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Honda FRC800 Owner's Manual

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Owner's Manual
2002 Honda Motor
Co., Ltd.
Rights Reserved



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  Summary of Contents for Honda FRC800

  • Page 1 Owner’s Manual TILLER FRC800 2002 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Rights Reserved -All...
  • Page 2 Keep this owner's manual handy, so you can refer to owner's manual is considered a permanent part of the tiller and should remain with the tiller if The information and specifications included in this publication were in effect a t the time of approval for printing.
  • Page 3 We want to help you get the best results from your new tiller and to operate it safely. This manual contains all the information on how to do that;...
  • Page 4 DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION. These signal words mean: Safety Headings Safety Chapter - such as TILLER SAFETY Instructions - h o w t o use this tiller correctly and safely book is filled with important safety information - please This entire read it carefully.
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

  • Page 7: Tiller Safety

    IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION Honda tillers are designed to cultivate earth outdoors. Other uses can result in injury to the operator or damage to the tiller and other property. Most accidents can be prevented if you follow all instructions in this manual and on the tiller.
  • Page 8 Before tilling, carefully inspect the area and remove all stones, sticks, bones, nails, pieces of wire, and other loose objects. Be aware if children are in the area; stop the tiller. Never operate the tines over gravel. 1 meter) away from buildings and has been in operation.
  • Page 9 Sturdy shoes with aggressive soles provide better traction. Turn Engine Off When Not Operating the Tiller If you need to leave the tiller for any reason, even just to inspect the area ahead, always turn the engine off. Slope...
  • Page 10: Safety Label Locations

    TILLER SAFETY SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS These labels warn you of potential hazards that can cause serious injury. Read them carefully. If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda servicing dealer for a replacement. Keep guard in...
  • Page 11: Controls

  • Page 12: Controls

    CONTROLS CONTROLS Fuel Valve The fuel valve opens and closes the connection between the fuel tank and the carburetor. The fuel valve must be in the ON position for the engine to run. After stopping the engine, turn the fuel valve to the OFF position. Choke Lever The choke lever opens and closes the choke valve in the carburetor.
  • Page 13: Recoil Starter

    Recoil Starter Pulling the starter grip operates the recoil starter t o crank the engine for starting. Throttle Lever The throttle lever controls engine speed. Moving the throttle lever in the directions shown makes the engine run faster or slower. Tine speed is controlled by adjusting the throttle lever.
  • Page 14: Main Clutch Lever

    Ideal drag bar height will depend on the type tilled and soil conditions at the time of tilling. In general, the drag bar should be adjusted so that the tiller MAIN CLUTCH LEVER DRAG BAR LOCK,NG soil being LOCKING...
  • Page 15: Before Operation

    IS YOUR TILLER READY TO GO? For your safety, and to maximize the service life is very important to take a few moments before you operate the tiller t o check its condition. Be sure t o take care of any problem you find, or have your servicing dealer correct it, before you operate the tiller.
  • Page 16: Check The Engine

    BEFORE OPERATION Do not place flammable objects close to the engine. Before beginning your preoperation checks, be sure the tiller is on a level surface and the engine switch is in the OFF position. Check the Engine Check the oil level (see page 30).
  • Page 17: Operation

    OPERATION SAFE OPERATING PRECAUTIONS Before operating the tiller for the first time, please review both the TlLLER SAFETYchapter and the chapter titled BEFORE OPERATION. For your safety, avoid starting or operating the tiller in an enclosed area such as a garage. Your tiller’s exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas which can collect rapidly in an enclosed area and cause illness or death.
  • Page 18: Starting The Engine

    OPERATION STARTING THE ENGINE Refer to Safe Operating Precautions on Page 15. Tines are sharp and spin fast. Spinning tines can cut you severely and can amputate body parts. Wear protective footwear. Keep your hands and feet away from the tines while the engine is running.
  • Page 19 3. Turn the engine switch to the ON position. Move the throttle lever away from the SLOW position, about 1/3 of the way toward the FAST position. 5. Pull the starter grip lightly until you feel resistance, then pull briskly. Do not allow the starter grip to snap back against the engine.
  • Page 20 OPERATION 6. If the choke lever was moved to the CLOSED position to start the engine, gradually move OPEN position as the engine warms up. to the...
  • Page 21: Operating The Controls For Tilling

