Page of 212
Download Table of ContentsContents Print This PagePrint Bookmark

HP J3100B Installation And Configuration Manual

Hide thumbs
Installation and
Configuration Guide
HP J3100B
HP AdvanceStack Switch 2000

Advertising

   Related Manuals for HP J3100B

   Summary of Contents for HP J3100B

  • Page 1

    Installation and Configuration Guide HP J3100B HP AdvanceStack Switch 2000...

  • Page 3: Hp Customer Support Services

    You can download from the World Wide Web, HP FTP Library Service, CompuServe, and HP BBS a compressed file (j3100b.exe) containing the latest version of the HP Switch 2000 software and proprietary MIB, the HP J3108A FDDI Module software, and a software download utility file (update.exe).

  • Page 4

    HP FIRST Fax Retrieval Service HP FIRST is an automated fax retrieval service that is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. HP FIRST provides information on the following topics: Product information Troubleshooting instructions Technical reviews and articles...

  • Page 5

    HP AdvanceStack Switch 2000 Installation and Configuration Guide HP J3100B...

  • Page 6

    HP J3100B Warranty A copy of the specific warranty terms applicable to your Hewlett-Packard products and replacement parts can be obtained from your HP Sales and Service Office or authorized dealer. Hewlett-Packard Company 8000 Foothills Boulevard, m/s 5551 Roseville, California 95747-5551...

  • Page 7

    This manual describes features of the B-version of the Hewlett-Packard D i f f e r e n c e s Switch 2000 (HP J3100B). In some cases, such as the Spanning Tree Protocol (operating within VLANs) and port trunking capabilities, there are significant operating differences between the A-version of the Switch 2000 (HP J3100A) and the B-version.

  • Page 8

    Preface Overview of Console Applications Figure 1. Example of the HP AdvanceStack Switch 2000 with Optional Modules and Transceivers installed When powered-up in the factory default configuration, the Switch 2000 automatically operates as a multiport learning bridge with the following...

  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    Contents Installing the Switch Installation Summary ......... . 1-1 1.

  • Page 10: Table Of Contents

    Configuring the Switch Overview ........... . . 3-1 Configurable Features .

  • Page 11: Table Of Contents

    Using SNMP To Monitor and Manage the Switch SNMP Management ..........5-1 SNMP Configuration Process .

  • Page 12: Table Of Contents

    File Transfers Overview ........... . . 8-1 Downloading an Operating System .

  • Page 13: Table Of Contents

    Specifications Physical ........... B-1 Electrical .

  • Page 15: Installation Summary

    Installing the Switch Installation Summary This chapter describes the installation procedures for the HP J3100B AdvanceStack Switch 2000 (hereafter referred to as the Switch 2000). The following is a summary of those procedures: Install interface modules and transceivers (optional). The best time to install Switch 2000 interface modules and their related transceivers is prior to powering up the switch or during scheduled down times.

  • Page 16

    Installing the Switch Installation Summary W a r n i n g Install the Switch 2000 only on a tabletop or in an equipment rack or cabinet designed for this product. The Switch 2000 weighs a minimum of 17.3 lbs (7.86 kilos) with no interface modules or redundant power supply installed.

  • Page 17: Install Add-in Modules (optional)

    2000, or remove the module from the switch before installing an optional transceiver. (Refer to the documentation for the specific module.) For exam- ple, the HP J3102A AdvanceStack Switch 2000 4-Port 10Base-T module illus- trated below is shown with the optional HP J2608A ThinLAN transceiver installed.

  • Page 18: Install The Redundant Power Supply (optional)

    (RPS). Otherwise, damage to the switch’s components could occur. N o t e For important information on how to install the HP J3136A AdvanceStack Switch 2000 Redundant Power Supply (RPS) in the Switch 2000, refer to the documentation provided with the RPS.

  • Page 19: Verify The Switch's Operation

    Installing the Switch 3. Verify the Switch’s Operation 3. Verify the Switch’s Operation This process verifies that the Switch 2000 is operating properly. Verify the Switch Hardware Connect the supplied power cord to the switch’s power receptacle. Power Receptacle on the Back of the Switch, with Power Cord Connected Figure 1-3.

  • Page 20

    Installing the Switch 3. Verify the Switch’s Operation Power LED RPS LED Self-test LED Power Fault LED Fan Fault LED Fault LED Security LED Figure 1-4. The Switch 2000 System LEDs When the switch is powered on, it performs a self-diagnostic test. During the test, the following occurs: •...

  • Page 21: Mount The Switch

    Make sure the air flow around the sides and back of the switch is not restricted. If an HP J3136A AdvanceStack Switch 2000 Redundant Power Supply is installed, make sure the air flow around the fan area of the RPS is not...

  • Page 22: Rack Or Cabinet Mounting

    Installing the Switch 4. Mount the Switch Rack or Cabinet Mounting W a r n i n g The rack or cabinet should be adequately secured to prevent it from becoming unstable and/or falling over. Install the Switch 2000 only on a tabletop or in an equipment rack or cabinet designed for this product.

  • Page 23

    Installing the Switch 4. Mount the Switch Using a Phillips cross-head screwdriver, attach the L-shaped mounting brackets to each side of the switch with four 10-mm M4 screws (included in the accessory kit). 10-mm M4 screws mounting bracket Mounting Bracket 10-mm M4 Screws Figure 1-6.

  • Page 24

    Installing the Switch 4. Mount the Switch 5/8-inch #12-24 Screws Figure 1-7. Install the Switch in the Rack Install the other two 5/8-inch 12-24 screws into the upper hole in each bracket. Tighten these screws—be careful not to overtighten. 1-10...

  • Page 25

    Make sure the air flow around the sides and back of the switch is not restricted. Also, if an HP J3136A AdvanceStack Switch 2000 Redundant Power Supply is installed, make sure the air flow around the fan area of the RPS is not restricted.

  • Page 26: Complete The Network Connections To The Switch

    For important information on connecting the Switch 2000 to other devices, refer to the Connectivity Quick Reference that is shipped with the optional HP AdvanceStack Switch 2000 modules and is also available on the “HP AdvanceStack Product CD” shipped with your switch.

  • Page 27

    10Base-T ports configured for MDI-X operation, use a crossover cable unless the cascaded hub or switch offers a port that you can switch between MDI and MDI-X operation (such as the HP AdvanceStack J2610B 10Base-T Hub-8U). In this case, you can either set the port on the cascaded device to MDI operation and use a straight-through cable or set it to MDI-X operation and use a crossover cable.

  • Page 28: Connect A Console Device (optional)

    Installing the Switch 6. Connect a Console Device (Optional) 6. Connect a Console Device (Optional) The Switch 2000 console interface enables you to use a PC or a terminal to do the following: Control password security Monitor switch and port statistics Modify the switch’s configuration Use the switch’s event log and command line to help in troubleshooting Download new software...

  • Page 29

    Installing the Switch 6. Connect a Console Device (Optional) Direct Console Management, Using A Serial Cable and a Terminal or PC Terminal Emulator You can use either a PC emulating an ASCII terminal (such as the terminal application included with Microsoft Windows 3.1 or HyperTerminal with Windows 95) or an ASCII terminal.

  • Page 30

    Installing the Switch 6. Connect a Console Device (Optional) Figure 1-10. The Main Menu If you want to continue with direct console management at this time, refer to chapter 2, “Using the Console Interface”. Remote Console Management Using a Modem and a Terminal or PC Terminal Emulator N o t e For remote, console management, use a full-duplex, asynchronous (character-...

