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Hitachi CONVENTION 14 Instruction Manual

Single-phase input 200v class; three-phase input 200v class; three-phase input 400v class.
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X200 Series Inverter
Instruction Manual
Manual Number: NT301XC
Spec Tech Industrial 203 Vest Ave. Valley Park, MO 63088 Phone: 888 SPECTECH
Email: sales@spectechind.com
Single-phase Input 200V class
Three-phase Input
Three-phase Input
Sep 2007
Hitachi Industrial Equipment Systems Co., Ltd.
200V class
400V class
After read this manual,
Keep it handy for future reference.
www.spectechind.com

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   Summary of Contents for Hitachi CONVENTION 14

  • Page 1

    Single-phase Input 200V class Three-phase Input Three-phase Input Manual Number: NT301XC Sep 2007 Hitachi Industrial Equipment Systems Co., Ltd. Spec Tech Industrial 203 Vest Ave. Valley Park, MO 63088 Phone: 888 SPECTECH Email: sales@spectechind.com 200V class 400V class After read this manual, Keep it handy for future reference.

  • Page 2: Safety Messages

    Safety Messages For the best results with the X200 Series inverter, carefully read this manual and all of the warning labels attached to the inverter before installing and operating it, and follow the instructions exactly. Keep this manual handy for quick reference. Definitions and Symbols A safety instruction (message) includes a “Safety Alert Symbol”...

  • Page 3: General Precautions - Read These First

    X200 series equipment. CAUTION: Proper grounds, disconnecting devices and other safety devices and their location are the responsibility of the user and are not provided by Hitachi Industrial Equipment Systems Co., Ltd. CAUTION: Be sure to connect a motor thermal disconnect switch or overload device to the X200 series controller to assure that the inverter will shut down in the event of an overload or an overheated motor.

  • Page 4

    WARNING: Rotating shafts and above-ground electrical potentials can be hazardous. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that all electrical work conform to the National Electrical Codes and local regulations. Installation, alignment and maintenance should be performed only by qualified personnel. CAUTION: a) Class I motor must be connected to earth ground via low resistive path (<0.1 ) b) Any motor used must be of a suitable rating.

  • Page 5: Index To Warnings And Cautions In This Manual

    Index to Warnings and Cautions in This Manual Cautions and Warnings for Orientation and Mounting Procedures HIGH VOLTAGE: Hazard of electrical shock. Disconnect incoming power before working on this control. Wait five (5) minutes before removing the front cover. Hazard of electrical shock. Never touch the naked PCB HIGH VOLTAGE: (printed circuit board) portions while the unit is powered up.

  • Page 6

    Wiring – Warnings for Electrical Practice and Wire Specifications WARNING: “USE 60/75 C Cu wire only” or equivalent. For models X200-005S, -007S, -011S, -022S, -007N, -015N, -015L, -022L, -037L, -055L, -075L. WARNING: “USE 75 C Cu wire only” or equivalent. For models X200-002S, -004S, - 002N, -004N, -002L, -004L, -007L, -022H, -030H, -037H, -040H, -055H, -075H.

  • Page 7

    Wiring – Cautions for Electrical Practice CAUTION: Fasten the screws with the specified fastening torque in the table below. Check for any loosening of screws. Otherwise, there is the danger of fire. CAUTION: Be sure that the input voltage matches the inverter specifications; Single phase 200V to 240V 50/60Hz (up to 2.2kW) for SFEF model Single/Three phase 200V to 240V 50/60Hz (up to 2.2kW) for NFU model Three phase 200V to 240V 50/60Hz (7.5kW) for LFU model...

  • Page 8

    CAUTION: Remarks for using ground fault interrupter breakers in the main power supply: Adjustable frequency inverter with integrated CE-filters and shielded (screened) motor cables have a higher leakage current toward earth GND. Especially at the moment of switching ON this can cause an inadvertent trip of ground fault interrupters.

  • Page 9

    viii viii Warnings for Configuring Drive Parameters WARNING: When parameter B012, level of electronic thermal setting, is set to motor FLA rating (Full Load Ampere nameplate rating), the inverter provides solid state motor overload protection at 115% of motor FLA or equivalent. If parameter B012 exceeds the motor FLA rating, the motor may overheat and damaged.

  • Page 10

    WARNING: Be sure not to touch the inside of the energized inverter or to put any conductive object into it. Otherwise, there is a danger of electric shock and/or fire. WARNING: If power is turned ON when the Run command is already active, the motor will automatically start and injury may result.

  • Page 11: General Warnings And Cautions

    Warnings and Cautions for Troubleshooting and Maintenance WARNING: Wait at least five (5) minutes after turning OFF the input power supply before performing maintenance or an inspection. Otherwise, there is the danger of electric shock. WARNING: Make sure that only qualified personnel will perform maintenance, inspection, and part replacement.

  • Page 12

    CAUTION: Do not stop operation by switching OFF electromagnetic contactors on the primary or secondary side of the inverter. Ground fault interrupter Power Input When there has been a sudden power failure while an operation instruction is active, then the unit may restart operation automatically after the power failure has ended.

  • Page 13

    CAUTION: EFFECTS OF POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM ON INVERTER In the case below involving a general-purpose inverter, a large peak current can flow on the power supply side, sometimes destroying the converter module: The unbalance factor of the power supply is 3% or higher. the power supply capacity is at least 10 times greater than the inverter capacity (or the power supply capacity is 500kVA or more).

  • Page 14

    CAUTION: In all the instrumentations in this manual, covers and safety devices are occasionally removed to describe the details. While operating the product, make sure that the covers and safety devices are placed as they were specified originally and operate it according to the instruction manual.

  • Page 15

    Terminal Tightening Torque and Wire Size The wire size range and tightening torque for field wiring terminals are presented in the tables below. Motor Output Input Voltage 0.55 0.75 1 1/2 200V Class 7 1/2 0.75 400V Class 7 1/2 Terminal Connector Logic and Analog connectors Relay connector...

  • Page 16: Circuit Breaker And Fuse Sizes

    X200-040HFEF/HFU X200-055HFEF/HFU X200-075HFEF/HFU Motor Overload Protection Hitachi X200 inverters provide solid state motor overload protection, which depends on the proper setting of the following parameters: B012 “electronic overload protection” B212 “electronic overload protection, 2nd motor” Set the rated current [Amperes] of the motor(s) with the above parameters. The setting range is 0.2 * rated current to 1.0 * rated current.

  • Page 17: Table Of Contents

    Table of Contents Safety Messages Hazardous High Voltage...i General Precautions – Read These First! ... ii Index to Warnings and Cautions in This Manual ...iv General Warnings and Cautions...x UL Cautions, Warnings and Instructions ... xiii Circuit Breaker and Fuse Sizes ...xv Table of Contents Revisions ...

  • Page 18

    Connecting the Inverter to ModBus ...B-3 Network Protocol Reference ...B-6 ModBus Data Listing ...B-19 Appendix C: Drive parameter Setting Tables Introduction ...C-2 Parameter Settings for Keypad Entry ...C-2 Appendix D: CE-EMC Installation Guidelines CE-EMC Installation Guidelines ...D-2 Hitachi EMC Recommendations ...D-5 Index...

  • Page 19: Revisions

    xviii xviii Revisions Revision History Table Initial release of manual NT301X This manual is valid with QRG (NT3011X) and Caution (NTZ301X) Description was reviewed. Page xiii: Corrected UL warning description Pages 1-5 to 1-9: corrected watt loss values Page 1-9: Added torque characteristics Pages 1-12 to 1-17: Added derating curves Page 3-16: Corrected manual torque boost explanation Page 3-34: Corrected electronic thermal explanation...

  • Page 20: Contact Information

    NOTE: To receive technical support for the Hitachi inverter you purchased, contact the Hitachi inverter dealer from whom you purchased the unit, or the sales office or factory contact listed above. Please be prepared to provide the following inverter nameplate...

  • Page 22

    Getting Started In This Chapter… - Introduction... 2 - X200 Inverter Specifications ... 5 - Introduction to Variable-Frequency Drives... 19 - Frequently Asked Questions ... 24 1 − 1 page...

  • Page 23: Introduction

    Fan has ON/OFF selection to provide longer life for cooling fan. A full line of accessories from Hitachi is available to complete your motor application: Digital remote operator keypad Panel-mount keypad bezel kit and DIN rail mounting adapter (35mm rail size)

  • Page 24

    (part no. ICS-1 or ICS-3, 1m or 3m) connects the modular connectors of the keypad and inverter. Hitachi offers a panel mount keypad kit for the OPE-SRmini (below, right). It includes the mounting flange, gasket, keypad, and other hardware. You can mount the keypad with the potentiometer for a NEMA1 rating.

  • Page 25

    1 − 4 Inverter Specification Label The Hitachi X200 inverters have product labels located on the right side of the housing, as pictured below. Be sure to verify that the specifications on the labels match your power source, and application safety requirements.

  • Page 26: X200 Inverter Specifications

    X200 Inverter Specifications Model-specific tables for 200V and 400V class inverters The following tables are specific to X200 inverters for the 200V and 400V class model groups. Note that “General Specifications” on page 1-10 apply to both voltage class groups. Footnotes for all specification tables follow the table below. Item X200 inverters, EU version...

  • Page 27

    (for Low Voltage Directive). Note7: At the rated voltage when using a Hitachi standard 3-phase, 4-pole motor. Note8: The braking torque via capacitive feedback is the average deceleration torque at the shortest deceleration (stopping from 50/60Hz as indicated). It is not continuous regenerative braking torque.

  • Page 28

    X200 Inverter Specifications, continued… Item X200 inverters, EU version 200V models USA version Applicable motor size *2 Rated capacity 230V (kVA) 240V Rated input voltage Integrated EMC EU version filter USA version Rated input EU version current (A) USA version Rated output voltage *3 Rated output current (A) Efficiency at 100% rated output...

  • Page 29

    1 − 8 Item X200 inverters, EU version 400V models USA version Applicable motor size *2 Rated capacity 380V (kVA) 480V Rated input voltage *6 Integrated EMC EU version filter USA version Rated input current (A) Rated output voltage *3 Rated output current (A) Efficiency at 100% rated output at 70% output...

  • Page 30

    Short time performance 0.2~4kW 5.5, 7.5kW Continuous performance Output frequency (Hz) NOTE: The data are based on the Hitachi standard induction motor (4p). The torque performance depends on the characteristics of the motor to be used. 400V class Specifications 030HFEF 040HFEF –...

  • Page 31: General Specifications

    1 − 10 1 10 General Specifications The following table applies to all X200 inverters. Item Protective housing *1 Control method Carrier frequency Output frequency range *4 Frequency accuracy Frequency setting resolution Volt./Freq. characteristic Overload capacity Acceleration/deceleration time Input Freq. Operator panel Up and Down keys / Value settings signal setting...

  • Page 32

    Signal Ratings Detailed ratings are in “Control Logic Signal Specifications” on page 4-6. Signal / Contact Built-in power for inputs 24VDC, 30mA maximum Discrete logic inputs 27VDC maximum Discrete logic outputs 50mA maximum ON state current, 27 VDC maximum OFF state voltage Analog output 0 to 10VDC, 1mA Analog input, current...

