assembly Specifications

    • EC1-12 • • DS1-14 • DS1N-14 • DS3-12 • DS3N-12 • DS3-12E • DS3N-12E DS3XM-6 • • OC3 IR 4 1310 OC12 IR 1310 • OC12 LR 1310 • Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-64 November 2001...

  • Page 103: Configurations

    • Regenerator mode • 1.16.5 Cisco Transport Controller • 10 Base-T TCC+ access: RJ-45 connector • • Backplane access: LAN pin field 1.16.6 External LAN Interface • 10 Base-T Ethernet Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-65 November 2001...

  • Page 104: Tl1 Craft Interface

    2 DS-1 BITS inputs • • 2 derived DS-1 outputs • Backplane access: BITS pin field 1.16.13 System Timing • Stratum 3 per Telcordia GR-253-CORE • Free running accuracy: ± 4.6 ppm Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-66 November 2001...

  • Page 105: Power Specifications

    If used, BITS, LAN, Alarm, ACO, and CRAFT cables are tiewrapped and routed under screw holes. The preferred EIAs are installed. Coaxial and/or DS-1 cables are installed on the backplane. Laced or tiewrapped coaxial cables run onto the sides of the ONS 15454. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-67 November 2001...

  • Page 106: Ons 15454 Software And Hardware Compatibility Matrix

    Fully Fully Fully Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible DS1-14 Fully Fully Fully Fully Fully Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible DS1N-14 Fully Fully Fully Fully Fully Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-68 November 2001...

  • Page 107

    Not Supported Not Supported Not Supported Not Supported Fully LR/STM64 Compatible LH 1550 E100T-12 Fully Fully Fully Fully Fully Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible E1000-2 Not Supported Not Supported Fully Fully Fully Compatible Compatible Compatible Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-69 November 2001...

  • Page 108

    Compatible Compatible Compatible Compatible E1000-2-G Not Supported Not Supported Fully Fully Fully Compatible Compatible Compatible If an upgrade is required for compatibility, call the Cisco Technical Assistance Center at 1-877-323-7368. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 1-70 November 2001...

  • Page 109: Chapter 2 Software Installation

    • Describes how Cisco Transport Controller (CTC) software is installed on PCs and Solaris workstations Tells you how to connect PCs and Solaris workstations to the Cisco ONS 15454, including direct • connections, LAN connections, remote connections, and firewall-compliant connections Describes the CTC graphic user interface, including the three main CTC views, network, node, and •...

  • Page 110: Computer Requirements

    Runtime Environment (JRE) installed. The correct JRE for each CTC software release is included on the Cisco ONS 15454 ONS 15454 software CD. If you are running multiple CTC software releases on a network, the JRE installed on the computer must be compatible with the different software releases.

  • Page 111: Table 2-2 Computer Requirements For Ctc

    ONS 15454 software and documentation CDs. Cable User-supplied Category 5 straight-through cable with RJ-45 connectors on each end to connect the computer to the ONS 15454 directly or though a LAN. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 112: Running The Ctc Setup Wizard

    The ONS 15454 provides a setup wizard that installs the files needed to run CTC on PCs and Solaris workstations. You can run the setup wizard from the Cisco ONS 15454 software CD or from the Cisco ONS 15454 documentation CD. The wizard will install: •...

  • Page 113: Procedure: Reference The Jre (solaris Installations Only)

    RJ-45 jack on a hub or switch to which the ONS 15454 is physically connected Step 2 Use the steps in Table 2-3 to set up Windows for direct connections to an ONS 15454 when: Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 114: Table 2-3 Setting Up Windows 95/98, Windows Nt, And Windows 2000 Pcs For Direct Ons 15454 Connections

    Verify that the IP address displays in the Installed Gateways field, then click OK. When the prompt to restart your PC displays, click Yes. Step 3 Test the connection: Start Netscape Navigator or Internet Explorer. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 115: Network Connections

    Software Installation Connecting PCs to the ONS 15454 Enter the Cisco ONS 15454 IP address in the web address (URL) field. If the connection is established, a Java Console window, CTC caching messages, and the Cisco Transport Controller Login dialog box display. If this occurs, go to Step 2 of the “Log into the ONS 15454”...

  • Page 116: Procedure: Disable Proxy Service Using Netscape (windows And Solaris)

    Start a TL1 session from CTC by selecting Open TL1 Session from the CTC Tools menu and • selecting the node where you want to hold the TL1 session in the Select Node dialog box. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 117: Logging Into The Ons 15454

    Chapter 2 Software Installation Logging into the ONS 15454 For information about using TL1 commands with the ONS 15454, see the Cisco ONS 15454 TL1 Command Guide. 2.5 Logging into the ONS 15454 After you set up the physical connections between the PC and ONS 15454 and change your PC network settings, you can log into CTC.

  • Page 118: Creating Login Node Groups

    IP addresses of Nodes 1, 4, and 5. Those nodes, and all nodes optically connected to them, display when you log into any node in the group. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-10 November 2001...

  • Page 119: Procedure: Create A Login Node Group

    Login dialog box. You can create as many login groups as you need. The groups are stored in the CTC preferences file and are not visible to other users. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-11...

  • Page 120: Accessing Ons 15454s Behind Firewalls

    External network Protected network Procedure: Set the IIOP Listener Port on the ONS 15454 Step 1 Log into the ONS 15454 node from a CTC computer that is behind the firewall. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-12 November 2001...

  • Page 121: Procedure: Set The Iiop Listener Port On Ctc

    The bottom pane displays tabs and subtabs, which you use to view ONS 15454 information and perform ONS 15454 provisioning and maintenance. From this window you can display three ONS 15454 views: network, node, and card. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-13 November 2001...

  • Page 122: Node View

    Slot is provisioned; a functioning card is installed Yellow Slot is provisioned; a minor alarm condition exists Orange Slot is provisioned; a major alarm condition exists Slot is provisioned; a critical alarm exists Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-14 November 2001...

  • Page 123: Node View Card Shortcuts

    (Table 2-6). Green lines show DCC connections between the nodes. Selecting a node or span in the graphic area displays information about the node and span in the status area. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-15 November 2001...

  • Page 124: Ctc Node Colors

    Right-click the network view graphic area or a node, span, or domain (domains are described in the “Creating Domains” section on page 2-17) to display shortcut menus. Table 2-7 lists the actions that are available from the network view. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-16 November 2001...

  • Page 125: Creating Domains

    For detailed span upgrade information and instructions, refer to the Note Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide. 2.6.2.3 Creating Domains Domains are icons where you can add a group of ONS 15454s or ONS 15327s. Adding domains to the network view map makes networks with many nodes easier to manage.

  • Page 126

    You manage ONS 15454s that reside within a domain the same way you manage ONS 15454s on the network map. Table 2-8 shows the domain actions. Note Domains you create will be seen by all users who log into the network. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-18 November 2001...

  • Page 127: Changing The Network View Background Color

    However, if you will use your mouse to position nodes, coordinates for the image edges are not necessary. The change does not affect other CTC users. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-19 November 2001...

  • Page 128: Procedure: Change The Network View Background Image

    ONS node icons in approximate positions on the image. You can also drag and drop nodes to position them on the network view map. Step 6 Click Apply and then click OK. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-20 November 2001...

  • Page 129: Procedure: Add A Node To The Current Session

    (active or standby) or port status (IS [in service] or OOS [out of service]). The information that is displayed and the actions you can perform depend on the card. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-21...

  • Page 130: Ctc Navigation

    You can double-click and right-click objects in the graphic area and move the mouse over nodes, cards, and ports to view popup status information. Figure 2-13 shows an example. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-22 November 2001...

  • Page 131: Figure 2-13 Ctc Node View Showing Popup Information

    • Different zoom levels (toolbar only) • Double-Click A node in network view to display the node view • • A card in node view to display the card view Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-23 November 2001...

  • Page 132: Viewing Ctc Table Data

    To change the display of a CTC table, left-click or right-click a column header in the table. Right-click a column header to display a shortcut menu that has table column display options (Figure 2-14). Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-24 November 2001...

  • Page 133: Figure 2-14 Table Shortcut Menu That Customizes Table Appearance

    Choose Sort Column sorting keys) simultaneously click the column (incremental) header Reset sorting Choose Reset Sorting View table row count Choose Row count; it is the last item on the shortcut menu Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-25 November 2001...

  • Page 134: Printing And Exporting Ctc Data

    Ether Bridge (Spanning Trees/MAC Table/Trunk Utilization) Ring Software Audit Routing Table Test Access OC-N Cards Alarms Conditions History Session/Card Circuits Provisioning Line/Threshold/STS/Alarm Behavior Maintenance Loopback Performance DS-N Cards Alarms Conditions History Session/Card Circuits Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-26 November 2001...

  • Page 135: Procedure: Print Ctc Window And Table Data

    From the CTC File menu, click Print. Step 2 In the Print dialog (Figure 2-15) choose an option: • Entire Frame—Prints the entire CTC window • Tabbed View—Prints the lower half of the CTC window Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-27 November 2001...

  • Page 136: Procedure: Export Ctc Data

    Step 4 In the Save dialog, enter a file name in one of the following formats: • [filename].htm for HTML files • [filename].csv for CSV files • [filename].tsv for TSV files Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-28 November 2001...

  • Page 137: Displaying Ctc Data In Other Applications

    In addition to the CTC exporting, CTC text information can be copied and pasted into other applications using the Windows Copy (Ctrl+C), Cut (Ctrl+X) and Paste (Ctrl+V) commands. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-29 November 2001...

  • Page 138

    Chapter 2 Software Installation Displaying CTC Data in Other Applications Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 2-30 November 2001...

  • Page 139: Chapter 3 Node Setup

    C H A P T E R Node Setup This chapter explains how to set up a Cisco ONS 15454 node using the Cisco Transport Controller (CTC). Topics include: • Setting up general node information Preparing the ONS 15454 to connect to networks •...

  • Page 140: Setting Up Basic Node Information

    Setting Up Basic Node Information 3.2 Setting Up Basic Node Information Setting basic information for each Cisco ONS 15454 node is one of the first provisioning tasks you perform. This information includes node name, location, contact, and timing. Completing the information for each node facilitates ONS 15454 management, particularly when the node is connected to a large ONS 15454 network.

  • Page 141: Procedure: Set Up Network Information

    TCC CORBA (IIOP) Listener Port—Sets a listener port to allow communication with the ONS 15454 • through firewalls. See the “Accessing ONS 15454s Behind Firewalls” section on page 2-12 for more information. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 142: Procedure: Change Ip Address, Default Router, And Network Mask Using The Lcd

    Repeatedly press the Port button until the following displays: • To change the node IP address, Status=IpAddress (Figure 3-2) • To change the node network mask, Status=Net Mask • To change the default router IP address, Status=Default Rtr Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 143: Figure 3-2 Selecting The Ip Address Option

    Slot Status Port Save and REBOOT? <Apply Revert> FAN FAIL CRIT Press the Slot button to save the new IP address configuration. (Or press Port to cancel the Step 9 configuration.) Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 144: Creating Users And Setting Security

    Thresholds: Create/Delete Network Protection Create/Delete/Edit Browse groups Ring All (BLSR) Security Create/Delete Change password same user same user same user all users SNMP Create/Delete/Edit Browse trap destinations Sonet DCC Create/Delete Timing Edit Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 145: Table 3-2 Ons 15454 User Idle Times

    If you perform user management tasks in node view, you can only add, edit, or delete users from that node. Note You must add the same user name and password to each node the user will access. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 146: Procedure: Create New Users

    On the Delete User dialog box, enter the name of the user you want to delete. Step 4 If you do not want to delete the user from all network nodes, deselect the nodes. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 147: Creating Protection Groups

    For example, if you choose 1:N protection, only DS-1N and DS-3N cards are displayed. • Protect Card or Port—Choose the protect card (if using 1:1 or 1:N) or protect port (if using 1+1) from the list. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 148: Procedure: Enable Ports

    Before running traffic on a card within a protection group, enable the ports of all protection group cards. Procedure: Enable Ports Log into the node in CTC and display the card you want to enable in card view. Step 1 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 3-10 November 2001...

