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HP TopTools for
Hubs & Switches
User Guide

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  • Page 1

    HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches User Guide...

  • Page 3

    HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches User Guide...

  • Page 4

    You have only those rights provided for such Software and any accompanying documentation by the applicable FAR or DFARS clause or the HP standard software agreement for the product involved. Warranty A copy of the specific warranty terms applicable to your Hewlett- Packard products and replacement parts can be obtained from your HP Sales and Service Office or authorized dealer.

  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Learning to Use HP TopTools ........2-8...

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    3 System Requirements Hardware and Software Requirements ......3-1 4 Discovering Your Devices Beginning Discovery ......... . . 4-1 Discovery Status .

  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    Custom Groups ..........6-7 Searching for Devices .

  • Page 8: Table Of Contents

    9 Monitoring Network Traffic Using Traffic Monitor ......... 9-1 Reading the Traffic Information Gauges .

  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    How the Network Performance Advisor Collects Data ..10-19 Understanding HP Sampling ....... . 10-19 Traffic Data Collector Performance .

  • Page 10: Table Of Contents

    Setting Device Features ........13-17 HP ProCurve Stack Management ......13-18 VLAN Configuration .

  • Page 11: Table Of Contents

    The HP Download Manager ........16-9...

  • Page 12

    How to Update the Map Files ....... . 16-12 A Appendix A Agent Firmware Versions .

  • Page 13: Quick Start

    Starting HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches To start HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches: Click on the HP TopTools icon. Your browser will display the home page of the TopTools application. In the TopTools home page, click on the Home button in the navigation frame, or click on the image of the switch.

  • Page 14: Getting Around In Hp Toptools

    Use the tabs or buttons at the top of a page to go quickly from task to task. Click on the Home button and select Hubs & Switches Home to return to the HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches home page.

  • Page 15: Viewing Your Network Devices

    Quick Start Viewing Your Network Devices Viewing Your Network Devices Devices To view a list of your network devices, click on the Devices button in the navigation frame and select Device Types from the menu. Click on the Networking Devices folder to display each network device showing its type, connectivity status, the number of new and open alerts, and its management capability.

  • Page 16: Policies

    Quick Start Policies Panner Figure 1-2. An Example of a Subnet Map Using the Panner The panner lets you easily focus in on a portion of your map. If it is not already displayed in the lower right corner of the map, select the Show Panner button to display the panner.

  • Page 17: Group Policies

    Spanning Tree Protocol Security Configuration by Group Alert Configuration by Group See the chapter Group Policies for more information. Examining Alerts The bottom half of the HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches home page displays the Alert Log. Figure 1-3. Alert Log...

  • Page 18: Configuring And Monitoring Devices

    Configuring and Monitoring Devices The Device View displays a graphical representation of a device. The Device View of an HP hub or switch can be accessed in the following ways: Click on the Devices button in the navigation frame and select Device Types.

  • Page 19

    N o t e Double-clicking on an HP device that does not support a browser interface will launch the Closeup View of the device in a separate window if you are at the management station.

  • Page 20: Viewing Network Traffic

    Quick Start Viewing Network Traffic Viewing Network Traffic To look at the traffic bottlenecks in your network in real time, click on the Performance button in the navigation frame and select Traffic Monitor from the menu. Figure 1-6. Traffic Monitor Page The performance gauges at the top of the page display measurements of five important attributes affecting the performance of your network for a selected segment.

  • Page 21: Optimizing Your Network

    Advisor provides proactive analysis of a network, in contrast to the real-time, reactive analysis provided by Traffic Monitor. To begin proactive analysis of your network, click on Network Performance Advisor in the HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches home page.

  • Page 22: How To Get Support

    Click on Technical Support. The information available at this site includes: HP network device MIBs HP network device firmware Software updates Frequently asked questions (FAQs) In addition, you can call your HP Authorized Dealer or the nearest HP Sales and Support Office. 1-10...

  • Page 23: Introduction To Hp Toptools

    HP TopTools diagnoses problems quickly and automatically, then corrects the problem or gives clear directions on how to fix it. HP TopTools runs alone or with popular management platforms such as HP NNM-NT (HP OpenView), CA Unicenter TNG, IBM Tivoli, and IBM NetView, providing an integrated solution that ranges from small workgroups through large enterprises.

  • Page 24

    Figure 2-1. HP TopTools Home Page HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches is a device management and network optimization application. You can access the HP TopTools features with a browser anywhere on the network. HP TopTools gives you the ability to...

  • Page 25

    N o t e Your devices must have an IP address in order to be managed by HP TopTools with a browser. The management station must have an assigned IP address.

  • Page 26: Network Devices Features

    Maps The Maps page displays a graphical representation of the devices in your network. You can launch the Device View for an HP device by double-clicking on a device in the map or right-mouse-clicking on a device and selecting Properties (Device View) from the popup menu.

  • Page 27

    Traffic Monitor. HP Devices Supported HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches provides Device Views (manageable by browser) or Closeup Views to fully manage the following HP devices. The devices that can be managed with a browser are indicated. Table 2-1.

  • Page 28

    HP AdvanceStack 10Base-T Hub-48 w/ SNMP Note 5 J3200A HP AdvanceStack 10BT S Hub-12R Yes (firmware A.03.xx) Note 5 J3201A HP AdvanceStack 10BT S Hub-12R w/ Yes (firmware Mgmt A.03.xx) Note 5 J3202A HP AdvanceStack 10Base-T S Hub-24R Yes (firmware A.03.xx)

  • Page 29

    Note 4 Requires J2612A/B HP AdvanceStack 10Base-T DMM Module for J2610A and J2611A. Requires J3133A HP AdvanceStack 8U/16U SNMP Module for J2610B and J2611B. Note 5 Requires J3210A HP AdvanceStack 10BT Management Pack. HP AdvanceStack 10Base-T Switching hubs provided with Management. Pack preinstalled include: HP J3201A (12R), HP J3203A (24R), HP J3204A (24T).

  • Page 30: Learning To Use Hp Toptools

    J4813A HP ProCurve Switch 2524M Note 1 HP J2980A 10/100 LAN Switch is not supported on IPX networks. To discover this device on an IP network, the SNMP community name “public” must be configured on the device. The J2981A HP 100VG Switch Module and J2984A HP 100TX Switch Module are available for the HP J2980A.

  • Page 31: Hp Toptools Technical Product Support

    Click on Technical Support. The information available at this site includes: HP network device MIBs HP network device firmware Software updates Frequently asked questions (FAQs) In addition, you can call your HP Authorized Dealer or the nearest HP Sales and Support Office.

  • Page 32

    Introduction HP TopTools Technical Product Support 2-10...

  • Page 33: System Requirements, Hardware And Software Requirements

    System Requirements Hardware and Software Requirements HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches runs on Windows NT and Windows 2000. The system requirements are listed in the following table. Table 3-1. System Requirements Item Requirements Computer System IBM PC-compatible computer, 266 MHz processor; 400...

  • Page 34

    System Requirements Hardware and Software Requirements N o t e Be sure to obtain an assigned IP address for the management station before installing TopTools. Do not use either a static or dynamic IP address.

  • Page 35: Beginning Discovery

    The discovered devices are displayed in the Devices page and added to a devices database maintained by HP TopTools to represent your network. HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches can discover network devices that have valid IP or IPX addresses. Such...

  • Page 36: Discovery Status, Selecting Networks

    Discovering Your Devices Beginning Discovery Figure 4-1. Status Page of Settings for Discovery Discovery Status The Status page shows the following information about network discovery: • The date and time the last discovery finished • The number of network objects that have not been processed yet •...

  • Page 37: Adding Devices For Discovery

    TCP/IP protocol stack. HP TopTools uses the subnet mask to calculate the address range for your network. Click on >> to include it in the Networks list.

  • Page 38: Troubleshooting Discovery, Configuring Discovery Settings

    Discovering Your Devices Troubleshooting Discovery Configuring Discovery Settings You can configure the types of protocols and methods of discovery that you want to use. For example, you may want to discover only IP networks. The types are: IP—Discovers all IP devices in your network. •...

