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Fujitsu MBA3073NC - Enterprise 73.5 GB Hard Drive Product Manual

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C141-E270-01EN
MBA3300NC, MBA3300NP
MBA3147NC, MBA3147NP
MBA3073NC, MBA3073NP
HARD DISK DRIVES
PRODUCT MANUAL
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   Summary of Contents for Fujitsu MBA3073NC - Enterprise 73.5 GB Hard Drive

  • Page 1: Hard Disk Drives

    C141-E270-01EN MBA3300NC, MBA3300NP MBA3147NC, MBA3147NP MBA3073NC, MBA3073NP HARD DISK DRIVES PRODUCT MANUAL Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine...

  • Page 2

    In addition, FUJITSU assumes no liability with respect to the application or use of any porduct or system in accordance with the descriptions or instructions contained herein; including any liability for incidental or consequential damages arising therefrom.

  • Page 3

    REVISION RECORD Edition Date published Revised contents October, 2007 Specification No.: C141-E270-**EN C141-E270 Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine...

  • Page 4

    Related Standards Product specifications and functions described in this manual comply with the following ANSI (*1) standards. Document number Title T10/1236D Rev.20 [NCITS.351:2001] SCSI Primary Commands-2 (SPC-2) T10/996D Rev.8c [NCITS.306:1998] SCSI-3 Block Commands (SBC) T10/1157D Rev.24 SCSI Architecture Model-2 (SAM-2) T10/1365D Rev.10 SCSI Parallel Interface-4 (SPI-4) *1 ANSI = American National Standard Institute...

  • Page 5

    PREFACE This manual describes the MBA3300NC, MBA3300NP, MBA3147NC, MBA3147NP, MBA3073NC, and MBA3073NP 3.5-inch SCSI hard disk drives. This manual details the specifications and functions of the above disk drives, and gives the requirements and procedures for installing it into a host computer system. This manual is written for users who have a basic understanding of SCSI disk drives and their use in computer systems.

  • Page 6

    CONVENTIONS USED IN THIS MANUAL The MBA3300NC, MBA3300NP, MBA3147NC, MBA3147NP, MBA3073NC, and MBA3073NP disk drives are described as "the hard disk drive (HDD)," "the disk drive" or "the device" in this manual. Decimal number is represented normally. Hexadecimal number is represented as X'17B9', 17B9h or 17B9H. Binary number is represented as "010".

  • Page 7: Important Alert Items

    Important Alert Items Important Alert Messages The important alert messages in this manual are as follows: A hazardous situation could result in minor or moderate personal injury if the user does not perform the procedure correctly. This alert signal also indicates that damages to the product or other property may occur if the user does not perform the procedure correctly.

  • Page 8

    Data loss Save data stored on the HDD to other media before requesting repair. Fujitsu does not assume responsibility if data is corrupted during servicing or repair. High temperature To prevent injury, never touch the HDD while it is hot.

  • Page 9

    MANUAL ORGANIZATION PRODUCT 1. General Description MANUAL 2. Specifications 3. Data Format (This manual) 4. Installation Requirements 5. Installation 6. Diagnostics and Maintenance 7. Error Analysis SCSI PHYSICAL 1. SCSI Bus INTERFACE 2. SCSI Message SPECIFICATIONS 3. Error Recovery SCSI LOGICAL 1.

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  • Page 11: Table Of Contents

    CONTENTS page CHAPTER 1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION................13 Standard Features ......................14 Hardware Structure ......................18 System Configuration....................... 19 CHAPTER 2 SPECIFICATIONS ..................21 Hardware Specifications....................21 2.1.1 Model name and order number ..................21 2.1.2 Function specifications..................... 22 2.1.3 Environmental specifications ................... 25 2.1.4 Error rate ..........................

  • Page 12

    4.3.2 68-pin connector type 16-bit SCSI model (NP model) ............ 60 4.3.3 Cable connector requirements ..................67 4.3.4 External operator panel (on NP model drives only) ............68 CHAPTER 5 INSTALLATION....................71 Notes on Handling HDDs ....................71 Connections........................73 Setting Terminals ......................

  • Page 13

    6.4.1 Outline of troubleshooting procedures ................105 6.4.2 Troubleshooting with HDD replacement in the field ............105 6.4.3 Troubleshooting at the repair site ..................107 6.4.4 Troubleshooting with parts replacement in the factory ............ 108 6.4.5 Finding possibly faulty parts .................... 108 Packaging .........................

  • Page 14

    FIGURES page Figure 1.1 System configuration ......................19 Figure 3.1 Cylinder configuration......................32 Figure 3.2 Spare area in cell........................34 Figure 3.3 Alternate cylinder ........................34 Figure 3.4 Track format ........................35 Figure 3.5 Track skew/head skew......................36 Figure 3.6 Sector format ........................36 Figure 3.7 Alternate block allocation by FORMAT UNIT command ..........42 Figure 3.8 Alternate block allocation by REASSIGN BLOCKS command .........43 Figure 4.1...

  • Page 15

    Figure 4.23 External operator panel circuit example ................68 Figure 5.1 SCSI bus connections ......................74 Figure 5.2 Setting terminals location (on NP models only) ..............75 Figure 5.3 CN2 setting terminal (on NP models only) .................76 Figure 5.4 Checking the SCSI connection (A) ..................85 Figure 5.5 Checking the SCSI connection (B)..................86 Figure 6.1...

  • Page 16

    TABLES page Table 2.1 Model names and order numbers..................21 Table 2.2 Function specifications ......................22 Table 2.2 Function specifications (continued)..................23 Table 2.3 Environmental/power requirements..................25 Table 2.3 Environmental/power requirements (continued) ..............26 Table 2.4 SCSI function specifications ....................29 Table 3.1 Format capacity ........................38 Table 4.1 Surface temperature check point ..................52 Table 4.2...

