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BWX 8305 Basestation Installation and
Commissioning Guide
December 1, 2008
Americas Headquarters
Cisco Systems, Inc.
170 West Tasman Drive
San Jose, CA 95134-1706
USA
http://www.cisco.com
Tel: 408 526-4000
800 553-NETS (6387)
Fax: 408 527-0883
Text Part Number: OL-16336-02

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Table of Contents

   Related Manuals for Cisco BWX 8305

   Summary of Contents for Cisco BWX 8305

  • Page 1 BWX 8305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide December 1, 2008 Americas Headquarters Cisco Systems, Inc. 170 West Tasman Drive San Jose, CA 95134-1706 http://www.cisco.com Tel: 408 526-4000 800 553-NETS (6387) Fax: 408 527-0883 Text Part Number: OL-16336-02...
  • Page 2 You can determine whether your equipment is causing interference by turning it off. If the interference stops, it was probably caused by the Cisco equipment or one of its peripheral devices. If the equipment causes interference to radio or television reception, try to correct the interference by using one or more of the following measures: •...
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Terms Safety C H A P T E R Information to User Battery Precautions UL & NEC/CEC Regulations for the BWX 8305 Basestation Regulatory C H A P T E R For Australia Overview C H A P T E R 3.1 Scope of this Guide...
  • Page 4 6.3.6 Set the Downtilt 6-13 6.3.7 Antenna Orientation 6-15 6.3.8 Record Cable Loss and BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna Data in the Closeout Tool 6-16 6.3.9 Connect Bundled Cables to BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna 6-18 6.3.10 Sweep the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna 6-19 6.4 BWX 8305 Basestation Installation...
  • Page 5 7.3 Add and Configure a BWX 8305 Basestation 7.3.1 Minimum System Configuration Requirements 7.3.2 Add a BWX 8305 Basestation 7.3.3 Configure a BWX 8305 Basestation 7-11 7.4 Power Up and Provision the BWX 8305 Basestation 7-28 7.4.1 Prerequisites 7-28 7.4.2 Initial Bootup 7-29 7.4.3 Provision the BWX 8305 Basestation...
  • Page 6 A P P E N D I X Before You Start Overview Required Equipment Spectrum Analyzer Settings Frequency Domain Test Time Domain Test Test Configurations E-10 Interference Sweep Procedure E-16 Frequency Domain (Max-hold) Test Procedure E-17 BWX 8305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide OL-16336-02...
  • Page 7 Guidelines for Painting a Cisco Antenna A P P E N D I X Disclaimer Special Word Usage & Acronyms Guidelines for Painting a Cisco BWX Basestation Antenna BWX Basestation Antenna Materials Paint/Primer Types Paint Application High-Powered BWX Basestation Antenna...
  • Page 8 Contents Software Upgrade Procedures (Example) A P P E N D I X Software Upgrades Software Upgrade Behavior Planning Upgrade Procedures L O S S A R Y BWX 8305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide viii OL-16336-02...
  • Page 9 This document provides a Cisco qualified BWX Mobile WiMAX Installation & Commissioning Technician or Field Engineer with instructions to properly install a BWX 8305 Basestation (BS). The scope includes the BS, BWX Basestation Antenna, connection points for the BXW 8303 Basestation Timing System, power and grounding, the backhaul network, the Access Services Network-Gateway (ASN-GW) &...
  • Page 10 The information in this document pertains to the BWX Mobile WiMAX system. In this document and all customer documents as of this release, when referring to the BWX Mobile WiMAX Basestation, the term “BS” is used. BWX 8305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide OL-16336-02...
  • Page 11 Warning This document provides a Cisco qualified BWX Mobile WiMAX Installation & Commissioning Technician or Field Engineer with instructions to properly install a BWX 8305 Basestation (BS). Installations performed by non Cisco qualified specialists will void warranties, and could damage equipment and/or cause bodily injury.
  • Page 12: Chapter 1 Safety

