Lenovo Flex System Fabric CN4093 Manuals

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Lenovo Flex System Fabric CN4093 Application Manual

Lenovo Flex System Fabric CN4093 Application Manual (598 pages)

10Gb Converged Scalable Switch  
Brand: Lenovo | Category: Switch | Size: 7.73 MB
Table of contents
Table Of Contents3................................................................................................................................................................
Preface21................................................................................................................................................................
Additional References25................................................................................................................................................................
Typographic Conventions26................................................................................................................................................................
Part 1:. Getting Started27................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 1. Switch Administration29................................................................................................................................................................
Industry Standard Command Line Interface30................................................................................................................................................................
Establishing A Connection31................................................................................................................................................................
Using Telnet32................................................................................................................................................................
Using Ssh With Password Authentication33................................................................................................................................................................
Using A Web Browser34................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Https Access To The Bbi35................................................................................................................................................................
Bbi Summary36................................................................................................................................................................
Using Simple Network Management Protocol37................................................................................................................................................................
Bootp/dhcp Client Ip Address Services38................................................................................................................................................................
Syslog Server39................................................................................................................................................................
Switch Login Levels40................................................................................................................................................................
Secure Ftp42................................................................................................................................................................
Boot Strict Mode43................................................................................................................................................................
Acceptable Cipher Suites46................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Strict Mode47................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring No-prompt Mode48................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 2. Initial Setup49................................................................................................................................................................
Default Setup Options50................................................................................................................................................................
Setup Part 1: Basic System Configuration51................................................................................................................................................................
Setup Part 2: Port Configuration53................................................................................................................................................................
Setup Part 3: Vlans55................................................................................................................................................................
Setup Part 4: Ip Configuration56................................................................................................................................................................
Default Gateways57................................................................................................................................................................
Ip Routing58................................................................................................................................................................
Setup Part 5: Final Steps59................................................................................................................................................................
Optional Setup For Telnet Support60................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 3. Switch Software Management61................................................................................................................................................................
Loading New Software To Your Switch62................................................................................................................................................................
Loading Software Via Bbi63................................................................................................................................................................
The Boot Management Menu64................................................................................................................................................................
Boot Recovery Mode65................................................................................................................................................................
Recover From A Failed Image Upgrade Using Tftp66................................................................................................................................................................
Recovering From A Failed Image Upgrade Using Xmodem Download68................................................................................................................................................................
Physical Presence70................................................................................................................................................................
Part 2:. Securing The Switch71................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 4. Securing Administration73................................................................................................................................................................
Secure Shell And Secure Copy74................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ssh/scp Features On The Switch75................................................................................................................................................................
To Copy The Switch Configuration File To The Scp Host76................................................................................................................................................................
To Copy The Switch Image And Boot Files To The Scp Host77................................................................................................................................................................
Ssh And Scp Encryption Of Management Messages78................................................................................................................................................................
End User Access Control79................................................................................................................................................................
User Access Control Menu80................................................................................................................................................................
Re-enabling Locked Accounts81................................................................................................................................................................
Protected Mode82................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 5. Authentication & Authorization Protocols83................................................................................................................................................................
Radius Authentication And Authorization84................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Radius On The Switch85................................................................................................................................................................
Switch User Accounts86................................................................................................................................................................
Radius Attributes For Lenovo N/os User Privileges87................................................................................................................................................................
Tacacs+ Authentication88................................................................................................................................................................
Tacacs+ Authentication Features In Lenovo N/os89................................................................................................................................................................
Accounting90................................................................................................................................................................
Command Authorization And Logging91................................................................................................................................................................
Tacacs+ Password Change92................................................................................................................................................................
Ldap Authentication And Authorization93................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ldap Authentication On The Switch94................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 6. 802.1x Port-based Network Access Control95................................................................................................................................................................
Extensible Authentication Protocol Over Lan96................................................................................................................................................................
Eapol Authentication Process97................................................................................................................................................................
Eapol Message Exchange98................................................................................................................................................................
Guest Vlan99................................................................................................................................................................
Supported Radius Attributes100................................................................................................................................................................
Eapol Configuration Guidelines102................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 7. Access Control Lists103................................................................................................................................................................
Summary Of Packet Classifiers104................................................................................................................................................................
Summary Of Acl Actions106................................................................................................................................................................
Acl Groups107................................................................................................................................................................
Acl Metering And Re-marking108................................................................................................................................................................
Acl Port Mirroring109................................................................................................................................................................
Acl Configuration Examples110................................................................................................................................................................
Acl Example 3111................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Maps112................................................................................................................................................................
Vmap Example113................................................................................................................................................................
Management Acls114................................................................................................................................................................
Part 3:. Switch Basics115................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 8. Vlans117................................................................................................................................................................
Vlans Overview118................................................................................................................................................................
