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Honda FRC800 Owner's Manual

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Owner's Manual
TILLER
FRC800
o2002-2007 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. -All Rights Reserved

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  • Page 1 Owner’s Manual TILLER FRC800 o2002-2007 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. -All Rights Reserved...
  • Page 2 The information and specifications included in this publication were in effect at the time of approval for printing. Honda Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right, however, to discontinue or change specifications or design at any time without notice and without incurring any obligation...
  • Page 3 INTRODUCTION Congratulations on your selection of a Honda tiller. We are certain you will be pleased with your purchase of one of the finest tillers on the market. We want to help you get the best results from your new tiller and to operate it safely.
  • Page 4 INTRODUCTION A FEW WORDS ABOUT SAFETY Your safety and the safety of others are very important. And using this tiller safely is an important responsibility. To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures and other information on labels and in this manual.
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    CONTENTS TILLER SAFETY ..................IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION ..........SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS ..............CONTROLS ....................COMPONENT & CONTROL LOCATIONS ..........CONTROLS ................... 10 Fuel Valve ..................10 Choke Lever ..................10 Engine Switch .................. . 10 Starter Grip ..................
  • Page 6 Emission Control System Information .......... . 58 Air Index ................... . 60 Specifications .................. . 61 CONSUMER INFORMATION ............. . 62 Honda Publications ................62 Customer Service Information ............63 QUICK REFERENCE INFORMATION ......Inside back cover...
  • Page 7: Tiller Safety

    TILLER SAFETY IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION Honda tillers are designed to cultivate earth outdoors. Other uses can result in injury to the operator or damage to the tiller and other property. Most accidents can be prevented if you follow all instructions in this manual and on the tiller.
  • Page 8 TILLER SAFETY Fire and Burn Hazards The exhaust system gets hot enough to ignite some materials. Keep the tiller at least 3 feet (1 meter) away from buildings and other equipment during operation. Keep flammable materials away from the tiller. The muffer becomes very hot during operation and remains hot for a while after stopping the engine.
  • Page 9 TILLER SAFETY Keep Shields in Place Guards and shields are designed to protect you from being hit by thrown objects and to keep you from touching hot engine parts and moving components. For your safety and the safety of others, keep all shields in place when the engine is running.
  • Page 10: Safety Label Locations

    TILLER SAFETY SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS These labels warn you of potential hazards that can cause serious inju- ry. Read them carefully. If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda tiller dealer for a replacement.
  • Page 11: Controls

    CONTROLS COMPONENT & CONTROL LOCATIONS MAIN CLUTCH LEVER HANDLEBAR STARTER GRIP AIR CLEANER FUEL TANK CAP RECOIL STARTER TRANSMISSION OIL FILLER CAP CHOKE LEVER ENGINE OIL FILLER CAP/DIPSTICK FUEL VALVE LEVER THROTTLE LEVER GEAR SHIFT LEVER MUFFLER SPARK PLUG ENGINE SWITCH DRAG BAR V-BELT COVER MUD GUARD...
  • Page 12: Controls

    CONTROLS CONTROLS Fuel Valve The fuel valve opens and closes the connection between the fuel tank FUEL VALVE and the carburetor. The fuel valve must be in the ON position for the engine to run. After stopping the engine, turn the fuel valve to the OFF position.
  • Page 13: Starter Grip

    CONTROLS Starter Grip STARTER GRIP Pulling the starter grip operates the recoil starter to crank the engine for starting. Throttle Lever The throttle lever controls engine speed. Moving the throttle lever in the THROTTLE LEVER directions shown makes the engine run faster or slower.
  • Page 14: Main Clutch Lever

    CONTROLS Main Clutch Lever MAIN CLUTCH LEVER The main clutch lever engages and disengages the transmission that DISENGAGED drives the tines. Gearshift Lever GEARSHIFT LEVER The transmission offers a choice of three forward speeds neutral and one reverse speed. Shift lever positions are indicated on the Change Lever Bracket.
  • Page 15: Before Operation

