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Honda FR650 Owner's Manual

Honda tiller owner's manual
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  • Page 2 The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
  • Page 3 Thank you for purchasing a Honda tiller. We want to help you get the best results from your new tiller and to operate it safely. This manual contains the information on how to do that; please read it carefully. This owner’s manual describes the operation and maintenance...
  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    Fuel ... Tire pressure ... Wheel clevis pin ... Tines and fasteners..4. STARTING THE ENGINE ... 5. TILLER OPERATION ... Handlebar height adjustment ... Tilling depth adjustment ... Gear selection ... Main clutch operation ... Differential lock operation (FR750 only) ...
  • Page 5: Safety Information

    SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS These labels warn you of potential hazards that can cause serious injury. Read them carefully. If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda tiller dealer for a replacement. 1 AWARNING GASOLINE AND EXPLOSIVE.
  • Page 6: Safety Information

    Dress sensibly. Loose clothing may get caught in moving parts, increasing your risk of injury. Be alert. Operating this tiller when you are tired, ill or under the influence of alcohol or drugs may result in serious injury. Keep all persons and pets away from the tilling area.
  • Page 7 Object Hazard Thrown Objects hit by the rotating tines can be thrown from the tiller with great force, and may cause serious injury. Before tilling, clear the tilling area of sticks, large stones, wire, glass, etc.
  • Page 8 Contact with hot engine components can cause burn injuries and can ignite some materials. Avoid touching a hot engine Allow the engine to cool before performing maintenance or storing the tiller indoors. Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide, a colorless and odorless gas.
  • Page 9 Before starting the engine, check that the tiller is not damaged and in good condition. For your safety and safety of others, exercise extreme care when using the tiller on...
  • Page 10: Component Identification

    2. COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION ENGINE SWITCH THROTTLE LEVER HANDLE HEIGHT ADJUSTER CHOKE LEVER FUEL COCK Llh’ER Record the frame and engine serial numbers for your reference. Refer to the serial numbers when ordering parts, and when making technical or warranty inquiries (see page 62). Frame serial number: Engine serial number: MAIN CLUTCH LEVER...
  • Page 12: Pre-Operation Check

    3. PRE-OPERATION ENGINE OIL 1. Place the tiller on a level surface. 2. Remove the oil filler cap and wipe the dipstick clean. 3. Insert the dipstick into the oil filler neck, but do not screw it in. 4. If the level is low, fill to the top of the oil filler neck with the recommended oil.
  • Page 13: Transmission Oil

    TRANSMISSION Place the tiller on a level surface and remove the oil filler cap. The oil should be level with the lower edge of the oil filler hole. If the oil level is low, add the same motor oil that is recommended for the engine (see page 10).
  • Page 14: Fuel

    Refuel carefully to avoid spilling fuel. Do not fill above the “LEVEL” mark in fuel strainer. After refueling, tighten the fuel tank cap. Never refuel the tiller inside a building where gasoline fumes may reach flames or sparks. Keep gasoline away from appliance pilot lights, barbecues, electric appliances, power tools, etc.
  • Page 15 Fuel Recommendations Use unleaded gasoline This engine is certified to operate on unleaded gasoline. Unleaded gasoline produces fewer engine and spark plug deposits and extends exhaust system life. Never use stale or contaminated getting dirt or water in the fuel tank. Occasionally you may hear a light “spark knock”...
  • Page 16 Oxygenated Fuels Some conventional gasolines compound. These gasolines fuels. To meet clean air standards, Canada use oxygenated If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is unleaded and meets the minimum octane rating requirement. Before using an oxygenated states/provinces require this information to be posted on the pump.
  • Page 17: Tire Pressure

    TIRE PRESSURE Check tire pressure. Improper inflation can reduce both tire life and load carrying capacity. TIRE SIZE: 3.50-7 TIRE PRESSURE: 120 kPa (1.2 kg/cm2, 17.1 psi) LOCK PIN CLEVIS PIN TIRE VALVE- WHEEL CLEVIS PIN Make sure the clevis pin and lock pin are securely installed.
  • Page 18: Tines And Fasteners

    TINES AND FASTENERS With the engine stopped, and the tiller on level ground, inspect the tines and check for loose nuts and bolts. Wear heavy gloves to protect your hands. Replace worn, bent, or damaged tines. Securely tighten loose nuts and bolts.
  • Page 19: Starting The Engine