  • Page 33

    1 − 12 1 12 Derating Curves The maximum available inverter current output is limited by the carrier frequency and ambient temperature. The carrier frequency is the inverter’s internal power switching frequency, settable from 2kHz to 12kHz. Choosing a higher carrier frequency tends to decrease audible noise, but it also increases the internal heating of the inverter, thus decreasing (derating) the maximum current output capability.

  • Page 34

    Derating curves: X200-002SFEF/NFU 100% % of rated output current X200-004SFEF/NFU 100% % of rated output current X200-005SFEF 100% % of rated output current Carrier frequency Carrier frequency Carrier frequency 1 − 13 1 13...

  • Page 35

    1 − 14 1 14 Derating curves, continued… X200-007SFEF/NFU % of rated output current X200-011SFEF % of rated output current X200-015SFEF/NFU % of rated output current 100% Carrier frequency 100% Carrier frequency 100% Carrier frequency...

  • Page 36

    Derating curves, continued… X200-022SFEF/NFU 100% % of rated output current X200-037LFU 100% % of rated output current X200-055LFU 100% % of rated output current Carrier frequency Carrier frequency Carrier frequency 1 − 15 1 15...

  • Page 37

    1 − 16 1 16 Derating curves, continued… X200-075LFU % of rated output current X200-004HFEF/HFU % of rated output current X200-007HFEF/HFU % of rated output current 100% Carrier frequency 100% Carrier frequency 100% Carrier frequency...

  • Page 38

    Derating curves, continued… X200-015HFEF/HFU 100% % of rated output current X200-022HFEF/HFU 100% % of rated output current X200-030HFEF 100% % of rated output current Carrier frequency Carrier frequency Carrier frequency 1 − 17 1 17...

  • Page 39

    1 − 18 1 18 Derating curves, continued… X200-040HFEF/HFU % of rated output current X200-055HFEF/HFU % of rated output current X200-075HFEF/HFU % of rated output current 100% Carrier frequency 100% Carrier frequency 100% Carrier frequency...

  • Page 40: Introduction To Variable-frequency Drives

    Introduction to Variable-Frequency Drives The Purpose of Motor Speed Control for Industry Hitachi inverters provide speed control for 3-phase AC induction motors. You connect AC power to the inverter, and connect the inverter to the motor. Many applications benefit from a motor with variable speed, in several ways: Energy savings –...

  • Page 41

    Inverter Input and Three-phase Power The Hitachi X200 Series of inverters includes two sub-groups: the 200V class and the 400V class inverters. The drive described in this manual may be used in either the United States or Europe, although the exact voltage level for commercial power may be slightly different from country to country.

  • Page 42

    The Hitachi inverter is a rugged and reliable device. The intention is for the inverter to assume the role of controlling power to the motor during all normal operations.

  • Page 43

    For loads that continuously overhaul the motor for extended periods of time, the X200 may not be suitable (contact your Hitachi distributor). The inverter parameters include acceleration and deceleration, which you can set to match the needs of the application.

  • Page 44

    Velocity Profiles The X200 inverter is capable of sophisticated speed control. A graphical representation of that capability will help configure the associated parameters. This manual makes use of the velocity profile graph used in industry (shown at right). In the acceleration example, is a ramp to a set speed,...

  • Page 45: Frequently Asked Questions

    1 − 24 1 24 Frequently Asked Questions Q. What is the main advantage in using an inverter to drive a motor, compared to alternative solutions? A. An inverter can vary the motor speed with very little loss of efficiency, unlike mechanical or hydraulic speed control solutions.

  • Page 46

    Q. How many poles should the motor have? A. Hitachi inverters can be configured to operate motors with 2, 4, 6, or 8 poles. The greater the number of the poles, the slower the top motor speed will be, but it will have higher torque at the base speed.

  • Page 47

    This is a physics question that may be answered either empirically or through extensive calculations. Q. Several options related to electrical noise suppression are available for the Hitachi inverters. How can I know if my application require any of these options? A.

  • Page 48

    Inverter Mounting and Installation In This Chapter… - Orientation to Inverter Features ... 2 - Basic System Description... 7 - Step-by-Step Basic Installation ... 8 - Powerup Test... 24 - Using the Front Panel Keypad ... 26 2 − 1 page...

  • Page 49: Orientation To Inverter Features

    2 − 2 Orientation to Inverter Features Unpacking and Inspection Please take a few moments to unpack your new X200 inverter and perform these steps: Look for any damage that may have occurred during transportation. Verify the contents of the box include: a.

  • Page 50

    Front Housing Cover HIGH VOLTAGE: Hazard of electrical shock. Disconnect incoming power before working on this control. Wait five (5) minutes before removing the front cover. Housing Cover Removal – The front housing cover is held in place by a screw and two pairs of tabs.

  • Page 51

    2 − 4 Logic Connector Introduction After removing the front housing cover, take a moment to become familiar with the connectors, as shown below. Serial communication port Relay output contacts HIGH VOLTAGE: Hazard of electrical shock. Never touch the exposed PCB conductors while the unit is powered up.

  • Page 52: Connecting The Inverter To Modbus

    DIP Switch Introduction The inverter has internal DIP switches, located near the middle of the logic connectors as shown below. This section provides an introduction. Refer to later chapters that discuss the DIP switch operation in more detail. The 485/OPE (RS485/Operator) DIP switch configures the inverter’s RJ45 serial port.

  • Page 53

    2 − 6 Power Wiring Access – First, ensure no power source is connected to the inverter. If power has been connected, verify that the Power LED is OFF and then wait five minutes after power down to proceed. After removing the front housing partitions that cover the power and motor...

  • Page 54: Basic System Description

    Basic System Description A motor control system will obviously include a motor and inverter, as well as a circuit breaker or fuses for safety. If you are connecting a motor to the inverter on a test bench just to get started, that’s all you may need for now. But a system can also have a variety of additional components.

  • Page 55: Step-by-step Basic Installation

    2 − 8 WARNING: In the cases below involving a general-purpose inverter, a large peak current can flow on the power supply side, sometimes destroying the converter module: 1. The unbalance factor of the power supply is 3% or higher. 2.

  • Page 56

    Choosing a Mounting Location Step 1: Study the following caution messages associated with mounting the inverter. This is the time when mistakes are most likely to occur that will result in expensive rework, equipment damage, or personal injury. CAUTION: Be sure to install the unit on flame-resistant material such as steel plate. Otherwise, there is the danger of fire.

  • Page 57

    2 − 10 2 10 Ensure Adequate Ventilation Step 2: To summarize the caution messages – you will need to find a solid, non- flammable, vertical surface that is in a relatively clean and dry environment. In order to ensure enough room for air circulation around the inverter to aid in cooling, maintain the specified clearance and the inverter specified in the diagram.

  • Page 58

    Check Inverter Dimensions Step 4: Locate the applicable drawing on the following pages for your inverter. Dimensions are given in millimeters (inches) format. X200-002SFEF, -004SFEF, -002NFU, -004NFU NOTE: Some inverter housing require two mounting screws, while other requires four. Be sure to use lock washers or other means to ensure screws do not loosen due to vibration.

  • Page 59

    2 − 12 2 12 Dimensional drawings, continued… X200-005SFEF,007SFEF, -007NFU CAUTION: Power terminal assignment is different compared to old models such as L100, L200 series, etc,. Pay attention when wiring the power cable...

  • Page 60

    2 − 13 2 13 Dimensional drawings, continued… X200-011SFEF~022SFEF, -015NFU~022NFU, -037LFU CAUTION: Power terminal assignment is different compared to old models such as L100, L200 series, etc,. Pay attention when wiring the power cable...

  • Page 61

    2 − 14 2 14 Dimensional drawings, continued… X200-004HFEF, -004HFU CAUTION: Power terminal assignment is different compared to old models such as L100, L200 series, etc,. Pay attention when wiring the power cable...

  • Page 62

    2 − 15 2 15 Dimensional drawings, continued… X200-007HFEF, -007HFU CAUTION: Power terminal assignment is different compared to old models such as L100, L200 series, etc,. Pay attention when wiring the power cable...

  • Page 63

    2 − 16 2 16 Dimensional drawings, continued… X200-015HFEF~040HFEF, -015HFU~040HFU CAUTION: Power terminal assignment is different compared to old models such as L100, L200 series, etc,. Pay attention when wiring the power cable...

  • Page 64

    2 − 17 2 17 Dimensional drawings, continued… X200-055LFU, -075LFU, -055HFU, -075HFU, -055HFEF, -075HFEF CAUTION: Power terminal assignment is different compared to old models such as L100, L200 series, etc,. Pay attention when wiring the power cable...

  • Page 65

    2 − 18 2 18 Prepare for Wiring Step 5: It is very important to perform the wiring steps carefully and correctly. Before proceeding, please study the caution and warning message herebelow. WARNING: “USE 60/75 C Cu wire only” or equivalent. For models X200-005S, -007S, -011S, -022S, 007N, -015N, 015L, -022L, -037L.

  • Page 66

    Determining Wire and Fuse Sizes The maximum motor currents in your application determines the recommended wore size. The following table gives the wire size in AWG. The “Power Lines” column applies to the inverter input power, output wires to the motor, the earth ground connection, and any other components shown in the “Basic System Description”...

  • Page 67

    2 − 20 2 20 Terminal Dimensions and Torque Specs The terminal screw dimensions for all X200 inverters are listed in table below. This information is useful in sizing spade lug or ring lug connectors for wire terminations. WARNING: Fasten the screws with the specified fastening torque in the table below. Check for any loosening of screws.

  • Page 68

    Please use the terminal arrangement below corresponding to your inverter model. Inverter models X200-002SFEF~004SFEF, X200-002NFU~004NFU SFEF Jumper NFU,LFU L2 L3/N Jumper Jumper U/T1 V/T2 W/T3 CAUTION: Power terminal assignment is different compared to old models such as L100, L200 series, etc,. Pay attention when wiring the power cable NOTE: An inverter powered by a portable power generator may receive a distorted power waveform, overheating the generator.

  • Page 69

    2 − 22 2 22 CAUTION: Be sure that the input voltage matches the inverter specifications: Single-phase 200 to 240 V 50/60 Hz (0.2kW~2.2kW) for SFEF models Single/Three-phase 200 to 240 V 50/60 Hz (0.2kW~2.2kW) for NFU models Three-phase 200 to 240 V 50/60 Hz (3.7kW~7.5kW) for LFU models Three-phase 380 to 480 V 50/60Hz (0.4kW~7.5kW) for HFEF and HFU models CAUTION: Be sure not to power a three-phase-only inverter with single phase power.

  • Page 70

    Wire the Inverter Output to Motor Step 7: The process of motor selection is beyond the scope of this manual. However, it must be an AC induction motor with three phases. It should also come with a chassis ground lug. If the motor does not have three power input leads, stop the installation and verify the motor type.

  • Page 71: Powerup Test

    3. Get an introduction to the use of the built-in operator keypad. The powerup test gives you an important starting to ensure a safe and successful application of the Hitachi inverter. We highly recommend performing this test before proceeding to the other chapters in this manual.

  • Page 72

    Pre-test and Operational Precautions The following instructions apply to the powerup test, or to any time the inverter is powered and operating. Please study the following instructions and messages before proceeding with the powerup test. 1. The power supply must have fusing suitable for the load. Check the fuse size chart presented in Step 5, if necessary.