  • Page 17: Chapter 1 General Description

    CHAPTER 1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION Standard Features Hardware Structure System Configuration This chapter describes the feature and configuration of the MBA3xxxxx. The HDDs are high performance large capacity 3.5-inch hard disk drives with an embedded SCSI controller. The HDDs support the Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) as described in the ANSI SCSI SPI-4 [T10/1365D Rev.10] to the extent described in this manual.

  • Page 18: Standard Features

    Standard Features Compactness Since the SCSI controller circuit is embedded in the standard 3.5-inch hard disk drive form factor, the HDD is extremely compact. The HDD can be connected directly to the SCSI bus of the host system. Environmental Protection The HDDs comply with the Restriction of the use of certain Hazardous Substances in electrical and electronic equipment (RoHS) directive issued by European Union (EU).

  • Page 19

    High speed data transfer Such a high data transfer rate on the SCSI bus can be useful with the large capacity buffer in the HDD. • 8-bit SCSI: The data transfer rate on the SCSI bus is 40 MB/s maximum at the synchronous mode.

  • Page 20

    IMPORTANT When Write cache is enabled, you should ensure that the cached data is surely flushed to the disk media before you turn off the HDD's power. To ensure it, you should issue either the SYNCHRONIZE CACHE command or the STOP UNIT command with specifying “0” to the Immediate bit and then confirm that the command is surely terminated with the GOOD STATUS.

  • Page 21

    (14) Defective block slipping A logical data block can be reallocated in a physical sequence by slipping the defective data block at formatting. This results in high speed contiguous data block processing without a revolution delay due to defective data block. (15) High speed positioning A rotary voice coil motor achieves fast positioning with high performance access control.

  • Page 22: Hardware Structure

    Hardware Structure The HDDs have a disk enclosure (DE) and a printed circuit board assembly (PCBA). The DE includes the heads on an actuator and the disks on a spindle motor mounted on the DE. The PCBA includes a read/write circuit and a controller circuit. Disks The disks have an outer diameter of 70 mm (2.8 inch).

  • Page 23: System Configuration

    System Configuration Figure 1.1 shows the system configuration. The HDDs are connected to the SCSI bus of host systems and are always operated as target. The HDDs perform input/output operation as specified by SCSI devices which operate as initiator. SCSI bus (#14) (#15) Figure 1.1...

  • Page 24

    SCSI bus configuration Up to eight SCSI devices operating as an initiator or a target can be connected to the SCSI bus for the 8-bit SCSI and up to 16 SCSI devices operating as an initiator or a target can be connected to the SCSI bus for the 16-bit SCSI in any combination.

  • Page 25: Chapter 2 Specifications

    CHAPTER 2 SPECIFICATIONS Hardware Specifications SCSI Function Specifications This chapter describes specifications of the HDD and the functional specifications of the SCSI. Hardware Specifications 2.1.1 Model name and order number Each model has a different recording capacities and interface connector type when shipped. Table 2.1 lists the model name and order number.

  • Page 26: Function Specifications

    2.1.2 Function specifications Table 2.2 shows the function specifications of the HDD. Table 2.2 Function specifications Specification Item MBA3300NC MBA3147NC MBA3073NC MBA3300NP MBA3147NP MBA3073NP Format capacity (*1) 300 GB (*2) 147 GB (*2) 73.5 GB (*2) Number of disks Number of heads Tracks per Surface 82,604 cyl typ.

  • Page 27: Table 2.2 Function Specifications (continued)

    Table 2.2 Function specifications (continued) Specification Item MBA3300NC MBA3147NC MBA3073NC MBA3300NP MBA3147NP MBA3073NP SPI-4 (T10/1365D Rev. 10), SAM-2 (T10/1157D Rev. 24), Related standards SPC-2 (T10/1236D Rev. 20), SBC (T10/996D Rev. 8c) Data buffer 8 MB FIFO ring buffer (*12) Acoustic noise (Idle) 3.6 Bels typ.

  • Page 28

    The maximum data transfer rate may be restricted to the response speed of initiator and by (*10) transmission characteristics. 1MB/s=1,000,000 bytes/s. Refer to 1.1(13). (*11) 1MB=1,048,576 bytes (*12) C141-E270 Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine...

  • Page 29: Environmental Specifications

    2.1.3 Environmental specifications Table 2.3 lists environmental and power requirements. Table 2.3 Environmental/power requirements Specification Item MBA3300NC MBA3147NC MBA3073NC MBA3300NP MBA3147NP MBA3073NP Operating 5 to 55°C Non-operating –40 to 70°C Temperature Transport –40 to 70°C (*1) DE surface temperature at operating 5 to 60°C Gradient 20°C/h or less...

  • Page 30: Error Rate

    Table 2.3 Environmental/power requirements (continued) Specification Item MBA3300NC MBA3147NC MBA3073NC MBA3300NP MBA3147NP MBA3073NP Regulation ± 5 % Ready (average) 0.5 A Peak operating current Power +5V DC Maximum (peak) DC 1.5 A requirement (*6) (*5) Peak operating current 0.79 A DC (reference) (*6) Ripple (+5 V, +12 V) 250 mVp-p or less (*7)

  • Page 31: Reliability

    2.1.5 Reliability Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF) MTBF of the HDDs during its lifetime is 1,400,000 hours (operating: 24 hours/day, 7 days/week average DE surface temperature: 50°C or less). Continual or sustained operation at case DE surface temperature above 50°C may degrade product reliability.

  • Page 32

    Note: The "average DE surface temperature" means the average temperature at the DE surface throughout the year when the HDD is operating. Data security at power failure Integrity of the data on the disk is guaranteed against all forms of DC power failure except on blocks where a write operation is being performed.

