The following list defines (where appropriate) and illus-
trates typographical conventions used as visual cues for
specific elements of text throughout this document:
Keycaps, the labeling that appears on the keys on a
keyboard, are enclosed in angle brackets.
Key combinations are series of keys to be pressed
simultaneously (unless otherwise indicated) to per-
form a single function.
Commands presented in lowercase bold are for refer-
ence purposes only and are not intended to be typed
at that particular point in the discussion.
Example: "Use the format command to. . . ."
In contrast, commands presented in the Courier
New font are intended to be typed as part of an
Example: "Type format a: to format the diskette in
Filenames and directory names are presented in low-
Example: autoexec.bat and c:\windows
Syntax lines consist of a command and all its possi-
ble parameters. Commands are displayed in
lowercase bold; variable parameters (those for which
you substitute a value) are displayed in lowercase
italics; constant parameters are displayed in lower-
case bold. The brackets indicate items that are
Example: del [drive:] [path]filename [/p]
Command lines consist of a command and may
include one or more of the command's possible
parameters. Command lines are presented in the
Courier New font.
Screen text is text that appears on the screen of your
monitor or display. It can be a system message, for
example, or it can be text that you are instructed to
type as part of a command (referred to as a command
line). Screen text is presented in the Courier
Example: The following message appears on your
No boot device available
Example: "Type md c:\dos, and then press
Variables are symbols for which you substitute a
value. They are presented in italics.
Example: DIMMn (where n represents the DIMM