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Turning


SINUMERIK
SINUMERIK 840D sl / 828D
Turning
Operating Manual
Valid for:
Controller
SINUMERIK 840D sl / 840DE sl / 828D
Software version
CNC Software for 840D sl / 840DE sl
SINUMERIK Operate for PCU/PC
03/2013
6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1
___________________
___________________
Introduction
___________________
Setting up the machine
___________________
Working in manual mode
___________________
Machining the workpiece
___________________
___________________
Creating a G code program
Creating a ShopTurn
___________________
program
___________________
Programming technology
functions (cycles)
Multi-channel machining
___________________
(only 840D sl)
Collision avoidance (only
___________________
840D sl)
___________________
___________________
___________________
Alarm, error and system
messages
___________________
Working with Manual
Machine
Working with a B axis (only
___________________
840D sl)
4.5 SP2
4.5 SP2
___________________
Working with two tool
carriers
Continued on next page
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   Summary of Contents for Siemens SINUMERIK 840D sl

  • Page 1 Alarm, error and system messages Valid for: ___________________ Working with Manual Controller Machine SINUMERIK 840D sl / 840DE sl / 828D Working with a B axis (only ___________________ Software version 840D sl) CNC Software for 840D sl / 840DE sl 4.5 SP2 SINUMERIK Operate for PCU/PC 4.5 SP2...
  • Page 2 Siemens AG Order number: 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1 Copyright © Siemens AG 2008 - 2013. Industry Sector Ⓟ 04/2013 Technical data subject to change All rights reserved Postfach 48 48 90026 NÜRNBERG GERMANY...
  • Page 3 Continuation Teaching in a program HT 8 Ctrl-Energy SINUMERIK 840D sl / 828D Turning Easy Message (828D only) Easy Extend (828D only) Operating Manual Service Planner (828D only) Ladder Viewer and Ladder add-on (828D only) Appendix...
  • Page 4 Note the following: WARNING Siemens products may only be used for the applications described in the catalog and in the relevant technical documentation. If products and components from other manufacturers are used, these must be recommended or approved by Siemens. Proper transport, storage, installation, assembly, commissioning, operation and maintenance are required to ensure that the products operate safely and without any problems.
  • Page 5: Preface

    Training For information about the range of training courses, refer under: ● www.siemens.com/sitrain SITRAIN - Siemens training for products, systems and solutions in automation technology ● www.siemens.com/sinutrain SinuTrain - training software for SINUMERIK FAQs You can find Frequently Asked Questions in the Service&Support pages under Product Support.
  • Page 6 Preface SINUMERIK You can find information on SINUMERIK under the following link: www.siemens.com/sinumerik Target group This documentation is intended for users of turning machines running the SINUMERIK Operate software. Benefits The operating manual helps users familiarize themselves with the control elements and commands.
  • Page 7 Preface Technical Support You will find telephone numbers for other countries for technical support in the Internet under http://www.siemens.com/automation/service&support Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 8 Preface Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents Preface ..............................5 Introduction.............................. 23 Product overview .........................23 Operator panel fronts ........................24 1.2.1 Overview ............................24 1.2.2 Keys of the operator panel......................26 Machine control panels ........................35 1.3.1 Overview ............................35 1.3.2 Controls on the machine control panel ..................35 User interface..........................38 1.4.1 Screen layout ..........................38 1.4.2...
  • Page 10: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents 2.5.4 Measuring a tool with a magnifying glass ................... 78 Measuring the workpiece zero ....................80 Zero offsets ..........................82 2.7.1 Display active zero offset ......................83 2.7.2 Displaying the zero offset "overview"..................84 2.7.3 Displaying and editing base zero offset ..................86 2.7.4 Displaying and editing settable zero offset .................
  • Page 11: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents 4.4.2 Displaying a basic block......................121 4.4.3 Display program level ........................122 Correcting a program .........................123 Repositioning axes........................124 Starting machining at a specific point ..................125 4.7.1 Use block search ........................125 4.7.2 Continuing program from search target ..................127 4.7.3 Simple search target definition....................128 4.7.4 Defining an interruption point as search target ................129 4.7.5...
  • Page 12: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents Simulating machining..........................175 Overview ........................... 175 Simulation before machining of the workpiece ................. 181 Simultaneous recording before machining of the workpiece ............ 182 Simultaneous recording during machining of the workpiece ............ 183 Different views of the workpiece ....................184 5.5.1 Side view ...........................
  • Page 13: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents 6.9.4 Programming variables ......................214 6.9.5 Changing a cycle call .........................215 6.9.6 Compatibility for cycle support ....................215 6.9.7 Additional functions in the input screens ...................216 6.10 Measuring cycle support ......................217 Creating a ShopTurn program ....................... 219 Graphic program control, ShopTurn programs ................219 Program views ...........................220 Program structure ........................224 Fundamentals ..........................225...
  • Page 14: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents 8.1.1 General............................277 8.1.2 Centering (CYCLE81) ....................... 278 8.1.3 Drilling (CYCLE82)........................281 8.1.4 Reaming (CYCLE85) ........................ 283 8.1.5 Boring (CYCLE86) ........................285 8.1.6 Deep-hole drilling (CYCLE83)....................289 8.1.7 Tapping (CYCLE84, 840)......................293 8.1.8 Drill and thread milling (CYCLE78) ................... 299 8.1.9 Positions and position patterns ....................
  • Page 15: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents 8.4.10 Long hole (LONGHOLE) - only for G code program..............424 8.4.11 Thread milling (CYCLE70) ......................426 8.4.12 Engraving (CYCLE60) .......................430 Contour milling ...........................437 8.5.1 General information ........................437 8.5.2 Representation of the contour....................437 8.5.3 Creating a new contour......................439 8.5.4 Creating contour elements......................441 8.5.5 Changing the contour.........................447...
  • Page 16: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents Multi-channel machining (only 840D sl) ....................527 Multi-channel view (only 840D sl) ..................... 527 9.1.1 Multi-channel view in the "Machine" operating area ..............527 9.1.2 Multi-channel view for large operator panels ................530 9.1.3 Setting the multi-channel view ....................531 Multi-channel support (only 840D sl) ..................
  • Page 17: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents 11.7 Tool data OEM ...........................608 11.8 Magazine............................610 11.8.1 Positioning a magazine......................612 11.8.2 Relocating a tool ........................613 11.8.3 Unload all tools...........................614 11.9 Sorting tool management lists....................615 11.10 Filtering the tool management lists ....................616 11.11 Specific search in the tool management lists................618 11.12 Displaying tool details ........................620 11.13...
  • Page 18: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents 12.9 Copying and pasting a directory/program ................. 657 12.10 Deleting a directory/program..................... 659 12.11 Changing file and directory properties ..................660 12.12 Set up drives ..........................661 12.12.1 Overview ........................... 661 12.12.2 Setting up drives ........................662 12.13 Viewing PDF documents......................
  • Page 19: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents 14.2 Measuring the tool ........................709 14.3 Setting the zero offset ........................709 14.4 Set limit stop..........................710 14.5 Simple workpiece machining .....................711 14.5.1 Traversing axes .........................711 14.5.2 Taper turning..........................712 14.5.3 Straight and circular machining....................713 14.5.3.1 Straight turning...........................713 14.5.3.2 Circular turning...........................714 14.6 More complex machining ......................716 14.6.1...
  • Page 20: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents 17.7 Deleting a block......................... 749 17.8 Settings for teach-in ........................750 HT 8............................... 751 18.1 HT 8 overview ........................... 751 18.2 Traversing keys......................... 754 18.3 Machine control panel menu ..................... 755 18.4 Virtual keyboard ........................756 18.5 Calibrating the touch panel .......................
  • Page 21: Table Of Contents

    Table of contents 23.4 Control options ...........................787 23.5 Displaying PLC properties ......................789 23.6 Displaying information on the program blocks................789 23.7 Displaying and editing NC/PLC variables ..................792 23.8 Loading modified PLC user program ..................793 23.9 Editing the local variable table ....................794 23.10 Creating a new block .........................795 23.11...
  • Page 22 Table of contents Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 23: Product Overview

    Introduction Product overview The SINUMERIK controller is a CNC (Computerized Numerical Controller) for machine tools. You can use the CNC to implement the following basic functions in conjunction with a machine tool: ● Creation and adaptation of part programs ● Execution of part programs ●...
  • Page 24: Operator Panel Fronts

    Introduction 1.2 Operator panel fronts Operator panel fronts 1.2.1 Overview Introduction The display (screen) and operation (e.g. hardkeys and softkeys) of the SINUMERIK Operate user interface use the operator panel front. In this example, the OP 010 operator panel front is used to illustrate the components that are available for operating the controller and machine tool.
  • Page 25 A more precise description as well as a view of the other operator panel fronts that can be used may be found in the following reference: Operator Components and Networking Manual; SINUMERIK 840D sl/840Di sl Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 26: Keys Of The Operator Panel

    Introduction 1.2 Operator panel fronts 1.2.2 Keys of the operator panel The following keys and key combinations are available for operation of the controller and the machine tool. Keys and key combinations Function <ALARM CANCEL> Cancels alarms and messages that are marked with this symbol. <CHANNEL>...
  • Page 27 Introduction 1.2 Operator panel fronts <NEXT WINDOW> + <CTRL> + <SHIFT> • Moves the cursor to the beginning of a program. • Moves the cursor in the first row of the current column. • Selects a contiguous selection from the current cursor position up to the target position.
  • Page 28 Introduction 1.2 Operator panel fronts <Cursor left> • Editing box Closes a directory or program (e.g. cycle) in the program editor. If you have made changes, then these are accepted. • Navigation Moves the cursor further to the left by one character. <Cursor left>...
  • Page 29 Introduction 1.2 Operator panel fronts <Cursor down> + <SHIFT> In the program manager and in the program editor, selects a contiguous selection of directories and program blocks. <SELECT> Switches between several specified options in selection drop-down list boxes and in selection boxes. Activates checkboxes.
  • Page 30 Introduction 1.2 Operator panel fronts <BACKSPACE> + <CTRL> • Editing window Deletes a word selected to the left of the cursor. • Navigation Deletes all of the selected characters to the left of the cursor. <TAB> • In the program editor, indents the cursor by one character. •...
  • Page 31 Introduction 1.2 Operator panel fronts <CTRL> + <L> Scrolls the actual user interface through all installed languages one after the other. <CTRL> + <SHIFT> + <L> Scrolls the actual user interface through all installed languages in the inverse sequence. <CTRL> + <P> Generates a screenshot from the actual user interface and saves it as file.
  • Page 32 Introduction 1.2 Operator panel fronts <SHIFT> + <ALT> + <D> Backs up the log files on the USB-FlashDrive. If a USB-FlashDrive is not inserted, then the files are backed-up in the manufacturer's area of the CF card. <SHIFT> + <ALT> + <T> Starts "HMI Trace".
  • Page 33 Introduction 1.2 Operator panel fronts <Minus> • Closes a directory which contains the element. • Reduces the size of the graphic view for simulation and traces. <Equals> Opens the calculator in the entry fields. <Asterisk> Opens a directory with all of the subdirectories. <Tilde>...
  • Page 34 Introduction 1.2 Operator panel fronts <OFFSET> - only OP 010 and OP 010C Calls the "Parameter" operating area. <PROGRAM MANAGER> - only OP 010 and OP 010C Calls the "Program Manager" operating area. Menu forward key Advances in the extended horizontal softkey bar. Menu back key Returns to the higher-level menu.
  • Page 35: Machine Control Panels

    1.3.1 Overview The machine tool can be equipped with a machine control panel by Siemens or with a specific machine control panel from the machine manufacturer. You use the machine control panel to initiate actions on the machine tool such as traversing an axis or starting the machining of a workpiece.
  • Page 36 Introduction 1.3 Machine control panels Machine manufacturer For additional responses to pressing the Emergency Stop button, please refer to the machine manufacturer's instructions. Installation locations for control devices (d = 16 mm) RESET Stop processing the current programs. • The NCK control remains synchronized with the machine. It is in its initial state and ready for a new program run.
  • Page 37 Introduction 1.3 Machine control panels Machine manufacturer A machine data code defines how the increment value is interpreted. Customer keys T1 to T15 Traversal axes with rapid traverse superposition and coordinate exchange Axis keys Selects an axis. Direction keys Select the traversing direction. <RAPID>...
  • Page 38: User Interface

    Introduction 1.4 User interface User interface 1.4.1 Screen layout Overview Active operating area and mode Alarm/message line Program name Channel state and program control Channel operational messages Axis position display in actual value window Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 39: Status Display

    Introduction 1.4 User interface Display for active tool T • current feedrate F • active spindle with current status (S) • Spindle utilization rate in percent • Operating window with program block display Display of active G functions, all G functions, H functions and input window for different functions (for example, skip blocks, program control) Dialog line to provide additional user notes Horizontal softkey bar...
  • Page 40 Introduction 1.4 User interface Display Description "Program" operating area "Program manager" operating area "Diagnosis" operating area "Start-up" operating area Active mode or submode "Jog" mode "MDA" mode "Auto" mode "Teach In" submode "Repos" submode "Ref Point" submode Alarms and messages Alarm display The alarm numbers are displayed in white lettering on a red background.
  • Page 41 Introduction 1.4 User interface Second line Display Description Program path and program name The displays in the second line can be configured. Machine manufacturer Please also refer to the machine manufacturer's instructions. Third line Display Description Display of channel status. If several channels are present on the machine, the channel name is also displayed.
  • Page 42: Actual Value Window

    Introduction 1.4 User interface Machine manufacturer Please also refer to the machine manufacturer's instructions. 1.4.3 Actual value window The actual values of the axes and their positions are displayed. Work/Machine The displayed coordinates are based on either the machine coordinate system or the workpiece coordinate system.
  • Page 43: T,f,s Window

    Introduction 1.4 User interface Overview of display Display Meaning Header columns Work/Machine Display of axes in selected coordinate system. Position Position of displayed axes. Display of distance-to-go The distance-to-go for the current NC block is displayed while the program is running. Feed/override The feed acting on the axes, as well as the override, are displayed in the full-screen version.
  • Page 44 Introduction 1.4 User interface Tool data Display Meaning Tool name Name of the current tool Location Location number of the current tool Cutting edge of the current tool The tool is displayed with the associated tool type symbol corresponding to the actual coordinate system in the selected cutting edge position.
  • Page 45 Introduction 1.4 User interface Spindle data Display Meaning Spindle selection, identification with spindle number and main spindle Speed Actual value (when spindle turns, display increases) Setpoint (always displayed, also during positioning) Symbol Spindle status Spindle not enabled Spindle is turning clockwise Spindle is turning counterclockwise Spindle is stationary Override...
  • Page 46: Current Block Display

    Introduction 1.4 User interface 1.4.5 Current block display The window of the current block display shows you the program blocks currently being executed. Display of current program The following information is displayed in the running program: ● The workpiece name or program name is entered in the title row. ●...
  • Page 47 Introduction 1.4 User interface Changing the operating area Press the <MENU SELECT> key and select the desired operating area using the horizontal softkey bar. You can call the "Machine" operating area directly using the key on the operator panel. Press the <MACHINE> key to select the "machine" operating area. Changing the operating mode You can select a mode or submode directly using the keys on the machine control panel or using the vertical softkeys in the main menu.
  • Page 48: Entering Or Selecting Parameters

    Introduction 1.4 User interface 1.4.7 Entering or selecting parameters When setting up the machine and during programming, you must enter various parameter values in the entry fields. The background color of the fields provides information on the status of the entry field. Orange background The input field is selected Light orange background...
  • Page 49 Introduction 1.4 User interface Changing or calculating parameters If you only want to change individual characters in an input field rather than overwriting the entire entry, switch to insertion mode. In this mode, you can also enter simple calculation expressions, without having to explicitly call the calculator.
  • Page 50: Pocket Calculator

