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HP 438031-B21 - 1:10Gb Ethernet BL-c Switch User Manual

Hp 1:10gb ethernet bl-c switch user guide.
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HP 1:10Gb Ethernet BL-c Switch
User Guide
Part Number 445876-002
August 2008 (Second Edition)


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   Summary of Contents for HP 438031-B21 - 1:10Gb Ethernet BL-c Switch

  • Page 1: User Guide

    HP 1:10Gb Ethernet BL-c Switch User Guide Part Number 445876-002 August 2008 (Second Edition)

  • Page 2

    © Copyright 2007, 2008 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The only warranties for HP products and services are set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty. HP shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein.

  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Contents Introduction ..........................6 Additional references..........................6 Features ..............................6 Enterprise class performance......................6 Switch redundancy .......................... 7 Configuration and management ......................8 Diagnostic tools..........................9 Switch architecture ............................ 9 Port Mapping..........................9 Dual switches..........................9 Redundant crosslinks ........................9 Redundant paths to server bays .......................

  • Page 4

    Installing XFP transceivers ......................... 23 Supporting software and special considerations ..................24 Replacing a switch........................25 Replacing an existing switch ........................25 Regulatory compliance notices ..................... 27 Class A equipment ..........................27 Modifications............................27 Cables ..............................27 Canadian notice ............................. 27 Chinese notice ............................

  • Page 5

    Password is not accepted by the switch using the remote console interface immediately after a reboot ....55 Cannot connect to the switch console interface remotely using SSH..............55 Cannot connect to the switch SNMP interface ..................... 56 The port activity LEDs continuously indicate activity after connecting more than one port to another switch or destination device ...........................

  • Page 6: Introduction

    Introduction Additional references Configure the switch after installation. Detailed information about how to configure the switch is available in the reference guides listed below. To obtain these guides, see the HP website ( • HP 1:10Gb Ethernet BL-c Switch Application Guide •...

  • Page 7: Switch Redundancy

    • Support for Telnet, SNMP, SCP, FTP, and TFTP file transfer, human read/write configuration file, XModem, and an extensive list of MIB objects further enhance the management capabilities • Fully redundant end-to-end architecture maximizing server availability from the network • Support for IGMP snooping for multicasting •...

  • Page 8: Configuration And Management

    • Up to eight separate switches per one HP c-Class BladeSystem server blade enclosure • Up to four, one Gigabit Ethernet uplink ports and three, ten Gigabit Ethernet uplink ports (ports 19- 21), per switch, for designing fully meshed uplink paths to the network backbone •...

  • Page 9: Diagnostic Tools

    Diagnostic tools The hardware, software, and firmware diagnostic tools that are available include: • HP Systems Insight Manager automatic discovery and identification • POST built into the switch boot process • Switch port mirroring • Switch LED panel displaying per port status and speed •...

  • Page 10: Redundant Paths To Server Bays

    This crosslink is disabled by default. This crosslink must be enabled for use. Redundant paths to server bays In a dual switch configuration, redundant Ethernet signals from each blade server are routed through the enclosure backplane to separate switches within the enclosure. This configuration provides redundant paths to each server bay.

  • Page 11: Ieee 802.1 Q-based Vlan

    IEEE 802.1 Q-based VLAN The switch provides support for a total of 1000 IEEE 802.1Q VLANs for server grouping and isolation. A VLAN is a network segment configured according to a logical scheme rather than a physical layout. VLANs are used to combine any collection of LAN segments into an autonomous user group that appears as a single LAN.

  • Page 12: Port Mirroring

    Port mirroring The switch allows mirroring of one or multiple ports (source ports) to another port (destination port) for network monitoring and troubleshooting purposes. This technology offers a way for network packet analyzers to view the traffic moving through the switch by providing a copy of the traffic that is currently being passed through any other port.

  • Page 13: Tacacs

    database server. A remote user (the remote administrator) interacts only with the RAS, not the back-end server and database. RADIUS authentication consists of: • A protocol with a frame format that utilizes UDP over IP, based on RFC 2138 and 2866 •...

  • Page 14: Ssh And Scp

    SSH and SCP SSH and SCP use secure tunnels to encrypt and secure messages between a remote administrator and the switch. Telnet does not provide this level of security. The Telnet method of managing a switch does not provide a secure connection. SSH is a protocol that enables remote administrators to log securely into the switch over a network to execute management commands.

