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HP -UX 11i Installation And Update Manual

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HP-UX 11i Installation and Update Guide
HP 9000 Computers
Important: Review the
Read Before Installing or Updating to HP-UX 11i
booklet accompanying HP-UX 11i OE CDs
before installing or updating to 11i.
Manufacturing Part Number: 5971-2215
Edition 2, June 2001
Printed in U.S.A.


Table of Contents

Summary of Contents for HP HP-UX 11i

  • Page 1 HP-UX 11i Installation and Update Guide HP 9000 Computers Important: Review the Read Before Installing or Updating to HP-UX 11i booklet accompanying HP-UX 11i OE CDs before installing or updating to 11i. Manufacturing Part Number: 5971-2215 Edition 2, June 2001...
  • Page 2 Legal Notices The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Hewlett-Packard makes no warranty of any kind with regard to this manual, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Hewlett-Packard shall not be held liable for errors contained herein or direct, indirect, special, incidental or consequential damages in connection with the furnishing, performance, or use of this material.
  • Page 3 The part number changes when extensive technical changes are incorporated. New editions of this manual will incorporate all material updated since the previous edition. For the latest version, see the HP-UX 11i documentation section on the Web:
  • Page 4 About this Guide This guide describes installing HP-UX 11i on HP 9000 systems and assumes that you are the system’s administrator familiar with installing, updating and maintaining software on the system. If you need to set up your system in different languages, please refer also to Configuring HP-UX For Different Languages, available on the Instant...
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    2. Migrating to HP-UX 11i Cold-installing HP-UX 11i ........38 System Requirements .
  • Page 6 4. Updating Applications HP-UX Patching Resources ........78 Updating Applications .
  • Page 7 Problems with Large Systems ....... .122 Un-installing HP-UX 11i........123 Re-installing SD.
  • Page 8 Contents V-Class PCI 10/100Base-TX Card Specifications ....144 Hardware Regulatory Statements......145 FCC Statement (For U.S.A.) .
  • Page 9: Preparing For Software Migration

    Preparing for Software Migration This chapter will help you assess the current state of your system (hardware, OS, disk space, etc.) prior to migrating to HP-UX 11i. Topics covered here include: • Introducing HP-UX 11i — Media kit contents, new features, operating environments and overview of the migration process.
  • Page 10: Introduction

    IMPORTANT Be sure to review this entire guide before proceeding to install or update your system. If you plan to update to HP-UX 11i rather than cold-install it, carefully review Appendix B for situations that may apply to your system.
  • Page 11 Introduction 1. Prepare Your System • Enough disk space? (4GB root vol min) • HP-UX 11i supported on your system? See page 13. • System requires firmware upgrade? See page 19. • Installing a new operating environment with HP-UX 11i? •...
  • Page 12 11i CDs. If you plan to install an OE, you should verify that your existing installed applications that are not included in the OE are certified to run on the new HP-UX 11i release: Step 1. Go to this Web page:
  • Page 13: System Requirements

    Preparing for Software Migration System Requirements System Requirements Supported HP-UX 11i is supported on the HP 9000 systems listed below (newly systems supported system are shown in bold). For the latest list of supported systems, see: Model 32-bit 64-bit...
  • Page 14 Additional updating requirements are listed in Chapter 2. IMPORTANT Any last-minute install/update issues are in Read Before Installing or Updating to HP-UX 11i booklet supplied with the 11i CDs Be sure to review that booklet before continuing. Chapter 1...
  • Page 15 Preparing for Software Migration System Requirements You May Only If your system is already running HP-UX 11i, you may only need to Need to Install install one or more patch bundles to bring your system up-to-date or to Patch Bundles...
  • Page 16: Identifying Model, Os And Software

    Identifying Model, OS and Software Identifying Model, OS and Software Before you can decide on the method to migrate to HP-UX 11i, you need to verify that HP-UX 11i is supported on your system and what software versions are currently on your system.
  • Page 17: Migrating From Previous Hp-Ux Releases

    You can cold-install HP-UX 11i and its accompanying Operating Environment on any supported system listed on page 13, running any HP-UX OS. If you choose to update an existing HP-UX OS to 11i, however, the system must be running either HP-UX 10.20 or 11.0.
  • Page 18: Firmware Upgrades

    PHSS_23447 / 40.28 PHSS_22655 PHSS_22656 PHSS_23446 N-Class 41.02 PHSS_22657 / 41.02 PHSS_22657 PHSS_22658 PHSS_22658 OL* = OnLine add, delete and replace. These patches check the firmware and only update the bootROM to be compatible with HP-UX 11i or OL*. Chapter 1...
  • Page 19 2.3, it needs upgrading. Continue with “Downloading firmware patches” on page 22. NOTE Even if your workstation’s firmware is 2.3 or later, HP recommends (but does not require) that you update to the most current firmware revision (version 4.8/9 at print-time).
  • Page 20 Preparing for Software Migration Firmware Upgrades Step 5. Use the map command to find the device number (Dev Num) for the processors on your system; search for items with the product description CPU: cstm>map Path Product ==================== ========================= system system ()
  • Page 21 Preparing for Software Migration Firmware Upgrades Console path: 0/0/4/0.0 Keyboard path: 0/0/4/0.0 Processor is booting from first available device. To discontinue, press any key with 10 seconds. Step 2. You’ll see the boot Main Menu ---Main Menu-------------------------------------------------- Command Description ------------ -------------- BOot [PRI|ALT|<path>] Boot from specified path...
  • Page 22 firmware patch is “Not yet HP recommended”. Step 6. After downloading the patch, proceed to “Applying Firmware Patches” next. To get a firmware patch free of charge via ftp: For the Americas and Asia-Pacific:...
  • Page 23 Do not interrupt the update process. Do not power down the system or perform any other similar action during the update. The process requires multiple reboots. Once the system has rebooted HP-UX completely, it’s safe to perform any other normal operation.
  • Page 24: Updating Your Ignite-Ux Server