  • Page 39: Inventory Of Devices

    In the navigation frame, click on the Actions button and select Update Discovery. You must do the Update Discovery so that HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches will re-read the configuration of the device for which you added the pass- words.

  • Page 40

    Discovering Your Devices Inventory of Devices...

  • Page 41

    Interpreting the Alert Log - Automatic Fault Finding The Alert Log is displayed in the lower area of the HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches home page, the Alerts page, and the lower area of the device’s Status - Overview page. Its “Find/Fix/ Inform” capability helps you proactively manage your network by displaying network traps and problem conditions in one easily accessible browser page.

  • Page 42

    Alerts Interpreting the Alert Log - Automatic Fault Finding Figure 5-1. Alerts Page The Alerts page displays more information about the alert as well as some suggestions for fixing the problem. When you have reviewed an alert, the “New” icon is no longer displayed. The following table shows the common faults and how they are indicated.

  • Page 43

    Alerts Interpreting the Alert Log - Automatic Fault Finding Table 5-1. Common Faults Fault Description, Cause and Actions Too many Description: A device on this port is transmitting packets shorter than 64 bytes or longer than 1518 bytes undersized/giant (longer than 1522 bytes if tagged), with valid CRCs. packets Possible Causes: a misconfigured NIC or a malfunctioning NIC, NIC driver, or transceiver Actions:...

  • Page 44

    Alerts Interpreting the Alert Log - Automatic Fault Finding Table 5-1. Common Faults Fault Description, Cause and Actions Excessive late Description: Late collisions (collisions detected after transmitting approximately 64 bytes) were detected collisions on this port. Possible Causes: • An overextended LAN topology •...

  • Page 45: Acknowledging Alerts

    Alerts Interpreting the Alert Log - Automatic Fault Finding The Find/Fix/Inform function runs continuously in the background at a sensi- tivity threshold level that you select. Sensitivity threshold settings control the severity of the alerts that are displayed. The settings internally adjust the counter thresholds automatically.

  • Page 46: Filtering Alerts, Sorting Alerts, Selecting Alert Log Filters

    Alerts Filtering Alerts Sorting Alerts There are four column title buttons that can be used to sort the alerts: According to severity A description of the alert, The name of the device The date and time of the alert First Time Installation Information There will be an entry in the Alert Log for first time installation information for the device.

  • Page 47: Selecting Alert Log Filters - Topology

    Alerts Filtering Alerts Filtering by Alert State To view only certain alert states in the Alerts page, for instance, only new and open alerts, check the appropriate boxes in the Filter by Alert State area of the browser window. Filtering by Alert Severity Select an alert severity, for instance, critical, to view only the critical alerts in the Alerts page.

  • Page 48: Selecting Alert Log Filters - Custom Groups, Selecting Alert Log Filters - Search

    Alerts Filtering Alerts Show List Figure 5-3. Select Alert Log Filters — Topology Page Selecting Alert Log Filters - Custom Groups If you have created any Custom Groups of devices, you can apply filter criteria to these groups. Selecting Alert Log Filters - Search You can obtain a list of all of your devices with certain characteristics by using the Search feature.

  • Page 49: Configuring Action On Alerts

    Alerts Configuring Action on Alerts Click on Searches button and select Save to save parameters globally. Figure 5-4. Search Page To save your search parameters, select Save from the Searches drop down list and enter a name for the search. These parameters are saved globally so that you can use the same parameters again by clicking on the Searches button and selecting the name you saved.

  • Page 50

    Alerts Configuring Action on Alerts Figure 5-5. Configure Actions on Alerts Page If your program requires information about the event (for example, device name and alert severity for inclusion in an e-mail message to you), use one of the following substitution parameters within the command line: $(dev) - Substitute the name or IP/IPX address of the device that generated the event.

  • Page 51

    Alerts Configuring Action on Alerts Deleting Closed Alerts The field at the bottom of the Configure Actions on Alerts page allows you to enter the number of days after which you would like closed alerts deleted from the alerts database. 5-11...

  • Page 52

    Alerts Configuring Action on Alerts 5-12...

  • Page 53: Listing Devices

    Networking Devices This chapter contains information on: Listing Devices Configuring Polling Selecting Actions for Devices Device Topology Node Port Table Custom Groups Searching for Devices See the chapter Group Policies for information on automatic configuration. Listing Devices The Devices page lists alphabetically all the devices that have been discovered in your network.

  • Page 54: Configuring Polling

    N o t e If the device is not manageable by browser, you must launch the Device View from the Management Station where HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches is installed. Configuring Polling Polling a device involves sending a request to the device and waiting for a response.

  • Page 55: Selecting Actions For Devices

    Polling Interval —The amount of time in seconds between requests for a response. Timeout—The amount of time in seconds that HP TopTools will wait for a response from a device before sending another request. Management URL—If http discovery has found a management station, its address will appear in the Management URL field.

  • Page 56

    The default is 80% of the threshold value. • Time Interval—the time elapsed while HP TopTools examines speci- fied traffic for threshold and tolerance violations. If the threshold is reached with the time interval specified, an event is triggered.

  • Page 57: Device Topology

    Figure 6-3. Thresholds Dialog Box Device Topology The Topology view displays a hierarchical representation of your network device connections. If HP TopTools is not able to associate a device with a segment, the device is listed as unmapped. N o t e Your hubs and switches must have the Community Name “public”...

  • Page 58: Node Port Table

    Networking Devices Node Port Table Figure 6-4. The Topology of Networking Devices You can choose how to display the topology hierarchy by selecting from the Show drop down list at the top of the page: Network—Displays folders representing networks. All the devices in the network are displayed.

  • Page 59: Custom Groups

    Networking Devices Custom Groups Type of port, for example, 10Base-T The address of the device connected to the port The port number connected to on the device Devices that are underlined (linked) have more devices connected to them. Click on the device address; a new table with that device’s connections displays.

  • Page 60: Searching For Devices

    Networking Devices Searching for Devices Figure 6-6. Custom Groups Page A quick way to create a Custom Group uses the Search function. Select the Search tab in the Devices page. Enter the type of device that you want as members of your group. Save the results of the search, this becomes your Custom group.

  • Page 61

    Networking Devices Searching for Devices Figure 6-7. Search Page Click on the + or - boxes to add or remove search criteria. To save your search parameters, select Save from the Searches drop down list and enter a name for the search. These parameters are saved globally so that you can use the same parameters again by clicking on the Searches button and selecting the name you saved.

  • Page 62

    Networking Devices Searching for Devices 6-10...

  • Page 63: Creating Groups

    Group Policies With HP TopTools Group Policies feature, you can specify which devices are being configured for a particular policy. This chapter includes information on: Creating Groups General Group Policies Advanced Switch Features Security Configuration Policies Alert Configuration Policies Creating Groups You can create up to 30 groups of devices for management by policy.

  • Page 64: Viewing The Devices In A Group

    Group Policies Creating Groups Figure 7-1. Main Page of Group Configuration If you check the box labeled Move newly discovered devices into Default group, your new devices can have policies applied as soon as they are discovered. If you do not check this box, newly discovered devices are moved to the Unconfigured group, which does not have any policy settings.

  • Page 65: Adding A Group, Modifying A Group

    Group Policies Creating Groups Adding a Group To create a new group and add it to the group list, click on the Add Group button. In the Group Configuration - Add Group page, enter a name for the group in the New Group Name field.

  • Page 66

    Group Policies Creating Groups Figure 7-3. Group Configuration - Modify Group Page Adding a Device to a Group To add a device to a group, click on the Add Device button. Select a group from the Source Group list box. All the devices in that group will be displayed in the box below.

  • Page 67

    Group Policies Creating Groups Figure 7-4. Adding a Device to a Group Removing a Device from a Group To remove a device from a group, select a device in the Group Configuration- Modify Group page and click on Remove Device. You will be asked to confirm the deletion.