    Information to User The BS has been authorized as a radio frequency transmitter under the appropriate rules of the Federal Communications Commission. Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by Cisco could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
  • Page 13: Battery Precautions

    Battery Precautions Battery Precautions This section applies to the batteries used as part of the Battery Backup (BBU) solution. Cisco does not Note provide the batteries for the BBU, but a list of vendors can be found in Appendix A of this document.
  • Page 14: Ul & Nec/cec Regulations For The Bwx 8305 Basestation

    Chapter 1 Safety UL & NEC/CEC Regulations for the BWX 8305 Basestation Power-interconnect wires between the power supply/rectifier and the BS unit must have heat shrink tubing applied over the barrel of the terminal lugs after crimping the wire. A picture is provided in the “Installation”...
  • Page 15 C H A P T E R Regulatory Cisco BWX 8305 Basestations (BS) meet the following regulatory requirements: FCC Class A • CE Mark • • EN55022 Class A CISPR22 Class A • • UL 1950 IEC60950/EN60950 (ETSI) • CSA C22.2-950 •...
  • Page 16: Chapter 2 Regulatory

    The professional installer may want to inspect the labels before installation, as thereafter his view of Note them may be obstructed. The information on the label is to be entered in the Closeout Tool. BWX 8305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide OL-16336-02...
  • Page 17 Cisco is serious about ensuring your success. In fact, Cisco does not warranty its hardware if the BS has not been deployed by a Cisco skills-certified Installation & Commissioning Technician. To install and commission a BS, you will need a standard toolkit, as well as Cisco-specific tools, software, documentation, and forms that are explained in this guide.
  • Page 18: Chapter 3 Overview

    LiveLink web page: BWBU_Documentation: https://tools.cisco.com/cws/livelink?func=ll&objid=4353291&objaction=browse Note that for some components in the WiMAX Profile C configuration, this guide refers to other Cisco documentation [for example, the Access Services Network Gateway (ASN-GW)]. When those components are referenced, a link to the www.cisco.com...
  • Page 19: Cisco Wimax Documentation

    By Request Only Documents>7.0 Standard by Request Documents BWX 110 Desktop Modem User Guide LiveLink Site: OL-16319-02 BWBU_Documentation> STANDARD_DOCS>7.0 Standard Documents BWX 120 PCMCIA ModemUser Guide LiveLink Site: OL-16321-02 BWBU_Documentation> STANDARD_DOCS>7.0 Standard Documents BWX 8305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide OL-16336-02...
  • Page 20: Rectifier/battery Backup Suppliers

    Docs>7.0 Tier 1 Installation & Commissioning Docs Copy of front sheet shown in Appendix G, “Closeout Tool Form & Procedure” TTA Channel Filter Installation Procedure Appendix H, “BWX Antenna OL-16336-02 Channel Filter Installation Procedure” BWX 8305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide OL-16336-02...
  • Page 21: Software Upgrades

    Ethernet cable to the user’s PC, or they can be Wireless PC Cards that insert in the PCMCIA slot on a laptop computer. In Release 7.0 Cisco offers three Subscriber Stations: the BWX 110 Desktop Modem, the BWX 210 Desktop Modem, and the BWX120 PCMCIA Modem Card. The BWX 110 Desktop Modem covers a 2...
  • Page 22: Bwx 8305 Basestation Components

    (Business/Enterprise service). The BWX Antenna is the antenna that is mounted on a tower, rooftop, or other structure. The BS is available as a BWX 8305 Basestation or as a BWX 2305 Basestation. The BWX 8305 has an BWX Antenna with 8 antenna elements, while the BWX 2305 has 2 individual dipole antennas.
  • Page 23 18 dB of additional gain in the downlink and up to 9 dB additional gain in the uplink. It allows the Cisco BWX Mobile WiMAX system to ate at a much lower power level than would otherwise be necessary for the same results.
  • Page 24: Beamforming