    Preparing for Software Migration Updating Your Ignite-UX Server Updating Your Ignite-UX Server The HP-UX 11i OE CD1 contains the complete Ignite-UX product. When you cold-install 11i from the media, a subset of Ignite-UX is used to perform the installation on a single system.
  • Page 25: Installing Diagnostics

    Preparing for Software Migration Installing Diagnostics Installing Diagnostics HP-UX 11i automatically installs support tools on all systems to provide required hardware support. These tools, contained in the OnlineDiag bundle, give you a complete solution to verify, troubleshoot, and monitor HP 9000 system hardware, including CPUs, memory, interface cards, mass storage and other devices.
  • Page 26: Needing More Disk Space

    Needing More Disk Space? This section provides hints and information to help you determine your disk needs for HP-UX 11i. If you need more disk space (HP-UX 11i generally requires a 4GB root volume), be sure to order the equipment and plan on installing it after backing up your current system as explained later in this chapter.
  • Page 27 Disk-space requirements for the /usr and /opt partitions depend upon the update task. Typical requirements for various updates are listed next. Extra space Cold-installing the HP-UX 11i Technical Computing OE installs all CDE needed with languages, rather than just a selected language. To remove unneeded Technical...
  • Page 28 Preparing for Software Migration Needing More Disk Space? Table 1-1 Update Free Disk-space Requirements for /usr and /opt HP-UX 11i Update Task /usr /opt 10.20 -> 11i default update: HPUXBase, 554 MB 80 MB HPUXBaseAux, network drivers, CDE and OnlineDiag 10.20 ->...
  • Page 29: Selecting The Path To Hp-Ux 11I

    An advantage of performing an update is that it leaves user data, configurations and applications in place. Updating to HP-UX 11i requires that the system be running at 10.20 or 11.0, with or without extension or Additional Core Enhancement (ACE) packs installed.
  • Page 30 11i. Updating network Installing or updating to HP-UX 11i will install a minimum set of default drivers networking drivers that apply to the system (see the top part of the table at the end of Chapter 2).
  • Page 31 After deciding which migration path to follow, review the “Readme Before Installing or Updating to HP-UX 11i” booklet for situations that may apply to your system. Then proceed to collect key system information and back up your current system as explained next.
  • Page 32: Collect Key Install Information

    Preparing for Software Migration Collect Key Install Information Collect Key Install Information During the cold-install process, you will be prompted for your system’s identity and network addresses. Record the following data on paper or on another computer for access during the migration: •...
  • Page 33: Back Up Your System

    flexibility than fbackup/frecover, including the ability to recover non-bootable systems. The Ignite-UX server software for HP-UX 11i is provided on the HP-UX 11i OE CD1, and can be either cold-installed along with 11i to create a new server or specified in the update-ux command to update an existing Ignite-UX server to 11i.
  • Page 34 For more information on using make_recovery, see the make_tape_recovery(1m) manpage on an Ignite-UX server or Chapter 11 of the Ignite-UX Administration Guide. The guide is available on the HP-UX 11i Instant Information CD and on the Web: The Ignite-UX server also has the make_net_recovery command to...
  • Page 35: Save Configuration Files

    Save Configuration Files Save Configuration Files If you are planning to cold-install HP-UX 11i rather than update an existing system, be sure to save the files that you will want to re-install. These include a number of configuration files in /etc, the contents of...
  • Page 36: Locate Source Media For Migration

    • If you are migrating one system at a time — Migrate directly from the CDs in the HP-UX 11i media box: — HP-UX 11i OE CDs — Boot and install a new system or update an existing HP-UX 10.20 system.
  • Page 37: Migrating To Hp-Ux 11I

    Chapter 1. Contents of each OE are listed in the Read Before Installing or Updating to HP-UX 11i booklet supplied with 11i CDs. More details on each application are in Chapter 4 of the HP-UX 11i Release Notes. Devices supported by network drivers are listed in the release notes.
  • Page 38: Cold-Installing Hp-Ux 11I

    • If you’re new HP 9000 system was factory installed (we call this “factory integrated”), the cold-installation process described here has already been performed. Skip this chapter and proceed to install application software.
  • Page 39 Migrating to HP-UX 11i Cold-installing HP-UX 11i Determine install approach if factory integrated from use golden depots image Create 2 install Create Install Install 11i OS/OE golden image using depots: using Ignite-UX Ignite-UX Server (see page 43) OE depot: OS/OE, QPK.
  • Page 40: System Requirements

    Cold-installing HP-UX 11i IMPORTANT If you have NDS version B.02.00.05 and are updating to HP-UX 11i, be sure to either select the new version of NDS during the update or remove the old version from your system. If you run NDS version B.02.00.05 with 11i, the server will cease to work and all client systems may lose the ability to have anyone log in.
  • Page 41: Installing Hp-Ux 11I