  • Page 68: Configuring Group Policies

    Configuring Group Policies Configuring Group Policies Start configuring Group Policies by clicking on the Policies button in the HP TopTools navigation frame. Select Configuration Policies from the menu. The Policies - Automatic Configuration Management of Hubs & Switches page displays the following buttons: General—Displays SNMP system information and allows modification of...

  • Page 69: Snmp System Information, General Configuration Policies

    Group Policies General Configuration Policies General Configuration Policies SNMP System Information To configure SNMP Information for a group, click on the General button in the Configuration Policies main page. The General Polices page for that group displays. Three SNMP variables for the selected group are listed in the SNMP System Information box: sysContact—The person to contact about this group of devices sysLocation—The location of this group of devices.

  • Page 70: Checking Firmware Versions, Alert Configuration Policies

    HP hubs and switches in your network. Enter the IP addresses of the hosts that should receive traps. The maximum number of additional trap receivers that you can add is nine. The HP TopTools management station is a trap receiver by default.

  • Page 71: Setting Fault Sensitivity

    Alert Configuration Policies Sending Alerts to the HP TopTools Management Station When you check this box, all alerts will be sent to the HP TopTools Server in addition to any other trap receivers that you have designated. This feature is enabled by default.

  • Page 72: Advanced Switch Features

    Group Policies Advanced Switch Features Low Sensitivity: The device will make an entry in the Alert Log only when severe network problems occur. These are problems that may bring the network down. Off: The device will never make any entries in the Alert Log regardless of the severity of the problem.

  • Page 73: Automatic Broadcast Control (abc), Automatic Broadcast Control (abc)

    Group Policies Advanced Switch Features Figure 7-8. Advanced Switch Features Page The problem of broadcast control is addressed in part by the use of two features, Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) and Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP). Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC) is a feature that controls broadcasts through IP/IPX Broadcast Reduction.

  • Page 74

    Group Policies Advanced Switch Features Routing Information Protocol The switch also intercepts Routing Information Protocol (RIP) and SAP broadcasts and forwards these only to ports where routers and servers have been detected. This also reduces the number of broadcasts on the network. For example, if User A sends out a broadcast message to connect to its server, the request is sent out of all ports on the switch.

  • Page 75: Internet Group Management Protocol (igmp), Internet Group Management Protocol (igmp)

    A set of queriers and hosts that send and receive data from the same set of sources is a multicast group. The HP switches have a standards-based IGMP implementation. The switches process IGMP packets by learning which of the switch’s interfaces are linked to hosts that are members of multicast groups and multicast routers.

  • Page 76: The Spanning Tree Protocol

    You can create up to five communities for each group. The default community is “public”. C a u t i o n Do not delete the “public” community. The Read Access and Write Access choices are: None—Provides access to no tasks in HP TopTools 7-14...

  • Page 77

    Group Policies Security Configuration Policies Discovery—Enables a device to be discovered by HP Toptools for Hubs and Switches for mapping in a Topology view. The only tasks allowed are Link Test and Discovery. Restricted—Provides partial access to HP TopTools features (not Community Name settings or Authorized Managers) User—Provides almost complete access to HP TopTools features...

  • Page 78

    The Authorized Managers box lists the managers that are authorized to manage the selected community in the Communities box. You can configure nine authorized managers; one additional manager is the HP TopTools server by default. Adding or Deleting an Authorized Manager...

  • Page 79: Displaying Maps

    Locating a Node Displaying Maps When HP TopTools is started, the discovery process discovers the devices on your network. This information is used by the topology process to create a network topology and the physical maps. Two maps are created automatically: A map showing just the bridges, switches and segments A map showing the entire network.

  • Page 80: Map Server Settings

    Viewing Your Maps Displaying Maps Figure 8-1. Network List for Displaying Map Views Map Server Settings Click on the Preferences button in the Maps-View Maps page to launch the Server Settings page. The Server Settings page lets you select the display characteristics for maps.

  • Page 81

    The Map Factory Service generates your topology maps after discovery is complete. You must stop and restart this service for your new map settings to take effect. Select the Settings button in the HP TopTools navigation frame and click on Services.

  • Page 82

    Viewing Your Maps Displaying Maps Table 8-1. Map Styles Hierarchical—The devices are presented in a tree- like structure, from a top-level device such as a switch, to its connecting hubs and end nodes. Circular—The network map is displayed with devices connected in a circular pattern. Segments connect the circles.

  • Page 83: Launching A Map

    Viewing Your Maps Displaying Maps Spacing Spacing controls the amount of distance between nodes in the topology map so that they do not overlap each other. There are three spacing options: Level Frame%—To increase the amount of space between node levels in a map, increase the percentage.

  • Page 84

    Viewing Your Maps Using the Panner The IP subnet map shows all the segments and managed routers, switches and bridges that form the subnet boundaries. IPX managed bridges that are located in the source IP network are also displayed. To drill down to the end node level, double-click on a segment.

  • Page 85: Options For Displaying Maps

    Options for Displaying Maps N o t e You must display the Closeup View for older HP devices that do not support a browser interface from the management station where HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches is installed. See the online help for specific instructions about configuring older HP devices.

  • Page 86: Changing Map Views, Locating A Node

    Viewing Your Maps Locating a Node Options—Legend Select this option to display the legend for the map. Check the box Show on Map to have the legend display on the map. Click on Apply to save your choices. Changing Map Views Click on the Views button to select the...

  • Page 87

    Viewing Your Maps Locating a Node Figure 8-4. Locate a Specific Node in a Map N o t e You also can locate a specific node from the Top5 browser window in Traffic Monitor.

  • Page 88

    Viewing Your Maps Locating a Node 8-10...

  • Page 89: Using Traffic Monitor

    Monitoring Network Traffic This chapter describes the tools for monitoring your network using Traffic Monitor. It contains the following topics: Using Traffic Monitor Reading the Segment Histogram Setting Thresholds Displaying the Network Meter Who Are the Top 5 Talkers? The Traffic Data Collector Troubleshooting Traffic Monitor Using Traffic Monitor The Traffic Monitor presents real-time information about the status of your...

  • Page 90

    Monitoring Network Traffic Using Traffic Monitor Figure 9-1. Traffic Monitor Main Page The five statistical attributes sampled by Traffic Monitor are: Utilization%: Represents the traffic on the selected network or segment as a percentage of a segment's bandwidth (based on the theoretical maximum for the type of connection) which is currently being utilized.

  • Page 91: Reading The Traffic Information Gauges, Reading The Segment Histogram

    Monitoring Network Traffic Using Traffic Monitor Multicasts/sec: Represents the number of multicast packets being transmitted per second over the network or segment. Multicast packets are special forms of broadcast packets where copies of the packets are delivered to a subset of all devices on the network. This indicator gives an estimation of the amount of bulk communications which are taking place over the network.

  • Page 92: Setting Thresholds, Selecting Segment Groups And Segments

    Monitoring Network Traffic Using Traffic Monitor The six tabs across the top of the histogram display the values for the segments for the selected segment group, or for the entire network if “All Segments” is selected in the Segment Groups list box. The Worst Overall tab displays in sorted order left to right the segments that have the most problems in the selected segment group.

  • Page 93

    Monitoring Network Traffic Using Traffic Monitor segments are trunked. This will not be visible in the Thresholds window. For example, if four ports on a switch are trunked, a 10 Mbps Ethernet segment would now be four times as fast, or 40 Mbps. The threshold values are adjusted automatically to be appropriate for this speed.

  • Page 94: Displaying The Network Meter

    Monitoring Network Traffic Using Traffic Monitor To change your threshold settings, select a network type such as Ethernet. The threshold values for the attributes for Ethernet segments are displayed. You can either move the sliders to the left or right to increase or decrease a threshold value, or click on the up/down controls underneath the sliders to fine tune the threshold values.