  • Page 31

    Installing the Switch 6. Connect a Console Device (Optional) “Straight Telephone Line Through” Modem Cable PC (with Internal Modem) Running a Terminal Emulator Figure 1-11. Example of Remote Access via a Modem When you see this message: Waiting for speed sense. Press enter to continue. Press [Enter].

  • Page 32: Where To Go From Here

    Installing the Switch Where To Go from Here Where To Go from Here Chapter Topics 2 and 3 To use the console, to configure the switch features, and to monitor and manage switch operation To monitor and analyze switch operation from the console To prepare the switch for SNMP management and to learn which MIBs are supported by the switch To use the “Advanced Commands”...

  • Page 33: Overview

    Using the Console Interface Overview This chapter describes the following features: Starting and ending a console session (page 2-2) The Main Menu (page 2-4) Screen structure and navigation (page 2-5) Using password security (page 2-7) Rebooting the switch (page 2-10) Resetting the switch (page 2-12) About the Console Interface.

  • Page 34: Starting And Ending A Console Session

    Using the Console Interface Starting and Ending a Console Session Starting and Ending a Console Session N o t e This manual assumes that either a terminal device is already configured and connected to your Switch 2000 (as described in chapter 1, “Installation”) or that you have already enabled Telnet access to the switch.

  • Page 35

    Using the Console Interface Starting and Ending a Console Session Figure 2-1. The Main Menu For a description of Main Menu features, refer to “Main Menu Features” on page 2-4. How To End a Console Session: If you have not made configuration changes in the current session, go to step 3.

  • Page 36: Main Menu Features

    Using the Console Interface Main Menu Features Main Menu Features The Main Menu (figure 2-1 on page 2-3) gives you access to these console interface features: • Displays information on the switch, Status and Counters: individual ports, the address tables, protocols and spanning tree. (Refer to chapter 4, “Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console”.) •...

  • Page 37: Screen Structure And Navigation

    Using the Console Interface Screen Structure and Navigation Screen Structure and Navigation Console screens include these three elements: Parameter fields and/or read-only information such as statistics Navigation and configuration actions, such as Save, Edit, and Cancel Help banner to describe navigation options, and individual parameters For example, in the System configuration screen: System name Parameter Fields...

  • Page 38

    Using the Console Interface Screen Structure and Navigation Table 2-1. How To Navigate in the Console Task: Actions: Execute an action from an Use either of the following methods: “Actions"-[>] menu: Use the arrow keys ( [<] , [>] , [v] , or [^] ) to highlight the action you want to execute, then press [Enter].

  • Page 39: Using Password Security

    Using the Console Interface Using Password Security Using Password Security There are two levels of console access: Manager and Operator. For security, you can set a password on each of these levels. Level Actions Permitted Manager: Access to all console interface areas. This is the default level. (That is, if a Manager password has not been set prior to starting the current console session, then anyone having access to the console can access any area of the console interface.)

  • Page 40

    Using the Console Interface Using Password Security N o t e If there is only a Manager password set (with no Operator password), and the Manager password is not entered correctly when the console session begins, the switch operates on the Operator level. If there are both a Manager password and an Operator password, but neither is entered correctly, access to the console will be denied.

  • Page 41

    Using the Console Interface Using Password Security b. Type a password of up to 16 characters and press [Enter]. (Remember that passwords are case-sensitive.) When prompted with Enter new password again, retype the new password and press [Enter]. d. To set another password, return to step 2a. Otherwise, go to step 3. Select Return to Main Menu to exit from the Set Password screen.

  • Page 42: Rebooting The Switch

    Using the Console Interface Rebooting the Switch Rebooting the Switch Rebooting the switch terminates the current console session and performs a reset of the operating system. Some of the reasons for performing a reboot include: Activating certain configuration changes that require a reboot Activating port modules that have been changed since the last reboot.

  • Page 43

    Using the Console Interface Rebooting the Switch Rebooting To Activate Configuration Changes. Configuration changes for some parameters become effective as soon as you save them. However, you must reboot the switch in order to implement any changes to any parameters in the following areas: IPX Service Internet (IP) Service Serial Link...

  • Page 44: Resetting The Switch

    Using the Console Interface Resetting the Switch Resetting the Switch Resetting requires physical access to the front of the Switch 2000. There are two levels of reset: Hardware reset: Momentarily interrupts switch operation and performs a complete hardware self-test. This also clears the Event Log. Configuration reset: This is a drastic action that interrupts switch operation, clears any passwords, clears the event log, performs a com- plete self-test, and reboots the switch in its factory default configuration.

  • Page 45

    Configuring the Switch Overview This chapter provides an overview of the Switch 2000 configuration features. In its factory default configuration, the Switch 2000 automatically operates as a multiport learning bridge with network connectivity provided by the particular modules that you have installed. However, to “fine-tune” your switch for the specific performance and security needs in your network, you may choose to reconfigure certain switch parameters.

  • Page 46

    Configuring the Switch Overview N o t e In the factory default configuration, the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is off. However, if the topology of your network includes any redundant loops between switches or bridges, you should enable STP. See “Spanning Tree” (page 3-17).

  • Page 47: Configurable Features

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features Configurable Features How To Access the Switch 2000 Configuration: Use this procedure to access the switch’s configurable features. Begin at the Main Menu and select Configuration (figure 3-2): Access to Configurable Features Figure 3-2. Select “Configuration” in the Main Menu After you select Configuration, the Configuration menu appears as shown in (figure 3-3).

  • Page 48

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features Figure 3-3. The Configuration Menu Use the arrow keys ( [<], [>], [^], and [v] ) to highlight the configuration topic you want, then press [Enter]. Refer to the appropriate sections in the remainder of this chapter for information on configuring specific features.

  • Page 49: System Features

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features System Features Configures basic switch management information, including system data, address aging, and time zone parameters: System Name Figure 3-4. The System Configuration Screen (Default Values) N o t e To help simplify administration, it is recommended that you configure System Name to a character string that is meaningful within your system.

  • Page 50: Port Features

    Figure 3-5. Example of the Port Configuration Screen with 100VG and Ethernet Modules Installed in the Switch Port names are assigned by slot letter and port number. For example, if an HP J3102A AdvanceStack Switch Ethernet Module is installed in slot B, then the four ports in this module are identified as ports B1, B2, B3, and B4.

  • Page 51: Ipx Service Features

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features IPX Service Features Enables the switch to be managed in an IPX network. The Switch 2000 automatically enables IPX, configures the IPX node address, and learns the IPX network number. Thus, in the factory default configuration, IPX is auto- matically enabled for the switch.

  • Page 52

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features (Optional) How To Configure IPX for Management from a Remote IPX Network. In the factory default, IPX is already enabled. If you want to enable management from a remote IPX network, you must configure the gateway encapsulation type and gateway node.

  • Page 53: Internet (ip) Service Features

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features Internet (IP) Service Features Enables you to configure: IP address, subnet mask, and (optionally) the gateway address for the switch so that it can be managed in an IP network The time server information (used if you want the switch to get its time information from another device operating as a Timep server) You can manually configure an IP address, subnet mask, and a Gateway IP address by setting the IP Config parameter to Manual.

  • Page 54

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features How To Manually Configure for IP. From the Configuration screen, select Internet (IP) Service to display the above screen. Press [E] (for Edit). Select the IP Config field and use the Space bar to select Manual. Select the IP Address field and enter the IP address you want to assign to the switch.

  • Page 55: Snmp Communities Features

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features SNMP Communities Features Enables you to add, edit, or delete SNMP communities. Use this feature if you expect to manage the switch from an SNMP management station. You can configure up to five SNMP communities, each with either an operator-level or a manager-level view, and either restricted or unrestricted write access.

