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3.1.2

EMC measures

Some electromagnetic noises enter the inverter to malfunction it and others are radiated by the inverter to malfunction
peripheral devices. Though the inverter is designed to have high immunity performance, it handles low-level signals, so
it requires the following basic techniques. Also, since the inverter chops outputs at high carrier frequency, that could
generate electromagnetic noises. If these electromagnetic noises cause peripheral devices to malfunction, EMI
measures should be taken to suppress noises. These techniques differ slightly depending on EMI paths.
1) Basic techniques
⋅ Do not run the power cables (I/O cables) and signal cables of the inverter in parallel with each other and do not
bundle them.
⋅ Use twisted shield cables for the detector connecting and control signal cables and connect the sheathes of the
shield cables to terminal SD.
⋅ Earth (Ground) the inverter, motor, etc. at one point.
2) Techniques to reduce electromagnetic noises that enter and malfunction the inverter (Immunity measures))
When devices that generate many electromagnetic noises (which use magnetic contactors, magnetic brakes, many
relays, for example) are installed near the inverter and the inverter may be malfunctioned by electromagnetic noises,
the following measures must be taken:
⋅ Provide surge suppressors for devices that generate many electromagnetic noises to suppress electromagnetic
noises.
⋅ Fit data line filters (page 38) to signal cables.
⋅ Earth (Ground) the shields of the detector connection and control signal cables with cable clamp metal.
3) Techniques to reduce electromagnetic noises that are radiated by the inverter to malfunction peripheral devices (EMI
measures)
Inverter-generated electromagnetic noises are largely classified into those radiated by the cables connected to the
inverter and inverter main circuits (I/O), those electromagnetically and electrostatically induced to the signal cables of
the peripheral devices close to the main circuit power supply, and those transmitted through the power supply cables.
Inverter generated
Air propagated
electromagnetic
electromagnetic
noise
noise
Electromagnetic
induction noise
Electrostatic
induction noise
Electrical path
propagated noise
Noise directly
Path 1)
radiated from inverter
Noise radiated from
Path 2)
power supply cable
Noise radiated from
Path 3)
motor connection cable
Path 4), 5)
Path 6)
Noise propagated through
Path 7)
power supply cable
Noise from earth (ground)
Path 8)
cable due to leakage
current
EMC and leakage currents
5)
7)
2)
1)
Inverter
3)
Instrument
Receiver
Motor
Telephone
7)
Sensor
power supply
8)
1)
6)
4)
3)
Sensor
IM
37
3

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