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GE UR Series Instruction Manual Page 257

Line differential relay.
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6 ACTUAL VALUES
b) UR CONVENTION FOR MEASURING PHASE ANGLES
All phasors calculated by UR relays and used for protection, control and metering functions are rotating phasors that main-
tain the correct phase angle relationships with each other at all times.
For display and oscillography purposes, all phasor angles in a given relay are referred to an AC input channel pre-selected
ÖØ
by the
SETTINGS
SYSTEM SETUP
defines a particular Source to be used as the reference.
The relay will first determine if any "Phase VT" bank is indicated in the Source. If it is, voltage channel VA of that bank is
used as the angle reference. Otherwise, the relay determines if any "Aux VT" bank is indicated; if it is, the auxiliary voltage
channel of that bank is used as the angle reference. If neither of the two conditions is satisfied, then two more steps of this
hierarchical procedure to determine the reference signal include "Phase CT" bank and "Ground CT" bank.
If the AC signal pre-selected by the relay upon configuration is not measurable, the phase angles are not referenced. The
phase angles are assigned as positive in the leading direction, and are presented as negative in the lagging direction, to
more closely align with power system metering conventions. This is illustrated below.
-180
Figure 6–2: UR PHASE ANGLE MEASUREMENT CONVENTION
c) UR CONVENTION FOR SYMMETRICAL COMPONENTS
UR relays calculate voltage symmetrical components for the power system phase A line-to-neutral voltage, and symmetri-
cal components of the currents for the power system phase A current. Owing to the above definition, phase angle relations
between the symmetrical currents and voltages stay the same irrespective of the connection of instrument transformers.
This is important for setting directional protection elements that use symmetrical voltages.
For display and oscillography purposes the phase angles of symmetrical components are referenced to a common refer-
ence as described in the previous sub-section.
WYE-Connected Instrument Transformers:
ABC phase rotation:
1
(
-- - V
V
V_0
=
+
AG
3
1
(
-- - V
aV
V_1
=
+
AG
3
1
2
(
V_2
=
-- - V
+
a
AG
3
The above equations apply to currents as well.
GE Power Management
ÖØ
POWER SYSTEM
o
-270
o
-225
o
o
-135
o
-90
)
V
+
BG
CG
2
)
a
V
+
BG
CG
)
V
+
aV
BG
CG
L90 Line Differential Relay
ÖØ
FREQUENCY AND PHASE REFERENCE
o
-315
positive
angle
direction
o
0
UR phase angle
reference
o
-45
827845A1.CDR
ACB phase rotation:
1
(
-- - V
V_0
=
+
AG
3
1
(
-- - V
V_1
=
+
AG
3
1
(
-- - V
V_2
=
+
AG
3
6.3 METERING
setting. This setting
)
V
V
+
BG
CG
2
)
a
V
aV
+
BG
CG
2
)
aV
a
V
+
BG
CG
6
6-9

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L90

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