Korg pa 900 User Manual

Professional arranger.
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User's Manual
E
1
ENGLISH | OS Ver. 1.0

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   Summary of Contents for Korg pa 900

  • Page 1

    User’s Manual ENGLISH | OS Ver. 1.0...

  • Page 3

    Important safety instructions • Read these instructions. • Do not expose batteries to excessive heat, such as direct sunshine, fire or the like. • Keep these instructions. • Dispose of used batteries according to the battery manufacturer’s instructions. • Heed all warnings. •...

  • Page 4: Data Handling

    If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by save important data to the internal hard disk or to an external USB device. Korg will not be responsible for damages caused by data loss.

  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Table of Contents Table of Contents Introduction Raising or lowering the Upper octave ....44 Selecting and saving Performances ....45 Welcome! .

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    Table of Contents Second-take recording (Overdubbing) ....92 Main page - Record 1 ........133 Saving a Song .

  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    Table of Contents Keyboard/Ensemble: Keyboard Control ....174 Filter: Filter EG ........220 Pad/Switch: Pad .

  • Page 8: Table Of Contents

    Merging Samples from various sources ....294 Installing the Korg USB MIDI Driver ....428 Connecting Pa900 to a personal computer .

  • Page 10: Welcome

    Welcome! Welcome! Welcome to the world of Korg Pa900 Professional Arranger! Styles and Songs Pa900 is one the most powerful arranger available today, both for • Over 400 Factory Styles with 4 Variations and 4 Fill In + professional and home entertainment use.

  • Page 11: What's In The Box, Making A Safety Copy Of Your Data, About This Manual

    Warning: Do not install an OS other than the official OS supplied as service information. You should ask them for any help should by Korg for the Pa900. Trying to install an OS created for different you eventually need. models or downloaded from unofficial web sites may cause data Our international web site is www.korg.com.

  • Page 12: Overview, Front Panel

    Overview Front Panel Overview Phones When connecting a jack to this connector, the integrated speak- Front Panel ers are automatically turned off. The AUDIO OUT will however continue to work. Joystick Lever Speakers The joystick is on the left side of the The integrated speakers give a faithful reproduction of the sound front panel.

  • Page 13

    Overview Front Panel Y– Move the joystick backward, to trigger the func- control, whose effective maximum value is determined by the tion assigned in Sound mode. MASTER VOLUME knob position. When moved, a magnified version of a virtual slider appears in Volume Controls the display, for more accurate adjustment.

  • Page 14: Mode Selection

    SD unit Song tracks, you can play up to four Keyboard tracks and four (“SD [KORG SD]”). See for information on how to install a Pads along with the Song(s). In the main page, Keyboard tracks microSD card.

  • Page 15

    Overview Front Panel Each button (Style banks) contains five pages, each with up to the chord. Thus, you can specify to the arranger eight Styles. Repeatedly press a STYLE button to cycle between composite chords such as “Am7/G” or “F/C”. the available pages.

  • Page 16

    Overview Front Panel SEQUENCER MODE PAD 1-4 STOP Toggles between Song tracks 1-8 and Song tracks 9-16. Each Pad button corresponds to a dedicated Pad track. Use these buttons to trigger up to four sounds or sequences at the same time.

  • Page 17: Style Elements

    Overview Front Panel In Sequencer mode, if you set a “Start from” measure other than VARIATION 1-4 buttons 1, when pressing the << button the Song rewinds up to that mea- Each of these buttons selects one of the four Variations of the sure instead of the first one (see “Start from”...

  • Page 18

    Overview Front Panel Note: This button only works while in Style Play mode. By keeping this button pressed for about one second, a new SongBook Entry with the current settings is added to the data- Tap Tempo: When the Style is not playing, you can “beat” the base.

  • Page 19

    Overview Front Panel EXIT When you select a different Style or Performance, or select a different Song, the Tempo will not Use this button to perform various actions, leaving from the cur- change. You can still manually change it, by using rent status: the TEMPO +/–...

  • Page 20

    Overview Front Panel FULL (both LEDs On) – Lowers the selected track by one octave. Chords are detected on the full keyboard range. Raises the selected track by one octave. You must always play three or more notes to let the arranger recognize a chord.

  • Page 21

    Overview Front Panel STYLE CHANGE MIC ON/OFF This button turns the Style Change function on or off. Press this button to turn the microphone input on or off. The LED shows the status of the microphone section. When you select a Performance, the Style might change according to which Style is memorized If you keep the SHIFT button pressed, and press this but- onto the Performance.

  • Page 22

    Overview Front Panel Standby On/Off STANDBY Use this button to let the instrument exit (LED off) or enter (LED on) standby. Press it briefly to let the instrument exit standby. In case there are User Sounds based on User PCM Samples, loading may take some time.

  • Page 23: Rear Panel

    ASSIGNABLE Use this port to connect a continuous- or footswitch-type pedal, like the (optional) Korg EXP-2, XVP10, PS-1 or PS-3. To pro- Video gram and calibrate it, go to the Controllers > Foot Controllers page of the Global mode.

  • Page 24

    Overview Rear Panel LEFT, RIGHT the MIC VOLUME knob, while watching at the AUDIO IN LED on the control panel (see “Mic Setting Section” on page 17). Use these line-level outputs to send the final stereo mix to an • When the “Input Routing” parameter is set to “Audio Ins to external device.

  • Page 25: Start Up

    Start up Connecting the AC power cord Start up Keyboard, Style Accompaniment and Song Connecting the AC power cord Volume By default, the BALANCE knob balances Connect the supplied power cord to the the volume of the Keyboard (KBD) tracks, dedicated socket on the rear of the instru- against the Style’s Accompaniment (ACC), ment.

  • Page 26: Loudspeakers, The Music Stand, Audio Outputs, Midi Connections, Damper Pedal, Assignable Pedal

    Damper pedal Connect a Damper (Sustain) pedal to the DAMPER connector on the back panel. Use an (optional) Korg PS1, PS3 or DS1H footswitch pedal, or a compatible one. With the Korg DS1H, half-pedalling can be used on some Grand Piano sounds. To cal- ibrate and switch the Damper polarity, go to the Controllers >...

  • Page 27: Glossary Of Terms, Keyboard Tracks

    Glossary of Terms Sound Glossary of Terms Before you begin, take a few moments to familiarize yourself Variation with the names and terms we will be using to talk about the vari- For each Style, there are four Variations, to be used for the Verse, ous elements of the Pa900.

  • Page 28: Performance, The Logo Decoder

    TC-Helicon is the world’s leading com- Player pany in vocal processing. Korg part- nered with them for the outstading Voice Processor tecnologies included in our Pa-Series instru- The Player lets you playback your performances or any Standard ments.

  • Page 29: Interface Basics, Color Touchview Graphical User Interface

    Interface basics Color TouchView graphical user interface Interface basics Overlapping windows Color TouchView graphical user interface Several windows, like the Style Select or Pad Select, the Global, the Media, or the Lyrics, overlap the current window. After you select an item in the window, or press the EXIT button, the win- Pa900 features our exclusive easy-to-use TouchView graphic dow closes, and the underlying page is shown again.

  • Page 30

    Interface basics Color TouchView graphical user interface Pop-up menus Editable names When an arrow appears next to a parameter name, touch it to When the (Text Edit) button appears next to a name, touch open a pop-up menu. Select any of the available options (or any- it to open the Text Edit window and edit the name.

  • Page 31: Operative Modes, Selected, Highlighted Items, Non-available, Grayed-out Parameters

    Interface basics Operative modes Virtual knobs Operative modes To change a virtual knob’s position, select it, then use the VALUE dial to change its position. As an alternative, touch a knob with your finger and keep it held; then move your fingers up (or The pages of Pa900 are grouped in various operating modes.

  • Page 32: Easy Mode

    Easy Mode Easy Mode If you have never used an arranger before, we suggest you to Touch the “Easy Mode” menu item, to make the checkmark switch to the Easy Mode. Easy Mode allows you to play Styles appear: and Songs with a simple user interface, free from the many advanced parameters that you will want to learn at a later date.

  • Page 33: The Style Play Page In Detail

    Easy Mode The Style Play page in detail The Style Play page in detail To see this page, press the STYLE PLAY button. Sounds assigned to the right hand (UP1 to UP3) and to Style name and info. Touch the Style’s name to the left hand (LOW).

  • Page 34: The Song Play Page In Detail

    Easy Mode The Song Play page in detail The Song Play page in detail To see this page, press the SONG PLAY button. Sounds assigned to the right hand (UP1 to UP3) and to Song assigned to Player 1. Touch it to open the the left hand (LOW).

  • Page 36: Turning The Instrument On, Turning The Instrument On And Viewing The Main Screen

    Turning the instrument on Turning the instrument on and viewing the main screen Turning the instrument on First of all, turn the instrument on and familiarize with the main screen. You can also listen to the demos. Display Standby (On/Off) button Turning the instrument on and viewing the main screen Turn Pa900 on (exit from standby) by pressing the STANDBY button located in the con- trol panel.

  • Page 37: Connecting And Calibrating The Damper Pedal, Programming The Damper Pedal

    If you want to play Piano, you will want to connect a Damper pedal to sustain notes while playing. You can connect a Korg PS1, PS3 or DS1H to the DAMPER connector on the back of the instrument. The difference between the PS1/PS3 footswitch, and a dedicated Damper pedal like the DS1H, is that this latter also supports all the nuances of half-pedalling;...

  • Page 38

    Connecting and calibrating the Damper pedal Programming the Damper pedal Touch the Foot Contr. tab to select the “Foot Controllers” page. This is the page where you can program the Assignable Pedal/Footswitch and the Damper ped- als. Touch the “Calibration” button in the Damper section, to make the “Damper & Pedal/ Footswitch Calibration”...

  • Page 39: Playing The Demo, Starting And Stopping The Demo

    Playing the Demo Starting and stopping the Demo Playing the Demo Listen to the built-in Demo Songs to appreciate the power of Pa900. There are several Demo Songs to choose from. Demo buttons Starting and stopping the Demo Here is how to start, choose and stop the Demo Songs. Press the STYLE PLAY and SONG PLAY buttons together.

  • Page 40

    Playing the Demo Starting and stopping the Demo Choose one of the Demo. To stop it, touch the STOP button on the display. Exit from the Demo mode by pressing any one of the MODE buttons.

  • Page 41: Playing Sounds, Selecting A Sound And Playing It On The Keyboard

    Playing Sounds Selecting a Sound and playing it on the keyboard Playing Sounds You can play up to three sounds at the same time on the keyboard. You can also split the keyboard in two parts, to play up to three sounds with your right hand (Upper) and one with your left hand (Lower).

  • Page 42

    Playing Sounds Selecting a Sound and playing it on the keyboard Touch the Upper 1 track’s area in the display to open the Sound Select window. Note: You can also open The currently the Sound Select window by selected Sound first touching the track to Target track for the appears in the page...

  • Page 43: Playing Two Or Three Sounds At The Same Time

    Playing Sounds Playing two or three Sounds at the same time Playing two or three Sounds at the same time You can layer all three Upper tracks and play them on the keyboard. Please note how the icon appears in the Upper 2 and Upper 3 status boxes.

  • Page 44

    Playing Sounds Playing two or three Sounds at the same time Play the keyboard. Note how the ‘Strings Ens.2 GM’ Sound (assigned to the Upper 3 track) has been muted again. Only tracks Upper 1 and Upper 2 can be heard at this time. Touch the bank icon in the Upper 2 status box, to mute the Upper 2 track again.

  • Page 45: Playing Different Sounds With Your Left And Right Hand

    Playing Sounds Playing different Sounds with your left and right hand Playing different Sounds with your left and right hand You can play a single Sound with your left hand, in addition to playing up to three Sounds with your right hand.

  • Page 46

    Playing Sounds Playing different Sounds with your left and right hand Return to the full keyboard playing mode by pressing the SPLIT button to turn its LED off. (Full) Upper Play the keyboard. Note how the keyboard once again plays the Upper tracks over the entire length of the keyboard.

  • Page 47: Changing The Split Point

    Playing Sounds Changing the split point Changing the split point If you are not comfortable with the selected split point, you may set the split point to a different key. Touch the Split tab to see the Split Point panel. Touch the keyboard in the display, then play the lowest note of the Upper section on Hint: As an alternative, the keyboard.

  • Page 48: Raising Or Lowering The Upper Octave

    Playing Sounds Raising or lowering the Upper octave Raising or lowering the Upper octave If all Upper tracks sound too high or too low, you can quickly change which octave they are playing Use the UPPER OCTAVE buttons on the control panel, to transpose all Upper tracks at the same time.

  • Page 49: Selecting And Saving Performances, Selecting A Performance

    Selecting and saving Performances Selecting a Performance Selecting and saving Performances Performances are the musical heart of Pa900. Unlike selecting single Sounds, selecting a Perfor- mance will recall several Sounds at the same time, the needed effects and transpositions, plus many more parameters useful for playing in a musical situation (like the Assignable Switches).

  • Page 50: Saving Your Settings To A Performance

    Selecting and saving Performances Saving your settings to a Performance Select one of the Performances in the Performance Select window, then press the EXIT button to close the window. After pressing the EXIT button, the Performance Select window closes, and the main screen appears again.

  • Page 51

    Selecting and saving Performances Saving your settings to a Performance If you like, you may assign a new name to the Performance. Touch the ‘Backspace’ symbol to delete Use the ‘<–’ and ‘–>’ just a single character, ‘Clear’ to delete buttons or the DIAL to the whole string.

  • Page 52

    Selecting and saving the “My Setting” Performance Selecting the startup parameters (the "My Setting" Performance) Selecting and saving the “My Setting” Performance There is a special Performance, where you can save your preferred startup settings for things like Key- board Sounds, Effects, Transposition, Assignable Switches. This Performance is automatically selected when the instrument is turned on (exit from standby).

  • Page 53: Drawbars, Choosing A Drawbars Preset

    Drawbars Choosing a Drawbars Preset Drawbars A special type of Sounds in the Pa900 is the Drawbars. This Sound emulates the classic tonewheel organs of the past. You can drag the virtual drawbars on the display to adjust their position, and then save these settings to a Performance, that can be considered the equivalent of an organ’s “preset”.

  • Page 54: Editing The Drawbars Preset

    Drawbars Editing the Drawbars Preset Editing the Drawbars Preset You can edit the Drawbars settings memorized in the selected Performance, and save it to the same or a new Performance. While in the main screen, touch the DRAWBARS Sound to open the Sound Select win- dow, then touch the selected DRAWBARS Sound to open the Drawbars Setting page.

  • Page 55

    Drawbars Editing the Drawbars Preset Touch the “Tone/Noise” tab, and try the sound parameters of the second page. Timbre Volume of the noise Leakage from adja- generated when cent tonewheels, mak- ing the sound richer pressing or releasing the keys When you have found some settings that you like, keep one of the ORGAN Perfor- mance buttons pressed to open the Write Performance window, and save your settings to a Performance.

  • Page 56: Selecting And Playing Styles, Selecting And Playing A Style

    Selecting and playing Styles Selecting and playing a Style Selecting and playing Styles Pa900 is an arranger, i.e. a musical instrument providing automatic accompaniments, or arrange- ments. Each arrangement style is called, as a consequence, a Style. A Style is made of several Style Elements (Intro, Variation, Fill, Break, Ending), corresponding to the various sections of a song.

  • Page 57

    Selecting and playing Styles Selecting and playing a Style Select a Style from the Style Select window. After pressing the EXIT button, the Style Select window closes, and the main screen appears again, with the selected Style ready to go. Be sure one of the Chord Scan modes is selected.

  • Page 58: Tempo

    Selecting and playing Styles Tempo Tempo While a Tempo setting is saved with each Style or Performance, you can change it to be whatever you like. You can use either of the following two methods. Hint: As an alternative to •...

  • Page 59: Intro, Variation, Fill, Break, Ending

    Selecting and playing Styles Intro, Variation, Fill, Break, Ending Intro, Variation, Fill, Break, Ending When playing Styles, you can select various “Style Elements” to cover the various sections of a song. A Style is made of three Intros (or two Intros and a Count-In), up to four basic patterns (Variations), four Fills, a Break, and three Endings.

  • Page 60: Single Touch Settings (sts)

    Selecting and playing Styles Single Touch Settings (STS) When you like to stop playing, press one of the ENDING buttons to stop the Style with an Ending. When the Ending is fin- ished, the Style automati- cally stops. Single Touch Settings (STS) Each Style or SongBook Entry may come with up to four Keyboard track settings, called the STS (short for “Single Touch Settings”).

  • Page 61: The Pads

    Selecting and playing Styles The Pads Then press the various VARIATION buttons, and see how an STS is automatically selected when the corresponding Variation is selected. Press the STS MODE again to turn its LED on (or off). The Pads Each Style or SongBook Entry can assign different sounds or patterns to the four PADS.

  • Page 62: Adjusting The Balance Between The Style And The Keyboard

    Selecting and playing Styles Adjusting the balance between the Style and the keyboard Adjusting the balance between the Style and the keyboard Balancing between the Keyboard and Style tracks may be useful, to gently fade them and adjust their respective volume. •...

  • Page 63: Turning The Style Tracks On/off

    Selecting and playing Styles Turning the Style tracks on/off To separately adjust each Style track, press the TRACK SELECT button to change the track’s view. Hint: As an alternative, you can change each track’s volume, by touching a track’s area to select it, then using the VALUE dial to change the volume.

  • Page 64: The Ensemble Function

    Selecting and playing Styles Adding harmony notes to your right-hand melody with the ENSEMBLE function To mute/unmute each single Style track, first press TRACK SELECT to switch to the Style Tracks view, then repeat the above procedure. Press the TRACK SELECT button again to go back to the Normal view. Adding harmony notes to your right-hand melody with the ENSEMBLE function Chords played with your left hand may be applied to the right-hand melody.

  • Page 65

    Selecting and playing Styles Adding harmony notes to your right-hand melody with the ENSEMBLE function When the right harmonization type has been selected, press the EXIT button to go back to the main page. While in an Edit page, press EXIT to go back to the Main page of the cur- rent operating mode.