  • Page 73: Using The Front Panel Keypad

    2 − 26 2 26 Using the Front Panel Keypad Please take a moment to familiarize yourself with the keypad layout shown in the figure below. The display is used in programming the inverter’s parameters, as well as monitoring specific parameter values during operation. Display Units (Hertz / Amperes) LEDs Parameter Display Run key Enable LED...

  • Page 74

    Keys, Modes, and Parameters The purpose of the keypad is to provide a way to change modes and parameters. The term applies to both monitoring modes and parameters. These are all accessible through are primary 4-character codes. The various functions are separated into related groups identifiable by the left-most character, as the table shows.

  • Page 75

    2 − 28 2 28 Keypad Navigation Map The X200 Series inverter drives have many programmable functions and parameters. Chapter 3 will cover these in detail, but you need to access just a few items to perform the powerup test. The menu structure makes use of function codes and parameter codes to allow programming and monitoring with only a 4-digit display and a keys and LEDs.

  • Page 76

    Selecting Functions and Editing Parameters To prepare to run the motor in the powerup test, this section will show how to configure the necessary parameters: 1. Select the keypad potentiometer as the source of motor speed command (A001). 2. Select the keypad as the source of the RUN command (A002). 3.

  • Page 77

    2 − 30 2 30 If the Potentiometer Enable LED is OFF, follow these steps below. (Starting point) FUNC Press the FUNC Press the Press the Press the Select the Keypad for RUN Command – To RUN command causes the inverter to accelerate the motor to the selected speed.

  • Page 78

    Set the Motor Base Frequency – The motor is designed to operate at a specific AC frequency. Most commercial motors are designed for 50/60 Hz operation. First, check the motor specifications. Then follow the steps below to verify the setting or correct it for your motor.

  • Page 79

    2 − 32 2 32 (Starting point) Press the FUNC Press the Press the Press the Set the Motor Current – The inverter has thermal overload protection that is designed to protect the inverter and motor from overheating due to an excessive load. The inverter’s uses the motor’s current rating to calculate the time-based heating effect.

  • Page 80

    Set the Number of Motor Poles – The motor’s internal winding arrangement determines its number of magnetic poles. The specification label on the motor usually indicates the number of poles. For proper operation, verify the parameter setting matches the motor poles.

  • Page 81

    2 − 34 2 34 Monitoring Parameters with the Display After using the keypad for parameter editing, it’s a good idea to switch the inverter from Program Mode to Monitor Mode. The PRG LED will be OFF, and the Hertz or Ampere LED indicates the display units. For the powerup test, monitor the motor speed indirectly by viewing the inverter’s output frequency.

  • Page 82

    NOTE: Some factory automation devices such as PLCs have alternative Run/Program modes; the device is in either one mode or the other. In the Hitachi inverter, however, Run Mode alternates with Stop Mode, and Program Mode alternates with Monitor Mode.

  • Page 84

    Configuring Drive Parameters In This Chapter… - Choosing a Programming Device... 2 - Using the Keypad Devices ... 3 - “D” Group: Monitoring Functions ... 6 - “F” Group: Main Profile Parameters ... 9 - “A” Group: Standard Functions ... 10 - “B”...

  • Page 85: Choosing A Programming Device

    Choosing a Programming Device Introduction Hitachi variable frequency drives (inverters) use the latest electronics technology for getting the right AC waveform to the motor at the right time. The benefits are many, including energy savings and higher machine output or productivity. The flexibility required to handle a broad range of applications has required ever more configurable options and parameters –...

  • Page 86: Using The Keypad Devices

    Using the Keypad Devices The X200 Series inverter front keypad contains all the elements for both monitoring and programming parameters. The keypad is layout is pictured below. All other programming devices for the inverter have a similar key arrangement and function. Display Units (Hertz / Amperes) LEDs Parameter Display Run key Enable LED...

  • Page 87

    3 − 4 Keypad Navigation Map You can use the inverter’s front panel keypad to navigate to any parameter or function. The diagram below shows the basic navigation map to access these items. Monitor Mode PRG LED=OFF Display Data Power down FUNC NOTE: The inverter 7-segment display shows lower case “b”...

  • Page 88

    Operational Modes The RUN and PRG LEDs tell just part of the story; Run Mode and Program Modes are independent modes, not opposite modes. In the state diagram to the right, Run alternates with Stop, and Program Mode alternates with Monitor Mode. This is a very important ability, for it shows that a technician can approach a running machine and change some parameters without shutting down the machine.

  • Page 89: D" Group: Monitoring Functions

    3 − 6 “D” Group: Monitoring Functions You can access important parameter values with the “D” Group monitoring functions, whether the inverter is in Run Mode or Stop Mode. After selecting the function code number for the parameter you want to monitor, press the Function key once to show the value on the display.

  • Page 90

    Func. Name / Code SRW Display D007 Scaled output frequency monitor F-Cnv 00000.00 D013 Output voltage monitor Vout D016 Cumulative operation RUN time monitor 0000000hr D017 Cumulative power-on time monitor 0000000hr D018 Cooling temperature monitor TH-Fin 0000.0 C Trip Event and History Monitoring The trip event and history monitoring feature lets you cycle through related information using the keypad.

  • Page 91

    3 − 8 Local Monitoring During Network Operation The X200 inverter’s serial port may be connected to a network or to an external digital operator. During those times, the inverter keypad keys will not function (except for the Stop key). However, the inverter’s 4-digit display still provides the Monitor Mode function, displaying any of the parameters D001 to D007.

  • Page 92: F" Group: Main Profile Parameters

    “F” Group: Main Profile Parameters The basic frequency (speed) profile is defined by parameters contained in the “F” Group as shown to the right. The set running frequency is in Hz, but acceleration and deceleration are specified in the time duration of the ramp (from zero to maximum frequency, or from maximum frequency to zero).

  • Page 93: A" Group: Standard Functions

    3 − 10 3 10 “A” Group: Standard Functions The inverter provides flexibility in how you control Run/Stop operation and set the output frequency (motor speed). It has other control sources that can override the A001 / A002 settings. Parameter A001 sets the source selection for the inverter’s output frequency.

  • Page 94

    Run Command Source Setting – For parameter A002, the following table provides a further description of each option, and a reference to other page(s) for more information. Code Run Command Source Control terminal – The [FW] or [RV] input terminals control Run/Stop operation Keypad Run key –...

  • Page 95

    3 − 12 3 12 Basic Parameter Settings These settings affect the most fundamental behavior of the inverter – the outputs to the motor. The frequency of the inverter’s AC output determines the motor speed. You may select from three different sources for the reference speed. During application development you may prefer using the potentiometer, but you may switch to an external source (control terminal setting) in the finished application, for example.

  • Page 96

    Analog Input Settings The inverter has the capability to accept an external analog input that can command the output frequency to the motor. Voltage input (0-10 V) and current input (4-20mA) are available on separate terminals ([O] and [OI] respectively). Terminal [L] serves as signal ground for the two analog inputs.

  • Page 97

    3 − 14 3 14 Func. Name / Code SRW Display A005 [AT] selection AT-Slct A011 O-L input active range start frequency O-EXS A012 O-L input active range end frequency O-EXE A013 O-L input active range start voltage O-EX%S A014 O-L input active range end voltage O-EX%E...

  • Page 98

    Multi-speed and Jog Frequency Setting The X200 inverter has the capability to store and output up to 16 preset frequencies to the motor (A020 to A035). As in traditional motion terminology, we call this profile capability. These preset frequencies are selected by means of digital inputs to the inverter.

  • Page 99

    3 − 16 3 16 3 16 Torque Control Algorithms The inverter generates the motor output according to the V/f algorithm selected. Parameter A044 selects the inverter algorithm for generating the frequency output, as shown in the diagram to the right (A244 for 2nd motor).

  • Page 100

    Be aware that running the motor at a low speed for a long time can cause motor overheating. This is particularly true when manual torque boost is ON, or if the motor relies on a built-in fan for cooling. Voltage gain – Using parameter A045 you can modify the voltage gain of the inverter (see graph at right).

  • Page 101

    3 − 18 3 18 DC Braking (DB) Settings Normal DC braking performance braking feature can provide additional stopping torque when compared to a normal deceleration to a stop. DC braking is particularly useful at low speeds when normal deceleration torque is minimal. When you set A051 to 01 (Enable during stop), and the RUN command (FW/RV signal) turns OFF, the inverter injects a DC...

  • Page 102

    CAUTION: Be careful to avoid specifying a braking time that is long enough to cause motor overheating. If you use DC braking, we recommend using a motor with a built-in thermistor, and wiring it to the inverter’s thermistor input (see Protection”...

  • Page 103

    3 − 20 3 20 Frequency-related Functions Frequency Limits – Upper and lower limits can be imposed on the inverter output frequency. These limits will apply regardless of the source of the speed reference. You can configure the lower frequency limit to be greater than zero as shown in the graph.

  • Page 104

    Jump Frequencies – Some motors or machines exhibit resonances at particular speed(s), which can be destructive for prolonged running at those speeds. The inverter has up to three jump frequencies frequencies causes the inverter output to skip around the sensitive frequency values. Output frequency A067...

  • Page 105

    3 − 22 3 22 PID Control When enabled, the built-in PID loop calculates an ideal inverter output value to cause a loop feedback process variable (PV) to move closer in value to the set point (SP). The frequency command serves as the SP. The PID loop algorithm will read the analog input for the process variable (you specify the current or voltage input) and calculate the output.

  • Page 106

    Automatic Voltage Regulation (AVR) Function The automatic voltage regulation (AVR) feature keeps the inverter output waveform at a relatively constant amplitude during power input fluctuations. This can be useful if the installation is subject to input voltage fluctuations. However, the inverter cannot boost its motor output to a voltage higher than the power input voltage.

  • Page 107

    3 − 24 3 24 Energy Savings Mode / Optional Accel/Decel Energy Saving Mode – This function allows the inverter to deliver the minimum power necessary to maintain speed at any given frequency. This works best when driving variable torque characteristic loads such as fans and pumps. Parameter A085=01 enables this function and A086 controls the degrees of its effect.

  • Page 108

    Second Acceleration and Deceleration Functions The X200 inverter features two-stage acceleration and deceleration ramps. This gives flexibility in the profile shape. You can specify the frequency transition point, the point at which the standard acceleration (F002) or deceleration (F003) changes to the second acceleration (A092) or deceleration (A093).

  • Page 109

    3 − 26 3 26 Func. Name / Code SRW Display A095 Acc1 to Acc2 frequency transition point ACC CHfr A295 Acc1 to Acc2 frequency transition point, 2nd motor 2ACCCHfr A096 Dec1 to Dec2 frequency transition point DEC CHfr A296 Dec1 to Dec2 frequency transition point, 2nd motor 2DECCHfr...

  • Page 110

    Accel/Decel Standard acceleration and deceleration is linear. The inverter CPU can also calculate an S-curve acceleration or deceleration curve as shown. This profile useful favoring characteristics in particular applications. Curve settings for acceleration and deceleration are independently selected. To enable the S-curve, use function A097 (acceleration) and A098 (deceleration).

  • Page 111

    3 − 28 3 28 Additional Analog Input Settings Input Range Settings – The parameters in the following table adjust the input characteristics of the analog current input. When using the inputs to command the inverter output frequency, these parameters adjust the starting and ending ranges for the current, as well as the output frequency range.