    3 + 3 + 3 = 9 dB of gain Concentrate the beam × 2 Concentrate the beam × 2 Concentrate the beam × 2 Concentrate the beam × 2 Concentrate the beam × 2 Concentrate the beam × 2 BWX 8305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide OL-16336-02...
  • Page 25: Planning

    I&C Process 4.1 The Big Picture The BWX 8305 Basestation installation and commissioning process begins well before equipment is ever shipped and unpacked. This chapter gives you some perspective of all the activities that take place before, during, and after a site is installed. While each company, each network, and each site may be different, the general process described in the flowcharts that follow has been utilized in many successful deployments.
  • Page 26 ALL THE TESTS HAVE BEEN ALL THE TESTS HAVE BEEN documents, and forms documents, and forms COMPLETED, THE BS IS COMPLETED, THE BS IS “CUT OVER” TO THE “CUT OVER” TO THE PRODUCTION EMS PRODUCTION EMS BWX 8305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide OL-16336-02...
  • Page 27 Confirm that BS, Antenna, cables, etc. have been delivered to AT THIS POINT THE RECORD the cell site IS READY TO BE ASSIGNED TO A REAL BS BWX 8305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide OL-16336-02...
  • Page 28 Antenna to the lower bus bar the Antenna to the lower bus bar weatherproofed weatherproofed NOW YOU CAN POWER UP NOW YOU CAN POWER UP THE BS FOR THE INITIAL THE BS FOR THE INITIAL BOOT!!! BOOT!!! BWX 8305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide OL-16336-02...
  • Page 29: Chapter 4 I&c Proces

    Operator to Operator and repeat and repeat NOW YOU CAN CUT THE BS NOW YOU CAN CUT THE BS OVER TO THE PRODUCTION OVER TO THE PRODUCTION BWX 8305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide OL-16336-02...
  • Page 30 Production EMS) Production EMS) Production EMS) Backup the Production EMS Backup the Production EMS Backup the Production EMS Backup the Production EMS BWX 8305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide OL-16336-02...
  • Page 31: Pre-installation

    5.2 Project Plan Cisco provides several options to customers for the work to be done in preparing a site for operation. The customer may have their own installation personnel, or they may hire Cisco or one of its authorized service partners to perform the installation.
  • Page 32: Installation

    Reference: Appendix D, “Site Candidate Evaluation Form” As various deployment sites are being considered, most companies use a form like the one Cisco calls the Site Candidate Evaluation form. The form, when completed properly, helps to ensure that all aspects of planning for the site have been considered.
  • Page 33: Commissioning

    (Contact your Account Manager for further details). No matter which are chosen, all cables and connectors must meet FCC or other regulatory limits for RF, UL, and NEC/CEC. Selection guidelines are provided by Cisco based upon the frequency band and the length of the cable required between the BS and BWX 8305 Basestation antenna.
  • Page 34: Confirm Mounting Rack Or Outdoor Enclosure Availability

    5.13 Confirm Mounting Rack or Outdoor Enclosure Availability Reference: Appendix F, “BWX 8305 Basestation Outdoor Enclosure Manufacturers” If the BS will be housed inside a building, it is typically mounted in a standard 19- or 23-inch rack. Rack adapters are needed to mount the equipment in a standard 23-inch rack. If the BS will be housed outdoors, the Service Provider must select and make ready an outdoor enclosure.
  • Page 35: Grounding Requirements

    BS can generate intense electrical currents traveling over the power and/or backhaul lines and into the BS equipment, damaging it. For this reason, Cisco strongly recommends adding the primary surge protection as well as surge protection devices at the power and backhaul demarcation points.
  • Page 36 Fra me Fra me Fra me Fra me Fra me Fra me Fra me Fra me Fra me 5 Ohms Cisco does not warrant equipment damaged by lightning (direct or indirect). Note BWX 8305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide OL-16336-02...
  • Page 37: Inventory

