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Siemens SINAMICS G130 Engineering Manual

Sinamics - low voltage sinamics drives.
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SINAMICS - Low Voltage
Engineering Manual
SINAMICS G130, G150, S120 Chassis, S120 Cabinet Modules, S150
Supplement to Catalogs D 11 and D 21.3
SINAMICS Drives
© Siemens AG 2015
Version
Edition
6.4
November
2015

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   Summary of Contents for Siemens SINAMICS G130

  • Page 1 © Siemens AG 2015 SINAMICS - Low Voltage Engineering Manual SINAMICS G130, G150, S120 Chassis, S120 Cabinet Modules, S150 Supplement to Catalogs D 11 and D 21.3 SINAMICS Drives Version Edition November 2015...
  • Page 2: Mechanical Principles

    Process control with electrical drives Motion control EMC and electrical drives Planning electrical drives Troubleshooting on electrical drives Print ISBN: 978-3-89578-434-7 ePDF ISBN: 978-3-89578-923-6 1st Edition 2014 Published by: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft, Berlin and Munich Publishing house: Publicis Publishing, Erlangen www.publicis-books.de...
  • Page 3 Motors subsequent editions. Subject to change without prior notice. ã Siemens AG 2015 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 3/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 4 (EMC), and provides all information required to engineer and install drives with the aforementioned SINAMICS devices in an EMC-compliant manner. The following chapters, which describe how to engineer SINAMICS G130, G150, S120 Built-in units, S120 Cabinet Modules and S150, focus on subjects relating to specific units in more detail than the general system descriptions.
  • Page 5 400 V / 745 A and 450 kW / 690 V / 465 A) have been incorporated in all the relevant tables. ‒ Corrections àSpelling and formatting errors have been corrected. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 5/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    General ............................72 1.4.2 Harmonic currents of 6-pulse rectifier circuits .................. 74 1.4.2.1 SINAMICS G130, G150, S120 Basic Infeed and S120 Smart Infeed in motor operation ....74 1.4.2.2 SINAMICS S120 Smart Infeed in regenerative operation ..............76 1.4.3 Harmonic currents of 6-pulse rectifier circuits with Line Harmonics Filter .......... 77 SINAMICS Engineering Manual –...
  • Page 7 1.10.1.3 Permissible motor cable lengths with motor reactor(s) for single- and multi-motor drives ....149 1.10.1.4 Supplementary conditions which apply when motor reactors are used ..........152 1.10.2 dv/dt filters plus VPL and dv/dt filters compact plus VPL ..............153 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 7/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 8 Example of an open cooling circuit for liquid-cooled SINAMICS S120 units ........210 1.16.6 Example of coolant temperature control for condensation prevention ..........211 1.16.7 Information about cooling circuit configuration ................214 1.16.8 Information about cabinet design ....................223 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 8/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 9 EMC-compliant installation of a SINAMICS G150 converter cabinet unit ......... 245 2.4.7.2 EMC-compliant construction/installation of a cabinet with a SINAMICS G130 Chassis unit ....246 2.4.7.3 EMC-compliant cable routing on the plant side on cable racks and in cable ducts ......247 3 General Engineering Information for SINAMICS................249...
  • Page 10 4.3 Connection diagram of the Power Module ....................285 4.4 Incorporating different loads into the 24 V supply ..................286 4.5 Factory settings (defaults) of customer interface on SINAMICS G130 ............. 287 4.6 Cable cross-sections and connections on SINAMICS G130 Chassis Units ..........292 4.7 Precharging of the DC link and precharging currents ................
  • Page 11 6.10 Checking the total cable length for multi-motor drives ................380 6.11 Parallel connections of Motor Modules ....................381 6.11.1 General ............................381 6.11.2 Minimum motor cable lengths for motors with common winding system .......... 381 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 11/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 12 Design ............................422 7.2.7.2 DC Link fuses ..........................424 7.2.7.3 Parallel connections of Active Line Modules + Active Interface Modules ........424 7.2.8 Motor Modules ............................426 7.2.8.1 Design ............................426 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 12/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 13 Information about cooling circuit configuration ................458 7.3.4.6 Procedure of cooling circuit configuration ..................460 7.3.4.7 Example of a cooling circuit configuration ..................462 7.3.5 Basic Line Connection Modules ......................466 7.3.5.1 Design ............................466 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 13/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 14 Option L08 (Motor reactor) / L09 (2 motor reactors in series) ............503 Option L25 (Circuit breaker in a withdrawable unit design) ............503 Option L34 (Output-side circuit breaker)..................504 Option L37 (DC interface incl. precharging circuit) ................ 505 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 14/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 15 SIMOTICS HT series HT-direct 1FW4 synchronous motors with permanent magnets ..... 525 11.8 Special insulation for higher line supply voltages at converter-fed operation ........526 11.9 Bearing currents ........................... 527 11.10 Motor protection ........................... 527 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 15/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 16: Fundamental Principles And System Description

    DC link voltage thus clearly determine the output voltage and therefore also the voltage at the connected motor. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 16/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 17: Generation Of A Variable Voltage By Pulse-width Modulation

    ON duration of the zero voltage vector. This method of generating gating signals is called space vector modulation SVM. It is used in all units described in this engineering manual. Space vector modulation provides sine-modulated pulse patterns. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 17/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 18: Maximum Attainable Output Voltage With Space Vector Modulation Svm

    The amplitude of the DC link voltage V is determined by the method of line voltage rectification. With line- DCLink commutated rectifiers used with SINAMICS G130 and G150 and also with S120 Basic Line Modules, it averages 1.41 with no load, 1.35 with partial load and 1.32...
  • Page 19: Maximum Attainable Output Voltage With Pulse-edge Modulation Pem

    SINAMICS S120 * Motor Modules / Cabinet Modules format For SINAMICS G130 and G150 converters, the modulator mode (parameter p1802) is automatically preset to value 9 (pulse-edge modulation) since "Pumps and fans" is the default technological application (parameter p0500 = 1). This is because SINAMICS G converters are predominantly deployed in conjunction with asynchronous motors without SINAMICS Engineering Manual –...
  • Page 20 (factory setting: V = 1.5 • V ). This DCLink Line DCLink Line means that the maximum output voltage even without pulse-edge modulation can correspond to 100 % of the line SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 20/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 21: The Pulse Frequency And Its Influence On Key System Properties

    1.25 kHz / 400 μs 7.5 kHz Unit-specific factory setting of pulse frequency and current controller clock cycle for SINAMICS G130, G150, S150 and for SINAMICS S120 Motor Modules (Chassis and Cabinet Modules formats) for vector-type drive objects (vector and V/f control modes) The pulse frequency factory setting can be increased in discrete steps.
  • Page 22: Interrelationships Between Current Controller Clock Cycle, Pulse Frequency And Output Frequency

    Interrelationships between current controller clock cycle, pulse frequency and output frequency For SINAMICS G130, G150, S150 and S120 converters and inverters (Chassis and Cabinet Modules formats) described in this engineering manual and vector-type drive objects (vector and V/f control modes), the following...
  • Page 23 In the vector-type drive object with vector control mode settable pulse frequencies and associated maximum attainable output frequencies as a function of the current controller clock cycle setting for SINAMICS G130, G150, S150 and S120 in Chassis and Cabinet Modules formats.
  • Page 24: Influence Of The Pulse Frequency On The Inverter Output Current

    A-graded noise pressure level increases up to 15 dB(A) when three-phase motors are operated on a PWM converter up to rated frequency as compared to motors of the same type operating on pure sinusoidal voltage. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 24/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 25 The values are lower for water-jacket-cooled motors and SIMOTICS TN series H-compact PLUS motors. Increase in motor noise at pulse frequencies of 2.5 kHz or 4.0 kHz (i.e. at higher than factory-set pulse frequencies) SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 25/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 26: Correlation Between Pulse Frequency And Motor-side Options

    150 Hz (380 V – 480 V) or 115 Hz (500 V – 600 V). · Permissible pulse frequency with sine-wave filter (external supplier): The pulse frequency and maximum output frequency must be set according to the filter manufacturer's instructions. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 26/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 27: Open-loop And Closed-loop Control Modes

    V/f curve selected in the firmware. The gating unit generates pulse patterns to control the IGBTs in the three phases of the converter's power unit. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 27/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 28 V/f control modes are available in the standard firmware of the SINAMICS converters described in this engineering manual (SINAMICS G130, G150, S120, S150) in the vector drive object. The following V/f control modes can be selected: ·...
  • Page 29: Field-oriented Control Modes

    Using the two voltage components V and V , the gating α β unit generates pulse patterns to control the IGBTs in the three phases of the power unit of the converter. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 29/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 30: Motion Control

    Vector control Vector control is available as drive object of vector type in the standard firmware of all the SINAMICS converters described in this engineering manual (SINAMICS G130, G150, S120, S150). The following vector control modes can be selected: ·...
  • Page 31: A Comparison Of The Key Features Of Open-loop And Closed-loop Control Modes

    This can have an effect on the entire process and even damage the material or other equipment. This is why load balance is also required for flexibly coupled motors. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 31/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 32 A very precise model is required in order to calculate the correct torque values, particularly for the acceleration pre- control. The master converter might otherwise become overloaded as a result of temporary load fluctuations or acceleration. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 32/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 33: Power Ratings Of Sinamics Converters And Inverters / Definition Of The Output Power

    250 kW 315 kW 355 kW 400kW poles 520 A 590 A 660 A 430 A 540 A 610 A 690 A 345 A 430 A 540 A 690 A SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 33/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 34 I , to the line frequency 50 Hz and to line supply voltage 400 V or 500 V or 690 V. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 34/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 35: Supply Systems And Supply System Types

    In TT systems, one point is directly grounded and the exposed-conductive parts (enclosures) of the installation are connected to ground electrodes which are electrically independent of the ground electrodes of the supply system. Example of a TT supply system with grounded starpoint SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 35/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 36 RFI suppression filters for the first environment (Category C2 according to EMC product standard EN 61800-3) must not be installed. The SINAMICS units then only conform to Category C4 as defined in EMC product standard EN 61800-3. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 36/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 37: Connection Of Converters To The Supply System And Protection Of Converters

    If the fuses arranged at the mains connection point are to protect the mains supply conductor and act as semiconductor protection for the thyristors or diodes in the rectifiers of SINAMICS G130 and G150 converters and for the thryristors and diodes in the S120 Basic Infeeds, dual-function fuses of type 3NE1 must be used instead of line fuses of type 3NA.
  • Page 38: Short Circuit Current Rating (sccr According To Ul)

    These can be used to calculate the overall panel SCCR. The SCCR values of the approved SINAMICS G130 converter Chassis units and the approved modular SINAMICS S120 built-in units in Chassis format are higher than the listed standard SCCR values. These higher SCCR values are valid only in combination with the fuses or circuit breakers stated in the catalogs and operating instructions.
  • Page 39: Maximum Short-circuit Currents (sccr According To Iec) And Minimum Short-circuit Currents

    (672 – 1193 kW) 85 kA 170 kA Standard SCCR values according to UL 508A and SCCR values of the approved SINAMICS G130 and S120 Chassis units 1.2.4 Maximum short-circuit currents (SCCR according to IEC) and minimum short-circuit currents The following tables specify the maximum permissible line-side short-circuit currents and the recommended minimum line-side short-circuit currents for SINAMICS G130 converter Chassis units, SINAMICS G150 and S150 converter cabinet units and for the SINAMICS S120 Infeeds in Chassis and Cabinet Modules format.
  • Page 40 500V / 690V [ kW ] [ - ] [ A ] [ kA ] [ kA ] [ - ] [ % ] SINAMICS G130 / 380 V – 480 V 3AC 13.1 12.7 13.0 11.1 15.7 10.0 15.9 10.5...
  • Page 41 2) These values apply to cabinet units with option L26 = fuse switch disconnectors including 3NE1 fuses 3) These values apply to cabinet units with option L26 = circuit breakers SINAMICS G150: Maximum and minimum line-side short-circuit currents SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 41/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 42 1) These values apply to cabinet units without option L26, i.e. without fuse switch disconnectors including 3NE1 fuses 2) These values apply to cabinet units with option L26, i.e. with fuse switch disconnectors including 3NE1 fuses SINAMICS S150: Maximum and minimum line-side short-circuit currents SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 42/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 43 2) These values apply to SLMs in Cabinet Modules format with fuse switch disconnectors including 3NE1 fuses in the LCM 3) These values apply to SLMs in Cabinet Modules format with circuit breaker in the LCM SINAMICS S120 SLM: Maximum and minimum line-side short-circuit currents SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 43/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 44: Connection Of Converters To Grounded Systems (tn Or Tt)

    SINAMICS converters described in this manual. However, as described above, suitable protection must be provided on the line side to ensure that the substantial ground fault current caused by a low-impedance ground fault or short circuit in the device is promptly interrupted. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 44/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 45: Connection Of Converters To Non-grounded Systems (it)

    RFI suppression filters for the "second" environment (Category C3 according to EMC product standard EN 61800-3). This applies to SINAMICS G150 and S150 cabinets, to SINAMICS G130 Chassis and to the Infeeds (Basic Infeeds, Smart Infeeds and Active Infeeds) of the S120 modular system (Chassis and Cabinet Modules). For more information about RFI suppression, please refer to the section "Line filters"...
  • Page 46 L87 / insulation monitor. Insulation resistance SINAMICS G130, G150 and S150 Chassis and cabinet units and S120 Chassis and Cabinet Modules are equipped with electronic circuits on the Control Interface Module CIM for measuring the DC link voltage. These circuits provide galvanic isolation between the power unit and the grounded converter electronics.
  • Page 47 When the grounding connection for the standard RFI suppression filter has been removed, the devices meet category C4 in accordance with the EMC product standard EN 61800-3. For more information, refer to the chapter “EMC Installation Guideline”. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 47/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 48 VSM10 Voltage Sensing Module must therefore be removed during installation or commissioning of the converter if the supply system at the installation site is an IT system. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 48/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 49: Connection Of Converters To Supply Systems With Different Short-circuit Powers

    In such cases, the power supply conditions must be analyzed precisely. It is often necessary to consider overdimensioning the transformers or SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 49/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 50 As long as the converter is designed as a 6-pulse rectifier without Line Harmonics Filter at the input side (SINAMICS G130, G150 and S120 Basic Line Modules), the harmonic effects on the supply are also limited by virtue of the low line currents, which means that this type of arrangement is perfectly suitable for test purposes. An exception among the 6-pulse rectifiers is the SINAMICS S120 Smart Line Module, because this draws a significant harmonic reactive current from the supply system, even under no-load conditions.
  • Page 51: Supply Voltage Variations And Supply Voltage Dips

    Outside Europe, larger and longer supply voltage dips can occur more frequently, particularly in states with fewer closely connected power supply systems, such as those in the USA, Russia, China or Australia. Here supply voltage dips which last a second or longer must be expected. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 51/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 52: Behaviour Of Sinamics Converters During Supply Voltage Variations And Dips

    SINAMICS units are dimensioned for relatively wide supply voltage ranges, whereby each range covers several of the worldwide nominal supply voltages V The converter Chassis units SINAMICS G130 and the converter cabinet units SINAMICS G150 are available in three supply voltage ranges. The components of the modular system SINAMICS S120 (Chassis and Cabinet Modules) as well as converter cabinet units SINAMICS S150 are available in two supply voltage ranges.
  • Page 53 Also the voltage of 24 V can be supplied from a secure, external supply by disconnecting the internal switch-mode power supply and replacing it by a secure, external supply. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 53/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 54 F. In the following diagram, these ranges are shown for unregulated SINAMICS Infeeds, whereby each range corresponds to different boundary conditions and, therefore, to a different behaviour of the drive. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 54/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 55 Dips in range D are, therefore, as a result of the very short duration, permissible, as long as the drive is operating at partial load with a maximum of 50 %. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 55/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 56 The statements – particularly the time specifications – regarding ranges C to E are precisely accurate only in relation to single drives (e.g. for SINAMICS G130 or G150). In the case of multi-motor drives, the specified times might be much longer depending on the drive constellation and operating conditions. This might be true, for example, if inverters which are in standby mode during normal operation but raise the DC link capacitance of the drive configuration, are connected to the DC busbar of the drive configuration.
  • Page 57 Infeed, for a time period of approximately 5 ms to a maximum of 50 ms, depending on the load condition, because the energy stored in the DC link capacitors is very low. However, dips of such magnitude and duration very rarely occur in practice. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 57/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 58 Since the de-magnetizing time for small motors (< 100 kW) is a few seconds, and for large motors (> 1 MW) up to 20 seconds, very fast flying restart of large motors cannot be achieved unless additional measures are taken. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 58/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 59: Permissible Harmonics On The Supply Voltage