  • Page 149: Procedure: Edit Protection Groups

    In the Selected Group section, edit the fields as appropriate. (For field descriptions, see the “Create Protection Groups” procedure on page 3-9.) Step 4 Click Apply. Procedure: Delete Protection Groups Step 1 From the CTC node view, click the Maintenance > Protection tabs. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 3-11 November 2001...

  • Page 150: Setting Up Ons 15454 Timing

    If an ONS 15454 becomes isolated, timing is maintained at the ST3 level. Caution Mixed timing allows you to select both external and line timing sources. However, Cisco does not recommend its use because it can create timing loops. Use this mode with caution.

  • Page 151: Network Timing Example

    Ref 3: Internal (ST3) Slot 6 Slot 5 Slot 6 Slot 5 Node 3 Timing Line BITS1 BITS2 Ref 1: Slot 5 Ref 2: Slot 6 Ref 3: Internal (ST3) Third party equipment Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 3-13 November 2001...

  • Page 152: Synchronization Status Messaging

    Procedure: Set up ONS 15454 Timing From the CTC node view, click the Provisioning > Timing tabs (Figure 3-9). Step 1 In the General Timing section, complete the following information: Step 2 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 3-14 November 2001...

  • Page 153

    A third option, Mixed, allows you to set external and line timing references. (Because Mixed timing may cause timing loops, Cisco does not recommend its use. Use this mode with care.) SSM Message Set—Choose the message set level supported by your network. If a Generation 1 node •...

  • Page 154: Figure 3-9 Setting Up Ons 15454 Timing

    BITS 1 and BITS 2 Out are enabled as soon as BITS-1 and BITS-2 facilities are placed in service. Figure 3-9 Setting Up ONS 15454 timing Click Apply. Step 5 Refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide for timing-related Note alarms. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 3-16 November 2001...

  • Page 155: Procedure: Set Up Internal Timing

    Ref1—Set to the OC-N trunk card with the closest connection to the node in Step 3. – Ref2—Set to the OC-N trunk card with the next closest connection to the node in Step 3. – Ref3—Set to Internal Clock. Step 10 Click Apply. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 3-17 November 2001...

  • Page 156: Viewing Ons 15454 Inventory

    Actual Eqpt Type—The actual card that is installed in the slot, for example, OC12 IR 4 1310 or • DS1N-14 You can pre-provision a slot before the card is installed by right-clicking the slot in node view and selecting a card type. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 3-18 November 2001...

  • Page 157: Viewing Ctc Software Versions

    TCC+. When a new CTC software version is released, you must follow procedures provided by the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) to upgrade the ONS 15454 software. When you upgrade CTC software, the TCC+ stores the older CTC version as the protect CTC version, and the newer CTC release becomes the working version.

  • Page 158

    Chapter 3 Node Setup Viewing CTC Software Versions Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 3-20 November 2001...

  • Page 159: Chapter 4 Ip Networking

    C H A P T E R IP Networking This chapter explains how to set up Cisco ONS 15454s in internet protocol (IP) networks and includes: Scenarios showing Cisco ONS 15454s in common IP network configurations • • Procedures for creating static routes Procedures for using the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol •...

  • Page 160: Ons 15454 Ip Addressing Scenarios

    All ONS 15454s connect to LAN A, and all ONS 15454s have DCC connections. Instructions for creating DCC connections are provided in Chapter 5, “SONET Topologies” within Note the BLSR, UPSR and linear ADM procedures. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 161: Scenario 2: Ctc And Ons 15454s Connected To Router

    On the CTC computer, the default gateway is set to router interface A. If the LAN uses DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol), the default gateway and IP address are assigned automatically. In the Figure 4-2 example, a DHCP server is not available. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 162: Scenario 3: Using Proxy Arp To Enable An Ons 15454 Gateway

    Two ONS 15454s (#2 and #3) connect to ONS 15454 #1 through the SONET DCC. Because all three ONS 15454s are on the same subnet, Proxy ARP enables ONS 15454 #1 to serve as a gateway for ONS 15454s #2 and #3. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 163: Figure 4-3 Scenario 3: Using Proxy Arp

    ONS 15454. The proxy ONS 15454 uses its routing table to forward the datagram to the non-LAN ONS 15454. The routing table is built using the OSPF IP routing protocol. (An OSPF example is presented in Scenario 6.) Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 164: Scenario 4: Default Gateway On Ctc Computer

    15454 #1 to the router through interface B. Proxy ARP enables ONS 15454 #1 as a gateway for ONS 15454s #2 and #3. To connect to CTC computers on LAN A, a static route is created on ONS 15454 #1. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 165: Figure 4-5 Scenario 5: Static Route With One Ctc Computer Used As A Destination

    0.0.0.0. Figure 4-6 shows an example. The IP address of router interface B is entered as the next hop, and the cost (number of hops from source to destination) is 2. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 166: Procedure: Create A Static Route

    IP address (in the example, 192.168.1.100). To allow access to all computers on the 192.168.1.0 subnet, enter 192.168.1.0 and a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0. You can enter a destination of 0.0.0.0 to allow access to all CTC computers that connect to the router. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 167: Scenario 6: Static Route For Multiple Ctcs

    LAN B. Static routes are added to ONS 15454 #1 pointing to CTC #1, and to ONS 15454 #2 pointing to CTC #2. The static route is entered from the node’s perspective. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 168: Scenario 7: Using Ospf

    You can enable OSPF on the ONS 15454s so that the ONS 15454 topology is sent to OSPF routers on a LAN. Advertising the ONS 15454 network topology to LAN routers eliminates Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 4-10...

  • Page 169: Figure 4-8 Scenario 7: Ospf Enabled

    ONS 15454 #3 IP Address 192.168.3.20 IP Address 192.168.4.30 Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0 Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0 Default Router = N/A Default Router = N/A Static Routes = N/A Static Routes = N/A Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 4-11 November 2001...

  • Page 170: Procedure: Set Up Ospf

    Procedure: Set up OSPF Step 1 Log into the ONS 15454 node. In node view, select the Provisioning > Network > OSPF tabs. The OSPF pane has several options Step 2 (Figure 4-10). Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 4-12 November 2001...

  • Page 171: Figure 4-10 Enabling Ospf On The Ons 15454

    Type—If the router where the ONS 15454 is connected uses authentication, select Simple • Password. Otherwise, select No Authentication. Key—If authentication is enabled, enter the OSPF key (password). • In the Priority and Intervals area, complete the following: Step 6 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 4-13 November 2001...

  • Page 172

    Auth Type—If the router where the ONS 15454 is connected uses authentication, select Simple Password. Otherwise, set it to No Authentication. Retransmit Int (sec)—Sets the time that will elapse before a packet is resent. Five seconds is the default. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 4-14 November 2001...

  • Page 173: Viewing The Ons 15454 Routing Table

    ONS 15454 Ethernet interface, that is, the RJ-45 jack on the TCC+ and the LAN 1 – pins on the backplane. pdcc0—an SDCC interface, that is, an OC-N trunk card identified as the SDCC termination. – lo0—a loopback interface – Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 4-15 November 2001...

  • Page 174: Figure 4-11 Viewing The Ons 15454 Routing Table

    Interface (cpm0) indicates that the ONS 15454 Ethernet interface is used to reach the gateway. • Entry #2 shows the following: Destination (172.20.214.0) is the destination network IP address. • Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 4-16 November 2001...

  • Page 175

    Gateway (172.20.214.93) indicates that the destination host is accessed through a node with IP • address 172.20.214.93. Interface (pdcc0) indicates that a SONET SDCC interface is used to reach the gateway. • Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 4-17 November 2001...

  • Page 176

    Chapter 4 IP Networking Viewing the ONS 15454 Routing Table Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 4-18 November 2001...

  • Page 177: Chapter 5 Sonet Topologies

    C H A P T E R SONET Topologies This chapter explains how to set up the Cisco ONS 15454 in different SONET topologies, including: Two-fiber and four-fiber bidirectional line switched rings (BLSRs) • • Unidirectional path switched rings (UPSRs) Subtending rings •...

  • Page 178: Two-fiber Blsrs

    Working traffic (STSs 1 – 24) travels in one direction on one fiber and in the opposite direction on the second fiber. The Cisco Transport Controller (CTC) circuit routing routines calculate the “shortest path” for circuits based on many factors, including requirements set by the circuit provisioner, traffic patterns, and distance.

  • Page 179: Figure 5-2 Four-node, Two-fiber Blsr Sample Traffic Pattern

    STS-26 on Fiber 2. Fiber 2 carries the circuit to Node 0 where the circuit is switched back to STS-2 on Fiber 1 and then dropped to its destination. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 180: Four-fiber Blsrs

    Figure 5-4. To implement a four-fiber BLSR, you must install four OC-48 or OC-48AS cards, or four OC-192 cards at each BLSR node. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 78-13453-01...

  • Page 181: Figure 5-4 A Four-node, Four-fiber Blsr

    5-6) occurs when a span switch cannot recover traffic, such as when both • the working and protect fibers fail on the same span. In a ring switch, traffic is routed to the protect fibers throughout the full ring. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 182: Figure 5-5 A Four-fiber Blsr Span Switch

    Node 0 Span 4 Span 1 Span 5 Span 8 Node 3 OC-48 Ring Node 1 Span 6 Span 7 Span 3 Span 2 = Working fibers Node 2 = Protect fibers Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 78-13453-01...

  • Page 183: Blsr Bandwidth

    BLSR bandwidth reuse. The same STS carries three different traffic sets simultaneously on different spans on the ring: one set from Node 3 to Node 1, one from Node 1 to Node 2, and another from Node 2 to Node 3. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 184: Sample Blsr Application

    The ring also brings 14 DS-1s back from each remote site to Node 0. Intermediate nodes serve these shorter regional connections. The ONS 15454 OC-3 card supports a total of four OC-3 ports so that two additional OC-3 spans • can be added at little cost. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 78-13453-01...

  • Page 185: Figure 5-8 A Five-node Blsr

    DS-3s at Node IDs 1 and 3 can be activated. An additional four DS-3s can be added at Node ID 4, and ten DS-3s can be added at Node ID 2. Each site has free slots for future traffic needs. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 186: Setting Up Blsrs

    To set up a BLSR on the ONS 15454, you perform five basic procedures: Install the BLSR trunk cards. See the “Install the BLSR Trunk Cards” procedure on page 5-11. • Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-10 78-13453-01...

  • Page 187: Procedure: Install The Blsr Trunk Cards

    Figure 5-12 shows fiber connections for a four-fiber BLSR. Slot 5 (west) and Slot 12 (east) carry the working traffic. Slot 6 (west) and Slot 13 (east) carry the protect traffic. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-11 November 2001...

  • Page 188: Figure 5-11 Connecting Fiber To A Four-node, Two-fiber Blsr

    East West East Slot Slot Slot Slot Slot Slot Slot Slot West East West East Slot Slot Slot Slot Slot Slot Slot Slot Working fibers Node 3 Node 4 Protect fibers Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-12 78-13453-01...

  • Page 189: Procedure: Create The Blsr Dcc Terminations

    Double-click one of the OC-N cards that you configured as a DCC termination. Step 3 Click the Provisioning > Line tabs. Step 4 Click Status (Figure 5-13) and choose In Service. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-13 November 2001...

  • Page 190: Procedure: Provision The Blsr

    The default is 5 minutes. All nodes in a BLSR ring should have the same reversion time setting, particularly if “never” (i.e., non-revertive) is selected. West Port—Assign the west BLSR port for the node from the pull-down menu. (In Figure 5-11, this • is Slot 5.) Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-14 78-13453-01...

  • Page 191: Figure 5-14 Setting Blsr Properties

    Node A’s west fiber is connected to Node B’s east port, the Node A west span reversion time must be the same as the Node B east span reversion time. To avoid reversion time mismatches, Cisco recommends that you use the same span reversion time throughout the ring.

  • Page 192: Upgrading From Two-fiber To Four-fiber Blsrs

    Click the Conditions tab, then click Retrieve Conditions. Verify that no ring switches are active. If trouble is indicated, for example, a major alarm exists, resolve the problem before proceeding to Step 2. See the Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide for additional information. Step 2 Install two OC-48 or OC-192 cards at each BLSR node.

