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Korg D1600 Owner's Manual

Korg digital recording studio owner's manual.
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  • Page 2: Important Safety Instructions

    INSTRUCTIONS PERTAINING TO A RISK OF FIRE, ELECTRIC SHOCK, OR INJURY TO PERSONS IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS WARNING —When using electric products, basic precautions should always be followed, including the following: 1) Read all the instructions before using the product. 2) Do not use this product near water—for example, near a bathtub, washbowl, kitchen sink, in a wet basement, or near a swimming pool, or the like.

  • Page 3

    If an internal IDE hard disk (e.g., HDD-20G) or inter- nal CD-R/RW drive (e.g., CDRW-2) is installed, you must remove them from the D1600 and pack them in their own carton for transportation. Please take care that these units are not subjected to physical shock or vibration during transportation.

  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    Regarding disk capacity... 71 Note when using DOS format disks... 72 Step 14. MIDI ...73 1. MIDI connections... 73 2. MIDI messages used by the D1600... 73 3. Using MIDI ... 73 Reference... 75 1. COUNTER ...75 Counter: Counter display ... 75 2.

  • Page 5

    5. SONG ... 88 P1 SelSong: Selecting a song ... 88 P2 EditSong: Song editing ... 89 P3 PrgPlay: Program playback of songs... 90 P4 CDR/RW: Creating and playing a CD-R/RW ... 91 6. STORE ... 92 7. MARK ... 92 P1 Mark: Editing marks ...

  • Page 6

    1. About the internal hard disk ... 134 2. About the internal CD-R/RW drive ... 136 3. Using the internal CD-R/RW drive ... 138 Updating the system software ...139 D1600 specifications ...140 MIDI implementation chart ...142 Block diagram...143 Effect Program List...144 Rhythm Pattern List (215patterns) ...146...

  • Page 7: Introduction

    To ensure trouble-free enjoyment, please read this manual carefully and use the instrument as directed. Features • The D1600 is a 16 track digital multi-track recorder (MTR) with full-digital processing (24 bit internal processing, 16/24 bit uncompressed recording and playback, 44.1 kHz sampling frequency).

  • Page 8

    • Data backed up by the D8, D12 and D16 digital recording studio units can be restored into the D1600, allowing easy transfer of data. Playable D12, D16 drives can also be played back by the D1600. What is (Resonant structure and Electronic circuit Modeling System) is KORG’s proprietary sound...

  • Page 9: Printing Conventions In This Manual

    Printing conventions in this manual Switches and knobs [ ] Keys, dials, and knobs on the panel of the D1600 are printed within [square brackets]. Parameters that appear in the LCD screen “ ” Parameters that appear in the LCD screen are printed inside “double quotation marks.”...

  • Page 10: Panel Overview Of The D1600

    Panel overview of the D1600 Top panel LCD screen The D1600 uses a TouchView system based on a touch panel screen. By pressing objects that are shown in the LCD screen, you can select pages, tabs, and parameters, and set their values.

  • Page 11

    This turns the power of the D1600 on/off. When the D1600 is in standby mode, pressing the [POWER] key will turn on the power. If the D1600 is operating, pressing and holding the [POWER] key for a while and then shutting down will cause it to enter standby mode.

  • Page 12

    ( p.35, 97) By holding down the [IN/LOC1] key and pressing the [OUT/LOC2] key, you can listen to the audio between the IN–OUT points. 27 [AUTO PUNCH] key This key is used to turn the Auto Punch-in/out function on/off, to set the pre/post roll time, and to verify the start/end locations.

  • Page 13: Front Panel

    [Main power] switch This turns the main power on/off. When the [Main power] switch is turned on, the D1600 will be in standby mode. In standby mode, you can press the [POWER] key to turn on the power of the D1600.

  • Page 14

    Use this when you wish to control a connected external MIDI device from the D1600. ( p.73) 15 [MIDI IN] connector MIDI messages are received at this connector. Use this when you wish to control the D1600 from a connected external MIDI device. ( p.73)

  • Page 15: Objects In The Lcd Screen And Their Functions

    Objects in the LCD screen and their Objects in the LCD screen The LCD screen of the D1600 features the Touch View system, which uses a touch panel. By pressing objects displayed in LCD screen you can perform operations such as selecting pages, setting parameter values, moving the cursor location, or edit- ing settings.

  • Page 16: Adjusting The Lcd Screen Contrast

    1. Selecting a mode To make settings in the LCD screen for the various functions of the D1600, you must first press the key of the mode that includes that function. For the functions of each mode, refer to “Reference”...

  • Page 17: Basic Operation

    The D1600 lets you record your own performance and shape it into a completed song. If a CD-R/RW drive such as the CDRW-2 is installed in the D1600, you will also be able to easily create your own original CD’s. Connecting instruments and turning on the power Connect the instrument and mic etc.

  • Page 18

    Writing your song to CD In this step, the song that was mixed down to tracks 1 and 2 is turned into a CD. Play back the mixed down tracks 1 and 2 to check them. These tracks (1 and 2) will be written to the CD. Then simply insert a new CD-R disc into the drive, and press the “WriteToCD”...

  • Page 19: Step 1. Making Connections, And Turning The Power On/off

    1. Connections The diagram below shows a basic example of connec- tions when using the D1600 to record. Make the appro- priate connections for your system, substituting your own equipment as necessary for the equipment shown here.

  • Page 20: Turning The Power On/off

    Turning the power off When you are finished playing or recording a song, turn off the power. If you will not be using the D1600 for an extended (e.g., when you have finished work for the day), be sure to turn off the main power so that the power is turned off completely.

