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GNS 430/430A
P i l o t ' s
G u i d e
a n d
R e f e r e n c e

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  • Page 1

    GNS 430/430A P i l o t ’ s G u i d e a n d R e f e r e n c e...

  • Page 3

    Web Site Address: www.garmin.com Visit the Garmin web site for the latest © 1998-2003 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved. Except as expressly updates and supplemental information provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, dis- concerning the operation of this and other Garmin products.

  • Page 4

    Garmin GNS 430 is a precision electronic NAVigation AID (NAVAID), any NAVAID can be misused or misinterpreted and therefore become unsafe. Use the GNS 430 at your own risk. To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully review and understand all aspects of this Owner’s Manual and the Flight Manual Supplement, and thoroughly practice basic operation prior to actual use.

  • Page 5

    GNS 430. After installation, the NavData® card will already be installed into the cor- Help us to better support you by completing our rect slot on the front of the unit (see Appendix A). The GNS 430 will be secured in the on-line registration today! Registration ensures you installation rack with the proper wiring connections performed.

  • Page 6

    This Garmin product is warranted to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for one year from the date of purchase. Within this period, Garmin will at its sole option, INTRODUCTION repair or replace any components that fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor, provided the customer shall be responsible for any transportation costs.

  • Page 7

    PART TWO: REFERENCE CONVENTIONS USED IN THIS MANUAL Section 1: Communicating with the GNS 430 ....21 COM and VLOC frequencies A circled number (e.g.,“...

  • Page 8

    Section 6: WPT Page Group (Waypoint/database information) ....94 Finding and viewing airport location, runway and frequency data INTRODUCTION Finding and viewing navaid information Creating user-defined waypoints Table of Contents Section 7: NRST Page Group (Nearest airports, etc.).

  • Page 9: Key And Knob Functions

    Key and Knob Functions TAKEOFF TOUR The GNS 430 is designed to make operation as simple as possible. The key and knob descriptions on the next three pages provide a general overview of the primary function(s) Key and Knob for each key and knob. This Takeoff Tour section is intended to provide a brief overview Functions of the primary functions of your GNS 430.

  • Page 10

    It is also used to confirm information, such as during power on. reduce the amount of time spent operating the GNS 430 in flight. The large right knob (CRSR) is used to select between the various page groups: NAV, WPT, AUX or NRST. With the on-screen cursor enabled, the large right knob allows you to move the cursor about the page.

  • Page 11: Bottom Row Keys

    OBS mode is selected, you may set the desired course to/from a waypoint using the OBS Page, or an external OBS selector on your HSI or CDI. Whenever the GNS 430 is displaying a list The message key is used to view system messages and to alert you to impor- of information that is too long for the display tant warnings and requirements.

  • Page 12

    GNS 430. Prior to using your GNS 430 for the fi rst time, we recommend that you taxi to a location that is well away from buildings and other aircraft so the unit can collect satellite data without interruption.

  • Page 13

    Checklists Page Once the database has been acknowledged, the instrument panel self-test page will appear. To ensure that your GNS 430 and any connected instruments are working prop- erly, check for the following indications on your CDI/HSI , RMI, external annunciators and other connected instruments: •...

  • Page 14

    “bar graph” readings. This is a good indication that you are receiving signals and a position fi x will be determined. Following the fi rst-time use of your GNS 430, the time required for a position fi x will vary—usually from one to two minutes.

  • Page 15

    (if one is connected). TAKEOFF TOUR If the GNS 430 has not been operated for a period of six months or more, it may have to ‘Search the Sky’ to collect new data. This means the unit is acquiring satellite data to Acquiring Satellites &...

  • Page 16

    While the GNS 430 is acquiring a position, let’s take a minute to dial in the active and standby frequencies you’ll be using for the fi rst phase of your fl ight. The GNS 430’s TAKEOFF TOUR display is divided into separate ‘windows’ (or screen areas), including a COM window,...

  • Page 17

    ) to select the Map Page kHz of the desired frequency. To place the standby frequency in the active field, press After the GNS 430 acquires satellites and computes a position, the map page will appear automatically. Data Fields Map Display...

  • Page 18

    To select the desired page within the group, rotate the small right knob ( ) until the * Seven NAV Pages are available when the GNS 430 installation includes connection to desired page is displayed. traffic and/or weather information sources.

  • Page 19: Aux Group

    TAKEOFF TOUR Page Groups (Small right knob to select pages within the group) NAV Group Default NAV NAVCOM Satellite Status VNAV Position WPT Group Airport Frequency User Waypoint Airport Location Airport Runway Airport Approach Airport Arrival Airport Departure Intersection AUX Group Flight Planning Utility Setup 1...

  • Page 20

    Identifier Field Select Direct-To Waypoint Page The GNS 430 can use direct point-to-point navigation to guide you from takeoff to touchdown, even in the IFR environment. Once a destination is selected, the unit will provide speed, course and distance data based upon a direct course from your pres- ent position to your destination.

  • Page 21

    Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) TAKEOFF TOUR User- selectable Active Leg of Default NAV Page Data Fields Flight Plan Default NAV Page During most fl ights, the default NAV, map and NAVCOM pages will be the primary pages used for navigation. The default NAV page displays a graphic course deviation indicator (CDI), the active leg of your fl...

  • Page 22

    2. Rotate the small right knob ( ) to display the list of airports (departure, arrival and en route) for your flight plan or direct-to. Continue to rotate the small right knob ( ) until the desired TAKEOFF TOUR airport is selected. 3.

  • Page 23

    Once the direct-to or fl ight plan is confi rmed, the whole range of instrument pro- cedures is available to you. Departures (SIDs), arrivals (STARs), non-precision and TAKEOFF TOUR precision approaches are stored within the NavData card and available using the (procedures) key.

  • Page 24

    From page 10 you may recall that one of the main page groups, NRST, provides list- ings for nearest airports or other facilities. The NRST group provides detailed information TAKEOFF TOUR on the nine nearest airports, VORs, NDBs, intersections and user-created waypoints within 200 nautical miles of your current position.

  • Page 25

    TAKEOFF TOUR To view additional information for a nearby airport: 1. Press the small right knob ( ) to activate the cursor. Nearest Airports: Additional Information and Direct-to 2. Rotate the large right knob ( ) to select the desired airport from the list. 3.

  • Page 26

    The last page in the NRST group, the nearest airspace page, provides information for up to nine controlled or special-use airspaces near or in your fl ight path. Airspace TAKEOFF TOUR information appears on this page based upon the same criteria used for airspace alert mes- sages.

  • Page 27

    The GNS 430 lets you create up to 20 fl ight plans, with up to thirty-one waypoints in each fl ight plan. Flight plans are created, edited and activated using the key. The TAKEOFF TOUR FPL page group includes two pages: the active fl ight plan page and the fl ight plan catalog.

  • Page 28

    2. Rotate the small right knob ( ) to select “Activate Flight Plan?” and press This Takeoff Tour is intended to provide a brief introduction of the GNS 430’s major features. The Reference section of this manual describes these features, and others, in additional detail.

  • Page 29

    fl ying together in one panel-mounted unit. The GNS 430’s COM radio operates in the aviation voice band, from 118.000 to 136.975 MHz, in 25 kHz steps (default). For Euro- pean operations, a COM radio confi...

