OPCODE STUDIO 4 Instruction

OPCODE STUDIO 4 Instruction

Multi-port macintosh midi interface with a built-in smpte timecode generator and smpteto-midi timecode converter
Table of Contents


Copyright ©1995 Opcode Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document may not, in whole or
part, be copied, photocopied, reproduced, translated or converted to any electronic or machine
readable form without prior consent of Opcode Systems, Inc.
Studio 4
Opcode Systems, Inc.
365 East Middlefield Road
Mountain View, CA 94043
(650) 429-2400
Opcode Part Number: 110-0222-01


Table of Contents

Summary of Contents for OPCODE STUDIO 4

  • Page 1 Opcode Part Number: 110-0222-01 Copyright ©1995 Opcode Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document may not, in whole or part, be copied, photocopied, reproduced, translated or converted to any electronic or machine readable form without prior consent of Opcode Systems, Inc.
  • Page 2 This warranty gives you specific legal product returned without prior authorization). rights, and you may also have other rights If the product needs to be returned to Opcode, which vary from state to state. please attach your name, address, telephone...
  • Page 3 If necessary, the user should consult the The Studio 4 and OMS software may be used dealer or an experienced radio/television tech- with the Studio 4 by any number of users, and nician for additional suggestions. may be used on more than one computer at a time.
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Software Installation and Setup Installing OMS and the Studio 4 Software........19 Launching the OMS Setup Application..........20 Studio 4 Icons in a Studio Setup Document ........22 Renaming Studio 4's................24 Other Icons in a Studio Setup Document ........25...
  • Page 6 PART 2: Using The Studio 4 27 CHAPTER 5: Introduction Using the Studio 4 with OMS-Compatible Applications....29 Using the Studio 4 with Non-OMS Applications ......30 Studio 4<->Macintosh Communication Speed ........ 30 The Studio 4 Menu................31 CHAPTER 6: Network Routing Window When To Use The Network Routing Window ........
  • Page 7 Peripheral Problems ................71 Sync Problems..................71 MIDI Problems ...................73 Miscellaneous Problems ..............74 APPENDIX B: Networking a Studio 4 with a Standard MIDI Interface 75 Computer and MIDI Connections.............75 Software Setup..................76 Using the Network................76 Networking a Studio 4 and a Studio 3..........77...
  • Page 8 Table of Contents Opcode Systems, Inc.
  • Page 9: Part 1: Overview And Installation

    PART 1: Overview and Installation Studio 4 Manual...
  • Page 10 PART 1: Overview and Installation Opcode Systems, Inc.
  • Page 11: Chapter 1: Getting Started

    Studio 4’s for 512 separate • Flywheeling (remains locked despite MIDI channels. The MIDI Time dropouts or other short SMPTE Piece and Studio 4 can be part of the errors). same network. The Studio 4 uses the Opcode MIDI •...
  • Page 12: The Studio 4 Package

    This manual discusses how to connect, face, and the Studio 4 specifications. set up and use the Studio 4—it describes Studio 4 operations at the time of its print- ing. However, updates and changes may THE STUDIO 4 PACKAGE occur. Always look for hardware and soft-...
  • Page 13: Timecode Basics

    The Studio 4 will both generate and read SMPTE Time Code in the LTC format. If SMPTE Time Code you have a tape striped with VITC, you’ll...
  • Page 14 This format runs at 30 Frames/sec- equal to MIDI Time Code. ond, but has the first two frames The Studio 4 will convert SMPTE time- dropped every minute, except at min- code (recorded at one of the five utes 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50.
  • Page 15: Chapter 2: Panel Descriptions

    LED’s and buttons are as follows: These eight red Light Emitting Diodes (LED’s) indicate MIDI data is arriving at one or more of the Studio 4’s eight MIDI MIDI Ports 7/15 and 8/16 input ports. These two pairs of MIDI ports are on the front panel to facilitate quick, temporary MIDI Out LED’s...
  • Page 16: The Studio 4 Rear Panel