    Further information can be found in the section “Harmonic effects on the supply system”, under the subsection “Standards and permissible harmonics”. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 59/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 60: Summary Of Permissible Supply System Conditions For Sinamics Converters

    600 V ungrounded IT systems permissible up to rated line voltage of 690 V Rated line voltages: for SINAMICS G130 and G150: 380 - 480 V 3AC 500 - 600 V 3AC 660 - 690 V 3AC...
  • Page 61: Line-side Contactors And Circuit Breakers

    Contactors or circuit breakers can be used as electromagnetically actuated switchgear on the line side. These are available as system components for SINAMICS G130 Chassis units and for the modular SINAMICS S120 Chassis units (catalogs D 11 and D 21.3). Contactors or circuit breakers are either available as an option or installed as standard (depending on the unit type) in SINAMICS G150 and S150 cabinet units and SINAMICS S120 converter cabinet units in Cabinet Modules format.
  • Page 62 The making currents of the line-side circuit breakers always remain lower than the rated input currents of the SINAMICS G130, G150, S120 (Chassis and Cabinet Modules) and S150 converters described in this engineering manual owing to the precharging circuit design. These circuit breakers can therefore be selected according to the rated input currents of the converters.
  • Page 63 Based on this requirement, the setting values are thus as follows: = 2, = 0. These values are also specified in the relevant operating instructions. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 63/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 64 The characteristic shown by the red line is placed on top of or between the characteristics shown by the black lines which represent the limit settings of the electronic trip unit. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 64/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 65 Very high setting values for the short-time delayed short-circuit current I and the associated delay time t delay the response of the circuit breaker unnecessarily and can therefore lead to significantly more extensive equipment damage. Electronic trip unit ETU25B SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 65/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 66: Transformers

    D……… Distortive (reactive) power: This is calculated on the basis of the harmonic currents I ¥ å × × The distortive (reactive) power is also referred to as "harmonic reactive power". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 66/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 67 Infeeds (S120 Active Infeed and S150) can be parameterized in the firmware. The factory setting is "1". Fundamental power factor cosφ for line-commutated SINAMICS converters and Infeeds SINAMICS G130, G150, S120 Basic Infeed and S120 Smart Infeed Relative short-circuit power RSC 100 % load >...
  • Page 68: Method Of Calculating The Required Apparent Power S Of A Unit Transformer

    Fundamental Principles and System Description Engineering Information Total power factor λ for line-commutated SINAMICS converters and Infeeds SINAMICS G130, G150, S120 Basic Infeed and S120 Smart Infeed Relative short-circuit power RSC 100 % load > 50 (strong line supply) ≈ 0.87 15 …...
  • Page 69: Transformer Types

    The following factors need to be considered: · Procurement costs of transformers · Required measures at installation site · Operating costs incurred by losses, particularly in the distribution system SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 69/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 70: Features Of Standard Transformers And Converter Transformers

    SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 70/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 71: Three-winding Transformers

    Use of line (commutating) reactors to improve current symmetry if applicable. Generally speaking, double-tier transformers are the most suitable transformer type to satisfy the requirements specified above for three-winding transformers for 12-pulse operation with SINAMICS. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 71/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 72: Harmonic Effects On The Supply System

    The higher the harmonic components of a quantity are, the larger are the distortions of this quantity, i.e. the larger the deviations of this quantity from the sinusoidal fundamental frequency. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 72/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 73 Data of the supply system which supplies the transformer (short-circuit power) For most of the drives in the SINAMICS range, these calculations can be performed easily and exactly with the "SIZER for Siemens Drives" configuration tool. Note: The calculated value for the total harmonic distortion of voltage THD(V) takes into account only the harmonics caused by the relevant drives.
  • Page 74: Harmonic Currents Of 6-pulse Rectifier Circuits

    6-pulse rectifier circuits are line-commutated three-phase bridge circuits, which usually are equipped with thyristors or diodes. They are used with SINAMICS G130 (thyristors), G150 (thyristors) and S120 Basic Line Modules (thyristors for low power outputs and diodes for larger outputs). A line reactor with a relative short-circuit voltage of 2 % is usually connected in series with these rectifiers.
  • Page 75 Spectral representation of the harmonic currents of a 6-pulse rectifier with line reactor v = 2 % (specified in %) - Bars on left: RSC >> 50 - Bars in center: RSC = 50 - Bars on right: RSC < 15 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 75/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 76: Sinamics S120 Smart Infeed In Regenerative Operation

    20 % 16 % 11 % 32 % Typical current harmonic values for the SINAMICS Smart Infeed in rectifier (motor) operation and regenerative operation with a line reactor of 4 % SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 76/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 77: Harmonic Currents Of 6-pulse Rectifier Circuits With Line Harmonics Filter

    Harmonics Filter are available, i.e. LHF and LHF compact. They are installed between the mains supply and converter and can be used with SINAMICS G130 and G150 units. When stand-alone Line Harmonics Filters (LHF) are used, a line reactor with a relative short-circuit voltage of v = 2 % must be installed at the converter input.
  • Page 78: Sinamics Engineering Manual – November

    Spectral representation of the harmonic currents of 6-pulse rectifiers with Line Harmonics Filters (specified in %) - Bars on left: RSC >> 50 - Bars in center: RSC = 50 - Bars on right: RSC < 15 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 78/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 79: Harmonic Currents Of 12-pulse Rectifier Circuits

    PCC on the primary side of the three-winding transformer: h = n 12 ± 1 where n = 1, 2, 3, ... i.e. h = 11, 13, 23, 25, 35, 37, 47, 49, ... SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 79/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 80: Harmonic Currents And Harmonic Voltages Of Active Infeeds (afe Technology)

    The harmonic effects on the supply system associated with the Active Infeed are very low due to the combination of Clean Power Filter and the IGBT inverter which is clocked with a pulse frequency of a few kHz. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 80/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 81 When self-commutated IGBT Infeeds (S150, S120 Active Line Modules) are used, the system complies with the limit values stipulated in standard IEEE 519 (Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical Power Systems). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 81/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 82: Standards And Permissible Harmonics

    The class that is to be used for new plants or expansions to existing plants cannot be defined in advance, but depends on the intended type of installation (of equipment, device) and the process. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 82/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 83 PCC, but also for the protection of the SINAMICS units themselves. Otherwise, components in the converter itself or the corresponding line-side components may be thermically overloaded or error functions may occur in the converter. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 83/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 84 The following is a rough guide to the supplementary conditions under which the limits in accordance with IEEE 519 can be maintained under typical supply system conditions (RSC > 10 or < 10 %): k Line SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 84/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 85 If 6-pulse rectifier circuits without Line Harmonics Filters or 12-pulse rectifier circuits are used, an exact calculation of the harmonic effects on the supply should always be performed with the supplementary conditions of the individual plant configuration. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 85/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 86: Line-side Reactors And Filters

    This decoupling is an essential prerequisite for correct operation of the rectifier circuit, particularly in the case of SINAMICS G130 and G150. For this reason, each converter must be provided with its own line reactor, i.e. it is not permissible for a single line reactor to be shared among converters.
  • Page 87: Line Harmonics Filters (lhf And Lhf Compact)

    Two versions of Line Harmonics Filters are available, i.e. LHF and LHF compact. They can be used for SINAMICS G130 units (LHF only) and G150 units (LHF and LHF compact). They are installed between the supply system and the converter. Line Harmonics Filters (LHF) form an oscillating circuit at the converter side together with the line reactor of the converter which must be installed between the LHF and the converter input, and they form an oscillating circuit at the line side together with the supply inductance.
  • Page 88: Line Harmonics Filter (lhf) With Separate Housing (6sl3000-0j

    In order to reduce the harmonics on the supply, SINAMICS S150 converters with a pulsed Active Infeed can basically be used as an alternative to Sinamics G130 / G150 with Line Harmonics Filters LHF and LHF compact. While the harmonics at the line side are slightly more reduced with the S150, however, these converters are also less efficient at typically 96 %, so that this alternative solution cannot be recommended from the energy point of view.
  • Page 89 Line Harmonics Filters should not be operated on supply systems with reactive current compensation systems, nor in combination with other 6-pulse converters that are not equipped with Line Harmonics Filters, nor in combination with devices that operate with pronounced phase angle control. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 89/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 90: Line Harmonics Filter Compact (lhf Compact) As Option L01 For Sinamics G150

    Line Harmonics Filters compact can also be operated at ambient temperatures of > 40°C up to a maximum of 50 °C, with the same derating factors applicable as to SINAMICS G150 converters. Line Harmonics Filters compact can be used in both grounded systems (TN/TT) and non-grounded systems (IT). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 90/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 91 T in the higher range. Where appropriate, the filter time constant of the Vdc compensation (p1806) should be raised to values within the range from approximately 20 ms to approximately 100 ms. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 91/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 92: Line Filters (radio Frequency Interference (rfi) Suppression Filter Or Emc Filter)

    "First" and "second" environment as defined by EMC product standard EN 61800-3 Four different categories are defined in EN 61800-3 depending on the location and the output of the variable-speed drive. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 92/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 93 Additional line filters are available as options for applications in the "first” environment in accordance with category C2. This applies to SINAMICS G130 and G150 converters, all Infeeds of the SINAMICS S120 modular system (Basic Line Modules, Smart Line Modules and Active Line Modules) in Chassis and Cabinet Modules formats and to the SINAMICS S150 cabinet units.
  • Page 94 (also) supplies residential buildings. Equipment in class B must remain within the limits defined for class B. à Class B therefore corresponds to the "first" environment defined by EN 61800-3. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 94/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 95: Line Filters For The "first" Environment (residential) And "second" Environment (industrial)

    The diagram below shows a variable-speed drive system which is connected to a TN system with grounded starpoint. The drive system consists of a cabinet-mounted SINAMICS G130 Chassis unit which is feeding a motor over a shielded motor cable. The purpose of this example is to explain the operating principle of the standard and optional line filters.
  • Page 96: Magnitude Of Leakage Or Interference Currents

    The associated rms values I are approximately 10 times lower when the following supplementary conditions Leak apply: · Pulse frequency f matches factory setting · 300 m shielded motor cable (with n and A SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 96/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 97: Emc-compliant Installation

    3-wire cable plus symmetrical 3-wire cable with asymmetrical 4-wire cable symmetrically arranged PE conductor separately routed PE conductor including the PE conductor Shielded three-phase cables with concentric shield SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 97/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 98 C3 or even category C2 is essential. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 98/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 99 After the ground connection of the standard RFI suppression filter has been removed, the units generally conform only to category C4 as defined by EMC product standard EN 61800-3 (see previous page for relevant explanations). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 99/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 100: Sinamics Infeeds And Their Properties

    The processes for precharging the connected DC link are very different depending on the device variant used: In the case of SINAMICS G130 and G150 converters in which the Basic Infeed is an integral component of their power units, a small precharging rectifier equipped with diodes is connected in parallel with the main rectifier equipped with thyristors (Exceptions: G150 parallel connections in the output power range from 1750 kW to 2700 kW.
  • Page 101 G150 converter without becoming overloaded. Additional DC link capacitances cannot be precharged. For this reason, other S120 Motor Modules, for example, must not be connected to the DC link of a SINAMICS G130 or G150 converter. Complete precharging of the DC link is only permitted every 3 minutes.
  • Page 102: Smart Infeed

    On the line side, the Smart Infeed is normally equipped with a line reactor having a relative short circuit voltage of = 4 %. The Smart Infeed is available as a stand-alone Infeed of the SINAMICS S120 modular system in Chassis and Cabinet Modules format. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 102/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 103 Line Because the DC link voltage is not regulated, fluctuations in the line voltage and changes in the operating state (motor mode / regenerative mode) cause it to fluctuate accordingly. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 103/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 104 10 % can only be achieved with 12-pulse circuits, i.e. by supplying two Smart Line Modules from a three-winding transformer with a 30° phase displacement between its secondary voltages. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 104/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 105: Active Infeed

    = 600 V Line Line Line 660 V – 690 V 3AC 1080 V 756 V 800 V SINAMICS Active Infeed: Maximum, continuously permissible DC link voltages and attainable output voltages SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 105/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 106 (required due to the structure of the Clean Power Filter), precharging and main circuit must have the same phase sequence, otherwise the precharging resistors may be overloaded and destroyed. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 106/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 107 < 1, the power losses in the Active Line Module increase. For this reason, the line current must be reduced in accordance with the derating characteristic shown below. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 107/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 108 630 kW – 1700 kW 575 A – 1560 A 400 μs 2.50 kHz Factory setting of current controller clock cycle and pulse frequency for S120 Active Line Modules (Chassis and Cabinet Modules) SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 108/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 109 This parameter allows the current controller clock cycle to be changed from 400 μs to 375 μs to enable isochronous PROFIdrive operation. Changing this setting slightly increases the pulse frequency for these devices from 2.50 kHz to 2.67 kHz. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 109/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 110: Comparison Of The Properties Of The Different Sinamics Infeeds

    Comparison of the properties of different SINAMICS Infeeds available only for SINAMICS G130 and SINAMICS G150, see section "Line Harmonics Filter (LHF and LHF compact)" available only for SINAMICS G150 as option L01, see section "Line Harmonics Filter (LHF and LHF compact)"...
  • Page 111 /√3) for G130 / G150 converters and for the different S120 Infeeds at operation with Line the rated output. Comparison of typical line currents with SINAMICS G130 / G150 converters and SINAMICS S120 Infeeds SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 111/528...
  • Page 112: Redundant Line Supply Concepts

    Variant 3: Supply from a single supply system Supply from a single supply system Supply from two independent supply with a double-winding transformer with a three-winding transformer systems with two transformers SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 112/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 113 Basic Line Module is configured for the full power required by the common DC link. · Each Basic Line Module must be able to precharging the complete common DC link capacitance. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 113/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 114 Infeed must switch over from slave operation in current control mode to master operation in voltage control mode. This can be done during operation (i.e. without the need for any downtime). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 114/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 115 DC link and on the motor windings to ground, however, operation with a non- grounded IT supply system is preferable. - The slave Infeed(s) must be supplied by its / their own isolation transformer, whereby all secondary windings must be non-grounded. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 115/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 116 The Active Line Modules that remain in operation if a fault occurs must, in conjunction with the Active Interface Modules, be able to precharge the complete common DC link capacitance. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 116/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 117: Permissible Total Cable Length For S120 Infeed Modules Feeding Multi-motor Drives

    This applies regardless of whether the SINAMICS S120 multi-motor drive is operated on a grounded TN supply system with line filters integrated in the SINAMICS Infeed Module as standard, or on a non-grounded IT supply system with a deactivated line filter. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 117/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 118: Sinamics Braking Units (braking Modules And Braking Resistors)

    Braking units consist of a Braking Module (braking chopper) and an external braking resistor and they are needed for any system supplied by an Infeed which is not capable of regenerative operation (SINAMICS G130 and G150 converters and drives with SINAMICS S120 Basic Line Modules) and in which regenerative energy is occasionally produced, e.g.
  • Page 119: Sinamics Inverters Or Motor Modules

    Motor max PEM DCLink The pulse frequency of the motor-side inverters of converters SINAMICS G130, G150 and S150 and for SINAMICS S120 Motor Modules in Chassis and Cabinet Modules format has in vector control mode (drive object of vector type) the factory settings listed in the following table.
  • Page 120: Drive Configurations With Multiple Motor Modules Connected To A Common Dc Busbar

    Exception: If only a single Motor Module is supplied by a single Infeed with adapted power rating, then the same conditions apply as with a SINAMICS G130 or G150 converter unit, i.e. the line-side fuses are sufficient to protect both the Infeed and the Motor Module.
  • Page 121 Motor Modules from the live DC busbar, to connect standby units or reconnect repaired units, the electrical connection must be made using a contactor assembly including precharging device. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 121/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 122: Arrangement Of Motor Modules Along The Dc Busbar

    The SINAMICS S120 Motor Modules can be arranged on the DC busbar according to two basic principles: · Arrangement according to the power rating (power rating-related sequence). · Arrangement according to the position of the drives in the production process (process-related sequence). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 122/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 123 The Infeed is thus placed at the beginning of the DC busbar and the Motor Modules are arranged, irrespective of their mechanical dimensions and electrical ratings, to correspond to the position of the drives in the production process. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 123/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 124 IGBT or DC link capacitor), the fuses of a number of adjacent Motor Modules with a low power rating might also trip in addition to the fuse of the defective Motor Module, requiring a large number of Motor Module fuses to be replaced as a result. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 124/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 125: Permissible Dimensions And Topologies Of The Dc Busbar

