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Honda FRC800 Owner's Manual

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Owner's Manual
TILLER
FRC800
© 2011 Honda Motor Co., Ltd.—All Rights Reserved

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  • Page 1 Owner’s Manual TILLER FRC800 © 2011 Honda Motor Co., Ltd.—All Rights Reserved...
  • Page 2 The information and specifications included in this publication were in effect at the time of approval for printing. Honda Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right, however, to discontinue or change specifications or design at any time without notice and without incurring any obligation...
  • Page 3 INTRODUCTION Congratulations on your selection of a Honda tiller. We are certain you will be pleased with your purchase of one of the finest tillers on the market. We want to help you get the best results from your new tiller and to operate it safely.
  • Page 4 INTRODUCTION A FEW WORDS ABOUT SAFETY Your safety and the safety of others are very important. And using this tiller safely is an important responsibility. To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures and other information on labels and in this manual.
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    CONTENTS TILLER SAFETY ..................IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION ..........SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS ..............CONTROLS ....................12 COMPONENT & CONTROL LOCATIONS .......... . 12 CONTROLS ................... 13 Fuel Valve ..................13 Choke Lever ..................13 Engine Switch .................. .
  • Page 6 Air Index ................... . 63 Specifications .................. . 64 CONSUMER INFORMATION ..............65 Dealer Locator Information ............. 65 Honda Publications ................65 Customer Service Information (For USA) ........66 QUICK REFERENCE INFORMATION ......Inside back cover...
  • Page 7: Tiller Safety

    TILLER SAFETY IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION Honda tillers are designed to cultivate earth outdoors. Other uses can result in injury to the operator or damage to the tiller and other property. Most accidents can be prevented if you follow all instructions in this manual and on the tiller.
  • Page 8 TILLER SAFETY Fire and Burn Hazards The exhaust system gets hot enough to ignite some materials. Keep the tiller at least 3 feet (1 meter) away from buildings and other equipment during operation. Keep flammable materials away from the tiller. The muffler becomes very hot during operation and remains hot for a while after stopping the engine.
  • Page 9 TILLER SAFETY Keep Shields in Place Guards and shields are designed to protect you from being hit by thrown objects and to keep you from touching hot engine parts and moving components. For your safety and the safety of others, keep all shields in place when the engine is running.
  • Page 10: Safety Label Locations

    TILLER SAFETY SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS These labels warn you of potential hazards that can cause serious inju- ry. Read them carefully. If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda tiller dealer for a replacement.
  • Page 11 TILLER SAFETY Type Safety Labels (A type only) A&C...
  • Page 12 TILLER SAFETY Type Safety Labels Mark labels come with the tiller.
  • Page 13 TILLER SAFETY Type Safety Labels...
  • Page 14: Controls

    CONTROLS COMPONENT & CONTROL LOCATIONS MAIN CLUTCH LEVER HANDLEBAR ENGINE SWITCH AIR CLEANER FUEL TANK CAP CHOKE LEVER RECOIL STARTER TRANSMISSION OIL FILLER CAP ENGINE OIL FILLER CAP/ DIPSTICK STARTER GRIP FUEL VALVE LEVER GEARSHIFT LEVER THROTTLE LEVER MUFFLER SPARK PLUG DRAG BAR V-BELT COVER MUD GUARD...
  • Page 15: Controls

    CONTROLS CONTROLS FUEL VALVE LEVER Fuel Valve The fuel valve opens and closes the connection between the fuel tank and the carburetor. The fuel valve lever must be in the ON position for the engine to run. After stopping the engine, turn the fuel valve lever to the OFF position.
  • Page 16: Starter Grip

    CONTROLS Starter Grip STARTER GRIP Pulling the starter grip operates the recoil starter to crank the engine. Throttle Lever The throttle lever controls engine speed. Moving the throttle lever in the THROTTLE directions shown makes the engine LEVER run faster or slower. Tine speed is controlled by adjusting the throttle lever.
  • Page 17: Main Clutch Lever