  • Page 21: Listening To The Demo Song

    1 If you wish to keep any effect settings that you edited, save them. ( p.46) 2 Lower the [MASTER] fader of the D1600 to the – position. Lower the volume of any external devices to the minimum position.

  • Page 23: Step 2. Creating/selecting A Song

    Step 2. Creating/selecting a song In order to record a new song, you must first create a new song. Here’s how to create a song, assign a name to it, and select songs. 1. Creating a new song 1 Press the [SONG] key to access the “SelSong” tab page.

  • Page 24: Selecting Another Song

    Internal drives of the D1600 and external drives formatted or initialized while connected to the D1600 will be displayed as [P] or playback drive, which can be used to record songs. Other drives will be displayed as [B] or backup drives which...

  • Page 25: Step 3. Assign Audio Inputs To The Mixer

    Step 3. Assign audio inputs to the mixer The D1600 provides eight channels of analog input and one (two-channel) digital input jack. In order to record the audio signals from these inputs, they must be assigned to mixer channels. If the CDRW-2 CD-R/RW...

  • Page 26

    2 1 Connect a mic. Set the INPUT 2 [TRIM] to the minimum (+4 dB), lower the D1600’s [MASTER] fader, and connect a mic to the [INPUT 2] jack. If you are using a condenser mic, turn on phantom power for [INPUT 2] after you connect the mic.

  • Page 27: Digital Input

    2. Digital input The D1600 can record a digital audio signal that is input via the S/P DIF jack. The S/P DIF input has a built-in sampling rate con- verter. Sources with sampling rates of 48 kHz or 32 kHz can be connected directly, and will automatically be converted to 44.1 kHz.

  • Page 29: Step 4. Recording

    When you are finished playing back, press the [STOP] key. (The [PLAY] LED will turn off.) 2. Recording on virtual tracks The D1600 has sixteen tracks, and each of these tracks has eight virtual tracks. For example when recording a solo part, you can...

  • Page 30: Playback While Recording Addition Tracks: Overdubbing

    This allows you to switch between playback and recording while you are performing on an instrument, or when you are at a distance from the D1600. 1 Connect a foot switch to the [FOOT SW] jack. 2 Access the [SYSTEM] “Control” tab page.

  • Page 31: Combining Multiple Tracks Into Two: Bounce

    CD, so you must combine your completed song into tracks 1 and 2. You can also mix down your completed song to two tracks of the D1600, instead of mixing down to an external two-channel recorder. Combining 16 tracks of audio and over- writing them onto 2 tracks As an example, here’s how to combine the audio of...

  • Page 32

    9 Begin bounce recording. Press the [REC] key to enter record-ready mode (LED blinking), and then press the [PLAY] key to begin recording (LED lit). 0 When recording is finished, press the [STOP] key to stop. A Listen to the recording. •...

  • Page 33: Other Recording Methods

    6 In the [LOOP] “Loop” tab page, turn “Loop” “On.” 7 Begin recording. • When you press the [REC] key, the D1600 will locate to the beginning of the pre-roll time pre- ceding the IN (recording start) point, and will enter record-ready mode.

  • Page 34

    In addition to the recording methods described above, the following possibilities are available when recording on the D1600. For details refer to the page listed. • Apply EQ to the audio being recorded. ( p.38) • Apply effects to the audio being recorded. ( p.44) •...

  • Page 35: Step 5. Playback

    Step 5. Playback This section explains basic playback on the D1600, and also how to use program playback. 1. Playback 1 Select the track(s) for playback. Press the [TRACK STATUS] keys for the tracks that you wish to play, to put them in PLAY (LED lit green).

  • Page 37: Step 6. Changing The Time Location

    Step 6. Changing the time location This section explains how you can move the counter that shows the current location within the song. 1. Switching the counter display You can switch the time display type shown by the counter. 1 Press the “ ”...

  • Page 38: Using Scrub Playback Etc. To Find A Precise Time Location

    Moving to a locate point When you press a previously-registered [IN/LOC1], [OUT/LOC2], [TO/LOC3], or [END/LOC4] key, you will move to the registered location. Using marks to move the time location You can register a specific location in a mark, and then move instantly to the registered location.

  • Page 39: Step 7. Using The Mixer

    Step 7. Using the mixer Here you can adjust various mixer settings such as, vol- ume, tone, pan, recording and playback, to create the most desirable levels for your song. For details on adjusting the effects, refer to p.43 1. Adjusting the volume The input or recording/playback volume is adjusted by the [CHANNEL] faders.

  • Page 40: Pairing

    To finalize the settings, press the “OK” button. 5. Monitor settings In order to monitor the audio from the D1600, you will need to connect a set of powered monitor speakers etc. to the [MONITOR OUT L/R] jacks, or connect head- phones to the [PHONES] jack.

  • Page 41: Solo Settings

    Adjusting the cue level Since the [CHANNEL] faders of the D1600 adjust both the recording level of the tracks and the volume level of each channel, the recording level and the monitoring level will be the same. For this reason, a Cue Level function is provided so...

  • Page 42

    3 Register the scene. • Press the [STORE] key to capture the current time location. • When you press the [SCENE] key, the registra- tion destination scene number “SCENE ***” will be displayed, and the settings will be registered. Registered scenes are assigned numbers sequentially, starting at the lowest unused number.

  • Page 43

    MIDI input If “SceneRead” is “Off”, scene change messages (pro- gram changes) that are received will cause the D1600 to select the scene of the corresponding number. If “SceneRead” is “On”, these messages will not be received, regardless of whether the D1600 is playing, recording, or stopped.

  • Page 45: Step 8. Using Effects

    Step 8. Using effects Overview of the effects On the D1600, you can use up to eight insert effects that can be inserted into an analog input or mixer chan- nel, two master effects that can be applied to the send from each channel, and a final effect that can be...