Vlans And Port Vlan Id Numbers119................................................................................................................................................................
Pvid/native Vlan Numbers120................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Tagging/trunk Mode122................................................................................................................................................................
Ingress Vlan Tagging126................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Topologies And Design Considerations127................................................................................................................................................................
Example: Multiple Vlans With Tagging Adapters128................................................................................................................................................................
Protocol-based Vlans130................................................................................................................................................................
Pvlan Priority Levels131................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Pvlan132................................................................................................................................................................
Private Vlans133................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration Guidelines134................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 9. Ports And Link Aggregation (lag)137................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Port Modes138................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Qsfp+ Ports140................................................................................................................................................................
Aggregation Overview141................................................................................................................................................................
Static Lags142................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Static Lag143................................................................................................................................................................
Configurable Lag Hash Algorithm145................................................................................................................................................................
Link Aggregation Control Protocol147................................................................................................................................................................
Lacp Modes148................................................................................................................................................................
Lacp Individual149................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Lacp150................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 10. Spanning Tree Protocols151................................................................................................................................................................
Spanning Tree Protocol Modes152................................................................................................................................................................
Pvrst Mode153................................................................................................................................................................
Bridge Protocol Data Units154................................................................................................................................................................
Port Priority155................................................................................................................................................................
Port Path Cost156................................................................................................................................................................
Per-vlan Spanning Tree Groups158................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan And Stg Assignment159................................................................................................................................................................
Manually Assigning Stgs160................................................................................................................................................................
Adding And Removing Ports From Stgs161................................................................................................................................................................
Switch-centric Configuration162................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Multiple Stgs163................................................................................................................................................................
Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol165................................................................................................................................................................
Rstp Configuration Example166................................................................................................................................................................
Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol167................................................................................................................................................................
Mstp Configuration Guidelines168................................................................................................................................................................
Mstp Configuration Example 2169................................................................................................................................................................
Port Type And Link Type171................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 11. Virtual Link Aggregation Groups173................................................................................................................................................................
Vlag Capacities176................................................................................................................................................................
Vlags Versus Port Lags177................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Vlags178................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Vlag Configuration179................................................................................................................................................................
Configure The Isl180................................................................................................................................................................
Configure The Vlag181................................................................................................................................................................
Vlag Configuration - Vlans Mapped To Msti182................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Health Check184................................................................................................................................................................
Vlags With Vrrp185................................................................................................................................................................
Configure Vlag Peer 2188................................................................................................................................................................
Two-tier Vlags With Vrrp191................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Vlags In Multiple Layers192................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 12. Quality Of Service195................................................................................................................................................................
Using Acl Filters197................................................................................................................................................................
Metering198................................................................................................................................................................
Using Dscp Values To Provide Qos199................................................................................................................................................................
Per-hop Behavior200................................................................................................................................................................
Qos Levels201................................................................................................................................................................
Dscp Re-marking Configuration Example 1202................................................................................................................................................................
Using 802.1p Priorities To Provide Qos204................................................................................................................................................................
Queuing And Scheduling205................................................................................................................................................................
Control Plane Protection206................................................................................................................................................................
Packet Drop Logging207................................................................................................................................................................
Part 4:. Advanced Switching Features209................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 13. Stacking211................................................................................................................................................................
Stacking Requirements212................................................................................................................................................................
Stack Membership214................................................................................................................................................................
Splitting And Merging One Stack215................................................................................................................................................................
Merging Independent Stacks216................................................................................................................................................................
Backup Switch Selection217................................................................................................................................................................
No Backup218................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Stack219................................................................................................................................................................
Stacking Vlans220................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Management Ip Interface222................................................................................................................................................................
Additional Master Configuration223................................................................................................................................................................
Binding Members To The Stack224................................................................................................................................................................
Managing A Stack225................................................................................................................................................................
Rebooting Stacked Switches Using The Bbi226................................................................................................................................................................
Upgrading Software In A Stack227................................................................................................................................................................
Replacing Or Removing Stacked Switches228................................................................................................................................................................
Binding The New Switch To The Stack230................................................................................................................................................................
Performing A Rolling Reload Or Upgrade231................................................................................................................................................................
Saving Syslog Messages233................................................................................................................................................................
Flexible Port Mapping In Stacking235................................................................................................................................................................
Iscli Stacking Commands237................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 14. Virtualization239................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 15. Virtual Nics241................................................................................................................................................................
Vnic Ids On The Switch242................................................................................................................................................................
Vnic Interface Names On The Server243................................................................................................................................................................
Vnic Uplink Modes246................................................................................................................................................................
Vnic Bandwidth Metering248................................................................................................................................................................
Vnic Groups249................................................................................................................................................................
Vnic Groups In Dedicated Mode250................................................................................................................................................................
Vnic Groups In Shared Mode251................................................................................................................................................................
