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Configuring Network
Management
Passport 8000 Series Software Release 4.0
*314723-D_Rev_01*
Part No. 314723-D Rev 01
August 2007
4655 Great America Parkway
Santa Clara, CA 95054
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Summary of Contents

  • Page 1

    Configuring Network Management Passport 8000 Series Software Release 4.0 *314723-D_Rev_01* Part No. 314723-D Rev 01 August 2007 4655 Great America Parkway Santa Clara, CA 95054...

  • Page 2

    In the interest of improving internal design, operational function, and/or reliability, Nortel Networks Inc. reserves the right to make changes to the products described in this document without notice. Nortel Networks Inc. does not assume any liability that may occur due to the use or application of the product(s) or circuit layout(s) described herein.

  • Page 3

    30 days of purchase to obtain a credit for the full purchase price. “Software” is owned or licensed by Nortel Networks, its parent or one of its subsidiaries or affiliates, and is copyrighted and licensed, not sold. Software consists of machine-readable instructions, its components, data, audio-visual content (such as images, text, recordings or pictures) and related licensed materials including all whole or partial copies.

  • Page 4

    12.212 (for non-DoD entities) and 48 C.F.R. 227.7202 (for DoD entities). Customer may terminate the license at any time. Nortel Networks may terminate the license if Customer fails to comply with the terms and conditions of this license. In either event, upon termination, Customer must either return the Software to Nortel Networks or certify its destruction.

  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Managing the switch ........

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    Configuring the Web management interface......66 Monitoring the switch using Web management ......66 Requirements .

  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    Accessing the Web interface ..........75 Troubleshooting Web interface access to a switch ......76 Chapter 4 Configuring and graphing ports.

  • Page 8: Table Of Contents

    Graphing unicast and multicast traffic statistics ......136 Graphing RMON statistics ..........138 Graphing RMON History statistics .

  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    Displaying flash and PCMCIA statistics ....... . 188 Displaying flash file information ........189 Displaying PCMCIA file information .

  • Page 10

    10 Contents 314723-D Rev 01...

  • Page 11

    Tables Table 1 Port shortcut menu fields ........33 Table 2 RmonControl Ethernet Statistics tab fields .

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    Table 31 Spanning Tree tab fields ........136 Table 32 Routing tab fields .

  • Page 13

    Figures Figure 1 Enabling RMON statistics on a port ......32 Figure 2 RmonControl dialog box—Ethernet Statistics .

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    Figure 53 GraphPort dialog box—OSPF tab ......145 Figure 54 VRRP dialog box—VRRP Stats tab ......147 Figure 55 Chassis dialog box—System tab .

  • Page 15

    Revision history August 2007 CR Q01726266: Added the following Note: If you are configuring a port as Administratively down, it is advisable to consider disabling linktrap. If you do not disable linktrap, unnecessary Traps set off alarms for these unused ports during reboots.

  • Page 16

    314723-D Rev 01...

  • Page 17: Preface, Before You Begin

    Preface Nortel Networks* Passport 8000 Series* switch is a flexible and multifunctional switch that supports a diverse range of network architectures and protocols. This guide to network management for the Passport 8000 Series switch provides information about the three switch management tools, the Dynamic network applications feature, SNMP, and RMON, describes how to configure the Web management interface, and describes how to graph port and chassis statistics.

  • Page 18: Text Conventions

    Text conventions This guide uses the following text conventions: angle brackets (< >) bold Courier text braces ({}) brackets ([ ]) italic text plain Courier text separator ( > ) vertical line ( 314723-D Rev 01 Indicate that you choose the text to enter based on the description inside the brackets.

  • Page 19: Acronyms, Hard-copy Technical Manuals, How To Get Help

    URL to download a free copy of the Adobe Acrobat Reader. How to get help If you purchased a service contract for your Nortel Networks product from a distributor or authorized reseller, contact the technical support staff for that distributor or reseller for assistance.

  • Page 20

    (1-800-466-7835) to learn the telephone number for the nearest Technical Solutions Center. An Express Routing Code (ERC) is available for many Nortel Networks products and services. When you use an ERC, your call is routed to a technical support person who specializes in supporting that product or service. To locate an ERC for your product or service, go to the http://www.nortel.com/help/contact/erc/...

  • Page 21: Chapter 1

    Chapter 1 Configuring Network Management...

  • Page 22: Managing The Switch, Switch Management Tools

    Topic Switch management tools Dynamic network applications SNMP RMON Switch management tools Three management tools are available to monitor and manage your routing switch: • Command line interface (CLI) • Device Manager software • Web management interface 314723-D Rev 01...

  • Page 23: Command Line Interface (cli), Device Manager, Web Management Interface

    Command line interface (CLI) To access the CLI initially, you need a direct connection to the switch from a terminal or PC. After Telnet access is enabled, you can access the CLI from a Telnet session on the network. The CLI consists of two sets of commands that are accessed in different ways.

  • Page 24: Dynamic Network Applications, Snmp

    Dynamic network applications The remote access services supported on the Passport 8000 Series switch (that is, ftp, tftp, rlogin, and Telnet) use daemons. To enhance security, these daemons are started unconditionally. When a flag is disabled, all existing connections are abruptly terminated, and the daemon remains idle (does not accept connection requests).

  • Page 25: Snmp Communities

    (SNMP get and set requests) sent by a network management station (for example, a Device Manager workstation). The messages exchanged between manager and switch SNMP agents enable you to access and manage objects in an active or inactive (stored) management information base (MIB) on a switch.

  • Page 26: Rmon

    “management objects” that you use to “get” or “set” values using Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). Using the CLI or Device Manager, you enable RMON globally for devices on the switch. When RMON is enabled globally, you then enable monitoring for individual devices on a port-by-port basis.

  • Page 27: Chapter 2

    Chapter 2 Configuring Network Management...

  • Page 28: Configuring Rmon

    Device Manager. It defines objects that are suitable for the management of any type of network, but some groups are targeted for Ethernet networks in particular. Enabling RMON on the switch allows the RMON agent to continuously collect statistics and proactively monitor switch performance.

  • Page 29: Configuring Rmon Using Device Manager, Layer 2 / Layer 3 Redundancy Clarification

    Configuring RMON using Device Manager The following sections describe how to configure RMON using Device Manager. It includes the following topics: Topic Enabling RMON globally Using Ethernet statistics Understanding RMON history Configuring RMON alarms Understanding RMON events Layer 2 / Layer 3 redundancy clarification L2 redundancy supports the synchronization of VLAN and QoS software parameters.

  • Page 30: Enabling Rmon Globally

    — POS — Route policies — IP filters In “Setting individual system-level switch parameters” (Chapter 4), the description of the config sys set msg-control command should be: msg-control <enable|disable>: control. Enable this command to suppress duplicate error messages on the console.

  • Page 31: Using Ethernet Statistics, Enabling Rmon Statistics (default)

    If you want to use nondefault RMON parameter values, you should set them before enabling RMON or when you create the specific RMON function. Using Ethernet statistics You can use Device Manager to gather and graph Ethernet statistics in a variety of formats, or you can save them to a file and export them into an outside presentation or graphing application.

  • Page 32

    Chapter 2 Configuring RMON Figure 1 Enabling RMON statistics on a port 314723-D Rev 01...

  • Page 33: Verifying Rmon Statistics

    Note: If RMON statistics have not yet been globally enabled, Device Manager prompts you to do so. Table 1 describes the Port shortcut menu fields. Table 1 Port shortcut menu fields Field Description Port This object identifies the source of the data that this etherStats entry is configured to analyze.

  • Page 34: Enabling Rmon Statistics (nondefault)

    Figure 2 RmonControl dialog box—Ethernet Statistics 10.10.40.35 Table 2 describes the RmonControl Ethernet Statistic tab fields. Table 2 RmonControl Ethernet Statistics tab fields Field History Ethernet Statistics Owner Enabling RMON statistics (nondefault) The default owner of the RMON statistics port is the host name on which the Device Manager software is running.

  • Page 35

    To insert another host name: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose RMON > Control. The RmonControl dialog box opens with the History tab displayed. Click the Ethernet Statistics tab. The Ethernet Statistics tab opens. On the RmonControl dialog box, click Insert. The RmonControl, Insert Ethernet Statistics dialog box opens page Click the Port ellipsis button, and select a port.