    Required media Have these CDs ready from the HP-UX 11i media box: • HP-UX 11i OE CDs 1 and 2, June 2001 or later. • Support Plus CD, June 2001 or later (for general release patch bundle, quality patch bundles and diagnostics.
  • Page 42 Migrating to HP-UX 11i Cold-installing HP-UX 11i LAN. .5.6 FWSCSI.6.0 IBM DDRS-34560WS Of the media listed, a fast/wide SCSI device (FWSCSI) is usually a disk, whereas a single-ended SCSI device (SESCSI) can be a disk or CD drive. CDs usually default to a device path ending in 2.
  • Page 43 Migrating to HP-UX 11i Cold-installing HP-UX 11i From the screen, choose: User Interface and Media Options • Source Location Options: Media-only installation • — provides an install wizard User Interface Options: Guided Installation with limited choices. Select if you are not familiar with Ignite-UX.
  • Page 44 SD then downloads all the products and patches from the first CD. Step 11. When prompted, replace HP-UX 11i CD1 with the requested CD from the media box. Software will be automatically loaded from each CD. If you see the message: Unable to verify CD-ROM media content ...
  • Page 45: After Cold-Installing Hp-Ux 11I

    Changes to the kernel, such as adding devices, will require a reboot to enable them. Step 14. Before installing or updating applications, insert the HP-UX Support Plus CD and install the Quality Pack patch bundles to update the OS and OE applications on your system.
  • Page 46: Retrieving Information After Cold-Installing

    Restore other files Carefully use the same techniques to restore other files and directories, such as /usr, /local and /opt. For help in importing entire volume groups, see either the Managing Filesystems and Workgroups manual or the Managing HP Superdome Complexes manual. Chapter 2...
  • Page 47 Migrating to HP-UX 11i Cold-installing HP-UX 11i The commands above will not write over newer files, so your new operating system and any files you update are well protected. This completes the cold-install process. Now verify the installa- tion as explained in Chapter 3 and back up your new system using the same process you used before installation.
  • Page 48: Updating Hp-Ux 10.20/11.0 To 11I

    Beginning with the 11i release, the update-ux command replaces swgettools to perform these OS update tasks: • Update the HP-UX OS from 10.20 or 11.0 to 11i, including adding a new Operating Environment (OE). • Update and existing 11i system to a later release.
  • Page 49 11i. If you need to continue using DFS, STOP! Do not update to HP-UX 11.x or 11i. Installing If you are planning to install the HP-UX 11i Mission Critical OE, MC/ServiceGuard MC/ServiceGuard will be automatically installed, removing any previous version of MC/ServiceGuard on the system.
  • Page 50 Migrating to HP-UX 11i Updating HP-UX 10.20/11.0 to 11i Create archive/recovery image depot(s) update-ux Determine Determine Create depot(s) update source (see page 54) approach Update to 11i OE cold-install from depot containing OS/OE and Update OS/OE Cold-install from Support Plus bundles...
  • Page 51 Migrating to HP-UX 11i Updating HP-UX 10.20/11.0 to 11i The update-ux command updates your system in this order: 1. Performs preparation steps including checking the root volume (see “About update-ux” on page 48). 2. Calls swinstall to install software bundles from CD1. swinstall does...
  • Page 52: Updating Tips

    /usr/sbin/swlist | lp Then compare it with a similar swlist done after the update. Rebuild kernel Your update could fail if the HP-UX kernel fails in the starting before you update environment. To ensure that you have a reliable starting point, rebuild the kernel before you update: Step 1.
  • Page 53 Location of OE product documentation is listed in the tables at the back of the Read Before Installing or Updating to HP-UX 11i booklet and in the HP-UX 11i Release Notes. Release notes are in /usr/share/doc/ and on the Web:
  • Page 54: Procedure A: Install Update-Ux

    You need the update-ux command installed to update from HP-UX 10.20 or 11.0 to 11i. Follow these steps to install update-ux: Step 1. Insert the HP-UX 11i CD 1 and wait for the CD drive’s busy light to stop blinking.
  • Page 55 Step 2. Login as root and mount the logical volume on a new directory named /update. This directory will hold your network depot. Step 3. Insert the HP-UX 11i CD1 and wait for the CD drive’s busy light to stop blinking.
  • Page 56: Procedure C: Update To Hp-Ux 11I

    Migrating to HP-UX 11i Updating HP-UX 10.20/11.0 to 11i Procedure C: Update to HP-UX 11i By now you should have successfully installed update-ux onto the target system and, optionally, created an update depot containing all software bundles to be installed. Now you can proceed to update your target system as follows.
  • Page 57 HPUX11i-MTOE For example, to update to 11i and install the default 11i OE, insert an HP-UX 11i CD1 in the local drive mounted at /cdrom. As root, enter: /usr/sbin/update-ux -s /cdrom HPUX11i-OE Or, to update to 11i and install the 11i Mission Critical OE, insert...
  • Page 58 Migrating to HP-UX 11i Updating HP-UX 10.20/11.0 to 11i • Update to HP-UX 11i OS (no OE): To update to HP-UX 11i, insert HP-UX 11i CD1 in the local drive mounted at /cdrom and enter: /usr/sbin/update-ux -s /cdrom This example updates the HP-UX OS to 11i. All OS, networking, diagnostic and CDE bundles listed on page 41 are installed.
  • Page 59 When the -i option is specified, swinstall’s interactive user interface is active only when swinstall is running to load software from each source location. When installing from HP-UX 11i CDs, you will have to select non-default software twice; once for each CD. If you do set swinstall options like match_target, be sure to re-select those options in the second swinstall session.
  • Page 60 Products installed include the default HP-UX 11i OS bundles listed on page 51, plus the Ignite-UX server bundle, B5725AA. Now you can use Ignite-UX to install and recover other HP-UX 10.20, 11.0 and 11i systems in your network. After installing selectable software, complete any post-install configuration explained in the HP-UX 11i Release Notes available in...
  • Page 61: Updating An Existing 11I System

