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Copyright © 2007 Acer Inc
Userguide_ARMC/3P_v2
March 2007
100-80-8250-00

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  • Page 1 Copyright © 2007 Acer Inc Userguide_ARMC/3P_v2 March 2007 100-80-8250-00...
  • Page 3 No part of this document may be photocopied, reproduced, or translated into another language without express prior written consent of Acer Inc. © Copyright 2007 Acer Inc, All rights reserved. Java is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. Internet Explorer is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
  • Page 4 To avoid potentially fatal shock hazard and possible damage to Acer equipment: Test AC outlets at your computer and monitor for proper polarity and grounding. • Use only with grounded outlets at both the computer and monitor. When using a •...
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    ONTENTS Product Overview ... 1 Product Photos... 1 Product Features... 3 Terminology... 3 Package Contents ... 5 When the Server is up and running ... 5 When the Server is dead ... 6 Operation Overview... 7 Connectors and Jumpers... 7 Serial Interface...8 USB Plug ...8 Video/USB System Interface ...8...
  • Page 6 Prerequisites ... 27 HTTP/HTTPS ...27 Telnet...27 SSH ...27 Login into the ARMC/3P and logout... 28 Login into the ARMC/3P ...28 Navigation...29 Logout from the ARMC/3P...31 Managing the ARMC/3P with a CommandCenter ... 31 The Remote Console... 31 General Description ...31 Main Window ...32 Remote Console Control Bar...33 Remote Console Options...34...
  • Page 7 ONTENTS Humidity...105 VGA HD-15 ... 111 RJ45 Connetcor Ethernet ... 111 IPMB/I2 Connector ... 111 Serial SUB-D9 Connector 1... 112 PS/2 Connector ... 112 USB... 112...
  • Page 8 IGURES Figure 1 ARMC/3P with High-Profil Bracket... 1 Figure 2 24-pole ATX Power Cable Adaptor ... 1 Figure 3 ARMC/3P with Low-Profil Bracket... 2 Figure 4 IPMB Cable, Power Cable, Reset Cable... 2 Figure 5 Serial Cable ... 2 Figure 6 VGA-USB System Cable and PS/2 System Cable... 2 Figure 7 ARMC/3P Internal Connectors...
  • Page 9 IGURES Figure 52 Selecting CD-ROM and Windows Share ... 56 Figure 53 The Image File on the Share... 57 Figure 54 Explorer Context Menu ... 58 Figure 55 Share Configuration Dialog ... 58 Figure 56 Drive Redirection ... 59 Figure 57 Main View ... 60 Figure 58 Selecting the desired Drive ...
  • Page 10 IGURES Table 1 Hardware Failures... 6 Table 2 Host System Failures and how they are detected ... 6 Table 3 Voltage and Power Specification... 14 Table 4 Initial Network Configuration ... 17 Table 5 Serial Line Parameters... 21 Table 6 Standard User Settings ... 22 Table 7 Standard User Settings ...
  • Page 11 IGURES...
  • Page 13: Figure 1 Armc/3p With High-profil Bracket

    1: I HAPTER NTRODUCTION The ARMC/3P is a manufacturer-independent remote administration system. The ARMC/3P works as an integrated solution on your server system. Based on an embedded operating system, the ARMC/3P provides both exceptional stability and permanent availability independent of the present state of the server’s operating system. As a system administrator, you have entire control and location-independent remote access to react upon both critical incidents and cases of necessary maintenance.
  • Page 14: Figure 3 Armc/3p With Low-profil Bracket

    RODUCT UIDE Figure 3 ARMC/3P with Low-Profil Bracket Figure 4 IPMB Cable, Power Cable, Reset Cable Figure 5 Serial Cable Figure 6 VGA-USB System Cable and PS/2 System Cable...
  • Page 15 Remote access and control software runs on its embedded processors only, but not on mission critical servers, so there is no interference with server operation or impact on network performance.
  • Page 16 The server system which is hosting the ARMC/3P. HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol One of the protocols used for communication between single computers, especially between web browsers and web servers. HTTPS Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure The secure version of HTTP. IPMI...
  • Page 17 1: I HAPTER NTRODUCTION The ARMC/3P comes as a regular PCI card and is shipped with: an ARMC/3P Board with High-Profile Bracket a VGA-USB System Cable an IPMB Cable an ATX Reset/Switch Cable a Videosplitter cable for Local Console a CD ROM with User Manual and utilities a Quick Start Guide an External Power supply # TZ.30400.006 1.
  • Page 18: Table 1 Hardware Failures

    Obviously, fixing hardware defects is not possible using a remote management device. Nevertheless, the ARMC/3P gives the administrator valuable information about the type of a hardware failure. Serious hardware failures can be categorized into five different categories with different chances to happen Category Hard disk failure Power cable detached, power supply failure...
  • Page 19: Figure 7 Armc/3p Internal Connectors