  • Page 36: Disabling Rmon Statistics, Viewing Statistics

    Table 3 RmonControl, Insert Ethernet Statistics tab fields Field Port Owner Disabling RMON statistics To disable RMON statistics on a port: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose RMON > Control. The RmonControl dialog box opens with the History tab displayed. Click the Ethernet Statistics tab.

  • Page 37: Understanding Rmon History, Enabling Rmon History (default)

    Figure 4 GraphPort dialog box—Interface tab Understanding RMON history The RMON History group records periodic statistical samples from a network. A sample is called a history and is gathered in time intervals referred to as “buckets.” By enabling and creating histories, you establish a time-dependent method for gathering RMON statistics on a port.

  • Page 38: Enabling Rmon History (nondefault)

    In the port shortcut menu, select Enable Rmon History. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose RMON > Control The RmonControl dialog box opens with the History tab displayed on page To verify that RMON statistics are enabled: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose RMON > Control. The RmonControl dialog box opens with the History tab displayed on page Enabling RMON history (nondefault)

  • Page 39

    Figure 5 RmonControl and RmonControl, Insert History dialog boxes 10.10.40.34 10.10.40.34 Table 4 describes the RMON History tab fields. Table 4 RmonControl dialog box fields Field Description Index An index that uniquely identifies an entry in the historyControl table. Each such entry defines a set of samples at a particular interval for an interface on the device.

  • Page 40

    Table 4 RmonControl dialog box fields (continued) Field BucketsRequested BucketsGranted 314723-D Rev 01 Description The requested number of discrete time intervals over which data is to be saved in the part of the media-specific table associated with this historyControl entry. When this object is created or modified, the probe should set historyControlBucketsGranted as closely to this object as is possible for the particular probe implementation and...

  • Page 41: Disabling Rmon History, Viewing History

    Table 4 RmonControl dialog box fields (continued) Field Description Interval The interval in seconds over which the data is sampled for each bucket in the part of the media-specific table associated with this historyControl entry. This interval can be set to any number of seconds between 1 and 3600 (1 hour).

  • Page 42: Configuring Rmon Alarms

    The RMON History tab opens Figure 6 GraphPort dialog box—RMON History tab 10.10.40.34 Configuring RMON alarms Alarms are useful when the network administrator needs to know when the value of some variable goes out of range. RMON alarms can be defined on any MIB variable that resolves to an integer value.

  • Page 43

    The alarm variable is polled and the result is compared against upper and lower limit values selected when the alarm is created. If either limit is reached or crossed during the polling period, then the alarm fires and generates an event that you can view in the event log or the trap log.

  • Page 44: Creating Alarms

    If the variable falls outside of the rising or falling value range, an alarm is triggered and an event is logged or trapped. 314723-D Rev 01 7822EA 206) and a port, or other switch...

  • Page 45

    When you create an alarm, you also select a sample type, which can be either absolute or delta. Absolute alarms are defined on the cumulative value of the alarm variable. An example of an alarm defined with absolute value is card operating status.

  • Page 46

    Figure 9 Alarm Manager dialog box In the Variable field, select a variable for the alarm and a port (or other ID) on which you want to set an alarm. Alarm variables are in three formats, depending on the type: •...

  • Page 47: Creating A Port History Alarm

    • Creating a port history alarm Table 5 Alarm Manager dialog box fields Field Description Variable Name and type of alarm—indicated by the format: • alarmname.x, where x=0 indicates a chassis alarm, x=1 or 2 indicates a power supply or fan alarm with 1 being the primary unit and 2 the secondary unit.

  • Page 48

    Figure 10 Enabling RMON statistics and history Choose Enable Rmon Stats and Enable Rmon History. If trapping is not enabled, enable trapping. On the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Chassis, and then click on the Trap Receivers tab (see available: Version 1 (v1) and Version 2c (v2c).

  • Page 49: Viewing Rmon Statistics

    Figure 11 Chassis dialog box—Trap Receivers tab Click Insert. The Chassis, Insert Trap Receivers dialog box opens Figure 12 Chassis, Insert Trap Receivers dialog box Click V1. Click Insert. Click Close • Creating a port history alarm Viewing RMON statistics To view RMON statistics and history: Select the port on which you have created an alarm.

  • Page 50: Viewing Log Files, Deleting Alarms

    The graphPort dialog box opens with the RMON History tab displayed (Figure 6 on page On the graphPort dialog box, click the graph button. • Creating a port history alarm Viewing log files To view the RMON log and the events log: On the Device Manager toolbar, click the bell icon.

  • Page 51: Understanding Rmon Events

    Select the alarm you want to delete. Click Delete. Figure 14 Deleting an alarm 10.10.40.34 • Creating a port history alarm Understanding RMON events RMON events and alarms work together to notify you when values in your network go out of a specified range. When a value passes the specified range, the alarm is triggered and “fires.”...

  • Page 52: Creating Events (default), Creating Events (nondefault)

    Creating events (default) To create a default rising and falling event: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose RMON > Alarms. The RmonAlarms dialog box opens with the Alarms tab displayed. Click the Events tab. The Events tab opens. Click Insert. If Rmon is not globally enabled, a dialog box displays the following message: “RMON is currently disabled.

  • Page 53: Viewing Events

    Select the type of event you want. The default setting is log-and-trap. You may opt to set the event type to log to save memory or to snmp-log to reduce traffic from the switch. If you select snmp-trap or log, you must set trap receivers.

  • Page 54: Deleting Events

    Click the Events tab. The Events tab opens Deleting events To delete an event: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose RMON > Alarms. The RmonAlarms dialog box opens with the Alarms tab displayed. Click the Events tab. The Events tab opens. Select the event you want to delete.

  • Page 55: Hp Openview

    Table 6 RmonAlarms dialog box—Events tab fields Field LastTimeSent Owner HP OpenView You can integrate RMON into HP OpenView. To do so, you must set the HP OpenView path to include the UNIX environment variable. The path is set in the .cshrc file.

  • Page 56

    5.0, because this bug is fixed. If users are not aware that version 4.0 had a problem, then they may erroneously assume that the switch is not sending these traps. In this case, you can view the ASCII trap log file: /var/opt/OV/share/log/trapd.log...

  • Page 57: Working Around The Private Management Trap Bug

    To have standard SNMP traps displayed in the event browser for HP OpenView 5.0: Select Event Configuration under Options. Select enterprise name snmpTraps. Double-click the event (trap) name in question. Change the category from Log Only to any event type: Error Events, Threshold Events (normally used for RMON alarms), Status Events, Configuration Events, or Application Alert Events.

  • Page 58: Configuring Rmon Using The Cli

    Log only to Status Events if you want the trap to be displayed in the events browser. Click OK. Choose File and then Save. Configuring RMON using the CLI To configure the RMON functions on the switch, use the following command: config rmon config rmon config rmon followed by: info alarm create <id>...

  • Page 59

    config rmon followed by: Creates an ether-stats control interface. ether-stats create <id> <ports> [owner • <value>] • • Deletes an ether-stats control interface. ether-stats delete <id> • Displays the current ether-stats settings. ether-stats info Changes the owner name for the ether-stats control ether-stats owner interface.

  • Page 60

    config rmon followed by: history-control create <id> <ports> [buckets <value>] [intv <value>] [owner <value>] history-control delete <id> history-control info memsize <memsize> trap-option <toOwner|toAll> util-method <half|duplex> Configuration example This configuration example uses the above commands to enable RMON. The example also uses the 8610:5# config rmon 8610:5/config/rmon# enable 8610:5/config/rmon# info...

  • Page 61: Viewing Rmon Settings

    Displays the status of RMON on the switch. Displays the RMON Alarm table. Displays the RMON Ethernet statistics table. Displays the RMON event table. Displays the RMON history control table. Displays the RMON log table.

  • Page 62

    Example The following example shows sample output from each of the options. 8610:5# show rmon 8610:5/show/rmon# ether-stats ================================================================================ Rmon Ether Stats ================================================================================ INDEX PORT OWNER -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- monitor 8610:5/show/rmon# info RMON Info : Status : enable MemorySize : 250000 TrapOption : toOwner 8610:5/show/rmon# alarm ================================================================================ Rmon Alarm...

  • Page 63

    8610:5/show/rmon# event ================================================================================ ================================================================================ INDEX DESCRIPTION TYPE -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 60534 Rising Event log-and-trap public@1 TEST-WIN2K none 60535 Falling Event log-and-trap public@1 TEST-WIN2K none 8610:5/show/rmon# history-control ================================================================================ ================================================================================ INDEX PORT BUCKET_REQUEST -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 8610:5/show/rmon# log ================================================================================ ================================================================================ INDEX DESCRIPTION ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Rmon Event COMMUNITY OWNER Rmon Control-History INTERVAL OWNER 1800 TEST-WIN2K...