  • Page 56

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features Press [A] (for Add) to display the following screen: If you are adding a community, the fields in this screen are blank. Type the Value for If you are editing an this Field existing community, the values for the currently Use the Space Bar selected community...

  • Page 57: Trap Receivers Features

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features Trap Receivers Features Enables you to configure up to ten IP and/or IPX management stations (trap receivers) to receive SNMP trap packets sent from the switch. Trap packets describe specific event types. (These events are the same as the log messages displayed in the event log.) The protocol, address, and community define which management stations receive the traps.

  • Page 58: Ip Multicast (igmp) Service Features—multimedia Traffic Control

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features IP Multicast (IGMP) Service Features—Multimedia Traffic Control The IGMP (Internet Group Management Protocol) feature helps to reduce network congestion and improve security by reducing unnecessary multicast traffic on a per-port basis. This is useful in multimedia applications such as LAN TV, desktop conferencing, and collaborative computing, where there is multipoint communication;...

  • Page 59: Serial Link Features

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features Serial Link Features Enables you to adjust the Console RS-232 configuration to customize the connection with the PC, terminal, or modem you are using for console access. Refer to the online Help for information on modem settings. Refer also to “Console Features”...

  • Page 60: Console Features

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features Console Features Lets you enable or disable inbound Telnet access and control the types of events displayed in the event log. Also specifies the terminal type and the console screen refresh interval used by the statistics screens (that is, the frequency with which statistics are updated on the statistics screens).

  • Page 61: Spanning Tree Features

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features Spanning Tree Features Enables you to activate the IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and to adjust spanning tree parameters. In the factory default, STP is off. Thus, if there are any redundant paths (loops) between nodes in your network, you should set the Spanning Tree Enabled parameter to Yes.

  • Page 62: Traffic/security Filter Features

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features Traffic/Security Filter Features Enables you to control traffic and increase network security by creating filters based on any of the following criteria: Multicast address Source port only Source MAC address and source port Protocol frame type •...

  • Page 63: Virtual Lan (vlan) Features

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features Virtual LAN (VLAN) Features Enables you to create up to eight port-based VLANs. A VLAN is a group of ports designated by the Switch 2000 as belonging to the same broadcast domain. This feature enables you to configure port-based virtual LANs to help isolate broadcast traffic and increase security.

  • Page 64: Network Monitoring Port Features

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features Network Monitoring Port Features Lets you designate a port for monitoring traffic on one or more other ports or on a VLAN configured on the switch. This is accomplished by copying all traffic from the specified ports or VLAN to the designated monitoring port. N o t e If Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) is configured and more than one port is being monitored, then broadcast packets may be duplicated on the monitor...

  • Page 65

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features Move the Cursor to the Monitoring Port Parameter Note: Ports listed in this screen depend on the modules currently installed in the switch. Figure 3-14. Example of Selecting a Monitoring Port Press the Space bar to select which port to use for the monitoring port, then press [v] to move to the Monitor parameter.

  • Page 66

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features Note: This screen appears instead of the one in Example of a VLAN figure 3-14 if the Monitoring Parameter Monitor parameter is set to VLAN. Figure 3-15. Example of Selecting a VLAN to Monitor N o t e It is possible in networks with high traffic levels to copy more traffic to a monitor port than the link can support.

  • Page 67: Automatic Broadcast Control (abc) Features—layer 3 Switching

    Configuring the Switch Configurable Features Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) Features—Layer 3 Switching ABC reduces the amount of IP and/or IPX broadcast traffic on a network by enabling the switch to serve as a proxy for the ultimate destination of broad- cast IP ARP and RIP packets, and IPX NSQ, and RIP or SAP packets.

  • Page 69

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Overview The Main Menu in the switch’s console interface gives you access to the following sources of read-only data for helping you to monitor, analyze, and troubleshoot switch operation: Table 4-1. Read-Only Monitoring and Analyzing Features Main Menu Data Type Purpose...

  • Page 70: Status And Counters Menu

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Status and Counters Menu Status and Counters Menu Select Status and Counters from the Main Menu to display the Status and Counters menu: Figure 4-1. The Status and Counters Menu Each of the above menu items accesses the read-only screens described on the following pages.

  • Page 71: Switch Information

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Status and Counters Menu Switch Information Figure 4-2. Example of Switch Information This screen tells you which version of the OS (operating system) and ROM (low-level startup code located in read-only memory) the switch is using, and dynamically indicates how individual switch resources are being used.

  • Page 72: Port Status

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Status and Counters Menu Port Status Figure 4-3. Example of Port Status For each port, this screen tells you the type of port and media, whether the port is enabled and up or down, and the port’s operating mode. (Included is the port ID number to use for SNMP MIB access.)

  • Page 73: Port Counters

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Status and Counters Menu Port Counters Figure 4-4. Example of Port Counters This screen enables you to determine the traffic patterns for each port. Port Counter features include: Dynamic display of counters summarizing the traffic on each port since the last reboot or reset Option to reset the counters to zero (for the current console session).

  • Page 74

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Status and Counters Menu To view the elements that comprise the traffic on a particular port, highlight that port number (figure 4-5), then select Show details. For example, selecting port A4 displays a screen similar to figure 4-5, below. Selected Port Figure 4-5.

  • Page 75: Address Table

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Status and Counters Menu Address Table Figure 4-6. Example of the Address Table This screen lets you easily determine which switch port is being used to access a specific device on the network. The listing includes: The MAC addresses that the switch has learned from network devices attached to the switch The port on which each MAC address was learned...

  • Page 76: Port Address Table

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Status and Counters Menu Port Address Table This screen lets you easily determine which devices are attached to the selected switch port by listing all of the MAC addresses detected on that port. You can use the Search action at the bottom of the screen to determine whether a specific device (MAC address) is connected to the selected port.

  • Page 77

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Status and Counters Menu In this example, several MAC addresses accessed through port B2 appear in the initial listing. To view any additional addresses that may be in the listing, use the Next page action. Figure 4-8.

  • Page 78: Spanning Tree (stp) Information

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Status and Counters Menu Spanning Tree (STP) Information N o t e If multiple VLANs are configured on the switch, you will be prompted to select a VLAN (by using the Space bar, then pressing [Enter]) to display this screen. Figure 4-9.

  • Page 79

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Status and Counters Menu You can use the Show ports action at the bottom of the screen to display port-level information and parameter settings for each port in the switch (including port type, cost, priority, operating state, and designated bridge). Figure 4-10.

  • Page 80: Module Information

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Status and Counters Menu Module Information Figure 4-11. Example of Module Information This screen tells you which type of module the switch detects in each slot. 4-12...

  • Page 81: Ip Multicast (igmp) Status

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Status and Counters Menu IP Multicast (IGMP) Status N o t e If multiple VLANs are configured on the switch, you will be prompted to select a VLAN (by using the Space bar, then pressing [Enter]) to display this screen. This screen identifies the active IP multicast groups the switch has detected, along with the number of report packets and query packets seen for each group.

  • Page 82

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Status and Counters Menu You can also display the port status of the individual multicast groups. (That is, you can display the ports, port types, and whether the IGMP devices connected to the switch via the port are hosts, routers, or both.) To do so, select the group from the above screen and press [S] for Show ports.

  • Page 83: Automatic Broadcast Control (abc) Information

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Status and Counters Menu Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) Information N o t e If multiple VLANs are configured on the switch, you will be prompted to select a VLAN (by using the Space bar, then pressing [Enter]) to display this screen This screen displays the number of IP ARP and IPX NSQ replies sent per port and whether RIP and SAP packets are being forwarded or not forwarded per port.