    (see the previous section) to install all new software from the newest HP-UX 11i CDs. For example, if your system includes the default HP-UX 11i OE, this command will update the OS and 11i OE applications from the HP-UX 11i CDs:...
  • Page 62 You can update the OS to the latest release and upgrade from one OE to another with a single update-ux command. For example, to update the OS and upgrade from HP-UX 11i OE to the Enterprise OE, insert the HP-UX Enterprise OE CD1 in the CD-ROM drive and enter: /usr/sbin/update-ux -s /cdrom HPUX11i-OE-Ent Be sure you have enough available disk space to handle the larger OE;...
  • Page 63 64-bit operation. The Web site also has release notes and a FAQ with details about supported systems and necessary firmware updates. If you’ve decided to update to a HP-UX 11i 64-bit OS, use this command (source is CDs mounted at /cdrom):...
  • Page 64: Updating To

    HP strongly recommends that only a complete 11i Operating Environment (OE) be installed and that no products be added to or removed from the OE. HP-UX 11i OEs have been designed and tested to work as complete solutions. Installing or removing individual products in the OE may impact the quality of the OE.
  • Page 65: Changing Operating Environments

    Each HP-UX 11i media kit contains at least one Operating Environment (OE). The extra-cost Enterprise and Mission Critical OEs each contain the HP-UX 11i OE and the extra-cost OE. If you did not purchase an extra-cost OE, the HP-UX 11i OE bundle is supplied for servers and Technical Computing OE is supplied for technical workstations and technical servers.
  • Page 66 OE bundle and its software. For example, to move from the 64-bit Mission Critical OE to the 64-bit default 11i OE: Step 1. As root, add default HP-UX 11i OE (in this example from CD1 and CD2 mounted, in turn, at /cdrom):...
  • Page 67: Updating Netscape Directory Server

    Updating Netscape Directory Server If you have the HP J3667AA Netscape Directory Server (NDS) version 3.1 and plan to continue using NDS with HP-UX 11i, you should update to 11i as explained in Chapter 2. Be sure to specify the new NDS bundle in the update-ux command.
  • Page 68: Installing Serviceguard Products

    Instant Information CD and on the Web: Downgrading MC/ServiceGuard version A.11.09 is installed with the HP-UX 11i MC/ServiceGuard Mission Critical OE. If you have MC/ServiceGuard version A.11.12 or newer installed, you’ll need to remove it from each system in the ServiceGuard cluster before installing the HP-UX 11i Mission Critical OE, which installs MC/ServiceGuard version A.11.09.
  • Page 69 /usr/sbin/update-ux -s /cdrom -i HPUX11i-OE-MC Then restart the upgraded system in the cluster. Step 9. Repeat Step 8 until all nodes have been updated to HP-UX 11i. Replacing If you plan to install the HP-UX 11i Mission Critical OE, but will require...
  • Page 70 Migrating to HP-UX 11i Installing ServiceGuard Products Table 2-1 HP-UX 11i OS, OE and Driver Software on HP-UX 11i OE CDs SD Bundle Name Description These HP-UX 11i OS bundles are installed by default: HPUXBase32 or HP-UX 11i Base OS installation, either 32- or 64-bit...
  • Page 71 Migrating to HP-UX 11i Installing ServiceGuard Products Table 2-1 HP-UX 11i OS, OE and Driver Software on HP-UX 11i OE CDs SD Bundle Name Description HyprFabrc-00 PCI/HSC HyperFabric2 driver, ver. B.11.11.01 TermIO-00,01 MUX (PCI, EISA), ver. B.11.11.02 (TermIO-01 is 32-bit OS only) TokenRing-00,-01,-02 TokenRing drivers (PCI, HPPB, EISA), ver.
  • Page 72 Migrating to HP-UX 11i Installing ServiceGuard Products Chapter 2...
  • Page 73: Verifying System Migration

    Verifying System Migration Verifying System Migration After installing or updating to HP-UX 11i, backing up the new system and adding/upgrading your applications, follow these steps to verify that your system is back in production. If you are having problems with updating to HP-UX 11i, see Appendix B.
  • Page 74: Verifying Hp-Ux Installation

    To verify that HP-UX 11i was successfully installed, use Software Distributor’s swlist and swverify commands: Step 1. To list all products on your system, enter: /usr/sbin/swlist -a state For example, running swlist on a newly installed partition on an HP Superdome system could list these product bundles: CDE-English B.11.11...
  • Page 75 Verifying System Migration Verifying HP-UX Installation Then the Analysis process verifies that each required file is loaded (existence and revision), all required dependencies are met, and runs any available verification scripts for the product. This will take some time. After the analysis you should see: * Analysis succeeded.
  • Page 76: Verifying Applications

    To verify that all required applications have been installed or updated, use swlist and swverify, as explained in the previous section. For example, to verify that the HP-UX 11i default operating environment is intact on your system, enter: /usr/sbin/swverify HPUX11i-OE If you get an error like this;...
  • Page 77: Updating Applications