  • Page 64

    Chapter 2 Configuring RMON 314723-D Rev 01...

  • Page 65: Chapter 3

    Chapter 3 Configuring Network Management...

  • Page 66: Configuring The Web Management Interface, Monitoring The Switch Using Web Management

    Device Manager software. The Web management interface is protected by a security mechanism that requires you to log in to the device using a user name and password. The switch is shipped with the default user name and password both specified as default state of the Web Server is disabled.

  • Page 67: Requirements, Installing Help Files

    Getting Started. Note: As long as you have a route to the switch and there are no filters or access policies in effect, you should be able to monitor the switch using the Web interface. Access to the Web management interface must also be enabled for the switch (the default setting).

  • Page 68: Installing Help Files In A Windows Environment, Installing Help Files In A Unix Environment

    Installing Help files in a Windows environment To install the Help files in a Windows environment: Insert the Software CD into the CD driver of your computer. Navigate to the CD and double-click the wm_windows folder. Double-click the installer icon or in WinZip, extract the file, and click wm.exe.

  • Page 69: Enabling The Web Server Using Device Manager

    In the HelpTftpSourceDir field, type the path and file name for the Help files. Note: If you install the Help files on a PC, place the files in the same drive as the one specified under TFTP server options for your system. Enabling the Web server using Device Manager To enable the Web Server using Device Manager: From the Device Manager menu bar, select Edit >...

  • Page 70

    Figure 17 Chassis dialog box—System tab Select EnableWebServer. Click Apply. Close the dialog box. The Web Server is enabled. In Device Manager, use the Web tab to set Web access parameters, including passwords. 314723-D Rev 01...

  • Page 71

    To set Web access: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Security. The Security dialog box opens with the Access Policies tab displayed. Click the Web tab. The Web tab opens (Figure The ROUserName and ROPassword fields allow you to specify the user name and password for access to the Web interface.

  • Page 72: Enabling The Web Server Using The Cli

    Specifies the tertiary HTML source directory. Specifies the TFTP source directory for Help files. Specifies the default display rows for the HTML pages. Specifies the time of the most recent change to the switch configuration using the Web interface. This field always reads none.

  • Page 73

    This command includes the following options: config web-server followed by: Indicates whether Web access is enabled or disabled on the info switch and displays the current Web user name and password setting. Sets the number of rows displayed per page. def-display-rows <integer>...

  • Page 74: Showing Web-server Status

    Configuration example This configuration example uses the above commands to enable the web interface and specify the number of rows in the display. The example also uses the command to display web interface parameters. 8610:5# config web-server 8610:5/config/web-server# def-display-rows 25 8610:5/config/web-server# enable 8610:5/config/web-server# info Sub-Context:...

  • Page 75: Accessing The Web Interface

    8610:5/config/web-server# Accessing the Web interface To access the Web interface: Start your Web browser. Enter the switch IP address as the URL in the Web address field. The Web logon page opens Figure 19 Web logon page : on : ro...

  • Page 76: Troubleshooting Web Interface Access To A Switch

    Device’s Home Page button. Troubleshooting Web interface access to a switch If the switch and the PC running the Web browser are in the same network, you may find that even though other applications (such as Device Manager or Telnet) can access a particular switch, the Web management interface cannot.

  • Page 77: Chapter 4

    Chapter 4 Configuring Network Management...

  • Page 78: Configuring And Graphing Ports, Configuring A Port

    Configuring and graphing ports This chapter describes editing and graphing layer 2 port functions on a Passport 8000 Series switch and contains the following topics: Topic Configuring a port Configuring routing operations Graphing port statistics Graphing RMON statistics Graphing RMON History statistics...

  • Page 79

    • “Configuring Internet group management protocol (IGMP)” on page 109 • “Configuring open shortest path first (OSPF)” on page 111 • “Configuring routing information protocol (RIP)” on page 113 • “Configuring protocol independent multicast (PIM)” on page 116 • “Configuring pragmatic general multicast (PGM)” on page 117 •...

  • Page 80: Editing Ports, Setting A Basic Configuration

    Additional tabs and screen entries for module-specific functions appear when applicable. For example, on the Interface dialog box for a port, tabs for layer 3 (routing) functions would appear if Device Manager were accessing a Passport 8600 module. To set a basic configuration: On the device view, select a port or multiple ports.

  • Page 81

    Chapter 4 Configuring and graphing ports Figure 20 Port dialog box—Interface tab Configuring Network Management...

  • Page 82

    If an upgrade does not allow autonegotiation to correctly identify the link speed and duplex settings, you can manually configure the settings for the link in question. Check the Nortel Networks Web site (nortelnetworks.com) for the latest compatibility information.

  • Page 83

    Gigabit fiber link. When the Passport 8600 Series switch is connected to a device that does not support it, autonegotiation should be disabled and SFFD enabled. For more information, see Network Design Guidelines.

  • Page 84: Opening A Dual Tab

    Table 8 Interface tab fields (continued) Field Locked UnknownMacDiscard DirectBroadcastEnable Action Result Opening a dual tab If you have ports with redundant connectors, a Dual tab appears. This tab allows you to define which of the connectors is the Primary connector. To open the Dual tab: On the device view, select a port or multiple ports.

  • Page 85

    The Dual tab opens (Figure Figure 21 Port dialog box—Dual tab Table 9 describes the Port Dual tab fields. Table 9 Dual tab fields Field Description PrimaryConnector Indicates which connector to use as the active connector on the port the next time that the port is placed into the ifAdminStatus=up.

  • Page 86: Configuring Routing Operations, Assigning An Ip Address On A Brouter Port

    PGM tab • VRRP tab Note: This information applies to Passport 8600 modules only. Assigning an IP address on a brouter port When you assign an IP address to a brouter port, keep these rules in mind: • You cannot edit the IP address, and you can assign only one IP address to any router interface (brouter or virtual).

  • Page 87

    To configure an IP address on a brouter port: From the Device Manager menu bar, select IP Routing > IP. The IP dialog box opens with the Globals tab displayed Figure 22 IP dialog box Globals tab — Click forwarding to enable routing on the device. Do one of the following: •...

  • Page 88

    The Port dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed page 81). Click the IP Address tab. The IP Address tab opens Figure 23 Port dialog box—IP Address tab Click Insert. The Port, Insert IP Address dialog box opens Figure 24 Port, Insert IP Address dialog box Enter the IP address, Netmask, and VlanID.

  • Page 89

    Table 10 describes the fields in the Port, Insert IP Address dialog box. Table 10 Port, Insert IP Address dialog box fields Field Description IpAddress The IP address of the brouter interface on this port. Note that only one IP address can be defined on a given port interface. NetMask The subnet mask of the brouter interface on this port.

  • Page 90: Configuring Vlans

    Configuring VLANs You can configure VLANs to tag or untag discarded frames for a port. To configure VLANs: On the device view, select a port or multiple ports. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Port. The Port dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed. Click the VLAN tab.

  • Page 91

    • nni (Network-to-Network Interface) Before configuring a port as uni or nni, you must change the switch level to 1 or above (Edit > VLAN > SVLAN > Level). PerformTagging Enable or disable the port on the current VLAN to perform tagging on the incoming and outgoing traffic.

  • Page 92: Detecting Vlan Loops

    Detecting VLAN Loops You can detect VLAN loops to tag or untag discarded frames for a port. To detect VLAN loops: On the device view, select a port or multiple ports. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Port. The Port dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed.

  • Page 93

    Table 12 LoopDetect dialog box fields (continued) Field Description VlanId The assigned ID of the VLAN. Value Specifies that a loop has been detected (yes), or that no loop has been detected (no). Configuring Network Management...

  • Page 94: Configuring Spanning Tree Groups (stg)

    Configuring spanning tree groups (STG) You can configure a port’s spanning tree parameters through the STG tab in the Port dialog box. Note: When you edit multiple ports, the spanning tree options are not displayed. To configure a spanning tree group: On the device view, select a port.

  • Page 95: Configuring Mac Learning Parameters

    This feature is based on the layer 2 media access control (MAC) address of the network devices connected to the Passport 8000 Series switch. Description The port’s current state as defined by application of the Spanning Tree Protocol.