    BEFORE OPERATION ARE YOU READY TO GET STARTED? Your safety is your responsibility. A little time spent in preparation will significantly reduce your risk of injury. Knowledge Read and understand this manual. Know what the controls do and how to operate them. Familiarize yourself with the tiller and its operation before you begin using it.
  • Page 16: Check The Engine

    BEFORE OPERATION Do not place flammable objects close to the engine. Before beginning your preoperation checks, be sure the tiller is on a level surface and the engine switch is in the OFF position. Check the Engine Check the oil level (see page Check the air filter (see page ).
  • Page 17: Operation

    OPERATION SAFE OPERATING PRECAUTIONS Before operating the tiller for the first time, please review both the TILLER SAFETY chapter and the chapter titled BEFORE OPERATION . For your safety, avoid starting or operating the tiller in an enclosed area such as a garage. Your tiller’s exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas which can collect rapidly in an enclosed area and cause illness or death.
  • Page 18: Starting The Engine

    OPERATION STARTING THE ENGINE Refer to Safe Operating Precautions on Page Tines are sharp and spin fast. Spinning tines can cut you severely and can amputate body parts. Wear protective footwear. Keep your hands and feet away from the tines while the engine is running.
  • Page 19 OPERATION Turn the engine switch to the ON position. ENGINE SWITCH Move the throttle lever away from the SLOW position, about 1/3 of the way toward the FAST position. THROTTLE LEVER SLOW FAST Pull the starter grip lightly until STARTER GRIP you feel resistance, then pull briskly in the direction of the arrow as shown.
  • Page 20 OPERATION If the choke lever was moved to CHOKE LEVER the CLOSED position to start the engine, gradually move it to the OPEN position as the engine warms up. OPEN CLOSED...
  • Page 21: Operating The Controls For Tilling

    OPERATION OPERATING THE CONTROLS FOR TILLING If the tines dig in but the machine will not move forward, move the handlebars from side-to-side. Handlebar Height Adjustment HEIGHT ADJUSTING BOLT Stop the engine before adjusting the handlebar height. To adjust the handlebar height, loos en the handlebar height adjuster, select the appropriate holes and tighten it.
  • Page 22 OPERATION Forward Gear Selection Return the throttle lever to the slowest position. Release the clutch lever to disengage the clutch. Move the shift lever to the desired gear position. The tines will only operate when the shift is positions in the yellow zone.
  • Page 23 OPERATION Reverse Gear Operation Use the reverse gear only when it is necessary to move the tiller away from an obstacle. Check the area behind you and make sure it is clear of any obstacles. Move the throttle to the SLOW position. Make sure the main clutch lever is released.
  • Page 24 OPERATION Tilling Depth Adjustment The drag bar is used to control the tilling depth, which can be adjusted by loosening the locking bolt and sliding the drag bar up or down as necessary. During operation, if the machine jerks forward while tilling, press down on the handlebars.
  • Page 25: Handling Tips

    OPERATION HANDLING TIPS Adjust the handlebar height to a comfortable position (waist height for normal tilling). The drag bar should always be used when tilling. It enables you to compensate for the hardness of the soil. The ideal height of the drag bar will depend on the type of soil being tilled and soil conditions at the time of tilling.
  • Page 26: Stopping The Engine

    OPERATION STOPPING THE ENGINE To stop the engine in an emergency, simply turn the engine switch to the OFF position. Under normal conditions, use the following procedure. MAIN CLUTCH LEVER Release the main clutch lever to DISENGAGED the DISENGAGED position, and move the shift lever to the neutral position.
  • Page 27: Servicing Your Tiller

    Other service tasks that are more difficult, or require special tools, are best handled by professionals and are normally performed by a Honda technician or other qualified mechanic. The maintenance schedule applies to normal operating conditions. If...
  • Page 28: Maintenance Safety

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER MAINTENANCE SAFETY Some of the most important safety precautions follow. However, we cannot warn you of every conceivable hazard that can arise in performing maintenance. Only you can decide whether or not you should perform a given task. F a i l u r e t o p r o p e r l y f o l l o w maintenance instructions and precautions can cause you to be...
  • Page 29: Maintenance Schedule