  • Page 30

    COM Window and Tuning Communication frequencies are selected with the tuning cursor in the standby COM Tuning Cursor frequency fi eld, and using the small ( ) and large ( ) left knobs to dial in the desired Active/Standby Freqs frequency.

  • Page 31

    Sections 5 and 8 (beginning on pages 66 and 131). Auto-Tuning The GNS 430’s auto-tune feature allows you to quickly select any database frequency Cursor in VLOC window allows for VOR and ILS operations. See Section 8, starting on in the GPS window as your standby frequency.

  • Page 32

    2. Press the small right knob ( ) momentarily to place the cursor on the airport identifier field of the first airport in the list. If you wish to select another airport, rotate the large right knob ( to highlight the desired airport. 3.

  • Page 33

    To select a COM frequency for any airport in your flight plan: 1. Select the NAVCOM page from the NAV page group. (See page 27, or press and hold then rotate the small right knob, , until the NAVCOM page appears.) Auto-Tuning from 2.

  • Page 34: Emergency Channel, Stuck Microphone

    Stuck Microphone As mentioned earlier, whenever the GNS 430 is transmitting, a ‘TX’ indication will appear in the COM window. If the microphone is stuck or accidentally left in the keyed position, or continues to transmit after the key is released, the COM transmitter will automatically timeout (or cease transmitting) after 35 seconds of continuous broadcasting.

  • Page 35: Nav Pages

    Page Groups Main Page Groups NAV Page Group The GNS 430’s main pages are divided into groups: NAV, WPT, AUX and NRST. While viewing any of these pages, selection of another page is a simple selection process using the small ( ) and large ( ) right knobs.

  • Page 36

    (an up arrow) the waypoint or if you have passed the waypoint (a down arrow). DME Arc to the right The GNS 430 always navigates TO a waypoint unless the OBS Left-hand Holding Pattern switch is set (preventing automatic waypoint sequencing), or you have passed the last waypoint in your flight plan.

  • Page 37

    Directly below the CDI appears the active leg of your fl ight plan, or the direct-to des- tination when using the D key. This will automatically sequence to the next leg of your NAV PAGES fl ight plan as you reach each interim waypoint. If no fl ight plan or direct-to destination has been selected, the destination fi...

  • Page 38: Restoring Factory Settings, Dual Unit Considerations, Map Page

    A “Crossfi ll?” option is also provided for the default NAV page. This option allows you to transfer a direct-to destination or fl ight plan to a second Garmin 400 Series unit. See page 58 and 142 for additional details on using the “Crossfi ll?” option.

  • Page 39

    Different symbols are used to distinguish between waypoint types. The identifi ers for any on-screen waypoints can also be displayed. (By default the identifi ers are enabled). NAV PAGES Special-use and controlled airspace boundaries appear on the map, showing the indi- vidual sectors in the case of Class B or Class C airspace.

  • Page 40

    An autozoom feature is available which will automatically adjust from an en route scale of 2000 through each lower scale, stopping at a scale of 1.0 as you approach your destina- NAV PAGES tion waypoint. The autozoom feature is turned on/off from the map setup page described on page 36.

  • Page 41: Map Panning

    Map Panning Another map page function is panning, which allows you to move the map beyond its NAV PAGES current limits without adjusting the map scale. When you select the panning function — by pressing the small right knob — a target pointer will fl ash on the map display. Map Page A window will also appear at the top of the map display showing the latitude/longitude position of the pointer, plus the bearing and distance to the pointer from your present...

  • Page 42: Airspace Information On The Map

    Map Direct-To To designate an on-screen airport, navaid or user waypoint as your direct-to NAV PAGES destination: 1a. Use the panning function (see previous page) to place the target pointer on a waypoint. Map Page 2. Press to display the select direct-to waypoint page, with the selected waypoint already listed.

  • Page 43

    Many of the GNS 430’s functions are menu driven. Each of the main pages has an options menu, allowing you to custom tailor the corresponding page to your preferences NAV PAGES and/or select special features which specifi cally relate to that page. A map page options menu provides additional settings to customize the map page and additional features related specifi...

  • Page 44

    To change a map setup feature: 1. Rotate the large right knob ( ) to highlight “Setup Map?” and press NAV PAGES 2. To change map orientation, rotate the small right knob ( ) to select “Map” and press Rotate the large right knob ( ) to highlight the “Orientation”...

  • Page 45: Distance Measurements

    Distance Measurements The “Measure Dist?” option provides a quick, easy method for determining the bear- NAV PAGES ing and distance between any two points on the map display. To measure bearing and distance between two points: Map Page Options 1. Rotate the large right knob ( ) to highlight “Measure Dist?”...

  • Page 46

    The on-screen traffic information will occupy two data fields, leaving room to display only two additional data types. Traffic information is only available when the GNS 430 installation includes connection to traffic information sources. See 400 Series Pilot’s Guide Addendum, part number 190-00140-13.

  • Page 47: Navcom Page

    NAVCOM Page NAV PAGES Assigned Departure, Frequency and Enroute or Usage Information NAVCOM Page Arrival Airport (when applicable) Frequency Type Third Page in NAV group The third NAV page is the NAVCOM (navigation communications) page. The NAV- COM page provides a list of the airport communication and navigation frequencies at your departure, enroute and arrival airports.

  • Page 48

    2a. Rotate the large right knob ( ) to move the cursor through the list of frequencies. If there are more frequencies in the list that can be displayed on the screen, a scroll bar along the right- NAV PAGES hand side of the screen will indicate which part of the list is currently being displayed.

  • Page 49: Position Page

    Position Page NAV PAGES The position page (the fourth NAV page) displays your present position (by default, in latitude and longitude) and altitude. The position page also displays your current track, Position Page ground speed, time and a reference waypoint fi eld. These fi elds are user-selectable to confi...

  • Page 50

    NAV PAGES To change the user-selectable data fields: 1. Press to display the position page options menu. Position Page 2a. Rotate the large right knob ( ) to highlight “Change Fields?” and press 3a. Rotate the large right knob ( ) to highlight the data field you wish to change.

  • Page 51

    6. To select between “bearing FROM” or “bearing TO” to the reference waypoint, rotate the small NAV PAGES right knob ( ) to select the desired bearing reference and press 7. Press the small right knob ( ) momentarily to remove the cursor from the page. Position Page 8.

  • Page 52: Satellite Status Page

    Satellite Status Page The satellite status page (the fi fth NAV page) provides a visual reference of GPS NAV PAGES receiver functions, including current satellite coverage, GPS receiver status and position accuracy. The satellite status page is helpful in troubleshooting weak (or missing) signal Satellite Status Page levels due to poor satellite coverage or installation problems.

  • Page 53

    (solid signal strength bar). NAV PAGES Once the GPS receiver has determined your position, the GNS 430 will indicate your position, track and ground speed on the other navigation pages. The GPS receiver status fi...

  • Page 54: Vertical Navigation Page

    Section 10 on page 163. Vertical Navigation Page The GNS 430’s vertical navigation page (the last NAV page) allows you to create a three-dimensional profi le which guides you from your present position and altitude to a fi nal (target) altitude at a specifi ed location. This is helpful when you’d like to descend to a certain altitude near an airport or climb to an altitude before reaching a route or direct-to waypoint.