  • Page 193

    Switch to network view. Verify that no critical or major alarms are present, nor any facility alarms, such as LOS, LOF, AIS-L, SF, and SD. If an alarm is present, resolve the problem using procedures in the Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide. Step 9 Test the four-fiber BLSR using procedures in Step 11 in the “Provision the BLSR”...

  • Page 194: Adding And Removing Blsr Nodes

    (slots) and spans (east or west) that will connect to the new node. This information is essential to complete this procedure without error. For example, in Figure 5-15, you would circle Slot 5 (west) on Node 1, and Slot 12 (east) on Node 4. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-18 78-13453-01...

  • Page 195

    Replace the removed fibers with fibers that are connected to the new node. Connect the west port to the Step 10 east port and the east port to the west port. Figure 5-16 shows the BLSR in the Figure 5-15 example after the node is connected. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-19 November 2001...

  • Page 196: Figure 5-16 A Blsr With A Newly-added Fourth Node

    To clear the protection switch from the east port, display the Maintenance > Ring tabs. From the East Switch list choose CLEAR. Click Apply. To clear the protection switch from the west port, choose CLEAR from the West Switch list. Click Apply. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-20 78-13453-01...

  • Page 197: Procedure: Remove A Blsr Node

    Step 6 Complete this step if circuits that were created using Cisco Transport Controller Release 2.x. pass through the node that will be deleted (i.e., circuits are displayed on the Circuits tab). On the Circuits tab of the node that will be deleted, select a circuit and click Edit.

  • Page 198: Moving Blsr Trunk Cards

    This applies to all BLSR nodes where cards will change slots. Review all the steps before you proceed. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-22 78-13453-01...

  • Page 199: Figure 5-17 A Four-node Blsr Before A Trunk Card Switch

    Slot 12 (East) Slot 6 (West) Slot 6 (West) Slot 12 (East) Node 4 Node 3 Slot 12 (East) Slot 6 (West) Figure 5-18 shows the BLSR after the cards are switched. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-23 November 2001...

  • Page 200: Procedure: Move A Blsr Trunk Card

    On the Conditions tab, no ring switches are active. • If trouble is indicated, for example, a critical or major alarm exists, resolve the problem before proceeding. Refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide for alarm troubleshooting procedures. Step 2...

  • Page 201: Figure 5-19 Deleting Circuits From A Blsr Trunk Card

    Delete the SONET DCC termination on the card you are removing: Step 6 Click the Provisioning > Sonet DCC tabs. From the SDCC Terminations list, click the SONET DCC you need to delete and click Delete. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-25 November 2001...

  • Page 202: Unidirectional Path Switched Rings

    UPSR capacity is equal to its bit rate. Services can originate and terminate on the same UPSR, or they can be passed to an adjacent access or interoffice ring for transport to the service-terminating location. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-26 78-13453-01...

  • Page 203: Figure 5-20 A Basic Four-node Upsr

    ONS 15454 Node ID 3 Node ID 1 Span 6 Span 7 Span 2 Span 3 Destination Fiber break = Fiber 1 ONS 15454 = Fiber 2 Node ID 2 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-27 November 2001...

  • Page 204: Example Upsr Application

    In this sample OC-3 UPSR, Node ID 0 contains four DS1-14 cards and two OC3 IR 4 1310 cards. Six free slots also exist in this setup and can be provisioned with cards or left empty. Figure 5-23 shows the shelf setup for these cards. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-28 78-13453-01...

  • Page 205: Figure 5-23 Layout Of Node Id 0 In The Oc-3 Upsr Example (figure 5-15)

    4 IR 1310 cards. Eight free slots exist. They can be provisioned with other cards or left empty. Figure 5-24 shows the shelf assembly setup for this configuration sample. Figure 5-24 Layout of Node IDs 1 – 3 in the OC-3 UPSR example (Figure 5-15) Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-29 November 2001...

  • Page 206: Setting Up A Upsr

    Always plug the fiber plugged into the transmit (Tx) connector of an OC-N card at one node into the receive (Rx) connector of an OC-N card at the adjacent node. The card will display an SF LED if Tx and Rx fibers are mismatched. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-30 78-13453-01...

  • Page 207: Procedure: Configure The Upsr Dcc Terminations

    After configuring the SONET DCC, set the timing for the node. For procedures, see the “Setting Up ONS 15454 Timing” section on page 3-12. After configuring the timing, enable the UPSR ports as described in the following procedure. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-31 November 2001...

  • Page 208: Procedure: Enable The Upsr Ports

    Procedure: Switch UPSR Traffic Display the network view. Step 1 Step 2 Right-click the span that will be cut to add or delete a node and select Circuits from the shortcut menu (Figure 5-26). Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-32 78-13453-01...

  • Page 209: Figure 5-26 Using The Span Shortcut Menu To Display Circuits

    LOCKOUT locks out or prevents switching to a highlighted span. (LOCKOUT is only available when Revertive traffic is enabled.) Caution FORCE and LOCKOUT commands override normal protective switching mechanisms. Applying these commands incorrectly can cause traffic outages. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-33 November 2001...

  • Page 210: Procedure: Add A Upsr Node

    Two nodes will connect directly to the new node; remove their fiber connections: Remove the east fiber connection from the node that will connect to the west port of the new node. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-34...

  • Page 211: Procedure: Remove A Upsr Node

    Click the Circuits tab. Select the circuit(s) to delete. To select multiple circuits, press the Shift or Ctrl key. Click Delete. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-35 November 2001...

  • Page 212: Subtending Rings

    3 UPSRs and 2 BLSRs Subtending rings from an ONS 15454 reduces the number of nodes and cards required and reduces external shelf-to-shelf cabling. Figure 5-28 shows an ONS 15454 with multiple subtending rings. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-36 78-13453-01...

  • Page 213: Figure 5-28 An Ons 15454 With Multiple Subtending Rings

    Slot 13 Slot 12 East UPSR East Slot 13 Slot 12 East East BLSR Slot 6 West Slot 5 West Node 3 Slot 5 West Slot 12 East Node 2 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-37 November 2001...

  • Page 214: Procedure: Subtend A Upsr From A Blsr

    Put the ports that you will use for the BLSR in service: Step 8 In the node view, double-click the BLSR trunk card. Select the Provisioning > Line tabs. Under Status, choose In Service. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-38 78-13453-01...

  • Page 215: Figure 5-30 A Blsr Subtending From A Blsr

    Node 1 to Node 4 to Node 7. If fiber breaks occur, for example between Nodes 1 and 4 and Nodes 4 and 7, traffic is rerouted around each ring: in this example, Nodes 2 and 3 in Ring 1 and Nodes 5 and 6 in Ring 2. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-39 November 2001...

  • Page 216: Procedure: Subtend A Blsr From A Blsr

    BLSRs. Figure 5-31 Viewing subtending BLSRs on the network map Figure 5-32 shows the Ring subtab for Node 5, which is the node that carries the two rings. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-40 78-13453-01...

  • Page 217: Linear Adm Configurations

    Slot 6 to Slot 6 Slot 12 to Slot 12 Slot 5 to Slot 5 Slot 13 to Slot 13 Node 1 Node 2 Node 3 Protect Path Working Path Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-41 November 2001...

  • Page 218: Procedure: Create A Linear Adm

    15454 cards. Step 1 Start CTC and log into one of the nodes that you want to convert from linear to ring. Step 2 Click the Maintenance > Protection tabs (Figure 5-34). Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-42 78-13453-01...

  • Page 219: Figure 5-34 Verifying Working Slots In A Protection Group

    Deleting a 1+1 protection group may cause unequipped path (UNEQ-P) alarms to occur. Note Click the Provisioning > Protection tabs (Figure 5-35). From the Protection Groups list, choose the 1+1 group you want to delete. Click Delete. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-43 November 2001...

  • Page 220: Figure 5-35 Deleting A Protection Group

    Physically remove one of the protect fibers running between the middle and end nodes. For example, in Figure 5-36, the fiber from Node 2/Slot 13 to Node 3/Slot 13 is removed. The corresponding OC-48 card will go into an LOS condition for that fiber and port. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-44 78-13453-01...

  • Page 221: Figure 5-36 Converting A Linear Adm To A Upsr

    Remove the OC-N cards that are no longer connected to the end nodes (Slots 5 and 13, in the example). Step 12 Display one of the end nodes (Node 1 or Node 3 in the example). Step 13 Click the Provisioning > Sonet DCC tabs. Step 14 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-45 November 2001...

  • Page 222

    Verify with the SONET test set that the original circuits and the new circuits are operational. The original circuits were created on the counter clockwise linear path. Go to the network map to view the newly-created ring (Figure 5-37). Step 22 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-46 78-13453-01...

  • Page 223: Procedure: Convert A Linear Adm To A Blsr

    Under Selected Group, select the protect slot, that is, the slot that says “Protect/Active.” From the Switch Commands, select Manual. Click Yes on the confirmation dialog box. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-47 November 2001...

  • Page 224: Figure 5-38 Converting A Linear Adm To A Blsr

    If you are leaving the OC-N cards in place, go to Step 13. If you are removing the cards, complete Steps 9 – 12. (In this example, cards in Node 2/Slots 5 and 13 are removed.) Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-48...

  • Page 225

    OC-N cards in an East/West pattern, it is strongly recommended. If the network ring that is already passing traffic does not provide the opportunity to connect fiber in this manner, logical provisioning can be performed to satisfy this requirement. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-49 November 2001...

  • Page 226: Path-protected Mesh Networks

    In this example, Node 9 switches from the traffic coming in from Node 7 to the traffic coming in from Node 11 and service resumes. The switch occurs within 50 ms. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-50...

  • Page 227: Figure 5-39 A Path-protected Mesh Network

    Nodes 1, 2, 3, and 4 in a standard OC-48 ring. Nodes 5, 6, 7, and 8 link to the backbone ring through OC-12 fiber. The “virtual ring” formed by Nodes 5, 6, 7, and 8 uses both OC-48 and OC-12. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-51 November 2001...

  • Page 228: Figure 5-40 A Ppmn Virtual Ring

    ONS 15454 ONS 15454 Node 5 Node 1 Node 4 Node 8 OC-12 OC-12 OC-48 UPSR ONS 15454 ONS 15454 ONS 15454 ONS 15454 Node 6 Node 2 Node 3 Node 7 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 5-52 78-13453-01...

  • Page 229: Chapter 6 Circuits And Tunnels

    C H A P T E R Circuits and Tunnels This chapter explains how to create and administer Cisco ONS 15454 circuits and tunnels, which includes: • Creating standard STS and VT1.5 circuits Creating VT tunnels • • Creating multiple drop circuits Creating monitor circuits •...

  • Page 230: Creating Circuits And Vt Tunnels

    Type—Select the type of circuit you want to create: STS, VT (VT1.5), or VT tunnel. The circuit type • determines the circuit-provisioning options that are displayed. See the “VT1.5 Cross-Connects” section on page 6-16 and the “VT Tunnels” section on page 6-19 for more information. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 231: Figure 6-1 Creating A Circuit

    Switch on PDI-P—Check this box if you want traffic to switch when an STS payload defect indicator is received (STS circuits only). Click Next. Step 5 In the Circuit Source dialog box, set the circuit source. Step 6 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 232: Figure 6-2 Setting Circuit Routing Preferences

    The paths may be node-diverse, but CTC does not check for node diversity. Figure 6-2 Setting circuit routing preferences Step 12 Click Finish or Next depending on whether you selected Using Required Nodes/Spans and/or Review Route Before Creation: Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 233

    For procedures, see the “Install Optical, Electrical, and Ethernet Cards” procedure on page 1-48 and the “Enable Ports” procedure on page 3-10. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 234: Procedure: Create A Manually Routed Circuit

    Protected Drops—If this box is checked, CTC only displays protected cards and ports (1:1, 1:N, 1+1 • or BLSR protection) as choices for the circuit source and destination. Figure 6-4 Creating a circuit (UPSR circuits only) Set the UPSR Selector Defaults: Step 4 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 235

    Click the arrowhead of the span you want the circuit to travel. If you want to change the source STS or VT, change it in the Source STS or Source VT fields. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 236: Creating Multiple Drops For Unidirectional Circuits

    If Show Detailed Map is selected: a “D” enclosed by circles appears on each side of the node • graphic. If Show Detailed Map is not selected: “Drop #1, Drop #2” appear under the node graphic. • Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 237: Creating Monitor Circuits

    On the Circuit Creation dialog box confirmation, review the monitor circuit information. Click Finish. Step 10 On the Edit Circuit dialog box, click Close. The new monitor circuit displays on the Circuits tab. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 238: Searching For Circuits

    Change PDI-P settings, perform maintenance switches on the circuit selector, and view switch • counts for the selectors Display a map of the UPSR circuits to better see circuit flow between nodes • Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 6-10 November 2001...