    DC busbar of the other sub-configuration, then very favorable dimensions of busbar cross-section can be achieved. Example 3 shows this type of arrangement. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 125/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 126 Some applications essentially require a drive configuration comprising two sub-configurations situated a long distance apart. The sub-configurations must then be interconnected by means of long DC busbars or DC cabling, as illustrated in example 5. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 126/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 127: Short-circuit Currents On The Dc Busbar

    Infeeds, the DC busbar must still be capable to withstand the brief peak short-circuit current without impermissible mechanical deformation or temperature rise. When the drive configuration is dimensioned, therefore, it is important to consider the short-circuit strength of the DC busbar. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 127/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 128 1700 30.6 HX / HXL JX / JXL 10.5 13.4 JX / JXL 15.0 Contribution of individual S120 Active Line Modules to the total short-circuit current on the DC busbar SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 128/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 129: Maximum Power Rating Of Drive Configurations At A Common Dc Busbar

    Comply with the required ventilation hole cross-sections and the recommended partitioning for air-guidance. · Provide adequate air conditioning of the electrical equipment room (cooling capacity, volumetric flow). · Comply with the EMC installation guideline. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 129/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 130 Comply with the recommended length and topology of the DC busbar. · Provide adequate air conditioning of the electrical equipment room (cooling capacity, volumetric flow). · Comply with the EMC installation guideline. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 130/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 131: Effects Of Using Fast-switching Power Components (igbts)

    Instantaneous values of inverter output voltage v(t) and inverter output current i(t) with long motor cables SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 131/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 132 For basic configurations, i.e. without motor reactors, dv/dt filters plus VPL, dv/dt filters compact plus VPL or sine- wave filters at the inverter output, the permissible motor cable lengths which apply as standard to SINAMICS G130, G150, S150, S120 Motor Modules (Chassis and Cabinet Modules) are listed in the table below: Max.
  • Page 133: Special Issues Relating To Motor-side Contactors And Circuit Breakers

    2 to 3 times the motor rated current. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 133/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 134: Increased Voltage Stress On The Motor Winding As A Result Of Long Motor Cables

    · the DC link voltage V of the inverter and DC Link · the reflection factor r at the motor terminals. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 134/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 135 > 800 kW is only r = 1.7, as illustrated by the diagram below. Typical reflection factor at the motor terminals as a function of drive power rating SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 135/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 136 For further details, please refer to the chapters on specific converter types, e.g. "Converter Chassis Units SINAMICS G130" and "Converter Cabinet Units SINAMICS G150".
  • Page 137 This applies irrespective of whether the motors are supplied by Siemens or another manufacturer. For further details about Siemens standard and trans-standard motors, please refer to chapter "Motors" and to catalog D 81.1 SIMOTICS Low-Voltage Motors. This section of the manual will merely discuss correct selection of the motor insulation of SIMOTICS TN series...
  • Page 138 The use of these filters does however impose certain limitations and these are described in detail in sections "dv/dt filters plus VPL and dv/dt filters compact plus VPL" and "Sine-wave filters". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 138/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 139: Bearing Currents Caused By Steep Voltage Edges On The Motor

    Rotorerdstrom Shaft Welle Bearing Lager EDM current Motor EDM-Strom Circular current Zirkularstrom Housing Gehäuse Integration of the motor into the drive system and representation of the various bearing current types SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 139/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 140: Measures For Reducing Bearing Currents

    Of the measures described, implementation of the first two is mandatory for drives within the output power range of the SINAMICS G130, G150, S120 (Chassis and Cabinet Modules) and S150 units which supply motors of shaft heights 225 or greater, in other words, installation in compliance with EMC requirements in order to eliminate the rotor shaft current in combination with an insulated bearing at the non-drive end of the motor in order to eliminate the circular current.
  • Page 141: Emc-compliant Installation For Optimized Equipotential Bonding In The Drive System

    As a source of interference, the converter must be solidly bonded for high-frequency currents with the foundation ground. These connections must be made using special cables with good high-frequency properties. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 141/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 142 PE potential PE busbar Shield bonding to the motor terminal box Shield bonding to the EMC shield busbar in the converter using an EMC gland using an EMC shield clip SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 142/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 143 On motors which are constructed with a large-area, adequately conductive connection between the terminal box and housing, no additional connection is required and can be omitted. Siemens SIMOTICS M compact asynchronous motors in series 1PL6, 1PH7 and 1PH8 as well as SIMOTICS FD motors feature a connection of this kind as they are specially designed for converter-fed operation.
  • Page 144 / driven machine. This is always an advantage in cases where insulating couplings cannot be used for any number of reasons. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 144/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 145: Insulated Bearing At The Non-drive End (nde) Of The Motor

    The result is a reduction in the common mode currents and thus also in the bearing currents. With respect to bearing currents, therefore, non-grounded IT systems are more beneficial than grounded TN systems. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 145/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 146: Summary Of Bearing Current Types And Counter-measures

    Basically a dv/dt filter or a sinusoidal filter can also be used at the output of the converter, as alternative to an isolated bearing in the motor. The measures to be implemented on the motor in order to prevent bearing current damage are illustrated graphically below. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 146/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 147 Insulated bearing at NDE of motor 1.2 Drive with two motors in tandem arrangement Good equipotential bonding due to EMC-compliant installation Insulated bearings at NDEs of motors Insulating coupling between the two motors SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 147/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 148: Motor-side Reactors And Filters

    Suitably dimensioned motor reactors or series connections of motor reactors therefore offer a solution which allows a higher capacitance and thus also longer motor cables to be connected. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 148/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 149: Permissible Motor Cable Lengths With Motor Reactor(s) For Single- And Multi-motor Drives

    Permissible motor cable lengths for drives with one motor (single-motor drives) The tables below specify the permissible motor cable lengths in systems with one motor reactor or two series- connected motor reactors for SINAMICS G130, G150 and S150, S120 Motor Modules (Chassis and Cabinet Modules).
  • Page 150 Length of the cable between the converter and subdistributor on a multi-motor drive. · Number of parallel cables on motor side of subdistributor = number of motors. · Capacitance per unit length of cables on motor side of subdistributor. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 150/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 151 SINAMICS G150 / 400 V / 250 kW. The maximum motor cable length for shielded motor cables in combination with one motor reactor is 300 m according to Catalog D 11. From this data we can calculate: SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 151/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 152: Supplementary Conditions Which Apply When Motor Reactors Are Used

    It must be noted that the motor reactor should be mounted close the converter or inverter output in the case of SINAMICS G130 and S120 units in Chassis format. The cable length between the converter or inverter output and the motor reactor should not exceed 5 m.
  • Page 153: Dv/dt Filters Plus Vpl And Dv/dt Filters Compact Plus Vpl

    < 1350 V), and the dv/dt filter compact plus VPL is capable of limiting the peak voltage to values below the limit curve A stipulated in IEC/TS 60034-25:2007 (V < 1560 V). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 153/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 154: Supplementary Conditions Which Apply When Dv/dt-filters Are Used

    It must be noted that the dv/dt filter plus VPL or dv/dt filter compact plus VPL should be mounted close to the converter or inverter output in the case of SINAMICS G130 and S120 units in Chassis format. The cable length between the filter and the output of the converter or inverter should not exceed 5 m.
  • Page 155: Sine-wave Filters

    500 V to 600 V voltage range up to a converter rated output of 132 kW at 500 V, The table below specifies the permissible motor cable lengths in systems with sine-wave filter for SINAMICS G130, G150, S150, S120 Motor Modules (Chassis and Cabinet Modules).
  • Page 156: Supplementary Conditions Which Apply When Sine-wave Filters Are Used

    It must be noted that the sine-wave filter should be sited in the immediate vicinity of the converter or inverter output in the case of SINAMICS G130 and S120 Chassis units. The cable length between the sine-wave filter and the output of the converter or inverter should not exceed about 5 m.
  • Page 157: Comparison Of The Properties Of The Motor-side Reactors And Filters

    450 m 450 m 150 m or 450 m 450 m Volume – Medium Medium Price – Medium to high High Comparison of the key propertiesof motor-side reactors and filters SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 157/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 158 (physical causes and influencing parameters) can be found in section "Increased voltage stress on the motor winding as a result of long motor cables". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 158/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 159: Power Cycling Capability Of Igbt Modules And Inverter Power Units

    Critical operating conditions with severe cyclic fluctuations in the IGBT chip temperature include the following scenarios: · Periodic load duty cycles with pronounced load current fluctuations combined with short duty cycle times · Operation at low output frequencies combined with high output current SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 159/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 160: Dimensioning Of The Power Units For Operation At Low Output Frequencies

    2 % of its total operating period, at output frequencies of less than 10 Hz without intervention by the overload reaction, the output current must be derated as a function of the output frequency according to the derating curve below (precondition: Overload reaction setting is p290 = 1). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 160/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 161 If the periods of overload occur frequently or periodically with more than approximately 1 % to max. 2 % of the total operating period, measures must be taken to ensure that the lifetime of the IGBTs is not reduced. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 161/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 162 "high overload", then the short-time currrent I and the associated base load current I must ShortTime be reduced depending on the output frequency in accordance eith the following derating characteristic. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 162/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 163 Fundamental Principles and System Description Engineering Information Permissible short-time current and permissible base load current with frequent periods of high overload as a function of the output frequency SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 163/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 164: Load Duty Cycles

    1.13.2 Standard load duty cycles For SINAMICS G130 converter Chassis, SINAMICS G150 and S150 converter cabinets and SINAMICS S120 Motor Modules SINAMICS S120 (Chassis and Cabinet Modules), the overload capability is defined by two standard load duty cycles: ·...
  • Page 165: Free Load Duty Cycles

    This is necessary in order to prevent initiation of an overload reaction or tripping of the unit due to excessive chip temperature. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 165/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 166 Fundamental Principles and System Description Engineering Information If the criteria described above are applied to the SINAMICS G130, G150 and S150 converters and to the SINAMICS S120 inverter Motor Modules (Chassis and Cabinet Modules), then free load duty cycles are permissible whenever...
  • Page 167 1) Order number 6SL3325-1TG38-0AA3 (frame size HXL) 2) Order number 6SL3325-1TG38-1AA3 (frame size JXL) Assignment table between derating characteristics 1 to 3 and SINAMICS G130 and G150 converters, SINAMICS S120 Motor Modules (air-cooled and liquid-cooled) and SINAMICS S150 converters SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 167/528 Ó...
  • Page 168 T, where T must be ≤ 300 s. The diagram below illustrates the correlations. Approximation of the current characteristic over time using time phases with constant current SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 168/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 169 1.25 kHz). If the current drops below a value corresponding to 1.2 times I again, the drive data set with a high pulse frequency (in the example: 2.5 kHz) is activated again. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 169/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 170 The difference in the temperature swing can amount to as much as 5°C in practice, an effect which can shorten the IGBT lifetime by a factor of 2 to 3. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 170/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 171 × × ShortTime This value corresponds to the motor current of 720 A required at the beginning of the heavy duty start and is therefore just within the permissible limit. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 171/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 172 IGBTs must be taken into account as a configuring factor, i.e. the fluctuations must be limited to permissible values by the application of derating factors, as demonstrated by the example below. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 172/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 173 = 0.8, the permissible short-time current is × × × × Short Time This value is slightly higher than the required maximum motor current of 520 A and is thus permissible. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 173/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 174 The selected SINAMICS S150 converter rated for V = 400 V and I = 490 A is thus suitable for the centrifuge rated application with the given periodic load duty cycle provided it is operated at the factory-set pulse frequency. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 174/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 175 IGBTs. With load duty cycles involving substantial load current fluctuations – of the type characteristic of this example with ΔI = 4.5 – this mode of operation is not a suitable method of reducing temperature fluctuations or prolonging the life of the IGBTs. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 175/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 176 SINAMICS S150 converter with V = 690 V and I = 575 A: k = 0.96. rated IGBT The current derating factor k is therefore calculated as follows: × × × × × × Temp Pulse Parallel IGBT SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 176/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 177 (which is true in the case of many flywheel presses), it must be categorized as a periodic load duty cycle. The current derating factor k must therefore be applied when the drive is configured in order to IGBT prevent premature failure of IGBTs. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 177/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 178 IGBTs. With load duty cycles involving substantial load current fluctuations – of type characteristic of this example – this mode of operation is not a suitable method of reducing temperature fluctuations or prolonging the life of the IGBTs. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 178/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 179: Thermal Monitoring Of The Power Unit

    IGBTs. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 179/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 180 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 180/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 181 This applies in particular if the current derating factor k is calculated to be < 1.0 when the drive IGBT is configured as described in section "Free load duty cycles". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 181/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 182 1.25 kHz. The drive could therefore continue to function normally. The only negative, but nevertheless generally acceptable effect, would be an increase in motor noise during the period of pulse frequency reduction. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 182/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 183: Efficiency Of Sinamics Converters At Full Load And At Partial Load

    Thus, at full load, the active power at the output of the converter is » × × × Line rated SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 183/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 184: Converter Efficiency At Partial Load

    = 0.88 (4-pole asynchronous motors in the power range from 100 kW to 1000 kW), the following typical converter efficiency factors at full load are obtained: · SINAMICS G130 and G150 with pulse frequency according to factory settings: η = 97.7 % - 98.3 %.
  • Page 185: Partial Load Efficiency Of S120 Smart Line Modules

    SINAMICS S120 Motor Modules by the ALM+AIM and regenerated to the mains supply. Efficiency of air-cooled and liquid-cooled S120 Active Line Modules including the assigned air-cooled Active Interface Modules as a function of the active output power ratio P in % Out-100 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 185/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 186: Partial Load Efficiency Of S120 Motor Modules

    Out-rated rated Figure 1b) Efficiency of air-cooled SINAMICS S120 Motor Modules in constant-torque drives as a function of the output current ratio in % SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 186/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 187: Partial Load Efficiency Of G130 / G150 Converters

    1.14.2.6 Partial load efficiency of G130 / G150 converters The charts below show the partial-load efficiency of SINAMICS G130 and G150 converters for constant-torque drives. The calculations are based on a typical efficiency at full load of 98 %. The efficiency is represented in two different ways.
  • Page 188 Fundamental Principles and System Description Engineering Information The charts below show the partial-load efficiency of SINAMICS G130 and G150 converters for drives with quadratic load characteristic M~n . The calculations are based on a typical efficiency at full load of 98 %. The efficiency is represented in three different ways.
  • Page 189 P/P Out-100 rated Figure 2c) Efficiency of SINAMICS G130 and G150 converters in drives with quadratic load characteristic as a function of the active output power ratio in % SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 189/528...
  • Page 190: Partial Load Efficiency Of S150 Converters

    Out-rated rated Figure 1b) Efficiency of SINAMICS S150 converters in constant-torque drives as a function of the output current ratio in % SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 190/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 191 M/M Out-rated rated Figure 2b) Efficiency of SINAMICS S150 converters in drives with quadratic load characteristic as a function of the output current ratio in % SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 191/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 192 P/P Out-100 rated Figure 2c) Efficiency of SINAMICS S150 converters in drives with quadratic load characteristic as a function of the active output power ratio in % SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 192/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 193: Parallel Connections Of Converters

    Motor Module or drive object of vector type. · Components on the line and motor side for line-side protection of the parallel connection, for de-coupling the parallel-connected power units and for ensuring symmetrical current distribution. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 193/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 194 SINAMICS equipment due to a variety of disadvantages associated with it, e.g. high costs and problems with spare parts stocking) · Use of current-balancing system components such as line reactors or motor reactors · Use of the most symmetrical mechanical design that is possible SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 194/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 195: Parallel Connection Of S120 Basic Line Modules

    Use of symmetrical power cabling between the transformer and the parallel-connected BLMs (cables of identical type with the same cross-section and length) The current reduction from the rated value for individual Basic Line Modules in a parallel connection is 7.5 %. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 195/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 196 12-pulse parallel connections of S120 Basic Line Modules are connected to two ungrounded secondary windings and thus to an IT system. For this reason, an insulation monitor must be provided. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 196/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 197: Parallel Connection Of S120 Smart Line Modules

    Basic Line Modules, the gating impulses for the IGBTs in Smart Line Modules are synchronized by the Control Unit. Thus all Smart Line Modules controlled by one Control Unit must be connected to the same transformer winding with equal phase position. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 197/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 198 DC link. In order to safely ensure that the individual subsystems are not overloaded during precharging, the 12-pulse parallel connection of Smart Line Modules should be dimensioned such that each subsystem is able to precharge the entire DC link on its own. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 198/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 199: Parallel Connection Of S120 Active Line Modules

