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Lenovo ThinkServer User Manual

Smart grid technology user guide
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Smart Grid Technology User Guide



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  Summary of Contents for Lenovo ThinkServer

  • Page 1 ThinkServer Smart Grid Technology User Guide...
  • Page 2: Table Of Contents

    Table of Contents Statement ..............................................4 Trademark and Copyright ........................................5 Chapter 1. Product Overview ........................................6 1.1 Product Introduction .......................................... 6 1.2 Structure and Composition of the Product ..................................7 1.3 Operating Environment of the Product ....................................8 1.4 Major Functions of the Product ......................................8 Chapter 2.
  • Page 3 3.4 Device Discovery ..........................................19 3.4.1 Auto Discovery ........................................20 3.4.2 Batch Import ........................................20 3.4.3 Add a Single Device......................................20 3.5 Device Management........................................21 3.5.1 Device Information Lookup ....................................21 3.5.2 Status Management......................................23 3.5.3 Editing ..........................................25 3.5.4 Deleting ..........................................25 3.5.5 Import/Export ........................................
  • Page 4 4.4 Unable to Discover the Host ......................................41 4.5 Unable to Discover Any Device via Auto Discovery under Linux ............................ 41 4.6 When Adding a Device, It's Prompted that the Device is Unable to Perform Power Consumption Control..............42 4.7 Event Forwarding Configuration ...................................... 42 Appendix 1: Glossary and Abbreviations ....................................
  • Page 5: Statement

    Thank you for choosing Lenovo. This manual is designed to help you use Lenovo servers (hereafter referred to "this product") properly, and before you install and run this product for the first time, make sure carefully read all materials provided with the product, especially the precautions provided in this manual. That will help you to use this product in a better and safer manner.
  • Page 6: Trademark And Copyright

    Trademark and Copyright The text and logo of "Legend", "Lenovo", "Lenovo 联想", "ThinkServer", and "For Those Who Do" are trademarks and registered trademarks of Lenovo Corporation subsidiaries in China and/or other countries and regions. "Intel", "Intel Inside", and "Pentium" are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation.
  • Page 7: Chapter 1. Product Overview

    Lenovo ThinkServer Smart Grid Technology (hereafter referred to Smart Grid) is a software (not free) associated with Lenovo ThinkServer servers, which can monitor and manage the power consumption of several Lenovo ThinkServer servers in the corporation network, IDC and so on.
  • Page 8: Structure And Composition Of The Product

    4. Emergency Responses When an emergency occurs (such as natural disasters and unexpected power-off), appropriate actions shall be taken to shut down the device normally and write data into the disk, in this case, it is the crucial that how to extend the operating time of device when it is powered by UPS. Smart Grid provides immediate emergency plans for "Emergency State", and reduces the device power consumption by limiting it to the lowest level, so as to extend the operating time and ensure the data is archived safely when an emergency occurs.
  • Page 9: Operating Environment Of The Product

    1. Device Management In Smart Grid, servers are organized through the management view. The management view shows both Lenovo ThinkServer servers and non-Lenovo servers that can be currently managed in the forms of tree graph, listing and grouping. These three types of management views not only provide comprehensive server information management functionality, but also provide the setup function for the power consumption status of devices, so as to achieve differentiated power consumption management for devices under different states.
  • Page 10 4. Analysis and Report on Power Consumption To achieve true cost saving, this system provides multi-dimensional power consumption rankings and power consumption analysis reports, which can help users analyze the power consumption status of all devices, discover the device with highest power consumption, and filter out the devices with potential problems in energy saving policy which may need adjustment.
  • Page 11: Chapter 2. Planning And Deployment

    Chapter 2. Planning and Deployment 2.1 DEPLOYMENT PLANN ING Smart Grid can support flexible web deployment plans, and uses entire or any part of the product functionality based on the scenarios. For the application scenarios of server devices that only need power consumption monitoring, the managed servers need to support Intel Intelligent Power Node Manager technology, and its BMC IP network is connected to Smart Grid Server network.
  • Page 12: Centralized Management Of Multiple Servers Across Internet