  • Page 46

    1 in 1 out x 4 (mono-in/mono-out • While recording four vocals simultaneously, you could apply Exciter-Comp to voices that lack impact, and apply Limiter-P4EQ to loud voices as you record. Other examples are shown below. 1 in 1out x 8 (mono in/mono out x 8) •...

  • Page 47: Master Effects

    You can also select effect programs while you listen to the playback. 2. Master effects The D1600 contains two master effects (MstEff1 and MstEff2) which can be used simultaneously. You can adjust the send amount from each channel to change the depth of the effect.

  • Page 48: Final Effect

    3. Final effect One stereo-in stereo-out effect is provided as the final effect. It applies to the master LR output ( diagram on preceding page). The final effect is used mainly for dynamics processing (compression etc.) to make the overall level more con- sistent.

  • Page 49: Controlling An Effect From An External Device

    8 Save the effect program. • If the song is playing, press the [STOP] key to stop it. • Press the “Store” button to access the “StoreEf- fect” dialog box. • Specify the number for storing, press the “Exec.” button to save the effect program. When you save the effect program, it will be over- written onto that number, and the previous settings of that number will be lost.

  • Page 50: Using An External Effect

    [INPUT 3] and [INPUT 4] jacks. 1 Connect your external effect processor. Connect the [AUX OUT] jack of the D1600 to the INPUT jack of your external effect processor, and connect the OUTPUT jacks of the external effect processor to the [INPUT 3] and [INPUT 4] jacks of the D1600.

  • Page 51: Step 9. Mixdown

    1. Creating an audio CD Here’s how you can use a CD-R/RW drive to create an original CD from a song you recorded on the D1600. In order to create an audio CD, you will need the same amount of free space on your hard disk as occupied by the song you created (i.e., the total of...

  • Page 52: Recording To A Master Tape

    2 Connect your external recording device. Refer to “Connections for mixdown” ( p.18). 3 Record on your external recording device. • Playback the D1600 song, and adjust the record- ing level on your external recorder. • Begin recording on your external recording device, and playback the D1600.

  • Page 53: Step 10. Track Editing

    Step 10. Track editing 1. Track editing functions The following functions are provided for track editing. Copy Track: copy a track Insert Track: insert a blank space Erase Track: erase a track Delete Track: delete a track Reverse Track: reverses track audio end-to-end Optimize Track: optimizes track data Swap Track: exchange tracks Expansion/Compression Track: expand or compress a...

  • Page 54: Track Editing Examples

    2. Track editing examples Copying track data: Copy Track The Copy Track command copies recorded track data from the specified region (IN–OUT) to another location (TO). • You can copy the IN–OUT data not only once, but multiple times in succession. •...

  • Page 55

    Inserting a blank (Insert) Here’s how to insert a blank space into the IN–OUT region of track 1. 1 Register the IN and OUT times. ( p.97) 2 Select the Insert command. In the [TRACK] “EditTrk” tab page, set “EditType” to “InsertTrack.”...

  • Page 56

    Procedure for reversing track data (Reverse) Here’s how to reverse the IN–OUT region of track 1, and copy it three times to the TO location of track 2. 1 Register the IN, OUT, and TO times. ( p.97) 2 Select the Reverse command. In the [TRACK] “EditTrk”...

  • Page 57

    You can use Undo to return to the state before exe- cuting the command. ( p.99) Expanding or compressing a track: Expan- sion/Compression Track This command expands or compresses the specified region (IN–OUT) of recorded track data into the speci- fied region (TO–END) of a specified track.

  • Page 58

    Procedure for copying to a V-track Here’s how V-track “a” (=currently selected) of track 1 can be copied to V-track “b” of track 1. 1 Verify the copy destination. In the [TRACK] “Vtr1–8” tab page, make sure that track 1 V-track “b” is blank or is a track that may be erased (overwritten).

  • Page 59

    Procedure for fading-in Here’s how to fade-in the IN–OUT region of track 1. 1 Register the IN and OUT times. Register the start and end times of the desired fade- in. ( p.97) 2 Select the fade-in command. In the [TRACK] “EditTrk” tab page, set “EditType” to “FadeTrack.”...

  • Page 61: Step 11. Song Editing

    Step 11. Song editing On the D1600, songs can be edited in the following ways. 1. Song editing procedure Basic procedure for editing a song 1 Select the song (or in the case of “CopyAllSongs”, the drive) that you wish to edit.

  • Page 62

    3 Verify the song to be moved. Make sure that the move source song is selected in “SourceSong.” 4 Select the move destination song number. Use “DestSong” to select the move destination song number. 5 Execute the editing operation. Press the “Exec.” button. In response to the “AreY- ouSure?”...

  • Page 63: Step 12. Rhythm/tempo Settings

    Step 12. Rhythm/tempo settings The D1600 contains numerous rhythm patterns for a variety of time signatures ( p.146 “Rhythm Pattern List”). When you have a sudden idea for a song, you can record your performance immediately, using the built- in rhythms as a guide.

  • Page 64: Setting The Tempo

    You can select one of these sources and use it to control the tempo of the song as well as to control the tempo of an external MIDI device that is synchronized to the D1600. The tempo source is selected by the [TEMPO/ RHYTHM] “SetUp” tab page item “Tempo- Source.”...

  • Page 65

    Here’s how MIDI clock tempo data from an external MIDI sequencer can be recorded on the tempo track. Use this when you wish to synchronize the D1600 song with song data created on a MIDI sequencer in which the tempo changes continuously.