  • Page 33: Scsi Function Specifications

    SCSI Function Specifications Table 2.4 shows the SCSI functions provided with the HDD. Table 2.4 SCSI function specifications Item Specification Single-ended type Ο × HVD type (High Voltage Differential) LVD type (Low Voltage Differential) Ο Electrical requirements Position where the terminating Single-ended type ×...

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  • Page 35: Chapter 3 Data Format

    CHAPTER 3 DATA FORMAT Data Space Logical Data Block Addressing Defect Management This chapter explains data space definition, logical data block addressing, and defect management on the HDD. Data Space The HDD manages the entire data storage area divided into the following three data spaces. •...

  • Page 36: Figure 3.1 Cylinder Configuration

    Note: Spare sectors on the last track in each cell are not necessarily placed at the end of the track because of a track skew or a cylinder skew. (Details are explained in Subsection 3.1.3.) Figure 3.1 Cylinder configuration Apart from the above logical configuration, the HDD intends to increase the storage capacity by dividing all cylinders into several zones and changing a recording density of each zone.

  • Page 37: Alternate Spare Area

    User space The user space is a storage area for user data. The data format on the user space (the length of data block and the number of data blocks) can be specified with the MODE SELECT or MODE SELECT EXTENDED command. The user can also specify the number of logical data blocks to be placed in the user space with the MODE SELECT or MODE SELECT EXTENDED command.

  • Page 38: Figure 3.2 Spare Area In Cell

    The number of spare sectors per cell is fixed at 300. This number cannot be changed by users. Track 0 Sector 0 n-m-1 Track 1 2n-m-1 2n-m 2n-2 2n-1 Cell Last track SPR1 SPR299 SPR300 Spare sectors (300 sectors) Note: This HDD manages alternate spare areas for each cell, which is a set of cylinders.

  • Page 39: Track Format

    3.1.3 Track format Physical sector allocation Figure 3.4 shows the allocation of the physical sectors in a track. The length in bytes of each physical sector and the number of sectors per track vary depending on the logical data block length.

  • Page 40: Sector Format

    Track skew Head Track skew Head skew Head Leading logical sector in head p+1 Figure 3.5 Track skew/head skew The number of physical sectors (track skew factor and head skew factor) corresponding to the skew time varies depending on the logical data block length because the track skew and the head skew are managed for individual sectors.

  • Page 41

    Gaps (G1, G2, G3) No pattern is written on the gap field. PLO Sync In this field, pattern X'00' in the specified length in bytes is written. Sync Mark (SM1, SM2) In this field, special pattern in the specified length in bytes is written. This special pattern indicates the beginning of the data field.

  • Page 42: Format Capacity

    3.1.5 Format capacity The size of the usable area for storing user data on the HDD (format capacity) varies according to the logical data block or the size of the spare sector area. Table 3.1 lists examples of the format capacity when the typical logical data block length and the default spare area are used.

  • Page 43: Figure

    Block address of user space The logical data block address number is consecutively assigned to all of the data blocks in the user space starting with 0 to the first data block. The HDD treats sector 0, head 0, and cylinder 0 as the first logical data block. The data block is allocated in ascending order of addresses in the following sequence (refer to Figure 3.5): 1) Logical data blocks are assigned in ascending order of sector number in the same track.

  • Page 44: Defect Management

    Defect Management 3.3.1 Defect list Information of the defect location on the disk is managed by the defect list. The following are defect lists which the HDD manages. • P list (Primary defect list): This list consists of defect location information available at the disk drive shipment and is recorded in a system space.

  • Page 45: Figure

    The alternate block allocation is executed by the FORMAT UNIT command, the REASSIGN BLOCKS command, or the automatic alternate block allocation. Refer to Subsection 5.3.2 “Auto alternate block allocation processing” of the SCSI Logical Interface Specifications for details of specifications on these commands. The logical data block is allocated to the next physically continued sectors after the above sector slip treatment is made.

  • Page 46: Figure 3.7 Alternate Block Allocation By Format Unit Command

    : n represents a logical data block number : Defective sector : Unused spare sector Figure 3.7 Alternate block allocation by FORMAT UNIT command During FORMAT UNIT command, alternate block allocation is conducted in following cases: 1) Unrecovered write offtrack condition during a media write 2) Uncorrectable Data Error during a media read (certification) *1 If above errors are detected during FORMAT UNIT command, the HDD allocates the alternate block(s) to the defective data blocks.

  • Page 47: Figure 3.8 Alternate Block Allocation By Reassign Blocks Command

    Alternate block allocation by REASSIGN BLOCKS command When the REASSIGN BLOCKS command is specified, the alternate block is allocated to the defective logical data block specified by the initiator by means of alternate sector treatment. The alternate block is allocated to unused spare sectors in the alternate cylinder. Figure 3.8 is examples of the alternate block allocation by the REASSIGN BLOCKS command.

  • Page 48

    • Automatic alternate block allocation at write operation If AWRE flag in the MODE SELECT parameter permits the automatic alternate block allocation, the HDD executes two kinds of automatic alternate processing during WRITE command processing as described below: Type 1 (Reassignment of uncorrectable read error sector) 1) Commands to be applied WRITE WRITE EXTEND...

  • Page 49

    2) Application requirements / processing When WRITE/WRITE EXTENDED command detects any Servo error (e.g. Write offtrack error) and cannot be recovered within pre-determined retry number (specified in Mode Parameter). For the sectors around defective Servo, alternate blocks are allocated and the data of this WRITE commands are re-written.