    Introduction 1.4 User interface + <number> Enter "s" or "S" as well as the number x for which you would like to generate the square. Close the value entry using the <INPUT> key and the result is transferred into the field. Accepting parameters When you have correctly entered all necessary parameters, you can close the window and save your settings.
  • Page 51 Introduction 1.4 User interface Procedure Position the cursor on the desired entry field. Press the <=> key. The calculator is displayed. Input the arithmetic statement. You can use arithmetic symbols, numbers, and commas. Press the equals symbol on the calculator. - OR - Press the "Calculate"...
  • Page 52: Context Menu

    Introduction 1.4 User interface 1.4.9 Context menu When you right-click, the context menu opens and provides the following functions: ● Cut Cut Ctrl+X ● Copy Copy Ctrl+C ● Paste Paste Ctrl+V Program editor Additional functions are available in the editor ●...
  • Page 53: Changing The User Interface Language

    Introduction 1.4 User interface 1.4.11 Changing the user interface language Procedure Select the "Start-up" operating area. Press the "Change language" softkey. The "Language selection" window opens. The language set last is selected. Position the cursor on the desired language. Press the "OK" softkey. - OR - Press the <INPUT>...
  • Page 54: Entering Asian Characters

    Introduction 1.4 User interface 1.4.12 Entering Asian characters You have the possibility of entering Asian characters. Note Call the input editor with <Alt + S> The input editor can only be called there where it is permissible to enter Asian characters. You can select a character by using the Pinyin phonetic notation, which enables Chinese characters to be expressed by combining Latin letters.
  • Page 55 Introduction 1.4 User interface Procedure Editing characters Open the screen form and position the cursor on the entry field and press the <Alt +S> keys. The editor is displayed. Enter the desired phonetic notation. Click the <Cursor down> key to access the dictionary. By keeping the <Cursor down>...
  • Page 56: Protection Levels

    You have the option of providing softkeys with protection levels or completely hiding them. References For additional information, please refer to the following documentation: Commissioning Manual SINUMERIK Operate (IM9) / SINUMERIK 840D sl Softkeys Machine operating area Protection level End user...
  • Page 57 Introduction 1.4 User interface Diagnostics operating area Protection level Keyswitch 3 (protection level 4) User (protection level 3) User (protection level 3) Manufacturer (protection level 1) User (protection level 3) Service (protection level 2) Start-up operating area Protection levels End user (protection level 3) Keyswitch 3 (protection level 4)
  • Page 58: Online Help In Sinumerik Operate

    Introduction 1.4 User interface 1.4.14 Online help in SINUMERIK Operate A comprehensive context-sensitive online help is stored in the control system. ● A brief description is provided for each window and, if required, step-by-step instructions for the operating sequences. ● A detailed help is provided in the editor for every entered G code. You can also display all G functions and take over a selected command directly from the help into the editor.
  • Page 59 Introduction 1.4 User interface Press the <Cursor right> or <INPUT> key or double-click to open the manual and the section. Navigate to the desired topic with the "Cursor down" key. Press the <Follow reference> softkey or the <INPUT> key to display the help page for the selected topic.
  • Page 60 Introduction 1.4 User interface Displaying alarm descriptions and machine data If messages or alarms are pending in the "Alarms", "Messages" or "Alarm Log" window, position the cursor at the appropriate display and press the <HELP> or the <F12> key. The associated alarm description is displayed. If you are in the "Start-up"...
  • Page 61: Switching On And Switching Off

    Setting up the machine Switching on and switching off Start-up When the control starts up, the main screen opens according to the operating mode specified by the machine manufacturer. In general, this is the main screen for the "REF POINT" submode. Machine manufacturer Please also refer to the machine manufacturer's instructions.
  • Page 62: Approaching A Reference Point

    Setting up the machine 2.2 Approaching a reference point Approaching a reference point 2.2.1 Referencing axes Your machine tool can be equipped with an absolute or incremental path measuring system. An axis with incremental path measuring system must be referenced after the controller has been switched on –...
  • Page 63: User Agreement

    Setting up the machine 2.2 Approaching a reference point Select the axis to be traversed. Press the <-> or <+> key. The selected axis moves to the reference point. If you have pressed the wrong direction key, the action is not accepted and the axes do not move.
  • Page 64 Setting up the machine 2.2 Approaching a reference point Select the axis to be traversed. Press the <-> or <+> key. The selected axis moves to the reference point and stops. The coordinate of the reference point is displayed. The axis is marked with Press the "User enable"...
  • Page 65: Modes And Mode Groups

    Setting up the machine 2.3 Modes and mode groups Modes and mode groups 2.3.1 General You can work in three different operating modes. "JOG" mode "JOG" mode is used for the following preparatory actions: ● Approach reference point, i.e. the machine axis is referenced ●...
  • Page 66 Setting up the machine 2.3 Modes and mode groups Selecting "Repos" Press the <REPOS> key. "MDI" mode (Manual Data Input) In "MDI" mode, you can enter and execute G code commands non-modally to set up the machine or to perform a single action. Selecting "MDI"...
  • Page 67: Modes Groups And Channels

    Setting up the machine 2.3 Modes and mode groups 2.3.2 Modes groups and channels Every channel behaves like an independent NC. A maximum of one part program can be processed per channel. ● Control with 1channel One mode group exists. ●...
  • Page 68: Channel Switchover

    Another channel can be selected by pressing one of the other softkeys. References Commissioning Manual SINUMERIK Operate (IM9) / SINUMERIK 840D sl Channel switchover via touch operation On the HT 8 and when using a touch screen operator panel, you can switch to the next channel or display the channel menu via touch operation in the status display.
  • Page 69: Settings For The Machine

    Setting up the machine 2.4 Settings for the machine Settings for the machine 2.4.1 Switching over the coordinate system (MCS/WCS) The coordinates in the actual value display are relative to either the machine coordinate system or the workpiece coordinate system. By default, the workpiece coordinate system is set as a reference for the actual value display.
  • Page 70: Switching The Unit Of Measurement

    Setting up the machine 2.4 Settings for the machine 2.4.2 Switching the unit of measurement You can set millimeters or inches as the unit of measurement. Switching the unit of measurement always applies to the entire machine. All required information is automatically converted to the new unit of measurement, for example: ●...
  • Page 71: Setting The Zero Offset

    Setting up the machine 2.4 Settings for the machine 2.4.3 Setting the zero offset You can enter a new position value in the actual value display for individual axes when a settable zero offset is active. The difference between the position value in the machine coordinate system MCS and the new position value in the workpiece coordinate system WCS is saved permanently in the currently active zero offset (e.g.
  • Page 72 Setting up the machine 2.4 Settings for the machine Procedure Select the "JOG" mode in the "Machine" operating area. Press the "Set WO" softkey. - OR - Press the ">>", "REL act. vals" and "Set REL" softkeys to set position values in the relative coordinate system.
  • Page 73: Measuring The Tool

    Setting up the machine 2.5 Measuring the tool Measuring the tool The geometries of the machining tool must be taken into consideration when executing a part program. These are stored as tool offset data in the tool list. Each time the tool is called, the control considers the tool offset data.
  • Page 74 Setting up the machine 2.5 Measuring the tool You specify the position of the workpiece edge during the measurement. Note Lathes with B axis For lathes with a B axis, execute the tool change and alignment in the T, S, M window before performing the measurement.
  • Page 75: Measuring A Tool With A Tool Probe

    References For further information about lathes with B axis, please refer to the following reference: Commissioning Manual SINUMERIK Operate / SINUMERIK 840D sl The tool offset data is then calculated from the known position of the tool carrier reference point and the probe.
  • Page 76 Setting up the machine 2.5 Measuring the tool Adapting the user interface to calibrating and measuring functions The following selection options can be switched-in or switched-out: ● Calibration plane, measurement plane ● Probe ● Calibration feedrate (measuring feedrate) Preconditions ● If you wish to measure your tools with a tool probe, the machine manufacturer must parameterize special measuring functions for that purpose.
  • Page 77: Calibrating The Tool Probe

    Setting up the machine 2.5 Measuring the tool Manually position the tool in the vicinity of the tool probe in such a way that any collisions can be avoided when the tool probe is being traversed in the corresponding direction. Press the <CYCLE START>...
  • Page 78: Measuring A Tool With A Magnifying Glass

    Setting up the machine 2.5 Measuring the tool Press the "X" or "Z" softkey, depending on which point of the tool probe you wish to determine first. Select the direction (+ or -), in which you would like to approach the tool probe.
  • Page 79 Setting up the machine 2.5 Measuring the tool Press the "Select tool” softkey. The "Tool selection" window is opened. Select the tool that you wish to measure. The cutting edge position and the radius or diameter of the tool must already be entered in the tool list.
  • Page 80: Measuring The Workpiece Zero

    Setting up the machine 2.6 Measuring the workpiece zero Measuring the workpiece zero The reference point for programming a workpiece is always the workpiece zero. To determine this zero point, measure the length of the workpiece and save the position of the cylinder's face surface in the direction Z in a zero offset.
  • Page 81 Setting up the machine 2.6 Measuring the workpiece zero Procedure Select "JOG" mode in the "Machine" operating area. Press the "Workpiece zero" softkey. The "Set Edge" window opens. Select "Measuring only" if you only want to display the measured values. - OR - Select the desired zero offset in which you want to store the zero point (e.g.
  • Page 82: Zero Offsets

    Setting up the machine 2.7 Zero offsets Zero offsets Following reference point approach, the actual value display for the axis coordinates is based on the machine zero (M) of the machine coordinate system (Machine). The program for machining the workpiece, however, is based on the workpiece zero (W) of the workpiece coordinate system (Work).
  • Page 83: Display Active Zero Offset

    Setting up the machine 2.7 Zero offsets You can save the workpiece zero, for example, in the coarse offset, and then store the offset that occurs when a new workpiece is clamped between the old and the new workpiece zero in the fine offset.
  • Page 84: Displaying The Zero Offset "overview

    Setting up the machine 2.7 Zero offsets Procedure Select the "Parameter" operating area. Press the "Zero offset" softkey. The "Zero Offset - Active" window is opened. Note Further details on zero offsets If you would like to see further details about the specified offsets or if you would like to change values for the rotation, scaling or mirroring, press the "Details"...
  • Page 85 Setting up the machine 2.7 Zero offsets Zero offsets G500 Displays the zero offsets activated with G54 - G599. Under certain circumstances, you can change the data using "Set ZO", i.e. you can correct a zero point that has been set. Tool reference Displays the additional zero offsets programmed with $P_TOOLFRAME.
  • Page 86: Displaying And Editing Base Zero Offset

    Setting up the machine 2.7 Zero offsets 2.7.3 Displaying and editing base zero offset The defined channel-specific and global base offsets, divided into coarse and fine offsets, are displayed for all set-up axes in the "Zero offset - Base" window. Machine manufacturer Please refer to the machine manufacturer's specifications.
  • Page 87: Displaying And Editing Settable Zero Offset

    Setting up the machine 2.7 Zero offsets 2.7.4 Displaying and editing settable zero offset All settable offsets, divided into coarse and fine offsets, are displayed in the "Zero Offset - G54..G599" window. Rotation, scaling and mirroring are displayed. Procedure Select the "Parameter" operating area. Press the "Zero offset"...
  • Page 88: Displaying And Editing Details Of The Zero Offsets

    Setting up the machine 2.7 Zero offsets 2.7.5 Displaying and editing details of the zero offsets For each zero offset, you can display and edit all data for all axes. You can also delete zero offsets. For every axis, values for the following data will be displayed: ●...
  • Page 89: Deleting A Zero Offset

    Setting up the machine 2.7 Zero offsets - OR - Press the "Clear offset" softkey to reset all entered values. Press the "ZO +" or "ZO -" softkey to select the next or previous offset, respectively, within the selected area ("Active", "Base", "G54 to G599") without first having to switch to the overview window.
  • Page 90 Setting up the machine 2.7 Zero offsets Press the "Details" softkey. Position the cursor on the zero offset you would like to delete. Press the "Clear offset" softkey. 2.7.7 Measuring the workpiece zero Procedure Select the "Parameters" operating area and press the "Zero offset" softkey.
  • Page 91: Monitoring Axis And Spindle Data

    Setting up the machine 2.8 Monitoring axis and spindle data Monitoring axis and spindle data 2.8.1 Specify working area limitations The "Working area limitation" function can be used to limit the range within which a tool can traverse in all channel axes. These commands allow you to set up protection zones in the working area which are out of bounds for tool movements.
  • Page 92: Editing Spindle Data

    Setting up the machine 2.8 Monitoring axis and spindle data 2.8.2 Editing spindle data The speed limits set for the spindles that must not be under- or overshot are displayed in the "Spindles" window. You can limit the spindle speeds in fields "Minimum" and "Maximum" within the limit values defined in the relevant machine data.
  • Page 93: Spindle Chuck Data

    Setting up the machine 2.8 Monitoring axis and spindle data 2.8.3 Spindle chuck data You store the chuck dimensions of the spindles at your machine in the "Spindle chuck data" window. Manually measuring a tool If you want to use the chuck of the main or counter spindle as a reference point during manual measuring, specify the chuck dimension ZC.
  • Page 94 Setting up the machine 2.8 Monitoring axis and spindle data Tailstock Dimensioning the tailstock The length of the tailstock (ZR) and the diameter of the tailstock (XR) of the spindle screen are needed for the display of the tailstock in the simulation. Procedure Select the "Parameter"...
  • Page 95: Displaying Setting Data Lists

    Setting up the machine 2.9 Displaying setting data lists Parameter Description Unit Main spindle chuck dimensions (inc) Jaw type Dimensions of the forward edge or stop edge Jaw type 1 • Jaw type 2 • Chuck dimension, counter-spindle (inc) - only for a counter-spindle that has been set-up Stop dimension, counter-spindle (inc) - only for a counter-spindle that has been set-up...
  • Page 96: Handwheel Assignment

    Setting up the machine 2.10 Handwheel assignment 2.10 Handwheel assignment You can traverse the axes in the machine coordinate system (Machine) or in the workpiece coordinate system (Work) via the handwheel. Software option You require the "Extended operator functions" option for the handwheel offset (only for 828D).
  • Page 97 Setting up the machine 2.10 Handwheel assignment Press the corresponding softkey to select the desired axis (e.g. "X"). - OR Open the "Axis" selection box using the <INSERT> key, navigate to the desired axis, and press the <INPUT> key. Selecting an axis also activates the handwheel (e.g., "X" is assigned to handwheel no.
  • Page 98: Loading An Mda Program From The Program Manager

    Setting up the machine 2.11 MDA 2.11 In "MDA" mode (Manual Data Automatic mode), you can enter G-code commands block-by- block and immediately execute them for setting up the machine. You can load an MDA program straight from the Program Manager into the MDA buffer. You may also store programs which were rendered or changed in the MDA operating window into any directory of the Program Manager.
  • Page 99: Saving An Mda Program

    Setting up the machine 2.11 MDA 2.11.2 Saving an MDA program Procedure Select the "Machine" operating area. Press the <MDI> key. The MDI editor opens. Create the MDI program by entering the G-code commands using the operator's keyboard. Press the "Store MDI" softkey. The "Save from MDI: Select storage location"...
  • Page 100: Executing An Mda Program

    Setting up the machine 2.11 MDA 2.11.3 Executing an MDA program Proceed as follows Select the "Machine" operating area. Press the <MDA> key. The MDA editor opens. Input the desired G-code commands using the operator’s keyboard. Press the <CYCLE START> key. The control executes the input blocks.
  • Page 101: General

    Working in manual mode General Always use "JOG" mode when you want to set up the machine for the execution of a program or to carry out simple traversing movements on the machine: ● Synchronize the measuring system of the controller with the machine (reference point approach) ●...
  • Page 102 Working in manual mode 3.2 Selecting a tool and spindle Display Meaning Input of the tool (name or location number) You can select a tool from the tool list using the "Select tool" softkey. Cutting edge number of the tool (1 - 9) Spindle Spindle selection, identification with spindle number Spindle M function...
  • Page 103: Selecting A Tool

    Working in manual mode 3.2 Selecting a tool and spindle 3.2.2 Selecting a tool Procedure Select the "JOG" operating mode. Press the "T, S, M" softkey. Enter the name or the number of the tool T in the entry field. - OR - Press the "Select tool"...
  • Page 104: Starting And Stopping The Spindle Manually