  • Page 15: Redundant Images In Firmware

    Redundant images in firmware The switch stores up to two different software images, called image1 and image2, as well as boot software, called boot. When downloading new software, the ability to specify where it is to be placed (into image1, image2, or boot) is activated. For example, if the active image is currently loaded into image1, load the new image software into image2.

  • Page 16: Component Identification

    Component identification 1:10Gb Ethernet Blade Switch front panel CAUTION: Pressing the Reset button while the Health LED is green resets the switch. Item Description UID LED Health LED • Off—Not powered up • Green—Powered up and all ports match • Amber—Indicates a problem such as a port mismatch.

  • Page 17

    Item Description XFP transceiver cage port 21 • Green—Link LED (top) • Flashing green—Activity LED (bottom) RJ-45 ports 22-25 Speed LED (right) • Off—10 Mb/s • Green—100 Mb/s • Amber—1 Gb/s Activity/Link LED (left) • Green—Link • Flashing green—Activity Reset button Component identification 17...

  • Page 18: Installing The Switch

    Installing the switch Preparing for installation IMPORTANT: Before installing the switch, make a record of the MAC address (printed on the MAC address label attached to the switch). This address is needed when configuring the switch. Planning the switch configuration The switch ships with a default configuration in which all downlink and uplink ports are enabled and assigned a default VLAN with a VID equal to 1.

  • Page 19: Switch Security

    • SNMP settings • User name and password settings • Default access to various management interfaces • NTP settings IMPORTANT: See "Runtime switching software default settings (on page 32)" for a complete list of default configuration settings. Switch security When planning the switch configuration, secure access to the management interface by: •...

  • Page 20: Manually Configuring A Switch

    User account Description and tasks performed Password User The user has no direct responsibility for switch management. He or she user can view all switch status information and statistics, but cannot make any configuration changes to the switch. Operator The operator manages all functions of the switch. The operator can reset ports or the entire switch.

  • Page 21: Installing The Switch

    Installing the switch CAUTION: Do not cable the switch until after configuration. IMPORTANT: Make sure that the server NIC configuration matches the switch bay selected. NOTE: When installing two switches, there is one switch interconnect port between adjacent I/O bays. Port 17 is disabled by default. The port must be manually enabled to use. A successful installation is indicated by a green Health LED.

  • Page 22: Accessing The Switch

    Accessing the switch The switch is accessed remotely using the Ethernet ports or locally using the DB-9 management serial port. To access the switch remotely: Assign an IP address. By default, the switch is set up to obtain its IP address from a BOOTP server existing on the attached network.

  • Page 23: Installing Xfp Transceivers

    • Local RS-232 serial console management interface • Remote telnet console management interface See the HP 1:10Gb Ethernet Blade Switch for c-Class BladeSystem Browser-based Interface Reference Guide for information on using the embedded HTML interface to manage the switch from anywhere on the network using a standard browser, such as Netscape Navigator or Microsoft ®...

  • Page 24: Supporting Software And Special Considerations

    Supporting software and special considerations Supporting software is available to assist in configuring and managing the switch. • Server Blade and Power Management Module Firmware—Provides firmware and installation instructions required for proper rack location operation. • Utilities package and documentation—Provides utilities and documentation for switch management. •...

  • Page 25: Replacing A Switch

    Replacing a switch Replacing an existing switch CAUTION: Removing the switch from a powered enclosure results in the loss of network communications between the server blade network ports that are connected through this switch and the segment of network infrastructure those ports need to communicate. For continued blade server network communication and services availability before removing the switch, redirect critical high-availability services or applications to use the redundant network ports available on those blade servers that are connected through the redundant...

  • Page 26

    If the configuration file was saved to a TFTP server, download the configuration. For more information on downloading a configuration file, see the HP 1:10Gb Ethernet BL-c Switch Command Reference Guide. Replacing a switch 26...

  • Page 27: Regulatory Compliance Notices

    Modifications The FCC requires the user to be notified that any changes or modifications made to this device that are not expressly approved by Hewlett-Packard Company may void the user’s authority to operate the equipment. Cables Connections to this device must be made with shielded cables with metallic RFI/EMI connector hoods in order to maintain compliance with FCC Rules and Regulations.

  • Page 28: Bsmi Notice

    EMC Directive 2004/108/EC Compliance with these directives implies conformity to applicable harmonized European standards (European Norms) which are listed on the EU Declaration of Conformity issued by Hewlett-Packard for this product or product family. This compliance is indicated by the following conformity marking placed on the product: This marking is valid for non-Telecom products and EU harmonized Telecom products (e.g.