    LED is lit as a power Select the 1-8 position (switch in) if the indicator. Studio 4 is the first or only Studio 4 in a network. This assigns port numbers 1 Power Switch through 8 to the Studio 4's eight MIDI ports.
  • Page 17 This jack outputs SMPTE timecode gen- printer or modem) to the “A THRU” and/ erated (or regenerated) by the Studio 4. or “B THRU” ports on the Studio 4. You This jack is normally connected to the line can use these peripherals without discon- input of a tape deck.
  • Page 18: About The Interface Cables

    The Studio 4 comes with standard 8-pin mini-DIN cables. If you are using cables other than the ones supplied with the Studio 4, please ensure that they are 8-pin mini-DIN. You should use only high quality shielded MIDI and audio cables when operating your Studio 4 or any other professional audio equipment.
  • Page 19: Chapter 3: Hardware Installation

    Figure 3.1: Rack Installation sections. If you do not wish to rack mount the Studio 4, you may sit it on a steady sur- Single Port Connection face. Attach the four rubber feet (provided in this package) to the bottom...
  • Page 20 (such as (see Chapter 6). a modem) to the “A THRU” jack on the Studio 4 and switch it in or out from the front panel. Connecting Two Macintosh Computers...
  • Page 21: Computer Connections-Networking

    Studio 4, you must check the Multiple A network is defined as the connection of Computers option in the Studio 4 one or two Studio 4's to a single Macin- menu. Do not check this option if you're tosh serial port. The Macintosh has two...
  • Page 22 Macintosh serial ports Set to 9-16 using the Network Routing window (dis- Figure 3.9: One 2-Cable Network of Two Studio 4's cussed in Chapter 6). You cannot, however, use internal routings to send MIDI data from one box to another (as Connecting Three Studio 4's to a discussed in Chapter 7).
  • Page 23 You can access up to 512 inde- NOTE: The MIDI Time Piece Network pendent MIDI channels when you use port is equivalent to the Studio 4 “B” port. four Studio 4’s. Whenever you network a MIDI Time Piece with a Studio 4, the MTP always...
  • Page 24: Smpte Connections

    Studio 3, Opcode strongly recom- Standard MIDI Interfaces mends that you connect the Studio 3 modem port to the Studio 4 “B” port, and You may network a Studio 4 with a stan- the Studio 3 printer port directly to the dard MIDI interface.
  • Page 25: Midi Connections

    Out ports to identically-numbered ports on track). Connect the SMPTE IN jack of the the Studio 4 (as shown in Figure 3.16). Studio 4 to the audio output of the multi- track’s SMPTE track. Connect the Studio 4 directly to the tape deck, bypass- ing the mixing console, equalizer, or any other signal processing equipment.
  • Page 26 PART 1: Overview and Installation Opcode Systems, Inc.
  • Page 27: Chapter 4: Software Installation And Setup

    Macintosh applications and is installed in the OMS Folder Follow the installation instructions on the within the System Folder. See OMS disk to install OMS and the Studio 4 “Sequencing Patch Changes” in software. Chapter 11 for more information.
  • Page 28: Launching The Oms Setup Application

    Macintosh serial port. You should launch the OMS Setup application: check only those ports that are con- nected to the Studio 4 or any other MIDI Turn on your Studio 4. interface you wish to appear in your Studio Setup document.
  • Page 29 Choose Studio>MIDI Cards & Each device that you connect to the Interfaces to open the Update Setup Studio 4 will have a port number in its dialog box. path. You must set MIDI port numbers in the Studio Setup document to reflect the actual Studio 4 port numbers to which devices are connected.
  • Page 30: Studio 4 Icons In A Studio Setup Document

    OMS manual. One Studio 4 Each device that you connect to the Studio 4 will have a port number in its If you have only one Studio 4 connected path. You must set MIDI port numbers in to your Macintosh when you search the Opcode Systems, Inc.
  • Page 31 Figure 4.9: Studio Setup Icons—Two Studio 4's only one icon. When a standard MIDI interface is connected to both serial ports The “1-8” and “9-16” next to the Studio 4 you see two icons; one representing the icons indicate the MIDI port numbers...
  • Page 32: Renaming Studio 4'S