  • Page 66: The Chord Sequencer

    Selecting and playing Styles The Chord Sequencer The Chord Sequencer In case you need both hands free for playing a solo while a Style is playing, you can record a Chord Sequence and let Pa900 play the chords for you. Press the START/STOP button to set the Style to play.

  • Page 67

    Selecting and playing Styles The Chord Sequencer Press the MEMORY and BASS INV. (PLAY/STOP) buttons together again to stop play- back of the recorded Chord Sequence. The last chord played by the Chord Sequence remains in memory. The Chord Sequence will remain in memory up until you record a new Chord Sequence, or you set Pa900 to standby.

  • Page 68: Song Play, Selecting A Song To Play

    Song Play Selecting a Song to play Song Play Pa900 is equipped with two onboard Players that can be run at the same time to mix different Songs. The Players can read Songs in Standard MIDI File (MID), Karaoke™ (KAR) and MP3 format. It may be of great interest to singers and guitar players to know that if a Standard MIDI File or an MP3 file contains lyrics and chords, they can be seen in the display.

  • Page 69

    Song Play Selecting a Song to play Touch the Player 1 area to open the Song Select window. This window is very similar to the one you can see when pressing the MEDIA button on the con- trol panel, and touching the Load tab to see the Load page. This page is, however, “filtered” to only show Song files.

  • Page 70: Playing Back A Song

    Song Play Playing back a Song Playing back a Song Once a Song has been selected, it may be played back by the Player. Be sure the X-Fader is completely moved to the left (toward Player 1). Press the (PLAY/STOP) button in the PLAYER 1 section to start playback. After pressing the (PLAY/STOP) button, the but- ton’s LED turns on, and the measure counter begins to...

  • Page 71: Changing The Tracks' Volume

    Song Play Changing the tracks’ volume Changing the tracks’ volume While playing back a Standard MIDI File, you may wish to change each track’s volume, to create a mix “on the fly”. Be sure the Volume panel is shown, or touch the Volume tab to show it. As seen for the Styles, you can hold &...

  • Page 72

    Song Play Changing the tracks’ volume Press the TRACK SELECT button once to see tracks 1-8 (Track 1-8 view). Note: Changes to Song tracks will not be saved, and are reset each time you press (Home) button, or you select a different Marker. To save changes, you must edit the Song in Sequencer mode.

  • Page 73: Turning The Song Tracks On/off

    Song Play Turning the Song tracks on/off Touch each track’s channel strip, to see each track’s detail in the Track Info line. • Selected track Assigned Sound. Touch it to Sound bank Program Change open the Sound Select window. Also, you can see which type of Sound is assigned to each track in the Sound area of the •...

  • Page 74: Soloing A Track

    Song Play Soloing a track Soloing a track Opposite to the above, you may want to make a single track of a Standard MIDI File play alone. This is called the Solo function. While the Song is playing, keep the SHIFT button pressed and touch the track you want to listen to in Solo mode.

  • Page 75

    Song Play Removing the Melody track from a Standard MIDI File or the Lead Vocal from an MP3 file When done, you can press the ASSIGNABLE SWITCH 1 to unmute the Song’s Melody track and let the original MIDI instrument play the Melody line again, or press the ASSIGNABLE SWITCH 2 to deactivate the Vocal Remover and let the original lead singer’s voice appear again.

  • Page 76: Mixing Two Songs

    Song Play Mixing two Songs Mixing two Songs You can select two Songs at the same time, and mix them by using the X-FADER slider. Touch the Player 1 area to open the Song Select window and select the Song to be played by Player 1.

  • Page 77: The Songbook, Selecting The Desired Entry From The Main List

    Styles. You can add your own Entries to the SongBook, as well as edit the existing ones. Korg has already sup- plied some hundred Entries as standard. Furthermore, the SongBook allows you to create various cus- tom lists, that may suit your different types of show.

  • Page 78: Displaying Artist Or Genre

    The SongBook Displaying Artist or Genre Browse through the Entries. Icons in the Type column will help you identify the type of the Entry. The Genre column is shown by default, but you can switch to the Artist column (see “Displaying Artist or Genre” below).

  • Page 79: Sorting Entries, Searching For Entries

    The SongBook Sorting Entries Sorting Entries You can change the order of the Entries shown in the display. You can change the sorting order by touching one of the labels in a list of names. Touch the Name label… …to alphabetically reorder the names in the list.

  • Page 80

    The SongBook Searching for Entries For example, you may want to find all songs containing the word “love” in the title (in any posi- tion in the string). If so, select the ‘Name’ criterion, and enter the word ‘love’ . Capitals are not rel- evant for the search.

  • Page 81: Adding Entries, Editing The Entries

    The SongBook Adding Entries Adding Entries You can add your own Entries to the SongBook database. Go to the Style Play or Song Play mode, depending on the type of Entry you want to add to the SongBook database. Select the Style, Standard MIDI File or MP3 file to be added to the SongBook. Assign the Song to Player 1 (only Songs assigned to Player 1 will be saved to the SongBook Entry.

  • Page 82

    The SongBook Editing the Entries While in the Book Edit 1 page, you will be able to see the name of the selected Style or Song, and choose whether to replace them or not. Name of the Style or Song file linked to the Entry. Name of the Entry Song Selection num- ber (ID number for...

  • Page 83: Creating A Custom List

    The SongBook Creating a Custom List After having filled up all the desired fields (be as comprehensive as you can), touch the Write button in the display to open the Write dialog box. Touch the (Text Edit) button to assign a name to the Entry, then touch OK to save the Entry to the SongBook database.

  • Page 84

    The SongBook Creating a Custom List Touch the Book tab to open the Book page and see the full database. Use the various sorting, searching and filtering options (seen above) to find the Entries you are looking for. Touch the Add to List button when the desired Entry has been selected. Use the scroll bar or the VALUE DIAL to see all the Songs in the...

  • Page 85: Selecting And Using A Custom List

    The SongBook Selecting and using a Custom List Selecting and using a Custom List After having created one or more Custom Lists, you can select one and use it for your show. Touch the Custom List tab to select the Custom List page. Use the List pop-up menu to select one of the available Custom Lists.

  • Page 86: Singing With A Microphone, Connecting A Microphone

    Singing with a microphone Connecting a microphone Singing with a microphone Pa900 features a high-quality microphone input for a dynamic microphone. It also features a powerful digital voice processor, based on technologies developed by TC Helicon, including dedicated effects and three-part harmonization. Left Audio (Microphone) input Microphone controls Connecting a microphone...

  • Page 87: Setting Up Your Voice Tone

    Singing with a microphone Setting up your voice tone Connect a microphone. Turn the MIC switch on, and slightly increase the MIC VOLUME level. Sing into the microphone, and adjust the MIC GAIN until you achieve the correct settings. Adjust the input level by using the MIC GAIN knob next to the LEFT audio input. Sing into the microphone, and watch at the AUDIO IN LED on the control panel –...

  • Page 88

    Singing with a microphone Setting up your voice tone To filter out the “boominess”, use the “Low Cut Freq.” parameter and remove some bass frequencies. Start with the lowest frequency, and then try to up in case it does not solve the problem. In some cases, boominess can be solved by singing a bit farther from the microphone.

  • Page 89: Choosing A Voice Processor Preset

    Singing with a microphone Choosing a Voice Processor Preset Choosing a Voice Processor Preset You can add several effects to your voice, and you can set them up quickly through the Voice Proces- sor Presets. These are memories containing all the settings for the Voice Processor effects. You can customize these memories at will.

  • Page 90: The Styles, Applying Harmony To Your Voice While Playing With A Song

    Singing with a microphone Applying harmony to your voice while playing with the Styles Applying harmony to your voice while playing with the Styles You can let Pa900 add automatically-generated harmonies to your lead voice, with up to three backing voices.

  • Page 91: Balancing The Voice, Effects And Tracks Level, Soloing Your Voice (talk)

    Singing with a microphone Balancing the voice, effects and tracks level Balancing the voice, effects and tracks level When all effects have been set, you can balance your voice against the effects, the Styles and the Songs. If you like, start a Style or Song. Adjust the microphone’s final volume by using the MIC VOLUME knob.

  • Page 92: Recording A New Song (standard Midi File), Preparing The Style And Sounds

    Recording a new Song (Standard MIDI File) Preparing the Style and Sounds Recording a new Song (Standard MIDI File) There are several ways to create a Song on the Pa900. The easiest and fastest is to use the Styles to record what you are playing in realtime on the keyboard, while the arranger gives you the accompani- ment tracks.

  • Page 93

    Recording a new Song (Standard MIDI File) Accessing the Backing Sequence (Quick Record) mode Press the RECORD button to open the Song Record Mode Select dialog box. Press the RECORD button, to open the Song Record Mode Select dialog box Select the Backing Sequence (Quick Record) option and touch OK to enter the Backing Sequence Record mode.

  • Page 94: Setting The Record Parameters

    Recording a new Song (Standard MIDI File) Setting the Record parameters Setting the Record parameters When you enter Backing Sequence Record, the latest selected Style and Sounds are already selected, and all tracks are ready to record. You could simply start recording as if you were playing in realtime with the Styles.

  • Page 95

    Recording a new Song (Standard MIDI File) Recording When finished recording your Song, press the (PLAY/STOP) button in the PLAYER 1 section to exit recording, and return to the main page of the Sequencer mode. After pressing the PLAY/STOP button, the main page of the Sequencer mode will appear again.

  • Page 96: Second-take Recording (overdubbing), Second-take Recording (overdubbing), Saving A Song

    Recording a new Song (Standard MIDI File) Second-take recording (Overdubbing) Second-take recording (Overdubbing) You may want to record an additional “grouped” track, or replace a bad-recorded track with a new one. A good idea may be to record all chords and Style Element changes during the first take, then record Keyboard tracks and Pads during the second take.

  • Page 97

    Recording a new Song (Standard MIDI File) Saving a Song Select the Save Song command to open the Save Song window. This window is very similar to the one you can see when pressing the MEDIA button on the con- trol panel, and touch the Save tab to see the Save page.

  • Page 98: Recording A New Song (mp3 File)

    Recording a new Song (MP3 file) Recording a new Song (MP3 file) With Pa900, you can record your performance as an MP3 file. Keep in mind what follows: • All you play on the keyboard, the Styles and the Standard MIDI Files performed by the Players will Note: You cannot enter be recorded.

  • Page 99

    Recording a new Song (MP3 file) If you like, you can press the EXIT button to exit this dialog box and navigate through the Style Play and Song Play pages, without stopping to record. To access the dialog box again, and see the file length or stop recording, press SHIFT+REC again.

  • Page 100: Searching Files And Musical Resources, How To Use The Search Function

    Searching files and musical resources How to use the Search function Searching files and musical resources With Pa900, you can press the SEARCH button to search for files or musical resources. How to use the Search function Depending on the page you are in, you can search for different types of data. For example, while in Media mode you can only search for files, while in Style Play or Song Play mode you can search for several different types of data (Styles, Songs, Lyrics…).

  • Page 101

    Searching files and musical resources How to use the Search function In case you are searching for a file in a disk, touch the “Browse” button to open the Media window. When you see the folder contain- ing the file you are looking for, touch it, then touch the Select button to close the Media win- dow.

  • Page 102: Notes About Searching

    Searching files and musical resources Notes about searching You can touch one of the found items to select it, and then touch the “Info” button to see information on it. Touch OK to close the Info dialog box. If you want to return to the main Search page and type a search string again, touch the icon.

  • Page 104: Selecting Elements, Style Select Window

    Selecting elements Style Select window Selecting elements The following windows are shown in the various operating Style Select page menu modes, whenever you try to select a Sound, Performance, Style Touch the page menu icon to open the menu. Touch a command or Song.

  • Page 105: Sound Select Window

    Selecting elements Sound Select window Rename Favorite Sound sets Choose this command to edit the name of the Favorite Style Selected set of Sounds. Factory Sounds are the Sounds supplied banks. as standard. Legacy Sounds are Sounds compatible with older Pa-Series models.

  • Page 106: Performance Select Window, Pad Select Window

    Selecting elements Performance Select window Performance Select page menu Performance Select window Touch the page menu icon to open the menu. Touch a command to select it. Touch anywhere in the display to close the menu without selecting a command. To open the Performance Select window, touch the Performance area whereas it appears in the display, or one of the PERFOR- MANCE buttons on the control panel.

  • Page 107: Sts Select

    Selecting elements STS Select Pad Select page menu Directory This is the list of the selected device’s content. Touch the page menu icon to open the menu. Touch a command to select it. Touch anywhere in the display to close the menu File status without selecting a command.

  • Page 108

    Selecting elements Song Select window Storage device While in any page of the Song Play mode, press the SELECT but- ton in the corresponding PLAYER section twice to open the key- Use this menu to select one of the available storage devices. pad.

  • Page 109

    Selecting elements Song Select window Show Song Number Rename Check this option to make the Song’s progressive ID number (Only available when an item is selected in a list) Use this func- appear in the list, next to each Song. tion to change the name of an existing file or folder.

  • Page 110: Style Play Mode, Styles And Pads, Master Volume And Balance, Start-up Settings

    Style Play mode Start-up settings Style Play mode The Style Play mode is the boot-up operating mode. When in Styles and Pads this mode, you can play along with the Styles (i.e. automatic accompaniments), using up to four tracks (Upper 1-3 and Lower) to play on the keyboard.

  • Page 111: Main Page

    Note: Transpose may automatically change when selecting a differ- ent Performance or Style. It may also change when loading a Stan- Current Tempo dard MIDI File generated with an instrument of the Korg Pa- Metronome Tempo (from 30 to 250). Use the TEMPO buttons to Series.

  • Page 112

    Style Play mode Main page You can prevent Tempo from changing by turning the TEMPO • If the track is already selected (white background), touch the LOCK LED on. Sound name to open the Sound Select window. Note: Since Style Elements may contain Tempo Change data, •...

  • Page 113: Sts Name Panel

    Style Play mode STS Name panel STS Name panel Volume panel Touch the STS Name tab to select this panel. Single Touch Set- Touch the Volume tab to select this panel. This is where you can tings (STS) are memory locations intended for quickly choosing set the volume of each track, and mute/unmute them.

  • Page 114

    Style Play mode Volume panel Normal (grouped Style tracks, Keyboard tracks) and the Style Style Tracks view Tracks view (separate Style tracks). Press the TRACK SELECT button to switch from the Normal view to the Style Tracks view. In this view, individual Style tracks Track Description are shown in the lower half of the display, while the upper half of...

  • Page 115: Pad Panel

    Style Play mode Pad panel Track name Pad panel Name of the selected track. Sound name Touch the Pad tab to select this panel. This is where you can Sound assigned to the selected track. Touch anywhere in this assign a different Hit or Sequence Pad to each of the four pads, area to open the Sound Select window, and select a different and see at a glance how pads are programmed.

  • Page 116: Split Panel, Sub-scale Panel

    Style Play mode Split panel Split panel Sub-Scale panel Touch the Split tab to select this panel. This is where you can set Touch the Sub-Scale tab to select this panel. This panel replicates the split point and activate the Bass Inversion. the “Mixer/Tuning: Sub Scale”...

  • Page 117: Mic Panel

    Style Play mode Mic panel Mic panel Edit menu Touch the Mic tab to select this panel. This is where you can set From any page, press the MENU button to open the Style Play the various Voice Processor options. edit menu.

  • Page 118: Mixer/tuning: Volume/pan

    Style Play mode Mixer/Tuning: Volume/Pan Page menu icon Touch this icon to open the page menu (see “Page menu” on Use this checkbox to turn the dry (direct) track signal on or off page 127). from the outputs. When checked, the direct signal coming from the Parameters area track is sent to the output, mixed with the Master Each page contains various parameters.

  • Page 119: Mixer/tuning: Fx Send

    Style Play mode Mixer/Tuning: FX Send Mixer/Tuning: FX Send Mixer/Tuning: EQ Gain Pa900 includes two groups of effects (FX A and FX B). While in In this page you can set the three-band equalization (EQ) for Style Play mode, the A group is reserved to the Style and Pad each individual track.

  • Page 120: Mixer/tuning: Eq Control

    Style Play mode Mixer/Tuning: EQ Control Mixer/Tuning: EQ Control Mixer/Tuning: Tuning This page lets you reset or bypass the track’s equalization, pro- This page is where you can set the octave transpose and fine tun- grammed in the previous page. ing for each track.

  • Page 121: Mixer/tuning: Sub Scale

    Style Play mode Mixer/Tuning: Sub Scale Quarter Tone Mixer/Tuning: Sub Scale Press the Quarter Tone button in the display to make the key- board diagram active. In the display, touch any note you want to lower a quarter tone, making a big dot appear on the note dia- You can assign a different scale (a sub-scale) to the Keyboard gram.

  • Page 122

    Style Play mode Mixer/Tuning: Sub Scale Note: These settings can be saved to a Performance or STS, as How to use the Quarter Tone function with a described below. footswitch or Assignable Switch You can assign the “Quarter Tone” function to a footswitch or an How to use the Quarter Tone function with Assignable Switch, to program a custom scale in realtime, for the SC Presets...

  • Page 123: Effects: A/b Fx Configuration

    Style Play mode Effects: A/B FX Configuration Effects: A/B FX Configuration Effects: Master 1, 2 This page allows you to select the A (Style and Pads) and B (Key- These pages contain the editing parameters for the four effect board) groups of effects. Please use the “FX A” and “FX B” side processors.

  • Page 124: Track Controls: Mode

    Style Play mode Track Controls: Mode Both The track plays both the internal sounds and an Track Controls: Mode external instrument connected to the MIDI OUT. Type This page lets you connect each track to the internal sound gen- Drum Drum/Percussion track.

  • Page 125: Track Controls: Drum Edit

    Style Play mode Track Controls: Drum Edit Drum Edit parameters Track Controls: Drum Edit Use these parameters to adjust the offset value. In this page you can adjust the volume and edit the main param- Sound parameters Meaning eters for each family of Drum and Percussion instrument for the Volume Instrument’s Volume.