  • Page 95: Options Button, Who Are The Top 5 Talkers

    Monitoring Network Traffic Who Are the Top 5 Talkers? You can keep the Network Meter window anywhere on your PC desktop. It will continue to monitor the status of your network while you use your browser for other tasks. Click on Hide Net Meter to close the window.

  • Page 96

    Monitoring Network Traffic Who Are the Top 5 Talkers? Figure 9-3. Top 5 Talkers You can display graphs for each of the measured attributes showing: Top Sources (default) Top Destinations Top Connections Top Protocols More than one graph can be displayed at a time, so you can look at the values for multiple attributes for each segment.

  • Page 97: Other Top Talkers Not In Selected Minute

    Monitoring Network Traffic Who Are the Top 5 Talkers? The colors are in the same order as they appear in the legend, that is, the node with the greatest activity is represented by the color at the bottom of the stacked bar.

  • Page 98: Top5 View Menu Items, Locating A Segment Or End Node

    Monitoring Network Traffic Who Are the Top 5 Talkers? Others The dark gray portion of the stacked bar represents a summation of all of the other activity that occurred during that minute. There is no additional information contained in this portion of the bar. It can be a useful indicator of an overloaded network when what you see on the graph is large areas of dark gray with no particular user causing a problem.

  • Page 99: Traffic Data Collector Settings

    Traffic Data Collector Settings Starting with HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches version 5, you can collect data from all segments in your network automatically, or collect data from selected ports of a device (manual mode). With manual selection, you can also choose the type of data to be collected, for example, Extended RMON (X-RMON) data or just traffic data.

  • Page 100

    Monitoring Network Traffic Traffic Data Collector Settings Figure 9-4. Traffic Data Collector Configuration Page Nothing is displayed in the Traffic Data Manual Configuration table if Use Discovery/Topology Data (Automatic) is checked. Automatic Monitoring If you want to enable Automatic monitoring, check the radio button labeled Use Discovery/Topology Data (Automatic).

  • Page 101

    HP X-RMON—The RMON data that allows you to see who is talking to whom on the network. You can check the Traffic Stats box for any port. Only HP devices support the monitoring of X-RMON statistics. If you check the X-RMON box for a port, the Traffic Stats box for that port is automatically checked as well.

  • Page 102: Traffic Data Storage

    Figure 9-5. The Traffic Data Collector - Storage Settings Page N o t e To stop data collection, you must stop all of the HP TopTools services. Click on the Settings tab in the navigation frame and select TopTools Services. On the Services page click on the Stop Services button.

  • Page 103

    The Apply changes button will be grayed out. Until you select one of the above settings and click on the Apply button, the resources dedicated to the Traffic Data Collector are assigned by HP TopTools. To access this page, select the Performance button in the HP TopTools navigation frame, then select Traffic Data Collector Settings.

  • Page 104: Troubleshooting Traffic Monitor

    Monitoring Network Traffic Troubleshooting Traffic Monitor Figure 9-6. Traffic Data Collector - Performance Page The data collector must examine your management station’s capabilities to determine what is appropriate for the resource setting that you select. The capabilities test begins when you click on the Apply changes button. You will see a screen listing some statistics about the test.

  • Page 105: Connection To Server Lost

    Check the server to see if it is still running. Verify that the Data Collector is running. Go to the HP TopTools home page and select Settings - TopTools Services.

  • Page 106

    Monitoring Network Traffic Troubleshooting Traffic Monitor 9-18...

  • Page 107: Meeting The Challenges

    Planning for Network Growth This chapter includes the following topics: Meeting the Challenges Planning with the Network Performance Advisor Starting the Network Performance Advisor Creating a New Report Reorganize Your Current Equipment Add or Upgrade Equipment Top Conversations Inventory of End Nodes When There Are No Recommendations Controlling Data Storage - Administration How Data is Collected...

  • Page 108: Using Network Tools

    Traffic Monitor. The Network Performance Advisor makes its recommendations by analyzing the network monitored by HP TopTools. There are two planning reports: Reorganize Your Current Equipment Report—suggests ways to improve network performance by rearranging the existing nodes.

  • Page 109: Starting The Network Performance Advisor

    Advisor You can start the Network Performance Advisor by clicking on the Network Performance Advisor button in the HP TopTools home page. The Welcome page provides you with a brief description of the purpose of the two reports. Click on the How to Improve Performance tab to begin creating a report.

  • Page 110: Creating A New Report

    Planning for Network Growth Starting the Network Performance Advisor Figure 10-1. Welcome Page for Network Performance Advisor Creating a New Report Start creating your report by selecting the type of report you would like. Enter a name for your report or accept the default name. 10-4...

  • Page 111: Modifying Your Settings

    Planning for Network Growth Starting the Network Performance Advisor Figure 10-2. Report Generation Page of Network Performance Advisor The page will display your current report settings. If you would like to change your settings, click on the Modify Report Settings tab.If you are happy with your settings, click on the Create Report button at the bottom of the Report Gener- ation page to start your report.

  • Page 112

    Planning for Network Growth Starting the Network Performance Advisor Figure 10-3. Modify Report Setting Page If you select a report period that has no available historical data, an error message appears during report execution. There must be at least 1 hour of historical traffic data available.

  • Page 113: Viewing A Report

    Planning for Network Growth Starting the Network Performance Advisor message stating the problem displays during report generation. When the report completes successfully, information about the report execution, including any errors that occurred, is displayed in the Summary page of the report.

  • Page 114

    Data Availability would be 80%. Networks Analyzed Data was collected by HP TopTools for the networks listed here. Time Spanned The data being reported on was collected during this time period (non-inclusive, for example, a time period of 1 p.m.

  • Page 115: Reorganize Your Current Equipment

    Planning for Network Growth Reorganize Your Current Equipment Figure 10-4. Summary Report A priority of low, medium or high is given to help you determine the urgency of each recommendation. The priorities are defined as follows: Low: Implementing this recommendation will result in a small reduction in network utilization.

  • Page 116

    In this situation, the node chris.rose.hp.com communicates most frequently with nodes on another segment. Network utilization can be improved by moving chris.rose.hp.com to the switch segment 10.4.12.10::B3. This is a High Priority recommendation because it will significantly decrease network utilization for switch segment 10.4.12.10::B4.

  • Page 117

    Planning for Network Growth Reorganize Your Current Equipment Figure 10-6. The traffic pattern after implementing reorganization recommendations The network utilization for switch segment 10.4.12.10::B4 is reduced. The network utilization on switch segment 10.4.12.10::B3 is unchanged. It is recommended that you run this type of report before the Add or Upgrade Equipment report to obtain recommendations for reorganizing your existing equipment.

  • Page 118: Add Or Upgrade Equipment

    Planning for Network Growth Add or Upgrade Equipment you must decide if you want the new port to be a member of the VLAN if it isn’t already. For example, if a node is on Port 1 in VLAN A, and you move the node to Port 6, you may want to include Port 6 in VLAN A.

  • Page 119

    Planning for Network Growth Add or Upgrade Equipment Figure 10-7. The traffic pattern before dividing into workgroups After the segment was divided into three workgroups, the traffic could be represented as shown in the following figure: 10-13...

  • Page 120

    Planning for Network Growth Add or Upgrade Equipment Figure 10-8. The Traffic Pattern after Dividing into Workgroups A table shows the nodes included in each workgroup, the projected utilization of the workgroup, and the recommended segment bandwidth for each work- group.

  • Page 121: Top Conversations

    Planning for Network Growth Top Conversations Converting Segments to Desktop Switching If a workgroup has high network utilization and cannot be divided, the Network Performance Advisor may recommend converting the segment’s topology to desktop switching, giving each node a dedicated port.When two nodes need to exchange data, the switch makes a connection with the dedi- cated segments of each node.

  • Page 122

    Conversations involving nodes that utilize less than .1% of the segment bandwidth are not reported. The segment was not discovered by HP TopTools. Figure 10-9. Top Conversations Page You can use the Top Conversations table to determine who is using the bandwidth when utilization is high for a segment.