    Updating Applications Updating Applications This chapter provides hints on updating your applications and adding patches after updating to HP-UX 11i. Chapter 4...
  • Page 78: Hp-Ux Patching Resources

    Once you have downloaded needed patches, install them using the swinstall command, as explained in “Adding and Removing Individual Patches” on page 81. Downloading When you need to find and download a single patch, use HP’s Patch individual patches Database. Begin at HP’s IT Resource Center Web:
  • Page 79 To keep your OS and HP-UX applications up-to-date, critical patches and Plus general-release patches are delivered periodically to subscribers of HP-UX Support Plus service. You will need to install those patch bundles when they arrive. For more information on Support Plus, go to its Web:
  • Page 80: Updating Applications

    Updating Applications Updating Applications Updating Applications After migrating to HP-UX 11i and backing up your new system, you should update and/or install other applications not installed with the HP-UX 11i OE. Here are some tips: • To determine what products and versions are on your system, use...
  • Page 81: Adding And Removing Individual Patches

    Adding and Removing Individual Patches Adding and Removing Individual Patches If you migrated to HP-UX 11i via the update-ux command (Chapter 2), all previous OS patches were automatically removed from the system. If your new OS or OE requires any new patches, they can be installed from the HP-UX Support Plus media (see “HP-UX Patching Resources”...
  • Page 82: Using Software Distributor Tools

    After updating your depot-management server to HP-UX 11i, you can software depots manage HP-UX 10.20, 11.00 and 11i software on the same system. This is the preferred depot-management solution. If your depot-management server is running HP-UX 11.0, however, it can handle 10.20 and 11.0 depots but not HP-UX 11i depots.
  • Page 83: Updating Licensepower/Ifor

    Updating Applications Updating LicensePower/iFOR Updating LicensePower/iFOR HP plans to remove LicensePower/iFOR from HP-UX in a future release. To download the latest version of or patches for LicensePower/iFOR, go to Isogon’s Web site: Converting the When upgrading to the LicensePower/iFOR version 4.0 license server, database any existing version 3.0.x databases must be converted to version 4.0.
  • Page 84: Maintaining Your Hp-Ux 11I System

    The following flowcharts offer recommended methods for maintaining your 11i system using HP’s software support services • HP-UX 11i OE media (distributed every other quarter) — Includes media for cold-installing or updating OEs. • HP-UX 11i application releases (distributed quarterly) — Includes media for HP-UX Applications and Support Plus.
  • Page 85 Updating Applications Maintaining Your HP-UX 11i System Receive New Encounter Problem 3rd Party Software Search patch Download patches database on Update or create Download patches new install depot* Install new Update or create version of software new install depot*...
  • Page 86 * OE depot contains OS/OE bundles and Gold patch bundles from Support Plus CD. AR depot contains non-OE applications. For help creating depots, see the Software Distributor Administration Guide. Depot can contain applications from HP-UX Application CDs, Support Plus CD, etc. Proactive Software Maintenance Chapter 4...
  • Page 87: Booting Hp 9000 Systems

    Boot ROM firmware interface. As explained here, the built-in boot process differs between newer and older workstations and servers. For help booting partitions in HP Superdome and S-Class servers, see the Managing HP Superdome Complexes manual, available on the Instant Information CD and on the Web:
  • Page 88: Halting The Autoboot Process

    Booting HP 9000 Systems Halting the Autoboot Process Halting the Autoboot Process 1. Make sure any external devices connected to the target system are switched ON. 2. Switch ON the target computer or cycle power. 3. Insert the install media into the drive. At the Stop Autoboot message: •...
  • Page 89: Booting Workstations

    Step 4. If you see the prompt, Interact with IPL (y or n)?, enter: n (The bottom selections may not appear unless you hold down Older workstation Older HP 9000 Workstations display a menu similar to this: boot menu Boot from specified device...
  • Page 90 Booting HP 9000 Systems Booting Workstations Search for bootable devices Enter Boot Administration mode Exit and continue boot sequence Help Select from menu: To start a search for bootable devices, enter: s Older workstation ============================================================== =========== search results Searching for Devices with Bootable Media.
  • Page 91: Booting Hp 9000 Servers

    Booting HP 9000 Systems Booting HP 9000 Servers Booting HP 9000 Servers As noted previously, you can halt the server autoboot process and redirect it to boot from the desired media device. To do so, press any key during the autoboot process to display a Main Menu:...
  • Page 92 You can also specify the device by the hardware path, such as 56/52.0, in place of the path number. Booting a server For Models 8 x 7, 845, 835, 870, and other older HP 9000 Servers, the boot display looks like this: ============================================================== Console path =
  • Page 93 Booting HP 9000 Systems Booting HP 9000 Servers device, respond with: y • If neither the primary or alternate device paths correspond to that for the CD device, respond with n to both prompts. In this case, enter the hardware path of the device (for example, 52.3.0) at the prompt: Enter boot path, command, or ?>...
  • Page 94: Booting V-Class Systems

    LAB #0001 Booting OBP. System is HP9000 V2000 series Autoboot and Autosearch flags are both OFF or we are in HP core mode. Processor is entering manual boot mode..If the system is set to perform auto-boot, you will see the following: Processor is starting the autoboot process.
  • Page 95 Booting HP 9000 Systems Booting V-Class Systems ForthMode Switch to the Forth OBP interface List the I/O devices in the system LS [<path>|flash] List the boot or flash volume OS [hpux|sppux] Display/Select Operating System PASSword Set the Forth password PAth [PRI|ALT|CON] [<path>]...
  • Page 96 Booting HP 9000 Systems Booting V-Class Systems Loading : HPUX ....%%xxxxxx%% bytes loaded. 101456 + 61440 + 864184 start 0xd01cc0 Boot: disc(1/0/0.4.0;0)/disc(1/0/0.4.0;0):INSTALL 7245824 + 1328048 + 706428 start 0x29168 HPUX: kernel load begins The Install kernel then loads from the CD device.
  • Page 97: Searching For Other Bootable Devices