  • Page 126: Track Controls: Easy Edit

    Style Play mode Track Controls: Easy Edit While listening to the Style, select the Snare family, then Select select the Volume parameter, and use the VALUE DIAL to Use these buttons to select the track to edit. The button corre- turn the volume completely off.

  • Page 127: Keyboard/ensemble: Key/velocity Range

    Style Play mode Keyboard/Ensemble: Key/Velocity Range Keyboard/Ensemble: Key/Velocity Range Keyboard/Ensemble: Ensemble This page lets you program a key and dynamic (velocity) range This page lets you program the Ensemble function. This func- for each of the Keyboard tracks. tion harmonizes the right-hand melody (played in realtime) using the recognized chords played by the left hand.

  • Page 128: Keyboard/ensemble: Keyboard Control

    Style Play mode Keyboard/Ensemble: Keyboard Control Trill When two notes are played on the keyboard, this Keyboard/Ensemble: Keyboard Control option trills them. If three or more notes are played, only the last two are trilled. You can set the trill speed by using the Tempo parameter (see This page lets you enable/disable the Damper and Expression below).

  • Page 129: Pad/switch: Pad

    Style Play mode Pad/Switch: Pad Pad/Switch: Pad Pad/Switch: Switch This page lets you select a different hit sound or sequence for This page lets you select a different function for each of the each of the four PAD buttons. ASSIGNABLE SWITCH buttons. Assignments can be saved into the current Style Settings or Assignable Switches can be saved into a Performance, STS or SongBook Entry.

  • Page 130: Style Controls: Drum/fill

    Style Play mode Style Controls: Drum/Fill Style Controls: Drum/Fill Style Controls: Keyboard Range On/Off / Wrap Around In this page you can select various general parameters for the Style. In this page you can program the Wrap Around point, and turn on/off the Keyboard Range included in each Style tracks.

  • Page 131: Page Menu

    Style Play mode Page menu Copy/Paste FX Page menu You can copy a single effect (Master 1, Master 2), or both effects of an FX group (A or B). You can copy them between different elements (for example, between Styles and Performances, or Touch the page menu icon to open the menu.

  • Page 132: Write Performance Dialog Box, Write Single Touch Setting Dialog Box

    Style Play mode Write Performance dialog box Write Performance dialog box Write Single Touch Setting dialog box Open this window by keeping one of the PERFORMANCE but- Open this window by keeping one of the STS buttons pressed for tons pressed for about one second, or by choosing the Write Per- about one second, or by choosing the Write Single Touch Setting formance item from the page menu.

  • Page 133: Write Current Style Settings Dialog Box, The Favorite Banks

    Style Play mode Write Current Style Settings dialog box Write Current Style Settings dialog box The Favorite banks Open this window by keeping one of the STYLE buttons pressed You can create a custom set of Styles, made of up to twelve for about one second, or by selecting the Write Style Settings Favorite banks.

  • Page 134: Style/pad Record Mode, Recording Styles And Pads

    Style/Pad Record mode Recording Styles and Pads Style/Pad Record mode By entering the Style/Pad Record mode, you can create your own Each Style Element is made up of smaller units, called Chord Styles or Pads, or edit an existing Style or Pad. Variations (CV), but not all of them have the same number of CVs.

  • Page 135

    Style/Pad Record mode Recording Styles and Pads accompaniment sequences (string, guitar, piano or other accom- • Gtr (Guitar) tracks: When a chord is recognized, the paniment instruments). arranger triggers single notes, strumming and arpeggios on a “virtual guitar”, keeping care of the way notes are played Just to summarize, when you play a chord on the chord recogni- on the guitar keyboard.

  • Page 136: Style/pad Import/export, Exit By Saving Or Deleting Changes, Entering The Style/pad Record Mode

    Style/Pad Record mode Style/Pad Import/Export Note: After a record or edit operation, the memory is automati- Style/Pad Import/Export cally reorganized. Therefore, when you press START/STOP there is a delay before you can actually listen to the Style. This delay is higher with a Style containing more MIDI events.

  • Page 137: List Of Recorded Events, Main Page - Record

    Style/Pad Record mode List of recorded events List of recorded events Main page - Record 1 The Style/Pad Record mode filters out some events that may After having pressed the RECORD button, and having chosen cause wrong operation of the Style or Pad. Here are the recorded whether you want to edit an existing Style or create a new one, events.

  • Page 138

    Style/Pad Record mode Main page - Record 1 Page menu icon notes are moved to the nearest 1/8 division. A ‘3’ after the quantization value means triplet. Touch this icon to open the page menu. See “Page menu” on No quantiza- page 161.

  • Page 139

    NTT processing (see above). DIAL. Note: To conform to Korg specifications, it is advisable to record Note: When recording Tempo, old data is always replaced by the both the “Major” and “minor” Chord Variations for the Intro 1 and new data.

  • Page 140

    Fixed/No Transpose Note: To conform to Korg specifications, it is advisable to set the The programmed notes can only be transposed NTT to “No Transpose” on the Intro 1 and Ending 1. by the Master Transpose. They are never trans-...

  • Page 141: Main Page - Record 2/cue

    Style/Pad Record mode Main page - Record 2/Cue Delete Note button Main page - Record 2/Cue Use this command to delete a single note or a single percussive instrument from a track. For example, to delete a snare, keep the D2 note (corresponding to the snare) pressed.

  • Page 142: Main Page - Guitar Mode

    Style/Pad Record mode Main page - Guitar Mode Cue area Main page - Guitar Mode Cue mode for [Style element] This parameter lets you decide how the current Style Element While in the main page, and a Guitar track has been selected, will enter after it has been selected.

  • Page 143

    Style/Pad Record mode Main page - Guitar Mode Recording strumming types This octave also includes an ‘all mute’ key (F#): The octave from C1 to B1 is devoted to selecting a strumming 76-keys 61-keys type. By pressing these keys, you play fast strumming samples: 76-keys 61-keys All Mute...

  • Page 144

    Style/Pad Record mode Main page - Guitar Mode You can record the pattern by playing it in the range shown by Vel. Range from Str. to Str. Position the diagram. 4 Strings Treble 76-keys 4 Strings Treble 61-keys 4 Strings Treble 3 Strings Bass 3 Strings Bass 3 Strings Bass...

  • Page 145

    Style/Pad Record mode Main page - Guitar Mode Guitar mode parameters Vel. Range from Str. to Str. Position Here is a detailed description of the parameters of the Guitar 2 Strings Treble Mode page. 2 Strings Treble 2 Strings Treble Key/Chord 2 Strings Treble This parameter pair allows you to define the track’s original key...

  • Page 146: Style/pad Record Procedure

    Style/Pad Record mode Style/Pad Record procedure Realtime Record procedure Style/Pad Record procedure Select the track to record. Its status icon will turn to ‘Record’ . (For more details, see “Tracks volume/status area” on page 137). There are two different methods for recording a Style/Pad: Real- time and Step.

  • Page 147

    Style/Pad Record mode Style/Pad Record procedure Step Record procedure When back to the main page of the Style Record mode, you may turn all tracks to the play status, then press START/ While in the main page of the Style/Pad Record mode, STOP to listen to the Style.

  • Page 148: Edit Menu

    Style/Pad Record mode Edit menu Edit menu Edit page structure From any page (apart for Step Record), press the MENU button Most edit pages share some basic elements. to open the Style Record or Pad edit menu. This menu gives Chord Selected Style Page...

  • Page 149: Event Edit: Event Edit

    Style/Pad Record mode Event Edit: Event Edit Parameters area Event Edit: Event Edit Each page contains various parameters. Use the tabs to select one of the available pages. For detailed information on the vari- ous types of parameters, see sections starting from page 145. The Event Edit is the page where you can edit each single MIDI event of the selected Chord Variation.

  • Page 150

    Style/Pad Record mode Event Edit: Event Edit Touch the event to be selected. Selected events are highlighted Go Meas. and can be heard. While the Style is not running, touch this button to open the Go to Measure dialog box: Position Position of the event, expressed in the form ‘aaa.bb.ccc’: •...

  • Page 151: Event Edit: Filter

    Style/Pad Record mode Event Edit: Filter Scroll though the various events by using the scrollbar. Event Edit: Filter Select an event to be edited by touching it in the display. This is usually a note, that you can edit. This page is where you can select the event types to be shown in the Event Edit page.

  • Page 152: Style/pad Edit: Quantize, Style/pad Edit: Transpose

    Style/Pad Record mode Style/Pad Edit: Quantize Top parameters, you can select a single percussive instrument in Style/Pad Edit: Quantize a Drum or Percussion track. Note: These parameters are available only when a Drum or Per- cussion track is selected. The quantize function may be used to correct any timing mis- take after recording, or to give the pattern a “groovy”...

  • Page 153: Style/pad Edit: Velocity

    Style/Pad Record mode Style/Pad Edit: Velocity If a Chord Variation is four measures long, and you want to E / CV (Style Element/Chord Variation) select it all, the Start will be positioned at 1.01.000, and the End Use these parameters to select the Style Element (Style only) and at 5.01.000.

  • Page 154: Style/pad Edit: Cut, Style/pad Edit: Delete

    Style/Pad Record mode Style/Pad Edit: Cut Track status icon Style/Pad Edit: Delete Status of tracks. Touch this icon to change the status. Play status. The track can be heard. This page is where you can delete MIDI events out of the Style/ Pad.

  • Page 155: Style/pad Edit: Delete All

    Style/Pad Record mode Style/Pad Edit: Delete All Start / End Tick All Style Elements, i.e. the whole Style. When E/ Track=All and CV=All, the whole Style is deleted, Use these parameters to set the starting and ending points of the and all parameters are set to the default status.

  • Page 156: Style/pad Edit: Copy From Pad

    Style/Pad Record mode Style/Pad Edit: Copy from Pad All Style Elements, i.e. the whole Style. You can’t Style/Pad Edit: Copy from Pad change the target, that is automatically set to All. Var1…End2 Single Style Element. V1-CV1…E2-CV2 Here you can copy a Chord Variation from a Pad. Furthermore, you can copy a whole Pad.

  • Page 157: Style Element Track Controls: Sound/expression

    Style/Pad Record mode Style Element Track Controls: Sound/Expression Expression Style Element Track Controls: Sound/ Use these knobs to set the Expression (CC#11) value for the cor- responding track. This value can be seen at the beginning of the Expression Event Edit list (see “Event Edit: Event Edit” on page 145). Different Expression values can be defined for each Style Ele- In this page you can assign a different Sound to each track of the ment.

  • Page 158: Style Element Track Controls: Keyboard Range, Style Element Track Controls: Noise/guitar

    Style/Pad Record mode Style Element Track Controls: Keyboard Range Style Element Track Controls: Keyboard Style Element Track Controls: Noise/Guitar Range The Noise/Guitar page is where you can set the RX Noise level and the ‘human feel’ of Guitar tracks. The Keyboard Range automatically transposes any pattern note that would otherwise play too high or too low in pitch, com- pared to the original acoustic instrument, when transposed by the arranger.

  • Page 159: Pad Track Controls: Sound/expression

    Style/Pad Record mode Pad Track Controls: Sound/Expression (Retrigger) The sound will be stopped, and new Pad Track Controls: Sound/Expression notes matching the recognized chord will be played back. (Repitch) New notes matching the recognized In this page you can assign a Sound to the Pad track, adjust its chord will be played back, by repitching notes Volume (CC#07) and Expression (CC#11) values, and set vari- already playing.

  • Page 160: Style Element/pad Chord Table: Chord Table, Style Track Controls: Type/trigger/tension

    Style/Pad Record mode Style Element/Pad Chord Table: Chord Table 1…12 Maximum transposition (in semitones) of the Track Type track, referred to the original key of the Pad pat- Use this parameter to set the type of the corresponding track. tern. Drum Drum track.

  • Page 161: Import: Import Groove, Import: Import Smf

    Style/Pad Record mode Import: Import Groove Import: Import Groove Import: Import SMF The Import Groove function allows the loading of MIDI The Import SMF function allows you to import MIDI data from Grooves (“.GRV” files). By importing these data to a track, and a Standard MIDI File (SMF) created on your preferred external assigning the Sound based on the sliced samples to the same sequencer, and transform them in a Chord Variation.

  • Page 162

    Accompaniment 5 Style Tracks and MIDI Channels must be lined as in the previous table, as per Korg’s standard Style format definition. When programming a Chord Variation on the external Note: Tracks/MIDI Channels other than the above mentioned are sequencer, please assign the Pad track to the MIDI channel #10.

  • Page 163

    Style/Pad Record mode Import: Import SMF Whenever they are not saved in the SMF, Program Change, Con- The order of the Chord Variations inside the SMF is not relevant. trol Change 00, 11 and 32, can be still programmed in Style They can be freely placed inside the SMF.

  • Page 164: Export Smf

    Style/Pad Record mode Export SMF Exporting a Style as an SMF separated by Export SMF Markers As an alternative to exporting single Chord Variations to indi- The Export SMF function allows you to export a Chord Varia- vidual Standard MIDI Files, you can export a whole Style as an tion as a Standard MIDI File (SMF), and edit it on your preferred SMF separated by Markers, i.e., a single SMF containing all the external sequencer.

  • Page 165

    Style/Pad Record mode Page menu Copy Expression Page menu (Only available in some edit pages). While the Style Element Track Control edit section is selected, use this command to open the Copy Expression dialog box and copy all Expression values Touch the page menu icon to open the page menu.

  • Page 166: Write Style/pad Dialog Box, Copy Key/chord Dialog Box, Copy Sounds Dialog Box

    Style/Pad Record mode Write Style/Pad dialog box Write Style/Pad dialog box Copy Key/Chord dialog box Open this window by choosing the Write Style or Write Pad item (Style only) Open this window by choosing the Copy Key/Chord from the page menu. Here you can save the recorded or edited item from the page menu.

  • Page 167: Copy Expression Dialog Box, Copy Chord Table Dialog Box, Copy Key Range Dialog Box

    Style/Pad Record mode Copy Expression dialog box Copy Expression dialog box Copy Chord Table dialog box (Style only) Open this window by choosing the Copy Expression (Style only) Open this window by choosing the Copy Chord item from the page menu. Here you can copy all Expression val- Table item from the page menu.

  • Page 168: Overdub Step Recording Window

    Style/Pad Record mode Overdub Step Recording window Free Memory Overdub Step Recording window Remaining memory for recording. Duration The Step Record allows you to create a new Style/Pad by entering Relative duration of the inserted note. The percentage is always single notes or chords to each track, by playing them on the key- referred to the step value.

  • Page 169: Song Play Mode, Tempo Lock, Master Volume, Balance, X-fader, Midi Clock, Track Parameters

    Song Play mode Transport controls Song Play mode The Song Play operating mode is where you can listen to Songs, Tempo Lock while reading Lyrics and Chords (where available). An automati- cally-generated Score can also be seen for Standard MIDI Files, and Markers can let you quickly jump to a Song section.

  • Page 170: Standard Midi Files And Sounds, Keyboard, Pad And Player Tracks

    General MIDI sounds (i.e., those of the “GM” type), you can be confident you can play the same Song on virtually any other musical instrument or computer. If you used Korg native sounds, you may not find the same sounds on instruments from other manufacturers.

  • Page 171: Main Page (normal View), Main Page (normal View)

    Performance. It may also change when loading a Standard A Jukebox file (file extension: *.JBX) can be MIDI File generated with an instrument of the Korg Pa-Series. assigned to Player 1, but its name will not be shown in this area. The JBX icon will appear To avoid transposing, “lock”...

  • Page 172

    Song, in the Jukebox list. ±30% of the original tempo). This may seem trivial, but it is really rocket-science instead, and it is made possible by Korg Note: To create or edit a Jukebox file, go to the sophisticated time-stretching algorithms.

  • Page 173

    Song Play mode STS Name panel • If the track is not selected (dark background), first select it, STS Name panel then touch the Sound name to open the Sound Select window. You can also open the Sound Select window by using the SOUND SELECT button on the control panel.

  • Page 174

    Song Play mode Pad panel This allows for leaving the track status unchanged even when Sub-Scale panel playing a different Standard MIDI File. You can leave, for exam- ple, the bass track in mute, and let your bassist play it live for the whole show.

  • Page 175

    Song Play mode Mic panel Song list Edit menu Use this list to browse through the Songs in the Jukebox list. Use the scrollbar to scroll the list. From any page, press the MENU button to open the Song Play Selected Song edit menu.

  • Page 176

    Song Play mode Mixer/Tuning: Volume/Pan Use the TRACK SELECT button to switch from Keyboard to Mixer/Tuning: Volume/Pan Song tracks, and vice-versa. This page lets you set the volume and pan for each of the Key- board or Song tracks. Note: The play/mute status of a Song track may be reset when selecting a Song created on a Pa-Series instrument.

  • Page 177

    Song Play mode Mixer/Tuning: EQ Control Mixer/Tuning: EQ Control Effects: A/B FX Configuration This page lets you reset or bypass track equalization, pro- This page allows you to select the effects for the A (Song) and B grammed in the previous page. (Keyboard) FX groups.

  • Page 178: Effects: Master 1, 2

    Song Play mode Effects: Master 1, 2 Effects: Master 1, 2 Track Controls: Easy Edit These pages contain the editing parameters for the effect proces- These parameters let you “fine-tune” edit parameters for Sounds sors. Here is an example of the FX A page, with the Reverb Hall assigned to the tracks.

  • Page 179: Pad/switch: Assignable Switch, Jukebox Editor

    Song Play mode Pad/Switch: Assignable Switch Note: A Jukebox list can include only Songs contained in the same Pad/Switch: Assignable Switch folder. Hint: Instead of a single Song, you can select a Jukebox file, and insert its whole content to the current Jukebox list. This page lets you select a different function for each of the ASSIGNABLE SWITCH buttons.

  • Page 180

    Song Play mode Page menu For the correct display and printing of the list on a personal com- Page menu puter, use a fixed size (i.e., non-proportional) character in your text editor. Touch the page menu icon to open the menu. Touch a command Solo Track to select it.