    This is when the installer will first work with the Cisco Closeout Tool by entering the site information for the BS components. The Closeout Tool is an Excel spreadsheet with linked worksheets and calculations to automate the system deployment information.
  • Page 38: Chapter 6 Installation

    • WiMAX I&C Closeout Tool & Procedure The Cisco Closeout Tool is a collection of linked forms with spreadsheet formulas used to capture and provide important information for each Basestation deployment. The information captured by this tool is not only used to help verify proper commissioning of the system during acceptance testing of the site, but it is also used for later troubleshooting if there are problems.
  • Page 39: Bwx 8305 Basestation Antenna Installation

    Check all regulatory requirements prior to installing the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna. 6.3.1 Description The BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna is the part of the BSn that contains the Power Amplifiers (PAs), the 8 antenna elements, and, depending on frequency and customer choice, Channel Filters and Low Noise Amplifiers (LNAs).
  • Page 40 Installation BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna Installation Figure 6-3 BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna The 8 element BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna has 6 degrees of fixed electrical downtilt. Note 6.3.1.1 Filters In the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna you have the option to: 1- Use a Band filter: •...
  • Page 41: Handling The Bwx 8305 Basestation Antenna

    6.3.2 Handling the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna It is a good idea to inspect the exterior of the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna for any damage that may have occurred during shipping, prior to placing it at the target site. Each of the antenna elements in the BWX Basestation Antenna are covered by the individual radomes on the panel.
  • Page 42: Power & Grounding

    BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna Installation When you are ready to place the antenna into position, it should be lifted using multiple lift points. Place two non-metallic slings around the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna, and attach the slings to the hoist, as shown in Figure 6-4.
  • Page 43 Install the system ground as a single point connection between the system ground bus bars, the BWX 8305 unit, the BWX8305 mounting rack, and the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna. Connect the system ground to earth ground. AWG #6 is used between the equipment and the bus bar, and AWG #2 is used from the bus bar to the earth ground.
  • Page 44: Antenna Seperation

    All BSs in a network must have the same DL/UL symbol ratio. The default recommended ratio is 32/15. Caution Cisco does not support basestations that use different DL/UL symbol ratios in the same area because they will interfere with each other. Please refer to the BWX EMS Configuration Guide for more information on parameter settings.
  • Page 45 5 ft (1.5 m) 3 ft (1 m) 3 ft (1 m) 6.3.4.1 Vertical Separation - Cisco to Another Vendor The minimum vertical separation between any Cisco BWX 8305 Basestation antenna and another vendor’s antenna is 10 ft. Refer to Figure 6-9.
  • Page 46 BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna Installation 6.3.4.2 Vertical Separation – Cisco to Cisco A minimum of 3 ft separation in the vertical axis is required between any two Cisco antennas (Figure 6-10). This separation is needed to obtain proper and optimum results from each antenna.
  • Page 47 BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna Installation 6.3.4.4 Horizontal Separation – Cisco to Cisco A minimum of 3 ft of separation between Cisco Panel antennas is required. 6.3.4.5 No Antenna Zone If a vertical and horizontal cone extends 15 ft in front of a 120° Panel antenna, this lessens the 10 ft...
  • Page 48: Rooftop Antenna Placement Tool

    This form can be found on the following LiveLink site: https://tools.cisco.com/cws/livelink?func=ll&objid=4353291&objaction=browse The Tool is updated periodically. If you are not sure that you have the latest version, please contact Cisco Technical Services and request that the latest version of the tool be sent to you.
  • Page 49: Set The Downtilt

    BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna Installation 6.3.6 Set the Downtilt Based on coverage objectives determined by previous RF planning, the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna may need adjusting upward or downward once mounted on the pole, tower, roof, building, or other structure. The panel antenna has a -6° built-in electrical downtilt.
  • Page 50 Chapter 6 Installation BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna Installation Figure 6-15 Downtilt Adjustment Assembly Downtilt Adjustment Cover removed to show PAs BWX 2305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide 6-14 OL-16336-02...
  • Page 51: Antenna Orientation