    Booting HP 9000 Systems Searching for Other Bootable Devices Searching for Other Bootable Devices If your CD is not mounted at the primary path, enter sea (search) at the command prompt to see a general listing of devices. The CD will be listed with its hardware path.
  • Page 98 Booting HP 9000 Systems Searching for Other Bootable Devices Appendix A...
  • Page 99: In Case Of Trouble

    This appendix describes: • Common cold-install problems, page 100. • Common update problems, page 101. • Problem configuring HP-UX 11i, page 109. • Intermittent sendmail problem, page 117. • Adjusting file system sizes, page 118. • Problems with large systems, page 122.
  • Page 100: Cold-Install Problem

    In Case of Trouble Cold-install Problem Cold-install Problem Kernel build fails On J2240 workstations having an SCSI floppy drive, cold-installing on 64-bit install 64-bit OS will fail during the kernel build with an “unsatisfied symbols” error. Action: Edit the /stand/system file to delete the floppy driver: Step 1.
  • Page 101: Common Update Problems

    C. The local environment, such as Japanese, is temporarily disabled during the update session. Multiple OE errors Installing both the HP-UX 11i Operating Environment and the Enterprise Operating Environment on the same system is not a standard update path. If you continue with this operation, swremove(1M) the Enterprise Operating Environment after the update is complete.
  • Page 102 Correct the indicated problem and run the command again. Post-update After updating your system to an HP-UX 11i OE, run swverify to ensure swverify error that all application software previously on you system is still compatible with the new OS. If you get an error like this: The product "xyz,l=/,r=B.xx.xx"...
  • Page 103 In Case of Trouble Common Update Problems software and install the new version using the swinstall command. For more details, see Chapter 4. Root (/) volume If update-ux quits after you extended a volume size, you may see an error lock error containing these lines: ERROR: The command: /var/adm/sw filter...
  • Page 104 HWEnable11i release? bundle. Insert and mount either an HP-UX 11i OE CD1 or the latest Support Plus CD in your local CD-ROM drive and enter (as root): /usr/sbin/swinstall -x autoselect_patches=true \...
  • Page 105 PPA stands for physical point of attachment. This is a unique network ID assigned to each network interface in a system. In HP-UX 11i, it is equivalent to the card instance number. Since APA link aggregates are logical network interfaces, there is no hardware information associated with the interfaces.
  • Page 106 In Case of Trouble Common Update Problems rolling upgrade from HP-UX 11.0 to 11i with the Mission Critical Operating Environment (MC-OE), you are likely to be in a situation where the problem can occur. To verify this before you upgrade, enter...
  • Page 107 Step 1. Halt the node using the cmhaltnode command, then upgrade to the HP-UX 11i Mission Critical OE, with Auto-Port Aggregation software B.11.11.00. Step 2. After upgrading the node and applying any required patches from the Support Plus Media, obtain patch PHSS_22683 and apply it.
  • Page 108: Analyzing Log Files

    In Case of Trouble Common Update Problems NODE STATUS STATE node002 down unknown Network_Parameters: INTERFACE STATUS PATH NAME PRIMARY unknown LinkAgg0 lan900 STANDBY unknown LinkAgg1 lan901 Analyzing Log Files To help identify a problem with running update-ux, remember that errors are logged in two separate log files: •...
  • Page 109: Problems Configuring Hp-Ux 11I

    Problems Configuring HP-UX 11i Read these items before installing or updating to 11i. Do not use HP recommends that you do not enable or use the CacheFS feature of CacheFS NFS (Network File System) under 11i until a patch is available. The CacheFS file system is a general purpose file system caching mechanism...
  • Page 110 11i; or • Wait to upgrade to 11i until a patch is available. HP plans to fix this problem with one or more patches in the future. To check for patches, contact your HP Support Representative or check the HP IT Resource Center Web:
  • Page 111 EISA I/O drivers for TermIO, FDDI, 100BT and Token Ring cards are supported on supported on HP-UX 32-bit OS, but not 64-bit OS. You will not see an 64-bit OS error or warning message stating that these EISA products will not work after installing or updating to 64-bit OS.
  • Page 112 HSC-FX card with an HSC-TX card, J3514A#001 (K-class) or J3516A#001 (A-180 and D-Class). If you replace the card, you will also need an FX-to-TX converter. The converter is not an HP product but has been qualified for use with HP cards; it is made by Transition Networks, part number C/E-100BTX-FX-04(SC).
  • Page 113 See “What to Do” below for details. If you have an HP 9000 N-Class, L-Class, or Superdome system running HP-UX 11i and want to do OLA/R of the SCSI HBAs A4800A, A5149A, A5150A, and A5159A, you need to consider these restrictions.
  • Page 114 HP-UX Peripherals manual for more about CRA. Step 4. When the CRA finishes, select to continue. See the Configuring HP-UX Peripherals manual for more information about what SAM normally does next. The follow error message appears: OLRAD error: General error.
  • Page 115 In Case of Trouble Problems Configuring HP-UX 11i The following message appears: Suspended ports to be resumed: hardware_path Step 12. Select: The A5149A HBA is now online (Slot Power is ON) and the SCSI driver resumes (State is active). Step 13. Reconnect the SCSI cable to the A5149A HBA’s external connector.
  • Page 116 MAC address. If you plan to use online replacement for an A5783A that uses a universally administered MAC address and is installed in an HP 9000 L-Class, N-Class, or Superdome system, you are affected. Note that the universally administered MAC address is used mainly with SNAplus2.
  • Page 117: Intermittent Sendmail Problem