  • Page 66

    5 Record the tap tempo. • Press the “RecStart” button to put the D1600 in record-ready mode. • Press either the [PLAY] key or the foot switch, and playback and recording will begin simulta- neously. • While listening to the playback, press either the [PLAY] key or the foot switch at the intervals you selected in step 4, to record the tap tempo.

  • Page 67: Step 13. Saving Your Data

    Step 13. Saving your data A word about data There is always a remote possibility that the D1600 will malfunction, causing errors in the data or loss of data. If the D1600 malfunctions, recorded data or other types of data may be lost. Please copy or back up your important data on an external drive such as a hard disk or removable disk.

  • Page 68

    9 When the operation is completed, the display will indicate “Completed.” Press the “OK” button. Backup and restore using a CD-R/RW The optional internal CD-RW drive or an external CD- R/CD-RW drive connected to the [SCSI] connector can be used to backup and restore D1600 song data.

  • Page 69: Connecting External Drives

    Please use the recommended drives for exter- nal connection. For a list of recommended drives, please contact your Korg distributor. 1 Turn off the power of the D1600 and the external drive. You must turn off the power of the D1600 and...

  • Page 70: Importing/exporting Wav Files

    [SCSI] connector or from ISO 9660 format CD media can be imported (loaded) into the D1600. Also, audio data in the clipboard of the D1600 can be exported (written) as a WAV format file to an external DOS format (FAT 16) SCSI drive.

  • Page 71

    The longer the import source file, the more time this operation will take before the “Com- pleted” message appears. 6 Register the TO time location. 7 Select the Copy command. In the [TRACK] “EditTrk” tab page, set “EditType” to “CopyTrack.” 8 Select the clipboard as the copy source track num- ber.

  • Page 72: Drive And Data Compatibility Within The Digital Recording Studio Series

    Using D8 backup data on the D1600 If you wish to use a D8 song on the D1600, back it up on removable media, and restore it to the D1600. Only the audio data will be loaded into a new song.

  • Page 73: Regarding Disk Capacity

    Regarding disk capacity This section explains how the D1600 manages disk capacity. It is not necessary that the Optimize Track opera- tion explained here be used frequently. It is suffi- cient to use it only if “DiskBusy” is displayed when you are actually editing, or if you wish to recover more free Disk space after you have finished the...

  • Page 74: Note When Using Dos Format Disks

    “Unknown Disk” in the drive list, failing to be recognized, you can use the following procedure to format the disk in FAT 16 DOS format so that the D1600 can recognize it. 1 Connect the external SCSI device to the D1600, and use the “DiskUtil”...

  • Page 75: Step 14. Midi

    D1600 to control effects. Program change: This data is used by the D1600 to select scenes. Control change: This data is used by the D1600 to con- trol mixer parameters. MMC (MIDI Machine Control): MMC messages can be transmitted to control an external sequencer or recorder.

  • Page 76

    Synchronizing two D1600 units Here’s how you can synchronize two D1600 units. One D1600 will be the master, and the other will be the slave. Make connections as follows. “MTC Mstr” “Transmit” MIDI D1600 (Master) D1600 (Slave) 1 Make settings on the master D1600.

  • Page 77: Reference

    [Pedal, A.Touch, P.Bend, Velocity, NoteNum, CC#000…119] Select the external device that will control the inter- nal effects of the D1600. The effect selected by “Ass” (P1-4) can be controlled in real-time. Pedal: An expression pedal can be used to control the effect.

  • Page 78: P2 Midi: Midi Settings

    When the temperature falls to an acceptable level, the fan will stop automatically. P2 MIDI: MIDI settings On the D1600, you can use MIDI to do the following things: • Control effects ( p.47) • Synchronize with MIDI devices such as sequencers ( p.73)

  • Page 79: P4 Mmc: Mmc Settings

    If this is set to “0,” synchronized playback will not stop even if a problem occurs. Depending on the compatibility between the two devices when a device other than the D1600 is used as the MTC master for synchronization, correct syn- chronization may not be possible unless you start from the beginning of the song.

  • Page 80

    Format Type... (P, B, D8[B], D12[P], D12[B], Audio) This shows the format type of the drive. The internal drive of the D1600 and external drives that were initialized or formatted by the D1600 will be displayed as “playable” drives that can be used to create and play songs.

  • Page 81: P6 Diskutil: Initialize/format/check A Drive

    first time. • Format a disk that was previously used by another device before using it on the D1600, or if the “Disk Error” display appears frequently during playback. It is not necessary to initialize or format a remov- able disk that you are using for backup.

  • Page 82: Record

    “DriveID” will be ejected. If the currently selected song is on the removable disk, the disk will be locked by the D1600, and must be ejected using this command. Otherwise, you can also use the eject switch of the drive to eject the disk.

  • Page 83: P2 Bounce: Settings For Bounce Recording

    P2 Bounce: Settings for bounce recording For the procedure of bounce recording, refer to p.29. 1. Select BounceMode ... [14Tr+2In 2Tr, 16Tr 2Tr] Select the type of bounce recording. 14Tr+2In 2Tr: Select this when recording 14 tracks of playback + 2 inputs onto two tracks. The input sound selected in the [INPUT] “Ch1–8”...

  • Page 84

    The range (area of time) that will be edited is deter- mined by the time locations that are registered in the [IN/LOC1], [OUT/LOC2], [TO/LOC3], and [END/LOC4] keys. ( p.35, 97) The undo operation is available after you execute an editing operation. 1.

  • Page 85

    DestTrack DestTrack Blank 2. DestTrack... [1...16, 1–2...15–16, 1–4...13–16, 1–8, 9–16, 1–16] Select the insert destination track. In the case of a 24 bit song, only tracks 1–8 can be selected. 3. Exec. (Execute)... Execute the track editing operation. 4. Wave ... This area displays the audio data of the track as a waveform.