    Studio 4's in the Studio Setup document. To do so, simply click the name to the PORT B PORT A Studio 4 right of the Studio 4 icon and type in a THRU THRU new name. The name you choose appears PORT B...
  • Page 33: Other Icons In A Studio Setup Document

    Macintosh. A MIDI Time Piece always uses the Studio 4 driver when it’s networked with a Studio 4., It appears in the Studio Setup document as a Studio 4 with the default name “MTP as S4”. The only time a MIDI...
  • Page 34 PART 1: Overview and Installation Opcode Systems, Inc.
  • Page 35: Part 2: Using The Studio 4

    PART 2: Using The Studio 4 Studio 4 Manual...
  • Page 36 PART 2: Using The Studio 4 Opcode Systems, Inc.
  • Page 37: Chapter 5: Introduction

    APPLICATIONS MIDI Time Piece or it can be used as a standard MIDI interface. Unless you use the Studio 4 for strictly for live performance, you'll probably use it There are three ways to control MIDI with sequencers, librarians and other routing when you use a Studio 4: MIDI applications.
  • Page 38: Using The Studio 4 With Non-Oms Applications

    PART 2: Using The Studio 4 In OMS-compatible applications, if you USING THE STUDIO 4 WITH choose the Studio 4 as a MIDI input, only NON-OMS APPLICATIONS timecode from the Studio 4 and MIDI beat clock from any devices connected to The Studio 4 acts like a standard interface the Studio 4 are sent to the application—...
  • Page 39: The Studio 4 Menu

    Decrease it if you get overrun errors. THE STUDIO 4 MENU A Studio 4 menu appears in the OMS Setup application whenever a Studio 4 driver is installed and the current Studio Setup document contains one or more Studio 4’s.
  • Page 40 Studio 4 ROM. You If you network a MIDI Time Piece with a should know your ROM version if you call Studio 4, the MTP appears as a Studio 4 in Opcode Technical Support about your the Studio Setup document and is labeled Studio 4.
  • Page 41: Chapter 6: Network Routing Window

    Network Routing Window WHEN TO USE THE NETWORK WINDOW OVERVIEW ROUTING WINDOW Choose Network Routing from the Studio 4 menu to open the Network You need to use the Network Routing Routing window. window when: • working with non-OMS applications.
  • Page 42 OMS Studio Setup closing or de-activating this window. document. Multiple Studio 4’s If you have either one or two Studio 4’s in a single network, you’ll have only one Net- work Routing window. That window’s title bar indicates whether your network is connected to the Modem port, the Printer port, or both (2 cables).
  • Page 43: Setting The Midi Inputs

    Macintosh Modem port. Timecode is sent to the Macintosh Printer port. If you connect only one Macintosh serial port to a Studio 4 (or pair of Studio 4’s), the Port column merely illustrates which Macintosh port is used; you can’t change the port assignment by clicking it.
  • Page 44: Setting The Midi Outputs

    Macintosh to each MIDI device If you connect only one Macintosh serial defined in your current Studio Setup port to a Studio 4 (or pair of Studio 4’s), document. the Port column merely illustrates which Macintosh port is used; you can’t change the port assignment by clicking it.
  • Page 45 Compatibility column isn’t checked. MIDI TIME PIECE NOTE: Applica- tions that work with the MIDI Time Piece will send MIDI to the correct outputs, regardless of whether the output Compati- bility check boxes are checked. Studio 4 Manual...
  • Page 46 PART 2: Using The Studio 4 Opcode Systems, Inc.
  • Page 47: Chapter 7: Routing, Channelizing And Muting Window

    Studio 4. All settings are retained by the Studio 4 and, along with NOTE: MIDI routing can also be per- the settings in the Network Routing win-...
  • Page 48: Window Overview