  • Page 96

    To configure the MAC learning parameters: On the device view, select a port or multiple ports. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Port. The Port dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed. Click the MAC Learning tab. The MAC Learning tab opens Figure 28 Port dialog box—MAC Learning tab Table 14...

  • Page 97

    Table 14 MAC Learning tab fields (continued) Field Description AutoLearnTableMode Sets the allowed MAC table to current state. When locked, no new MAC addresses will be learned. LogViolations Enables the system to create a system log entry when a disallowed MAC address attempts to send traffic through the selected port.

  • Page 98: Setting Rate Limits

    Setting rate limits You can set the rate limit of broadcast or multicast packets for a port. To set the rate limit: On the device view, select a port or multiple ports. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Port. The Port dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed.

  • Page 99

    Note: On Passport 8100 gigabit ports and MDAs, there may be up to a 2% difference between the configured and actual rate limiting values. For Passport 8600 Switch switches, 1... 65535 sets the limit in packets per second. Enable Right click in the field and select to enable (True) or disable (False) rate limiting.

  • Page 100: Testing Ports

    Testing ports A DRAM memory test and an internal loopback test are run during the automatic boot sequence. However, you can also run external and internal loopback tests on the port. Note: You can run only one loopback test at a time. You must stop a loopback test before you start one on another port.

  • Page 101

    Table 16 Test tab fields Field Description The result of the most recently run (or current) test: Result • None • Success • InProgress • NotSupported • unAbleToRun • Aborted • Failed The code contains more specific information on the test result (for example, an error code after a failed test): •...

  • Page 102: Performing An External Loopback Test, Performing An Internal Loopback Test

    Performing an external loopback test An external loopback test uses a loopback connector connected to the port to loop data back to the same port. Note: For information about performing F5 loopback testing, see Using the 8672ATME/ATMM Modules. Note: You must supply the loopback connector. To perform an external loopback test on a port: Plug in an external loopback connector.

  • Page 103: Configuring Address Resolution Protocols (arp)

    To perform an internal loopback test on a port: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Port. The Port dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed page 81). Set AdminStatus to testing. Click the Test tab. The Test tab opens Click Int.

  • Page 104

    DoResp 314723-D Rev 01 Description Proxy ARP allows the 8000 switch to respond to an ARP request from a locally attached host or end station for a remote destination. Sets the Proxy ARP option to respond to an ARP request.

  • Page 105: Configuring Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (dhcp)

    Configuring dynamic host configuration protocol (DHCP) To configure DHCP: Select a port. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Port. The Port dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed page 81). Click the DHCP tab. The DHCP tab opens Figure 32 Port dialog box—DHCP tab Click Enable to select the DHCP option.

  • Page 106

    If the "secs" field in the packet header is greater than this value, the switch relays or forwards the packet; otherwise, the packet is dropped. The default is 0 seconds.

  • Page 107: Configuring Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (dvmrp)

    Configuring distance vector multicast routing protocol (DVMRP) To configure DVMRP: Select a port. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Port. The Port dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed page 81). Click the DVMRP tab. The DVMRP tab opens Figure 33 Port dialog box—DVMRP tab Click the Enable check box to select DVMRP on the port, or click to clear the check box.

  • Page 108

    Enter a metric (cost) in maximum number of hops for DVMRP; the range is 1 to 31. A default value of 1 means local delivery only. You can use the metric value to control the scope of the DVMRP routes. Click Apply.

  • Page 109: Configuring Internet Group Management Protocol (igmp)

    Configuring Internet group management protocol (IGMP) To configure IGMP: Select a port. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Port. The Port dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed page 81). Click the IGMP tab. The IGMP tab opens Figure 34 Port dialog box—IGMP tab Enter the appropriate values.

  • Page 110

    Decreasing the value reduces the time to detect the loss of the last member of a group. The range is from 0 to 255, and the default is 10 tenth seconds. Nortel Networks recommends configuring this parameter to values higher than 3. If a fast leave process is not required, Nortel recommends values above 10.

  • Page 111: Configuring Open Shortest Path First (ospf)

    Configuring open shortest path first (OSPF) To configure OSPF: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Port. The Port dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed page 81). Click the OSPF tab. The OSPF tab opens Figure 35 Port dialog box—OSPF tab Check Enable.

  • Page 112

    If desired, select an authentication type. If you chose a simplePassword authentication type, enter an authentication key. 10 Enter the AreaId. 11 If desired, check AdvertiseWhenDown. 12 Select an IfType. 13 Specify a polling interval. 14 Click Apply. 15 Click Close. Table 21 describes the OSPF tab fields Table 21 OSPF tab fields...

  • Page 113: Configuring Routing Information Protocol (rip)

    Configuring routing information protocol (RIP) To configure RIP: Select a port. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Port. The Port dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed page 81). Click the RIP tab. The RIP tab opens Figure 36 Port dialog box—RIP tab Check Enable.

  • Page 114

    Specifies that the routing switch will advertise RIP routes through the interface. The default is enable. Specifies that the routing switch will learn RIP routes through this interface. The default is enable. If disabled, split horizon is invoked, meaning that IP...

  • Page 115

    Table 22 RIP tab fields Field Description AdvertiseWhenDown If true, the network on this interface will be advertised as up, even if the port is down. The default is false. Note: When you configure a port without any link and enable AdvertiseWhenDown, it will not advertise the route until the port is active.

  • Page 116: Configuring Protocol Independent Multicast (pim)

    Configuring protocol independent multicast (PIM) To configure PIM: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Port. The Port dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed page 81). Click the PIM tab. The PIM tab opens Figure 37 Port dialog box—PIM tab Check Enable.

  • Page 117: Configuring Pragmatic General Multicast (pgm)

    Enables (true) or disables (false) PIM. You must globally enable PIM before you can enable PIM on a port. Displays the mode currently running on the routing switch. Specifies whether the interface type is active or passive. Specifies how long to wait (in seconds) before the PIM router sends out the next hello message to neighboring routers.

  • Page 118

    Figure 38 Port dialog box—PGM tab Click enabled. Click Apply. Click Close. Table 24 describes the PGM tab fields. Table 24 PGM tab fields Field Enable State NakReXmitInterval MaxNakReXmitRate 314723-D Rev 01 Description Enables or disables PGM on this interface. Indicates the current state (up or down) of PGM.

  • Page 119: Configuring Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (vrrp)

    Table 24 PGM tab fields Field NakRdataInterval NakEliminateInterval Configuring virtual router redundancy protocol (VRRP) To configure VRRP: To discover a router on a port: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Port. The Port dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed page 81).

  • Page 120

    The Port, Insert VRRP dialog box opens Figure 40 Port, Insert VRRP dialog box Enter a VrId. Enter an IP address. Click enabled in the Control field. Enter an advertisement interval. Check CriticalIpAddrEnable. Enter a critical IP address. 10 Specify the number of seconds for the HoldDown timer. 11 If desired, select an OperAction.

  • Page 121

    Table 25 VRRP tab fields Field Vrld IpAddr VirtualMacAddr State Control Priority MasterIpAddr FastAdvertisementEnable AdvertisementInterval Description A number that uniquely identifies a virtual router on a given VRRP router. The virtual router acts as the default router for one or more assigned addresses (1 to 255).

  • Page 122

    • No--use the default IP address (0.0.0.0) The time interval (in seconds) a router is delayed for the following conditions: • The VRRP holddown timer is executed when the switch transitions from Init to backup to master. This occurs only on a switch bootup.

  • Page 123: Discovering Routers

    Discovering routers To discover a router on a port: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Port. The Port dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed. Click the Router Discovery tab. The Router Discovery tab opens Figure 41 Port dialog box—Router Discovery tab Enter the Adv IP address.

  • Page 124: Inserting An Ipx Brouter

    Table 26 describes the Test tab fields. Table 26 Router Discovery tab fields Field AdvAddress AdvFlag AdvLifetime MaxAdvInterval MinAdvInterval PreferenceLevel Inserting an IPX BRouter To insert an IPX BRouter on a port: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Port. The Port dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed page 81).

  • Page 125

    Click the IPX BRouter tab. The IPX BRouter tab opens Figure 42 Port dialog box—IPX BRouter tab Click Insert. The Insert IPX BRouter dialog box opens Figure 43 Port, Insert IPX BRouter dialog box Enter a VlanId for the IPX BRouter. Enter a NetAddress.