    CONTROLS Main Clutch Lever MAIN CLUTCH LEVER The main clutch lever engages DISENGAGED and disengages the transmission that drives the tines. Gearshift Lever GEARSHIFT LEVER BRACKET The transmission offers a choice of three forward speeds, neutral, GEARSHIFT LEVER and one reverse speed. Shift lever positions are indicated on the gearshift lever bracket.
  • Page 18: Before Operation

    BEFORE OPERATION ARE YOU READY TO GET STARTED? Your safety is your responsibility. A little time spent in preparation will significantly reduce your risk of injury. Knowledge Read and understand this manual. Know what the controls do and how to operate them. Familiarize yourself with the tiller and its operation before you begin using it.
  • Page 19: Check The Engine

    BEFORE OPERATION Do not place flammable objects close to the engine. Before beginning your pre-operation checks, be sure the tiller is on a level surface and the engine switch is in the OFF position. Check the Engine Check the oil level (see page Check the air filter (see page ).
  • Page 20: Operation

    OPERATION SAFE OPERATING PRECAUTIONS Before operating the tiller for the first time, please review both the TILLER SAFETY chapter and the chapter titled BEFORE OPERATION . For your safety, avoid starting or operating the tiller in an enclosed area such as a garage. Your tiller’s exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas that can collect rapidly in an enclosed area and cause illness or death.
  • Page 21: Starting The Engine

    OPERATION STARTING THE ENGINE Refer to Safe Operating Precautions on Page Tines are sharp and spin fast. Spinning tines can cut you severely and can amputate body parts. Wear protective footwear. Keep your hands and feet away from the tines while the engine is running.
  • Page 22 OPERATION Turn the engine switch to the ON position. ENGINE SWITCH Move the throttle lever away from the SLOW position, about 1/3 of the way toward the FAST position. SLOW FAST THROTTLE LEVER Pull the starter grip lightly until STARTER GRIP you feel resistance, then pull briskly in the direction of the arrow as shown.
  • Page 23 OPERATION If the choke lever was moved to CHOKE LEVER the CLOSED position to start the engine, gradually move it to the OPEN position as the engine warms up. OPEN CLOSED...
  • Page 24: Operating The Controls For Tilling

    OPERATION OPERATING THE CONTROLS FOR TILLING If the tines dig in but the machine will not move forward, move the handlebars from side-to-side. Handlebar Height Adjustment HEIGHT ADJUSTING BOLT Stop the engine before adjusting the handlebar height. Remove the handlebar height adjusting bolt, adjust the handlebar height, and reinstall the bolt in the appropriate holes.
  • Page 25 OPERATION Forward Gear Selection Return the throttle lever to the slowest position. Release the clutch lever to disengage the clutch. Move the shift lever to the desired gear position. The tines will only operate when the shift lever is positioned in the yellow zone.
  • Page 26 OPERATION Reverse Gear Operation Use the reverse gear only when it is necessary to move the tiller away from an obstacle. Check the area behind you and make sure it is clear of any obstacles. Move the throttle to the SLOW position. Make sure the main clutch lever is released.
  • Page 27 OPERATION Tilling Depth Adjustment The drag bar is used to control the tilling depth, which can be adjusted by removing the locking bolt and sliding the drag bar up or down as necessary. During operation, if the machine jerks forward while tilling, press down on the handlebars.
  • Page 28: Handling Tips

    OPERATION HANDLING TIPS Adjust the handlebar height to a comfortable position (waist height for normal tilling). The drag bar should always be used when tilling. It enables you to compensate for the hardness of the soil. The ideal height of the drag bar will depend on the type of soil being tilled and soil conditions at the time of tilling.
  • Page 29: Stopping The Engine

    OPERATION STOPPING THE ENGINE To stop the engine in an emergency, simply turn the engine switch to the OFF position. Under normal conditions, use the following procedure. MAIN CLUTCH LEVER Release the main clutch lever to the DISENGAGED position, and DISENGAGED move the shift lever to the neutral position.
  • Page 30: Servicing Your Tiller

    Remember that your servicing dealer knows your tiller best and is fully equipped to maintain and repair it. To ensure the best quality and reliability, use only new, Honda Genuine parts or their equivalents for repair and replacement. Maintenance, replacement, or repair of the emission control devices and systems may be performed by any engine repair establishment or individual, using parts that are ‘‘certified’’...
  • Page 31: Maintenance Safety

