The relationship between ports, trunk groups, VLANs, and spanning trees is shown in the following table.
Ports, trunk groups, and VLANs
Assigning cost to ports and trunk groups
When you configure a trunk group to participate in a Spanning Tree Group, all ports must have the same
Spanning Tree configuration, as follows:
Edge port status
Port Fast Forward status
Assign lower path costs on each member of a trunk group, to ensure the trunk group remains in the
Multiple Spanning Trees
Each switch supports a maximum of 128 Spanning Tree Groups (STGs). Multiple STGs provide multiple
data paths, which can be used for load-balancing and redundancy.
You enable independent links on two switches using multiple STGs by configuring each path with a
different VLAN and then assigning each VLAN to a separate STG. Each STG is independent. Each STG
sends its own Bridge Protocol Data Units (BPDUs), and each STG must be independently configured.
The STG, or bridge group, forms a loop-free topology that includes one or more virtual LANs (VLANs).
The switch supports 128 STGs running simultaneously. The default STG 1 supports IEEE 802.1d Spanning
Tree Protocol, and may contain more than one VLAN. All other STGs support Per VLAN Spanning Tree
(PVST+), and may contain only one VLAN each. The switch can support multiple VLANs in STGs 2-128;
however, you must enable IEEE 802.1s Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol mode. For more information, see
the "RSTP and MSTP" chapter in this guide.
Trunk group, or one or more VLANs
Only one VLAN
One Spanning Tree Group
Spanning Tree Protocol