    Working in manual mode 3.2 Selecting a tool and spindle 3.2.3 Starting and stopping the spindle manually Procedure Select the "T,S,M" softkey in the "JOG" mode. Select the desired spindle (e.g. S1) and enter the desired spindle speed or cutting speed in the right-hand entry field. If the machine has a gearbox for the spindle, set the gearing step.
  • Page 105: Positioning The Spindle

    Working in manual mode 3.2 Selecting a tool and spindle 3.2.4 Positioning the spindle Procedure Select the "T,S,M" softkey in the "JOG" mode. Select the "Stop Pos." setting in the "Spindle M function" field. The "Stop Pos." entry field appears. Enter the desired spindle stop position.
  • Page 106: Traversing Axes

    Working in manual mode 3.3 Traversing axes Traversing axes You can traverse the axes in manual mode via the Increment or Axis keys or handwheels. During a traverse initiated from the keyboard, the selected axis moves at the programmed setup feedrate. During an incremental traverse, the selected axis traverses a specified increment.
  • Page 107: Traversing Axes By A Variable Increment

    Working in manual mode 3.3 Traversing axes Note When the controller is switched on, the axes can be traversed right up to the limits of the machine as the reference points have not yet been approached and the axes referenced. Emergency limit switches might be triggered as a result.
  • Page 108: Positioning Axes

    Working in manual mode 3.4 Positioning axes Positioning axes In order to implement simple machining sequences, you can traverse the axes to certain positions in manual mode. The feedrate / rapid traverse override is active during traversing. Procedure If required, select a tool. Select the "JOG"...
  • Page 109: Manual Retraction

    Working in manual mode 3.5 Manual retraction Manual retraction After an interruption of a tapping operation (G33/G331/G332) or a general drilling operation (tools 200 to 299) due to power loss or a RESET at the machine control panel, you have the possibility to retract the tool in the JOG mode in the tool direction without damaging the tool or the workpiece.
  • Page 110 Working in manual mode 3.5 Manual retraction Select the required axis in the "Retraction axis" selection box. Use the traversing keys (e.g. Z +) to traverse the tool from the workpiece according to the retraction axis selected in the "Retract Tool" window.
  • Page 111: Simple Stock Removal Of Workpiece

    Working in manual mode 3.6 Simple stock removal of workpiece Simple stock removal of workpiece Some blanks have a smooth or even surface. For example, you can use the stock removal cycle to turn the face surface of the workpiece before machining actually takes place. If you want to bore out a collet using the stock removal cycle, you can program an undercut (XF2) in the corner.
  • Page 112 Working in manual mode 3.6 Simple stock removal of workpiece Procedure Press the "Machine" operating area key Press the <JOG> key. Press the "Stock removal" softkey. Enter desired values for the parameters. Press the "OK" softkey. The parameter screen is closed. Press the <CYCLE START>...
  • Page 113 Working in manual mode 3.6 Simple stock removal of workpiece Parameter Description Unit Position Machining position Machining Face • direction Longitudinal • Reference point ∅ (abs) Reference point (abs) End point X ∅ (abs) or end point X in relation to X0 (inc) End point Z (abs) or end point Z in relation to X0 (inc) FS1...FS3 or R1...R3 Chamfer width (FS1...FS3) or rounding radius (R1...R3)
  • Page 114: Thread Synchronizing

    Working in manual mode 3.7 Thread synchronizing Thread synchronizing If you wish to re-machine a thread, it may be necessary to synchronize the spindle to the existing thread turn. This is necessary as by reclamping the blank, an angular offset can occur in the thread.
  • Page 115 Working in manual mode 3.7 Thread synchronizing Note: The thread synchronization is activated by teaching in a spindle. In this case, the synchronizing positions of axes X and Z and the synchronizing angle of spindle (Sn) are saved in the Machine and displayed in the screen form.
  • Page 116: Default Settings For Manual Mode

    Working in manual mode 3.8 Default settings for manual mode Default settings for manual mode Specify the configurations for manual mode in the "Settings for manual operation" window. Presettings Settings Description Type of feedrate Here, you select the type of feedrate. G94: Axis feedrate/linear feedrate •...
  • Page 117: Starting And Stopping Machining

    Machining the workpiece Starting and stopping machining During execution of a program, the workpiece is machined in accordance with the programming on the machine. After the program is started in automatic mode, workpiece machining is performed automatically. Requirements The following requirements must be met before executing a program: ●...
  • Page 118: Selecting A Program

    Machining the workpiece 4.2 Selecting a program Stopping machining Press the <CYCLE STOP> key. Machining stops immediately. Individual program blocks are not executed to the end. On the next start, machining is resumed from the point where it left off. Canceling machining Press the <RESET>...
  • Page 119: Executing A Trail Program Run

    Machining the workpiece 4.3 Executing a trail program run Place the cursor on the desired program. Press the "Select" softkey. The program is selected. When the program has been successfully selected, an automatic changeover to the "Machine" operating area occurs. Executing a trail program run When testing a program, the system can interrupt the machining of the workpiece after each program block, which triggers a movement or auxiliary function on the machine.
  • Page 120: Displaying The Current Program Block

    Machining the workpiece 4.4 Displaying the current program block Press the <CYCLE START> key. Depending on the execution variant, the first block will be executed. Then the machining stops. In the channel status line, the text “Stop: Block in single block ended" appears.
  • Page 121: Displaying A Basic Block

    Machining the workpiece 4.4 Displaying the current program block 4.4.2 Displaying a basic block If you want precise information about axis positions and important G functions during testing or program execution, you can call up the basic block display. This is how you can check, when using cycles, for example, whether the machine is actually traversing.
  • Page 122: Display Program Level

    Machining the workpiece 4.4 Displaying the current program block 4.4.3 Display program level You can display the current program level during the execution of a large program with several subprograms. Several program run throughs If you have programmed several program run throughs, i.e. subprograms are run through several times one after the other by specifying the additional parameter P, then during processing, the program runs still to be executed are displayed in the "Program Levels"...
  • Page 123: Correcting A Program

    Machining the workpiece 4.5 Correcting a program Correcting a program As soon as a syntax error in the part program is detected by the controller, program execution is interrupted and the syntax error is displayed in the alarm line. Correction possibilities Depending on the state of the control system, you can make the following corrections using the Program editing function.
  • Page 124: Repositioning Axes

    Machining the workpiece 4.6 Repositioning axes Note Exit the editor using the "Close" softkey to return to the "Program manager" operating area. Repositioning axes After a program interruption in automatic mode (e.g. after a tool breaks) you can move the tool away from the contour in manual mode.
  • Page 125: Starting Machining At A Specific Point

    Machining the workpiece 4.7 Starting machining at a specific point Procedure Press the <REPOS> key. Select the axes to be traversed one after the other. Press the <+> or <-> key for the relevant direction. The axes are moved to the interrupt position. Starting machining at a specific point 4.7.1 Use block search...
  • Page 126 Machining the workpiece 4.7 Starting machining at a specific point Determining a search target ● User-friendly search target definition (search positions) – Direct specification of the search target by positioning the cursor in the selected program (main program) – Search target via text search –...
  • Page 127: Continuing Program From Search Target

    Machining the workpiece 4.7 Starting machining at a specific point Preconditions 1. You have selected the desired program. 2. The controller is in the reset state. 3. The desired search mode is selected. NOTICE Risk of collision Pay attention to a collision-free start position and appropriate active tools and other technological values.
  • Page 128: Simple Search Target Definition

    Machining the workpiece 4.7 Starting machining at a specific point 4.7.3 Simple search target definition Requirement The program is selected and the controller is in Reset mode. Procedure Press the "Block search" softkey. Place the cursor on a particular program block. - OR - Press the "Find text"...
  • Page 129: Defining An Interruption Point As Search Target

    Machining the workpiece 4.7 Starting machining at a specific point 4.7.4 Defining an interruption point as search target Requirement A program was selected in "AUTO" mode and interrupted during execution through CYCLE STOP or RESET. Software option You require the "Extended operator functions" option (only for 828D). Procedure Press the "Block search"...
  • Page 130: Entering The Search Target Via Search Pointer

    Machining the workpiece 4.7 Starting machining at a specific point 4.7.5 Entering the search target via search pointer Enter the program point which you would like to proceed to in the "Search Pointer" window. Software option You require the "Extended operator functions" option for the "Search pointer" function (only for 828D).
  • Page 131: Parameters For Block Search In The Search Pointer

    Machining the workpiece 4.7 Starting machining at a specific point The Search window closes. The current block will be displayed in the "Program" window as soon as the target is found. Press the <CYCLE START> key twice. Processing is continued from the defined location. Note Interruption point You can load the interruption point in search pointer mode.
  • Page 132: Block Search Mode

    Machining the workpiece 4.7 Starting machining at a specific point 4.7.7 Block search mode Set the desired search variant in the "Search Mode" window. The set mode is retained when the the controller is shut down. When you activate the "Search"...
  • Page 133 Machine manufacturer Please refer to the machine manufacturer's specifications. References For additional information, please refer to the following documentation: Commissioning Manual SINUMERIK Operate (IM9) / SINUMERIK 840D sl Procedure Select the "Machine" operating area. Press the <AUTO> key. Press the "Block search" and "Block search mode" softkeys.
  • Page 134: Controlling The Program Run

    Machining the workpiece 4.8 Controlling the program run Controlling the program run 4.8.1 Program control You can change the program sequence in the "AUTO" and "MDI" modes. Abbreviation/program Mode of operation control The program is started and executed with auxiliary function outputs and dwell times. In this mode, the axes are not traversed.
  • Page 135: Skip Blocks

    Machining the workpiece 4.8 Controlling the program run Activating program control You can control the program sequence however you wish by selecting and clearing the relevant checkboxes. Display / response of active program controls: If a program control is activated, the abbreviation of the corresponding function appears in the status display as response.
  • Page 136 Machining the workpiece 4.8 Controlling the program run Skip levels, activate Select the corresponding checkbox to activate the desired skip level. Note The "Program Control - Skip Blocks" window is only available when more than one skip level is set up. Procedure Select the "Machine"...
  • Page 137: Overstore

    Machining the workpiece 4.9 Overstore Overstore With overstore, you have the option of executing technological parameters (for example, auxiliary functions, axis feed, spindle speed, programmable instructions, etc.) before the program is actually started. The program instructions act as if they are located in a normal part program.
  • Page 138: Editing A Program

    Machining the workpiece 4.10 Editing a program Note Block-by-block execution The <SINGLE BLOCK> key is also active in the overstore mode. If several blocks are entered in the overstore buffer, then these are executed block-by-block after each NC start Deleting blocks Press the "Delete blocks"...
  • Page 139: Searching In Programs

    Machining the workpiece 4.10 Editing a program See also Editor settings (Page 147) Correcting a program (Page 123) Opening and closing the program (Page 641) Generating a G code program (Page 204) 4.10.1 Searching in programs You can use the search function to quickly arrive at points where you would like to make changes, e.g.
  • Page 140 Machining the workpiece 4.10 Editing a program Procedure Press the "Search" softkey. A new vertical softkey bar appears. The "Search" window opens at the same time. Enter the desired search term in the "Text" field. Select "Whole words" if you want to search for whole words only. - OR - Activate the "Exact expression"...
  • Page 141: Replacing Program Text

    Machining the workpiece 4.10 Editing a program 4.10.2 Replacing program text You can find and replace text in one step. Requirement The desired program is opened in the editor. Procedure Press the "Search" softkey. A new vertical softkey bar appears. Press the "Find and replace"...
  • Page 142: Copying/pasting/deleting A Program Block

    Machining the workpiece 4.10 Editing a program Note Replacing texts • Read-only lines (;*RO*) If hits are found, the texts are not replaced. • Contour lines (;*GP*) If hits are found, the texts are replaced as long as the lines are not read-only. •...
  • Page 143: Renumbering A Program

    Machining the workpiece 4.10 Editing a program Press the "Cut" softkey to delete the selected program blocks. Note: When editing a program, you cannot copy or cut more than 1024 lines. While a program that is not on the NC is opened (progress display less than 100%), you cannot copy or cut more than 10 lines or insert more than 1024 characters.
  • Page 144: Creating A Program Block

    Machining the workpiece 4.10 Editing a program Enter the values for the first block number and the increment to be used for numbering. Press the "OK" softkey. The program is renumbered. Note If you only want to renumber a section, select the program blocks whose block numbering you want to edit.
  • Page 145 Machining the workpiece 4.10 Editing a program Structuring programs ● Before generating the actual program, generate a program frame using empty blocks. ● By forming blocks, structure existing G code or ShopTurn programs. Procedure Select the "Program manager" operating area. Select the storage location and create a program or open a program.
  • Page 146: Opening Additional Programs

    Machining the workpiece 4.10 Editing a program 4.10.6 Opening additional programs You have the option of viewing and editing two programs simultaneously in the editor. For instance, you can copy program blocks or machining steps of a program and paste them into another program.
  • Page 147: Editor Settings

    Machining the workpiece 4.10 Editing a program 4.10.7 Editor settings Enter the default settings in the "Settings" window that are to take effect automatically when the editor is opened. Defaults Setting Meaning Number Yes: A new block number will automatically be assigned after every line •...
  • Page 148 Machining the workpiece 4.10 Editing a program Note All entries that you make here are effective immediately. Procedure Select the "Program" operating area. You have activated the editor. Press the ">>" and "Settings" softkeys. The "Settings" window opens. Make the desired changes here and press the "OK" softkey to confirm your settings.
  • Page 149: Display And Edit User Variables

    Machining the workpiece 4.11 Display and edit user variables 4.11 Display and edit user variables 4.11.1 Overview The defined user data may be displayed in lists. The following variables can be defined: ● Data parameters (R parameters) ● Global user data (GUD) is valid in all programs ●...
  • Page 150: R Parameters

    Machining the workpiece 4.11 Display and edit user variables 4.11.2 R parameters R parameters (arithmetic parameters) are channel-specific variables that you can use within a G code program. G code programs can read and write R parameters. These values are retained after the controller is switched off. Number of channel-specific R parameters The number of channel-specific R parameters is defined in a machine data element.
  • Page 151: Displaying Global User Data (gud)

    Machining the workpiece 4.11 Display and edit user variables 4.11.3 Displaying global user data (GUD) Global user variables Global GUDs are NC global user data (Global User Data) that remains available after switching the machine off. GUDs apply in all programs. Definition A GUD variable is defined with the following: ●...
  • Page 152: Displaying Channel Guds

    Machining the workpiece 4.11 Display and edit user variables Press the "GUD selection" softkey and the "SGUD" to "GUD6" softkeys if you wish to display SGUD, MGUD, UGUD as well as GUD4 to GUD 6 of the global user variables. - OR - Press the "GUD selection"...
  • Page 153: Displaying Local User Data (lud)

    Machining the workpiece 4.11 Display and edit user variables Procedure Select the "Parameter" operating area. Press the "User variable" softkey. Press the "Channel GUD" and "GUD selection" softkeys. A new vertical softkey bar appears. Press the "SGUD" ... "GUD6" softkeys if you want to display the SGUD, MGUD, UGUD as well as GUD4 to GUD 6 of the channel-specific user variables.
  • Page 154: Displaying Program User Data (pud)

    Machining the workpiece 4.11 Display and edit user variables Procedure Select the "Parameter" operating area. Press the "User variable" softkey. Press the "Local LUD" softkey. 4.11.6 Displaying program user data (PUD) Program-global user variables PUDs are global part program variables (Program User Data). PUDs are valid in all main programs and subprograms, where they can also be written and read.
  • Page 155: Searching For User Variables

    Machining the workpiece 4.11 Display and edit user variables 4.11.7 Searching for user variables You can search for R parameters and user variables. Procedure Select the "Parameter" operating area. Press the "R parameters", "Global GUD", "Channel GUD", "Local GUD" or "Program PUD" softkeys to select the list in which you would like to search for user variables.
  • Page 156 Machining the workpiece 4.11 Display and edit user variables Press the <INPUT> key. - OR - Press the <Cursor right> key. The selected file is opened in the editor and can be edited there. Define the desired user variable. Press the "Exit" softkey to close the editor. Activating user variables Press the "Activate"...
  • Page 157: Displaying G Functions And Auxiliary Functions