  • Page 55

    NAV PAGES Vertical Navigation TIME AND DISTANCE TO PROFILE (VNAV) CURRENT ALTITUDE AND POSITION TARGET ALTITUDE AND POSITION DISTANCE TO TARGET AIRPORT To create a vertical navigation profile: 1. Press the small right knob ( ) to activate the cursor. 2.

  • Page 56

    8. The default profile utilizes a 400 foot-per-minute descent rate. To change the rate, rotate the large right knob ( ) to highlight the “VS Profile” field and use the small ( ) and large ( NAV PAGES right knobs to enter a new rate. Press when finished.

  • Page 57: Direct-to Navigation

    DIRECT-TO Direct-To Navigation Selecting a The GNS 430’s direct-to function provides a quick method of setting a course to a Destination destination waypoint. Once a direct-to is activated, the GNS 430 will establish a point- to-point course line (great circle) from your present position to the selected direct-to destination.

  • Page 58: Selecting A Destination By Facility Name Or City

    ) right knobs to enter the facility name or city location of the identifier(s) for any matching entries will appear desired destination waypoint. As you spell the facility name or city, the GNS 430’s Spell’N’Find on the top line of the page.

  • Page 59: Selecting A Destination From The Active Flight Plan

    Selecting a Destination from the Active Flight Plan DIRECT-TO If you’re navigating an active fl ight plan, any waypoint contained in the fl ight plan may be selected as a direct-to destination from the select direct-to waypoint page. (See section 4, beginning on page 54, for more information on fl...

  • Page 60

    Shortcuts DIRECT-TO Shortcuts are available when using the key, allowing you to bypass the use of Direct-To the small ( ) and large ( ) right knobs to enter the destination waypoint’s identifi er. A direct-to can be performed from any page displaying a single waypoint identifi er (such as Shortcuts the WPT pages for airports and navaids) by simply pressing .

  • Page 61: Specifying A Course To A Waypoint

    430 will resume navigating the flight plan along the closest leg. Specifying a Course to a Waypoint Whenever you perform a direct-to, the GNS 430 will set a direct great circle course to your selected destination. You can also manually defi ne the course to your destination, using the “CRS”...

  • Page 62: Flight Plan Catalog

    Flight Plans FLIGHT PLANS The GNS 430 lets you create up to 20 different fl ight plans, with up to 31 waypoints in Creating Flight Plans each fl ight plan. The fl ight plan page group consists of two pages, accessed by pressing the key.

  • Page 63: Flight Plan Editing

    Flight Plan Editing To add a waypoint to an existing flight plan: FLIGHT PLANS 1. Press and rotate the small right knob ( ) to display the flight plan catalog. Editing Flight Plans 2. Press the small right knob ( ) to activate the cursor.

  • Page 64: Activating Flight Plans, Inverting Flight Plans

    To change the comment line for an existing flight plan: FLIGHT PLANS 1. From the flight plan catalog, press the small right knob ( ) to activate the cursor. 2. Rotate the large right knob ( ) to highlight the desired flight plan and press 3a.

  • Page 65: Copying Flight Plans, Deleting Flight Plans

    Copying Flight Plans FLIGHT PLANS If you want to save a fl ight plan currently located in “fl ight plan 0”, be sure to copy it to an open catalog location (1-19) before the fl ight plan is cancelled, overwritten or erased. Copying/Deleting To copy a flight plan to another flight plan catalog location: Flight Plans...

  • Page 66: Flight Plan Catalog Options

    Crossfill? allows you to transfer a direct-to destination, the active flight plan, any stored flight plan or user waypoints to a second 400-Series or 500-Series Garmin unit. Some crossfill operations can be done automatically. If both units are set to “auto”, a change in the direct-to destination or active flight plan on one unit will also...

  • Page 67: Active Flight Plan

    Copy Flight Plan? allows you to copy the selected flight plan to a new flight plan location, as described on page 57. The copy function is useful for duplicating an exist- FLIGHT PLANS ing flight plan before making changes. Delete Flight Plan? allows you to remove the selected flight plan from memory, as Active Flight Plan described on page 57.

  • Page 68: Active Flight Plan Options

    3. A confirmation window will appear. With “Activate?” highlighted, press Crossfill? allows you to transfer the active flight plan between two 400- or 500-series Garmin units in a dual unit installation. See pages 58 and 142 for additional information on this feature.

  • Page 69

    Copy Flight Plan? copies the active flight plan to a flight plan catalog location, as described on page 57. The copy function is useful for duplicating the active flight FLIGHT PLANS plan before making changes. Invert Flight Plan? reverses the active flight plan. See description of “Invert & Active Flight Activate FPL”...

  • Page 70

    (SID) for the departure airport, or replace the current departure with a new selection. When using a direct-to, the GNS 430 will use the nearest airport as a reference when displaying available departures. See page 66 for information on selecting departures using the key.

  • Page 71

    4. The GNS 430 will display the bearing (BRG) and distance (DIST) to the closest point along the flight plan, from the selected reference waypoint.To create a user waypoint at this location and add it to the flight plan, highlight “Load?” and press .

  • Page 72

    Shortcuts FLIGHT PLANS A number of shortcuts are available to save time when using the active fl ight plan page. These shortcuts speed the process of removing approaches, departures and arrivals, and aid in selecting a specifi c fl ight plan leg for navigation guidance. Active Flight On the preceding page, options to remove approaches, departures and arrivals were Plan Editing...

  • Page 73

    On page 60 the “Activate Leg?” option is discussed, which allows you to specify which leg of the fl ight plan will currently be used for navigation guidance. A shortcut also exists FLIGHT PLANS for this operation, using the key. To activate a specific leg of the active flight plan: Active Flight Plan Leg Selection...

  • Page 74

    All available approaches are stored on your Jeppesen NavData® card, and are automatically updated when you replace the card with a new one. Subscription information for NavData cards is included in your GNS 430 package.

  • Page 75

    Not all approaches in the database are approved for GPS use. As you select an approach, a “ ” designation to the right of the proce- PROCEDURES dure name indicates the procedure can be fl own using the GPS re- ceiver.

  • Page 76: Basic Approach Operations

    fi x (IAF) — or may be fl own with a the approach vectors-to-fi nal transition. Approach operations on the GNS 430 will typically begin with the same basic steps: 1. Select the destination airport using the key, or as the last waypoint in the active flight plan.

  • Page 77: Approaches With Procedure Turns

    The procedure turn portion of an approach is stored as one of the legs of the approach. For this reason, the GNS 430 requires no special operations from the pilot — other than fl ying the procedure turn itself — beyond what is required for any other type of approach.

  • Page 78: Flying The Procedure Turn

    Flying the Procedure Turn PROCEDURES 1. Within 30 nautical miles of the destination airport, the GNS 430 will switch from “enroute” mode to “terminal” mode (as indicated in the Procedure Turn lower left corner of the screen). The switch to...

  • Page 79

    8. As the CDI needle starts to center, make a right turn to 025°—the final approach course. 9. Within 2.0 nautical miles of the FAF (LYH), the GNS 430 will switch from terminal mode to “approach” mode. CDI scaling will be tightened from 1.0 to 0.3 nautical mile, full scale deflection.