  • Page 86

    This operation optimizes the track data of the IN–OUT range of the optimize destination track (“DestTrack”). The D1600 will not generate unnecessary sound if the IN–OUT range contains unused blank portions. How- ever in the case of brief blank portions that are close to the next audio event, the data will be generated as a single sound to avoid producing “DiskBusy”...

  • Page 87

    SourceTrack A B C ... TIMES DestTrack A B C ... A B C ... A B C ... 2. SourceTrack... [1...16, 1–2...15–16] Select the expansion/compression source track. In the case of a 24 bit song, only tracks 7–8 can be selected.

  • Page 88: P4 Import: Import A Wav File

    P4 Import: Import a WAV file A WAV file saved on a FAT 16 DOS format external SCSI drive can be pasted into a D1600 track. ( p.72 “Note when using DOS format disks”) You can also import this data into the clipboard, and paste it into a location other than the beginning of the track.

  • Page 89: P5 Export: Export A Wav File

    Execute the WAV file import command. P5 Export: Export a WAV file Audio track data copied to the clipboard of the D1600 can be exported to a WAV file (16 bit, 44.1 kHz, mono or stereo) on a FAT 16 DOS formatted external SCSI drive.

  • Page 90: Song

    3. Rename ... Press the “Rename” button to access the dialog box, and specify a name for the WAV file. Up to eight characters can be used for WAV file name. 4. Date ... Input the date of the WAV file being exported. Press the “Date”...

  • Page 91: P2 Editsong: Song Editing

    3. Rename... Press the “Rename” button to access the dialog box, and modify the song name. A name of up to sixteen characters can be input. ( p.21) 4. New... This creates a new song following the last song of the currently selected drive.

  • Page 92: P3 Prgplay: Program Playback Of Songs

    3. DestSong ...[(I, A...G/001...100)] This displays the move destination drive, and lets you select the song number. You can select song numbers “001”–“existing song numbers”. 4. Exec. (Execute) ... Execute the move operation. If the selected move destination number (“Dest- Song”) is higher than the move source number (“SourceSong”), executing this operation will cause the “DestSong”...

  • Page 93: P4 Cdr/rw: Creating And Playing A Cd-r/rw

    You can produce an audio CD if a CD-R (CD Record- able) or CD-RW (CD Re-Writable) drive such as the CDRW-2 (sold separately) is installed in the D1600, or if a recommended CD-R or CD-RW drive is connected to the [SCSI] connector. ( p.49) The first through last events of tracks 1 and 2 of the cur-...

  • Page 94: Store

    If you use “4X” to write, you must use a drive that supports 4X speed writing. If you press the “Abort” button while writing, writing will be stopped. However, the disc will be incomplete. 6. CD... [Abs–Song, Abs–Total] Select the display method for the CD-R/RW play- back counter.

  • Page 95: Scene

    8. SCENE The mixer settings that you adjust can be registered at a desired time location as a Scene, and used to automati- cally change the mixer settings as the song plays (when “SceneRead” is turned “On”). Scenes can also be used as general-purpose settings, and recalled and used when desired.

  • Page 96: P2 Mixview: Pan/fader Scene Display

    6. EditLoc... This lets you change the registered time of a scene. Use “SceneNumber” to recall the scene whose loca- tion you wish to change. Press the “EditLoc” button to access the dialog box, and modify the location of the scene. Use the cursor to select the time that you wish to modify, and use the [VALUE] dial to modify the time.

  • Page 97: Tempo/rhythm

    9. TEMPO/RHYTHM Here you can make tempo, time signature, and rhythm (metronome) settings for a song. When the counter is displaying “MBT” (measures, beats, and 1/96th of a beat) ( p.75), it will operate according to the specified tempo. Tempo/rhythm can also be viewed in the [SONG] “SelSong”...

  • Page 98: P3 Tmptrk: Create A Tempo Track

    The tempo track can be recorded in two ways. • By recording MIDI Clock • By recording tap tempo The first method is used to synchronize the D1600 to data created on an external sequencer. The second method is used when you do not know the...

  • Page 99: In/loc1, Out/loc2, To/loc3, End/loc4

    10. IN/LOC1, OUT/LOC2, TO/LOC3, END/LOC4 If locations in the song have been registered to the [IN/ LOC1], [OUT/LOC2], [TO/LOC3], and [END/LOC4] keys, you can use them to perform the following func- tions. • Locate point ( p.35) Press each key to move to the registered location. •...

  • Page 100: P1 Atpunch: Settings For Auto Punch-in/out Recording

    11. AUTO PUNCH P1 AtPunch: Settings for auto punch-in/out recording Auto punch-in/out recording is a function that auto- matically starts recording (punch-in) and stops record- ing (punch-out) at the time locations you specify beforehand. If you record when “AutoPunch” is “On,” punch-in/ out recording will occur automatically.

  • Page 101: Loop

    The hard disk of the D1600 preserves a history of up to the last 99 recordings, edits, or operations so that you can use the Undo function to return to an ear- lier state of your work.

  • Page 102: Trigger

    If recording begins too early or too late, re-adjust this level. 3. PreTrigTime ... [000…700ms] When trigger recording is used, the D1600 can record the sound that was heard immediately before recording actually started. Trigger recording will initiate recording when the input signal exceeds the “Threshold”...

  • Page 103: Scrub

    15. SCRUB Scrub, Play From/Play To, and Slow Play functions can be switched on/off here. Each time you press the [SCRUB] key, the setting will be switched on or off. By using these functions, you can register Locate and Mark times more precisely and easily. If you use the Scrub function on a song that uses the tempo track, you should set the counter display unit to time display (MSM) or frame display...