    Machining the workpiece 4.12 Displaying G functions and auxiliary functions 4.12 Displaying G functions and auxiliary functions 4.12.1 Selected G functions 16 selected G groups are displayed in the "G Function" window. Within a G group, the G function currently active in the controller is displayed. Some G codes (e.g.
  • Page 158 Machining the workpiece 4.12 Displaying G functions and auxiliary functions G groups displayed by default (ISO code) Group Meaning G group 1 Modally active motion commands (e.g. G0, G1, G2, G3) G group 2 Non-modally active motion commands, dwell time (e.g. G4, G74, G75) G group 3 Programmable offsets, working area limitations and pole programming (e.g.
  • Page 159: All G Functions

    References For more information about configuring the displayed G groups, refer to the following document: SINUMERIK Operate (IM9) / SINUMERIK 840D sl Commissioning Manual 4.12.2 All G functions All G groups and their group numbers are listed in the "G Functions" window.
  • Page 160: G Functions For Mold Making

    Machining the workpiece 4.12 Displaying G functions and auxiliary functions Procedure Select the "Machine" operating area. Press the <JOG>, <MDA> or <AUTO> key. Press the ">>" and "All G functions" softkeys. The "G Functions" window is opened. 4.12.3 G functions for mold making In the window "G functions", important information for machining free-form surfaces can be displayed using the "High Speed Settings"...
  • Page 161 Function Manual, Basic Functions; Chapter, "Contour/orientation tolerance" ● For information about configuring the displayed G groups, refer to the following document: Commissioning Manual SINUMERIK Operate (IM9) / SINUMERIK 840D sl Procedure Select the "Machine" operating area Press the <JOG>, <MDI> or <AUTO> key.
  • Page 162: Auxiliary Functions

    Machining the workpiece 4.12 Displaying G functions and auxiliary functions 4.12.4 Auxiliary functions Auxiliary functions include M and H functions preprogrammed by the machine manufacturer, which transfer parameters to the PLC to trigger reactions defined by the manufacturer. Displayed auxiliary functions Up to five current M functions and three H functions are displayed in the "Auxiliary Functions"...
  • Page 163 Machining the workpiece 4.12 Displaying G functions and auxiliary functions Status of synchronized actions You can see the status of the synchronized actions in the "Status" column. ● Waiting ● Active ● Blocked Non-modal synchronized actions can only be identified by their status display. They are only displayed during execution.
  • Page 164 Machining the workpiece 4.12 Displaying G functions and auxiliary functions Press the menu forward key and the "Synchron." softkey. The "Synchronized Actions" window appears. You obtain a display of all activated synchronized actions. Press the "ID" softkey if you wish to hide the modal synchronized actions in the automatic mode.
  • Page 165: Mold Making View

    Machining the workpiece 4.13 Mold making view 4.13 Mold making view 4.13.1 Mold making view For large mold making programs, as provided by CAD systems, you have the option, using a fast view, to display the machining paths. This allows you to obtain a fast overview of the program and possibly correct it.
  • Page 166 Machining the workpiece 4.13 Mold making view NC blocks that can be interpreted Following NC blocks are supported for the mold building view. ● Types – Lines G0, G1 with X Y Z – Circles G2, G3 with center point I, J, K or radius CR, depending on the working plane G17, G18, G19, CIP with circular point I1, J1, K1 or radius CR –...
  • Page 167: Starting The Mold Making View

    Machining the workpiece 4.13 Mold making view Changing and adapting the mold making view Just the same as for simulation and simultaneous recording, you have the option of changing and adapting the simulation graphical representation in order to achieve the optimum view. ●...
  • Page 168: Specifically Jump To The Program Block

    Machining the workpiece 4.13 Mold making view 4.13.3 Specifically jump to the program block If you notice anything peculiar in the graphic or identify an error, then from this location, you can directly jump to the program block involved to possibly edit the program. Preconditions ●...
  • Page 169: Changing The View

    Machining the workpiece 4.13 Mold making view Procedure Press the "Search" softkey. A new vertical softkey bar appears. See also Searching in programs (Page 139) Replacing program text (Page 141) 4.13.5 Changing the view 4.13.5.1 Enlarging or reducing the graphical representation Precondition ●...
  • Page 170: Modifying The Viewport

    Machining the workpiece 4.13 Mold making view Press the "Details" and "Auto zoom" softkeys if you wish to automatically adapt the segment to the size of the window. The automatic scaling function "Fit to size" takes account of the largest expansion of the workpiece in the individual axes.
  • Page 171: Displaying The Program Runtime And Counting Workpieces

    Machining the workpiece 4.14 Displaying the program runtime and counting workpieces Press one of the cursor keys to move the frame up, down, left or right. Press the "Accept" softkey to accept the section. 4.14 Displaying the program runtime and counting workpieces To gain an overview of the program runtime and the number of machined workpieces, open the "Times, Counter"...
  • Page 172 Machining the workpiece 4.14 Displaying the program runtime and counting workpieces Counting workpieces You can also display program repetitions and the number of completed workpieces. For the worpiece count, enter the actual and planned workpiece numbers. Workpiece count Completed workpieces can be counted via the end of program command (M30) or an M command.
  • Page 173: Setting For Automatic Mode

    Machining the workpiece 4.15 Setting for automatic mode 4.15 Setting for automatic mode Before machining a workpiece, you can test the program in order to identify programming errors early on. Use the dry run feedrate for this purpose. In addition, you have the option of additionally limiting the traversing speed for rapid traverse so that when running-in a new program with rapid traverse, no undesirable high traversing speeds occur.
  • Page 174 Machining the workpiece 4.15 Setting for automatic mode Enter the desired percentage in the "Reduced rapid traverse RG0" field. RG0 has not effect if you do not change the specified amount of 100%. Enter "Automatic" in the "Display measurement result" box if the measurement result window should be automatically opened, or "Manual", if the measurement result window should be opened by pressing the "Measurement result"...
  • Page 175: Overview

    Simulating machining Overview During simulation, the current program is calculated in its entirety and the result displayed in graphic form. The result of programming is verified without traversing the machine axes. Incorrectly programmed machining steps are detected at an early stage and incorrect machining on the workpiece prevented.
  • Page 176 The traversing paths of the tool are shown in color. Rapid traverse is red and the feedrate is green. Note Displaying the tailstock The tailstock is only visible with the option "ShopMill/ShopTurn". Machine manufacturer Please also refer to the machine manufacturer's specifications. References Commissioning Manual SINUMERIK Operate (IM9) / SINUMERIK 840D sl Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 177 Simulating machining 5.1 Overview Simulation display You can choose one of the following types of display: ● Material removal simulation During simulation or simultaneous recording you can follow stock removal from the defined blank. ● Path display You have the option of including the display of the path. The programmed tool path is displayed.
  • Page 178 Simulating machining 5.1 Overview Views The following views are available for all three variants: ● Side view ● Half section ● Front view ● 3D view ● 2-window Status display The current axis coordinates, the override, the current tool with cutting edge, the current program block, the feedrate and the machining time are displayed.
  • Page 179 Simulating machining 5.1 Overview Start position for simulation and simultaneous recording During simulation, the start position is converted via the zero offset to the workpiece coordinate system. The simultaneous recording starts at the position at which the machine is currently located. Constraint ●...
  • Page 180 Simulating machining 5.1 Overview Example An example for supported kinematics is a lathe with B axis: Lathe with B axis See also Spindle chuck data (Page 93) Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 181: Simulation Before Machining Of The Workpiece

    Simulating machining 5.2 Simulation before machining of the workpiece Simulation before machining of the workpiece Before machining the workpiece on the machine, you have the option of performing a quick run-through in order to graphically display how the program will be executed. This provides a simple way of checking the result of the programming.
  • Page 182: Simultaneous Recording Before Machining Of The Workpiece

    Simulating machining 5.3 Simultaneous recording before machining of the workpiece Press the "Reset" softkey to cancel the simulation. Press the "Start" softkey to restart or continue the simulation. Note Operating area switchover The simulation is exited if you switch into another operating area. If you restart the simulation, then this starts again at the beginning of the program.
  • Page 183: Simultaneous Recording During Machining Of The Workpiece

    Simulating machining 5.4 Simultaneous recording during machining of the workpiece Press the <CYCLE START> key. The program execution is displayed graphically on the screen. Press the "Sim. rec." softkey again to stop the recording. Simultaneous recording during machining of the workpiece If the view of the work space is blocked by coolant, for example, while the workpiece is being machined, you can also track the program execution on the screen.
  • Page 184: Different Views Of The Workpiece

    Simulating machining 5.5 Different views of the workpiece Different views of the workpiece In the graphical display, you can choose between different views so that you constantly have the best view of the current workpiece machining, or in order to display details or the overall view of the finished workpiece.
  • Page 185: Face View

    Simulating machining 5.5 Different views of the workpiece 5.5.3 Face view Start the simulation. Press the "Other views" and "Face view" softkeys. The side view shows the workpiece in the X-Y plane. Changing the display You can increase or decrease the size of the simulation graphic and move it, as well as change the segment.
  • Page 186: Window

    Simulating machining 5.6 Graphical display 5.5.5 2-window Start the simulation. Press the "Additional views" and "2-window view" softkeys. The 2-window view contains a side view (left-hand window) and a front view (right-hand window) of the workpiece. The viewing direction is always from the front to the cutting surface even if machining is to be performed from behind or from the back side.
  • Page 187: Editing The Simulation Display

    Simulating machining 5.7 Editing the simulation display Editing the simulation display 5.7.1 Blank display You have the option of replacing the blank defined in the program or to define a blank for programs in which a blank definition cannot be inserted. Note The unmachined part can only be entered if simulation or simultaneous recording is in the reset state.
  • Page 188 Simulating machining 5.7 Editing the simulation display Parameter Description Unit Mirroring Z • Mirroring is used when machining on the Z axis • Mirroring is not used when machining on the Z axis Blank Selecting the blank Centered cuboid • Tube •...
  • Page 189: Showing And Hiding The Tool Path

    Simulating machining 5.7 Editing the simulation display 5.7.2 Showing and hiding the tool path The path display follows the programmed tool path of the selected program. The path is continuously updated as a function of the tool movement. The tool paths can be shown or hidden as required.
  • Page 190: Program Control During The Simulation

    Simulating machining 5.8 Program control during the simulation Program control during the simulation 5.8.1 Changing the feedrate You can change the feedrate at any time during the simulation. You can track the changes in the status line. Note If you are working with the "Simultaneous recording" function, the rotary switch (override) on the control panel is used.
  • Page 191: Simulating The Program Block By Block

    Simulating machining 5.8 Program control during the simulation 5.8.2 Simulating the program block by block You can control the program execution during simulation, i.e. execute a program block by block, as when executing a program. Procedure Simulation is started. Press the "Program control" and "Single block" softkeys. Press the "Back"...
  • Page 192: Editing And Adapting A Simulation Graphic

    Simulating machining 5.9 Editing and adapting a simulation graphic Editing and adapting a simulation graphic 5.9.1 Enlarging or reducing the graphical representation Precondition The simulation or the simultaneous recording is started. Procedure Press the <+> and <-> keys if you wish to enlarge or reduce the graphic display.
  • Page 193: Panning A Graphical Representation

    Simulating machining 5.9 Editing and adapting a simulation graphic 5.9.2 Panning a graphical representation Precondition The simulation or the simultaneous recording is started. Procedure Press a cursor key if you wish to move the graphic up, down, left, or right. 5.9.3 Rotating the graphical representation In the 3D view you can rotate the position of the workpiece to view it from all sides.
  • Page 194 Simulating machining 5.9 Editing and adapting a simulation graphic Press the "Arrow right", "Arrow left", "Arrow up", "Arrow down", "Arrow clockwise" and "Arrow counterclockwise" softkeys to change the position of the workpiece. - OR - Keep the <Shift> key pressed and then turn the workpiece in the desired direction using the appropriate cursor keys.
  • Page 195: Defining Cutting Planes

    Simulating machining 5.9 Editing and adapting a simulation graphic Press one of the cursor keys to move the frame up, down, left or right. Press the "Accept" softkey to accept the section. 5.9.5 Defining cutting planes In the 3D view, you have the option of "cutting" the workpiece and therefore displaying certain views in order to show hidden contours.
  • Page 196: Displaying Simulation Alarms

    Simulating machining 5.10 Displaying simulation alarms 5.10 Displaying simulation alarms Alarms might occur during simulation. If an alarm occurs during a simulation run, a window opens in the operating window to display it. The alarm overview contains the following information: ●...
  • Page 197: Graphical Programming

    Creating a G code program Graphical programming Functions The following functionality is available: ● Technology-oriented program step selection (cycles) using softkeys ● Input windows for parameter assignment with animated help screens ● Context-sensitive online help for every input window ● Support with contour input (geometry processor) Call and return conditions ●...
  • Page 198: Program Views

    Creating a G code program 6.2 Program views Program views You can display a G code program in various ways. ● Program view ● Parameter screen, either with help display or graphic view Program view The program view in the editor provides an overview of the individual machining steps of a program.
  • Page 199 Creating a G code program 6.2 Program views Parameter screen with help display Press the <Cursor right> key to open a selected program block or cycle in the program view. The associated parameter screen with help display is then displayed. Note Switching between the help display and the graphic view The key combination <CTRL>...
  • Page 200 Creating a G code program 6.2 Program views Parameter screen with graphic view Using the "Graphic view" softkey, you can toggle between the help display and the graphic view in the screen. Figure 6-3 Parameter screen with a graphical view of a G code program block Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 201: Program Structure

    Creating a G code program 6.3 Program structure Program structure G_code programs can always be freely programmed. The most important commands that are included in the rule: ● Set a machining plane ● Call a tool (T and D) ● Call a work offset ●...
  • Page 202: Current Planes In Cycles And Input Screens

    Creating a G code program 6.4 Fundamentals Working planes Working planes are defined as follows: Plane Tool axis 6.4.2 Current planes in cycles and input screens Each input screen has a selection box for the planes, if the planes have not been specified by NC machine data.
  • Page 203: Programming A Tool (t)

    Creating a G code program 6.4 Fundamentals 6.4.3 Programming a tool (T) Calling a tool You are in a part program Press the "Select tool” softkey. The "Tool selection" window is opened. Position the cursor on the desired tool and press the "To program" softkey.
  • Page 204: Generating A G Code Program

    Creating a G code program 6.5 Generating a G code program Generating a G code program Create a separate program for each new workpiece that you would like to produce. The program contains the individual machining steps that must be performed to produce the workpiece.
  • Page 205: Blank Input

    Creating a G code program 6.6 Blank input See also Changing a cycle call (Page 215) Selection of the cycles via softkey (Page 209) Creating a new workpiece (Page 645) Blank input Function The blank is used for the simulation and the simultaneous recording. A useful simulation can only be achieved with a blank that is as close as possible to the real blank.
  • Page 206 Creating a G code program 6.6 Blank input Procedure Select the "Program" operating area. Press the "Misc." and "Blank" softkeys. The "Blank Input" window opens. Parameter Description Unit Data for Selection of the spindle for the blank Main spindle • Counterspindle •...
  • Page 207 Creating a G code program 6.6 Blank input Parameter Description Unit Spindle chuck Only chuck • data You enter spindle chuck data in the program. Complete • You enter tailstock data in the program. Note: Please observe the machine manufacturer’s instructions. Jaw type Selecting the jaw type of the counterspindle.
  • Page 208: Machining Plane, Milling Direction, Retraction Plane, Safe Clearance And Feedrate (pl, Rp Sc, F)

    Creating a G code program 6.7 Machining plane, milling direction, retraction plane, safe clearance and feedrate (PL, RP, SC, F) Machining plane, milling direction, retraction plane, safe clearance and feedrate (PL, RP, SC, F) In the program header, cycle input screens have general parameters that always repeat. You will find the following parameters in every input screen for a cycle in a G code program.
  • Page 209: Selection Of The Cycles Via Softkey