  • Page 112

    Analog Input Calculate Function – The inverter can mathematically combine two input sources into one value. The Calculate function can either add, subtract, or multiply the two selected sources. This provides the flexibility needed by various applications. You can use the result for the output frequency setting (use A001=10) or for the PID Process Variable (PV) input (use A075=03).

  • Page 113

    3 − 30 3 30 Add Frequency – The inverter can add or subtract on offset value to the output frequency setting which is specified by A001 (will work with any of the five possible sources). The ADD Frequency is a value you can store in parameter A145. the ADD Frequency is summed with or subtracted from the output frequency setting only when the [ADD] terminal is ON.

  • Page 114

    Potentiometer Settings Input Range Settings – The parameters in the following table adjust the input characteristics of the integrated potentiometer. When using the potentiometer to command the inverter output frequency, these parameters adjust the starting and ending ranges for the potentiometer, as well as the output frequency range. “A”...

  • Page 115: B" Group: Fine Tuning Functions

    3 − 32 3 32 “B” Group: Fine Tuning Functions The “B” Group of functions and parameters adjust some of the more subtle but useful aspects of motor control and system configuration. Automatic Restart Mode The restart mode determines how the inverter will resume operation after a fault causes a trip event.

  • Page 116

    “B” Function Func. Name / Code SRW Display B001 Selection of automatic restart mode IPS POWR B002 Allowable under-voltage power failure time IPS Time 0001.0s B003 Retry wait time before motor restart IPS Wait 0001.0s B004 Instantaneous power failure / under-voltage trip alarm enable IPS TRIP...

  • Page 117

    3 − 34 3 34 Electronic Thermal Overload Alarm Setting The thermal overload detection protects the inverter and motor from overheating due to an excessive load. It uses a current/inverse time curve to determine the trip point. First, use B013 to select the torque characteristic that matches your load.

  • Page 118

    Overload Restriction If the inverter’s output current exceeds a preset current level you specify during acceleration or constant speed, the overload restriction feature automatically reduces the output frequency to restrict the overload. This feature does not generate an alarm or trip event.

  • Page 119

    3 − 36 3 36 Software Lock Mode The software lock function keeps personnel from accidentally changing parameters in the inverter memory. Use B031 to select from various protection levels. The table below lists all combinations of B031 option codes and the ON/OFF state of the [SFT] input.

  • Page 120

    “B” Function Func. Name / Code SRW Display B031 Software lock mode selection S-Lock NOTE: To disable parameter editing when using B031 lock modes 00 and 01, assign the [SFT] function to one of the intelligent input terminals. “Software Lock” on page Description Prevents parameter changes, in four options, option codes:...

  • Page 121

    3 − 38 3 38 Controlled Stop Operation at Power Loss Controlled stop operation at power loss helps avoid tripping or free-running (coasting) of the motor when power is lost while in run mode. The inverter controls the internal DC bus voltage while decelerating the motor, and brings the motor to a controlled stop. Power DC bus voltage b052...

  • Page 122

    “B” Function Func. Name / Code SRW Display B050 Selection of controlled stop operation IPS MODE B051 Controlled stop operation start voltage setting IPS V 0000.0V B052 OV-LAD Stop level of controlled stop operation setting IPS OV 0000.0V B053 Deceleration time of controlled stop operation setting IPS DEC...

  • Page 123

    3 − 40 3 40 Miscellaneous Settings The miscellaneous settings include scaling factors, initialization modes, and others. This section covers some of the most important settings you may need to configure. B080: [AM] analog signal gain –This parameter allows you to scale the analog output [AM] relative to the monitored variable.

  • Page 124

    “B” Function Func. Name / Code SRW Display B080 [AM] analog signal gain AM-Adj 00100% B082 Start frequency adjustment fmin 0000.5Hz B083 Carrier frequency setting Carrier 0003.0 B084 Initialization mode (parameters or trip history) INIT Mode B085 Country for initialization INIT Slct B086 Frequency scaling conversion...

  • Page 125

    3 − 42 3 42 B091/B088: Stop Mode / Restart Mode Configuration – You can configure how the inverter performs a standard stop (each time Run FWD and REV signals turn OFF). Setting B091 determines whether the inverter will control the deceleration, or whether it will perform a free-run stop (coast to a stop).

  • Page 126

    “B” Function Func. Name / Code SRW Display B088 Restart mode after FRS RUN FRS B091 Stop mode selection STOP Description Selects how the inverter resumes operation when free-run stop (FRS) is cancelled, two options: 00 Restart from 0Hz 01 Restart from frequency detected from real speed of motor (frequency pull-in) Select how the inverter stops the motor,...

  • Page 127

    3 − 44 3 44 B089: Monitor display select for networked inverter – When the X200 inverter is controlled via network, the inverter’s keypad display can still provide Monitor Mode. The D00x parameter selected by function B089 will be displayed on the keypad. See “Local Monitoring During Network Operation”...

  • Page 128

    B130, B131: Over-voltage LAD Stop Enable / Level – The over-voltage LADSTOP function monitors the DC bus voltage and actively changes the output frequency profile to maintain the DC bus voltage within settable limits. Although “LAD” refers to “linear acceleration / deceleration”, the inverter only “STOPs”...

  • Page 129

    3 − 46 3 46 DC Bus AVR for Deceleration Settings This function is to achieve stable DC bus voltage in case of deceleration. DC bus voltage rises due to regeneration during deceleration. function inverter controls the deceleration time so that the DC bus voltage not to go up to the overvoltage trip level, and leads trip-less deceleration.

  • Page 130

    Miscellaneous Settings (continued) B140: Over-current Trip Suppression – The Over-current Trip Suppression monitors the motor current and actively changes the output frequency profile to maintain the motor current within the limits. Although “LAD” refers acceleration / deceleration”, the inverter only “STOPs”...

  • Page 131

    3 − 48 3 48 Func. Name / Code SRW Display B140 Over-current trip suppression I-SUP Mode B150 Carrier mode Cr-DEC B151 Selection of RDY function RDY-FUNC “B” Function Description Two option codes: 00 Disable 01 Enable Automatically reduces the carrier frequency as the ambient temperature increases.

  • Page 132: C" Group: Intelligent Terminal Functions

    “C” Group: Intelligent Terminal Functions The five input terminals [1], [2], [3], [4], and [5] can be configured for any of 31 different functions. The next two tables show how to configure the five terminals. The inputs are logical, in that they are either OFF or ON. We define these states as OFF=0, and ON=1. The inverter comes with default options for the five terminals.

  • Page 133

    3 − 50 3 50 The input logic conversion is programmable for each of the six inputs default to normally open (active high), but you can select normally closed (active low) in order to invert the sense of the logic. Func.

  • Page 134

    Input Function Summary Table – This table shows all thirty-one intelligent input functions at a glance. Detailed description of these functions, related parameters and settings, and example wiring diagrams are in page 4-8. Option Terminal Function Name Code Symbol FORWARD Run/Stop Reverse Run/Stop CF1 *1 Multi-speed Select,...

  • Page 135

    3 − 52 3 52 Option Terminal Code Symbol PTC thermistor Thermal Protection Start (3-wire interface) Stop (3-wire interface) FWD, REV (3-wire interface) PID Disable PIDC PID Reset Remote Control UP Function (motorized speed pot.) Remote Control Down Function (motorized speed pot.) Remote Control Data Clearing...

  • Page 136

    Option Terminal Function Name Code Symbol ADD frequency enable F-TM Force Terminal Mode RDY * Inverter Ready SP-SET Special set EMR * Emergency (No function) NOTE: When using the Multi-speed Select settings CF1 to CF4, do not display parameter F001 or change the value of F001 while the inverter is in Run Mode (motor running).

  • Page 137

    3 − 54 3 54 Output Terminal Configuration The inverter provides configuration for logic (discrete) and analog outputs, shown in the table below. Func. Name / Code SRW Display C021 Terminal [11] function OUT-TM 11 C026 Alarm relay terminal function OUT-TM RY C028 AM signal selection...

  • Page 138

    Output Function Summary Table – This table shows all twelve functions for the logical outputs (terminals [11] and [AL]) at a glance. Detailed descriptions of these functions, related parameters and settings, and example wiring diagrams are in Output Terminals” on page Option Terminal Function Name...

  • Page 139

    3 − 56 3 56 Analog Function Summary Table – This table shows both functions for the analog voltage output [AM] terminal, configured by C028. More information on using and calibrating the [AM] output terminal is in Option Function Name Code Analog Frequency Monitor...

  • Page 140

    Low Load Detection Parameters following parameters conjunction with the intelligent output function, when configured. The output mode parameter (C038) sets the mode of the detection at which the low load detection signal [LOC] turns ON. Three kinds of modes can be selected. The detection level parameter (C039) is to set the level of the low load.

  • Page 141

    3 − 58 3 58 Output Function Adjustment Parameters following conjunction with the intelligent output function, when configured. The overload level parameter (C041) sets the motor current level at which the overload signal [OL] turns ON. The range of setting is from 0% to 200% of the rated current for inverter.

  • Page 142

    “C” Function Func. Name / Code SRW Display C041 Overload level setting OV LVL 001.60A C241 Overload level setting, 2nd motor 2OV LVL 001.60A C042 Frequency arrival setting for acceleration ARV ACC 0000.0Hz C043 Frequency arrival setting for deceleration ARV DEC 0000.0Hz C044 PID deviation level setting...

  • Page 143

    3 − 60 3 60 Network Communications Settings The following table lists parameters that configure the inverter’s serial communications port. The settings affect how the inverter communication with a digital operator (such as SRW-0EX), as well as a ModBus network (for networked inverter applications). The settings cannot be edited via the network, in order to ensure network reliability.

  • Page 144

    Analog Signal Calibration Settings The functions in the following table configure the signals for the analog input terminals. Note settings current/voltage characteristics – only the zero and span (scaling) of the signals. “C” Function Func. Name / Code SRW Display C081 O input span calibration O-ADJ...

  • Page 145

    3 − 62 3 62 Miscellaneous Functions The following table contains miscellaneous functions not in other function groups. Func. Name / Code SRW Display C091 Debug mode enable * DBG Slct C101 Up/Down memory mode selection UP/DWN C102 Reset selection RS Slct CAUTION: Do not change Debug mode for safety reasons.

  • Page 146

    Output Logic and Timing Logic Output Function – The inverter has a built-in logic output feature. You can select any two of the other nine intelligent output options for internal inputs. Then, configure the logic function to apply the logical AND, OR, or XOR (exclusive OR) operates as desired to the two inputs.

  • Page 147

    3 − 64 3 64 Output Signal ON/OFF Delay Function – Intelligent outputs including terminals [11] and the output relay, have configurable signal transition delays. Each output can delay either the OFF-to-ON or ON-to-OFF transitions, or both. Signal transition delays are variable from 0.1 to 100.0 seconds.

  • Page 148: H" Group: Motor Constants Functions

    “H” Group: Motor Constants Functions The “H” Group parameters configure the inverter for the motor characteristics. You must manually set H003 and H004 values to match the motor. Parameter H006 is factory-set. If you want to reset the parameters to the factory default settings, “Restoring Factory Default Settings”...

  • Page 150

    Operations and Monitoring In This Chapter… - Introduction... 2 - Connecting to PLCs and Other Devices ... 4 - Control Logic Signal Specifications... 6 - Intelligent Terminal Listing ... 7 - Using Intelligent Input Terminals... 8 - Using Intelligent Output Terminals... 36 - Analog Input Operation ...