  • Page 29: Laser Compliance

    Laser compliance This product may be provided with an optical storage device (that is, CD or DVD drive) and/or fiber optic transceiver. Each of these devices contains a laser that is classified as a Class 1 Laser Product in accordance with US FDA regulations and the IEC 60825-1. The product does not emit hazardous laser radiation.

  • Page 30: Technical Specifications

    Technical specifications General specifications Category Specification Standards: IEEE 802.3 10Base-T Ethernet IEEE 802.3u 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet IEEE 802.3ab 1000Base-T Ethernet IEEE 802.3z 1000Base-SX Ethernet IEEE 802.1D Spanning Tree Protocol IEEE 802.1s Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol IEEE 802.1w Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol IEEE 802.1Q VLAN IEEE 802.3ac Frame Extensions for VLAN IEEE 802.3ad Link Aggregation Protocol (No LACP support)

  • Page 31: Port Names, Vlans, Stp, Trunking Default Settings

    Category Specification 10 Gb singlemode fiber cable 9/25 micron 10 Gb CX4 copper cable Use only these approved HP cables: • HP BLadeSystem c-Class .5m 10-GbE CX4 cable (PN 444477-B21) • HP BLadeSystem c-Class 1m 10-GbE CX4 cable ( PN 444477-B22) •...

  • Page 32: Runtime Switching Software Default Settings

    Port type Port number Port name Server Downlink9 Disabled Server Downlink10 Disabled Server Downlink11 Disabled Server Downlink12 Disabled Server Downlink13 Disabled Server Downlink14 Disabled Server Downlink15 Disabled Server Downlink16 Disabled X-Connect XConnect1 Enabled Mgmt Mgmt Enabled Uplink Uplink1 Enabled Uplink Uplink2 Enabled Uplink...

  • Page 33

    Setting Value Secondary DNS server address Default domain name None Management / network/mask Switch software image on Image 1 next boot Switch Config file on next Active boot Display Hostname Disabled (sysName) in CLI prompt Idle timeout 5 minutes Telnet status Enabled...

  • Page 34

    Setting Value Port Mirroring-Mirror Port None selected Port Mirroring-Mirror Port None selected Traffic Direction Port Mirroring-Monitoring None selected Port SNMP Read/write SNMP System Name None SNMP System Location None SNMP System Contact None SNMP Community Public—read-only String/Access Right Private—read/write SNMP Trap Host 1 SNMP Trap Host 1 Public...

  • Page 35

    Setting Value GMT Timezone Offset -06:00 Daylight Savings Time Disabled State System Up Time 0 days 00 :00 :00 Current time RTC or NTP (00 :00 :00) Date None Syslog Host Syslog Host 2 Syslog Host Severity Syslog Host 2 Severity Syslog Console Output Disabled •...

  • Page 36

    Setting Value MSTP Default Mode RSTP MSTP Region Name None MSTP Region Version MSTP Max Hop Count CIST Bridge Max Age 20 seconds CIST Bridge Hello Time 2 seconds CIST Bridge Forward 15 seconds Delay CIST Bridge Priority 32768 CIST MAC Address Aging 300 seconds Time CIST Port Priority...

  • Page 37

    Setting Value Uplink Failure Detection (UFD) UFD Failure Detection Pair Disabled UFD Link To Monitor - Port None UFD Link To Monitor - None Trunk UFD Link to Disable - Ports None UFD Link To Disable - None Trunks RMON History Group None Number RMON History Interface...

  • Page 38

    Setting Value Configurable User Name - user usrpw Configurable User Name - Disabled UID 1-10 Uplink Fast Disabled THASH - enable SIP and DIP SNMPv1 - Read public community string: SNMPv1 - Write private community string: SNMPv1 - SNMP state machine timeout: SNMPv1 - authentication Disabled...

  • Page 39: Physical And Environmental Specifications

    Setting Value HTTPS Port Disabled Physical and environmental specifications Category Specification DC inputs 12 VDC: 4.0 A maximum per switch Power consumption 50 W maximum per switch Operating 10° to 35° C (50° to 95° F) temperature Storage temperature -40° to 70° C (-40° to 158° F) Operating humidity 5% to 95% RH noncondensing Storage humidity...

  • Page 40

    Category Specification MAC address Automatic update learning Forwarding table Maximum age: 1 to 1,000,000 seconds age time Default: 300 seconds Technical specifications 40...