    Creating a G code program 6.8 Selection of the cycles via softkey Selection of the cycles via softkey Overview of the machining steps The following machining steps are available. All of the cycles/functions available in the control are shown in this display. However, at a specific system, only the steps possible corresponding to the selected technology can be selected.
  • Page 210 Creating a G code program 6.8 Selection of the cycles via softkey ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 211 Creating a G code program 6.8 Selection of the cycles via softkey ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 212 Creating a G code program 6.8 Selection of the cycles via softkey ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 213: Calling Technology Cycles

    These are then generated with the appropriate default values when the cycles are called. For additional information, please refer to the following references: Commissioning Manual SINUMERIK Operate (IM9) / SINUMERIK 840D sl Cycle support Example Use the softkeys to select whether you want support for programming contours, turning, drilling or milling cycles.
  • Page 214: Setting Data For Cycles

    Setting data for cycles Cycle functions can be influenced and configured using machine and setting data. For additional information, please refer to the following references: Commissioning Manual SINUMERIK Operate / SINUMERIK 840D sl 6.9.3 Checking cycle parameters The entered parameters are already checked during the program creation in order to avoid faulty entries.
  • Page 215: Changing A Cycle Call

    Creating a G code program 6.9 Calling technology cycles 6.9.5 Changing a cycle call You have called the desired cycle via softkey in the program editor, entered the parameters and confirmed with "Accept". Procedure Select the desired cycle call and press the <Cursor right> key. The associated input screen of the selected cycle call is opened.
  • Page 216: Additional Functions In The Input Screens

    Creating a G code program 6.9 Calling technology cycles 6.9.7 Additional functions in the input screens Selection of units If, for example, the unit can be switched in a field, this is highlighted as soon as the cursor is positioned on the element. In this way, the operator recognizes the dependency.
  • Page 217: Measuring Cycle Support

    Software option You require the "Measuring cycles" option to use "Measuring cycles". References You will find a more detailed description on how to use measuring cycles in: Programming Manual Measuring cycles / SINUMERIK 840D sl/828D Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 218 Creating a G code program 6.10 Measuring cycle support Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 219: Graphic Program Control, Shopturn Programs

    Creating a ShopTurn program Graphic program control, ShopTurn programs The program editor offers graphic programming to generate machining step programs that you can directly generate at the machine. Software option You require the "ShopMill/ShopTurn" option to generate ShopTurn machining step programs. Functions The following functionality is available: ●...
  • Page 220 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.2 Program views Program views You can display a ShopTurn program in various views: ● Work plan ● Graphic view ● Parameter screen, either with help display or graphic view Work plan The work plan in the editor provides an overview of the individual machining steps of a program.
  • Page 221 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.2 Program views Note Switching between the help display and the graphic view The key combination <CTRL> + <G> is also available for the switchover between the help display and the graphic view. Graphic view The graphic view shows the contour of the workpiece as a dynamic graphic with broken lines.
  • Page 222 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.2 Program views Note Switching between the help display and the graphic view The key combination <CTRL> + <G> is also available for the switchover between the help display and the graphic view. Figure 7-3 Parameter screen with dynamic help display The animated help displays are always displayed with the correct orientation to the selected coordinate system.
  • Page 223 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.2 Program views Figure 7-4 Parameter screen with graphic view Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 224 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.3 Program structure Program structure A machining step program is divided into three sub-areas: ● Program header ● Program blocks ● End of program These sub-areas form a process plan. Program header The program header contains parameters that affect the entire program, such as blank dimensions or retraction planes.
  • Page 225: Fundamentals

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.4 Fundamentals Fundamentals 7.4.1 Machining planes A workpiece can be machined on different planes. Two coordinate axes define a machining plane. On lathes with X, Z, and C axes, three planes are available: ● Turning ● Face ●...
  • Page 226 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.4 Fundamentals Turning The turning machining plane corresponds to the X/Z plane (G18). Face/Face C The Face/Face C machining plane corresponds to the X/Y plane (G17). For machines without a Y axis, however, the tools can only move in the X/Z plane. The X/Y coordinates that have been entered are automatically transformed into a movement in the X and C axis.
  • Page 227: Machining Cycle, Approach/retraction

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.4 Fundamentals 7.4.2 Machining cycle, approach/retraction Approaching and retracting during the machining cycle always follows the same pattern if you have not defined a special approach/retraction cycle. If your machine has a tailstock, you can also take this into consideration when traversing. The retraction for a cycle ends at the safety clearance.
  • Page 228 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.4 Fundamentals Taking into account the tailstock Figure 7-6 Approach/retraction taking into account the tailstock ● The tool traverses in rapid traverse from the tool change point along the shortest path to the retraction plane XRR from the tailstock. ●...
  • Page 229: Absolute And Incremental Dimensions

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.4 Fundamentals 7.4.3 Absolute and incremental dimensions When generating a machining step program, you can input positions in absolute or incremental dimensions, depending on how the workpiece drawing is dimensioned. You can also use a combination of absolute and incremental dimensions, i.e. one coordinate as an absolute dimension and the other as an incremental dimension.
  • Page 230: Polar Coordinates

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.4 Fundamentals Incremental dimensions (INC) With incremental dimensions (also referred to as sequential dimensions) a position specification refers to the previously programmed point, i.e. the input value corresponds to the path to be traversed. As a rule, the plus/minus sign does not matter when entering the incremental value, only the absolute value of the increment is evaluated.
  • Page 231: Clamping The Spindle

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.4 Fundamentals Figure 7-9 Polar coordinates The position specifications for the pole and points P1 to P3 in polar coordinates are: Pole: X30 Z30 (relative to the zero point) P1: L30 α30° (relative to the pole) P2: L30 α60°...
  • Page 232: Creating A Shopturn Program

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.5 Creating a ShopTurn program Creating a ShopTurn program Create a separate program for each new workpiece that you would like to produce. The program contains the individual machining steps that must be performed to produce the workpiece.
  • Page 233 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.5 Creating a ShopTurn program Press the "Teach TC position" softkey if you want to set the actual position of the tool as a tool change point. The tool’s coordinates are transferred into parameters XT and ZT. Teaching in the tool change point is only possible if you have selected the machine coordinate system (Machine).
  • Page 234: Program Header

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.6 Program header Program header In the program header, set the following parameters, which are effective for the complete program. Parameter Description Unit Measurement unit The setting of the measurement unit in the program header only refers to the position data in the actual program.
  • Page 235 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.6 Program header Parameter Description Unit Retraction plane Z front (abs) or retraction plane Z referred to ZA (inc) • Retraction plane X external ∅ (abs) or retraction plane X referred to XA (inc) Retraction plane X internal ∅ (abs) or retraction plane X referred to XI (inc) Retraction plane Z front (abs) or retraction plane Z referred to ZA (inc)
  • Page 236 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.6 Program header Parameter Description Unit Stop dimension of the main spindle - (only for spindle chuck data "yes") Jaw dimension of the main spindle for jaw type 2 - (only for spindle chuck data "yes") Chuck dimension of the counterspindle - (only for spindle chuck data "yes"...
  • Page 237: Generating Program Blocks

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.7 Generating program blocks Generating program blocks After a new program is created and the program header is filled out, define the individual machining steps in program blocks that are necessary to machine the workpiece. You can only create the program blocks between the program header and the program end. Procedure Selecting a technological function Position the cursor in the work plan on the line behind which a new...
  • Page 238: Tool, Offset Value, Feedrate And Spindle Speed (t, D, F, S, V)

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.8 Tool, offset value, feedrate and spindle speed (T, D, F, S, V) Tool, offset value, feedrate and spindle speed (T, D, F, S, V) The following parameters should be entered for every program block. Tool (T) Each time a workpiece is machined, you must program a tool.
  • Page 239 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.8 Tool, offset value, feedrate and spindle speed (T, D, F, S, V) Feedrate (F) The feedrate F (also referred to as the machining feedrate) specifies the speed at which the axes move when machining the workpiece. The machining feedrate is entered in mm/min, mm/rev or in mm/tooth.
  • Page 240 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.8 Tool, offset value, feedrate and spindle speed (T, D, F, S, V) Converting the spindle speed (S) / cutting rate (V) when milling As an alternative to the cutting rate, you can also program the spindle speed. For the milling cycles, the cutting rate (m/min) that is entered is automatically converted into the spindle speed (rpm) using the tool diameter - and vice versa.
  • Page 241: Call Work Offsets

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.9 Call work offsets Call work offsets You can call work offsets (G54, etc.) from any program. You define work offsets in work offset lists. You can also view the coordinates of the selected offset here. Procedure Press the "Various", "Transformations"...
  • Page 242: Repeating Program Blocks

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.10 Repeating program blocks 7.10 Repeating program blocks If certain steps when machining a workpiece have to be executed more than once, it is only necessary to program these steps once. You have the option of repeating program blocks. Note Machining several workpieces The program repeat function is not suitable to program repeat machining of parts.
  • Page 243: Entering The Number Of Workpieces

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.11 Entering the number of workpieces Continue programming up to the point where you want to repeat the program blocks. Press the "Various" and "Repeat progr." softkeys. Enter the names of the start and end markers and the number of times the blocks are to be repeated.
  • Page 244: Changing Program Blocks

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.12 Changing program blocks Procedure Open the "Program end" program block, if you want to machine more than one workpiece. In the "Repeat" field, enter "Yes". Press the "Accept" softkey. If you start the program later, program execution is repeated. Depending on the settings in the "Times, counters"...
  • Page 245: Changing Program Settings

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.13 Changing program settings Press the <Cursor left> key. The changes are accepted in the program. 7.13 Changing program settings Function All parameters specified in the program header with the exception of the blank shape and the unit of measurement can be changed at any point in the program.
  • Page 246 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.13 Changing program settings Parameters Parameter Description Unit Retraction Lift mode simple • Extended • • Retraction plane X external ∅ (abs) or retraction plane X referred to XA (inc) Retraction plane X internal ∅ (abs) or retraction plane X referred to XI (inc) - (only for retraction "extended"...
  • Page 247 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.14 Selection of the cycles via softkey 7.14 Selection of the cycles via softkey Overview of the machining steps The following machining steps are available. All of the cycles/functions available in the control are shown in this display. However, at a specific system, only the steps possible corresponding to the selected technology can be selected.
  • Page 248 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.14 Selection of the cycles via softkey ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 249 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.14 Selection of the cycles via softkey ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 250 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.14 Selection of the cycles via softkey ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 251 A menu tree with all of the available measuring versions of the measuring cycle function "Measure workpiece" can be found in the following reference: Programming Manual Measuring cycles / SINUMERIK 840D sl/828D ⇒ A menu tree with all of the available measuring versions of the measuring cycle function "Measure tool"...
  • Page 252: Calling Technology Functions

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.15 Calling technology functions 7.15 Calling technology functions 7.15.1 Additional functions in the input screens Selection of units If, for example, the unit can be switched in a field, this is highlighted as soon as the cursor is positioned on the element.
  • Page 253: Programming Variables

    7.15.4 Setting data for technological functions Technological functions can be influenced and corrected using machine or setting data. For additional information, please refer to the following documentation: Commissioning Manual SINUMERIK Operate / SINUMERIK 840D sl Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 254 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.15 Calling technology functions 7.15.5 Changing a cycle call You have called the desired cycle via softkey in the program editor, entered the parameters and confirmed with "Accept". Procedure Select the desired cycle call and press the <Cursor right> key. The associated input screen of the selected cycle call is opened.
  • Page 255: Programming The Approach/retraction Cycle

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.16 Programming the approach/retraction cycle 7.16 Programming the approach/retraction cycle If you wish to shorten the approach/retraction for a machining cycle or solve a complex geometrical situation when approaching/retracting, you can generate a special cycle. In this case, the approach/retraction strategy normally used is not taken into account.
  • Page 256 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.16 Programming the approach/retraction cycle Table 7- 1 Parameters Description Unit Feedrate to approach the first position mm/min Alternatively, rapid traverse 1. position ∅ (abs) or 1st position (inc) mm (in) 1. position (abs or inc) Feedrate for approach to the second position mm/min Alternatively, rapid traverse...
  • Page 257 Software option You require the "Measuring cycles" option to use "Measuring cycles". References You will find a more detailed description on how to use measuring cycles in: Programming Manual Measuring cycles / SINUMERIK 840D sl/828D Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 258: Example: Standard Machining

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining 7.18 Example: Standard machining General information The following example is described in detail as ShopTurn program. A G code program is generated in the same way; however, some differences must be observed. If you copy the G code program listed below, read it into the control and open it in the editor, then you can track the individual program steps.
  • Page 259: Workpiece Drawing

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining 7.18.1 Workpiece drawing 7.18.2 Programming 1. Program header Specify the blank. Measurement unit mm Blank Cylinder 90abs +1.0abs -120abs -100abs Retraction simple Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 260 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining 2inc 5inc Tool change point Machine 160abs 409abs 4000rev/min Machining direction Climbing Press the "Accept" softkey. The work plan is displayed. Program header and end of program are created as program blocks. The end of program is automatically defined.
  • Page 261 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining 3. Input of blank contour with contour computer Press the "Cont. turn." and "New contour" softkeys. The "New Contour" input window opens. Enter the contour name (in this case: Cont_1). The contour calculated as NC code is written as internal subprogram between a start and an end marker containing the entered name.
  • Page 262 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining Press the "Accept" softkey. It is only necessary to enter the blank contour when using a pre- machined blank. Blank contour 4. Input of finished part with contour computer Press the "Cont. turn." and "New contour" softkeys. The "New Contour"...
  • Page 263 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining 48abs α2 90° Direction of rotation 23abs 60abs -35abs Afterwards, entry fields are inactive. Using the "Dialog selection" softkey, select a required contour element and confirm using the "Dialog accept" softkey. The entry fields are active again.
  • Page 264 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining 5. Stock removal (roughing) Press the "Cont. turn." and "Stock removal" softkeys. The "Stock Removal" input window opens. Enter the following technology parameters: T Roughing tool 80 D1 F 0.350 mm/rev V 400 m/min Enter the following parameters: Machining Roughing (∇)
  • Page 265 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining If a blank programmed under "CONT_1" is used, under parameter "BL", the "Contour" blank description should be selected instead of "Cylinder". When selecting "Cylinder", the workpiece is cut from the solid material. Stock removal contour 6.
  • Page 266 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining Set machining area limits No Press the "Accept" softkey. 7. Stock removal (finishing) Press the "Cont. turn." and "Stock removal" softkeys. The "Stock Removal" input window opens. Enter the following technology parameters: T Finishing tool_D1 F 0.1 mm/rev V 450 m/min...
  • Page 267 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining Reference point 60abs 8inc 4inc α1 15Degrees α2 15Degrees 2inc 0.4inc 0.2inc Press the "Accept" softkey. Contour, groove Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 268 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining 9. Groove (finishing) Press the "Turning", "Groove" and "Groove with inclines" softkeys. The "Groove 2" entry field opens. Enter the following technology parameters: T Grooving tool F 0.1 mm/rev V 220 m/min Enter the following parameters: Machining Finishing (∇∇∇)
  • Page 269 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining 2mm/rev 995rev/min Machining type Roughing (∇) Infeed: Constant cutting Diminishing cross-section Thread External thread 48abs 0abs -25abs 4inc 4inc 1.227inc αP 30Degrees Infeed 0.150inc 1inc Multiple threads α0 0Degrees Press the "Accept" softkey. 11.
  • Page 270 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining 0abs -25abs 4inc 4inc 1.227inc αP 30Degrees Infeed 1inc Multiple threads α0 0Degrees Press the "Accept" softkey. 12. Drilling Press the "Drilling", "Drilling reaming" and "Drilling" softkeys. The "Drilling" input window opens. Enter the following technology parameters: T Drill_D5 F 0.1 mm/rev...
  • Page 271 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining 13. Positioning Press the "Drilling", "Positions" and "Freely Programmable Positions" softkeys. The "Positions" input window opens. Enter the following parameters: Machined surface Face C Coordinate system Polar 0abs 0abs 16abs 90abs 16abs 180abs 16abs 270abs...
  • Page 272: Results/simulation Test