  • Page 239: Procedure: Edit A Upsr Circuit

    LOCKOUT OF PROTECT—Prevents traffic from switching to the protect circuit path. FORCE TO WORKING—Forces traffic to switch to the working circuit path, regardless of whether the path is error free. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 6-11 November 2001...

  • Page 240: Creating A Path Trace

    J1 path trace. To set up a path trace on an ONS 15454 circuit, follow the steps in the “Create a J1 Path Trace” procedure on page 6-13. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 6-12 November 2001...

  • Page 241: Procedure: Create A J1 Path Trace

    Step 3 Step 4 On the detailed circuit map, right-click the source port for the circuit and select Edit Path Trace from the shortcut menu. Figure 6-7 shows an example. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 6-13 November 2001...

  • Page 242

    Transmit String field is left blank, the J1 transmits an empty string. Figure 6-8 Setting up a path trace Click Apply but do not close the window. Step 6 Return to the Edit Circuit window (Figure 6-7). Step 7 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 6-14 November 2001...

  • Page 243: Cross-connect Card Capacities

    Table 6-3 shows STS capacities for the XC, XCVT, and XC10G cards. Note The Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide contains detailed specifications of the XC, XCVT, and XC10G cards. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 6-15 November 2001...

  • Page 244: Vt1.5 Cross-connects

    VT matrix; one STS for VT1.5 output). • 22 STSs are available for VT1.5 circuits. • The STS-1 from the EC-1 card has capacity for 27 more VT1.5 circuits. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 6-16 November 2001...

  • Page 245: Figure 6-9 Example #1: A Vt1.5 Circuit In A Blsr

    Three of the 24 STSs available for VT1.5 mapping on the XCVT or XC10G are used (one input and two outputs, one output for the working path and one output for the protect path). Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 6-17...

  • Page 246: Figure 6-11 Example #3: Vt1.5 Circuit In A Upsr Or 1+1 Protection Scheme

    XCVT/XC10G VT matrix at each node through which the circuit passes. Two STSs are used at each node in the Figure 6-9 example, and three STSs are used at each node in • Figure 6-11 example. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 6-18 November 2001...

  • Page 247: Vt Tunnels

    In the Figure 6-14 example, the circuit travels west through Nodes 2, 3, and 4. Subsequently, VT-mapped STS usage at these nodes is greater than at Nodes 5 and 6. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 6-19 November 2001...

  • Page 248: Figure 6-14 A Six-node Ring With Two Vt1.5 Tunnels

    If a tunnel exists, CTC checks the tunnel capacity. If the capacity is sufficient, CTC routes the circuit on the existing tunnel. If a tunnel does not exist, or if an existing tunnel does not have Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 6-20...

  • Page 249: Creating Dcc Tunnels

    1/Slot 3/Port 1 and Node 3/Slot 3/Port 1. Each ONS 15454 node is connected by OC-48 trunk cards. In the example, three tunnel connections are created, one at Node 1 (OC-3 to OC-48), one at Node 2 (OC-48 to OC-48), and one at Node 3 (OC-48 to OC-3). Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 6-21 November 2001...

  • Page 250: Procedure: Provision A Dcc Tunnel

    From (A) and To (B) lists. You cannot use the SDCC listed under SDCC Terminations (left side of the window) for Note tunnel connections. These are used for ONS 15454 optical connections. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 6-22 November 2001...

  • Page 251: Figure 6-16 Selecting Dcc Tunnel End Points

    DCC tunnel, including any intermediate nodes that will pass traffic from third party equipment. The procedure is confirmed when the third-party network elements successfully communicate over the newly-established DCC tunnel. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 6-23 November 2001...

  • Page 252

    Chapter 6 Circuits and Tunnels Creating DCC Tunnels Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 6-24 November 2001...

  • Page 253: Chapter 7 Card Provisioning

    C H A P T E R Card Provisioning This chapter provides Cisco ONS 15454 procedures for: Changing the default transmission parameters for electrical (EC-1, DS-N) and optical (OC-N) cards, • including provisioning OC-N cards for SDH Setting performance monitoring (PM) thresholds, including intermediate path performance •...

  • Page 254: Provisioning Electrical Cards

    DS3-12/ DS3E1-12/ Subtab Provisioning Item DS1N-14 DS3N-12 DS3EN-12 DS3XM-6 Line Port # Port Name Line Type Detected Line Type Line Coding Line Length Status Line Threshold Port LOSS Elect Path Port Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 255: Figure 7-1 Provisioning Line Parameters On The Ds1-14 Card

    Procedure: Modify Line and Threshold Settings for the DS-1 Card Display the DS1-14 or DS1N-14 in CTC card view. Step 1 Click the Provisioning tab (Figure 7-1). Step 2 Figure 7-1 Provisioning line parameters on the DS1-14 card Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 256: Card Parameters

    13340 (15 min) • • 133400 (1 day) Errored seconds Numeric. Defaults: • 65 (15 min) 648 (1 day) • Severely errored seconds Numeric. Defaults: 10 (15 minutes) • 100 (1 day) • Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 257

    10 (15 minutes) • 10 (1 day) Severely errored seconds Numeric. Defaults: 3 (15 minutes) • 7 (1 day) • Unavailable seconds Numeric. Defaults: 10 (15 minutes) • • 10 (1 day) Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 258: Card Parameters

    Note Behavior tab. Step 4 Modify the settings shown in Table 7-3. For drop-down lists, select an item from the list. For numerics, double-click the field and type the new number. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 259: Table 7-3 Ds-3 Card Parameters

    4 (15 minutes) • • 40 (1 day) LOSS Loss of signal; number of Numeric. Defaults: one-second intervals containing • 10 (15 minutes) one or more LOS defects • 10 (1 day) Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 260: Ds3e Card Parameters

    The DS3E-12 and DS3EN-12 cards provide 12 DS-3 ports. Each port operates at 44.736 Mbps. The DS3E uses B3ZS error monitoring and enhanced performance monitoring, including P-Bit and CP-Bit monitoring. Default thresholds are based on recommendations in GR-820-CORE, Section 5.0. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 261: Procedure: Modify Line And Threshold Settings For The Ds3e Card

    0 - 225 (default) Length from backplane connection to • 226 - 450 the next termination point Status Places port in or out of service Out of Service (default) In Service Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 262: Table 7-4 Ds3e Card Parameters

    10 (15 minutes) • 10 (1 day) • Unavailable seconds Numeric. Defaults (DS3 Pbit, Near End only; DS3 CPbit, Near and Far End): 10 (15 minutes) • • 10 (1 day) Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-10 November 2001...

  • Page 263: Ds3xm-6 Card Parameters

    Conversely, the card can take 28 T-1s and multiplex them into a channeled C-bit or M23 framed DS-3. Unlike the DS3-12 and DS3N-12 cards, the DS3XM-6 allows circuit mapping at the VT level. Table 7-5 on page 7-12 shows parameters that you can provision for each port. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-11 November 2001...

  • Page 264: Procedure: Modify Line And Threshold Settings For The Ds3xm-6 Card

    250 (1 day) Severely errored seconds Numeric. Defaults: • 4 (15 minutes) 40 (1 day) • Loss Loss of signal Numeric. Defaults: 10 (15 minutes) • 10 (1 day) • Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-12 November 2001...

  • Page 265

    0/0 DS1 Far End • Unavailable seconds Numeric. Defaults (15 min/1 day): • 10/10 (DS3 Pbit Near End only; DS3 CPbit, Near and Far End) • 10/10 (DS1, Near End only) Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-13 November 2001...

  • Page 266: Ec1-12 Card Parameters

    The EC1-12 provides 12 STS-1 electrical ports. Each port operates at 51.840 Mbps. Table 7-6 shows the parameters for the EC1-12 card. Procedure: Modify Line and Threshold Settings for the EC-1 Card Display the EC1-12 in CTC card view. Step 1 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-14 November 2001...

  • Page 267: Table 7-6 Ec1-12 Card Parameters

    Rx Equalization should normally be set to On Status Places the port in or out of • Out of Service (default) service • In Service Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-15 November 2001...

  • Page 268

    NPJC-Pgen Negative Pointer Justification Numeric. Defaults: Count, STS Path Generated. See 0 (15 minutes) • “Pointer Justification Count • 0 (1 day) Parameters” section on page 8-12 for more information. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-16 November 2001...

  • Page 269

    1 - 12 Profile Sets the alarm profile for the Default port. Inherited Custom profiles (if any) Suppress Suppresses alarm display for the Unselected (default) Alarms port. Selected Step 5 Click Apply. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-17 November 2001...

  • Page 270: Provisioning Optical Cards

    Timing tabs No (unchecked) • Enable Synch Enables synchronization status messages (S1 byte), • Yes (checked, default) Messages which allow the node to choose the best timing • No (unchecked) source Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-18 November 2001...

  • Page 271: Procedure: Provision Threshold Settings For Oc-n Cards

    Provisioning thresholds for the OC48 IR 1310 card Modify the settings shown in Table 7-8 on page 7-20. Step 3 Default thresholds apply to all optical cards unless otherwise specified. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-19 November 2001...

  • Page 272: Table 7-8 Oc-n Card Threshold Settings On The Provisioning > Thresholds Tab

    500/5000 (Near End); 0/0 (Far End) Path • 3/7 (OC-48 & OC-192 Near & Far End) SEFS Severely errored framing seconds Numeric. Defaults (15 min/1 day): Section 500/5000 (Near End); 0/0 (Far End) • Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-20 November 2001...

  • Page 273

    0/0 (Near and Far End) • Parameters” section on page 8-12 for more information. Protection Switching Count (Line) Numeric. Defaults (15 min/1 day): Line • 1/5 (Near End) • 0/0 (Far End) Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-21 November 2001...

  • Page 274

    Line BLSR is not supported on the 0/0 (all OC-N cards except OC-3, Near and • OC-3 card; therefore, the PSD-W, Far End) PSD-S, and PSD-R PMs do not increment. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-22 November 2001...

  • Page 275: Provisioning Oc-n Cards For Sdh

    Procedure: Provision an OC-N Card for SDH Log into the node and double-click the OC-N card. Step 1 Click the Provisioning > Line tabs. Step 2 Under Type, choose SDH. Step 3 Step 4 Click Apply. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-23 November 2001...

  • Page 276: Provisioning Ippm

    (failure count), STS SES-P (severely errored seconds), and STS UAS-P (unavailable seconds). Only one STS per port can be monitored at one time. See Chapter 8, “Performance Monitoring” for a definition of every parameter. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-24 November 2001...

  • Page 277: Procedure: Enable Intermediate-path Performance Monitoring

    The Alarm Interface Controller (AIC) card can be provisioned to receive input from, or send output to, external devices wired to the ONS 15454 backplane. (For detailed specifications about the AIC, refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide.) You can provision the AIC to: •...

  • Page 278: Using Virtual Wires

    7-5, smoke detectors at Nodes 1, 2, 3, and 4 are assigned to Virtual Wire #1, and Virtual Wire #1 is provisioned as the trigger for an external bell at Node 1. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-26 November 2001...

  • Page 279: Procedure: Provision External Alarms

    Complete the following fields for each external device wired to the ONS 15454 backplane: • Enabled—Click to activate the fields for the alarm input number. Alarm Type—Select an alarm type from the provided list. • Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-27 November 2001...

  • Page 280: Procedure: Provision External Controls

    Enabled—Click to activate the fields for the alarm input number. • • Trigger Type—Select a trigger type: a local minor, major, or critical alarm; a remote minor, major, or critical alarm; or a virtual wire activation. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-28 November 2001...

  • Page 281: Provisioning Aic Orderwire

    Select the orderwire subtab, Local Orderwire or Express Orderwire, appropriate to the orderwire path that you want to create. The Local Orderwire subtab is shown in Figure 7-7 on page 7-30. Provisioning procedures are the same for both types of orderwire. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-29 November 2001...