  • Page 41: Performing A Serial Download

    Performing a serial download Introduction Perform a serial download of the switch operating system firmware, or boot code firmware if upgrading a switch directly from any existing OS or boot code images. This procedure requires: • A computer running terminal emulation software •...

  • Page 42

    Hold down the Shift key and press the D key repeatedly during the Memory Test, until this message appears: NOTE: To perform serial downloads at 57600 baud rate, press the Shift-F keys. To perform serial downloads at 115200 baud rate, press the Shift-D keys. After the message in Step 4 appears, reconfigure the terminal emulation console using these parameters.

  • Page 43

    Select <Transfer-Send File> from the menu and choose these options in the Send File window: The Send File window displays progress of the file transfer. The file transfer might take up to seven minutes. NOTE: Although slower, XModem also works if 1K MODEM is not used. After completing the transfer, a message displays how many bytes transferred, followed by another message displaying the status of image extraction.

  • Page 44: Serial Upgrade Of Operating System Firmware Procedure

    Serial upgrade of operating system firmware procedure To perform a serial upgrade of the switch operating system firmware image, usually named GbE2c-1- 10G_100.bin: Using the null modem cable, connect the console port of the switch to the serial port of a PC that supports XModem/1K XModem.

  • Page 45

    NOTE: To perform serial downloads at 57600 baud rate, press the Shift-F keys. To perform serial downloads at 115200 baud rate, press the Shift-D keys. After the message in Step 4 appears, reconfigure the terminal emulation console using these parameters. Parameter Value Baud rate...

  • Page 46

    Depending on the selection, 1 or 2, the system updates image1 or image2 on the flash and a message with a progress indicator displays as shown below. If selecting n, the system aborts the update procedure and prompts to reset the baud rate and power cycle the switch. Change the baud rate to 9600 and power off the switch.

  • Page 47: Snmp Mibs Support

    SNMP MIBs support MIB overview Management and statistics information is stored in the switch in the MIB. The switch supports several standard MIBs. Values for MIB objects are retrieved with any SNMP-based network management software. In addition to the standard MIBs, the switch also supports its own proprietary enterprise MIB as an extended MIB.

  • Page 48: Supported Traps

    • dot1x.mib • GbE2c-1-10G-L2L3.mib • GbE2c-1-10G-L2L3_cpqhost.mib • GbE2c-1-10G-L2L3_cpqrack.mib • GbE2c-1-10G-L2L3_cpqsinfo.mib • rfc1213.mib • rfc1215.mib • rfc1493.mib • rfc1573.mib • rfc1643.mib • rfc1757.mib • rfc1907.mib • rfc2037.mib • rfc2571.mib • rfc2572.mib • rfc2573.mib • rfc2574.mib • rfc2575.mib • rfc2576.mib Supported traps The switch SNMP agent supports these traps: •...

  • Page 49

    bntSwDefGwUp bntSwDefGwDown bntSwDefGwInService bntSwDefGwNotInService bntSwLoginFailure bntSwTempExceedThreshold bntSwApplyComplete bntSwSaveComplete bntSwFwDownloadSucess bntSwFwDownloadFailure bntSwTempReturnThreshold bntSwUfdfoLtMFailure bntSwUfdfoLtMUP bntSwUfdfoGlobalEna bntSwUfdfoGlobalDis bntSwUfdfoLtDAutoEna bntSwUfdfoLtDAutoDis bntSwStgNewRoot bntSwCistNewRoot bntSwStgTopologyChanged bntSwCistTopologyChanged bntSFPInserted bntSFPRemoved SNMP MIBs support 49...

  • Page 50: Electrostatic Discharge

    Electrostatic discharge Preventing electrostatic discharge To prevent damaging the system, be aware of the precautions you need to follow when setting up the system or handling parts. A discharge of static electricity from a finger or other conductor may damage system boards or other static-sensitive devices.

  • Page 51: Rj-45 Pin Specification

    RJ-45 pin specification Standard RJ-45 receptacle/connector When connecting the switch to a switch, bridge, or hub, an Ethernet cable is necessary. The table indicates the pin number and wire color assignments for the switch-to-network adapter card connection, and the Ethernet cable for the switch-to-switch, switch-to-hub, or switch-to-bridge connection. Contact Media direct interface Color match...