  • Page 123: Inventory Of End Nodes

    HP TopTools provides an inventory list of devices by type of device, for example, a list of all hubs in the network. The HP TopTools inventory list is not organized by segment. Select the Inventory button in the HP TopTools home page.

  • Page 124: When There Are No Recommendations

    Planning for Network Growth When There Are No Recommendations When There Are No Recommendations If the Add and Upgrade Equipment Report determines that, based on the historical data for the time period you specified, there are no advantageous ways to optimize the network, the Summary section of the report states that there are no recommendations for changes to your network configuration at this time.

  • Page 125: How The Network Performance Advisor Collects Data, Understanding Hp Sampling

    Figure 10-11.The Traffic Data Collector - Storage Settings Page N o t e To stop data collection, you must stop all of the HP TopTools services. Go to the Settings tab in the home page and select TopTools Services. On the Services page click on the Stop Services button.

  • Page 126

    How the Network Performance Advisor Collects Data Keeping the historical data about each conversation on a network requires a large amount of disk space. HP has developed a patented technique for greatly reducing the amount of data collected by using a statistical sampling of network traffic.

  • Page 127: Potential Problems With Data Collection

    Planning for Network Growth How the Network Performance Advisor Collects Data Figure 10-12. The data collector must examine your management station’s capabilities to determine what is appropriate for the resource setting that you select. The capabilities test begins when you click on the Apply Changes button. You will see a screen listing some statistics about the test.

  • Page 128: Segments Excluded From Analysis, Segments That Do Not Have Devices With Sampling Capability

    Segments Excluded from Analysis Segments Excluded from Analysis Analysis of network traffic is possible for all segments with HP devices attached to them that have Extended RMON sampling capability, but may be performed for only a subset of the segments. This strategy best utilizes system resources for gathering information about the segments most likely to have traffic flow problems.

  • Page 129: Quality Of Service

    This means you can manage available bandwidth so that the most important traffic goes first. As of Summer 1999, HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches can configure a QoS policy in your network for the following HP ProCurve Switches running the C.07.XX (or later) software release:...

  • Page 130

    Class of Service (CoS) to refer to prioritization configured on an individual switch using the switch's web browser or console interface. At release P.01 of HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches (October, 1999), the HP ProCurve Switches 1600M, 2400M, 2424M, 4000M, and 8000M support QoS in HP TopTools for Hubs &...

  • Page 131: Basic Operation

    Quality of Service Basic Operation Basic Operation HP TopTools QoS operates on two levels as described below. Controlling the priority of outbound packets. ProCurve switch ports have two outbound traffic queues; “normal” priority and “high” priority. High-priority packets leave a port first. Normal-priority packets leave the port after the port’s high-priority queue is emptied.

  • Page 132: Viewing All Currently Configured Qos Policies, Configuring Qos For Specific Devices (ip Addresses)

    This feature lists all prioritization policies you have configured using QoS in HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches. The Policy List page provides a listing of all currently configured HP TopTools QoS policies. If the policy list exceeds the length of the list box, use the scroll bar on the right side of the list box to view all policy listings.

  • Page 133: Adding A Policy For A Specific Ip Address

    Figure 11-2. Adding a Policy for an IP Address Adding a Policy for a Specific IP Address In the HP TopTools navigation frame, click on the Policies button. Click on Quality of Service to display the Main QoS page. In the Main QoS page click on IP Address to display the device address page.

  • Page 134: Configuring A Qos Policy For Ip Type Of Service (tos), Tos Configuration Options

    Service (ToS) Every IP packet includes a ToS field. This field carries priority settings that are read and used, but not altered by HP ProCurve switches. When an HP TopTools prioritization policy is configured for ToS criteria, the ProCurve switches in the network read the content of the ToS field in packets received from upstream devices and applications and take actions based on whether the policy applies to the packets.

  • Page 135

    Configuring a QoS Policy for IP Type of Service (ToS) network. (Information on how to use the console interface to configure ToS Differentiated Services is included on your HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches CD.) Figure 11-3. Qos Policy for IP Type of Service (ToS)

  • Page 136: How To Configure A Tos Policy

    ProCurve switch. How To Configure a ToS Policy In the HP TopTools navigation frame, click on the Policies button. In the resulting pull down menu, click on Quality of Service to display the Main QoS window.

  • Page 137: Configuring A Qos Policy For Specific Protocols

    Configuring a QoS Policy for Specific Protocols b. Configure the priority for each codepoint for which you want a ToS prioritization policy. (Refer to the further information available on the HP TopTools CD and also on HP's ProCurve website.) Configuring a QoS Policy for Specific Protocols...

  • Page 138

    Figure 11-4. QoS Policy for a Specific Protocol To modify a protocol: In the HP TopTools navigation frame, click on the Policies button. Click on Quality of Service to display the Main QoS page. In the Main QoS page click on Protocol to display the Protocol Policy page.

  • Page 139: Configuring A Qos Policy For A Specific Vlan

    Delete Selected Policy button—Deletes the existing policy for the selected VLAN. Apply All VLAN Policies button—Configures the VLAN policy on the QoS- capable, discovered HP switches on the network. If you have added, deleted, or changed any VLAN ID policies, you must click on this button before proceeding.

  • Page 140

    Quality of Service Configuring a QoS Policy for a Specific VLAN 11-12...

  • Page 141: Device Management Features

    Accessing Hub Features HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches lets you manage your HP devices with your browser from anywhere in your network. Several features provide informa- tion about the status of your device, alert you to problems in your network, and give you the ability to configure settings for proactive network manage- ment.

  • Page 142: Viewing Device Identity Information

    Accessing Hub Features Viewing Device Identity Information Figure 12-1. Hub Status Overview Page Viewing Device Identity Information You can view some basic information about the device by selecting the Identity tab. You can change the information by selecting the Configuration tab and clicking on the System Information button.

  • Page 143: Interpreting Device Status, Reading The Performance Gauges

    Accessing Hub Features Interpreting Device Status Figure 12-2. Identity Page for a Switching Hub (when “Properties” is selected from menu) See the online help for information about setting or changing these values. Interpreting Device Status The Status - Overview page for the hubs displays the Performance Gauges and any alerts that have occurred.

  • Page 144

    Accessing Hub Features Interpreting Device Status Warning Severity Region Normal Activity Region Critical Severity Region Current Reading The information shown for hubs is for all ports on the device. You can obtain information for each port by selecting the Performance Gauges button (Status tab), then selecting an individual port from the drop down list.

  • Page 145: Global Counters

    Accessing Hub Features Interpreting Device Status Table 12-1. Gauge Attributes Attribute Description Severity Values Utilization% Represents the traffic on the port as a Warning: 40% percentage of the port’s bandwidth. Critical: 75% Collisions% Represents the number of collisions that Warning: 30% have occurred expressed as a percentage of Critical: 50% the packets transmitted through the port.

  • Page 146

    Accessing Hub Features Interpreting Device Status Figure 12-4. Hub Global Counters The counters are described in the following table. Table 12-2. Global Counters Counter Description Total Packets Total number of packets (including bad packets, broadcast packets, and multicast packets) received. Total Octets Total number of octets of data (including bad packets) received on the network.

  • Page 147: Port Counters, Configuring Your Device

    Accessing Hub Features Configuring Your Device Counter Description Jabbers Total number of packets received that were longer than 1518 octets and had a bad Frame Check Sequence (FCS). High levels indicate too many packet transmissions. Port Counters The Port Counters button displays a page with information about important counters for each port.

  • Page 148

    Configuring Your Device If the device you selected is not manageable by browser, you can only manage it from the HP TopTools Management Workstation. To obtain generic SNMP information about non-HP devices, select Properties from the Actions button menu. To establish a telnet session to this device (if the device supports telnet), select Telnet from the Actions button menu.

  • Page 149: System Information

    Accessing Hub Features Configuring Your Device Medium Sensitivity: The device will act when serious network problems occur. Low Sensitivity: The device will act only when severe network problems occur. These are problems that may bring the network down. Never: The device will never take any actions regardless of the severity of the problem.