    Start the engine outdoors. If you run the engine in an area that is confined, or even partially enclosed, the air can become contaminated amount of exhaust gas. Exhaust contains poisonous less gas. Breathing exhaust can cause loss of consciousness lead to death.
  • Page 20 4. Turn the engine switch to the ON position. 5. In cold weather and when the en- gine is cold, move the choke lever to CLOSE position., NOTE: Do not use the choke if the engine is warm or the air temperature is high. 6.
  • Page 21 7. Pull the starter grip lightly until re- sistance is felt, then pull briskly. Do not allow the starter snap back against Return it gently to prevent dam- age to the starter. 8. Let the engine warm up for several minutes.
  • Page 22: Tiller Operation

    Select the height that provides the most comfortable operating position. Before adjusting the handlebar, place the tiller on firm, level ground and stop the engine. 1. Unscrew the height adjusting lever, and remove the height adjusting bolt. 2. Adjust the handlebar to the desired height.
  • Page 23: Tilling Depth Adjustment

    To adjust the tilling depth, loosen the locking bolt and move the drag bar up or down. Before adjusting the drag bar, place the tiller on firm, level ground and stop the engine. Use the gauge lines and indentations on the drag bar to adjust the tilling depth.
  • Page 24: Gear Selection

    0.35 m/s 1.22 m/s TINES/WHEELS 0.35 m/s ENGAGE 0.36 * Tiller speed applies when standard tires are used. Tine speed Moving tiller, loading tiller onto a truck, taking tiller on or off field Moving tiller Tilling, ground breaking, weeding 238 rpm...
  • Page 25: Main Clutch Operation

    Squeeze main clutch lever + clutch engages and tiller runs Release main clutch lever * NOTE: Operate the main clutch lever smoothly. If the main clutch lever is operated erratically, the tiller may jump away or the engine may stop. with both hands. accident may occur.
  • Page 26: Differential Lock Operation (Fr750 Only)

    For normal operation set the differential lock lever in the UNLOCK position. This improves the tiller’s turning ability. When the ground is soft and one wheel tends to slip or when only one side is to be tilled, set the differential lock lever in the LOCK position.
  • Page 27: Turning (When Moving)

    TURNING (when moving) Turn the tiller with the engine speed lowered. (FR650) Turn the tiller with the differential lock lever in the UNLOCK position and the engine speed lowered. (FR750) Turning the tiller during high-speed abruptly and become unstable, Do not turn the tiller when it is moving...
  • Page 28: Tilling Work

    When operating the tiller, always walk behind and in the center of the tiller and hold the handlebar unbalanced, an unforeseen NOTE: When tilling hard ground, do not till deeply at first; instead, till the field 2 or 3 times.
  • Page 29: High Altitude Operation

    High altitude performance can be improved by specific modifications carburetor. If you always operate your tiller at altitudes above 6,OOOfeet (1,800 meters), have your servicing dealer perform this carburetor modification. Even with carburetor modification, 3.5% for each 1,000 foot (300 meter) increase in altitude.
  • Page 30: Stopping The Engine

    6. STOPPING THE ENGINE 1. Release the main clutch lever to disengage the clutch. MAIN CLUTCH LEVER 2. Move the throttle lever toward the ‘I” position to reduce the engine speed. 3. Set the gearshift lever in the NEUTRAL position. GEARSHIFT LEVER--e NEUTRAL...
  • Page 31 4. Turn the’engine switch to the OFF position to stop engine. ENGINE sWlTCH 5. Turn the fuel valve lever OFF. FUEL VALVE LEVER NOTE: To stop the engine in an emergency, release the clutch lever and turn the engine switch OFF.
  • Page 32: Transporting

    If a suitable loading ramp is not available, two people should lift the tiller on and off the vehicle, while holding the tiller level. Position the tiller so the tines and wheels are on the bed of the vehicle. Tie the tiller down with rope or straps, and block the wheels. Keep the tie-down rope or straps away from controls, cables, governor linkage, carburetor, and the fuel line.
  • Page 33: Maintenance

    Honda technician or other qualified mechanic. The maintenance schedule applies to normal operating conditions. operate your tiller under severe conditions, such as sustained high-load or high-temperature operation, consult your servicing dealer for recommendations vidual needs and use.
  • Page 34: Maintenance Safety