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining α0 4Degrees 5inc 0.1mm Insertion Vertical 0.015mm/tooth Press the "Accept" softkey. 7.18.3 Results/simulation test Figure 7-10 Programming graphics Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 273 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining Figure 7-11 Process plan Program test by means of simulation During simulation, the current program is calculated in its entirety and the result displayed in graphic form. Figure 7-12 3D view Turning Operating Manual, 03/2013, 6FC5398-8CP40-3BA1...
  • Page 274: G Code Machining Program

    Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining 7.18.4 G code machining program N1 G54 N2 WORKPIECE(,,"","CYLINDER",192,2,-120,-100,90) N3 G0 X200 Z200 Y0 ;***************************************** N4 T="ROUGHING TOOL_80" D1 N5 M06 N6 G96 S350 M04 N7 CYCLE951(90,2,-1.6,0,-1.6,0,1,2,0,0.1,12,0,0,0,1,0.3,0,2,1110000) N8 G96 S400 N9 CYCLE62(,2,"E_LAB_A_CONT_2","E_LAB_E_CONT_2") N10 CYCLE952("STOCK REMOVAL_1",,"BLANK_1",2301311,0.35,0.15,0,4,0.1,0.1,0.4,0.2,0.1,0,1,0,0,,,,,2,2,,,0,1,,0,12,1110110) N11 G0 X200 Z200...
  • Page 275 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining ;***************************************** N34 T="DRILL_D5" D1 N35 M06 N36 SPOS=0 N37 SETMS(2) N38 M24 ; couple-in driven tool, machine-specific N39 G97 S3183 M3 N40 G94 F318 N41 TRANSMIT N42 MCALL CYCLE82(1,0,1,,10,0,0,1,11) N43 HOLES2(0,0,16,0,30,4,1010,0,,,1) N44 MCALL N45 M25 ;...
  • Page 276 Creating a ShopTurn program 7.18 Example: Standard machining X30 ;*GP* ;CON,2,0.0000,1,1,MST:0,0,AX:Z,X,K,I;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;S,EX:0,EY:30;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;LL,EX:-40;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;LA,EX:-45,EY:40;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;LL,EX:-65;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;LA,EX:-70,EY:45;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;LL,EX:-95;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;LD,EY:0;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;LR,EX:0;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;LA,EX:0,EY:30;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* ;#End contour definition end - Don't change!;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* E_LAB_E_CONT_1: N65 E_LAB_A_CONT_2: ;#SM Z:4 ;#7__DlgK contour definition begin - Don't change!;*GP*;*RO*;*HD* G18 G90 DIAMOF;*GP* G0 Z0 X0 ;*GP* G1 X24 CHR=3 ;*GP* Z-18.477 ;*GP*...
  • Page 277: Drilling

    Programming technology functions (cycles) Drilling 8.1.1 General General geometry parameters ● Retraction plane RP and reference point Z0 Normally, reference point Z0 and retraction plane RP have different values. The cycle assumes that the retraction plane is in front of the reference point. Note If the values for reference point and retraction planes are identical, a relative depth specification is not permitted.
  • Page 278: Centering (cycle81)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Drilling positions The cycle assumes the tested hole coordinates of the plane. The hole centers should therefore be programmed before or after the cycle call as follows (see also Section, Cycles on single position or position pattern (MCALL)): ●...
  • Page 279 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Approach/retraction 1. The tool moves with G0 to safety clearance of the reference point. 2. Inserted into the workpiece with G1 and the programmed feedrate F until the depth or the centering diameter is reached. 3.
  • Page 280 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Position At the front (face) • (only for At the rear (face) • ShopTurn) Outside (peripheral surface) • Inside (peripheral surface) • Clamp/release spindle The function must be set up by the machine manufacturer. (only for ShopTurn) Centering...
  • Page 281: Drilling (cycle82)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling 8.1.3 Drilling (CYCLE82) Function With the "Drilling" function, the tool drills with the programmed spindle speed and feedrate down to the specified final drilling depth (shank or tip). The tool is retracted after a programmed dwell time has elapsed. Clamping the spindle For ShopTurn, the "Clamp spindle"...
  • Page 282 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane Tool name Retraction plane Cutting edge number Safety clearance Feedrate mm/min mm/rev S / V Spindle speed or constant cutting rate m/min Parameter Description Unit Machining Single position •...
  • Page 283: Reaming (cycle85)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Drilling depth (abs) or drilling depth in relation to Z0 (inc) It is inserted into the workpiece until it reaches Z1. Dwell time (at final drilling depth) in seconds • Dwell time (at final drilling depth) in revolutions •...
  • Page 284 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been created and you are in the editor. Press the "Drilling" softkey. Press the "Drilling Reaming" softkey. Press the "Reaming" softkey. The "Reaming" input window opens. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane...
  • Page 285: Boring (cycle86)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Clamp/release spindle The function must be set up by the machine manufacturer. (only for ShopTurn) Drilling depth (abs) or drilling depth in relation to Z0 (inc) It is inserted into the workpiece until it reaches Z1. Dwell time (at final drilling depth) in seconds •...
  • Page 286 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Lift For "lift off contour", the retraction distance D and the tool orientation angle α can either be defined via machine data or in the parameter screen. If both parameters are pre-assigned via machine data, they do not appear in the parameter screen. Machine manufacturer Please refer to the machine manufacturer's specifications.
  • Page 287 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Press the softkeys "Drilling Reaming" and "Boring" for ShopTurn The "Boring" input window opens. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane Tool name Retraction plane Cutting edge number Safety clearance Feedrate mm/min mm/rev S / V Spindle speed or constant...
  • Page 288 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Clamp/release spindle The function must be set up by the machine manufacturer. (only for ShopTurn) Drilling depth (abs) or drilling depth in relation to Z0 (inc) Dwell time at final drilling depth in seconds •...
  • Page 289: Deep-hole Drilling (cycle83)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling 8.1.6 Deep-hole drilling (CYCLE83) Function With the "Deep-hole drilling" cycle, the tool is inserted in the workpiece with the programmed spindle speed and feedrate in several infeed steps until the depth Z1 is reached. The following can be specified: ●...
  • Page 290 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Approach/retraction during stock removal 1. The tool moves with G0 to safety clearance of the reference point. 2. The tool drills with the programmed spindle speed and feedrate F = F · FD1 [%] up to the 1st infeed depth.
  • Page 291 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Machining Single position • position (only Drill hole at programmed position for G code) Position pattern • Position with MCALL Z0 (only for G Reference point Z code) Machining Face C •...
  • Page 292 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Infeed: Amount for each additional infeed • Percentage for each additional infeed • DF = 100%: Infeed increment remains constant DF < 100%: Infeed increment is reduced in direction of final drilling depth. Example: last infeed was 4 mm;...
  • Page 293: Tapping (cycle84, 840)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling 8.1.7 Tapping (CYCLE84, 840) Function You can machine an internal thread with the "tapping" cycle. The tool moves to the safety clearance with the active speed and rapid traverse. The spindle stops, spindle and feedrate are synchronized. The tool is then inserted in the workpiece with the programmed speed (dependent on %S).
  • Page 294 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Approach/retraction - CYCLE84 - without compensating chuck One cut: 1. Travel with G0 to the safety clearance of the reference point. 2. Spindle is synchronized and started with the programmed speed (dependent on %S). 3.
  • Page 295 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been created and you are in the editor. Press the "Drilling" softkey. Press the "Thread" and "Tapping" softkeys. The "Tapping" input window opens. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining...
  • Page 296 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Machining - (with You can select the following technologies for tapping: compensating with encoder • chuck) Tapping with spindle encoder (only for G code) without encoder • Tapping without spindle encoder; –...
  • Page 297 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Selection Selection of table value: e.g. M3; M10; etc. (ISO metric) • W3/4"; etc. (Whitworth BSW) • G3/4"; etc. (Whitworth BSP) • 1" - 8 UNC; etc. (UNC) • Pitch ... - (selection MODULUS in MODULUS: MODULUS = Pitch/π...
  • Page 298 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Direction of rotation after end of cycle: (only for G code) • • • Technology • – Exact stop – Precontrol – Acceleration – Spindle • Exact stop (only Behavior the same as it was before the cycle was called •...
  • Page 299: Drill And Thread Milling (cycle78)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling 8.1.8 Drill and thread milling (CYCLE78) Function You can use a drill and thread milling cutter to manufacture an internal thread with a specific depth and pitch in one operation. This means that you can use the same tool for drilling and thread milling, a change of tool is superfluous.
  • Page 300 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been created and you are in the editor. Press the "Drilling" softkey. Press the "Thread" and "Cut thread" softkeys. The "Drilling and thread milling" input window opens. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane...
  • Page 301 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameters Description Unit Clamp/release spindle (only for end face Y/peripheral surface Y) The function must be set up by the machine manufacturer. (only for ShopTurn) Thread length (inc) or end point of the thread (abs) Maximum depth infeed Percentage for each additional infeed •...
  • Page 302 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameters Description Unit Feedrate for thread milling mm/min mm/tooth Table Thread table selection: without • ISO metric • Whitworth BSW • Whitworth BSP • • Selection - (not Selection, table value: e.g. for table M3;...
  • Page 303: Positions And Position Patterns

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling 8.1.9 Positions and position patterns Function After you have programmed the technology (cycle call), you must program the positions. Several position patterns are available: ● Arbitrary positions ● Position on a line, on a grid or frame ●...
  • Page 304: Arbitrary Positions (cycle802)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Tool traverse path ● ShopTurn The programmed positions are machined with the previously programmed tool (e.g. center drill). Machining of the positions always starts at the reference point. In the case of a grid, machining is performed first in the direction of the 1st axis and then meandering back and forth.
  • Page 305 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Repeat jump label for position (only for G code) Machining plane (only for G code) Machining Face C • surface Face Y • Peripheral surface C • (only for Peripheral surface Y ShopTurn) •...
  • Page 306 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Face C and face Y - polar: Z coordinate of the reference point (abs) Positioning angle for machining area (only for face Y) Degrees C coordinate of 1st position (abs) Degrees 1.
  • Page 307: Position Pattern Line (holes1), Grid Or Frame (cycle801)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling 8.1.11 Position pattern line (HOLES1), grid or frame (CYCLE801) Function You can program the following pattern using the "Position pattern" cycle: ● Line (HOLES1) In the "Line" selection option you can program any number of positions at equal distances along a line.
  • Page 308 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Position At the front (face) • (only for At the rear (face) • ShopTurn) Outside (peripheral surface) • Inside (peripheral surface) • Position pattern Selection option for the following patterns: Line •...
  • Page 309: Circle Position Pattern (holes2)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Peripheral surface Y: X coordinate of the reference point (abs) Degrees Positioning angle for machining surface Y coordinate of the reference point – first position (abs) Z coordinate of the reference point – first position (abs) α0 Angle of rotation of line with reference to Y axis Degrees...
  • Page 310 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Repeat jump label for position (only for G code) Machining plane (only for G code) Circular pattern Selection option for the following patterns: Pitch circle • Full circle • X coordinate of the reference point (abs) Y coordinate of the reference point (abs) α0 Starting angle for first position referred to the X axis.
  • Page 311 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Face C: center/ Position circle center on the face surface off-center Position circle off-center on the face surface Z coordinate of the reference point (abs) X coordinate of the reference point (abs) – (only for off-center) Y coordinate of the reference point (abs) –...
  • Page 312 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Parameter Description Unit Peripheral surface C: Cylinder diameter ∅ (abs) Z coordinate of the reference point (abs) α0 Starting angle for first position referred to the Y axis. Degrees Positive angle: Circle is rotated counterclockwise. Negative angle: Circle is rotated clockwise.
  • Page 313: Displaying And Hiding Positions

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling 8.1.13 Displaying and hiding positions Function You can hide any positions in the following position patterns: ● Position pattern line ● Position pattern grid ● Position pattern frame ● Full circle position pattern ● Pitch circle position pattern The hidden positions are skipped when machining.
  • Page 314 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling Press the "Hide position" softkey. The "Hide position" window opens on top of the input form of the position pattern. The positions are displayed in a table. The numbers of the positions, their coordinates (X, Y) as well as a checkbox with the state (activated = on / deactivated = off) are displayed.
  • Page 315: Repeating Positions

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.1 Drilling 8.1.14 Repeating positions 8.1.14.1 Function Function If you want to approach positions that you have already programmed again, you can do this quickly with the function "Repeat position". You must specify the number of the position pattern. The cycle automatically assigns this number (for ShopTurn).
  • Page 316: Rotate

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Rotate 8.2.1 General In all turning cycles apart from contour turning (CYCLE95), in the combined roughing and finishing mode, when finishing it is possible to reduce the feedrate as a percentage. Machine manufacturer Please also refer to the machine manufacturer's specifications. 8.2.2 Stock removal (CYCLE951) Function...
  • Page 317 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Machine manufacturer Please also refer to the machine manufacturer's instructions. If the tool does not round the corner at the end of the cut, it is raised by the safety distance or a value specified in the machine data at rapid traverse. The cycle always observes the lower value;...
  • Page 318 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Straight stock removal cycle with radii or chamfers. The "Stock removal 2" input window opens. - OR Stock removal cycle with oblique lines, radii, or chamfers. The "Stock Removal 3" input window opens. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane Tool name...
  • Page 319: Groove (cycle930)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Finishing allowance in X – (not for finishing) Finishing allowance in Z – (not for finishing) FS1...FS3 or R1...R3 Chamfer width (FS1...FS3) or rounding radius (R1...R3) - (not for stock removal 1) Parameter selection of intermediate point The intermediate point can be determined through position specification or angle.
  • Page 320 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Approach/retraction during roughing Infeed depth D > 0 1. The tool first moves to the starting point calculated internally in the cycle at rapid traverse. 2. The tool cuts a groove in the center of infeed depth D. 3.
  • Page 321 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate - OR Groove cycle on an incline with inclines, radii or chamfers. The "Groove 3" input window opens. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane Tool name Safety clearance Cutting edge number Feedrate Feedrate mm/rev...
  • Page 322: Undercut Form E And F (cycle940)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit α1, α2 Flank angle 1 or flank angle 2 - (only for grooves 2 and 3) Degrees Asymmetric grooves can be described by separate angles. The angles can be between 0 and < 90°. FS1...FS4 or R1...R4 Chamfer width (FS1...FS4) or rounding radius (R1...R4) - (only for grooves 2 and α0...
  • Page 323 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Parameters, G code program (undercut, form E) Parameters, ShopTurn program (undercut, form E) Machining plane Tool name Safety clearance Cutting edge number Feedrate Feedrate mm/rev S / V Spindle speed or constant cutting rate m/min Parameters Description...
  • Page 324: Thread Undercuts (cycle940)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Parameters Description Unit Position Form F machining position: Undercut size according to DIN table: e.g.: F0.6 x 0.3 (undercut form F) Reference point X ∅ Reference point Z Allowance in X ∅ (abs) or allowance in X (inc) Allowance in Z (abs) or allowance in Z (inc) –...
  • Page 325 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been created and you are in the editor. Press the "Turning" softkey. Press the "Undercut" softkey. Press the "Thread undercut DIN" softkey. The "Thread Undercut (DIN 76)" input window opens. - OR - Press the "Thread undercut"...
  • Page 326 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Parameters Description Unit Thread pitch (select from the preset DIN table or enter) mm/rev Reference point X ∅ Reference point Z α Insertion angle Degrees Cross feed ∅ (abs) or cross feed (inc) - (only for ∇∇∇ and ∇ + ∇∇∇) Maximum depth infeed –...
  • Page 327: Thread Turning (cycle99)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Parameters Description Unit α Insertion angle Degrees Cross feed ∅ (abs) or cross feed (inc) - (only for ∇∇∇ and ∇ + ∇∇∇) Maximum depth infeed – (only for ∇ and ∇ + ∇∇∇) U or UX Finishing allowance in X or finishing allowance in X and Z –...
  • Page 328 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Approach/retraction 1. The tool moves to the starting point calculated internally in the cycle at rapid traverse. 2. Thread with advance: The tool moves at rapid traverse to the first starting position displaced by the thread advance LW.
  • Page 329 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane Tool name Cutting edge number S / V Spindle speed or constant cutting rate m/min Parameter Description Unit Table Thread table selection: without • ISO metric •...
  • Page 330 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Infeed (only for ∇ and ∇ Linear: • + ∇∇∇) Infeed with constant cutting depth Degressive: • Infeed with constant cutting cross-section Thread Internal thread • External thread • Reference point X from thread table ∅ (abs) Reference point Z (abs) End point of the thread (abs) or thread length (inc) Incremental dimensions: The sign is also evaluated.
  • Page 331 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Infeed along the flank Infeed with alternating flanks (alternative) Instead of infeed along one flank, you can infeed along alternating flanks to avoid always loading the same tool cutting edge. As a consequence you can increase the tool life.
  • Page 332 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit mm/rev Thread pitch in mm/revolution • in/rev Thread pitch in inch/revolution • turns/" Thread turns per inch • MODULUS Thread pitch in MODULUS • Change in thread pitch per revolution - (only for P = mm/rev or in/rev) mm/rev G = 0: The thread pitch P does not change.
  • Page 333 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Thread advance (inc) The starting point for the thread is the reference point (X0, Z0) brought forward by the thread advance W. The thread advance can be used if you wish to begin the individual cuts slightly earlier in order to also produce a precise start of thread.
  • Page 334 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Thread changeover depth (inc) First machine all thread turns sequentially to thread changeover depth DA, then machine all thread turns sequentially to depth 2 · DA, etc. until the final depth is reached. DA = 0: Thread changeover depth is not taken into account, i.e.
  • Page 335 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Machining ∇ (roughing) • ∇∇∇ (finishing) • ∇ + ∇∇∇ (roughing and finishing) • Infeed (only for ∇ and ∇ Linear: • + ∇∇∇) Infeed with constant cutting depth Degressive: • Infeed with constant cutting cross-section Thread Internal thread...
  • Page 336: Thread Chain (cycle98)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit D1 or ND First infeed depth or number of roughing cuts (only for ∇ and The respective value is displayed when you switch between the number of ∇ + ∇∇∇) roughing cuts and the first infeed. Finishing allowance in X and Z –...
  • Page 337 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate ● With a constant infeed depth, the cutting cross-section increases from cut to cut. The finishing allowance is machined in one cut after roughing. A constant infeed depth can produce better cutting conditions at small thread depths. ●...
  • Page 338: Parameters

