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Constant Gain Flatness; Optimized Automatic Gain Control; Variable Gain - Cisco ONS 15501 User Manual

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Chapter 1
Product Overview

Constant Gain Flatness

The Cisco ONS 15501 is a constant gain amplifier. It does not deliver a constant output, but rather
ensures that the output energy spectrum is gain-flattened irrespective of input power (up to the maximum
allowed). If a channel is removed, the output level will drop at the wavelength that is removed, but the
remaining energy spectrum will remain nearly flat over its wavelength band. The gain flatness is also
only minimally affected if the input signal is not flat by several decibels.

Optimized Automatic Gain Control

The Cisco ONS 15501 has a wide input power range of 0 to -29 dBm, over which it maintains gain
flatness as well as a low noise figure across the entire C band. The Cisco ONS 15501 maintains a high
level of precision, as well as speed, which allows it to be used as a booster, inline or preamplifier, thus
reducing sparing expenses. The constant gain and noise figure capabilities of the Cisco ONS 15501
make network designs simpler and more predictable.
The lower gain available in the Cisco ONS 15501, combined with its ability to handle input signal
powers of up to 0 dBm, also enables the network designer to achieve much higher OSNR (optical
signal-to-noise ratio) after cascading several EDFAs. In addition, it allows the network to expand beyond
32 wavelengths to a maximum of 128 wavelengths if necessary. The OSNR improvements of 6 dB is
equivalent to a four-fold increase in the number of EDFAs that can be cascaded. Alternatively, the unit
can accommodate signals with four times the data rate (for instance, OC-192 as opposed to OC-48).
Thus, the limitations of higher gain EDFAs that have input powers limited to -6 dBm can be easily
overcome by using the Cisco ONS 15501. Some representative figures are included in
assuming a flat input to the first Cisco ONS 15501.
.
Table 1-2
Number of
Cascaded
EDFAs
1
2
3
4
5
6
1. 0 dBm total input power.
2. -6 dBm total; -21 dBm per channel.

Variable Gain

When the gain of an EDFA is fixed, the assumption is that all networks can be laid out with equally
spaced EDFAs. In reality, this is rarely the case. For designs in which the spacing must be flexible,
variable gain allows the network designer to tailor network requirements much more accurately. For
instance, when an Cisco ONS 15501 is used as a preamplifier for receivers having an overload point of
-8 dBm per wavelength, the output VOA (variable optical attenuator) can prevent overload by reducing
78-14134-01, Release 1.0
Relative OSNR in Cascading EDFAs
Number of
Worst Case OSNR at 17 dB Gain
Wavelengths
Gain Minimum
32
37.00 dB
32
33.25 dB
32
30.70 dB
32
28.75 dB
32
27.00 dB
32
25.50 dB
Table
1
at
2
OSNR, 23 dB Gain
31.00 dB
27.25 dB
24.70 dB
22.70 dB
21.00 dB
19.50 dB
Cisco ONS 15501 User Guide
Key Features
1-2,
1-3

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