    Channelizing and Muting grid. These areas are illustrated in Figure 7.2 and are Choose MIDI Routing, Channelizing discussed later in this chapter. and Muting from the Studio 4 menu to open the Routing, Channelizing and Muting window. MIDI Routing Area...
  • Page 49 MIDI ins and sixteen MIDI outs. Rows 9-16 and col- umns 9-16 represent the second Studio 4. MACINTOSH Set to 1-8 Figure 7.4: RCM Window for Two Studio 4's in a SMPTE MIDI OUT MIDI IN Single Network...
  • Page 50: Midi Muting

    PART 2: Using The Studio 4 Studio 4 menu, choose any Studio 4 on a Using MIDI Muting modem port to open the Routing, Chan- nelizing and Muting window for the modem port. Choose any Studio 4 on a printer port to open the Routing, Channel- izing and Muting window for the printer port.
  • Page 51 MIDI data sent to the ProMaker/1. Figure 7.7: Default Mute Window You can elect to mute up to eleven types of MIDI data. A MIDI message which is passed (not muted) is indicated by an arrow. Studio 4 Manual...
  • Page 52: Midi Channelizing

    PART 2: Using The Studio 4 When you have muted one or more MIDI Using MIDI Channelizing messages, an “M” appears in the appropri- ate location in the Routing, Channelizing and Muting window. StudioÊ4 Input Channelizing StudioÊ4 Output Channelizing Column Figure 7.10: MIDI Channelizing Area...
  • Page 53: Midi Routing

    NOTE: The bold-faced numbers are called “numericals”. Numerical editing is Figure 7.14: MIDI Channelizing Indicator common to all Opcode applications. If you’re unfamiliar with numericals or new to Opcode applications, please read “Appendix A: Working with Opcode Appli- MIDI ROUTING cations”...
  • Page 54 PART 2: Using The Studio 4 A MIDI routing arrow points from an Using MIDI Routing input device at the top of the window to an output device at the left. This indicates the direction of MIDI flow. When you click an arrow, it disappears and the routing is removed.
  • Page 55 Performer) control MIDI routing You can route your entire band through within the application. You use the the Studio 4. Look at the MIDI routing in sequencer to route MIDI inputs to Figure 7.19 and notice that the Master- MIDI outputs. Be aware that these...
  • Page 56: Timecode Routing

    The timecode routing area is shown in routings at all. You can save this window Figure 7.20. This grid is very similar to as a Studio 4 state and recall it whenever the MIDI routing grid—you click one of you work with sequencers or OMS the squares to route timecode (as gener- patches that control MIDI routing.
  • Page 57: Midi Beat Clock Routing

    IMPORTANT: Never route more than one Figure 7.21: Timecode Routing Area with One source of MIDI Beat Clock to the Studio 4 Studio 4 in Network at any time. Always use the RCM window to mute any unnecessary beat clock inputs If your network contains two Studio 4’s,...
  • Page 58 Figure 7.23. They assure that beat clock from only the drum machine reaches the To synchronize a drum machine to a Mac- Studio 4, and that no beat clock is sent to intosh MIDI sequencer: any connected devices. Open the Studio 4 Mute Output window for the drum machine and make sure beat clock is not muted.
  • Page 59 MIDI beat clock. from only the drum machine reaches the In Vision, steps 4 and 5 are performed by Studio 4, and that beat clock is sent to enabling “Send Clock” in the Options only the hardware sequencer.
  • Page 60: The Clear And Help Buttons

    PART 2: Using The Studio 4 Click the Clear button to open the follow- ing dialog box. Step 2: Typical of all Input Mutings Step 4: Typical of all Output Mutings Step 1 Figure 7.28: Clear Dialog Box Step 3 Click each check box to select the rout- Figure 7.26: RCM Window Muting Example 3...
  • Page 61: Chapter 8: Saving And Opening Studio 4 State Documents

    Routing window and the RCM window. A single state document contains Network Routing window and RCM window data for all Studio 4's on all networks. You can save as many Studio 4 state documents as you need. Figure 8.1: Saving a Studio 4 State...
  • Page 62: Opening A Studio 4 State Document