  • Page 282: Using The Aic Orderwire

    Slots 12 - 14 and 16 - 17. A DS1N-14 or DS3N-12 card installed in Slot 3 or 15 can protect up to five DS1-14 or DS3-12 cards. If you install a DS3N-12 or DS1N-14 card in another slot, it behaves like a normal DS-1 or DS-3 card. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-30 November 2001...

  • Page 283: Procedure: Convert Ds1-14 Cards From 1:1 To 1:n Protection

    Protect/Standby. If they do not change, do not continue. Troubleshoot the working card and slot to determine why the card cannot carry working traffic. Next to Switch Commands, select Clear. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-31 November 2001...

  • Page 284: Figure 7-8 Viewing Slot Protection Status

    In node view, right-click the slot that held the removed card and select delete from the pull-down menu. Step 13 Wait for the card to disappear from the node view. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-32 November 2001...

  • Page 285: Procedure: Convert Ds3-12 Cards From 1:1 To 1:n Protection

    Click the 1:1 protection group that contains the cards that you will move into the new protection group. Step 7 Step 8 Click Delete. Step 9 When the confirmation dialog displays, click Yes. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-33 November 2001...

  • Page 286

    In the Available Cards list, highlight the cards that you want in the protection group. Click the arrow (>>) tab to move the cards to the Working Cards list. Step 23 Click OK. The protection group should appear in the Protection Groups list on the Protection subtab. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 7-34 November 2001...

  • Page 287

    For information about: • Ethernet PMs, see Chapter 9, “Ethernet Operation” • Troubleshooting UPSR switch counts, see the alarm troubleshooting information in the Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Reference Guide, Release 3.1 Editing UPSR circuits, see Chapter 6, “Circuits and Tunnels.” •...

  • Page 288: Using The Performance Monitoring Screen

    Before you view PMs, be sure you have created the appropriate circuits and provisioned the card according to your specifications. For information about circuit creation and card provisioning, see the Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide. Procedure: View PMs Open the electrical or optical card of choice.

  • Page 289: Procedure: Select Fifteen-minute Pm Intervals On The Performance Monitoring Screen

    (TCA) will be raised. The value represents the counter for each specific performance monitoring parameter. Step 6 View the Prev-N columns to find PM counts for the preceding 15-minute intervals. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 290: Procedure: Select Twenty-four Hour Pm Intervals On The Performance Monitoring Screen

    Select the Near End or Far End button depending on the PMs you wish to view. Only cards that allow both near-end and far-end monitoring have these buttons as an option. Figure 8-3 on page 8-5 shows the Near End and Far End buttons on the Performance Monitoring screen. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 291: Procedure: Select Near End Pms On The Performance Monitoring Screen

    Step 2 Step 3 Click the Far End button. Click the Refresh button. All PMs recorded by the far-end node for the selected card on the outgoing Step 4 signal are displayed. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 292: Using The Signal-type Menu

    From the card view, click the Performance tab. Step 2 Click the signal-type menu. (For example, the DS3XM card has menus labeled DS3, DS1, VT, and STS.) Step 3 Select a port using the signal-type menu. Step 4 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 293: Using The Baseline Button

    Open Card. (Clicking a card once highlights the card only.) Step 2 From the card view, click the Performance tab. Click the Baseline button. Step 3 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 294: Using The Clear Button

    For example, if the 15 min and the Near End buttons are selected and you click the Clear button, all near-end PM counts in the current 15-minute interval are erased from the card and the screen display. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 295: Changing Thresholds

    If 0 is entered as the threshold value, the performance monitoring parameter is disabled. Figure 8-7 shows the Provisioning > Threshold tabs for an OC-48 card. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 296: Enabling Intermediate-path Performance Monitoring

    OC48 IR 1310 OC48 LR 1550 OC48 IR/STM16 SH AS 1310 OC48 LR/STM16 LH AS 1550 OC48 ELR/STM16 EH 100 GHz OC48 ELR/STM16 EH 200 GHz OC192 LR/STM64 LH 1550 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-10 November 2001...

  • Page 297: Figure 8-8 Sts Tab For Enabling Ippm

    PMs in the incoming direction of transmission. The IPPM process allows the path signal to pass bidirectionally through the node completely unaltered. For detailed information about specific PMs, locate the card name in the following sections and review the appropriate definition. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-11 November 2001...

  • Page 298: Pointer Justification Count Parameters

    Performance Monitoring screen. You can enable PPJC and NPJC performance monitoring parameters for LTE cards. See Table 8-1 on page 8-10 for a list of Cisco ONS 15454 LTE cards. For pointer justification count definitions, see the “EC1 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters”...

  • Page 299: Procedure: Enable Pointer Justification Count Performance Monitoring

    OC-192 PJStsMon# card menu: 1 or any number through 192 can be selected on 1 port. Click Apply and return to the Performance tab to view PM parameters. Step 4 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-13 November 2001...

  • Page 300: Performance Monitoring For Electrical Cards

    SONET Side CV-S STS CV-P ES-S STS ES-P Path SES-S STS FC-P Level SEFS-S STS SES-P STS UAS-P CV-L SES-L ES-L UAS-L FC-L PPJC-Pdet NPJC-Pdet PPJC-Pgen NPJC-Pgen PMs read on Framer Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-14 November 2001...

  • Page 301

    Near-End Line Severely Errored Seconds (SES-L) is a count of the seconds when K (see GR-253 for values) or more line-layer BIP errors were detected or an AIS-L defect was present. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-15 November 2001...

  • Page 302: Table 8-3 Near-end Line Layer Pms For The Ec1 Card

    STS path was unavailable. An STS path becomes unavailable when ten consecutive seconds occur that qualify as SES-Ps, and it continues to be unavailable until ten consecutive seconds occur that do not qualify as SES-Ps. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-16 November 2001...

  • Page 303

    RFI-L failure clears. A failure event that begins in one period and ends in another period is counted only in the period where it began. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-17 November 2001...

  • Page 304: Ds1 And Ds1n Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

    DS1 CV-L DS1 ES-L DS1 SES-L DS1 LOSS-L DS1 Rx AISS-P DS1 Rx CV-P DS1 Rx ES-P DS1 Rx SAS-P DS1 Rx SES-P DS1 Rx UAS-P PMs read on LIU Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-18 November 2001...

  • Page 305

    SESs are included in unavailable time. Once unavailable, the DS1 path becomes available when ten consecutive seconds occur with no SESs. The ten seconds with no SESs are excluded from unavailable time. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-19 November 2001...

  • Page 306: Table 8-9 Ds1 Transmit Path Pms For The Ds1 And Ds1n Cards

    Errored Seconds VT Layer (ES-V) is a count of the seconds when at least one VT Path BIP error was detected. An AIS-V defect (or a lower-layer, traffic-related, near-end defect) or an LOP-V defect can also cause an ES-V. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-20 November 2001...

  • Page 307: Table 8-11 Sonet Path Pms For The Ds1 And Ds1n Cards

    STS path was unavailable. An STS path becomes unavailable when ten consecutive seconds occur that qualify as SES-Ps, and it continues to be unavailable until ten consecutive seconds occur that do not qualify as SES-Ps. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-21 November 2001...

  • Page 308: Ds3 And Ds3n Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

    DS3 Path (DS3 XX) Far End PMs Not Supported STS Path (STS XX-P) Far End PMs Not Supported Note The XX in the illustration above represents all PMs listed below with the given prefix and/or suffix. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-22 November 2001...

  • Page 309: Figure 8-16 Pm Read Points On The Ds3 And Ds3n Cards

    CRC-6 errors occur or one or more SEF or AIS defects occur. DS3 SAS-P Severely Errored Frame/Alarm Indication Signal-Path (SAS-P) is a count of seconds containing one or more SEFs or one or more AIS defects. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-23 November 2001...

  • Page 310: Ds3-12e And Ds3n-12e Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

    Figure 8-17 shows the signal types that support far-end PMs. Figure 8-18 shows where overhead bytes detected on the ASICs produce performance monitoring parameters for the DS3-12E and DS3N-12E cards. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-24 November 2001...

  • Page 311: Figure 8-17 Monitored Signal Types For The Ds3-12e And Ds3n-12e Cards

    DS3 UASP-P STS UAS-P DS3 CVCP-P DS3 ESCP-P DS3 SESCP-P DS3 UASCP-P PMs read on Mux/Demux ASIC DS3 CVCP-PFE DS3 ESCP-PFE DS3 SASCP-PFE DS3 SESCP-PFE DS3 UASCP-PFE PMs read on LIU Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-25 November 2001...

  • Page 312: Table 8-16 Near-end Ds3 Line Pms For The Ds3-12e And Ds3n-12e Cards

    Errored Second Path (ESCP-P) is a count of seconds containing one or more CP-bit parity errors, one or more SEF defects, or one or more AIS defects. ESCP-P is defined for the C-bit parity application. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-26 November 2001...

  • Page 313: Table 8-19 Near-end Sonet Path Pms For The Ds3-12e And Ds3n-12e Cards

    STS path was unavailable. An STS path becomes unavailable when ten consecutive seconds occur that qualify as SES-Ps, and continues to be unavailable until ten consecutive seconds occur that do not qualify as SES-Ps. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-27 November 2001...

  • Page 314: Ds3xm-6 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

    DS1 Path (DS1 XX) Far End PMs Not Supported DS3 Path (DS3 XX) Far End PMs Supported VT Path (XX-V) Far End PMs Supported STS Path (STS XX-P) Far End PMs Not Supported Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-28 November 2001...

  • Page 315: Figure 8-20 Pm Read Points On The Ds3xm-6 Card

    (BPV + EXZ > 44) and/or defects on the line. DS3 LOSS-L Line Loss of Signal (LOSS-L) is a count of one-second intervals containing one or more LOS defects. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-29 November 2001...

  • Page 316: Table 8-22 Near-end Ds3 Path Pms For The Ds3xm-6 Card

    Once unavailable, the DS3 path becomes available when ten consecutive seconds with no SESCP-Ps occur. The ten seconds with no SESCP-Ps are excluded from unavailable time. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-30 November 2001...

  • Page 317: Table 8-24 Near-end Ds1 Path Pms For The Ds3xm-6 Card

    VT path was unavailable. A VT path becomes unavailable when ten consecutive seconds occur that qualify as SES-Vs and continues to be unavailable until ten consecutive seconds occur that do not qualify as SES-Vs. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-31 November 2001...

  • Page 318: Table 8-26 Near-end Sonet Path Pms For The Ds3xm-6 Card

    CP-bit SESs are included in unavailable time. Once unavailable, the DS3 path becomes available when ten consecutive seconds with no CP-bit SESs occur. The ten seconds with no CP-bit SESs are excluded from unavailable time. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-32 November 2001...

  • Page 319: Performance Monitoring For Optical Cards

    The following sections define performance monitoring parameters and definitions for the OC-3, OC-12, OC-48, and OC-192. 8.6.1 OC-3 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters Figure 8-21 shows where overhead bytes detected on the ASICs produce performance monitoring parameters for the OC-3 card. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-33 November 2001...

  • Page 320: Figure 8-21 Pm Read Points On The Oc-3 Card

    LOS or LOF defect is present. However, there can be situations when the SEFS-S parameter is only incremented based on the presence of the SEF defect. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-34 November 2001...

  • Page 321: Table 8-30 Near-end Line Layer Pms For The Oc-3 Card

    The PSD PM is only applicable if revertive line-level protection switching is used. Note BLSR is not supported on the OC-3 card; therefore, the PSD-W, PSD-S, and PSD-R PMs do not increment. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-35 November 2001...

  • Page 322: Table 8-32 Near-end Sonet Path H-byte Pms For The Oc-3 Card

    STS path was unavailable. An STS path becomes unavailable when ten consecutive seconds occur that qualify as SES-Ps, and it continues to be unavailable until ten consecutive seconds occur that do not qualify as SES-Ps. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-36 November 2001...

  • Page 323: Oc-12, Oc-48, And Oc-192 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters

    Figure 8-22 Monitored signal types for the OC-12, OC-48, and OC-192 cards Near End Far End OC-N Signal OC-N Signal ONS 15454 ONS 15454 Fiber OC-N OC-N STS Path (STS XX-P) Far End PMs Not Supported Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-37 November 2001...