  • Page 84: Event Log

    (warning) indicates that a service has behaved unexpectedly. (critical) indicates that a severe switch error has occurred. (debug) reserved for HP internal diagnostic information. Date is the date in mm/dd/yy format that the entry was placed in the log. Time is the time in hh:mm:ss format that the entry was placed in the log.

  • Page 85

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Event Log Entering and Navigating in the Event Log Display. To enter the event log, select Event Log from the Main menu. Log Status Line Range of Events in the Log Range of Log Events Displayed Figure 4-15.

  • Page 86

    Monitoring and Analyzing Switch Operation from the Console Event Log The event log holds up to 100 lines in chronological order, from the oldest to the newest. Each line consists of one complete event message. Once the log has received 100 entries, it discards the current oldest line each time a new line is received.

  • Page 87

    Security via configuration of SNMP communities Event reporting via SNMP traps and RMON (SNMP v2 Notifications are not supported at this time.) Managing the switch with a network management tool such as HP AdvanceStack Assistant Monitoring data normally associated with the SNMP agent (“Get”...

  • Page 88

    HP AdvanceStack Switch 2000 configuration (config.mib) • HP VLAN configuration information (vlan.mib) supporting hpVlanGeneralGroup • HP EASE MIB version 4 to allow EASE sampling • HP Linktest MIB for basic device management (linktest.mib) • HP ICF Linktest MIB for link test features (icfbasic.mib)

  • Page 89: Snmp Configuration Process

    IPX and IP, refer to page 3-7 and page 3-9.) Configure the appropriate SNMP communities. (The “public” community exists by default and is used by HP’s network management applications.) (For more on configuring SNMP communities, refer to page 3-11.) Configure the appropriate trap receivers.

  • Page 91

    Using the Advanced Commands Overview The Advanced Commands , which are accessed from the Main Menu, gives you access to the following system management commands: Help Date Time History Ping IpxPing LinkTest Telnet VLAN ClearLED Config Delete GetMIB SetMIB WalkMIB Exit Get/Put (TFTP) ZGet/ZPut (ZMODEM)

  • Page 92

    Using the Advanced Commands Overview How To Use the Command Prompt: To access the command prompt, use the arrow keys to highlight Advanced Commands in the Main Menu and press [Enter]. Select the Command Prompt Figure 6-1. Selecting the Command Prompt Do the following: •...

  • Page 93

    Using the Advanced Commands Overview How To Exit from the command prompt: Type exit and press [Enter] to return to the Main Menu. How To List Available Commands: At the command prompt, type h and press [Enter]. When you see — MORE — at the bottom of the screen: To advance the display one line at a time, use [Enter].

  • Page 94

    Using the Advanced Commands Commands Commands To execute any of these commands, select Advanced Commands from the Main Menu, type the command, and press [Enter]. Conventions: Commands are shown in the normal typeface. Required parameters are shown in italics. Optional parameters are shown in italics, with brackets ( […] ). For example: Command Required Parameters...

  • Page 95

    Main menu and answer the confirmation prompt by typing y. To exit from an HP router, another Switch 2000, or a UNIX login, press [Ctrl] [D]. To force a disconnection from any device, use [Ctrl] [R]. To interrupt command processing...

  • Page 96

    Using the Advanced Commands Commands Command Syntax Description vlan vlan_name Used where VLANs are configured. Used to select a different VLAN environment in which to execute Command Prompt commands. The command prompt will change to show the VLAN name specified by the vlan_name where: vlan_name is the name of the parameter.

  • Page 97

    Using the Advanced Commands Commands Command Syntax Description walkmib objectname Retrieves the MIB subtree for the specified MIB object. When — MORE — is displayed, pressing [Enter] displays the next line of the configuration, and pressing the Space bar displays the next screen of the configuration. To halt a walkmib listing and return to the command line prompt, press [Q].

  • Page 98

    Using the Advanced Commands Commands Command Syntax Description zput file remote-file overwrite dos/unix Copies a switch configuration from the switch to the console PC. The PC must where: be emulating a VT100 or ANSI terminal. Also, the PC must be running a file is CONFIG or a command.

  • Page 99

    Advanced Concepts Overview The switch provides support for these advanced features: Spanning Tree Protocol—STP (page 7-2) Port trunking (page 7-5) Filtering for enhanced bandwidth usage and in-band security (page 7-8) Virtual LANs—VLANs (page 7-14) IP Multicast—IGMP (page 7-23) Automatic Broadcast Control—ABC (page 7-30)

  • Page 100: Spanning Tree Protocol (stp)

    Advanced Concepts Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) The switch uses the IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) to ensure that only one path at a time is active between any two nodes on the network. In networks where there is more than one physical path between any two nodes, STP ensures a single active path between them by blocking all redundant paths.

  • Page 101

    Advanced Concepts Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) How To Configure Spanning Tree: In most cases, the default STP param- eter settings are adequate. In cases where it is not, use this procedure to make configuration changes. C a u t i o n If you enable STP (step 5), it is recommended that you leave the remainder of the STP parameter settings at their default values until you have had an opportunity to evaluate STP performance in your network.

  • Page 102

    Advanced Concepts Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) If the remaining STP parameter settings are adequate for your network, go to step 9. Use [Tab] or the arrow keys to select the next parameter you want to change, then type in the new value. (If you need information on STP parameters, press [Enter] to select the Actions line, then press H to get help.) Repeat step 7 for each additional parameter you want to change.

  • Page 103: Port Trunking

    FDDI Module.) On the B-version of the Switch 2000 (J3100B) and on the Switch 800T, you can implement up to six port trunks in a switch, which enables the switch to function as a high-speed backbone. (The A-version of the Switch 2000—J3100A—allows only one port trunk, but can...

  • Page 104

    Advanced Concepts Port Trunking N o t e Using more than one media type and/or link speed in a port trunk is not supported. The console interface allows only links of the same media type within the same trunk. Similarly, it is recommended that all links in the same trunk have the same speed.

  • Page 105

    Advanced Concepts Port Trunking Trunk Assignment Figure 7-4. Example of Configuring a Port Trunk To assign another port to the trunk, repeat steps 3c, and 3d. When you are finished assigning ports to the trunk, press [Enter], then [S] (for Save) to save the new port trunk configuration and return to the Configuration menu.

  • Page 106: Filters And Security

    Advanced Concepts Filters and Security Filters and Security To enhance the switch’s bandwidth usage and in-band security, configure per- port filters to forward desired traffic or drop unwanted traffic, as described below. The switch can support up to 50 filters. Table 7-1.

  • Page 107

    Advanced Concepts Filters and Security Protocol Filters. This filter type enables the switch to restrict traffic of a particular protocol type to a specific destination port or ports on the switch (or to be dropped for all ports on the switch). Filtered protocol types include: IP (Ethernet) IP (802.3 SAP) DEC LAT...

  • Page 108

    Advanced Concepts Filters and Security N o t e If a node designated by the Source MAC parameter is moved to a different port than its original source port, any traffic to or from that node will not be forwarded by the switch. Forwarding will resume if the node is moved back to the original source port.

  • Page 109

    Advanced Concepts Filters and Security Filter Type Parameter Figure 7-6. Example of the Traffic/Security Filters Configuration Screen Press the Space bar to select the type of filter you want to configure. The options are: • Multicast (the default) • Protocol •...

  • Page 110

    Advanced Concepts Filters and Security Filter Type Option Next Line for Filter Action for Selected Filter Option Selected in Step 4 Type Option Multicast Multicast Address Type in the multicast address. Protocol Frame Type Use the Space bar to select the frame type.

  • Page 111

    Advanced Concepts Filters and Security Press [v] to highlight the Action option for a destination port ( Dest Port ). b. Press the Space bar to select the filter action for that port ( Forward filtered packets--the default--or Drop filtered packets). Do one of the following: –...