    Replace the paper element only. Service more frequently when used in dusty areas. These items should be serviced by your Honda servicing dealer, unless you have the proper tools and are mechanically proficient. Refer to the Honda shop manual for service procedures.
  • Page 30: Refueling

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER REFUELING With the engine stopped, remove the fuel tank cap and check the fuel level. Refill the tank if the fuel level is low. Do not fill above the fuel level mark. Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive.
  • Page 31 SERVICING YOUR TILLER Fuel can damage paint and plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when filling your fuel tank. Damage caused by spilled fuel is not covered under warranty. FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS This engine is certified to operate on unleaded gasoline with a pump octane rating of 86 or higher.
  • Page 32: Engine Oil Level Check

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER ENGINE OIL LEVEL CHECK Check the engine oil level with the tiller on a level surface and the engine stopped. Remove the engine oil filler cap/dipstick and wipe it clean. Insert and remove the engine oil filler cap/dipstick without screwing it into the oil filler neck.
  • Page 33: Engine Oil Change

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER ENGINE OIL CHANGE Drain the oil while the engine is warm to assure rapid and complete draining. Place a suitable container below the engine to catch the used oil, then remove the engine oil filler cap/dipstick, drain plug and sealing washer.
  • Page 34: Engine Oil Recommendations

    AMBIENT TEMPERATURE The SAE oil viscosity and service category are in the API label on the oil container. Honda recommends that you use API SERVICE category SJ or later (or equivalent) oil.
  • Page 35: Transmission Oil Level Check

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER TRANSMISSION OIL LEVEL CHECK Check the transmission oil level with the tiller on a level surface and the engine stopped. Remove the transmission oil level check bolt. The oil should be level with the lower edge of the oil filler hole. Remove the transmission oil filler cap and add the same oil as recommended for the engine (see page ), if the level is low.
  • Page 36: Air Filter Inspection

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER AIR FILTER INSPECTION AIR CLEANER COVER WING NUT Unscrew the wing nut and remove the air cleaner cover. Check the air filter to be sure it is clean and in good condition. If the air filter are dirty, clean them WING NUT as described on page .
  • Page 37 SERVICING YOUR TILLER Clean both filter elements, if they are to be reused. Foam element: Clean in warm soapy water, rinse and allow to dry thoroughly, or clean with a high flash point solvent and allow to dry. Dip the element in clean engine oil and squeeze out all the excess oil. Excess oil will restrict air flow through the foam element and may smoke at the engine start.
  • Page 38: Spark Plug Service

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER SPARK PLUG SERVICE Recommended spark plug: BPR6ES (NGK), W20EPR-U (DENSO) Incorrect spark plugs can cause engine damage. Disconnect the spark plug cap, and remove any dirt from around the spark plug area. Remove the spark plug with a 13/16-inch spark plug wrench. SPARK PLUG WRENCH Inspect the spark plug.
  • Page 39: Clutch Cable Adjustment

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER If reinstalling a used spark plug, tighten 1/8 1/4 turn after the spark plug seats. If installing a new spark plug, tighten 1/2 turn after the spark plug seats. A loose spark plug can overheat and damage the engine. Overtightening the spark plug can damage the threads in the cylinder head.
  • Page 40: Throttle Cable Adjustment

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER THROTTLE CABLE ADJUSTMENT Measure the free play at the lever tip. Free play: 3/16 3/8 in ( 5 10 mm If the free play is incorrect, loosen the lock nut and turn the adjusting nut in or out as required. ADJUSTING NUT LOCK NUT THROTTLE...
  • Page 41: Drive Belt Adjustment

