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Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual
Product and Documentation Release 9.0
Last Updated: April 2010
Americas Headquarters
Cisco Systems, Inc.
170 West Tasman Drive
San Jose, CA 95134-1706
USA
http://www.cisco.com
Tel: 408 526-4000
800 553-NETS (6387)
Fax: 408 527-0883
Text Part Number: 78-18400-01

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  • Page 1

    Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual Product and Documentation Release 9.0 Last Updated: April 2010 Americas Headquarters Cisco Systems, Inc. 170 West Tasman Drive San Jose, CA 95134-1706 http://www.cisco.com Tel: 408 526-4000 800 553-NETS (6387) Fax: 408 527-0883 Text Part Number: 78-18400-01...

  • Page 2

    You can determine whether your equipment is causing interference by turning it off. If the interference stops, it was probably caused by the Cisco equipment or one of its peripheral devices. If the equipment causes interference to radio or television reception, try to correct the interference by using one or more of the following measures: •...

  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    1.9 Power and Ground Description 1-13 1.10 Fan-Tray Assembly 1-14 1.10.1 Air Filter 1-15 1.10.2 Fan Speed and Failure 1-16 1.11 Cards and Slots 1-17 1.11.1 Card Slot Requirements 1-17 1.11.2 OGI Cables 1-18 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    2.6.5 OC192/STM64 LR/LH 4 Port 1550 Card OGI Connector Pinout 2-16 2.7 OC192/STM64 SR/SH 4 Port 1310 Card 2-17 2.7.1 OC192/STM64 SR/SH 4 Port 1310 Slots and Connectors 2-17 2.7.2 OC192/STM64 SR/SH 4 Port 1310 Faceplate and Block Diagram 2-18 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    4.4 CTC Login 4.4.1 Legal Disclaimer 4.4.2 Login Node Group 4.5 CTC Window 4.5.1 Node View 4.5.1.1 CTC Card Colors 4.5.1.2 Node View Card Shortcuts 4.5.1.3 Node View Tabs 4.5.2 Network View 4-10 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    6.3.2 SDH SSM Messages Circuits and Tunnels C H A P T E R 7.1 Overview 7.2 Circuit Properties 7.2.1 Concatenated VC4 Time Slot Assignments 7.2.2 Circuit Status 7.2.3 Circuit States Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    7.16.2 VCAT Circuit Routing over Server Trails 7-26 7.16.2.1 Shared Resource Link Group 7-26 7.17 Traffic Routing over a Third-Party Network 7-26 7.18 Low-Order Traffic Routing over an ONS 15600 SDH Hub Node 7-27 7.18.1 Automatic Low-Order Circuit Creation 7-27 7.18.2 Manual Low-order Circuit Creation 7-28 7.19 High-Order VC3 Traffic Routing...

  • Page 8: Table Of Contents

    9.2.1 Scenario 1: CTC and ONS 15600 SDHs on the Same Subnet 9.2.2 Scenario 2: CTC and ONS 15600 SDHs Connected to Router 9.2.3 Scenario 3: Using Proxy ARP to Enable an ONS 15600 SDH Gateway 9.2.4 Scenario 4: Default Gateway on CTC Computer 9.2.5 Scenario 5: Using Static Routes to Connect to LANs...

  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    10.3 Ethernet Rates and Mapping 10-4 10.3.1 Frame Size 10-4 10.3.2 Encapsulations 10-4 10.3.3 Path and Circuit Sizes 10-4 10.3.4 Oversubscription 10-5 10.4 Protocols over Ethernet 10-5 10.4.1 Bridge Control Protocol 10-5 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 10: Table Of Contents

    12-1 12.2 Intermediate-Path Performance Monitoring 12-2 12.3 Pointer Justification Count 12-2 12.4 Performance-Monitoring Parameter Definitions 12-3 12.5 Optical Card Performance Monitoring 12-5 12.5.1 OC-48/STM16, and OC-192/STM64 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters 12-5 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 11: Table Of Contents

    13-18 13.10.3.2 Get Requests and GetNext Requests 13-19 13.10.3.3 Row Deletion in etherStatsTable 13-19 13.10.4 History Control RMON Group 13-19 13.10.4.1 History Control Table 13-19 13.10.4.2 Row Creation in historyControlTable 13-20 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 12: Table Of Contents

    A.2.4 OC48/STM16 SR/SH 16 Port 1310 Specifications A.2.5 OC192/STM64 LR/LH 4 Port 1550 Specifications A.2.6 OC192/STM64 SR/SH 4 Port 1310 Specifications A-10 A.2.7 ASAP Specifications A-11 A.2.8 Filler Card Specifications A-12 A.3 SFP/XFP Specifications A-12 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 13: Table Of Contents

    C.2.3.3 STM16-16 Card Default Settings C-10 C.2.3.4 ASAP Card Default Settings C-13 C.3 Node Default Settings C-27 C.3.1 Time Zones C-36 C.4 CTC Default Settings C-39 N D E X Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 xiii 78-18400-01...

  • Page 14

    Contents Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 15

    Laser Warning Label Figure 1-5 Plastic Rear Cover Figure 1-6 PDU Bus Bar Cover Figure 1-7 Rear of the ONS 15600 SDH, Including the CAP/CAP2 Figure 1-8 CAP Faceplate and Connections Figure 1-9 Alarm Pin Assignments on the CAP/CAP2 1-11...

  • Page 16

    Dual Roll to Reroute to a Different Node 7-23 Figure 7-13 ONS 15600 SDH as Hub Node between Protection Domains 7-27 Figure 7-14 Low-order Traffic Routing over an ONS 15600 SDH Hub Node 7-28 Figure 8-1 Point-to-Point ADM Configuration Figure 8-2 Four-Node, Two-Fiber MS-SPRing...

  • Page 17

    ONS 15600 SDH Proxy Server with GNE and ENEs on the Same Subnet 9-13 Figure 9-11 Scenario 7: ONS 15600 SDH Proxy Server with GNE and ENEs on Different Subnets 9-14 Figure 9-12 Scenario 7: ONS 15600 SDH Proxy Server With ENEs on Multiple Rings...

  • Page 18

    Node View Alarm Profiles Window Showing the Default Profiles of Listed Alarms 11-11 Figure 11-6 Alarm Profile on an STM-16 Card 11-13 Figure 11-7 Virtual Wires Seen from an ONS 15600 SDH 11-16 Figure 12-1 PM Read Points on the OC-48/STM16, and OC-192/STM64 Cards 12-6 Figure 13-1...

  • Page 19

    Table 1-3 Optical Card Ports and Line Rates 1-18 Table 2-1 ONS 15600 SDH Cards and Descriptions Table 2-2 ONS 15600 SDH Software Release Compatibility Per Card Table 2-3 TSC Card-Level Indicators Table 2-4 TSC Network-Level Indicators Table 2-5 TSC Card Push-Button Switches...

  • Page 20

    ONS 15600 SDH GNE and ENE Settings 9-14 Table 9-3 Proxy Server Firewall Filtering Rules 9-16 Table 9-4 Proxy Server Firewall Filtering Rules When Packet Addressed to ONS 15600 SDH 9-16 Table 9-5 Sample Routing Table Entries 9-20 Table 9-6...

  • Page 21

    ASAP Card POS Ports Parameters 12-12 Table 13-1 ONS 15600 SDH SNMP Message Types 13-5 Table 13-2 IETF Standard MIBs Implemented in the ONS 15600 SDH System 13-6 Table 13-3 ONS 15600 SDH Proprietary MIBs 13-7 Table 13-4 Supported Generic IETF Traps...

  • Page 22

    Power and Noise Limited Performances A-14 Table A-15 Single-Mode Fiber SFP/XFP Port Cabling Specifications A-14 Table B-1 ONS 15600 SDH Service State Primary States and Primary State Qualifiers Table B-2 ONS 15600 SDH Secondary States Table B-3 ONS 15600 SDH Administrative States Table B-4...

  • Page 23: About This Manual, Revision History

    Updated the section “SNMP Overview” in the chapter “SNMP”. • Document Objectives The Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual provides technical information for the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH. Use the manual in conjunction with the appropriate publications listed in the Related Documentation section.

  • Page 24: Related Documentation, Document Conventions

    About this Manual Audience To use this reference manual you should be familiar with Cisco or equivalent optical transmission equipment. Related Documentation Use the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual in conjunction with the following referenced publications: Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Procedure Guide •...

  • Page 25

    Gebruik het nummer van de verklaring onderaan de waarschuwing als u een vertaling van de waarschuwing die bij het apparaat wordt geleverd, wilt raadplegen. BEWAAR DEZE INSTRUCTIES Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 26

    å forhindre ulykker. Bruk nummeret i slutten av hver advarsel for å finne oversettelsen i de oversatte sikkerhetsadvarslene som fulgte med denne enheten. TA VARE PÅ DISSE INSTRUKSJONENE Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 xxvi 78-18400-01...

  • Page 27

    Använd det nummer som finns i slutet av varje varning för att hitta dess översättning i de översatta säkerhetsvarningar som medföljer denna anordning. SPARA DESSA ANVISNINGAR Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 xxvii 78-18400-01...

  • Page 28

    Brug erklæringsnummeret efter hver advarsel for at finde oversættelsen i de oversatte advarsler, der fulgte med denne enhed. GEM DISSE ANVISNINGER Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 xxviii 78-18400-01...

  • Page 29

    About this Manual Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 xxix 78-18400-01...

  • Page 30

    Where to Find Safety and Warning Information For safety and warning information, refer to the Cisco Optical Transport Products Safety and Compliance Information document that accompanied the product. This publication describes the international agency compliance and safety information for the Cisco ONS 15454 system. It also includes translations of the safety warnings that appear in the ONS 15454 system documentation.

  • Page 31

    Subscribe to the What’s New in Cisco Product Documentation as a Really Simple Syndication (RSS) feed and set content to be delivered directly to your desktop using a reader application. The RSS feeds are a free service and Cisco currently supports RSS version 2.0.

  • Page 32

    About this Manual Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 xxxii 78-18400-01...

  • Page 33: Installation Overview

    The ONS 15600 SDH is designed to comply with Telcordia GR-1089-CORE Type 2 and Type 4 Note equipment. Install and operate the ONS 15600 SDH only in environments that do not expose wiring or cabling to the outside plant. Acceptable applications include Central Office Environments (COEs), Electronic Equipment Enclosures (EEEs), Controlled Environment Vaults (CEVs), huts, and Customer Premise Environments (CPEs).

  • Page 34: Chapter 1 Shelf And Backplane Hardware

    The ONS 15600 SDH is powered using –48 VDC power but may range from –40.5 to –72 VDC. Input power is accessible from the sides of the bay, and output power is accessible at the rear of the bay. Cisco supports dual office-power feeds only.

  • Page 35

    The ONS 15600 SDH shelf measures 25 inches high, 19-9/16 inches wide, and 23 inches deep (63.5 cm H x 49.7 cm W x58.3 cm D). A maximum of three ONS 15600 SDHs can fit in a custom seven-foot equipment rack. The ONS 15600 SDH that ships within a rack is 83-7/8 inches high, 23-5/8 inches wide, and 23-5/8 inches deep (213 cm H x 60 cm W x 60 cm D).

  • Page 36: Front Door

    ESD jack You can remove the front door of the ONS 15600 SDH to provide unrestricted access to the front of the shelf. A label is pasted in a box in the center of the swing-down door that covers the fiber routers (Figure 1-3).

  • Page 37: Rear Covers

    Laser Warning Label 1.4 Rear Covers The ONS 15600 SDH has an optional plastic rear cover that is held in place with six 6-32 x 3/8 inch Phillips screws. This plastic cover provides additional protection for the cables and connectors on the...

  • Page 38

    Chapter 1 Shelf and Backplane Hardware 1.4 Rear Covers Figure 1-5 Plastic Rear Cover Figure 1-6 shows the bus bar covers. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 39: Cable Routing

    The CAP2 has the additional capability of providing provisionable power monitoring. Figure 1-7 shows the location of the CAP or CAP2 on the back of the shelf. The ONS 15600 SDH supports only T1 (100 ohm) building integrated timing supply (BITS). Note Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0...

  • Page 40

    1.6 Customer Access Panel Figure 1-7 Rear of the ONS 15600 SDH, Including the CAP/CAP2 The ONS 15600 SDH CAP and CAP2 provide the following features: BITS T1 (100 ohm) interfaces via wire-wrap pins. • Two Ethernet interfaces via RJ-45 connectors with internal transformer isolation.

  • Page 41

    If the CAP/CAP2 fails, the node raises an EQPT alarm. You can replace the CAP/CAP2 on an in-service node without affecting traffic. To replace a CAP, refer to the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Procedure Guide. Always replace the CAP during a maintenance window.

  • Page 42: Alarm, Timing, Lan, And Craft Pin Connections

    The ONS 15600 SDH has a backplane pin field located at the bottom rear of the shelf that is part of the CAP. The CAP provides 0.045 square inch (0.290 square centimeter) wire-wrap pins for enabling alarm inputs and outputs and timing input and output.

  • Page 43: Alarm Cutoff And Pdu Alarms

    The PDU Alarm connection controls the visual alarm indicators on the front of the PDU. You can also activate the alarm cutoff (ACO) function by pressing the ACO button on the TSC card faceplate. The ACO function extinguishes all audible alarm indications, but the alarm is still raised in Cisco Transport Controller (CTC).

  • Page 44: Lan Installation

    Use a straight-through LAN cable with the LAN port on the CAP or CAP2 to connect the ONS 15600 SDH to a hub, switch, or a LAN modem for remote access to the node. Use a crossover cable when connecting the CAP or CAP2 to a workstation. You can also use a straight-through or crossover LAN cable with the LAN port on the active TSC faceplate to connect directly to the local ONS 15600 SDH.

  • Page 45: Power Distribution Unit

    Ground the equipment according to Telcordia standards or local practices. The ground connection is located on the front of the bay’s top horizontal rails. The ONS 15600 SDH provides two #12 tapped holes to accommodate the grounding lug. The lug must be a dual-hole type and rated for at least 125-A capacity.

  • Page 46: Fan-tray Assembly

    1.10 Fan-Tray Assembly The fan-tray assembly is located at the top of the ONS 15600 SDH shelf front compartment. The fan-tray assembly has three removable drawers that hold two fans each and fan-control circuitry for the ONS 15600 SDH (Figure 1-12).

  • Page 47: Air Filter

    Fan-Tray Assembly 1.10.1 Air Filter The ONS 15600 SDH contains a reusable air filter that is made of an open-cell polyurethane foam that is flame retardant and fungi resistant. The air filter is located above the three fan trays (Figure 1-13).

  • Page 48: Fan Speed And Failure

    Caution failure to avoid affecting traffic because CTC software will shut down one of the SSXC cards. The ONS 15600 SDH requires at least one working fan in each of the three fan trays. When a single fan Caution in a tray fails, Cisco recommends replacing the tray with a fully working tray as soon as possible.

  • Page 49: Cards And Slots

    1.11.1 Card Slot Requirements The ONS 15600 SDH shelf has 14 card slots numbered sequentially from left to right. Slots 1 to 4 and 11 to 14 are reserved for optical (STM-N) traffic cards. These slots can host any of the ONS 15600 SDH optical cards.

  • Page 50: Ogi Cables

    Module used; totalling a maximum of four STM-64 ports per card 1.11.2 OGI Cables The ONS 15600 SDH faceplate has OGI connectors that terminate in either SC, ST, or FC connectors. Figure 1-14 shows the OGI to SC cable breakout for the STM-16 card.

  • Page 51: Card Replacement

    1.11.4 Card Replacement To replace an ONS 15600 SDH card with another card of the same type, you do not need to make any changes to the database; remove the old card and replace it with a new card. You can use the CTC Change Card feature to replace a card with a new card while maintaining all existing provisioning.