    OPERATING THE CONTROLS FOR TILLING If the tines dig in but the machine will not move forward, move the handlebars from side-to-side. Handlebar Height Adjustment Stop the engine before adjusting the handlebar height. To adjust the handlebar height, loosen the handlebar height adjuster, select the appropriate holes and tighten it.
  • Page 22 3. Move the shift lever to the desired gear position. The tines will only operate when the shift lever is positions yellow zone. If the shift lever will not engage the desired gear, squeeze the clutch lever and move the tiller slightly to reposition the gears. TINE I...
  • Page 23 Reverse Gear Operation Use the reverse gear only when it is necessary to move the tiller away from an obstacle. 1. Check the area behind you and make sure it is clear obstacles. 2. Move the throttle to the 3. Make sure the main clutch lever is released. Move the shift lever to the REVERSE position.
  • Page 24 OPERATION Tiling Depth Adjustment The drag bar is used to control the tilling depth, which can be adjusted by loosening the locking bolt and sliding the drag bar up or down as necessary. During operation, if the machine jerks forward while tilling, press down on the handle bars.
  • Page 25: Handling Tips

    Stop the tines before crossing gravel Stay alert for hidden hazards or traffic. Stop the engine immediately if the tiller vibrates abnormally. Check the tiller for damage or loose parts, and repair or replace them before using the tiller again. Vibration is usually trouble.
  • Page 26: Stopping The Engine

    OPERATION STOPPING THE ENGINE To stop the engine in an emergency, simply turn the engine switch to the OFF position. Under normal conditions, use the following procedure. Release the main clutch lever to the DISENGAGED position, and move the shift lever to the neutral position.
  • Page 27: Servicing Your Tiller

    Good maintenance is essential for safe, economical, and trouble-free operation. It will also help reduce air pollution. To help you properly care for your tiller, the following pages include a maintenance schedule, routine inspection procedures, and simple maintenance procedures using basic hand tools. Other service tasks...
  • Page 28: Maintenance Safety

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER MAINTENANCE SAFETY Some of the most important safety precautions follow. However, w e cannot warn you of every conceivable hazard that can arise i n performing maintenance. Only you can decide whether or not you should perform given task.
  • Page 29: Maintenance Schedule

    (1) Service more frequently when used in dusty areas. (2) These items should be serviced and are mechanically proficient. Refer to the Honda shop manual for service procedures, (3) For commercial use, SERVICING YOUR TILLER Each Clean Check-tighten Every 2 years (Replace if necessary) (2)
  • Page 30: Refueling

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER REFUELING Fuel tank capacity: 1.19 US gal (4.51) With the engine stopped, remove the fuel tank cap and level. Refill the tank if the fuel level is low. Do not fill above the fuel level mark. Gasoline is You can be burned or seriously injured when handling fuel.
  • Page 31 Running the engine with persistent spark knock engine damage. Running the engine with persistent spark knock or pinging is misuse, and the Distributor's Limited Warranty does not cover parts damaged by misuse. SERVICING YOUR TILLER If spark knock or pinging pinging can cause...
  • Page 32: Engine Oil Level Check

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER ENGINE OIL LEVEL CHECK Check the engine oil level with the tiller engine stopped. 1. Remove the engine oil filler cap/dipstick and wipe it clean. 2. Insert and remove the engine oil filler cap/dipstick without screwing it into the oil filler neck. Check the oil level shown on the engine oil filler cap/dipstick.
  • Page 33: Engine Oil Change

    Do not discard it in a trash bin or dump it on the ground. 3. With the tiller in a level position, fill to the outer edge of the oil filter hole with the recommended oil (see page 32).
  • Page 34: Engine Oil Recommendations

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER ENGINE OIL RECOMMENDATIONS Oil is a major factor affecting performance and service life. Use a 4-stroke automotive detergent oil. SAE IOW-30 is recommended for general use. Other viscosities shown in the chart may be used when the average temperature in your area is within the recommended range.
  • Page 35: Transmission Oil Level Check

    TRANSMISSION OIL LEVEL CHECK Check the transmission oil level with the tiller on a level surface and the engine stopped. 1. Remove the transmission oil level check bolt. The oil should be level with the lower edge of the oil filler hole.
  • Page 36: Air Filter Inspection

    AIR FILTER CLEANING A dirty air filter will restrict air flow to the carburetor, reducing engine performance. If you operate the tiller in very dusty areas, clean the air filter more frequently than specified in the 1. Remove the wing nut and air cleaner cover.
  • Page 37 Install the air cleaner cover and tighten the wing nut. SERVICING YOUR TILLER clean side that faces the engine. CLEANER CLEANER 5 x 1 6 . 5 m m PAN SCREW(5) GU,DE...
  • Page 38: Spark Plug Service