Vnic Teaming Failover252................................................................................................................................................................
Vnic Configuration Example254................................................................................................................................................................
Vnics For Iscsi On Emulex Virtual Fabric Adapter257................................................................................................................................................................
Vnics For Fcoe Using The Emulex Vfa258................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 16. Vmready259................................................................................................................................................................
Vm Group Types260................................................................................................................................................................
Distributed Vm Groups261................................................................................................................................................................
Vm Profiles262................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning Members263................................................................................................................................................................
Vmcheck264................................................................................................................................................................
Advanced Validation265................................................................................................................................................................
Virtual Distributed Switch266................................................................................................................................................................
Migrating To Vds267................................................................................................................................................................
Virtualization Management Servers268................................................................................................................................................................
Vcenter Scans269................................................................................................................................................................
Vmware Operational Commands270................................................................................................................................................................
Vm Policy Bandwidth Control272................................................................................................................................................................
Bandwidth Policies Vs. Bandwidth Shaping273................................................................................................................................................................
Vcenter Hypervisor Hosts274................................................................................................................................................................
Vcenter Ves275................................................................................................................................................................
Vcenter Ve Details276................................................................................................................................................................
Vmready Configuration Example277................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 17. Fcoe And Cee279................................................................................................................................................................
Fibre Channel Over Ethernet280................................................................................................................................................................
Fcoe Requirements281................................................................................................................................................................
Converged Enhanced Ethernet282................................................................................................................................................................
Effects On 802.1p Quality Of Service283................................................................................................................................................................
Effects On Flow Control284................................................................................................................................................................
Fcoe Initialization Protocol Snooping285................................................................................................................................................................
Port Aggregation286................................................................................................................................................................
Fips Lag Support On Server Ports287................................................................................................................................................................
Fcoe Connection Timeout288................................................................................................................................................................
Fcoe Vlans289................................................................................................................................................................
Operational Commands290................................................................................................................................................................
Priority-based Flow Control292................................................................................................................................................................
Global Vs. Port-by-port Pfc Configuration293................................................................................................................................................................
Pfc Configuration Example294................................................................................................................................................................
Enhanced Transmission Selection296................................................................................................................................................................
Priority Groups297................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning Priority Values To A Priority Group298................................................................................................................................................................
Allocating Bandwidth299................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ets300................................................................................................................................................................
Data Center Bridging Capability Exchange302................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling And Disabling Dcbx303................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dcbx304................................................................................................................................................................
Fcoe Example Configuration306................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 18. Fibre Channel309................................................................................................................................................................
Supported Switch Roles310................................................................................................................................................................
Full-fabric Fc/fcoe Switch311................................................................................................................................................................
Implementing Fibre Channel312................................................................................................................................................................
Fibre Channel Vlans313................................................................................................................................................................
Switching Mode314................................................................................................................................................................
Npv Gateway315................................................................................................................................................................
Limitations316................................................................................................................................................................
Full Fabric Mode317................................................................................................................................................................
E_ports320................................................................................................................................................................
Optimized Fcoe Traffic Flow321................................................................................................................................................................
Storage Management Initiative Specification (smi-s)322................................................................................................................................................................
Fibre Channel Configuration323................................................................................................................................................................
Example 2: Full Fabric Fc/fcoe Switch325................................................................................................................................................................
Fibre Channel Standard Protocols Supported327................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 19. Edge Virtual Bridging329................................................................................................................................................................
Evb Operations Overview330................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Behavior331................................................................................................................................................................
Manual Reflective Relay332................................................................................................................................................................
Evb Configuration333................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Evb In Stacking Mode335................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 20. Static Multicast Arp337................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Static Multicast Arp338................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 21. Unified Fabric Port341................................................................................................................................................................
Ufp Limitations342................................................................................................................................................................
Virtual Ports Modes343................................................................................................................................................................
Tunnel Mode344................................................................................................................................................................
Access Mode345................................................................................................................................................................
Ufp Bandwidth Provisioning346................................................................................................................................................................
Ufp Strict Bandwidth Provisioning Mode347................................................................................................................................................................
Using Ufp With Other Cn4093 10gb Converged Scalable Switch Features348................................................................................................................................................................
Vmready349................................................................................................................................................................
Ufp Configuration Examples350................................................................................................................................................................
Example 2: Trunk Mode351................................................................................................................................................................
Example 3: Auto-vlan Mode With Vmready353................................................................................................................................................................
Example 4: Auto-vlan Mode With Edge Virtual Bridging354................................................................................................................................................................
Example 5: Tunnel Mode355................................................................................................................................................................
Example 6: Fcoe Mode356................................................................................................................................................................
Example 7: Private Vlan Configuration357................................................................................................................................................................
Example 8: Layer 2 Failover Configuration359................................................................................................................................................................