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER DRIVE BELT ADJUSTMENT Stop the engine, remove the spark plug cap. Adjust the handlebar height on the third hole from the bottom (see page Adjust the clutch cable (page Remove the belt cover. Hold the clutch lever in the ENGAGED position.
  • Page 42 SERVICING YOUR TILLER During adjustment, line up the groove of the engine-side pulley and that of the transmission-side pulley. If they are not aligned, the belt may come off or will wear prematurely. ENGINE-SIDE PULLEY TRANSMISSION-SIDE PULLEY Loosen the belt stopper attaching bolts. Adjust the clearance between the belt stopper and the belt as illustrated with the clutch lever squeezed.
  • Page 43: Sediment Cup Cleaning

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER SEDIMENT CUP CLEANING Turn the fuel valve to the OFF position. Remove the sediment cup with a 10 mm wrench. Empty the sediment cup, and wash it in nonflammable solvent. Inspect and reinstall the O-ring. Replace the O-ring if it is damaged. Install the sediment cup, and tighten it securely.
  • Page 44: Spark Arrester Service

    Check local laws and regulations. A spark arrester is available from authorized Honda servicing dealers. The spark arrester must be serviced every 6 months or 100 hours to keep it functioning as designed.
  • Page 45: Tine Replacement

    SPARK ARRESTER SCREEN Install the spark arrester and muffler protector, in the reverse order of disassembly. TINE REPLACEMENT Use genuine Honda replacement tines or their equivalent. Wear heavy gloves to protect your hands. Nut and bolt positions Tine positions For rotary tines A/B and E’/F’: Rotary tines C/D and C’/D’:...
  • Page 46: Tire Pressure Check

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER TIRE PRESSURE CHECK Check the tire pressure. Improper inflation can reduce both tire life and load carrying capacity. Make sure the clevis pin and lock pin are securely installed. Tire size: 4.00-7 Tire pressure: 17.1 psi (120 kPa , 1.2 kgf/cm ) LOCK PIN CLEVIS PIN...
  • Page 47: Tines And Fasteners Check

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER TIRES AND FASTENERS CHECK Be sure to check the tightness of fasteners at the following places: Tine cover and transmission case Tine cover and side cover Tine cover and rear shield Stiffening plate and tine bulb TINE COVER TINE HUB TRANSMISSION CASE...
  • Page 48: Storage

    STORAGE STORAGE PREPARATION Proper storage preparation is essential for keeping your tiller trouble free and looking good. The following steps will help to keep rust and corrosion from impairing your tiller’s function and appearance, and will make the engine easier to start when you use the tiller again. Cleaning Wash the tiller, including the underside.
  • Page 49 STORAGE After washing the tiller, wipe dry all accessible surfaces. Start the engine outdoors, and let it run until it reachs normal operating temperature to evaporate any water remaining on the engine. While the engine is running, operate the clutch lever to expel water from the pulleys, belts, and other moving items.
  • Page 50: Fuel

    STORAGE Fuel Gasoline will oxidize and deteriorate in storage. Old gasoline will cause hard starting, and it leaves gum deposits that clog the fuel system. If the gasoline in your tiller deteriorates during storage, you may need to have the carburetor and other fuel system components serviced or replaced.
  • Page 51 STORAGE Draining the Fuel Tank and Carburetor Place an approved gasoline container below the carburetor, and use a funnel to avoid spilling fuel. Loosen the carburetor drain screw, then move the fuel valve to the ON position. Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive.
  • Page 52: Engine Oil

    STORAGE Engine Oil Change the engine oil (page Remove the spark plug (page Pour a tablespoon (5 10 cc) of clean engine oil into the cylinder. Pull the starter rope several times to distribute the oil in the cylinder. Reinstall the spark plug. Pull the starater grip slowly until resistance is felt, and the notch on the starter pulley aligns with the hole at the top of the recoil starter cover.
  • Page 53: Storage Precautions

    STORAGE STORAGE PRECAUTIONS If your tiller will be stored with gasoline in the fuel tank and carburetor, it is important to reduce the hazard of gasoline vapor ignition. Select a well-ventilated storage area away from any appliance that operates with a flame, such as a furnace, water heater, or clothes dryer. Also avoid any area with a spark-producing electric motor, or where power tools are operated.
  • Page 54: Transporting

