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Siemens SINUMERIK 828D Manual

Milling with sinumerik mold-making with 3- to 5-axis simultaneous milling
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Manual
SINUMERIK
Milling with SINUMERIK
Mold making with 3- to 5-axis simultaneous milling
Edition
09/2018
www.siemens.com/sinumerik

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  Summary of Contents for Siemens SINUMERIK 828D

  • Page 1 Manual SINUMERIK Milling with SINUMERIK Mold making with 3- to 5-axis simultaneous milling Edition 09/2018 www.siemens.com/sinumerik...
  • Page 3 Important functions for 3- to 5-axis machining Manual Aerospace, structural parts Engine and turbine components Valid for: Control Complex free-form surfaces SINUMERIK 828D SINUMERIK 840D sl Difference between 3, 3+2 and 5 axes Edition 09.2018 Reference section Document Order No. 6FC5095-0AB10-0BP5...
  • Page 4 © Siemens AG 2009 - 2018. All rights reserved. subsequent editions. Suggestions for improvement are welcome. Technical data subject to change. Order no. 6FC5095-0AB10-0BP5 Siemens AG © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    2.7.1 Workpiece measuring in JOG ................46 2.7.2 Workpiece measuring functions in JOG ............46 2.7.3 Example for measuring a workpiece in JOG ..........47 2.7.4 Measure tool in JOG ..................48 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 6 3.5.6 Useful NC commands for active TRAORI ............ 101 High Speed Settings - CYCLE832 ................102 3.6.1 Parameters for CYCLE832 ................103 3.6.2 CYCLE832 and CUST_832 ................. 109 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 7 Example workpiece milled by 3 to 3+2 axes ............153 Example with 3 axes milled ..................155 Example with 3+1 axes milled .................156 Example with 3+2 axes milled .................157 Comparison of the three variants ................158 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 8 Overview of higher-order functions ................. 160 8.1.1 Motion commands ..................160 8.1.2 Dynamic response ..................162 8.1.3 5-axis functionality ..................164 Further information/documentation ................. 170 Index ........................172 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 9: Basic Information

    Basic information Content Page Introduction SINUMERIK MDynamics milling technology packages SINUMERIK Operate user interface Requirements for milling Linear axes, rotary axes and kinematics Surface quality, velocity, accuracy Additional software...
  • Page 10: Introduction

    Within this context, workflow is typically characterized by the CAD-CAM-CNC process chain. From the CAD system right through to the control, Siemens can offer an integrated solution for these requirements in the form of its SINUMERIK products.
  • Page 11: Sinumerik Mdynamics Milling Technology Packages

    ShopMill machining step programming... Additional options (excerpt): The 5-axis package additionally includes: Top Surface 5-axis machining package TRAORI DXF reader 3D tool radius compensation Measure kinematics CYCLE996/9960 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 12: Sinumerik Operate User Interface

    Using animated elements, the SINUMERIK CNC achieves a unique level of user friendliness for operating and programming - even for technological cycles. Cycle multi-edge in the programGUIDE Animated elements - Moving image sequence © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 13: Sinumerik Operate - Multitouch

    The selected functions can be activated directly via the function key block. These are, for example, undo changes or restore and activate the virtual keyboard or of the calculator © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 14 Standard widgets are for example, zeros, alarms, tool service life and program run time. Virtual keys (pages) Activate the ABC keyboard or of the machine control panel © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 15 In addition to SINUMERIK Operate, widgets, keyboards, a machine control panel and various applications are provided in the various areas. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 16: Requirements For Milling

    Free-form surfaces (mold-making) Turbine and engine components (impellers, blisks) Structural parts (aviation industry) SINUMERIK can provide optimum support for each of these areas. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 17: Linear Axes, Rotary Axes And Kinematics

    X, Y and Z are required along with two of the rotary axes A, B or C. It must be possible to control the axes simultaneously. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 18 These include, for example, Euler or RPY angles. Further information regarding this topic can be found in Section "Programming the tool orientation" on page 86. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 19: Kinematics Of 5-Axis Machining Centers

    Rotary/swiveling table nutated * *: If the axis of rotation is not perpendicular to a linear axis, then this is known as a "nutated" axis. Mixed kinematics © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 20: Surface Quality, Velocity, Accuracy

    Thus, the machining result is no longer a free- form surface, but a polyhedron. The small planes of the polyhedron can be visibly mapped on the surface. This can result in undesirable remachining. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 21 This involves inserting geometrical elements at the corners (block transitions). The tolerance of these geometrical elements can be adjusted (see also 3.6). © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 22: Additional Software