  • Page 324: Figure 8-23 Pm Read Points On The Oc-12, Oc-48, And Oc-192 Cards

    ES-S Section Errored Seconds (ES-S) is a count of the number of seconds when at least one section-layer BIP error was detected or an SEF or LOS defect was present. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-38 November 2001...

  • Page 325: Table 8-36 Near-end Line Layer Pms For The Oc-12, Oc-48, And Oc-192 Cards

    SONET signal. NPJC-Pdet Negative Pointer Justification Count, STS Path Detected (NPJC-Pdet) is a count of the negative pointer justifications detected on a particular path on an incoming SONET signal. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-39 November 2001...

  • Page 326: Table 8-38 Near-end Line Layer Pms For The Oc-12, Oc-48, And Oc-192 Cards

    Duration-Working (PSD-W) is a count of the number of seconds that service was carried on the protection line. PSD-W increments on the failed working line and PSD increments on the active protect line. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-40 November 2001...

  • Page 327: Table 8-39 Near-end Sonet Path Pms For The Oc-12, Oc-48, And Oc-192 Cards

    STS path was unavailable. An STS path becomes unavailable when ten consecutive seconds occur that qualify as SES-Ps, and it continues to be unavailable until ten consecutive seconds occur that do not qualify as SES-Ps. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-41 November 2001...

  • Page 328: Table 8-40 Far-end Line Layer Pms For The Oc-12, Oc-48, And Oc-192 Cards

    A failure event begins when RFI-L failure is declared and ends when the RFI-L failure clears. A failure event that begins in one period and ends in another period is counted only in the period where it began. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 8-42 November 2001...

  • Page 329: Chapter 9 Ethernet Operation

    C H A P T E R Ethernet Operation The Cisco ONS 15454 integrates Ethernet into a SONET time-division multiplexing (TDM) platform. Unlike traditional transport products, which map Ethernet frames directly over dedicated TDM bandwidth, the ONS 15454 incorporates layer 2 switching to allow more efficient data transport over the existing SONET backbone.

  • Page 330: E100t-12/e100t-g

    Ethernet traffic will travel from the E1000-2/E1000-2-G card to the next network device. E1000-2/E1000-2-G cards support two types of standard Cisco GBICs: the IEEE 1000Base-SX compliant 850 nm “short reach” and the IEEE 1000Base-LX compliant 1300 nm “long reach.” The 850 nm SX optics are designed for multimode fiber and distances up to 220 meters on 62.5 micron fiber and...

  • Page 331: Port Provisioning For Ethernet Cards

    Traffic is lost during the period of spanning tree reconvergence. The CARLOSS alarm will appear and clear during this period. For detailed specifications of the Ethernet cards, refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide. 9.1.3 Port Provisioning for Ethernet Cards This section explains how to provision Ethernet ports on an Ethernet card.

  • Page 332: Multicard And Single-card Etherswitch

    A Multicard EtherSwitch configuration ONS Node VLAN A Ethernet card #1 Ethernet card #2 Router Router ONS Node ONS Node Shared packet ring Ethernet card #3 Ethernet card #4 Router Router ONS Node Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 333: Single-card Etherswitch

    When configuring scenario 3, the STS 6c must be provisioned before either of the STS 3c circuits. 9.2.3 ONS 15454 and ONS 15327 EtherSwitch Circuit Combinations The following table shows the Ethernet circuit combinations available in ONS 15454s and ONS 15327s Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 334: Ethernet Circuit Configurations

    Multicard EtherSwitch limits bandwidth to STS-6c of bandwidth between two Ethernet circuit points, but allows adding nodes and cards and making a shared packet ring. Single-card EtherSwitch allows a full STS-12c of bandwidth between two Ethernet circuit points. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 335: Procedure: Provision An Etherswitch Point-to-point Circuit (multicard Or Single-card)

    Repeat Steps 2 – 4 for all other Ethernet cards in the ONS 15454 that will carry the circuit. If you are building a Single-card Etherswitch circuit: Under Card Mode, verify that Single-card EtherSwitch is checked. If Single-card EtherSwitch is not checked, check it and click Apply. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 336: Figure 9-7 Provisioning An Ethernet Circuit

    The Circuit Creation (Circuit Source) dialog box opens (Figure 9-8). Figure 9-8 Choosing a circuit source Choose the circuit source from the Node menu. Either end node can be the circuit source. Step 13 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 337

    9-3. For assigning ports to VLANs, see the “Provision Ethernet Ports for VLAN Membership” procedure on page 9-24. For information about manually provisioning circuits, see the “Ethernet Manual Cross-Connects” procedure on page 9-16. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 338: Shared Packet Ring Ethernet Circuits

    From the Type pull-down menu, choose STS. The VT and VT Tunnel types do not apply to Ethernet circuits. Step 13 From the Size pull-down menu, choose the size of the circuit. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-10 November 2001...

  • Page 339: Figure 9-10 Choosing A Vlan Name And Id

    This VLAN ID number must be unique. It is usually the next available number not already assigned to an existing VLAN (between 2 and 4093). Each ONS 15454 network supports a maximum of 509 user-provisionable VLANs. Click OK. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-11 November 2001...

  • Page 340: Figure 9-11 Selecting Vlans

    Step 25 Click Add Span. The span turns blue and adds the span to the Included Spans field. Step 26 Click the node at the end of the blue span. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-12 November 2001...

  • Page 341: Figure 9-13 Viewing A Span

    You now need to provision the Ethernet ports and assign ports to VLANs. For port provisioning Step 32 instructions, see the “Provision Ethernet Ports” procedure on page 9-3. For assigning ports to VLANs, see the “Provision Ethernet Ports for VLAN Membership” procedure on page 9-24. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-13 November 2001...

  • Page 342: Hub And Spoke Ethernet Circuit Provisioning

    Choose the size of the circuit from the Size pull-down menu. Step 10 Verify that the Bidirectional checkbox is checked and click Next. Step 11 The Circuit Creation (Circuit Source) dialog box opens. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-14 November 2001...

  • Page 343

    If the Single-card EtherSwitch checkbox is not checked, check it and click Apply. Step 24 Log into the other ONS 15454 endpoint for the second circuit and repeat Steps 21 – 23. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-15 November 2001...

  • Page 344: Ethernet Manual Cross-connects

    This allows an Ethernet circuit to run from ONS node to ONS node utilizing the non-ONS network. Provisioning manual cross-connects for Multicard Etherswitch circuits is a separate procedure from Note provisioning manual cross-connects for Single-card Etherswitch circuits. Both procedures are listed below. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-16 November 2001...

  • Page 345: Procedure: Provision A Single-card Etherswitch Manual Cross-connect

    From the Node menu, choose the current node as the circuit source. Step 11 From the Slot menu, choose the Ethernet card that will carry the circuit and click Next. Step 12 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-17 November 2001...

  • Page 346: Figure 9-17 Selecting Vlans

    Step 18 Confirm that the following information is correct: • Circuit name • Circuit type • Circuit size VLANs on this circuit • • ONS 15454 nodes included in this circuit Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-18 November 2001...

  • Page 347: Procedure: Provision A Multicard Etherswitch Manual Cross-connect

    The Circuit Creation (Circuit Attributes) dialog box opens (Figure 9-18). Figure 9-18 Creating an Ethernet circuit In the Name field, type a name for the circuit. Step 8 From the Type pull-down menu, choose STS. Step 9 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-19 November 2001...

  • Page 348: Figure 9-19 Selecting Vlans

    VLANs column to the Circuit VLANs column (Figure 9-19). Click Next. Step 17 The Circuit Creation (Circuit Routing Preferences) dialog box opens. Confirm that the following information is correct: Step 18 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-20 November 2001...

  • Page 349: Vlan Support

    SONET transport infrastructure. Each subscriber has an Ethernet port at each site, and each subscriber is assigned to a VLAN. Although the subscriber’s VLAN data flows over shared circuits, the service appears to the subscriber as a private data transport. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-21 November 2001...

  • Page 350: Q-tagging (ieee 802.1q)

    ONS network with a Q-tag. For more information about setting ports to Tagged and Untag, see the “Provision Ethernet Ports for VLAN Membership” procedure on page 9-24. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-22 November 2001...

  • Page 351: Priority Queuing (ieee 802.1q)

    During periods of network congestion, roughly 70% of bandwidth goes to the high-priority queue and the remaining 30% goes to the low-priority queue. A network that is too congested will drop packets. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-23 November 2001...

  • Page 352: Vlan Membership

    “Port Provisioning for Ethernet Cards” section on page 9-3. Procedure: Provision Ethernet Ports for VLAN Membership The ONS 15454 allows you to configure the VLAN membership and Q-tag handling of individual Ethernet ports. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-24 November 2001...

  • Page 353: Figure 9-22 Configuring Vlan Membership For Individual Ethernet Ports

    The ONS 15454 will tag ingress frames and strip tags from egress frames. Tagged The ONS 15454 will handle ingress frames according to VLAN ID; egress frames will not have their tags removed. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-25 November 2001...

  • Page 354: Spanning Tree (ieee 802.1d)

    Both ports on individual E1000-2/E1000-2-G cards cannot be members of the same VLAN. 9.5 Spanning Tree (IEEE 802.1D) The Cisco ONS 15454 operates spanning tree protocol (STP) according to IEEE 802.1D when an Ethernet card is installed. STP operates over all packet-switched ports including Ethernet and SONET ports.

  • Page 355: Spanning Tree Parameters

    Click Apply. 9.5.2 Spanning Tree Parameters Default spanning tree parameters are appropriate for most situations. Contact the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) at 1-877-323-7368 before you change the default STP parameters. At the node view, click the Maintenance > Etherbridge > Spanning Trees tabs to view spanning tree parameters.

  • Page 356: Spanning Tree Map

    Ethernet statistics. CTC also includes spanning tree information, MAC address information, and the amount of circuit bandwidth used. To view spanning tree information, see “Spanning Tree Parameters” section on page 9-27. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-28 November 2001...

  • Page 357: Statistics Screen

    History subtab to view the screen. Choose the appropriate port from the Line menu and the appropriate interval from the Interval menu. Press Refresh to update the data. Table 9-9 defines the listed parameters. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-29 November 2001...

  • Page 358: Mac Table Screen

    The ONS 15454 features Remote Monitoring (RMON) that allows network operators to monitor the health of the network with a Network Management System (NMS). For a detailed description of the ONS SNMP implementation, see Chapter 11, “SNMP.” Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-30 November 2001...

  • Page 359: Table 9-10 Ethernet Threshold Variables (mibs)

    15-minute interval, an event triggers. CTC allows you to provision these thresholds for Ethernet statistics. Note You can find performance monitoring specifications for all other cards in the Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide. Note The following tables define the variables you can provision in CTC. For example, to set the collision threshold, choose etherStatsCollisions from the Variable menu.

  • Page 360: Procedure: Creating Ethernet Rmon Alarm Thresholds

    Procedure: Creating Ethernet RMON Alarm Thresholds Display the CTC node view. Step 1 Click the Provisioning > Etherbridge > Thresholds tabs. Step 2 Click Create. Step 3 The Create Ether Threshold dialog box opens. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-32 November 2001...

  • Page 361: Figure 9-26 Creating Rmon Thresholds

    (otherwise a single network problem might cause a rising threshold to be exceeded multiple times and cause a flood of events). Step 12 Click the OK button to complete the procedure. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-33 November 2001...

  • Page 362

    Chapter 9 Ethernet Operation Remote Monitoring Specification Alarm Thresholds Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 9-34 November 2001...

  • Page 363: Chapter 10 Alarm Monitoring And Management

    To troubleshoot specific alarms, see the Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide. 10.1 Overview The Cisco Transport Controller (CTC) detects and reports SONET alarms generated by the Cisco ONS 15454 and the larger SONET network. You can use CTC to monitor and manage alarms at a card, node, or network levels and view alarm counts on the LCD front panel.

  • Page 364: Figure 10-1 Viewing Alarms In The Ctc Node View

    When checked, indicates a service-affecting alarm Cond The error message/alarm name. These are defined alphabetically in the alarm chapter of the Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide. Description Description of the alarm A count of incrementing alarm messages (this column is hidden by default) The reference number assigned to a cleared alarm (this column is hidden by default).