    Modules / Active Line Modules (cables of identical type with the same cross-section and length) The current reduction from the rated value for individual Active Interface Modules / Active Line Modules in a parallel connection is 5 %. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 199/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 200 Active Line Module with a separate Control Unit is connected to each secondary winding, as the tolerances of the transformer and the master-slave control can also result in a slightly unequal current sharing in this configuration. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 200/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 201: Parallel Connection Of S120 Motor Modules

    Active Infeeds a higher output voltage than the line supply voltage on the input side of the Infeed can be obtained due to the increased DC link voltage. The current reduction for parallel connections is 5 % referred to the rated currents of the individual Motor Modules. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 201/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 202 Siemens or because a motor with a common winding system is already available for the application. In such cases, the outputs of the parallel-connected Motor Modules are interconnected via the motor cables in the motor terminal box.
  • Page 203: Admissible And Inadmissible Winding Systems For Parallel Connections Of Converters

    Motors with separate winding systems on the input side which have a common, internal neutral. Admissible and inadmissible winding systems for parallel connections of converters illustrated by the example of motors with three parallel windings SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 203/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 204 It is also possible to supply a motor with completely isolated winding systems by a single converter or a single Motor Module, as illustrated by the example below: Motor with two electrically isolated winding systems and converter with one Motor Module SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 204/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 205 These currents increase the losses in the motor and can thus cause a significant temperature rise in the motor under unfavorable conditions. This risk of motor overheating is the reason why this variant cannot be used in parallel connections of SINAMICS converters. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 205/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 206: Liquid-cooled Sinamics S120 Units

    SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 206/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 207: Cooling Circuit And Coolant Requirements

    As liquid-cooled SINAMICS S120 units are designed for potential-free operation, the grounding of the units must be done with the largest possible cross-section. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 207/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 208 This applies particularly in the case of the anti-freeze Antifrogen L, which is propylene glycol-based. Note: The specified anti-freezes must not be mixed with one another – not even to top up the anti-freeze level! SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 208/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 209 50 °C 20.8°C 27.5°C 32.6°C 36.6°C 40.0°C 42.9°C 45.5°C 46.6°C 47.8°C 48.9°C 49.9°C Dew point as a function of ambient temperature T and relative air humidity Φ for installation altitude zero SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 209/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 210: Example Of A Closed Cooling Circuit For Liquid-cooled Sinamics S120 Units

    It can, therefore, only be used with units with integrated stainless steel heat exchangers. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 210/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 211: Example Of Coolant Temperature Control For Condensation Prevention

    The 3-step controller has three switch positions for controlling the actuating motor: ● +y1 for forward motion ● 0 for standstill ● -y1 for backward motion. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 211/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 212 This table states the dew point T as a function of ambient temperature T and relative air humidity Φ. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 212/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 213 Φ of the ambient air according to the last line in the table above. Temperature difference ΔT as a function of relative air humidity Φ SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 213/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 214: Information About Cooling Circuit Configuration

    0.9 is applicable under worst- case conditions. Current derating as a function of coolant inlet temperature Current derating as a function of ambient temperature SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 214/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 215 (H2O) as the coolant as a function of the coolant flow rate dV/dt for liquid-cooled SINAMICS units in the different frame sizes. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 215/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 216 SINAMICS S120 units when Antifrogen N or Varidos FSK anti-freeze is used. Varidos FSK has the same flow properties as Antifrogen N. Pressure drop as a function of volumetric flow rate for Basic Line Modules in frame size FBL SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 216/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 217 Pressure drop as a function of volumetric flow rate for Basic Line Modules in frame size GBL Pressure drop as a function of volumetric flow rate for Power Modules in frame size FL and Motor Modules in frame size FXL SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 217/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 218 Active Line Modules in frame size GXL and Motor Modules in frame size GXL Pressure drop as a function of volumetric flow rate for Active Line Modules in frame size HXL and Motor Modules in frame size HXL SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 218/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 219 The following diagrams specify the pressure drop across the heat sink as a function of volumetric flow rate dV/dt for different liquid-cooled SINAMICS S120 units when Antifrogen L anti-freeze is used. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 219/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 220 Pressure drop as a function of volumetric flow rate for Basic Line Modules in frame size FBL Pressure drop as a function of volumetric flow rate for Basic Line Modules in frame size GBL SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 220/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 221 Pressure drop as a function of volumetric flow rate for Power Modules in frame size GL, Active Line Modules in frame size GXL and Motor Modules in frame size GXL SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 221/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 222 Motor Modules in frame size HXL Pressure drop as a function of volumetric flow rate for Active Line Modules in frame size JXL and Motor Modules in frame size JXL SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 222/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 223: Information About Cabinet Design

    Chassis unit) must provide forced cooling in order to prevent the accumulation of heat inside the cabinet. The table below states the minimum required volumetric flow rates dV/dt as well as the average SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 223/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 224: Sinamics Engineering Manual – November

    Required volumetric flow rates dV/dt of hood-mounted fan in cabinets with degree of protection of > IP21 Fan type W2E200-HH38-01 supplied by EBM-Papst is recommended for use as a hood-mounted fan. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 224/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 225 With this arrangement, the components mounted near the bottom end of the Chassis unit will also be cooled within the permissible temperature range. The components required for horizontal mounting of the Chassis unit are shown in the diagram below. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 225/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 226 With hermetically-sealed converter cabinets which cannot exchange air with the ambient air around the converter cabinet, the instructions regarding removal of heat losses from the cabinet are the same as those applicable to Chassis units mounted in the vertical position. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 226/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 227: Emc Installation Guideline

    The devices described in this document (SINAMICS G130, G150, S120 Chassis, S120 Cabinet Modules, and S150) are not classified as “devices” in the context of the EMC Directive, but as “components” designed to be integrated in a complete system or plant.
  • Page 228: Emc Directive

    PDS = Power Drive System (complete drive system comprising converter, motor, and additional equipment) · CDM = Complete Drive Module (complete converter device, e.g. SINAMICS G150 cabinet unit) · BDM = Basic Drive Module (e.g. SINAMICS G130 Chassis unit) SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 228/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 229 Drive systems with rated voltages of < 1000 V for unlimited use in the "second" environment. · Category C4: Drive systems with rated voltages of ³ 1000 V or for rated currents of ³400 A for use in complex systems in the "second" environment. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 229/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 230: Fundamental Principles Of Emc

    EMC product standard EN 61800-3 which are suitable for use in TN or TT supply systems with grounded neutral. This applies to the SINAMICS G130, G150, and S150 converters as well as in the Infeeds of the SINAMICS S120 modular system (Basic Line Modules, Smart Line Modules, and Active Line Modules including the associated Active Interface Modules, in Chassis and Cabinet Modules format).
  • Page 231: Interference Emissions And Interference Immunity

    The smoothing effect of the motor inductance generates a largely sinusoidal motor current I. Principles of operation of SINAMICS frequency converters and schematic representation of output voltage V and motor current I SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 231/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 232: The Frequency Converter As A High-frequency Source Of Interference

    PE or EMC shield busbar, and the line filter. The standard line filters are provided in SINAMICS G130, G150, and S150 converters as well as in the infeeds of the SINAMICS S120 modular system (Basic Line Modules, Smart Line Modules, and Active Line Modules including the associated Active Interface Modules, in Chassis and Cabinet Modules format).
  • Page 233 3-wire cable plus symmetrical 3-wire cable with asymmetrical 4-wire cable symmetrically arranged PE conductor separately routed PE conductor including the PE conductor Shielded three-phase cables with concentric shield SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 233/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 234 If SINAMICS G130 Chassis units and S120 Chassis units are integrated in an open cabinet frame, the interference radiation of the devices is not limited to a sufficient degree. To ensure compliance with category C3 of EMC product standard EN 61800-3, the room where the equipment is installed must have a suitable high-frequency shielding that ensures adequate shielding (e.g.
  • Page 235 EMC Installation Guideline Engineering Information If SINAMICS G130 Chassis units and S120 Chassis units are installed in standard converter cabinets with coated sheet steel, the interference radiation will fulfill the requirements of category C3 as defined by EMC product standard EN 61800-3 if the following measures are observed: ·...
  • Page 236: The Frequency Converter As A Low-frequency Source Of Interference

    The highest level of harmonic effects on the supply system is generated by six-pulse rectifier circuits, which are used with SINAMICS G130 and G150 converters as well as with S120 Basic Line Modules and Smart Line Modules. Typical line current with 6-pulse rectifier circuits...
  • Page 237: The Frequency Converter As Potentially Susceptible Equipment

    Minimize the length of the common conductor · Use large cable cross-sections if the common impedance is largely ohmic in character · Use a separate feed and return line for each electrical circuit SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 237/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 238: Capacitive Coupling

    (i.e. the converter side). The other side of the shield should be grounded by means of a MKT-type capacitator with approximately 10 nF/100 V. When the capacitator is used, this means that the shield is bonded for high frequencies at both ends. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 238/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 239: Inductive Coupling

    EMC Installation Guideline Engineering Information SINAMICS G130 converter Chassis units and SINAMICS S120 Chassis units as well as SINAMICS G150 and S150 converter cabinet units, and S120 Cabinet Modules offer a range of shield bonding options: · Each SINAMICS device is supplied with shield clips to ensure an optimum shield connection of the signal cables.
  • Page 240: Electromagnetic Coupling (radiative Coupling)

    Based on this, the next section covers all of the most important rules for ensuring that converter cabinets are constructed and drive systems are installed in accordance with the EMC requirements. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 240/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 241: Zone Concept Within The Converter Cabinet

    All communication and signal cables leaving the converter cabinet must be shielded. For longer, analog SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 241/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 242: Converter Cabinet Structure

    Spare wires for signal and data cables must be grounded at both ends to create an additional shielding effect. · Signal and data cables should enter the cabinet only at one point (e.g. from below). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 242/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 243: Cables Outside The Converter Cabinet

    (motor, gearbox, and driven machine) must be interconnected with respect to the high- frequency point of view. For this purpose cables with good high-frequency properties must be used. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 243/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 244 The connections shown red dashed-and-dotted lines [6] provide a conductive, high-frequency bond between the cabinet frame and the foundation ground in the form of finely stranded, braided copper cables with large cross- section ( ≥ 95 mm SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 244/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 245: Examples For Installation

    EMC Installation Guideline Engineering Information 2.4.7 Examples for installation 2.4.7.1 EMC-compliant installation of a SINAMICS G150 converter cabinet unit SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 245/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 246: Emc-compliant Construction/installation Of A Cabinet With A Sinamics G130 Chassis Unit

    EMC Installation Guideline Engineering Information 2.4.7.2 EMC-compliant construction/installation of a cabinet with a SINAMICS G130 Chassis unit Area of filtered supply SINAMICS G130 chassis unit system cables acc. to Category C3 Line reactor Line filter ( optional ) acc. to Category C2...
  • Page 247: Emc-compliant Cable Routing On The Plant Side On Cable Racks And In Cable Ducts

    Three parallel single-wire cables per phase with PE conductor in a single plane b) Three parallel single-wire cables per phase without PE conductor in a single plane : See following page for explanations SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 247/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 248 Since magnetic leakage fields will be higher by comparison with 3-wire three-phase cables and the shield cannot be connected at the motor end when long motor cables are used, it must be expected that the drive will emit a higher level of electromagnetic interference. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 248/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 249: General Engineering Information For Sinamics

    · equipment manuals, · commissioning manuals and · list manuals generally relate to a particular firmware version, i.e. this documentation is updated every time a new firmware version is released. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 249/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 250 General Engineering Information for SINAMICS Engineering Information Documentation / manuals available for converter ranges SINAMICS G130, G150, S120 and S150 SINAMICS G and SINAMICS S SINAMICS – Free Function Blocks Description of the firmware function module "Free function blocks" Function Manual...
  • Page 251 - Explanation of functionality and operating procedures, - Commissioning information, - Servicing and maintenance information. SINAMICS G130 / G150 / S120 Chassis / S120 Description of basic and extended safety functions incl. Cabinet Modules / S150 Safety Integrated - Option K82...
  • Page 252 - Commissioning information, - Parameters and function diagrams, - Acceptance test and acceptance certificate. SINAMICS G130 / G150 / S120 Chassis / S120 Description of basic and extended safety functions incl. Cabinet Modules / S150 Safety Integrated - Option K82...
  • Page 253 Please note the release information for the listed documents. Release dates relate to specific firmware versions. The documentation for units of type SINAMICS G130, G150, S120 Cabinet Modules and S150 is shipped on CD- ROM with the equipment. Documentation for SINAMICS S120 units in Booksize and Chassis format must be ordered separately or can be downloaded from the Internet.
  • Page 254: Safety-integrated / Drive-integrated Safety Functions

    These two safety functions are part of the SINAMICS Safety Integrated philosophy. As basic safety functions, they are standard features of the drive systems SINAMICS G130, G150, SINAMICS S120 Booksize, S120 Chassis, S120 Cabinet Modules and S150. In contrast to the extended safety functions, they are not subject to a license. They are integrated into each individual drive, i.e.
  • Page 255 0 to 3 Further information about the terminals can be found in the relevant catalogs and equipment manuals. Connections for the Safety Integrated Basic Functions STO and SS1 on various SINAMICS units SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 255/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 256 SINAMICS G150, S150 and S120 Cabinet Modules. Further information can be found in section "Option K82" of chapter "Description of Options" and in function manual "SINAMICS G130 / G150 / S120 Chassis / S120 Cabinet Modules / S150 Safety Integrated".
  • Page 257 If the motors are driven passively, voltage is induced in the motor even when STO or SS1 is activated. Separate protective devices are recommended for these cases. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 257/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 258: Precharging Intervals Of The Dc Link

    In contrast to the BOP20, this panel offers commissioning and diagnostic capabilities in addition to the functions required in normal operation. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 258/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 259 The Advanced Operator Panel AOP30 belongs to the standard scope of supply of SINAMICS G150 and S150 converter cabinet units. It is available as an optional system component for SINAMICS G130 converter Chassis units and for the modular cabinet units SINAMICS S120 Cabinet Modules.
  • Page 260: Compactflash Cards For Cu320-2 Control Units

    Engineering Information 3.5 CompactFlash Cards for CU320-2 Control Units The CU320-2 Control Unit is used as open-loop and closed-loop controller for the SINAMICS G130, G150, S120 and S150 devices described in this engineering manual. The firmware, parameter settings and, if applicable, the license code, are stored on a CompactFlash card which must be inserted in the specially provided slot on the front of the CU320-2 Control Unit.
  • Page 261: Cabinet Design And Air Conditioning

    Electric cables - Calculation of the current rating Part 1: Current rating equations (100 % load factor) and calculation of losses Part 2: Thermal resistance Part 3: Sections on operating conditions SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 261/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 262 VDE 0113-50 North American standards Standard Description UL 508 Industrial Control Equipment UL 508A Industrial Control Panels UL 508C Power Conversion Equipment CSA C22.2 No. 14 Industrial Control Equipment SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 262/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 263: Physical Fundamental Principles

    Cabinet cooling by means of natural convection: Temperature distribution inside the cabinet and heat transfer SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 263/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 264 This example clearly proves that air-cooled SINAMICS power components, such as G130 Power Modules, S120 Line Modules or S120 Motor Modules in the power range of Chassis format devices, require forced ventilation and these power units are therefore equipped as standard with fans. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 264/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 265: Cooling Air Requirements And Air Opening Cross-sections In The Cabinet

    Cooling air requirements and air opening cross-sections in the cabinet The air-cooled SINAMICS G130 Chassis units and the air-cooled SINAMICS S120 units in Chassis format are forced ventilated by integrated fans. The cooling air requirement of the units is dependent on the frame size and the output power rating (power losses of the power section).
  • Page 266 500-560kW at 500V; 710-800kW at 690V Cooling air requirements and cabinet opening cross-sections for SINAMICS S120 Chassis and SINAMICS G130 To ensure reliable operation of the equipment in the long-term, it is essential to prevent the ingress of excessively large particles of dirt or dust. Degrees of protection adapted to the ambient conditions on site must be provided for the cabinets in the form of of wire lattices or filter mats.
  • Page 267: Required Ventilation Clearances

    More detailed information can be found in the relevant equipment manuals. The diagrams below provide a graphic illustration of the information in the table above. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 267/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 268 - S120 Active Interface Modules, frame sizes FI and GI - S120 Active Interface Modules, frame sizes HI and JI Ventilation of SINAMICS S120 power units in Chassis format and SINAMICS G130 Ventilation clearance requirements for: Ventilation clearance requirements for:...
  • Page 269: Required Partitioning