    Chapter 6 Installation BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna Installation 6.3.7 Antenna Orientation The magnetic declination, which is the angular difference between observed magnetic north on a compass and geographic (or “true”) north, shifts from year to year. Panel antennas must be oriented appropriately as required by the RF plan.
  • Page 52: Record Cable Loss And Bwx 8305 Basestation Antenna Data In The Closeout Tool

    Chapter 6 Installation BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna Installation 6.3.8 Record Cable Loss and BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna Data in the Closeout Tool 6.3.8.1 RF Cable Sweeps At this time, sweep each cable (including Cal cable) according to the following procedure.
  • Page 53 The figure entered will be the result of adding the bundled cable (antenna to Bus bar) loss with Note the jumper cable (Bus bar to BWX 8305 faceplate) loss for each path and the Cal cable. BWX 2305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide...
  • Page 54: Connect Bundled Cables To Bwx 8305 Basestation Antenna

    Figure 6-17. Figure 6-17 RFS & Cable Loss (Top Half of Worksheet) 6.3.9 Connect Bundled Cables to BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna 6.3.9.1 Types of Cable All BS cable connections are made using standard RF coaxial cable. In Figure 6-18 are examples of various coaxial cables sold in the United States.
  • Page 55: Sweep The Bwx 8305 Basestation Antenna

    6.3.10 Sweep the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna 6.3.10.1 Purpose Once the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna and bundled RF cables are installed, you must perform a sweep on the mounted BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna and connected cables. These will be swept for power loss associated with both the transmit and receive signal.
  • Page 56 Chapter 6 Installation BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna Installation Figure 6-20 Setup to Establish a TX Path Reference Level Interconnect the Signal Generator and the Spectrum Analyzer using three segments of N-Type 20 dB cable and two barrel connectors attenuator In the Signal Generator:...
  • Page 57 6.3.10.5 Equipment Setup to Measure TX Path Gain or Loss Follow the setup instructions provided in Figure 6-21 to measure the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna transmit path gain or loss. Figure 6-21 Setup to Measure TX Path Gain or Loss...
  • Page 58 Note the Test Box. 6.3.10.6 Procedure to Measure TX Path Gain or Loss Do not attempt to sweep the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna while it is on cement or metal, as this can Note cause reflections that misconstrue the data.
  • Page 59 Signal Generator to the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna Cal port, and one of the RF ports on the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna to JP-1 on the top of the Test Box. Connect JP-2 on the side of the Test Box to the Spectrum Analyzer.
  • Page 60 Power down and remove the Test Box. 6.3.10.10 Record BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna Data in Closeout Tool After you have swept the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna TX and RX paths, record the results in the “RFS and Cable Sweeps Information” worksheet in the Closeout Tool form (Figure 6-23).
  • Page 61: Bwx 8305 Basestation Installation

    At no time should a field person remove the back of the unit or otherwise open it. In fact, doing so may void the warranty. Cisco recommends 5% spares planning for BS. BWX 2305 Basestation Installation and Commissioning Guide 6-25...
  • Page 62: Housing

    Installation BWX 8305 Basestation Installation 6.4.2 Housing Reference: Appendix F, “BWX 8305 Basestation Outdoor Enclosure Manufacturers” The BS can be installed either indoor in a standard 19” or 23” equipment rack, or outside in a climatized cabinet (Figure 6-25). If you are using a 23” indoor rack, you will need mounting adapters.
  • Page 63 Install the system ground as a single point connection between the system ground bus bars, the BS unit, the BS mounting rack, and the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna. Connect the system ground to earth ground. AWG #6 is used between the equipment and the bus bar, and AWG #2 is used from the bus bar to the earth ground.
  • Page 64 To protect against corrosion, the Installer should apply an anti-corrosive compound to each connection point (Figure 6-27). This is especially necessary for the BWX 8305 Basestation Antenna connections due to climate effects. For the power and grounding cables, also look at Figure 6-28 concerning the use of heat shrink tubes.
  • Page 65: Install Basestation Unit