  • Page 365: Controlling Alarm Display

    Not-alarmed events do not require action and normally display only under the Conditions tab. 10.2.2 Viewing Alarm-Affected Circuits User can view which ONS 15454 circuits are affected by a specific alarm. Figure 10-6 illustrates the Select Affected Circuits option. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 10-3 November 2001...

  • Page 366: Procedure: View Affected Circuits For A Specific Alarm

    Under the Alarm tab, right-click the Cond column of an active alarm. The Select Affected Circuit dialog appears. Step 2 Left-click Select Affected Circuits. The Circuits screen appears with affected circuits highlighted (Figure 10-3.) Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 10-4 November 2001...

  • Page 367: Conditions Tab

    (Critical, Major or Minor) or a condition (Not Reported or Non Alarmed.) See the trouble notifications information in the Cisco ONS 15454 Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide for more information on the classifications for alarms and conditions.

  • Page 368: Conditions Column Descriptions

    Port where the condition occurred Severity level: CR (critical), MJ (major), MN (minor), NA (not alarmed), NR (not reported) When checked, indicates a service-affecting alarm Cond The condition name Description Description of the condition Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 10-6 November 2001...

  • Page 369: Viewing History

    For example, double-clicking a card alarm takes you to card view. In network view, double-clicking a node alarm takes you to node view. Figure 10-5 Viewing all alarms reported for the current session Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 10-7 November 2001...

  • Page 370: Viewing Alarms On The Lcd

    Press the Status button to display the slot and port. Step 3 Figure 10-6 shows the LCD panel. A blank LCD results when the fuse on the AIP board is blown. If this occurs, call Cisco TAC at Note 1-877-323-7368. 10.3 Alarm Profiles The alarm profiles feature allows you to change default alarm severities by creating unique alarm profiles for individual ONS 15454 nodes.

  • Page 371: Creating And Modifying Alarm Profiles

    Choose Clone from the menu. (You can also clone any other profiles that appear under the Available button, except Inherited.) In the Clone Profile Default dialog box, enter a name in New Profile Name. Step 8 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 10-9 November 2001...

  • Page 372: Alarm Profile Menus

    10.3.1.2 Alarm Profile Editing Table 10-6 lists and describes the five profile editing options available when you right-click in an alarm profile column. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 10-10 November 2001...

  • Page 373: Alarm Severity Option

    At the node level, you may apply profile changes on a card-by-card basis or set a profile for the entire node. Figure 10-8 shows the profile of a DS-1 card being changed to Inherited at the node view. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 10-11 November 2001...

  • Page 374: Figure 10-8 Node View Of A Ds1 Alarm Profile

    At the card level, you can apply profile changes on a port-by-port basis or set all ports on that card at once. Figure 10-9 shows the affected DS-1 card; notice the CTC shows Parent Card Profile: Inherited. Figure 10-9 Card view of a DS1 alarm profile Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 10-12 November 2001...

  • Page 375: Procedure: Apply An Alarm Profile At The Card View

    The Port Overrides column at the node view reads true when additional profiles are available Note and false when only the inherited profile is available. If you choose the wrong profile, click Reset to return to the previous profile. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 10-13 November 2001...

  • Page 376: Suppressing Alarms

    Figure 10-10 shows the Step 2 Suppress Alarms box. Figure 10-10 The suppress alarms checkbox Click the Apply button. Step 3 The node sends out autonomous messages to clear any raised alarms. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 10-14 November 2001...

  • Page 377

    Chapter 10 Alarm Monitoring and Management Suppressing Alarms Note When you uncheck the Suppress Alarms checkbox and click Apply, the node sends out autonomous messages to raise any actively suppressed alarms. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 10-15 November 2001...

  • Page 378

    Chapter 10 Alarm Monitoring and Management Suppressing Alarms Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 10-16 November 2001...

  • Page 379: Snmp

    ONS 15454 by a generic SNMP manager, for example HP OpenView Network Node Manager (NNM) or Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) NetExpert. The Cisco ONS 15454 supports SNMP Version 1 (SNMPv1) and SNMP Version 2c (SNMPv2c). Both versions share many features, but SNMPv2c includes additional protocol operations. This chapter describes both versions and explains how to configure SNMP on the ONS 15454.

  • Page 380: Snmp Basic Components

    Management systems provide the bulk of the processing and memory resources required for network management. One or more management systems must exist on any managed network. Figure 11-3 illustrates the relationship between the three key SNMP components. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 11-2 November 2001...

  • Page 381: Snmp Support

    Click Create at the bottom of the screen. The Create SNMP Trap Destination dialog box opens (Figure 11-4). For a description of SNMP traps, see the “SNMP Traps” section on page 11-6. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 11-3 November 2001...

  • Page 382: Figure 11-4 Setting Up Snmp

    Click OK. SNMP settings are now configured. To view SNMP information for each node, highlight the node IP address in the Trap Destinations area of the Trap Destinations screen (Figure 11-5). Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 11-4 November 2001...

  • Page 383: Snmp Management Information Bases

    The SNMP manager searches sequentially to find the needed variable from within the MIB. get-response The reply to a get-request, get-next-request, get-bulk-request, or set-request sent by an NMS Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 11-5 November 2001...

  • Page 384: Snmp Traps

    (slot, port, STS, VT, BLSR, STP, etc.). The traps give the severity of the alarm (critical, major, minor, event, etc.) and indicate whether the alarm Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 11-6...

  • Page 385: Table 11-3 Snmp Trap Variable Bindings

    This variable gives the time when the alarm occurred. The value is the number of the ticks that has lapsed since 1/1/1970. The ONS 15454 supports the generic and IETF traps listed in Table 11-4. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 11-7 November 2001...

  • Page 386: Snmp Community Names

    The ONS 15454 incorporates Remote Network Monitoring (RMON) to allow network operators to monitor the ONS 15454 E10/100-4 cards. For more information on Ethernet RMONs, see “Remote Monitoring Specification Alarm Thresholds” section on page 9-30. This feature is not apparent to the Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 11-8 November 2001...

  • Page 387: Ethernet Statistics Group

    With CTC, you can provision the thresholds in the table. 11.7.5 Event Group The Event group consists of two tables, eventTable and logTable. The eventTable is read-only. The ONS 15454 implements the logTable as specified in RFC 1757. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 11-9 November 2001...

  • Page 388

    Chapter 11 SNMP SNMP Remote Network Monitoring Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide 11-10 November 2001...

  • Page 389: Appendix

    Alternate path Automatic Circuit Routing If you select automatic routing during circuit creation, Cisco Transport Controller (CTC) routes the circuit by dividing the entire circuit route into segments based on protection domains. For unprotected segments of protected circuits, CTC finds an alternate route to protect the segment in a virtual UPSR fashion.

  • Page 390: Circuit Routing Characteristics

    CTC supports secondary sources and drops. Secondary sources and drops typically interconnect two “foreign” networks, as shown in Figure A-2. Traffic is protected while it goes through a network of ONS 15454s. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 391: Manual Circuit Routing

    All circuits, except Multicard EtherSwitch circuits in a shared packet ring, should have links with a direction that flows from source to destination. This is true for Multicard EtherSwitch circuits that are not in a shared packet ring (see Figure A-1). Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 392

    Choose the links of Multicard EtherSwitch circuits in a shared packet ring to route from source to destination back to source (see Figure A-5). Otherwise, a route (set of links) chosen with loops is invalid. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 393

    Bidirectional STS/VT/Regular Multicard EtherSwitch/Point-to-Point (straight) Ethernet Circuits # of Inbound Links # of Outbound Links # of Sources # of Drops Connection Type UPSR UPSR UPSR UPSR UPSR UPSR Double UPSR Double UPSR Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 394

    # of Inbound Links # of Outbound Links # of Sources # of Drops Connection Type At intermediate nodes only UPSR UPSR Double UPSR Two way At source nodes only VT tunnel end point Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 395: Constraint-based Circuit Routing

    The required nodes and links constraint is only used during the primary path computation and only for PPMN domains/segments. The alternate path is computed normally; CTC uses excluded nodes/links when finding all primary and alternate paths on PPMNs. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 396

    Appendix A Circuit Routing Constraint-Based Circuit Routing Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 397: Appendix

    A P P E N D I X Regulatory and Compliance Requirements This appendix lists customer, industry, and government requirements met by the Cisco ONS 15454. Installation warnings are also included. Regulatory Compliance Table B-1 Standards Discipline Country Specification Canada...

  • Page 398: Japan Approvals

    SBC Local Exchange Carriers, Network Equipment Power, Grounding, Environmental, and Physical Design Requirements, TP76200MP Japan Approvals Table B-2 Card Approvals Card Certificate Number OC3-4IR 1310 L00-0265 OC12IR 1310 L00-0266 OC48IR 1310 L00-267 DS3N-12 L00-0285 Label Information Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 399: Class A Notice

    Consultare le istruzioni di installazione prima di collegare il sistema all’alimentatore. Advarsel Les installasjonsinstruksjonene før systemet kobles til strømkilden. Aviso Leia as instruções de instalação antes de ligar o sistema à sua fonte de energia. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 400: Dc Power Disconnection Warning

    Før noen av disse prosedyrene utføres, kontroller at strømmen er frakoblet likestrømkretsen. Sørg for at all strøm er slått AV. Dette gjøres ved å lokalisere strømbryteren på brytertavlen som betjener likestrømkretsen, slå strømbryteren AV og teipe bryterhåndtaket på strømbryteren i AV-stilling. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 401: Dc Power Connection Warning

    Depois de ligar o sistema de fornecimento de corrente contínua, retire a fita isoladora da manivela do disjuntor, e volte a ligar a corrente ao deslocar a manivela para a posição ON (Ligado). Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 402: Power Supply Disconnection Warning

    (CC). Varning! nnan du arbetar med ett chassi eller nära strömförsörjningsenheter skall du för växelströmsenheter dra ur nätsladden och för likströmsenheter bryta strömmen vid överspänningsskyddet. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 403: Outside Line Connection Warning

    T1/E1/T3/E3, etc.) deben conectarse mediante un dispositivo registrado o aprobado como, por ejemplo, CSU/DSU o NT1. Varning! Metallkontakter för anslutning till utomhusledningar (t.ex. T1/E1/T3/E3 m.fl.) måste anslutas via en registrerad eller godkänd enhet, t.ex. CSU/DSU eller NT1. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 404: Class 1 Laser Product Warning

    Varoitus Luokan I (21 CFR 1040.10 ja 1040.11) ja luokan 1M (IEC 60825-1 2001-01) lasertuotteita. Attention Produits laser catégorie I (21 CFR 1040.10 et 1040.11) et catégorie 1M (IEC 60825-1 2001-01). Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 405: Restricted Area Warning

    Questa unità deve essere installata in un'area ad accesso limitato. Un'area ad accesso limitato è un'area accessibile solo a personale di assistenza tramite un'attrezzo speciale, lucchetto, o altri dispositivi di sicurezza, ed è controllata dall'autorità responsabile della zona. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 406: Ground Connection Warning

    Når enheten installeres, må jordledningen alltid tilkobles først og frakobles sist. Aviso Ao instalar a unidade, a ligação à terra deverá ser sempre a primeira a ser ligada, e a última a ser desligada. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide B-10 November 2001...

  • Page 407: Qualified Personnel Warning

    Omdat er onzichtbare laserstraling uit de opening van de poort geëmitteerd kan worden wanneer er geen kabel aangesloten is, dient men om blootstelling aan laserstraling te vermijden niet in de open openingen te kijken. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide B-11 November 2001...

  • Page 408: More Than One Power Supply

    électrique de l’unité, tous les cordons d’alimentation doivent être débranchés. Warnung Diese Einheit verfügt über mehr als einen Stromanschluß; um Strom gänzlich von der Einheit fernzuhalten, müssen alle Stromzufuhren abgetrennt sein. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide B-12 November 2001...

  • Page 409: Unterminated Fiber Warning

    (loupes et microscopes) à une distance inférieure à 100 mm peut poser des risques pour les yeux. L’utilisation de commandes, de réglages ou de procédures autres que ceux spécifiés peut entraîner une exposition dangereuse à des radiations. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide B-13 November 2001...