    2.1.2 CENTRALIZED MANAGEMENT OF MULTIPLE SERVERS ACROSS INTERNET Smart Grid can also provide power consumption management to multiple servers when spanning Internet. In this scenario, the corporation network is divided into two, i.e. LAN and DMZ zone (a large corporation has Extranet and Intranet DMZ zones located in two machine rooms separately) where the application servers for Internet such as mail server and Web server are located.
  • Page 13: Network Connectivity Requirements For Data Collection

    2.1.5 NETWORK CONNECTIVITY REQUIREMENTS FOR DATA COLLECTION Smart Grid performs agentless data collection for the power consumption, CPU usage and memory usage. For a device that needs performance management, please make sure that the operating system of the device is within the manageable range by Smart Grid, and that the IP network of the operating system has already been connected to the Smart Grid server and the account of the operating system used for collection can successfully log into the operating system.
  • Page 14: Installation For Linux

    2.2.2 INSTALLATION FOR LINUX 1. After putting Smart Grid installation CD into the CD-ROM, enter the installation directory (e.g. cd/mnt/cdrom), and execute the following installation commands: chmod +x ./ The program will be installed to /opt/smartgrid by default, and if you want to specify an installation directory (for example: /opt/sgt), execute the following command: ./ /opt/sgt 2.
  • Page 15: Uninstall

    2.3.1 UNINSTALLATION FOR WINDOWS In the operating system of Smart Grid server, open "Control Panel \ All Control Panel \ Programs and Features, and look for the software "ThinkServer Smart Grid Technology", then click the "Uninstall" button, and follow the wizard to finish uninstallation of this software.
  • Page 16: Chapter 3. Product Instructions

    Before your device is discovered, you are required to fill in some necessary information including BMC IP start address and BMC user name and password (if the default settings of BMC are not changed in Lenovo ThinkServer servers, you are only required to enter the configured IP range), and after that, the device discovery starts.
  • Page 17: Exit The System

    As shown in the following figure: 3.1.2 EXIT THE SYSTEM Click the "Exit" button on the upper right corner of the system to exit the system. 3.2 HOME The system homepage shows the power consumption of the day, device overview, power consumption ranking in last 1 hour, power consumption trend, event list and device status, which allows you to learn about the power consumption as a whole.
  • Page 18 Device Discovery A rapid functionality portal, which is consistent with Device Discovery under Device Management, please refer to the description in Section 3.4 Device Discovery for details. Device Statistics Based on the number of the devices and the number of the device groups, 6-dimensional statistics is done. Click on the number to see a specific device, please refer to the description in Section 3.5.2 Status Management for detailed status characteristics.
  • Page 19: Power Consumption Ranking In Last 1 Hour

    3.2.3 POWER CONSUMPTION RANKING IN LAST 1 HOUR The product takes the statistics of power consumptions of all devices in last 1 hour and sorts them in a descending order based on power consumption, and supports toggle among TOP10, TOP20 and TOP50 views, as shown in the figure below: 3.2.4 EVENT LIST Paying attention to the system health at any time, the product shows all events in the system including power consumption collection events, performance collection events, power consumption control events and performance threshold events in a chronological order, as shown in the figure...
  • Page 20: System Configuration

    Smart Grid is a paid software, and you can have free trial for 90 days to manage 50 server nodes without entering the authorization serial number. After expiration, you can purchase the serial number of the product through Lenovo website, Lenovo customer service number or other channels. You can continue to use this software after entering the product serial number into the system.
  • Page 21: Auto Discovery

    3.4.1 AUTO DISCOVERY When you run Smart Grid for the first time, the devices will be discovered automatically in the use wizard. If the network changes subsequently (for example, addition of a new device), you can trigger auto discovery of devices in the system manually. Operation steps: from System Login ...
  • Page 22: Device Management