Example 9: 8 Vports With Ets Bandwidth Provisioning Mode360................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 22. Switch Partition363................................................................................................................................................................
Spar Processing Modes364................................................................................................................................................................
Pass-through Domain Processing365................................................................................................................................................................
Unsupported Features367................................................................................................................................................................
Spar Vlan Management368................................................................................................................................................................
Example Configurations369................................................................................................................................................................
Part 5:. Ip Routing371................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 23. Basic Ip Routing373................................................................................................................................................................
Subnet Routing Example375................................................................................................................................................................
Using Vlans To Segregate Broadcast Domains377................................................................................................................................................................
Bootp Relay Agent379................................................................................................................................................................
Domain-specific Bootp Relay Agent Configuration380................................................................................................................................................................
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol381................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp Relay Agent Configuration382................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 24. Internet Protocol Version 6383................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Limitations384................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Address Format385................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Address Types386................................................................................................................................................................
Anycast Address387................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Address Auto-configuration388................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Interfaces389................................................................................................................................................................
Neighbor Discovery390................................................................................................................................................................
Host Vs. Router391................................................................................................................................................................
Supported Applications392................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Configuration394................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 Configuration Example 2395................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 25. Using Ipsec With Ipv6397................................................................................................................................................................
Ipsec Protocols398................................................................................................................................................................
Using Ipsec With The Cn4093399................................................................................................................................................................
Setting Up Authentication400................................................................................................................................................................
Importing An Ikev2 Digital Certificate401................................................................................................................................................................
Generating An Ikev2 Digital Certificate403................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ikev2 Preshared Key Authentication404................................................................................................................................................................
Using A Manual Key Policy406................................................................................................................................................................
Using A Dynamic Key Policy408................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 26. Routing Information Protocol409................................................................................................................................................................
Routing Updates410................................................................................................................................................................
Rip Features411................................................................................................................................................................
Authentication412................................................................................................................................................................
Rip Configuration Example413................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 27. Internet Group Management Protocol415................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Snooping416................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Groups417................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Snooping Configuration Example418................................................................................................................................................................
Static Multicast Router419................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Relay420................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Relay Configuration Example421................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Querier422................................................................................................................................................................
Additional Igmp Features423................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Range424................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 28. Multicast Listener Discovery425................................................................................................................................................................
Mld Terms426................................................................................................................................................................
How Mld Works427................................................................................................................................................................
How Flooding Impacts Mld428................................................................................................................................................................
Dynamic Mrouters429................................................................................................................................................................
Mld Capacity And Default Values430................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mld431................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 29. Border Gateway Protocol433................................................................................................................................................................
Internal Routing Versus External Routing434................................................................................................................................................................
Forming Bgp Peer Routers435................................................................................................................................................................
Incoming And Outgoing Route Maps437................................................................................................................................................................
Aggregating Routes439................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Attributes440................................................................................................................................................................
Selecting Route Paths In Bgp441................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Failover Configuration442................................................................................................................................................................
Default Redistribution And Route Aggregation Example444................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 30. Ospf447................................................................................................................................................................
Types Of Ospf Areas448................................................................................................................................................................
Types Of Ospf Routing Devices449................................................................................................................................................................
Neighbors And Adjacencies450................................................................................................................................................................
The Shortest Path First Tree451................................................................................................................................................................
Ospfv2 Implementation In Lenovo N/os452................................................................................................................................................................
Defining Areas453................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Area Id To Assign The Ospf Area Number454................................................................................................................................................................
Interface Cost455................................................................................................................................................................
Default Routes456................................................................................................................................................................
Virtual Links457................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Plain Text Ospf Passwords459................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Md5 Authentication460................................................................................................................................................................
Host Routes For Load Balancing461................................................................................................................................................................
Ospf Features Not Supported462................................................................................................................................................................
Ospfv2 Configuration Examples463................................................................................................................................................................
Example 2: Virtual Links465................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ospf For A Virtual Link On Switch #2466................................................................................................................................................................
Other Virtual Link Options468................................................................................................................................................................
Verifying Ospf Configuration470................................................................................................................................................................
Ospfv3 Implementation In Lenovo N/os471................................................................................................................................................................
Other Internal Improvements472................................................................................................................................................................
Neighbor Configuration Example475................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 31. Protocol Independent Multicast477................................................................................................................................................................
Supported Pim Modes And Features478................................................................................................................................................................
Basic Pim Settings479................................................................................................................................................................
Defining An Ip Interface For Pim Use480................................................................................................................................................................
Additional Sparse Mode Settings482................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying A Bootstrap Router483................................................................................................................................................................
Using Pim With Other Features484................................................................................................................................................................
Pim Configuration Examples485................................................................................................................................................................
Example 2: Pim-sm With Static Rp486................................................................................................................................................................