  • Page 151: Introduction

    4 − 2 Introduction The previous material in Chapter 3 gave a reference listing of all the programmable functions of the inverter. We suggest that you first scan through the listing of inverter functions to fain a general familiarity. This chapter will build on that knowledge in the following ways: 1.

  • Page 152

    4 − 3 Warning Messages for Operating Procedures WARNING: Be sure to turn ON the input power supply only after closing the front case. While the inverter is energized, be sure not to open the front case. Otherwise, there is the danger of electric shock.

  • Page 153: Connecting To Plcs And Other Devices

    4 − 4 Connecting to PLCs and Other Devices Hitachi inverters (drives) are useful in many types of applications. During installation, the inverter keypad (or other programming device) will facilitate the initial configuration. After installation, the inverter will generally receive its control commands through the control logic connector or serial interface from another controlling device.

  • Page 154

    Example Wiring Diagram The schematic diagram below provides a general example of logic connector wiring, in addition to basic power and motor wiring converted in Chapter 2. The goal of this chapter is to help you determine the proper connections for the various terminals shown below for your application needs.

  • Page 155: Control Logic Signal Specifications

    4 − 6 Control Logic Signal Specifications The control logic connectors are located just behind the front housing cover. The relay contacts are just to the left of the logic connectors. Connector labeling is shown below. Analog Analog output inputs AM H O OI L Terminal Name...

  • Page 156: Intelligent Terminal Listing

    Intelligent Terminal Listing Intelligent Inputs Use the following table to locate pages for intelligent input material in this chapter. Symbol Code PIDC F-TM SP-SET Intelligent Outputs Use the following table to locate pages for intelligent output material in this chapter. Symbol Code Input Function Summary Table...

  • Page 157: Using Intelligent Input Terminals

    4 − 8 Using Intelligent Input Terminals Terminals [1], [2], [3], [4], and [5] are identical, programmable inputs for general use. The input circuits can use the inverter’s internal (isolated) +24V field supply or an external power supply. This section describes input circuits operation and how to connect them properly to switches or transistor outputs on field devices.

  • Page 158

    The two diagrams below input wiring circuits using the inverter’s internal +24V supply. Each diagram shows the connection for simple switches, or for a field device with transistor outputs. Note that in the lower diagram, it is necessary to connect terminal [L] only when using the field device with transistors.

  • Page 159

    4 − 10 4 10 The two diagrams below show input wiring circuits using an external supply. If using the “Sinking Inputs, External Supply” in below wiring diagram, be sure to remove the short bar, and use a diode (*) with the external supply. This will prevent a power supply contention in case the short bar is accidentally placed in the incorrect position.

  • Page 160

    Forward Run/Stop and Reverse Run/Stop Commands: When you input the Run command via the terminal [FW], the inverter executes the Forward Run command (high) or Stop command (low). When you input the Run command via the terminal [RV], the inverter executes the Reverse Run command (high) or Stop command (low).

  • Page 161

    4 − 12 4 12 Multi-Speed Select The inverter can store up to 16 different target frequencies (speeds) that the motor output uses for steady-state accessible through programming five of the intelligent terminals as binary-encoded inputs CF1 to CF4 per the table to the right.

  • Page 162

    While using the multi-speed capability, you can monitor the present frequency with monitor function D001 during each segment of a multi-speed operation. NOTE: When using the Multi-speed Select settings CF1 to CF4, do not display parameter F001 or change the value of F001 while the inverter is in Run Mode (motor running).

  • Page 163

    4 − 14 4 14 Jogging Command The Jog input [JG] is used to command the motor to rotate slowly in small increments for manual operation. The speed is limited to 10 Hz. The frequency for the jogging operation is set by parameter A038.

  • Page 164

    External Signal for DC Braking When the terminal [DB] is turned ON, the DC braking feature is enabled. Set the following parameters when the external DC braking terminal [DB] is to be used: A053 – DC braking delay time setting. The range is 0.1 to 5.0 seconds.

  • Page 165

    4 − 16 4 16 Set Second Motor, Special Set If you assign the [SET] function to an intelligent input terminal, you can select between two sets of motor parameters. The second parameters store an alternate set of motor characteristics. When the terminal [SET] is turned ON, the inverter will use the second set of parameters to generate the frequency output to the motor.

  • Page 166

    Two Stage Acceleration and Deceleration When terminal [2CH] is turned ON, the inverter changes the rate of acceleration and deceleration from the initial settings (F002 F003) acceleration/ deceleration values. When the terminal is turned OFF, the inverter is returned to the original acceleration and deceleration time (F002 acceleration time 1, and F003 deceleration time 1).

  • Page 167: Free-run Stop

    4 − 18 4 18 Free-run Stop When the terminal [FRS] is turned ON, the inverter stops the output and the motor enters the free-run state (coasting). If terminal [FRS] is turned OFF, the output resumes sending power to the motor if the Run command is still active. The free-run stop feature works with other parameters to provide flexibility in stopping and starting motor rotation.

  • Page 168: External Trip

    External Trip When the terminal [EXT] is turned ON, the inverter enters the trip state, indicates error code E12, and stops the output. This is a general purpose interrupt type feature, and the meaning of the error depends on what you connect to the [EXT] terminal. Even if the [EXT] input is turned OFF, the inverter remains in the trip state.

  • Page 169: Unattended Start Protection

    4 − 20 4 20 Unattended Start Protection If the Run command is already set when power is turned ON, the inverter starts running immediately after powerup. The Unattended Start Protection (USP) function prevents that automatic startup, so that the inverter intervention.

  • Page 170: Software Lock

    Software Lock When the terminal [SFT] is turned ON, the data of all the parameters and functions (except the output frequency, depending on the setting of B031) is locked (prohibited from editing). When the data is locked, the keypad keys cannot edit inverter parameters. To edit parameters again, turn OFF the [SFT] terminal input.

  • Page 171

    4 − 22 4 22 Analog Input Current/Voltage Select The [AT] terminal selects whether the inverter uses the voltage [O] or current [OI] input terminals for external frequency control. When intelligent input [AT] is ON, you can set the output frequency by applying a current input signal at [OI]-[L]. When the [AT] input is OFF, you can apply a voltage input signal at [O]-[L] to set the output frequency.

  • Page 172: Reset Inverter

    Reset Inverter The [RS] terminal causes the inverter to execute the reset operation. If the inverter is in Trip Mode, the reset cancels the Trip state. When the signal [RS] is turned ON and OFF, the inverter executes the reset operation. The minimum pulse width for [RS] must be 12 ms or greater.

  • Page 173

    4 − 24 4 24 Thermistor Thermal Protection Motors that are equipped with a thermistor can be protected from overheating. Input terminal [5] has the unique ability to sense a thermistor resistance. When the resistance value of the thermistor connected to terminal [TH] (5) and [L] is more than ±10%, the inverter enters the Trip Mode, turns OFF the output to the motor, and indicates the trip status E35.

  • Page 174

    Three-wire Interface Operation The 3-wire interface is an industry standard motor control interface. This function uses two inputs for momentary contact start/stop control, and a third for selecting forward or reverse direction. To implement the 3-wire interface, assign 20 [STA] (Start), 21 [STP] (Stop), and 22 [F/R] (Forward/Reverse) to three of the intelligent input terminals.

  • Page 175

    4 − 26 4 26 PID ON/OFF and PID Clear The PID loop function is useful for controlling motor speed to achieve constant flow, pressure, temperature, etc. in many process applications. The PID Disable function temporarily suspends PID loop execution via an intelligent input terminal. It overrides the parameter A071 (PID Enable) to stop PID execution and return to normal motor frequency output characteristics.

  • Page 176

    Remote Control Up and Down Functions The [UP] [DWN] terminal functions can adjust the output frequency for remote control while the motor is running. The acceleration time and deceleration time of this function is same as normal operation ACC1 and DEC1 (2ACC1,2DEC1). The input terminals operate according to these principles: Acceleration - When the [UP] contact is turned ON, the output frequency accelerates from the current value.

  • Page 177

    4 − 28 4 28 It is possible for the inverter to retain the frequency set from the [UP] and [DWN] terminals through a power loss. Parameter C101 enables/disables the memory. If disabled, the inverter retains the last frequency before an UP/DWN adjustment. Use the [UDC] terminal to clear the memory and return to the original set output frequency.

  • Page 178

    Force Operation from Digital Operator This function permits a digital operator interface to override the following two settings in the inverter: A001 - Frequency source setting A002 - Run command source setting When using the [OPE] terminal input, typically A001 and A002 are configured for sources other than the digital operator interface for the output frequency and Run command sources, respectively.

  • Page 179: Add Frequency Enable

    4 − 30 4 30 Add Frequency Enable The inverter can add or subtract an offset value to the output frequency setting which is specified by A001 (will work with any of the five possible sources). The ADD Frequency is a value you can store in parameter A145. The ADD Frequency is summed with or subtracted from the output frequency setting only when the [ADD] terminal is ON.

  • Page 180: Force Terminal Mode

    Force Terminal Mode The purpose of this intelligent input is to allow a device to force the inverter to allow control of the following two parameters via the control terminals: • A001 - Frequency source setting (01 = control terminals [FW] and [RV] •...

  • Page 181: Emergency Stop

    4 − 32 4 32 Emergency Stop The emergency stop function shuts off the inverter output (i.e. stops the switching operation of the main circuit elements) in response to a command from a hardware circuit via an intelligent input terminal without the operation by internal CPU software. Note: The emergency stop function does not electrically shut off the inverter but merely stops the switching operation of the main circuit elements.

  • Page 182

    How to go into Emergency Stop mode The Emergency Stop function of X200 is activated by turning ON the hardware switch (S8) located on the control card. Be sure to power OFF the inverter when changing the switch S8. HIGH VOLTAGE: Dangerous voltage exists even after the Emergency Stop is activated. It does mean that the main power has been removed.

  • Page 183

    4 − 34 4 34 Option Terminal Code Symbol Emergency Stop Valid for inputs: C003, C004 Required settings Notes: Function Name State Emergency signal is activated Emergency signal is not activated Example (default input configuration shown—see page 3–49): See I/O specs on Description L PCS P24 page 4–6.

  • Page 184

    4 − 35 4 35 … this page is left intentionally blank.

  • Page 185: Using Intelligent Output Terminals

    4 − 36 4 36 Using Intelligent Output Terminals The intelligent output terminals are programmable in a similar way to the intelligent input terminals. The inverter has several output functions that you can assign individually to two physical logic outputs. One of the outputs is an open-collector transistor, and the other output is the alarm relay (form C –...

  • Page 186

    Internal Relay Output The inverter has an internal relay output with normally open and normally closed contacts (Type 1 form C). The output signal that controls the relay is configurable; the Alarm Signal is the default setting. Thus, the terminals are labeled [AL0], [AL1], [AL2], as shown to the right.

  • Page 187

    4 − 38 4 38 Output Signal ON/OFF Delay Function Intelligent outputs including terminals [11], and the output relay, have configurable signal transition delays. Each output can delay either the OFF-to-ON or ON-to-OFF transitions, or both. Signal transition delays are variable from 0.1 to 100.0 seconds. This feature is useful in applications that must tailor inverter output signals to meet timing requirements of certain external devices.

