When the scheme is initiated, it immediately sends a trip signal to the breaker initially signaled to trip (this feature is usually
described as Re-Trip). This reduces the possibility of widespread tripping that results from a declaration of a failed breaker.
DETERMINATION OF A BREAKER FAILURE CONDITION:
The schemes determine a breaker failure condition via three 'paths'. Each of these paths is equipped with a time delay,
after which a failed breaker is declared and trip signals are sent to all breakers required to clear the zone. The delayed
paths are associated with Breaker Failure Timers 1, 2 and 3, which are intended to have delays increasing with increasing
timer numbers. These delayed paths are individually enabled to allow for maximum flexibility.
Timer 1 logic (Early Path) is supervised by a fast-operating breaker auxiliary contact. If the breaker is still closed (as indi-
cated by the auxiliary contact) and fault current is detected after the delay interval, an output is issued. Operation of the
breaker auxiliary switch indicates that the breaker has mechanically operated. The continued presence of current indicates
that the breaker has failed to interrupt the circuit.
Timer 2 logic (Main Path) is not supervised by a breaker auxiliary contact. If fault current is detected after the delay interval,
an output is issued. This path is intended to detect a breaker that opens mechanically but fails to interrupt fault current; the
logic therefore does not use a breaker auxiliary contact.
The Timer 1 and 2 paths provide two levels of current supervision, Hiset and Loset, so that the supervision level can be
changed from a current which flows before a breaker inserts an opening resistor into the faulted circuit to a lower level after
resistor insertion. The Hiset detector is enabled after timeout of Timer 1 or 2, along with a timer that will enable the Loset
detector after its delay interval. The delay interval between Hiset and Loset is the expected breaker opening time. Both cur-
rent detectors provide a fast operating time for currents at small multiples of the pickup value. The O/C detectors are
required to operate after the breaker failure delay interval to eliminate the need for very fast resetting O/C detectors.
Timer 3 logic (Slow Path) is supervised by a breaker auxiliary contact and a control switch contact used to indicate that the
breaker is in/out of service, disabling this path when the breaker is out of service for maintenance. There is no current level
check in this logic as it is intended to detect low magnitude faults and it is therefore the slowest to operate.
The outputs from the schemes are:
FlexLogic™ operands that report on the operation of portions of the scheme
FlexLogic™ operand used to re-trip the protected breaker
FlexLogic™ operands that initiate tripping required to clear the faulted zone. The trip output can be sealed-in for an
Target message indicating a failed breaker has been declared
Illumination of the faceplate TRIP LED (and the PHASE A, B or C LED, if applicable)
MAIN PATH SEQUENCE:
ACTUAL CURRENT MAGNITUDE
CALCULATED CURRENT MAGNITUDE
BREAKER INTERRUPTING TIME
(ASSUMED 1.5 cycles)
BREAKER FAILURE TIMER No. 2 (±1/8 cycle)
INITIATE (1/8 cycle)
This setting is used to select the breaker failure operating mode: single or three pole.
BF1 USE AMP SUPV:
If set to Yes, the element will only be initiated if current flowing through the breaker is above the supervision pickup level.
GE Power Management
(ASSUMED 3 cycles)
(Assumed 2 Cycles)
BREAKER FAILURE CURRENT DETECTOR PICKUP (1/8 cycle)
BREAKER FAILURE OUTPUT RELAY PICKUP (1/4 cycle)
Figure 5–50: BREAKER FAILURE MAIN PATH SEQUENCE
L90 Line Differential Relay
BACKUP BREAKER OPERATING TIME
(Assumed 3 Cycles)
5.5 GROUPED ELEMENTS