  • Page 181: Sequencer Mode, Sequencer Play - Main Page, Standard Midi Files And Mp

    Note: Transpose may be automatically changed when loading a • Select the Song track where you are recording chords for Standard MIDI File generated with an instrument of the Korg Pa- the Voice Processor (see “Song Control” on page 266). Series.

  • Page 182

    Sequencer mode Sequencer Play - Main page Song area Selected track info area This is where the Song name is shown, together with its tempo This line lets you see the Sound assigned to the selected track. and meter (time signature) parameters, and the current measure. Not only it is shown on the main page, but also in several edit pages.

  • Page 183: Entering Record Mode

    Sequencer mode Entering Record mode Track volume/status area Entering Record mode This area is where you can set the volume of each Song track, and mute/unmute tracks. To enter Record mode, press the RECORD button while you are Volume and virtual sliders in Sequencer mode.

  • Page 184: Record Mode: Multitrack Sequencer Page

    Sequencer mode Record mode: Multitrack Sequencer page Overdub The newly recorded events will be mixed to any Record mode: Multitrack Sequencer page existing events. Overwrite The newly recorded events will replace any exist- ing events. While in Sequencer mode, press the RECORD button and select the “Multitrack Sequencer”...

  • Page 185

    Sequencer mode Record mode: Multitrack Sequencer page Tempo (Tempo mode) Multitrack recording procedure This parameter sets the way tempo events are read or recorded. Here is the general procedure to follow for the Multitrack Recording. Manual Manual reading. The latest manual Tempo setting (made using the TEMPO buttons) is considered Press the SEQUENCER button to enter Sequence mode.

  • Page 186: Record Mode: Step Record Page

    Sequencer mode Record mode: Step Record page Note parameter area Record mode: Step Record page Meter Meter (Time Signature) of the current measure. This parameter The Step Record allows you to create a new Song by entering sin- cannot be edited. You can set a Meter change by using the Insert gle notes or chords to each track.

  • Page 187

    Sequencer mode Record mode: Step Record page Back From the main page of the Multitrack Recording mode, either select the “Exit from Record” command from the Goes to the previous step, erasing the inserted event. page menu, or press the RECORD button to exit the Record mode.

  • Page 188: Record Mode: Backing Sequence (quick Record) Page

    Sequencer mode Record mode: Backing Sequence (Quick Record) page Ex.2: Record mode: Backing Sequence (Quick Record) page Backing Sequence (Quick Record) mode allows you to quickly Step Time = Step Time = Step Time = record your live performance with the backing of the Styles. To make things easier, just two grouped tracks are provided: Kbd/ Pad (Keyboard and Pads) to record keyboard and pads, and Ch/ Press G...

  • Page 189

    Sequencer mode Record mode: Backing Sequence (Quick Record) page Resolution Kbd/Pad: This Backing Sequence track includes the four Key- board tracks and the four Pads. After finishing recording, they Use this parameter to set the quantization during recording. will be saved as Song tracks 1-8, as in the following table: Quantization is a way of correcting timing errors;...

  • Page 190

    Sequencer mode Record mode: Backing Sequence (Quick Record) page Individual track status icons Select the status of the Backing Sequence tracks, by using the Kbd/Pad and Ch/Acc parameters. (Kbd/Pad stays for While you can use the Kbd/Pad Backing Sequence track to Keyboard and Pads;...

  • Page 191: Record Mode: Step Backing Sequence Page

    Sequencer mode Record mode: Step Backing Sequence page The locator value is shown in the “measure.beat.tick” format. Record mode: Step Backing Sequence page Measure Measure or bar number. Beat Divider in the Time Signature ratio (e.g., a quar- The Step Backing Sequence mode allows you to enter single ter in a 3/4 time).

  • Page 192

    Sequencer mode Record mode: Step Backing Sequence page Note: If you replace a chord with a different one, please remember Done button that the Lower track (if recorded) will not be automatically changed, and may cause a dissonance against the accompaniment. Done Touch this button to exit the Step Backing Sequence mode.

  • Page 193

    Sequencer mode Edit menu Step Backing Sequence procedure Edit menu Here is the general Step Backing Sequence recording procedure. Hint: Before entering Step Backing Sequence mode to edit an exist- From any page, press the MENU button to open the Sequencer edit ing Song, select the “Save Song”...

  • Page 194

    Sequencer mode Mixer/Tuning: Volume/Pan Tabs Parameters Use tabs to select one of the edit pages of the current edit section. All parameters in this page are the same found in the same page of the Style Play mode (see “Mixer/Tuning: FX Send” on page 172).

  • Page 195: Mixer/tuning: Tuning

    Sequencer mode Mixer/Tuning: Tuning Mixer/Tuning: Tuning Effects: A/B FX Configuration This page allows you to select the effects for the A (Song) and B Parameters (Keyboard) FX groups. You can use the “FX A” and “FX B” side All parameters in this page are the same found in Global mode. tabs to switch from one group to the other one.

  • Page 196

    Sequencer mode Effects: Master 1, 2 Effects: Master 1, 2 Event Edit: Event Edit These pages contain the editing parameters for the effect proces- The Event Edit is the page where you can edit each single MIDI sors. Here is an example of the FX A page, with the Reverb Hall event of the selected track.

  • Page 197

    Sequencer mode Event Edit: Event Edit And here are the events contained in the Master track. Go/Catch This is a dual-function command. Type First value Second value • While the sequencer is not running, it works as a Go to Mea- Tempo Tempo change –...

  • Page 198

    Sequencer mode Event Edit: Filter In the case of a Note event, select the Length parameter, Pa Controls Controls exclusive to Pa900, like the Scale set- and use the VALUE DIAL (or touch the parameter again to tings. These controls are recorded to the Master open the numeric keypad) to change the event’s length.

  • Page 199: Song Edit: Transpose, Song Edit: Velocity

    Sequencer mode Song Edit: Transpose Bottom / Top Note Song Edit: Velocity Use these parameters to set the bottom and top note of the key- board range to quantize. If you select the same note as the Bot- tom and Top parameters, you can select a single percussive Here you can change the Velocity value for the notes.

  • Page 200: Song Edit: Cut/insert Measures, Song Edit: Delete

    Sequencer mode Song Edit: Cut/Insert Measures Curve Song Edit: Delete (Only available in Advanced mode). Use this parameter to select one of the six curves, and to specify how the velocity will change over time. This page is where you can delete MIDI events from the Song. Start Value = 0%, End Value = 100% Curve 1 Curve 2...

  • Page 201: Song Edit: Copy, Song Edit: Rx Convert

    Sequencer mode Song Edit: Copy Top parameters, you can select a single note, or a single percus- Song Edit: Move sive instrument in a Drum track. Note: These parameters are available only when the All or Note options are selected. Here you can shift a track forward or backward by just a few ticks or whole measures.

  • Page 202

    Sequencer mode Page menu Add RX Noises to Guitar track Page menu Use this parameter to automatically analyze the Standard MIDI File, and add RX Noises to Guitar tracks. This command scans a single track or the whole Standard MIDI File, looking for guitar Touch the page menu icon to open the menu.

  • Page 203: Song Select Window, Save Song Window

    Sequencer mode Song Select window Delete Song Press EXIT to cancel saving and go back to the main page of the Sequencer operating mode. Select this command to delete the Song and create a new, blank Song. Directory Delete Current Track Select this command to delete the track currently selected in the Track area (see “Track volume/status area”...

  • Page 204

    Sequencer mode Save Song window Locate Master Transpose saved with the Song Touch this button to see the Song assigned to the Sequencer. When saving a Song, the Master Transpose value is saved with This is useful to quickly locate it, after you have browsed the Song.

  • Page 205: Sound Mode, The Midi Channel, How To Select Oscillators, Sounds, Drum Kits, Digital Drawbars

    Sound mode The MIDI channel Sound mode The Sound operating mode is where you can listen to individual Note: Notes pointing to special Drum Kit features are marked by Sounds, and edit them. In this mode, the selected Sound can icon.

  • Page 206

    Sound mode Main page Bank Select / Program Change sequence Voice Assign Mode Bank Select MSB / Bank Select LSB / Program Change numbers, Poly in the form “CC00.CC32.PC”. The Sound will play polyphonically, allowing you play chords. CC00 This section shows the value of the Control Change (CC) 00 message (or Bank Select MSB) Mono for the selected Sound.

  • Page 207: Digital Drawbars Page

    Sound mode Digital Drawbars page Mode (Percussion Mode) Digital Drawbars page This parameters lets you decide if the percussion sound has to be triggered on the first note of a group of held notes, or to all notes. DIGITAL DRAWBARS are different from ordinary Sounds. The percussive attack is played on all notes of a Their parameters are not saved as a new Sound, but can be saved chord.

  • Page 208

    Sound mode Edit menu Edit menu Edit page structure From any page, press the MENU button to open the Sound edit All edit pages share some basic elements. menu. This menu gives access to the various Sound edit sections. Page menu icon Operating mode Edit section...

  • Page 209

    Sound mode Basic: Sound Basic Oscillator Count Legato This parameter is only available when the selected mode is Oscillators Count Mono. It is the same found on the main page of the Sound mode. Use this box to specify the number of oscillators (up to 24) the See “Legato”...

  • Page 210: Basic: Osc Basic

    The Factory bank. The Factory area of the inter- Velocity Multisample Switch Low-High nal memory contains 834 different multisamples (preset multisamples), supplied by Korg as stan- This is the velocity value dividing the High and Low layers for dard. the selected oscillator. Notes struck harder than this value will be played by the High multisample.

  • Page 211

    Sound mode Basic: OSC Basic always play, while a Legato Oscillator will only play when a note Cycle 2 As the above, for use with a different (and paral- is played Legato. lel) group of Oscillators. Having two Cycle Trig- ger Modes allows for cycling stereo multisamples.

  • Page 212: Basic: Vel/key Zone, Basic: Damper Mode

    Sound mode Basic: Vel/Key Zone Sound Controllers (Sound Controller 1, Sound Controller 2, Basic: Damper Mode Sound Controller Y+, Sound Controller Y-) is activated. It should be applied to Oscillators with Normal, Legato, Staccato, Cycle 1, Cycle 2, Random, After Touch Trigger On, Y+ Trigger Here you can program how the Damper pedal works, the Reso- On, Y- Trigger On, Legato Up and Legato Down trigger modes, nance/Halo effect, and the range within the Note Off message is...

  • Page 213: Basic: Damper Trigger

    Sound mode Basic: Damper Trigger Repedaling This mode acts as the Normal mode, but also Basic: Damper Trigger enables the Damper pedal effect when the pedal is pressed after the note has been released (Note Off). In this case, the Damper effect starts from Here you can set the notes triggered by pressing and releasing the current Release level, and decays slowly.

  • Page 214: Basic: Eq, Drumkit: Sample Setup (drum Kits)

    Sound mode Basic: EQ Basic: EQ DrumKit: Sample Setup (Drum Kits) In this page, you can set the semi-parametric three-band equal- This page appears when you edit a Drum Kit. Here you can izer for the selected oscillator. select a different percussive sample for each key and layer. Drum Kits use only one oscillator.

  • Page 215

    No Attack Offset. the Flash-ROM memory contains 1065 different When the “Intensity” parameter has a negative value, the selec- samples (preset samples), supplied by Korg as tion will happen in reverse (higher-numbered Offsets will be standard. selected before the lowest-numbered ones).

  • Page 216: Drumkit: Eq (drum Kits), Drumkit: Eq (drum Kits), Drumkit: Voice Mixer (drum Kits

    Sound mode DrumKit: EQ (Drum Kits) DrumKit: EQ (Drum Kits) DrumKit: Voice Mixer (Drum Kits) This page appears when you edit a Drum Kit. In this page, you This page appears when you edit a Drum Kit. Here you can set can set the semi-parametric three-band equalizer for the various parameters for the different percussive sample assigned selected key, layer and Drum sample.

  • Page 217: Pitch: Pitch Mod

    Sound mode Pitch: Pitch Mod The sound will continue playing up to the end of Pitch: Pitch Mod the sample. The Note Off message is ignored. Mixer Here you can make pitch settings for each oscillator. These set- tings specify how keyboard location will affect the pitch of each oscillator, and select the controllers that will affect the oscillator pitch and specify the depth of control.

  • Page 218

    Sound mode Pitch: Pitch Mod Lowest Pitch Bend only -12.00…+12.00 On this oscillator, Pitch Bend is only activated on Parameter value. the lowest note currently playing on the key- Pitch EG AMS (Alternate Modulation Source) board. This parameter selects the source that will modulate the pitch Ribbon to Pitch EG of the selected oscillator.

  • Page 219: Pitch: Pitch Eg

    Sound mode Pitch: Pitch EG JS+Y Pitch: Pitch EG Intensity of the corresponding LFO when the joystick is pushed forward. -12…0…+12 Parameter value. Negative values invert the LFO Here you can make settings for the pitch EG, which creates time- variant changes in the pitch of the oscillators.

  • Page 220

    Sound mode Pitch: Pitch EG Attack Time At (Attack Level Swing) Specifies the time over which the pitch will change from note-on This parameter specifies the direction of change in “Attack until it reaches the pitch specified as the attack level. Level”...

  • Page 221: Filter: Filter Type

    Sound mode Filter: Filter Type Resonance (Resonance A) Filter: Filter Type The resonance emphasizes the overtone components that lie in the region of the cutoff frequency specified by “Frequency”, pro- ducing a more distinctive sound. Increasing this value will pro- Here you can make settings for the filters that will be used by the duce a stronger effect.

  • Page 222: Filter: Filter Mod

    Sound mode Filter: Filter Mod Tracking to A/B Filter: Filter Mod These parameters specify the note numbers at which keyboard tracking will begin to apply, and set the “Intensity to A” and “Intensity to B” parameters to specify the depth and direction of These settings let you apply modulation to the cutoff frequency the change applied to filters A and B.

  • Page 223: Filter: Filter Lfo

    Sound mode Filter: Filter LFO AMS (EG Alternate Modulation Source) Filter: Filter LFO Selects the source that will control the depth and direction of the effect that the time-varying changes produced by the filter EG will have on the cutoff frequency of filters A and B. See “AMS Here you can use the filter LFO to apply cyclic modulation to the (Alternate Modulation Source) list”...

  • Page 224: Filter: Filter Eg

    Sound mode Filter: Filter EG Intensity to A Start Specifies the depth and direction of the effect that “AMS” will This parameter specifies the change in cutoff frequency at the have on filter A. time of note-on. For example if “AMS” is Joystick Y+, higher settings of this -99…+99 Level value.

  • Page 225

    Sound mode Filter: Filter EG Level Modulation Time Modulation Filter 1 EG changes (level) (AMS = Velocity, Intensity = a positive (+) value) Filter 1 EG changes (Time) (AMS = Velocity, Intensity = a positive (+) value) Note-on Note-on Note-on Note-on Note-on Note-on...

  • Page 226: Amp: Amp Level/pan, Amp: Amp Mod

    Sound mode Amp: Amp Level/Pan and setting this parameter to – will allow AMS to shorten the as you play higher), and toward the left as the note numbers time. With a setting of 0 there will be no change. decrease (i.e., as you play lower).

  • Page 227: Amp: Amp Eg

    Sound mode Amp: Amp EG Amp Modulation Diagram These parameters specify how the volume of the selected oscilla- The diagram on top of the page shows the Amplitude envelope tor will be affected by velocity. line. Velocity Intensity Level With positive (+) values, the volume will increase as you play These parameters are the level of the envelope segment.

  • Page 228

    Sound mode Amp: Amp EG Slope Time Modulation This parameter specifies the time over which the volume will These parameters let you use an alternate modulation source to change from when it reaches the break point level until it reaches modify the amp EG times that were specified in “Time”...

  • Page 229: Lfo: Lfo1, Lfo: Lfo

    Sound mode LFO: LFO1 Sl (Slope Time Swing) Frequency This parameter specifies the direction of the effect that “AMS1” Set the LFO frequency. A setting of 99 is the fastest. will have on “Slope”. With positive (+) values of “Intensity”, set- 00…99 Frequency rate.

  • Page 230: Lfo: Lfo2

    Sound mode LFO: LFO2 AMS1 (Alternate Modulation Source1) LFO: LFO2 Selects the source that will adjust the frequency of the selected oscillator LFO1 (see “AMS (Alternate Modulation Source) list” on page 229). LFO1 can be modulated by LFO2. Here you can make settings for the LFO2, which is the second LFO that can be applied to the selected oscillator.

  • Page 231: Effects: Master 1 / Reverb, Effects: Master 2 / Chorus

    Sound mode Effects: Master 1 / Reverb Effects: Master 1 / Reverb Page menu In this page you can edit the effect assigned to the Master FX 1 Touch the page menu icon to open the menu. Touch a command effect processor (usually Reverb).

  • Page 232: Write Sound Dialog Box, Copy Oscillator Dialog Box, Copy Drum Kit Dialog Box

    Sound mode Write Sound dialog box Write Sound dialog box Copy Oscillator dialog box Open this window by selecting the Write Sound item from the Open this window by selecting the Copy Oscillator item from page menu. Here, you can save all Sound parameters to a Sound the page menu.

  • Page 233: Ams (alternate Modulation Source) List

    Sound mode AMS (Alternate Modulation Source) list AMS (Alternate Modulation Source) list Do not use Alternate Modulation Pitch EG Pitch EG Filter EG Filter EG within the same oscillator Amp EG Amp EG within the same oscillator LFO1 LFO1 within the same oscillator LFO2 LFO2 within the same oscillator Flt KTrk +/+ (Filter Keyboard Track +/+)

  • Page 234

    Sound mode AMS (Alternate Modulation Source) list “Ramp Low” will have no AMS effect. The sign of JS +Y & AT/2 (Joy Stick +Y & After Touch/2) the “Ramp High” setting will determine the direc- The effect will be controlled by the joystick +Y (vertically tion of its effect.