    In Case of Trouble Intermittent Sendmail Problem Intermittent Sendmail Problem When updating Mail is not delivered if the sendmail daemon is started and the from 10.20 /etc/nsswitch.conf file contains these alias entries: aliases: files # Original entry aliases: files nis # Modified entry An error message similar to this is generated in this situation: 554 Switch map aliases:...
  • Page 118: Adjusting File System Sizes

    The absolute minimum /usr file-system sizes needed to update to requirements HP-UX 11i are listed in “Updating requirements” in Chapter 1. If the required file-system size for the bundle you copy to a depot exceeds the file system limit set by your disk installation, you will get an error condition during the copy process.
  • Page 119 In Case of Trouble Adjusting File System Sizes VGDA PE Size (Mbytes) Total PE Alloc PE Free PE Total PVG The "Free PE" indicates the number of 4MB extents available, in this case 79 (equivalent to 316 MB). Step 2. Change to single user state: /sbin/shutdown This will allow /var to be unmounted.
  • Page 120 Increasing /stand In some cases, you will need to increase the size of /stand prior to completing a successful update to HP-UX 11i. If the update-ux command fails with a message indicating that /stand is too small, follow these steps to increase the size of /stand.
  • Page 121 Step 10. Define your new volume as the boot volume at the next reboot: lvlnboot -b lvol1 /dev/vg00 Step 11. Reboot your system again. Return to Chapter 2 to update your system to HP-UX 11i using the update-ux command. Appendix B...
  • Page 122: Problems With Large Systems

    In Case of Trouble Problems with Large Systems Problems with Large Systems After a system is cold-installed, you may wish to add all the file systems that existed under the previous installation, either manually or using sam. However, for a large number of file systems (for example, over a hundred), some tables in the kernel may be too small to allow correct booting.
  • Page 123: Un-Installing Hp-Ux 11I

    In Case of Trouble Un-installing HP-UX 11i Un-installing HP-UX 11i If you cannot resolve problems after installing or updating to HP-UX 11i, you may wish to un-install 11i. The process depends upon the install/update process you followed: • Assuming that you have made a make_recovery or...
  • Page 124: Re-Installing Sd

    SD. Step 1. The install-sd utility is in the catalog/SW-DIST/pfiles directory on the HP-UX 11i OE CD1. If install-sd is not in /var/tmp, load it. For example, to load install-sd from a local CD mounted at /cdrom, enter:...
  • Page 125: Recovering A Corrupt System

    OS. These “expert recovery” procedures are explained in Chapter 11 of the Ignite-UX Administration Guide. This guide is available on the HP-UX Instant Information CD (which you can view via an HP-UX or Windows/NT system), and also on the Web:
  • Page 126: Verifying And Adding Diagnostics

    In Case of Trouble Verifying and Adding Diagnostics Verifying and Adding Diagnostics HP-UX 11i automatically installs Support Tools on all systems to provide required hardware support. These tools, contained in the OnlineDiag bundle, give you a complete solution for verifying, troubleshooting, and monitoring HP 9000 system hardware.
  • Page 127: Problems Affecting Non-C Locales

    In Case of Trouble Problems Affecting non-C Locales Problems Affecting non-C Locales Difference The English and Japanese versions of the STK bundled with HP-UX 11i between English may contain differing documentation (the STK tools are identical for and Japanese both languages). To verify that you have the latest Japanese...
  • Page 128 In Case of Trouble Problems Affecting non-C Locales Step 2. Download patch jperl5.005_03 from an open-source Perl site. Step 3. Apply the patch to the source code, and build it. NOTE Once patched with jperl5.005_003, Perl cannot be used as Mod_perl under the Apache server.
  • Page 129: Web Resources

    In Case of Trouble Web Resources Web Resources • Latest versions of HP-UX manuals and white papers: Recently released manuals include: Ignite-UX Administration Guide Managing Systems and Workgroups Configuring HP-UX for Peripherals ServiceControl Manager Technical Reference HP-UX 9.x-11i Internationalization Features Whitepaper Configuring HP-UX For Different Languages...
  • Page 130 In Case of Trouble Web Resources Appendix B...
  • Page 131: Configuring Built-In Pci Networking

    10Base-T operation. The category-5 UTP cable used in 100Base-TX networks between devices such as an HP computer and a 100Base-TX hub must be less than 100 meters long. For more information on network topologies and associated specifications for 100Base-TX networking, refer to the IEEE 802.3u specification.
  • Page 132: Compatibility And Installation Requirements

    Configuring Built-In PCI Networking Compatibility and Installation Requirements Compatibility and Installation Requirements The limits of the current PCI 10/100Base-TX and 100Base-FX/9000 are: • The PCI 10/100Base-TX/9000 card supports autonegotiation and autosensing. You should not normally need to manually configure the speed, autonegotiation, or duplex mode of the card.
  • Page 133: Configuring Network Connectivity