Part 6:. High Availability Fundamentals489................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 32. Basic Redundancy491................................................................................................................................................................
Hot Links492................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 33. Layer 2 Failover495................................................................................................................................................................
Auto Monitor Configurations496................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Failover Limit497................................................................................................................................................................
Manually Monitoring Port Links498................................................................................................................................................................
L2 Failover With Other Features499................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Layer 2 Failover501................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 34. Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol503................................................................................................................................................................
Vrrp Components504................................................................................................................................................................
Virtual Interface Router505................................................................................................................................................................
Failover Methods506................................................................................................................................................................
Active-active Redundancy507................................................................................................................................................................
Virtual Router Group508................................................................................................................................................................
Lenovo N/os Extensions To Vrrp509................................................................................................................................................................
Virtual Router Deployment Considerations510................................................................................................................................................................
High Availability Configurations511................................................................................................................................................................
Task 1: Configure Cn4093 1512................................................................................................................................................................
Task 2: Configure Cn4093 2513................................................................................................................................................................
Hot-standby Configuration515................................................................................................................................................................
Part 7:. Network Management519................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 35. Link Layer Discovery Protocol521................................................................................................................................................................
Lldp Overview522................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Or Disabling Lldp523................................................................................................................................................................
Lldp Transmit Features524................................................................................................................................................................
Time-to-live For Transmitted Information525................................................................................................................................................................
Changing The Lldp Transmit State526................................................................................................................................................................
Types Of Information Transmitted527................................................................................................................................................................
Lldp Receive Features529................................................................................................................................................................
Time-to-live For Received Information532................................................................................................................................................................
Lldp Example Configuration533................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 36. Simple Network Management Protocol535................................................................................................................................................................
Default Configuration536................................................................................................................................................................
User Configuration Example537................................................................................................................................................................
View-based Configurations538................................................................................................................................................................
Secure Audit Logging540................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Snmp Trap Hosts541................................................................................................................................................................
Snmpv2 Trap Host Configuration542................................................................................................................................................................
Snmpv3 Trap Host Configuration543................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp Mibs544................................................................................................................................................................
Switch Images And Configuration Files552................................................................................................................................................................
Loading A New Switch Image553................................................................................................................................................................
Saving The Switch Configuration554................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 37. Service Location Protocol555................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 38. System License Keys556................................................................................................................................................................
Transferring Activation Keys557................................................................................................................................................................
Flexible Port Mapping558................................................................................................................................................................
Part 8:. Monitoring559................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 39. Remote Monitoring561................................................................................................................................................................
Rmon Group 1–statistics562................................................................................................................................................................
Rmon Group 2–history563................................................................................................................................................................
Rmon Group 3–alarms565................................................................................................................................................................
Alarm Example 2566................................................................................................................................................................
Rmon Group 9–events567................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 40. Sflow569................................................................................................................................................................
Sflow Example Configuration570................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 41. Port Mirroring571................................................................................................................................................................
Port Mirroring Behavior572................................................................................................................................................................
Part 9:. Appendices573................................................................................................................................................................
Appendix A. Glossary575................................................................................................................................................................
Appendix B. Getting Help And Technical Assistance577................................................................................................................................................................
Appendix C. Notices579................................................................................................................................................................
Trademarks581................................................................................................................................................................
Important Notes582................................................................................................................................................................
Recycling Information583................................................................................................................................................................
Particulate Contamination584................................................................................................................................................................
Telecommunication Regulatory Statement585................................................................................................................................................................
Electronic Emission Notices586................................................................................................................................................................
Germany Class A Statement587................................................................................................................................................................
Japan Vcci Class A Statement588................................................................................................................................................................
Japan Electronics And Information Technology Industries Association Jeita) Statement589................................................................................................................................................................
Index591................................................................................................................................................................

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Lenovo Flex System Fabric CN4093 Application Manual

Lenovo Flex System Fabric CN4093 Application Manual (560 pages)

10Gb Converged Scalable Switch  
Brand: Lenovo | Category: Switch | Size: 6.2 MB
Table of contents
Table Of Contents3................................................................................................................................................................
Preface19................................................................................................................................................................
Additional references22................................................................................................................................................................
Typographic conventions23................................................................................................................................................................
Part 1:. Getting Started25................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 1. Switch Administration27................................................................................................................................................................
Industry standard command line interface28................................................................................................................................................................
Establishing a connection29................................................................................................................................................................
Using telnet30................................................................................................................................................................
Using a web browser32................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring https access to the bbi33................................................................................................................................................................
Bbi summary34................................................................................................................................................................
Using simple network management protocol35................................................................................................................................................................
Bootp/dhcp client ip address services36................................................................................................................................................................
Syslog server37................................................................................................................................................................
Switch login levels38................................................................................................................................................................
Secure ftp40................................................................................................................................................................
Boot strict mode41................................................................................................................................................................