    Use as optimum programming station by adaptation to the real machine (e. g. by the machine manufacturer). Perfectly tailored packages for training and production planning. Operating, programming and simulating exactly as for the real SINUMERIK. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 23: Vnc Viewer - Remote Control On An External Pc

    The configuration is performed in SINUMERIK Operate. Further information can be found in the manuals with the keyword VNC or obtained from the machine manufacturer. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 24: Analyze Myworkpiece /Toolpath Additional Software

    The capability to measure points with micrometer accuracy makes it possible to evaluate whether errors are surface-relevant. This saves valuable machine time for the production of faulty parts because corrective work is reduced to a minimum. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 25: General Information On Workpiece Production

    General information on workpiece production Content Page Process chain for producing 3- to 5-axis workpieces CAM systems Program structure for milling Programs, data transfer and editor JOG mode, zeros, tools Fundamentals, measuring in JOG and AUTOMATIC Measuring workpiece/tool in JOG Measure workpiece/tool in AUTOMATIC - process measuring Checking and measuring machine/spindle...
  • Page 26: Process Chain For Producing 3- To 5-Axis Workpieces

    CYCLE832, if this is not already taken into account by the Quality postprocessor. These are tolerance, compressor, path control, smoothing, jerk and velocity. Manufacture of the workpiece on the machine. Machining © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 27: Cam Systems

    The machining strategies are gradually introduced in stages as part of this procedure and are supported by automatic residual material detection, for example. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 28: Tolerance And Accuracy

    (A B C) for optimum surface quality Direction vector 4 decimal places in linear axes and at least 7 decimal places for (A3 B3 C3) direction vectors © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 29: Program Structure For Milling

    G0 X0 Y0 Z10 A3=0 B3=0 C3=0 G1 Z0 F500 N5050 G1 X7.60978 Y3.55541 A3=0.34202 B3=0 C3=-0.9396 N5060 G0 Z50 A3=0.34202 B3=0 C3=0.93969 N6570 TRAFOOF N6580 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 30 3-axis milling, which are then followed by the blocks for 5-axis simultaneous milling. These are designated A3, B3, and C3. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 31 ; Deselect CYCLE832 N6020 ; End of subprogram CYCLE832 guidelines When CYCLE832 is used, the sequence of the NC commands in the program must be observed. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 32 Example, NC commands in the 5-axis program sequence CYCLE800() TRAFOOF T="CUTTER_10" S15061 M3 CYCLE800(0,"TABLE",100000,27,0,0,0,288.079,0,-10.196,0,0,0,-1,0,1) G00 X-13.532 Y-24.856 M03 TRAORI ORIWKS ORIAXES TOFFL=0 TOFFR=0 CYCLE800() CYCLE832(0.05,_TOP_SURFACE_SMOOTH_ON+_ORI_SEMIFIN,1) © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 33: Programs, Data Transfer And Editor

    CTRL+X, and CTRL+V. Possible storage locations for programs are: 1. NC 2. Local drive (CompactFlash card or hard drive) 3. USB drives 4. Network drives © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 34: External Storage Media - Data Transfer

    Processing of USB flash drive / CF card On the control, there is a USB port on the front, and on the SINUMERIK 828D, there is a USB port on the front and on the rear. The slot for a CompactFlash card on the SINUMERIK 828D is on the front.
  • Page 35: Ees - Execution From External Storage (Nc Extend)

    CALL "//LOCAL_DRIVE: /CAM_PRG/ROUGH_01.SPF" Subprogram call from the main program in the local drive (main and subprogram in the same folder) EXTCALL "ROUGH_01.SPF" CALL "ROUGH_01.SPF" EXTCALL "ROUGH_01.SPF" ROUGH_01.SPF © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 36: Graphic And File Formats In The Program Manager

    An existing DXF file can be read into the contour editor as contour (DXF reader option). Syntax documents TXT, PDF Pixel files BMP, PNG, GIF, JPG Vector graphic DXF © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 37: Program Editor - Useful Functions

    Determine machining times through simulation and display block-by-block/non-modally Subprogram calls, including path information, directly using the Various softkey Dual editor and syntax highlighting Subprogram call with transfer of the complete path © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 38: Jog Mode, Zeros, Tools

    G54..G57 All of the settable offsets, divided into coarse and fine offsets, are displayed along with rotations, scaling and mirroring. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 39: Tool Management