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  • Page 51: Chapter 4 Installation Requirements

    CHAPTER 4 INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS Mounting Requirements Power Supply Requirements Connection Requirements This chapter describes the environmental, mounting, power supply, and connection requirements. Mounting Requirements 4.1.1 External dimensions Figures 4.1 and 4.2 show the external dimensions of the HDD and the locations of the holes for the HDD mounting screws.

  • Page 52: Figure 4.1 Nc Model Dimensions

    The value marked with (*) indicates the dimension between mounting holes on the bottom face. [Unit: mm] Figure 4.1 NC model dimensions C141-E270 Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine...

  • Page 53: Figure 4.2 Np Model Dimensions

    The value marked with (*) indicates the dimension between mounting holes on the bottom face. [Unit: mm] Figure 4.2 NP model dimensions C141-E270 Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine...

  • Page 54: Mounting Orientations

    4.1.2 Mounting orientations As shown in Figure 4.3, the HDD can be installed flat on any of its six sides. Inclination from a vertical or horizontal plane should not exceed 5°. (a) Horizontal –1 (b) Horizontal –2 (c) Vertical –1 (d) Vertical –2 (e) Upright mounting –1 (f) Upright mounting –2...

  • Page 55: Figure 4.4 Mounting Frame Structure

    Mounting screw Use No.6-32UNC. Mounting frame structure Special attention must be given to mount the HDD as follows. Use the frame with an embossed structure, or the like. Mount the HDD with making a gap of 2.5 mm or more between the HDD and the frame of the system. As shown in Figure 4.4, the inward projection of the screw from the HDD frame wall at the corner must be 4.5 mm ±...

  • Page 56: Figure 4.5 Limitation Of Side-mounting

    Holes for mounting screw In case of using a center hole, use it in combination with the holes of both ends. Holes for mounting screw Use four holes (No.1 to No.4) to mount. Figure 4.5 Limitation of side-mounting Limitation of bottom-mounting Use all four mounting holes on the bottom face.

  • Page 57: Power Supply Requirements

    Figure 4.6 Surface temperature measurement points External magnetic field Do not install the HDDs in the vicinity of equipment giving off strong magnetic fields, such as monitors, televisions, or loudspeakers. Leak magnetic flux Do not mount the HDDs near the devices that the leakage magnetic flux influence easily. Power Supply Requirements Allowable input voltage and current The power supply input voltage measured at the power supply connector pin of the HDD...

  • Page 58: Figure 4.7 Current Waveform (spin-up)

    +5VDC MBA3300NC MBA3147NC MBA3073NC MBA3300NP MBA3147NP MBA3073NP Time (2 sec/div) Time (2 sec/div) Time (2 sec/div) +12VDC MBA3300NC MBA3147NC MBA3073NC MBA3300NP MBA3147NP MBA3073NP Time (2 sec/div) Time (2 sec/div) Time (2 sec/div) Figure 4.7 Current waveform (Spin-up) C141-E270 Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine...

  • Page 59: Figure 4.8 Current Waveform (max Seek)

    Figure 4.8 shows the max seek current waveform of +5V DC and +12V DC. +5VDC MBA3147NC MBA3300NC MBA3073NC MBA3300NP MBA3147NP MBA3073NP Time (10 msec/div) Time (10 msec/div) Time (10 msec/div) +12VDC MBA3300NC MBA3147NC MBA3073NC MBA3300NP MBA3147NP MBA3073NP Time (10 msec/div) Time (10 msec/div) Time (10 msec/div) Figure 4.8...

  • Page 60: Figure 4.10 Power On/off Sequence (2)

    c) In a system which does not use the terminating resistor power supply signal (TERMPWR) on the SCSI bus, the requirements for +5 VDC given in Figure 4.10 must be satisfied between the HDD and the SCSI device with the terminating resistor circuit. SCSI devices with the terminating resistor...

  • Page 61

    Sequential starting of spindle motors After power is turned on to the HDD, a large amount of current flows in the +12 VDC line when the spindle motor rotation starts. Therefore, if more than one HDD is used, the spindle motors should be started by the following procedures to prevent overload of the power supply unit.

  • Page 62: Connection Requirements

    Figure 4.12 AC noise filter (recommended) Connection Requirements 4.3.1 SCA2 connector type 16-bit SCSI model (NC model) Connectors Figure 4.13 shows the locations of connectors on the SCA2 connector type 16-bit SCSI model (NC model). SCSI connector (CN1) (including power supply) Figure 4.13 NC connectors location C141-E270 Downloaded from...

  • Page 63: Figure 4.14 Sca2 Type 16-bit Scsi Connector

    SCSI connector and power supply connector The connector for the SCSI bus is an unshielded SCA-2 connector conforming to SCSI-3 type which has two 40-pin rows spaced 1.27 mm (0.05 inch) apart. The power connector is included in the SCSI connector. Figure 4.14 shows the SCSI connector.

  • Page 64: 68-pin Connector Type 16-bit Scsi Model (np Model)

    4.3.2 68-pin connector type 16-bit SCSI model (NP model) Connectors Figures 4.15 show the locations of connectors and terminals on the 68-pin connector type 16-bit SCSI model (NP model). • Power supply connector • SCSI connector • External operator panel connector External operator panel connector (CN2)

  • Page 65: Figure 4.16 68-pin Type 16-bit Scsi Interface Connector

    2.00mm Pin 34 Pin A1 Pin 1 Pin 1 Pin A2 2.54mm 1.27mm 2.00m Pin 35 5.08mm Pin 68 0.40mm 0.40mm 1.30mm 0.635mm 1.00mm 5.08mm Figure 4.16 68-pin type 16-bit SCSI interface connector Power supply connector Figure 4.17 shows the shape and the terminal arrangement of the output connector of DC power supply.