  • Page 112: Virtual Lans (vlans)

    Advanced Concepts Virtual LANs (VLANs) Virtual LANs (VLANs) The switch supports port-based virtual LANs (VLANs). A VLAN is a collection of ports that belong to a single broadcast domain. (That is, all ports carrying traffic for a particular subnet address would belong to the same VLAN.) This allows workgroups to be defined on the basis of their logical function instead of their physical location, and does not require recabling.

  • Page 113: Effect Of Vlans On Other Switch Features

    Advanced Concepts Virtual LANs (VLANs) Effect of VLANs on Other Switch Features IPX and IP Interfaces. There is a one-to-one relationship between a VLAN and an IP or IPX network interface. Since the VLAN is defined by a group of ports, the state (up/down) of those ports determines the state of the IP or IPX network interface associated with that VLAN.

  • Page 114: Overview Of Using Vlans

    Advanced Concepts Virtual LANs (VLANs) Adding a Switch 2000 Module. If you install a Switch 2000 module in a previously unoccupied slot, the ports in the module will be automatically added to the default VLAN. (To properly install a Switch 2000 module, refer to the documentation you received with the module.) Interswitch Link for VLAN A...

  • Page 115: How To Configure A Vlan

    Advanced Concepts Virtual LANs (VLANs) If you are managing VLANs with SNMP in an IPX network, configure the IPX gateway encapsulation and gateway node. (An IPX node address is automatically assigned to each VLAN interface.) Refer to “IPX Service Features'' on page 3-7. How To Configure a VLAN In the factory default configuration, all ports on the Switch 2000 belong to a physical broadcast domain named “DEFAULT_VLAN”.

  • Page 116

    Advanced Concepts Virtual LANs (VLANs) VLAN Names Access Port VLAN Assignment Access Figure 7-10. The VLAN Options in the Configuration Menu From the Configuration menu, select VLAN Names. You will then see a screen similar to the following: List of VLAN Names (up to 8) Figure 7-11.

  • Page 117

    Advanced Concepts Virtual LANs (VLANs) Press [A] (for Add). You will then be prompted for a new VLAN name: Name : _ Type the name (up to 12 characters, with no spaces) of a new VLAN that you want to add, then press [Enter]. Press [S] (for Save).

  • Page 118

    Advanced Concepts Virtual LANs (VLANs) Read-Only fields VLAN assignment field Figure 7-12. Example of the Port VLAN Assignment Screen The VLAN column shows the VLAN to which each port on the switch is assigned. (Ports that you do not specifically assign are automatically assigned to the default VLAN.) To assign a port on the switch to a different VLAN than the current selection: Press [E] (for Edit) to move the highlight to the VLAN column.

  • Page 119: Vlan Restrictions

    DECnet Currently, the problem of duplicate MAC addresses in IPX and IP Host- Only environments is addressed through the HP router OS version described below. However, for XNS and DECnet environments, a satis- factory solution is not available from any vendor at this time.

  • Page 120

    HP Router 470 (formerly Router LR) HP Router 480 (formerly Router BR) HP Router 650 Release A.09.70 (or later) is available electronically through the HP BBS service and the World Wide Web. Refer to the “Customer Support Services” card at the beginning of this manual.

  • Page 121: Ip Multicast (igmp)

    Advanced Concepts IP Multicast (IGMP) IP Multicast (IGMP) In a network where IP multicast traffic is transmitted for various multimedia applications, you can use the switch to reduce unnecessary bandwidth usage on a per-port basis by configuring IGMP. How IGMP Operates The Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) is an internal protocol of the Internet Protocol (IP) suite.

  • Page 122

    Advanced Concepts IP Multicast (IGMP) Once the switch learns the port location of the hosts belonging to any partic- ular multicast group, it can direct group traffic to only those ports, resulting in bandwidth savings on ports where group members do not reside. The following example illustrates this operation.

  • Page 123

    Advanced Concepts IP Multicast (IGMP) The next figure (7-14) shows a network running IP multicasting using IGMP without a multicast router. In this case, the IGMP-configured switch runs as a querier. PCs 2, 5, and 6 are members of the same IP multicast group. IGMP is configured on switches 3 and 4.

  • Page 124: How To Configure Igmp

    Advanced Concepts IP Multicast (IGMP) N o t e IP multicast addresses occur in the range from 224.0.0.0 through 239.255.255.255. When IGMP is enabled, any Traffic/Security filters (page 7-8) configured with a “Multicast” filter type and a “Multicast Address” within the above range are disabled and an event log message indicating this action is logged .

  • Page 125

    Advanced Concepts IP Multicast (IGMP) N o t e If you move a port from one VLAN to another, that port will retain its IP multicast (IP Mcast) parameter setting. For example, suppose port A1 is in DEFAULT_VLAN with an IP Mcast setting of “Blocked”. If you create another VLAN named VLAN2 and then move port A1 to VLAN2, the IP Mcast setting will remain the same (Blocked).

  • Page 126

    Advanced Concepts IP Multicast (IGMP) Figure 7-16. Example of the (Default) IP Multicast (IGMP) Service Screen Press the Space bar to select Yes (to enable IGMP). Use [v] to highlight the Forward with High Priority parameter. If you want IGMP traffic to be forwarded with a higher priority than other traffic on the switch or VLAN, use the Space bar to select Yes.

  • Page 127

    Advanced Concepts IP Multicast (IGMP) Changing the Querier Configuration Setting.. The Querier feature, by default, is enabled and in most cases should be left in this setting. If you need to change the querier setting, you can do so using the IGMP Configuration MIB.

  • Page 128: Automatic Broadcast Control (abc)

    Advanced Concepts Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) ABC helps to conserve bandwidth and processing power for IP and/or IPX traffic within a broadcast domain without adding the levels of cost and latency normally associated with routers. ABC achieves this by using the switch to reduce IP ARP and RIP broadcast traffic and IPX NSQ, RIP, and SAP broadcast traffic normally found on a network.

  • Page 129

    Advanced Concepts Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) To learn host D’s MAC address, host A sends a broadcast ARP request. Because the switch does not yet know the location of host D, it floods the request out all ports. However, the switch also learns from the ARP request the location of host A and stores this information in its ARP cache.

  • Page 130: How To Configure Abc

    Advanced Concepts Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) Reducing RIP and SAP Broadcast Traffic. You can also configure ABC to limit IP RIP and IPX RIP and SAP broadcasts, which can further reduce broadcast traffic on your network. RIP and SAP broadcasts are normally forwarded on all ports.

  • Page 131

    Advanced Concepts Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) Activates a broadcast limit for either all ports in the switch or, if VLANs are configured, for all ports in the selected VLAN. (You can accept the default broadcast limit setting, change it, or turn it off.) Enabling Both IP and IPX (IP_IPX) Enabling ABC for IP and IPX causes the switch to: Send a proxy IP ARP reply for hosts whose addresses the switch has...

  • Page 132

    Advanced Concepts Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) To Configure ABC. Use this procedure to configure or edit the ABC settings for a switch or VLAN. Beginning at the Main Menu, select Configuration to display the Configuration menu. ABC Option Figure 7-18. The Configuration Menu Select Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) and press [Enter].

  • Page 133

    Advanced Concepts Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) Note: This is the screen layout when no VLANs are configured. The screen has a different appearance if VLANs are configured. Figure 7-19. The Default ABC Screen (No VLANs Configured) Use the Space bar to enable ABC. Select one of these options: •...

  • Page 134

    Advanced Concepts Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) • If you enabled ABC for IP_IPX and pressed an arrow key (figure 7-20), below): Note: This is the screen layout when no VLANs are configured. The screen has a different appearance if VLANs are configured. Figure 7-20.