Acceptable cipher suites44................................................................................................................................................................
Limitations45................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 2. Initial Setup47................................................................................................................................................................
Default setup options48................................................................................................................................................................
Setup part 2: port configuration50................................................................................................................................................................
Setup part 3: vlans51................................................................................................................................................................
Setup part 4: ip configuration52................................................................................................................................................................
Default gateways53................................................................................................................................................................
Ip routing54................................................................................................................................................................
Optional setup for telnet support55................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 3. Service Location Protocol57................................................................................................................................................................
Slp configuration58................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 4. System License Keys59................................................................................................................................................................
Transferring activation keys60................................................................................................................................................................
Part 2:. Securing The Switch63................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 5. Securing Administration65................................................................................................................................................................
Secure shell and secure copy66................................................................................................................................................................
To enable or disable the ssh feature67................................................................................................................................................................
To load a switch configuration file from the scp host68................................................................................................................................................................
To load switch configuration files from the scp host69................................................................................................................................................................
Ssh/scp integration with radius authentication70................................................................................................................................................................
End user access control71................................................................................................................................................................
User access control menu72................................................................................................................................................................
Re‐enabling locked accounts73................................................................................................................................................................
Listing current users74................................................................................................................................................................
Stacking mode75................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 6. Authentication & Authorization Protocols77................................................................................................................................................................
Radius authentication and authorization78................................................................................................................................................................
Radius authentication features in lenovo n/os79................................................................................................................................................................
Switch user accounts80................................................................................................................................................................
Radius attributes for lenovo n/os user privileges81................................................................................................................................................................
Tacacs+ authentication82................................................................................................................................................................
Tacacs+ authentication features in lenovo n/os83................................................................................................................................................................
Accounting84................................................................................................................................................................
Tacacs+ password change85................................................................................................................................................................
Ldap authentication and authorization87................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 7. 802.1x Port-based Network Access Control89................................................................................................................................................................
Extensible authentication protocol over lan90................................................................................................................................................................
Eapol authentication process91................................................................................................................................................................
Eapol message exchange92................................................................................................................................................................
Eapol port states93................................................................................................................................................................
Supported radius attributes94................................................................................................................................................................
Eapol configuration guidelines96................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 8. Access Control Lists97................................................................................................................................................................
Summary of packet classifiers98................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Acl Statistics103................................................................................................................................................................
Acl Configuration Examples104................................................................................................................................................................
Part 3:. Switch Basics109................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 9. Vlans111................................................................................................................................................................
Vlans Overview112................................................................................................................................................................
Vlans And Port Vlan Id Numbers113................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan Topologies And Design Considerations122................................................................................................................................................................
Protocol‐based vlans125................................................................................................................................................................
Pvlan priority levels126................................................................................................................................................................
Private vlans128................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration guidelines129................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 10. Ports And Trunking131................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring port modes132................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring qsfp+ ports134................................................................................................................................................................
Trunking overview135................................................................................................................................................................
Static trunks136................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring a static port trunk137................................................................................................................................................................
Configurable trunk hash algorithm139................................................................................................................................................................
Link aggregation control protocol141................................................................................................................................................................
Lacp individual143................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring lacp144................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 11. Spanning Tree Protocols145................................................................................................................................................................
Global stp control146................................................................................................................................................................
Port states147................................................................................................................................................................
Simple stp configuration149................................................................................................................................................................
Per‐vlan spanning tree groups151................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan and stg assignment152................................................................................................................................................................
Manually assigning stgs153................................................................................................................................................................
Adding and removing ports from stgs154................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring multiple stgs155................................................................................................................................................................
Rapid spanning tree protocol158................................................................................................................................................................
Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol160................................................................................................................................................................
Mstp Region160................................................................................................................................................................
Common Internal Spanning Tree160................................................................................................................................................................
Mstp Configuration Guidelines161................................................................................................................................................................
Port Type And Link Type164................................................................................................................................................................
Link Type164................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 12. Virtual Link Aggregation Groups165................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 13. Quality Of Service185................................................................................................................................................................
Using Acl Filters187................................................................................................................................................................
Using Dscp Values To Provide Qos189................................................................................................................................................................
Differentiated Services Concepts189................................................................................................................................................................
Qos Levels191................................................................................................................................................................
Queuing And Scheduling195................................................................................................................................................................
Part 4:. Advanced Switching Features199................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 14. Stacking201................................................................................................................................................................
Stacking Overview202................................................................................................................................................................
Stacking Requirements202................................................................................................................................................................
Stack membership204................................................................................................................................................................
Merging independent stacks205................................................................................................................................................................
Backup switch selection207................................................................................................................................................................
Stack member identification208................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring a stack209................................................................................................................................................................
Stacking vlans210................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring a management ip interface211................................................................................................................................................................