  • Page 66: Figure 4.18 External Operator Panel Connector (cn1)

    Signal –ID0 Fault LED –ID1 ESID –ID2 (Reserved) –ID3 –LED +5 V –WTP Figure 4.18 External operator panel connector (CN1) 2.0mm Pin 2 Pin 24 Pin 1 2.0mm Pin 23 Figure 4.19 External operator panel connector (CN2) C141-E270 Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine...

  • Page 67: Figure 4.20 16-bit Scsi Id External Input

    External operator panel connector Signals a. 16-bit SCSI –ID3, –ID2, –ID1, –ID0: Input signals (CN1-A1, A3, A5, A7 pin and CN2-02, 04, 06, 08 pin) These signals are used for providing switches to set the SCSI ID of the HDD externally. Figure 4.20 shows the electrical requirements.

  • Page 68

    b. Fault LED: Output signal (CN1-A2 pin) The HDD indicates that the write-protect status is in effect (CN1-A12 is connected to the GND, or the CN2-9 and CN2-10 are short-circuited.) A signal for driving the LED is output. (HDD) 74LS06 or equivalent 150 Ω...

  • Page 69: Figure 4.21 Output Signal For External Led

    Figure 4.21 Output signal for external LED e. –WTP: Input signal (CN1-A12 and CN2-9, 10 pin) By connecting the CN1-A12 and CN2-10 pins to the GND, writing operations into the HDD disk media are set to disable. C141-E270 Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine...

  • Page 70: Figure 4.22 Scsi Cables Connection

    Cable connection requirements The requirements for cable connection between the HDD, host system, and power supply unit are given in Figure 4.22. Recommended components for connection are listed in Table 4.2. External operator panel (example) Figure 4.22 SCSI cables connection C141-E270 Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com...

  • Page 71: Cable Connector Requirements

    (AWG18 to 24) HIROSE Cable socket housing A3B-12D-2C ELECTRIC External operator HIROSE panel (CN1) Contact A3B-2630SCC ELECTRIC Cable (AWG26 to 36) FUJITSU Cable socket housing FCN-723J024/2M TAKAMIZAWA External operator FUJITSU panel (CN2) Contact FCN-723J-G/AM TAKAMIZAWA Cable (AWG28) (*1) See Figure 4.22.

  • Page 72: External Operator Panel (on Np Model Drives Only)

    External operator panel (NP model only) The external operator panel is installed only when required for the system. When connection is not required, leave open the following pins in the external operator panel connector of the HDD: Pins 21, 22 and pins 01 through 08 in CN2 and pins A1 through A12 in CN1. 4.3.4 External operator panel (on NP model drives only) A recommended circuit of the external operator panel is shown in Figure 4.23.

  • Page 73

    IMPORTANT Do not connect the external LED to both CN1 and CN2. Connect it to either of them. C141-E270 Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine...

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  • Page 75: Chapter 5 Installation

    CHAPTER 5 INSTALLATION Notes on Handling HDDs Connections Setting Terminals Mounting HDDs Connecting Cables Checking Operation after Installation and Preparing the HDDs for Use Dismounting HDDs This chapter describes the notes on handling HDDs, connections, setting switches and plugs, mounting HDDs, connecting cables, confirming drive operations after installation and preparation for use, and dismounting HDDs.

  • Page 76

    Unpackaging a) Use a flat work area. Check that the "This Side Up" sign side is up. Handle the package on soft material such as a rubber mat, not on hard material such as a wooden desk. b) Be careful not to give excess pressure to the internal unit when removing cushions. c) Be careful not to give excess pressure to the PCBA and interface connector when removing the HDD from the Fcell (See Figure 6.2).

  • Page 77: Connections

    Connections Figure 5.1 shows examples of connection modes between the host system and the HDD. For the 16-bit SCSI, up to 16 devices including the host adapter, HDD, and other SCSI devices can be connected to the SCSI bus in arbitrary combinations. Install a terminating resistor on the SCSI device connected to both ends of the SCSI cable.

  • Page 78: Figure 5.1 Scsi Bus Connections

    Connecting more than one HDD (single host) Figure 5.1 SCSI bus connections (1 of 2) Connecting more than one HDD (multi-host) : SCSI terminator Figure 5.1 SCSI bus connections (2 of 2) C141-E270 Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine...

  • Page 79: Setting Terminals

    Setting Terminals A user sets up the following terminals and SCSI terminating resistor before installing the HDD in the system as required. • Setting terminal: CN1 (NC model), CN2 (NP model) Figure 5.2 shows the location of the setting terminal for NP model, and Figure 5.3 shows the allocation and the default settings for NP model.

  • Page 80: Scsi Id Setting

    Terminator power supply: Supply (LED signal) (HDD Reset signal) N.C. Force Single Ended: LVD mode Force Narrow: 16-bit SCSI Motor start mode Write protect: enabled SCSI ID #15 Figure 5.3 CN2 setting terminal (on NP models only) 5.3.1 SCSI ID setting Table 5.1 shows the SCSI ID setting.

  • Page 81: Table 5.1 Scsi Id Setting

    Table 5.1 SCSI ID setting NC model (CN1) NP model (CN2) SCSI Pin pair Pin pair Pin pair Pin pair Pin 39 Pin 79 Pin 40 Pin 80 Open Open Open Open Open Open Open Open Short Open Open Open Short Open Open...

  • Page 82: Each Mode Setting

    5.3.2 Each mode setting Setting terminator power supply Refer to Table 5.2 for controlling the supply of power from the drive to the SCSI terminator power source (TERMPOW). For information on NP model, refer to Figures 5.2 and 5.3. Table 5.2 Setting SCSI terminator power supply (NP model) Supply on/off of SCSI terminator power from Pin pair 23/24 of CN2...