  • Page 188: Run Signal

    Run Signal When the [RUN] signal is selected as an intelligent output terminal, the inverter outputs a signal on that terminal when it is in Run Mode. The output logic is active low, and is the open collector type (switch to ground). Option Terminal Function Name...

  • Page 189

    4 − 40 4 40 Frequency Arrival Signals Frequency Arrival current velocity profile of the inverter. As the name implies, output [FA1] turns ON when the output Output [FA2] relies on programmable accel/ decel thresholds for increased flexibility. For example, you can have an output turn ON at one frequency during acceleration, and have it turn OFF at a different frequency during deceleration.

  • Page 190

    Frequency arrival output [FA1] uses the standard output frequency (parameter F001) as the threshold for switching. In the figure to the right, Frequency Arrival [FA1] turns ON when the output frequency gets within below or Hz above the target constant frequency, where the set maximum frequency and 2% of the set maximum frequency.

  • Page 191: Overload Advance Notice Signal

    4 − 42 4 42 Overload Advance Notice Signal When the output current exceeds a preset value, the [OL] terminal signal turns ON. The parameter C041 sets the overload threshold. The overload detection circuit operates during powered motor operation and during regenerative braking. The output circuits transistors, and are active low.

  • Page 192: Output Deviation For Pid Control

    Output Deviation for PID Control The PID loop error is defined as the magnitude (absolute value) of the difference between the Setpoint (target value) and the Process Variable (actual value). When the error magnitude exceeds the preset value for C044, the [OD] terminal signal turns ON. Refer to “PID Loop Operation”...

  • Page 193: Alarm Signal

    4 − 44 4 44 Alarm Signal The inverter alarm signal is active when a fault has occurred and it is in the Trip Mode (refer to the diagram at right). When the fault is cleared the alarm signal becomes inactive. We must make a distinction between the alarm signal AL and the alarm relay...

  • Page 194

    The alarm relay output can be configured in two main ways: Trip/Power Loss Alarm – The alarm relay is configured as normally closed (C036=1) by default, shown below (left). An external alarm circuit that detects broken wiring also as an alarm connects to [AL0] and [AL1]. After powerup and short delay (<...

  • Page 195: Analog Input Disconnect Detect

    4 − 46 4 46 Analog Input Disconnect Detect This feature is useful when the inverter receives a speed reference from an external device. Upon input signal loss at either the [O] or [OI] terminal, the inverter normally just decelerates the motor to a stop. However, the inverter can use the intelligent output terminal [Dc] to signal other devices that a signal loss has occurred.

  • Page 196: Pid Second Stage Output

    PID Second Stage Output The inverter has a built-in PID loop feature for applications such as building ventilation or heating and cooling (HVAC). In an ideal control environment, a single PID loop controller (stage) would be adequate. However, in certain conditions, the maximum output energy from the first stage is not enough to maintain the Process Variable (PV) at or near the Setpoint (SP).

  • Page 197

    4 − 48 4 48 To use the PID Second Stage Output feature, you will need to choose upper and lower limits for the PV, via C053 and C052 respectively. As the timing diagram below shows, these are the thresholds Stage #1 inverter uses to turn ON or OFF Stage #2 inverter via the [FBV] output.

  • Page 198

    Option Terminal Function Name Code Symbol Feedback Value Check Valid for inputs: 11, AL0 – AL2 Required settings A076, C052, C053 Notes: The [FBV] is designed for implementing two- stage control. The PV high limit and PV low limit parameters, C052 and C053, do not function as process alarm thresholds.

  • Page 199

    4 − 50 4 50 Network Detection Signal (Integrated ModBus) The Network Detection Signal output indicates the general status of network communications (integrated ModBus communication). The inverter has a programmable watchdog timer to monitor network activity. Parameter C077 sets the time-out period.

  • Page 200: Logic Output Function

    Master Slave Watchdog timer C077 = xx.xx sec. [NDc] Alarm C076 = 00 or 01 Logic Output Function The Logic Output Function uses the inverter’s built-in logic feature. You can select any two of the other nine intelligent output options for internal inputs (use C141 and C142). Then, use C143 to configure the logic function to apply the logical AND, OR, or XOR (exclusive OR) operator as desired to the two inputs.

  • Page 201

    4 − 52 4 52 Option Terminal Code Symbol Logic Output Function Valid for inputs: 11, AL0 – AL2 Required settings C141, C142, C143 Notes: Function Name State when the Boolean operation specified by C143 has a logical “1” result when the Boolean operation specified by C143 has a logical “0”...

  • Page 202

    Network Detection Signal (FieldBus Option) The Network Detection Signal output indicates the general status of network communications when using a FieldBus option. The inverter has a programmable watchdog timer to monitor network activity. Parameter P044 sets the time-out period. If communications stop or pause longer than the specified time-out period, the ODc output turns ON.

  • Page 203: Low Load Detection Signal

    4 − 54 4 54 Low Load Detection Signal The Low Load Detection Signal output indicates the general status of the inverter output current. When the output current becomes less than the value specified by C039, the LOC output turns ON. Option Terminal Code...

  • Page 204: Analog Input Operation

    Analog Input Operation The X200 inverters provide for analog input to command the inverter frequency output value. The analog input terminal group includes the [L], [OI], [O], and [H] terminals on the control connector, which provide for Voltage [O] or Current [OI] input.

  • Page 205

    4 − 56 4 56 The following table shows the available analog input settings. Parameter A005 and the input terminal [AT] determine the External Frequency Command input terminals that are available, and how they function. The analog inputs [O] and [OI] use terminal [L] as the reference (signal return).

  • Page 206: Analog Output Operation

    Analog Output Operation In inverter applications it is useful to monitor the inverter operation from a remote location or from the front panel of an inverter enclosure. In some cases, this requires only a panel-mounted volt meter. In other cases, a controller such as a PLC may provide the inverter’s frequency command, and require inverter feedback data (such as output frequency or output current) to...

  • Page 207: Pid Loop Operation

    4 − 58 4 58 PID Loop Operation In standard operation, the inverter uses a reference source selected by parameter A001 for the output frequency, which may be a fixed value (F001), a variable set by the front panel potentiometer, or value from an analog input (voltage or current). To enable PID operation, set A071=01.

  • Page 208

    PID Loop Configuration The inverter’s PID loop algorithm is configurable for various applications. PID Output Limit - The PID loop controller has a built-in output limit function. This function monitors the difference between the PID setpoint and the loop output (inverter output frequency), measured as a percentage of the full scale range of each.

  • Page 209: Configuring The Inverter For Multiple Motors

    4 − 60 4 60 Configuring the Inverter for Multiple Motors Simultaneous Connections For some applications, you may need to connect two or more motors (wired in parallel) to a single inverter’s output. For example, this is common in conveyor applications where two separate conveyors need to have approximately the same speed.

  • Page 210

    Having two motor profiles lets you store two “personalities” for motors in one inverter’s memory. The inverter allows the final selection between the two motor types to be made in the field through the use of an intelligent input terminal function [SET]. This provides an extra level of flexibility needed in particular situations.

  • Page 212: Chapter 5: Inverter System Accessories

    Inverter System Accessories In This Chapter… - Introduction... 2 - Component Description ... 3 - Dynamic Braking... 5 5 − 1 page...

  • Page 213

    NOTE: The Hitachi part number series for accessories includes different sizes of each part type, specified by the –x suffix. Hitachi product literature can help match size and rating of your inverter to the proper accessory size. Each inverter accessory comes with its own printed instruction manual.

  • Page 214

    Component Descriptions AC Reactors, Input Side This is useful in suppressing harmonics induced on the power supply lines, or when the main power voltage imbalance exceeds 3% (and power source capacity is more than 500 kVA), or to smooth out line fluctuations. It also improves the power factor. In the following cases for a general-purpose inverter, a large peak current flows on the main power supply side, and is able to destroy the inverter module: If the unbalanced factor of the power supply is 3% or higher...

  • Page 215

    5 − 4 Zero-phase Reactor (RF Noise Filter) The zero-phase reactor helps reduce radiated noise from the inverter wiring. It can be used on the input or output side of the inverter. The example zero-phase reactor shown to the right comes with a mounting bracket. The wiring must go through the opening to reduce the RF component of the electrical noise.

  • Page 216: Dynamic Braking

    Dynamic Braking Introduction The purpose of dynamic braking is to improve the ability of the inverter to stop (decelerate) the motor and load. This becomes necessary when an application has some or all of the following characteristics: High load inertia compared to the available motor torque The application requires frequent or sudden changes in speed System losses are not great enough to slow the motor as needed When the inverter reduces its output frequency to decelerate the load, the motor can...

  • Page 217

    5 − 6 Use one BRD-E3 braking unit for the braking torque listed in the following table. Note the column meanings in the tables: Column “A” = Average braking torque from 60Hz to 3Hz. Column “B” = Average braking torque from 120Hz to 3Hz. X200 Inverter 200V Models Model Number 002SFEF/NFU...

  • Page 218

    400V Class Inverters The following tables specify the braking options for 400V class X200 inverters and the braking torque for each option. You can connect a single braking unit to the inverter, or two braking units for additional braking torque. Use one BRD-EZ3 braking unit for the braking torque listed in the following table.

  • Page 220: Troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting and Maintenance In This Chapter… - Troubleshooting... 2 - Monitoring Trip Events, History, & Conditions... 5 - Restoring Factory Default Settings ... 8 - Maintenance and Inspection... 9 - Warranty ... 16 6 − 1 page...

  • Page 221: Troubleshooting

    6 − 2 Troubleshooting Safety Messages Please read the following safety messages before troubleshooting or performing maintenance on the inverter and motor system. WARNING: Wait at least five (5) minutes after turning OFF the input power supply before performing maintenance or an inspection. Otherwise, there is the danger of electric shock.

  • Page 222

    Troubleshooting Tips The table below lists typical symptoms and the corresponding solution(s). Symptom/condition Is the frequency command source A001 parameter setting correct? Is the Run command source A002 parameter setting correct? Is power being supplied to terminals [L1], [L2], and [L3/N]? If so, the POWER lamp should be ON.

  • Page 223

    6 − 4 Symptom/condition The motor speed will not reach the target frequency (desired speed). The rotation is unstable The RPM of the motor does not match the inverter output frequency setting. No download has occurred Inverter data us not correct The download to the inverter...

  • Page 224: Monitoring Trip Events, History, & Conditions

    Monitoring Trip Events, History, & Conditions Fault Detection and Clearing The microprocessor in the inverter detects a variety of fault conditions and captures the event, recording it in a history table. The inverter output turns OFF, or “trips” similar to the way a circuit breaker trips due to an over-current condition.

  • Page 225

    6 − 6 Error Code E 13 Ground fault E 14 Input over-voltage E 15 E 21 Inverter thermal trip Driver error E 30 E 35 Thermistor Emergency Stop E 37 Communications error E 60 Under-voltage (brownout) with - - - output shutoff NOTE: If an EEPROM error (E08) occurs, be sure to confirm the parameter data values are still...

  • Page 226

    Trip History and Inverter Status We recommend that you first find the cause of the fault before clearing it. When a fault occurs, the inverter stores important performance data at the moment of the fault. To access the data, use the monitor functions (Dxxx) and select D081 for details about the present fault (En).