  • Page 135

    Advanced Concepts Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) • If you enabled ABC for IP (figure 7-21, below): Note: This is the screen layout when no VLANs are configured. The screen has a different appearance if VLANs are configured. Figure 7-21. ABC Enabled With IP Option (No VLANs Configured) Select IP RIP Control.

  • Page 136

    Advanced Concepts Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) • If you enabled ABC for IPX (figure 7-22, below): Note: This is the screen layout when no VLANs are configured. The screen has a different appearance if VLANs are configured. Figure 7-22. ABC Enabled With IPX Option (No VLANs Configured) Select IPX RIP/SAP Control.

  • Page 137

    File Transfers Overview You can download new switch software (operating system—OS) and upload or download switch configuration files. These features are useful for acquiring periodic switch software upgrades and for storing or retrieving a switch configuration.

  • Page 138: Downloading An Operating System

    Downloading an Operating System Downloading an Operating System You can use the switch console’s TFTP feature (Download OS), HP’s SNMP Download Manager, or the HP Update Utility (update.exe) to download a new operating system (OS) to the switch. Downloading a new OS does not change the current switch configuration.

  • Page 139: Using Tftp To Download The Os File

    This procedure assumes that an OS file for the switch has previously been stored on a TFTP server accessible to the switch. (The OS file is typically available from HP’s electronic services—refer to the card at the front of this manual.) Before you use the procedure, do the following: Determine the IP or IPX address of the TFTP server in which the OS file has been stored.

  • Page 140

    File Transfers Downloading an Operating System (upper or lower) that you specify for the filename in the Switch 2000 Download OS screen is the same case as the characters in the OS filenames in the TFTP server. In the Main Menu, select Download OS. You will then see this screen: This line appears only if VLANs are configured.

  • Page 141

    File Transfers Downloading an Operating System Example of a TFTP Server Address Example of a Remote File Name on a TFTP Server Figure 8-2. Example of the Download OS Screen During a Download A “progress” bar indicates the progress of the download. When the entire operating system has been received, all activity on the switch halts and the following message appears: WRITING SYSTEM SOFTWARE TO FLASH, BACK SOON...

  • Page 142: Switch-to-switch Download

    If you have two or more Switch 800Ts and/or the B-version of the Switch 2000 (HP J3100B) networked together, you can download the OS software from one switch to another by using the Download OS feature in the switch console interface.

  • Page 143: Troubleshooting Tftp Downloads

    File Transfers Troubleshooting TFTP Downloads Troubleshooting TFTP Downloads If a TFTP download fails, the Download OS screen indicates the failure. Message Indicating TFTP Download Failure Figure 8-3. Example of Message for Download Failure To find more information on the cause of a download failure, examine the messages in the switch’s Event Log.

  • Page 144

    File Transfers Troubleshooting TFTP Downloads For a Unix TFTP server, the file permissions for the OS file do not allow the file to be copied. Another console session (through either a direct connection to a terminal device or through Telnet) was already running when you started the session in which the download was attempted.

  • Page 145: Transferring Switch 2000 Configurations

    File Transfers Transferring Switch 2000 Configurations Transferring Switch 2000 Configurations You can use the following commands to transfer Switch 2000 configurations between the switch and a PC or Unix workstation. Command Function Download a Switch 2000 configuration file from a networked PC or Unix workstation using TFTP.

  • Page 146

    File Transfers Transferring Switch 2000 Configurations To download a configuration from a file on a PC or Unix workstation: get IP_address CONFIG remote_file get IPX_address CONFIG remote_file where: IP address or IPX address is the address of the PC or Unix workstation in which the configuration is to be stored.

  • Page 147

    File Transfers Transferring Switch 2000 Configurations (the default) allows a new file to be created, but does not allow an existing file to be overwritten. creates a new file or overwrites an existing file. [dos/unix] is one of the following optional values: (the default) specifies the DOS file format.

  • Page 149: Troubleshooting Approaches

    Troubleshooting Troubleshooting Approaches Diagnosing with the LEDs Installation Problems Unusual Network Activity Diagnostic Tests Customer Support Services Replacement Instructions Troubleshooting Approaches There are four primary ways to diagnose switch problems: Checking the LEDs Checking the installation Checking the cables Checking the Console RS-232 interface...

  • Page 150: Diagnosing With The Leds

    Troubleshooting Diagnosing with the LEDs Diagnosing with the LEDs Most problems with the switch can be diagnosed using the LEDs on its front panel. This section describes: The normal LED pattern when the switch is being self-tested The LED patterns that indicate error conditions on the switch LED Pattern During Self-Test Whenever the switch is powered on or reset, it performs a self-diagnostic test.

  • Page 151: Led Error Indications

    Or try plugging the switch into a different outlet or try a different power cord. If this condition persists, the switch may have failed. Call your HP-authorized LAN dealer or HP representative for assistance. On then...

  • Page 152

    If an RPS is installed but the RPS LED is off, the RPS has failed. Schedule down time and replace the RPS. If the RPS LED is on, then the main power supply has failed. Contact your HP authorized LAN representative for assistance.

  • Page 153

    The port is not enabled or the link is not operational. (Port Enabled) If the Switch 2000 port is either a 10Base-T port on an HP J3102A Ethernet Module or (green) 100Base-TX port (HP J3192A or B transceiver) on an HP J3191A 100Base-T Module connected to a hub or another switch, then the port is preconfigured to operate as MDI-X.

  • Page 154: Installation Problems

    Troubleshooting Installation Problems Installation Problems By carefully following the installation procedures described in chapter 1, “Installing the Switch”, you can avoid most problems caused by improper installation of the switch or one of its components. Incorrect Hardware Installation Incorrectly installing the switch or power cord can result in one or both of these components malfunctioning or not functioning at all.

  • Page 155: Cabling Problems

    Refer to the following sources for further topology information: For connecting the Switch 2000 to other switches and hubs: HP AdvanceStack Switch 2000 Connectivity Quick Reference (shipped with all Switch 2000 modules)

  • Page 156: Vg Connection Problems

    Unusual network activity is usually indicated by the LEDs on the front of the switch or measured with the ASCII console interface or with a network management tool such as the HP AdvanceStack Assistant. Refer to “Diagnos- ing with LEDs” earlier in this chapter for information on using LEDs to identify unusual network activity.

  • Page 157: Diagnostic Tests

    — such that you can verify that the data was correctly transmitted between the devices. For example, if you have two PCs on the network that have HP LAN adapter cards, you can use the “Link Test” option from the card’s test program to verify the entire communication path between the two PCs.

  • Page 158: Testing Switch-to-device Network Communications

    IPX Ping Test—a network layer test used on IPX networks that sends test packets to any device identified by its IPX address These tests can also be done from an SNMP network management station running a program that can manage the switch; for example, HP AdvanceStack Assistant. Customer Support Services...

  • Page 159: Cables And Connectors

    Note that each pin-out diagram does not necessarily match the pin-out for the corresponding HP cable, but cables manufactured to follow the minimum pin-out will function correctly.

  • Page 160: Recommended Cables

    Connecting a modem to 25-pin female RS-232-C 9-pin female to HP 24542M the switch’s Console 25-pin male standard RS-232 port modem or “straight- through” cable You can contact your HP-authorized dealer or (in the U.S.A.) call HP at 1-800-538-8787 to order these parts.