    TRANSPORTING BEFORE LOADING If the engine has been running, allow it to cool for at least 15 minutes before loading the tiller on the transport vehicle. A hot engine and exhaust system can burn you and can ignite some materials. Always turn the ignition switch to the OFF position.
  • Page 55: Taking Care Of Unexpected Problems

    Start engine with throttle lever in FAST position and the choke open. Take tiller to an Fuel filter clogged, Replace or repair faulty authorized Honda carburetor malfunction, components as servicing dealer, or ignition malfunction, necessary. refer to the valves stuck, etc.
  • Page 56: Engine Lacks Power

    Refuel with fresh refueled with bad gasoline (p. 28). gasoline. Take tiller to an Fuel filter clogged, Replace or repair faulty authorized Honda carburetor malfunction, components as servicing dealer, or ignition malfunction, necessary. refer to the valves stuck, etc.
  • Page 57: Tilling Problems

    TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS TILLING PROBLEMS Poor Tilling Quality Possible Cause Correction Check that the Engine speed is too Move the throttle to the throttle lever is in slow to till well. FAST position (p. 11). the FAST position. Reduce forward Tiller is moving too fast Shift to slower speed...
  • Page 58: Technical & Consumer Information

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION TECHNICAL INFORMATION Serial Number Locations ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER FRAME SERIAL NUMBER Record the engine and frame serial numbers in the spaces below. You will need this serial number when ordering parts, and when making technical or warranty inquires. Engine serial number: Frame serial number:...
  • Page 59: Carburetor Modification For High Altitude Operation

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Carburetor Modification for High Altitude Operation At high altitude, the standard carburetor air-fuel mixture will be too rich. Performance will decrease, and fuel consumption will increase. A very rich mixture will also foul the spark plug and cause hard starting. Operation at an altitude that differs from that at which this engine was certified, for extended periods of time, may increase emissions.
  • Page 60: Emission Control System Information

    The following instructions and procedures must be followed in order to keep the Honda engine emissions within the emission standards. Tampering and Altering Tampering with or altering the emission control system may increase emissions beyond the legal limit.
  • Page 61 Afterburning (backfiring). Black exhaust smoke or high fuel consumption. Replacement Parts The emission control systems on your new Honda engine were designed, built, and certified to conform with EPA and California emission regulations. We recommend the use of genuine Honda parts whenever you have maintenance done.
  • Page 62: Air Index

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Air Index An Air Index Information hang tag/label is applied to engines certified to an emission durability time period in accordance with the requirements of the California Air Resources Board. The bar graph is intended to provide you, our customer, the ability to compare the emissions performance of available engines.
  • Page 63: Specifications

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Specifications Model FRC800 FAHJ Description code 265 lbs (120 kg) Dry mass [weight] 65.4 in (1,660 mm) Length 24.0 in (610 mm) Width 48.8 in (1,240 mm) Height GX240 K1 Engine model Engine type 4-stroke, Single cylinder, OHV, forced air cooled 14.8 cu-in (242 cm )
  • Page 64: Consumer Information

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION CONSUMER INFORMATION Dealer Locator Information To find an authorized Honda Servicing Dealer anywhere in the United States: Call (800) 426-7701 or visit our web site: www.hondapowerequipment.com/dea.htm Honda Publications Shop Manual This manual covers complete maintenance and overhaul procedures.
  • Page 65: Customer Service Information

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Customer Service Information Honda Power Equipment dealership personnel are trained professionals. They should be able to answer any question you may have. If you encounter a problem that your dealer does not solve to your satisfaction, please discuss it with the dealership’s management.
  • Page 67: Quick Reference Information

    QUICK REFERENCE INFORMATION Fuel Type Unleaded gasoline with a pump octane rating of 86 or higher (page 28) Capacity 1.11 US gal (4.2 ) Engine Oil Type SAE 10W-30, API SJ or later, for general use (page 32) Capacity 1.2 US qt (1.1 ) Spark Plug Type NGK:...
  • Page 68 2eY1500.2007.06 31V20601 " 00X31-V20-6010 Printed in Japan...