  • Page 80: Flying The Missed Approach

    MAP and MAHP are the same waypoint. 2. Follow the missed approach procedures, as published on your approach plate, for proper climb and heading instructions. The GNS 430 will guide you to the holding pattern, along the 053° radial from LYH VOR.

  • Page 81: Flying An Approach With A Hold

    Example 4a. The GNS 430 will provide course guidance only on the inbound side of the holding pattern. When leaving the holding pattern to re-fly the approach (or another approach) press the key to “Select...

  • Page 82

    As you make the turn inbound, “SUSP” will be cancelled and the GNS 430 will return to automatic sequencing. If you need to lose extra altitude or speed by going around the...

  • Page 83

    12. At 2.0 nautical miles from the FAF (DEPOY intersection), the Approach with Hold GNS 430 will switch from terminal mode to approach mode. CDI Example scaling will be tightened from 1.0 to 0.3 nautical mile, full scale deflection.

  • Page 84

    Flying a DME Arc Approach Billard Muni (Topeka, KS) PROCEDURES VOR or GPS Rwy 22 The GPS overlay for a DME arc approach uses additional Jeppesen- provided waypoints to defi ne the arc. DME Arc These waypoints are indicated by “D” Approach Example as the fi...

  • Page 85

    CDI (or HSI) using the OBS knob and initiate a standard rate turn to this course heading. 8. At 2.0 nautical miles from the FAF (TOP VOR), the GNS 430 will switch from terminal mode to approach...

  • Page 86

    {continued} DO NOT USE FOR PROCEDURES NAVIGATION 9. As you approach the FAF , “NEXT DTK 214°” will appear in the lower right corner of the screen. Select this course on the DME Arc CDI (or HSI) using the OBS knob and turn Approach Example to the final course segment (FAF to MAP) heading.

  • Page 87: Vectors To Final

    Let’s take a second look at the “VOR 22” approach into Billard Municipal. Instead of following the DME arc, ATC tells you to expect vectors onto the fi nal approach course. There are several ways to select “vectors to fi nal” with the GNS 430. The fi rst two op- Vectors-To-Final...

  • Page 88

    ATC vectors result in a rectangular course to intercept fi nal, as follows: 1. Within 30 nautical miles of KTOP, the GNS 430 will switch from enroute mode to terminal mode and the CDI scale will transition from 5.0 to 1.0 nautical miles, full scale deflection.

  • Page 89

    PROCEDURES approach course. At 2.0 nautical miles from the FAF (TOP VOR), the GNS 430 will switch from terminal mode to approach mode. CDI scaling will be tightened from 1.0 Vectors-To-Final to 0.3 nautical mile, full scale deflection.

  • Page 90: Course From Fix Flight Plan Legs

    Certain approach, departure, and arrival procedures in the Jeppesen database contain course from fi x fl ight plan legs. The GNS 430 is able to load these legs into the fl ight plan along with the rest of the procedure data, and to provide navigation along these legs.

  • Page 91

    PROCEDURES 5. Within 2.0 nautical miles of the FAF (THERO), the GNS 430 will switch from terminal mode to approach mode. (“APR” will appear in the lower left corner of the screen—replacing “TERM”.) CDI scaling will be Course From Fix tightened from 1.0 to 0.3 nautical mile, full scale deflection.

  • Page 92

    NAV page. The timer automatically resets on each outbound and inbound portion of the holding pattern. 7. Note that the GNS 430 again displays “SUSP” above the key. Automatic waypoint sequencing is suspended at the missed approach holding point.

  • Page 93

    (HFD VOR). The actual desired track (DTK) will depend on your ground speed and distance from HFD VOR. 4. Once the key is pressed, the GNS 430 will automatically sequence to each waypoint along the remainder of the departure route, including the selected transition.

  • Page 94: Ils Approaches

    VLOC as you intercept the fi nal approach course. When the ILS approach is activated, the GNS 430 will automatically switch within 1.2 nautical miles left or right of the fi nal approach course. This switch can take place anywhere from 2.0 to 15.0 nautical miles from the FAF.

  • Page 95

    Selecting an ILS Approach Flagstaff (AZ) Pulliam PROCEDURES ILS DME Rwy 21 For this example, we’ll use a fl ight from Laughlin Bullhead (Arizona) International to Flagstaff ILS Approach Pulliam (KFLG) and select Example the ILS runway 21 approach. “SHUTR” intersection will be selected as the IAF, which will include an outbound leg and a procedure turn.

  • Page 96

    (step #4 below), automatic selection of “VLOC” will not occur. 1. Within 30 nautical miles of KFLG, the GNS 430 will switch from enroute mode to terminal mode and the CDI scale will transition from 5.0 to 1.0 nautical miles, full scale deflection.

  • Page 97

    NAVIGATION PROCEDURES 8. Turn right to a heading of 075° to initiate the procedure turn. The GNS 430 will not guide you through the turn. (The procedure turn is displayed ILS Approach on the map page and indicated as the active leg on the default NAV and active flight plan pages.)

  • Page 98

    {continued} 12. Also as you approach SHUTR, a DO NOT USE FOR PROCEDURES waypoint alert (“NEXT DTK 210°”) will NAVIGATION appear in the lower right corner of the screen. ILS Approach 13. As you cross SHUTR, the destination Example sequences to the MAP (“RW21”, the runway threshold).

  • Page 99

    • The active leg (or the portion of the approach currently in use) is depicted in Information magenta on the Map Page. As you fl y the approach, the GNS 430 will automati- cally sequence through each leg of the approach unless “SUSP” appears above the OBS key.

  • Page 100

    • When an ILS approach is fi rst selected and “loaded” (or “activated”), the ILS frequency is automatically placed in the standby fi eld. In order to fl y the fi nal course PROCEDURES segment of the ILS approach, you must place the ILS frequency in the active fre- quency fi...

  • Page 101

    This page intentionally blank.

  • Page 102: Wpt Page Group

    WPT Page Group WPT Page Group Section 2 introduced the GNS 430’s main page groups—NAV, WPT, AUX, NRST— and described each page in the NAV group. This second page group (WPT) provides in- formation for the thousands of airports, VORs, NDBs, intersections, runways, frequencies and procedures stored on your Jeppesen NavData®...

  • Page 103

    The WPT page group includes ten pages. While viewing any WPT page, rotate the small right knob ( ) to select a different WPT page. The fi rst six pages provide detailed WPT PAGES information for the selected airport: location, runways, frequencies, approaches, arrivals, and departures.

  • Page 104: Duplicate Waypoints

    ) and large ( ) right knobs, the GNS 430’s Spell’N’Find feature will select the first entry in the database based upon the charac- ters you have entered up to that point. 3a. Continue rotating the small right knob ( ) to scroll through any additional database listings for the selected facility name or location.

  • Page 105: Airport Location Page

    Airport Location Page Airport Identifier, WPT PAGES Facility Name and Symbol and Type Location (city) Airport Location Field Elevation, Latitude/Longitude Available Fuels and Position Airspace Type Best Available First Page Approach and in WPT group Radar Coverage The airport location page displays the latitude, longitude, and elevation of the selected airport.

  • Page 106: Airport Runway Page

    Airport Runway Page Airport Identifier, Runway WPT PAGES Symbol and Type Designations Airport Runways Runway Length Map Image and Width Runway Surface Second Page and Lighting in WPT group The airport runway page displays runway designations, length, surface type and lighting for the selected airport.