  • Page 104: Input

    ( p.50) After completing a song on the D1600, you can syn- chronize a sequencer to the D1600 and use sub inputs to mix the sequenced sounds with the track playback of the D1600.

  • Page 105: P1 Ch1-8: Select The Inputs For Mixer Channels 1-8

    4a. Select ChannelPair ... [1 2…15 16] Press the “1 2”–“15 16” button for the channels that you wish to pair. When pairing is “On,” the heart icon will be displayed. 4b. Select Function... [Eq, Send, Aux, Pan] Select the functions that will be paired for the chan- nels selected by “Select ChannelPair.”...

  • Page 106: Eq/phase

    wish to measure, then specify the track in this page, and play back to measure the pitch of the specified track. 18. EQ/PHASE P1 Eq1–4: EQ settings for mixer channels 1–4 Here you can apply EQ (equalizer) to the playback of tracks 1–4.

  • Page 107: Insert Effect

    19. INSERT EFFECT The insert effects can be applied to the analog inputs during recording, or to track playback. The D1600 lets you use up to eight different insert effects simultaneously. Insert effects cannot be used if “DigiIn” is turned “On”...

  • Page 108: P2 Inseff1: Selection And Settings For Insert Effect 1

    The effect program whose name or parameters you modified can be stored in user areas “U001”– “U128.” The D1600 provides 128 user areas for insert effects. In the “StoreEffect” dialog box, specify the “user area number” and press the “Exec.” button to store the effect.

  • Page 109: P3 Inseff2: Selection And Settings For Insert Effect 2

    The D1600 provides two master effects. The final effect is used to adjust the final stage of the master LR bus. The D1600 provides one stereo final effect. The AUX send is used when you wish to apply an external effect to the sound.

  • Page 110: P2 Msteff2: Selection And Settings For Master Effect 2108

    The effect program whose name or parameters you modified can be stored in user areas “u001”– “u032.” The D1600 provides 32 user areas for master effects. In the “StoreEffect” dialog box, specify the “user area number” and press the “Exec.” button to store the effect.

  • Page 111: Solo/monitor

    The effect program whose name or parameters you modified can be stored in user areas “u033”– “u064.” The D1600 provides 32 user areas for final effects. In the “StoreEffect” dialog box, specify the “user area number” and press the “Exec.” button to store the effect.

  • Page 112: P2 Monitor: Monitor Settings

    P2 Monitor: Monitor settings Select the audio signals that will be output from the monitor output ([MONITOR OUT L/R] jacks) and the headphone output ([PHONES] jack). 1. SelectMonitor ... [MasterLR, Cue, Rhythm, (Solo)/On, Off] Select the audio signals that will be output from the [MONITOR OUT L/R] jacks and the [PHONES] jack.

  • Page 113: Meter/track View

    22. METER/TRACK VIEW Here you can view the pre fader level meter and post fader level meter. You can also use the track view dis- play to check whether a track contains audio events. From the top, the level meters indicate CLP, –3, –6, –9, –12, –15, –18, –24 and –40 dB.

  • Page 114: Fader

    Play From, or hold down the [STOP] key and press this key to use Play To. ( p.101) 5. [REC] key When you press this key, the D1600 will enter record-ready mode (the LED will blink). In order to enter record-ready mode, [TRACK STATUS] must be set to REC for at least one track.

  • Page 115: Effect Parameter List

    Effect Parameter List Example Algorithm number: Category number: Algorithm name 1: RV1: Reverb Hall Parameter name shown on screen... Range of parameter Explanation (parameter name) *Time (Reverb Time [sec]) ...01...10.0s Sets the reverberation time * Parameters marked by an “*” in front of the screen parame- ter name can be controlled by an external device such as an expression pedal.

  • Page 116: 9: Dl2: St/cross Delay (stereo/cross Delay)

    HiDamp (High Damp [%])... 0...100 Sets the damping amount in the high range LoDamp (Low Damp [%]) ... 0...100 Sets the damping amount in the low range Spread (Spread)... 0...50 Sets the width of the stereo image of the effect sound Mix (Wet/Dry)...Dry, 1:99...99:1, Wet Sets the balance between the effect and dry sounds : High Damp [%], : Low Damp [%]...

  • Page 117: 13: Dl6: Panning Delay

    The “Attack” and “Release” parameters specify attack time and release time of delay level control. 13: DL6: St.Auto Panning Delay (Stereo Auto Panning Delay) This stereo delay effect pans the delay sound left and right using the LFO. LTime (L Delay Time [msec])... 0...680ms Sets the delay time for the left channel LFback (L Feedback)...

  • Page 118: 18: Mo5: St.tremolo (stereo Tremolo)

    18: MO5: St.Tremolo (Stereo Tremolo) This effect modulates the volume level of the input signal. The effect is stereo, and offsetting the LFO of the left and right phases from each other produces a tremolo effect between left and right. LFO (LFO Waveform) ...

  • Page 119: 23: Dy3: Multiband Limiter

    If “L Only” (or “R Only”) is selected, the left and right channels are linked, and the Limiter is controlled via only the left (or right) channel. With “indivi”, the left and right channels control the Limiter indi- vidually. : Ratio, : Threshold [dB], : Gain Adjust [dB] This parameter sets the signal compression “Ratio”.

  • Page 120: 27: Dy7: St.parametric 4band Eq

    Set “Pre LPF” to “On” to prevent this noise from being generated. If you set the “Sampling Frequency” to about “3kHz” and set “Pre LPF” to “Off,” you can create a sound like a ring modulator. : Resolution, : Output Level If you set a smaller value for the “Resolution”...