    Magazine-related data is displayed in the magazine. For example, you can disable locations or assign tools to locations. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 40: Manual Retraction - Return

    Select the WCS coordinate system at the machine control panel and traverse the tool corresponding to the return axis displayed in window Return tool (e.g. Z+). © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 41: Fundamentals, Measuring In Jog And Automatic

    During the measurement, the measuring points are manually approached and the current position is saved in the measuring function via a softkey. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 42: Measurement Logs In Jog

    After the measurement has been performed, the Measurement log softkey becomes active, and you can save the measured values. Measurement logs can be generated only when using switching probes or dynamometers. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 43 Log name with path Measuring variant Input values Compensation target Setpoints, measured values and differences Example of a log file for workpiece measurement using measuring variant 1 hole. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 44: Measurement Logs In Automatic

    Select the storage location (NC, USB...) and the name of the log file Parameterize the measuring functions and supplement optional user data with S_PROTTXT[.]. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 45 The standard logs can be saved as CSV or text file. You can use CYCLE150, also without measuring functions, for example, to display texts for the operator on the complete screen. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 46: Measuring Workpiece/Tool In Jog

    After selecting a measuring function, you can select additional measuring functions via a selection list (see figure on the right). © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 47: Example For Measuring A Workpiece In Jog

    Once all measuring points have been approached, press Set zero offset The corner point now corresponds to the setpoint position. The calculated offset is stored in the zero offset. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 48: Measure Tool In Jog

    (TTP). If the CAM system specifies a different reference point, then this difference must be taken into account when specifying the tool length. You can perform this, for example, via the TOFFL command in the NC program. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 49 (TOFFL/TOFF) or the effective radius (TOFFR) in the NC program without changing the tool compensations. Additional information on this topic is provided in the Programming Manuals. Tool length offset: TOFFL=<value> Tool radius offset: TOFFR=<value> © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 50: Example: Measure Tool In Jog

    Click NC Start to initiate the measuring process; the tool compensations for radius and length 1 will be entered in the active tool compensation data. Measuring function: Measure tool in JOG © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 51 General information on workpiece production Measure diameter/radius Measure length Measurement log © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 52: Measure Workpiece/Tool In Automatic - Process Measuring

    You can select the measuring cycles within the NC program using the Measure mill > Measure workpiece softkeys. Calibrate probe Edge, measure Measure corner Measure hole Measure spigot Measure plane, angle deviation kinematics © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 53: Example For Measuring A Workpiece In Automatic

    Enter the setpoints of the right-angled pocket and parameterize additional cycle parameters After the measurement, the measured values are compensated in the active zero offset frame. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 54: Tool Measuring In Automatic - Process Measuring

    Select the length as measured value . Each tooth can be individually measured to check for tool breakage. Assign parameters to the measuring process © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 55 If the measured value of the longest cutting edge is within the tolerance range, this is entered in the tool management. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 56: Checking And Measuring Machine/Spindle

    XY is calculated from the results of the two center points in XY and the distance between the two measurements in Z (for G17). © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 57: Checking/Measuring The Machine With The Kinematics Measuring Cycle Cycle996

    CYCLE996 must be called three times for each rotary axis using different rotary axis positions. The kinematics calculation is performed in full once all the rotary axes have been measured. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 58 Please take care when modifying the swivel data. This affects the kinematics directly and if an error is made with regard to the compensation value, this can result in damage to the machine during operation. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 59: Cycle9960 Measure Kinematics Completely

    Measure and adapt the reference, e.g. for kinematics with changeable heads. Measure and correct interpolation points, e.g. for compensation of the TCP via VCS Rotary. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 60: Workpiece Visualization

    → 3D view → Side views → Zoom, magnify, turn, cut → Override, single block → Display tool paths 5-axis simultaneous simulation 3-axis workpiece simulation © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 61: Quick Viewer For Mold-Making

    Using the cursor keys, move the displayed cross-hairs to the appropriate position in the graphic. Press the "Select NC block" softkey. The erroneous NC block is highlighted in the editor. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 62 (surface, mesh), for example. Press the >> softkey and then Vectors or Surface or curvature. The appropriate view is displayed. Vectors Surface (mesh) © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 63: Simultaneous Recording

    → Top view → 3D view → Side views → Zoom, magnify, turn, cut → Displaying the tool © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 64: Executing Programs (Automatic)

    All relevant G code functions for mold-making (Advanced Surface) can be displayed via the expanded softkey bar with the All G functions softkey. The G functions are color coded, e.g. CTOL, OTOL for the tolerances. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 65: Program Running Time