    This effect can impair the cooling of components mounted in the cabinet, cause them to overheat and shut down the drive. The fans integrated in the air-cooled SINAMICS S120 Chassis units and in the air-cooled SINAMICS G130 Chassis units produce a vertical upward air flow, thereby creating underpressure at the bottom of the cabinet and overpressure at the top.
  • Page 270: Prevention Of Condensation In Equipment Cooled By Air Conditioners And Climate Control Systems

    Correct air guidance prevents condensation inside Condensate must be either trapped or evaporated. the drive equipment SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 270/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 271: Changing The Power Block On Air-cooled Power Units In Chassis Format

    As it is removed, the power block is guided and supported by the guide rails on the installation fixture. The block can then be lifted off the fixture. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 271/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 272: Replacement Of Simovert P And Simovert A Converter Ranges By Sinamics

    SIMOVERT Masterdrives product range was launched. Due to their higher frame sizes motors in the 1LA1 range are fitted with an insulated bearing at the NDE. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 272/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 273 Notice! If the motor is retrofitted with an insulated non-drive end bearing and also has a speed encoder, the encoder must also be insulated or replaced by an encoder with insulated bearings. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 273/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 274: Replacement Of Converters In Simovert A Range By Sinamics

    It is not always possible to replace SIMOVERT A current-source DC link converters with voltage-source DC link converters from the SINAMICS range. It is essential to analyze the existing drive constellation exactly for the following reasons: SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 274/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 275 Notice! If the motor is retrofitted with an insulated non-drive end bearing and also has a speed encoder, the encoder must also be insulated or replaced by an encoder with insulated bearings. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 275/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 276: Converter Chassis Units Sinamics G130

    4 Converter Chassis Units SINAMICS G130 4.1 General information The SINAMICS G130 Chassis are AC/AC converters for medium to high-output single drives that can be combined very flexibly with the associated system components and integrated into customer-specific cabinets or directly into machines.
  • Page 277 SINAMICS G130 Engineering Information System configuration and components System configuration and components for SINAMICS G130 converter Chassis units SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 277/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 278 SINAMICS G130 Engineering Information Configuring sequence for a drive system with SINAMICS G130 converter Chassis units Flowchart for selecting the components of a drive system with SINAMICS G130 converter Chassis units SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 278/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 279: Rated Data Of Converters For Drives With Low Demands On Control Performance

    4.2 Rated data of converters for drives with low demands on control performance Main applications SINAMICS G130 converter Chassis units are designed primarily for applications with low to medium requirements of dynamic response and control accuracy and are usually operated in sensorless vector control mode. They can operate asynchronous motors as well as permanent-magnet synchronous motors in sensorless vector control mode without encoder.
  • Page 280 Maximum output frequency With SINAMICS G130 Chassis units, the maximum output frequency is limited to 100 Hz or 160 Hz due to the factory-set pulse frequency of f = 1.25 kHz (current controller clock cycle = 400 μs) or f = 2.00 kHz (current...
  • Page 281 SINAMICS G130 converters and associated system components are rated for an ambient temperature of 40 C and installation altitudes of up to 2000 m above sea level. The output current of SINAMICS G130 converters must be reduced (current derating) if they are operated at ambient temperatures above 40 C. SINAMICS G130 chassis units are not permitted to operate at ambient temperatures in excess of 55 C.
  • Page 282 As a result of the drop in air density the cooling effect and the insulation strength of the air are reduced. SINAMICS G130 converters can be installed at altitudes over 2000 m up to 5000 m if the following two measures are utilized.
  • Page 283 SINAMICS G130 Engineering Information Control performance of SINAMICS G130 at a pulse frequency of 2.0 kHz, closed-loop torque control Servo Control Vector Control Notes Asynchronous SINAMICS G130 and standard/ trans- 1LG4/1LG6/1LE1 1LG4/1LG6/1LE1 motor standard asynchronous motors are 1LA8 1LA8 with incr.
  • Page 284 SINAMICS G130 Engineering Information Control performance of SINAMICS G130 at a pulse frequency of 1.25 kHz, closed-loop torque control Servo Control Vector Control Notes Asynchronous SINAMICS G130 and standard/ trans- 1LG4/1LG6/1LE1 1LG4/1LG6/1LE1 motor standard asynchronous motors are 1LA8 1LA8 with incr.
  • Page 285: Connection Diagram Of The Power Module

    SINAMICS G130 Engineering Information 4.3 Connection diagram of the Power Module An overview of the power and signal interfaces of the SINAMICS G130 Power Module is shown below. Power connections · Mains connection: U1, V1, W1, PE1 · Motor connection: U2, V2, W2, PE2 ·...
  • Page 286: Incorporating Different Loads Into The 24 V Supply

    4.4 Incorporating different loads into the 24 V supply A SINAMICS G130 Chassis unit comprises the Power Module and a CU320-2 Control Unit which requires a 24 V power supply. In addition to the Control Unit, it may also be necessary to provide a 24 V supply to an AOP30 Operator Panel and/or one or two TM31 Terminal Modules, which are installed to expand the number of digital and analog inputs and outputs.
  • Page 287: Factory Settings (defaults) Of Customer Interface On Sinamics G130

    24 V supply is switched on electronically limited maximum current. 4.5 Factory settings (defaults) of customer interface on SINAMICS G130 The following factory settings are provided to simplify configuring of the customer interface and commissioning. The interfaces can also be assigned as required at any time.
  • Page 288 SINAMICS G130 Engineering Information The converter is controlled exclusively via the standard digital inputs/outputs on the Control Unit. Terminal block on the CU320-2 Control Unit -X122 Factory setting Comment ON/OFF 1 Increase setpoint/fixed setpoint 0 Parameters can be set in the firmware to determine whether...
  • Page 289 SINAMICS G130 Engineering Information The converter is controlled via the PROFIBUS interface (CU320-2 DP) or the PROFINET interface (CU320-2 PN) which are integrated as standard. The digital inputs and outputs on the Control Unit as well as the optional customer interface TM31 are used to incorporate external alarm and/or error messages and control signals.
  • Page 290 SINAMICS G130 Engineering Information Terminal block on the TM31 Terminal Module Factory setting Comment -X520 Optocoupler inputs connected to common potential Not assigned Not assigned Not assigned Acknowledge fault -X530 Optocoupler inputs connected to common potential OFF 2 Immediate pulse disable, motor coasts to standstill...
  • Page 291 SINAMICS G130 Engineering Information The converter is controlled exclusively via the digital inputs/outputs or analog inputs/outputs on the optional TM31 customer interface. Terminal block on the CU320-2 Control Unit -X122 Factory setting Comment Not assigned Not assigned Not assigned Not assigned...
  • Page 292: Cable Cross-sections And Connections On Sinamics G130 Chassis Units

    4.7 Precharging of the DC link and precharging currents On SINAMICS G130 converter Chassis units, a small precharging rectifier equipped with diodes is connected in parallel to the thyristor-based main rectifier. If this circuit arrangement is connected to line voltage, the DC link is charged by means of the precharging rectifier and the associated precharging resistors.
  • Page 293 They are not capable of precharging any additional DC link capacitance. For this reason, it is not permissible to connect further S120 Motor Modules to the DC link of a SINAMICS G130 converter, or to interconnect multiple G130 converters via the same DC link.
  • Page 294: Line-side Components

    Line reactors can be dispensed with only if the supply cable inductance is sufficiently high or the relative short-circuit power RSC correspondingly low. The following values apply to SINAMICS G130 Chassis: Converter output Line reactor can be Line reactor is...
  • Page 295: Line Harmonics Filters

    4.8.4 Line filters SINAMICS G130 converter Chassis units are equipped as standard with an integrated line filter for limiting conducted interference emissions in accordance with EMC product standard EN 61800-3, category C3, for motor cable lengths of up to 100 m (applications in industrial areas or in the "second" environment).
  • Page 296: Components At The Dc Link

    100 kW 200 kW 250 kW 4.9 Ω ±7.5 % 255 A Braking Modules and braking resistors available for SINAMICS G130 Chassis units. The power values are valid for the factory-set response thresholds Braking Module + 24 V 21.6 Fault output Fault 21.5...
  • Page 297 SINAMICS G130 Engineering Information The diagram below illustrates the power definitions and specifies the load duty cycles for the Braking Modules and matching braking resistors. The information is valid for the factory-set response thresholds. Power definitions and load duty cycles for Braking Modules and braking resistors...
  • Page 298 Response thresholds of Braking Modules and corresponding reduction factors k Example calculation: The purpose of this calculation is to determine for a SINAMICS G130 converter Chassis unit with an output power rating of 450 kW at 400 V whether the braking unit with a continuous power rating of P...
  • Page 299 SINAMICS G130 Engineering Information 1. The result of the mean braking power calculation is as follows: = [ (150 kW • 20 s) + (0 kW • 70 s) ] / 90 s mean = 33.33 kW The braking unit must have a continuous power capability of more than 1.125 • P .
  • Page 300: Load-side Components And Cables

    The dv/dt filter plus VPL and the dv/dt filter compact plus VPL must be used when the dielectric strength of the insulation system on the motor to be connected is unknown or inadequate. Siemens standard and trans-standard asynchronous motors generally require a filter (depending on the motor range) only with line supply voltages of >...
  • Page 301 300 m 450 m Permissible motor cable lengths for SINAMICS G130 (continued) When two motor reactors are connected in series, the permissible cable lengths can be increased even further to 450 m with shielded cables and 675 m with unshielded cables.
  • Page 302: Converter Cabinet Units Sinamics G150

    SINAMICS G150 converter cabinet units are basically incapable of regenerative feedback. For applications where the drive operates in regenerative mode for brief periods, it is possible either to activate the V controller or install dc max braking units (options L61 or L62). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 302/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 303 It is possible to select whether the converter should react to overload by reducing the output frequency and output current or the pulse frequency. Immediate shutdown can also be parameterized. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 303/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 304 25 % G150 parallel connection / the specified currents represent the total current of all inverter sections SINAMICS G150: Permissible output current (current derating factor) as a function of pulse frequency SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 304/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 305 100 % 93.3 % 86.7 % 80.0 % Current derating factors as a function of ambient temperature (inlet air) for SINAMICS G150 converter cabinet units in degree of protection IP54 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 305/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 306 The measures described above are permissible for all SINAMICS G150 converters in all voltage ranges (380 V – 480 V 3AC / 500 V – 600 V 3AC / 660 V – 690 V 3AC). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 306/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 307 < 100 kW 1.0 % of n e.g. motor with 1500 rpm: 15 rpm rated > 500 kW 0.5 % of n e.g. motor with 1500 rpm: 7.5 rpm rated SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 307/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 308 < 100 kW 1.0 % of n e.g. motor with 1500 rpm: 15 rpm rated > 500 kW 0.5 % of n e.g. motor with 1500 rpm: 7.5 rpm rated SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 308/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 309: Factory Settings (defaults) Of Customer Interface On Sinamics G150 With Tm31

    For further information about EMC-compliant cabling, please refer to chapter "EMC Installation Guideline". A jumper must be inserted here if these inputs are not used SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 309/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 310 SINAMICS G150 Engineering Information Example connection for the optional customer terminal block on the TM31 Terminal Module (option G60) SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 310/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 311: Cable Cross-sections And Connections On Sinamics G150 Cabinet Units

    2x120 4x240 1GH34-7AA3 860 2x185 4x240 2x150 4x240 1GH35-8AA3 860 2x240 4x240 2x185 4x240 1GH37-4AA3 1320 3x185 8x240 3x150 6x240 (18) Busbar 1GH38-1AA3 1360 4x150 8x240 3x185 6x240 (18) Busbar SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 311/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 312 8x240 3x185 6x240 (18) Busbar The recommendations for the North American market in AWG or MCM must be taken from the appropriate NEC (National Electrical Code)/CEC (Canadian Electrical Code) standards. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 312/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 313: Required Cable Cross-sections For Line And Motor Connections

    (based on IEC 60364-5-52) for PVC-insulated, 3-wire copper and aluminum cables, a permissible conductor temperature of 70°C (e.g. Protodur NYY or NYCWY) and an ambient temperature of 40°C. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 313/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 314: Grounding And Pe Conductor Cross-section

    Cross-section of the phase Minimum cross-section of the external PE conductor conductor Up to 16 Minimum phase conductor cross-section 16 to 35 35 and above Minimum half the phase conductor cross-section SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 314/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 315: Precharging Of The Dc Link And Precharging Currents

    400 V / 500 V / 690 V. Where other line voltage values apply, the line currents must be converted in proportion to the line voltage. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 315/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 316 G150 parallel connection / the specified precharging currents represent the partial precharging current of one of the two rectifier sections SINAMICS G150 cabinet units: Line currents at beginning of precharging (initial rms values) SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 316/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 317: Line-side Components

    Ratio between the short-circuit power S of the supply system and the rated apparent power (fundamental apparent power) K Line of the converter at its point of common coupling Converter SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 317/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 318: Line Harmonics Filters

    An optional line filter is also available as option L00 which renders the units with motor cable lengths up to 100 m suitable for category C2 applications in accordance with product standard EN 61800-3 (installation in residential areas or in the "first" environment). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 318/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 319: Components At The Dc Link

    250 kW 4.9 Ω ±7.5 % 255 A Braking Modules and braking resistors available for SINAMICS G150 cabinet units. The power values are valid for the factory-set upper response thresholds SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 319/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 320 If it does not have this capability, the continuous braking power P requirement must be increased as far as necessary to ensure that the peak braking power requirement is also covered. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 320/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 321 132 kW at 400 V whether the available braking unit with a continuous power rating of P = 25 kW or = 100 kW is suitable for the application described below. The diagram shows the braking power characteristics over time. Braking power SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 321/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 322 The braking unit with P = 25 kW or P = 100 kW which can be selected for the cabinet unit is therefore suitable for this application. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 322/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 323: Load-side Components And Cables

    The dv/dt filter plus VPL and the dv/dt filter compact plus VPL must be used when the dielectric strength of the insulation system on the motor to be connected is unknown or inadequate. Siemens standard and trans-standard asynchronous motors generally require a filter (depending on the motor range) only with line supply voltages of >...
  • Page 324: Maximum Connectable Motor Cable Lengths

    Optional customer interfaces TM31 (option G60 or G61) or TB30 (option G62) with digital and analog inputs and outputs The following overview shows the three design variants of SINAMICS G150 parallel converters. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 324/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 325 SINAMICS G150 parallel converters with power output of 2700 kW This design variant is based on two SINAMICS Basic Line Modules and three SINAMICS Motor Modules. Design of SINAMICS G150 parallel converters with power output of 2700 kW SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 325/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 326 G150 parallel connection (two or three). For this reason, the boundary conditions to be considered at the line side and the motor side are discussed in more detail below. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 326/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 327: 6-pulse Operation Of Sinamics G150 Parallel Converters

    The supplementary conditions to be fulfilled on the motor side are described on the page after next in section “Operation of motors with electrically isolated and with common winding systems". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 327/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 328: 12-pulse Operation Of Sinamics G150 Parallel Converters

    12-pulse operation must be equipped with Option L87 / insulation monitor. The supplementary conditions to be fulfilled on the motor side are described on the following page in section “Operation of motors with electrically isolated and with common winding systems". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 328/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 329: Operation At Motors With Electrically Isolated And With Common Winding Systems

    Motor Module – as illustrated in the example below of a motor with three winding systems and a G150 converter with two inverters or Motor Modules. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 329/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 330 (option L08). Adequate decoupling is automatically afforded when dv/dt filters plus VPL (option L10) or dv/dt filters compact plus VPL (option L07) are used. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 330/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 331: Special Features To Note When Precharging Sinamics G150 Parallel Converters

    The operational current flows almost entirely via the main rectifier since it encounters much less resistance than the parallel-connected precharging rectifier and its precharging resistors. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 331/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 332 DC link precharging with SINAMICS G150 parallel converters with power outputs of 2400 kW – 2700 kW This precharging principle essentially requires two circuit breakers. These components are therefore provided as standard in SINAMICS G150 parallel connections. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 332/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 333 6SL3710–2GH41–5AA3 Circuit breakers 1750 6SL3710–2GH41–8EA3 Circuit breakers 1950 6SL3710–2GH42–0EA3 Circuit breakers 2150 6SL3710–2GH42–2EA3 Circuit breakers 2400 6SL3710–2GH42–4EA3 Circuit breakers 2700 6SL3710–2GH42–7EA3 Circuit breakers Standard switching elements for G150 parallel converters SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 333/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 334: Overview Of Sinamics G150 Parallel Converters