  • Page 52: To Db-9 Serial Adapter With Flow Control Pin Assignment

    RJ-45 to DB-9 serial adapter with flow control pin assignment RJ-45 signals RJ-45 pins DB-9 pins DB-9 signals Request to send (RTS) Clear to send (CTS) Data set ready (DSR) Data carrier detect (DCD) 3 Receive data (RxD) Transmit data (TxD) Transmit data (TxD) Receive data (RxD) Ground (GND)

  • Page 53: Troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting Forgotten administrator user name and password that was configured on the switch Action: Call HP technical support at 1-800-652-6672, or call a service representative to get a backdoor password. Health LED on the switch is not on Action: • The switch is not seated properly.

  • Page 54: Program

    After checking and replacing the cable, if no link LED displays, check whether the port is transferring data. If yes, the LED is faulty. If no, it could be a faulty RJ-45 connector. Call a service representative. This could be caused by using a crossover cable instead of a straight through cable. Cannot access the switch serial console interface using null modem connection from a PC Terminal Emulation Program...

  • Page 55: The Keyboard Locks Up When Using Hyperterminal To Log On To The Switch Through The Console Interface

    The keyboard locks up when using HyperTerminal to log on to the switch through the console interface Action: Scroll lock is on. Press the Scroll Lock key on the keyboard and be sure that the scroll lock is off. Cannot connect to the switch console interface remotely using Telnet Action: •...

  • Page 56: Cannot Connect To The Switch Snmp Interface

    • The management network address/mask (if used) does not contain the IP address of the management station. From the serial console interface, be sure that the management network address/mask contains the IP address of the management station. Cannot connect to the switch SNMP interface Action: •...

  • Page 57: Cannot Enable A Port In Multiple Vlans While Configuring Vlans

    Cannot enable a port in multiple VLANs while configuring VLANS Action: A port is part of only one VLAN unless the port is a tagged port. Be sure that the port is enabled as a tagged port. The switch does not let the user enable two adjacent ports into two different VLANs while assigning the ports to VLANs Action:...

  • Page 58: The Switch Fails To Connect To The Tftp Server While Using Tftp To Download Or Upload A Configuration File, Or After Connection The Download Or Upload Fails

    The switch fails to connect to the TFTP server while using TFTP to download or upload a configuration file, or after connection the download or upload fails Action: • The TFTP server is not available to connect or there is a connectivity failure between the switch and the TFTP server.

  • Page 59: The Switch Configuration Is Corrupt

    The switch configuration is corrupt Action: An error was made when saving the switch configuration. Reboot the switch and reload the factory settings. This action clears all settings and restores them to the initial values that were present when the switch was purchased.

  • Page 60: Acronyms And Abbreviations

    Acronyms and abbreviations authentication, authorization, and accounting browser-based interface BOOTP Bootstrap Protocol Command Line Interface central processing unit CSMA/CD Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection domain name system forwarding database file transfer protocol Greenwich mean time HTTP hypertext transfer protocol HTTPS hypertext transfer protocol secure sockets Acronyms and abbreviations 60...

  • Page 61

    IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol Internet Protocol iSCLI industry standard command line interface LACP Link Aggregation Control Protocol local-area network Media Access Control media attachment unit medium dependent interface MDI-X medium dependent interface-crossover management information base MSTP Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol...

  • Page 62

    network time protocol NVRAM non-volatile memory object identifier operating system Open Systems Interconnection OSPF open shortest path first POST Power-On Self Test Preboot Execution Environment RADIUS Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service remote access service request for comments routing information protocol RMON remote monitoring RSTP...

  • Page 63

    Secure Copy small form-factor pluggable SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol Secure Shell Spanning Tree Protocol TACACS+ Terminal Access Controller Access Control System Plus TFTP Trivial File Transfer Protocol User Datagram Protocol uplink failure detection unshielded twisted pair VLAN ID VLAN virtual local-area network VRRP virtual redundant router protocol...

  • Page 64: Index

    Index accessing the switch serial console interface, grounding methods 50 troubleshooting 54 additional references 6 architecture 9 Health LED, troubleshooting 53 Auto-MDI/MDIX 14 HyperTerminal, troubleshooting 55 auto-negotiation of duplex mode and speed 14 IEEE 802.1 Q-based Virtual Local Area Network 11 BOOTP server, troubleshooting 55 IGMP snooping 14 Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP) 12...

  • Page 65

    redundancy 7, 9, 10, 15 VLANs, troubleshooting 57 redundant crosslinks 9 redundant images in firmware 15 redundant paths to server bays 10 XModem 14 regulatory compliance notices 27 Remote Authentication Dial-in User Service (RADIUS) 12 replacing an existing switch 25 replacing the switch 25 RJ-45 pin specification 51 RJ-45, standard connector 51, 52...

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