    The ARMC/3P can be used in both a multi-administrator and multi-server environments. Combining one or more ARMC/3P with a single KVM switch allows acess to multiple servers on a single remote console. Figure 7 and Figure 8 show all connectors and plugs of the ARMC/3P. Each of these connectors will be explained in the following.
  • Page 20: Serial Interface

    RODUCT UIDE An optional external modem may be connected to the ARMC/3P using this connector. The connector is compliant to the RS 232 serial line standard with hardware handshake. Every off-the-shelf modem can be connected to the ARMC/3P via the RS 232 interface.
  • Page 21: Figure 9 Armc/3p Reset/power Connection Pinout

    2: I HAPTER NSTALLATION Figure 9 ARMC/3P Reset/Power Connection Pinout Note: On the ARMC/3P the pin for the power connector is tagged with “ATX”. The IPMB connector on an IPMI capable motherboard allows direct access to power control functions. Connecting the IPMB connector of the ARMC/3P with such a port using our IPMB cable makes it possible to use the IPMI over IPMB function of the ARMC/3P.
  • Page 22: Figure 10 Armc/3p With Ps/2

    There are only 9 PS/2 pins on the ARMC/3P. Therfore the PS/2 system cable offers only the connection from ARMC/3P to the server. Connecting local PS/2 mouse and keyboard to the server is no longer possible! There are the following function restrictions: If using the Low-Profile Bracket, then there is no serial or PS/2 connection possible.
  • Page 23: Figure 12 Mounting The Armc/3p Into A Pci Slot

    2: I HAPTER NSTALLATION In order to install the ARMC/3P you need to open the host system. Detach the host from its power cable and follow the instructions of your system documentation. ARMC/3P PCI Place the ARMC/3P into a free PCI slot. You may use any PCI slot (33 or 66 MHz, 32 or 64 Bit, PCI-X).
  • Page 24: Figure 14 Ipmb Connector

    Connecting to ATX Control Signals In case your system provides separated pins for reset and power on/off, perform the following steps while referring to Figure 7 ARMC/3P Internal Connectors. 1. Find the cable connecting the front panel reset button and the motherboard. 2.
  • Page 25: Package Contents

    2: I HAPTER NSTALLATION Connecting with Front Panel Connector There are motherboards which do not have separated pins for power on/off and reset. Both the reset and the power buttons are placed on the system’s front panel and connected to the motherboard via a common front panel connector. To allow the connection of the ARMC/3P’s remote reset and power on/off signals to those motherboards a special front panel adapter has to be placed between the front panel connector on the motherboard and the cable connector to the front panel.
  • Page 26: Usb Plug

    Pinning Dimension We recommend a 5V /1A power supply. Contact your local sales representative for an Acer approved power supply. Connecting Keyboard and Mouse Keyboard and mouse data are transmitted via USB into the server system. Connect the USB plug into the appropriate socket on the server. Local USB keyboard and mouse could be plugged into the host directly and parallel to the ARMC/3P VGA-USB cable.
  • Page 27 2: I HAPTER NSTALLATION Connecting Ethernet The bracket of the ARMC/3P provides a RJ45 connector for Ethernet. The connec- tor is used either for a 100 Mbps 100Base-TX connection or for a 10 Mbps 10BASE-T connection. The adapter can sense the connection speed and will adjust to the appropriate operation mode automatically.
  • Page 29: Initial Configuration

    3: C HAPTER ONFIGURATION The ARMC/3P’s communication interfaces are all based on TCP/IP. It comes preconfigured with the IP configuration listed in Table 4 Initial Network Configuration. Parameter IP auto configuration IP address Netmask Gateway IP access control If this initial configuration does not meet your requirements, the following describes the initial IP configuration that is necessary to access the ARMC/3P for the first time.
  • Page 30: Figure 17 Armc/3p Psetup Tool (windows Version)

    Figure 17 ARMC/3P Psetup Tool (Windows Version) Figure 18 ARMC/3P Psetup Tool (Linux Version) The following list shows the command syntax and their usage: --mac <MAC address of the device> Shows the current network configuration. --ip <neue IP address> Set a new IP address. RODUCT UIDE...
  • Page 31 3: C HAPTER ONFIGURATION --ipacp <dhcp|bootp|none> Set the auto configuration. --netmask <net mask> Set a new netmask. --gateway <gateway address> Set a new gateway address. --login <username> Admin rights are required to change the network configuration. --pw <password> Password of the specified above user. --pw-new <password>...
  • Page 32: Authentication

    Using the Psetup Tool for Windows On the upper left corner, the MAC address of the ARMC/3P is displayed. To detect the MAC address manually, press the button Refresh Devices. The displayed MAC address is the same MAC address printed on the white sticker placed on the back of the ARMC/3P.
  • Page 33: Table 5 Serial Line Parameters

    3: C HAPTER ONFIGURATION By default, the ARMC/3P will try to contact a DHCP server in the subnet to which it is physically connected. If a DHCP server is found, it may provide a valid IP address, gateway address and net mask. Before you connect the device to your local subnet, be sure to complete the corresponding configuration of your DHCP server.
  • Page 34: Table 6 Standard User Settings