  • Page 107: Airport Frequency Page

    The following descriptions and abbreviations are used on the airport runway page: • Type— Usage type: Public, Military or Private WPT PAGES • Surface— Runway surface types include: Hard, Turf, Sealed, Gravel, Dirt, Soft, Unknown or Water Airport Frequencies • Lighting— Runway lighting types include: No Lights, Part Time, Full Time, Unknown or Frequency (for pilot-controlled lighting) Airport Frequency Page...

  • Page 108

    2a. Rotate the large right knob ( ) to scroll through the list, placing the cursor on the desired WPT PAGES frequency. If there are more frequencies in the list than can be displayed on the screen, a scroll bar along the right-hand side of the screen will indicate where you are within the list. 3a.

  • Page 109

    The following descriptions and abbreviations are used on the airport frequency page: • Type— Usage type: Public, Military or Private WPT PAGES • Frequency— Communication frequencies which may include restrictions: Approach Arrival Class B Airport Frequencies Class C Departure Terminal TRSA Communication frequencies without restrictions: ATIS...

  • Page 110: Airport Approach Page

    Airport Approach Page Approach WPT PAGES Airport Identifier, Procedure Name Symbol and Type Airport Approaches Transitions: IAFs, Feeder Routes and Map Image Vectors-to-Final Fourth Page in WPT group The airport approach page shows the available approach procedures for the selected airport.

  • Page 111: Airport Approach Page Options

    Not all approaches in the database are approved for GPS use. As you select an approach, a “ ” designation to the right of WPT PAGES the procedure name indicates the procedure can be flown using the GPS receiver. Some procedures will not have this designa- Airport Approaches tion, meaning the GPS receiver may be used for supplemental navigation guidance only.

  • Page 112: Airport Arrival Page

    Airport Arrival Page Arrival Procedure WPT PAGES Airport Identifier, Name Symbol and Type Airport Arrivals Transitions Map Image Runways Associated with Arrival Fifth Page in WPT group The airport arrival page shows the available Airport Standard Terminal Arrival (STAR) procedures for the selected airport. Where multiple transitions or runways are associ- ated with the arrival procedure, that information may also be displayed.

  • Page 113: Airport Arrival Page Options

    7. Rotate the small right knob ( ) to display a window of available runways. Continue rotating the small right knob ( ) to select the desired runway. (“ALL” may appear in the runway field, WPT PAGES indicating the arrival procedure applies to all runways. For airports with parallel runways, “B” may appear at the end of the runway designation to indicate the arrival procedure applies to both runways.) Airport Arrivals...

  • Page 114: Airport Departure Page

    Airport Departure Page Departure WPT PAGES Procedure Name Airport Identifier, Symbol and Type Airport Departures Runways Associated with Departure Map Image Transitions Sixth Page in WPT group The airport departure page shows the available Airport Standard Instrument Depar- ture (SID) procedures for the selected airport. Where multiple runways or transitions are associated with the departure procedure, that information may also be displayed.

  • Page 115: Airport Departure Page Options

    {continued} 5. Rotate the small right knob ( ) to display a window of available runways. Continue rotating WPT PAGES the small right knob ( ) to select the desired runway. (“ALL” may appear in the runway field, indicating the departure procedure applies to all runways. For airports with parallel runways, “B” may appear at the end of the runway designation to indicate the departure procedure applies to Airport Departures both runways.)

  • Page 116: Intersection Page

    Intersection Page WPT PAGES Nearest VOR Intersection and Symbol Identifier and Symbol Intersections Radial and Region/Country Distance from Nearest VOR Latitude/Longitude Position Seventh Page in WPT group The intersection page displays the latitude, longitude, region and country for the selected intersection. The intersection page also displays the identifi er, radial and distance from the nearest VOR, VORTAC or VOR/DME.

  • Page 117

    NDB Page Facility Name, WPT PAGES City and Region/ NDB Identifier Country and Symbol NDBs Frequency and Weather Broadcast Latitude/Longitude Indication Position Eighth Page in WPT group The NDB page displays the facility name, city, region/country, latitude and longitude for the selected NDB. The NDB page also displays the frequency and a weather broad- cast indication (if applicable).

  • Page 118

    VOR Page WPT PAGES Magnetic Variation VOR Identifier VORs and Symbol Frequency and Facility Name, Weather Broadcast City and Region/ Indication Country Latitude/Longitude Ninth Page Position in WPT group The VOR page displays the facility name, city, region/country, magnetic variation, latitude and longitude for the selected VOR.

  • Page 119: User Waypoint Page

    In addition to the airport, VOR, NDB and intersection information contained in your Jeppesen NavData® card, the GNS 430 allows you to store up to 1,000 user-defined waypoints. The user waypoint page displays the waypoint name (up to five characters long), identifier and radial from two reference waypoints, distance from one reference waypoint, along with the user waypoint’s latitude/longitude position.

  • Page 120: Creating User Waypoints

    The following descriptions and abbreviations appear on the user waypoint page: WPT PAGES • REF WPT— Reference waypoint identifi er (name) • RAD— Radial from reference waypoint, in degrees magnetic or degrees true (depending upon unit confi guration) Creating User Waypoints •...

  • Page 121

    8. Press the small right knob ( ) to remove the flashing cursor. The GNS 430 allows you to create a new user waypoint at a defined radial and distance from your present position. To reference your pres- ent position, follow the steps above, but press c in step #4. “P.POS”...

  • Page 122: Modifying User Waypoints

    Creating User Waypoints from the Map Page WPT PAGES The map page and panning target pointer (see page 33) provide a quick means of sav- ing your present position as a user-defi ned waypoint. Creating / Modifying To capture and save your present position as a user waypoint: User Waypoints 1a.

  • Page 123

    If you attempt to modify or delete a waypoint which is currently a direct-to waypoint or the current “from” or “to” waypoint in the active flight plan, the GNS 430 will alert you with the “Can’t change an active waypoint” or “Waypoint is active and can’t be deleted” message. You must first cancel the direct-to or remove the waypoint(s) from the active flight plan before modifying or deleting the waypoint(s).

  • Page 124: User Waypoint Page Options, User Waypoint List

    User Waypoint Page Options WPT PAGES The following user waypoint page options are available by pressing the m key: View User Waypoint List? displays a list of all user waypoints currently stored in mem- Deleting Waypoints ory. User Waypoint List To view a list of all user waypoints: 1.

  • Page 125

    To review and/or modify a user waypoint from the user waypoint list: WPT PAGES 1. Select the user waypoint list, as described on page 116. 2. Rotate the large right knob ( ) to highlight the desired user waypoint. Modifying / Deleting 3a.

  • Page 126

    To delete all user waypoints from memory: WPT PAGES 1. Select the user waypoint list, as described on page 116. 2. Press to display an options window for the user waypoint list. Deleting All 3. With “Delete All User Waypoints” highlighted, press User Waypoints 4.

  • Page 127: Nrst Page Group

    NRST Page Group NRST Page Group Section 2 introduced the GNS 430’s main page groups—NAV, WPT, AUX, NRST— and described each page in the NAV group. This fourth page group (NRST) provides detailed information for the nine nearest airports, VORs, NDBs, intersections and user waypoints within 200 nm of your current position.