    When a program is executed for the first time, its progress is estimated based on the program size and the actual program offset; this means it can differ from the actual running time. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 66: Handwheel Override

    In AUTOMATIC mode, press the Program control softkey and activate DRF handwheel offset Displaying override Open the expanded softkey bar >> and then the Overrides softkey © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 67: Block Search

    NC program, e.g. specific line number, mark or text. Start search performs the search; CYCLE START executes the program at the search location. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 68: Collision Avoidance

    When two protection areas approach one another and a specific safety clearance is reached, an alarm is displayed and the program is stopped before the corresponding traversing block and/or the traversing motion is stopped. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 69 Machine, tool and workpiece are components. machine covers. protected dynamically. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 70 2.12 General information on workpiece production © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 71: Important Functions For 3- To 5-Axis Machining

    Important functions for 3- to 5-axis machining Content Page Introduction Explanation of the terms: swivel, frames and TRAORI Transforming coordinate systems - Frames Swivel - CYCLE800 TRAORI 5-axis transformation High Speed Settings - CYCLE832 Advanced Surface and Top Surface Milling radius compensation 2D/3D-WRK Volumetric Compensation System (VCS) 3.10 VNCK - virtual machine...
  • Page 72: Introduction

    An overview of all higher-order SINUMERIK functions is provided in the following sections. (Design) (NC Programming) (NC Programming) (Machining) Geometry NC program Workpiece Tool path APT source © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 73: Explanation Of The Terms: Swivel, Frames And Traori

    B and the tool is positioned in relation to the XY plane . Machining then takes place in this plane. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 74: Transforming Coordinate Systems - Frames

    Using frames it is possible to machine surfaces that can be shifted and rotated in space as required. All subsequent traversing commands now relate to the new workpiece coordinate system shifted using frames. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 75: Swivel - Cycle800

    Machine kinematics Swivel head Swivel table Swivel head + swivel table (type T) (type P) (type M) Swiveling tool carrier Swiveling workpiece holder Mixed kinematics © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 76 Enter the angle through which the axis should swivel. In the axis-by-axis mode, you can enter the angle for each axis Shift the zero point on the swiveled plane © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 77 N190 ;Face milling of workpiece in basic position N200 CYCLE61(10,1,5,0,0,0,100,100,1,20,0,2000,32,0,1,0) N210 ;Swiveling into the plane_1 X=-15 DEGREES N220 CYCLE800(4,"TABLE",200000,57,0,0,50,-15,0,0,0,0,0,1,,1) N230 ;Face milling of workpiece in Plane_1 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 78 N410 MCALL CYCLE82(10,0,5,-3,,1,0,1,12) N420 G0 X0 Y0 M8 N430 X0 Y60 N440 MCALL N450 ; Calculate swiveling Plane_1 with new center point X1, Y1 X=-15 degrees © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 79 N580 MCALL CYCLE83(10,0,2,-20,,-5,,054,0,100,0,0,4,1,0,0,0,1,11121112) N590 G0 X0 Y0 N600 X0 Y60 N610 MCALL N615 ; Calculate swiveling Plane_1 with new center point X1, Y1 X=-15 degrees © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 80 N670 X0 Y60 N680 MCALL N690 ; Swivel the plane to the basic position N700 CYCLE800(2,"TABLE",200000,57,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,,1) N710 ; Deselection CYCLE800 N720 CYCLE800() N730 M30; end of program © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 81: Traori 5-Axis Transformation

    If we look at the movements more exactly, we can see that in both cases the movement of the tool tip on the workpiece and the tool orientation relative to the surface are identical. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 82 Generally, the movement shown in is desirable, in which compensatory movements of the linear axes ensure that the tool tip is fixed in space during rotary axis movements. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 83 In this case, the machine axis movement follows the curved path. The Z axis also moves to hold the tool tip in a straight line. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 84 (MCS). The SINUMERIK is equipped with the TRAORI function to enable this kind of transformation. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 85: The Traori Command

    (e.g. G54) and the tool edge compensation (D1). Therefore it is recommended that the zero offset and the tool edge compensation be activated again after TRAORI is called up. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 86: Programming The Tool Orientation