Additional master configuration212................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing stack connections213................................................................................................................................................................
Binding members to the stack214................................................................................................................................................................
Upgrading software in a stack216................................................................................................................................................................
Replacing or removing stacked switches217................................................................................................................................................................
Binding the new switch to the stack218................................................................................................................................................................
Iscli stacking commands219................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 15. Virtualization221................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 16. Virtual Nics223................................................................................................................................................................
Vnic ids224................................................................................................................................................................
Vnic interface names on the server225................................................................................................................................................................
Vnic uplink modes228................................................................................................................................................................
Vnic bandwidth metering230................................................................................................................................................................
Vnic groups231................................................................................................................................................................
Vnic teaming failover234................................................................................................................................................................
Vnic configuration example236................................................................................................................................................................
Vnics for iscsi on emulex virtual fabric adapter238................................................................................................................................................................
Vnics for fcoe using the emulex vfa239................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 17. Vmready241................................................................................................................................................................
Ve capacity242................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 18. Fcoe And Cee261................................................................................................................................................................
Fibre Channel Over Ethernet262................................................................................................................................................................
Port Trunking264................................................................................................................................................................
Priority‐based flow control274................................................................................................................................................................
Global vs. port‐by‐port pfc configuration275................................................................................................................................................................
Pfc configuration example276................................................................................................................................................................
Enhanced transmission selection278................................................................................................................................................................
Priority groups279................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning priority values to a priority group280................................................................................................................................................................
Allocating bandwidth281................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring ets282................................................................................................................................................................
Data center bridging capability exchange284................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring dcbx286................................................................................................................................................................
Fcoe example configuration288................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 19. Fibre Channel291................................................................................................................................................................
Ethernet vs. fibre channel292................................................................................................................................................................
Supported switch roles293................................................................................................................................................................
Implementing fibre channel295................................................................................................................................................................
Fibre channel vlans296................................................................................................................................................................
Switching mode297................................................................................................................................................................
Npv gateway298................................................................................................................................................................
Full fabric mode299................................................................................................................................................................
E_ports301................................................................................................................................................................
Optimized fcoe traffic flow303................................................................................................................................................................
Fibre channel configuration305................................................................................................................................................................
Example 2: full fabric fc/fcoe switch306................................................................................................................................................................
Fibre channel standard protocols supported309................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 20. Edge Virtual Bridging311................................................................................................................................................................
Evb operations overview312................................................................................................................................................................
Vlan behavior313................................................................................................................................................................
Evb configuration314................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring evb in stacking mode316................................................................................................................................................................
Unsupported features318................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 21. Static Multicast Arp319................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration Example320................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 22. Unified Fabric Port323................................................................................................................................................................
Access Mode326................................................................................................................................................................
Layer 2 Failover329................................................................................................................................................................
Private Vlans329................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 23. Switch Partition341................................................................................................................................................................
Unsupported Features344................................................................................................................................................................
Example Configurations347................................................................................................................................................................
Part 5:. Ip Routing349................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 24. Basic Ip Routing351................................................................................................................................................................
Using Vlans To Segregate Broadcast Domains355................................................................................................................................................................
Bootp relay agent357................................................................................................................................................................
Domain‐specific bootp relay agent configuration358................................................................................................................................................................
Dynamic host configuration protocol359................................................................................................................................................................
Dhcp relay agent configuration361................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 25. Internet Protocol Version 6363................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 limitations364................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 address format365................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 address types366................................................................................................................................................................
Ipv6 address autoconfiguration368................................................................................................................................................................
Neighbor discovery370................................................................................................................................................................
Supported applications371................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 26. Using Ipsec With Ipv6375................................................................................................................................................................
Ipsec protocols376................................................................................................................................................................
Using ipsec with the cn4093377................................................................................................................................................................
Setting up authentication378................................................................................................................................................................
Importing an ikev2 digital certificate379................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling ikev2 preshared key authentication380................................................................................................................................................................
Using a manual key policy382................................................................................................................................................................
Using a dynamic key policy383................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 27. Routing Information Protocol385................................................................................................................................................................
Routing updates386................................................................................................................................................................
Rip features387................................................................................................................................................................
Rip configuration example388................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 28. Internet Group Management Protocol391................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp snooping392................................................................................................................................................................
Igmpv3393................................................................................................................................................................
Static multicast router395................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp relay396................................................................................................................................................................
Configure igmp relay397................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp querier398................................................................................................................................................................
Additional Igmp Features399................................................................................................................................................................
Igmp Filtering399................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 29. Multicast Listener Discovery401................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mld407................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 30. Border Gateway Protocol409................................................................................................................................................................
Forming Bgp Peer Routers410................................................................................................................................................................
Incoming And Outgoing Route Maps412................................................................................................................................................................
Configuration Overview412................................................................................................................................................................