    3.5 DEVICE MANAGEMEN T 3.5.1 DEVICE INFORMATION LOOKUP The system supports three ways of viewing device information: device list, device group, device tree diagram. Operation Steps: from System Login  Device Management  Device List/Device Tree Diagram/Device Group, the form and the included information are presented.
  • Page 23 (2) Organize according to the model of device manufacture which is "Device Manufacture --> Server Device". In Smart Grid, the system has built two default groups "Lenovo" and "UnGrouped" that cannot be deleted. They are designed to automatically add all ThinkServer severs found by device auto discovery into the "Lenovo"...
  • Page 24: Status Management

    Click Group Name to drill down to view the device list of each device group, as shown in the figure below: 3.5.2 STATUS MANAGEMENT Device status includes Manual Maintenance and System Modification. The device management status of manual maintenance includes: Learning Stage, Policy Enabled, Policy Forbidden and Unmanaged. This allows delicate device management.
  • Page 25 2. The Conversion Process under Policy Forbidden During the operation of a server device, it's clearly required to only perform power consumption monitoring on the server device, but not conduct power consumption control. Server devices enter into the Policy Forbidden status, then can normally collect power consumption and performance data (if proceeded with performance collection configuration).
  • Page 26: Editing

    4. The Conversion Process under Unmanaged Status During the operation of a server device, there may be a period of time during which the system requires no management over the device, but the configuration information and historical data of the device are required to be stored in the server, e.g., server hardware failure that needs repair. The administrator has clearly be aware of the occurrence of such an event, and does not want to see that the system generates event warnings regarding its inability to collect power consumption data or performance data, which is a situation that allows the server device to be converted to the unmanaged status.
  • Page 27: Import/Export

    3.5.5 IMPORT/EXPORT In the event of machine room reallocation or server reallocation which can affect a large number of the current connected devices, or when Smart Grid network needs to be adjusted or Smart Grid needs to be temporarily uninstalled, it is recommended to use the export function to backup the devices that have been managed, and use the import function to resume the service end of Smart Grid upon the recovery of the system.
  • Page 28: Power Consumption Learning

    3.6.2 POWER CONSUMPTION LEARNING "Learning" means that the system progressively obtains power consumption changes of the device by collecting the power consumption data of the device. The system will execute a statistical analysis for the data collected during this period, thereby helps users to develop the most effective energy saving policy.
  • Page 29: Power Consumption Control

    3.7 POWER CONSUMPTIO N CONTROL The devices can apply energy saving policy when their status are automatically set to "Enable Policy" after completing learning stage, or when you manually set the status to "Enable Policy", otherwise, the policy related interface will not appear. Energy Saving Policy refers to the control policy which is used to reduce power consumption.
  • Page 30: Policy Description

    To control the power consumption through the method of enabling policy, only the device (group) with "Enable Policy" status can be configured with power consumption policy, as shown in the figure below: Display "Currently Effective Policy: Holiday" in the interface, and show all the policies that can be loaded. 3.7.2 POLICY DESCRIPTION 1.
  • Page 31: Policy Operating Status

    Parameter Descriptions: SQL Execution Time: Set the response time threshold of a SQL according to the SQL that separately configured for each device in the device information. If the response time is below the threshold, the power consumption of the device will be gradually reduced, until the optimum power consumption value is found and fixed;...
  • Page 32: Emergency Plan

    Operation Steps: from System Login  Operation Report  Policy Operating Status, as shown in the figure below: 3.7.4 EMERGENCY PLAN If emergency occurs in equipment room, for example, emergency power-off caused by natural factors like earthquake, or part of power supplies in the equipment room run into critical problems, you need to store the data on all the problematic devices to a hard disk and shut down the machine properly.
  • Page 33: Performance Management

    2. Stop the Emergency Plan To Stop the emergency plan is to restore all the devices at emergency status into normal status. Operation Steps: After logging into the system, click the "Stop the Emergency Plan" at the bottom of the screen in any functional module, and the following screen will pop up: Select the device group that needs to be stopped, and after clicking the "OK"...
  • Page 34: Threshold Setting