  • Page 83: Table 5.4 Write Protect Setting (np Model)

    Write protect When the write protect function is enabled on NP model, writing to the disk medium is disabled. Table 5.4 Write protect setting (NP model) Pin pair 9/10 of CN2 Write protect (GND/WTP) Write operation is enabled. Open (*1) Write operation is disable.

  • Page 84: Mode Settings

    5.3.3 Mode settings In addition to the previously described settings using setting terminals, the HDD is provided with several mode settings. The mode settings are enabled by specifying the CHANGE DEFINITION command. Table 5.7 lists the mode settings and their settings at factory shipment. Refer to Subsection 3.1.4 “CHANGE DEFINITION (40)”...

  • Page 85: Mounting Hdds

    Mounting HDDs 5.4.1 Check before mounting Reconfirm if the CN2 setting terminal is set correctly according to Table 5.8 before mounting the NP model drives in the system cabinet. For the CN2 setting terminal location, see Section 5.3. The NC model drives do not require the following check. Table 5.8 Setting check list (NP model only) Setting contents...

  • Page 86: Connecting Cables

    Connecting Cables Connect the HDD and system with the following cables. See Section 4.3 for further details of the requirements for HDD connector positions and connecting cables. • Power cable • SCSI cable • External operator panel cable (if required for NP model) The general procedures and notes on connecting cables are described below.

  • Page 87: Checking Operation After Installation And Preparing The Hdds For Use

    Checking Operation after Installation and Preparing the HDDs for Use 5.6.1 Confirming initial operations This section describes the operation check procedures after power is turned on. Since the initial operation of the HDD depends on the setting of the motor start mode, check the initial operation by either of the following procedures.

  • Page 88: Checking Scsi Connection

    d) If an error is detected in initial self-diagnosis the LED blinks. In this case, it is recommended to issue the REQUEST SENSE command from the initiator (host system) to obtain information (sense data) for error analysis. IMPORTANT The LED lights during the HDD is executing a command. However, in same commands, the lighting time is only an instant.

  • Page 89: Figure 5.4 Checking The Scsi Connection (a)

    Motor starts when power is turned on Self test = 1 Unit Of =1 No parameter Figure 5.4 Checking the SCSI connection (A) C141-E270 Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine...

  • Page 90: Figure 5.5 Checking The Scsi Connection (b)

    Motor starts by START/STOP command * Executing time: about 60 seconds Figure 5.5 Checking the SCSI connection (B) C141-E270 Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine...

  • Page 91: Formatting

    Checking at abnormal end a) When sense data can be obtained with the REQUEST SENSE command, analyze the sense data and retry recovery for a recoverable error. Refer to Chapter 5 "Sense Data Error Recovery Methods" of the SCSI Logical Interface Specifications for further details. b) Check the following items for the SCSI cable connection: •...

  • Page 92

    b. Format parameter (page code = 3) Specify the number of spare sectors for each cell in the "alternate sectors/zone" field (cannot be changed). FORMAT UNIT command Initialize entire recording surface of the disk with the FORMAT UNIT command. The FORMAT UNIT command initializes entire surface of the disk using the P lists, verifies data blocks after initialization, and allocates an alternate block for a defect block detected with verification.

  • Page 93: Setting Parameters

    5.6.4 Setting parameters The user can specify the optimal operation mode for the user system environments by setting the following parameters with the MODE SELECT or MODE SELECT EXTENDED command: • Error recovery parameter • Disconnection/reconnection parameter • Caching parameter •...

  • Page 94

    The saved value of the MODE SELECT parameter is assumed as the initial value of each parameter after the power-on, the RESET condition, or the BUS DEVICE RESET message. The initiator can change the parameter value temporary (actively) at any timing by issuing the MODE SELECT or MODE SELECT EXTENDED command with specifying "0"...

  • Page 95

    Notes: The user can arbitrarily specify the following parameters according to the system requirements: • ARRE • AWRE • • The user also can arbitrarily specify parameters other than the above. However, it is recommended to use the default setting in normal operations. Disconnection/reconnection parameters (page code = 2) The following parameters are used to optimize the start timing of reconnection processing to transfer data on the SCSI bus at a read (READ or READ EXTENDED command) or write...

  • Page 96

    Caching parameters (page code = 8) The following parameters are used to optimize HDD Read-Ahead caching operations under the system environments. Refer to Chapter 2 "Data Buffer Management" of the SCSI Logical Interface Specifications for further details. Parameter Default value •...

  • Page 97: Dismounting Hdds

    a. Control mode parameters Parameter Default value • QUEUE ALGORITHM MODIFIER 0 (Execution sequence of read/write commands is optimized.) • QErr: Resume or abort remaining suspended 0 (command is commands after sense pending state resumed) Dismounting HDDs Since the method and procedure for dismounting the HDD, etc. depends on the locker structure of the system, etc., the work procedures must be determined in consideration of the requirements specific to the system.

  • Page 98

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  • Page 99: Chapter 6 Diagnostics And Maintenance

    CHAPTER 6 DIAGNOSTICS AND MAINTENANCE Diagnostics Maintenance Operation Check Troubleshooting Packaging This chapter describes diagnostics and maintenance. Diagnostics 6.1.1 Self-diagnostics The HDD has the following self-diagnostic function. This function checks the basic operations of the HDD. • Initial self-diagnostics • Online self-diagnostics (SEND DIAGNOSTIC command) Table 6.1 lists the contents of the tests performed with the self-diagnostics.

  • Page 100

    Brief test contents of self-diagnostics are as follows. a. Hardware function test This test checks the basic operation of the controller section, and contains following test. • RAM (microcode is stored) • Peripheral circuits of microprocessor (MPU) • Memory (ROM) •...