  • Page 52

    Note card is deleted in CTC first. The alarm will clear after the card replacement is complete. If the alarm does not clear, refer to the “Alarm Troubleshooting” chapter in the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Troubleshooting Guide. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0...

  • Page 53: Card Overview

    ESD jack located on the lower-left outside edge of the shelf assembly. 2.1.1 Card Summary Table 2-1 lists the ONS 15600 SDH cards and provides a short description and cross-reference to each. Table 2-1 ONS 15600 SDH Cards and Descriptions...

  • Page 54: Chapter 2 Card Reference

    SDH shelf. 2.1.2 Card Compatibility Table 2-2 lists Cisco Transport Controller (CTC) software release compatibility for each card. In Table 2-2, “Yes” means the cards are compatible with the listed software versions. Table cells with dashes mean cards are not compatible with the listed software versions.

  • Page 55: Tsc Card

    A-5. Note Caution Do not operate the ONS 15600 SDH with an unprotected, single TSC card or a single SSXC card installed. Always operate the shelf with one active card and one protect card for each of these control cards.

  • Page 56: Tsc Faceplate And Block Diagram

    16 x alarm inputs 16 x alarm outputs Lamp test Mate LAN Mate control BITS 1 12 x VC4 BITS 2 8 x line clock Mate timing control LAMP TEST RESET Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 57: Tsc Card-level Indicators

    The ACO state is stopped if a new alarm occurs. After the originating alarm is cleared, the ACO LED and audible alarm control are reset. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 58: Tsc Push-button Switches

    “A.2.2 SSXC Specifications” section on page A-6. Note The SSXC is the central element for ONS 15600 SDH switching. The SSXC card establishes connections and performs time division switching (TDS) at VC3 and VC4-Nc levels between ONS 15600 SDH traffic cards.

  • Page 59: Ssxc Slots And Connectors

    Install an SSXC card in Slot 6 and a second SSXC card in Slot 8 for redundancy. (Slots 7 and 9 are also occupied by the SSXC faceplates.) The SSXC card has no external interfaces. All SSXC card interfaces are provided on the ONS 15600 SDH backplane. 2.3.3 SSXC Faceplate and Block Diagram Figure 2-2 shows the SSXC card faceplate and a block diagram of the card.

  • Page 60: Ssxc Card-level Indicators

    You can install OC48/STM16 LR/LH 16 Port 1550 cards in Slots 1 through 4 and 11 through 14. The card provides four bidirectional OGI-type connector adapters on the faceplate (angled downward), each carrying eight fiber strands (four transmit and four receive). Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 61: Oc48/stm16 Lr/lh 16 Port 1550 Faceplate And Block Diagram

    OC48/STM16 LR/LH 16 Port 1550 Faceplate and Block Diagram OC48/STM16 LR/LH 16 PORT 1550 STAT LASER ON VC4-16C copy 0 STM16 VC4-16C copy 1 16 x STM-16 16 x STM-16 VC4-16C copy 0 VC4-16C copy 1 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 62: Oc48/stm16 Lr/lh 16 Port 1550 Card-level Indicators

    Receive 8 Transmit 7 Receive 7 Transmit 6 Receive 6 Transmit 5 Receive 5 Transmit 12 Receive 12 Transmit 11 Receive 11 Transmit 10 Receive 10 Transmit 9 Receive 9 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 2-10 78-18400-01...

  • Page 63: Oc48/stm16 Sr/sh 16 Port 1310 Card

    You can install OC48/STM16 SR/SH 16 Port 1310 cards in Slots 1 through 4 and 11 through 14. The card provides four bidirectional OGI-type connector adapters on the faceplate (angled downward), each carrying eight fiber strands (four transmit and four receive). Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 2-11 78-18400-01...

  • Page 64: Oc48/stm16 Sr/sh 16 Port 1310 Faceplate And Block Diagram

    Indicates a hardware fault; this LED is off during normal operation. Replace the card if the STAT LED persists. During diagnostics, the LED flashes quickly during initialization and slowly during configuration synchronization. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 2-12 78-18400-01...

  • Page 65: Oc48/stm16 Sr/sh 16 Port 1310 Network-level Indicators

    Transmit 12 Receive 12 Transmit 11 Receive 11 Transmit 10 Receive 10 Transmit 9 Receive 9 Transmit 16 Receive 16 Transmit 15 Receive 15 Transmit 14 Receive 14 Transmit 13 Receive 13 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 2-13 78-18400-01...

  • Page 66: Oc192/stm64 Lr/lh 4 Port 1550 Card

    (one transmit and one receive). Only one transmit and receive pair is used per connector adapter. On a breakout cable, use port three, fiber 4 (transmit) and fiber 3 (receive). Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 2-14...

  • Page 67: Oc192/stm64 Lr/lh 4 Port 1550 Faceplate And Block Diagram

    VC4-16C copy A STM64 VC4-16C copy B 4 x STM-64 4 x STM-64 VC4-16C copy A VC4-16C copy B Note: Each VC4-64C is split into four VC4-16C for cross-connect purposes. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 2-15 78-18400-01...

  • Page 68: Oc192/stm64 Lr/lh 4 Port 1550 Card-level Indicators

    — — Transmit 1 Receive 1 — — — — — — Transmit 2 Receive 2 — — — — — — Transmit 3 Receive 3 — — — — Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 2-16 78-18400-01...

  • Page 69: Oc192/stm64 Sr/sh 4 Port 1310 Card

    (one transmit and one receive). Only one transmit and receive pair is used per connector adapter. On a breakout cable, use port three, fiber 4 (transmit) and fiber 3 (receive). Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 2-17...

  • Page 70: Oc192/stm64 Sr/sh 4 Port 1310 Faceplate And Block Diagram

    Indicates a hardware fault; this LED is off during normal operation. Replace the unit if the STAT LED persists. During diagnostics, the LED flashes quickly during initialization and slowly during configuration synchronization. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 2-18 78-18400-01...

  • Page 71: Oc192/stm64 Sr/sh 4 Port 1310 Card Network-level Indicators

    — — — — — — Transmit 4 Receive 4 — — — — 2.8 ASAP Card For card specifications, see the “A.2.7 ASAP Specifications” section on page A-11. Note Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 2-19 78-18400-01...

  • Page 72: Asap Connectors

    2.8.2 ASAP Covers and Plugs The covers and plugs that are shipped with the ASAP carrier card, 4PIOs, 1PIOs, and SFPs/XFPs must be used in configurations where any of the these slots are unoccupied. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 2-20 78-18400-01...

  • Page 73: Asap Card Faceplate And Block Diagram With 4pios Installed

    ASAP CC 1 16xSFP 4xASAP 4PIO ASAP CC 2 ASAP 16xSFP 4xASAP 4PIO ASAP CC 3 4P IO 16xSFP 4xASAP 4PIO ASAP CC 7 CP 1 16xSFP 4xASAP 4PIO ASAP CC 8 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 2-21 78-18400-01...

  • Page 74: Pio Module Faceplate

    2.8.5 1PIO Module Faceplate Figure 2-9 shows the 1PIO module faceplate. Figure 2-9 1PIO Module Faceplate ASAP 1P IO Hand tighten, or remove the label to tighten using a Phillips screwdriver Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 2-22 78-18400-01...

  • Page 75: Asap Card-level Indicators

    Indicates a signal failure. Indicates a signal failure. Indicates that the port is unprovisioned. Indicates that there is no link. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 2-23 78-18400-01...

  • Page 76: Asap Card Port Numbering (4pio Installed)

    Module 3 Port (PPM Slot) 3-3 Port (PPM Slot) 3-4 Port (PPM Slot) 4-1 ASAP 4PIO Port (PPM Slot) 4-2 4PIO Module 4 Port (PPM Slot) 4-3 Port (PPM Slot) 4-4 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 2-24 78-18400-01...

  • Page 77: Asap Card Port Numbering (1pio Installed)

    A-12. Note The Filler card is used to fill unused optical (STM-N) traffic card slots in the ONS 15600 SDH shelf. In Software Release 1.1 and later, the Filler card has a card presence indicator (CPI) that allows the shelf to report the presence of the filler card to CTC.

  • Page 78: Sfp/xfp Modules

    ONS 15600 SDH Filler Card 2.10 SFP/XFP Modules This section describes the SFPs that provide the fiber interface to the ONS 15600 SDH ASAP card when used with the 4PIO modules. A line rate (STM-1, STM-4, STM-16, or Gigabit Ethernet) must be assigned to each SFP in the CTC software interface or using TL1.

  • Page 79

    Chapter 2 Card Reference 2.10 SFP/XFP Modules Use only SFPs certified for use in Cisco Optical Networking Systems. The qualified Cisco SFP Caution pluggable module’s top assembly numbers (TANs) are provided in Table 2-21. Table 2-21 SFP Compatibility Compatible SFP...

  • Page 80: Xfp Description

    The receive side recovers, retimes the 10-Gbps optical data stream from a positive-intrinsic-negative (PIN) photodetector, transimpedance amplifier and passes it to an output driver. Use only XFPs certified for use in Cisco Optical Networking Systems. The qualified Cisco XFP Caution pluggable module’s top assembly numbers (TANs) are provided in Table 2-22.

  • Page 81

    Celsius) EXT—Extended operating temperature range: 23 to185 degrees Fahrenheit (–5 to 85 degrees • Celsius) IND—Industrial operating temperature range: –40 to 185 degrees Fahrenheit (–40 to 85 degrees • Celsius) Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 2-29 78-18400-01...

  • Page 82: Ppm Provisioning

    SFPs and XFPs are known as pluggable-port modules (PPMs) in the CTC. Multirate PPMs for the ASAP card can be provisioned for different line rates in CTC. For more information about provisioning PPMs, refer to the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Procedure Guide. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0...

  • Page 83

    (SNCP) or a multiplex-section shared protection ring (MS-SPRing) protection scheme. Because there are no electrical cards in the ONS 15600 SDH, 1:1 and 1:N protection is not provided. Note Figure 3-1 shows an example of the ONS 15600 SDH in a maximum, 1+1 protected configuration.

  • Page 84: Chapter 3 Card Protection

    For more information about protection schemes and how to create and modify them with Cisco Transport Controller (CTC), refer to the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Procedure Guide.

  • Page 85

    3.3 External Switching Commands The external switching commands on the ONS 15600 SDH are Manual, Force, Lockout, and Lock-on. A Manual switch will switch traffic if the path has no errors or an error rate less than the signal degrade (SD) threshold.

  • Page 86: External Switching Commands

    Chapter 3 Card Protection 3.3 External Switching Commands Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 87: Ctc Software Delivery Methods

    4.8 TSC Card Database, page 4-19 • 4.9 Software Load Revert, page 4-19 4.1 CTC Software Delivery Methods Use CTC to provision and administer the ONS 15600 SDH. CTC is a Java application that is installed in two locations: ONS 15600 SDH TSC card •...

  • Page 88: C H A P T E R 4 Cisco Transport Controller Operation

    4.2 CTC Installation Overview To connect to an ONS 15600 SDH using CTC, enter the ONS 15600 SDH IP address in the URL field of a web browser, such as Netscape Navigator or Microsoft Internet Explorer. After connecting to an ONS 15600 SDH, the following events occur automatically: Each ONS 15600 SDH has a unique IP address that you use to access the ONS 15600 SDH.

  • Page 89: Pc And Unix Workstation Requirements

    You can also use TL1 commands to communicate with the ONS 15600 SDH through VT100 terminals and VT100 emulation software, or you can telnet to an ONS 15600 SDH using TL1 port 3083. Refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH and Cisco ONS 15600 SDH TL1 Command Guide for a comprehensive list of TL1 commands.

  • Page 90

    JRE 1.4.2 or JRE 5.0. If CTC must be launched directly from nodes running software R5.0 or R6.0, Cisco recommends JRE 1.4.2.If CTC must be launched directly from nodes running software earlier than R5.0, Cisco recommends JRE 1.3.1_02. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 91: Ctc Login

    Use a crossover or straight-through A direct PC-to-ONS 15600 SDH connection LAN (CAT-5) cable to connect: means your computer is physically connected to the ONS 15600 SDH. This is most The ONS 15600 SDH to a hub • commonly done by connecting a LAN...

  • Page 92: Legal Disclaimer

    Additional Nodes list on the Login window the next time you log in. 4.5 CTC Window The CTC window appears after you log into an ONS 15600 SDH. The CTC node view is the first view that appears after you log into an ONS 15600 SDH (Figure 4-1).

  • Page 93: Node View

    4.5.1.1 CTC Card Colors The graphic area of the CTC window depicts the ONS 15600 SDH shelf assembly. The colors of the cards in the graphic reflect the real-time status of the physical card, slot, and port.

  • Page 94

    Change the state to Unlocked-enabled; Locked-enabled,disabled; or Unlocked-disabled,automaticInService when testing is complete. Gray Locked-enabled,disabled The port is out-of-service and unable to carry traffic. Loopbacks are not allowed in this service state. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 95: Node View Card Shortcuts

    Alarms Lists current alarms (CR, MJ, MN) for the — node and updates them in real time. Conditions Allows you to retrieve a list of standing — conditions on the node. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 96: Network View

    Access, Alarm Extenders, Preferred Copy 4.5.2 Network View Network view allows you to view and manage ONS 15600 SDHs and ONS 15454 SDHs that have DCC connections to the node that you logged into, and any login node groups you have selected (Figure 4-4).

  • Page 97: Ctc Node Colors

    Gray with node name Node is initializing Gray with IP address Node is initializing; a problem exists with IP routing from node to CTC or your login/password is not provisioned on this node Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 4-11 78-18400-01...

  • Page 98: Network View Tabs

    Each link has an associated icon (Table 4-7). Table 4-7 Link Icons Icon Description DCC icon GCC icon OTS icon Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 4-12 78-18400-01...

  • Page 99: Card View

    Appendix B, “Administrative and Service States.” CTC displays a card view for all ONS 15600 SDH cards except the TSC and SSXC cards. Provisioning Note for these common control cards occurs at the node view; therefore, no card view is necessary.

  • Page 100

    CTC Card View Showing an STM-64 Card Use the card view tabs and subtabs, shown in Table 4-8, to provision and manage the ONS 15600 SDH. The subtabs, fields, and information displayed under each tab depend on the card type selected. Table 4-8...

  • Page 101: Export And Print Ctc Data

    The CTC Launcher application is an executable file, StartCTC.exe, that is provided on Software Release 9.0 CDs for Cisco ONS products. You can use CTC Launcher to log into multiple ONS nodes that are running CTC Software Release 3.3 or higher, without using a web browser. The CTC launcher application provides an advantage particularly when you have more than one NE version on the network, because it allows you to pick from all available CTC software versions.

  • Page 102

    ENE 1 through other vendor GNE 1 to a DCN router, and a static GRE tunnel is created from ONS ENE 2 to the other vender, GNE 2. For both static tunnels, provisioning is required on the ONS ENEs. In addition, a Cisco IP tunnel must be provisioned on the DCN router and a GRE tunnel provisioned on GNE 2.

  • Page 103

    Both tunnel types provide good traffic control Security setup Complex No setup Static IP-over-CLNS tunnels require careful planning. Because needed TL1 tunnels are carried by TL1, no security provisioning is needed. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 4-17 78-18400-01...

  • Page 104: Ctc Card Reset

    4.7 CTC Card Reset You can reset the ONS 15600 SDH cards by using CTC (a soft reset) or by physically reseating a TSC card (a hard reset). A soft reset on the TSC reboots the TSC and reloads the operating system and the application software.

  • Page 105: Tsc Card Database

    The Internet Inter-ORB Protocol (IIOP) port is not backed up and restored. Note The ONS 15600 SDH does not allow you to restore a database from one node to another node. You can Note install a database from one node on another node by using the Configure Node option on the Maintenance >...

