Layers, Splits, And Velocity Switches - Korg M50-73 Owner's Manual

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Playing and editing Combinations
Layers, Splits, and Velocity
Within a Combination, you can use note range and
velocity level to define the "zone" in which a specific
timbre will play.
The Programs assigned to each Timbre can be played
in three ways: as part of a layer, a split, or a velocity
switch. A Combination can be set to use any one of
these methods or to use two or more of these methods
Layers cause two or more Programs to play
simultaneously when a note is played.
Program A
Program B
Splits cause different Programs to respond on different
areas of the keyboard.
Program A
Program B
Velocity Switch
Velocity Switches cause different Programs to respond
depending on the velocity (how hard you play the
Program B
Program A
On the M50, you can use a different Program for each
of up to sixteen Timbres, and combine two or more of
the above methods to create even more complex
Program A
Program D
Program B
Program C
As an additional possibility, you can set the slope for a
key zone or velocity zone so that the volume
diminishes gradually. This lets you change a split into
a keyboard crossfade, or a velocity switch into a
velocity crossfade.
Program A
Two or more programs sound
Different programs will sound in
different areas of the keyboard.
Keyboard playing
Velocity Switch:
Keyboard playing dynamics
(velocity) switches between
different programs.
Keyboard playing
B and C/D are split. In the lower
keyboard range, A and B are
layered. In the higher keyboard
range, C and D are switched by
velocity and layered with A.
Keyboard X-Fade (keyboard
Program B
As you play from low notes to
high notes, the volume of A
will fade out, and the volume
of B will fade in.
Creating Key Splits and Layers
Splits and Layers
Let's create a Combination which combines both splits
and layers, like the diagram below:
Timbre 1
Timbre 2
Timbre 3
1. Access the Combi P0: Play– Program T01–08 page.
2. Select a piano sound for Timbre 1, a brass sound
for Timbre 2, and a strings sound for Timbre 3.
3. Access the P3: Timbre Param– MIDI T01–08 page.
4. For Timbres 1–3, set Status to INT and MIDI
Channel to Gch (the Global Channel).
5. Access the P4: Zone/Delay– Key Z T01–08 page.
6. Set Timbre 1's Top Key to G9, and its Bottom Key
to C4.
You can also enter a note value by selecting the
parameter and then playing the desired note on the
keyboard while holding down the ENTER switch.
7. Set Timbres 2 and 3 to a Top Key of B3, and a
Bottom Key of C–1.
Key Zone Slope
In addition to "hard" splits, in which the sound
changes abruptly, you can use the Slope parameters to
gradually fade a sound in or out over a range of keys.
In the example above, you could set the Bottom Key of
timbre 1 to G3, and set the Top Key of timbre 2 to G4,
so that these two timbres overlap.
Next, if you set the Bottom Slope of timbre 1 to 12, and
set the Top Slope of timbre 2 to 12, the sound will
change gradually instead of changing suddenly.

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