    97 % 97 % 97 % 97 % Brief overview of SINAMICS G150 parallel converters with Control Interface Module CIM and CU320-2 Control Unit with firmware version 4.3 or higher SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 334/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 335: General Information About Built-in And Cabinet Units Sinamics S120

    It is important to refer to this information when configuring a drive system in order to ensure compatibility and satisfactory inter-operation between individual drive components. For information about individual components, please also refer to the online help of the "SIZER for Siemens Drives" configuring tool.
  • Page 336 · For synchronous motors 2 times 2 times – These values refer to 1FT7/1FK7 synchronous motors. Note limit voltage (kE factor) with non-Siemens motors. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 336/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 337: Control Properties / Definitions

    External disturbances, such as temperature or speed, are not included in the accuracy assessment. The closed-loop and open-loop controls should be optimized with respect to the relevant variable. Definition of key criteria for assessing control quality SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 337/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 338: Control Properties Of The Cu320-2 Control Unit

    In torque operating range up to ± M rated Approx. additional inaccuracy of ± 2.5 % in field-weakening range. Servo: Speed operating range 1:10 referred to rated speed. Vector: Speed operating range 1:50 referred to rated speed. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 338/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 339 < 100 kW 1.0 % of n e.g. motor with 1500 rpm: 15 rpm rated > 500 kW 0.5 % of n e.g. motor with 1500 rpm: 7.5 rpm rated SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 339/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 340 < 100 kW 1.0 % of n e.g. motor with 1500 rpm: 15 rpm rated > 500 kW 0.5 % of n e.g. motor with 1500 rpm: 7.5 rpm rated SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 340/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 341 In torque operating range up to ±M Approx. additional inaccuracy of ± 2.5 % in field-weakening range. Servo: Speed operating range 1:10 referred to rated speed. Vector: Speed operating range 1:50 referred to rated speed. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 341/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 342 < 100 kW 1,0 % of n e.g. motor with 1500 rpm: 15 rpm rated > 500 kW 0,5 % of n e.g. motor with 1500 rpm: 7,5 rpm rated SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 342/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 343 < 100 kW 1.0 % of n e.g. motor with 1500 rpm: 15 rpm rated > 500 kW 0.5 % of n e.g. motor with 1500 rpm: 7.5 rpm rated SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 343/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 344 < 100 kW 1.0 % of n e.g. motor with 1500 rpm: 15 rpm rated > 500 kW 0.5 % of n e.g. motor with 1500 rpm: 7.5 rpm rated SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 344/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 345: Determination Of The Required Control Performance Of The Cu320-2 Control Unit

    The examples below provide an initial rough guide to potential maximum configurations on a CU320-2 Control Unit (including performance expansion, see below). The reliability of complex configurations can be checked with the "SIZER for Siemens Drives" configuring tool. Examples with servo control and a current controller clock cycle of 125 μs or 250 μs: ·...
  • Page 346 510 - 720 V DC / 380 - 480 V 3AC µs 1 vector axis 2 vector axes 3 vector axes 4 vector axes 1.25 5 vector axes 1.00 6 vector axes 1.00 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 346/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 347 7.477 kHz and the current controller clock cycle to 133.75 μs. Pulse The maximum possible number of axes which can be connected to a CU320-2 is therefore generally limited to one. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 347/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 348: Rated Data, Permissible Output Currents, Maximum Output Frequencies

    800 kW liquid-cooled Motor Module in frame size JXL should be used because to the better current derating factors SINAMICS S120: Permissible output current (current derating factor) as a function of pulse frequency SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 348/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 349: Ambient Temperatures > 40°c And Installation Altitudes > 2000 M

    96.3 % inadmissible range 4001 ... 4500 97.5 % 4501 ... 5000 98.2 % Current derating factors as a function of installation altitude and ambient temperature for air-cooled SINAMICS S120 Chassis SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 349/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 350 Drives with Smart Infeed on all voltage levels (380 V – 480 V 3AC and 500 V – 690 V 3AC). · Drives with Active Infeed on voltage level 380 V – 480 V 3AC (Measures for drives with Active Infeed for 500 V – 690 V 3AC on request). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 350/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 351: Drive-cliq

    Setpoints and actual values, control commands and status feedback plus the electronic rating plate data of the drive components or objects are all transferred via DRIVE-CLiQ. Original Siemens DRIVE-CLiQ cables must always be used. These are designed with special transmission and damping qualities and, as such, are the only cable type which can guarantee fault-free system operation.
  • Page 352: Determination Of Component Cabeling

    CU320-2 Control Unit and the first Motor Module or between Motor Modules. The maximum permissible length of DRIVE-CLiQ MOTION-CONNECT cables to external components is 100 m. Original Siemens DRIVE-CLiQ cables must always be used. These are designed with special qualities and are the only cable type which can guarantee fault-free system operation.
  • Page 353: Drive-cliq Cables Supplied With The Units

    DRIVE-CLiQ cables included in the scope of supply of SINAMICS units in Chassis format For units in Booksize format the DRIVE-CliQ cables are supplied in the relevant width to make the connection to the next following module. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 353/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 354: Cable Installation

    Active Line Module. The connections between adjacent Motor Modules are made with the DRIVE-CLiQ cable [2] (0.6 m in length) which is supplied as an accessory with every Motor Module of frame size FX. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 354/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 355 The 0.95 m DRIVE-CLiQ cable can also be used to link Motor Modules of different frame sizes, i.e. FX and GX (please note the difference in depth of 200 mm between frame sizes FX and GX). This cable is shown as cable [2] in the picture below. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 355/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 356 Line Module. The DRIVE-CLiQ cables from the Control Unit to the Line Module and to the first Motor Module must be routed through the rubber sleeve on the left-hand side panel of the unit. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 356/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 357: Precharging Of The Dc Link And Precharging Currents

    1180 A / 1070 A Phase angle control 590 A 1370 kW 1350 A Phase angle control 675 A S120 thyristor-based Basic Line Modules: Line currents at the beginning of precharging (initial rms values) SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 357/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 358 18000 Ws Dimensions of resistor 6SL3000-0KE12-2AA0 / 2.2 Ω Dimensions of resistor 6SL3000-0KH14-0AA0 / 4.0 Ω S120 Basic Line Modules with diodes: Order numbers, technical data and dimensions of precharging resistors SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 358/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 359: Smart Infeed

    To precharge the DC link, the rectifier is connected at the line side to the line supply via a precharging contactor and precharging resistors. Once the DC link is precharged, the bypass contactor is closed and the precharging contactor opened again. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 359/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 360 86 A 3NE1 817-0 (50A) 1400 kW 1430 A 4 Ω 86 A 3NE1 817-0 (50A) S120 Smart Line Modules: Line currents at the beginning of precharging (initial rms values) SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 360/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 361: Active Infeed

    1 to 2 s. Due to the temperature rise in the precharging resistors during the process, the minimum permissible interval for complete precharging of the DC link is 3 minutes. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 361/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 362 172 A 3NE1 021-0 (100 A) 1700 kW 1560 A 1.33 Ω 259 A 3NE1 021-0 (100 A) S120 Active Infeed: Line currents at the beginning of precharging (initial rms values) SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 362/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 363: Checking The Maximum Dc Link Capacitance

    Infeed Modules connected in parallel multiplied by their maximum DC link capacitance. Prerequisite for this is that all units connected in parallel are connected to the supply voltage simultaneously. This can be ensured by a common circuit breaker or by different circuit breakers with interlocking control. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 363/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 364: Capacitance Values

    S120 diode-based BLMs with two precharging resistors connected in parallel per phase, see section "Precharging of the DC link and precharging currents", subsection "Basic Infeed: Diode-based Basic Line Modules". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 364/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 365 These units are not available within the S120 Cabinet Modules range. The order number 6SL3x30 stands for the air-cooled S120 Chassis and Cabinet Modules. These units are exclusive to the air-cooled S120 Cabinet Modules range. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 365/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 366 The order number 6SL3x35 stands for the liquid-cooled S120 Active Line Modules in Chassis and Cabinet Modules formats. The DC link capacitance is limited in each case by the precharging circuit in the associated Active Interface Module. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 366/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 367 - 6SL3720 of the air-cooled S120 Cabinet Modules in which the air-cooled Chassis units 6SL3320 are installed, - 6SL3725 of the liquid-cooled S120 Cabinet Modules in which the liquid-cooled Chassis units 6SL3325 are installed. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 367/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 368: Connection Of Motor Modules To A Common Dc Busbar

    Fuses recommended for direct connection of liquid-cooled S120 Motor Modules in Chassis format to a DC busbar Note: The IEC fuses listed in the table above are identical to the fuses integrated in the air-cooled SINAMICS S120 Motor Modules of the same power rating. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 368/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 369: Braking Modules / External Braking Resistors

    The braking resistor is connected directly to the terminals of the Braking Module. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 369/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 370 P over the time interval during which the maximum mean value occurs. A mean period of 90 s must be applied as the time base for calculating the mean value. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 370/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 371 Response thresholds of Braking Modules and associated reduction factors k For examples of how to calculate the required Braking Modules and braking resistors, please refer to chapters "Converter Chassis Units SINAMICS G130" and "Converter Cabinet Units SINAMICS G150" SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 371/528 Ó...
  • Page 372: Braking Resistors For Power Units In Chassis Format

    The connection cables to the Braking Module must not exceed 100 m. A short circuit-proof and ground fault-proof cable routing must also be provided. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 372/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 373: Sinamics S120 Motor Modules As 3-phase Braking Modules

    DC busbar, i.e. if possible next to the Motor Modules which regenerate the most energy. Drive configuration comprising multiple S120 Motor Modules and one S120 Motor Module as a Braking Module SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 373/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 374 673 V - 774 V 500 V – 600 V 3AC 841 V - 967 V 660 V – 690 V 3AC 1070 V - 1158 V Range of programmable response thresholds SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 374/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 375 Allowance for the increase in resistance as a function of load (up to 30 %) must be included in the calculation: < R < R BR-min BR-max SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 375/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 376 The settings of parameters p1360 to p1364 determine the resistance of the braking resistor, the response threshold and the output voltage. Details are described in function manual "SINAMICS S120 Drive Functions" and in the List Manual for SINAMICS S120 / S150. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 376/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 377 410 kW and a peak power of 1300 kW for 10 s in a 100 s cycle. Each individual resistor must therefore be dimensioned for one third of the power values stated above. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 377/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 378: Maximum Connectable Motor Cable Lengths

    To provide a sufficient safety margin between this resonant frequency and the pulse frequency, the maximum possible motor cable length is limited, even when several motor reactors are connected in series. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 378/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 379: Chassis Units

    You must, therefore, refer to the technical specifications for the relevant Motor Modules. For more information, see section “Motor reactors” of the chapter “Fundamental Principles and System Description”. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 379/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 380: Checking The Total Cable Length For Multi-motor Drives

    710 bis 1400 757 bis 1430 2750 Active Line Module HXL / HX 630 to 1700 575 to 1560 2250 Permissible total cable length for SINAMICS S120 Infeed Modules feeding multi-motor drives SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 380/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 381: Parallel Connections Of Motor Modules

    These values apply to Motor Modules with line supply voltages of 500 V to 690 V 3AC (order number 6SL3x2x-1TGxx-xAA3). Min. cable lengths for parallel connections of S120 Motor Modules connected to motors with a common winding system SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 381/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 382: General Information About Modular Cabinet Units Sinamics S120 Cabinet Modules

    Depending on the degree of protection, the cabinet height can increase by 250 mm or 400 mm. Standardized DC busbar for S120 Cabinet Modules à Minimum cabinet height: 2200 mm SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 382/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 383: Air-cooled Sinamics S120 Cabinet Modules

    Select the PROFINET cables, if several CU320-2 PN Control Units have to be connected. Alternatively selection of order-specific integration engineering (please see Catalog D21.3) Determine the sequence of components in the drive line-up Split the drive line-up into individual transport units SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 383/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 384: Dimensioning Information For Air-cooled S120 Cabinet Modules

    Cabinet Module). The values are valid only on condition that the cabinet is installed in such a way as to guarantee the required cooling air flow stipulated in the technical data. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 384/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 385: Derating Data For S120 Cabinet Modules With Power Units In Booksize Format

    1000 m above sea level, the corresponding derating factors must be applied as a function of the ambient temperature and/or the installation altitude. These derating factors differ from the derating SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 385/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 386: Degrees Of Protection Of Air-cooled S120 Cabinet Modules

    These Cabinet Modules can be installed within the cabinet line-up in such a way that no DC busbars are required (e.g. at the beginning or the end of the cabinet line-up). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 386/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 387: Required Cable Cross-sections For Line And Motor Connections

    (ground or leakage currents). The risk of induced leakage currents and thus increased cable shield losses is signicantly higher with single-conductor cables. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 387/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 388 Cross-section of the phaseconductor Minimum cross-section of the external PE conductor Up to 16 Minimum phase conductor cross-section 16 to 35 35 and above Minimum half the phase conductor cross-section SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 388/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 389: Cooling Air Requirements Of Air-cooled S120 Cabinet Modules

    0.83 JI+JX 1400 1.48 HI+HX 1.18 HI+HX 1.18 JI+JX 1.48 JI+JX 1.48 Components use natural convection Fan for degree of protection IP23, IP43, IP54 (in combination with Basic Line Modules) SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 389/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 390: Auxiliary Power Requirements

    100 ms. The peak value is determined by the impedance of the external 24 V supply or its Typical current waveform when the external 24 V supply is switched on electronically limited maximum current. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 390/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 391 6SL3700-0LG42-5BA3 2500 0.06 2.14 6SL3700-0LG43-2BA3 3200 0.06 2.14 Power requirement of contactors / circuit breaker and fans for degree of protection IP23, IP43, IP54 (in combination with Basic Line Modules) SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 391/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 392 6SL3730-1TG41-4BC3 1100 1180 Internal Internal 6SL3730-1TG41-8AA3 1500 1580 Internal Internal 6SL3730-1TG41-8BA3 1500 1580 Internal Internal 6SL3730-1TG41-8BC3 1500 1580 Internal Internal Power requirement of control electronics, auxiliary power supply for fans. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 392/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 393 6SL3730-6TG38-8BA3 6SL3730-6TG38-8BC3 6SL3730-6TG41-2AA3 1000 1009 6SL3730-6TG41-2BA3 1000 1009 6SL3730-6TG41-2BC3 1000 1009 6SL3730-6TG41-7AA3 1400 1430 6SL3730-6TG41-7BA3 1400 1430 6SL3730-6TG41-7BC3 1400 1430 Power requirement of control electronics, auxiliary power supply for fans. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 393/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 394 6SL3730-7TG41-0BA3 JX+JI 1100 1025 1.87 6SL3730-7TG41-0BC3 JX+JI 1100 1025 1.87 6SL3730-7TG41-3BA3 JX+JI 1400 1270 1.87 6SL3730-7TG41-3BC3 JX+JI 1400 1270 1.87 Power requirement of control electronics, auxiliary power supply for fans. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 394/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 395 Supply voltage 500 V – 690 V 3AC (DC link voltage 675 V – 1035 V) 6SL3720-1TG28-5AA3 6SL3720-1TG31-0AA3 6SL3720-1TG31-2AA3 6SL3720-1TG31-5AA3 6SL3720-1TG31-8AA3 6SL3720-1TG32-2AA3 6SL3720-1TG32-6AA3 6SL3720-1TG33-3AA3 6SL3720-1TG34-1AA3 6SL3720-1TG34-7AA3 6SL3720-1TG35-8AA3 6SL3720-1TG37-4AA3 1.25 6SL3720-1TG38-1AA3 1.25 6SL3720-1TG38-8AA3 6SL3720-1TG41-0AA3 1000 6SL3720-1TG41-3AA3 1200 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 395/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 396 Auxiliary Power Supply Modules The Auxiliary Power Supply Modules themselves generate auxiliary voltages from the line voltage for a S120 Cabinet Modules configuration and do not therefore require any auxiliary voltage supply. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 396/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 397 AOP30 Advanced Operator Panel 30 (AOP30) Voltage 24 V DC (20.4 V – 28.8 V) Maximum power requirement (at 24 V DC): - Without backlit display 100 mA - With maximum backlit display 200 mA SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 397/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 398: Line Reactors

    Ratio between the short-circuit power S of the supply system and the rated apparent power (fundamental apparent power) K Line of the converter at its point of common coupling converter SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 398/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 399: Line Harmonics Filter