  • Page 150

    Accessing Hub Features Configuring Your Device Disabled—IP is disabled, there is no access to management or telnet. Not Recommended. Use Bootp—The Bootp protocol sets the IP address automatically. Figure 12-8. Hub IP Configuration Hub IP Configuration If you select Manual, you must then enter an IP Address, Subnet Mask, Default Gateway, and Time to Live for the device.

  • Page 151: Port Configuration

    Accessing Hub Features Configuring Your Device A static IP address is a unique address that is assigned to one client only. Static addresses are used for an extended time period. Port Configuration The Port Configuration page displays information about the hub ports. To enable a port, select the port number in the page, then click Enable Selected Ports.

  • Page 152: Bridge Enable/disable, Backup Links

    Accessing Hub Features Configuring Your Device Setting Description Segment For switching hubs, the segment that the port is on. Last Source Address The address of the last device that sent packets through this port. Security Violation States whether there is a security violation or no violation. Bridge Enable/Disable Select the Bridge Enable/Disable button to enable or disable the internal bridge between the 10 Mbps and 100 Mbps segments in the hub.

  • Page 153: Configuring Load Balancing—switching Hubs

    Accessing Hub Features Configuring Your Device You can create one or more backup links by selecting the Backup Links button and clicking on the Add New Backup Link... button at the bottom of that page. The parameters are described in the following table. Table 12-4.

  • Page 154: Support Url

    Accessing Hub Features Configuring Your Device Figure 12-11.Load Balancing in a Switching Hub Support URL You can obtain support information by going to the HP Support site on the World Wide Web. The URL is: http://www.hp.com/go/procurve Select Technical Support. If you want to change the URL that is accessed when the Support tab is selected, type in the new address and click on the Apply Changes button.

  • Page 155

    Accessing Hub Features Configuring Your Device Figure 12-12.The Support Page 12-15...

  • Page 156

    Accessing Hub Features Configuring Your Device 12-16...

  • Page 157: Managing Switches, Displaying Switch Status, Status - Overview Page

    Managing Switches This chapter has information on: Displaying Switch Status Switch Identity Information Configuring Switch Features HP ProCurve Stack Management VLAN Configuration Support/Mgmt URLs For more information on switches: See the chapter Alerts for more information on handling alerts. See the chapter...

  • Page 158

    Managing Switches Displaying Switch Status Figure 13-1. Status Overview Page Graph Area The bar graph gives a quick overview of the performance of the switch. Each bar shows the highest percentage of transmitted (TX) or received (RX) traffic utilization for that port in the last five seconds. The graph area proportionally depicts three attributes for each port: Unicast packets—The percent utilization for packets that were not addressed to a multicast or broadcast address.

  • Page 159: Port Status

    Managing Switches Displaying Switch Status Alert Log Area The “Find/Fix/Inform” capability of a device helps you proactively manage your network by displaying network traps and problem conditions in one easily accessible browser page. The device itself monitors counters, internal hardware information, and network traffic. When a problem is discovered, such as loss of link, a problem cable, or a broadcast storm, the Alert Log displays clear messages about the problem.

  • Page 160

    Flow Control (not Indicates the current state of flow control for this port. available on • 10/100TX, 10 FL, 100 FX: the HP J3298 A or – On—Flow control is enabled. HP J3299A) – Off—Flow control is disabled (default). • Gigabit: –...

  • Page 161: Switch Identity Information

    You can also display this information in the Identity page of the Device View. Figure 13-3. Identity Page for HP Switch 800T The Status tab (Properties menu item in the Actions menu) shows the network interfaces and ping status for the switch.

  • Page 162: Device View, Configuring Switch Features

    Properties (Device View) from the Actions menu. Click on the Config- uration tab. Device View There is a Device View for every managed HP switch. The Device View for the HP ProCurve Switch 2424M looks like the following graphic. Use the online help to obtain information about specific switch modules.

  • Page 163

    Managing Switches Configuring Switch Features Figure 13-5. Device View for the HP ProCurve Switch 2424M Fault Detection The automatic fault detection feature protects your network from failing because of problems such as network loops, defective cables, transceivers and faulty network interface cards. Network problems are automatically detected and entered in the Alert Log.

  • Page 164: Ip Configuration

    Managing Switches Configuring Switch Features System Information The System Information page lets you enter a system name for the device, the location of the device, and whom to contact in the event of a problem. IP Configuration Select the way that you want IP addresses configured for your network: Manual—Set the IP address through the console.

  • Page 165

    Managing Switches Configuring Switch Features The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) manages the allocation of TCP/IP configuration information by automatically assigning IP addresses.When a device connects to the network, it requests an address from the DHCP server. In dynamic mode, the address is used by the device for a specified period of time.

  • Page 166: Class Of Service

    Indicates the current state of flow control for this port. When disabled, (not available the port does not generate flow control packets and drops any flow control packets it receives. the HP J3298 • 10/100TX, 10FL, 100FX: A or HP – On—Flow control is enabled.

  • Page 167

    Figure 13-8. Class of Service showing the IP Address Priority Page N o t e The Quality of Service features available in HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches includes the ability to set up consistent traffic prioritization (Class of Service) policies across the ProCurve switches in your network.

  • Page 168

    Outbound port queue: For any port, a buffer that holds outbound traffic until it can leave the switch through that port. There is a “high priority” queue and a “normal priority” queue for each port in the HP ProCurve switches supporting this feature. Traffic in a port’s high priority queue leaves the switch before any traffic in the port’s normal priority queue.

  • Page 169

    N o t e If you are not using multiple tagged VLANs in your network, you can still use the tagged VLAN feature available in HP ProCurve switches by configuring the default VLAN as a tagged VLAN. Priority Settings for Outbound Packets. You can configure a CoS priority of 0 through 7 for an outbound packet.

  • Page 170

    802.1p priority settings. Table 13-4. Priority Mapping Table Priority Outbound Port 802.1p Priority Policy Set Setting Added to Queue in the Queue Assignment Downstream in HP Tagged VLAN ProCurve TopTools Packet Leaving the Switches Switch 8 Queues 4 Queues...

  • Page 171: Steps For Configuring Cos Priority

    802.1p priority setting to a downstream device. N o t e If you use HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches to configure Quality of Service (QoS) policy in a network, it overrides any CoS settings configured through the console or the web browser interface in any individual HP ProCurve switch.

  • Page 172: Assigning A Monitoring Port

    Port” that you can use with a network analyzer to monitor other ports on the switch. For the HP J3298A and HP J3299A you can only choose the Monitoring port and the port to be monitored. For other switches you can choose to have all the ports for one VLAN monitored, or you can select individual ports to be monitored.

  • Page 173: Setting Device Features

    Managing Switches Configuring Switch Features Figure 13-9. Monitoring Selected Ports on a Switch Setting Device Features The Device Features page (only found on switches) lets you set some or all of these features: Automatic Broadcast Control (ABC)—ABC reduces the number of broad- casts propagated through the network.

  • Page 174: Hp Procurve Stack Management

    HP ProCurve Stack Management If an HP switch has been updated to software release C.08.XX, you can configure switches for stack management. The switches that support this feature are the HP ProCurve Switches 8000M, 4000M, 1600M, 2424M and 2400M.

  • Page 175

    Stacking button Commander of a stack Figure 13-11.Configuration Page for HP 8000M as Commander of a Stack Stacking allows the configuration of a group of switches so that they appear as one unit with one IP address. This provides a single point of IP management for all switches in the stack and allows the configuration of multiple ports or switches at one time.

  • Page 176: Vlan Configuration

    Managing Switches Configuring Switch Features Stack Management with VLANs You can use stacks in a VLAN environment. Each switch in the stack (Commander and Members) uses only the default VLAN configured in that switch for stack links. In the Web browser interface, this is the VLAN labeled Default <VLAN ID>.