  • Page 101

    The HDD does not reply to the SCSI bus for up to 2 seconds after the initial self-diagnostics is started. After that, the HDD can accept the I/O operation request correctly, but the received command, except the executable commands under the not ready state (such as INQUIRY, START/STOP UNIT), is terminated with the CHECK CONDITION status (NOT READY [=2]/logical unit is in process of becoming ready [=04-01] or logical unit not ready, initializing command required [=04-02]) during the interval from the spindle motor becomes stable to the...

  • Page 102: Test Programs

    b. Reporting result of self-diagnostics and error indication When all specified self-diagnostics terminate normally, the HDD posts the GOOD status for the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command. When an error is detected in the self-diagnostics, the HDD terminates the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command with the CHECK CONDITION status. The initiator should issue the REQUEST SENSE command when the CHECK CONDITION status is posted.

  • Page 103: Maintenance

    See Section 5.1 and 6.5 for notes on packaging and handling when returning the HDD. CAUTION Data loss Save data stored on the HDD to other media before requesting repair. Fujitsu does not assume responsibility if data is corrupted during servicing or repair. 6.2.1 Precautions...

  • Page 104: Maintenance Requirements

    Electrical shock To avoid shocks, turn off the power before connecting or disconnecting a cable, connector, or plug. Never touch the HDDs while power-feeding. Take the following precautions to prevent disk drive damage during maintenance and troubleshooting: CAUTION Damage Always ground yourself with a wrist strap connected to ground before handling.

  • Page 105: Maintenance Levels

    Service system and repairs Fujitsu has the service system and repair facility for the HDD. Contact Fujitsu representative to submit information for replacing or repairing the HDD. Generally, the following information must be included: a) HDD model, part number (P/N), revision number, serial number (S/N), and date of...

  • Page 106: Tools And Test Equipment

    6.2.4 Tools and test equipment HDD troubleshooting and repair in the field require only standard SCSI tools. No special tools or test equipment are required. This manual does not describe the factory-level tools and test equipment. 6.2.5 Tests This HDD can be tested in the following ways: •...

  • Page 107: Figure 6.1 Test Flowchart

    Start Start self-test by turning the power on Check host system Test results OK? (Table 6.2) Analyze system-related Host system Execute an operation error normal? test using a host computer or test equipment Replaced or repair Test results OK? HDD normal? Continue operation Execute diagnostic test using a host...

  • Page 108: Operation Check

    Operation Check 6.3.1 Initial seek operation check If an error is detected during initialization by the initial seek operation check routine at power-on, the spindle motor of the HDD stops, and then the HDD becomes unusable. For an explanation of the operation check before the initial seek, refer to the Section 5.6. 6.3.2 Operation test While the host computer is processing data, the HDD monitors HDD operation including data...

  • Page 109: Troubleshooting

    At this level of maintenance, we recommend replacing the HDD as a unit. If replacing the HDD rectifies the fault, return the removed HDD to Fujitsu, for test and repair. If the newly installed HDD does not rectify the fault another part of the system is faulty.

  • Page 110: Table 6.2 System-level Field Troubleshooting

    Table 6.2 System-level field troubleshooting Item Recommended work DC power cable Check that the power cable is correctly connected to the disk drive and power supply unit. DC power level Check that the DC voltage is within the specified range (±5%). Check that +5V DC supply is from 4.75 to 5.25V DC.

  • Page 111: Troubleshooting At The Repair Site

    HDD to Fujitsu for repair. A media defect list must be included with the HDD returned to Fujitsu. If the possibly faulty part is the HDD, return the whole HDD to Fujitsu for repair. Also if a clear error (erroneous servo track information or noisy HDD) is detected in the DE, return the whole HDD to Fujitsu.

  • Page 112: Troubleshooting With Parts Replacement In The Factory

    Finding possibly faulty parts in the field was explained in Subsection 6.4.2. This manual does not cover finding possibly faulty parts at the factory level. Packaging When the HDD is returned to Fujitsu, the following methods are recommended. 6.5.1 Single HDD packaging Figure 6.2...

  • Page 113

    Put the HDD into FCELL. • At this time, the connector of the HDD is directed to the hinge side of FCELL. • The PCBA is put in the side with the material mark of FCELL. Push from two corners of FCELL on the hinge side previously, push two corners of the opening next, and lock FCELL surely.

  • Page 114: Multi-box Packaging

    6.5.2 Multi-box packaging (upper) (lower) Figure 6.3 Multi-box packaging Put the conductivity bag into the milti-box, in addition put the cushion (lower) into the bag. Put unitary packaging (FCELL) in the cushion (lower). • At this time, FCELL is put in the cushion (lower) so that the FCELL opening may become downward.

  • Page 115: Figure 6.4 Fraction Packaging

    Put the long desiccant between the cushion (upper) Seal the conductivity bag with the packaging tape Close the cardboard box with the packaging tape (Attach the tape in 'H' figure at the tape.) Figure 6.4 Fraction packaging C141-E270 Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine...

  • Page 116

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  • Page 117: Chapter 7 Error Analysis

    The initiator can read the sense data by issuing a REQUEST SENSE command. This HDD is equipped with sense data with a byte length of 48. Accordingly, Fujitsu recommends collecting all 48-byte sense data when the host unit collects sense data.

  • Page 118: Sense Data Format

    Bit 7 Byte 0 Valid X‘70’ or X‘71’ (error code) X‘00’ Sense key [MSB] Information [LSB] X‘28’ (additional sense data length) [MSB] Basic information Command-specific information [LSB] Additional sense code Additional sense code qualifier X‘00’ SKSV Sense key-specific information SCSI ID CDB operation code Additional information...

  • Page 119: Sense Data Analysis

    Sense Data Analysis 7.2.1 Error information indicated with sense data Table 7.1 lists the definition of sense data. For details of sense data, refer to Chapter 5 “Sense Data Error Recovery Methods” of the SCSI Logical Interface Specifications. Subsection 7.2.2 onwards explain troubleshooting using sense data. Table 7.1 Definition of sense data Sense data...