    The solution there was that TRAORI enables the position of the tool tip to be programmed independently of the machine kinematics. In the same way, kinematic-independent options have been introduced for the tool orientation programming. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 87 As far as 5-axis programs are concerned, practical experience has shown that good results can be achieved by using 5 decimal places for linear axes and 6 decimal places for the direction vector. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 88 N040 G0 X0 Y0 Z0 N050 C2=0 B2=0 A2=0 F10000 With A2=30°: N060 C2=90 B2=45 A2=30 rotated around N070 ... X axis that is rotated © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 89 TILT Tilt angle for programming tool orientation. The TILT angle defines the rotation of the lead angle around the surface normal vector © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 90 The following program sequence corresponds approximately to that shown in the graphic. N10 TRAORI N20 G1 X=0 Y0 A3=0 B3=0 C3=1 N30 ORIPATH N40 X10 LEAD=30 TILT=10 C5=1 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 91 The start vector at the start of the block is programmed with A4, B4, C4. The vector at the end of the block is programmed with A5, B5, C5. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 92: Orientation Interpolation And Orientation Reference

    (X2, Y2, Z2). This can be performed by moving the vector in a plane, on a conical surface or an otherwise curved surface. These are shown in the following graphics. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 93 These two curves clearly describe the surface on which the tool moves. This fact is used for the 3D spline interpolation ORICURVE by displaying the orange and the green lines through spline curves. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 94 In the same way with ORIAXES, the difference of the rotary axis positions C2-C1 and A2 - A1 is divided into 9 equidistant increments C and A. This means that the curve of the rotary axis positions linearly follows the path motion. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 95 ORIWKS The reference system for the orientation vector is the workpiece (recommended) coordinate system. Machine data is used to determine precisely what happens. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 96 Vector interpolation ORIVECT Interpolation of the orientation vector in a plane (large circle interpolation) ORIPLANE Interpolation in a plane (large circle interpolation), identical to ORIVECT © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 97 Interpolation on a peripheral surface of a cone with tangential transition. Programming: Circle end position: CT X.. Y.. Z.. End orientation vector: A3= B3= C3= or A2= B2= C2= © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 98 PO[ZH] = (ze, z2, z3, z4, z5) If the BSPLINE or POLY additional information is omitted, straightforward linear interpolation will be performed accordingly between the start and the end orientation. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 99 Tool orientation in relation to the path. This is used with the commands LEAD and TILT and the specification of the surface normals with A4, B4, C4 and A5, B5, © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 100: Example Application Involving Traori And Frames

    RESET at the machine control panel, you have the possibility to retract the tool in the tool direction without damaging the tool or the workpiece. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 101: Useful Nc Commands For Active Traori

    STAT is programmed for ORIWKS and ORIAXES STAT=-1; (axis remains at - position. Only for ORIAXES) STAT=1; (axis remains at + position. Only for ORIAXES) © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 102: High Speed Settings - Cycle832

    The result is a uniformly perfect surface, which is essentially independent of the quality of the CAD/CAM data. Surface quality Roughing Semi-finishing Accuracy Velocity Finishing Advanced Surface Top Surface © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 103: Parameters For Cycle832

    Velocity, Surface quality or Accuracy direction. Using the Default values softkey preassigns the cycle parameters, depending on the selected machining. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 104 Semi-finishing (_ORI_SEMIFIN) Roughing (_ORI_ROUGH) Tolerance_tol. Chord tolerance, contour tolerance, axis Tolerance of the linear axes tolerance (Chord tolerance must be imported from the CAM system 1:1) © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 105 CAM program - to individual program sections or free-form surfaces. Program CYCLE832 after the tool change. After calling CYCLE832, only the geometry data should still be programmed. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 106 N160 ORISON ; Activation of the orientation smoothing N170 EXTCALL "CAM_FINISH_1" ; call subprogram CAM_FINISH_1 N180 CYCLE832(0,_OFF,1) ; Deselection CYCLE832 N200 ; End of program © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 107 ; Deselection CYCLE832 N200 ; End of program Before the functions listed here can be used, the machine manufacturer must have optimized the CNC machine correctly. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 108 When using the ORI tolerance in the CYCLE832, depending on the configuration of CUST_832, after calling CYCLE832, the activation of orientation smoothing must be programmed with ORISON. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 109: Cycle832 And Cust_832

    In the following sections, you will find the relevant machine functions such as Compressor and Look Ahead, which are only explained briefly here, because they are automatically called up with optimal values by CYCLE832 or CUST_832. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 110: Advanced Surface And Top Surface