  • Page 161: Twisted-pair Cable/connector Pin-outs

    Cables and Connectors Twisted-Pair Cable/Connector Pin-Outs Twisted-Pair Cable/Connector Pin-Outs Twisted-Pair Cable from Switch-Based MDI-X Module or Transceiver to an MDI Networked Device To connect PCs or other MDI network devices to an MDI-X port on the switch, use a “straight-through” cable. The twisted-pair wires must be twisted through the entire length of the cable.

  • Page 162

    Cables and Connectors Twisted-Pair Cable/Connector Pin-Outs Twisted-Pair Cable from Switch-Based MDI-X Module to an MDI-X Hub Port To connect an MDI-X port on a hub to an MDI-X port on the switch, use a “crossover” cable. The twisted-pair wires must be twisted through the entire length of the cable.

  • Page 163

    The illustration below shows the RJ-45 pin connections, color code, and pair configuration for an HP 100VG LAN cable (unbundled) that conforms to the EIA/TIA 568B wiring standard for a straight-through cable. N o t e Pins 1 and 2 must be wired to a twisted pair.

  • Page 164: Twisted-pair Cable Pin Assignments

    Cables and Connectors Twisted-Pair Cable Pin Assignments Twisted-Pair Cable Pin Assignments Twisted-Pair Straight-Through Cable for a 10/100Base-T Connection From the Switch to a Networked Device End Node (NIC or Transceiver) Switch End (MDI-X) or Other MDI Port Signal Pins Pins Signal (receive +) (transmit +)

  • Page 165: Rs-232 Connector And Cable Pin-outs

    Cables and Connectors RS-232 Connector and Cable Pin-Outs RS-232 Connector and Cable Pin-Outs The switch’s Console RS-232 connector is wired as if it is a terminal (DTE), ready to be connected to a modem (DCE). The switch includes a null modem cable that can be used to directly connect a PC to be used as the console.

  • Page 166: Rs-232-c "null Modem" Cable

    Cables and Connectors RS-232 Connector and Cable Pin-Outs RS-232-C “Null Modem” Cable This cable type is supplied with the switch for connection to a PC having a 9-pin connector. PC End Switch End 9-pin male 9-pin male Minimum Cable Pin-out for Direct Console Connection PC End Switch End 9-pin male...

  • Page 167: Rs-232 Modem Cable

    Cables and Connectors RS-232 Connector and Cable Pin-Outs RS-232 Modem Cable Modem (DCE) End Switch End 25-pin male 9-pin male Signal CD OR DCD DRS—typically on V.24 (European) modems (not connected)

  • Page 169: Physical

    Specifications Physical Width: 44 cm (17.3 in) Depth: 30 cm (11.8 in) Height: 18 cm (7.0 in) Weight (without Modules or RPS: 7.86 kg (17.3 lbs) Electrical AC voltage: 100 - 127 volts 200-240 volts Maximum current: 2.5A max 1.5A max Frequency range: 50/60 Hz 50/60 Hz...

  • Page 170: Connectors

    Specifications Connectors The RS-232-C console port conforms to V.22 bis. Electromagnetic Emissions: FCC part 15 Class A EN 55022 / CISPR-22 Class A VCCI Level I Complies with Canadian EMC Class A requirements. Immunity: See the Declaration of Conformity for details at the end of the Regulatory Statements in this guide.

  • Page 171: Windows 3.1 Terminal Application

    Sample Console Configurations Windows 3.1 Terminal Application You can use a PC with the Windows 3.1 Terminal Application for console management access to the switch. This section provides an example of the configuration settings to use with the Windows 3.1 Terminal Application. Option Settings: Terminal Emulation: DEC VT-100 (ANSI) Terminal Preferences:...

  • Page 172: Procomm Plus V2.01

    Sample Console Configurations Procomm Plus V2.01 Procomm Plus V2.01 Terminal Options Terminal Emulation: VT-100 Duplex: FULL Software Flow Control: Xon/Xoff Hardware Flow Control: Off Screen Scroll: ON CR Translation: CR BS Translation: NON-DESTRUCTIVE Break Length: 350 Enquiry: CIS B ANSI 7 or 8 bit command: 7 bit ASCII Protocol Options Echo Locally: NO Expand Blank Lines: NO...

  • Page 173: Other Terminal Emulators

    Sample Console Configurations Other Terminal Emulators Other Terminal Emulators For other communication programs, use the following table as a configuration guide: Option Setting Baud rate 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 9600, 19200, or 38400. (9600 or 19200 recommended) Parity None Data bits and stop bits 8, 1 Autobaud upon break Handshaking...

  • Page 175: Front Of Switch

    Switch Reference Front of Switch All LEDs used by the Switch 2000 are on the front panel. During the power-on or reset cycles, all LEDs are on. Switch Status LEDs Fault LED Power LED RPS LED Power Fault LED Fan Fault LED Port LEDs Self-test LED Security LED...

  • Page 176

    Switch Reference Front of Switch State Meaning of LED Power The switch is receiving power from the main power supply and/ (green) or from the optional RPS (redundant power supply). The switch is not receiving power. See chapter 9, “Troubleshooting”. Fault Either the switch hardware has failed the self-test or a software (orange)

  • Page 177

    Switch Reference Front of Switch Slot and Port Status LEDs Slot Fault Port Enabled Port Tx Port Full-Duplex Port Rx (10Base-T Only) Figure D-2. Example of Slot and Port Status LEDs for a 10Base-T Module in the Switch 2000 State Meaning of LED Fault (slot) rapid flash...

  • Page 178

    Switch Reference Front of Switch Reset and Config Clear Buttons Reset Config Clear Button Button Figure D-3. Reset and Config Clear Buttons on the Switch 2000...

  • Page 179

    Switch Reference Front of Switch Button Action Reset Performs a software and hardware reset, including a hardware self-test. (This achieves the same result as disconnecting the power from the switch, then reconnecting it.) Config When used as described below, causes the switch to delete the current Clear configuration, and to reboot to a default configuration based on the installed modules and transceivers.

  • Page 180

    Switch Reference Front of Switch Console RS-232 Port The switch’s Console RS-232 port is a standard RS-232 serial link used to connect a Windows-based PC, a terminal, or a modem. (For pinouts, refer to appendix A, Cables and Connectors.) Console RS-232 Port Module Expansion Slots...

  • Page 181: Back Of The Switch

    Switch Reference Back of the Switch Back of the Switch Access for RPS Power Connector with installation Power Cable Installed Figure D-5. Back Panel of the Switch 2000 Power Connector The Switch 2000 does not have a power switch; it is powered on when the power cord is plugged into the power connector.

  • Page 182

    Switch Reference Back of the Switch HP J3136 AdvanceStack Switch 2000 Redundant Power Supply (RPS—Optional) The RPS is an optional power supply you can connect to your Switch 2000 for backup power in case the main power supply fails. Also, adding an RPS to your switch helps to extend the life of the main power supply because the two power units work together to share the power load.

  • Page 183: The Bootp Process

    BOOTP Operation Overview Bootp is used to download configuration data from a Bootp server to the switch or to a VLAN configured on the switch. Either a minimal IP configura- tion or a full configuration can be retrieved from the Bootp server. N o t e The Switch 2000 supports only the DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) implementations that are backwards compatible with Bootp.

  • Page 184: Bootp Database Record Entries

    If you have multiple switches that will be using Bootp to get their IP configuration, you should use a unique symbolic name for each switch. is the “hardware type” . For the HP AdvanceStack Switch 2000, set this to ether (for Ethernet). This tag must precede the ha tag .

  • Page 185: Configuring Bootp

    BOOTP Operation Configuring Bootp Configuring Bootp In its default configuration, the switch is configured for Bootp operation. However, if an IP address has previously been configured or if the IP Config parameter has been set to Disabled, then you will need to use this procedure to reconfigure the parameter to enable Bootp operation.