  • Page 35: Emission Control System

    EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM Source of Emissions The combustion process produces carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, and hydrocarbons. Control of hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is very impor- tant because, under certain conditions, smog when subjected to sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react in the same way, but it is toxic.
  • Page 36 Replacement Parts The emission control systems on your Honda engine were designed, built, and certified to conform with EPA and California emission regulations. We recom- mend the use of genuine Honda parts whenever you have maintenance done. These original-design standards as the original parts, so you can be confident of their performance. The use of replacement parts that are not of the original design and quality may impair the effectiveness A manufacturer of an aftermarket part assumes the responsibility that the part...
  • Page 37: Maintenance Schedule

    NOTE: Emission related items. (1) Service more frequently when used in dusty areas. (2) These items should be serviced by an authorized Honda tiller dealer, unless the owner has the proper tools and is mechanically (3) For professional commercial intervals.
  • Page 38: Engine Oil Change

    2. Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick and drain bolt. 3. Tilt the tiller forward and allow all of the oil to drain. 4. Reinstall and tighten the oil drain bolt. Refill with the recommended oil (page 10) to the top of the oil filler neck.
  • Page 39: Air Cleaner Service

    AIR CLEANER SERVICE A dirty air filter will restrict air flow to the carburetor, performance. If you operate the tiller in very dusty areas, clean the air filter more often than specified in the MAINTENANCE Operating the engine with no air filter, or a damaged air filter, will cause rapid engine wear.
  • Page 40 3. Foam element: Clean in warm soapy water, rinse and allow to dry thoroughly. Or clean in nonflammable element in clean engine oil and squeeze out all excess oil. The engine will smoke during initial running if too much oil is left in the foam. Paper element: Tap the element several times on a hard surface to remove excess dirt, or blow compressed through the filter from the inside.
  • Page 41: Sediment Cup Cleaning

    SEDIMENT CUP CLEANING 1. Turn the fuel valve to the OFF position. 2. Remove the sediment cup with a 10 mm wrench. 3. Empty the sediment cup, and wash it in nonflammable 4. Inspect and reinstall the O-ring. Replace the O-ring if it is damaged. 5.
  • Page 42: Spark Plug Service

    SPARK PLUG SERVICE Recommended spark plug: Spark plugs of the wrong dimensions damage. For good performance, deposits. If the engine has been running, the muffler will be very hot. Be careful not to touch the muffler. 1. Clean any dirt from around the spark plug base. 2.
  • Page 43 3. Visually inspect the spark plug. Discard it if the insulator is cracked or chipped. Clean the spark plug with a wire brush if it is to be reused. 4. Measure the spark plug electrode gap with a feeler gauge. Correct the gap as necessary by carefully bending the side electrode.
  • Page 44: Spark Arrester Maintenance (Optional Equipment)

    SPARK ARRESTER MAINTENANCE The engine in your tiller is not factory-equipped areas, it is illegal to operate an engine without a spark arrester. Check local laws and regulations. servicing dealers. The spark arrester must be serviced every 100 hours to keep it functioning as designed.
  • Page 45 5. Use a brush to remove carbon deposits from the spark arrester screen. Be careful to avoid damaging the spark arrester screen. The spark arrester must be free of breaks and holes. Replace if necessary. SPARK ARRESTER SCREEN 6. Install the spark arrester and the muffler in the reverse order of disassem- bly.
  • Page 46: Throttle Cable Adjustment

    THROTTLE CABLE ADJUSTMENT Check and adjustment should be made with the handlebar in the 2nd position from the bottom. 1. Loosen the lock nut and turn the adjuster until the free play in the throttle lever at the end of the lever is 5.0 - 10.0 mm (0.20 - 0.39 in). 2.
  • Page 47: Main Clutch Cable Adjustment

    MAIN CLUTCH CABLE ADJUSTMENT The main clutch cable must be adjusted properly before adjusting the drive belt. An improperly adjusted main clutch cable may cause the drive belt to slip on its pulleys, resulting in loss of power or premature wear or damage to the drive belt.
  • Page 48: Differential Lock Cable Adjustment (Fr750 Only)

    DIFFERENTIAL LOCK CABLE ADJUSTMENT If the differential lock cable is not correctly adjusted, it may become impossible to operate the differential lock. Check and adjustment should be made with the handlebar in the 2nd position from the bottom. 1. With the differential lock in the UNLOCK position, adjust so that the end has the free play dimensions shown below.
  • Page 49: Drive Belt Adjustment