    It also compresses rapid traverse movements G0 using smoothing. The velocity remains at a constant high level during the entire machining process (red areas). © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 111 The check program and the associated documentation can be downloaded from the Industry Online Support Portal. >> https://support.industry.siemens.com/cs/ww/en/view/109738423 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 112: Compressor (Compcad, Compsurf)

    The constant curvature results in a steady velocity and acceleration characteristic, meaning that the machine can run at higher velocities, thereby increasing productivity. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 113: Continuous-Path Mode, Look Ahead - G64, G645

    These two functions mean that the contour is created with a uniform path velocity profile. This results in improved cutting conditions, increases the surface quality and reduces the machining time. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 114 We recommend G645 for free-form surface applications. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 115: Feedforward Control And Jerk Limitation - Ffwon, Soft

    As a result of the jerk-free acceleration characteristic, SOFT permits a higher path accuracy and less stress on the machine. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 116: Smoothing Tolerance Ctol, Otol, Atol

    Both types of path interpolation are needed for different applications and can be changed over via G codes SPATH and UPATH. UPATH is recommended for programming with active 5-axis transformation (TRAORI) and is preset in the manufacturer cycle CUST_832. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 117: Smoothing The Orientation Characteristic (Orison, Orisof)

    ORISOF smoothing off ORISON smoothing on ORISON is deactivated automatically when using Top Surface (COMPSURF). Therefore, after CYCLE832 with Top Surface do not program ORISON. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 118: Technology G Groups

    G groups. Using the commands of technology G group 59, the value of channel and axis-specific machine data is activated using the corresponding array index. These are, for example, jerk and acceleration values. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 119: Pre-Processing Memory Control Fifoctrl

    CUST_832. It is deselected with STARTFIFO. You can open the fill level of the interpolation buffer as follows: In the Diagnostics menu > select the System utilization softkey. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 120: Milling Radius Compensation 2D/3D-Wrk

    Because in practice, suitable standard tools are often not available, a tool that does not deviate too much from a standard tool (up to 10%) can be used. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 121: Cut3Dc/Cut3Dcd Circumferential Milling

    G41 G01 X145.983 Y99.000 Z-20.876 A3=0.5 B3=0 C3=1 Round axis values CUT3DCD G41 G01 X145.983 Y99.000 Z-20.876 B-26.56 C0 The CUT3DCD 3D radius compensation is restricted to cylindrical tools. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 122: Cut3Df/Cut3Dfd Face Milling

    For traversing motions in the orientation direction of the tool, alarm 10769 is triggered and machining stopped. As workaround, a G40 and then a G41/G42 can be programmed again for the machining. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 123 CUT3DFD G41 G01 X145.983 Y99.000 Z-20.876 B-26.56 C0 A5=0.643 B5=0 C5=0.357 The CUT3DFD 3D radius compensation acts for all tool types for machining free-form surfaces. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 124 N23 G1 X-7.9904 Z-17.6075 A5=-0.9987955 B5=0.0000000 C5=0.0490677 ..N38 G01 G40 X-20.168 Y7.651 Z23.355 N39 G01 X-17.453 Y8.537 Z39.237 N40 G00 X-14.929 Y9.361 Z54.001 N41 CYCLE832(0,_OFF,1) N42 TRAFOOF N43 M30 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 125 A5=+1. B5=-.000002005 C5=+.000000722 ..N38 G01 G40 X-20.168 Y7.651 Z23.355 N39 G01 X-17.453 Y8.537 Z39.237 N40 G00 X-14.929 Y9.361 Z54.001 N41 CYCLE832(0,_OFF,1) N42 TRAFOOF N43 M30 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 126: Circumferential Milling With Limiting Surfaces (Cut3Dcc/Cut3Dccd)

    As with face milling, the normal vector of the limiting surface must be programmed via A4, B4, C4 or A5, B5, C5. If no normal vector is programmed, the Z direction of the current coordinate system is assumed for the CUT3DF. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 127: Overview Of The Tool Types For The 3D Compensations

    (FH) are specified using the command ISD. ORID No changes in orientation in inserted circular blocks at external corners. Orientation motion is performed in the linear blocks. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 128 3D circumferential milling with limiting surface (combined circumferential/face milling) CUT3DCC CNC program relates to the contour on the machining surface. CUT3DCCD The CNC program relates to the tool center point path. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 129: Programming Example For Circumferential Milling

    G1 A3=0 B3=1.7632698 C3=10 N122 G1 X0 N123 G40 X-20 Y-20 A3=0 B3=0 C3=1; deactivate tool radius compensation and retract N124 G0 Z100 N125 TRAFOOF N126 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 130: Volumetric Compensation System (Vcs)