  • Page 235: Sampling Mode, Creating New Sounds From The Samples, Entering And Exiting The Sampling Mode

    Pa900 can read common file formats, like WAV, AIFF and SF2 tisamples. files, and load data from Korg Trinity and Triton files. Create new Samples with the procedures described in the To be used, Samples must be assigned to a Multisample or a following pages.

  • Page 236: Creating New Drum Kits From The Samples, Creating New Sounds From An Audio Groove

    Sampling mode Creating new Drum Kits from the Samples Creating new Drum Kits from the Samples Creating new Sounds from an Audio Groove Here is how to create a new Drum Kits from new Samples. Create new Samples with the procedures described in the following pages.

  • Page 237

    Sampling mode Edit menu Edit menu Sampling: Edit From any page of the Sampling mode, press the MENU button This page allows you to cut, trim or normalize a sample, as well to open the Sampling edit menu. This menu gives access to the as edit the loop points.

  • Page 238: Sampling: Loop Edit

    Sampling mode Sampling: Loop Edit When editing audio grooves, the Loop Start should match the Changing the sample length and finding Sample Start point. This parameter usually differs from the Sam- good-sounding loop points ple Start in ordinary sounds (i.e., a guitar, a piano, a voice…). To adjust the sample length and loop points, check the “Loop Loop Start (L) Loop End (E)

  • Page 239: Sampling: Sampling Info

    Sampling mode Sampling: Sampling Info Use Zero When you touch the Crossfade button, the Crossfade Loop dia- log box appears: See “Use Zero” on page 234. Loop Lock This fixes the length of the loop being edited. The “Loop S. ” and “End” parameters can be edited separately.

  • Page 240: Time Slice

    Sampling mode Time Slice Drum Samples Within the generated multisample, a separate sample is assigned to a different note on the keyboard, starting from C#3. By play- Number of drum samples in memory. ing an ascending chromatic scale with this multisample, you could recreate the original audio groove.

  • Page 241

    Sampling mode Time Slice Ex.1 - Generating samples and MIDI Groove data: Ex.3 - Recombining MIDI notes and samples Original rhythm sample 120BPM Kick Snare Kick Kick Snare Original pattern Edit the MIDI data Execute the Time Slice command Sample1 Sample2 Sample3 Sample4...

  • Page 242

    Sampling mode Time Slice Metronome Information Slices This (non-editable) parameter shows the number of generated Meter slices, i.e. generated samples and notes in the midifile. To change this value, edit the Release and Threshold parameters. Use this parameter to specify the Meter of the original sample. Note: You can have a maximum of 100 slices.

  • Page 243: The Time Slice Procedure

    Sampling mode The Time Slice procedure Long This option is most suitable for cymbals, whose A MIDI Groove with the original pattern will also be sound should be sustained up until the next note. generated. The screen will change, to show slices sepa- The “tail”...

  • Page 244: The Extend Procedure, Multisample: Edit Ms

    Sampling mode The Extend procedure The Extend procedure Multisample: Edit MS Set the By parameter, according to the tempo of the groove The Multisample is a way of organizing several samples on the you will use. If you will slow down the groove very much, keyboard.

  • Page 245: Multisample: Key Assign

    Sampling mode Multisample: Key Assign Pitch Page menu Fine tuning of the selected sample in cents (1 cent = 1/100 of a semitone). Touch the page menu icon to open the menu. Touch a command From … To to select it. Touch anywhere in the display to close the menu Range of the selected Zone (or Index).

  • Page 246

    With this command, you can import the following formats: • “PCG” is Korg’s native Program format, used by the Triton series of workstations. The file name has the “.PCG” exten- sion. Note that Drum Kits cannot be imported.

  • Page 247: Write Sample Dialog Box, Write Multisample Dialog Box

    Record” or “Multisample” section, this command allows you to export a sample in one of two popular computer audio file for- mats (WAVE and AIFF), or a multisample in a Korg “.KMP” file. See “Export Sample page” on page 245, or “Export Multisample page”...

  • Page 248: Write Slice Dialog Box, Delete Sample Dialog Box, Delete Multisample Dialog Box

    Sampling mode Write Slice dialog box Write Slice dialog box Delete Sample dialog box Open this dialog box by selecting the Write command from the Open this dialog box by selecting the Delete command from the page menu, while in the Time Slice page. In this dialog box you page menu, while you are in any page of the Sample Edit/Sample can save the Sound, sliced Samples and Multisample generated Record section.

  • Page 249: Export Sample Page

    The Export operation generates a “.KMP” file (Korg’s proprietary file format for multisamples), and a folder containing a series of “.KSF” files (Korg’s proprietary file format for samples) inside the same directory. Note: When exporting a stereo multisample, be careful to assign a different name to the Left and Right channel files, to avoid over- writing.

  • Page 250: Global Mode, Overview On The Global Mode

    Global mode Overview on the Global mode Global mode The Global mode is where you can set global functions. This When in a page, press EXIT to go back to current operating mode overlaps the current operating mode (Style Play, Song mode in the background (Style Play, Song Play, Sequencer, Play, Sequencer, Sound).

  • Page 251: General Controls: Basic

    Global mode General Controls: Basic Fade In/Out Time General Controls: Basic These parameters allows you to set the speed for the Fade In/Out function. This page contains various general parameters, setting the status Fade In Time of the keyboard, the fade in/out, and the accelerando/ritardando. Time for a full fade in (from zero to maximum volume), after you press the FADE IN/OUT button.

  • Page 252: General Controls: Interface

    Global mode General Controls: Interface Program Change General Controls: Interface Show Check this parameter to show Program Change numbers next to This page contains parameters related to user interface. Sound names in the Sound Select window. By default, this parameter is turned on. Note: Program Change numbers are always shown in the various Track Info areas.

  • Page 253: General Controls: Lock

    Entry. Also, this lock prevents a Standard MIDI • If the Upper 1 FX Lock is turned off, when File generated with an instrument of the Korg Pa- assigning a new Sound to the Upper 1 track, Series to change the Master Transpose.

  • Page 254

    Global mode General Controls: Lock Lower When this lock is closed, the Lower track remains Style pane unchanged when a different Style, Performance or STS is selected. This is useful if, for example, you prefer to always play with the left hand muted and reserved only to the chords.

  • Page 255: Auto Power Off, General Controls: Clock & Power

    Global mode General Controls: Clock & Power Auto Power Off General Controls: Clock & Power Pa900 can automatically enter standby after two hours of being unused, to save power and help preserving the environment. Date & Time When this parameter is checked, a few minutes before automatic Pa900 includes a battery-backed system calendar and clock.

  • Page 256: Mode Preferences: Style

    Global mode Mode Preferences: Style If you play just one note, a unison will be played. Mode Preferences: Style If you play a fifth, a “root+5th” chord will be played. With this mode, you can play rootless and slashed In this page you can set various general parameters for the Style chords, often used in jazz, fusion, modern pop Play mode.

  • Page 257

    Global mode Mode Preferences: Song & Sequencer Memory Mode Mode Preferences: Song & Sequencer This parameter sets the way the MEMORY button works. Chord When the MEMORY LED is on, recognized chords are kept in memory even when raising In this page, you can set various general parameters for the Song Play and Sequencer modes.

  • Page 258: Mode Preferences: Media

    Media Protect Note: This parameter is automatically set to On when the instru- ment enters standby. When on, this parameter protects the internal “KORG [KORG DISK]” disk unit from writing. Note: Should you accidentally delete some Factory Data, reload the Backup data or use the Factory Restore procedure (Media >...

  • Page 259: Controllers: Hand Controllers

    This page lets you select a function to the Assignable Pedal/Foot- with your hands. switch, and select the polarity for the Damper and Assignable Pedal/Footswitch. The following (optional) Korg pedals are compatible with Pa900: Keyboard Settings Velocity Curve Type Model...

  • Page 260: Tuning: Basic, Tuning: Transpose Control

    Global mode Tuning: Basic Touch the “Push” button in the display to confirm the max- Tuning: Basic imum value. The following dialog box appears: This is the general tuning of the instrument. You are now asked to set the pedal to the minimum value. Release the footswitch, or press the pedal to the minimum position (usually back pressed).

  • Page 261: Tuning: Scale

    Global mode Tuning: Scale Standard MIDI File and chord transpose In Realtime When you press either the TRANSPOSE [ ] or [ ] buttons, the new transpose setting will occur When changing the Master Transpose, chord abbreviations con- when the next note is played for both the Style tained in a Standard MIDI File are transposed and correctly and Keyboard tracks individually.

  • Page 262: Midi: General Controls

    Global mode MIDI: General Controls User Quarter Tone SubScale MIDI: General Controls This section is where you can program the Quarter Tone scale, and save up to four Quarter Tone Scale (SC) Presets. This page allows you to select a MIDI Preset and set global SC Preset buttons parameters for the MIDI communication.

  • Page 263: Midi: Midi In Controls

    External USB As the above, but referred to the USB Device port. See “Installing the Korg USB MIDI Driver” on Midi In Controls page 428 for information on how to configure your computer for MIDI Over USB communication.

  • Page 264: Midi: Midi In Channels

    Global mode MIDI: MIDI In Channels Lower Octave Transp (Transpose) MIDI: MIDI In Channels Octave transposition of data received on the MIDI IN or USB Device port for the Lower track. For example, if you select the +1 value, a C4 received via MIDI will play a C5 on the Pa900. In this page, you can assign Pa900 tracks to any of the MIDI channels received on the MIDI IN and USB Device ports.

  • Page 265: Midi: Midi Out Channels, Midi: Filters

    Global mode MIDI: MIDI Out Channels MIDI: MIDI Out Channels MIDI: Filters In this page, you can assign Pa900 tracks to any of the MIDI Use this page to set up to 8 filters for the MIDI data received or channels sent to the MIDI OUT and USB Device ports.

  • Page 266: Audio & Video: Mp3 / Speakers, Audio & Video: Limiter

    Global mode Audio & Video: MP3 / Speakers Audio & Video: MP3 / Speakers Audio & Video: Limiter This page lets you define various parameters for the MP3 player The Limiter allows for an increased loudness of the MIDI tracks and the speakers.

  • Page 267: Audio & Video: Master Eq

    Global mode Audio & Video: Master EQ • Look at the gain reduction indicator, to understand the amount • If the output level is too high, decrease the level of the “Gain” of limiting going on. Excessive limiting may dramatically change controls. the quality of the musical program.

  • Page 268: Audio & Video: Video Out, Audio & Video: Audio In

    Global mode Audio & Video: Video Out Audio & Video: Video Out Audio & Video: Audio In Use this page to adjust the Video Out parameters. This page lets you route the Audio Inputs to the Voice Processor and/or the audio outputs. System Microphone (Left In) to Voice Processor Selects the video standard (PAL or NTSC).

  • Page 269: Mic: Preset, Mic: Harmony

    Global mode Mic: Preset Master On/Off Mic: Preset These are “switches” for the various Voice Processor sections. Lead The Voice Processor applies effects and three-part harmony to your voice. The dedicated controllers in the MIC SETTING sec- This checkbox allows turning the Lead voice on or off. This is tion on the control panel allows you to quickly access the most useful in creating Presets where you want to hear harmony often used functions.

  • Page 270

    Global mode Mic: Harmony Note: For this to work, a value other than zero must be assigned to Source the “Pitch Bend Range” in the “Mic: Global Setup” page (see This is the harmony notes source for the Style Play mode. It is page 269).

  • Page 271: Mic: Harmony Voices

    Global mode Mic: Harmony Voices voicing) which give the lowest note received. Root2 and Bass2 Mic: Harmony Voices are the higher pitch Root and Bass settings. Shift Mode Presets The Voice Processor can add up to three Harmony Voices to the In this mode the voices are shifted relative to the input note.

  • Page 272: Mic: Effects

    Global mode Mic: Effects Unison. The same note received on the input is Mono Mono delay. sent to the output. Stereo Maintains the panning of the sends. No Change. The harmony voice will keep its pre- PingPong1 Sends the lead voice to the left effect end only. vious pitch until the lead voice pitch changes to a PingPong2 Sends the lead voice to the sends depending on...

  • Page 273: Mic: Global Setup, Mic: Global Dynamics / Eq

    Global mode Mic: Global Setup Talk Mic: Global Setup The Talk function can be used when having to address the audi- ence, speaking over the background music. In this page you can select a Voice Processor Preset, and set some general parameters for your voice.

  • Page 274: Harmony And Tuning With The Voice Processor

    Global mode Harmony and Tuning with the Voice Processor Ratio knob Harmony and Tuning with the Voice Compression ratio. Range: 1.1:1 to 64:1. Processor Gate knob Gate Threshold. Range: Off, -70dB to 0dB Harmony Here's where we can go into a little more depth about harmonies. The Voice Processor has an extremely flexible 3-band EQ with We've tried to keep it practical, focusing on what Voice Proces- frequency and gain-adjustable high and low shelving bands, as...

  • Page 275

    Global mode Harmony and Tuning with the Voice Processor Chord (Chordal) Mode You might have noticed that each harmony note can cover more than one input note, or that each input note doesn’t necessarily Chordal harmonies take your chord information to create intelli- have a unique harmony note.

  • Page 276

    Global mode Harmony and Tuning with the Voice Processor Scale (Scalic) mode create a custom scale or pitch map see the parameter description under “Custom Voice Mapping” on page 267. Harmonies use key and scale information to create musically correct, diatonic harmonies. Most popular music uses a single It is also tricky to pick out the key in some songs.

  • Page 277

    Global mode Harmony and Tuning with the Voice Processor Diatonic and Chromatic Shifting, which uses the chromatic, 12 semitone scale, changes the input pitch by a fixed number of semitones: We've described scalic and chordal harmonies as diatonic, and shift harmonies as chromatic; but what do those words mean? Look at a piano keyboard.

  • Page 278: Touch Panel Calibration

    Global mode Touch Panel Calibration Touch Panel Calibration Page menu From time to time (for example, after loading a new operating Touch the page menu icon to open the menu. Touch a command system), calibrating your Color TouchView™ display may be nec- to select it.

  • Page 279: Write Quarter Tone Sc Preset Dialog Box, Write Limiter Preset Dialog Box

    Global mode Write Quarter Tone SC Preset dialog box Write Quarter Tone SC Preset dialog box Write Limiter Preset dialog box Open this dialog box by selecting the Write Quarter Tone SC Open this dialog box by selecting the Write Limiter Preset item Preset item from the page menu.

  • Page 280: Write Voice Processor Preset Dialog Box

    Global mode Write Voice Processor Preset dialog box Write Voice Processor Preset dialog box Open this dialog box by keeping the PRESET button in the MIC SETTING section pressed for about one second, or by selecting the Write Voice Processor Preset item from the page menu. Here, you can save current settings for the VP Preset in the Mic edit section (see starting from page 265).

  • Page 281: Media Mode

    The selected item is highlighted. Name Media type You can deselect all items in any of the following ways: DISK [KORG DISK] User-accessible area of the internal memory. This is • Touch an empty area in the file list (if available).

  • Page 282: File Types

    The following tables describe all the file and folder types the Pa900 can manage. Here are the files you can read or write with Karaoke file the Pa900. CD+Graphics file Korg Triton Programs Extension File/folder type Korg Trinity/Triton Sample All the User data. (This is a folder containing other fold-...

  • Page 283: Media Structure

    Media mode Media structure Media structure Each device (and the internal memory) can contain files and folders. Data in the Pa900 is slightly more rigidly structured than in a com- puter, due to the pre-configured type of data inside the instrument’s memory. The diagram below shows the global structure of a Pa900 device.

  • Page 284

    Media mode Main page Scrollbar Main page Use the scrollbar to scroll the list. Touching the arrows will scroll one step at a time, while touching the bar will scroll one page at a time. There is no main page in the Media mode. When pressing EXIT, you exit the Media mode, and the underlying operating mode in Touching the arrows while SHIFT is kept pressed jumps to the the background is recalled.

  • Page 285: Load

    Media mode Load Loading all the User data Load You can load all the User data with a single operation. If loading from an external device, connect the device to In this page you can load User data files (Performances, User the USB Host port.

  • Page 286

    Media mode Load Loading a single bank Select the target bank, and touch OK to load the source bank. You can load a single bank of data (Sounds, Styles, Perfor- Warning: After confirming, all User data contained in mem- mances) with a single operation. Each bank corresponds to each ory are deleted.

  • Page 287

    Global data. Due to the different order in memory, Styles must be reassigned to SongBook Entries by using the SongBook Editor software (freely available on www.korg.com). It is not possible to load Pa900 data into a Pa2X/Pa800.

  • Page 288: Save

    Media mode Save • To load the whole folder, touch the Load button in the Save display. If it contains more than 40 Styles, they will be loaded into the USER banks sequentially, otherwise you will be prompted to select one of the USER Style banks or In this page, you can save User data from the internal memory to the FAVORITE Style banks in memory.

  • Page 289

    Media mode Save Creating a new “.SET” folder Saving the full memory content Pa900 proprietary data must be saved in special folders with the You can save the full memory content with a single operation. “.SET” extension. These special folders can be saved inside ordi- Depending on the status of the “Factory Style and Pad Protect”...

  • Page 290

    Media mode Save Warning: After confirming, all data of the selected type in the Saving a single bank target folder is deleted. You can save a single User bank with a single operation. Each bank corresponds to each of the side tabs in the various Select Saving all data of a specified type windows (Style Select, Performance Select…).

  • Page 291

    Media mode Save A dialog box appears, asking you to select one of the avail- Select the desired bank file, and touch Open to gain access able User (or Favorite/User Style) locations inside the to the single items. folder: In the above dialog box, the previously selected bank of Styles will be saved to bank User 01 inside the selected Once you have selected the file that you want to save, touch folder.

  • Page 292: Copy

    Media mode Copy During Copy, a dialog box shows the progress of the opera- Copy tion. In this page you can copy files and folders. Folders can be generic or “.SET” folders. In addition, you can copy the content of the generic folder you are in. You can copy inside the same device, or from a device to a different one (both devices must be connected to the Pa900 during the copy operation).