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER SPARK PLUG SERVICE Recommended spark plug: BPR6ES (NGK), W20EPR-U (DENSO) pEiK Incorrect spark plugs can cause engine damage. 1. Disconnect the spark plug cap, and remove any dirt from around the spark plug area. 2. Remove the spark plug with a 13/16-inch spark plug wrench.
  • Page 39: Clutch Cable Adjustment

    Do not overtighten. 3/8 in (5 3/16 SERVICING YOUR TILLER 3/8 inches (5 10 mm) of free play at the lever 10 mm) 1/4 turn after the...
  • Page 40: Throttle Cable Adjustment

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER THROTTLE CABLE ADJUSTMENT Measure the free play at the lever tip. Free play: 3/16 3/8 in (5 10 mm) If the free play is incorrect, loosen the lock nut and turn the adjusting nut in or out as required.
  • Page 41: Drive Belt Adjustment

    (front side) and move the engine forward or backward to get proper tension on the belt. ENGINE MOUNTING BOLTS SERVICING YOUR TILLER 1.97 in (45 50 mm) when the 1.77 1.77...
  • Page 42 SERVICING YOUR TILLER piEiK During adjustment, line up the groove of the engine-side pulley and that of the transmission-side pulley. If they are not aligned, the belt may come off or will wear prematurely. ENGINE~IDE PULLEY 5. Loosen the belt stopper attaching bolts. Adjust the clearance between the belt stopper and the belt as illustrated with the clutch lever squeezed.
  • Page 43: Sediment Cup Cleaning

    6. Turn the fuel valve to the ON position, and check for leaks. Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive. can be burned or seriously injured when handling fuel. Stop the engine and keep heat, sparks, and flame away. Refuel only outdoors. Wipe up spills immediately. SERVICING YOUR TILLER SEDIMENT...
  • Page 44: Spark Arrester Service

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER SPARK ARRESTER SERVICE Your engine is not factory-equipped with a spark arrester. In some areas, it is illegal t o operate an engine without a spark arrester. Check local laws and regulations. A spark arrester is available from authorized Honda servicing dealers.
  • Page 45: Tine Replacement

    Make sure to install the tine plates. Others: Toward inside For other tines: Tighten the bolts from inside out. 10 mm NUTS/ 10 mm SPRING WASHERS SERVICING YOUR TILLER Tine positions Rotary tines C/D and C'/D': TINE PLATES BOLTS 10 mm...
  • Page 46: Tire Pressure Check

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER TIRE PRESSURE CHECK Check the tire pressure. Improper inflation can reduce both tire life and load carrying capacity. Make sure the clevis pin and lock pin are securely installed. 4.00 - Tire size: Tire pressure: 120 kPa (1.2 kg/cm2, 17.1 psi)
  • Page 47: Tines And Fasteners Check

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER TINES AND FASTENERS CHECK Be sure t o check the tightness of fasteners a t the following places: Tine cover and transmission case Tine cover and side cover Tine cover and rear shield Stiffening plate and tine hub...
  • Page 48: Storage

    The following steps will help to keep rust and corrosion from impairing your tiller’s function and appearance, and will make the engine easier t o start when you use the tiller again. Cleaning 1. Wash the tiller, including the underside.
  • Page 49 5. Stop the engine and allow it to cool. 6. After the tiller is clean and dry, touch up any damaged paint and coat other areas with a light film oil. Lubricate the throttle cable core with a silicone spray lubricant.
  • Page 50: Fuel

    Gasoline will oxidize and deteriorate in storage. Old gasoline will cause hard starting, and it leaves gum deposits that clog the fuel system. If the gasoline in your tiller deteriorates during storage, you may need to have the carburetor and other fuel system components serviced or replaced.
  • Page 51 Draining the Fuel Tank and Carburetor 1. Place an approved gasoline container below the carburetor, and use a funnel to avoid spilling fuel. 2. Loosen the carburetor drain screw, then move the fuel valve to the ON position. Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive. You can be burned or seriously injured.
  • Page 52: Engine Oil

    STORAGE Engine Oil 1. Change the engine oil (page 31). 2. Remove the spark plug (page 3. Pour a tablespoon 4. Pull the starter rope several times to distribute the oil in the cylinder. 5. Reinstall the spark plug. 6. Pull the starter grip slowly until resistance is felt, and the notch on the starter pulley aligns with the hole at the top of the recoil starter cover.
  • Page 53: Storage Precautions