    VCS automatically compensates the detected errors in conjunction with TRAORI. As regards the VCS commissioning process and machine calibration, please contact your machine manufacturer. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 131: Vnck - Virtual Machine

    Shorter setup times. Can be used for training and instruction. New machines can be programmed without any risk. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 132 3.10 Important functions for 3- to 5-axis machining © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 133: Aerospace, Structural Parts

    Aerospace, structural parts Content Page Special functions for structural parts Programming example for the pocket on a structural part...
  • Page 134: Special Functions For Structural Parts

    NC program. Integrated process chain from generation in CAD through to execution on the CNC. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 135: Programming Example For The Pocket On A Structural Part

    ISD is 25.9807 (length of pocket wall). The radii will need to be adjusted. The adjustment can be calculated using Pythagoras' theorem. 5 ( ) 25 9807 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 136 N140 G3 X-10 Y-40 A2=R10 B2=0 C2=0 CR=20 GROOVE=R10*2 N141 ORIVECT N142 G1 X0 N143 G40 X0 Y0 Z=IC(1) A2=0 B2=0 C2=0 N144 G0 Z100 N145 TRAFOOF N146 G0 A0 C0 N147 M30 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 137 5-axis milling on walls and other profiles. The tool paths may involve following pocket floors, the edges of walls or offsets. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 138 Aerospace, structural parts © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 139: Engine And Turbine Components

    Engine and turbine components Content Page Special functions for engine and turbine components Example: Turbine blade...
  • Page 140: Special Functions For Engine And Turbine Components

    Spline interpolation for hobbing (face/circumferential milling) impeller blades. TRAORI, for 5-axis transformation that is independent of the kinematics. Integrated process chain from generation in CAD through to execution on the CNC. Impeller © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 141: Example: Turbine Blade

    Face finishing in the form of helical finishing to be performed in accordance with axis selection. The tool is positioned at a lead angle. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 142 N150 ORIWKS ORIAXES N155 CYCLE832(0.05,3,1) ; High Speed Settings (DYNROUGH) N160 EXTCALL "ROUGHING_1" N165 CYCLE832() ; High Speed Settings deselection N170. TRAFOOF ; Transformation Off © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 143 SUPA G0 X0.0 Y0.0 A0.0 C0.0 D1 ; Max. return in XY (MCS) N6605 ; and move rotary axes to basic position N6610 ; End of subprogram © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 144 Engine and turbine components © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 145: Complex Free-Form Surfaces

    Complex free-form surfaces Content Page Special functions for free-form surfaces Example: Milling a manta ray...
  • Page 146: Special Functions For Free-Form Surfaces

    Particularly applicable when making compression molds and templates in an automotive engineering context. Integrated process chain from generation in CAD through to execution on the CNC. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 147: Example: Milling A Manta Ray

    Strategies for 5-axis residual material machin- 5-axis residual material ing were used to finish the residual material, machining e.g. undercutting without taking off the tool. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 148 ; Program stop N280 N360 _FINISH_05: N370 EXTCALL "FINISH_05" ; Subprogram call for the last finishing program N380 STOPRE N390 N400 ; End of program © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 149 ; Swivel to original position N4600 CYCLE832(0.02,0,1) ; Set CYCLE832 to default values N4610 CYCLE800() ; Resetting of the swiveled planes N4620 ; End of subprogram © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 150 Complex free-form surfaces © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 151: Difference Between 3, 3+2 And 5 Axes

    Difference between 3, 3+2 and 5 axes Content Page 5-axis simultaneous or 3+2-axes Example workpiece milled by 3 to 3+2 axes Example with 3 axes milled Example with 3+1 axes milled Example with 3+2 axes milled Comparison of the three variants...
  • Page 152: 5-Axis Simultaneous Or 3+2-Axes

    More uniform surfaces - no transitions compensatory movements of the kinematics No special tools necessary Tolerances of the kinematics can add up because more axes are being used © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 153: Example Workpiece Milled By 3 To 3+2 Axes

    The distance between the individual milling paths in the finishing programs has been set to be relatively large so that the uniformity of the individual paths can be evaluated more accurately and errors can be seen. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 154 TRAORI is active. If a basic position is not programmed for an axis, a defined position from the associated machine data $MC_TRAFO5_ROT_AX_OFFSET_1/2 is used. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 155: Example With 3 Axes Milled

    These are caused by the milling cutter not being able to cut freely and the material being pressed out. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 156: Example With 3+1 Axes Milled