    ESTABLISHING A "DO should choose the Save As command NOTHING" STATE from the Studio 4 menu to save the mod- ified state under a different name. As an example, you'll create a “Do Noth- ing” state in this section. The “Do Nothing”...
  • Page 63 CHAPTER 8: Saving and Opening Studio 4 State Documents Click the Clear Everything button in the resulting dialog box. Figure 8.3: Clearing all Routings, Mutings and Channelizing This will clear all routings, mutings and MIDI re-channelizations. Figure 8.4: A “Do Nothing” Routing...
  • Page 64 PART 2: Using The Studio 4 Opcode Systems, Inc.
  • Page 65: Chapter 9: Smpte Reader Window

    Reader window. This window displays the SMPTE time- code signal received at the SMPTE IN jack on the Studio 4 unless the Studio 4 is striping tape; then it displays the SMPTE time being striped. It uses the MIDI format (MTC/DTL/DTLe) set in the Format pop-up menu.
  • Page 66 Chapter 10). The Studio 4 converts will get only one full message (when the SMPTE timecode into the MIDI format Studio 4 initially locks to tape). If the tape set in this pop-up menu. The choices are: is of poor quality or the SMPTE signal •...
  • Page 67: Using With Multiple Studio 4'S

    The SMPTE Reader displays the time- code received at the SMPTE IN jack of the selected Studio 4. You must select a Studio 4 from the bottom of the Studio 4 menu before opening the SMPTE Reader window. The SMPTE Reader window isn’t affected by new Studio 4 selections after it’s open—the window continues to work...
  • Page 68 PART 2: Using The Studio 4 Opcode Systems, Inc.
  • Page 69: Chapter 10: Stripe Smpte Window

    See the timecode when that value is reached. If SMPTE tutorial later in this chapter for a the box is not checked, the Studio 4 will step-by-step striping guide. ignore the Stop value, and continue strip- ing until the Stop Striping button is clicked.
  • Page 70: Setting And Using Smpte Frame Rates

    Stop check box is ton, the chosen rate is generated within checked). the Studio 4 and sent to the SMPTE OUT jack. The following is a brief description NOTE: The Stop check box must be of the various SMPTE frame rates.
  • Page 71: Guide To Setting Smpte Levels

    SMPTE signal will render it invalid. JAM SYNC The Studio 4 has a Jam Sync mode. In this mode, it generates a fresh SMPTE signal from the SMPTE OUT jack in sync with the signal received at the SMPTE IN jack.
  • Page 72: Start Jamstripe™ Button

    PART 2: Using The Studio 4 To put the Studio 4 into Jam Sync mode, NOTE: When Jam Syncing or JamStrip- choose Jam Sync from the Studio 4 ing, the SMPTE frame rate at the SMPTE menu. A check next to the Jam Sync OUT jack is the same as that being received option means that Jam Sync is enabled.
  • Page 73: Smpte Tutorial

    CHAPTER 10: Stripe SMPTE Window it’s open—the window continues to work equalization or alter the SMPTE signal with the Studio 4 that was selected before in any way. it was opened. The Stripe SMPTE window Make sure that your Studio 4 is shows the name of the Studio 4 with connected as discussed in ÒChapter...
  • Page 74 Syncing to Tape Once you have a tape with SMPTE striped on it, you can use the Studio 4 to synchro- nize the Macintosh to the tape. Connect the SMPTE track output of your multitrack tape recorder to the Studio 4 SMPTE IN jack (as discussed in the ÒSMPTE ConnectionsÓ...
  • Page 75 SMPTE, Vision and the Studio 4 tracks into Vision while synchronized to The following discusses using the tape. For more information concerning Studio 4 with Vision. The information is Vision’s various sync modes, see your also applicable to working with Studio Vision manual.
  • Page 76 PART 2: Using The Studio 4 Opcode Systems, Inc.
  • Page 77: Part 3: Appendices