  • Page 227: Restoring Factory Default Settings

    6 − 8 Restoring Factory Default Settings You can restore all inverter parameters to the original factory (default) settings for the intended country of use. After initializing the inverter, use the powerup test in Chapter 2 to get the motor running again. To initialize the inverter, follow the steps below. FUNC Use the navigate to the “B”...

  • Page 228: Maintenance And Inspection

    Maintenance and Inspection Monthly and Yearly Inspection Chart Item Inspected Check for… Ambient Extreme environment temperatures & humidity Major devices Abnormal Overall noise & vib. Power supply Voltage voltage tolerance Ground Adequate Insulation resistance Mounting No loose screws Components Overheating Housing Dirt, dust Terminal block Secure...

  • Page 229

    6 − 10 6 10 Megger test megger is a piece of test equipment that uses a high voltage to determine if an insulation degradation has occurred. For inverters, it is important that the power terminals be isolated from the Earth GND terminal via the proper amount of insulation. The circuit diagram below shows the inverter wiring for performing the megger test.

  • Page 230

    Spare parts We recommend that you stock spare parts to reduce down time, including these parts: Part description Symbol Cooling fan Case Capacitor Life Curves The DC bus inside the inverter uses a large capacitor as shown in the diagram below. The capacitor handles high voltage and current as it smoothes the power for use by the inverter.

  • Page 231

    6 − 12 6 12 General Inverter Electrical Measurements The following table specifies how to measure key system electrical parameters. The diagrams on the next page show inverter-motor systems and the location of measurement points for these parameters. Circuit location of Parameter measurement Supply voltage...

  • Page 232

    The figures below show measurement locations for voltage, current, and power measurements listed in the table on the previous page. The voltage to be measured is the fundamental wave effective voltage. The power to be measured is the total effective power.

  • Page 233

    6 − 14 6 14 Inverter Output Voltage Measurement Techniques Taking voltage measurements around drives equipment requires the right equipment and a safe approach. You are working with high voltages and high-frequency switching waveforms that are not pure sinusoids. Digital voltmeters will not usually produce reliable readings for these waveforms.

  • Page 234

    IGBT Test Method The following procedure will check the inverter transistors (IGBTs) and diodes: 1. Disconnect input power to terminals [R, S, and T] and motor terminals [U, V, and W]. 2. Disconnect any wires from terminals [+] and [–] for regenerative braking. 3.

  • Page 235: Warranty

    (2) years from the date of manufacture, or one (1) year from the date of installation, whichever occurs first. The warranty shall cover the repair or replacement, at Hitachi's sole discretion, of ONLY the inverter that was installed.

  • Page 236: Appendix A: Glossary And Bibliography

    Glossary and Bibliography In This Appendix… - Glossary ... 2 - Bibliography... 8 A − 1 page...

  • Page 237

    Auto-tuning is a common feature of process controllers with PID loops. Hitachi inverters feature auto tuning to determine motor parameters for optimal commutation. Auto-tuning is available as a special command from a digital operator panel. See also...

  • Page 238

    Deadband may or may not be desirable; it depends on the needs of the application. Digital Operator For Hitachi inverters, “digital operator panel” (DOP) refers first to the operator keypad on the front panel of the inverter. It also includes Panel hand-held remote keypads, which connect to the inverter via a cable.

  • Page 239

    A device that electronically changes DC to AC current through an alternating process of switching the input to the output, inverted and non-inverted. A variable speed drive such as the Hitachi L200 is also called an inverter, since it contains three inverter circuits to generate 3-phase output to the motor.

  • Page 240

    Multi-speed the motor, and control motor speed according to the currently selected Operation speed preset. The Hitachi inverters have 16 preset speeds. In motor terminology, motor load consists of the inertia of the Motor Load physical mass that is moved by the motor and the related friction from guiding mechanisms.

  • Page 241

    The ideal saturation voltage is zero. A technique used in some variable-frequency drives (featured in some other Hitachi inverter model families) to rotate the force vector in the motor without the use of a shaft position sensor (angular). Benefits include an increase in torque at the lowest speed and the cost savings from the lack of a shaft position sensor.

  • Page 242

    Neutral. This power source is named Single Phase to differentiate it from three-phase power sources. Some Hitachi inverters can accept single phase input power, but they all output three-phase power to the motor. See also T...

  • Page 243

    The saturation voltage has been decreasing, resulting in less heat dissipation. Hitachi inverters use state-of-the- art semiconductors to provide high performance and reliability in a compact package. See also IGBT An event that causes the inverter to stop operation is called a “trip”...

  • Page 244: Modbus Data Listing

    ModBus Network Communications In This Appendix… - Introduction... 2 - Connecting the Inverter to ModBus ... 3 - Network Protocol Reference ... 6 - ModBus Data Listing ... 19 B − 1 page...

  • Page 245: Introduction

    B − 2 Introduction X200 Series inverters have built-in RS-485 serial communications, featuring the ModBus RTU protocol. The inverters can connect directly to existing factory networks or work with new networked applications, without any extra interface equipment. The specifications for X200 serial communications are in the following table. Item Transmission speed Communication mode...

  • Page 246: Connecting The Inverter To Modbus

    Connecting the Inverter to ModBus Follow these steps in this section to connect the inverter to the ModBus network. 1. Open Serial Port Cover - The inverter keypad has a hinged dust cover protecting the serial port connector. Lift the cover from the bottom edge, and tilt upward as shown below.

  • Page 247

    B − 4 4. Terminate Network Wiring - The RS-485 wiring must be terminated at each physical end to suppress electrical reflections and help decrease transmission errors. The X200 communications port does not include a termination resistor. Therefore, you will need to add termination to the inverter if it is at the end of the network wiring.

  • Page 248

    6. Inverter Parameter Setup - The inverter has several settings related to ModBus communications. The table below lists them together. The which parameters must refer to the host computer documentation in order to match some of its settings. Func. Name Code A001 Frequency source setting...

  • Page 249: Network Protocol Reference

    B − 6 Network Protocol Reference Transmission procedure The transmission between the external control equipment and the inverter takes the procedure below. Query - A frame sent from the external control equipment to the inverter Response - A frame returned from inverter to the external control equipment The inverter returns the response only after the inverter receives a query from the external control equipment and does not output the response positively.

  • Page 250

    Data: A function command is set here. The data format used in the X200 series is corresponding to the Modbus data format below. Name of Data Coil Binary data that can be referenced and changed ( 1 bit long) Holding Register 16-bit data that can be referenced and changed Function code: Specify a function you want to make the inverter execute.

  • Page 251

    B − 8 Message Configuration: Response Transmission time required: A time period between reception of a query from the master and transmission of a response from the inverter is the sum of the silent interval (3.5 characters long) + C078 (transmission latency time). The master must provide a time period of the silent interval (3.5 characters long or longer) before sending another query to an inverter after receiving a response from the inverter.

  • Page 252

    No response occurs: In the cases below, the inverter ignores a query and returns no response. When receiving a broadcasting query When detecting a transmission error in reception of a query When the slave address set in the query is not equal to the slave address of the inverter When a time interval between data elements constituting a message is shorter than 3.5 characters...

  • Page 253

    B − 10 B 10 Explanation of function codes Read Coil Status [01h]: This function reads the status (ON/OFF) of selected coils. An example follows below. Read intelligent input terminals [1] to [5] of an inverter having a slave address “8.” This example assumes the intelligent input terminals have terminal states listed below.

  • Page 254

    Read Holding Register [03h]: This function reads the contents of the specified number of consecutive holding registers (of specified register addresses). An example follows below. Reading Trip monitor 1 factor and trip frequency, current, and voltage from an inverter having a slave address “1” This example assumes the previous three trip factors are as follows: X200 D081...

  • Page 255

    B − 12 B 12 The data set in the response is as follows: Response Buffer Register Number Register Data Trip data Response Buffer Register Number Register Data Trip data When the Read Holding Register command cannot be executed normally, refer to the exception response.

  • Page 256

    Write in Holding Register [06h]: This function writes data in a specified holding register. An example follows: Write “50Hz” as the first Multi-speed 0 (A020) in an inverter having slave address “5.” This example uses change data “500(1F4h)” to set “50Hz” as the data resolution of the register “1029h”...

  • Page 257

    B − 14 B 14 Loopback Test [08h]: This function checks a master-slave transmission using any test data. An example follows: Send test data to an inverter having slave address “1” and receiving the test data from the inverter (as a loopback test). Query: Field Name Slave address *1...

  • Page 258

    Write in Coils [0Fh]: This function writes data in consecutive coils. An example follows: Change the state of intelligent input terminal [1] to [5] of an inverter having a slave address “8.” This example assumes the intelligent input terminals have terminal states listed below.

  • Page 259

    B − 16 B 16 Write in Holding Registers [10h]: This function writes data in consecutive holding registers. An example follows: Write “3000 seconds” as the first acceleration time 1 (F002) in an inverter having a slave address “8.” This example uses change data “300000(493E0h)” to set “3000 seconds” as the data resolution of the registers “1014h”...

  • Page 260

    Exception Response: When sending a query (excluding a broadcasting query) to an inverter, the master always requests a response from the inverter. Usually, the inverter returns a response according to the query. However, when finding an error in the query, the inverter returns an exception response.

  • Page 261

    B − 18 B 18 Store New Register Data (ENTER command) After being written in a selected holding register by the Write in Holding Register command (06h) or in selected holding registers by the Write in Holding Registers command (10h), new data is temporary and still outside the storage element of the inverter.

  • Page 262: Modbus Data Listing

    ModBus Data Listing ModBus Coil List The following tables list the primary coils for the inverter interface to the network. The table legend is given below. Coil Number - The network single bit (binary) value. Name - The functional name of the coil R/W - The read-only (R) or read-write (R/W) access permitted to the inverter data Description - The meaning of each of the states of the coils Coil...

  • Page 263

    B − 20 B 20 Coil Number 0014h Alarm signal 0015h PID deviation signal 0016h Overload signal 0017h Frequency arrival signal (set frequency or above) 0018h Frequency arrival signal (at constant speed) 0019h Run Mode signal 001Ah Data writing 001Bh CRC error 001Ch Overrun error...

  • Page 264

    ModBus Holding Registers The following tables list the holding registers for the inverter interface to the network. The table legend is given below. Function Code - The inverter’s reference code for the parameter or function (same as inverter keypad display) Name - The standard functional name of the parameter or function for the inverter R/W - The read-only(R) or read-write access(R/W) permitted to the data in the inverter...

  • Page 265

    B − 22 B 22 The following table lists holding registers for the “D” Group Monitor Functions. Func. Name Code D001 Output frequency monitor D002 Output current monitor *1 D003 Rotation direction monitor D004 Process Variable (PV), (high) PID feedback monitor D004 (low) D005...

  • Page 266

    Func. Name Code D081 Trip monitor 1 D082 Trip monitor 2 D083 Trip monitor 2 List of Holding Registers Description Trip monitor 1: factor code Frequency Current Voltage Run time (high) Run time (low) ON time (high) ON time (low) Trip monitor 2: factor code Frequency Current...

  • Page 267

    B − 24 B 24 B 24 Func. Name Code F002 Acceleration (1) time (high) setting *1 F002 (low) F202 Acceleration (1) time (high) setting, 2nd motor *1 F202 (low) F003 Deceleration (1) time (high) setting *1 F003 (low) F203 Deceleration (1) time (high) setting, 2nd motor *1...