  • Page 126

    Table 27 Insert IPX BRouter dialog box fields Field VlanId NetAddr Encap MacOffset Ticks 314723-D Rev 01 Description The VLAN id. The IPX network address value. The encapsulation method. The mac_offset is a optional parameter that allows you to manually change the default MAC address for a logical or physical interface.

  • Page 127: Graphing Port Statistics, Graphing Interface Statistics

    Note: The Clear Counter function in Device Manager does not affect the AbsoluteValue counter in the switch. Instead, the Clear Counter function clears all cached data in Device Manager (except AbsoluteValue). To reset AbsoluteValue(s), use the Reset Counter function (Edit > Chassis > System).

  • Page 128

    Figure 44 GraphPort dialog box—Interface tab Table 28 describes the Interface tab fields in the graphPort dialog box. Table 28 Graph Interface tab fields Field InOctets OutOctets InUcastPkts OutUcastPkts InMulticastPkts 314723-D Rev 01 Description The total number of octets received on the interface, including framing characters.

  • Page 129

    Table 28 Graph Interface tab fields (continued) Field Description OutMulticastPkts The total number of packets that higher-level protocols requested be transmitted, and that were addressed to a multicast address at this sublayer, including those that were discarded or not sent. For a MAC layer protocol, this number includes both Group and Functional addresses.

  • Page 130: Graphing Ethernet Error Statistics

    Graphing ethernet error statistics Use the Ethernet Errors tab to graph Ethernet error statistics. To graph Ethernet Error statistics: On the device view, select a port or multiple ports. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Graph > Port. The graphPort dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed. Click the Ethernet Errors tab.

  • Page 131

    Table 29 describes the Ethernet Errors tab fields. Table 29 Ethernet Errors tab fields Field Description AlignmentErrors A count of frames received on a particular interface that are not an integral number of octets in length and do not pass the FCS check.

  • Page 132

    Table 29 Ethernet Errors tab fields (continued) Field CarrierSenseErrors FrameTooLongs SQETestErrors DeferredTransmissions SingleCollisionFrames MultipleCollisionFrames LateCollisions 314723-D Rev 01 Description The number of times that the carrier sense condition was lost or never asserted when attempting to transmit a frame on a particular interface.

  • Page 133

    Table 29 Ethernet Errors tab fields (continued) Field Description ExcessiveCollisions A count of frames for which transmission on a particular interface fails due to excessive collisions. FrameTooShorts The total number of frames that are too short that were encountered on this interface. LinkFailures The total number of link failures encountered on this interface.

  • Page 134: Graphing Bridging Statistics

    Graphing bridging statistics Use the Bridging tab to graph port bridging statistics. To graph Bridging statistics: On the device view, select a port or multiple ports. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Graph > Port. The graphPort dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed. Click the Bridging tab.

  • Page 135: Graphing Spanning Tree Statistics

    Table 30 Bridging tab fields (continued) Field OutMulticastFrames OutBroadcastFrames Graphing spanning tree statistics Use the Spanning Tree tab to graph port spanning tree statistics. To graph spanning tree statistics: On the device view, select a port or multiple ports. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Graph > Port. The graphPort dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed.

  • Page 136: Graphing Unicast And Multicast Traffic Statistics

    Table 31 describes the Spanning Tree tab fields. Table 31 Spanning Tree tab fields Field InConfigBpdus InTcnBpdus InBadBpdus OutConfigBpdus OutTcnBpdus Graphing unicast and multicast traffic statistics Use the Routing tab to graph port routing statistics. To graph unicast and multicast traffic statistics: On the device view, select a port or multiple ports.

  • Page 137

    Figure 48 GraphPort dialog box—Routing tab Select the statistic(s) you want to graph. In the Poll Interval box, select the polling interval. Click the Graph button (bar, pie, chart, line). Table 32 on page 138 describes the Routing tab fields. Configuring Network Management...

  • Page 138: Graphing Rmon Statistics

    Table 32 Routing tab fields Field InUnicastFrames InMulticastFrames InDiscards OutUnicastFrames OutMulticastFrames Graphing RMON statistics Use the following procedure to enable RMON globally, enable Rmon Stats on a selected port, and use the RMON tab to graph RMON statistics. To graph RMON statistics for a single port or multiple ports: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose RMON >...

  • Page 139

    Figure 49 GraphPort dialog box—RMON tab 10.10.40.34 Select the statistic(s) you want to graph. In the Poll Interval box, select the polling interval. 10 Click the Graph button (bar, pie, chart, line). Table 33 describes the fields in the RMON tab. Table 33 RMON tab fields Field Description...

  • Page 140: Graphing Rmon History Statistics

    Table 33 RMON tab fields (continued) Field Description UndersizePkts The total number of packets received that were less than 64 octets long (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets) and were otherwise well formed. OversizePkts The total number of packets received that were more than 1518 octets long (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets) and were otherwise well formed.

  • Page 141

    Figure 50 GraphPort dialog box—RMON History tab Select the statistic(s) you want to graph. In the Poll Interval box, select the polling interval. Click the Graph button (bar, pie, chart, line). Table 34 on page 142 describes the fields in the RMON History tab. Configuring Network Management...

  • Page 142

    Table 34 RMON History tab fields Field Description SampleIndex Uniquely identifies a specific etherStats entry. The value range is 1 to 65535. Utilization If greater precision is required, you should sample the etherStstsPkts and etherStatsOctets objects before and after a common interval. The differences in the sampled values are Pkts and Octets, respectively.

  • Page 143: Graphing Dchp Statistics

    Table 34 RMON History tab fields (continued) Field Description Fragments The total number of packets received that were less than 64 octets in length (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets) and had either a bad Frame Check Sequence (FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a nonintegral number of octets (Alignment Error).

  • Page 144

    Click Apply. Click Close. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Graph > Port. The graphPort dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed. Click the DHCP tab. The DHCP tab opens Figure 52 GraphPort dialog box—DHCP tab Select the statistic(s) you want to graph. 10 In the Poll Interval box, select the polling interval.

  • Page 145: Graphing Ospf Statistics

    Graphing OSPF statistics To graph OSPF statistics for a single port or multiple ports: On the device view, select a port or multiple ports. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Graph > Port. The graphPort dialog box opens with the Interface tab displayed. Click the OSPF tab.

  • Page 146

    Table 36 describes the OSPF tab fields. Table 36 OSPF tab fields Field VersionMismatches AreaMismatches AuthTypeMismatches AuthFailures NetmaskMismatches HelloIntervalMismatches DeadIntervalMismatches OptionMismatches RxHellos RxDBDescrs RxLSUpdates RxLSReqs RxLSAcks TxHellos TxDBDescrs TxLSUpdates TxLSReqs TxLSAcks 314723-D Rev 01 Description The number of version mismatches received by this interface. The number of area mismatches received by this interface.

  • Page 147: Graphing Vrrp Statistics

    Graphing VRRP statistics To graph VRRP statistics: On the device view, select a port. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose VLAN > VLANs. The VLAN dialog box opens with the Basic tab displayed. From the VLAN dialog box, Basic tab, select a row and click IP. The IP, VLAN dialog box opens with the IP Address tab displayed.

  • Page 148

    Table 37 describes the fields in the VRRP Stats tab. Table 37 VRRP tab fields Field BecomeMaster AdvertiseRcvd ChecksumErrors VersionErrors VrIDErrors AdvertiseIntervalErrors PasswdSecurityViolations The total number of VRRP packets received that do not pass HmacSecurityViolations IpTtlErrors PriorityZeroPktsRcvd PriorityZeroPktsSent InvalidTypePktsRcvd AddressListErrors UnkknownAuthType AuthTypeErrors 314723-D Rev 01...

  • Page 149: Chapter 5

    Chapter 5 Configuring Network Management...

  • Page 150: Configuring And Graphing Chassis Information, Editing The Chassis

    This chapter describes editing and graphing a Passport 8000 Series chassis using Device Manager. The first three sections describe how you can use Device Manager to configure your Passport 8000 Series switch. The last section describes how to use Device Manager to graph switch statistics.

  • Page 151: Editing System Information

    Editing system information You can edit system information such as the contact person, the name of the device and where it is located. Other information cannot be edited, but is very useful, such as what version of the software is running on the device. To open the System tab: On the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit >...

  • Page 152

    Chapter 5 Configuring and graphing chassis information Figure 55 Chassis dialog box—System tab Table 38 describes the System tab fields. 314723-D Rev 01...