    Line Connection Module is provided for each of the parallel-connected Line Modules. Option L00 is not suitable for implementing an arrangement in which one Line Connection Module is shared by two Line Modules in a "mirror-image" mechanical setup. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 399/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 400: Parallel Configuration

    It is not permissible to operate mixtures of different Line Modules with the exception of a combination of Basic Line Modules BLM and Smart Line Modules SLM (see section "SINAMICS Infeeds and their properties" in chapter "Fundamental Principles and System Description"). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 400/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 401: Weights Of S120 Cabinet Modules

    With option L42 / L44 With option L43 Unit for parallel connection on a Line Connection Module on the right Unit for parallel connection on a Line Connection Module on the left SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 401/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 402 1) Production of these Booksize Cabinet Kits discontinued on 1st October 2013 Booksize Base Cabinets Weight Frame size [kg] rated Supply voltage 380 V to 480 V 3AC 800mm 1200mm SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 402/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 403 The weight specified on the test certificat enclosed with the delivery might deviate slightly from the standard weights specified above. Suitable hoisting gear operated by trained personnel is also required due to the high weight of the cabinets. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 403/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 404: Information About Equipment Handling Of Air-cooled Units

    "Safe Torque Off / Safe Stop 1" (-X41) Temperature sensor KTY84, PT1000, PT100, PTC (-X41) Safe Brake Adapter (-X46) Connection is provided on the separate customer terminal block -X55.1 or -X55.2 on Booksize Cabinet Kits SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 404/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 405 When option K82 is not installed, voltage supply links are connected to prevent triggering of a pulse disable when option K82 is missing. Terminals -X46 are assigned to the Safe Brake Control (SBC) function. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 405/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 406: Customer Terminal Blocks -x55.1 And -x55.2

    -X55.1 or -X55.2, thereby allowing access to the digital inputs / outputs of the connected CU320-2 Control Unit near the bottom of the cabinet. ___________________________________________________________________________ 1) Production of these Double Motor Modules from the Booksize Cabinet Kits range discontinued on 1st October 2013 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 406/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 407: Auxiliary Voltage Supply System

    Cabinet Module via terminal block -X101. Auxiliary voltage module of air-cooled S120 Cabinet Modules with terminal blocks -X100, -X101 and fuse for 24 V DC SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 407/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 408 Auxiliary Power Supply Modules Cabinet Modules which are not equipped with an auxiliary voltage supply system are supplied with cables for making the connection to the auxiliary voltage module in adjacent Cabinet Modules. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 408/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 409: Drive-cliq Wiring

    70 m or reeled cable with separately available connectors. For ordering information, please refer to the catalog. Original Siemens DRIVE-CLiQ cables must always be used. These are designed with special qualities and are thus the only cable type which can guarantee fault-free system operation.
  • Page 410: Erection Of Cabinets

    Inter-cabinet DRIVE-CLiQ connecting cables can also be fitted in the factory on request. The order-specific Integration Engineering (order number 6SL3780-0Ax00-0AA0) can, for example, be used for this purpose. For further details, please ask your Siemens contact. 7.2.3.5 Erection of cabinets...
  • Page 411: Door Opening Angle

    135 ° § § With degree of protection IP23 / IP43 / IP54 with ventilation openings in the cabinet doors 110 ° § With option L37 (DC breaker) 110 ° SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 411/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 412: Line Connection Modules

    JL, KL and LL are equipped with a fan to provide extra internal cooling. On these models, the fan is mounted in the hood, protected by fuses and connected separately to a terminal block in the terminal area. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 412/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 413: Planning Recommendations, Special Features

    - 7.5 % for Smart Line Modules - 5 % for Active Line Modules The listed current values are based on an ambient temperature (inlet air temperature) of 40 °C SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 413/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 414: Parallel Connections

    When Cabinet Modules are selected and combined as defined in the above assignment table, the Line Connection Modules are equipped and prepared as specified in the factory. For other combinations of Cabinet Modules which deviate from the standard, please ask your Siemens contact for further information.
  • Page 415: Dc Busbar

    Circuit breakers Line Connection Modules for operation on line currents up to 800 A are equipped as standard with a manually operated fuse-switch disconnector. SIEMENS circuit breakers from the SENTRON 3WL product range are installed for higher input currents. The circuit breaker is controlled and supplied internally. It is not necessary to install additional cabinet wiring or provide separate control cables.
  • Page 416 For Cabinet Modules with degree of protection IP54, shrouding covers are installed as standard in front of the circuit breaker to meet the stringent requirements of this degree of protection. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 416/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 417: Short-circuit Strength

    (pre-set), max. = 50 kA rated 7.2.4.7 Short-circuit strength The Line Connection Modules are mechanically designed to withstand the tolerance limits of the circuit breaker. Higher short-circuit strengths are available on request. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 417/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 418: Basic Line Modules

    It is important to note that the DC link charging capacity is limited depending on the unit type. Please refer to section "Checking the maximum DC link capacitance" in chapter "General Information about Built-in and Cabinet Units SINAMICS S120". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 418/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 419: Dc Link Fuses

    Please also refer to the instructions regarding parallel connections in chapter "Fundamental Principles and System Description", as well as to the guidance relating to the use of DRIVE-CLiQ cables and their installation in section "Information about equipment handling / DRIVE-CLiQ wiring". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 419/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 420: Smart Line Modules

    DC link capacitance installed in the unit itself. Please refer to the instructions in section "Checking the maximum DC link capacitance" in chapter "General Information about Built-in and Cabinet Units SINAMICS S120". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 420/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 421: Dc Link Fuses

    Please also refer to the instructions regarding parallel connections in chapter "Fundamental Principles and System Description", as well as to the guidance relating to the use of DRIVE-CLiQ cables and their installation in section "Information about equipment handling / DRIVE-CLiQ wiring". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 421/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 422: Active Line Modules + Active Interface Modules

    Active Interface Module. The relevant DRIVE-CLiQ connection to the Active Line Module is provided as standard. An optional terminal block and an optional CU320-2 Control Unit are mounted in the Active Line Module. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 422/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 423 The connections of the precharging circuit, as well as control cables from the Active Line Module to the circuit breaker are already included in the S120 Cabinet Modules and harmonized via option L42 with the corresponding LCM. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 423/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 424: Dc Link Fuses

    Parallel connections with a separate LCM for each Active Line Module can be implemented with units with any output power rating. Active Line Modules with matching Active Interface Modules in frame sizes JX+JI for a parallel connection mounted on the left and right of a Line Connection Module SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 424/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 425 Please also refer to the instructions regarding parallel connections in chapter "Fundamental Principles and System Description", as well as to the guidance relating to the use of DRIVE-CLiQ cables and their installation in section "Information about equipment handling / DRIVE-CLiQ wiring". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 425/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 426: Motor Modules

    DC link fuses are integrated in the power unit of each Motor Module. When the coupling to the DC busbar is made by using the DC interface (option L37), the fuses are integrated in the DC interface. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 426/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 427: Parallel Connections Of Motor Modules

    These values apply to Motor Modules with line supply voltages of 500 V to 690 V 3AC (order number 6SL3720-1TGxx-xAA3). Min. cable lengths for parallel connections of S120 Motor Modules connected to motors with a common winding system SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 427/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 428: Booksize Base Cabinet / Booksize Cabinet Kits

    For information about output reactors or motor reactors, please refer to chapter "Description of Options for Cabinet Units”, section "Option L08 / L09". Example of a 200 mm wide Booksize Cabinet Kit SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 428/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 429: Dc Link Fuses

    –X55.1 and/or –X55.2 as well as with the customer terminal block –X55 if a CU320-2 DP (option K90) or CU320-2 PN (option K95) Control Unit is installed. For further information, please refer to the sections with corresponding headings in this chapter or to chapter "Description of Options". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 429/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 430 100 mm (bending radius) = 300 mm. According to the catalog, the following cable must be selected: 6SL3060- 4AM00-0AA0, 360 mm in length. The cables must be secured properly. The maximum permissible bending radius must not be exceeded. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 430/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 431 Cabinet Kits in the 1200 mm wide Base Cabinet (applies to 100 mm wide Cabinet Kits in each case). The Base Cabinets feature defined slots which are equipped in the factory according to the order data. The ordered kits are not SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 431/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 432 If you wish the Booksize units to be installed in the Base Cabinets in a particular sequence, please notify your Siemens contact. Booksize Base Cabinets are designed to function without a cabinet fan. Cabinets with degrees of protection higher than IP21 are equipped with thermostat-controlled fans.
  • Page 433: Central Braking Modules

    660 V – 690 V 3AC 1155 V (switch position 1) 1065 V (switch position 2) Response thresholds of the Central Braking Module and associated switch positions of switch S2 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 433/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 434 SINAMICS S120 Cabinet Modules Engineering Information Connection of the Central Braking Module and the braking resistor with air-cooled SINAMICS S120 Cabinet Modules SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 434/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 435 The load duty cycle definitions for the built-in Braking Modules designed for integration in units of type SINAMICS G130, G150 and S120 (Chassis and Cabinet Modules) are not the same as the load duty cycle definitions for Central Braking Modules. This must be taken into account in the calculation.
  • Page 436: Position In The Dc Link Configuration

    Line supply voltage 660 V – 690 V 3AC / DC link voltage 890 V – 1035 V DC 6SL3700-1AH36-3AA3 6SL3000-1BH36-3AA0 960 x 620 x 1110 1.80 6SL3700-1AH41-2AA3 6SL3000-1BH41-2AA0 1200 960 x 620 x 1430 0.95 Matching table for Central Braking Modules and standard braking resistors SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 436/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 437 When outdoor installation of the braking resistor is required protection against water must be ensured as the degree of protection of IP21 is not sufficient in this case. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 437/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 438: Auxiliary Power Supply Modules

    Connection Module (order code K76 for LCM if all three voltages (line voltage 1AC, 230 V 1AC and 24 V DC) are needed, or order code K70 if only the 1AC line voltage is required to supply the fans of the connected S120 Cabinet Modules). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 438/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 439 The diagram below shows the design and the components of the Auxiliary Power Supply Module. Fuse monitoring Auxiliary voltage supply: 380 – 480 V 2AC or 500 – 690 V 2AC 230 V AC 24 V DC Design of the Auxiliary Power Supply Module SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 439/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 440: Liquid-cooled Sinamics S120 Cabinet Modules

    The same applies to CU320-2 PN Control Units. Alternatively, select order-specific integration engineering (see catalog) Determine the sequence of components in the drive line-up Split the drive line-up into transport units SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 440/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 441: Dimensioning Information For Liquid-cooled Sinamics S120 Cabinet Modules

    These Cabinet Modules can or must be installed in the cabinet line-up in such a way that no DC busbars are required (e.g. at the start or end of the cabinet line). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 441/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 442: Required Cable Cross-sections For Line And Motor Connections

    This is the only method of achieving the high IP55 degree of protection at the motor terminal box, since the cables enter the terminal box via screwed glands and the number of glands is limited by the geometry of the box. Single cables are therefore less suitable. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 442/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 443 · If it is possible for continuous currents to flow through the PE conductor when a fault occurs, then the PE cross- section must be dimensioned for this continuous current. · The PE conductor cross-section must be selected according to EN 60 204-1, EN 60 439-1, IEC 60 364. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 443/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 444: Cooling Air Requirements Of Liquid-cooled S120 Cabinet Modules

    Line supply voltage 500 V to 690 V 3AC 0.136 0.136 0.136 0.136 0.136 0.136 0.136 0.136 0.136 0.136 800 (1330 A) 0.136 1000 0.136 800 (1405 A) 0.136 1200 0.136 1500 0.136 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 444/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 445: Auxiliary Power Requirements

    [kW] [kW] Line supply voltage 380 V to 480 V 3AC Line supply voltage 500 V to 690 V 3AC JL+JIL+JXL JL+JIL+JXL 1000 JL+JIL+JXL JL+JIL+JXL 1400 JL+JIL+JXL 1700 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 445/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 446 Operation Startup [kW] / [A] Line supply voltage 660 V to 690 V 3AC / 60 Hz 2.7 / 87.7 3.9 / 87.7 4.7 / 87.7 4.7 / 87.7 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 446/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 447 Advanced Operator Panel 30 (AOP30) Voltage 24 V DC (20.4 V – 28.8 V) Maximum power requirement (at 24 V DC): - Without backlit display 100 mA - With maximum backlit display 200 mA SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 447/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 448: Line Reactors

    Ratio between the short-circuit power S of the supply system and the rated apparent power (fundamental apparent power) K Line of the converter at its point of common coupling converter SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 448/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 449: Line Harmonics Filter

    Although the Infeeds of the air-cooled S120 Cabinet Modules can be optionally equipped with an additional line filter (option L00) in order to limit conducted interference emissions in accordance with EMC product standard EN 61800-3, category C2, this is not currently possible for liquid-cooled S120 Cabinet Modules. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 449/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 450: Parallel Configuration

    DRIVE-CLiQ cables required to interconnect cabinets must be ordered separately (please see section “DRIVE-CLiQ wiring”). It is not permissible to operate a mixture of different Line Modules (Basic Line Connection Modules with Active Line Connection Modules). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 450/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 451: Weights Of S120 Cabinet Modules

    The weight specified on the control sheet enclosed with the delivery might deviate slightly from the standard weights specified above. Owing to the weight of the cabinets, suitable hoisting gear operated by trained personnel is also required. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 451/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 452: Information About Equipment Handling Of Liquid-cooled Units

    With this type of cable installation, component replacement will not be hindered by cable routing. It also ensures that cables are securely mounted. Only original Siemens DRIVE-CLiQ cables may be used, as only these cables with their special properties ensure the fault-free operation of the system.
  • Page 453: Erection Of Cabinets

    If a parallel connection of several Basic Line Connection Modules designed to reduce harmonic effects on the supply is to be supplied as a 12-pulse arrangement by a three-winding transformer, then an even number of Basic Line Connection Modules must be selected (two or four BLCMs). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 453/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 454: Examples Of Cabinet Modules Arrangements

    For degrees of protection IP23 and IP43 with ventilation openings in the cabinet doors 110 ° § For degrees of protection IP21 and IP55 without ventilation openings in the cabinet doors 135 ° SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 454/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 455: Information About The Cooling Circuit And The Cooling Circuit Configuration

    For these reasons, it is vital to observe the minimum and maximum concentrations specified in the table. It must also be noted that the addition of anti-freezes increases the kinematic viscosity of the coolant, making corresponding adjustment of the pressure conditions necessary. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 455/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 456 50 °C 20.8°C 27.5°C 32.6°C 36.6°C 40.0°C 42.9°C 45.5°C 46.6°C 47.8°C 48.9°C 49.9°C Dew point as a function of ambient temperature T and relative air humidity Φ at installation altitude zero SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 456/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 457: Required Plant-side Raw Water Circuit

    50 °C. The following charts indicate the permissible current as a function of the coolant temperature in the inflow line of the deionized water circuit and the ambient temperature. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 457/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 458: Information About Cooling Circuit Configuration

    (inflow and return flow) is almost negligible. The pressure difference between the inflow and return flow lines in the deionized water circuit is generated by the pump in the Heat Exchanger Module. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 458/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 459 Heat Exchanger Module. By this means it is possible to throttle down the pressure in the deionized water circuit to SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 459/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 460: Procedure Of Cooling Circuit Configuration

    The current derating factors of the two charts must not be multiplied. For dimensioning purposes, it is the least favorable derating factor of the two charts that applies which means that a total derating factor of 0.9 is applicable under worst-case conditions. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 460/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 461 S120 Cabinet Modules must be added: Total volumetric flow rate dV/dt total ∑ dV/dt dV/dt total Total power loss P L total ∑ L total SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 461/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 462: Example Of A Cooling Circuit Configuration

    Minimum ambient temperature (Plant completely OFF) -5 °C Maximum ambient temperature in operation: 40 °C Maximum relative air humidity in operation: 80 % Maximum raw water inflow temperature: 30 °C SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 462/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 463 690 V / 1000 kW / 1025 A / 85 % load The volumetric flow rate and the dissipated heat loss are calculated for each of these S120 Cabinet Modules: SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 463/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 464 The required pressure difference Δp between the inflow and return flow lines of the deionized water circuit must be adjusted during commissioning by means of the ball valve in the inflow line of the deionized water circuit in the Heat Exchanger Module. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 464/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 465 The 103 kW power loss that can be transferred to the raw water circuit is significantly higher than the 58.2 kW total power loss of the drive line-up calculated above. The total power loss can therefore be dissipated without any difficulties. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 465/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 466: Basic Line Connection Modules