Aggregating Routes414................................................................................................................................................................
Redistributing Routes414................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Attributes415................................................................................................................................................................
Selecting Route Paths In Bgp416................................................................................................................................................................
Bgp Failover Configuration417................................................................................................................................................................
Default Redistribution And Route Aggregation Example419................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 31. Ospf421................................................................................................................................................................
Types Of Ospf Areas422................................................................................................................................................................
Types Of Ospf Routing Devices424................................................................................................................................................................
Neighbors And Adjacencies424................................................................................................................................................................
The Shortest Path First Tree425................................................................................................................................................................
Internal Versus External Routing425................................................................................................................................................................
Ospfv2 implementation in lenovo n/os427................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning the area index428................................................................................................................................................................
Attaching an area to a network429................................................................................................................................................................
Summarizing routes430................................................................................................................................................................
Virtual links432................................................................................................................................................................
Router id433................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring plain text ospf passwords434................................................................................................................................................................
Host routes for load balancing435................................................................................................................................................................
Loopback interfaces in ospf436................................................................................................................................................................
Ospfv2 configuration examples437................................................................................................................................................................
Example 2: virtual links438................................................................................................................................................................
Example 3: summarizing routes442................................................................................................................................................................
Verifying ospf configuration443................................................................................................................................................................
Ospfv3 implementation in lenovo n/os444................................................................................................................................................................
Other internal improvements445................................................................................................................................................................
Neighbor configuration example448................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 32. Protocol Independent Multicast449................................................................................................................................................................
Supported pim modes and features450................................................................................................................................................................
Globally enabling or disabling the pim feature451................................................................................................................................................................
Pim neighbor filters452................................................................................................................................................................
Additional sparse mode settings453................................................................................................................................................................
Specifying a bootstrap router454................................................................................................................................................................
Pim configuration examples455................................................................................................................................................................
Part 6:. High Availability Fundamentals459................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 33. Basic Redundancy461................................................................................................................................................................
Forward Delay462................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 34. Layer 2 Failover465................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Failover Limit467................................................................................................................................................................
L2 Failover With Other Features468................................................................................................................................................................
Spanning Tree Protocol468................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 35. Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol471................................................................................................................................................................
Vrrp Components472................................................................................................................................................................
Vrrp Operation473................................................................................................................................................................
Selecting The Master Vrrp Router473................................................................................................................................................................
Failover Methods474................................................................................................................................................................
Virtual Router Deployment Considerations478................................................................................................................................................................
High Availability Configurations479................................................................................................................................................................
Part 7:. Network Management487................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 36. Link Layer Discovery Protocol489................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Or Disabling Lldp491................................................................................................................................................................
Lldp transmit features492................................................................................................................................................................
Time‐to‐live for transmitted information493................................................................................................................................................................
Changing the lldp transmit state494................................................................................................................................................................
Types of information transmitted495................................................................................................................................................................
Lldp receive features496................................................................................................................................................................
Time‐to‐live for received information498................................................................................................................................................................
Lldp example configuration500................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 37. Simple Network Management Protocol501................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp version 3502................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring snmp trap hosts507................................................................................................................................................................
Snmp mibs510................................................................................................................................................................
Switch images and configuration files517................................................................................................................................................................
Loading a new switch image518................................................................................................................................................................
Saving the switch configuration519................................................................................................................................................................
Part 8:. Monitoring521................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 38. Remote Monitoring523................................................................................................................................................................
Rmon group 1–statistics524................................................................................................................................................................
Rmon group 2–history525................................................................................................................................................................
Rmon group 3–alarms526................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring rmon alarms527................................................................................................................................................................
Rmon group 9–events528................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 39. Sflow529................................................................................................................................................................
Sflow example configuration530................................................................................................................................................................
Chapter 40. Port Mirroring531................................................................................................................................................................
Port mirroring behavior532................................................................................................................................................................
Part 9:. Appendices533................................................................................................................................................................
Appendix B. Getting Help And Technical Assistance537................................................................................................................................................................
Appendix C. Notices539................................................................................................................................................................
Trademarks541................................................................................................................................................................
Important Notes542................................................................................................................................................................
Recycling Information543................................................................................................................................................................
Particulate Contamination544................................................................................................................................................................
Telecommunication Regulatory Statement545................................................................................................................................................................
Electronic Emission Notices546................................................................................................................................................................
Industry Canada Class A Emission Compliance Statement546................................................................................................................................................................
Australia And New Zealand Class A Statement546................................................................................................................................................................
European Union Emc Directive Conformance Statement546................................................................................................................................................................
Germany Class A Statement547................................................................................................................................................................
Japan Vcci Class A Statement548................................................................................................................................................................
Taiwan Class A Compliance Statement552................................................................................................................................................................
Index553................................................................................................................................................................

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