  • Page 153

    The time since the system was last booted. The contact information (in this case, an e-mail address) for the Nortel Networks support group. The name of this device. The physical location of this device. The virtual IP address is the IP address advertised by the master CPU.

  • Page 154: Editing Chassis Information

    • hardReset—Resets the device and runs power-on tests. • softReset—Resets the device without running power-on tests. • resetCounters—Resets all statistic counters. • cpuSwitchOver—Switch control from one CPU to another. • resetConsole—Reinitializes the hardware UART drivers. Use only if the console or modem connection is hung.

  • Page 155

    Figure 56 Chassis dialog box—Chassis tab Table 39 describes the Chassis tab fields. Table 39 Chassis tab fields Field Type SerialNumber HardwareRevision NumSlots NumPorts Description The Passport 8000 Series module type. A unique chassis serial number. The current hardware revision of the device chassis. The number of slots (or cards) this device can contain.

  • Page 156

    314723-D Rev 01 Description Starting point of the block of MAC addresses used by the switch for logical and physical interfaces. Specifies a MAC address capacity. Used to enable/disable global filters in the system. Used to enable/disable source MAC based VLANs in the system.

  • Page 157: Enabling L2/l3static Routes

    Enabling L2/L3static routes Note: After you enable or disable the high availability feature, the bootconfig is saved onto the master and the standby CPU and the standby CPU is reset automatically. However, you need to manually reset the master CPU. To enable static routes: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit >...

  • Page 158: Disabling L2/l3static Routes

    Figure 58 Enable HA-CPU message box Click Yes. Click Close. Disabling L2/L3static routes To disable static routes: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Chassis. The Chassis dialog box opens with the System tab displayed. Click on the L2/L3 Redundancy tab. The L2/L3 Redundancy tab opens Click Disable.

  • Page 159: Viewing L2/l3 Redundancy Status

    Click Yes. Click Close. Viewing L2/L3 Redundancy status To view the L2/L3 redundancy status: Select the chassis. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Chassis. The Chassis dialog box opens with the System tab displayed. Click on the L2/L3 Redundancy tab. The L2/L3 Redundancy tab opens Table 40 on page 160 (Figure 57 on page...

  • Page 160

    Table 40 L2 Redundancy tab fields Field HaCpuState Ha Event Enable StandbyCpu 314723-D Rev 01 Description This field indicates the state of the CPUs. The possible CPU states area: • initialization - The two CPUs establish a connection and exchange version information. •...

  • Page 161: Reserving Records

    Reserving records To reserve records: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Chassis. The chassis dialog box opens with the System tab displayed. Click on the Record Reservation tab. The Record Reservation tab opens of reserved records shown in the Reserved column. Figure 60 Chassis dialog box—...

  • Page 162: Viewing The Boot Configuration

    Viewing the boot configuration You can view the boot source, as well as to see the source from which the switch booted last. To view the boot configuration: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Chassis. The chassis dialog box opens with the System tab displayed.

  • Page 163: Editing Trap Receivers

    Editing trap receivers You can edit how machines will receive SNMP traps by editing the community strings and the SNMP version format. When Device Manager opens a device, it automatically adds the machine on which it is running to the Trap Receivers list only if the box on the Properties dialog box is checked.

  • Page 164: Checking System Performance

    Table 42 describes the Trap Receivers tab fields. Table 42 Trap Receivers tab fields Field IpAddress Community Version Checking system performance You can check system performance with the Performance tab. To open the Performance tab: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Chassis. The chassis dialog box opens with the System tab displayed.

  • Page 165: Setting The Time

    SwitchFabricUtil OtherSwitchFabricUtil Setting the time You can set the date and time on the switch with the User Set Time tab. To open the User Set Time tab: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Chassis. The chassis dialog box opens with the System tab displayed.

  • Page 166

    Click on the User Set Time tab. The User Set Time tab opens Figure 64 Chassis dialog box—User Set Time tab Table 44 describes the User Set Time tab fields. Table 44 User Set Time tab fields Field Year Month Hour Minute Second...

  • Page 167: Editing Cards, Editing Card Information

    Editing cards Use Device Manager card editing capabilities to view status information for two types of cards, I/O cards and CPU cards. To edit the Passport 8000 Series modules (cards): Select one or more modules. Do one of the following: •...

  • Page 168

    Figure 65 Card dialog box—Card tab Table 45 describes the Card tab fields. Table 45 Card tab fields Field FrontType BackType FrontDescription BackDescription FrontAdminStatus FrontOperStatus FrontSerialNum BackSerialNum 314723-D Rev 01 Description Used to indicate card types in the Passport 8000 Series. Front refers to the I/O portion of the module, the I/O card.

  • Page 169: Editing Boot File

    PCMCIADescr Editing boot file You can use the Boot tab to specify, among other things, boot source and order for your switch. To open the Boot tab: Select a CPU card. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Card.

  • Page 170

    Chapter 5 Configuring and graphing chassis information Figure 66 Card dialog box—Boot tab 314723-D Rev 01...

  • Page 171

    TertiaryConfigSource The tertiary configuration source file. EnableAutoBoot Enables the autoboot option. When you apply power, the switch waits 5 seconds and then boots. If this option is set to false, the boot process stops at the Boot Monitor. EnableFactoryDefaults Enables factory defaults option.

  • Page 172: Displaying Flash And Pcmcia Statistics

    Displaying flash and PCMCIA statistics The Passport 8000 Series switch has two types of flash memory, the onboard flash memory, and an optional installed PCMCIA card. You can view device flash and PCMCIA file information on the Device tab in the Card dialog box.

  • Page 173: Displaying Flash File Information

    Table 47 describes the Device tab fields. Table 47 Device tab fields Field FlashBytesUsed FlashBytesFree FlashNumFiles PCMCIABytesUsed PCMCIABytesFree PCMCIANumFiles Displaying flash file information You can obtain information about the files in flash memory from the Flash Files tab. To open the Flash Files tab: Select a CPU card.

  • Page 174: Displaying Pcmcia File Information

    Displaying PCMCIA file information You can use the PCMCIA Files tab to provide information about the files stored in the switch PCMCIA card. It includes the same information as the Flash tab. To open the PCMCIA Files tab: Select a CPU card.

  • Page 175

    Click the PCMCIA Files tab. The PCMCIA Files tab opens Figure 69 Card dialog box—PCMCIA Files tab 10.10.40.34 Table 49 describes the PCMCIA Files tab fields. Table 49 PCMCIA Files tab fields Field Description Name The directory name of the PCMCIA file. Date The creation or modification date of the PCMCIA file.

  • Page 176: Editing Objects, Editing Management Port

    Passport 8000 Series switch. Editing management port The management port on the switch fabric/CPU module is a 10/100 Mb/s Ethernet port that can be used for an out-of-band management connection to the switch. You can use the Mgmt Port dialog box to specify, among other things, management information for the device and to set device configuration.

  • Page 177

    To open the Mgmt Port dialog box: Select the management port object. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Mgmt Port. The Mgmt Port dialog box opens Figure 70 Mgmt Port dialog box Table 50 describes the Mgmt Port dialog box fields. Table 50 Mgmt Port dialog box fields Field Description...

  • Page 178: Editing Management Port Route Table

    Table 50 Mgmt Port dialog box fields (continued) Field MgmtMacAddr The MAC address of the management device. Addr Mask AutoNegotiate The autonegotiate value. AdminDuplex OperDuplex AdminSpeed OperSpeed EnableBootp Editing management port route table You can use the Mgmt Port Route Table dialog box to view and specify network and gateway IP addresses used to remotely manage the device.

  • Page 179

    Figure 71 Mgmt Port Route Table, Insert CPU Route Table dialog box To add more Network and Gateway IP addresses: On the Mgmt Port Route Table dialog box, click Insert. The Mgmt Port Route Table, Insert CPU Route Table dialog box opens (Figure 71).

  • Page 180: Editing Serial Ports

    Editing serial ports The serial ports on the switch fabric/CPU module include the modem port and the console port. Use the Serial Port dialog box to specify serial port communication settings. To edit the Passport 8000 Series switch serial ports: Select the serial port.

  • Page 181

    Figure 72 Serial Port dialog box Table 52 describes the Serial Port dialog box fields. Table 52 Serial Port dialog box fields Field Description IfIndex The slot and port number of the serial port. Descr The description of the serial port. Mode Specifies the mode this port should operate in.