  • Page 128

    Not all nine nearest airports, VORs, NDBs, intersections or user waypoints can be displayed on the corresponding NRST page at one time. The nearest airport page displays NRST PAGES detailed information for three nearest airports, with a scroll bar along the right-hand side of the page indicating which part of the list is currently being viewed.

  • Page 129: Navigating To A Nearby Waypoint, Nearest Airport Page

    Navigating to a Nearby Waypoint The NRST pages can be used in conjunction with the GNS 430’s direct-to NRST PAGES function to quickly set a course to a nearby facility. This feature can be a real time saver compared to retrieving information from the database using the WPT pages. More Nearest Airports importantly, it instantly provides navigation to the nearest airport in case of an in-fl...

  • Page 130

    The nearest airport page can be confi gured to exclude shorter runways or undesirable runway surface types, so that the corresponding airports do not appear on the list. You NRST PAGES may wish to use this feature to exclude seaplane bases or runway lengths which would be diffi...

  • Page 131: Nearest Intersection Page, Nearest Ndb Page, Nearest Vor Page

    To view additional information for a nearby airport: NRST PAGES 1. Select the nearest airport page, using the steps outlined on page 119. 2. Press the small right knob ( ) to activate the cursor. Nearest VORs, NDBs 3. Rotate the large right knob ( ) to scroll through the list, highlighting the identifier of the desired airport.

  • Page 132

    VOR Frequency VOR Identifier NRST PAGES and Symbol Scroll Bar Nearest VORs Bearing To and Fourth Page Distance To in NRST group To quickly tune a VOR’s frequency from the nearest VOR page: 1. Select the nearest VOR page, using the steps outlined on page 119. 2.

  • Page 133: Nearest User Waypoint Page

    Nearest User Waypoint Page The nearest user waypoint page displays the name, bearing and distance to the nine NRST PAGES nearest user waypoints (within 200 nautical miles of your present position). Nearest Center (ARTCC) Page Nearest ARTCC The nearest center page displays the facility name, bearing to and distance to the fi ve nearest ARTCC points of communication (within 200 nautical miles of your present posi- tion).

  • Page 134

    Nearest Flight Service Station (FSS) Page The nearest flight service station page displays the facility name, bearing to and NRST PAGES distance to the five nearest FSS points of communication (within 200 nautical miles of your present position). For each FSS listed, the nearest flight service station page also Nearest FSS indicates the frequency(s) and may be used to quickly tune the COM transceiver to the FSS’s frequency.

  • Page 135: Nearest Airspace Page

    5. Press to place the selected frequency in the standby field of the COM or VLOC window. 6. Press , as appropriate, to activate the selected frequency. NRST PAGES 7. Press the small right knob ( ) to remove the flashing cursor. Nearest Airspaces Nearest Airspace Page The last page in the NRST group, the nearest airspace page, will alert you to as many...

  • Page 136

    To view an airspace alert message: 1a. When the message annunciator above the key flashes, press NRST PAGES 2. Press again to return to the previous page. Nearest Airspaces Once you have been provided an airspace alert message, detailed information con- cerning the specifi...

  • Page 137

    “Done?” Field (return to Airspace Name NRST PAGES previous page) and Type “Frequency?” Field Nearest Airspaces Status and (display frequency page) Time to Entry Floor/Ceiling Limits To view and quickly tune the frequency for a controlling agency: 1. Follow steps #1 through #4 on the previous page to display the airspace page for the desired controlled or special use airspace.

  • Page 138

    The airspace page displays (and airspace alert messages are provided for) the following airspace types: NRST PAGES • Alert • Caution • Class B • Class C Nearest Airspaces • CTA • Danger • MOA • Prohibited • Restricted • TMA •...

  • Page 139

    Receiver Operations Ident, Volume and Tuning The GNS 430 includes digitally-tuned VOR/localizer and glideslope receivers with the desired frequency selected on a VLOC window, along the left-hand side of the display. Frequency selection is performed by pressing the small left knob...

  • Page 140

    The tuning cursor will normally appear in the COM VLOC RECEIVER window, unless placed in the VLOC window by press- . When the tuning cursor is in the VLOC window, it will automatically return to the COM window after 30 Auto-tuning seconds of inactivity.

  • Page 141

    When selecting a VOR or ILS approach, manual tuning of the VLOC receiver is not required. Once the approach procedure is “Loaded” or “Activated”, the GNS 430 will au- tomatically place the proper frequency in the standby fi eld of the VLOC window. If you wish to use this frequency, simply press to activate the frequency.

  • Page 142

    “Yes?” and press CDI Key The GNS 430’s C key is used to couple the GPS or VLOC receiver to the external CDI (or HSI). When the external CDI (or HSI) is being driven by the GPS receiver, “GPS” will appear at the bottom left corner of the page, directly above the C key.

  • Page 143: Aux Page Group

    AUX Page Group AUX Page Group Section 2 introduced the GNS 430’s main page groups—NAV, WPT, AUX, NRST— and described each page in the NAV group. The third page group (AUX) allows you to change unit settings, customizing operation to your preferences. The AUX pages also pro- vide E6B functions—such as trip planning, fuel planning, density altitude, true airspeed...

  • Page 144: Flight Planning Page

    The fl ight planning page provides access (via “menu options”) to E6B functions for fuel planning, trip planning, density altitude/true airspeed/winds aloft calculations and a “Crossfi ll” function to transfer fl ight plans/user waypoints to a second GNS 430. When a menu option is selected, the corresponding page will appear providing additional infor- mation and features.

  • Page 145

    Scheduler— displays reminder messages (such as “Change oil”, “Switch fuel tanks”, “Overhaul”, etc.). One-time, periodic, and event-based messages are allowed. One-time messages will appear once the timer expires and will reappear each time the GNS 430 is powered on, until the message is deleted. Periodic messages will automatically reset to The “Flight Plan?”...

  • Page 146

    AUX PAGES Flight Planning Page: Fuel Planning To perform fuel planning operations: Flight Planning 1. Select “Fuel Planning” from the flight planning page, using the steps described on page 136. 2. The current fuel planning “mode” is displayed at the top of the page: “POINT TO POINT” or “FPL”...

  • Page 147

    8. With all variables entered, the following information will be provided: AUX PAGES • REQ— Quantity of fuel required • LFOB— Left-over fuel on board Flight Planning • LRES— Left-over fuel reserve time • EFF— Efficiency, expressed in distance per fuel units (e.g. nautical miles per gallon) •...

  • Page 148

    Flight Planning Page: Trip Planning AUX PAGES To perform trip planning operations: Flight Planning 1. Select “Trip Planning” from the flight planning page, using the steps described on page 136. 2. The current trip planning “leg mode” is displayed at the top of the page: “POINT TO POINT” or “FPL LEG”...

  • Page 149

    Flight Planning Page: Density Alt / TAS / Winds AUX PAGES To calculate density altitude, true airspeed, winds aloft: 1. Select “Density Alt / TAS / Winds” from the flight planning page, using the steps described on page 136. Flight Planning 2.

  • Page 150

    “Auto” or “Manual”. “Auto” will automatically transfer any selection of (or any change to) a direct-to destination or active flight plan to a second 400 or 500 Series Garmin unit. Crossfill requires both 400 and/or 500 Series units to have the same...