    3.8.2 THRESHOLD SETTING In order to timely discover the performance risk of the device, the system supports performance threshold setting for critical metrics to timely discover the device failure. It supports both global threshold setting and single device threshold setting. Operation Steps: from System Login ...
  • Page 35: Statistic Ranking

    3.9.1 POWER CONSUMPTION RANKING Visually present the power consumption ranking of all the devices. It can distinguish between Lenovo devices and non-Lenovo devices and rank by groups, as shown in the following figure: All the rankings support toggle among TOP10, TOP20, and TOP50 views. Click the "More" button to perform custom query of the rankings.
  • Page 36: Operation Report

    3.10 OPERATION REPOR T 3.10.1 REPORT FUNCTIONS The system provides multi-dimensional operating reports. The functions supported by the report are as follows: Select the date that needs to be queried. Depending on the various granularities of the reports, supports the fast switch among Today, Yesterday, The Day Before Yesterday, The Last 7 Days, The Last 30 Days, This Week, Last Week, This Month, Last Month.
  • Page 37 2. Power consumption per hour (week) View the power consumption condition of the device (group) in a week (the last seven days) by hour granularity, as shown in the following figure. 3. Power consumption of a single device Select any period to rank by power consumption of the device. Supports the query of power consumption of single device, as shown in the following figure:...
  • Page 38 4. Power consumption of a group Select any period to rank by power consumption of the device group. Supports the query of power consumption of single device group, as shown in the following figure: 5. Global power consumption Calculate the power consumption of all the device per day, as shown in the following figure:...
  • Page 39: Event Management

    3.11 EVENT MANAGEMEN T Besides the monitoring staff actively monitors the running condition of the device, you can also view various events that happen to all the devices through centralized event management. After configuring the forwarding, the related personnel will be immediately informed about the failure for handling.
  • Page 40 Select the type of the event that needs to be automatically forwarded. Select the alarm level that needs to be automatically forwarded. Fill in the correct information related to mail gateway, for example, gateway address, user name, password etc.
  • Page 41: Chapter 4. Frequently Asked Questions

    Chapter 4. Frequently Asked Questions 4.1 IT'S UNABLE TO S EE POWER CONSUMPTION DATA IN SMART GRID [Symptoms] The power consumption data doesn't appear after adding the device; the power consumption data disappeared some day. [Resolution] Check the event list for warning(s) related to the device, find out the specific reason(s) by the information described in the warning(s), solve the problem in accordance with the reason(s) and then observe the device.
  • Page 42: It's Unable To See Performance Data In Windows Host

    Go to the device management to view the configuration information, check if the command prompts in collection configuration are correct (# for root users, and $ for general users). 4.3 IT'S UNABLE TO SEE P ERFORMANCE DATA IN WINDOWS HOST [Symptoms] After Windows device has added devices, the performance data doesn't appear after Windows device adding devices.
  • Page 43: When Adding A Device, It's Prompted That The Device Is Unable To Perform Power Consumption Control

    [Symptoms] When the Smart Grid is deployed on Linux system to perform auto discovery, it's impossible to discover any device. [Resolution] Check whether the ipmiutil tool package has already been installed on the management server. If executing the "ipmiutil" command on the management server returns the result "command not found", it indicates that the ipmiutil tool package has already been installed on the management server yet.
  • Page 45: Appendix 1: Glossary And Abbreviations

    WAN), and can prevent from attacks by malicious protocols in the way of confirmation with encryption. Smart Grid server A server used for installing the server terminal software of ThinkServer Smart Grid Technology. Rated Power The rated output power of the server device power and its value is usually marked on the nameplate of the server device.
  • Page 46: Appendix 2: Smart Grid Event Type Description

    Appendix 2: Smart Grid Event Type Description Level Event Type Event Description Errors DCM Event DCM lost communication with a node Information DCM Event DCM restored communication with a node Can not collect CPU utilization ratio and Memory utilization ratio, reason: The server Alarms Collector event refuses to connect.