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER MAINTENANCE SAFETY Some of the most important safety precautions follow. However, we cannot warn you of every conceivable hazard that can arise in performing maintenance. Only you can decide whether or not you should perform a given task. Failure to properly follow maintenance instructions and precautions can cause you to be...
  • Page 32: Maintenance Schedule

    These items should be serviced by your servicing dealer, unless you have the proper tools and are mechanically proficient. Refer to the Honda shop manual for service procedures. For commercial use, log hours of operation to determine proper maintenance intervals.
  • Page 33: Refueling

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER REFUELING With the engine stopped, remove the fuel tank cap and check the fuel level. Refill the tank if the fuel level is low. Do not fill above the fuel level mark. Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive.
  • Page 34: Fuel Recommendations

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER Refuel in a well-ventilated area before starting the engine. If the engine has been running, allow it to cool. Refuel carefully to avoid spilling fuel. Do not fill the fuel tank above the fuel level mark. After refueling, tighten the fuel tank cap securely.
  • Page 35: Engine Oil Level Check

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER ENGINE OIL LEVEL CHECK Check the engine oil level with the tiller on a level surface and the engine stopped. Remove the engine oil filler cap/dipstick and wipe it clean. Insert and remove the engine oil filler cap/dipstick without screwing it into the oil filler neck.
  • Page 36: Engine Oil Change

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER ENGINE OIL CHANGE Drain the oil while the engine is warm to assure rapid and complete draining. Place a suitable container below the engine to catch the used oil, and then remove the engine oil filler cap/dipstick, drain plug, and sealing washer.
  • Page 37: Engine Oil Recommendations

    AMBIENT TEMPERATURE A type The SAE oil viscosity and service category are in the API label on the oil container. Honda recommends that you use API SERVICE category SJ or later (or equivalent) oil. C and MX types The SAE oil viscosity and service category are in the API label on the oil container.
  • Page 38: Transmission Oil Level Check

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER TRANSMISSION OIL LEVEL CHECK Check the transmission oil level with the tiller on a level surface and the engine stopped. Remove the transmission oil level check bolt and sealing washer. The oil should be level with the lower edge of the oil filler hole. If the oil level is low, remove the transmission oil filler cap and add the same type of oil recommended for the engine (see page Reinstall the oil filler cap.
  • Page 39: Air Filter Inspection

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER AIR FILTER INSPECTION AIR CLEANER COVER WING NUT Unscrew the wing nut, and remove the air cleaner cover. Check the air filter elements to be sure they are clean and in good condition. WING NUT If the air filter elements are dirty, clean them as described on page .
  • Page 40 SERVICING YOUR TILLER Clean both filter elements if they are to be reused. Foam element: Clean in warm soapy water, rinse and allow to dry thoroughly, or clean with a high flash point solvent and allow to dry. Dip the element in clean engine oil and squeeze out all the excess oil. Excess oil will restrict air flow through the foam element and may cause the exhaust to smoke when the engine starts.
  • Page 41: Spark Plug Service

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER SPARK PLUG SERVICE Recommended spark plug: BPR6ES (NGK) W20EPR-U (DENSO) An incorrect spark plug can cause engine damage. Disconnect the spark plug cap, and remove any dirt from around the spark plug area. Remove the spark plug with a 13/16-inch spark plug wrench. SPARK PLUG WRENCH Inspect the spark plug.
  • Page 42: Clutch Cable Adjustment

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER If reinstalling a used spark plug, tighten 1/8 1/4 turn after the spark plug seats. If installing a new spark plug, tighten 1/2 turn after the spark plug seats. A loose spark plug can overheat and damage the engine. Overtightening the spark plug can damage the threads in the cylinder head.
  • Page 43: Throttle Cable Adjustment

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER THROTTLE CABLE ADJUSTMENT Measure the free play at the lever tip. Free play: 3/16 3/8 in (5 10 mm) If the free play is incorrect, loosen the lock nut and turn the adjusting nut in or out as required. ADJUSTING NUT LOCK NUT THROTTLE LEVER...
  • Page 44: Drive Belt Adjustment