  • Page 151

    • Active Flight Plan—transfer the active flight plan to/from a second 400- Flight Planning Series Garmin unit (GNS 430/GNC 420/GPS 400) in a dual unit installa- tion. This option is the default when selecting “Crossfill” from the flight planning page.

  • Page 152

    ) right knobs to enter the message text. Press when finished. (The GNS 430 will store up to nine scheduled messages holding 20 characters each.) 4a. The flashing cursor moves to the type field under the new message. Rotate the small right knob ( ) to display a window of available options: (Event, One Time, Periodic).

  • Page 153: Utility Page

    Flight Timers— provides count up/down timers, plus automatic recording of depar- ture time and total trip time. Departure and total trip time recording can be confi gured to run either any time GNS 430 power is on, or only when your ground speed exceeds 30 knots.

  • Page 154

    fl ying some approaches. The GNS 430 will automatically monitor RAIM during ap- proach operations and warn you if RAIM is not available. In such cases, use the GNS 430’s VLOC receiver instead for many of the non-precision and precision approaches stored on your Jeppesen NavData®...

  • Page 155

    Utility Page: Checklists (cont.) AUX PAGES To execute a checklist: 1b. With the checklists page displayed, rotate the large right knob ( ) to select the desired checklist and press Utility Page 2b. As you complete each checklist item, press to move to the next item on the list.

  • Page 156

    3b. Rotate the small right knob ( ) to select the desired reset mode. (“Pwr-on” will record a departure time when the GNS 430 is turned on. “GS>30 k t” will record a departure time once the GPS-computed ground speed exceeds 30 knots.) 4.

  • Page 157

    3. Rotate the small right knob ( ) to select the desired reset mode. (“Pwr-on” will record trip time, in hours/minutes/seconds, any time the GNS 430 is turned on. “GS>30 k t” will record trip time any time the GPS-computed ground speed exceeds 30 knots.) 4.

  • Page 158

    5. The flashing cursor moves to “Compute RAIM?”. Press to begin RAIM prediction. Once calculations are complete, the GNS 430 will display one of the following in the RAIM status field: • RAIM Not Available— Satellite coverage is predicted to NOT be suffi-...

  • Page 159

    The software / database version page displays software version information for each of the various subsystems contained within the GNS 430, as well as database versions for the Jeppesen NavData® card and built-in land data. This page is for information purposes...

  • Page 160: Setup 1 Page

    Setup 1 Page AUX PAGES Menu Options: to Setup 1 select, highlight with cursor and press Third Page in AUX group The setup 1 page provides access (via “menu options”) to airspace alarms, CDI scale adjustment, an arrival alarm, units of measure settings, position formats, map datums and settings for local or UTC time display.

  • Page 161

    (i.e., 1.0 nm or 0.3 nm) the higher scale settings will not be selected during ANY phase of fl ight. For example, if 1.0 nm is selected, the GNS 430 will use this for the enroute and terminal phase and ramp down to 0.3 nm during an approach. Note that the...

  • Page 162

    If you are using a chart based on another datum, you must set the GNS 430 to use the same datum. Using a map datum that does not match the charts you are using can result in signifi cant differences in Setup 1 position information.

  • Page 163

    Setup 1 Page: CDI Scale / Alarms AUX PAGES To change the CDI scale: 1. Select “CDI / Alarms” from the setup 1 page, using the steps described on page 152. Setup 1 2. The flashing cursor highlights the “Selected CDI” field. Rotate the small right knob ( ) to select the desired CDI scale.

  • Page 164

    Setup 1 Page: Units / Mag Var AUX PAGES To set the magnetic variation: 1. Select “Units / Mag Var” from the setup 1 page, using the steps described on page 152. Setup 1 2a. The flashing cursor highlights the heading mode field. Rotate the small right knob ( ) to select the desired heading mode: Auto, True or User.

  • Page 165

    Setup 1 Page: Position Format / Map Datum AUX PAGES To change the position format: 1. Select “Position Format / Map Datum” from the setup 1 page, using the steps described on page 152. Setup 1 2a. The flashing cursor is on the position format field. Rotate the small right knob ( ) to select the desired position format.

  • Page 166

    Setup 1 Page: Date / Time AUX PAGES To display local time or UTC: 1. Select “Date / Time” from the setup 1 page, using the steps described on page 152. Setup 1 2a. The flashing cursor highlights the time format field. Rotate the small right knob ( ) to display a window of available time formats: Local 12hr, Local 24hr, or UTC.

  • Page 167

    You may also select manual control of the display contrast and backlighting to tailor the GNS 430’s display to your needs. Display backlighting changes are not saved when the GNS 430 is turned off. Backlighting will revert to the “Auto” setting the next time the unit is turned on.

  • Page 168

    Nearest Airport Criteria— defi nes the minimum runway length and surface type used when determining the nine nearest airports to display on the nearest airport page. A AUX PAGES minimum runway length and/or surface type may be entered to prevent airports with small runways, or runways that are not of appropriate surface, from being displayed.

  • Page 169

    Setup 2 Page: Nearest Airport Criteria AUX PAGES To set the minimum runway length and runway surface: 1. Select “Nearest Airport Criteria” from the setup 2 page, using the steps described on page 159. Setup 2 2a. The flashing cursor highlights the runway surface field. Rotate the small right knob ( ) to select the desired surface.

  • Page 170

    This page intentionally blank.

  • Page 171: Detection And Exclusion

    Navigation for Oceanic/Remote Operations” per FAA Notice N8110.60. The oceanic fl ight phase is used by the GNS 430 when you are more than 200 nautical miles from the nearest airport. There are two main aspects to address in the FDE system. The fi rst relates to the unit’s software side, in regard to detection and exclusion of faulty satellites.

  • Page 172

    fl ight involving Oceanic/Remote operations where GPS is to be the sole source of navigation. All operators using the GNS 430 as a primary means of navigation in oceanic/ remote areas under FAR parts 91, 121, 125 and 135 are required to utilize the FDE Pre- diction Program prior to conducting a fl...

  • Page 173

    Messages, Abbreviations and Navigation Terminology aBBREVIATIONS & nav tERMS Messages The GNS 430 uses a flashing “MSG” annunciator at the bottom of the screen (directly above the key) to alert you of any important information or warnings. While most messages are advisory in nature, warning messages may require your intervention.

  • Page 174

    —An attempt has been switch again to cycle its operation. If the message persists, contact your made to delete the active “to” or “from” waypoint. The GNS 430 will not GARMIN dealer for assistance. allow you to delete user waypoints currently being utilized for COM transfer key stuck navigation guidance.

  • Page 175

    Data transfer error, please re-transmit —The GNS 430 has detected a failure in the —An error was detected display backlighting. The unit should be taken to your GARMIN dealer during unit-to-unit crossfill of user data (user waypoints and/or flight for service.

  • Page 176

    NavData® card was installed (data- base change). MESSAGES, G/S has failed —The GNS 430 has detected a failure in its glideslope aBBREVIATIONS receiver. The glideslope receiver is not available and the unit should & nav tERMS be returned to your GARMIN dealer for service.

  • Page 177

    No altitude input is being received —No altitude data is being failure in the main system processor. The GNS 430 is not usable and received from RS-232 (Serializer: Icarus, Rosetta or Shadin) or grey code should be taken to your GARMIN dealer for service.