  • Page 121: Insert (2in2outx2), Final

    Insert (2in2outx2), Final These algorithms can be selected for an insert effect if “2in2outx2” is selected for “Select Eff Type”. They can also be selected for a final effect. Large size LS1 – LS7 Category: Large size effects 32: LS1: St.Graphic 7band EQ (Stereo Graphic 7band EQ) This is a stereo 7-band graphic equalizer.

  • Page 122: 37: Ls6: Rotary Speaker

    Type (Type) ...Sharp, Loose, Selects the decay curve for the early Modula, Revers reflection Time (ER Time [msec])... 10...1600ms Sets the time length of early reflection PreDly (Pre Delay [msec]) ... 0...200ms Sets the time taken from the original sound to the first early reflection EQTrim (EQ Trim) ...

  • Page 123: Pa1 Category: Pre-amp Simulator

    Category: Pre-amp simulator 48: PA1: Pre Amp Simulator [Dist, NR, Tone, AmpSim] EB1 – EB3 Category: Bass multi 49: EB1: Bass Multi1 [Comp, Exctr, P4EQ, Cho/Fl, S.Dly] 50: EB2: Bass Multi2 [Dist, NR, Filter, Delay] 51: EB3: Bass Multi3 [Comp, P4EQ, Gate] Category: Mic multi 52: MS1: Mic Multi [CabRes, MicSim, Comp]...

  • Page 124: Ampsim (ampsimulator)

    AmpSim (AmpSimulator) This effect simulates the acoustical characteristics of a guitar amp. Even if you are recording your instrument via a direct- box, you can produce a realistic sound as though a guitar amp were actually being used. Type (Amplifier Type) ... AMP1...5 Selects the type of guitar amplifier CabRes (CabinetResonator) This effect simulates the acoustical characteristics and cabinet...

  • Page 125: Micsim (mic Simulator)

    : Mode, Fine If Cntrl is controlling Pitch and you change Modes or the Fine tun- ing, you must once again use Cntrl to readjust the Max and Min parameters. : Feedback Position Select, : Feedback When “Feedback Position Select” is set to “Pre,” the output of the pitch shifter will be once again sent back to the pitch shifter.

  • Page 126: Mm14: Exciter – Limiter

    68: MM14: Exciter – Limiter [Excit2, Lmtr] 69: MM15: Exciter – Cho/Flng [Excit2, ChFl1] 70: MM16: Exciter – Phaser [Excit2, Phaser] 71: MM17: Exciter – Mt.Delay [Excit2, Mt.Dly] 72: MM18: Limiter – P4EQ [Lmtr, P4EQ] 73: MM19: Limiter – Cho/Flng [Lmtr, ChFl2] 74: MM20: Limiter –...

  • Page 127: Comp2 (compressor2)

    Comp2 (Compressor2) This effect adds Pre LEQ and Pre HEQ to Comp1. Sense (Sensitivity)... 1...100 Sets the sensitivity Attack (Attack) ... 1...100 Sets the attack level Trim (EQ Trim) ... 0...100 Sets the EQ input level LEQG (Pre HEQ Gain [dB])...–15...+15dB Sets the gain of High EQ HEQG (Pre LEQ Gain [dB])...–15...+15dB Sets the gain of Low EQ Level (Output Level) ...

  • Page 128: Insert (1in1outx8)

    Insert (1in1outx8) These algorithms can be selected as an insert effect if “1in1outx8” is selected for “SelectEffType.” Different insert effects can be used on each of eight channels/ tracks. Effects MN1–MN11 are monaural type effects. “1in1outx8” effects cannot be controlled by an expression pedal etc.

  • Page 129: Appendices

    Troubleshooting No sound Is the power of the D1600 or connected equipment turned off? ( p.17) Can’t hear the playback Have the [MASTER] fader or [PHONES] knob been lowered? Have the channel volume levels been lowered? When pairing has been switched off after it had been on, or after using Scene Read, the actual volume levels may not match the positions of the faders.

  • Page 130

    The input EQ can be used only on the ana- log inputs. Can’t record Is the [CHANNEL] fader of the D1600 lowered? (When the [RECORD] “RecMode” tab page item “Select Rec- Mode” is set to “Input”) Is the [MASTER] fader of the D1600 lowered? (When the [RECORD] “RecMode”...

  • Page 131

    Is the MIDI cable connected correctly? ( p.11, 73) Is the MIDI cable broken? Can’t synchronize using MTC or MIDI Clock Has the D1600 been set as the master and the MIDI sequencer as the slave? ( p.73) Does the synchronization signal transmitted by the...

  • Page 132

    In the [SYSTEM] “MIDI” tab page, check “GlobalCh.” ( p.73) The D1600 does not synchronize as a slave If the D1600 is set as a MTC slave, several seconds may be required before synchronization is achieved. Can’t control other devices via MMC In the [SYSTEM] “MMC”...

  • Page 133: Messages

    Can’t preview Is the WAV file in a supported format? Preview WAV files of a supported format. ( p.68, 86) Is the file name appropriate? The D1600 supports file names that are compatible with ISO 9660 Level 1. Messages Confirmation messages Completed The operation has been completed successfully.

  • Page 134

    Either turn off protect ( p.89), or select a different song. A song created on the D12 etc. cannot be directly recorded or edited. First copy the song to the D1600, and then record or edit it. TempoFast When recording tempo, the tempo was too fast to be recorded correctly.

  • Page 135

    Track Full When writing an audio CD, the number of tracks (the number of songs) written to the CD has exceeded 99 songs. Write to new CD media. Unsupported File Type When importing a WAV file, you attempted to import a file that was not 8 bit/16 bit/24 bit, 44.1 kHz monau- ral/stereo.