    IP address The IP address the ARMC/3P uses. This option is only available if IP autocon- figuration is disabled. Net mask The net mask of the connected IP subnet. This option is only available if IP autoconfiguration is disabled. Gateway address The IP address of the default router for the connected IP subnet.
  • Page 35 3: C HAPTER ONFIGURATION The ARMC/3P settings for the host’s keyboard type have to be correct in order to make the remote keyboard work properly. Check the settings in the ARMC/3P front-end. See Chapter 5: Keyboard/Mouse for details. A common problem with KVM devices is the synchronization between the local and remote mouse cursors.
  • Page 36: Figure 19 Remote Console Control Bar: Sync Button

    Furthermore, the shape of the mouse pointer has a significant influence on the pointer detection. We recommend to use a simple, but common pointer shape. In most cases, the detection and synchronization of animated pointer shapes is likely to fail. In general, pointer shapes that change during the pointer detection process are rather impossible to figure out in the transferred video picture.
  • Page 37 3: C HAPTER ONFIGURATION Navigate your mouse pointer into the upper left corner of the applet screen and move it slightly forth and back. The mouse will be resynchronized. If resynchronizing fails, disable the mouse acceleration and repeat the procedure. The information above applies to the Double Mouse Mode where remote and local mouse pointers are visible and need to be synchronized.
  • Page 38: The Set To Default (s2d) Pins

    RODUCT UIDE The ARMC/3P recognizes a limited number of common video modes. When run- ning X11 on the host system please do not use any custom modelines with special video modes. If you do, the ARMC/3P may not be able to detect them. We recom- mend using any of the standard VESA video modes instead.
  • Page 39: Telnet

    4: U HAPTER SAGE The ARMC/3P features an embedded operating system and applications offering a variety of standardized interfaces. This chapter will describe both these interfaces and the way to use them in a more detailed manner. The interfaces are accessed using the TCP/IP protocol family, thus they can be accessed using the built-in Ethernet adapter or a modem, too.
  • Page 40: Figure 21 The Internet Explorer Displaying The Encryption Key Length

    Using the Internet Explorer, open the menu entry “?” and “Info” to read about the key length that is currently activated. The dialog box contains a link that leads you to Usage information on how to upgrade your browser to a state of the art encryption scheme. Figure 21 shows the dialog box presented by the Internet Explorer 6.0.
  • Page 41: Figure 23 Password Change Request

    4: U HAPTER SAGE The ARMC/3P has a built-in admin that has all the permissions to administer your ARMC/3P. See the following table for the default settings. Parameter Login Password When you login for the first time on the ARMC/3P a window will open to request a password change as shown in Figure 23.
  • Page 42: Navigation

    RODUCT UIDE Figure 24 ARMC/3P Main Page Overview Figure 25 Navigation Frame Overview Table 8 Links for Navigation Link Description Click to open the main page overview (like Figure 24). Click to open the KVM Console.
  • Page 43: The Remote Console

    4: U HAPTER SAGE This link logs out the current user and presents a new login screen. Please note that an automatic logout will be performed in case there is no activity for half an hour. If you use CommandCenter Secure Gateway to manage your devices, then you can add your ARMC/3P to CC-SG´s management domain to enable all CommandCenter features for ARMC/3P.
  • Page 44: Figure 27 Remote Console

    RODUCT UIDE In case the ARMC/3P is connected to your local network environment and your connection to the Internet is available using a proxy server only without NAT being configured, the Remote Console is very unlikely to be able to establish the connection.
  • Page 45: Remote Console Control Bar

    4: U HAPTER SAGE German keyboard will not work as expected. Instead, the keys will work like their US English counterparts. You can circumvent such problems by adjusting the keyboard of your remote system to the same mapping as your local one. The Remote Console window always tries to show the remote screen with its optimal size.
  • Page 46: Remote Console Options

    Sync Mouse Choose this option in order to synchronize the local with the remote mouse cursor. This is especially necessary when using accelerated mouse settings on the host system. In general, there is no need to change mouse settings on that.
  • Page 47: Figure 30 Remote Console Options Menu: Scaling

    4: U HAPTER SAGE Monitor Only Toggles the Monitor Only filter on or off. If the filter is switched on no remote console interaction is possible. The remote screen can be viewed, only. Exclusive Access If a user has the appropriate permission, he or she can force the Remote Consoles of all other users to close.
  • Page 48: Figure 31 Remote Console Options Menu: Mouse Handling

    Mouse Handling The submenu for mouse handling offers two options for synchronizing the local and the remote mouse pointer as explained in Chapter 3: Mouse, Keyboard and Video configuration. Fast Sync • The fast synchronization is used to correct a temporary but fixed skew. Intelligent Sync •...
  • Page 49: Figure 32 Remote Console Options Menu: Local Cursor