    1. Attach the system to the network: a. Ensure that the HP 9000 is shut down completely and the power is OFF. Ensure that the system is grounded. b. If your Base-TX network uses 8-pin RJ-45 connectors, attach the RJ-45 plug on your twisted-pair LAN cable into the RJ-45 connector on the PCI 10/100Base-TX card.
  • Page 134 Configuring Built-In PCI Networking Configuring Network Connectivity NOTE The RJ-45 connection operates at either 10 or 100 Mbits/s, but the BNC and AUI connections operate only at 10 Mbits/s. Also, the Link Status LED is for the RJ-45 connector only; the Link Status LED is dark if the AUI or BNC port is used.
  • Page 135 SAM. File 3. Verify the installation: a. Obtain the PPA (on HP-UX 10.20, it is the NMIDnumber) and the station address of your card by executing: lanscan b. To verify that no errors have occurred during installation, enter:...
  • Page 136: Manual Speed And Duplex Mode Configuration

    Configuring Built-In PCI Networking Manual Speed and Duplex Mode Configuration Manual Speed and Duplex Mode Configuration Because this PCI 10/100Base-TX/9000 LAN card supports autonegotiation, you should not normally need to manually set the duplex mode. Sometimes you may need to manually set the duplex mode of the card, for example, if the switch is operating at full-duplex but does not autonegotiate.
  • Page 137 100hd =100 half-duplex lanadmin -X auto_on ppa turns autonegotiation on. The ppa is the physical point of attachment on HP-UX 10.30 or 11.0. On HP-UX 10.20, use the nmid or Network Management ID of the card. You can get the ppa ( nmid ) from the output of the lanscan command.
  • Page 138: Setting Speed And Duplex Mode At Boot Time (Workstation Only)

    Configuring Built-In PCI Networking Manual Speed and Duplex Mode Configuration Setting Speed and Duplex Mode at Boot Time (workstation only) With this method you may set both the speed and duplex mode of the interface, and have this setting be in effect across subsequent system reboots.
  • Page 139: Autonegotiation And Auto-Sensing

    Configuring Built-In PCI Networking Autonegotiation and Auto-sensing Autonegotiation and Auto-sensing Autonegotiation enables devices sharing a link segment to operate at the optimal mode: 10Base-T or 100Base-TX and half- or full-duplex modes. If the PCI 10/100Base-TX/9000 card is connected to a device, such as a switch, that is autonegotiating, the PCI card will autonegotiate with the device to mutually determine the highest possible speed and duplex settings.
  • Page 140: Rj-45 And Aui Ports

    Configuring Built-In PCI Networking RJ-45 and AUI Ports RJ-45 and AUI Ports The 10/100 Base-TX link works with both an RJ-45 and (on the V-class) an AUI port. The RJ-45 port can be used for either 100 Base-T or 10 Base-T networking;...
  • Page 141: Performance

    Configuring Built-In PCI Networking Performance Performance The 100 Base-T product is initially set with a conservative value for the transmit threshold (that is, the number of bytes that must be in the transmit FIFO buffer before transmission can begin). The transmit threshold is set to a “store and forward”...
  • Page 142 1000 packets have errors) than applications which are request-response in nature (NFS, for example). Transmit underrun errors may occur on some HP systems when there is sufficient bus contention from competing I/O devices on the system I/O bus. These errors can be monitored in two ways: 1.
  • Page 143: What Happens During Card Initialization Sequence

    The Activity LED flashes whenever the switch is sending link pulses. If the activity LED on the card is not blinking, then there may be a problem with the driver or the card. Contact HP. NOTE The RJ-45 connection operates at either 10 or 100 Mbits/s, but the BNC and AUI connections operate only at 10 Mbits/s.
  • Page 144: V-Class Pci 10/100Base-Tx Card Specifications

    802.3u-1995 standard. Cat 5 UTP. The fiber card uses one-pair multimode fiber cable with duplex SC connectors. Cable Distances: (HP A5172A Fiber Card) • Node-to-switch cable distance up to 2 km for full duplex and up to 412 m for half duplex.
  • Page 145: Hardware Regulatory Statements

    Hewlett-Packard’s system certification tests were conducted with HP-supported peripheral devices and cables, such as those received with your system. Changes or modifications to this equipment not expressly approved by Hewlett-Packard could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
  • Page 146: Canada

    Configuring Built-In PCI Networking Hardware Regulatory Statements Canada WARNING This Class A digital apparatus meets all requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment Regulations. Cet appareil numérique de la classe A respecte toutes les exigences du règlement sur le matériel brouilleur du Canada. EMI and LED Safety (European Community) NOTE This is a class A product.
  • Page 147 Index Numerics saving key information for planning disk space troubleshooting Managing HP-UX Software 100BT HSC-FT card, not typical problems with SD-UX supported on 11i vs. update 32-bit OS, changing from 64-bit cold-installing advanced installation 64-bit OS, updating to error messages...
  • Page 148 IT Resource Center Web bundle names changing Quality Pack patch bundle changing applications kernel, rebuilding contents (see Getting Started with HP-UX 11i booklet) reactive software maintenance large systems overview and contents last-minute install/update updating recovering a corrupt system issues...
  • Page 149 Index CDs for cold-install swlist flowchart RJ-45 port swverify from a network depot root directory, creating a new HP-UX 11i OS (no OE) root disk, minimum size Ignite-UX Ignite-UX server troubleshooting MirrorDisk/UX large systems screen lock, disable during troubleshooting network drivers...

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