  • Page 410

    100 mm kan skada ögonen. Om andra kontroller eller justeringar än de angivna används, eller om andra processer än de angivna genomförs, kan skadlig strålning avges. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide B-14 November 2001...

  • Page 411: Laser Activation Warning

    Lasern är på när kortet är igångsatt och säkerhetsnyckeln är i läget På (markerat med 1). Porten behöver inte vara igång för att lasern ska vara på. Lasern är av när säkerhetsnyckeln är i läget Av (markerat med 0). Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide B-15 November 2001...

  • Page 412

    Appendix B Regulatory and Compliance Requirements Installation Warnings Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide B-16 November 2001...

  • Page 413: Appendix

    100 megabit per second ethernet network 100BaseTX specification of 100BaseT that supports full duplex operation Alarm Cutoff ACT/STBY Active/Standby Add-Drop Multiplexer Alarm Interface Controller Access Identifier Alarm Interface Panel Alarm Indication Signal Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 414

    Autonomous Message Tag Asynchronous Transfer Mode American Wire Gauge B8ZS Bipolar 8 Zero Substitution Bit Error Rate Backplane Interface Connector Bit Interleaved Parity BITS Building Integrated Timing Supply BLSR Bidirectional line switched ring Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 415

    CLEI Common Language Equipment Identifier code CLNP Correctionless Network Protocol CMIP Common Management Information Protocol centimeter Central Office Environment CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture Customer Premise Environments CTAG Correlation Tag Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 416

    Digital Signal Level One (N-14 ports) DS3-12 Digital Signal Level Three (12 ports) DS3N-12 Digital Signal Level Three (N-12 ports) DS3XM-6 Digital Service, level 3 Trans Multiplexer 6 ports Digital Signal Cross Connect frame Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 417

    Electrical Interface Assemblies Extended Long Reach Electromagnetic interface Element Management Layer Element Management System Express Orderwire ERDI Enhanced Remote Defect Indicator Errored Seconds Electrostatic Discharge Extended Super Frame ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 418

    Field Service Bulletin Gbps Gigabits per second GBIC Gigabit Interface Converter GR-253-CORE General Requirements #253 Council Of Registrars GR-1089 General Requirements #1089 Graphical User Interface HDLC High-Level Data Link Control InterExchange Carrier Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 419

    ITU-T The International Telecommunication Union- Telecommunication Standards Sector Java Runtime Environment Local Area Network Liquid Crystal Display LDCC Line Data Communications Channel Loss of Pointer Loss of Signal Loss of Frame Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 420

    Million bits per second, or Million bytes per second Megahertz Management Information Bases MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions Mux/Demux Multiplexer/Demultiplexer Network Element Network Element Layer NEBS Network Equipment-Building Systems Network Management Layer Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 421

    Open Shortest Path First Operations Support System OSS/NMS Operations Support System/Network Management System Pulse Code Modulation PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International Association Product Change Notices PDI-P STS Payload Defect Indication-Path Point of Presence Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 422

    RDI-L Remote Defect Indication Line Reserved RJ45 Registered Jack #45 (8 pin) Return Material Authorization RMON Remote Network Monitoring RS232 Recommended Standard #232 (ANSI Electrical Interface for Serial Communication Receive Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide C-10 November 2001...

  • Page 423

    Safety Extra Low Voltage Severely Errored Seconds Super Frame Service Management Layer Single Mode Fiber SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol SNTP Simple Network Time Protocol SONET Synchronous Optical Network Synchronous Payload Envelope Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide C-11 November 2001...

  • Page 424

    Technical Assistance Center TBOS Telemetry Byte Oriented Serial protocol Threshold Crossing Alert TCC+ Timing Communications and Control+ Card TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol Time Division Multiplexing Time Division Switching Target Identifier Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide C-12 November 2001...

  • Page 425

    Telecommunications Management Network Time Slot Assignment Time-Slot Interchange Transmit Unavailable Seconds UDP/IP User Datagram Protocol/Internet Protocol User Identifier UPSR Unidirectional Path Switched Ring Universal Time Coordinated Unshielded Twisted Pair Volts Direct Current Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide C-13 November 2001...

  • Page 426

    Virtual Tributary equals 1.544 megabits per second Wide Area Network Watts Cross Connect XCVT Cross Connect Virtual Tributary X.25 Protocol providing devices with direct connection to a packet switched network Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide C-14 November 2001...

  • Page 427

    1. Generally, software that processes queries and returns replies on behalf of an application. 2. In a network management system, a process that resides in all managed devices and reports the values of specified variables to management stations. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 428

    Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) wavelengths are broken into two distinct bands: red and blue. DWDM cards for the ONS 15454 operate on wavelengths between 1530.33nm and 1542.94nm in the blue band. The blue band is the lower frequency band. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 429

    Correlation Tag. A unique identifier given to each input command by the TL1 operator. When the ONS 15454 system responds to a specific command, it includes the command’s CTAG in the reply. This eliminates discrepancies about which response corresponds to which command. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 430

    Cisco Transport Controller. A Java-based graphical user interface (GUI) that allows operations, administration, maintenenance, and provisioning (OAM&P) of the ONS 15454 using an Internet browser. Cisco Transport Manager. A Java-based network management tool used to support large networks of Cisco 15000-class equipment. code violation Data Communications Channel.

  • Page 431

    Free run synchronization mode Occurs when the external timing sources have been disabled and the ONS 15454 is receiving timing from its Stratum 3 level internal timing source. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 432

    K bytes Automatic protection switching bytes. K bytes are located in the SONET line overhead and monitored by equipment for an indication to switch to protection. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 433

    IEEE. Also known as the hardware address, MAC-layer address, and physical address. Maintenance user A security level that limits user access to maintenance options only. See also Superuser, Provisioning User, and Retrieve User. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 434

    Part of an IP address that specifies the network where the host belongs. Network Management System. System that executes applications that monitor and control managed devices. NMSs provide the bulk of the processing and memory resources required for network management. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 435

    The segment between the originating equipment and the terminating equipment. This path segment may encompass several consecutive line segments or segments between two SONET devices. Payload Portion of a cell, frame, or packet that contains upper-layer information (data). Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide November 2001...

  • Page 436

    A process that sends electrical interfaces back to the original working card after the card comes back online. Rising threshold The number of occurrences (collisions) that must be exceeded to trigger an event. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide D-10 November 2001...

  • Page 437

    S1 byte of the line overhead. Spanning-Tree Algorithm. An algorithm used by the spanning tree protocol to create a spanning tree. See also Spanning tree and STP. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide D-11 November 2001...

  • Page 438

    Time Division Multiplexing. Allocates bandwidth on a single wire for information from multiple channels based on preassigned time slots. Bandwidth is allocated to each channel regardless of whether the station has data to transmit. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide D-12 November 2001...

  • Page 439

    One fiber transmits in one direction and the backup fiber transmits in the other. If the primary ring fails, the backup takes over. Upstream Set of frequencies used to send data from a subscriber to the headend. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide D-13 November 2001...

  • Page 440

    Virtual Tributary. A structure designed for the transport and switching of sub-DS3 payloads. VT layer The VT layer or electrical layer occurs when the SONET signal is broken down into an electrical signal. Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide D-14 November 2001...

  • Page 441: Appendix

    ADM see linear ADM 1-33 AIC card severities 10-2, 10-6 backplane pin fields 1-33 suppressing 10-14 export data synchronize 2-27 10-3 install traps see SNMP 1-49 orderwire 7-29 user-provisionable 7-25 to 7-29 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-1 November 2001...

  • Page 442

    5-11 description 1-32 four-fiber description alarm pins 1-33 maximum node number craft interface pins 1-35 moving trunk cards 5-22 1-34 planning fiber connections 5-11 modem 1-33 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-2 November 2001...

  • Page 443

    5-46 see DS-1 cables displaying span properties 2-17 see fiber-optic cables editing UPSR circuits 6-10 to 6-12 card protection Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-3 November 2001...

  • Page 444

    1-36 OC-3 card 8-17, 8-35, 8-37 cross-connect CV parameter, provisioning 7-20 definition CV-S parameter see also card entries EC-1 card 8-15 see also circuits OC-12, OC-48, OC-192 cards 8-38 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-4 November 2001...

  • Page 445

    DS1 ES-P parameter 8-31 routing table 4-15 DS1 LOSS-L parameter 8-19 DHCP 2-6, 3-3, 4-3 DS1 Rx AISS-P parameter 8-19 digital service cards see DS-N cards DS1 Rx CV-P parameter 8-19 documentation Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-5 November 2001...

  • Page 446

    DS3XM-6 card 8-30, 8-32 DS3 ESCP-P parameter DS3 UAS-P parameter 8-24 DS3E cards DS3 UASP-P parameter 8-28 DS3XM-6 card 8-30, 8-32 DS3E cards 8-26 DS3 ES-L parameter DS3XM-6 card 8-30 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-6 November 2001...

  • Page 447

    9-29 see cards indexed by name MAC address screen 9-30 see DS-N cards port-provisioning for VLAN membership electrical interface adapters (baluns) priority queuing 9-23 installing 1-40 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-7 November 2001...

  • Page 448

    Gigabit Ethernet see E1000-2/E1000-2-G card or Ethernet description 1-25 gigabit interface converter see GBIC fan failure 1-25 grounding 1-28 fan speed 1-25 installing 1-27 FC-L parameter EC-1 card 8-16 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-8 November 2001...

  • Page 449

    1-50 hardware IPPM 1-1 to 1-70 LAN wires 1-35 description 8-10 multiple nodes provisioning 7-24 power supply 1-28 reversible mounting bracket shelf see rack installation single node J1 bytes 6-12 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-9 November 2001...

  • Page 450

    1-11 monitoring linear ADM circuits see monitor circuits description 5-41 performance see performance monitoring converting to BLSR 5-47 mounting bracket converting to UPSR 5-42 multicard Etherswitch creating 5-42 multiple drops Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-10 November 2001...

  • Page 451

    OC-N cards setting up timing 3-14 optical transmission quality 7-18 tabs list 2-15 orderwire 7-29 to 7-30 viewing popup information 2-15 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-11 November 2001...

  • Page 452

    2-15 see SONET topologies port filtering 2-12 protection switching ports APS in SDH 7-23 card list 1-46 bidirectional 3-10 drop 6-12 BLSR span switching enable for BLSR 5-13 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-12 November 2001...

  • Page 453

    8-35 OC-12, OC-28, OC-192 cards 8-40 provisioning PSD-L 7-22 provisioning PSD-R 7-22 SC connectors 1-53 provisioning PSD-S 7-22 SD BER 7-18 provisioning PSD-W 7-22 7-23 PSD-R (ring duration) 8-41 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-13 November 2001...

  • Page 454

    1-28 line appearance on map 2-18 specifications lockout 1-64 5-17 shortest path reversion (BLSR) 5-15 simple network management protocol see SNMP upgrade 2-17 simple network time protocol view properties 2-17 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-14 November 2001...

  • Page 455

    DS-3 cards 8-24 using static routes 4-6, 4-9 DS3E cards with Proxy ARP 8-27 4-4, 4-5 DS3XM-6 card subnet mask 8-32 EC-1 card 8-16 24-bit 4-17 monitored IPPMs 8-11 32-bit 4-17 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-15 November 2001...

  • Page 456

    EC-1 card 7-14 node view - Inventory 2-15, 3-18 Ethernet 9-33 node view - Maintenance 2-15 MIBs 9-31 node view - Provisioning 2-15 optical cards 7-19 performance monitoring 15-minute interval Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-16 November 2001...

  • Page 457

    VLAN tunnel virtual rings 5-51 see DCC virtual wires 7-26 see VT tunnel VLAN twisted pair wire-wrap 1-39, 1-58 and MAC addresses 9-30 two-fiber BLSR see BLSR number supported 9-21 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-17 November 2001...

  • Page 458

    2-22 see also cross-connect turn-up 1-47 XC card capacities 6-15 card view 2-22 see also cross-connect turn-up 1-47 XCVT card capacities 6-15 card view 2-22 see also cross-connect turn-up 1-47 Cisco ONS 15454 Installation and Operations Guide IN-18 November 2001...

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