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER DRIVE BELT ADJUSTMENT Stop the engine, and remove the spark plug cap. Adjust the handlebar height to the third hole from the bottom (see page Adjust the clutch cable (see page Remove the belt cover. Hold the clutch lever in the ENGAGED position.
  • Page 45 SERVICING YOUR TILLER During adjustment, line up the groove of the engine-side pulley and that of the transmission-side pulley. If they are not aligned, the belt may come off or will wear prematurely. ENGINE-SIDE PULLEY TRANSMISSION-SIDE PULLEY Squeeze the clutch lever, and adjust the clearance between the belt stoppers, as illustrated.
  • Page 46: Sediment Cup Cleaning

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER SEDIMENT CUP CLEANING Turn the fuel valve to the OFF position. Remove the sediment cup with a 10 mm wrench. Empty the sediment cup, and wash it in non-flammable solvent. Inspect and reinstall the O-ring. Replace the O-ring if it is damaged. Install the sediment cup, and tighten it securely.
  • Page 47: Spark Arrester Service

    Check local laws and regulations. A spark arrester is available from authorized Honda servicing dealers. The spark arrester must be serviced every 6 months or 100 hours to keep it functioning as designed.
  • Page 48: Tine Replacement

    Install the spark arrester, muffler protector, and muffler deflector in the reverse order of disassembly. Install the air filter elements (see page TINE REPLACEMENT Use Honda Genuine replacement tines or their equivalent. Wear heavy gloves to protect your hands. Nut and bolt positions Tine positions Tighten the bolts from outside in.
  • Page 49: Tire Pressure Check

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER TIRE PRESSURE CHECK Check the tire pressure. Improper inflation can reduce both tire life and load carrying capacity. Make sure the clevis pin and lock pin are securely installed. Tire size: 4.00-7 Tire pressure: 17.1 psi (120 kPa , 1.2 kgf/cm ) LOCK PIN CLEVIS PIN...
  • Page 50: Tines And Fasteners Check

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER TINES AND FASTENERS CHECK Be sure to check the tightness of fasteners at the following places: Tine cover and transmission case Tine cover and side cover Tine cover and mud guard Stiffening plate and tine hub TINE COVER TINE HUB TRANSMISSION CASE MUD GUARD...
  • Page 51: Storage

    STORAGE STORAGE PREPARATION Proper storage preparation is essential for keeping your tiller trouble- free and looking good. The following steps will help to keep rust and corrosion from impairing your tiller’s function and appearance, and will make the engine easier to start when you use the tiller again. Cleaning Wash the tiller, including the underside.
  • Page 52: Fuel

    STORAGE After washing the tiller, wipe dry all accessible surfaces. Start the engine outdoors, and let it run until it reaches normal operating temperature to evaporate any water remaining on the engine. While the engine is running, operate the clutch lever to expel water from the pulleys, belts, and other moving items.
  • Page 53 STORAGE The Distributor’s Limited Warranty does not cover fuel system damage or engine performance problems resulting from neglected storage preparation. A type You can extend fuel storage life by adding a gasoline stabilizer that is formulated for that purpose, or you can avoid fuel deterioration problems by draining the fuel tank and carburetor.
  • Page 54 STORAGE Draining the Fuel Tank and Carburetor Place an approved gasoline container below the carburetor, and use a funnel to avoid spilling fuel. Loosen the carburetor drain screw, and then move the fuel valve to the ON position. Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive.
  • Page 55: Engine Oil

    STORAGE Engine Oil Change the engine oil (see page Remove the spark plug (see page Pour a teaspoon (5 cc) of clean engine oil into the cylinder. Pull the starter rope several times to distribute the oil in the cylinder. Reinstall the spark plug.
  • Page 56: Storage Precautions

    STORAGE STORAGE PRECAUTIONS If your tiller will be stored with gasoline in the fuel tank and carburetor, it is important to reduce the hazard of gasoline vapor ignition. Select a well-ventilated storage area away from any appliance that operates with a flame, such as a furnace, water heater, or clothes dryer. Also avoid any area with a spark-producing electric motor or where power tools are operated.
  • Page 57: Transporting