    STORAGE PRECAUTIONS If your tiller will be stored with gasoline in the fuel tank and carburetor, is important to reduce the hazard of gasoline vapor ignition. Select well-ventilated storage area away from any appliance that operates with a flame, such as a furnace, water heater, or clothes dryer.
  • Page 54: Transporting

    Position the tiller so it sits flat on the bed of the transport vehicle. Tie the tiller down with rope or straps. Keep the tie-down rope or straps away from the controls, adjustment levers, cables, and the carburetor.
  • Page 55: Taking Care Of Unexpected Problems

    ENGINE PROBLEMS Engine Will Not Start 1. Check control positions. 2. Check fuel. 3. Remove and inspect spark plug. 4. Take tiller to an authorized Honda servicing dealer, or refer to the shop manual. Possible Cause OFF. Fuel valve OPEN.
  • Page 56: Engine Lacks Power

    TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS Engine Lacks Power 1. Check air filter. 2. Check fuel. 3. Take tiller to an authorized Honda servicing dealer, or refer to the shop manual. Possible Cause Air filter clogged. Bad fuel; tiller stored without treating or...
  • Page 57: Tilling Problems

    3. Check drag bar depth setting. 4. Check tines Possible Cause Engine speed is too slow to till well. Tiller is moving too fast for soil conditions. Drag bar adjustment set to high. Tines dull, worn, damaged. Wrong tines installed.
  • Page 58: Technical & Consumer Information

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION TECHNICAL INFORMATION Serial Number Locations SERIAL NUMBER Record the engine and frame serial numbers in the spaces below. You will need this serial number when ordering parts, and when making technical or warranty inquires. Engine serial number: Frame serial number:...
  • Page 59: Carburetor Modification For High Altitude Operation

    High altitude performanice can be improved by specific modifications to the carburetor. If you always operate your tiller a t altitudes above 5,000 feet (1,500 meters]/, have your servicing dealer perform this carburetor modification. This engine, when operated a t high altitude...
  • Page 60: Oxygenated Fuels

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Oxygenated Fuels Some conventional gasolines are being blended with alcohol or an ether compound. These gasolines are collectively referred to as oxygenated fuels. To meet clean air standards, some areas of the United States and Canada use oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.
  • Page 61: Emission Control System Information

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Emission Control System information Source of Emissions The combustion process produces carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, and hydrocarbons. Control of hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is very important because, under certain conditions, they react to form photochemical smog when subjected to sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react in the same way, but it is toxic.
  • Page 62 TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Problems That May Affect Emissions If you are aware of any of the following symptoms, have your engine inspected and repaired by your authorized Honda servicing dealer. Hard starting or stalling after starting. Rough idle. Misfiring or backfiring under load. Afterburning (backfiring).
  • Page 63: Air Index

    Descriptive Term Moderate Intermediate Extended The Air Index Information hang tag must remain on the tiller until sold. Remove the hang tag before operating the tiller. available engines. The lower Applicable to Emissions Durability Period 50 hours (0 125 hours (greater than 65...
  • Page 64: Specifications

    ITEM 0.028 Spark plug gap Valve clearance EX: 0.20 Other specifications FRC800 265 I 65.4 in (1,660 m m ) 24.0 in (610 mm) 48.8 in (1,240 m m ) GX240K1 4-stroke, Single cylinder, OHV, forced air cooled 14.8 cu-in (242 cm3) 2.3 in (73 x 58 m m )
  • Page 65: Consumer Information

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION CONSUMER INFORMATION Honda Publications These publications will give you additional information for maintaining and repairing your tiller. You may order them from your Honda tiller dealer. Shop Manual This manual covers complete maintenance and overhaul procedures.
  • Page 66: Customer Service Information

    When you write or call, please give us this information: Model and serial numbers (see page 56) Name of the dealer who sold the tiller to you Name and address of the dealer who services your tiller Date of purchase...
  • Page 67: Quick Reference Information

    NGK: BPR6ES DENSO: W20EPR-U 0.031 i n (0.70 0.028 1,400 5 150 rpm Check engine oil level. Check air filter. Tiller outside Each lever function Bolt and nut torque Cables and wires Engine operation Transmission oil Change engine oil Refer to maintenance schedule (page 27)
  • Page 68 HONDA The Power of Dreams 2000.2002.07 31V20600 (Em3) Printed in Japan 00x31 -V20-6000...