    Basestation Timing System is installed and its cables swept, you will return to the remaining BS installation. Please note that the BS does not have an air filter option like its predecessor BS. The RF ports on the BS output a +24 VDC current, which is carried to the BWX 8305 Basestation Caution Antenna through RF cables.
  • Page 66 10 MHz DC Power DC Power Figure 6-30 BWX 8303 Basestation Timing System connected to BWX 8305 GPS antenna to BS is not needed GPS antenna to BS is not needed GPS antenna to BS is not needed GPS antenna to BS is not needed...
  • Page 67 (Figure 6-32). When upgrading from MC-SCDMA to BWX Mobile WiMAX, Service Providers will need to add the BWX 8303 Basestation Timing System per the instructions in this BWX 8305 Basestation I&C Guide. Figure 6-32 External GPS Field Enabled Set to Yes...
  • Page 68: Install The Bwx 8303 Basestation Timing System

    Caution completed) PRIOR TO powering on the Basestation(s) connected to it. This initial configuration should take place in advance of powering up the BWX 8305 Basestation. The initial POS FIX MODE survey takes approximately 30 - 40 minutes. Install the BWX 8303 Basestation Timing System chassis in the rack.
  • Page 69 Chapter 6 Installation Connect BWX 8303 Basestation Timing System The BWX 8303 Basestation Timing System unit will assign its own IP address, or a console Note command can be used to turn on DHCP, and the Service Provider’s network can assign an IP address.
  • Page 70 Chapter 6 Installation Connect BWX 8303 Basestation Timing System Example 6-1 BWX 8303 Basestation Timing System Initial Output PTF 3203A GPS receiver Software Version 2.27-2 System Start... Ready for Commands Note Use the help command to view a list of all the available commands. To enter a command to change any of the default settings, use the following syntax: <command designator>...
  • Page 71 Chapter 6 Installation Connect BWX 8303 Basestation Timing System Step 16 Verify the status of the BWX 8303 Basestation Timing System, by typing the following command: status (Refer to Example 6-3) The initial boot-up with a 2000 position average may take 30 - 40 minutes to complete. It will be Note necessary to enter the status command several times to monitor the progress.
  • Page 72 Chapter 6 Installation Connect BWX 8303 Basestation Timing System Positioning count Latitude (*1E6) 22280410 Longitude (*1E6) 114175064 Height (cm) 5043 Ethernet Link status DOWN Started SNTP Server Started SNMP Server Started HTTP Server Started Telnet Server Telnet session active > >...
  • Page 73 Chapter 6 Installation Connect BWX 8303 Basestation Timing System Latitude (*1E6) 22281290 Longitude (*1E6) 114174952 Height (cm) 13105 Ethernet Link status DOWN Started SNTP Server Started SNMP Server Started HTTP Server Started Telnet Server Telnet session active > Once the Position Mode field changes to Completed, verify that the Unit Mode field has changed to Step 17 Locking and then to LOOP Mode GPS with a value of OK.
  • Page 74: Complete The Bwx 8305 Installation

    6.7 Install Access Services Network Gateway (ASN-GW) & Broadband Wireless Gateway (BWG) Software The BWX 8305 Basestation interfaces either a 7300 Series or 7600 Series Access Services Network Gateway (ASN-GW) router (refer to Figure 6-35). The router must be installed, and then loaded with the WiMAX software application called Broadband Wireless Gateway (BWG).
  • Page 75: Authentication, Authorization, And Accounting (aaa) Server Installation

    Assuming the subscriber’s data exists and the subscriber is approved for network access, the BWG sends the information to the BS to provide service to the subscriber. Cisco offers its own AAA application called the Cisco Access Registrar, or CAR, as part of the WiMAX end-to-end solution (Figure 6-36).

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