  • Page 120: Sense Data (3-0c-03), (4-32-00), (4-40-xx), And (4-c4-xx)

    7.2.2 Sense data (3-0C-03), (4-32-00), (4-40-xx), and (4-C4-xx) Sense data (3-0C-03), (4-32-00), (4-40-xx), and (4-C4-xx) indicate one of the following: • A target sector could not be detected using the sector counter. • A seek process overran the specified time. •...

  • Page 121: Appendix Asetting Terminals

    APPENDIX A SETTING TERMINALS Setting Terminals (on NP model only) This appendix describes setting terminals. C141-E270 Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine...

  • Page 122: Setting Terminals (on Np Model Only)

    Setting Terminals (on NP model only) Table A.1 CN2 setting terminal (on NP model drives only) Pin pair Setting item Setting contents 1 - 2 3 - 4 5 - 6 7 - 8 9 - 10 SCSI ID Open Open Open (Open) SCSI ID #0...

  • Page 123: Appendix Bconnector Signal Allocation

    APPENDIX B CONNECTOR SIGNAL ALLOCATION SCSI Connector Signal Allocation: SCA2 type LVD 16-bit SCSI SCSI Connector Signal Allocation: 68-pin type LVD 16-bit SCSI This appendix describes the connector signal allocation. C141-E270 Downloaded from www.Manualslib.com manuals search engine...

  • Page 124: Scsi Connector Signal Allocation: Sca2 Type Lvd 16-bit Scsi

    SCSI Connector Signal Allocation: SCA2 type LVD 16-bit SCSI Table B.1 SCSI connector (SCA2 type LVD 16-bit SCSI): CN1 Pin No. Signal Signal Pin No. +12V (Charge) 12V RETURN (GND) +12V 12V RETURN (GND) +12V 12V RETURN (GND) +12V MATED 1 Reserved (N.C.) Reserved (N.C.) Reserved (N.C.)

  • Page 125: Scsi Connector Signal Allocation: 68-pin Type Lvd 16-bit Scsi

    SCSI Connector Signal Allocation: 68-pin type LVD 16-bit SCSI Table B.2 SCSI connector (68-pin type LVD 16-bit SCSI): CN1 Pin No. Signal Signal Pin No. DB12 –DB12 DB13 –DB13 DB14 –DB14 DB15 –DB15 DBP1 –DBP1 DB00 –DB00 DB01 –DB01 DB02 –DB02 DB03 –DB03...

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  • Page 127: Glossary

    Glossary Additional Sense Code This is a 1-byte code displayed in the sense data and is information which specifies the type of error that was detected. Bus phase The name of SCSI bus state. The SCSI bus can be either in the BUS FREE, ARBITRATION, SELECTION, RESELECTION or INFORMATION TRANSFER phase.

  • Page 128

    SCSI Small Computer System Interface The standardized input/output interface of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). [Standard No.: ANSI X3. 131-1986] SCSI Device The general name given to a device which is connected to the SCSI bus (input/output device, I/O controller, host adapter, expander, etc.). SCSI ID A physical device address which identifies an SCSI device on the SCSI bus.

  • Page 129: Acronyms And Abbreviations

    Acronyms and Abbreviations Alternating Current Gbps Gigabits per second ACKnowledge ARRE Automatic Read Reallocation Enabled ATteNtion Hard Disk Controller American Wire Gauge Hard Disk Drive AWRE Automatic Write Reallocation Enabled IDentifier Input/Output Bits Per Inch BuSY Light Emitting Diode Large-Scale Integration circuit Control/Data Logical Unit Number...

  • Page 130

    Parts/Number PCBA Printed Circuit Board Assembly Post ERror PLO Sync Phase Lock Oscillator Syncronous Partial Medium Indicator Read Cache Disable REQuest Relative Humidity ReSeT Serial/Number SCSI Small Computer System Interface SeCTor SELect SelfTest Self Test Signal Ground Save Page SPindle Motor Transfer Block Tracks Per Inch UnitOfl...

  • Page 131: Index

    INDEX 16-bit SCSI ID external input......63 continuous block processing......15 16-bit SCSI interface connector .......61 control mode parameter ........92 68-pin type LVD 16-bit SCSI ......121 controller circuit ..........18 8-bit SCSI/16-bit SCSI........14 current...............53 current waveform........54, 55 cylinder configuration ........32 AC noise filter ..........58 acoustic noise ..........17, 23 actuator .............18 data format............31...

  • Page 132

    mounting............50 mounting frame structure........51 mounting HDD ..........81 factory maintenance........101 mounting procedure..........81 field maintenance..........101 mounting requirement ........47 finding possibly faulty part......108 mounting screw ..........51 format capacity ..........38 multi-segment data buffer.........15 format parameter ..........88 FORMAT UNIT command ......88 formatting ............87 NC connector location........58 NC model dimension ........48 note on handling HDD ........71 gaps..............37...

  • Page 133

    START/STOP command........83 start/stop of spindle motor ........17 SCA2 type LVD 16-bit SCSI ......120 storage ..............72 SCA2 type SCSI connector ......59 surface temperature check point .......52 SCSI bus configuration ........20 surface temperature measurement point ...53 SCSI bus connection ........74 system configuration ........19 SCSI cable connection........66 system space .............33 SCSI connector........120, 121...

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  • Page 135

    List any errors or suggestions for improvement. Page Line Contents Please send this form to the address below. We will use your comments in planning future editions. Address: Fujitsu Learning Media Limited 37-10 Nishikamata 7-chome Oota-ku Tokyo 144-0051 JAPAN Fax: 81-3-3730-3702...

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