  • Page 106

    Chapter 4 Cisco Transport Controller Operation 4.9 Software Load Revert Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 4-20 78-18400-01...

  • Page 107: Users Ids And Security Levels

    5.1 Users IDs and Security Levels When you log in to an ONS 15600 SDH for the first time, you use the CISCO15 user ID, which is provided with every ONS 15600 SDH system. You can use the CISCO15 ID, which has Superuser privileges, to create other ONS 15600 SDH user IDs.

  • Page 108: Chapter 5 Security

    TARP: MAT: Add/Edit/Remove — — Routers: Setup: Edit — — — Routers: Subnets: — — Edit/Enable/Disable Tunnels: Create/Edit/Delete — — MS-SPRing Create/Edit/Delete/Upgrade — — Ring Map/Squelch Table/RIP Table Protection Create/Delete/Edit — — Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 109

    Hard-reset/Soft-reset — Maintenance Database Backup — Restore — — — Routing Table Retrieve IS-IS RIB: Refresh ES-IS RIB: Refresh TDC: TID to NSAP/Flush Dynamic — Entries TDC: Refresh MS-SPRing Edit/Reset — Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 110

    Subtab Actions Retrieve Maintenance Provisioning Superuser Alarms — Synchronize/Filter/Delete cleared alarms Conditions — Retrieve/Filter History — Filter Circuits Circuits Create/Edit/Delete — — Filter/Search Rolls Complete, Force Valid Signal, — — Finish Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 111: Security Policies

    1. The action buttons in the subtab are active for all users, but the actions can be completely performed only by the users assigned with the required security levels. 5.2.2 Security Policies Users with Superuser security privileges can provision security policies on the ONS 15600 SDH. These security policies include idle user timeouts, password changes, password aging, and user lockout parameters.

  • Page 112: Idle User Timeout

    5.2.2 Security Policies 5.2.2.2 Idle User Timeout Each ONS 15600 SDH CTC or TL1 user has a specified amount of time to leave the system idle before the CTC window locks. CTC lockouts prevent unauthorized users from making changes. Higher-level...

  • Page 113: Audit Trail

    5.3 Audit Trail 5.3 Audit Trail The ONS 15600 SDH maintains an audit trail log that resides on the TSC card. This record shows who has accessed the system and what operations were performed during a given period of time. The log includes authorized Cisco logins and logouts using the operating system command line interface (CLI), CTC, and TL1;...

  • Page 114: Radius Authentication, Shared Secrets

    An ONS 15600 SDH node operates as a client of RADIUS. The client is responsible for passing user information to designated RADIUS servers, and then acting on the response that is returned. RADIUS servers are responsible for receiving user connection requests, authenticating the user, and returning all configuration information necessary for the client to deliver service to the user.

  • Page 115

    The stronger your shared secret, the more secure are the attributes (for example, those used for passwords and encryption keys) that are encrypted with it. An example of a strong shared secret is 8d#>9fq4bV)H7%a3-zE13sW$hIa32M#m<PqAa72(. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 116

    Chapter 5 Security 5.4.2 Shared Secrets Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 5-10 78-18400-01...

  • Page 117: Timing Parameters

    The building integrated timing supply(BITS) pins on the Customer Access Panel (CAP/CAP2). • A port on an STM-N card installed in the ONS 15600 SDH. The timing is traceable to a node that • receives timing through a BITS source.

  • Page 118: Chapter 6 Timing

    6.2 Network Timing Figure 6-1 shows an ONS 15600 SDH network timing example. Node 1 is set to external timing. Two timing references are Stratum 1 timing sources wired to the BITS input pins on the Node 1 backplane. The third reference is set to internal clock. The BITS output pins on the backplane of Node 3 are used to provide timing to outside equipment, such as a digital access line access multiplexer.

  • Page 119: Synchronization Status Messaging

    SONET, the SSM is transported in the outband loop code. – The SSM messages enable SONET and SDH devices to select the highest quality timing reference automatically and to avoid timing loops. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 120: Sonet Ssm Messages

    — Reserved; quality level set by user 6.3.2 SDH SSM Messages If you enable SDH SSM for the ONS 15600 SDH, consult your timing reference documentation to determine which message set to use. Note Mapping from DS1 SSM to E1 SSM is possible when DS1 timing is used on the 15600 SDH platform.

  • Page 121

    SDH SSM Messages Message Quality Description G811 Primary reference clock Sync traceability unknown G812T Transit node clock traceable G812L Local node clock traceable SETS Synchronous equipment Do not use for timing synchronization Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 122

    Chapter 6 Timing 6.3.2 SDH SSM Messages Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 123

    In this chapter, “cross-connect” and “circuit” have the following meanings: cross-connect refers to the connections that occur within a single ONS 15600 SDH to allow a circuit to enter and exit an ONS 15600 SDH. Circuit refers to the series of connections from a traffic source (where traffic enters the ONS 15600 SDH network) to the destination (where traffic exits an ONS 15600 SDH network).

  • Page 124: Chapter 7 Circuit And Tunnel

    Chapter 7 Circuits and Tunnels 7.1 Overview 7.1 Overview You can create circuits across and within ONS 15600 SDH nodes and assign different attributes to circuits. For example, you can: Create one-way, two-way (bidirectional), or broadcast circuits. • Assign user-defined names to circuits.

  • Page 125

    You can specify certain filter criteria, such as name, direction, and state; only the circuits that match the criteria will appear in the Circuits window. You cannot set up low-order circuits to terminate on an ONS 15600 SDH node. However, you can create Note both high-order and low-order circuits that have an ONS 15454 SDH source and destination with an ONS 15600 SDH as a pass-through node.

  • Page 126: Concatenated Vc4 Time Slot Assignments

    Chapter 7 Circuits and Tunnels 7.2.1 Concatenated VC4 Time Slot Assignments 7.2.1 Concatenated VC4 Time Slot Assignments Table 7-1 shows the available time slot assignments for concatenated VC4s when using Cisco Transport Controller (CTC) to provision circuits. Table 7-1 VC4 Mapping Using CTC...

  • Page 127

    Chapter 7 Circuits and Tunnels 7.2.1 Concatenated VC4 Time Slot Assignments Table 7-1 VC4 Mapping Using CTC (continued) Starting VC4-2c VC4-3c VC4-4c VC4-6c VC4-8c VC4-12c VC4-16c VC4-64c Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 128: Circuit Status

    An existing circuit in a topology upgrade is set to this state. The circuit returns to the DISCOVERED state when the topology upgrade is complete. For more information about topology upgrades, see Chapter 8, “SDH Topologies and Upgrades.” Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 129: Circuit States

    When the cross-connects in a circuit are in the Unlocked-disabled,automaticInService service state, the ONS 15600 SDH monitors the cross-connects for an error-free signal. It changes the state of the circuit from Locked to Unlocked or to Locked-partial as each cross-connect assigned to the circuit path is completed.

  • Page 130: Circuit Protection Types

    SNCP Selectors—Allows you to change SNCP selectors. For more information, see the “7.6 SNCP Circuits” section on page 7-12. SNCP Switch Counts—Allows you to change SNCP switch protection paths. For more information, • see the “7.6 SNCP Circuits” section on page 7-12. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 131

    Source and destination ports are shown as circles with an S and D, respectively. Port states are indicated by colors, shown in Table 7-4. Table 7-4 Port State Color Indicators Port Color Service State Green Unlocked-enabled Gray Locked-enabled,disabled Violet Unlocked-disabled,automaticInService Blue (Cyan) Locked-enabled,maintenance Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 132

    Right-click a port containing a path-trace-capable card to initiate the path trace. • Right-click an SNCP span to change the state of the path selectors in the SNCP circuit. • Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 7-10 78-18400-01...

  • Page 133: Cross-connect Card Bandwidth

    DCC can be either the RS-DCC or one of the MS-DCCs. You can link MS-DCCs to MS-DCCs and link RS-DCCs to RS-DCCs. You can also link an RS-DCC to an MS-DCC and an MS-DCC to an RS-DCC. To create a DCC tunnel, connect the tunnel endpoints from one ONS 15600 SDH optical port to another. Table 7-5 lists the DCC tunnels that you can create.

  • Page 134: Ip-encapsulated Tunnels

    RS-DCC bandwidth. Each ONS 15600 SDH supports up to 128 IP-encapsulated tunnels. You can convert a traditional DCC tunnel to an IP-encapsulated tunnel or an IP-encapsulated tunnel to a traditional DCC tunnel. Only tunnels in the DISCOVERED status can be converted.

  • Page 135

    7.6 SNCP Circuits View switch counts for the selectors. • Figure 7-3 Editing SNCP Selectors On the SNCP Switch Counts tab, you can view switch counts for the selectors (Figure 7-4). Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 7-13 78-18400-01...

  • Page 136: Protection Channel Access Circuits

    Protection Channel Access check box appears whenever Fully Protected Path is unchecked in the circuit creation wizard. Refer to the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Procedure Guide for more information. When provisioning PCA circuits, two considerations are important to keep in mind: If MS-SPRings are provisioned as nonrevertive, PCA circuits are not restored automatically after a •...

  • Page 137: Ms-spring Vc4/vc3 Squelch Table

    The ONS 15600 SDH platform does not support low-order path squelching; however, when an ONS 15454 SDH and an ONS 15600 SDH are in the same network, the ONS 15600 SDH node allows the ONS 15454 SDH node to carry low-order path circuits in a VC_LO_PATH_TUNNEL. The ONS 15600 SDH performs 100-ms VC4-level squelching for each low-order-access VC at the switching node in case of a node failure.

  • Page 138: Automatic Circuit Routing

    Transmit ASAP STM-N ports ASAP Ethernet ports The ONS 15600 SDH supports both automatic and manual J1 path trace monitoring to detect and report the contents of the 16-byte path trace message (nonterminated) for the designated path. • Automatic—The receiving port assumes that the first J1 string it receives is the baseline J1 string.

  • Page 139: Secondary Sources And Destination

    For bidirectional circuits, CTC creates an SNCP connection at the source node that allows traffic to be selected from one of the two sources on the ONS 15600 SDH network. If you check the Fully Path Protected option during circuit creation, traffic is protected within the ONS 15600 SDH network. At the destination, another SNCP connection is created to bridge traffic from the ONS 15600 SDH network to the two destinations.

  • Page 140

    No. of Outbound Links No. of Sources No. of Drops Connection Type — — One-way — — SNCP head end — — SNCP head end — — SNCP drop and continue Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 7-18 78-18400-01...

  • Page 141: Constraint-based Circuit Routing

    You can use the bridge and roll feature for maintenance functions such as card or facility replacement, or for load balancing. You can perform a bridge and roll on the following ONS platforms: ONS 15600 SDH, ONS 15600, ONS 15454, ONS 15454 SDH, ONS 15310-MA, and ONS 15310-CL. 7.13.1 Rolls Window The Rolls window lists information about a rolled circuit before the roll process is complete.

  • Page 142

    Finish—Completes the circuit processing of both manual and automatic rolls and changes the circuit • status from ROLL_PENDING to DISCOVERED. After a roll, the Finish button also removes any cross-connects that are no longer used from the Roll From Circuit field. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 7-20 78-18400-01...

  • Page 143: Roll Status

    (Figure 7-9 on page 7-22). This roll also • results in a new destination or a new source. Figure 7-7, you can select any available VC4 on Node 1 for a new source. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 7-21 78-18400-01...

  • Page 144

    Figure 7-10 Single Roll from One Circuit to Another Circuit (Source Changes) Node 1 Node 2 Node 3 Node 4 Original leg New leg Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 7-22 78-18400-01...

  • Page 145

    If a new segment is created on Nodes 3 and 4 using the Bridge and Roll wizard, the created circuit has Note the same name as the original circuit with the suffix _ROLL**. The circuit source is on Node 3 and the circuit destination is on Node 4. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 7-23 78-18400-01...

  • Page 146: Two Circuit Bridge And Roll

    If a merge fails, the master circuit and all other circuits remain unchanged. When the circuit merge completes successfully, the resulting circuit retains the name of the master circuit. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 7-24 78-18400-01...

  • Page 147: Reconfigured Circuits

    Only SNCP protection is available on server trails. MS-SPRing procection is not available on server trail. Note Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 7-25 78-18400-01...

  • Page 148: Vcat Circuit Routing Over Server Trails

    For example, if two server trail links are routed over the same fiber, an SRLG attribute can be assigned to these links. SRLG is used by Cisco Transport Manager (CTM) to specify link diversity. If you create multiple server trails from one port, you can assign the same SRLG value to all the links to indicate that they originate from the same port.

  • Page 149: Low-order Traffic Routing Over An Ons 15600 Sdh Hub Node

    7.18 Low-Order Traffic Routing over an ONS 15600 SDH Hub Node When an ONS 15600 SDH node is configured as a hub between compatible protection domains, it is possible to use CTC to automatically create circuits, including low-order circuits from an ONS 15454 SDH node, across the domains.

  • Page 150: Manual Low-order Circuit Creation

    SNCP-to-SNCP topology requires two tunnels. 7.18.2 Manual Low-order Circuit Creation When you must route low-order traffic from an ONS 15454 SDH SNCP across an ONS 15600 SDH hub to a line-protected domain, CTC cannot automatically create the end-to-end low-order circuit. The configuration requires three TL1-like circuits.

  • Page 151: High-order Vc3 Traffic Routing

    7.19 High-Order VC3 Traffic Routing 7.19 High-Order VC3 Traffic Routing High-order VC3 circuits are supported on the ONS 15600 SDH for connecting an ONS 15600 SDH node to another ONS 15600 SDH node, or for connecting an ONS 15600 SDH node to third-party SDH network elements.

  • Page 152

    Chapter 7 Circuits and Tunnels 7.19 High-Order VC3 Traffic Routing Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 7-30 78-18400-01...

  • Page 153

    • 8.1 Overview The ONS 15600 SDH usually operates as a hub node in networks that include ONS 15454 SDHs. Single nodes are installed at geographic locations where several ONS SDH topologies converge. A single ONS 15600 SDH node might be a part of several ONS SDH rings/networks.

  • Page 154: Chapter 8 Sdh Topologie And Upgrade

    Protect Path 8.3 Multiplex-Section Shared Protection Rings The ONS 15600 SDH can support up to 32 multiplex section-shared protection rings (MS-SPRings). Because the working and protect bandwidths must be equal, you can create only STM-16 or STM-64 MS-SPRings (that is, you cannot create an MS-SPRing with a mixture of STM-16 and STM-64 line rates).

  • Page 155: Two-fiber Ms-springs

    The traffic travels in a reverse direction on the protect bandwidth until it reaches its destination node. At that point, traffic is switched back to the working bandwidth. Figure 8-3 shows a traffic pattern sample on a four-node, two-fiber MS-SPRing. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 156

    Fiber 2 at Node 3. For example, a circuit carried on VC4-2 on Fiber 1 is switched to VC4-10 on Fiber 2. Fiber 2 carries the circuit to Node 0 where the circuit is switched back to VC4-2 on Fiber 1 and then dropped to its destination. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 157

    Node 3 to Node 1, another set from Node 1 to Node 2, and another set from Node 2 to Node 3. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 158: Ms-spring Bandwidth

    MS-SPRing with trunk (span) ports in Slot 4 (west) and Slot 12 (east). Refer to the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Procedure Guide for fiber connection procedures. Note Always plug the transmit (Tx) connector of an STM-N port at one node into the receive (Rx) connector of an STM-N port at the adjacent node.

  • Page 159

    CTC uses SNCP as the default. You can set up a maximum of 64 STM-1/4/16 SNCPs or 16 STM-64 SNCPs for each ONS 15600 SDH node. An SNCP circuit requires two data communications channel (DCC)-provisioned optical spans per node.