  • Page 293: Delete

    Media mode Delete To select more files or folders consecutively: Delete Touch the Mode button to choose the option for the SHIFT button. The Delete function lets you delete files and folders from the Select the first file or folder to be selected. devices.

  • Page 294: Format

    Backup procedure will not be completed. matting. In case you changed the name, please use SongBook Editor (freely available on www.korg.com) to edit the links. Select the “Full Resource Backup” command, then touch the Execute button in the display. The target device Warning: It is not possibile to change the label (name) of the inter- appears.

  • Page 295

    This line shows the installed Operating System version. From time to time, check our web site (www.korg.com), to see if a Warning: Don’t play the keyboard while restoring data, and stay newer, free version has been released.

  • Page 296

    Media mode HD Connection Usually, the USB Device port is not enabled for file transfer on the Pa900 (it is always on, however, for MIDI connection). Touch the Enable button to turn it on, or the Disable button Use this page to enable or disable the USB Device port for file (with all the caveats) to turn it off.

  • Page 297

    SongBook Editor software (freely available on www.korg.com) to edit the links. Note: You cannot change the name of the internal storage memory or the internal microSD card.

  • Page 298: Care Of Mass Storage Devices, Merging Samples From Various Sources

    Media mode Care of mass storage devices Care of mass storage devices Merging Samples from various sources The Pa900 can save most of the data contained in memory to the When you load a .SET folder, all User PCM Samples in memory internal memory, or to external devices (like hard drives or USB are deleted.

  • Page 299: Songbook

    SongBook Book SongBook The SongBook is a musical database that allows you to organize List Header songs and automatically recall the associated “musical resources” The List Header may change, depending on the type of data (Style, Standard MIDI Files, KAR files, and MP3 files). associated with the selected entry.

  • Page 300

    SongBook Book Filter… To see the numbers while in the Book page, select the “Show Song Numbers (now Key)” command from the page menu: Touch this button to open the Filter dialog box, and select one or more filter criteria, to show a restricted set of entries in the main list.

  • Page 301: Custom List

    SongBook Custom List NRPN control is sent on the same MIDI channel before selecting Custom List a different SongBook Entry. After the initialization string has been sent, you must send the selection string, made of two Control Change messages: CC#06 Use this page to select and use one of the available Custom Lists.

  • Page 302: List Edit

    SongBook List Edit Commands List Edit Move Use these buttons to move the selected song entry up or down in This page is only available after checking the “Enable List Edit” the list. command in the page menu (see page 302). Use this page to edit the available Custom Lists.

  • Page 303: Book Edit

    SongBook Book Edit 1 Entry will no longer point to the right data. Be careful not to delete Book Edit 1 or move a Style or a file associated with a SongBook Entry from the original location. The Book Edit 1 page is where you link a “musical resource” Write Current (Style or Song) to the SongBook Entry, and choose to save STSs When checked, the currently selected musical resource (whose...

  • Page 304

    SongBook Book Edit 2 When you touch Write and choose the Rename/ Book Edit 2 Overwrite option, only the new STS is overwrit- ten, while the others are left untouched. • STS Name: Name of the current STS. Touch the The Book Edit 2 page is where you enter information on the Genre, Artist, Key, etc.

  • Page 305

    SongBook Book Edit 3 Meter Info Synchro Start / Synchro Stop / Memory Basic meter (time signature) of the Style, or starting meter of the The status of these functions can be memorized in a SongBook Standard MIDI File associated with the entry. This may change, Entry.

  • Page 306: Info

    SongBook Info Info Page menu Use the Info page to see the name of the selected entry, the asso- Touch the page menu icon to open the menu. Touch a command ciated resource(s), the total number of Songs in the SongBook, to select it.

  • Page 307

    SongBook Page menu • Touch OK to confirm. Init SongBook Select this command to erase the SongBook list and start with a new, blank list. Warning: Before initializing the SongBook list, save the older one with one of the Media > Save operations.

  • Page 308: Lyrics, Score, Markers, Selected Player, Lyrics Page

    Lyrics, Score, Markers Selected Player Lyrics, Score, Markers By pressing the LYRICS button, you can see lyrics in Style Play file loaded at any time after selecting a Song (see “On-the- mode, lyrics and chord abbreviations in Style Play and Song Play fly TXT loading”...

  • Page 309

    Lyrics, Score, Markers Lyrics page To exit from this page, press either the LYRICS or the EXIT but- Text files loaded with Standard MIDI Files and ton. MP3 files Song chords When a “.TXT” file with the same name exists in the same direc- tory as a Standard MIDI File or MP3 file, it will be loaded with Chords contained in the Standard MIDI File (if any).

  • Page 310: Score Page

    Lyrics, Score, Markers Score page Currently selected staff marker Score page This red vertical line shows the approximate position of the play- back, by indicating the current staff in play. When you are in Song Play mode, and you are playing a Stan- Current measure indicator dard MIDI File, you can open the Score page by pressing the This red triangle shows the current measure in play.

  • Page 311: Markers Page

    Lyrics, Score, Markers Markers page How to edit a marker: Markers page Touch the marker to be edited in the display. Touch the Edit button in the display to set the marker to Open the Marker page by pressing both the MARKER (that is, edit.

  • Page 312: Midi, What Is Midi, What Is Midi Over Usb

    Accessory Disc that comes with your Pa900. Relevant instruc- on a specific channel. Notes have both a name (C4 standing for tions come with the software itself. See “Installing the Korg USB the center C) and a number (60 being the equivalent for C4). A MIDI Driver”...

  • Page 313: Standard Midi Files, The Chord 1 And Chord 2 Channels, The General Midi Standard

    MIDI Standard MIDI Files These notes will be combined with the ones of the special Chord Standard MIDI Files 1 and Chord 2 channels. Standard MIDI Files (a.k.a. SMF) are a practical way of exchang- The Chord 1 and Chord 2 channels ing songs between different instruments and computers.

  • Page 314: Connecting Pa900 To A Master Keyboard, Connecting Pa900 To A Midi Accordion

    MIDI Connecting Pa900 to a Master keyboard Connecting Pa900 to a Master keyboard Connecting Pa900 to a MIDI accordion You can control Pa900 with a master keyboard or any other There are various types of MIDI accordions, each one requiring MIDI keyboard.

  • Page 315: Connecting Pa900 To An External Sequencer

    MIDI interface or a USB port. tion of Pa900. In case of an USB connection, install the Korg USB MIDI Note: In order to send data to the sound generation of Pa900, the Driver, as explained in “Installing the Korg USB MIDI “MIDI Thru”...

  • Page 316: Playing Another Instrument With Pa900, Playing Another Instrument With Pa

    MIDI Playing another instrument with Pa900 The Player Playing another instrument with Pa900 Any Player’s track can drive a channel on an external instru- ment. To set each track’s MIDI output channel, see “MIDI: MIDI Out Channels” on page 261. You can use Pa900 as the master controller for your MIDI setup.

  • Page 318: Factory Data

    Factory data Styles Factory data Styles This list shows the Styles and their posi- Name Name tion number inside the bank. Organ Ballad Bank: Dance Folk Ballad Name 70's Disco Remix Orchestral Bld 70's Disco 1 Bank: Pop Funky Ballad 70's Disco 2 70's Guitar Pop Blues Ballad...

  • Page 319

    Factory data Styles Name Name Name Rock & Roll Country Pop Habanera South Shuffle Bar Country Rhumba 1 Slow Latin Rock Bluegrass Rhumba 2 Latin Rock 1 Country Boogie Salsa Latin Rock 2 Country Shuffle Latin Big Band Surf Rock Country 8 Beat Cool Latin Jazz 60's Rock...

  • Page 320

    Factory data Styles Name Name Name Swing Ballad 1 Classic Funk Minuetto Swing Ballad 2 Soul Ballad Baroque Swing Ballad 3 Talkin' Jazz Orleans Orchestral Swing Funky Sisters Cajun Jazz Brush Rhythm & Blues Zydeco Medium JazzWaltz Blues Hora Slow Jazz Waltz Soul Bank: Contemporary Jazzy Blues...

  • Page 321: Style Elements, Style And Player Controls

    Factory data Style Elements Style Elements Note: You can remotely select the various Style Elements on the Pa900, by sending it Program Change messages on the Control channel (see “MIDI: MIDI In Channels” on page 260). Style Element Style Element Style Element Style Element Style Element...

  • Page 322: Sounds

    Factory data Sounds Name CC00 CC32 Sounds Digi E. Piano Classic Tines The following table lists all Pa900 Factory Sounds as they appear DW8000 EP in the Sound Select window. Natural EP Legend: The table also includes MIDI data used to remotely select E.Piano RX Noise the Sounds.

  • Page 323

    Factory data Sounds Name CC00 CC32 Name CC00 CC32 Melodica DNC Gospel Organ V. Classic Musette Drawbars Slow V. Cassotto 16' Drawbars Fast V. Cassotto Drawbars Organ Master Accordion Jazz Organ Sweet Musette Organ Hi V. French Musette Organ LowPc V. 2 Voices Musette Organ Low 1 V.

  • Page 324

    Factory data Sounds Name CC00 CC32 Name CC00 CC32 Nylon Guitar DNC Mute Monster Natural Nylon Disto Mute RealFolk Gtr DNC Steel Gtr DNC Real 12 Strings Nylon Gtr RX1 Nylon Gtr Pro1 Nylon Gtr RX2 Nylon Gtr Pro2 Steel Guitar RX1 Nylon Slide Pro Steel Guitar RX2 Steel Guitar Pro...

  • Page 325

    Factory data Sounds Name CC00 CC32 Name CC00 CC32 Viola Expr. Trb. Expr. DNC Violin & Viola Trombone DNC Violin Expr. 3 Trumpet Expr.1 Slow Violin Trumpet Expr.2 Strings Quartet Cornet Expr. Chamber Strings Wah Trumpet Orchestra Tutti1 Mute Trumpet Orchestra Tutti2 Sweet FlugelHorn Orch.

  • Page 326

    Factory data Sounds Name CC00 CC32 Name CC00 CC32 Glenn & Friends Sax Ensemble Glenn & Boys Reed of Power Sax & Brass Breath & Key RX Brass & Sax Factory: Woodwind Mute Ensemble 1 RealClarinet DNC Mute Ensemble 2 JazzClarinet DNC Sforzato Brass SoloClarinet DNC...

  • Page 327

    Factory data Sounds Name CC00 CC32 Name CC00 CC32 Techno Stab DNC Factory: Synth Lead Wave-Sequence Bass Phat Saw Aerosonic Old Portamento My Sequencer Power Saw Jurassic Pad Octo Lead Pisco Pad Electro Lead Tension Scene Rich Lead Dronas Pad Thin Analog Lead Bengione Dance Lead...

  • Page 328

    Factory data Sounds Name CC00 CC32 Name CC00 CC32 Mandolin Trem. Finger Bass 1 Mandolin Ens. 1 Finger Bass 2 Mandolin Ens. 2 Finger Bass 3 Banjo Key Off Finger Bass 4 Banjo RX Finger Slap Sitar Tambou The Other Slap Kanoun 1 Thumb Bass Kanoun 2...

  • Page 329

    Theatre Organ 3 90's Piano Theatre Organ 4 2000's Piano Tibia Chorus Piano Tibia 16+8+4' Harpsi 16' RX Tibia & Vox Harpsi Korg Post Horn Trem. Clav Snap Tibia & Kinura Sticky Clav Tibia Vox Glock Honky-Tonk Techno Org.Bass Legacy: E. Piano...

  • Page 330

    Factory data Sounds Name CC00 CC32 Name CC00 CC32 Analog Strings 2 English Horn Synth Strings 2 Recorder 1 Take Voices 2 Recorder 2 Aah Choir Legacy: Synth Pad Slow Choir Sky Watcher Cyber Choir Vintage Pad Odissey You Decide Strings Choir Korgmatose Analog Velve...

  • Page 331

    Factory data Sounds Name CC00 CC32 Name CC00 CC32 E. Piano 1 GM Legacy: Bass Detuned EP 1 Ac. Bass Buzz EP 1 Veloc. Mix Slap Bass 1 60's E. Piano Slap Bass 2 E. Piano 2 GM Slap Bass 3 Detuned EP 2 Dyna Slap Bass EP 2 Veloc.

  • Page 332

    Factory data Sounds Name CC00 CC32 Name CC00 CC32 12 Strings Gtr Synth Strings1GM Mandolin Synth Strings 3 Steel Gtr & Body Synth Strings2GM Jazz Guitar GM Choir Aahs GM Pedal Steel Gtr Choir Aahs 2 Clean Guitar GM Voice Oohs GM Det.Clean El.Gtr Humming Mid Tone Gtr...

  • Page 333

    Factory data Sounds Name CC00 CC32 Name CC00 CC32 GM: Syn Lead / Syn Pad GM: Percussive Lead Square GM Tinkle Bell GM Lead Square 2 Agogo GM Lead Sine Steel Drums GM Lead Saw GM Woodblock GM Lead Saw 2 Castanets Lead Saw &...

  • Page 334

    Factory data Sounds Name CC00 CC32 Heart Beat Footsteps Gun Shot GM Machine Gun Laser Gun Explosion...

  • Page 335: Dnc Sounds

    Factory data DNC Sounds DNC Sounds The following table lists all Pa900 Factory DNC Sounds as they appear in the Sound Select window. Note: When a Performance contains Sounds making use of Sound Controllers 1 & 2 (SC1, SC2), these controllers must be assigned to the Assignable Switches, the Assignable Footswitch or an EC5 pedal.

  • Page 336

    Factory data DNC Sounds Sound Name Page CC00 CC32 (Bank – Page) JazzTrumpet3 DNC < ±6st: Smth >±6st: RU/RD Doit Shake FD on KR Breath Trumpet Expr.DNC < ±6st: Smth Doit Shake FD on KR Breath Jazz Trb.1 DNC < ±12st: Smth Gliss U Gliss D Gliss U...

  • Page 337: Drum Kits

    Factory data Drum Kits Drum Kits The following table lists all Pa900 Factory Drum Kits in order of CC00 CC32 Name Sound Bank Bank Select-Program Change number. Synth Kit 1 Factory: Drum & SFX Legend: The table also includes MIDI data used to remotely select SFX Kit 1 Factory: Drum &...

  • Page 338: Multisamples

    Factory data Multisamples Multisamples The following is a list of all Pa900 Factory Multisamples. * OrigTune: Original Tune, i.e., samples use the natural tuning of the original instrument, instead of the equal tuning. Beating may occur at the extreme pitch, when the sound is used in conjunction with other sounds. GrandPiano_L E.Piano Dyno f 4' 22/3' 2' LF R...

  • Page 339

    Factory data Multisamples 114 Rotor Noise LF L 159 Flute Frull 204 Tenor Sax mf Vib 115 Rotor Noise LF R 160 Flute Voice 205 Tenor Sax f Vib 116 Rotor Noise LS L 161 Flute Jazz 206 Tenor Sax ff Vib 117 Rotor Noise LS R 162 Flute Vibrato 207 Tenor Sax Glissando...

  • Page 340

    Factory data Multisamples 249 Accordion Volkst. 294 2 Trombones mfR 339 Voice Male Dah 250 Accordion Bass 295 2 Trombones fL 340 Voice Scat Buh 251 Accordion Noise KeyOn 296 2 Trombones fR 341 Voice Scat Duh 252 Accordion Noise KeyOff 297 Classic Trumpet p 342 Voice Scat Bah 253 Accordion Change Voice...

  • Page 341

    Factory data Multisamples 384 Ac.Gtr Dwn1 L 429 Nylon Gtr1 Slide p R 474 El. Guitar Tel Mid p 385 Ac.Gtr Dwn1 R 430 Nylon Gtr1 Slide f L 475 El. Guitar Tel Mid mf 386 Ac.Gtr Dwn2 L 431 Nylon Gtr1 Slide f R 476 El.

  • Page 342

    Factory data Multisamples 519 Dist. Guitar1 Harmo. 564 E.Bass2 RH Stop 609 BouzoukiLP 520 Gtr Harmonic GM 565 E.Bass2 Harmo. 610 Mandolin Dw mf L 521 Dist. Guitar2 Harmo P1 566 E.Bass3 p 611 Mandolin Dw mf R 522 Dist. Guitar2 Harmo P2 567 E.Bass3 mf 612 Mandolin Dw f L 523 Dist.

  • Page 343

    Factory data Multisamples 654 R&B Saw Bass 699 Square MG 744 Scream 655 R&B Square Bass 700 Square JP 745 Punch 656 Chrom Res 701 Triangle MG 746 Heart Beat 657 NextDance 702 Ramp 747 Footstep 1 658 Detuned Super 703 Ramp MG 748 Footstep2 659 Detuned PWM...

  • Page 344

    Factory data Multisamples 789 Cowbell 805 Dumbek - Djambe - Udu 821 Stereo Snare1 L 790 Castanet 806 Caxixi 822 Stereo Snare1 R 791 Temple Blocks 807 Tabla & Baya 823 Stereo Snare2 L 792 Orchestra BD 808 WoodBlock & Castanet 824 Stereo Snare2 R 793 Timpani 809 Mix Latin Percussion...

  • Page 345: Drum Samples

    Factory data Drum Samples Drum Samples The following table contains all Pa900 Name Family Name Family Factory Drum Samples. BD Techno1 Bass Drum SD S Gate1 GM Snare Drum BD Techno2 Bass Drum SD S Gate2 Snare Drum Name Family BD Hip1 Bass Drum SD Wood1 p...

  • Page 346

    Factory data Drum Samples Name Family Name Family Name Family SD Snr Signature p Snare Drum SD Dance23 GM Snare Drum SD Brush3 Swirl Snare Drum SD Snr Signature mf Snare Drum SD Dance24 Snare Drum SD FX Large Hall1 Snare Drum SD Snr Signature f Snare Drum...

  • Page 347

    Factory data Drum Samples Name Family Name Family Name Family Tom2 Floor p HH2 Open p Hi Hat Orchestra Cymbal Cymbal Tom2 Floor f HH2 Open f Hi Hat Finger Snaps Latin Perc. Tom3 Hi HH3 Closed1 Hi Hat Claps1 Latin Perc.