    4: U HAPTER SAGE Figure 32 Remote Console Options Menu: Local Cursor Chat Window The ARMC/3P Remote Console features a Chat Frame that allows you to com- municate with other parties logged into the same card. Figure 33 Remote Console Options Menu: Chat Window shows an example of the Chat Frame.
  • Page 50 Chat Area Read-only text area showing the messages, which have been received so far, including your own messages sent to others. The identity string of the sender precedes each message. Identity Label Shows the identity string used to precede messages sent by this Chat Frame. The first part of the identity string is the user ID that has been used to log into the client system, i.e.
  • Page 51: Figure 34 Remote Console Options Menu: Video Settings Panel

    4: U HAPTER SAGE Figure 34 Remote Console Options Menu: Video Settings Panel Brightness Controls the brightness of the picture. Contrast Controls the contrast of the picture. Clock Defines the horizontal frequency for a video line and depends on the video mode.
  • Page 52 Undo Changes Restore last settings. Refresh Video Use this option to refresh the video picture. The video data for the Remote Console is updated completely. On startup of the Remote Console, the ARMC/3P transmits the entire video picture from the remote host. Subsequently, the parts of the video picture that did not change are filtered and not transmitted, again.
  • Page 53: Figure 35 Remote Console Options Menu: Softkeyboard

    4: U HAPTER SAGE Figure 35 Remote Console Options Menu: Softkeyboard Show • Displays the Soft Keyboard. Mapping • Used for choosing the appropriate language and country mapping of the Soft Keyboard. Local Keyboard Used to change the language mapping of your browser machine running the Re- mote Console Applet.
  • Page 54: Figure 37 Remote Console Options Menu: Hotkey Confirmations Dialog

    Figure 37 Remote Console Options Menu: Hotkey Confirmations Dialog Encoding These options are used to adjust the encoding level in terms of compression and color depth. They are only available unless “Transmission Encoding” is determined automatically (see Chapter 5: Transmission Encoding). Predefined •...
  • Page 55: Figure 39 Remote Console Options Menu: Encoding - Compression

    4: U HAPTER SAGE the number of colors or the diversity of pixels. The lower the compression quality, the more data have to be sent and the longer it may take to transfer the whole video picture. If level 0 is chosen the video compression is disabled, completely. The option Video Optimized has its advantages if transferring high-quality motion pictures.
  • Page 56: Remote Console Status Line

    Figure 40 Remote Console Options Menu: Encoding – Color Depth Note: If displaying motion pictures on a connection with low speed you may achieve an improvement regarding the video transfer rate by lowering the color depth and disabling the option “Video Optimized”. As a general result, the data rate is reduced (less bits per color).
  • Page 57: Optimizing The Video Picture

    4: U HAPTER SAGE low value of the network traffic is recommended and can be achieved as described in the Section Optimizing the Video Picture. If compressed encoding is enabled, a value in brackets displays the compressed transfer rate. The next button displays the Remote Console Access settings. One single user is connected to the Remote Console of the ARMC/3P.
  • Page 58: Figure 43 Remote Console Video Settings: Reset This Mode

    2. Choose the option Video Settings from the Options Menu of the Remote Console. Press the button Reset this Mode. Figure 43 Remote Console Video Settings: Reset this Mode 3. Again, press the Auto Adjust button once. 4. The ARMC/3P detects the video mode with 8 bits (256 colors) automatically. To improve the picture quality you may select 16 bit (True Color) from the Options Menu of the Remote Console, sub menu “Encoding”, entry “Color Depth”...
  • Page 59 4: U HAPTER SAGE The network connection of the ARMC/3P has an important influence on the time between two single video pictures. On a connection with low bandwidth it takes longer to transfer the video data from the ARMC/3P to the Remote Console on the local host.
  • Page 61: Remote Control

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS Figure 44 Main Page with Remote Console Preview Remote Console Preview To open the KVM console click on the Remote Console link on the left or on the console picture on the right, or click the Remote Control navigation button and choose KVM Console (seen in Figure 44).
  • Page 62: Figure 45 Power Control Overview

    Internal Power Control via ATX wires The power button is the representation of the ATX power button on your host system. It is used to switch on and off the power supply. The ATX power button knows two operation modes: pressing it shortly and pressing it for about 4 seconds. Short Press A short press on the ATX button is normally caught by the running operating system that tries to initiate a controlled shutdown.
  • Page 63: Figure 47 'power Control Via Ipmi' Buttons

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS Power Control via Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) The ARMC/3P is capable of controlling the power status of an IPMI-enabled host system. See Chapter 5: Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) for configuration instructions. If the ARMC/3P is configured to act as an IPMI client the Remote Power Control page will show three buttons: Power On Sends an IPMI “Power On”...
  • Page 64: Telnet Console

    vated (if the serial settings were made accordingly). All inputs are redirected to the device on serial port #1 and its answers are displayed on the Telnet interface. The following list shows the command syntax and their usage. help Displays the list of possible commands quit Exits the current session and disconnects from the client version...
  • Page 65 5: M HAPTER PTIONS state will be displayed. The given attribute (either short or long) will determine the ATX duration. The default value is short. Voltages Displays a list of all current voltages of the system.
  • Page 66: Virtual Media

    The ARMC/3P provides Double Virtual Media. So it is possible to choose between two virtual media devices at the same time, for example required by special applications like BOOT procedure. Upload a Floppy Image With two small steps working on the basis of a certain (floppy) image can be achieved.
  • Page 67: Figure 50 Select Image File

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS Download a Floppy Image A floppy image kept in the ARMC/3P’s memory can be both read and written to. To retrieve the changed image contents after writing to it click the Download button and select a folder to store the file in. Use Image on Windows Share (SAMBA) To include an image from a Windows share select CD-ROM from the submenu.
  • Page 68: Figure 52 Selecting Cd-rom And Windows Share

    unspecified and a guest account is activated, this guest account information will be used as your login. Password (optional) If necessary, specify the password for the given user name. Figure 52 Selecting CD-ROM and Windows Share For an example you may have a look on Figure 52. First, the ARMC/3P will look for a server named mysql.acme.com.
  • Page 69: Figure 53 The Image File On The Share

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS The specified image file is supposed to be accessible from the ARMC/3P. The in- formation above has to be given from the point of view of the ARMC/3P. It is important to specify correct IP addresses and device names. Otherwise, the ARMC/3P may not be able to access the referenced image file properly, leave the given file unmounted and it will display an according error message, instead.
  • Page 70: Figure 54 Explorer Context Menu

    RODUCT UIDE Figure 54 Explorer Context Menu Figure 55 Share Configuration Dialog...
  • Page 71: Drive Redirection

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS UNIX and UNIX-like OS (UNIX, Solaris, Linux) If you like to access the share via SAMBA, SAMBA has to be set up properly. You may either edit the SAMBA configuration file /etc/samba/smb.conf or use the Samba Web Administration Tool (SWAT) or WebMin to set the correct parameters.
  • Page 72: Figure 57 Main View

    Disable Drive Redirection If enabled the Drive Redirection is switched off. Force read-only connections If enabled the Write Support for the Drive Redirection is switched off. It is not possible to write on a redirected device. Click Apply to submit your changes. Software Requirements To use this feature, you have to install the Drive Redirection software that is currently only available for Microsoft Windows.
  • Page 73: Figure 58 Selecting The Desired Drive

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS Secure Connection Enable this box to establish a secure connection via SSL. This will maximize the security but may reduce the connection speed. Drive Selection Select the drive you would like to redirect. All available devices (drive letters) are shown here.
  • Page 74: Options

    Navigation Buttons Connect/Disconnect To establish the drive redirection press the Connect button once. If all the settings are correct, the status bar displays that the connection has been established, the Connect button is disabled and the Disconnect button is enabled. On an error, the status line shows the error message.
  • Page 75: Figure 64 Rawwrite For Windows Selection Dialog

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS Set this option to disable the mass storage emulation (and hide the virtual drive) as long as no image file is currently loaded. If unset and no file image will be found, it may happen that the host system will hang on boot due to changes in the boot order or the boot manager (LILO, GRUB).
  • Page 76: Figure 65 Nero Selection Dialog

    CD ROM/ISO 9660 Images UNIX and UNIX-like OS To create an image file make use of “dd”. This is one of the original UNIX utilities and is included in every UNIX-like OS (UNIX, Sun Solaris, Linux). To create a CDROM image file copy the contents of the CDROM to a file. You can use the following command: dd [ if=/dev/cdrom ] [ of=/tmp/cdrom.image ] dd reads the entire disc from the device /dev/cdrom and saves the output...
  • Page 77: Chassis Control

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS The IPMI support on the host system enables you to power on or off the host system or to perform a hard reset over the ARMC/3P. Furthermore, it provides the possibility to show an event log of the host system and the status of some system sensors (i.e.
  • Page 78: Monitor Sensors

    RODUCT UIDE Figure 67 Monitor Sensors Overview You can browse the System event logs here. Please note that these logs are for IPMI events, they are independent to the system logs of the OPMA add-on card. Figure 68 System Event Log Overview Here you can see all the alerts of the system.
  • Page 79: Figure 70 Set Password

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS Figure 70 Set Password To change your password enter the new password in the upper entry field. Retype the password in the field below. Click Apply to submit your changes. Figure 71 User/Group Management...
  • Page 80: User Management

    User Management The configurable settings of the ARMC/3P are split into user settings (basically authentication and user information) and group settings (authorization). There is one predefined user "admin" and two predefined group "admin" and "<unknown>", which cannot be renamed or deleted. Each user may be member of one group and inherits permissions set for this group.
  • Page 81: Permissions

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS Existing groups Select an existing group for modification. Each user can be a member of a group - either an administrator or a regular user. Choose the desired group from the selection box. New group name The new group name for the selected account.
  • Page 82: User Console

    The following settings are user specific. That means the admin can customize these settings for every user separately. Changing the settings for one user does not affect the settings for the other users. Remote Console Settings for User This selection box displays the user ID for which the values are shown and for which the changes will take effect.
  • Page 83: Figure 74 User Console Settings (part 2)

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS Depending on the selected compression rate the data stream between the ARMC/3P and the Remote Console will be compressed in order to save bandwidth. Since high compression rates are very time consuming, they should not be used while several users are accessing the ARMC/3P simultaneously.
  • Page 84 plug-in is not yet installed on your system, it may be downloaded and installed automatically. However, in order to make the installation possible, you still have to answer the according dialogs with “yes”. The download volume is around 11 Mbytes. The advantage of downloading Sun’s JVM is the usage of a stable and identical JVM across different platforms.
  • Page 85: Power Control

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS the keys will be pressed until a minus sign or the end of the combination is encountered. In this case all pressed keys will be released in reversed sequence. So, the minus sign builds single, separate keypresses and keyreleases. The “<” sign releases the last key, only.
  • Page 86: Figure 76 Keyboard And Mouse Settings

    Then, click Apply to submit your changes. Host Interface Enables a certain interface the mouse is connected to. You can choose between Auto for automatic detection, USB for a USB mouse and PS/2 for a PS/2 mouse. To get USB remote keyboard access during the boot process of the host, the following conditions must be fulfilled: the host BIOS must have USB keyboard support •...
  • Page 87: Video

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS PS/2 Keyboard Model Enables a certain keyboard layout. You can choose between “Generic 101-Key PC” for a standard keyboard layout, “Generic 104-Key PC” for a standard keyboard layout extended by three additional Windows keys, “Generic 106-Key PC” for a Japanese keyboard, and “Apple Macintosh”...
  • Page 88 the standard video resolution or used in an exclusive way (Only). With the last option it is also possible to force a special video mode for the ARMC/3P. To change the parameters for a certain video mode choose the according number from the selection box and press the Update button.
  • Page 89: Figure 77 Video Settings

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS To set the options (see below) click on the Apply button. Miscellaneous Video Settings Noise filter This option defines how the ARMC/3P reacts to small changes in the video input signal. A large filter setting needs less network traffic and leads to a faster video display, but small changes in some display regions may not be recognized immediately.
  • Page 90: Network

    RODUCT UIDE The Network Settings panel as shown in Figure 78 allows changing network related parameters. Each parameter will be explained below. Once applied the new network settings will immediately come into effect. Figure 78 Network Settings...
  • Page 91 5: M HAPTER PTIONS Basic Network Settings IP auto configuration With this option you can define if the ARMC/3P should fetch its network settings from a DHCP or BOOTP server. For DHCP select “dhcp” and for BOOTP select “bootp” accordingly. If you choose “none” then IP auto configuration is disabled.
  • Page 92: Initial Configuration Via Serial Console

    Telnet port Port number at which the ARMC/3P’s Telnet server is listening. If left empty the default value will be used. SSH port Port number at which the ARMC/3P’s Secure Shell (SSH) server is listening. If left empty the default value will be used. Bandwidth Limit The maximum network traffic generated through the ARMC/3P Ethernet device.
  • Page 93: Dynamic Dns

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS Figure 79 Dynamic DNS A freely available Dynamic DNS service (dyndns.org) can be used in the following scenario (see Figure 80 Dynamic DNS Scenario): Figure 80 Dynamic DNS Scenario...
  • Page 94 The ARMC/3P is reachable via the IP address of the DSL router which is dynami- cally assigned by the provider. Since the administrator does not know the IP address assigned by the provider, the ARMC/3P connects to a special dynamic DNS server in regular intervals and registers its IP address there.
  • Page 95: Security

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS Encryption Settings Force HTTPS If this option is enabled, access to the web front-end is only possible using a HTTPS connection. The ARMC/3P will not listen on the HTTP port for incoming connections. In case you want to create your own SSL certificate that is used to identify the ARMC/3P, refer to Chapter 5: Certificate.
  • Page 96 Remote Console to transmit both the screen data to the administrator machine and keyboard and mouse data back to the host. If set to Off no encryption will be used. If set to Try the applet tries to make an encrypted connection. If the connection cannot be established an unencrypted connection will be used instead.
  • Page 97 5: M HAPTER PTIONS Policy The policy determines what to do with matching packets. They can be either accepted or dropped. Appending a rule Enter the IP/Mask and set the policy. Finally, press the Append button. Inserting a rule Enter the rule number, the IP/Mask and set the policy. Finally, press the Insert button Replacing a rule Enter the rule number, the IP/Mask and set the policy.
  • Page 98: Certificate

    Login Limitations Single Loging Limitation If this option is enabled, the user can access the ARMC/3P only from one IP adress with one connection. It is not possible to access the ARMC/3P from different IP addresses or web browsers with the same login at the same time. You have to be logged out or the session has to be timed out to get a new connection on a different IP address on the ARMC/3P with this login.
  • Page 99: Figure 82 Certificate Settings

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS To create and install a SSL certificate for the ARMC/3P the following steps are necessary: Create a SSL Certificate Signing Request using the panel shown in Figure • 82. You need to fill out a number of fields that are explained below. Once this is done, click on the Create button which will initiate the Certificate Signing Request generation.
  • Page 100: Figure 83 Ssl Certificate Upload

    After completing these three steps the ARMC/3P has its own certificate that is used for identifying the card to its clients. Common name This is the network name of the ARMC/3P once it is installed in the user’s network (usually the fully qualified domain name). It is identical to the name that is used to access the ARMC/3P with a web browser but without the prefix “http://”.
  • Page 101: Serial Port

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS State/Province The state or province where the organization is located. Country (ISO code) The country where the organization is located. This is the two-letter ISO code, e.g. DE for Germany, or US for the U.S. Challenge Password Some certification authorities require a challenge password to authorize later changes on the certificate (e.g.
  • Page 102: Figure 84 Serial Settings

    Configuration or console login Do not use the serial port for any special function, use it only for the initial configuration (see Table 4 Initial Network Configuration). Modem The ARMC/3P offers remote access using a telephone line in addition to the standard access over the built-in Ethernet adapter.
  • Page 103 5: M HAPTER PTIONS using the Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP). Before you connect to the ARMC/3P make sure to configure your console computer accordingly. For instance, on Windows based operating systems you can configure a dial-up network connection which defaults to the right settings like PPP. The Modem Settings panel allows you to configure the remote access to the ARMC/3P using a modem.
  • Page 104: Figure 85 Ipmi Settings

    Generals By using the ARMC/3P IPMI facilities you have an additional way to power on or off the system or to perform a hard reset. Furthermore, it provides the possibility to show an event log of the host system and the status of some system sensors (i.e. temperature).
  • Page 105: Figure 86 Date And Time

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS this access type is a host system with IPMI V1.5 and a network adapter with a sideband connection to the BMC (mostly on board). In the IPMI Settings you have to enter the IP address of this host system, the user name of a valid IPMI account and password for this account.
  • Page 106 user entries. If you choose a name instead of an IP address you need to configure a DNS server in the network settings. Base DN of User LDAP Server Here you specify the distinguished name (DN) where the directory tree starts in the user LDAP server.
  • Page 107: Figure 87 Authentication Settings

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS) RADIUS is a protocol specified by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) working group. There are two specifications that make up the RADIUS protocol suite: Authentication and Accounting. These specifications aim to centralize authentication, configuration, and accounting for dial-in services to an independent server.
  • Page 108: Event Log

    In terms of the remote activity mechanism the login via RADIUS works similar to the Remote Console. If there is no activity for half an hour your connection to the ARMC/3P will be interrupted and closed. Server Enter either the IP address or the hostname of the RADIUS Server to be con- nected.
  • Page 109: Figure 88 Event Log Settings

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS Event Log Targets List logging enabled To log events you may use the internal log list of the ARMC/3P. To show the log list click on Event Log on the Maintenance page. Since the ARMC/3P’s system memory is used to save all the information, the maximum number of Figure 88 Event Log Settings...
  • Page 110 possible log list entries is restricted to 1.000 events. Every entry that exceeds this limit overrides the oldest one automatically. NFS Logging enabled Define a NFS server where a directory or a static link has to be exported to, in order to write all logging data to a file that is located there. To write logging data from more than one ARMC/3P devices to only one NFS share, you have to define a file name that is unique for each device.
  • Page 111: Snmp Settings

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS • Serial number • Firmware version • MAC address / IP address / Netmask / Gateway of LAN interface • Server’s power state The following actions can be initiated via SNMP: • Reset server • Power on/off server •...
  • Page 112 Read Community This is the SNMP community, which allows you to retrieve information via SNMP. Write Community This community allows you to set options and to reset the ARMC/3P or the host via SNMP, i.e. all that affects the host or the ARMC/3P. System Location Enter a description of the physical location of the host.
  • Page 113: Device Information

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS This section contains a summary with various information about this ARMC/3P and its current firmware and allows you to reset the card. You may have a look at Figure 90 for an example. The Data file for support allows you to download the ARMC/3P data file with specific support information.
  • Page 114: Language

    Figure 91 displays the ARMC/3P activity. From left to right the connected user(s), its IP address (from which host the user comes from) and its activity status is dis- played. “RC” indicates that the Remote Console is open. If the Remote Console is opened in “exclusive mode”...
  • Page 115: Update Firmware

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS Figure 94 Event Log List Figure 94 displays the Event Log list. It includes the events that are kept by the ARMC/3P extended by the event date, a short event description and an IP address the request was sent from. You may use the text buttons Prev and Next to browse within the data.
  • Page 116 The ARMC/3P is a complete standalone computer. The software it runs is called the firmware. The firmware of the ARMC/3P can be updated remotely in order to install new functionality or special features. A new firmware update is a binary file which will be sent to you by email. If the firmware file is a compressed file with suffix .zip you have to unzip it before you can proceed.
  • Page 117: Unit Reset