  • Page 160: Subnetwork Connection Protection Rings

    Node 2 = Fiber 1 (working) = Fiber 2 (protected) If a fiber break occurs, Node 2 switches its active receiver to the protect signal coming through Node 3 (Figure 8-8). Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 161: Dual-ring Interconnect

    The drop-and-continue DRI method is used for all ONS 15600 SDH DRIs. In drop-and-continue DRI, a primary node drops the traffic to the connected ring and routes traffic to a secondary node within the same ring.

  • Page 162

    DRI circuit is created. Figure 8-9 shows ONS 15600 SDHs in a traditional MS-SPRing DRI topology with same-side routing. In Ring 1, Nodes 3 and 4 are the interconnect nodes, and in Ring 2, Nodes 8 and 9. Duplicate signals are sent from Node 4 (Ring 1) to Node 9 (Ring 2), and from Node 3 (Ring 1) to Node 8 (Ring 2).

  • Page 163: Ms-spring Dri

    Secondary Path Figure 8-10 shows ONS 15600 SDHs in a traditional MS-SPRing DRI topology with opposite-side routing. In Ring 1, Nodes 3 and 4 are the interconnect nodes, and in Ring 2, Nodes 8 and 9. Duplicate signals are sent from Node 4 (Ring 1) to Node 8 (Ring 2), and from Node 3 (Ring 1) to Node 9 (Ring 2).

  • Page 164

    Secondary Path Figure 8-11 shows ONS 15600 SDHs in an integrated MS-SPRing DRI topology. The same drop-and-continue traffic routing occurs at two nodes, rather than four. This is achieved by installing an additional STM-N trunk at the two interconnect nodes. Nodes 3 and 8 are the interconnect nodes.

  • Page 165

    8.5.2 SNCP DRI Figure 8-12 shows ONS 15600 SDHs in a traditional drop-and-continue SNCP DRI topology. In Ring 1, Nodes 4 and 5 are the interconnect nodes, and in Ring 2, Nodes 6 and 7 are the interconnect nodes. Duplicate signals are sent from Node 4 (Ring 1) to Node 6 (Ring 2), and from Node 5 (Ring 1) to Node 7 (Ring 2).

  • Page 166: Sncp Dri

    Return Path—Primary Return Path—Secondary Figure 8-13 shows ONS 15600 SDHs in an integrated DRI topology. The same drop-and-continue traffic routing occurs at two nodes, rather than four. This is achieved by installing an addition STM-N trunk at the two interconnect nodes.

  • Page 167

    Figure 8-14 shows an example of an SNCP ring to MS-SPRing traditional DRI handoff. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 8-15 78-18400-01...

  • Page 168: Sncp/ms-spring Dri Handoff Configurations

    Chapter 8 SDH Topologies and Upgrades 8.5.3 SNCP/MS-SPRing DRI Handoff Configurations Figure 8-14 ONS 15600 SDH SNCP to MS-SPRing Traditional DRI Handoff Node 5 Node 2 Node 1 SNCP Node 4 Node 3 Node 6 Node 7 SNCP Node 9...

  • Page 169

    Subtending rings reduce the number of nodes and cards required and reduce external shelf-to-shelf cabling. The ONS 15600 SDH supports a maximum of 32 two-fiber MS-SPRings. If all rings have an STM-64 line rate, the maximum is 16 two-fiber MS-SPRings.

  • Page 170: Subtending Rings

    Slot 13 Slot 12 SNCP East Slot 13 East East Slot 12 East MS-SPRing Slot 3 West Slot 4 West Node 3 Slot 4 West Slot 12 East Node 2 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 8-18 78-18400-01...

  • Page 171

    Figure 8-18 shows two MS-SPRings shared by one ONS 15600 SDH. Ring 1 runs on Nodes 1, 2, 3, and 4. Ring 2 runs on Nodes 4, 5, 6, and 7. Two MS-SPRings, Ring 1 and Ring 2, are provisioned on Node 4.

  • Page 172: Extended Subnetwork Connection Protection Networks

    Extended SNCP also allows spans of different SDH line rates to be mixed together in virtual rings. Figure 8-20 shows Nodes 1, 2, 3, and 4 in an STM-64 ring. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 8-20 78-18400-01...

  • Page 173

    You can perform in-service topology upgrades irrespective of the service state of the involved cross-connects or circuits, however all circuits must have a DISCOVERED status. ONS 15600 SDH circuit types supported for in-service topology upgrades are: Virtual containers (VC) •...

  • Page 174: In-service Topology Upgrades

    STM-16 MS-SPRing) and recreate them in the appropriate bandwidth. Finally, you must provision the nodes as MS-SPRing nodes. For in-service topology upgrade procedures, refer to the “Convert Network Configurations” chapter in the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Procedure Guide. 8.8.2 Add or Remove a Node from a Topology You can add or remove a node from a linear ADM, MS-SPRing, or SNCP configuration.

  • Page 175

    If the overlay ring circuit is deleted, the cross-connects on the core ring and subtended rings get deleted. Cross-connects on a subtended ring can be deleted through TL1 but would reflect as a partial overlay ring circuit in CTC, i.e. core ring will continue having cross-connects. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 8-23 78-18400-01...

  • Page 176: Overlay Ring Circuits

    Chapter 8 SDH Topologies and Upgrades 8.9 Overlay Ring Circuits Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 8-24 78-18400-01...

  • Page 177: Overview

    • • 9.8 IPv6 Native Support, page 9-56 To set up ONS 15600 SDHs within an IP network, you must work with a LAN administrator or other Note individual at your site who has IP networking training and experience. 9.1 IP Networking Overview ONS 15600 SDHs can be connected in many different ways within an IP environment: Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0...

  • Page 178: C H A P T E R 9 Management Network Connectivity

    You can connect ONS 15600 SDH nodes and LANs through direct connections or a router. • IP subnetting can create ONS 15600 SDH node groups, which allow you to provision nodes in a • network that are not connected using the data communications channel (DCC).

  • Page 179: Scenario 2: Ctc And Ons 15600 Sdhs Connected To Router

    9-2). The ONS 15600 SDHs reside on a different subnet (192.168.2.0) and attach to LAN B. A router connects LAN A to LAN B. The IP address of router interface A is set to LAN A (192.168.1.1), and the IP address of router interface B is set to LAN B (192.168.2.1).

  • Page 180: Scenario 3: Using Proxy Arp To Enable An Ons 15600 Sdh Gateway

    Static Routes = N/A 9.2.3 Scenario 3: Using Proxy ARP to Enable an ONS 15600 SDH Gateway Scenario 3 is similar to Scenario 1, but only one ONS 15600 SDH (Node 1) connects to the LAN (Figure 9-3). Two ONS 15600 SDHs (Nodes 2 and 3) connect to Node1 through the SDH data communications channel (DCC).

  • Page 181: Scenario 4: Default Gateway On Ctc Computer

    For this response to occur, the DCC-connected ONS 15600 SDHs must reside on the same subnet. When a LAN device sends an ARP request to an ONS 15600 SDH that is not connected to the LAN, the gateway ONS 15600 SDH returns its MAC address to the LAN device. The LAN device then sends the datagram for the remote ONS 15600 SDH to the MAC address of the proxy ONS 15600 SDH.

  • Page 182: Scenario 5: Using Static Routes To Connect To Lans

    9-5, one CTC residing on subnet 192.168.1.0 connects to a router through interface A. (The router is not set up with OSPF.) ONS 15600 SDHs residing on subnet 192.168.2.0 are connected through Node 1 to the router through interface B. To connect to CTC computers on LAN A, you would create a static route on Node 1.

  • Page 183

    Static Routes = N/A Static Routes = N/A The destination and subnet mask entries control access to the ONS 15600 SDHs: If a single CTC computer will be connected to a router, enter the complete CTC “host route” IP •...

  • Page 184: Scenario 6: Using Ospf

    You can enable OSPF on the ONS 15600 SDHs so that the ONS 15600 SDH topology is sent to OSPF routers on a LAN. Advertising the ONS 15600 SDH network Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0...

  • Page 185

    Figure 9-7 shows the same network enabled for OSPF. When you are logged into a ONS 15600 SDH node, CTC does not allow both a DCC interface and a LAN interface in the same nonzero OSPF area. Figure 9-7...

  • Page 186

    DCC or LAN interfaces are in the same OSPF area, while a node is in multiple OSPF areas if it has DCC or LAN interfaces in two or more OSPF areas. If the ONS 15600 SDH has interfaces (DCC or LAN) in multiple OSPF areas, at least one ONS 15600 SDH interface (DCC or LAN) must be in the backbone area 0.

  • Page 187: Scenario 7: Provisioning The Ons 15600 Sdh Proxy Server

    9.2.7 Scenario 7: Provisioning the ONS 15600 SDH Proxy Server The ONS 15600 SDH proxy server is a set of functions that allows you to configure ONS 15600 SDHs in environments where visibility and accessibility between ONS 15600 SDHs and CTC computers must be restricted.

  • Page 188

    Chapter 9 Management Network Connectivity 9.2.7 Scenario 7: Provisioning the ONS 15600 SDH Proxy Server If you launch CTC against a node through a Network Address Translation (NAT) or Port Address Note Translation (PAT) router and that node does not have proxy enabled, your CTC session starts and initially appears to be fine.

  • Page 189: Firewall Not Enabled

    NOC or central office LANs. In the example, the ONS 15600 SDH GNE is assigned an IP address within the central office LAN and is physically connected to the LAN through its LAN port. ONS 15600 SDH ENEs are assigned IP addresses that are outside the central office LAN and given private network IP addresses.

  • Page 190

    ONS 15600 SDH GNE, port 391 Figure 9-11 shows the same proxy server implementation with ONS 15600 SDH ENEs on different subnets. The ONS 15600 SDH GNEs and ENEs are provisioned with the settings shown in Table 9-2. Figure 9-11...

  • Page 191: Firewall Enabled

    ONS 15600 SDH ONS 15600 SDH 192.168.80.250/24 192.168.70.200/24 Ethernet 9.2.7.2 Firewall Enabled Table 9-3 shows the rules the ONS 15600 SDH uses to filter packets when the firewall is enabled. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 9-15 78-18400-01...

  • Page 192

    • Accepted column If an ONS 15600 SDH or CTC computer resides behind a firewall that uses port filtering, you must enable an Internet Inter-ORB Protocol (IIOP) port on the ONS 15600 SDH and/or CTC computer, depending on whether one or both devices reside behind a firewall. You can enable an IIOP port on the Provisioning >...

  • Page 193: Scenario 8: Dual Gnes On A Subnet

    ONS 15600 SDH. Each firewall can use a different IIOP port. For example, if the CTC computer firewall uses IIOP port 4000, and the ONS 15600 SDH firewall uses IIOP port 5000, 4000 is the IIOP port you provision for the CTC computer and 5000 is the IIOP port you provision for the ONS 15600 SDH.

  • Page 194

    10.10.20.0/24 Interface 0/0 10.10.20.1 Router A Interface 0/1 10.10.10.1 10.10.10.0/24 ONS 15600 SDH ONS 15600 SDH 10.10.10.100/24 10.10.10.150/24 ONS 15600 SDH ONS 15600 SDH 10.10.10.250/24 10.10.10.200/24 Ethernet Local/Craft CTC 192.168.20.20 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 9-18 78-18400-01...

  • Page 195: Routing Table

    192.168.10.200/24 Ethernet Local/Craft CTC 192.168.20.20 9.3 Routing Table ONS 15600 SDH routing information appears on the Maintenance > Routing Table tab (Figure 9-17). The routing table provides the following information: Destination—Displays the IP address of the destination network or host.

  • Page 196

    TSC cards together; traffic cards forward DCC packets over the – motfcc0 Ethernet interface. Figure 9-17 Viewing the ONS 15600 SDH Routing Table Table 9-5 shows sample routing entries for an ONS 15600 SDH. Table 9-5 Sample Routing Table Entries Entry Destination Mask...

  • Page 197

    • Interface (cpm0) indicates that the ONS 15600 SDH Ethernet interface is used to reach the gateway. Entry 2 shows the following: Destination (172.20.214.0) is the destination network IP address.

  • Page 198: External Firewalls

    In the example, the CTC workstation's address is 192.168.10.10. and the ONS 15600 SDH address is 10.10.10.100. The firewall is attached to the GNE, so the inbound direction is from CTC to the GNE and the outbound direction is from the GNE to CTC. The CTC Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) Standard constant is 683 and the TCC CORBA Default is TCC Fixed (57790).

  • Page 199: Open Gne

    As with the first example, the CTC workstation address is 192.168.10.10 and the ONS 15600 SDH address is 10.10.10.100. The firewall is attached to the GNE, so inbound is CTC to the GNE and outbound is from the GNE to CTC. CTC CORBA Standard constant (683) and TCC CORBA Default is TCC Fixed (57790).

  • Page 200

    Router A Interface 0/1 10.10.10.1 10.10.10.0/24 ONS 15600 SDH ONS 15600 SDH 10.10.10.100/24 10.10.10.150/24 ONS 15600 SDH ONS 15600 SDH 10.10.10.250/24 10.10.10.200/24 Non-ONS node Ethernet Foreign NE Local/Craft CTC 130.94.122.199/28 192.168.20.20 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 9-24 78-18400-01...

  • Page 201: Tcp/ip And Osi Networking

    ONS 15600 SDH DCN communication is based on the TCP/IP protocol suite. However, ONS 15600 SDHs can also be networked with equipment that uses the OSI protocol suite. While TCP/IP and OSI protocols are not directly compatible, they do have the same objectives and occupy similar layers of the OSI reference model.

  • Page 202: Point-to-point Protocol

    Link control protocol (LCP)—Establishes, configures, and tests the point-to-point connections. • CTC automatically enables IP over PPP whenever you create an RS-DCC or MS-DCC. The RS-DCC or MS-DCC can be provisioned to support OSI over PPP. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 9-26 78-18400-01...

  • Page 203: Link Access Protocol On The D Channel

    9.6.2 Link Access Protocol on the D Channel LAP-D is a data link protocol used in the OSI protocol stack. LAP-D is assigned when you provision an ONS 15600 SDH RS-DCC as OSI-only. Provisionable LAP-D parameters include: Transfer Service—One of the following transfer services must be assigned: •...

  • Page 204

    NSAP addresses. Whether an address is an NSAP address or a NET depends on the network selector value in the NSAP. The ONS 15600 SDH supports the ISO Data Country Code (ISO-DCC) NSAP address format as specified in ISO 8348. The NSAP address is divided into an initial domain part (IDP) and a domain-specific part (DSP).

  • Page 205

    NSELs are not advertised until a tunnel is created. Figure 9-20 shows the ISO-DCC NSAP address with the default values delivered with the ONS 15600 SDH. The System ID is automatically populated with the node MAC address. Figure 9-20 ISO-DCC NSAP Address...

  • Page 206: Osi Routing

    9.6.4 OSI Routing The ONS 15600 SDH main NSAP address is shown on the node view Provisioning > OSI > Main Setup tab. This address is also the Router 1 primary manual area address, which is viewed and edited on Provisioning >...

  • Page 207: End System-to-intermediate System Protocol

    Domain When you provision an ONS 15600 SDH for a network with NEs that use both the TCP/IP and OSI protocol stacks, you will provision it as one of the following: Intermediate System Level 1—The ONS 15600 SDH performs OSI IS functions. It communicates •...

  • Page 208

    Three optional IS-IS metrics (costs)—delay, expense, and error—are not supported by the ONS 15600 SDH. IS-IS maintains a mapping of the metrics to the quality of service (QoS) option in the CLNP packet header. IS-IS uses the mappings to compute routes through the internetwork.

  • Page 209

    Maintenance > OSI > TDC tab. This tab contains the following TARP PDU fields: TID—TID of the originating NE (tar-tor). • NSAP—NSAP of the originating NE. • Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 9-33 78-18400-01...

  • Page 210

    LDB entry, the PDU is discarded. If the tar-seq is greater than the LDB entry, the PDU is processed and the tar-seq field in the LDB entry is updated with the new value. The ONS 15600 SDH LDB holds approximately 500 entries.

  • Page 211

    9.6.6 TCP/IP and OSI Mediation 9.6.5.3 Manual TARP Adjacencies TARP adjacencies can be manually provisioned in networks where ONS 15600 SDHs must communicate across routers or non-SDH NEs that lack TARP capability. In CTC, manual TARP adjacencies are provisioned on the node view Provisioning > OSI > TARP > MAT (Manual Area Table) tab.

  • Page 212

    • 9.6.7 OSI Virtual Routers The ONS 15600 SDH supports twelve OSI virtual routers. The routers are provisioned on the Provisioning > OSI > Routers tab. Each router has an editable manual area address and a unique NSAP System ID that is set to the node MAC address + n. For Router 1, n = 0. For Router 2, n = 1. For Router 3, n = 2, and for Router12, n = 11.

  • Page 213

    9.6.8 IP-over-CLNS Tunnels IP-over-CLNS tunnels are used to encapsulate IP for transport across OSI NEs. The ONS 15600 SDH supports two tunnel types: GRE—Generic Routing Encapsulation is a tunneling protocol that encapsulates one network layer •...

  • Page 214

    IP-over-CLNS tunnels must be carefully planned to prevent nodes from losing visibility or connectivity. Before you begin a tunnel, verify that the tunnel type, either Cisco IP or GRE, is supported by the equipment at the other end. Always verify IP and NSAP addresses. Provisioning of IP-over-CLNS tunnels in CTC is performed on the node view Provisioning >...

  • Page 215

    If you are provisioning an IP-over-CLNS tunnel on a Cisco router, always follow procedures provided in the Cisco IOS documentation for the router you are provisioning. For information about ISO CLNS provisioning including IP-over-CLNS tunnels, see the “Configuring ISO CLNS” chapter in the Cisco IOS Apollo Domain, Banyon VINES, DECnet, ISO CLNS, and XNS Configuration Guide.

  • Page 216

    RS-DCC is created between the ONS NE 1 and the other vender GNE. The OSI-over-IP tunnel can be either the Cisco IP tunnel or a GRE tunnel, depending on the tunnel types supported by the router. IP-over-CLNS tunnel on ONS NE 1: Destination: 10.10.30.10 (Router 1, Interface 0/1)

  • Page 217

    Interface 0/1: 10.10.20.10/24 39.840F.80.111111.0000.1111.1111.aaaaaaaaaaaa.00 Router 1 Interface 0/0: 10.10.20.20/24 Interface 0/1: 10.10.30.10/24 39.840F.80. 111111.0000.1111.1111.bbbbbbbbbbbb.00 Other vendor GRE or Cisco IP tunnel OSI-only DCC (LAPD) Other vendor ONS NE 1 10.10.30.30/24 39.840F.80. 111111.0000.1111.1111.dddddddddddd.00 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 9-41 78-18400-01...

  • Page 218

    (LAP-D) RS-DCC is created between the ONS NE 1 and the other vender GNE. The OSI-over-IP tunnel can be either the Cisco IP tunnel or a GRE tunnel, depending on the tunnel types supported by the router. IP-over-CLNS tunnel on ONS NE 1: Destination: Router 2 IP address •...

  • Page 219

    They run both OSPF and OSI (IS-IS or ES-IS) routing protocols as “Ships-In-The-Night,” with no route redistribution. ONS 15600 SDH NEs run TARP, which allows them to resolve a TL1 TID to a NSAP address. A • TID might resolve to both an IP and an NSAP address when the destination TID is an ONS 15600 SDH NE that has both IP and NSAP address.

  • Page 220

    9-30) shows an ONS 15600 SDH GNE in a multivendor OSI network. Both the ONS 15600 SDH GNE and the other vendor NEs are managed by an IP OSS using TL1 and FTP. The ONS 15600 SDH is also managed by CTC and Cisco Transport Manager (CTM). Because the other vendor NE only supports TL1 and FTAM over the full OSI stack, the ONS 15600 SDH GNE provides T–TD and FT–TD mediation to convert TL1/IP to TL1/OSI and FTAM/OSI to FTP/IP.

  • Page 221

    OSI stack and routes it to the destination using the IS-IS protocol. For TL1 traffic to ONS 15600 SDH NEs, the TID is resolved to both an IP and an NSAP address. The ONS 15600 SDH GNE follows the current TL1 processing model and forwards the request to the destination NE using the TCP/IP stack and OSPF routing.

  • Page 222

    OSS-initiated software downloads consist of two parts: the OSS to destination NE TL1 download request and the file transfer. The TL1 request is handled the same as described earlier. The ONS 15600 SDH NEs use FTP for file transfers. OSI-only NEs use FTAM to perform file transfers. The FTAM protocol is carried over OSI between the OSI NE and the ONS 15600 SDH GNE.

  • Page 223

    CTC/CTM communicates with ONS 15600 SDH NEs over a IP-over-CLNS tunnel. The tunnel is created from the ONS 15600 SDH node to the external router. The ONS 15600 SDH NE exchanges TL1 over the full OSI stack using FTAM for file transfer. Figure 9-32 shows the same scenario, except the IP-over-CLNS tunnel endpoint is the GNE and not the DCN router.

  • Page 224

    ONS 15600 SDH OSPF area. An alternate approach is to create a single IP-over-CLNS tunnel from CTC/CTM to an ONS 15600 SDH NE, and then to configure a tunnel from that NE to an NE in each isolated OSPF area. This approach requires additional static routes.

  • Page 225

    9-34) is similar to OSI/IP Scenario 3 except that the OSI GNE only has an IP connection to the DCN. It does not have an OSI DCN connection to carry CTC/CTM IP traffic through an IP-over-OSI tunnel. A separate DCN to ONS 15600 SDH NE connection is created to provide CTC/CTM access.

  • Page 226

    (Figure 9-35) shows how the ONS 15600 SDH supports OSI DCNs. The OSI DCN has no impact on the ONS 15600 SDH because all IP traffic (CTC/CTM, FTP, and TL1) is tunneled through the OSI DCN. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0...

  • Page 227

    Other vendor NE The IP OSS manages ONS 15600 SDH and other vendor NEs using TL1 and FTP. OSS IP traffic is tunneled through the DCN to the ONS 15600 SDH GNE. CTC/CTM IP traffic is tunneled through the DCN to the ONS 15600 SDH GNE.

  • Page 228

    IP and OSI/PPP/DCC ONS NE 3 ONS 15600 SDH NEs are managed by CTC/CTM only (TL1/FTP is not used). The OSI OSS manages other vendor NEs only. CTC/CTM communicates with the ONS 15600 SDH over a IP-over-CLNS tunnel between the ONS 15600 SDH NE and external router.

  • Page 229

    Management traffic between CTC/CTM and ONS 15600 SDH NEs is carried over an IP-over-CLNS tunnel. A static route is configured on the ONS 15600 SDH that terminates the tunnel (ONS 15600 SDH NE 1) so that downstream ONS 15600 SDH NEs (ONS 15600 SDH NE 2 and 3) know how to reach CTC/CTM.

  • Page 230

    CTC/CTM communicates with the ONS 15600 SDH over an IP-over-CLNS tunnel between the ONS 15600 SDH NE and the external router. A static route is needed on the GNE. The ONS 15600 SDH GNE routes OSI traffic to other vendor NEs. No IP-over-CLNS tunnel is needed.

  • Page 231

    9.6.10 OSI Provisioning in CTC Table 9-15 shows the OSI actions that are performed from the node view Provisioning tab. Refer to the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Procedure Guide for OSI procedures and tasks. Table 9-15 OSI Actions from the CTC Provisioning Tab Actions OSI >...

  • Page 232

    DCN networks by enabling the IPv6 feature. After you enable IPv6 in addition to IPv4, you can use CTC, TL1, and SNMP over an IPv6 DCN to manage ONS 15600. Each NE can be assigned an IPv6 address in addition to the IPv4 address. You can access the NE by entering the IPv4 address, an IPv6 address or the DNS name of the device.

  • Page 233

    IPv6. For more information about enabling IPv6 from the CTC interface, see the Cisco ONS 15600 Procedure Guide. For more information about enabling IPv6 using TL1 command, see the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH, Cisco ONS 15600 SDH, and Cisco ONS 15310 MA SDH TL1 Command Guide.

  • Page 234

    In secure mode, IPv6 is supported only on the rear Ethernet interface. IPv6 is not supported on the • front port. ONS 15600 platforms do not support IPv6 on front port of TSC cards. IPv6 is supported only on the • rear Ethernet interface.

  • Page 235

    The Any Service Any Port (ASAP) Carrier Card plugs into any of the eight available I/O slots for the ONS 15600 SDH. Each ASAP carrier card has four slots available for up to and including four ASAP Pluggable Input/output Modules (PIMs). There are four slots available on the PIM for Pluggable Port Modules (PPM), which are Small Form-factor Pluggable (SFP) optics.

  • Page 236

    PIMs are functioning. Each SFP is also hot-pluggable. Layer 1 Ethernet transport is implemented for Gigabit Ethernet (GE) interfaces. GE traffic is encapsulated by generic framing procedure (GFP), ITU X.86, or Cisco high-level data link control/LAN extension (HDLC/LEX) and mapped into an SDH payload.

  • Page 237

    Matrix Line Card The ONS 15600 SDH provides transport functionality of all frames arriving on the Ethernet interfaces. Frames arriving on each Ethernet interface are mapped onto their own SDH path. In the reverse direction, frames arriving on an SDH path are mapped to one and only one Ethernet interface. Frames arriving on different Ethernet interfaces are not mapped onto the same SDH path.

  • Page 238

    The Ethernet ports can be provisioned for encapsulation in frame-mapped GFP (GFP-F) as per ITU G.7041, Cisco HDLC/LEX as per RFC 1841, or Ethernet over Link Access Protocol over SDH (LAPS) as per ITU X.86. LEX with CRC-32 is the default encapsulation, as it is supported by most Cisco data cards.

  • Page 239: Bridge Control Protocol

    In the ONS 15600 SDH, oversubscription of interfaces is supported. This occurs when the GE interface is mapped to any of the VC3, VC4, VC4-2c, VC4-3c, and VC4-4c (c) rates. No guarantees on frame loss or delay due to oversubscription is provided by the system.

  • Page 240: Vlan

    High Water Mark. A PAUSE_TIME is specified in each PAUSE frame. The values of the PAUSE_TIME parameter and the rate X parameter are determined by the system and are not user settable. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 10-6...

  • Page 241: Autonegotiation

    Ethernet peers. If an agreement on the supported flow control mode cannot be reached, the transmitter is turned off. Autonegotiation is depicted in Figure 10-4. Figure 10-4 Autonegotiation Ethernet links Router Router 15xxx 15xxx SDH network Autonegotiation Autonegotiation Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 10-7 78-18400-01...

  • Page 242: Gigabit Etherchannel/ieee 802.3ad Link Aggregation

    The ASAP card supports all forms of link aggregation technologies including GEC, which is a Cisco proprietary standard, and the IEEE 802.3ad standard. The end-to-end link integrity feature ASAP card allows a circuit to emulate an Ethernet link.

  • Page 243

    To troubleshoot specific alarms, refer to the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Troubleshooting Guide. 11.1 Overview CTC detects and reports SDH alarms generated by the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH and the larger SDH network. You can use CTC to monitor and manage alarms at the card, node, or network level. Default alarm severities conform to the ITU-T G.733 standard, but you can set alarm severities in customized...

  • Page 244: C H A P T E R 11 Alarm Monitoring And Management

    Reported (NR) Status: Raised (R), Clear (C), Transient (T) When checked, indicates a service-affecting alarm Cond Error message/alarm name; alphabetically defined in the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Troubleshooting Guide Description Description of the alarm 1. The user can click the Synchronize button to acknowledge the new alarm. Clicking the Delete Cleared Alarms button only deletes cleared alarms on the window.

  • Page 245

    Table 11-2 Color Codes for Alarms and Conditions Color Description Critical alarm Orange Major alarm Yellow Minor alarm Magenta (pink) Event (NA) Blue Condition (NR) White Cleared alarm or event (C) Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 11-3 78-18400-01...

  • Page 246: Alarm Window

    If checked, CTC automatically deletes cleared alarms. Alarms 11.2.2 Alarm-Affected Circuits You can determine which ONS 15600 SDH circuits are affected by a specific alarm by positioning the cursor over the alarm in the Alarm window and right-clicking. A shortcut menu appears (Figure 11-2).

  • Page 247: Conditions Window

    LOS conditions in this window. Having all conditions visible can be helpful when troubleshooting the ONS 15600 SDH. If you want to retrieve conditions that obey a root-cause hierarchy (that is, LOS supersedes and replaces LOF), you can exclude the same root causes.

  • Page 248: Conditions Window Actions

    (Figure 11-3). If you click the Retrieve button in the network view, all conditions for the network (including ONS 15600 SDH nodes and other connected nodes such as ONS 15454 SDHs) appear, and the card view shows only card-specific conditions.

  • Page 249

    Severity level: CR, MJ, MN, NA, NR When checked, indicates a service-affecting alarm Cond Condition name; alphabetically listed and defined in the “Alarm Troubleshooting” chapter of the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Troubleshooting Guide Description Description of the condition Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0...

  • Page 250: History Window

    The ONS 15600 SDH can store up to 3,000 total alarms and conditions: 750 Critical alarms, 750 Major alarms, 750 Minor alarms, and 750 conditions. When the limit is reached, the ONS 15600 SDH begins replacing the oldest items. The History window presents several alarm history views: The History >...

  • Page 251

    Slot where the condition occurred (only displays in network view and node view) Port Port where the condition occurred Path Width Width of the data path Severity level: CR, MJ, MN, NA, NR Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 11-9 78-18400-01...

  • Page 252: Alarm History Actions

    The alarm profiles feature allows you to change default alarm severities by creating unique alarm profiles for individual ONS 15600 SDH ports, cards, or nodes. A created alarm profile can be applied to any node on the network. Alarm profiles can be saved to a file and imported elsewhere in the network, but the profile must be stored locally on a node before it can be applied to the node, cards, or ports.

  • Page 253: Alarm Profile Buttons

    Available Displays all profiles available on each node. Usage Displays all entities (nodes and alarm subjects) present in the network and which profiles contain the alarm (can be printed). Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 11-11 78-18400-01...

  • Page 254: Alarm Profile Editing

    In CTC node view, the Provisioning > Alarm Profiles > Alarm Profile Editor window displays alarm profiles for the node, and in card view this windows displays the alarm profiles for the selected card. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 11-12...

  • Page 255: Alarm Filter

    For example, if you turn the filter on and then log out, CTC makes the filter active the next time your user ID is activated. 11.5 Alarm Suppression The following sections explain alarm suppression features for the ONS 15600 SDH. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 11-13...

  • Page 256: Alarms Suppressed For Maintenance

    11.5.2 Alarms Suppressed by User Command In the Provisioning > Alarm Profiles > Alarm Behavior tab, the ONS 15600 SDH has an alarm suppression option that clears raised alarm messages for the node, chassis, one or more slots (cards), or one or more ports.

  • Page 257: External Alarm Input

    ONS 15600 SDHs or in mixed networks containing ONS 15600 SDHs and ONS 15454 SDHs. You can view virtual wires in the CTC node view Maintenance > Alarm Extenders > Virtual Wires window.

  • Page 258

    ONS 15454 SDH node. The Virtual Wires window shows 10 virtual wire columns, but 16 are available. The first 12 are available for other ONS 15600 SDHs. Only the last four are available for the ONS 15454 SDH, because it can only support four virtual wires.

  • Page 259: Performance Monitoring

    This chapter defines PM parameters and concepts for Cisco ONS 15600 SDH optical cards. You can use performance monitoring (PM) parameters to gather, store, threshold, and report performance data for early detection of problems.

  • Page 260: Chapter 12 Performance Monitoring

    VC4 HP-ESR, and VC4 HP-SESR. To enable IPPM, refer to the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Procedure Guide. The ONS 15600 SDH performs IPPM by examining the overhead in the monitored path and reading all of the near-end path performance monitoring parameters in the incoming transmission direction. The IPPM process allows the path overhead to pass bidirectionally through the node completely unaltered.

  • Page 261: Performance-monitoring Parameter Definitions

    MS-FC Count of the number of occurrences of near-end failure events, and is incremented by one each time a near-end failure event begins. Failure counts are incremented during unavailable time. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 12-3 78-18400-01...

  • Page 262

    RS-SES Regenerator Section Severely Errored Second (RS-SES) is a one-second period which contains 30 percent or more errored blocks or at least one defect. SES is a subset of ES. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 12-4 78-18400-01...

  • Page 263: Optical Card Performance Monitoring

    12.5.1 OC-48/STM16, and OC-192/STM64 Card Performance Monitoring Parameters Figure 12-1 shows where overhead bytes detected on the Application-Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs) produce performance monitoring parameters for the OC-48/STM16, and OC-192/STM64 optical cards. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 12-5 78-18400-01...

  • Page 264: Physical Layer Parameters

    12.5.2 Physical Layer Parameters The ONS 15600 SDH retrieves the OPR, OPT, and LBC from the line card and stores these values with the PM counts for the 15-minute and 1-day periods. You can retrieve current OPR, OPT, and LBC values for each port by displaying the card view in CTC and clicking the Maintenance >...

  • Page 265: Asap Card Performance Monitoring

    “12.3 Pointer Justification Count” section on page 12-2. 3. SDH path PM parameters do not increment unless IPPM is enabled. See the “12.2 Intermediate-Path Performance Monitoring” section on page 12-2. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 12-7 78-18400-01...

  • Page 266: Asap Card Ethernet Performance Monitoring Parameters

    FCS check. etherStatsUndersizePkts The total number of packets received that were less than 64 octets long (excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets) and were otherwise well formed. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 12-8 78-18400-01...

  • Page 267

    (excluding framing bits but including FCS bytes). etherStatsPkts128to255Octets The total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were between 128 and 255 bytes in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but including FCS bytes). Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 12-9 78-18400-01...

  • Page 268

    The precise meaning of the count represented by an instance of this object is implementation-specific. In particular, an instance of this object may represent a count of receive errors on a particular interface that are not otherwise counted. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 12-10 78-18400-01...

  • Page 269: Asap Card Ether Ports Utilization Window

    Table 12-6 maxBaseRate for VC Circuits maxBaseRate 51840000 155000000 VC4-2c 311000000 VC4-4c 622000000 Line utilization numbers express the average of ingress and egress traffic as a percentage of capacity. Note Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 12-11 78-18400-01...

  • Page 270: Asap Card Ether Ports History Window

    Number of bytes transmitted (to the SONET/SDH path) after the bytes undergoing HLDC encapsulation by the policy engine. rxTotalPkts Number of received packets. txTotalPkts Number of transmitted packets hdlcRxAborts Number of received packets aborted on input. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 12-12 78-18400-01...

  • Page 271: Asap Card Pos Ports Utilization Window

    The History window displays the statistics for each port for the number of previous time intervals as shown in Table 12-7. The listed parameters are defined in Table 12-8 on page 12-12. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 12-13 78-18400-01...

  • Page 272

    Chapter 12 Performance Monitoring 12.6.2 ASAP Card Ethernet Performance Monitoring Parameters Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 12-14 78-18400-01...

  • Page 273: Snmp Overview

    Up to 10 SNMP trap destinations and five concurrent Cisco Transport Controller (CTC) user sessions are allowed per node. The ONS 15600 SDH uses SNMP for asynchronous event notification to a network management system (NMS). ONS SNMP implementation uses standard Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) management information bases (MIBs) to convey node-level inventory, fault, and performance management information for SDH read-only management.

  • Page 274: Chapter 13 Snmp

    Chapter 13 SNMP 13.1 SNMP Overview The Cisco ONS 15600 SDH supports SNMP Version 1 (SNMPv1), SNMP Version 2c (SNMPv2c), and SNMP Version 3 (SNMPv3). As compared to SNMPv1, SNMPv2c includes additional protocol operations and 64-bit performance monitoring support. SNMPv3 provides authentication, encryption, and message integrity and is more secure.

  • Page 275: Basic Snmp Components

    Figure 13-3 illustrates SNMP agent get-requests that transport data to the network management software. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 13-3 78-18400-01...

  • Page 276: Snmpv3 Support

    13.4 SNMP Version Support The ONS 15600 SDH supports SNMPv1 and SNMPv2c traps and get requests. The ONS 15600 SDH SNMP MIBs define alarms, traps, and status. Through SNMP, NMS applications can query a management agent for data from functional entities such as Ethernet switches and SDH multiplexers using a supported MIB.

  • Page 277: Snmp Message Types

    SNMP messages without authentication or privacy enabled are not allowed. When SNMP is configured in non-secure mode, it allows SNMPv1, SNMPv2, and SNMPv3 message types. 13.5 SNMP Message Types The ONS 15600 SDH SNMP agent communicates with an SNMP management application using SNMP messages. Table 13-1 describes these messages.

  • Page 278: Snmp Management Information Bases

    ONS 15600 SDH. 13.6.1 IETF-Standard MIBs for ONS 15600 SDH Table 13-2 lists the IETF-standard MIBs implemented in the ONS 15600 SDH SNMP agents. First compile the MIBs in Table 13-2. Next, compile the MIBs in the order given in Table 13-3.

  • Page 279: Proprietary Ons 15600 Sdh Mibs

    View-Based Access Control Model for SNMP. 1. RFC = Request for Comment 13.6.2 Proprietary ONS 15600 SDH MIBs Each ONS 15600 SDH is shipped with a software CD containing applicable proprietary MIBs. The MIBs in Table 13-3 lists the proprietary MIBs for the ONS 15600 SDH.

  • Page 280

    CERENT-GLOBAL-REGISTRY.mib CERENT-HC-RMON-MIB.mib CERENT-IF-EXT-MIB.mib CERENT-MSDWDM-MIB.mib CERENT-OPTICAL-MONITOR-MIB.mib CERENT-TC.mib CISCO-IGMP-SNOOPING-MIB.mib CISCO-OPTICAL-MONITOR-MIB.mib CISCO-OPTICAL-PATCH-MIB.mib CISCO-SMI.mib CISCO-VOA-MIB.mib CISCO-VTP-MIB.mib INET-ADDRESS-MIB.mib OLD-CISCO-TCP-MIB.my OLD-CISCO-TS-MIB.my RFC1155-SMI.my RFC1213-MIB.my RFC1315-MIB.my BGP4-MIB.my CERENT-454-MIB.mib CERENT-ENVMON-MIB.mib CERENT-FC-MIB.mib CERENT-GENERIC-MIB.mib CERENT-GENERIC-PM-MIB.mib CERENT-GLOBAL-REGISTRY.mib CERENT-HC-RMON-MIB.mib CERENT-IF-EXT-MIB.mib CERENT-MSDWDM-MIB.mib CERENT-OPTICAL-MONITOR-MIB.mib CERENT-TC.mib Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 13-8 78-18400-01...

  • Page 281

    CISCO-ENTITY-VENDORTYPE-OID-MI CISCO-FRAME-RELAY-MIB.my CISCO-FTP-CLIENT-MIB.my CISCO-HSRP-EXT-MIB.my CISCO-HSRP-MIB.my CISCO-IGMP-SNOOPING-MIB.mib CISCO-IMAGE-MIB.my CISCO-IP-STAT-MIB.my CISCO-IPMROUTE-MIB.my CISCO-MEMORY-POOL-MIB.my CISCO-OPTICAL-MONITOR-MIB.mib CISCO-OPTICAL-PATCH-MIB.mib CISCO-PING-MIB.my CISCO-PORT-QOS-MIB.my CISCO-PROCESS-MIB.my CISCO-PRODUCTS-MIB.my CISCO-RTTMON-MIB.my CISCO-SMI.mib CISCO-SMI.my CISCO-SYSLOG-MIB.my CISCO-TC.my CISCO-TCP-MIB.my CISCO-VLAN-IFTABLE-RELATIONSHI CISCO-VOA-MIB.mib CISCO-VTP-MIB.mib CISCO-VTP-MIB.my ENTITY-MIB.my ETHERLIKE-MIB.my HC-PerfHist-TC-MIB.my HC-RMON-MIB.my Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 13-9 78-18400-01...

  • Page 282

    IGMP-MIB.my INET-ADDRESS-MIB.my IPMROUTE-STD-MIB.my OSPF-MIB.my PIM-MIB.my RMON-MIB.my RMON2-MIB.my SNMP-FRAMEWORK-MIB.my SNMP-NOTIFICATION-MIB.my SNMP-TARGET-MIB.my SNMPv2-MIB.my SNMPv2-SMI.my SNMPv2-TC.my TCP-MIB.my TOKEN-RING-RMON-MIB.my UDP-MIB.my BRIDGE-MIB-rfc1493.mib DS1-MIB-rfc2495.mib DS3-MIB-rfc2496.mib ENTITY-MIB-rfc2737.mib EtherLike-MIB-rfc2665.mib HC-RMON-rfc3273.mib HCNUM-TC.mib IANAifType-MIB.mib IF-MIB-rfc2233.mib INET-ADDRESS-MIB.mib P-BRIDGE-MIB-rfc2674.mib PerfHist-TC-MIB-rfc2493.mib Q-BRIDGE-MIB-rfc2674.mib RFC1213-MIB-rfc1213.mib Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 13-10 78-18400-01...

  • Page 283: Snmp Trap Content

    (TAC) at http://www.cisco.com/techsupport or call Cisco TAC (800) 553-2447. 13.7 SNMP Trap Content The ONS 15600 SDH uses SNMP traps to generate all alarms and events, such as raises and clears. The traps contain the following information: Object IDs that uniquely identify each event with information about the generating entity (the slot •...

  • Page 284: Generic And Ietf Traps

    13.7.1 Generic and IETF Traps Table 13-4 contains information about the generic threshold and performance monitoring MIBs that can be used to monitor any network element (NE) contained in the network. The ONS 15600 SDH supports the generic IETF traps listed in Table 13-4.

  • Page 285

    Chapter 13 SNMP 13.7.2 Variable Trap Bindings Table 13-5 Supported ONS 15600 SDH SNMPv2 Trap Variable Bindings (continued) (Variable Binding Group Associated Trap Name(s) Number) SNMPv2 Variable Bindings Description dsx3LineStatusChange dsx3LineStatus This variable indicates the line status of the (from RFC 2496, not interface.

  • Page 286

    Chapter 13 SNMP 13.7.2 Variable Trap Bindings Table 13-5 Supported ONS 15600 SDH SNMPv2 Trap Variable Bindings (continued) (Variable Binding Group Associated Trap Name(s) Number) SNMPv2 Variable Bindings Description failureDetectedExternal cerentGenericNodeTime The time that an event occurred. ToTheNE (from cerentGenericAlarmState The alarm severity and service-affecting status.

  • Page 287

    Chapter 13 SNMP 13.7.2 Variable Trap Bindings Table 13-5 Supported ONS 15600 SDH SNMPv2 Trap Variable Bindings (continued) (Variable Binding Group Associated Trap Name(s) Number) SNMPv2 Variable Bindings Description performanceMonitorThr cerentGenericNodeTime The time that an event occurred. esholdCrossingAlert cerentGenericAlarmState The alarm severity and service-affecting status.

  • Page 288: Snmpv1/v2 Proxy Over Firewalls

    Chapter 13 SNMP 13.8 SNMPv1/v2 Proxy Over Firewalls Table 13-5 Supported ONS 15600 SDH SNMPv2 Trap Variable Bindings (continued) (Variable Binding Group Associated Trap Name(s) Number) SNMPv2 Variable Bindings Description All other traps (from cerentGenericNodeTime The time that an event occurred.

  • Page 289: Remote Monitoring

    (DCC) monitoring using 64-bit RMON over the DCC to gather historical and statistical Ethernet data. In general, the ONS 15600 SDH system RMON is based on the IETF-standard MIB RFC 2819 and includes the following five groups from the standard MIB: Ethernet Statistics, History Control, Ethernet History, Alarm, and Event.

  • Page 290: Bit Rmon Monitoring Over Dcc

    13.10.1 64-Bit RMON Monitoring over DCC 13.10.1 64-Bit RMON Monitoring over DCC The ONS 15600 SDH DCC is implemented over the IP protocol, which is not compatible with Ethernet. The system monitors Ethernet equipment history and statistics using RMON. RMON DCC monitoring for IP and Ethernet is used to check the health of remote DCC connections.

  • Page 291: Get Requests And Getnext Requests

    13.10.3.2 Get Requests and GetNext Requests Get requests and getNext requests for the etherStatsMulticastPkts and etherStatsBroadcastPkts columns return a value of zero because the variables are not supported by ONS 15600 SDH Ethernet facilities. 13.10.3.3 Row Deletion in etherStatsTable To delete a row in the etherStatsTable, the SetRequest PDU should contain an etherStatsStatus value of 4 (invalid).

  • Page 292: Row Creation In Historycontroltable

    (invalid). A deleted row can be recreated. 13.10.4.5 Ethernet History RMON Group The ONS 15600 SDH implements the etherHistoryTable as defined in RFC 2819. The group is created within the bounds of the historyControlTable and does not deviate from the RFC in its design.

  • Page 293: Event Rmon Group

    The event group controls event generation and notification. It consists of two tables: the eventTable, which is a read-only list of events to be generated, and the logTable, which is a writable set of data describing a logged event. The ONS 15600 SDH implements the logTable as specified in RFC 2819. 13.10.6.1 Event Table The eventTable is read-only and unprovisionable.

  • Page 294

    Chapter 13 SNMP 13.10.6 Event RMON Group Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 13-22 78-18400-01...

  • Page 295: Hardware Specifications

    A P P E N D I X Hardware Specifications This appendix provides detailed shelf assembly hardware specifications for the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH. It includes the following sections: A.1 Shelf Specifications, page A-1 • A.2 Card Specifications, page A-4 •...

  • Page 296: Appendix A Hardware Specification

    OC192/STM64 SR4 1310 • • OC192/STM64 4 Port ITU C-Band A.1.4 Configurations The ONS 15600 SDH has the following configurations: • 1+1 automatic protections switching (APS) for point-to-point and linear configurations Two-fiber subnetwork connection protection ring (SNCP) • Path-protected mesh network (PPMN) •...

  • Page 297: A.1.8 Tl1 Craft Interface

    2 DS-1 BITS inputs • 2 derived STM-N outputs • A.1.12 System Timing The ONS 15600 SDH has the following system timing specifications: Holdover stability: Stratum 3E per Telcordia GR-253-CORE • Free running accuracy: +/– 4.6 ppm • Reference: External BITS, line, internal •...

  • Page 298: A.1.14 Environmental Specifications

    Appendix A Hardware Specifications A.1.14 Environmental Specifications A.1.14 Environmental Specifications The ONS 15600 SDH has the following environmental specifications: • Operating temperature: 23 to 122 degrees Fahrenheit (–5 to +50 degrees Celsius) Operating humidity: 5 to 95 percent, noncondensing •...