  • Page 348

    Factory data Drum Samples Name Family Name Family Name Family DJ Vinyl Sliced 24 Conga2 Hi Mute Latin Perc. Bongo3 Lo Stick Latin Perc. DJ Scratch 01 Conga2 Hi Mt Slap Latin Perc. Bongo3 Hi Open Latin Perc. DJ Scratch 02 Conga2 Hi Slap1 Latin Perc.

  • Page 349

    Factory data Drum Samples Name Family Name Family Name Family Timbales1 Lo Open mp Latin Perc. Finger Cymbal Ethnic Perc. Caxixi1 c Ethnic Perc. Timbales1 Lo Open mf Latin Perc. Marc Tree Ethnic Perc. Caxixi2 a Ethnic Perc. Timbales1 Lo Open mf GM Latin Perc.

  • Page 350

    Factory data Drum Samples Name Family Name Family Name Family Udu Open b Latin Perc. M.E.1 Tabla Flam Latin Perc. M.E.2 Kenar Latin Perc. Udu Open c Latin Perc. M.E.1 Tabla Rim Latin Perc. M.E.2 Kenartek Latin Perc. Udu Open d Latin Perc.

  • Page 351

    Factory data Drum Samples Name Family Name Family Name Family Door Creak Grv SD2 Snare Drum 1048 88 HH Open2 Hi Hat Door Slam Grv SD3 Snare Drum 1049 88 Tom1 Car Engine Grv SD4 Snare Drum 1050 88 Tom2 Car Stop Grv SD5 Snare Drum...

  • Page 352: Pads

    Factory data Pads Pads You can assign the following Hits or Sequences to the four Pads. Older sounds might be still assigned to the Pads when loading musical resources generated with an older operating system (see the following section). HIT - Drum HIT - Percussion HIT - World 1 Hit - World 2...

  • Page 353

    Factory data Pads HIT - Synth&Pad HIT - Voice HIT - Blocks HIT - Misc&SFX 1 HIT - Misc&SFX 2 Cosmic Aah ! Blk Funk 1 A Applause Bubble VCF Modulation Hit it ! Blk Funk 1 B Bird 1 Car Crash Planet Lead Laughing...

  • Page 354

    Factory data Pads SEQ - Guitar SEQ - Orchestral SEQ - Solo SEQ - Synth&Pad SEQ - Misc&SFX Gtr Steel Strum1 Timpani Roll 1 Solo Marimba Synth Seq 1 Military 1 Gtr Steel Strum2 Timpani Roll 2 Solo Kalimba 1 Synth Seq 2 Military 2 Gtr Steel Strum3...

  • Page 355: Effects

    Factory data Effects Effects The following list shows all the Factory Effects. Detailed information on each effect’s parameter are contained in the“Effects” chapter (see page 357). For FX Master 1/2 St. Env. Phaser P4EQ - Exciter Stereo Vibrato P4EQ - Wah No Effect St.

  • Page 356

    Factory data Effects For FX Master 2 only 110 St.Mltband Limiter 111 PianoBody/Damper 112 OD/HyperGain Wah 113 GuitarAmp + P4EQ 114 BassTubeAmp+Cab. 115 St. Mic + PreAmp 116 Multitap Cho/Delay 117 St. Pitch Shifter 118 St. PitchShift BPM 119 Rotary SpeakerOD 120 L/C/R Long Delay 121 St/Cross Long Dly 122 Hold Delay...

  • Page 357: Midi Preset

    Factory data MIDI Preset MIDI Preset Default Master Kbd Player Acc ordion 1 Acc ordion 2 Acc ordion 3 Extern. Seq Ply Tr 1 Global Ply Tr 1 Global Upper 1 Upper 1 Ply Tr 1 Ply Tr 2 Control Ply Tr 2 Lower Lower...

  • Page 358: Assignable Parameters, List Of Pedal/footswitch Functions

    Assignable parameters List of Pedal/Footswitch functions Assignable parameters Function Meaning List of Pedal/Footswitch functions STS Mode Same functions of the control panel buttons with the same name The following functions can be assigned to an Assignable Foot- STS1 switch or Pedal. STS2 STS3 Function...

  • Page 359: List Of Assignable Knob Functions

    Assignable parameters List of Assignable Knob functions Function Meaning Function Meaning SubScale Preset 1-SC1 Same functions of the SC Preset buttons in the MP3 Volume display. SubScale Preset 2-SC2 Joystick +X Joystick right SubScale Preset 3-SC3 Joystick -X Joystick left SubScale Preset 4-SC4 Joystick +Y Joystick forward...

  • Page 360: List Of Assignable Switches Functions

    Assignable parameters List of Assignable Switches functions Function Meaning List of Assignable Switches functions SongBook Next Moves to the next SongBook Entry in the selected Custom List. The following functions can be assigned to the Assignable Sound Controller 1 Controls assigned to selected Sounds parame- Switches.

  • Page 361

    Effects Dynamic Modulation sources Effects Pa900 is equipped with four powerful Effect Processors for the Modulation source Note internal MIDI tracks (Upper, Lower, Style, Song, Pads). Damper: #64 Prta.SW: #65 Portamento Switch Dynamic Modulation sources Sostenu: #66 Sostenuto Pedal MIDI(CC#67) When the symbol is encoutered, a Dynamic Modulation MIDI(CC#80)

  • Page 362: Dynamics (dynamic), Dynamics (dynamic)

    Effects Dynamics (Dynamic) Compressor - Sensitivity Level Dynamics (Dynamic) Sensitivity=100 Sensitivity=40 0: No Effect Select this option when you do not use any effects. Time c: Attack 1: Stereo Compressor This parameter controls the attack level. This effect compresses the input signal to regulate the level and Compressor - Attack give a “punchy”...

  • Page 363

    Effects Dynamics (Dynamic) a: Envelope Select f: Side PEQ Insert g: Side PEQ Cutoff [Hz] When L/R Mix is selected for this parameter, the left and right g: Q channels are linked to control the Limiter using the mixed sig- g: Gain [dB] nal.

  • Page 364

    Effects Dynamics (Dynamic) 4: St.MasteringLimtr c: Threshold d: Attack (Stereo Mastering Limiter) d: Release This is a stereo limiter that is optimized for mastering songs. “Threshold” specifies the level at which gating occurs when “Envelope Select” is set to L/R Mix, L Only, or R Only. Stereo In - Stereo Out Left “Attack”...

  • Page 365: Eq And Filters (eq/filter), Eq And Filters (eq/filter)

    Effects EQ and Filters (EQ/Filter) b: Band1 Type EQ and Filters (EQ/Filter) c: Band4 Type Selects a filter type for Band 1 and 4. Parametric 4EQ - Band1, Band4 Type 6: St.Parametric4EQ +Gain (Stereo Parametric 4-Band EQ) Band4 Type=Shelving High Band4 Type=Peaking This is a stereo 4-band parametric equalizer.

  • Page 366

    Effects EQ and Filters (EQ/Filter) b: Emphasis Freq Dry, 1:99...99:1, Balance between the wet and dry Wet/Dry signal This parameter sets the frequency to be emphasized. Higher val- Table , “Dynamic Modulation Off...Tempo sources, ” on page 357 ues will emphasize lower frequencies. –100...+100 Amount of modulation source c: Enhancer Delay L [msec]...

  • Page 367

    Effects EQ and Filters (EQ/Filter) 10: St. Wah/Auto Wah a: Frequency Bottom a: Frequency Top (Stereo Wah/Auto Wah) The sweep width and direction of the wah filter are determined This stereo wah effect allows you to create sounds from vintage by the “Frequency Top”...

  • Page 368

    Effects EQ and Filters (EQ/Filter) 11: St. Vintage Wah a: Mode b: Frequency Bottom (Stereo Vintage/Custom Wah) b: Frequency Top This effect simulates the tonal character of a vintage wah pedal. c: Resonance Bottom You can customize the tone and range settings. c: Resonance Top If Mode=Preset, this simulates a vintage wah pedal.

  • Page 369

    Effects EQ and Filters (EQ/Filter) a: LFO Phase [degree] 13: St. MultiModeFilter (Stereo Multi Mode Filter) Offsetting the left and right phases alters how modulation is applied to the left and right channels, creating a swelling affect. This is a multi-mode filter with four types; low pass, high pass, band pass, and band reject.

  • Page 370

    Effects EQ and Filters (EQ/Filter) 14: St. Sub Oscillator 15: Talking Modulator (Stereo Sub Oscillator) This effect adds an unusual character, like a human voice, to the input signal. Modulating the tone via dynamic modulation, you This effect adds very low frequencies to the input signal. It is can create an interesting effect that sounds as if the guitar or syn- very useful when simulating a roaring drum sound or emphasiz- thesizer is talking.

  • Page 371

    Effects EQ and Filters (EQ/Filter) c: Voice Top 16: Stereo Decimator d: Voice Center This effect creates a rough sound like a cheap sampler by lower- e: Voice Bottom ing the sampling frequency and data bit length. You can also These parameters assign vowels to the top, center, and bottom simulate noise unique to a sampler (aliasing).

  • Page 372: Overdrive, Amp Models, And Mic Models (od Amp Mic)

    Effects Overdrive, Amp models, and Mic models (OD Amp Mic) 17: St. Analog Record Overdrive, Amp models, and Mic models (Stereo Analog Record) (OD Amp Mic) This effect simulates the noise caused by scratches and dust on analog records. It also reproduces some of the modulation caused by a warped turntable.

  • Page 373

    Effects Overdrive, Amp models, and Mic models (OD Amp Mic) a: Wah 19: St. Guitar Cabinet (Stereo Guitar Cabinet) The Wah parameter switches the wah effect on/off. This simulates the acoustical character of a guitar amp’s speaker a: Sw cabinet. This parameter sets how the wah effect is switched on and off via the modulation source.

  • Page 374

    Effects Overdrive, Amp models, and Mic models (OD Amp Mic) 21: Bass Amp Model Selects the cabinet type Four 10" speakers / LA sound LA - 4x10 This simulates a bass amp. cabinet MODERN - Four 10" aluminum-cone speakers / 4x10 modern cabinet FX Amt = 100: Mono In - Mono Out / FX Amt = 0: Stereo In - Stereo Out...

  • Page 375

    Effects Overdrive, Amp models, and Mic models (OD Amp Mic) 22: Bass Amp+Cabinet 23: Tube PreAmp Model (Bass Amp Model+Cabinet) (Tube PreAmp Modeling) This simulates a bass amp and speaker cabinet. This effect simulates a two-stage vacuum tube preamp. You can make individual settings for two vacuum tubes connected in series.

  • Page 376

    Effects Overdrive, Amp models, and Mic models (OD Amp Mic) b, f: Saturation [%] 24: St. Tube PreAmp (Stereo Tube PreAmp Modeling) With higher settings of this value, the waveform will change at high gain levels, tending to cause distortion. Lower settings of This is a stereo vacuum tube preamp simulator (See “Tube Pre- this value will produce linear response.

  • Page 377: Chorus, Flanger, And Phaser (cho/fln Phaser)

    Effects Chorus, Flanger, and Phaser (Cho/Fln Phaser) 27: Black Chorus/Flanger Chorus, Flanger, and Phaser (Cho/Fln This models a Danish-made stereo chorus + pitch modulator & Phaser) flanger. Although this effect was originally intended for guitar, it was also used by numerous keyboard players. Used with electric piano, it produces a distinctive tone.

  • Page 378

    Effects Chorus, Flanger, and Phaser (Cho/Fln Phaser) 28: St.HarmonicChorus 29: St. Biphase Mod. (Stereo Harmonic Chorus) (Stereo Biphase Modulation) This effect applies chorus only to higher frequencies. This can be This stereo chorus effect adds two different LFOs together. You used to apply a chorus effect to a bass sound without making the can set the Frequency and Depth parameters for each LFO indi- sound thinner.

  • Page 379

    Effects Chorus, Flanger, and Phaser (Cho/Fln Phaser) 30: Multitap Cho/Delay 31: Ensemble (Multitap Chorus/Delay) This Ensemble effect has three chorus blocks that use LFO to create subtle shimmering, and gives three dimensional depth This effect has four chorus blocks with a different LFO phase. and spread to the sound, because the signal is output from the You can create a complex stereo image by setting each block’s left, right, and center.

  • Page 380

    Chorus, Flanger, and Phaser (Cho/Fln Phaser) 32: Polysix Ensemble 33: Stereo Flanger This models the ensemble effect built into the classic Korg This effect gives a significant swell and movement of pitch to the PolySix programmable polyphonic synthesizer. sound. It is more effective when applied to a sound with a lot of harmonics.

  • Page 381

    Effects Chorus, Flanger, and Phaser (Cho/Fln Phaser) 34: St. Random Flanger 35: St. Env. Flanger (Stereo Random Flanger) (Stereo Envelope Flanger) The stereo effect uses a step-shape waveform and random LFO This Flanger uses an envelope generator for modulation. You for modulation, creating a unique flanging effect.

  • Page 382

    Effects Chorus, Flanger, and Phaser (Cho/Fln Phaser) 36: Stereo Phaser 37: St. Random Phaser (Stereo Random Phaser) This effect creates a swell by shifting the phase. It is very effective on electric piano sounds. You can add spread to the sound by This is a stereo phaser.

  • Page 383: Modulation And Pitch Shift (mod./p.shift), Modulation And Pitch Shift (mod./p.shift)

    Effects Modulation and Pitch Shift (Mod./P.Shift) 38: St. Env. Phaser Modulation and Pitch Shift (Mod./P.Shift) (Stereo Envelope Phaser) This stereo phaser uses an envelope generator for modulation. You will obtain the same pattern of phasing each time you play. 39: Stereo Vibrato You can also control the Phaser directly using the modulation source.

  • Page 384

    Effects Modulation and Pitch Shift (Mod./P.Shift) a: AUTOFADE Src 40: St. Auto Fade Mod. b: Fade-In Delay [msec] (Stereo Auto Fade Modulatiom) b: Fade-In Rate This stereo chorus/flanger effect enables you to control the LFO d: LFO Frequency Mod speed and effect balance using auto fade, and you can spread the When “LFO Frequency Mod”...

  • Page 385

    Effects Modulation and Pitch Shift (Mod./P.Shift) 41: 2Voice Resonator a: Control Mode f: Voice 1: Resonance This effect resonates the input signal at a specified pitch. You can h: Voice 2: Resonance set the pitch, output level, and pan settings for two resonators This parameter determines the resonance intensity.

  • Page 386

    Effects Modulation and Pitch Shift (Mod./P.Shift) 42: Doppler The effect is off when a value for the modulation source specified for the “Src” parameter is smaller than 64, and the effect is on when the This effect simulates the “Doppler effect” of a moving sound value is 64 or higher.

  • Page 387

    Effects Modulation and Pitch Shift (Mod./P.Shift) a: Scratch Source 44: Grain Shifter b: Response This effect cuts extremely short samples (“grains”) from the The Scratch Source parameter enables you to select the modula- input signal waveform and plays them repeatedly, giving a tion source that controls simulation.

  • Page 388

    Effects Modulation and Pitch Shift (Mod./P.Shift) 45: Stereo Tremolo 46: St. Env. Tremolo (Stereo Envelope Tremolo) This effect modulates the volume level of the input signal. The effect is stereo, and offsetting the LFO of the left and right phases This effect uses the input signal level to modulate a stereo trem- from each other produces a tremolo effect between left and olo (LFO volume modulation).

  • Page 389

    Effects Modulation and Pitch Shift (Mod./P.Shift) 47: Stereo Auto Pan Stereo Auto Pan - LFO Phase LFO Phase = 0 degrees LFO Phase = 90 degrees LFO Phase = 180 degrees This is a stereo-in, stereo-out auto-panner. The Phase and Shape L-In L-In L-In...

  • Page 390

    Effects Modulation and Pitch Shift (Mod./P.Shift) Dry, 1:99...99:1, Balance between the wet and dry When this is on, the LFO speed is set Wet/Dry signal MIDI Sync Off, On by BPM, Base Note, and Times, instead of Frequency Table , “Dynamic Modulation Off...Tempo sources, ”...

  • Page 391

    Effects Modulation and Pitch Shift (Mod./P.Shift) 50: Detune 51: Pitch Shifter Using this effect, you can obtain a detune effect that offsets the This effect changes the pitch of the input signal. You can select pitch of the effect sound slightly from the pitch of the input sig- from three types: Fast (quick response), Medium, and Slow (pre- nal.

  • Page 392

    Effects Modulation and Pitch Shift (Mod./P.Shift) value for the Feedback parameter, the pitch will be raised (or 53: Pitch Shift Mod. lowered) more and more each time feedback is repeated. (Pitch Shift Modulation) If Feedback Position is set to Post, the feedback signal will not This effect modulates the detuned pitch shift amount using an pass through the pitch shifter again.

  • Page 393

    Effects Modulation and Pitch Shift (Mod./P.Shift) 54: Organ Vib/Chorus 55: Rotary Speaker (Organ Vibrato/Chorus) This effect simulates a rotary speaker, and obtains a more realis- tic sound by simulating the rotor in the low range and the horn This effect simulates the chorus and vibrato circuitry of a vintage in the high range separately.

  • Page 394: Delay

    Effects Delay b: Speed Switch Delay This parameter controls how the rotation speed (slow and fast) is switched via the modulation source. When Mode = Toggle, the speed will switch between slow and 56: L/C/R Delay fast each time you press the pedal or move the joystick. Via MIDI, the speed will switch each time the modulation amount This multitap delay outputs three Tap signals to the left, right, exceeds 64.

  • Page 395

    Effects Delay 57: Stereo/CrossDelay 58: St. Multitap Delay (Stereo Multitap Delay) This is a stereo delay, and can by used as a cross-feedback delay effect in which the delay sounds cross over between the left and The left and right Multitap Delays have two taps respectively. right by changing the feedback routing.

  • Page 396

    Effects Delay 59: St. Mod Delay d: LFO Sync d: Src (Stereo Modulation Delay) g: L LFO Phase [deg] This stereo delay uses an LFO to sweep the delay time. The pitch h: R LFO Phase [deg] also varies, creating a delay sound which swells and shimmers. If “LFO Sync”...

  • Page 397

    Effects Delay a: Control Target 61: St. AutoPanningDly (Stereo Auto Panning Delay) This parameter selects no level control, delay output control (effect balance), or feedback amount control. This stereo delay effect pans the delay sound left and right using the LFO. a: Polarity b: Threshold Stereo In - Stereo Out...

  • Page 398

    Effects Delay 62: Tape Echo d: FB Amt e: FB Amt This effect simulates a tape echo unit with three playback heads. f: FB Amt The distortion and tonal change typical of magnetic tape are also g: Feedback reproduced. The feedback output from Tap 1, 2, and 3 is mixed according to the “FB Amt, ”...

  • Page 399

    Effects Delay 64: Sequence BPM Dly Mode/Reverse Time (Sequence BPM Delay) Reverse Reverse Envelope Select = Input This four-tap delay enables you to select a tempo and rhythm Input pattern to set up each tap. Time FX Amt = 100: Mono In - Stereo Out / FX Amt = 0: Stereo In -Stereo Out Mode = Single Left FX Amt...

  • Page 400

    Effects Delay 65: L/C/R BPM Delay 66: Stereo BPM Delay The L/C/R delay enables you to match the delay time with the This stereo delay enables you to set the delay time to match the song tempo. You can also synchronize the delay time with the song tempo.

  • Page 401

    Effects Delay 67: St.BPM Mtap Delay 68: St.BPM Mod. Delay (Stereo BPM Multi tap Delay) (Stereo BPM Modulation Delay) This four-tap delay enables you to select a tempo and rhythm This is a stereo modulation delay that lets you synchronize the pattern to set up each tap.

  • Page 402

    Effects Delay 69: St.BPMAutoPanDly -Wet, - Balance between the wet and dry Wet/Dry 1:99...Dry...99:1 signal (Stereo BPM Auto Panning Delay) , Wet Table , “Dynamic Modulation Off...Tempo This stereo auto panning delay enables you to set the delay time sources, ” on page 357 to match the song tempo.

  • Page 403

    Effects Delay 70: Tape Echo BPM a: Tap1 Dmod Src b: Tap1 Delay Note This is a tape echo that lets you synchronize the delay time to the b: Times tempo of the song. c: Tap1 Dmod Note c: Times FX Amt = 100: Mono In - Stereo Out / FX Amt = 0: Stereo In - Stereo Out Left If “Tap1 Dmod Src”...

  • Page 404: Reverb And Early Reflections (reverb Er), Reverb And Early Reflections (reverb Er)

    Effects Reverb and Early Reflections (Reverb ER) b: Pre Delay [msec] Reverb and Early Reflections (Reverb ER) b: Pre Delay Thru [%] The “Pre Delay” sets the delay time to the reverb input, allowing you to control spaciousness. 71: Reverb Hall Using the “Pre Delay Thru”...

  • Page 405

    Effects Reverb and Early Reflections (Reverb ER) 76: Reverb BrightRoom FX Amt = 100: Mono In - Stereo Out / FX Amt = 0: Stereo In - Stereo Out Left This room-type reverb emphasizes the early reflections that FX Amt make the sound brighter.

  • Page 406: Mono-mono Serial (mono-mono), Mono-mono Serial (mono-mono)

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 79: P4EQ - Wah Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) (Parametric 4-Band EQ - Wah/Auto Wah) This effect combines a mono four-band parametric equalizer 78: P4EQ - Exciter and a wah. You can change the order of the connection. (Parametric 4-Band EQ - Exciter) FX Amt = 100: Mono In - Mono Out / FX Amt = 0: Stereo In - Stereo Out This effect combines a mono four-band parametric equalizer...

  • Page 407

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 80: P4EQ - Cho/Flng 81: P4EQ - Phaser (Parametric 4-Band EQ - Chorus/Flanger) (Parametric 4-Band EQ - Phaser) This effect combines a mono four-band parametric equalizer This effect combines a mono four-band parametric equalizer and a chorus/flanger. and a phaser.

  • Page 408

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 82: P4EQ - Mt. Delay 83: Comp - Wah (Parametric 4-Band EQ - (Compressor - Wah/Auto Wah) Multitap Delay) This effect combines a mono compressor and a wah. You can change the order of the connection. This effect combines a mono four-band parametric equalizer and a multitap delay.

  • Page 409

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 84: Comp - Amp Sim 85: Comp - OD/HiGain (Compressor - Amp Simulation) (Compressor - Overdrive/Hi.Gain) This effect combines a mono compressor and an amp simula- This effect combines a mono compressor and an overdrive/high- tion. You can change the order of the effects. gain distortion.

  • Page 410

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 86: Comp - P4EQ 87: Comp - Cho/Flng (Compressor - Parametric 4-Band EQ) (Compressor - Chorus/Flanger) This effect combines a mono compressor and a four-band para- This effect combines a mono compressor and a chorus/flanger. metric equalizer. You can change the order of the effects. You can change the order of the effects.

  • Page 411

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 88: Comp - Phaser 89: Comp - Mt. Delay (Compressor - Phaser) (Compressor - Multitap Delay) This effect combines a mono compressor and a phaser. You can This effect combines a mono compressor and a multitap delay. change the order of the effects.

  • Page 412

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 90: Limiter - P4EQ a: [L]Ratio a: Threshold [dB] (Limiter - Parametric 4-Band EQ) c: [L]Gain Adjust [dB] This effect combines a mono limiter and a four-band parametric This parameter sets the signal compression “[L]Ratio”. Compres- equalizer.

  • Page 413

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 91: Limiter - Cho/Flng 92: Limiter - Phaser (Limiter - Chorus/Flanger) This effect combines a mono limiter and a phaser. You can change the order of the effects. This effect combines a mono limiter and a chorus/flanger. You can change the order of the effects.

  • Page 414

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 93: Limiter - Mt.Delay 94: Exciter - Comp (Limiter - Multitap Delay) (Exciter -Compressor) This effect combines a mono limiter and a multitap delay. You This effect combines a mono exciter and a compressor. You can can change the order of the effects.

  • Page 415

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 95: Exciter - Limiter 96: Exciter - Cho/Flng (Exciter - Chorus/Flanger) This effect combines a mono exciter and a limiter. You can change the order of the effects. This effect combines a mono limiter and a chorus/flanger. FX Amt = 100: Mono In - Mono Out / FX Amt = 0: Stereo In - Stereo Out FX Amt = 100: Mono In - Stereo Out / FX Amt = 0: Stereo In - Stereo Out Left...

  • Page 416

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 97: Exciter - Phaser 98: Exciter - Mt.Delay (Exciter - Multitap Delay) This effect combines a mono limiter and a phaser. This effect combines a mono exciter and a multitap delay. FX Amt = 100: Mono In - Stereo Out / FX Amt = 0: Stereo In - Stereo Out Left FX Amt FX Amt = 100: Mono In - Mono Out / FX Amt = 0: Stereo In - Stereo Out...

  • Page 417

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 99: OD/HG - Amp Sim 100: OD/HG - Cho/Flng (Overdrive/Hi.Gain - (Overdrive/Hi.Gain - Chorus/Flanger) Amp Simulation) This effect combines a mono overdrive/high-gain distortion and a chorus/flanger. You can change the order of the effects. This effect combines a mono overdrive/high-gain distortion and an amp simulation.

  • Page 418

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 101: OD/HG - Phaser 102: OD/HG - Mt.Delay (Overdrive/Hi.Gain - Phaser) (Overdrive/Hi.Gain - Multitap Delay) This effect combines a mono overdrive/high-gain distortion and This effect combines a mono overdrive/high-gain distortion and a phaser. You can change the order of the effects. a multitap delay.

  • Page 419

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 103: Wah - Amp Sim 104: Decimator - Amp (Wah - Amp Simulation) (Decimator - Amp Simulation) This effect combines a mono wah and an amp simulation. You This effect combines a mono decimator and an amp simulation. can change the order of the effects.

  • Page 420

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 105: Decimator - Comp 106: AmpSim - Tremolo (Decimator - Compressor) (Amp Simulation- Tremolo) This effect combines a mono decimator and a compressor. You This effect combines a mono amp simulation and a tremolo. can change the order of the effects. FX Amt = 100: Mono In - Mono Out / FX Amt = 0: Stereo In - Stereo Out Left FX Amt...

  • Page 421

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 107: Cho/Flng - Mt.Dly 108: Phaser - Cho/Flng (Chorus/Flanger - Multitap Delay) (Phaser - Chorus/Flanger) This effect combines a mono chorus/flanger and a multitap This effect combines a mono phaser and a chorus/flanger. delay. FX Amt = 100: Mono In - Stereo Out / FX Amt = 0: Stereo In - Stereo Out Left FX Amt FX Amt = 100: Mono In - Mono Out / FX Amt = 0: Stereo In - Stereo Out...

  • Page 422

    Effects Mono-Mono Serial (Mono-Mono) 109: Reverb - Gate f: [G]Envelope Select f: Src This effect combines a mono reverb and a gate. g: [G]Input Reverb Mix g: Threshold FX Amt = 100: Mono In - Mono Out / FX Amt = 0: Stereo In - Stereo Out The “[G]Envelope Select”...

  • Page 423: Double Size

    Effects Double Size 111: PianoBody/Damper Double Size (PianoBody/Damper Simulation) This effect simulates the resonance of the piano sound board Double-size effects can be used only with FX processors B and D caused by the string vibration, and also simulates the resonance take two processing units, therefore “stealing”...

  • Page 424

    Effects Double Size 112: OD/HyperGain Wah 113: GuitarAmp + P4EQ (Overdrive/Hyper Gain Wah) (Guitar Amp Model + Parametric 4-Band EQ) This distortion effect has two modes: overdrive and hyper-gain that produces a strong distortion. A higher high-gain setting is This combines a guitar amp simulation (which even faithfully required for this effect relative to a normal-size effect.

  • Page 425

    Effects Double Size a: Amp Type 114: BassTubeAmp+Cab. d: Presence (Bass Tube Amp Model + Cabinet) If the Amp Type is VOX AC15...VOX AC30TB, this sets the This simulates a bass amp (with gain and drive) and speaker cab- attenuation of the high-frequency range. For other types, this inet.

  • Page 426

    Effects Double Size 115: St. Mic + PreAmp Tap6 (300) Sets the Tap1 (LFO phase=300 0...2000 [msec] degrees) delay time (Stereo Mic Modeling + PreAmp) Depth 0...30 Sets the Tap6 chorus depth Always On, This is a stereo mic and preamp simulator (See “Mic Model+Pre- Selects on, off, or modulation source Always Off, Status...

  • Page 427: Stereo Pitch Shifter

    Effects Double Size 117: St. Pitch Shifter 118: St. PitchShift BPM (Stereo Pitch Shifter) (Stereo Pitch Shifter BPM) This is a stereo pitch shifter. The pitch shift amount for the left This stereo pitch shifter enables you to set the delay time to and right channels can be reversed from each other.

  • Page 428

    Effects Double Size 119: Rotary SpeakerOD a: Sw (Rotary Speaker Overdrive) This parameter determines how to switch on/off the overdrive via a modulation source. This is a stereo rotary speaker effect. It has an internal speaker simulator that simulates overdrive (recreating the amp distor- When “Sw”...

  • Page 429

    Effects Double Size 121: St/Cross Long Delay 122: Hold Delay (Stereo/Cross Long Delay) This effect records the input signal and plays it back repeatedly. You can control the start of recording and reset via a modulation This is a stereo delay, and can by used as a cross-feedback delay source.

  • Page 430

    Effects Double Size “Times. ” Even in this case, the delay time cannot exceed 10,800 123: LCR BPM Long Dly msec. The L/C/R delay enables you to match the delay time with the “Hold” procedure (when Loop Time = Auto) song tempo.

  • Page 431

    Effects Double Size 124: St. BPM Long Dly 125: Early Reflections (Stereo BPM Long Delay) This early reflection effect has more precise early reflections with twice the maximum length of a normal-size effect (See The stereo delay enables you to match the delay time with the “Early Reflections”...

  • Page 432: Installing The Korg Usb Midi Driver, Connecting Pa900 To A Personal Computer

    Computer: A computer with an USB port, that satisfies the requirements of Microsoft Windows XP, Vista or 7. Start > all programs > KORG > KORG USB-MIDI Driver Tools > Installation manual Operating system: Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition / Pro-...

  • Page 433: Mac Os X: Installing The Korg Usb-midi Driver

    Installing the Korg USB MIDI Driver Mac OS X: Installing the KORG USB-MIDI Driver Driver’s ports Mac OS X: Installing the KORG USB-MIDI After installation, the following ports will be shown in you MIDI Driver application (e.g., sequencer) among the other MIDI devices: Pa900 KEYBOARD: This allows for reception of MIDI messages from Pa900 (keyboard and controller’s data) to the MIDI appli-...

  • Page 434: Midi Data, Midi Controllers

    MIDI Data MIDI Controllers page 430 MIDI Data CC Name Pa900 Function MIDI Controllers Fx 1 depth A/B Master FX 1 (reverb) send level Fx 2 ctl The following is a table including all Control Change messages, Fx 3 depth A/B Master FX 2 (modul.) send level and their effect on various Pa900 functions.

  • Page 435: Recognized Chords

    Recognized chords Recognized chords The following pages show the most important chords recognized by the Pa900, when the selected Chord Recognition mode is Fingered 2 (see “Chord Recognition” on page 252 of the User’s Manual). Recognized chords may vary with a different Chord Recognition mode. Note: Fingered 2 is selected while in Split keyboard mode;...

  • Page 436

    Recognized chords Minor Minor 6th 3-note 2-note 4-note Minor 7th Minor-Major 7th 3-note 4-note 3-note 4-note Diminished Diminished 7th Diminished Major 7th 3-note 4-note 4-note Minor 7th 5 4-note Augmented Augmented 7th Augmented Major 7th 3-note 4-note 4-note No 3rd No 3rd, no 5th 2-note 1-note...

  • Page 437: Replacing The Clock Backup Battery

    Precautions • Installation of the battery is done at the user’s own risk. Korg will assume no responsibility for any damage or injury resulting from its improper installation or use.

  • Page 438

    Replacing the clock backup battery Installation Insert the new battery (d) into the empty battery slot, being Replace the cover (b) to the original position. Attach the sure the positive (+) side is facing up. Be very careful not to cover to the back of the instrument by using the fixing let it fall inside the instrument.

  • Page 439: Installing A Microsd Card

    (optional) microSD card inside Pa900. The card can be installed access to the inside of the microSD slot, and keep the cover by the user. Korg is not responsible for any data loss, damage apart. or injury caused by the incorrect installation of this part.

  • Page 440: Accessing The Microsd Card

    (a). Once the microSD Key is installed, restart your Pa900. You can access the microSD card from any Media page, by using the Device selector and choosing the “SD [KORG SD]” storage device. Removal To extract the microSD card from its slot, just follow the installa-...

  • Page 441: Shortcuts

    Shortcuts Shortcuts Shift functions Shift + Functions You can keep the SHIFT button pressed, and press another but- Record Open the MP3 Record dialog box ton on the control panel to directly jump to an edit page or dia- JukeBox log box.

  • Page 442: Troubleshooting

    (3) and is not damaged, (4) there are no problems with the mains. Is the STANDBY LED turned on? If the power still does not turn on, contact your dealer or the nearest KORG Service Center. No sound Is the MASTER VOLUME knob of the Pa900 set to a position other than “0”?

  • Page 443: Technical Specifications

    Display Color TouchView™, 7” TFT display Tone Generator KORG EDS (Enhanced Definition Synthesis) sound generator, 128 Voices, 128 Oscillators, Filters with Resonance, Three band EQ for each track Effects Up to 4 Stereo Digital Multi-Effects block system, 125 Master Effects types + 2 Global Effects Voice Voice Processor Technology by TC Helicon.

  • Page 444: Midi Implementation Chart

    MIDI Implementation Chart MIDI Implementation Chart KORG Pa900 OS Version 1.0 - March 01, 2013 Function Transmitted Recognized Remarks Default 1–16 1–16 Memorized Basic Channel Changed 1–16 1–16 Default Messages Mode Altered **************** 0–127 0–127 Note Number: True Voice **************** 0–127...

  • Page 445: Index

    Index Index Ending Ensemble AIFF file format Amp EG AMS(Alternate Modulation Source) Amp EG Fade (Sound parameter) Filter Cutoff Filter EG Fade In/Out Filter LFO Favorite Styles Filter Pitch Cutoff Frequency Pitch EG Filter Type Resonance Filter Cutoff Arabic Scale Filter EG Attack Level Filter LFO...

  • Page 446

    Index Local Off Pitch Lower Lock Pitch Bend Pitch EG Player Transport controls Markers Portamento Master Transpose Master Tune Program Change Master Volume Media – Format Menu Quarter Tone MIDI Clock General MIDI Resonance Global channel IN channels Interface OUT channels Preset Sampling –...

  • Page 447

    Index Synchro Start/Stop Talk Auto On/Off On/Off Settings Tap Tempo Tempo/Value section Touch Panel Calibration Track Select Tracks Drum/Percussion Keyboard tracks Octave Transpose Volume Transpose Auto Octave Midi In Trinity Triton Tune Tune (Sound parameter) Upper Volume Link Variation Velocity Velocity Intensity, Amp Mod.

  • Page 448

    Index...

  • Page 450

    Address KORG ITALY SpA Via Cagiata, 85 I-60027 Osimo (An) Italy www.korg.com www.korg.co.jp © KORG Italy 2013. All rights reserved...

Comments to this Manuals

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Latest comments:
  • Vikas kumar Mar 30, 2017 03:31:
    By mistake I delete my synth fx get back please tell me, I'm worried about my korg pa 900 , how can I get my effects.
  • Jorge Leiva Sep 10, 2016 01:25:
    Port favor, me pueden ayudar a traducir este manual (el de 450 páginas?
    Gracias.