  • Page 187

    MAC Address Management Overview The Switch 2000 assigns MAC addresses in the following three areas: Default MAC address assigned at the factory Automatically assigned MAC address(es) corresponding to any VLANs you configure in the switch The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) uses either the default MAC address for the switch or, if VLANs are configured, the MAC addresses automati- cally assigned to the VLANs.

  • Page 188: Switch (default) Mac Address

    MAC Address Management Switch (Default) MAC Address Switch (Default) MAC Address A default MAC address is assigned to each Switch 2000 at the factory. This address is on the label below the Console RS-232 port (shown below): Label Showing Default MAC Address Figure F-1.

  • Page 189: Vlan Mac Addresses

    MAC Address Management VLAN MAC Addresses VLAN MAC Addresses If you add VLANs to the Switch 2000, each VLAN is automatically assigned a different MAC address. All ports in a particular VLAN will have the same MAC address. To determine the MAC address assigned to a particular VLAN, display the port data for any port assigned to that VLAN.

  • Page 190: Mac Addresses (for Spanning Tree Operation)

    MAC Address Management MAC Addresses (for Spanning Tree Operation) MAC Addresses (for Spanning Tree Operation) When no VLANs are configured, STP uses the MAC address assigned to the switch. (This is the MAC address printed on the label on the front of the switch.) When VLANs are configured, STP must be configured separately for each VLAN.

  • Page 191: Safety Information

    Safety and Regulatory Statements Safety Information Safety Symbols. Documentation reference symbol. If the product is marked with this symbol, refer to the product documentation to get more information about the product. WARNING A WARNING in the manual denotes a hazard that can cause injury or death.

  • Page 192

    Safety and Regulatory Statements Informations concernant la sécurité Informations concernant la sécurité Symboles de sécurité Symbole de référence à la documentation. Si le produit est marqué de ce symbole, reportez-vous à la documentation du produit afin d’obtenir des informations plus détaillées. WARNING Dans la documentation, un WARNING indique un danger susceptible d’entraîner des dommages corporels ou la mort.

  • Page 193: Hinweise Zur Sicherheit

    Safety and Regulatory Statements Hinweise zur Sicherheit Hinweise zur Sicherheit Sicherheitssymbole. Symbol für Dokumentationsverweis. Wenn das Produkt mit diesem Symbol markiert ist, schlagen Sie bitte in der Produktdokumentation nach, um mehr Informationen über das Produkt zu erhalten. WARNING Eine WARNING in der Dokumentation symbolisiert eine Gefahr, die Verletzungen oder sogar Todesfälle verursachen kann.

  • Page 194: Considerazioni Sulla Sicurezza

    Safety and Regulatory Statements Considerazioni sulla sicurezza Considerazioni sulla sicurezza Simboli di sicurezza. Simbolo di riferimento alla documentazione. Se il prodotto è contrassegnato da questo simbolo, fare riferimento alla documentazione sul prodotto per ulteriori informazioni su di esso. WARNING La dicitura WARNING denota un pericolo che può causare lesioni o morte.

  • Page 195: Consideraciones Sobre Seguridad

    Safety and Regulatory Statements Consideraciones sobre seguridad Consideraciones sobre seguridad Símbolos de seguridad. Símbolo de referencia a la documentación. Si el producto va marcado con este símbolo, consultar la documentación del producto a fin de obtener mayor información sobre el producto. WARNING Una WARNING en la documentación señala un riesgo que podría resultar en lesiones o la muerte.

  • Page 196

    Safety and Regulatory Statements Safety Information Safety Information Safety-6...

  • Page 197: Regulatory Statements

    Safety and Regulatory Statements Regulatory Statements Regulatory Statements FCC Statement (U.S.A.) This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment.

  • Page 198: European Community

    Safety and Regulatory Statements Regulatory Statements European Community This equipment complies with CISPR22/EN55022 Class A. N o t e This is a class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.

  • Page 199: Declaration Of Conformity

    Safety and Regulatory Statements Declaration of Conformity Declaration of Conformity The following Declaration of Conformity for the HP AdvanceStack Switch 2000 complies with ISO/IEC Guide 22 and EN 45014. The declaration identifies the product and related accessories, the manufacturer’s name and address, and the applicable specifications that are recognized in the European community.

  • Page 201

    Index Numerics backbone, high speed … 7-5 bandwidth 100VG troubleshooting … 9-8 conserving … 7-30 802.2 … 7-31 savings … 3-23, 7-24 802.3 SAP … 3-18 reduce usage … 7-23 usage, filters … 7-8 baud rate … 2-2, 9-6, C3 BBS …...

  • Page 202

    cable … 1-11 connector specifications … B-2 100VG straight-through … A-5 console … 1-2, 1-14, 1-16, 9-6, 9-8 cabling problems … 9-7 navigation … 2-5, 2-6 crossover … 1-13, A-4 operation … 2-6 network connections … A-2 console configuration ProComm Plus V2.01 … C-2 RS-232 …...

  • Page 203

    … 2-2, 2-4, 2-12, 3-13, 3-16, 4-16, 4-18, 9-4 hot swap, module … 1-1 navigation … 4-17 hot-swap … D-3 severity code … 4-16 HP J2610A/B hub … 1-13 exit … 6-7 HP J3102A Ethernet module exit from command prompt … 6-3 MDI-X … 1-13 expansion slot HP proprietary MIB …...

  • Page 204

    LED … 1-6 address … 1-14, 3-16 diagnosing the switch status … 9-2 address, for SNMP … 5-1 Dx … 9-5 broadcast traffic … 3-23 fan fault … 9-4, D-1, D-2 configuration … 3-9 fault … 1-6, 9-2, 9-3, 9-9, D-1, D-2 download …...

  • Page 205

    … 1-1, 1-3, 1-8 Novell Standard IPX MIB … 5-1 hot swap … 1-1, 1-3 NSQ reply, proxy … 7-32 HP J3102A Ethernet … 1-13 install … 1-3 installation … 1-1 modules installed … 4-12 operating temperature … 1-7 modules, new …...

  • Page 206

    out-of-band access … 2-1 port, MAC address … F-2 out-of-band management port, traffic patterns … 4-5 RS-232 port pin-out … A-7 power grounded … 1-7 LED pattern during … 9-2 overload … 1-7 packet buffers … 4-3 power connector … D-7 packet traffic …...

  • Page 207

    Regulatory statements … 7 self-test … 1-6, 2-12, 9-2 remote console … 1-16 failure … D-2, D-3 repeat … 6-8 self-test LED … D-2 report serial cable. See RS-232. … 8-2 See IGMP. serial link … D-6 reset … 2-10, 2-12, 4-18 Serial Link Configuration screen …...

  • Page 208

    spanning tree … 3-2, 7-2 blocked port … 7-2 table mount … 1-11 blocking … 3-17 Telnet … 1-2, 1-6, 1-14, 2-1, 2-2, 2-3, 2-4, 6-5 caution … 4-11 disable or enable … 3-16 Configuration screen … 3-17 Telnet, inbound … 3-16 default …...

  • Page 209

    … 2-ii ventilation … 1-7, 1-11, 9-3 web … 9-10 version, OS … 6-8, 8-5 web site, HP … 5-2 version, OS and ROM … 4-3 weight … 1-2, 1-8 Vines IP filter … 3-18 world wide web … 9-10 virtual LAN.

  • Page 212

    Technical information in this document is subject to change without notice. © Copyright 1997 Hewlett-Packard Company Printed in Singapore 3/97 Manual Part Number 5966-5212 *5966-5212*...

Comments to this Manuals

Symbols: 0
Latest comments: