84 - Internet and online security
go beyond simple tracking and actually monitor keystrokes
and capture passwords, posing a serious security risk.
What is malware?
Malicious software, also known as malware, is software
designed to deliberately harm your computer. For example,
viruses, worms, and Trojan horses are malicious software. To
help protect your computer against malware, make sure it is
using up-to-date antivirus and anti-malware software.
What is a personal firewall?
A personal firewall is a software program designed to
prevent unauthorized access to or from a private network. It
acts as a shield to protect your internet connection from
unwanted connections, some of which may attempt to take
control of your computer to install or re-distribute viruses
or malicious programs. Each connection to your computer is
monitored - programs that attempt to receive information
without your permission are detected and the firewall will
display an alert. You can then decide if you will allow the
connection, if the connection is to a program you are
currently using then normally you would allow it (i.e. a game
connecting to a multi-player server or an encyclopaedia
making a content update).
How to protect your computer
Cybercrime prevention can be straight-forward - when
armed with a little technical advice and common sense, many
attacks can be avoided. In general, online criminals are
trying to make their money as quickly and easily as possible.
The more difficult you make their job, the more likely they
are to leave you alone and move on to an easier target. The
tips below provide basic information on how you can prevent
Keep your computer current with the latest patches and
One of the best ways to keep attackers away from your
computer is to apply patches and other software fixes when