    It is important to note that the charging capacity for the DC link is limited depending on the device type. Please read the relevant information in section "Checking the maximum DC link capacitance" in chapter "General Information about Built-in and Cabinet Units SINAMICS S120". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 466/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 467 Line supply voltage 500 V – 690 V 3AC (DC link voltage 675 V – 930 V DC) 245 / 355 6SL3735-1TG34-2LA3 6SL3735-1TG37-3LA3 420 / 630 6SL3735-1TG41-3LA3 750 / 1100 6SL3735-1TG41-7LA3 950 / 1370 Power ratings and order numbers of the various Basic Line Connection Modules SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 467/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 468: Dc Link Fuses

    Modules are not equipped with DC busbars in the Line Connection Module. The DRIVE-CLiQ cables from each of the Basic Line Connection Modules in the parallel connection to the common Control Unit must also be taken into account. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 468/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 469: Active Line Connection Modules

    Filter for the Active Line Module, the Voltage Sensing Module VSM and the precharging circuit (precharging contactor with precharging resistors). The Active Line Module (shown on the right in the picture) has an actively pulsed, regulated rectifier / regenerative unit. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 469/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 470 Example of a liquid-cooled Active Line Connection Module (> 800 A) with circuit breaker in the Line Connection Module and a liquid-cooled Active Line Module including liquid-cooled Active Interface Module SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 470/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 471: Dc Link Fuses

    Modules are not equipped with DC busbars in the Line Connection Module. The DRIVE-CLiQ cables from each of the Active Line Connection Modules in the parallel connection to the common Control Unit must also be taken into account. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 471/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 472: Motor Modules

    Line supply voltage 380 V – 480 V 3AC (DC link voltage 510 V – 720 V DC) 6SL3725-1TE36-1AA3 6SL3725-1TE37-5AA3 6SL3725-1TE38-4AA3 6SL3725-1TE41-0AA3 1260 6SL3725-1TE41-2AA3 1330 6SL3725-1TE41-4AS3 1405 6SL3725-1TE41-4AA3 Power ratings and order numbers of the various Motor Modules (400 V) SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 472/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 473: Dc Link Fuses

    Every Motor Module is equipped as standard with DC fuses. The DC fuses are mounted on the connecting rail to the DC busbar in the cabinet rather than in the power unit itself. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 473/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 474: Parallel Connections Of Motor Modules

    These values apply to module variants with line supply voltages of 500 V to 690 V 3AC (MLFB 6SL3725-1TGxx-xAA3). Min. cable lengths for parallel connections of S120 Motor Modules connected to motors with a common winding system SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 474/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 475: Auxiliary Power Supply Modules (available Soon)

    In this case, option K76 must be ordered in the Basic Line Connection Module or Active Line Connection Module. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 475/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 476: Heat Exchanger Modules

    660 V -10 % – 690 V +10 % 3AC / 50/60 Hz 32 kW / 48 kW / 72 kW / 110 kW The following diagram illustrates the design and the major components of the Heat Exchanger Module SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 476/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 477 "Information about the cooling circuit and the cooling circuit configuration". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 477/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 478: Braking Modules

    Use of air-cooled Central Braking Modules from the SINAMICS S120 Cabinet Modules range (see "Air-cooled SINAMICS S120 Cabinet Modules", section "Central Braking Modules") · Use of liquid-cooled Motor Modules operated as 3-phase Braking Modules SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 478/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 479: Converter Cabinet Units Sinamics S150

    CU320-2 option slot and / or the TM31 Terminal Module can be used (option G60 or G61). These options provide additional digital and analog inputs and outputs. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 479/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 480: Rated Data And Continuous Operation Of The Converters

    300 s in each case. Load duty cycle definition for low overload Load duty cycle definition for high overload SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 480/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 481 50 % 800 kW 1405 A 97 % 95 % 74 % 60 % 50 % SINAMICS S150: Permissible output current (current derating factor) as a function of pulse frequency SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 481/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 482 100 % 93.3 % 86.7 % 80.0 % Current derating factors as a function of ambient temperature (inlet air) for SINAMICS S150 converter cabinet units in degree of protection IP54 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 482/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 483 The measures described above are permissible only for SINAMICS S150 converters in the voltage range 380 V to 480 V 3AC. (Measures for converters for 500 V to 690 V 3AC on request.) SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 483/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 484: Factory Settings (defaults) Of Customer Interface On Sinamics S150 With Tm31

    Jumpers must be inserted for this circuit example (M: Internal ground, M1 or M2: External ground) Parameterizable as current or voltage source Individually parameterizable as digital input/output (factory setting: Assigned as output) SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 484/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 485 For further information about EMC-compliant cabeling, please refer to chapter "EMC Installation Guideline". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 485/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 486: Cable Cross-sections And Connections On Sinamics S150 Cabinet Units

    6x240 (18) Busbar The recommendations for the North American market in AWG or MCM can be found in the corresponding standards NEC (National Electrical Code) or CEC (Canadian Electrical Code). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 486/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 487: Required Cable Cross-sections For Line And Motor Connections

    With higher amperages, cables must be connected in parallel. Note: The recommendations for the North American market in AWG or MCM must be taken from the appropriate NEC (National Electrical Code) / CEC (Canadian Electrical Code) standards. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 487/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 488: Grounding And Pe Conductor Cross-section

    The principle of precharging involves the use of ohmic resistors R and is therefore subject to losses. The precharging resistors are dimensioned thermally to precharge the DC link of the S150 converter without themselves becoming overloaded. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 488/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 489: Load Side Components

    The use of combined fuses (3NE1..., class gS) is recommended in order to limit the extent of damage in the event of a serious component defect in the converter. These fuses have the following properties: · Quick-acting · Low arc voltage · Effective current limiting. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 489/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 490: Line Filters

    For further information about braking units as well as dimensioning rules, please refer to chapters "Converter Chassis Units SINAMICS G130" and "Converter Cabinet Units SINAMICS G150". The chapters also give examples of how to calculate the required Braking Modules and braking resistors.
  • Page 491: Dv/dt Filters Plus Vpl

    The dv/dt filter plus VPL and the dv/dt filter compact plus VPL must be used when the dielectric strength of the insulation system on the motor to be connected is unknown or inadequate. Siemens standard and trans-standard asynchronous motors generally require a filter (depending on the motor range) only with line supply voltages of >...
  • Page 492: Option L04 (infeed Module Dimensioned One Rating Class Lower)

    Permissible output current Permissible input current standard model at 400 V Standard model With option L04 [kW] SINAMICS S150: Permissible output currents and input currents on standard models and with option L04 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 492/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 493 • 400 V • 788 A Because this value is lower than the 840 A stated in the last column in the table above, a converter with option L04 can be used. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 493/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 494: Description Of Options For Cabinet Units

    SINAMICS S120 Cabinet Modules must always be ordered in combination with option K90 / CU320-2 DP Control Unit or K95 / CU320-2 PN Control Unit. Further information can be found in function manual "SINAMICS S120 Drive Functions". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 494/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 495: Option G51 - G54 (terminal Module Tm150)

    360° termination. Temperature sensor cables which are routed in parallel with the motor cable must be twisted in pairs and separately shielded. The maximum permissible cable length to the temperature sensors is 300 m. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 495/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 496 < 10 W PE connection M4 screw Dimensions • Width 30 mm • Height 150 mm (+ shield connecting plate 28 mm) • Depth 119 mm Weight approx. 0.41 kg Conformity SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 496/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 497: Option K82 (terminal Module For Controlling The "safe Torque Off" And "safe Stop1" Functions)

    (SS1) function is braking the rotating motor along a deceleration ramp followed by the transition to STO and thus reliably preventing the motor from restarting. These two safety functions are a standard feature of SINAMICS G150 converter cabinet units, S120 Cabinet Modules and S150 converter cabinet units. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 497/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 498 The values are valid for a frequency of 50 Hz. At 60 Hz the cable lengths must be reduced by 20 %. · DC (minimum cross-section 0.75 mm / maximum connectable cross-section 2.5 mm § 1500 m SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 498/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 499 The SIMATIC S7 drive control is not required to implement safety functions STO and SS1 and is included by way of example only. Wiring of option K82 with G150 and S150 converter cabinet units (without parallel connection) SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 499/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 500 The same interfaces are used as in the previous example. The only further requirement is to route the signals to the common Control Unit. The SIMATIC S7 drive control is not required to implement safety functions STO and SS1 and is included by way of example only. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 500/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 501 Further information about the Safe Torque Off and Safe Stop 1 safety functions can be found in section "Safety Integrated / Drive-integrated safety functions" in chapter "General Engineering Information for SINAMICS", and in the function manuals "SINAMICS S120 Safety Integrated" and "SINAMICS G130 / G150 / S120 Chassis / S120 Cabinet Modules / S150 Safety Integrated".
  • Page 502: Options K90 (cu320-2 Dp), K95 (cu320-2 Pn) And K94 (performance Expansion)

    Older CompactFlash cards belonging to the CU320 Control Unit with a storage capacity of 64 MB or less, and firmware version 2.6 or lower, are not compatible with the CU320-2 Control Unit. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 502/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 503: Option L08 (motor Reactor) / L09 (2 Motor Reactors In Series)

    The withdrawable breaker version should be used for applications which require a high level of plant availability or a high operating frequency. The advantage of the withdrawable version is that the breakers can be replaced quickly. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 503/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 504: Option L34 (output-side Circuit Breaker)

    "OPEN" button on the breaker or an equivalent external control mechanism. When the "OPEN" button directly on the breaker is actuated, the Motor Module is also switched off (pulse inhibit). SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 504/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 505: Option L37 (dc Interface Incl. Precharging Circuit)

    It is essential to meet the relevant cooling air requirements as defined in section "Dimensioning and selection information" of chapter "General Information about Modular Cabinet Units SINAMICS S120 Cabinet Modules". SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 505/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 506: Option Y11 (factory Assembly Into Transport Units)

    Please refer to the assignment tables in section "Line Connection Modules" of chapter "General Information about Modular Cabinet Units SINAMICS S120 Cabinet Modules". Example of an air-cooled cabinet line-up: SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 506/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 507 In this case, the different busbar segments (TE1+2 in the example) must be separately connected to the Auxiliary Power Supply Module. The transport unit is shipped with a crane-hoisting transport rail which means that option M90 is not required. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 507/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 508: General Information About Drive Dimensioning

    / torque characteristics. Torque M as a function of speed n Power P as a function of speed n SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 508/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 509: Drives With Quadratic Load Torque

    Drives with a torque virtually constant: M = const. The basic procedure and relevant boundary conditions for both drive constellations will be explained. Selection of suitable converters and motors for specific applications is supported by the "SIZER for Siemens Drives" configuring tool. 10.2...
  • Page 510 In drives with Siemens SIMOTICS SD series 1LG6 standard asynchronous motors and Siemens SIMOTICS TN series N-compact 1LA8 / 1PQ8 / 1LL8 trans-standard asynchronous motors, the motors can be operated at full rated torque or full rated power even in converter-fed operation. By contrast with direct line operation where they are...
  • Page 511: Drives With Constant Load Torque

    Rated active current of motor. This is calculated from the rated current Act-rated of the motor and the magnetization current I of the motor as follows Mot-rated μ rated rated SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 511/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 512: Permissible Motor-converter Combinations

    Constant flux range Field-weakening range rated rated Typical characteristic of thermally permissible torques in continuous operation of Siemens asynchronous motors as a function of speed when motor is utilized according to temperature class 155 (F) 10.4 Permissible motor-converter combinations Rated motor current higher than the rated current of the converter or Motor Module If the motor used has a higher rated current than the rated current of the converter or Motor Module, the following must be noted.
  • Page 513: Drives With Permanent-magnet Three-phase Synchronous Motors

    · SINAMICS G130 and G150 are designed for sensorless vector control. With these converters, regenerative energy cannot be regenerated to the supply system. For this reason, these drives are suitable only for standard applications with low requirements regarding dynamic performance and accuracy. If the drive has to be capable of flying restart, i.e.
  • Page 514 This reactive current must be considered at the dimensioning of the drive. At operation in high field-weakening range, a clear over-dimensioning of the drive may be required. Converter output voltage V and EMF of the motor as a function of speed SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 514/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 515 Braking Module. 1. Limitation of the speed in the field-weakening range With SINAMICS G130, G150, S120 (Chassis and Cabinet Modules) and S150 operating in vector control mode, the speed in the field-weakening range is limited to the value n by factory settings, in order to protect the converter.
  • Page 516 See "Selection and ordering data" Catalog D86.2 / Chapter 2. Order No. Due to the current-carrying capability of the motor terminal box (max. 1230 A), the motor is designed with two terminal boxes and two electrically isolated winding systems. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 516/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 517 The relevant Infeed must be selected as well. 2 Single Motor Modules Order No. 6SL3320-1TG41-0AA3 SINAMICS S120 Cabinet Modules: The relevant Infeed must be selected as well. 2 Motor Modules Order No. 6SL3720-1TG41-0AA3 SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 517/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 518 OFF when the rotor is still revolving. Guide for designing a drive with an HT-direct motor and a SINAMICS converter SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 518/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 519: Motors

    Engineering Information 11 Motors We generally recommend use of the provenly reliable Siemens SIMOTICS SD and SIMOTICS TN series N-compact asynchronous motors for standard applications. The new SIMOTICS FD asynchronous motors that are specially designed for converter-fed operation have also been available since 2013. For more detailed information about these motor series, please refer to Catalogs D81.1 - SIMOTICS Low-Voltage Motors and D81.8 - SIMOTICS FD Flexible...
  • Page 520: Simotics Tn Series N-compact 1ll8 Open-circuit Self-cooled Asynchronous Motors

    Wide range of outputs from 200 kW to 1600 kW (200 kW to 560 kW in shaft height 315) · High power density · High energy efficiency The overview below illustrates the possible cooling methods: 1LM1 self-ventilated motors – enclosed version 1LQ1 forced-air cooled motors – enclosed version SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 520/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 521 (unlike many other conventional converter/motor combinations) to operate in the field- weakening range below the nominal working point, which would result in increased current and thus in a correspondingly overdimensioned motor design. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 521/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 522 SINAMICS converters using optimized pulse patterns (p1802 = 19) at pulse frequency settings of 1.25 kHz and higher. A pulse frequency of 1.25 kHz is the factory (default) setting for most of the SINAMICS converters described in this engineering manual. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 522/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 523 = 1.25 kHz in order to obtain the Pulse required output frequencies. When increasing the pulse frequency, please take the relevant current derating factors into account. SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 523/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 524: Simotics Tn Series H-compact Plus Modular Asynchronous Motors

    Air-to-air heat exchanger / ventilation at both ends Air-to-water heat exchanger / ventilation at one end Air-to-water heat exchanger / ventilation at both ends Open-circuit ventilation / at one end Open-circuit ventilation / at both ends SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 524/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 525: Simotics M Compact Asynchronous Motors

    SIMOTICS M series 1PL6 / 1PH7 / 1PH8 compact asynchronous motors For motors operating on SINAMICS G130 Chassis units and SINAMICS G150 converter cabinet units, speed encoder evaluation can be provided only by an SMC30 module, i.e. only incremental encoders (TTL and HTL encoders) can be used with these converter types.
  • Page 526: Special Insulation For Higher Line Supply Voltages At Converter-fed Operation

    11.8 Special insulation for higher line supply voltages at converter-fed operation For information about Siemens standard motor ranges, please refer to catalog D 81.1 SIMOTICS Low-Voltage Motors. SIMOTICS TN series N-compact 1LA8 / 1PQ8 / 1LL8 trans-standard motors are equipped with standard insulation which is designed to allow them to operate without restrictions on SINAMICS converters at line supply voltages of up to 500 V.
  • Page 527: Bearing Currents

    - 1LG6 and 1LA8/1PQ8 motors with 6 temperature sensors: Motor option A61 On SINAMICS G130 built-in units, the KTY84 or PT1000 temperature sensors and the PTC thermistors are connected to terminal –X41 of the Power Module for evaluation. On SINAMICS G150 and S150 cabinet units, the sensors can be connected to the optionally available customer terminal block (TM31 Terminal Module / option G60).
  • Page 528 Motors Engineering Information SINAMICS Engineering Manual – November 2015 528/528 Ó Siemens AG...
  • Page 530 Siemens AG Process Industries and Drives Large Drives P.O. Box 4743 D-90025 Nuremberg GERMANY Subject to change without prior notice www.siemens.com/sinamics © Siemens AG 2015...

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