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate 8.2.7.1 Parameters Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane Tool name Safety clearance Cutting edge number S / V Spindle speed or constant cutting rate m/min Parameter Description Unit Machining ∇ (roughing) •...
  • Page 339 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Parameter Description Unit Thread pitch 3 (unit as parameterized for P0) mm/rev in/rev turns/" MODULUS End point X ∅ (abs) or • End point 3 in relation to X2 (inc) or • Degrees Thread taper 3 •...
  • Page 340: Cut-off (cycle92)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate 8.2.8 Cut-off (CYCLE92) Function The "Cut-off" cycle is used when you want to cut off dynamically balanced parts (e.g. screws, bolts, or pipes). You can program a chamfer or rounding on the edge of the machined part. You can machine at a constant cutting rate V or speed S up to a depth X1, from which point the workpiece is machined at a constant speed.
  • Page 341 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.2 Rotate Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane Tool name Safety clearance Cutting edge number Feedrate Feedrate mm/rev S / V Spindle speed or constant cutting rate m/min Parameter Description Unit Direction of spindle rotation (only for G code) Spindle speed rev/min...
  • Page 342: Contour Turning

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Contour turning 8.3.1 General information Function You can machine simple or complex contours with the "Contour turning" cycle. A contour comprises separate contour elements, whereby at least two and up to 250 elements result in a defined contour.
  • Page 343: Representation Of The Contour

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning 4. Stock removal along the contour (roughing) The contour is machined longitudinally, transversely or parallel to the contour. 5. Remove residual material (roughing) When removing stock along the contour, ShopTurn automatically detects residual material that has been left.
  • Page 344 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Contour element Symbol Meaning Pole Straight diagonal or circle in polar coordinates Finish contour End of contour definition The different colors of the symbols indicate their status: Foreground Background Meaning Black Blue Cursor on active element Black Orange Cursor on current element...
  • Page 345: Creating A New Contour

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning 8.3.3 Creating a new contour Function For each contour that you want to cut, you must create a new contour. The first step in creating a contour is to specify a starting point. Enter the contour element. The contour processor then automatically defines the end of the contour.
  • Page 346 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit Direction in front Direction of the contour element towards the starting point: of the contour In the negative direction of the horizontal axis • In the positive direction of the horizontal axis •...
  • Page 347: Creating Contour Elements

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning 8.3.4 Creating contour elements Creating contour elements After you have created a new contour and specified the starting point, you can define the individual elements that make up the contour. The following contour elements are available for the definition of a contour: ●...
  • Page 348 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Additional functions The following additional functions are available for programming a contour: ● Tangent to preceding element You can program the transition to the preceding element as tangent. ● Selecting a dialog box If two different possible contours result from the parameters entered thus far, one of the options must be selected.
  • Page 349 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning In the opened input window, enter a name for the contour, e.g. contour_1. Press the "Accept" softkey. The input screen to enter the contour opens, in which you initially enter a starting point for the contour. This is marked in the lefthand navigation bar using the "+"...
  • Page 350 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Contour element "Straight line e.g. Z" Parameters Description Unit End point Z (abs or inc) α1 Starting angle to Z axis Degrees α2 Angle to the preceding element Degrees Transition to next Type of transition element Radius •...
  • Page 351 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Parameters Description Unit DIN thread Thread pitch mm/rev α Insertion angle Degrees Thread Length Z1 Length Z2 Radius R1 Radius R2 Insertion depth Chamfer Transition to following element - chamfer Grinding allowance Grinding allowance to right of contour •...
  • Page 352: Entering The Master Dimension

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Parameters Description Unit End point X ∅ (abs) or end point X (inc) Circle center point K (abs or inc) Circle center point I ∅ (abs or circle center point I (inc) α1 Starting angle to Z axis Degrees β1...
  • Page 353 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Fit calculator A fit calculator supports you when making entries. Procedure Position the cursor on the desired entry field. Press the <=> key. The calculator is displayed. Press the "Fit shaft" or "Fit hole" softkey. "F"...
  • Page 354: Changing The Contour

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning 8.3.6 Changing the contour Function You can change a previously created contour later. Individual contour elements can be ● added, ● changed, ● inserted or ● deleted. Procedure for changing a contour element Open the part program or ShopTurn program to be executed.
  • Page 355: Contour Call (cycle62) - Only For G Code Program

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning 8.3.7 Contour call (CYCLE62) - only for G code program Function The input creates a reference to the selected contour. There are four ways to call the contour: 1. Contour name The contour is in the calling main program. 2.
  • Page 356: Stock Removal (cycle952)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit Subprogram PRG: Subprogram Labels in the PRG: Subprogram • subprogram LAB1: Label 1 • LAB2: Label 2 • 8.3.8 Stock removal (CYCLE952) Function For stock removal, the cycle takes into account a blank that can comprise a cylinder, an allowance on the finished-part contour or any blank contour.
  • Page 357 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Alternating cutting depth Instead of working with constant cutting depth D, you can use an alternating cutting depth to vary the load on the tool edge, As a consequence you can increase the tool life. The percentage for the alternating cutting depth is saved in a machine data element.
  • Page 358 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning For single-channel systems, cycles do not extend the name for the programs to be generated. Note G code programs For G code programs, the programs to be generated, which do not include any path data, are saved in the directory in which the main program is located.
  • Page 359 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Name of the program to be Tool name generated Machining plane Cutting edge number Retraction plane – Feed (∇ or ∇∇∇) mm/rev (only for machining direction, longitudinal, inner) Safety clearance Finishing feedrate (only...
  • Page 360 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit Position front • back • internal • external • Maximum depth infeed - (only for ∇) Maximum depth infeed – (only for parallel to the contour, as an alternative to D) Always round on the contour.
  • Page 361 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit - (only for ∇ machining) - (only for blank description, cylinder and allowance) For blank description, cylinder • – Version, absolute: Cylinder dimension (abs) – Version incremental: Allowance (inc) to maximum values of the CYCLE62 finished part contour For blank description, allowance •...
  • Page 362: Stock Removal Rest (cycle952)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning 8.3.9 Stock removal rest (CYCLE952) Function Using the "Stock removal residual" function, you remove material that has remained for stock removal along the contour. During stock removal along the contour, the cycle automatically detects any residual material and generates an updated blank contour.
  • Page 363 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Name of the program to be generated Tool name Machining plane Cutting edge number Retraction plane Feedrate mm/rev Safety clearance S / V Spindle speed or constant cutting rate m/min Feedrate...
  • Page 364 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Parameters Description Unit Uniform cut segmentation Round cut segmentation at the edge only for align cut segmentation at the edge: Constant cutting depth alternating cutting depth Allowance Allowance for pre-finishing - (only for ∇∇∇) •...
  • Page 365: Plunge-cutting (cycle952)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning 8.3.10 Plunge-cutting (CYCLE952) Function The "Grooving" function is used to machine grooves of any shape. Before you program the groove, you must define the groove contour. If a groove is wider than the active tool, it is machined in several cuts. The tool is moved by a maximum of 80% of the tool width for each groove.
  • Page 366 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been created and you are in the editor. Press the "Contour turning" softkey. Press the "Grooving" softkey. The "Grooving" input window opens. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Name of the program to be...
  • Page 367 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit Machining ∇ (roughing) • ∇∇∇ (finishing) • ∇ + ∇∇∇ (roughing and finishing) • Machining Face • direction Longitudinal • Position front • back • internal • external • Maximum depth infeed - (only for ∇) 1.
  • Page 368: Plunge-cutting Rest (cycle952)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit Allowance Allowance for pre-finishing - (only for ∇∇∇) • U1 contour allowance • Compensation allowance in X and Z direction (inc) – (only for allowance) Positive value: Compensation allowance is kept •...
  • Page 369 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been created and you are in the editor. Press the "Contour turning" softkey. Press the "Grooving residual material" softkey. The "Grooving residual material" input window is opened. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Name of the program to be generated...
  • Page 370: Plunge-turning (cycle952)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning parameters Description Unit 2. Grooving limit tool (abs) – (only for face machining direction) UX or U Finishing allowance in X or finishing allowance in X and Z – (only for ∇) Finishing allowance in Z – (only for UX) For zero: Continuous cut - (only for ∇) Allowance Allowance for pre-finishing - (only for ∇∇∇)
  • Page 371 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Precondition For a G-code program, at least one CYCLE62 is required before CYCLE952. If CYCLE62 is only present once, then this involves the finished part contour. If CYCLE62 is present twice, then the first call is the unmachined part contour and the second call is the finished-part contour (also see Chapter "Programming").
  • Page 372 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Name of the program to be Tool name generated Machining plane Cutting edge number Retraction S / V Spindle speed plane – (only or constant m/min for longitudinal cutting rate machining...
  • Page 373 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit Finishing allowance in Z – (only for ∇) For zero: Continuous cut - (only for ∇) Blank description (only for ∇) Cylinder (described using XD, ZD) • Allowance (XD and ZD on the finished part contour) •...
  • Page 374: Plunge-turning Rest (cycle952)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Parameter Description Unit Number of grooves Distance between grooves * Unit of feedrate as programmed before the cycle call 8.3.13 Plunge-turning rest (CYCLE952) Function The "Plunge turning residual material" function is used when you want to machine the material that remained after plunge turning.
  • Page 375 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Name of the program to be generated Tool name Machining plane Cutting edge number Retraction plane – (only for Feedrate mm/rev longitudinal machining direction) Safety clearance S / V Spindle speed or constant cutting rate...
  • Page 376 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.3 Contour turning parameters Description Unit For zero: Continuous cut - (only for ∇) Compensation allowance in X and Z direction (inc) – (only for allowance) Positive value: Compensation allowance is kept • Negative value: Compensation allowance is removed in addition to finishing •...
  • Page 377: Milling