  • Page 182: Editing Fans

    SlipMtu SlipTxRxCompress SlipRxCompress PppConfigFile Editing fans The Fan dialog box provides read-only information about the operating status of the switch fans. To view the fan information: Select the fan object. Do one of the following: • Double-click the fan object.

  • Page 183: Editing Mdas

    Table 53 Fan dialog box fields Field OperStatus AmbientTemperature Editing MDAs The MDA dialog box provides read-only information about the operating status of the switch MDAs. To view the MDA information: Select the MDA object. Do one of the following: • Double-click the MDA object.

  • Page 184

    • From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > Select All > MDA. Then choose Edit > MDA. • On the Device Manager toolbar, click the Edit Selected button. To open the MDA dialog box: Select the MDA object. From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit >...

  • Page 185: Editing Power Supplies

    Editing power supplies The Power Supply dialog box provides read-only information about the operating status of the switch power supplies. To view the power supply information: Select the power supply object. Do one of the following: • Double-click the power supply object.

  • Page 186: Editing Filesystem, Copying A Pcmcia Or Flash File

    The FileSystem dialog box allows you to copy files and provides information about flash and PCMCIA files. File copying and file information are all related to files on the switch CPU module. Copying a PCMCIA or flash file To copy files between the flash and the PCMCIA: •...

  • Page 187

    Figure 76 FileSystem dialog box—Copy File tab Table 56 describes the Copy File tab fields. Table 56 Copy File tab fields Field Description Source The source file to copy from the flash/PCMCIA or the config file on the NVRAM or trace file. Destination The device and the file name (optional) to which the source file is to be copied.

  • Page 188

    Displaying flash and PCMCIA statistics Use the Device Info tab to display flash and PCMCIA file statistics. To open the Device Info tab: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > File System. The FileSystem dialog box opens with the Copy File tab active. Click the Device Info tab.

  • Page 189

    Displaying flash file information Use the Flash Files tab to display Flash file information. To open the Flash Files tab: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > File System. The FileSystem dialog box opens with the Copy File tab active. Click the Flash Files tab.

  • Page 190

    Displaying PCMCIA file information Use the PCMCIA Files tab to display PCMCIA file information. To open the PCMCIA Files tab: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Edit > File System. The FileSystem dialog box opens with the Copy File tab active. Click the PCMCIA Files tab.

  • Page 191: Editing Atm And Pos

    Chapter 5 Configuring and graphing chassis information Editing ATM and POS For complete information on using ATM and POS, refer to Using the 8672ATME/ ATMM Modules. Configuring Network Management...

  • Page 192: Graphing Chassis Statistics

    Note: The Clear Counter function in Device Manager does not affect the AbsoluteValue counter in the switch. Instead, the Clear Counter function clears all cached data in Device Manager (except AbsoluteValue). To reset AbsoluteValue(s), use the Reset Counter function (Edit > Chassis > System).

  • Page 193: Graphing Snmp Statistics

    Graphing SNMP statistics You can graph statistics for all SNMP packets that enter the chassis from different interfaces. To graph SNMP statistics: From the Device Manager Menu bar, choose Graph > Chassis. The Graph Chassis dialog box opens with the SNMP tab displayed (Figure Figure 80 Graph Chassis dialog box—SNMP tab 80).

  • Page 194

    Table 60 describes the SNMP tab fields. Table 60 SNMP tab fields Field InPkts OutPkts InTotalReqVars InTotalSetVars InGetRequests InGetNexts InSetRequests InGetResponses OutTraps OutTooBigs OutNoSuchNames OutBadValues OutGenErrs InBadVersions 314723-D Rev 01 Description The total number of messages delivered to the SNMP entity from the transport service.

  • Page 195: Graphing Ip Statistics

    Table 60 SNMP tab fields (continued) Field InBadCommunityNames InBadCommunityUses InASNParseErrs InTooBigs InNoSuchNames InBadValues InReadOnlys InGenErrs Graphing IP statistics You can graph statistics for all IP packets that enter the chassis from different interfaces. To graph IP statistics: From the Device Manager Menu bar, choose Graph > Chassis. The graphChassis dialog box opens with the SNMP tab displayed.

  • Page 196

    Click the IP tab. The IP tab opens Figure 81 GraphChassis dialog box—IP tab Table 61 describes the IP tab fields. Table 61 IP tab fields Field InReceives InHdrErrors 314723-D Rev 01 (Figure 81). Description The total number of input datagrams received from interfaces, including those received in error.

  • Page 197

    Table 61 IP tab fields (continued) Field Description InAddrErrors The number of input datagrams discarded because the IP address in their IP header’s destination field was not a valid address to be received at this entity. This count includes invalid addresses (for example, 0.0.0.0) and addresses of unsupported Classes (for example, Class E).

  • Page 198: Graphing Icmp In Statistics

    Table 61 IP tab fields (continued) Field FragCreates ReasmReqds ReasmOKs ReasmFails Graphing ICMP In statistics You can graph statistics for all ICMP packets received into the chassis from different interfaces. To graph ICMP In statistics: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Graph > Chassis. The graphChassis dialog box opens with the SNMP In tab displayed.

  • Page 199

    Chapter 5 Configuring and graphing chassis information Figure 82 GraphChassis dialog box—ICMP In tab Configuring Network Management...

  • Page 200: Graphing Icmp Out Statistics

    Table 62 describes the ICMP In tab fields. Table 62 ICMP In tab fields Field SrcQuenchs Redirects Echos EchoReps Timestamps TimestampReps AddrMasks AddrMaskReps ParmProbs DestUnreachs TimeExcds Graphing ICMP Out statistics You can graph statistics for all ICMP messages sent. To graph ICMP Out statistics: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Graph >...

  • Page 201

    Figure 83 GraphChassis—ICMP Out tab Table 63 describes the ICMP Out tab fields. Table 63 ICMP Out tab fields Field SrcQuenchs Redirects Echos EchoReps Timestamps TimestampReps AddrMasks AddrMaskReps ParmProbs DestUnreachs TimeExcds Description The number of ICMP Source Quench messages sent. The number of ICMP Redirect messages received.

  • Page 202

    Graphing OSPF statistics You can graph statistics for all OSPF packets transmitted by the switch. To graph OSPF statistics: From the Device Manager menu bar, choose Graph > Chassis. The graphChassis dialog box opens with the SNMP tab displayed. Click the OSPF tab.

  • Page 203

    Table 64 describes the OSPF tab fields. Table 64 OSPF tab fields Field Description LsdbTblSize The number of entries in the link state database table. TxPackets The number of packets transmitted by OSPF. RxPackets The number of packets received by OSPF. TxDropPackets The number of packets dropped before being transmitted by OSPF.

  • Page 204

    Chapter 5 Configuring and graphing chassis information 314723-D Rev 01...

  • Page 205: Appendix A

    Appendix A Configuring Network Management...

  • Page 206: Rmon Alarm Variables

    RMON alarm variables RMON alarm variables are divided into three categories. Each category can have a number of subcategories. Table 65 lists the alarm variable categories and provides a brief variable description. Table 65 Alarm variables Category Subcategory Variable Security rcCliNumAccess Violations.0 rcWebNumAccess...

  • Page 207

    Table 65 Alarm variables (continued) Category Subcategory Variable Ethernet dot3StatsAlignment Errors dot3StatsFCSErrors dot3StatsSingle CollisionFrames dot3StatsMultiple CollisionFrames dot3StatsSQETest Errors Definition A count of frames received on a particular interface that are not an integral number of octets in length and do not pass the Frame Check Sequence (FCS) check. The count represented by an instance of this object is incremented when the alignmentError status is returned by the MAC service to the LLC (or other MAC...

  • Page 208

    Table 65 Alarm variables (continued) Category Subcategory Variable dot3StatsDeferred Transmissions dot3StatsLate Collisions dot3StatsExcessive Collisions dot3StatsInternalMac TransmitErrors dot3StatsCarrierSense Errors dot3StatsFrameToo Longs 314723-D Rev 01 Definition A count of frames for which the first transmission attempt on a particular interface is delayed because the medium is busy.

  • Page 209

    Table 65 Alarm variables (continued) Category Subcategory Variable dot3StatsInternalMac ReceiveErrors ipInHdrErrors.0 ipInDiscards.0 ipOutDiscards.0 ipFragFails.0 ipReasmFails.0 icmpInParmProbs.0 Definition A count of frames for which transmission on a particular interface fails due to an internal MAC sublayer transmit error. A frame is only counted by an instance of this object if it is not counted by the corresponding instance of either the dot3StatsLateCollisions object, the...