  • Page 178

    Other unit functions will continue to work normally, how- navigation. ever the GNS 430 should be taken to your GARMIN dealer for service at your earliest convenience. RAIM is not available —Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring...

  • Page 179

    3 nautical miles of the FAF; and the active approach is not a GPS- Searching the sky —The GNS 430 is searching the sky for GPS approved approach. Verify that the VLOC receiver is tuned to the proper satellite almanac data or the GPS receiver is in AutoLocate Mode.

  • Page 180

    —You have used all 1000 user waypoint components may be unusable. Try cycling power off and back on. If the locations in the GNS 430’s memory. Delete unwanted waypoint to message persists, contact your GARMIN dealer for make room for new entries.

  • Page 181

    Abbreviations MESSAGES, The following is a list of abbreviations used on the GNS 430 and aBBREVIATIONS their meanings: & nav tERMS ACTV — Active — Altitude APPRCHING —Approaching — Approach — Communications Transceiver — Airport CRSR — Cursor ARSPC — Airspace —...

  • Page 182

    — Flight Plan — Kilograms — Feet Per Minute — Kilohertz MESSAGES, FREQ — Frequency — Kilometers aBBREVIATIONS & nav tERMS — Flight Service Station — Kilometers Per Hour — Feet — Knots LAT/LON — Glideslope —Latitude/Longitude — gallons — Pounds —...

  • Page 183

    — Radial — Meters Per Minute RAIM — Receiver Autonomous Integrity — Meters Per Second MESSAGES, Monitoring — Minimum Safe Altitude aBBREVIATIONS — Reference & nav tERMS — Message — Required / Requirements — Mean Sea Level RESTRICTD —Restricted — Multicom —...

  • Page 184

    MESSAGES, aBBREVIATIONS & nav tERMS VLOC — VOR/Localizer Receiver VNAV — Vertical Navigation — Volume — VHF Omnidirectional Radio Range — Vertical Speed — Vertical Speed Required — Waypoint — Weather — Crosstrack Error...

  • Page 185

    The following navigation terms are used MESSAGES, on the GNS 430 and in this Pilot’s Guide: CUM(cumulative) —The total of all legs in aBBREVIATIONS a flight plan (such as “cumulative distance”).

  • Page 186

    Vertical MESSAGES, Navigation aBBREVIATIONS & nav tERMS TIME AND DISTANCE TO PROFILE CURRENT ALTITUDE AND POSITION TARGET ALTITUDE HDG(heading) AND POSITION —The direction an aircraft DISTANCE TO TARGET is pointed, based upon indications from a magnetic compass or a properly set direc- AIRPORT tional gyro.

  • Page 187

    NAVDATA ® removed when the GNS 430 is on or off. Insert the card with the swing arm handle at the CARD USE bottom and the label facing to the left (see illustration right). If the NavData card is not present when the unit is turned on, you will receive a “No Jeppesen Aviation Database...

  • Page 188: Appendix B: Specifications

    * Earlier versions of the 430 were designed to be used with 28 Vdc power only. Acquisition Time: 12 seconds (warm) Please refer to your Garmin authorized service center if you have questions on your particular installation. 45 seconds (cold) ** Subject to accuracy degradation to 100m 2DRMS under the U.S.

  • Page 189: Appendix C: Map Datums

    Appendix C: Map Datums APPENDIX Adindan Ethiopia, Mali, (New Zealand) DATUMS Chua Astro Senegal, Sudan Paraguay Afgooye Corrego Alegre Brazil Somalia AIN EL ABD 1970 DANISH GI 1934 Denmark Bahrain Island, Djakarta (BATAVIA) Sumatra Island Saudi Arabia Anna 1 Astro 1965 Cocos Islands (Indonesia) Dos 1968...

  • Page 190

    Central America, Santo (Dos) Espirito Santo CONUS, Mexico Island Nahrwan Masirah Is Masirah Island Sao Braz Sao Miguel, Santa APPENDIX (Oman) Maria Islands Nahrwan Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia (Azores) DATUMS Nahrwan Unitd Arab E United Arab Sapper Hill 1943 East Falkland Emirates Island Naparima BWI...

  • Page 191

    During oceanic, en route and terminal phases of flight, RAIM will be available nearly 100% of the time. Because of the tighter protection limit on approaches, there may be times when RAIM is not available. The GNS 430 automatically monitors RAIM and will warn you with an alert message (see Section 10) when it is not available, and the INTEG annunciator ( ) will appear at the bottom left corner of the screen.

  • Page 192

    Can I file slant Golf (“/G”) using my GPS? Yes, you may file your flight plan as /G if your GNS 430 is a certified A1 or A2 installation. If you are flying en route, you may file /G with an expired database only after you have verified all route waypoints.

  • Page 193

    Cannot be set for final approach course or published holding patterns Whenever OBS mode is active, the GNS 430 allows you to select the desired course to/from a waypoint using the HSI (much like a VOR) and display a to/from fl ag for the active-to waypoint. If an external course input is not available, you may select the OBS course on-screen, via a “Select OBS Course pop-up window.

  • Page 194

    When does turn anticipation begin, and what bank angle is expected? The GNS 430 will smooth adjacent leg transitions based upon a nominal 15º bank angle (with the ability to roll up to 25º) and provide three pilot cues for turn anticipation: 1) A waypoint alert (“NEXT DTK ###°”) will fl ash in the lower right corner of the screen 10 seconds before the turn point.

  • Page 195

    When does the CDI scale change, and what does it change to? APPENDIX TROUBLE- The GNS 430 will begin a smooth CDI scale transition from the 5.0 nm (enroute/oceanic mode) to the 1.0 nm (terminal mode) scale 30 nm from the destination airport (see left). The CDI scale will SHOOTING further transition to 0.3 nm (approach mode) at 2 nm prior to the FAF during an active approach.

  • Page 196

    “Activate Approach?” and then pressing E . The GNS 430 will provide navigation along the desired course to the waypoint and rejoin the ap- proach in sequence from that point on. See page 65 for information on activating a specifi c fl ight plan leg.

  • Page 197

    COM squelch ..... .21 Addresses, GARMIN ....i, iv Backlighting .

  • Page 198

    Direct-to navigation .12, 17, 34, 49-53, 121 Flight plan catalog options ..58-59 Display backlighting ... 159-160 Flight plan comments ....56 APPENDIX Display contrast .

  • Page 199

    Main page groups ....10, 11 Manual conventions ....v Hold (in an approach) ... . 72-75 APPENDIX Manual sequence (course from fix legs) .85 Holding patterns .

  • Page 200

    Sorting flight plans ....59 Radar coverage information ..101 Specifications ....178 Reference waypoint .

  • Page 201

    Waypoint entry ... . 95, 112-114 Turn advisories ....70-87, 187 Waypoint holding ... . . 184-186 Turn anticipation .

  • Page 202

    Notes...

  • Page 204

    © 1998- 2003 Garmin Corporation Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street Olathe, KS 66062 Garmin (Europe) Ltd., Unit 4, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, SO51 9DL, UK Garmin (Asia) Corp., No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road., Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan Website Address: www.garmin.com...

This manual also for:

Gns 430a

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