  • Page 177

    Allowing administrators to “fine tune” the network Providing independence from the physical topology of the network If an HP switch has been updated to software release C.08.xx, you can configure VLANs with the Web browser. The switches that support this feature are the HP ProCurve Switches 8000M, 4000M, 1600M, 2424M and 2400M.

  • Page 178

    Managing Switches Configuring Switch Features Confirm removal of the VLAN. Modifying Port VLAN Configuration There are three modes a port in a VLAN can be in: Tagged—When a port is tagged, it allows communication among the different VLANs to which it is assigned. Untagged—When a port is untagged, it can only be a member on one VLAN.

  • Page 179: Support/management Urls

    Support/Management URLs Support URL To go directly to the HP Support Site on the World Wide Web, click on the Support tab. You will launch the site indicated by the URL that has been entered in the Configure - Support/Mgmt URLs page. By default this is the HP ProCurve support site.

  • Page 180

    N o t e This field will contain the address for the HP ProCurve web site by default. If you do not change it, the online help will be loaded from the HP ProCurve site. 13-24...

  • Page 181: Device Passwords

    Setting Up Security for a Device It is advisable to set up security for your devices to prevent unauthorized access to the device or the network. You can configure device security to prevent unauthorized use of certain parts of the network by certain nodes, and to keep unwanted traffic out of certain parts of the network.

  • Page 182: Manager/operator Password Combinations

    Setting Up Security for a Device Device Passwords Figure 14-1. Device Passwords Page There are two categories of passwords: Operator (Read only)—The Operator can view all pages except the Secu- rity pages. For switches, this password is the same as the console pass- word.

  • Page 183: The Function Of Community Names

    Setting Up Security for a Device Device Passwords Table 14-1. Password Settings Passwords Read Write Results Protected Protected Manager password set Anyone can get Read Access, but only the Manager can read and write to the device. Operator password not set Recommended minimum setting.

  • Page 184

    HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches. If a device does not have a community name of “public”, it will be discovered but not identified. For HP bridges and older hubs (See Note 1) there is only one community name, which has both “read” and “write” access. The “public” community name exists, but is hidden.

  • Page 185: Configuring For Community Names

    Select the Additional Devices tab. Type in the address of the device and click the Add Device button. Perform the following steps to let HP TopTools know the community names for each device: Point the browser at the HP TopTools home page.

  • Page 186: Hub Port Security

    Setting Up Security for a Device Hub Port Security All of the features of HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches should now work correctly for all devices, with the following exceptions: The topology of some older devices may not display correctly.

  • Page 187: Address Selection

    Setting Up Security for a Device Hub Port Security Figure 14-3. Hub Port Security Page Address Selection Address Selection refers to how the authorized address for a port is discovered. The three settings are explained in the table. Table 14-2. How Authorized Addresses are Discovered Setting Description Continuous...

  • Page 188: Authorized Address, Eavesdrop Prevention, Send Alarm

    Eavesdrop Prevention Eavesdrop Prevention is a feature of several HP devices that stops a computer or other device from seeing network traffic that is not intended for that port. When Eavesdrop Prevention is configured on a port, the port's authorized MAC address is compared with the destination address of any outbound packets.

  • Page 189: Disable Port, Setting Security Policy For Selected Ports

    Setting Up Security for a Device Setting Security Policy for Selected Ports Figure 14-4. Setting the Thresholds for Trap Receivers Disable Port If the Disable Port parameter displays yes, the port may be disabled when an unrecognized address is received. Disabling the port depends on the Address Selection parameter that you have chosen.

  • Page 190: The Hub Intrusion Log

    Setting Up Security for a Device The Hub Intrusion Log Figure 14-5. Setting the Security Policy for Selected Ports The Hub Intrusion Log The Intrusion Log page lets you view security intrusions (violations) of a device. The information displayed includes: Port—The ports that have detected attempts of unauthorized access.

  • Page 191: Switch Port Security

    Intrusion flags that are captured by network management tools such as HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches Alert log entries in the switch's web browser interface Event Log entries in the console interface...

  • Page 192: Configuring Port Security—planning

    Setting Up Security for a Device Switch Port Security • Automatically sends notice of an attempted security violation to the switch's Intrusion Log and to the Alert Log in the switch's web browser interface. • Sends an SNMP trap notifying of an attempted security violation to a network management station.

  • Page 193

    Setting Up Security for a Device Switch Port Security Parameter Description Learn Mode Specifies how the port will acquire its list of authorized addresses. Continuous (the default): Allows the port to learn addresses from inbound traffic from any device(s) to which it is connected. In this state, the port accepts as authorized any device(s) to which it is connected.

  • Page 194: Configuring Authorized Ip Managers

    Setting Up Security for a Device Switch Port Security Parameter Description Authorized Address Appears when Learn Mode is set to Static. Enables you to enter up to eight authorized devices (MAC addresses) per port, depending on the value specified in the Address Limits field. If you enter fewer devices than you specified in the Address Limits field, the port learns the remaining addresses from the inbound traffic it receives.

  • Page 195: Overview Of Ip Mask Operation

    Setting Up Security for a Device Switch Port Security Access Levels For each authorized manager address, you can configure either one of these access levels: Manager—Enables full access to all web browser and console interface screens for viewing, configuration, and all other operations available in these interfaces Operator—Allows view-only access from the web browser and console interfaces.

  • Page 196: Configuring Port Security

    Setting Up Security for a Device Switch Port Security N o t e The IP Mask is a method for recognizing whether a given IP address is authorized for management access to the switch. This mask serves a different purpose than IP subnet masks and is applied in a different manner. Figure 14-7.

  • Page 197

    Setting Up Security for a Device Switch Port Security Click on the Port Security button. Select a port to configure. Click on the Set Security Policy for Selected Ports button at the bottom of the screen. Figure 14-8. Port Security Overview Page In the Security Policy page select the parameters for that port.

  • Page 198: Notice Of Security Violations, Switch Intrusion Log

    Setting Up Security for a Device Switch Intrusion Log Figure 14-9. Security Policy Page for a Selected Port If you want to configure authorized devices: Select Static for the Learn Mode parameter. Select the number of authorized addresses (devices) for the Address Limit parameter.

  • Page 199

    Setting Up Security for a Device Switch Intrusion Log • The Alert Log displays a Security Violation entry, with the system date and time, and the port on which the violation occurred • The Intrusion Log lists the port number, the MAC address of the intruding device, and the system time and date when the intrusion occurred.

  • Page 200: Operating Notes For Port Security, Identifying The Ip Address Of An Intruder

    Operating Notes for Port Security Identifying the IP Address of an Intruder The Intrusion Log lists intruders by MAC address. If you are using HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches to manage your network, you can use the HP TopTools inventory reports to link MAC addresses to their corresponding IP addresses.

  • Page 201: Security Violations, Proxy Web Servers

    Setting Up Security for a Device Operating Notes for Port Security Proxy Web Servers If you are using the switch’s web browser interface through a switch port configured for Static port security, and your browser access is through a proxy web server, it is necessary to do the following: Enter your PC or workstation MAC address in the port's Authorized Addresses list.

  • Page 202

    Setting Up Security for a Device Operating Notes for Port Security 14-22...

  • Page 203: Performing A Ping/link Test

    Performing Diagnostics Using HP TopTools, you can help isolate faults by running device self-tests, Link tests, and Ping tests (IP networks). This section includes information on: Performing a Ping/Link Test Rebooting a Device Resetting a Hub to Factory Default Settings...

  • Page 204: Rebooting A Device

    Performing Diagnostics Rebooting a Device Figure 15-1. Ping/Link Test Page The number of successes or failures of the test packets reaching the Destina- tion IP or MAC Address are displayed at the top of the page. A failure means that either the device at the destination address did not respond within the timeout specified, or the data returned from the device indicated an error.

  • Page 205: Resetting A Hub To Factory Default Settings

    Performing Diagnostics Resetting a Hub to Factory Default Settings Figure 15-2. Device Reboot Page Resetting a Hub to Factory Default Settings Resetting the hub to the factory default settings removes any configuration changes that you have made since installing the device, and restores the factory defaults.