  • Page 210

    Table 65 Alarm variables (continued) Category Subcategory Variable icmpOutParmProbs.0 rcStatMltEther AlignmentErrors rcStatMltEtherFCS Errors rcStatMltEtherSingle CollFrames rcStatMltEtherMultiple CollFrames rcStatMltEtherSQETest Error rcStatMltEtherDeferred Transmiss rcStatMltEtherLate Collisions rcStatMltEther ExcessiveCollis rcStatMltEtherMac TransmitError 314723-D Rev 01 Definition The number of ICMP Out parameter problem messages received. The number of frames received on an MLT that are not an integral number of octets in length but do not pass the FCS check.

  • Page 211

    Table 65 Alarm variables (continued) Category Subcategory Variable rcStatMltEtherCarrier SenseError rcStatMltEtherFrame TooLong rcStatMltEtherMac ReceiveError Other rcTblArNoSpace snmpInAsnParseErrs.0 The total number of ASN.1 or BER errors encountered rcStgPortInBadBpdus dot1dTpPortInDiscards Count of valid frames received that were discarded rip2ifStatRcvBad Packets rip2ifStatRcvBad Routes rcStatOspfBufferAlloc Failures.0 rcStatOspfBufferFree...

  • Page 212

    Table 65 Alarm variables (continued) Category Subcategory Variable ifInMulticastPkts ifInBroadcastPkts ifInUnkownProtos ifOutOctets ifOutMulticastPkts ifoutBroadcastPkts ifLastChange RmonEther etherStatsOctets Stats etherStatsPkts 314723-D Rev 01 Definition The number of packets, delivered by this sublayer to a higher sublayer, that were addressed to a multicast address at this sublayer.

  • Page 213

    Table 65 Alarm variables (continued) Category Subcategory Variable etherStatsBroadcast Pkts etherStatsMulticast Pkts etherStatsCRCAlign Errors etherStatsUndersize Pkts etherStatsOversize Pkts etherStatsFragments etherStatsCollisions ipInReceives.0 ipInAddrErrors.0 ipForwDatagrams.0 ipInUnknownProtos.0 ipInDelivers.0 ipOutRequests.0 ipOutNoRoutes.0 Definition The total number of good packets received that were directed to the broadcast address. Note that this number does not include multicast packets.

  • Page 214

    Table 65 Alarm variables (continued) Category Subcategory Variable ipFragOKs.0 ipFragCreates.0 ipReasmReqds.0 ipReasmOKs.0 ICMP IcmpInSrcQuenchs.0 icmpInRedirects.0 icmpInEchos.0 icmpInEchosReps.0 icmpInTimeStamps.0 icmpInTimeStamps Reps.0 icmpInAddrMasks.0 icmpInAddrMasks Reps.0 icmpInDestUnreachs.0 The number of ICMP destinations unreachable icmpInTimeExcds.0 icmpOutSrcQuenchs.0 The number of ICMP Source Quench messages sent. icmpOutRedirects.0 icmpOutEchos.0 icmpOutEchosReps.0...

  • Page 215

    Table 65 Alarm variables (continued) Category Subcategory Variable icmpOutDest Unreachs.0 icmpOutTimeExcds.0 Snmp snmpInPkts.0 snmpOutPkts.0 snmpInBadVersions.0 snmpInBadCommunity Uses.0 snmpInTooBigs.0 snmpInNoSuch Names.0 snmpInBadValues. 0 snmpInReadOnlys.0 snmpInGenErrs.0 snmpInTotalReqVars.0 The total number of MIB objects that have been Definition The number of ICMP destination unreachable messages sent.

  • Page 216

    Table 65 Alarm variables (continued) Category Subcategory Variable snmpInTotalSetVars.0 snmpInGetRequests.0 snmpInGetNexts.0 snmpInSetRequests.0 snmpInGet Responses.0 snmpInTraps.0 snmpOutTooBigs.0 snmpOutNoSuch Names.0 snmpOutBadValues.0 snmpOutGenErrs.0 snmpOutGet Requests.0 snmpOutGetNexts.0 snmpOutSet Requests.0 snmpOutGet Responses.0 snmpOutTraps.0 314723-D Rev 01 Definition The total number of MIB objects that have been altered successfully by the SNMP protocol entity as the result of receiving valid SNMP Set-Request PDUs.

  • Page 217

    Table 65 Alarm variables (continued) Category Subcategory Variable Bridge rcStgTimeSinceTopolo gyChange rcStgTopChanges rcStgMaxAge rcStgPortForward Transitions rcStgPortInConfig Bpdus rcStgPortInTcn Bpdus rcStgPortOutConfig Bpdus rcStgPortOutTcn Bpdus dot1dTpPortInFrames dot1dTpPortOut Frames dot1dTpLearnedEntry Discards.0 Utilization rcSysCpuUtil.0 Definition The time (in hundredths of a second) since the last topology change was detected by the bridge entity.

  • Page 218

    Table 65 Alarm variables (continued) Category Subcategory Variable rcSysSwitchFabric Util.0 rcSysBufferUtil.0 rcSysNVRamUsed.0 rcSysLastChange.0 rcSysLastVlan Change.0 rcSysLastSaveTo NVRam.0 rcSysLastSaveTo StandbyNVRam.0 rip2GlobalRoute Changes.0 rip2GlobalQueries.0 rip2ifStatSentUpdates OSPF ospfExternLSACount.0 The number of external (LSA type 5) link-state ospfOriginateNew LSAs.0 ospfrxNewLSAs.0 ospfSpfRuns ospfAreaBdrRtrCount ospfASBdrRtrCount ospfAreaLSACount ospfIfState 314723-D Rev 01 Definition...

  • Page 219

    Table 65 Alarm variables (continued) Category Subcategory Variable ospfIfEvents ospfVirtIfState ospfVirtIfEvents ospfVirtNbrState ospfVirtNbrEvents Igmp igmpInterfaceWrong Versions igmpInterfaceJoins igmpInterfaceLeaves rcStatMltIfExtnIfIn MulticastPkts rcStatMltIfExtnIfIn BroadcastPkts rcStatMltIfExtnIfOut MulticastPkts rcStatMltIfExtnIfOut BroadcastPkts rcStatMltIfExtnIfHCIn Octets rcStatMltIfExtnIfHCIn UcastPkts rcStatMltIfExtnIfHCIn MulticastPkt rcStatMltIfExtnIfHCIn BroadcastPkt rcStatMltIfExtnIfHC OutOctets Definition The number of times this OSPF interface has changed its state or an error has occurred.

  • Page 220

    Table 65 Alarm variables (continued) Category Subcategory Variable rcStatMltIfExtnIfHCOut UcastPkts rcStatMltIfExtnIfHCOut Multicast rcStatMltIfExtnIfHCOut Broadcast 314723-D Rev 01 Definition The number of packets transmitted by this MLT interface to a higher MLT that were not addressed to a multicast or broadcast address as detected by the high-count (64-bit) register.

  • Page 221: Index

    Index access access policies enabling acronyms alarms, RMON 42, ambient temperature ARP table, flush autoboot, enable backup connectors baud rate, setting Boot Config tab boot configuration editing 162, saving Boot Monitor CLI description boot source, viewing Boot tab Bootp, enabling bridging statistics, graphing Bridging tab buckets, RMON...

  • Page 222

    L2/L2 static routes Ethernet error statistics, graphing ether-stats control interface, RMON events, RMON 51, external loopback test using Device Manager failure of Web interface to access switch falling event falling value, RMON alarms fans, editing fast start, enabling filters, enabling global...

  • Page 223

    MAC address block used by switch ports MAC Learning tab management port, editing management, remote MDAs, editing memory, flash and PCMCIA modem, reset...

  • Page 224

    speed status testing type power supplies, editing PPP configuration file product support proxy server publications hard copy QOS, setting level rate limits, setting reboot, enable on error redundancy, viewing redundant connectors remote management requirements Device Manager Web interface reset console counters hard modem...

  • Page 225

    Spanning Tree tab statistics clearing chassis clearing port disabling RMON support, Nortel Networks switch fabric utilization system information, editing System tab system tests tagging VLAN traffic TCP/IP headers, compressing technical publications technical support...

  • Page 226

    Web interface accessing, using Device Manager changing password for, using Device Manager description enabling, using the CLI requirements Web interface fails to access switch web-server commands show Windows installing Web Help files 314723-D Rev 01...

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