    PART 3: Appendices Studio 4 Manual...
  • Page 78 PART 3: Appendices Opcode Systems, Inc.
  • Page 79: Appendix A: Troubleshooting

    SYNC PROBLEMS being transmitted too quickly to the Mac- intosh. Try thinning the MIDI data stream being sent to the Mac. Refer to “Studio 4 Studio 4 will not stripe tape Loses Sync” in the “Sync Problems” sec- Make sure the power cord is firmly...
  • Page 80 MIDI In cables (from light does not start blinking regularly the instrument into the Studio 4) and when you try to sync, the Studio 4 is not seeing if the sync problem goes away. If it getting a correct signal. Check your...
  • Page 81: Midi Problems

    Channelizing and Muting window. mixer to boost the SMPTE level before sending it to the Studio 4. See Chapter 10 for proper SMPTE record levels. Can’t send MIDI to non-OMS applications Choose SMPTE Reader from the Studio 4 menu, then start the tape.
  • Page 82: Miscellaneous Problems

    Control • 2.Connect a standard MIDI interface Panel and select Virex’s panel. From the to one of the Studio 4’s THRU ports, pop-up menu, select File Diagnosing then use the front panel THRU switch Options. Deselect Diagnose Files when...
  • Page 83: Appendix B: Networking A Studio 4 With A Standard Midi Interface

    APPENDIX B: Networking a Studio 4 with a Standard MIDI Interface You may network a Studio 4 with a stan- If your dual port standard MIDI interface dard MIDI interface. If you own an old is a Studio 3, Opcode strongly recom-...
  • Page 84: Software Setup

    For example, look at the following patch Double-click the Studio 4 icon and document. make sure the Studio 4 speed is set to 1MHz. Define and connect MIDI devices to the Studio 4. Notice that since the standard MIDI inter-...
  • Page 85: Networking A Studio 4 And A Studio 3

    Studio 4. When you create a new Studio Setup doc- ument, you'll see one icon for the Studio 4 and another for the Studio 3's Printer port. The Studio 3's modem port is repre- sented by Studio 4 cable 17.
  • Page 86 PART 3: Appendices port and use the Studio 3's printer port for timecode communications. Opcode Systems, Inc.
  • Page 87: Appendix C: Specifications

    1 Rack Space (1U space) Weight 1.3kg (2 lbs, 14 oz) Operating Temperature 0¡C to 70¡C (32¡F to 158¡F) CONNECTORS 8 MIDI Ins 8 MIDI Outs (2 duplicates) 1 SMPTE In Type: Stereo Phone Jack Input Impedance: 500kW Studio 4 Manual...
  • Page 88: Switches

    Output Impedance: <5W 2 RS-422 Serial Computer Ports 2 RS-422 Peripheral ÒThruÓ Ports SWITCHES 2 Peripheral ÒThruÓ switches 1 Communication Speed Selection switch 1 Network ID switch 1 Power on/off switch *Specifications and appearance subject to change without notice. Opcode Systems, Inc.
  • Page 89 1-8/9-16 switch 8 Studio 4 22 1MHz/Fast switch 7 Installing software 19 Studio 4 software 19 Beat clock routing 49 Installing the Studio 4 11 Interface cables 10 Interfaces command 21 Interfaces dialog box 20 Channelizing 44 Communication speed optimizing 31...
  • Page 90 Studio 4 40 SMPTE Reader 59 with two networks 41 standard interface & Studio 4 16, 75–77 with two Studio 4’s in a network 41 Stripe SMPTE command 64 Studio 3 & Studio 4 16, 75–78 Studio 4 menu 32 Saving Studio 4’s and MTP’s 15...
  • Page 91 54 SMPTE Reader window 57 opening 54 SMPTE Reader with networks 59 saving 53 Standard interface Switch networking with Studio 4 16, 75–77 1-8/9-16 8 State 1MHz/Fast 7 definition 53 power 8 do nothing state 54 thru (A & B) 8...

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