  • Page 206: Resetting A Switch

    Performing Diagnostics Resetting a Switch Figure 15-3. Factory Reset of a Hub Resetting a Switch Select the Device Reset button to reset a switch. Device reset is equivalent to powering off the device, then turning it on again. Network operation will be interrupted while the device is performing a self test and other initialization tasks.

  • Page 207: Producing A Configuration Report

    Performing Diagnostics Producing a Configuration Report Producing a Configuration Report The Configuration Report displays information about the current settings on your device. You can use your browser’s capabilities to print a copy of the report or save it to a file. See the online help for a more detailed explanation of this report.

  • Page 208

    Performing Diagnostics Producing a Configuration Report 15-6...

  • Page 209: Downloading Software, The Software Update Utility

    Features of the Software Update Utility include: Accessing the Web for information about the latest versions of device software Downloading the latest software from the HP Web page to the local HP TopTools server Updating more than one device at a time...

  • Page 210: Starting The Software Update Utility

    Actions button and select Update Firmware. If this is the first time that you have used the Software Update Utility after installing HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches, there are no updates available on your server yet. You will see the following message: “Your system has not been initialized with the latest support information for this...

  • Page 211

    Downloading Software The Software Update Utility Figure 16-1. Browser-based Software Update Utility This page of the Software Update Utility displays information about the current version of the software and the updates available for the device or devices that you selected from the device list. Click on Get Latest Support Info...

  • Page 212

    Downloading Software The Software Update Utility the HP website?” You can see what is locally available on the TopTools server by clicking on Settings in the navigation frame, then selecting System Software. See the section Viewing the Software Updates Available on the TopTools Server for more information.

  • Page 213

    Downloading Software The Software Update Utility Figure 16-2. Scheduling the Software Update Scheduling the Software Update To update the device(s) immediately, click the radio button Start Now. The device update proceeds and the device is automatically rebooted when the update is finished. Alternatively, you can schedule a day and time within a one week period for the update to occur.

  • Page 214

    Downloading Software The Software Update Utility Figure 16-3. Devices Selected for Updating, Showing Scheduled Time of Update The last screen informs you that the update action is scheduled, and that you can check the Alert Log (Alerts button in the navigation frame) for messages about the update.

  • Page 215: Viewing The Software Updates Available On The Toptools Server

    Type—The type will be System Firmware. Version—The version designation for the update package. Description—The HP devices that can be updated with this package. To obtain a package with a Web location indicated, click on Download package. The update package is downloaded from the tftp server.

  • Page 216

    Downloading Software The Software Update Utility To show a list of new software updates that may be available on the tftp server, click on the Get Latest Support Info... button. Figure 16-5. Available System Software Updates for Hubs and Switches 16-8...

  • Page 217: The Hp Download Manager, Obtaining New Software From Hp

    Hubs & Switches CD-ROM into the CD drive of the network management station on which HP TopTools is loaded. If you got the software files from the World Wide Web or HP Customer Care Center, copy the files to the hard drive of the computer running HP TopTools.

  • Page 218

    If the versions are the same, you need not proceed further. If the “Download Version” is older than the “Current Version” you probably have an outdated CD in your drive. Do not proceed; visit the HP ProCurve web page (http://www.hp.com/go/procurve) or call your authorized HP representative to obtain the latest files.

  • Page 219

    Downloading Software The HP Download Manager Click the Download button and, when prompted, enter the drive letter desig- nation of the computer’s CD drive. If the software files have already been copied to the correct directory on your hard drive, you will not be prompted.

  • Page 220

    Determine what device you want to update and get the file from the Support area of the HP ProCurve site on the HP World Wide Web. Make sure you make a note of the software version number for that device because you will need it later.

  • Page 221

    Downloading Software How to Update the Map Files HPJ2603A j2603306.bin A.03.06 ; 10BaseT HPJ2603B j2603306.bin A.03.06 ; 10BaseT 16-13...

  • Page 222

    Downloading Software How to Update the Map Files 16-14...

  • Page 223: Agent Firmware Versions, Verifying Device Agent Versions

    HP ProCurve web page. The URL is: http://www.hp.com/go/procurve Verifying Device Agent Versions You can check the agent version on an HP device using one of the following methods: Use the device's console port interface (a non-network connection).

  • Page 224: Preparing Network Devices, Device Network Addresses

    Installation and Reference Guide. N o t e You can use HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches to change an IP address on a hub after it has been assigned, but not on a switch or a bridge.

  • Page 225: Globally Assigned Ip Network Addresses, Configuring Ip Parameters

    Configuring IP Parameters To run HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches on an IP network, you must configure the management station and all managed devices for IP. The network management station is configured for IP using the TCP/IP stack utilities.

  • Page 226

    IP address on a network must be unique. The default value, 0.0.0.0, disables IP communications. Use the default value only if you are not going to manage the device with HP TopTools for Hubs & Switches and you want to disable IP communications for that device.

  • Page 227

    Appendix A Configuring IP Parameters Network Bootp Server HP EtherTwist Hub Plus/24S and HP AdvanceStack 10Base-T hubs (with SNMP modules installed) support the use of Bootp (Bootstrap Protocol) to automatically retrieve their IP configuration from a server on the network. A device's IP configuration must be configured in a file on the Bootp server.

  • Page 228

    Appendix A Configuring IP Parameters...

  • Page 229

    Index Numerics alerts … 12-3 acknowledging … 5-5 802.1p … 11-3 action on … 5-9 802.1p priority … 11-3 closing … 5-1, 5-5 802.1Q … 11-11 common … 5-2 configuration policies … 7-8 configure action on … 5-1 deleting closed … 5-11 ABC …...

  • Page 230

    broadcast connectivity, test failure … 15-2 control … 7-11 Continuous, address selection … 14-7 packets … 12-6 counters storm … 5-5 broadcast packets … 12-6 traffic … 7-12 collisions … 12-6 broadcasts … 9-10 fragments … 12-6 excessive … 5-4 global …...

  • Page 231

    Disable Selected Ports … 12-11 filtering disabled port … 5-5 add a segment … 5-7 discovery by alert severity … 5-7 adding unknown devices … 4-4 by alert state … 5-6–5-7 defined … 4-1 by custom groups … 5-8 devices found … 4-1 by device …...

  • Page 232

    How to Improve Performance tab … 1-10 linkUp … 7-8 HP JetDirect printers, discovered … 4-1 load balancing … 12-13 HP ProCurve web site … 13-24 locate node … 9-10 hpicFaultfinderTrap … 7-8 locate segment … 9-10 IBM Tivoli … 2-1 MAC address …...

  • Page 233

    multicast … 9-10 Performance button … 9-14 group … 7-13 performance gauges … 1-8 packets … 12-6 Performance Gauges button … 12-4 queriers … 7-13 performance gauges, reading … 12-3 traffic … 7-13 ping … 6-4 multicasts/sec … 9-3, 12-5 discovery …...

  • Page 234

    security intrusions … 14-10 policy … 14-9 802.1p priority … 11-3 violation … 12-12 802.1Q tagged VLAN … 11-3 Security, (Set SNMP Passwords) … 6-4 adding a policy … 11-5 segment assigning priority … 11-9 dedicated … 10-12 configuring for IP address … 11-4 dividing …...

  • Page 235

    Start Search button … 5-8 Top5 View … 9-7 starting TopTools … 1-1 description of colors … 9-9 state, of polling … 6-3 information provided … 9-9 statistics, XRMON … 9-13 other activity … 9-10 Status page … 4-2, 12-3 other top talkers …...

  • Page 236

    Undo Last Load Balancing … 12-13 Update Discovery … 4-5 Update Firmware … 6-4 updates, on server … 16-7 updating software … 16-1 updating Top5 View … 9-8 utilization … 9-10 network … 2-5, 10-2 Utilization% … 9-2, 12-5 verification, SNMP agent versions … A-1 View Alerts …...

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