  • Page 299: A.2.1 Tsc Card Specifications

    Depth: 18.31 in. (465 mm) Card weight: 4.0 lb (1.81 kg) Compliance When installed in a node, ONS 15600 SDH cards comply with these safety standards: UL 60950, CSA C22.2 No. 950, EN 60950, IEC 60950 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0...

  • Page 300: A.2.2 Ssxc Specifications

    Depth: 18.31 in. (465 mm) Card weight: 5.0 lb (2.27 kg) Compliance When installed in a node, ONS 15600 SDH cards comply with these safety standards: UL 60950, CSA C22.2 No. 950, EN 60950, IEC 60950 A.2.3 OC48/STM16 LR/LH 16 Port 1550 Specifications Table A-5 shows the OC48/STM16 LR/LH 16 Port 1550 card specifications.

  • Page 301

    Compliance Telcordia GR-253 When installed in a node, ONS 15600 SDH cards comply with these safety standards: UL 60950, CSA C22.2 No. 950, EN 60950, IEC 60950 Eye safety compliance: Class 1 (21 CFR 1040.10 and 1040.11) and Class 1 (IEC 60825) laser products Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0...

  • Page 302: A.2.4 Oc48/stm16 Sr/sh 16 Port 1310 Specifications

    Compliance Telcordia GR-253 When installed in a node, ONS 15600 SDH cards comply with these safety standards: UL 60950, CSA C22.2 No. 950, EN 60950, IEC 60950 Eye safety compliance: Class 1 (21 CFR 1040.10 and 1040.11) and Class 1 (IEC 60825) laser products Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0...

  • Page 303: A.2.5 Oc192/stm64 Lr/lh 4 Port 1550 Specifications

    Compliance Telcordia GR-253 When installed in a node, ONS 15600 SDH cards comply with these safety standards: UL 60950, CSA C22.2 No. 950, EN 60950, IEC 60950 Eye safety compliance: Class 1 (21 CFR 1040.10 and 1040.11) and Class 1 (IEC 60825) laser products Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0...

  • Page 304: A.2.6 Oc192/stm64 Sr/sh 4 Port 1310 Specifications

    Compliance Telcordia GR-253 When installed in a node, ONS 15600 SDH cards comply with these safety standards: UL 60950, CSA C22.2 No. 950, EN 60950, IEC 60950 Eye safety compliance: Class 1 (21 CFR 1040.10 and 1040.11) and Class 1 (IEC 60825) laser products Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0...

  • Page 305: A.2.7 Asap Specifications

    Compliance Telcordia GR-253 When installed in a system, ONS 15600 SDH cards comply with these safety standards: UL 60950, CSA C22.2 No. 950, EN 60950, IEC 60950 Eye safety compliance: Class 1 (21 CFR 1040.10 and 1040.11) and Class 1 (IEC 60825) laser products Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0...

  • Page 306: A.2.8 Filler Card Specifications

    Depth: 18.31 in. (465 mm) Card weight: 2.5 lb (1.134 kg) A.3 SFP/XFP Specifications Table A-11 Table A-12 list the specifications for Cisco ONS 15600 SDH SFPs and XFPs. Table A-11 SFP Specifications (4PIO Only) Transmitter Output Receiver Input Power...

  • Page 307

    1550.1 nm ONS-SC-2G-50.9 OC-48/STM16 1550.9 nm ONS-SC-2G-51.7 OC-48/STM16 1551.7 nm ONS-SC-2G-52.5 OC-48/STM16 1552.5 nm ONS-SC-2G-54.1 OC-48/STM16 1554.1 nm ONS-SC-2G-54.9 OC-48/STM16 1554.9 nm ONS-SC-2G-55.7 OC-48/STM16 1555.7 nm ONS-SC-2G-56.5 OC-48/STM16 1556.5 nm Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 A-13 78-18400-01...

  • Page 308

    ONS-SE-Z1 1310 nm 9 micron SMF 15 km (9.3 mi.) ONS-SI-155-L2 1550 nm 9 micron SMF 80 km (49.71 mi.) ONS-XC-10G-S1 1310 nm 9 micron SMF 2 km (1.2 mi.) Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 A-14 78-18400-01...

  • Page 309

    1550 nm 9 micron SMF 80 km (49.71 mi.) ONS-SI-2G-S1 1310 nm 9 micron SMF 80 km (49.71 mi.) 1. Typical loss on a 1310-nm wavelength SMF is 0.6 dB/km. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 A-15 78-18400-01...

  • Page 310

    Appendix A Hardware Specifications A.3 SFP/XFP Specifications Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 A-16 78-18400-01...

  • Page 311: Administrative And Service States

    A P P E N D I X Administrative and Service States This appendix describes administrative and service states for Cisco ONS 15600 SDH cards, ports, and cross-connects. For circuit state information, see Chapter 7, “Circuits and Tunnels.” Entity states are based on the generic state model defined in Telcordia GR-1093-CORE, Issue 2 and ITU-T X.731.

  • Page 312: B.2 Administrative States

    B.2 Administrative States Administrative states are used to manage service states. Administrative states consist of a PST and an SST. Table B-3 lists the administrative states supported by the ONS 15600 SDH. See Table B-2 for SST definitions. A change in the administrative state of an entity does not change the service state of supporting or Note supported entities.

  • Page 313: B.3 Service State Transitions

    This section describes the transition from one service state to the next for cards, ports, and cross-connects. A service state transition is based on the action performed on the entity. When an entity is put in the Locked,maintenance administrative state, the ONS 15600 SDH suppresses Note all standing alarms on that entity.

  • Page 314

    Appendix B Administrative and Service States B.3.1 Card Service State Transitions Table B-4 ONS 15600 SDH Card Service State Transitions (continued) Current Service State Action Next Service State Unlocked-disabled,automaticInService & Insert a valid card. Unlocked-disabled,automaticInService & notInstalled softwareDownload Insert an invalid card.

  • Page 315

    Appendix B Administrative and Service States B.3.1 Card Service State Transitions Table B-4 ONS 15600 SDH Card Service State Transitions (continued) Current Service State Action Next Service State Locked-disabled,mismatchOfEquipment & Change the administrative state Unlocked-disabled,mismatchOfEquipment maintenance to Unlocked. Pull the card.

  • Page 316: B.3.2 Port And Cross-connect Service State Transitions

    Deleting a port or cross-connect removes the entity from the system. The deleted entity does not Note transition to another service state. Table B-5 ONS 15600 SDH Port and Cross-Connect Service State Transitions Current Service State Action Next Service State...

  • Page 317

    Appendix B Administrative and Service States B.3.2 Port and Cross-Connect Service State Transitions Table B-5 ONS 15600 SDH Port and Cross-Connect Service State Transitions (continued) Current Service State Action Next Service State Unlocked-disabled,automaticInService Put the port or cross-connect in Unlocked-enabled the Unlocked administrative state.

  • Page 318: B.3.3 Pluggable Equipment Service State Transitions

    Appendix B Administrative and Service States B.3.3 Pluggable Equipment Service State Transitions Table B-5 ONS 15600 SDH Port and Cross-Connect Service State Transitions (continued) Current Service State Action Next Service State Locked-disabled,failed & maintenance Alarm/condition is cleared. Locked-enabled,maintenance Put the port or cross-connect in...

  • Page 319

    If the software cannot read the pluggable equipment, the equipment is considered invalid and will not transition out of the unassigned state. Table B-6 ONS 15600 SDH Pluggable Equipment Service State Transitions Current Service State Action...

  • Page 320

    Appendix B Administrative and Service States B.3.3 Pluggable Equipment Service State Transitions Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 B-10 78-18400-01...

  • Page 321: Network Element Defaults

    • C.1 Network Element Defaults Description The NE defaults are preinstalled on each Cisco ONS 15600 SDH TSC card. Cisco also ships a file named 15600SDH-defaults.txt on the Cisco Transport Controller (CTC) software CD in case you want to import the defaults onto existing TSC cards.

  • Page 322: C.2 Card Default Settings

    C.2 Card Default Settings The tables in this section list the default settings for each SDH card. Cisco provides several types of user-configurable defaults for Cisco ONS 15600 SDH optical, electrical, storage access networking, and Ethernet (or data) cards. Types of card defaults can be broadly grouped by function, as outlined in the following subsections.

  • Page 323: C.2.2 Threshold Defaults

    Restart, Manual Restart for Test STM64_4.config.line.AlsRecoveryPulseDuration 2.0 (seconds) 2.0, 2.1, 2.2 .. 100.0 when AlsMode Disabled, Auto Restart, Manual Restart; 80.0, 80.1, 80.2 .. 100.0 when AlsMode Manual Restart for Test Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 324

    + 2 .. 255 STM64_4.physicalthresholds.warning.1day.OPT-LOW 80 (%) 0, 1, 2 .. OPT-HIGH STM64_4.pmthresholds.ms.farend.15min.BBE 85040 (count) 0 - 8850600 STM64_4.pmthresholds.ms.farend.15min.EB 85040 (B2 count) 0 - 8850600 STM64_4.pmthresholds.ms.farend.15min.ES 87 (seconds) 0 - 900 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 325

    0 - 691200000 STM64_4.pmthresholds.path.farend.15min.ES 12 (seconds) 0 - 900 STM64_4.pmthresholds.path.farend.15min.FC 10 (count) 0 - 72 STM64_4.pmthresholds.path.farend.15min.SES 3 (seconds) 0 - 900 STM64_4.pmthresholds.path.farend.15min.UAS 10 (seconds) 0 - 900 STM64_4.pmthresholds.path.farend.1day.BBE 250 (count) 0 - 207273600 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 326

    STM64_4.pmthresholds.rs.nearend.1day.BBE 100000 (count) 0 - 764899200 STM64_4.pmthresholds.rs.nearend.1day.EB 100000 (B1 count) 0 - 764899200 STM64_4.pmthresholds.rs.nearend.1day.ES 5000 (seconds) 0 - 86400 STM64_4.pmthresholds.rs.nearend.1day.OFS 5000 (seconds) 0 - 86400 STM64_4.pmthresholds.rs.nearend.1day.SES 5000 (seconds) 0 - 86400 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 327: C.2.3.2 Stm64-4-dwdm Card Default Settings

    OPR-LOW + 2 .. 255 STM64_4_DWDM.physicalthresholds.warning.15min.OPR-LOW 50 (%) -1, 0, 1 .. OPR-HIGH STM64_4_DWDM.physicalthresholds.warning.15min.OPT-HIGH 120 (%) OPT-LOW, OPT-LOW + 1, OPT-LOW + 2 .. 255 STM64_4_DWDM.physicalthresholds.warning.15min.OPT-LOW 80 (%) 0, 1, 2 .. OPT-HIGH Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 328

    STM64_4_DWDM.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.1day.EB 850400 (B2 count) 0 - 212371200 STM64_4_DWDM.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.1day.ES 864 (seconds) 0 - 86400 STM64_4_DWDM.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.1day.FC 40 (count) 0 - 6912 STM64_4_DWDM.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.1day.PSC 5 (count) 0 - 57600 STM64_4_DWDM.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.1day.PSC-W 5 (count) 0 - 57600 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 329

    0 - 691200000 STM64_4_DWDM.pmthresholds.path.nearend.1day.NPJC-PGEN 5760 (count) 0 - 691200000 STM64_4_DWDM.pmthresholds.path.nearend.1day.PPJC-PDET 5760 (count) 0 - 691200000 STM64_4_DWDM.pmthresholds.path.nearend.1day.PPJC-PGEN 5760 (count) 0 - 691200000 STM64_4_DWDM.pmthresholds.path.nearend.1day.SES 7 (seconds) 0 - 86400 STM64_4_DWDM.pmthresholds.path.nearend.1day.UAS 10 (seconds) 0 - 86400 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 78-18400-01...

  • Page 330: C.2.3.3 Stm16-16 Card Default Settings

    200 (%) LBC-LOW, LBC-LOW + 1, LBC-LOW + 2 .. 255 STM16_16.physicalthresholds.alarm.LBC-LOW 20 (%) 0, 1, 2 .. LBC-HIGH STM16_16.physicalthresholds.alarm.OPR-HIGH 200 (%) OPR-LOW, OPR-LOW + 1, OPR-LOW + 2 .. 255 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-10 78-18400-01...

  • Page 331

    10 (seconds) 0 - 86400 STM16_16.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.15min.BBE 21260 (count) 5 - 2212200 STM16_16.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.15min.EB 21260 (B2 count) 0 - 2212200 STM16_16.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.15min.ES 87 (seconds) 0 - 900 STM16_16.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.15min.FC 10 (count) 0 - 72 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-11 78-18400-01...

  • Page 332

    STM16_16.pmthresholds.path.nearend.15min.FC 10 (count) 0 - 72 STM16_16.pmthresholds.path.nearend.15min.NPJC-PDET 60 (count) 0 - 7200000 STM16_16.pmthresholds.path.nearend.15min.NPJC-PGEN 60 (count) 0 - 7200000 STM16_16.pmthresholds.path.nearend.15min.PPJC-PDET 60 (count) 0 - 7200000 STM16_16.pmthresholds.path.nearend.15min.PPJC-PGEN 60 (count) 0 - 7200000 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-12 78-18400-01...

  • Page 333: C.2.3.4 Asap Card Default Settings

    (hours:mins) ASAP_4.ETHER-PORT.config.State locked, unlocked, locked, disabled, disabled locked, maintenance, unlocked, automaticInService ASAP_4.STM1-PORT.config.line.AINSSoakTime 08:00 00:00, 00:15, 00:30 .. 48:00 (hours:mins) ASAP_4.STM1-PORT.config.line.AlsMode Disabled Disabled, Auto Restart, Manual Restart, Manual Restart for Test Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-13 78-18400-01...

  • Page 334

    200 (%) OPR-LOW, OPR-LOW + 1, OPR-LOW + 2 .. 255 ASAP_4.STM1-PORT.physicalthresholds.warning.1day.OPR-LOW 50 (%) 0, 1, 2 .. OPR-HIGH ASAP_4.STM1-PORT.physicalthresholds.warning.1day.OPT-HIGH 120 (%) OPT-LOW, OPT-LOW + 1, OPT-LOW + 2 .. 255 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-14 78-18400-01...

  • Page 335

    10 (seconds) 0 - 86400 ASAP_4.STM1-PORT.pmthresholds.path.farend.15min.BBE 25 (count) 0 - 2212200 ASAP_4.STM1-PORT.pmthresholds.path.farend.15min.EB 15 (B3 count) 0 - 2160000 ASAP_4.STM1-PORT.pmthresholds.path.farend.15min.ES 12 (seconds) 0 - 900 ASAP_4.STM1-PORT.pmthresholds.path.farend.15min.FC 10 (count) 0 - 72 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-15 78-18400-01...

  • Page 336

    10000 (count) 0 - 2212200 ASAP_4.STM1-PORT.pmthresholds.rs.nearend.15min.EB 10000 (B1 0 - 2151900 count) ASAP_4.STM1-PORT.pmthresholds.rs.nearend.15min.ES 500 (seconds) 0 - 900 ASAP_4.STM1-PORT.pmthresholds.rs.nearend.15min.OFS 500 (seconds) 0 - 900 ASAP_4.STM1-PORT.pmthresholds.rs.nearend.15min.SES 500 (seconds) 0 - 900 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-16 78-18400-01...

  • Page 337

    OPT-LOW + 2 .. 255 ASAP_4.STM16-PORT.physicalthresholds.alarm.OPT-LOW 80 (%) 0, 1, 2 .. OPT-HIGH ASAP_4.STM16-PORT.physicalthresholds.warning.15min.LBC-HIGH 200 (%) LBC-LOW, LBC-LOW + 1, LBC-LOW + 2 .. 255 ASAP_4.STM16-PORT.physicalthresholds.warning.15min.LBC-LOW 20 (%) 0, 1, 2 .. LBC-HIGH Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-17 78-18400-01...