  • Page 136: Installing A Hard Disk Or Cd-r/rw Drive

    Installing a hard disk or CD-R/RW drive The D1600 has a hard disk bay and a CD-R/RW drive bay, into which you can respectively install a hard disk and CD-R/RW drive recommended by Korg. Make IDE settings to set the hard disk as the mas- ter, and the CD-R/RW drive as the slave.

  • Page 137

    1 Use the procedure described in “Turning the power on” to turn on the power, and verify that the D1600 starts up correctly. If the D1600 fails to start up correctly, re-check the installation. 2 If a message of “INIT Internal Hard Disk Drive”...

  • Page 138: About The Internal Cd-r/rw Drive

    CD-R or CD- RW disc. Installing the internal CD-R/RW drive 1 Turn off the power of the D1600, and disconnect all cables. 2 Remove the front cover. Remove the front cover as described in “Installing the internal hard disk.”...

  • Page 139

    1 Turn on the power as described in the power-on procedure, and verify that the D1600 starts up cor- rectly. ( p.18) Turn on the power of the D1600, and make sure that the start-up LCD screen shows that the inter- nal CD-R/RW drive has been detected.

  • Page 140: Using The Internal Cd-r/rw Drive

    Inserting a disc Make sure that the power of the D1600 is turned on. 1 Open the disc tray Press the eject button of the internal CD-R/RW drive, and the disc tray will open. 2 Insert the disc With the label of the disc facing upward, place it in the disc tray.

  • Page 141: Updating The System Software

    Updating the system software The system software of the D1600 can be updated from an external SCSI disk that contains D1600 system files. For details on system file, please contact Korg distribu- tor. Connections Connect the external removable disk drive containing the system file to the D1600 via SCSI.

  • Page 142

    D1600 specifications Operating temperature +5 – +35 degrees C (do not allow con- range: densation) Specifications <Recorder section> Number of tracks: 128 tracks (including virtual tracks) 16 tracks simultaneous playback, 8 tracks simultaneous recording @ 16 bits 8 tracks simultaneous playback, 4...

  • Page 143

    EXP-2 foot controller CDRW-2 CD-R/RW drive (internal type) HDD-20G 20GB hard disk drive (internal type) • For other recommended drives, please contact your Korg dis- tributor. * Appearance and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice. (Nov./2000)

  • Page 144: Midi Implementation Chart

    [TEMPO/RHYTHM] “TmpTrk,” and tempo is being recorded. *5: Received to control effects when selected in [SYSTEM] “Control.” Mode 1: OMNI ON, POLY Mode 3: OMNI OFF, POLY Consult your local Korg distributor for more information on MIDI IMPLEMENTATION. MIDI Implementation Chart Transmitted Recognized *6: Transmitted/received for mixer control when ControlChange is *7: Transmitted/received if ProgChange is enabled in [SYSTEM] “MIDI.”...

  • Page 145: Block Diagram

    Appendices Block diagram MIDI...

  • Page 146: Effect Program List

    INSERT EFFECT Preset128 User128 ProgNo Categ ProgramName Algorithm EFF1 Reverb 7 I001 RV1 ReverbHall Reverb Hall HALL I002 RV2 SmoothHall Smooth Hall SmtHall I003 RV3 WetPlate Reverb Wet Plate WPlate I004 RV4 DryPlate Reverb Dry Plate DPlate I005 RV5 ReverbRoom Reverb Room ROOM I006 RV6...

  • Page 147

    MASTER EFFECT Preset32 User32 ProgNo Categ ProgramName Algorithm EFF 1 Reverb 15 M001 RV1 ReverbHall Reverb Hall HALL M002 RV2 SmoothHall Smooth Hall SmtHall M003 RV3 WetPlate Reverb Wet Plate WPlate M004 RV4 DryPlate Reverb Dry Plate DPlate M005 RV5 ReverbRoom Reverb Room ROOM M006 RV6 BrightRoom...

  • Page 148: Rhythm Pattern List (215patterns)

    Rhythm Pattern List (215patterns) For Beat settings other than 3/4, 4/4 or 6/8, only (Blank), Metro, or Hihat can be selected. For Beat settings of 3/4, 4/4 or 6/8, the following rhythm patterns can be selected in addition to (Blank), Metro, or Hihat.

  • Page 149: Demo Song List

    Demo Song List “Let The Sister Dance” The song is written by Mumbo Jumbo Band © 1997 Mumbo Jumbo Band -all rights reserved. Index Numerics 16Bit/16Track ... 89 1in1outx4 ... 43 1in1outx8 ... 43 1in2outx2 ... 43 24Bit/8Track ... 89 2in2outx2 ...

  • Page 150

    Edit cell...13 Effect Algorithm ...106, 107 Effect On/Off ...106, 109 Effect Parameter...113 Effect program ...106, 107, 109 Rename...46, 106, 108, 109 Store...47, 106, 108, 109 Effect send ...108 Effect send meter ...111 EffectIcon ...106, 109 Eject...80 Ending ...62 EQ ...37, 103, 104 Error...79 Error messages ...131 Expression pedal...47...

  • Page 151

    Sampling frequency ...68 Sampling rate converter ...25 Scene...39, 93 Automatically switching ...40 Delete...40 Editing a scene and overwriting it ...40 Filter ...41 MIDI to control ...41 Playback on/off ...93 Recall ...40 Scroll button ...13 Scrub...36, 101 [SCSI] connector ...67 SCSI ID ...67 Select Mode ...14 Page ...14...

  • Page 152

    These products are warranted by the KORG distributor only in each country. Any KORG product not sold with a warranty card or carrying a serial number disqualifies the product sold from the manufacturer’s/distributor’s warranty and liability. This requirement is for your own protection and safety.

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