    5 or 6 times as shown in the figure, and check to see if the belt gap and stopper gap are within the prescribed dimensions. Belt gap: 42 - 45 mm (1.65 - 1.77 in) Specified belt: FR650 V-belt red FR750 V-belt W600 (SB38) 4. Adjust if the gap is not within the prescribed dimensions.
  • Page 50 Adjustment 1. Adjust by loosening the engine lock nuts and belt stopper lock nuts (2 nuts on front side) and moving the engine back and forth. If gap is smaller than the specified dimension: If gap is larger than the specified dimension: BELT STOPPER (2 ENGINE LOCK NUT (4) NOTE:...
  • Page 51 3. Confirm that the gap between the belt and belt stopper (3 points) is within the dimensions shown in the figure, while the main clutch lever is squeezed. 4. Adjust if the gap is not within the dimensions shown. 5. Adjust by loosening the stopper lock nut and moving the stopper up or down.
  • Page 52: Tine Inspection And Replacement

    The rotary tines may turn in an unexpected in injury. in injury. Before starting the check or replacement work, secure the tiller by tilting it until the front weight touches the ground and placing a block under the middle of the speed changer case.
  • Page 53 Inspection 1. Check for damaged, bent, or loose tines. If looseness or damage is found, tighten or replace the damaged tines. 2. Check that the rotary tine shaft’s clevis pin is not missing or damaged. If necessary, replace with a new clevis pin and lock pin. NOTE: To prevent the clevis pin from falling out, insert the lock pin in the direction opposite to the direction of rotation of the tines.
  • Page 54 Installation Arrange the rotary tines as shown in the figure. If the arrangement orientation is changed, vibration may be produced, and normal tilling opera- tion may become impossible. Facing the forward direction, install right-side tines 1,2,5, and 7 and left-side tines A, B, E, and G so that they are facing inside, and install right-side tines 3, 4, and 6 and left-side tines C, D, and F so that they are facing outside.
  • Page 55 While pushing the rotary tines in the direction of rotation and the opposite direction, fasten the nut securely. These points should make contact. When assembling the rotary tines and holders, the match marks have to be aligned. If they are incorrectly semble them according to the following procedure.
  • Page 56: Storage

    If you use a garden hose to wash the tiller, observe the following precau- tions: If the tiller has been running, allow the engine to cool for at least half an hour before spraying water on it. Never spray water on a hot engine.
  • Page 57 Carburetor draining is recommended time will exceed two months. However, a drained fuel tank may rust from the effects of moisture condensation. completely filled, unless you are preparing the tiller for shipment or other special circumstances. NOTE: The Distributor’s Limited Warranty does not cover fuel system damage of...
  • Page 58 For storage of two months Before storing the unit for an extended period: 4. Drain the fuel... a. With the fuel valve turned OFF, remove and empty the sediment cup. b. Turn the fuel valve ON and drain the gasoline in the fuel tank into a suitable container.
  • Page 59 5. Change the engine oil (page 36). 6. Lubricate the piston and cylinder a. Remove the spark plug (page 40) b. Pour a tablespoon of clean engine oil into the cylinder. Pull the starter rope several times to distribute the oil in the cylinder. Reinstall the spark plug.
  • Page 60: Storage

    Avoid storing the tiller where it will be exposed to high humidity and dust. Place the tiller with its tines and wheels on a level surface. Tilting the tiller may result in fuel leakage.
  • Page 61: Troubleshooting

    When the engine will not start; 1. Is there enough fuel? 2. Is the fuel valve ON? 3. Is the engine switch ON? 4. Is gasoline reaching the carburetor? To check, loosen the drain knob with the fuel valve on. Fuel should flow out freely.
  • Page 62 If there is no speak, replace the plug. If OK, try to start the engine according to the instructions. 6. If the engine still does not start, take the tiller to an authorized Hondadealer. on the engine and that...
  • Page 63: Specifications

    Spark plug gap Valve clearance Other specification NOTE: Specifications are subject to change without notice due to improvements. 11. SPECIFICATIONS FR650 FZBV 1,450 mm (57.1 in) 1 ,100 mm (43.3 in) 570 mm (22.4 in) 83 kg (183 Ibs) 3.50 - 7 1,200 mm (47.2 in)
  • Page 64: Warranty Service Information

    (770) 497-6400 When you write or call, please give us this information: Model and serial number (see page 8) Name of dealer who sold the tiller to you Name and address of dealer who services your tiller Date of purchase...
  • Page 65: Index

    STOPPING THE ENGINE ... STORAGE ... Preparation for storage ... Removal from storage ... Storage ... TILLER OPERATION..Differential lock operation (FR750 only) ... Gear selection..Handleber height adjustment..High altitude operation ... Main clutch operation..
  • Page 66 MEMO...

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