    5: M HAPTER PTIONS process will take about half a minute. Resetting subdevices (e.g. video engine) will take some seconds only and does not result in closing connections. To reset a certain ARMC/3P functionality click on the Reset button as displayed in Figure 96.
  • Page 119: Temperature

    A: S PPENDIX PECIFICATIONS Attribute Height Width Depth Weight Power Consumption Attribute Operating Storage Attribute Operating Storage Table 11 ARMC/3P Specifications Value 15mm (0.51‘’) 167.64mm (6.6‘’) 64.41mmm (2.54’’) 112g (0.25lb) Up to 1A Table 12 Temperature Value 0° C to 55° C (32° F to 131° F) -18°...
  • Page 121 B: ARMC/3P V PPENDIX IDEO ODES Table 14 lists the video modes the ARMC/3P supports. Please do not use any other custom video settings besides these. If done so, the ARMC/3P may not be able to detect them. Resolution (x,y) 640x340 640x400 640x480...
  • Page 123: Figure 97 English (us) Keyboard Layout, Used For The Key Codes

    C: K PPENDIX ODES Table 15 shows the key codes used to define the key strokes or hotkeys for several functions. Please note that these key codes do not necessarily represent the key characters that are used on international keyboards. A key on a standard 104 key PC keyboard with a US English language mapping is named.
  • Page 124 ESCAPE PRINTSCREEN SCROLL LOCK BREAK INSERT HOME PAGE_UP PAGE_DOWN DELETE LEFT DOWN RIGHT NUM_LOCK NUMPAD0 NUMPAD1 NUMPAD2 NUMPAD3 NUMPAD4 NUMPAD5 NUMPAD6 NUMPAD7 NUMPAD8 NUMPAD9 NUMPADPLUS NUMPAD / NUMPADMUL NUMPADMINUS NUMPADENTER WINDOWS MENU Alias Key(s) POS 1 NUMPAD_PLUS, + NUMPAD_MUL, * NUMPAD_MINUS, - RODUCT UIDE...
  • Page 125 D: PIN A PPENDIX SSIGNMENTS Assignment Green Blue GND red GND green GND blue Assignment TX + TX - RX + Not connected Figure 98 VGA HD-15 Table 16 VGA HD-15 Assignment GND sync SDA, DDC… HSYNC VSYNC SCL, DDC Figure 99 RJ45 Table 17 RJ45 Assignment...
  • Page 126: Ps/2 Connector

    Assignment Assignment Not connected Not connected Assignment KBD_Data_Host KBD_CLK_Host Mouse_Data_Host Mouse_CLK_Host +5V_Mouse_Host +5V_KBD_Host Assignment USB PWR USB D- Figure 100 Serial Connector Table 19 Serial Connector 1 Assignment Table 20 Serial Connetcor 2 Assignment Not connected Not connected Not connected Not connected Table 21 PS/2 Connector Assignment...
  • Page 127: Mouse, Keyboard And Video Configuration

    E: T PPENDIX ROUBLESHOOTING 1. The remote mouse does not work or is not synchronous. First, check the VGA connection. Both the ARMC/3P and the local monitor have to support the same video resolution. In some circumstances the mouse synchronization process could behave incorrectly, refer to the Chapter 3:Mouse, Keyboard and Video configuration for further explanation.
  • Page 128: Resetting The Armc/3p To Its Factory Settings

    9. Windows XP does not awake from standby mode. This is possibly a Windows XP problem. Try not to move the mouse pointer while XP switches into standby mode. 10. For SUN computers a USB keyboard does not work. The ARMC/3P emulates a USB keyboard. If you attach a USB keyboard to your host two keyboards are detected.
  • Page 129 F: GNU G (GPL) PPENDIX ENERAL UBLIC ICENSE Version 2, June 1991 Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc. 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed. Preamble The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it.
  • Page 130 TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION 0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it may be distributed under the terms of this General Public License. The “Program”, below, refers to any such program or work, and a “work based on the Program”...
  • Page 131 F: GNU G PPENDIX ENERAL UBLIC Program, the distribution of the whole must be on the terms of this License, whose permissions for other licensees extend to the entire whole, and thus to each and every part regardless of who wrote it. Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or contest your rights to work written entirely by you;...
  • Page 132 RODUCT UIDE 5. You are not required to accept this License, since you have not signed it. However, nothing else grants you permission to modify or distribute the Program or its derivative works. These actions are prohibited by law if you do not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or distributing the Program (or any work based on the Program), you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so, and all its terms and conditions for copying, distributing or modifying the Program or works based on it.
  • Page 133 F: GNU G (GPL) PPENDIX ENERAL UBLIC ICENSE this License, you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation. 10. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free programs whose distribution conditions are different, write to the author to ask for permission. For software which is copyrighted by the Free Software Foundation, write to the Free Software Foundation;...
  • Page 134 RODUCT UIDE This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;...
  • Page 135 G: T LDAP P PPENDIX UBLIC Version 2.8, 17 August 2003 Redistribution and use of this software and associated documentation (“Software”), with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met: 1. Redistributions in source form must retain copyright statements and notices, 2.

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