  • Page 268

    The following table lists the holding registers for the “A” Group Standard Functions. Func. Name Code A001 Frequency source R/W Five options; select codes: setting A002 Run command source R/W Three options; select codes: setting A003 Base frequency setting R/W Settable from 30 Hz to the A203 Base frequency setting, R/W Settable from 30 Hz to the 2nd...

  • Page 269

    B − 26 B 26 Func. Name Code A020 Multi-speed 0 setting A220 Multi-speed 0 setting 2nd motor A021 Multi-speed 1 setting A022 Multi-speed 2 setting A023 Multi-speed 3 setting A024 Multi-speed 4 setting A025 Multi-speed 5 setting A026 Multi-speed 6 setting A027 Multi-speed 7 setting A028...

  • Page 270

    Func. Name Code A051 DC braking enable R/W Two options; select codes: A052 DC braking frequency R/W The frequency at which DC setting A053 DC braking wait time R/W The delay from the end of A054 DC braking force for R/W Level of DC braking force, deceleration A055...

  • Page 271

    B − 28 B 28 Func. Name Code A071 PID enable A072 PID proportional gain A073 PID integral time constant A074 PID derivative time constant A075 PV scale conversion A076 PV source setting A077 Reverse PID action A078 PID output limit A081 AVR function select A082...

  • Page 272

    Func. Name Code A092 Acceleration (2) time (high) setting A092 (low) A292 Acceleration (2) time (high) setting, 2nd motor A292 (low) A093 Deceleration (2) time (high) setting A093 (low) A293 Deceleration (2) time (high) setting, 2nd motor A293 (low) A094 Select method to R/W Two options for switching from switch to Acc2/Dec2...

  • Page 273

    B − 30 B 30 Func. Name Code A104 [OI]-[L] input active range end voltage A105 [OI]-[L] input start frequency enable A141 A input select for calculate function A142 B input select for calculate function A143 Calculation symbol A145 ADD frequency A146 ADD direction select A151...

  • Page 274

    The following table lists the holding registers for the “B” Group Fine Tuning Functions. Func. Name Code B001 Selection of automatic R/W Select inverter restart method, restart mode B002 Allowable under- R/W The amount of time a power voltage power failure time B003 Retry wait time before...

  • Page 275

    B − 32 B 32 Func. Name Code B021 Overload restriction operation mode B221 Overload restriction operation mode, 2nd motor B022 Overload restriction level setting B222 Overload restriction level setting, 2nd motor B023 Deceleration rate at overload restriction B223 Deceleration rate at overload restriction, 2nd motor B028...

  • Page 276

    Func. Name Code B052 OV-LAD Stop level of R/W Setting the OV-LAD stop level of non stop operation setting B053 Deceleration time of R/W Range is 0.1 to 3000 non stop operation setting B054 Frequency width of R/W Setting of the first quick quick deceleration setting B055...

  • Page 277

    B − 34 B 34 Func. Name Code B086 Frequency scaling conversion factor B087 STOP key enable B088 Restart mode after B089 Monitor display select for networked inverter B091 Stop mode selection R/W Select how the inverter stops the motor, B092 Cooling fan control B130...

  • Page 278

    Func. Name Code B133 DC bus AVR R/W Two option codes: selection B134 Threshold voltage of R/W Setting of threshold voltage of DC bus DC bus AVR setting B140 Over-current trip R/W Two option codes: suppression B150 Carrier mode R/W Automatically reduces the carrier B151 Selection of RDY R/W Select Ready function.

  • Page 279

    B − 36 B 36 The following table lists the holding registers for the “C” Group Intelligent Input Functions. Func. Name Code C001 Terminal [1] function C201 Terminal [1] function, 2nd motor C002 Terminal [2] function C202 Terminal [2] function, 2nd motor C003 Terminal [3] function C203...

  • Page 280

    Func. Name Code C044 PID deviation level setting C052 PID FBV function high limit C053 PID FBV function variable low limit C070 Selection of OPE / ModBus C071 Communication speed selection C072 Node allocation C074 Communication parity selection C075 Communication stop bit selection C076 Communication error...

  • Page 281

    B − 38 B 38 C102 Reset selection C141 Input A select for logic output C142 Input B select for logic output C143 Logic function select Determines response to Reset input [RS]. Three option codes: 00 Cancel trip state at input signal ON transition, stops inverter if in Run Mode 01 Cancel trip state at signal OFF...

  • Page 282

    Func. Name Code C144 Terminal [11] ON delay C145 Terminal [11] OFF delay R/W Range is 0.0 to 100.0 sec. C148 Output relay ON delay C149 Output relay OFF delay Note 1: Assume that the inverter current rating is 10000 (for C041). The following table lists the holding registers for the “H”...

  • Page 284: Appendix C: Drive Parameter Setting Tables

    Drive Parameter Setting Tables In This Appendix… - Introduction... 2 - Parameter Settings for Keypad Entry ... 2 C − 1 page...

  • Page 285: Parameter Settings For Keypad Entry

    C − 2 Introduction This appendix lists the user-programmable parameters for the X200 series inverters and the default values for European and U.S. product types. The right-most column of the tables is blank, so you can record values you have changed from the default. This involves just a few parameters for most applications.

  • Page 286

    Standard Functions NOTE:. Mark “ ” in B031=10 shows the accessible parameters when B031 is set “10”, high level access. “A” Group Parameters Func. Name Code A001 Frequency source setting A201 Frequency source setting, 2nd motor A002 Run command source setting A202 Run command source setting, 2nd motor A003...

  • Page 287

    C − 4 “A” Group Parameters Func. Code A043 Manual torque boost frequency adjustment A243 Manual torque boost frequency adjustment, 2nd motor A044 V/f characteristic curve selection A244 V/f characteristic curve selection, 2nd motor A045 V/f gain setting A245 V/f gain setting, 2nd motor A051 DC braking enable A052...

  • Page 288

    “A” Group Parameters Func. Name Code A094 Select method to switch to Acc2/Dec2 profile A294 Select method to switch to Acc2/Dec2 profile, 2nd motor A095 Acc1 to Acc2 frequency transition point A295 Acc1 to Acc2 frequency transition point, 2nd motor A096 Dec1 to Dec2 frequency transition point A296...

  • Page 289

    C − 6 Fine Tuning Functions “B” Group Parameters Func. Code B001 Selection of automatic restart mode B002 Allowable under-voltage power failure time B003 Retry wait time before motor restart B004 Instantaneous power failure / under- voltage trip alarm enable B005 Number of restarts on power failure / under-voltage trip events...

  • Page 290

    “B” Group Parameters Func. Name Code B080 [AM]analog signal gain B082 Start frequency adjustment B083 Carrier frequency setting B084 Initialization mode (parameters or trip history) B085 Country for initialization B086 Frequency scaling conversion factor B087 STOP key enable B088 Restart mode after FRS B089 Monitor display select for networked inverter...

  • Page 291

    C − 8 Intelligent Terminal Functions “C” Group Parameters Func. Code C001 Terminal [1] function C201 Terminal [1] function, 2nd motor C002 Terminal [2] function C202 Terminal [2] function, 2nd motor C003 Terminal [3] function C203 Terminal [3] function, 2nd motor C004 Terminal [4] function C204...

  • Page 292

    “C” Group Parameters Func. Name Code C086 AM offset calibration C091 Debug mode enable C101 Up/Down memory mode selection C102 Reset selection C141 Input A select for logic output C142 Input B select for logic output C143 Logic function select C144 Terminal [11] ON delay C145...

  • Page 294: Appendix D: Ce-emc Installation Guidelines

    CE-EMC Installation Guidelines In This Appendix… - CE-EMC Installation Guidelines... 2 - Hitachi EMC Recommendations ... 5 D − 1 page...

  • Page 295: Ce-emc Installation Guidelines

    D − 2 CE-EMC Installation Guidelines You are required to satisfy the EMC directive (89/336/EEC) when using an X200 inverter in an EU country. To satisfy the EMC directive and to comply with standard, follow the guidelines in this section. 1.

  • Page 296

    4. Take measures to minimize interference that is frequently coupled in through installation cables. Separate interfering cables with 0.25m minimum from cables susceptible to interference. A particularly critical point is laying parallel cables over longer distances. If two cables intersect (one crosses over the other), the interference is smallest if they intersect at an angle of 90°.

  • Page 297

    D − 4 Installation for X200 series (example of SFEF models) *) Both earth portions of the shielded cable must be connected to the earth point by cable clamps. Power supply 1-ph. 200V Metal plate (earth) L1,N U,V,W Cable clamp * Shielded cable Cable clamp * Motor...

  • Page 298: Hitachi Emc Recommendations

    Hitachi EMC Recommendations WARNING: This equipment should be installed, adjusted, and serviced by qualified personal familiar with construction and operation of the equipment and the hazards involved. Failure to observe this precaution could result in bodily injury. Use the following checklist to ensure the inverter is within proper operating ranges and conditions.

  • Page 300: Index

    Index A Group functions 3–10 AC reactors 5–3 Acceleration 1–23, 3–9 characteristic curves 3–27 second function 3–25 two-stage 4–17 Access levels 3–5, 3–36, 4–21 Accessories 5–2 ADD frequency 3–30 enable input 4–30 Alarm signal 4–37, 4–44 Algorithms, torque control 3–5, 3–65 Ambient temperature 2–10, A–2...

  • Page 301

    Index − 2 Index 2 Choke 2–7, 5–3, A–2 Chopper frequency 3–40 Circuit breaker sizes Clearance for ventilation 2–10 Coasting 3–42 Connectors logic terminals 2–4 serial port 2–4, B–3 Constant torque 3–16 Constant volts/hertz operation Contact information Control algorithms 3–16 Copy unit 1–3, 3–2 Cover removal...

  • Page 302

    Glossary of terms A–2 H Group parameters 3–65 Harmonics A–4 History of trip events 3–7 Horsepower A–4 IGBT 1–19, A–4 test method 6–15 Inertia A–4 Initialization 6–8 codes 3–40 Input circuits 4–4, 4–8 Inspection electrical measurements 6–12 IGBT test method 6–15 measurement techniques 6–14...

  • Page 303

    Index − 4 Index 4 Nameplate 1–4 Navigational map 2–28, 3–4 trip events 6–7 A–5 NEMA definition A–5 rated installation 1–3 Network communications 1–24, 2–5, detection signal 4–50 error code 6–6 ModBus data listing parameter settings B–5 protocol reference B–6 termination resistor B–4 Noise filters...

  • Page 304

    Ratings label 1–4 Reactance A–6 Read/write copy unit 1–3 Rectifier A–6 Reduced torque 3–16 Regenerative braking A–6 Regulation A–6 Regulatory agency approvals 1–4 Relay alarm signal contacts 4–44 as intelligent output 4–37 Remote control 4–27 Reset function 3–62, 4–23 Restart Mode configuration 3–42 Reverse run command 4–11...

  • Page 305

    Index − 6 Index 6 Tachometer A–7 Technical support Term definitions A–2 Terminal/program source configuration 2–30, Terminals arrangement 2–21 listing 4–7 torque specs xiv, 2–20 Termination resistor, network Thermal protection inverter, error code 6–6 motor 4–24 Thermal switch A–7 Thermistor definition A–7 error code...

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X200 series

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