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Milling 8.4.1 Face milling (CYCLE61) Function You can face mill any workpiece with the "Face milling" cycle. A rectangular surface is always machined. The rectangle is obtained from corner points 1 and 2 - which for a ShopTurn program - are pre-assigned with the values of the blank part dimensions from the program header.
  • Page 378 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Machining type The cycle makes a distinction between roughing and finishing: ● Roughing: Milling the surface Tool turns above the workpiece edge ● Finishing: Milling the surface once Tool turns at safety distance in the X/Y plane Retraction of milling cutter Depth infeed always takes place outside the workpiece.
  • Page 379 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been created and you are in the editor. Press the "Milling" softkey. Press the "Face milling" softkey. The "Face Milling" input window opens. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane...
  • Page 380 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling parameters Description Unit (only for G code) The positions refer to the reference point: Corner point 1 in X Corner point 1 in Y Height of blank Corner point 2X (abs) or corner point 2X in relation to X0 (inc) Corner point 2Y (abs) or corner point 2Y in relation to Y0 (inc) Height of blank (abs) or height of blank in relation to Z0 (inc) (only ShopTurn)
  • Page 381: Rectangular Pocket (pocket3)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling 8.4.2 Rectangular pocket (POCKET3) Function You can use the "Mill rectangular pocket" cycle to mill any rectangular pockets on the face or peripheral surface. . The following machining variants are available: ● Mill rectangular pocket from solid material. ●...
  • Page 382 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Machining type ● Roughing Roughing involves machining the individual planes of the pocket one after the other from the center out, until depth Z1 or X1 is reached. ● Finishing During finishing, the edge is always machined first. The pocket edge is approached on the quadrant that joins the corner radius.
  • Page 383 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been created and you are in the editor. Press the "Milling" softkey. Press the "Pocket" and "Rectangular pocket" softkeys. The "Rectangular Pocket" input window opens. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane...
  • Page 384 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Position At the front (face) • At the rear (face) • Outside (peripheral surface) • (only for ShopTurn) Inside (peripheral surface) • Clamp/release spindle (only for end face Y/peripheral surface Y) The function must be set up by the machine manufacturer.
  • Page 385 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Peripheral surface Y: The positions refer to the reference point: Positioning angle for machining surface – (only for single position) Degrees Reference point Y – (only for single position) Reference point Z – (only for single position) Reference point X –...
  • Page 386 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Clamp/release spindle (only for end face C/peripheral surface C, if inserted vertically) The function must be set up by the machine manufacturer. (only for ShopTurn) Depth infeed rate – (for vertical insertion only) (only for G code) Depth infeed rate –...
  • Page 387: Circular Pocket (pocket4)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling 8.4.3 Circular pocket (POCKET4) Function You can use the "Circular pocket" cycle to mill circular pockets on the face or peripheral surface. The following machining variants are available: ● Mill circular pocket from solid material. ●...
  • Page 388 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Machining type: Plane by plane When milling circular pockets, you can select these methods for the following machining types: ● Roughing Roughing involves machining the individual planes of the circular pocket one after the other from the center out, until depth Z1 or X1 is reached.
  • Page 389 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Chamfering machining Chamfering involves edge breaking at the upper edge of the circular pocket. Figure 8-2 Geometries when chamfering inside contours Note The following error messages can occur when chamfering inside contours: • Safety clearance in the program header too large This error message appears when chamfering would, in principle, be possible with the parameters entered for FS and ZFS, but the safety clearance then could not be maintained.
  • Page 390 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane Tool name Milling direction Cutting edge number Retraction plane Feedrate mm/min mm/tooth Safety clearance S / V Spindle speed or constant cutting rate m/min Feedrate Parameter Description Unit...
  • Page 391 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit The positions refer to the reference point: Reference point X – (only for single position) Reference point Y – (only for single position) Reference point Z (only for G code) Face C: The positions refer to the reference point: X0 or L0 Reference point X or reference point length polar –...
  • Page 392 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Insertion Various insertion modes can be selected – (only for plane-by-plane machining method and for ∇, ∇∇∇ and ∇∇∇ edge): Predrilled (only for G code) • Vertical: Insert vertically at center of pocket •...
  • Page 393: Rectangular Spigot (cycle76)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling 8.4.4 Rectangular spigot (CYCLE76) Function You can mill various rectangular spigots with the "Rectangular spigot" cycle. You can select from the following shapes with or without a corner radius: In addition to the required rectangular spigot, you must also define a blank spigot, i.e. the outer limits of the material.
  • Page 394 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Machining type ● Roughing Roughing involves moving around the rectangular spigot until the programmed finishing allowance has been reached. ● Finishing If you have programmed a finishing allowance, the rectangular spigot is moved around until depth Z1 is reached.
  • Page 395 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Depth infeed rate (only for ∇ and ∇∇∇) (only for G code) Reference point The following different reference point positions can be selected: (center) • (bottom left) • (only for ShopTurn) (bottom right) •...
  • Page 396 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Face Y: The positions refer to the reference point: Positioning angle for machining area – (only single position) Degrees X0 or L0 Reference point X or reference point length polar – (only for single position) Y0 or C0 Reference point Y or reference point angle polar –...
  • Page 397: Circular Spigot (cycle77)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling 8.4.5 Circular spigot (CYCLE77) Function You can mill various circular spigots with the "Circular spigot" function. In addition to the required circular spigot, you must also define a blank spigot, i.e. the outer limits of the material. The tool moves at rapid traverse outside this area. The blank spigot must not overlap adjacent blank spigots and is automatically placed on the finished spigot in a centered position.
  • Page 398 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Machining type You can select the machining mode for milling the circular spigot as follows: ● Roughing Roughing involves moving round the circular spigot until the programmed finishing allowance has been reached. ● Finishing If you have programmed a finishing allowance, the circular spigot is moved around until depth Z1 is reached.
  • Page 399 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Depth infeed rate (only for G code) Machining Face C • surface Face Y • Peripheral surface C • (only for Peripheral surface Y • ShopTurn) Position At the front (face) •...
  • Page 400 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Face Y: The positions refer to the reference point: Positioning angle for machining area – (only single position) Degrees X0 or L0 Reference point X or reference point length polar – (only for single position) Y0 or C0 Reference point Y or reference point angle polar –...
  • Page 401: Multi-edge (cycle79)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling 8.4.6 Multi-edge (CYCLE79) Function You can mill a multi-edge with any number of edges with the "Multi-edge" cycle. You can select from the following shapes with or without a corner radius or chamfer: Clamping the spindle For ShopTurn, the "Clamp spindle"...
  • Page 402 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been created and you are in the editor. Press the "Milling" softkey. Press the "Multi-edge spigot" and "Multi-edge" softkeys. The "Multi-edge" input window opens. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane...
  • Page 403 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Machining ∇ (roughing) • ∇∇∇ (finishing) • ∇∇∇ edge (edge finishing) • Chamfering • Machining Single position • position A multiple edge is milled at the programmed position (X0, Y0, Z0). Position pattern •...
  • Page 404: Longitudinal Groove (slot1)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling 8.4.7 Longitudinal groove (SLOT1) Function You can use the "Longitudinal groove" function to mill any longitudinal groove. The following machining methods are available: ● Mill longitudinal slot from solid material. Depending on the dimensions of the longitudinal slot in the workpiece drawing, you can select a corresponding reference point for the longitudinal slot.
  • Page 405 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Approach/retraction 1. The tool approaches the center point of the slot at rapid traverse at the height of the retraction plane and adjusts to the safety distance. 2. The tool is inserted into the material according to the method selected. 3.
  • Page 406 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Note The following error messages can occur when chamfering inside contours: • Safety clearance in the program header too large This error message appears when chamfering would, in principle, be possible with the parameters entered for FS and ZFS, but the safety clearance then could not be maintained.
  • Page 407 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Reference point Position of the reference point: (lefthand edge) • (inside left) • (only for G code) (center) • (inside right) • (righthand edge) • Machining Face C • surface Face Y •...
  • Page 408 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Face Y: The positions refer to the reference point: Positioning angle for machining area – (only single position) Degrees X0 or L0 Reference point X or reference point length polar – (only for single position) Y0 or C0 Reference point Y or reference point angle polar - (only for single position) mm or...
  • Page 409 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Insertion The following insertion modes can be selected – (only for ∇, ∇∇∇ or ∇∇∇ edge): Predrilled (only for G code) • Approach reference point shifted by the amount of the safety clearance with G0. Vertical •...
  • Page 410: Circumferential Groove (slot2)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling 8.4.8 Circumferential groove (SLOT2) Function You can mill one or several circumferential slots of equal size on a full or pitch circle with the "circumferential slot" cycle. Tool size Please note that there is a minimum size for the milling cutter used to machine the circumferential slot: ●...
  • Page 411 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Machining type You can select the machining mode for milling the circumferential groove as follows: ● Roughing During roughing, the individual planes of the groove are machined one after the other from the center point of the semicircle at the end of the groove until depth Z1 is reached. ●...
  • Page 412 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been created and you are in the editor. Press the "Milling" softkey. Press the "Groove" and "Circumferential groove" softkeys. The "Circumferential Groove" input window opens. Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane...
  • Page 413 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Machining ∇ (roughing) • ∇∇∇ (finishing) • ∇∇∇ edge (edge finishing) • Chamfering • FZ (only for G Depth infeed rate code) Circular pattern Full circle • The circumferential slots are positioned around a full circle. The distance from one circumferential slot to the next circumferential slot is always the same and is calculated by the control.
  • Page 414 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Peripheral surface Y: The positions refer to the reference point: Positioning angle for machining surface – (only for single position) Degrees Reference point Y – (only for single position) Reference point Z – (only for single position) Reference point X –...
  • Page 415: Open Groove (cycle899)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling 8.4.9 Open groove (CYCLE899) Function Use the "Open slot" function if you want to machine open slots. For roughing, you can choose between the following machining strategies, depending on your workpiece and machine properties. ●...
  • Page 416 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Approach/retraction for vortex milling 1. The tool approaches the starting point in front of the slot in rapid traverse and maintains the safety clearance. 2. The tool goes to the cutting depth. 3. The open slot is always machined along its entire length using the selected machining method.
  • Page 417 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Supplementary conditions for vortex milling ● Roughing 1/2 slot width W – finishing allowance UXY ≤ milling cutter diameter ● Slot width minimum 1.15 x milling cutter diameter + finishing allowance maximum, 2 x milling cutter diameter + 2 x finishing allowance ●...
  • Page 418 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Supplementary conditions for plunge cutting ● Roughing 1/2 slot width W - finishing allowance UXY ≤ milling cutter diameter ● Maximum radial infeed The maximum infeed depends on the cutting edge width of the milling cutter. ●...
  • Page 419 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Machining type, finishing: When finishing walls, the milling cutter travels along the slot walls, whereby just like for roughing, it is again fed in the Z direction, increment by increment. During this process, the milling cutter travels through the safety clearance beyond the beginning and end of the slot, so that an even slot wall surface can be guaranteed across the entire length of the slot.
  • Page 420 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Note The following error messages can occur when chamfering inside contours: • Safety clearance in the program header too large This error message appears when chamfering would, in principle, be possible with the parameters entered for FS and ZFS, but the safety clearance then could not be maintained.
  • Page 421 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane Tool name Retraction plane Cutting edge number Safety clearance Feedrate mm/min mm/tooth Feedrate S / V Spindle speed or constant cutting rate m/min Parameter Description Unit Machining Face C...
  • Page 422 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Technology Vortex milling • The milling cutter performs circular motions along the length of the slot and back again. Plunge cutting • Sequential drilling motion along the tool axis. Milling direction: - (except plunge cutting). Climbing •...
  • Page 423 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Peripheral surface Y: The positions refer to the reference point: Positioning angle for machining surface – (only for single position) Degrees Reference point Y – (only for single position) Reference point Z – (only for single position) Reference point X –...
  • Page 424: Long Hole (longhole) - Only For G Code Program

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling 8.4.10 Long hole (LONGHOLE) - only for G code program Function In contrast to the groove, the width of the elongated hole is determined by the tool diameter. Internally in the cycle, an optimum traversing path of the tool is determined, ruling out unnecessary idle passes.
  • Page 425 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Machining plane Retraction plane (abs) Safety clearance (inc) Feedrate Machining type Plane-by-plane • The tool is inserted to infeed depth in the pocket center. Note: This setting can be used only if the cutter can cut across center. Oscillating •...
  • Page 426: Thread Milling (cycle70)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling 8.4.11 Thread milling (CYCLE70) Function Using a thread cutter, internal or external threads can be machined with the same pitch. Threads can be machined as right-hand or left-hand threads and from top to bottom or vice versa.
  • Page 427 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Please note that when milling an internal thread the tool must not exceed the following value: Milling cutter diameter < (nominal diameter - 2 · thread depth H1) Approach/retraction when milling external threads 1. Positioning on retraction plane with rapid traverse. 2.
  • Page 428 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Table 8- 1 Parameters, G code program Parameters, ShopTurn program Machining plane Tool name Milling direction Cutting edge number Retraction plane Feedrate mm/min mm/rev Safety clearance S / V Spindle speed or constant cutting rate m/min Feedrate mm/min...
  • Page 429 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Position of the thread: Internal thread • An internal thread is cut. External thread • An external thread is cut. Number of teeth per cutting edge Single or multiple toothed milling inserts can be used. The motions required are executed by the cycle internally, so that the tip of the bottom tooth on the milling tool cutting edge corresponds to the programmed end position when the thread end position is reached.
  • Page 430: Engraving (cycle60)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Pitch ... - (selection MODULUS In MODULUS: For example, generally used for worm gears that mesh with a gear • option only for Turns/" wheel. table selection Per inch: Used with pipe threads, for example. •...
  • Page 431 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Procedure The part program or ShopTurn program to be processed has been created and you are in the editor. Press the "Milling" softkey. Press the "Engraving" softkey. The "Engraving" input window opens. Entering the engraving text Press the "Special characters"...
  • Page 432 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling • Press the "Variable" and "Workpiece count 000123" softkeys to engrave a workpiece count with a fixed number of digits and leading zeroes. The format text <######,_$AC_ACTUAL_PARTS> is inserted and you return to the engraving field with the softkey bar. •...
  • Page 433 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling <#.#,_VAR_NUM> 12.4 Places before decimal point unformatted, 1 place after the decimal point (rounded) <#.##,_VAR_NUM> 12.35 Places before decimal point unformatted, 2 places after the decimal point (rounded) <#.####,_VAR_NUM> 12.3500 Places before decimal point unformatted, 4 places after the decimal point (rounded)
  • Page 434 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling If you do not want to output a count of 1 for the first workpiece, you can specify an additive value (e.g., <#,$AC_ACTUAL_PARTS + 100>). The workpiece count output is then incremented by this value (e. g. 101, 102, 103,...). ●...
  • Page 435 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Position At the front (face) • At the rear (face) • Outside (peripheral surface) • (only for ShopTurn) Inside (peripheral surface) • Clamp/release spindle (only for end face Y/peripheral surface Y) The function must be set up by the machine manufacturer.
  • Page 436 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.4 Milling Parameter Description Unit Face Y: The positions refer to the reference point: Positioning angle for machining area Degrees X0 or L0 Reference point X or reference point length polar Y0 or C0 Reference point Y or reference point angle polar mm or degrees Reference point Z...
  • Page 437: Contour Milling

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.5 Contour milling Contour milling 8.5.1 General information Function You can mill simple or complex contours with the "Contour milling" cycle. You can define open contours or closed contours (pockets, islands, spigots). A contour comprises separate contour elements, whereby at least two and up to 250 elements result in a defined contour.
  • Page 438 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.5 Contour milling Contour element Symbol Meaning Straight line right Straight line in 90° grid Straight line in any direction Straight line with any gradient Arc right Circle Arc left Circle Pole Straight diagonal or circle in polar coordinates Finish contour End of contour definition...
  • Page 439 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.5 Contour milling 8.5.3 Creating a new contour Function For each contour that you want to mill, you must create a new contour. The contours are stored at the end of the program. Note When programming in the G code, it must be ensured that the contours are located after the end of program identifier! The first step in creating a contour is to specify a starting point.
  • Page 440 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.5 Contour milling Cartesian starting point Enter the starting point for the contour. Enter any additional commands in G code format, as required. Press the "Accept" softkey. Enter the individual contour elements. Polar starting point Press the "Pole" softkey. Enter the pole position in Cartesian coordinates.
  • Page 441 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.5 Contour milling parameters Description Unit Starting point Distance to pole, end point (abs) ϕ1 Polar angle to the pole, end point (abs) Degrees Additional commands You can program feedrates and M commands, for example, using additional G code commands.
  • Page 442 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.5 Contour milling Cylinder surface transformation For contours (e.g. slots) on cylinders, lengths are frequently specified in the form of angles. If the "Cylinder surface transformation" function is activated, you can also define on a cylinder the length of contours (in the circumferential direction of the cylinder surface) using angles.
  • Page 443 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.5 Contour milling Procedure for entering or changing contour elements The part program or ShopTurn program to be executed is created. Select the file type (MPF or SPF), enter the desired name of the program and press the "OK" softkey or the "Input" key. This editor is opened.
  • Page 444 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.5 Contour milling Contour element "Straight line, e.g. X" Parameters Description Unit Machining Face C • surface Face Y • Face B • (only for ShopTurn) Peripheral surface C • Peripheral surface Y • End point X (abs or inc) α1 Starting angle e.g.
  • Page 445 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.5 Contour milling Contour element "Straight line e.g. XY" Parameters Description Unit Machining Face C • surface Face Y • Face B • (only for ShopTurn) Peripheral surface C • Peripheral surface Y • End point X (abs or inc) End point Y (abs or inc) Length α1...
  • Page 446 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.5 Contour milling Parameters Description Unit β1 End angle to Z axis Degrees β2 Opening angle Degrees Transition to next Type of transition element Radius • Chamfer • Radius Transition to following element - radius Chamfer Transition to following element - chamfer Additional commands Additional G code commands...
  • Page 447 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.5 Contour milling 8.5.5 Changing the contour Function You can change a previously created contour later. If you want to create a contour that is similar to an existing contour, you can copy the existing one, rename it and just alter selected contour elements. Individual contour elements can be ●...
  • Page 448 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.5 Contour milling 8.5.6 Contour call (CYCLE62) - only for G code program Function The input creates a reference to the selected contour. There are four ways to call the contour: 1. Contour name The contour is in the calling main program. 2.
  • Page 449: Path Milling (cycle72)

    Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.5 Contour milling Parameter Description Unit Subprogram PRG: Subprogram Labels in the PRG: Subprogram • subprogram LAB1: Label 1 • LAB2: Label 2 • 8.5.7 Path milling (CYCLE72) Function You can machine open or closed contours with the "Path milling" cycle. Before you can mill the contour, you must enter the contour.
  • Page 450 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.5 Contour milling 4. Path milling (finishing) If you programmed a finishing allowance for roughing, the contour is machined again. 5. Path milling (chamfering) If you have planned edge breaking, chamfer the workpiece with a special tool. Path milling on right or left of the contour A programmed contour can be machined with the cutter radius compensation to the right or left.
  • Page 451 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.5 Contour milling Machining type You can select the machining mode (roughing, finishing, or chamfer) for path milling. If you want to "rough" and then "finish", you have to call the machining cycle twice (Block 1 = roughing, Block 2 = finishing).
  • Page 452 Programming technology functions (cycles) 8.5 Contour milling Parameter Description Unit Machining Face C • surface Face Y • (only for Peripheral surface C • ShopTurn) Peripheral surface Y • Position At the front (face) • At the rear (face) • Outside (peripheral surface) •...
  • Page 453 Programming technology