    TRANSPORTING BEFORE LOADING If the engine has been running, allow it to cool for at least 15 minutes before loading the tiller on the transport vehicle. A hot engine and exhaust system can burn you and can ignite some materials. Always turn the ignition switch to the OFF position.
  • Page 58: Taking Care Of Unexpected Problems

    FAST position and the choke open. Fuel filter clogged, carburetor Replace or repair faulty components as malfunction, ignition malfunction, necessary. valves stuck, etc. Take tiller to an authorized Honda servicing dealer, or refer to the shop manual.
  • Page 59: Engine Lacks Power

    Refuel with fresh gasoline (p. 31). refueled with bad gasoline. Fuel filter clogged, carburetor Replace or repair faulty components as malfunction, ignition malfunction, necessary. valves stuck, etc. Take tiller to an authorized Honda servicing dealer, or refer to the shop manual.
  • Page 60: Tilling Problems

    TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS TILLING PROBLEMS Possible Cause Correction Engine speed is too slow to till well. Move the throttle to the FAST position (p. 14). Tiller is moving too fast for soil Shift to slower speed (p. 23). conditions.
  • Page 61: Technical Information

    TECHNICAL INFORMATION Serial Number Locations ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER FRAME SERIAL NUMBER Record the engine and frame serial numbers and date of purchase in the spaces below. You will need this serial number when ordering parts, and when making technical or warranty inquires. Engine serial number: Frame serial number: Date of purchase:...
  • Page 62: Carburetor Modification For High Altitude Operation

    TECHNICAL INFORMATION Carburetor Modification for High Altitude Operation At high altitude, the standard carburetor air-fuel mixture will be too rich. Performance will decrease, and fuel consumption will increase. A very rich mixture will also foul the spark plug and cause hard starting. Operation at an altitude that differs from that at which this engine was certified, for extended periods of time, may increase emissions.
  • Page 63: Emission Control System Information

    The following instructions and procedures must be followed in order to keep the emissions from your Honda engine within the emission standards. Tampering and Altering Tampering is a violation of Federal and California law.
  • Page 64 Afterburning (backfiring) Black exhaust smoke or high fuel consumption Replacement Parts The emission control systems on your new Honda engine were designed, built, and certified to conform with applicable emission regulations. We recommend the use of Honda Genuine parts whenever you have maintenance done. These original design replacement parts are manufactured to the same standards as the original parts, so you can be confident of their performance.
  • Page 65: Air Index

    TECHNICAL INFORMATION Air Index (Models certified for sale in California) An Air Index Information label is applied to engines certified to an emission durability time period in accordance with the requirements of the California Air Resources Board. The bar graph is intended to provide you, our customer, the ability to compare the emissions performance of available engines.
  • Page 66: Specifications

    TECHNICAL INFORMATION Specifications FRC800 Model FAHJ Description code A type, C type, MX type Type 265 lbs (120 kg) Dry mass [weight] 65.4 in (1,660 mm) Length 24.0 in (610 mm) Width 49.0 in (1,245 mm) Height GX240 Engine model...
  • Page 67: Consumer Information

    CONSUMER INFORMATION Dealer Locator Information (For USA) To find an authorized Honda Servicing Dealer anywhere in the United States, visit our website: www.hondapowerequipment.com/dealerlocator/. Honda Publications (For USA) Shop Manual This manual covers complete maintenance and overhaul procedures. It is intended to be used by a skilled technician.
  • Page 68: Customer Service Information (For Usa)

    CONSUMER INFORMATION Customer Service Information (For USA) Honda Power Equipment dealership personnel are trained professionals. They should be able to answer any question you may have. If you encounter a problem that your dealer does not solve to your satisfaction, please discuss it with the dealership’s management.
  • Page 69 MEMO...
  • Page 71: Quick Reference Information

    QUICK REFERENCE INFORMATION Fuel Type A and C types: Unleaded gasoline with a pump octane rating of 86 or higher (page MX type: Unleaded gasoline with a research octane number of 91 or higher (page Engine Oil Type A type: SAE 10W-30, API SJ or later, for general use (page 35) C and MX types:...
  • Page 72 00X37-V20-7000...