    ; Deselect High Speed Settings N4610 CYCLE800(4,"TABLE",110000,39,0,0,0, ; Swivel to basic position 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,1) N4620 CYCLE800() ; Deselect swivel N4630 M5 N4640 M30 ; End of program © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 157: Example With 3+2 Axes Milled

    ; Deselect High Speed Settings N4610 CYCLE800(4,"TABLE",110000,39,0,0,0, ; Swivel to basic position 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,1) N4620 CYCLE800(4,"0",220000,39,0,0,0,0,0,0, ; Deselect swivel 0,0,0,0,,1) N4630 M5 N4640 M30 ; End of program © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 158: Comparison Of The Three Variants

    Due to the positioning, the blade of the ball mill can now cut freely. However, even greater distortion of the milling paths is visible due to the positioning. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 159: Reference Section

    Reference section Content Page Overview of higher-order functions Further information/documentation Index...
  • Page 160: Overview Of Higher-Order Functions

    Activation of cubic interpolating spline ASPLINE Activation of Akima spline Start and end condition BNAT/ENAT zero curvature BTAN/ETAN tangential transition BAUTO/EAUTO C3-constant at first and last spline segment transition © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 161 A: A = f(s), where s denotes the arc length for the path motion. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 162: Dynamic Response

    As a result, limiting acceleration changes can be programmed, enabling uniform workpiece surfaces to be produced. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 163 Example: FGROUP(X, Y), then the following applies: Jerk SOFT Jerk limitation BRISK Acceleration limitation Feedforward control FFWON Feedforward control on FWOF Feedforward control off © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 164: 5-Axis Functionality

    Notice: Response of ORIMKS can be set via machine data. ORIWKS The reference system for the orientation vector is the workpiece coordinate system. Notice: Response of ORIWKS can be set via machine data. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 165 Interpolation on a peripheral surface of a cone with an intermediate orientation specified via A7=… B7=... C7=..Also required: A3=... B3=... C3=... or XH=..., YH=..., ZH=... End orientation © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 166 The aim is to achieve a smooth characteristic for both the orientation and the contour. ORISOF Smoothing of the orientation characteristic OFF. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 167 CUT3DFD 3D TRC for face milling with orientation change referred to a differential tool (only with active 5-axis transformation) CUT3DF 5-axis with variable tool orientation © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 168 Tool frame, coordinate system with X axis in tool direction, zero is the tool tip TOFRAMEY Tool frame, coordinate system with Y axis in tool direction, zero is the tool tip © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 169 TOFRAME. The zero remains unchanged. TOROTZ Tool frame, coordinate system with Z axis in tool direction, only contains the rotation component from TOFRAME. The zero remains unchanged. © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 170: Further Information/Documentation

    The SINUMERIK user forum is a platform that allows you to discuss technical issues with other SINUMERIK users. The forum is moderated by experienced Siemens technicians and users. https://en.industryarena.com/siemens SinuTrain Learn more about the control-identical NC programming station. https://www.siemens.com/sinutrain © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 171 Reference section © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 172: Index

    CUT2D 127 CUT2DF 127 CUT3DC 120 CUT3DC example 129 Call examples 35 CUT3DCC 126 EES (Execution from External Storage) CUT3DCCD 128 CUT3DCD 121 EXTCALL 30 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 173 Mold-making view 61 ISD 127 Motion commands 160 Multitouch 13 JOG 50 Measure tool 50 Nutated axis 12 JOG mode 46 Jerk 163 Jerk limitation 115 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 174 Direction vector 87 Rotary axis positions 18 LEAD/TILT 89 Running time 65 ORIEULER/ORIRPY 88 Rotary axis positions 86 Surface normal vector 89 Tool radius compensation 167 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 175 Vector interpolation (ORIVECT/ORIPLANE) 96 Velocity 20 Velocity programming 162 Volumetric Compensation System 130 WCS 38 Workpiece Setting up 46 Workpiece visualization 60 Zero offsets 38 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 176 © Siemens AG All rights reserved SINUMERIK, Manual, Mold-Making with 3- to 5-Axis Simultaneous Milling...
  • Page 178 Further information For further information on SINUMERIK, visit www.siemens.com/sinumerik Support and technical documentation https://support.industry.siemens.com Local partners worldwide www.siemens.com/automation-contact Online catalogue and mall www.siemens.com/automation/mall Siemens AG Digital Factory Motion Control Postfach 3180 91050 ERLANGEN Germany...

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