  • Page 338

    ASAP_4.STM16-PORT.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.15min.FC 10 (count) 0 - 72 ASAP_4.STM16-PORT.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.15min.PSC 1 (count) 0 - 600 ASAP_4.STM16-PORT.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.15min.PSC-W 1 (count) 0 - 600 ASAP_4.STM16-PORT.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.15min.PSD 300 (seconds) 0 - 600 ASAP_4.STM16-PORT.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.15min.PSD-W 300 (seconds) 0 - 900 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-18 78-18400-01...

  • Page 339

    ASAP_4.STM16-PORT.pmthresholds.path.nearend.15min.NPJC-PGEN 60 (count) 0 - 7200000 ASAP_4.STM16-PORT.pmthresholds.path.nearend.15min.PPJC-PDET 60 (count) 0 - 7200000 ASAP_4.STM16-PORT.pmthresholds.path.nearend.15min.PPJC-PGEN 60 (count) 0 - 7200000 ASAP_4.STM16-PORT.pmthresholds.path.nearend.15min.SES 3 (seconds) 0 - 900 ASAP_4.STM16-PORT.pmthresholds.path.nearend.15min.UAS 10 (seconds) 0 - 900 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-19 78-18400-01...

  • Page 340

    Manual Restart; 80.0, 80.1, 80.2 .. 100.0 when AlsMode Manual Restart for Test ASAP_4.STM4-PORT.config.line.AlsRecoveryPulseInterval 100 (seconds) 60 - 300 ASAP_4.STM4-PORT.config.line.SDBER 1E-7 1E-5, 1E-6, 1E-7, 1E-8, 1E-9 ASAP_4.STM4-PORT.config.line.SFBER 1E-4 1E-3, 1E-4, 1E-5 ASAP_4.STM4-PORT.config.line.SendDoNotUse FALSE TRUE, FALSE Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-20 78-18400-01...

  • Page 341

    5315 (B2 0 - 2212200 count) ASAP_4.STM4-PORT.pmthresholds.ms.farend.15min.ES 87 (seconds) 0 - 900 ASAP_4.STM4-PORT.pmthresholds.ms.farend.15min.FC 10 (count) 0 - 72 ASAP_4.STM4-PORT.pmthresholds.ms.farend.15min.SES 1 (seconds) 0 - 900 ASAP_4.STM4-PORT.pmthresholds.ms.farend.15min.UAS 3 (seconds) 0 - 900 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-21 78-18400-01...

  • Page 342

    250 (count) 0 - 212371200 ASAP_4.STM4-PORT.pmthresholds.path.farend.1day.EB 125 (B3 0 - 207360000 count) ASAP_4.STM4-PORT.pmthresholds.path.farend.1day.ES 100 (seconds) 0 - 86400 ASAP_4.STM4-PORT.pmthresholds.path.farend.1day.FC 40 (count) 0 - 6912 ASAP_4.STM4-PORT.pmthresholds.path.farend.1day.SES 7 (seconds) 0 - 86400 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-22 78-18400-01...

  • Page 343

    100000 0 - 212371200 (count) ASAP_4.STM4-PORT.pmthresholds.rs.nearend.1day.EB 100000 (B1 0 - 206582400 count) ASAP_4.STM4-PORT.pmthresholds.rs.nearend.1day.ES 5000 0 - 86400 (seconds) ASAP_4.STM4-PORT.pmthresholds.rs.nearend.1day.OFS 5000 0 - 86400 (seconds) ASAP_4.STM4-PORT.pmthresholds.rs.nearend.1day.SES 5000 0 - 86400 (seconds) Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-23 78-18400-01...

  • Page 344

    OPT-LOW + 2 .. 255 ASAP_4.STM64-PORT.physicalthresholds.warning.15min.OPT-LOW 80 (%) 0, 1, 2 .. OPT-HIGH ASAP_4.STM64-PORT.physicalthresholds.warning.1day.LBC-HIGH 200 (%) LBC-LOW, LBC-LOW + 1, LBC-LOW + 2 .. 255 ASAP_4.STM64-PORT.physicalthresholds.warning.1day.LBC-LOW 20 (%) 0, 1, 2 .. LBC-HIGH Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-24 78-18400-01...

  • Page 345

    3 (seconds) 0 - 900 ASAP_4.STM64-PORT.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.1day.BBE 850400 0 - 212371200 (count) ASAP_4.STM64-PORT.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.1day.EB 850400 (B2 0 - 212371200 count) ASAP_4.STM64-PORT.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.1day.ES 864 (seconds) 0 - 86400 ASAP_4.STM64-PORT.pmthresholds.ms.nearend.1day.FC 40 (count) 0 - 6912 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-25 78-18400-01...

  • Page 346

    ASAP_4.STM64-PORT.pmthresholds.path.nearend.1day.ES 100 (seconds) 0 - 86400 ASAP_4.STM64-PORT.pmthresholds.path.nearend.1day.FC 40 (count) 0 - 6912 ASAP_4.STM64-PORT.pmthresholds.path.nearend.1day.NPJC-PDET 5760 (count) 0 - 691200000 ASAP_4.STM64-PORT.pmthresholds.path.nearend.1day.NPJC-PGEN 5760 (count) 0 - 691200000 ASAP_4.STM64-PORT.pmthresholds.path.nearend.1day.PPJC-PDET 5760 (count) 0 - 691200000 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-26 78-18400-01...

  • Page 347: C.3 Node Default Settings

    (seconds) C.3 Node Default Settings Table C-5 on page C-29 lists the node-level default settings for the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH. Cisco provides the following user-configurable defaults for each Cisco ONS 15600 SDH node: • Circuit settings—Set the administrative state and subnetwork connection protection (SNCP) circuit defaults.

  • Page 348

    Provisioning > Defaults tab, existing card provisioning remains unaffected. Note For more information about each individual node setting, refer to the “Change Node Settings” chapter of the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Procedure Guide. Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-28...

  • Page 349

    512 - 1500 NODE.osi.mainSetup.L1LSPBufferSize 512 (bytes) 512 - 1500 NODE.osi.mainSetup.NodeRoutingMode Intermediate Intermediate System System Level 1, Intermediate Level System Level 1/Level 2 1/Level 2 NODE.osi.subnet.DISPriority 1, 2, 3 .. 127 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-29 78-18400-01...

  • Page 350

    5.0 (minutes) 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 .. 12.0 NODE.protection.msspr.RingRevertive TRUE TRUE, FALSE NODE.security.emsAccess.AccessState NonSecure NonSecure, Secure NODE.security.emsAccess.IIOPListenerPort (May reboot node) 57790 (port 0 - 65535 NODE.security.grantPermission.ActivateRevertSoftware Superuser Provisioning, Superuser NODE.security.grantPermission.PMClearingPrivilege Provisioning Provisioning, Superuser NODE.security.grantPermission.RestoreDB Superuser Provisioning, Superuser Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-30 78-18400-01...

  • Page 351

    By proceeding, you consent to this monitoring. NODE.security.other.DisableInactiveUser FALSE FALSE, TRUE NODE.security.other.InactiveDuration 45 (days) 1, 2, 3 .. 99 when nothing TRUE; 45 when nothing FALSE NODE.security.other.SingleSessionPerUser FALSE TRUE, FALSE Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-31 78-18400-01...

  • Page 352

    NODE.security.serialCraftAccess.EnableCraftPortA TRUE TRUE, FALSE NODE.security.serialCraftAccess.EnableCraftPortB TRUE TRUE, FALSE NODE.security.shellAccess.AccessState NonSecure Disabled, NonSecure, Secure NODE.security.shellAccess.EnableShellPassword FALSE TRUE, FALSE NODE.security.shellAccess.TelnetPort 23 - 9999 NODE.security.snmpAccess.AccessState NonSecure Disabled, NonSecure NODE.security.tl1Access.AccessState NonSecure Disabled, NonSecure, Secure Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-32 78-18400-01...

  • Page 353

    64kHz+8kHz, 2MHz NODE.timing.bits-1.FacilityTypeOut DS1, E1, 64kHz+8kHz, 2MHz NODE.timing.bits-1.Framing FAS+CAS+ ESF, D4 when FacilityType DS1; FAS+CRC, FAS+CAS, FAS+CAS+CRC, FAS, Unframed when FacilityType E1; N/A when FacilityType 2MHz; N/A when FacilityType 64kHz+8kHz Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-33 78-18400-01...

  • Page 354

    G812L, SETS, DUS NODE.timing.bits-2.CableType 120 ohm 75 ohm, 120 ohm when nothing E1; 100 ohm when nothing DS1; 75 ohm, 120 ohm when nothing 2MHz; 120 ohm when nothing 64kHz+8kHz Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-34 78-18400-01...

  • Page 355

    NODE.timing.bits-2.FramingOut FAS+CAS+ ESF, D4 when FacilityTypeOut DS1; FAS+CRC, FAS+CAS, FAS+CAS+CRC, FAS, Unframed when FacilityTypeOut E1; N/A when FacilityTypeOut 2MHz; N/A when FacilityTypeOut 64kHz+8kHz NODE.timing.bits-2.LBO 0-133 0-133, 134-266, 267-399, 400-533, 534-655 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-35 78-18400-01...

  • Page 356: C.3.1 Time Zones

    (GMT-09:00) Anchorage - Alaska GMT-08:00 (GMT-08:00) Pacific Time (US & Canada), Tijuana GMT-07:00 (GMT-07:00) Mountain Time (US & Canada) GMT-07:00 (GMT-07:00) Phoenix - Arizona GMT-06:00 (GMT-06:00) Central Time (US & Canada) Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-36 78-18400-01...

  • Page 357

    (GMT+02:00) Amman GMT+02:00 (GMT+02:00) Athens, Bucharest, Istanbul GMT+02:00 (GMT+02:00) Beirut GMT+02:00 (GMT+02:00) Cape Town, Harare, Johannesburg, Pretoria GMT+02:00 (GMT+02:00) Jerusalem GMT+02:00 (GMT+02:00) Kaliningrad, Minsk GMT+03:00 (GMT+03:00) Aden, Antananarivo, Khartoum, Nairobi Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-37 78-18400-01...

  • Page 358

    GMT+10:00 (GMT+10:00) Hobart GMT+10:00 (GMT+10:00) Khabarovsk, Vladivostok GMT+10:30 (GMT+10:30) Lord Howe Island GMT+11:00 (GMT+11:00) Honiara, Magadan, Soloman Islands GMT+11:00 (GMT+11:00) Noumea - New Caledonia GMT+11:30 (GMT+11:30) Kingston - Norfolk Island Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-38 78-18400-01...

  • Page 359: C.4 Ctc Default Settings

    (GMT+14:00) Line Islands, Kiritimati - Kiribati C.4 CTC Default Settings Table C-7 lists the CTC-level default settings for the Cisco ONS 15600 SDH. Cisco provides the following user-configurable defaults for CTC: Automatic Routing—Set circuit creation with the Route Automatically check box selected by •...

  • Page 360

    Appendix C Network Element Defaults C.4 CTC Default Settings Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 C-40 78-18400-01...

  • Page 361: Optical Port Protection

    RMON group 13-20 ADM. See linear ADM severities 11-7, 11-9, 11-12 administrative states suppressing 11-13 description synchronizing 11-4 Locked,disabled traps. See traps Locked,maintenance viewing 11-1 Unlocked visual 1-10 Unlocked,automaticInservice ASAP card Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 IN-1 78-18400-01...

  • Page 362

    1-17 pin assignments 1-11 and timing 1-11 card protection CAP/CAP2 external switching commands pin field 1-10 unprotected power terminals 1-14 See also 1+1 optical port protection Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 IN-2 78-18400-01...

  • Page 363

    2-14 OC192/STM64 SR/SH 4 Port 1310 card reconfiguring 2-17 7-25 OC48/STM16 LR/LH 16 Port 1550 card routing low-order traffic on an ONS 15600 SDH hub node 7-27 OC48/STM16 SR/SH 16 Port 1310 card 2-11 routing traffic over a third-party network...

  • Page 364

    11-4 reverting to earlier load 4-19 destination setting up host software delivery methods IP addresses specifications routing table 9-19 TSC card database 4-19 DHCP viewing alarm history 11-1, 11-8 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 IN-4 78-18400-01...

  • Page 365

    EIA/TIA-232 port 1-12 MS-SPRing bandwidth reuse electrical codes MS-SPRing subtending MS-SPRing 8-19 enabling ONS 15600 SDH gateway using Proxy ARP MS-SPRing subtending SNCP 8-18 encapsulating IP for transport across OSI 9-37 open GNE network with a foreign node connected to end network element.

  • Page 366

    CTC 9-24 hard reset 4-18 tunnels for foreign termination 9-24 hardware specifications with port filtering 9-16 card front door SFP/XFP A-12 equipment access shelf label high-capacity RMON 13-18 history Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 IN-6 78-18400-01...

  • Page 367

    DRI 8-12, 8-14 native support 9-56 intermediate-path performance monitoring. See IPPM IPv6, network compatibility 9-56 Intermediate System Level 1 9-31 IS-IS protocol 9-31 Intermediate System Level 1/Level 2 9-31 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 IN-7 78-18400-01...

  • Page 368

    Index low-order traffic routing over ONS 15600 SDH hub node 7-27 J0 bytes 7-15 bytes 7-15 MAC address, proxy ARP path trace 7-15 management information base. See MIB Java and CTC, overview managing multiple ONS nodes 4-15 manual lockout PC and UNIX requirements...

  • Page 369

    4-18 network view optical protection. See card protection consolidate links 4-12 description 4-10 CLNS 9-27 link consolidation 4-12 definition 9-25 login node groups 4-10 encapsulating IP transport 9-37 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 IN-9 78-18400-01...

  • Page 370

    12-1 PPJC-Pgen parameter 12-3 PPMN 8-19 service state transitions PPMs. See pluggable port modules See also 1PIO module PPP, half bridge 10-5 See also 4PIO module primary node 8-10 ping Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 IN-10 78-18400-01...

  • Page 371

    7-24 proxy tunnels restrictions on two-circuit rolls 7-24 for foreign termination 9-24 single 7-21 setting up in CTC 9-24 states 7-21 unprotected circuits 7-24 PSTQ window 7-19 routing cables Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 IN-11 78-18400-01...

  • Page 372

    IDs and security levels simple network management protocol See SNMP user privileges and policies single rolls 7-21 viewing slots See also Superusers assignments 1-17, A-1 server trail Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 IN-12 78-18400-01...

  • Page 373

    SDH message set slots 2-11 SONET message set software compatibility specifications SSXC card STM-64 long-reach card block diagram block diagram 2-15 connectors card-level LEDs 2-16 faceplate connectors 2-14 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 IN-13 78-18400-01...

  • Page 374

    SNCP circuit 7-26 with Proxy ARP 9-4, 9-5 thresholds subnet mask IPPM 12-2 24-bit 9-21 performance monitoring 12-1 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 IN-14 78-18400-01...

  • Page 375

    13-11 lockout definition 13-5 maximum number generic 13-12 single session per user IETF 13-12 Superuser logout variable bindings 13-12 to 13-16 timeout TSC card Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 IN-15 78-18400-01...

  • Page 376

    11-3 conditions in CTC 11-7 DCC connections 4-11 non-DCC-connected nodes SNCP switch counts 7-14 views. See CTC virtual rings 8-20 wires 11-15 VLAN 10-6 workstation requirements XFPs 2-28 Cisco ONS 15600 SDH Reference Manual, Release 9.0 IN-16 78-18400-01...

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